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.........................................................................................................................................6
I. ................12
1. , ..............................................................................12
1.1. :
...............................................................................................................................12
1.2. ...................................................................................16
1.3. .......................................................................................................18
1.4. ...............................................................21
2. ..................................................................................................................26
2.1. ...................................................................................................26
2.2. ....................................................................................................31
2.3. ..................................................................34
2.4. ................................36
2.5. ......................................................................................................................39
3. ................................................................................................45
3.1. . ...45
3.2. ...............................................................................47
3.3. ....................................................49
4. ..............................................................56
4.1. ........................................................................................56
4.2. .
........................................................................................................................58
4.3. ................................................................................62
4.4. ........................................63
4.5. ....................................................................................................65
4.6. .......................................68
4.7. .........................................68
4.8. ...............................................................70
5. . . ..........................................83
5.1. ..................................................83
5.2. ...........................85
5.3. ...............................................................................................................86
5.4. ..............................................................................................89
5.5. ...........................................................................................................93
II. : .................................96
6. .........................................................................................................................96
6.1. ...............................................................96
6.2. ........................................................................98
6.3. ..........................100
6.4. ...................................................................................................................101
7. ..................................................................................................................108
7.1. ...........................................................................108
7.2. .......................................................................................... 111
7.3. , .......................................... 114
7.4 .................................................................................................................... 116
7.5. ..........................................................................................121
8. ..........................................................................................................................127
8.1. ...............................................................................127
8.2. ..........................................131
8.3. ...........................................................136
III. : ..............143
9. .........................................................................................143
3

9.1. ...............................143
9.2 ..................................................................................146
9.3. .........................................................................................................149
9.4. ...........150
9.5. :
.........................................................................................................................152
9.6. :
..........................................................................................................155
9.7. .......................................160
10. ..................................................164
10.1. ............................................................164
10.2.
...........................................................................................................165
10.3. ......168
10.4. .............................................................................171
10.5. , ....176
11. ....................................................................................184
11.1. ..................................................184
11.2. .............................189
11.3. .........................................................193
11.4. ..................................196
12. ...........................................................202
12.1. ..............................................................................202
12.2. ...................................................................205
12.3. ................................................................................209
12.4. ................................................................................. 211
12.5. .................................................................215
13. ..........................................................................221
13.1. ...............................................................221
13.2. ..................................................................222
13.3. .......224
13.4. ...........................230
13.5. .............................234
13.6. ......................................238
IV. ...........................................................246
14. ....................................................................246
14.1. .................................................................246
14.2. ....................................................................................249
15.
..........................................................................................262
15.1. ..............262
15.2.
.............................................................................................................................................264
15.3. .....................267
15.4. ,
.............................................................................................276
16. ........282
16.1. ....................................................................282
16.2.
....................................................................................................................287
16.3.
..............................................................................................296

17
...........................................................................303
17.1.
................................................................ 303
17. 2
..........................................................................................................................306
17.3 ...............319
.................................................................................................................................326
...................................................................................................................................330
.................................................................................................................................334



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50

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55

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61

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Niskanen W.A. (1968), The Peculiar Economics of Bureaucracy, American Economic Review, 58(2), pp. 293305. : .. (2004) .
, . 4, ., c. 477-495; Breton A., Wintroub R., 1975
105
Breton A., Wintrobe R., (1975) The Equilibrium Size of a Budget-maximizing Bureau: A Note on Niskanen's
Theory of Bureaucracy, The Journal of Political Economy, 83(1), pp. 195-208

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6. Breton A., Wintrobe R., (1975) The Equilibrium Size of a Budget-maximizing Bureau:
A Note on Niskanen's Theory of Bureaucracy, The Journal of Political Economy, 83(1),
pp. 195-208

126

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Jarillo J.C. On Strategic Networks // Strategic Management Journal. 1988. Vol.9. 1.


Gerybadze A. Strategic Alliance and Process eDesign. Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter Press, 1995.

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1. .., .. :
// . 2003. .1. 2, 2550.
2. Grandori, A., Soda, G. Inter-firm networks: antecedents, mechanisms and forms //
Organization Studies. 1995. Vol. 16. 2. 183-214
3. Gerybadze A. Strategic Alliance and Process eDesign. Berlin; New York: Walter de
Gruyter Press, 1995.
4.Jarillo J.C. On Strategic Networks // Strategic Management Journal. 1988. Vol.9. 1
5.Miles R.F., Snow C.C. Network Organizations: New Concepts for New Forms // California
Mamagement Review. 1986. Vol.28. 3. 62-73.
141

6. Osborn R., Hagedoorn J. The Institutionalization and Evolutionary Dynamics of


Interorganizational Alliances and Networks // Academy of Management Journal. 1997.
Vol.40. 2, 261-278.
7. Riemer K., Gogolin M., Klein S. Introduction to Organizational Networks: Emergence,
Motives, Classification and Types. Institut fuer Wirtschaftsinformatik, Universitaet
Muenster, 2005.

142

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.: Buchanan, James M. (1965). An Economic Theory of Clubs. 32 Economica. 1-14.

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University Press.
126
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of the Critical Mass. II. 53 American Sociological Review. 1-8.
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Conflict Resolution. 123-148.

152

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Fehr (2001), In Search of Homo Economicus: Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. 91 American Economic
Review. 73-79.

155

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Putnam, Robert D., Leonardi, Robert, and Nanetti, Raffaella (1993). Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions
in Modem Italy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

156

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Knack, Stephen and Keefer, Philip. (1997). Does Social Capital Have an Economic Pay-Off? A Cross Country
Investigation. 112 Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1251-1288.
134
,
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Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza, and Luigi Zigales (2004). The Role of Social Capital in Financial Development.
94 American Economic Review. 526-556.

159

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162

1. . . .
.: . 1995.

1. . . , ,
. : , 1998
2. Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza, and Luigi Zigales (2004). The Role of Social Capital in
Financial Development. 94 American Economic Review. 526-556
3. Henrich, Joseph, Boyd, Robert, Bowles, Sam, Camerer, Colin, Gintis, Herbert,
McElreath, Richard, and Ernst Fehr (2001), In Search of Homo Economicus:
Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. 91 American Economic Review. 73-79.
4. Knack, Stephen and Keefer, Philip (1997). Does Social Capital Have an Economic
Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation. 112 Quarterly Journal of Economics. 12511288
5. Oliver, Pamela (1984). Rewards and Punishments as Selective Incentives: An Apex
Game. 28 Journal of Conflict Resolution. 123-148.
6. Oliver, Pamela E. (1993). Formal Models of Collective Action. 19 Annual Review of
Sociology. 271-300.
7. Oliver, Pamela E. and Marwell, Gerald (1988). The Paradox of Group Size in Collective
Action: A Theory of the Critical Mass. II. 53 American Sociological Review. 1-8.
8. Oliver, Pamela, Marwell, Gerald, and Teixeira, Ruy (1985). A Theory of the Critical
Mass. I. Interdependence, Group Heterogeneity, and the Production of Collective
Action. 91 American Journal of Sociology. 522-556.
9. Putnam, Robert D., Leonardi, Robert, and Nanetti, Raffaella (1993). Making Democracy
Work. Civic Traditions in Modem Italy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press

163

10.
:

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()
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,
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137
Barzel, Yoram, A Theory of the State: Economic Rights, Legal Rights and the Scope of the State, (Political
Economy of Institutions and Decisions), Cambridge University Press, 2002.

164

, (
138) . ,

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. ,
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.139

138

, ,
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.
139
.: Friedman, D. (1979). Private Creation and Enforcement of Law: A Historical Case. 8
Journal of Legal Studies, 399-415. : Peden, J.R. (1977). Property Rights in Celtic Irish Law. 1
Journal of Libertarian Studies, 81-95. : Umbeck, John R. (1978), A Theory of Contractual Choice
and the California Gold Rush, 2 Journal of Law and Economics, 421-437; Umbeck, John R. (1981), A Theory of
Property Rights with Applications to the California Gold Rush, Ames: Iowa State University Press. :
Coyne, C. (2006). Reconstructing Weak and Failed States: Foreign Intervention and the Nirvana Fallacy. 2
Foreign Policy Analysis, 343-361; Leeson, P.N. (2007). Better off Stateless: Somalia before and after Government
Collapse. 35 Journal of Comparative Economics, 689-710; Powell, B., Ford, R., and Nowrasteh, A. (2008).
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1. Hirshleifer, Jack (1995), Anarchy and its Breakdown, 103 Journal of Political
Economy, 26-52.
2. McGuire, Martin C. and Olson, Mancur Jr. (1996), The Economics of Autocracy and
Majority Rule: The Invisible Hand and the Use of Force, 34 Journal of Economic
Literature, 72-96.
3. North, Douglass C. (1981), Structure and Change in Economic History, N. Y.: WW
Norton.
4. Olson, Mancur Jr. (1993) , Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development, 87 American
Political Science Review, 567-576.

1.

.. (1997), . //
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Aghion Ph., Algan Y., Cahuc P., and Shleifer A. (2009) Regulation and Distrust, NBER
Working Paper No. 14648.

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Barzel, Yoram, A Theory of the State: Economic Rights, Legal Rights and the Scope of
the State, (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions), Cambridge University
Press, 2002.

4.

Coyne, C. (2006). Reconstructing Weak and Failed States: Foreign Intervention and the
Nirvana Fallacy. 2 Foreign Policy Analysis, 343-361;

5.

Friedman, D. (1979). Private Creation and Enforcement of Law: A Historical Case. 8


Journal of Legal Studies, 399-415.

6.

Gluckman, Max (1956), Custom and Conflict in Africa, Oxford: Basil Blackwell

7.

Leeson, P.N. (2007). Better off Stateless: Somalia before and after Government
Collapse. 35 Journal of Comparative Economics, 689-710

8.

Peden, J.R. (1977). Property Rights in Celtic Irish Law. 1 Journal of Libertarian
Studies, 81-95.

9.

Posner, Richard A. (1980), A Theory of Primitive Society, with Special Reference to


Law, 23 Journal of Law and Economics, 1-53.
182

10.

Powell, B., Ford, R., and Nowrasteh, A. (2008). Somalia after State Collapse: Chaos or
Improvement. 67 Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

11.

Shleifer, Andrei and Vishny, Robert W. (1993), Corruption, 108 Quarterly Journal of
Economics, 599-617.

12.

Solvason, B. and Runolfsson, T. (1992). Ordered Anarchy: Evolution of the


Decentralized Legal Order in the Icelandic Commonwealth. 17 Icelandic Economic
Papers

13.

Umbeck, John R. (1978), A Theory of Contractual Choice and the California Gold Rush,
2 Journal of Law and Economics, 421-437;

14.

Umbeck, John R. (1981), A Theory of Property Rights with Applications to the California
Gold Rush, Ames: Iowa State University Press.

183

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Hart K. Informal Income opportunities and urban employment in Ghana // Journal of Modern African
Studies. 1973. No. 11. P. 61-89.

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in: P. Fernndez-Kelly (Ed.) Out of the Shadows: Political Action and the Informal
Economy in Latin America, pp. 2348. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State
University Press.

4.

Gambetta D. The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Privet Protection. Cambridge MA,
Harvard University Press, 1993

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Hart K. Informal Income opportunities and urban employment in Ghana // Journal of


Modern African Studies. 1973. No. 11. P. 61-89.

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Huntington, S.P. (1968). Political Order in Changing Societies. New Heaven, CT: Yale
200

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Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies, Basudeb GuhaKhasnobis, Ravi Kanbur, and Elinor Ostrom eds., Oxford, Oxford University Press,
UNU-WIDER Studies in Development Economics and EGDI, 2006.

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Development,1989, 17(6):867-877; Bromley, Daniel W., and Michael M. Cernea. The Management of Common
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Arthur, Brian W. (1989), Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns and Lock-in by Historical Events, 99
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2001, .1-3.
3. Bromley, D.W. Economic Interests and Institutions: The conceptual foundations of
public policy. NY: 1989
4. Cheung, S.N.S. An Economic Theory of Institutional Change. In: Will China go
Capitalists? Hobart paper no. 94, London: Institute of Economic Affairs, pp. 30-47
5. Demsetz, Harold (1967), Toward a Theory of Property Rights, 57 American Economic
Review, 347-359
6. Knight, J. Institutions and Social Conflict, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992
7. Libecap, G. Distributional Issues in Contracting for Property Rights // Journal of
Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 145, 1989, p. 6-24
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Eastern Europe. - In: B.Dallago and L.Mittone (eds.), Economic Institutions, Markets
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519-528
10. Ruttan, V.W., and Hayami, Y. Toward a Theory of Induced Institutional Innovation //
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Political Economy, v. 12. n. 3, 2001, pp. 217-236

245

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Kaldor, N. Welfare Propositions In Economics and Inter-Personal Comparisons Of Utility // Economic Journal,
1939, 49: .550.
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1. Jennewein K, Mller A, Bihn M. The Role Of Technology - Brands In The Appropriation
Of Technological Innovation. Springer Verlag, 2004.
280

2. Liebowitz, Stan J., Margolis S. Seventeen Famous Economists Weigh in on Copyright //


WP, December, 2003.
3. Maurer S., Scotchmer S. Procuring Knowledge. Intellectual Property and
Entrepreneurship. Elsevier, 2004.
4. McCain, Roger A. The Case for Minimal Protection of Intellectual Property Rights:
Game Theoretic and Cost of Transaction Perspectives [cited 11 October 2001].
5. Nelson, P. Information and Consumer Behavior // Journal of Political Economy. 1997.
Vol.78. No 2.
6. Plant, Arnold. The Economic Aspects of Copyright in Books // Economica 1 (1934):
16795.
7. Samson. D. Intellectual Property Strategy and Business Strategy: Connections through
Innovation Strategy // Intellectual Property Research Institute of Australia. Working
Paper No. 08/05.
8. Services and Knowledge-Based Economy. Boden, M. and Miles, I. (eds.). L.: Continuum,
2000.
9. Varian H. R. Markets for Information Goods, April 1998 (revised: October 16, 1998)
http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~hal/Papers/japan/index.html

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