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Density

A physical property

Density
Density - the amount of mass per unit of
volume.
It can be expressed in the following formula.

Density

The formula

Density = mass
volume
Or
D=m/v

Understanding Density

In order to understand density, you must first understand


mass and volume.

Mass-The amount of matter in an object.


(balance/scale)

Volume-The amount of space occupied by an object.


(ruler and formula or graduated cylinder)

So density is just the amount of matter in an object


divided by the space that the object occupies.

Density

Density = mass / volume

Density compares mass to volume.

If you have any two components, you can


figure out mathematically the third
component by substituting the numbers in
the formula. (D=m/v)

Density

Density = mass / volume

To calculate density, substitute numbers


(preferable from your data) for mass and
volume.

You would use a scale or a balance to find


mass, and you could either use a formula (l x w
x h) or use a graduated cylinder to find volume.

Volume
The formula for volume is

V=lxwxh
(volume = length x width x height)
Or,
you could simply see how much water a solid or liquid
object displaces in a graduated cylinder.

Density

You can even determine the relative


densities of liquids by the layers that are
formed when they are mixed, or what
floats upon what.

More dense substances sink.

Less dense substances float.

Density of Water

The density of water is 1gram per milliliter,


or D=1g/ml

Substances that are more dense than


1g/ml will sink when placed in water.

Substances that are less dense than 1g/ml


will float when placed in water.

Density in Solids

A couple of video clips might help with


your understanding

D = m/v..where v = l x w x h

Practical applications of density

Density in Liquids

A couple of video clips might help with


your understanding

When liquids dont mix

Density of water, sinkers and floaters