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A physical property

Density - the amount of mass per unit of
It can be expressed in the following formula.


The formula

Density = mass

Understanding Density

In order to understand density, you must first understand

mass and volume.

Mass-The amount of matter in an object.


Volume-The amount of space occupied by an object.

(ruler and formula or graduated cylinder)

So density is just the amount of matter in an object

divided by the space that the object occupies.


Density = mass / volume

Density compares mass to volume.

If you have any two components, you can

figure out mathematically the third
component by substituting the numbers in
the formula. (D=m/v)


Density = mass / volume

To calculate density, substitute numbers

(preferable from your data) for mass and

You would use a scale or a balance to find

mass, and you could either use a formula (l x w
x h) or use a graduated cylinder to find volume.

The formula for volume is

(volume = length x width x height)
you could simply see how much water a solid or liquid
object displaces in a graduated cylinder.


You can even determine the relative

densities of liquids by the layers that are
formed when they are mixed, or what
floats upon what.

More dense substances sink.

Less dense substances float.

Density of Water

The density of water is 1gram per milliliter,

or D=1g/ml

Substances that are more dense than

1g/ml will sink when placed in water.

Substances that are less dense than 1g/ml

will float when placed in water.

Density in Solids

A couple of video clips might help with

your understanding

D = m/v..where v = l x w x h

Practical applications of density

Density in Liquids

A couple of video clips might help with

your understanding

When liquids dont mix

Density of water, sinkers and floaters