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-

-
2010

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2
31
31

. E.

. .: -,
2010. 400 .: . ( )
ISBN 978-5-9775-0535-2

, . , " ":
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Windows Linux. " ", , . , .

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2

:

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.

02429 24.07.00. 01.12.09.


701001/16. . . . . 32,25.
2000 .
"-", 190005, -, ., 29.
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77.99.60.953..005770.05.09 26.05.2009 .
.

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199034, -, 9 , 12

ISBN 978-5-9775-0535-2

. E., 2009
, "-", 2009

.................................................................................................................. 7
1. .................................................................................. 11
............................................................................................................... 12
Windows 98..................................................................... 12
, " " ............................................... 12
98Lite ........................................................................................................................... 13
.................................................................................................. 19
............................................................................................................ 23
Windows 9x NTFS .................................................................................................... 26
Windows XP ................................................................... 28
Windows XP ........................................................................ 29
Windows XP ................................................................................................. 30
XPlite ........................................................................................................................... 32
nLite ............................................................................................................................. 35
Windows ..................................................................................... 43
............................................................................................................................ 44
, ....................................................................................... 46
....................................................................................................................... 50
................................................................................ 52
Linux .............................................................................................. 53
.................................................................................. 53
........................................................................................................ 56
............................................................................................................ 58
................................................................................................................................ 58

2. .................................................................... 61
.................................................................................................... 61
...................................................................................................... 62
................................................................................... 68
........................................................................................ 72
............................................................................................. 77
....................................................................................................... 78
........................................................................................... 79
Remote Administrator .................................................................................................. 87
................................................................................................................................ 95

3. ....................................................... 97
............................................................................................................ 97
........................................................................................ 98
...................................................................................................... 100
RAID .......................................................................................................................... 106
FreeNAS .............................................................................. 119
.............................................................................................................................. 130
Kerio WinRoute Firewall ........................................................................................... 131
SmoothWall Express .................................................................................................. 142
.............................................................................................................................. 151

4. ......................... 153
........................................................................................ 154
"" Windows ................................................. 156
termsrv.dll Windows XP ............................................................................ 156
Windows XP ........................................................................................... 157
Windows 7 Windows Vista .............................................. 159
" " ....................................................................................... 160
Windows ................................................................................................ 162
Linux ......................................................................... 162
" " ............................................................................................................... 164
WTware .................................................................................................... 165
Thinstation ................................................................................................................. 169
" " ................................................................................. 170
.............................................................................................................................. 171

5. ............................................ 173
VirtualBox ......................................................................................................................... 178
.............................................................................. 180
............................................................................ 181
............................................................. 187
...................................................................................................................... 188
.......................................................................... 189
VBoxHeadless server ................................................................................................. 190
VMware ............................................................................................................................. 192
............................................................................................. 192
....................................................................................... 195
VNC ................................................................................................................... 200
.............................................................................................................................. 202

6. , " " .............................. 203


............................................................................................................. 204
...................................................................................... 205
................................................................................................................ 206

- ................................................................................................................ 208
.................................................................................................. 209
.............................................................................................. 209
.............................................................................................. 211
Windows ..................................................................................... 212
Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 .................................................................. 212
Windows................................................................ 213
....................................................................................................................... 214
......................................................................................................... 214
..................................................................................... 216
Linux ........................................................................................... 224
GeeXboX ................................................................................................................... 225
GeeXboX .................................................................... 231
Freevo Live CD .......................................................................................................... 238
MythTV...................................................................................................................... 251
.............................................................................................................................. 254

7. .................................. 255
............................................................................................. 256
................................................................................................. 256
......................................................................................... 258
USB ............................................................................................................. 259
IP- .................................................................................................................. 262
................................................................... 263
...................................................................................... 268
............................................................................................... 269
..................................................................................................... 273
, ............................................................. 280
........................................................................................ 289
Amcap ........................................................................................................................ 289
Webcam XP ............................................................................................................... 291
Logiware go 1984 ...................................................................................................... 298
Linux DVR ................................................................................................................. 304
.............................................................................................................................. 308

1. , ..................................... 309
............................................................................................................... 310
....................................................................................................................... 312
................................................................................................. 313
.................................................................................. 319
........................................................................................................ 322
........................................................................................ 323
..................................................................................................... 331
............................................................................................ 334

............................................................................................ 340
....................................................................................... 342
.................................................................................. 345
.............................................................................................................. 345
........................................................................... 347
"" ............................................................................................................. 353
.............................................................................................................................. 358

2. ............................................................ 361
Barebone .................................................................................................. 363
.......................................................................................................................... 365
........................................................................................................... 367
......................................................................................................... 368
, ....................................................................................... 371
.............................................................................................................................. 381

3. ............................................ 383
Microsoft Windows............................................................................................................ 387
Windows 95 ............................................................................................................... 387
Windows 98 ............................................................................................................... 388
Windows Millennium edition ..................................................................................... 388
Windows XP .............................................................................................................. 389
Linux .................................................................................................................................. 389
ALT Linux ................................................................................................................. 390
Xubuntu ...................................................................................................................... 390
PuppyRus Linux Jeans ............................................................................................... 390
DSL ............................................................................................................................ 391
DeLi Linux ................................................................................................................. 391
U-lite .......................................................................................................................... 391
Linux ............................................................ 392
FreeBSD............................................................................................................................. 394
BeOS .................................................................................................................................. 395
Syllable .............................................................................................................................. 396
.............................................................................................................................. 397

.................................................................................... 399


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35

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48

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http://sim-im.org

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57
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service <_> stop.
service <_> start.
, ,
, .
,
chkconfig --level <> <_> off.

58

, cups ( ) 3, 4 5
chkconfig --level 345 cups off.

,
chkconfig --level <> <_> on.

, , , ,

service <_> start.


Linux
(swap file) , Linux swap ( 82). . Linux swap,
, (ext 2
ext 3), .
, . ,
. . Swap- ,
.
, : Linux swap, , ext 3, , , ext 3 .
"" 256512 ,
"" 512 1 . , .


, ! "
, ".
, ,
" " Windows 98 Windows XP. -

59

"".
, . .
Windows
-. ,
. , , ,
. -.

"" "".
"" Linux, Windows .
Linux
.
, Windows,
Linux . Xfce JWM,
KDE GNOME,
: , . , , , .
, " ".
, "" "". "netbook" network () notebook, . .
,
. "nettop" Intel, Atom . , , , 2009 .
.
, ,
.
. , -, ,
.

60

, . " " . , . "


". "" -
"", .
,
. , . ,
, , ! , , . ,
.

. .
, ,
"" . , .

62

(Ethernet), (Wi-Fi).
, TCP/IP,
Microsoft.
, , . ,
" " .


. , "" "" . ,
, . .
, .
, , ,
.
, , , " " MAC-. ,
12 ,
, 00-03--12-5D-4. MAC- :
-, ,
.
"" MAC-,
IP-. IP- ,
. IP- , (octets), .
0 255, 192.168.1.10.
Windows. .

.
4 (TCP/IPv4).
: 4 (TCP/IPv4).

63

(. 2.1) .

. 2.1. TCP/IP

IP- :
 192.168.0.1 192.168.254.254;
 10.0.0.1 10.254.254.254;
 172.16.0.1 172.31.254.254.


192.168.1.2 192.168.1.254. ,
"" ADSL IP- 192.168.1.1
255.255.255.0. ,
, ""
.
127.0.0.1
.

64

loopback, . . " " " ".


, 127.0.0.1,
. .
IP-, ,
.
, .
, ,
255.255.255.0. , IP- ,
. , ( , )
192.168.1.2, 192.168.1.3, 192.168.1.4 . .
254 , .
IPv4, . , IPv6,
IP-, .
,
IPv4.

, ,
. "
", ,
, .
, , . ,
.
. (Gateway)
, , , .
"" , , , -.
IP-, , ,
(. 2.2).
, "" (gateway) . , .
, , .
.
 . -

, . , -

65

, / .
 (Router) , -

, .
"" ADSL, .
. , , ,
.
, -
.

. 2.2.

 - (Proxy) , ,

IP-
.
 (Firewall) , -

. , / . , ,
. : . , ,
.
. , , .
, , , , -. "" -

66

, .
(. . 2.1)
( ). TCP/IP , ,
. IP-?
 : IP- DHCP-. , IP . DHCP
ADSL. , IP-, . DHCP ( )
- . "" Windows
Linux .
 DHCP- ,
IP- , "" , . Windows APIPA
(Automatic Private IP Addressing), TCP/IP. 169.254.0.0 169.254.255.254 255.255.0.0.
, DHCP- . IP-,
.
DNS (Doman
Name Server). DNS ,
IP-. , URL , ,
www.bhv.ru. , ,
IP- www.bhv.ru.
DNS- ,
IP- 85.249.46.250. IP-, .
DNS. , (). DNS "" ,
. ,
DNS , , , "" DNS-.

67

. , .
 , -

.
 , .

, , . - WinLIRC () Ligh Alloy (), TCP/IP.


IP- 127.0.0.1, . . ,
. . "" , -, "" , -.
TCP UDP
, . , , .
IP-: ,
, , ( ). , . IP-
, ,
.
IP-
. , , "" , . . , IP- IP- ,
, .
. , 20 , FTP, 25
, SMTP, 80
, - , HTTP. ,
, .
. , , .

68


, .
,
(. 2.3). , , ,
.

. 2.3.

, , ,
, . :
(. 2.4).
, . ,
, , . . , .

RAID ,

69

, ,
.
, .

. 2.4.

NAS (Network Attached Storage ,


). (. 2.5)
. , flash-, .
, -. NAS

. 2.5. NAS 2

70

150 . ( ),
.
, Windows,

. , ,
(lanmanserver). ,
, (lanmanworkstation).
Linux
:
 Samba Samba, , -

, .
Samba,
Linux, , Windows (
lanmanworkstation). , Samba, Linux, , (lanmanserver) Windows-.
 C NFS

. Linux NFS , . Windows (, )


NFS, .
Windows ( | | Windows) (. 2.6).
, FTP. , , FTP. "" Windows, Linux,
, , CrossFTP Server
(www.crossftp.com) FileZilla Server (http://filezilla-project.org).
FTP Linux, Windows. Windows,
, FTP,
ftp://_ ftp://
IP-_, ,
(. 2.7).
FTP :
FTP-. FTP , , FAR Total Commander.

. 2.6. NFS Windows 7

. 2.7. FTP- Windows

71

72

, . ,
.


.
, " " .
ADSL, . -
ADSL Ethernet (. 2.8).
, . , , DHCP, DNS
. ,
.

. 2.8. - ADSL

ADSL,
USB. :
, , . USB-
, Ethernet, ,
.
, . ,
USB, (. 2.9).
Windows
ICS (Internet Connection Sharing,

73

. 2.9. USB- ADSL

).

, (. 2.10).
IP- 192.168.0.1
255.255.255.0,
DHCP,
IP-. "" Windows
(ICS) , . ""
Windows , Windows Server 2003/2008 ,
, .
Windows, , .
: , Wingate, Usergate, BlackIce, Kerio Winroute
Firewall. , , , .
3.
Linux.
Linux
FreeBSD, .
.
-:

74

(. 2.11). "" , "" .

. 2.10. ICS

. 2.11.

75

. - "" . , , "" .
!
. Wi-Fi ,
.
. - (PCI USB), ,
,
(. 2.12).

. 2.12.

, , .
. Windows, ,

(. 2.13).
(. 2.14) , , , . OK.
. , ,
IP-. ""
. , , .

76

. 2.13.

. 2.14.

77


, ! -.
, , :
" " .
?
,
.
, .
.
. Windows
XP/Vista/7
(TermService). Windows . ,
Windows Server
, . "" Windows :
, , .
, Windows XP/Vista/7
.
Linux . UNIX-
. ,
. .
, , . Windows (mstsc.exe), Linux
FreeBSD rdesktop.
RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol,
). .
, ""
. .
, ""
.
3D-
. -

78

, . ,
,
. 2D-, Moorhuhn (
), !
.
, . , , , .
, 486DX, Windows Vista,
"" . - 4 , ,
() , ,
.

Windows , .
, .


.
. , . , ,
- , ,
. , , . .
, ,
Windows XP.
, -
.
- , , .
.
- ,

79

() , .
.
, .
.
, .



Windows, Windows 2000. Windows 95/98/ME ,
.
: Windows 95
?
, ,

(. 2.15).

. 2.15. Windows 95

80

,
(netwatch.exe), Windows 9x. C
( | | | | ) ,
(. 2.16).
, ,
Windows 9x, Windows .

. 2.16. Windows 9x

Windows XP,

.
(. 2.17).
.
, , . , .
(. 2.18).
. ,

. 2.17. Windows XP

. 2.18.

81

82

.
, .


. : ,
,
. ,
.

Windows Vista/7 . .

, (. 2.19).

. 2.19. Windows 7

83

- (mstsc.exe)
Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7 . ,
. 2.19 .
Windows 95/98/ME, Windows XP. ,
(. 2.20). .

. 2.20.
Windows XP

| |
.
.
1. (Remote
desktop connection). .
, (. 2.21).
2. IP- ,
.

84

. 2.21.

3. .
4. (. 2.22) , - ( )
.
, .

-
-.
.

(. 2.23).
Microsoft
Windows XP . -

85

RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol),


3389. Windows , .

. 2.22.


. ,
VNC, . , .
, Windows,
, , Windows 98
. - Windows 98 :
, ""
"" Windows "", FreeNAS - .
. , .

86

 Hidden Administrator (www.hidadmin.ru) .

,
, "" AVI.
 Access Remote PC (www.access-remote-pc.com).

: .
.
 Anyplace Control (www.anyplace-control.com).



. , .

. 2.23.

, , . , .

87

Remote Administrator
Remote Administrator (RAdmin)
"" (www.radmin.ru). ,
.
: Radmin Server Radmin
Viewer. (Radmin Server)
, .
(Radmin Viewer) , . Radmin .
1. Radmin

Radmin Server.
(. 2.24).

. 2.24. Radmin Server

2. , . ,
(. 2.25).
Radmin.
.
Windows 9x . Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7
: Windows NT.

Windows.

88

. 2.25. Radmin Server

1. Radmin.
.
Radmin. (. 2.26).

. 2.26. Radmin Server

2. . (. 2.27)
Radmin.

89

. 2.27. Radmin Server

3. OK.
.
4. .
, (. 2.28).

. 2.28. Radmin Server

90

5. , OK.
.
, . Radmin Server (. 2.29).

. 2.29. Radmin Server

4899. , ,
.
IP-. ,

IP- .
IP
IP . . IP- (. 2.30).
OK. IP- .
.

91

. 2.30. IP-

, .
Radmin Viewer.
1. .
(. 2.31).

. 2.31. Radmin Viewer

92

2. (. 2.32).
,
IP DNS IP- ,
.

. 2.32.

3. OK. , (. 2.33).

. 2.33.

93

. (. 2.34)
,
Radmin . OK, .

. 2.34. Radmin

Radmin Viewer
(. 2.35).
: .

,
(. 2.36).
, . ,
"" .
, .
, .
, .
, Radmin . .
,
. :
, ""! Radmin - . - ,
.

94

. 2.35. Radmin Viewer

. 2.36. Radmin

95

, , ,
. ,
, . , flash.
, ,
"". , , .
: -, .
-
. , , "" . ""
""
, , - , . .
.

96



, .

,
. .
, "" ,
. , "" ,
.
, , ""? .


"-" "" , , "NAS"
. ,
. ,
Windows Linux.
, , Linux FreeBSD.
""
. , , . ,
, , - -

98

.
: , , , (), .
, "- ". . , USB
-
AGP, ""
.
. Pentium MMX
( Linux Samba, FreeNAS, Windows 98), Pentium II (
- Windows XP).


.
, ,
.
. " "
, , . (www.ddvhouse.ru
/articles/text/23).
, BIOS . , BIOS 28-
CHS, 1023 (C), 255
(H) 63 (S). 1 = 512 , 8,4 . 28- LBA
(Linear Block Addressing )
137 .

, "" ( ,
), BIOS, .
() . , CHS LBA.

99

- BIOS . , 1997 .
2,15; 3,28 4,23 .
BIOS 19971998 . 7,93
8,42 . 1999- i430VX/TX VIA
VPX 32 .
Socket 7 BIOS,
, . 1020 .
Socket 370 Socket A BIOS 32 "" BIOS
137 , . 48-
137 BIOS
2006 .
, ,
, BIOS. , , , BIOS
. , " BIOS"
.
 -

POST, BIOS.
BIOS. , BIOS, .
 ,

"" BIOS, , , . ,
BIOS.
 fdisk , BIOS. : , BIOS
.
,
:
1. BIOS .
2. . BIOS
(HDD
Autodetect). , BIOS. ,
, BIOS.

100

3. . (Acronis Disk Director, Partition Magic).


, , .
4. . BIOS (Type: User Manual) , , . BIOS.
, , . ,
30 , 32 Gb Clip (
32 ). , BIOS
, 32 .
.
SATA-, PCI. " ":
, SATA (IDE ),
RAID-.
PCI- IDE, SATA SCSI . Adaptec, Tekram
Promise. , RAID-, . , ,
" " 1540 .
, PCI-
. ,
. BIOS Advanced ( ) Integrated Peripherals ( ) IDE (Onboard IDE |
Disabled).


"", - Windows XP,
Windows 98. -, NTFS, -,
RAID-.

101

Windows XP . , :
 .

, "" . | |
.
 -

Microsoft.
 ()

Windows.
 ,

, NTFS.
( |
| | | ).
. (. 3.1).

. 3.1. Windows XP


. ,

102

, ,
.

, Windows XP .

, ,
. Windows ( | | Windows) , (. 3.2).

. 3.2. Windows

1. .
(. 3.3). ,
"" , , .

103

. 3.3.

2. , ,
. (. 3.4).

. 3.4.

, . . IP-, . , IP- .
1. ( ). ,
, IP-.

104

2. , OK.
3. , .
. Windows XP "" ,
.

.
Windows | , , (. 3.5).

. 3.5. ,

, , , . ,
, .
.
:
, -,

105

.
"" .
1. ,
. .
2. (. 3.6)
. , , , .
3. OK. .

. 3.6.

? ?
 ,

Windows ( ) Radmin.
 .

Windows. , Smart Defrag (www.iobit.com), VoptXP (www.goldenbow.com),

106

Auslogics Disk Defrag (www.auslogics.com) .


,
", ", .
- Windows? C
!

. , , .
 . , .
, , , .
 . " + +
" . .
Linux.
, . Samba,
Windows-, Linux-. Samba
6 Mandriva Linux, Freevo LiveCD. FreeBSD
.

RAID
RAID-. , RAID - .
RAID- , . ,
, , , RAID.
0 (RAID 0) ("",
stripes). "" , "" (. 3.7). ,
. "" (interlacing). "",
.

. 3.7. RAID 0

107

. 3.8. RAID 1

1 (RAID 1)
(. 3.8). . RAID 1 "" (mirror).
. RAID 100%- .
- RAID 3,
RAID 5, RAID 0+1, RAID 1+0 (RAID 10).
1. : .
RAID , . , ,
. ""
, .
. , , 1 , " ".

108

RAID. ,
45 . ( 2009 .
160320 ). , RAID ,
.
"" (BIOS) RAID-. . (, BIOS). ,
.
RAID- (. 3.9). ,
,
RAID. , <Ctrl>+<I>. , , .

. 3.9. RAID-

,
RAID- (. 3.10). Create RAID Volume ( RAID).
RAID- ,
. .

109

. 3.10. RAID-

RAID IDE
SATA. " ", . RAID ,
, , . " " , Pentium II .
,
(RAID 1) "" Windows.
Windows XP ,
RAID 0 . , "" Windows XP
!
HEX- , "" () .
, , WinHex
(www.winhex.com) QView (http://agcproduct.com/rus/products/qview/).
1. Windows:
%windir%\system32\drivers\dmboot.sys;
%windir%\system32\dmconfig.dll;
%windir%\system32\dmadmin.exe.

110

2. .
, .
3. (. 3.11).

. 3.11. WinHex

4. 3.13.6.
.
3.1. dmboot.sys
00011070h: 54 00 79 00 70 00 65 00 00 00 57 49 4E 4E 54 00 ;
T.y.p.e...WINNT.
00011080h: 00 00 53 45 52 56 45 52 4E 54 00 00 00 00 4C 41 ;
..SERVERNT....LA
3.2. dmboot.sys
00011070h: 54 00 79 00 70 00 65 00 00 00 53 45 52 56 45 52 ;
T.y.p.e...SERVER
00011080h: 4E 54 57 49 4E 54 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 4C 41 ;
NTWINT........LA
3.3. dmconfig.dll
00005140h: 4C 41 4E 4D 41 4E 4E 54 00 00 00 00 53 45 52 56 ;
LANMANNT....SERV
00005150h: 45 52 4E 54 00 00 00 00 57 49 4E 4E 54 00 00 00 ;
ERNT....WINNT...

111

3.4. dmconfig.dll
00005140h: 4C 41 4E 4D 41 4E 4E 54 00 00 00 00 57 49 4E 4E ;
LANMANNT....WINN
00005150h: 54 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 53 45 52 56 45 52 4E 54 ;
T.......SERVERNT
3.5. dmadmin.exe
00001c30h: 73 65 72 76 65 72 6E 74 00 00 00 00 6C 61 6E 6D ;
servernt....lanm
00001c40h: 61 6E 6E 74 00 00 00 00 50 72 6F 64 75 63 74 54 ;
annt....ProductT
3.6. dmadmin.exe
00001c30h: 77 69 6E 6E 74 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 6C 61 6E 6D ;
winnt.......lanm
00001c40h: 61 6E 6E 74 00 00 00 00 50 72 6F 64 75 63 74 54 ;
annt....ProductT

http://
techsolve.ru/wiki/_RAID__Windows_XP.
HEX-.
:
dmboot.sys Wndows XP SP2,
Windows XP. !
,
WINNT...SERVERNT.

5. %windir%
\system32\dllcache, .

. , Windows
.

6. dmboot.sys %windir%\system32\drivers, dmconfig.dll


dmadmin.exe %windir%\system32. Windows, .

112

Windows XP ,
Windows 2003 Server.
.
.
1. :
.
2. .
,
(. 3.12).

. 3.12.

3. .
, (. 3.13).
4. . ,
, . .
5. , , . .
, , .

113


(. 3.14).

. 3.13.

1. .
. (. 3.15) .
2. ""
(. 3.16).
.
,
.
3.
,
, . , RAID 1.
, , RAID 1.
"" , Windows
, , E:. , , .

114

. 3.14.

. 3.15.

115

. 3.16.

.
. E: , ( HEX-) :

.
, E: !
,
. , "", ,
.
, ,
.
(. 3.17).
, ,
Windows.
, " " (. 3.18).
,
, .
. , (. 3.19).

116

. 3.17.

. 3.18.

117

. 3.19.

1 E:, !
, . () ,
. .
1 .
, .
. , 1. , , . , .
, .
, .
1.
. 2.
. 2 .
2. ,
. ... (. 3.20).
3. (. 3.21) , .
2. .

118

. 3.20.

. 3.21. ,

119

("") "" ,
, ""
: .
RAID 1, ""
.
RAID-
Linux. - RAID 0 RAID 1 .
2 .
1. fdisk cfdisk
, , sdb1 sdc1. FD (Linux
raid autodetection).
2. RAID1 mdadm, :
mdadm create /dev/md0 verbose -a -l 1 -n 2 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1

l 1 RAID (RAID 1),


(2).
. ,
.
- Windows XP.
( )
Windows Linux,
FreeBSD.
n 2

FreeNAS
FreeNAS (www.freenas.org)
.
"" NAS, ,
.
FreeNAS . -, .
-, FreeNAS "",
Intel 386. , , 8 128 .
FreeBSD ,
, - . -

120

, " "
. " "
, , !
. .
, , .
 FreeNAS -

, 64 , , flash-. . "" , CD-ROM.


 flash- USB

embedded , NAS . flash-


. ,

USB.
 -

, .
- FreeNAS LiveCD (. 3.22). , IP-, . 192.168.1.250.
- .
. FreeNAS , ,
.
1. <9>.
2. (. 3.23).
3 Install 'full' OS on HDD + DATA + SWAP partition
( ). <Enter>.

, .
,
.

121

3. ,
: ,
. <Enter>.

. 3.22.

. 3.23.

122

4. , (. 3.24). <Enter>.

. 3.24. -

FreeBSD : IDE CD-ROM


acd, IDE (SATA) ad, RAID- myxd (
Mylex), amrd ( AMI MegaRAID), idad ( Compaq Smart RAID), flash-
fla. , , ad0, ad1, ad2 . . () s . , ad0s1 .

5. ,
. <Enter>. .
6. (. 3.25).
128 , . <Enter>.
7. , (swap). ,
<Y>, <N>.
, .
8. , . , . <Enter>.

123

. 3.25.

9. .
, <Enter>, - .
FreeNAS ! ,
CD-ROM, , , . ""
, , -
.
,
http://192.168.1.250/. admin, freenas.
Java Script , , .
- FreeNAS
(. 3.26). FreeNAS,
.
- ,
System | General ( | ).
General () WebGUI (-) Language () Russian (). Save () . " ".
Passwords ()
.

124

. 3.26. - FreeNAS
Google Chrome

(ad0),
(ad0s2) UFS,
, .
| .
+ (
). ad0,
UFS.
(. 3.27).

125

. 3.27.

.
.
, .
.
,
. | . +. (. 3.28).
.
 , ,
ad0.
 MBR partition.
 ,

. , . . 0. ,
, . . 2. SWAP- , , 1.
 UFS.

126

 ,

. 3.28.

. . , .
.
FreeNAS 16 . ,
Windows,
Samba / FTP.
Samba | CIFS/SMB.

(. 3.29).

127

. 3.29. Samba

,
Samba:
 .

"" Anonymous.
 NetBIOS- ,

"" Windows.
 , -

.
 DOS

CP866 Windows-.
. -
. Windows 2000 . , , .
. , .
, + .
(. 3.30).

128

. 3.30.

, :
 ,

.
 .

.

,
.

Linux "", "" , "" . ,


.

129

. .
.
,
IP- , ,
\\192.168.1.250 \\freenas.
FTP.
, Linux-. FTP- FreeNAS. | FTP
. FTP , CIFS/SMB.

FreeNAS. , 80 (
, PDF). , - , , , . , "".
 ( | Firewall). , ,
,
FreeNAS. .
 RAID 0/1/5/JBOD (

| RAID).
 - ( | Web Server).
 BitTorrent ( | BitTorrent).
 Rsync ( | Rsync).

,
,
.
,
: , , S.M.A.R.T. . ,
() FreeBSD.
(. 3.31). , Microsoft , " , ", .

130

. 3.31. NAS

(
). , . , ? Windows,
FreeNAS!

. , ,
Linux. , ,
, .
, , , "" . ,
, , ,
-. , "". ,

131

.
"" Linux
, -, Squid, Privoxy,
3proxy. , .
, - Windows
Usergate (www.usergate.ru), Wingate (www.wingate.ru),
Agnitum Outpost Network Security (www.agnitum.ru) Kerio WinRoute
Firewall (www.kerio.ru).
.

Kerio WinRoute Firewall


Kerio WinRoute Firewall, ,
. , ,
-.
,
.
WinRoute. ADSL: USB- ADSL.
. -
, , Kerio Administration
Console. ,
, ( ,
ICS Windows).
IP- ,
(. 3.32).
Kerio Administration Console
, .
.

. IP- , , ( Admin)
(. 3.33). . Kerio WinRoute Firewall,
.

132

. 3.32. WinRoute

. 3.33.

, .
1. , .
(. 3.34).

133

. 3.34. -

2. .
, ,
ADSL. .
3. ,
.
. .
4. . ,

(. 3.35).
: , .

, ICQ, : , .
( )
.
WinRoute Windows, -

134

.
.

. 3.35. ,

"" . , ,
""!

5.
VPN.
, . .
6. .
,
. - ,

. .
, .
(. 3.36).

135


.
(. .
), .
- , IP-
. . OK.

. 3.36.

7. ,
. : .
Kerio WinRoute
Firewall. .
, .
.

136

. . ,
,
-,
/ . ,

. (. 3.37).

. 3.37.

.
OK, .
, .
(. 3.38).
, -.
.
,
. ,
, .
 , -

, . "" (permit) , "" (deny) "" (drop) .

137

, ,
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138

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139

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140

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141

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142

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143

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144

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145

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146

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147

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admin .
- SmoothWall
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148

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149

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150

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151

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152

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155

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156

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157

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158

1. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM
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159

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, . ,
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Windows 7 Windows Vista
. Windows XP,
termsrv.dll (termsrv64.dll) . ,
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160

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161

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162

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163

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164

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166

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167

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168

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169

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www.thinstation.org,
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syslinux, , Thinstation-2.2-161108-syslinux-hs.zip.
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170

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171

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174

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175

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176
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177

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178

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179

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180


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181

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184

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185

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186

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187

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189

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190

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191

3. : VBoxManage list
vms. , :
VirtualBox Command Line Management Interface Version 3.0.4
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"Virt_Win7" {6e1022dd-71cd-4566-a59a-5f6e9cff70d7}
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192


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VMware .
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 Memory () Reserved

memory ( )

193

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194

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195

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Virtual Ethernet Adapter. IP-
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, .


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Virtual Machine ( | | ). New
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196

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197

Virtual Machine Settings ( ). Hardware ( ) ,


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Next (). : (IDE
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198

, Hardware ( ) Virtual Machine Settings ( ).

. 5.15.

Options () . , , .
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display (,
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199

200

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Windows,

201

UNIX/Linux, Mac OS X. Windows TightVNC (www.tightvnc.com) UltraVNC (www.uvnc.com),


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RealVNC Windows 98 ,
Windows 95. , . RealVNC - VNC Viewer.
VNC Viewer Server: (:) IP- , VMware Workstation, , ,
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Options (). ,
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. 5.19. VNC Viewer

202

, VNC , USB ,
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Linux, .
, ,
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"" ,
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Windows, .

,
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DVD, - . - , ,
. , , ( Hi-End
) .
 . , flash- USB .
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DVD-.
, , ,
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204


.
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. " " , , , .
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:
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, , , -, ,
. , , - .
HTPC (Home Theatre PC,
). , . , . .
http://htpc.al.ru.
, HTPC , .
.


, ,
. MP3

, " "

205

Pentium MMX
32 .
:
, . ""
() . , ,
Pentium III/Tualatin, Pentium 4.
.

.
.
, . , - ,
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,
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. , , , . , 0,1%,
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206

AC'97,
Creative Audigy , ""
, .
,
25 35,
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200300 .
, 5.1 7.1. ,
.
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, 5.1 7.1
. -, . , Winamp
"" , , . - .
-,
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. . ,
, 22 ,
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207

, ""
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, " " "-".
,
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 RCA "" ,

. , / SPDIF, .
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VHS , ,
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1 3 75 , . 1
3 , 2 4 .
RCA VHSRCA. . , , .
, , VHS, , , "", . - .
 , .

,
()
NVidia ATI.
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. "" , . 6.1, .

208

. 6.1. VHS-RCA

, .
75 100
"", . 6.1, .
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. , , : ,
.

-
PCI -.
,
. -
.
, - :
.
, , .
.
, . ,
(Avermedia, Pinaccle, FlyTV) . , : WinLIRC
SlyControl.

, " "

209



. ,
, : , , ,
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,
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,
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. , , . , . . ,
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210

, "" .

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.
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(. 6.2).

. 6.2.

, , . "" 1000 .
1. .
2. "" , ,
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, " "

211

3. ,
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4.
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, .

. , , ,
.
, ,
. , " ". 486DX 14"
.
,
" " 180 . 12
, . , , MP3,
.


,
.
, :
 Windows;
 Linux.

, , -:
 (
), -. " " , , . ,
- .
 ,

. , "", , , . Windows

212

"" ,
Linux .
, Windows/Linux . ,
, . "Linux " : , , , .

Windows
Windows .
. Windows
. , Windows Media Player ,
. ,
, .
, , Windows XP. , Windows 98
, ,
.
, . "" , ""
Windows .

Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005


Windows XP OEM-
. ,
Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005. Windows XP Home Edition Windows
Media Center. - ,

Windows Media Player.
, Media Center, E-Shell
Windows XP Home Edition,

, " "

213

. E-Shell, Windows XP Home Edition.



. "", , ,
. E-Shell, , ,
. Windows Media Center
"" Windows Vista Windows 7 (
Home Basic Business), "".

Windows
" ",
HTPC, Windows. , ,
- .
, -, . ,

: , , . .
 Nero Home Nero (www.nero.com). -

Nero Burning Rom,


,
, , - , .
, - Nero .
 MediaPortal (www.team-mediaportal.com) -

. . ("")
(). , , , ,
, " ".
 GB-PVR (www.gbpvr.com) -

. .
My Programs. , "" .

214

,
Pentium 4 512 . "" , "" , ,
.

-,
. .
,
K-Lite Codec Pack
(www.codecguide.com). , Vista Codec
Package (http://shark007.net) Media Player Codec Pack (www.
mediaplayercodecpack.com). ,
. , ,
.

,
, ( , , ),
. ,
.

, " ".
. , "/"
"" ?
, ! ,
" ", . .
, , ,
, , ,
.

, " "

215

,
.
. "" "" "" ,
. ,
. ,
, .
"" LightAlloy
(www.softella.com). ,
.
, , . LightAlloy (. 6.3).

. 6.3. LightAlloy

Media Player Classic (http://mpc-hc.sourceforge.net) K-Lite Codec Pack (. 6.4).


.

216

. 6.4. Media Player Classic

BSplayer
(www.bsplayer.org) Zoom Player (http://zoomplayer.com). ,
, .
, , Winamp
(www.winamp.com). 2.,
1998 2002 . , , . ,

. 3 , 4 .
5 (2003 .) 5.5 (2007 .)
, . , , .
Winamp 5.5
. ? ,
, , Winamp 2.5 Winamp 2.91.



"" -, . SlyControl (http://slycontrol.ru).

, " "

217

: "
, , ".
, - , Windows API.
. (, ) SlyControl, , ,
.
HTML. , SlyControl,
. :
 - -;
 -, -

COM-;
 -, -

.

slycontrol.ru. , - ,

.
SlyControl, "" , , . , ,
.
, - . SlyControl
, , Fly2000TV Radiator

, , .
SlyControl . , .

218

1. : (. 6.5). .

. 6.5. SlyControl:

2. , .
. , bt8x8, . .
Conexant BT848 BT878,

Hardware access driver:
TV Tuner Model: (. 6.6).
-, . ,
.

(Code), (Key). (), Close (). , .
3. .
WinLIRC. E WinLIRC (
WLircSrv), SlyControl -

, " "

219

WinLIRC. WinLIRC SlyControl


API, . .

. 6.6. SlyControl:

4.
(. 6.7).

. 6.7. SlyControl:

220

5. Mute ( ).
(. 6.8).

. 6.8.

. ,
Mute , , |
. .
.
Toggle (): ,
. .
.
Close ().
Volume Up ( ) Volume Down ( ).
.
6. , (. 6.9).
40 , ACDSee, IrfanView ICE Book

, " "

221

Reader. 30 . .

. 6.9. SlyControl:

7. , Audio, Video, TV Radio (. 6.10).

. 6.10. SlyControl:

222

8. . .
9. :
,
.
. ,
.
, . , .
, , ,
Audio. , , , Winamp. , , , , . .

. , ,
. .
, - ,
,
. , (. . 6.7)
,
.

. , Visual Basic.
( scs),
(. 6.11).
() , " ".
, , . ,
, ,
.
( ) , ,
SlyControl .
, , VBA Java Script, -

, " "

223

SlyControl. , .

. 6.11. SlyControl,


, .
, "".
XXI . -

224

. SlyControl,
:
 LIRC (www.lirc.org) , . LIRC

(Linux Infra-Red Control) Linux,


Windows WinLIRC (http://winlirc.
sourceforge.net). - LIRC WinLIRC
,
TCP/IP ,
. WinLIRC
, , Winamp LightAlloy. ,
" ".
 Girder (www.promixis.com) SlyControl,


.
, . , ,
WinLIRC, , .
" " . ,
. ,
SlyControl , . . , ,
.

Linux
Windows
Linux "" , , . ,
,
.
Linux,
. ,
"" Linux Windows, ""
. :
.

, " "

225

GeeXboX
GeeXboX Linux, . MPlayer , .
.
www.geexbox.org iso PC (x86, x86_64) Macintosh. , ,
GeeXboX " ".
LiveCD. (. 6.12)
.
- ( (HDTV) ),
Install GeeXboX to disk
flash-,
(debugging mode).

. 6.12. GeeXboX

GeeXboX . ,

226

-, . " " ,
.
.
, , geexboxgenerator-1.2.3.i386.glibc.tar.gz.
Windows, Linux MacOS ,
! .
1. geexbox-generator-1.2.3.i386.glibc
generator.exe. (. 6.13).

. 6.13. GeeXboX Generator Interface

2. Interface () Menu
language ,
Subtitle charset .
3. Audio () Number of
Channels ( ) : , 5.1.
4. Video () (. 6.14). . , "".
5. Remote Control ( )
.

, " "

227

-, , Creative.

. 6.14. GeeXboX Generator Video

6. Network () .
Configuration () (. 6.15).

Ethernet DHCP. (manual)
Connection Settings ( )
IP-, . WiFi settings
.

. 6.15. GeeXboX Generator Network | Configuration

228

7. Network | Unix shares ( | Unix)


, , NFS. Windows NFS
. NFS, - NFS, , DiskShare (www.javvin.com) ,
.
8. GeeXboX , Server
IP IP- , Directory ()
. Mountpoint name ( ) , GeeXboX (. 6.16).

. 6.16. GeeXboX Generator Network | Unix shares

9. , Add (). GeeXboX



. .
10. Network | Windows shares ( | Windows)
, , Windows (. 6.17). Server
name , Server IP IP- Windows, .
Username , Password , GeeXboX .
, , .

, " "

229

. 6.17. GeeXboX Generator Network | Windows shares

11. Name . Add (). Shares .


12. Services () ,
(. 6.18).

. 6.18. GeeXboX Generator Services

13. Network services ( )


FTP. Username Password , (
GeeXboX) .

230

14. Network streaming ( )


- -
Shoutcast Icecast. Blacklist Whitelist "" "" , . , ,
"" . "" , "" , . . ,
"" . , -, geexbox-generator1.2.3.i386.glibc\iso\GEEXBOX\etc\netstream.
15. Packages () ,
(. 6.19). , . , "" , ,
.

. 6.19. GeeXboX Generator Packages

16. Download ().


.
. , Interface ()
Themes ()
.
17. Compile! (!). GeeXboX ,

, " "

231

- . custom (ru),
geexbox-1.2.3-custom-ru.i386.iso.
C - "". - GeeXboX.

GeeXboX
. , :
.
DVD . .
1. (. 6.13) Install GeeXboX to
disk ( GeeXboX ). . , (. 6.20).
qwerty. <Enter>.

. 6.20. GeeXboX

2. , (. 6.21).
<Enter>.
3. HDTV (. 6.22).
-,
SVGA HDMI, .
TV-OUT,
No () <Enter>.

232

. 6.21. GeeXboX

. 6.22. GeeXboX

4. : cfdisk (. 6.23). ,
, , .
GeeXboX ext2 ext3
100200 .
ext2, ext3 FAT32 .
, <Q> cfdisk. .
5. (. 6.24).
<Enter>.

, " "

233

. 6.23. cfdisk

. 6.24. GeeXboX

GeeXboX , . , , (. 6.25).
, , , -

234

GeeXboX. <S>.
, <Q>.

. 6.25. GeeXboX

. GRUB
(. 6.26). GeeXboX HDTU. (. 6.26),
GeeXboX HDTU 1.2.3 (reconfigure) GeeXboX 1.2.3 (reconfigure).

GeeXboX (. 6.27). DVD . .
.
,
(Help). www.geexbox.org
/en/controls.html , .
DVD , .
(Open). (. 6.28)
( , flash-)
.

, " "

. 6.26. GeeXboX

. 6.27. GeeXboX

235

236

. 6.28.

, :
 Network Streams/ - -;
 nfs/ , -

NFS;
 shares/ , Windows.

, . /
<Enter>. , , <P>. , -. , .
1. , , (Open) , .
2. <R>.
.
3. <Enter>,
, , .

, " "

237

4. , <C>. .
, .
5. , ,
, <R>. , .
GeeXboX,
.
 (CD DVD),

.
 Flash- USB .

(Open).
 ,
. , , , ( GeeXboX 1.2.3 (reconfigure)).


GeeXboX.
 -

-. , - ""
256 .
 , -,

.
GeeXboX .
,
. GeeXboX
: ( debug
mode) . ,
GeeXboX .
GeeXboX, Linux-. , , , , . , ,
, Linux.

238

Freevo Live CD
Freevo (freevo.sourceforge.net) ,
Linux. ,
MPlayer, Xine VLC , "", "" .
Freevo Live CD Mandriva Linux, Freevo. 300
ftp://download.tuxfamily.org/freevolive.
CD-R, Freevo Live CD.
LiveCD, -.
(. 6.29) Boot with Freevo on X11, Freevo . , .

. 6.29. - Freevo Live CD

Freevo (. 6.30) :
. <Esc>.
.

, " "

239

. 6.30. Freevo

:
 Watch TV -: ,

, ,
.
 Watch a Movie .
 Listen to Music .
 Look at Pictures , -.
 Headlines -

, Freevo.
Commands ()
:
 Configure your system .
 Install FreevoLive to HDD FreevoLive . -

:
, .
 Start webbrowser . Hv3 (. 6.31) -

, .
Freevo, .

240

. 6.31. Hv3, Freevo

,
Mandriva Linux. Mandriva Linux
(Mandriva Linux Control Center) ,
, (. 6.32).
Mandriva Linux . Freevo Live CD.

- Boot with Freevo on


framebuffer ( Freevo ),
Freevo, . Commands
Start X Enviroment ( X). Freevo ,
XFce4 . Freevo . :

, " "

241

. 6.32. Mandriva Linux, Freevo

""
flash- USB. ,
Freevo Live CD . .
. ,
samba nfs.
. .
1. Mandriva Linux Software
Management ( ).
2. Look at installable software and install software
packages ( ). .

242

3. , (. 6.33).
Networking | Other ( | ):
 samba-client-3.0.24-2.7mdv2007.1.i586;
 samba-server-3.0.24-2.7mdv2 007.1.1586;
 nfs-utils-1.0.12-13.1mdv2007.1.i586;
 nfs-utils-clients-1.0.12-13.1mdv2007.1.i586;
System | Servers ( | ):
 samba-common-3.0.24-2.7 mdv2007.1.i586.

. 6.33.

4. Apply (). ,
.
5. :
<Ctrl>+<Q>.
. Samba

, " "

243

Windows, Samba
. NFS,
, NFS. , Windows, Samba.
Mandriva Linux Mount Points
( ).
(. 6.34).

. 6.34. Mount Points

1. , , Set Samba mount points ( Samba).


Samba.
2. Search servers ( ).
Samba mount points ( Samba) , .
3. , . , (. 6.35).

244

. 6.35. -

4. (Username) (Password). , .
(, Windows 7/Vista/XP ),
,
.
(
), guest, .
5. OK. , Samba mount
points ( Samba) ( ),
(. 6.36).
6. Mount point ( ). ,
(. 6.37).
/mnt, .
7. OK. ,
Samba mount points ( Samba).
Mount (),
, (. 6.38). Mount (),
Samba.
Freevo
Browse local filesystems ( ),
. 6.39. Watch a Movie ( ),
Listen to Music ( ) Look at Pictures ( ).

, " "

. 6.36. ()

. 6.37.

245

246

. 6.38.

. 6.39.

, " "

247

,
"", Freevo LiveCD. Samba, , Samba, .
1. Mandriva Linux
Manage configuration of Samba ( Samba). DrakSamba Samba (. 6.40).

. 6.40. DrakSamba File share

2. File share ( ) Add (). Add share (. 6.41).


3. Name of the share ,
, Comment . ,
, Open (). (. 6.42).

248

. 6.41. (Add share)

. 6.42.

4. , . OK. ,
Directory () Add share.
5. (Add share), OK.
DrakSamba
.
6. ,
Modify (). (. 6.43).
7.
Public (), Writable ( ) Browseable (-

, " "

249

) Yes (). OK
,
.

. 6.43.

,
. ,
Samba,
Linux . Samba
Userdrake, . ,

.
1. DrakSamba Samba Users (
Samba). .
2. Add (). User information
( ).
3. User name ( )
(. 6.44).

250

. 6.44. Samba

(
), nobody. ,
Windows.
4. OK. nobody Samba.
5. DrakSamba, OK.

. , , , , Windows 7 (. 6.45).
: , , , Freevo LiveCD? , . "
",
, . Freevo LiveCD, : ../home/live/

, " "

251

Music, ../home/live/Video ../home/live/Pictures. ""


, , , .

. 6.45. Freevo

MythTV
MythTV (www.mythtv.org)
HTPC Linux MacOS. ,
MythTV -. ,
.
- .
(backend) , (frontend) . ,
, " ",
, -,
.
- :
 MythBrowser -;
 MythDVD DVD;

252

 MythArchive

DVD;
 MythGallery - "

";
 MythWeather ;
 MythPhone - SIP.

MythTV Linux.
MythTV Linux-.
,
" ".
KnoppMyth Knoppix, ""
. -
- (frontend),
.
KnoppMyth MythTV. (. 6.46).

. 6.46. KnoppMyth MythTV

, , <Esc>, MythTV
.

, " "

253

Fluxbox (. 6.47).
.

. 6.47. KnoppMyth Fluxbox

MythTV HTPC:
 MythDora (www.mythdora.com) Fedora.
 Mythbuntu (www.mythbuntu.org) Ubuntu.
 LinuxMCE (www.linuxmce.org) Kubuntu. . , Bluetooth.
, HTPC-, ""

" ".
(backend),
(frontend) .
MythTV, , ,
"" .

254

" " (HTPC) DVD- . , .


Pentium 4, 512 ,
GeForce 4 - .
. 2 ,
.

.
, Windows Media Center, Nero Home
MediaPortal, , , .
,
. , ,
, Windows XP
.
, .
: , , - .
,
. ,
.
Linux HTPC, , GeexBoX,
"" , Freevo Live CD, , Windows. , , : .



.
!
? -,
!
( )

( , , ) ,
.
, .
,
" ".
,
, , .
USB .
, .
, .
. , , ,
,
. ,
. , .
? " "
( 20 . ).

256

. , ,
: AVI, MPG, JPEG.
"" , ,
, . "" , . . - , , ,
.

, , .
300 . .


.
, , . , .


"" . (. 7.1)
"". .
20 .

. 7.1.

257

(. 7.2). . "" 50 200 .

. 7.2.

-
PAL NTSC 1 .
, , . . , . ""
BNC (. 7.3). RCA, "".
. 12 .

. 7.3. BNC

.
, .

258

.
,
.
, . ,
. .


. .


.
PCI ( 16) (. 7.4);
, USB (. 7.5).

. 7.4.

259

. 7.5.

.
, SecurityEyes
SecurView (www.securview.com).
 - ,

Composite A/V. (PCI/PCI-E)


(USB).
 .

Pinaccle Studio.
 .

ATI NVidia. , , . ,
WDM.

USB
"-", .
DSP-, . USB.
. (
320240 1024768 ), ,
.

260

USB- ,
-
. , USB ( , -).
,
USB .
( 2040 .) - ( 23 .). " "
(. 7.6). , .

. 7.6. USB Genius iSlim 310

, USB
.
34 . : 26 . ,
USB . -, 5 , .
USB- .
USB (. 7.7), (. 7.8).

261

. 7.7. USB

. 7.8. USB

USB- ""
(. 7.9) , USB- 50 , 150 ,
300 . , , 500 , , USB. ,
. USB-
, "" 5
.

, RJ45 Over Cat5e USB Extender. (. 7.10) USB RJ-45, " " (UTP) .
50 .
20 .,
" ".

262

. 7.9. USB

. 7.10. USB

IP-
- , IP-,
Internet Camera Server (. 7.11) . . , ,
-.
, FTP-,
. .

263

. 7.11. - (TRENDnet TV-IP100)

IP- .
, , IP-. ,
. -,
.
IP- Wi-Fi, IEEE 802.11b/g.
.
.
PTZ ( Pan-Tilt-Zoom, -).
- ,
PTZ.
IP- 150 400 ., . "",

.


, .
(Sensor Type). CCD CMOS.
CCD- , .

264

IP-, .
, , , CMOS.
-. - USB
, . "" ,
. - .
(Resolution) . USB
IP- /
( ). () ,
( ).
,
.
PAL (420 ).
? 420
420 USB.
352288 640480 . , ,
, .
,
. .
, .
" " USB. , , .
(Angle) . ,
, :
. ,
USB-, . .
, "" . ,
. USB,

265

, 0,51,5 .
USB " "
. ,
. ,
, 40 60.
. , - -
,
. .
"" 0,3 , , , .
:
" ?". , x ( )

x=X

a
,
2 D tg( / 2)

X ; a
; D ; (. 7.12).

. 7.12. ,

266

, :
, , .
, .
Corel Draw: , .
, ,
2030 ( ). , . ( ) 20 . 1,5 , 50 .
, .
640480 60 5 ,
50 . ,
,
. , - , , , ,
.
1024768 , , . 640480 ,
, , 30, . , .
" ",
. (
) , .
(Sensitivity).
, ,
().
, . - USB ,
, .
0,2 , USB 0,52 . ,

267

1000 ,
50100 , 0,2 ,
0,0003 .
( ), , . ""
, .
, ,
.
,
510 .
. 7.1 . , ,
" ", .
7.1.

/
Genius iSlim 310 /
USB 1.1

()

, .

640480
(0,3)

40

16

Genius eFace 1325R /


USB 2.0

12801024
(1,3)

100

42

Genius eFace 2020AF /


USB 2.0

16001200
(2)

55

50

NoName CS-200 / , /, PAL,

628582
(0,3)

53

13

New Surway YC-26SP/


, ., PAL,
.

542586
(0,3)

70

65

Orient UM-819R / , ., PAL,


640480

60

75

TRENDnet TV-IP100 /
IP- LAN

640480
(0,3)

( 4x)

105

(0,3)

268

7
7.1 ()

/
TRENDnet TV-IP100W /

IP-

()
640480
(0,3)

( 4x)

, .

160


, USB-, IP- . , , .
" ",
. ""
. ,
320240
2530 /, Pentium II
533 128 . . " " . ,
Soket 7 "".
Windows XP.
Windows 98? -, Windows XP
USB. -, . ,
USB- Win9x .
,
. , " " ,
. . Windows XP.
, "" , . . , .
Linux. , LinuxDVR (www.linuxdvr.ru) , -

269

: ""
.
, . , USB-,

Windows.


"". ,
.
.
USB. -
.
1. USB.
5 , USB-,
.
2. USB. .
, -, . , , ,
. .
1. , .
, ,
: (video capture), (audio capture), (crossbar) . .
2. .
3. . ,
, . , 12 .
. , 500 ,

, .
.
-,

270

"" .
, ""
: ,
. .
, Asus Video Security (www.asus.com.tw).
. , (. 7.13).

. 7.13. Asus Video Security

. Asus
Video Security
. USB, () Avermedia.
1. . . 1 (. 7.14*).
*

. .

271

. 7.14.

2. , , , USB-. .
3. | 2.
, , ,
USB- -.
.
4. OK .
- , . , , (composite)
.
5. ,
. . omposite.
Asus Video Security , -, USB
"" . () -

272

. "" , ,
"" .

.
, , .
, (
) ( ).
WDM. ""
, . .
1. , ,
, .
.
2.
( ), . ""
.
. ,

. , .
. ,
.
Video WDM Control. ,
, (www.asvzzz.com) "" . ,
. Video WDM Control
WDM- .
1. VideoWDMControl.exe
.
2. Crossbar.
(. 7.15). Input ()
, , , Video Composite
In. Output () , Video Decoder
Out.

273

3. OK. , . .

. 7.15. Video WDM Control

USB- "" .
, , , , .
,
,
.
Amcap. , . ., . C
(Asus Video
Security, WebcamXP .).
"" , "" .


, . HTTP-
. ,
ActiveX, Java, Flash . .

274

- (, Internet Explorer, Opera,


Mozilla Firefox), . ,
-.
. ,
IP-.
.
, - IP-
192.168.1.155. , Asus Video Security.
1. 1
HTTP (. 7.16).
2. , "". HTTP 80. IP IP- . ,
.

. 7.16. HTTP

275

3. ,
.
,
. ,
!
Asus Video Security .
2.
4. OK. , Asus
Video Security -.

Windows. , ,
, (. 7.17).
. , Asus Video Security
.

. 7.17. Windows

. , , .
, , Internet Explorer. IP- , , http://192.168.1.155.
(80) , -

276

, 8080,
IP- , , http://192.168.1.155:8080.
. , .
- .
( ActiveX).
(. 7.18).

. 7.18.

.
.
 , ActiveX
. -

277

Internet Explorer,
. , Internet Explorer.
 Internet Explorer. , .
,
ActiveX.
,
. , ADSL (. 7.19).

. 7.19.

IP. .
, . . , IP-.
, , , .
IP-.
, ,
IP-, .
, Virtual Server ( ) Port Forwarding ( ).

278

( ),
. Virtual Server D-Link DSL-500T.
1. - : IP- , , http://192.168.1.1.
2. Lan Clients ( ). "" " "
.
3. ,
Virtual Server (. 7.20). IP Address
, , 192.168.1.105 Add ().
, Apply ().

. 7.20. Virtual Server

4. Virtual Server ( ).
LAN IP ,

279

.
IP- 192.168.1.155.
5. ,

(. 7.21). Available Rules ( ) Web Server (-) Servers
(). Asus Video Security
-,
. Add (). Web Server
Applied Rules ( ).

. 7.21. Virtual Server

.
-, .
, . ,
,
.
,
IP-, (). ,
.

280

-, ,
(broadcasting).
- (IP-TV),
.
Windows Media Encoder (www.microsoft.com), VLC
Player (www.videolan.org) . ,
Logiware go1984 (www.go1984.de), : , -.
,
Windows Media Player,
Winamp, VLC Player, IP-TV.

Logiware go1984.
,
HTTP.
HTTP- , -
(), . "" . , . - , IP-.

,
(motion detection) ,
. ,
.
. ,
, .
, , Asus
Video Security.
/ .
"" , .

281


.
(. 7.22). ,

. , ,
, , .

. 7.22. :

,
.
, .
.
: Beep.wav (
), , .
, , -

282


.
,
.
. .

( ).
:
 .
 , -

.
. , ,
"", - . , , .
1. , , .
, OK.
2. (. . 7.13) . Shape Properties ( ).
3. , ,

(. 7.23).
4.
, .
5. .
.
6. OK. ,
, .
7.
.
(. 7.24).

283

. 7.23.

. 7.24.

8. ,
Shape Properties ( ).
,
OK. -

284

.
10 .
9. ,

. OK
Shape Properties ( ) ,
.
"", , :
, .
, .
, .
,
. ,
, .
, .
. ,
, , ,
, .
, .
- ,
"!" "!".
, - .
,
,
. 12 .
.
.
. "stop".
, .

"-".

285

,
, .
(.
. 7.13 7.25).

. 7.25.

. -,
,
. -, ,
,
, - .
, , .
, . Asus Video Security . , , ,
ADSL .

, .
, Asus Video
Security.
email (. 7.26) . :
, .
-

286

. -,
.

. 7.26. : email

,
SMTP-. email. (. 7.27).
/* SMTP- , , smtp.mail.ru. 25.
, ,
.
, E-mail . ,
" ". -, .

287

. 7.27. :

, . , ,
, . SMS .
SMS
. , SMS . ...
, , " ". SMS,
,
. . , , !
 -

"E-mail to SMS".
__@sms_.ru. , , SMS

288

. ,
SMS. ,
, .
 SMS.
, (www.websms.ru)
. <tels=>
,
SMS.

.
.
Asus Video Security . , IP Skype (www.skype.com). Skype
, .
1. Skype
Skype.
2. SkypeOut "" Skype,
.
, Asus
Video Security .
warning.wav .
SkypeOut "", Skype,
, .
" ". . , .
, , , .
, !
, , (
) .
, - .

289

HTTP-. ,
, / ,
. , HTTP- ,
.


Asus Video Security, , " ".
,
, . , , .

Amcap
, , ,
. Amcap .
(Microsoft Software Development Kit, SDK).
amcap.exe, ,
USB.
. , , . , :
 .

Amcap , .
 , , .
 .

, , , Amcap .
, Amcap.
amcap.exe, , Windows\ Windows\System32.

290

Devices () (. 7.28).
, ,
.
, Options () Preview ().
.

. 7.28. Amcap Devices

USB Options ().


Video Capture Filter ( ) (--, . .), Video Capture Pin ( )
(, ). .
, . (
, ), . , ,
, , "
".

, . ,
Amcap, , ,
USB .

291

Webcam XP
WebcamXP.com , "" . ,
-
. ,
:
, , .

.
:
 Monitor () , -

, .
 Web/Broadcast -, -

FTP- HTTP-.
 Access restriction ( ) -

, IP-.
 Security () , -

, - .
 Options () , -

.
.
, . , , .
Monitor () ( ). Source Selection ( ) , . .
+
.
.

(. 7.29). Source Settings ( )
.

292

. 7.29.

, , , . Source Selection
( ) Security Center ( ).
,
, (. 7.30). ,
.
, . , .
Sheduler ()
(. 7.31). ,
.
, Action (), () Source number ( ) .
Run daily @
fixed time ( )
H () M (). , ,

293

. 7.30.

- (Capture Picture), ,
Run periodically every ( ...) .
Add (): Sheduled
actions ( ). -, ,
, .
. "" . , , .
 1 - ,

. : (Start Broadcasting), 1, 19:00; (Stop Broadcasting), 1, 18:30.


 , ,

. :
(Start Recording), 1, 8:00.

294

(Stop Recording), 1, 8:30


.
 2

, : (Start
Broadcasting), 2, 9:00; (Stop
Broadcasting), 2, 18:30.
 , -

(Start Motion Detector) 20:00,


, ,
, (Stop Motion Detector) 8:00.

. 7.31. Sheduler

1 , , , , , .

295

,
Web/Broadcast (-) Security ().
Security ()
(. 7.32).
,
Motion detector ( ) Source selection ( ) .
, , ,
Source selection ( )
.
Activate ().
.

.

. 7.32.

296

, , -.
. : Detected
objects size , .
- Settings ()
, , .
Enabled features ( )
,
. , , , ,
. . SMS, , ,
.
E-mail alerts configuration ( ) E-mail.
, Asus Video Security.
, Reciever's E-mail ( ) .
Digital Video Recording ( )
. Enabled
sources ( ) ,
(. 7.33).
, Create new file every
( ...) .
Delete old files after ( ) ,
( 24 ).
Capture Rate . " "
MPEG-4, Compress files in MPEG-4.
, ffdshow.

Options | Compression/WM9 Profiles ( |
/ WindowsMedia 9).
Windows,
, , DiVX XviD.
. 10 /

297

320240 "" 5 ,
7 . ,
. .
MPEG-4 Pentium-3
533 100%. ,
, ,
, " ".

. 7.33.

" ". ,
10 / , 30 /.
,
, "". .

298

, - ,
. .
Windows, "" . ,
.

Logiware go 1984
Logiware (www.logiware.de) . ,
.
 go 1984 -,

.
 go1984 Desktop Client ,

-
go 1984. .
 go1984 Player -

.
 go1984 Screensaver go 1984, -

.
Logiware . , ,
. ,
, .
go 1984 ( , ,
)
WebcamXP. Logiware . ""
IP-: ,
. . .
,
, " ".

299

- , () .
.
Administrator, .
,
, .
, go 1984 IP-. USB , | DirectX DirectX . .
, | DirectX
(. 7.34). ,
"" .

. 7.34. USB

, ,
. , ,
-,
, , . . ,

300

.
. , ,
, , ( ). , , , - (
), , ,
( ).
.
 ,

,
.


/. , ,
, (. 7.35). . ,
/
.

. 7.35. /

-.
, .
- . -, -

301

, , iPhone,
Windows Mobile Java-.
. ,
- ,
(. 7.36). , , , .

. 7.36. -

"" (DDNS). DDNS


IP-:

yourdomain.dyndns.org, . . . DynDns.org , .

-
. go 1984
Administrator . , -

302

,
. .
, . .

. . , ,
. ,

(. 7.37).

. 7.37.

, go 1984, ,
http://192.168.1.155. . (. 7.38). ( ), ( Java,
Java Script ActiveX), , go1984 Desktop Client.

303

. 7.38.

. 7.39.
go1984
Desktop Client

304

. , .
go1984 Desktop Client (. 7.39).
UDP-,
, IP-. ,
.
.

Linux DVR
Linux.
Linux, -. Pentium-3 1 , 128 .
IP- BT878/CX2388x.
-,
.
CD-ROM
(www.linuxdvr.ru). -, Linux DVR.
.
GRUB (. 7.40). INSTALL AND WORK
( ). Linux DVR .
, ext2 ext3 c
LinuxDVR. , .
, ,
Linux, cfdisk . , .
cfdisk . , ,
300 , . ,
() . . . , . ,
, -.

305

. 7.40.

.
, Linux DVR (. 7.41).
, , /dev/hda.

. 7.41.

,
. ,
(. 7.42). , , hda5.

306

. 7.42.

, IP- ,
( root) . ,
LinuxDVR
.
, Linux DVR! CD-ROM,
, . - . ,
,
-.

restart. -.
ROOT SHELL/SULOGIN ( ).
root,
. root.
install-boot. , . ,
/dev/hda1, <Enter>.
CD-ROM .
- ( stop). -, -

307

. -. , root ftptelnet .

Linux DVR.

. 7.43. - Linux DVR

308

.
install, admin (
), arch ( ), operator ( ).
- Linux DVR (. 7.43).
Linux DVR
,
Windows. , -. (http://
www.linuxdvr.ru) , . ,
Linux DVR , .

, ,
. , ,
,
" ". , ,

. , SMS , , , .
.
.
"" .
, ,
.
,
-.
, - ,
.

. , .
, ,
.

,

,
?
! "" !
( )

- ,
. ,
( ), , , , .
CMOS ,
, "" .
,
.
"", .
,
.
.
. ,
, .
BIOS "" . , " ", , .

310



. .
 () -

, .
 -

.
" ", , . , "
"... .
-,
. ,
:
, . AGP
Socket 370.
- "" , .
.
, "
" ,
, "" . ,
90- ,
, " ".
"" () (. 1.1). . , -

. 1.1. DIP-

311

BIOS, .
-,
. , ""
. ,
, .
,
- . , ,
.
, .
OEM-. ,
, , , .
, . , : ,
, -
. ,
"",
"", "BIOS".
"NoName" .
", ". ,
" ", .
, , " "
.
().
BIOS. " " ( ).
, ,
. , ,
, .
, , .
, ,

312

.
.

.
, , . , .
. , (, ) BIOS,
. , XXI
Microstar MS-6380, MS-6380E, MS-6380LE, MS-6380 ver. 2.0
MS-6380E ver. 2.0, BIOS
.
MSI. ,
.
.
,
( ). ,
.
.
, .
, .
, , , ( ). .
(. 1.2) . , .
(JP), (DIP SP)
(J). J
, , , COM2,
USB2-3 IR (-).
.
. , (. . 1.24). , -

313


JP7, - : JP7 1-2:
Normal 2-3:CLR CMOS. ,
JP7 1 2, 2 3 CMOS.

. 1.2.


, . PCI
ATX , ,
. ,
, , ,
"Power" -"", .
" "
,
.

, , . - ""
, 4 . , ,
.

314

, , () BIOS .
-
. (. 1.3),
BIOS ,
,
. .

. 1.3.

BIOS . , BIOS, POST. POST Power-On Self Test,


. POST .
12 ,
. <Pause/Break>
, .

. , .
Award BIOS 05/12/2003-I845-2A69VG01C-00.
.
 (, 05/12/2003) -

, .
 (, I845) , -

.
 . -

:
BIOS;
, ;

315

"" .
5 Socket-5/7, 6
;
.
, ,
http://www.rom.by/book/Award_BIOS_ChipSet-codes.
9V , Intel 845;
.
(http://www.rom.by/book/Award_BIOS_ID-codes).
G0 Gigabyte;
, , , ,
. , . , . , ,
,
.
AMI BIOS . ,
: 51-0831-008031-00111111-071595-VIAVPX-TX98-3D-HK0-F.
, . 8031 ( Zida/Tomato).
- http://www.rom.by/book/AMIBIOS_ID-codes.
C POST . (. 1.4), , , , , .
, , , BIOS, . " "
, , BIOS. , ,
.
, . . ,
, .
(. 1.5) .
, , , , , PCI.

316

. 1.4. BIOS

. 1.5. BIOS

317

Vendor/Device: (Vendor ID)


(System ID). , ""
, BIOS . ,
,
" " , SubVendor ID
SubSystem ID , . , MSI GeForce 2 GTS 32Mb (8820)
:
 Vendor ID 10DE nVidia ( );
 System ID 0150 GeForce 2 GTS ( -

);
 SubVendor ID 1462 Micro-Star International Co Ltd ( );
 SubSystem ID 8820 MSI.

BIOS
. , .
.
V&S ID (Vendor and System Identifier).
www.project857.narod.ru .
Vendor ID System ID. Search ().
Vendor System
(. 1.6).

. 1.6. V&S ID

318

, " ", , Everest


(www.lavalys.com) ASTRA. (www.sysinfolab.com).
, ,
.
ASTRA (Advanced Sysinfo Tool and Reporting Assistant)
, Windows, . (ISO), -,
FreeDOS .
-. ASTRA (. 1.7).

. 1.7. ASTRA

System Summary () . <Page Up>, <Page Down>


.
, <F10>.
Information (). <Enter>.
, ASTRA , , .

319

, .


, , -, " " , .
, BIOS. , , . ,
POST

. , ,
, .
, . ,
POST,
, , .
, .
"-" .
.
: , , . , ,
BIOS . , ,
: , , , . , "
". - ( , , ), . , .
, "" ,
, , . , ,
.
"", ,
. ,

. , , , .

320

,
. CMOS
.
, " ",
CMOS , . ,

, . . : , , , , . . ,
, , , . " "
. , , , , , .
. ,
. , ,
, .
. ATX1.2,
.
.
, ,
. -,
( ATX 2.0, EATX12V),
. -,
, .
E ,
.
"" , , , , , PowerOn . .
"" , ,
. ,
, , .

321

. " ", . , , . , :
-
?
, .
: .
. Award BIOS . 1.1.
1.1. POST

POST

CMOS

CMOS


. , , . "" , ,
" " .
, () .
- , "",
. " ",
,
.
, ,
BIOS ISA. , ISA , PCI.

322

POST- - (. 1.8). 30 ., .
-, POST . MSI EPOX,
EPOX BX7+,
!

. 1.8. POST- PCI

PCI . .
FF (System Booting ). POST POST- ,
.
BIOS. POST AWARD BIOS AMI BIOS
. , ,
http://visualpost.narod.ru.


,
! . , . " , "
, , , .
, , "". ,
, ,
. -

323

, , . , ,

. " " " " .
, , . .
"" , , , . , ,
.


, . ,
"" - , , . , , .
,
, .
, -
, , , . .
,
. 57 , ,
,

(ESR ).
. " ". - () (MOSFET), .
, .
: . , "" , 0,2 . .

324

.
. ,
1500 2200 6,3 . ,

, AGP . , .

.
2200 10 .
, ,
. ,
.
. . ,
, , .
. , , .
, . , ,
.
.
, .
PS/2.
, . , , . "" ,
, .
,
. , , .
PS/2,
USB . -

325

, .
PS/2 .
-, ,
X 1X1 (. 1.9). F.

. 1.9.


.
, .

. ,
, , ,
.
CMOS. ,
, ,
.
"".
CMOS, .
BIOS,
,
. ,
: "" , .
""
CR-2032 3 , . .
1. .
2.
.

326

3. . 200 (0,2 ). .
CR-2032.
CR-2016, . , .
" ",
(. 1.10). . ,
CR-2032
"". Ext. Bat. ( ).
,
"+".

. 1.10.

"" Dallas
DS1287. CMOS . ,
Intel-486 . "" -, , .
20- , .
3 . ""
.

,
. , , "
".

327

. , ,
, .
" "
.
POST. , ,
,
. IDE
.
BIOS PCI. PCI "
" ,
Socket 370 ( Socket 7) IDE- SATA
.
BIOS.
. BIOS, , , , ,
. MS-DOS.
1. . BIOS
, " ".
, . , , ,
, " , ". ""
(www.nix.ru). - , ,
. , - , ""
.
www.rom.by.
"" BIOS,
, .

328

2. BIOS. ""
AWARD BIOS awdflash.exe, AMI BIOS
amiflash.exe.
"" , .
"" ,
. , autoexec.bat, .
: "-" .
, /? ( MS-DOS).
3. .
MS-DOS.
4. BIOS autoexec.bat (
). .
5. . . autoexec.bat .
, awdflash.
6. (. 1.11) <Enter>. , awdflash xxx.bin,
.
BIOS ,
. , - .
" ", ,
!
 , ( bin rom), -

, .
 , , ,

.
 BIOS -

( Load Setup Defaults Load BIOS

329

Defaults). .

.
 . -

.
,
, BIOS
.
 BIOS, -

. 5 , , .
.

. 1.11. awdflash

BIOS ,
flash. , BIOS,
. ,
.
BIOS, .
,
20 . ,
(. 1.12).

330

. 1.12. BIOS

, . " " .
1. ,
flash- BIOS. , , . "".
2. "" BIOS
, .
-
"" . ,
, .
3. - -
- BIOS.
4. ,
. , .
5.
.
6. BIOS.
:
 ,

-"", , BIOS .

331

 BIOS,

(Boot Block). ,
awdflash amiflash BIOS
.
,
.
,
BIOS. . , , .


" ", . , "" , .
,
, 3D-.
"" , .
.
. . , , .
, . ,
, , .
.
, . , "" . . , , ,
.
.

332

" ".
? . , "" ESR, . " ".
, , 3D-
. , , . 250 C. ,
, ,
.
, - .
, . ,
, .
" " !
flash- (Flash EEPROM) BIOS , ( ROM, PROM).
flash- BIOS
. , "" BIOS
, , ( )
GeForce2 ATI Radeon.
BIOS 3D-. , BIOS, . ""
, .
, AGP , PCI,
AGP , . , " ".
BIOS MS-DOS.

333

"", "BIOS" "EEPROM". www.mvktech.net, www.overclockers.ru, www.x86secret.com, www.rom.by. ! , BIOS


"" .
NVIDIA nvflash ( ) wfflash ( LeadTek,
). BIOS Radeon flashrom flashrom16p.
- , . ,
"",
/?, -? help Windows . ,
.
-BIOS ,
dos4gw.exe
cwsdpmi.exe. , "",
.
, DOS- .

, new.bin.
.
1. .
2. -, , nvflash.exe,
dos4gw.exe , , new.bin.
3. autoexec.bat :
nvflash -! -a -y new.bin

( !), ( a), ( y). nvflash.


. , .

334


"
". , . . - .
, , , , . ,
420 .
" "
(Boot ROM).
. ,
Acronis True Image Norton Ghost DVD.
,
, .
. - IDE
, .
,
. , ,
.
,
. "" , , BIOS,
"" . IBM DTLA.

, "".
, .
1. , . (. 1.13), .
2. .
"" .
3. .

335

. , .
4. .
. .
5. .

. 1.13.

IDE
. , .
!
www.mhdd.ru/sound.shtml
MP3: ,
.
,
( ) 12
. , ,
.
, ,
. . ...
. , " " , -

336

: , .
"", .
, , . , , .
. , ""
"", .
,
, . . , " ". (
), , ( ).
, ,
, .
, ,
. . ,
Western Digital .
, 20 , 10 .
.
MHDD
(www.ihdd.ru) Victoria (http://hdd-911.com).
(remap) BIOS .
MHDD - .
, .
, <F1>.
.
, (Secondary) IDE (Master). (. 1.14). , ,
.

337

. 1.14.

1. , :
.
<Shift>+<F3>.


, . "VMware Virtual IDE Hard Drive".

2. , 3, <Enter>.
. . IDE- SATA-
DRIVE READY DRIVE SEEK COMPLETE, . . DRDY DRSC. BUSY , - , .
3. ID. ,
EID, .
4. <F4>
SCAN <Enter>. ,
.
( ), ( ). ,
(Remap, Erase Delays), .
<F4>.

338

MHDD .
255 (130 560 ).
(. 1.15). "".
, .
, , ,
.

. 1.15.

, (
),
. :
 UNC Uncorrectable Error ( ).
 ABRT Abort ( ).
 IDNF Sector ID Not found ( ).
 AMNF Adress Mark Not Found ( ).
 T0NF Track 0 Not Found ( ).
 BBK Bad BlocK ("" ).
.
, : , ?
 . .

339

. , ? , ?
,
.
 "", ,

, "" .
. , .


. ,
,
"". ()
1/4, 1/3, . - , "",
"".
MHDD " " .
(remapping).
1. <F4>. Remap
Erase Delays. <F4>.
(bad list) . ,
.
2. , , .
, " "
, .
3. .
, , .
MHDD Victoria
.
fdisk,
Microsoft.
(MBR), :
/mbr.
MS-DOS, fdisk /mbr <Enter>.
, , Partition Magic
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