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Lacey Walker

50140185
Introduction
It is supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.Albert Einstein. Every teacher needs to learn the different methods of teaching to make sure
that every student in the class is learning the content that is taught. One method that is
effective way for students today is for students to learn is by technology. Teachers need to
communicate effectively with different strategies for learning for all their students.
Teaching and Learning in groups
Expert teachers know that student involvement is a critical part of classroom learning,
and social interaction is one effective way to promote this involvement and increase learning.
(p.g. 207) There is different way for children to learn and one way is by their peers so that they
can explain it on a childs level. One method to learning with groups is elaboration makes
information meaningful by forming additional links to existing knowledge (p.g. 210) and the
other is motivation that they receive for the other students. There are five components that each
small group activities should have which is student-student interaction, group goals, individual
accountability, collaborative skills, group processing. There is different ways to share
information for groups such as group work, think-pair-share (Think about content, compare
their thoughts with those of their partner, and share their answer with the whole group. (p.g.
213)) combining pairs in interactive questioning. There can be different ways to do group
activities such as powerpoints and videos to show the other students.
Direct Instruction
Direct instruction- is a teaching strategy in which the teacher presents well-defined
knowledge and skills and explicitly guides the learning process. (p.g. 249) Direct instruction has
many characteristic such as goal oriented, focused and aligned, teacher scaffolding, and
opportunities for practice and feedback. One of the main ideas for this is for skills. The goals of
the direct instruction is understanding, automaticity (occurs when concepts and skills are
overlearned so that they can be used with little conscious effort (p.g. 258)) and transfer from

Lacey Walker
50140185
one context to another. The three steps to planning direct instruction is specifying a clear
learning objective, identifying prerequisite knowledge, preparing examples or problems.
Lecture discussions
Although it is the most criticized of all teaching methods, it continues to be the most
commonly used. (p.g.284) Lectures can be useful to teach your students a lesson if done
correctly. It needs to be...precisely described relationship among the concepts and
generalization in it... (p.g 283) this is called theories of organized body of knowledge. When
doing an effective lecture you should keep in mind about the three interrelated parts of
memorizing which is Sensory, working, and long-term. For planning an effective lesson these
four steps should be used such as identifying topics, specifying learning objectives, structuring
content, and preparing lesson introductions. A effective way to end the quick lecture is with
questions and discussions. Also teachers can show short videos or sing songs to help the
lecture be more entertaining to the students.
Guided Discover
Guided discovery is an instructional strategy in which teachers specify learning
objectives, arrand information so that clearly defined patterns can be found, and guide students
to the objectives. (p.g. 312) The Characteristics of constructivism which falls under guided
discovery contains learners construct their own understanding, new learning depends on current
understanding, learning is facilitated by social interaction, and meaningful learning occurs within
real-world learning tasks. The steps for guided discovery lessons that should be planned is
identifying topics, specifying learning objectives, selecting examples and non examples,
planning for social interaction, and planning for assessment. Some ways to have the examples
are pictures, models, simulation and role-play, and vignettes.
Problem-based instruction
Problem-based instruction is one of my favorite techniques to use because it teaches by
problem-solving. I think this should be used a lot more in the classrooms. So that the students

Lacey Walker
50140185
can make more decisions and know how to solve their own problems, when there are no
teachers around. One way to to do this method is by project-based learning by giving them a
project to do with these components authentic question or problem, collaboration with other
students, and products. The teacher needs to make sure that it is well-defined problem -has
only one correct solution and a prescribed method for finding it exists. (p.g. 349) The way that
this could help them by becoming better problem by presenting the problems in meaningful
contexts, present a variety of examples, discuss problems in detail, provide scaffolding for
beginning problem solvers, and teach general problem-solving strategies.
Conclusion
Through this paper we have learned different methods to teach students. Also, we
learned how to communicate better with the students. Even by playing simple and quick videos
for the auditory learners.I think all of these should be used used in the classroom to help their
students learn to their full potential.
References
Kauchak, Don and Eggen, Paul (2012). Learning and teaching (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson
education.
Einstein, A. (2001) Brainy Qoutes. www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_teacher.html