© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 1.6K

© All Rights Reserved

- Stresses in a Thin-Walled Cylindrical Pressure Vessel
- Mathematical elements for Computer Graphics - David F. Rogers
- 115983736 Solid Mechanics Short Questions and Answers
- Metrology and Industrial Inspection
- Advanced Mechanics of Materials (Boresi, Schmidl ,1993)
- Advanced Mechanics of Materials
- [L. S. Srinath] Advanced Mechanics of Solids 3
- Stresses.due.to.Rotation
- Foundations of Solid Mechanics (PH, 1965) Fung Y.C.
- Applied mechanics theory By R K Rajput.pdf
- Unsymmetrical Bending, Shear Centre_c&y
- HES2120 Lab2 2012 Sem1
- Deflection of Curved Bars
- Strength of Materials- Principal Stresses- Hani Aziz Ameen
- Strength of Materials
- Castigliano’s Theorems
- Fundamental of Extrusion
- Mechanical Vibrations By V.P. Singh.pdf
- Advanced Mechanics of Materials 2
- Strength of Material

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

SUBJECT

CLASS

SEMESTER

BRANCH

W.E.F.

:

:

:

:

:

B.TECH. II

III (ODD/FIRST TERM OF THE YEAR)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

2011-12

Lectures

Tutorial

Practical

4

5

6

Theory

(3 hrs)

60

Sessional

Practical

T.W.

(1 hr)

40

25

25

Concept of Continuum, Homogeneity and Isotropy, Types of forces on a body, State of

stress at a point, Equality of cross shear, Cauchy formula, principal stresses and planes,

Stress invariants, Hydrostatic and deviatoric stress tensor, Mohrs circle for general

state of stress, stress transformations, Octahedral stresses, Differential equation of

equilibrium

STRAINS IN THREE DIMENSIONS:

Types of strain, Strain displacement relationship, Shear strain, Rigid body rotation,

Principle strain and axes, Strain deviator and invariants, Compatibility conditions,

Concept of Plane stress and strain, Stress strain relationship

THEORIES OF ELASTIC FAILURE:

Concept of factor of safety, Maximum principal stress theory, maximum shear stress

theory, maximum principal strain theory, Maximum strain energy theory, maximum

shear strain energy theory

BUCKLING OF COLUMN: Concept of buckling and stability, differential equations of

compression member with different boundary conditions, eccentrically loaded columns,

secant formula, column with initial imperfections, Rankine formula

STRESSES DUE TO ROTATION:

Rotating ring, rotating thin disc, rotating thin solid and hollow disc, disc of uniform

strength, rotating long solid and hollow cylinders

BENDING OF CURVED BARS:

Introduction, Stresses in curved bars (Winkler-Bach theory) (Rectangular section,

Circular section, Triangular section, Trapezoidal section, T-Section), Stresses in crane

hooks

TORSION OF NON-CIRCULAR MEMBERS:

St. Venants theory, approximate solution of rectangular and elliptical sections, rigorous

solution, stress function approach, membrane analogy, torsion of thin hollow sections,

Torsional of thin and open sections

BENDING OF THIN PLATES:

Assumptions of plate theory, governing differential equations for deflection of plates,

boundary conditions, solutions for rectangular plate

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Advanced Mechanics of Solids L. S. Srinath, Tata McGraw Hill

3. Strength of Materials D. S. Bedi, Khanna book publishing co. Pvt ltd.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Solid Mechanics S. M. A. Kazimi, Tata McGraw Hill

2. Theory of Plates S. Chandrashekhara, Universities Press

Page 1 of 12

Total

150

ASSIGNMENT NO. 1

(1) The stress at a point is given by following stress tensor. Draw traction forces on the sections cut by

positive and negative x, y and z planes.

-2 -5 3

0 2

3 2 1

-5

(2) The stress at a point is given by following stress tensor. Draw traction forces on the sections cut by

positive and negative x, y and z planes.

-2

0

-2 0

6 8

8 9

(3) The stress tensor at a point in a body has the following components:

10 4 -15

4 0 -5

-15 -5 11

Find;

(a) the resulting stress T

(b) the components of T which is normal and along the plane which is equally inclined to all the three

axes

(4) The components of stress tensor at a point are known as

100 -50 100 106 Pa

100 100 -50

What will be the normal and shear stress components on a plane that is equally inclined to all the

three axes?

(5) The components of stress tensor at a point are known as

1.5

0

9

0 -2.8

0

What will be the normal and shear stress components in the direction N with l=0.5, m=0.33 and

n=0.8

(6) The components of stress tensor at a point are known as

4 8 -3

8 5 0 106 Pa

-3 0 6

What will be the normal and shear stress components on the plane whose normal is in the direction

with l=0.866, m=0.3 and n=0.4

(7) Given the components of stress tensor at a point,

50 20 10

20 100 60 106 Pa

10 60 50

What are the normal and shear stress components in the direction with l=0.6, m=0.8 & n=0

(8) The state of stress a point for reference xyz and xyz are given as ij and ns respectively. Check

whether the invariants of stress tensor I1, I2 and I3 really remain unchanged.

0

200 100 0

136.6 -136.6

ij 100 0

0 , ns -136.6 63.4

0

0

0

0 500

0

500

Page 2 of 12

(9) The state of stress at a point for a given reference xyz, ij is given below. If a new set of axes xyz is

formed by rotating xyz through 600 about z-axis in anti-clockwise direction,

200 100 0

100 0

0

0

0 500

b) Find the invariants of stress tensor in both the reference axes and compare them

c) Find the hydrostatic and deviatoric stress tensor in both the axes.

(10) The stress at a point with reference to X = (x,y,z) are

20 30

0

30 0 60

20 50

(a) Find the stress tensor for a set of coordinate axes X = (x,y,z) rotated 300 about the x-axis

anticlockwise

(b) Find the invariants of stress tensor in both the reference axes and compare them

(c) Find the hydrostatic and deviatoric stress tensor in both the axes.

(11) The stress at a point with reference to X = (x,y,z) are

0

0

300

0 133.3 67.67

0 67.67 133.33

(a) Find the stress tensor for a set of coordinate axes X = (x,y,z) rotated 300 about the x-axis

anticlockwise

(b) Find the invariants of stress tensor in both the reference axes and compare them

(c) Find the hydrostatic and deviatoric stress tensor in both the axes.

(12) Given the following state of stress find the principle stresses and the principal axes.

100 50 150

0

0

150 0

0

50

(13) Given the following state of stress at a point, what are the principle stresses and the principal planes?

10 0 0

0 5 5

0 5 5

(14) Given the following state of stress at a point, find the principle stresses and the principal axes.

5 5 5

5 5 5

5 5 5

(15) Given the following state of stress at a point, find the principle stresses and their axes.

18 0 24

j 0 -50 0

24 0 32

(16) Given the following state of stress at a point, find the principle stresses and their axes.

3 -10 0

j -10 0

30

0

30 -27

(17) If the principal stresses at a point are 100, 100 and -200 MPa, find the octahedral normal and shear

stress at this point.

(18) A sample is tested under tri-axial compression and the values of principal stresses are 20, 5, 5 MPa.

Fin the value of octahedral normal and shear stress.

Page 3 of 12

ASSIGNMENT NO. 2

1.

A wheel 800 mm in diameter has a thin rim. If density is 7700 kg/m3 and E = 200 GN/m2

Calculate :

(a) How many revolutions per minute may it make without the hoop stress exceeding 130 MN/m2?

(b) Change in diameter. Neglect the effect of spokes.

2.

Calculate the hoop stress in a thin rim, 0.6m mean diameter revolving about its axis at 800

r.p.m. Steel weighs 7700 kg/m3.

3.

A mild steel thin ring is 1m in diameter. Neglecting the effect of spokes, find the maximum

speed in r.p.m. at which it can be rotated without the stress going beyond 155 MN/m2. The steel

weighs 7700 kg/m3. Also find the increase in diameter of the ring at this speed if E = 200

GN/m2.

4.

Figure 2.1 shows a built up ring. If the ring rotates at 2000 r.p.m. find the stresses set up in

steel and copper rings. Assume

For steel E = 200 GN/m2; = 7800 kg/m3

For copper E = 100 GN/m2; = 8900kg/m3

5.

Figure 2.1

Calculate the stress in the rim of a pulley when linear velocity of the rim is 80 m/s. Assume

density of material of the pulley as 7800 kg/m3. If the speed of the pulley is increased by 20%

what will be the stress.

6.

Find the limiting peripheral speed of a cast iron wheel if the allowable stress in cast iron is 6.6

N/mm2. Take density of material as 7212 kg/m3.

7.

A composite ring is made of an inner copper ring and outer steel ring. The diameter of the

surface of contact of the two rings is 600 mm. If the composite ring rotates at 2500 r.p.m.

determine the stresses set up in the steel and copper rings. Both the rings are rectangular cross

section 15 mm in the radial direction and 20 mm in the direction perpendicular to the plane of

the ring. Take Es = 200 GN/m2; Ecu = 100 GN/m2; s = 7800 kg/m3; cu= 8900 kg/m3.

8.

Determine the maximum angular velocity at which the disc can be rotated if the hoop stress is

limited to 20 MN/m2. The ring has a mean diameter of 260 mm. What will be the change in

diameter?

Take = 7470 kg/m3 E = 207 GN/m2.

9.

Determine the intensities of principal stresses in a flat steel disc of uniform thickness having a

diameter of 1 m and rotating at 2400 r.p.m. What will be stresses if the disc has a central hole

of 0.2 m diameter? Take Poissons ratio = 1/3 and = 7850 kg/m3.

10.

A steel disc of uniform thickness and of diameter 400 mm is rotating about its axis at 2000

r.p.m. The density of the material is 7700 kg/m3 and Poissons ratio 0.3. Determine the

variations of circumferential and radial stresses.

11.

A disc of uniform thickness having inner and outer diameters 100 mm and 400 mm respectively

is rotating at 5000 r.p.m. about its axis. The density of the material of the disc is 7800 kg/m3

and Poissons ratio is 0.28. Determine the stress variations along the radius of the disc.

12.

Determine the greatest values of radial and hoop stresses for a rotating disc in which the outer

and inner radii are 0.3m and 0.15m. The angular speed is 150 rad/sec. Take Poissons ratio as

0.304 and density 7700 kg/m3.

13.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad

Page 4 of 12

14.

A thin uniform disc of inner radius 25 mm and outer diameter 125 mm is rotating at 10000 rpm

Calculate the maximum and minimum values of circumferential and radial stresses. Take density

of material 8830 kg/m3 and Poissons ratio = 0.33.

15.

A steam turbine rotor (to run at a speed of 3500 r.p.m.) is to be designed so that the radial and

circumferential stresses are to be same and constant throughout and is equal to 80 MN/m2. If the

axial thickness at the centre is 15 mm what is the thickness at a radius of 500 mm? Assume

density of material as 7800 kg/m3.

16.

A disc having inner and outer radius 75 mm and 150 mm respectively is rotating at an angular

speed of 150 rad/sec. Calculate the greatest values of radial and circumferential stresses.

Assume density of material 7700 kg/m3 and Poissons ratio= 0.304.

17.

A steel ring of outer diameter 300 mm and internal diameter 200 mm is shrunk onto a solid steel

shaft. The interference is arranged such that the radial pressure between the mating surfaces

will not fall below 30 MN/m2 whilst the assembly rotates in service. If the maximum

circumferential stress on the inside surface of the ring is limited to 240 MN/m2, determine the

maximum speed at which the assembly can be rotated. It may be assumed that no relative slip

occurs between the shaft and the ring.

For steel, = 7470 kg/m3, Poissons ratio = 0.3, E = 208 GN/m2.

18.

Determine the maximum stress and the stress at the outside of a 250mm diameter disc which

rotates at 12000 r.p.m.

19.

A turbine rotor, 0.4m external diameter and 0.2m internal diameter, is revolving at 1000 r.p.m.

Taking the weight of rotor as 7700 kg/m3 and Poissons ratio 0.3, find the maximum hoop and

radial stresses assuming (i) rotor to be a thin disc and (ii) rotor to be a long cylinder. Calculate

the percentage error in assuming it to be a thin disc.

20.

Solve example 16 if the rotor were either a solid disc or solid cylinder.

21.

A grinding wheel is 300mm diameter with the bore at the centre 25mm diameters. If the

thickness of the wheel at the outer radius is 25mm, what should be the thickness at the bore

diameter for a uniform allowable stress of 10MN/m2 at 2800 r.p.m.? Take density of the wheel

material as 2700 kg/m3.

22.

The disc of a turbine rotor is 0.5m diameter. At the blade ring its thickness is 55mm. It is keyed

to a shaft of 50mm diameter. If the uniform stress in the rotor disc is limited to 200 MN/m2 at

900 r.p.m., find the thickness of the disc at the shaft. Take density of the rotor material at 7700

kgt/m3.

23.

A long cylinder of 300 mm radius is rotating at 4500 r.p.m. The density of material is 7800

kg/m3 and Poissons ratio is 0.3. Calculate the maximum stress in the cylinder. Draw the

variation of radial and circumferential stress along the radius.

24.

A hollow cylinder 200 mm external radius and 100 mm internal radius is rotating at 3000 r.p.m.

The density of material is 7800 kg/m3 and Poissons ratio 0.3. Calculate the maximum stress in

the cylinder. Draw the variation of radial and circumferential stress in the cylinder.

25.

A long cylinder of outer radius 375 mm and inner radius 125 mm is rotating about its axis at

4000 r.p.m. What are the maximum and minimum values of circumferential stress? What is the

maximum radial stress and where it occurs? Take density of material = 7800 kg/m3 and

Poissons ratio is 0.3.

26.

A rotor of a turbine having inner and outer radii 100 mm and 200 mm respectively is rotating at

1000 r.p.m. Find the maximum radial and circumferential stresses. Assuming: (a) Rotor to be a

thin (b) Rotor to be a long cylinder.

Page 5 of 12

ASSIGNMENT NO. 3

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

In a metallic body the principal stresses are +35 MPa and -95 MPa, the third principal stress being

zero. The elastic limit stress in simple tension as well in simple compression is equal and is 220

MPa. Find the factor of safety based on the elastic limit if the criterion of failure for the material is

the maximum principal stress theory.

In a Cast Iron body the principal stresses are +40 MPa and -100 MPa the third principal stress

being zero. The elastic limit stresses in simple tension and in simple compression are 80MPa and

400MPa respectively. Find the factor of safety based on the elastic limit if the criterion of failure is

the maximum principal stress theory.

A mild steel shaft, 120mm diameter is subjected to a maximum torque of 20kNm and a maximum

bending moment of 12 kNm at a particular section. Find the factor of safety according to the

maximum shear stress theory if the elastic limit in simple tension is 220 MPa.

A shaft is subjected to a maximum torque of 10kNm and a maximum bending moment of 7.5kNm

at a particular section. If the allowable equivalent stress is simple tension is 160 MPa, find the

diameter of the shaft according to the maximum shear stress theory.

Solve example 4 using the strain energy theory. Take Poissons ratio 0.24.

Solve example 4 using the shear strain energy theory.

In a steel member, at a point the major principal stress is 180MPa and the minor principal stress is

compressive. If the tensile yield point of the steel is 225MPa, find the value of the minor principal

stress at which yielding will commence according to each of the following criteria of failure:

(i) Maximum shearing stress

(ii) Maximum total strain energy and

(iii) Maximum shear strain energy. Take Poissons ratio = 0.26

In a material, the principal stresses are 60MPa, 48MPa and -36MPa. Calculate:

(i) Total strain energy per unit volume

(ii) Volumetric strain energy per unit volume

(iii) Shear strain energy per unit volume

(iv) Factor of safety on the total strain energy criterion if the material yields at 120MPa. Take E

= 200GN/m2 and 1/m=0.3

A bolt is under an axial thrust of 9.6kN together with a transverse force of 4.8kN. Calculate its

diameter according to:

(i) Maximum principal stress theory

(ii) Maximum shear stress theory. Use F.O.S. = 3, yield strength of bolt = 270 MPa and

Poissons ratio = 0.3

A solid shaft transmits 1000kW at 300 r.p.m. Maximum torque is 2 times the mean. The shaft is

subjected to a bending moment which is 1.5 times the mean torque. The shaft is made of a ductile

material for which the permissible tensile and shear stresses are 120 MPa and 60 MPa respectively.

Determine the shaft diameter using a suitable theory of failure.

A hollow mild steel shaft having 100mm external diameter and 50mm internal diameter is

subjected to a twisting moment of 8 kNm and a bending moment of 2.5 kNm. Calculate the

principal stresses and find direct stress which, acting alone would produce the same (i) maximum

elastic strain energy (ii) maximum elastic shear strain energy as that produced by the principal

stresses acting together. Take Poissons ratio equal to 0.25

The direct stresses on two mutually perpendicular planes in a two-dimensional stress system are

and 144MPa. In addition these planes carry a shear stress of 48MPa. Assuming factor of safety on

elastic limit as 3:

(i) find the value of at which the shear strain energy is least and

(ii) if the failure occurs at this value of the shear strain energy, estimate the elastic limit of the

material in simple tension.

A cylindrical shell made of mild steel plate and 1.2m in diameter is to be subjected to an external

pressure of 1.5 MPa. If the material yields at 200 MPa, calculate the thickness of the plate on the

basis of the following three theories assuming a factor of safety 3 in each case:

(i) Maximum principal stress theory (ii) Maximum shear stress theory and (iii) Maximum shear

strain theory

A solid circular shaft is 100mm in diameter and subjected to combined bending and twisting

moments, the bending moment being 3 times the twisting moment. If the direct tensile yield point

of the material is 350MPa and factor of safety on the yield is to be 4, calculate the allowable

twisting moments by the following three theories of elastic failure:

(i) Maximum principal stress theory

(ii) Maximum shear stress theory and

(iii) Shear strain energy theory

A shaft of 100mm diameter is subjected to a bending moment of 5kNm. Find the value of the

maximum torque which can be applied to the shaft for each of the following conditions:

(i) maximum direct stress not to exceed 120MPa (ii) maximum shearing stress not to exceed

60MPa (iii) maximum shear strain energy per unit volume not to exceed that induced by simple

shear stress of 80MPa.

The stresses induced at a critical point in a machine component made of steel (yield

strength=380MPa) are x=100MPa, y=40MPa and xy=80MPa. Calculate the factor of safety by (i)

maximum normal stress theory (ii) maximum shear stress theory and (iii) maximum distortion

energy theory.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad

Page 6 of 12

ASSIGNMENT NO. 4

1.

At a point in a body, the displacement field is linear and is given by the following expressions. Find

all the strains.

u 0.06 x 0.05 y 0.01z , v 0.01y 0.03x , w 0.02x 0.01z

2.

3.

Two points P and Q in the undeformed body have coordinates (0, 0, 1) and (2, 0, -1) respectively.

Assuming that the displacement field given is;

u x2 y i (3 z ) j ( x2 2 y)k

u x2 y i (3 z ) j ( x2 2 y)k

4.

Consider the displacement field;

u y 2 i 3 yzj (4 6 x 2 )k 102

5.

What are the rectangular strain components at the point P (1, 0, 2)? Use only linear terms.

The general displacement field in a body, in Cartesian coordinates, is given as,

u 0.015x2 y 0.03 , v 0.005 y 2 0.03xz , w 0.003z 2 0.001yz 0.005

Find the strain and rotation tensors ij and ij for point (1, 0, 2)

6.

The state of strain at a given point in a body is given by the strain tensor;

0

0.004

0.002

ij

0.06 0.001

0

0.004 0.001

0

7.

Find the invariants of strain tensor and the isotropic and deviatoric components of strain tensor.

Following state of strain exist at a point P

0

0.02 0.04

0.02

0

0

8.

The displacement field in micro units for a body is given by;

9.

Determine the principal strains at (3, 1, -2) and the directions of the maximum and minimum

principal strain.

The displacement field at a point is given by;

u x2 y i (3 z ) j ( x2 2 y)k

u [ 2 x 2 y 2 i (3 y 2 yz ) j (3x z 2 )k ] 10-5

Determine the principal strains at (1, 0, 2) and the directions of the maximum and minimum

principal strain.

10. Following state of strain exist at a point P

0

0.02 0.04

0

0.02

0

Determine the principal strains and the directions of the maximum and minimum principal strains.

11. Following state of strain exist at a point P

0

0

0.02

ij 0

0.1

0.15

0

0.15 0.2

Determine the principal strains and the directions of the maximum and minimum principal strains.

12. The rectangular components of a small strain at a point are given by the following matrix.

1 0 0

ij p 0 0 4 where p = 10-4

0 4 3

Determine the principal strains and the direction of the maximum unit strain.

13. For the following plane strain distribution, verify whether the compatibility condition is satisfied:

xx 3x 2 y , yy 4 y 2 x , xy 2 xy 2 x3

14. For the following plane strain distribution, verify whether the compatibility condition is satisfied:

xx y 2 5xy , yy y 2 x x 2 , xy 2 xy y 2

15.

Verify whether the following strain field satisfies the equations of compatibility. p is a constant.

xx py , yy px , zz 2 p( x y) , xy p( x y) , yz 2 pz , zx 2 pz

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad

Page 7 of 12

ASSIGNMENT NO. 5

1.

A straight cylindrical bar is 16mm diameter and 1.2m long. It is freely supported at its two ends in a

horizontal position and loaded at the centre with a concentrated load of 90N. The central deflection is

found to be 5mm. If placed vertical and loaded along its axis, what load would cause it to buckle?

What is the ratio of the maximum stresses in the two cases? Assume ends to be hinged.

2.

A cast iron column 200mm external diameter is 20mm thick and has a length of 4.5m. Assuming it can

be treated as rigidly fixed at each end, calculate the safe load by Rankine's formula, using the

following empirical constants c, = 550 MN/m2, a (for hinged ends) =1/1600 factor of safety = 4.

3.

A hollow cast iron column with-fixed ends supports an axial load of 1MN. If the column is 4.5m long

and has an external diameter of 250 mm, find the thickness of metal required. Use the Rankine

formula, taking Rankines constant of 1/6400 for pinned ends and a working stress of 80 MN/m2.

4.

In the experimental determination of the buckling loads for 12.5 mm diameter mild steel pin-ended

struts of various lengths, two of the values obtained were: (i) length 0.5 m, load 9.25 kN, (ii) length

0.2 m, load 25 kN.

(a) Make the necessary calculations and then state whether either of the values conforms to the

Euler formula for the critical load.

(b) Assuming that both values are in agreement with the Rankine formula, find the two constants

for this formula.

5. Compare the crippling loads given by Euler's and Rankine's formulae for a tubular steel strut 2.25m

long, having outer and inner diameters of 38mm and 33mm respectively, loaded through pin joints at

both ends. Take the yield stress as 325MN/m2, the Rankine constant (for pinned ends) = 1/7500 and E

= 200 GN/m2. For what length of strut of this cross-section does the Euler formula cease to apply?

6.

A strut 3m long is constructed of steel tube 75mm outside diameter and 3 mm thick. The ends are pin

jointed, but the end load of 50kN is applied eccentrically through a line parallel and 2.5mm away from

the axis of the strut, which is initially straight. Find the deflection and the maximum stress at the

centre of the length. E= 200 GN/m2.

7.

A steel bar 25mm diameter and 1.8m long is tested as a pin-jointed strut. Calculate the crippling load

if the bar is initially straight and is centrally loaded. Find the load which will produce the yield stress of

300 MN/m2 (3300 kg/cm2) in this bar, if it is centrally loaded, but has initial curvature with an

eccentricity of 9mm at the centre of its length. E = 200 GN/m2.

8.

A vertical strut of uniform section is fixed rigidly at the base and carries a vertical load W at the top

acting with an eccentricity e. In addition there is a horizontal force at the top, H, acting so as to

produce bending in the same plane as Wand tending to increase the deflection. Obtain a formula for

the maximum bending moment. If the column is a tube 50 mm outside diameter and 44 mm inside

diameter of free length 1.5 m and if W = 9 kN acting with an eccentricity of 25mm, find H to produce a

maximum stress of 275 MN/m2, E = 200 GN/m2.

9.

A rolled steel joist 300mm by 125mm and 6m long is used as a strut with hinged ends. It carries an

axial load of 300kN together with a lateral load of 16 kN/m uniformly distributed along one flange over

the entire length. Determine the maximum stress produced. 1= 86 x 10-6 m4, A = 5.89 x 10-3 m2; E=

200 GN/m2.

10. A straight bar of alloy 1m long and 12.5mm x 5mm in section is mounted in a strut testing machine

and loaded axially till it buckles. Assuming the Euler formula for pinned ends to apply, estimate the

maximum central deflection before the material attains its yield point at 280 MN/m2, E = 75 GN/m2.

Page 8 of 12

1.

ASSIGNMENT NO. 6

Figure 6.1 shows a circular ring of rectangular section, with a slit and subjected to load P.

Calculate the magnitude of force P if the maximum stress along the section 1-2 is not to exceed

225 MPa.

Figure 6.1

Figure 6.2

Figure 6.3

2.

Figure 6.2 shows a ring carrying a load of 30kN. Calculate the stresses at 1 and 2.

3.

A curved bar is formed of a tube of 12cm outside diameter and 7.5mm thickness. The centre line

of this beam is a circular arc of radius 225mm. a bending moment of 3kNm tending to increase

curvature of the bar is applied. Calculate the maximum tensile and compressive stresses set up in

the bar.

4.

Figure 6.3 shows a crane hook lifting a load of 150kN. Determine the maximum compressive and

tensile stresses in the critical section of the crane hook.

5.

A central horizontal section of hook is a symmetrical trapezium 60mm deep, the inner width being

60mm and the outer being 30mm. Estimate the extreme intensities of stress when the hook

carries a load of 30kN, the load line passing 40mm from the inside edge of the section and the

centre of curvature being in the load line. Also plot the stress distribution across the section.

6.

A curved bar of rectangular section 60mm wide x 75mm deep in the plane of bending initially

unstressed is subjected to bending moment of 2.25kNm which tends to straighten the bar. The

mean radius of curvature is 150mm. Find (i) position of neutral axis and (ii) greatest bending

stress.

7.

A bar of rectangular section 40mm x 60mm is subjected to a bending moment of 2 kNm, its centre

line is curved to a radius of 200mm. If the bending moment tends to increase the curvature,

determine (i) maximum tensile and compressive stresses in beam and (ii) stress at c.g. of the

section

8.

A steel bar 38mm in diameter is bent into a curve of mean radius 31.7mm. If a bending moment

of 4.6Nm tending to increase the curvature, acts on the bar, find the intensities of maximum

tensile and compressive stresses.

9.

A curved bar of rectangular section 60mm x 40mm is bent in the shape of a horse shoe having a

mean radius of 70mm. Two equal and opposite forces of 10kN each are applied at a distance of

120mm from the centre line of the middle section so that they tend to straighten the rod.

Calculate the maximum tensile and compressive stresses.

10. A bar of circular cross-section is bent in the shape of a horse shoe. The radius of the section is

40mm and the mean radius is 80mm. two equal and opposite forces of 15kN each are applied so

as to straighten the bar. Find maximum tensile and compressive stresses and position of neutral

axis with the stress at c.g. of the section. Take the distance between c.g. and line of application of

load as 196mm.

11. A curved bar is formed of a tube 40mm outside radius and 5mm thickness. The centre line of this

beam is a circular arc of radius 150mm. a bending moment of 2kNm tending to increase curvature

of the bar is applied. Calculate the maximum tensile and compressive stresses set up in the bar.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad

Page 9 of 12

12. At the critical section of crane hook, trapezium in section, the inner and outer sides are 4cm and

2.5cm respectively and depth is 7.5cm. The centre of curvature of the section is at a distance of

6cm from the inner fibres and the load line is 5cm from the inner fibres. If the maximum stress is

not to exceed 120MPa, what maximum load the hook can carry?

FORMULAE

(1)

M

AR

R2

1 2

h

R y

Rh2

2

2

R h

FORMULA FOR h2

SECTION

RECTANGULAR SECTION

h2

R3

2R D

2

loge

R

D

2R

A=BD

CIRCULAR SECTION

h2

d2

d4

16 128R2

d2

A

4

TRIANGULAR SECTION

h2

2R3

d

3R 2d

3R 2d

loge

1 R2

3R d

3d

bd

2

TRAPEZOIDAL SECTION

h2

R3

A

R2 B b

R

R2 loge 2 B b R2

b loge

R1 d

R1

B b

A

d

2

d1

d B 2b

3 B b

Page 10 of 12

ASSIGNMENT NO. 7

1.

Derive the expression of shear centre for channel section as shown in Figure 7.1.

Figure 7.1

2.

Figure 7.2

Derive the expression of shear centre for unequal I-section as shown in Figure 7.2.

Figure 7.3

3.

Derive the expression of shear centre for channel section as shown in Figure 7.3.

4.

Classify different types of plates and write Kirchhoffs hypothesis (assumptions) which are made in

classical small deflection theory of thin homogeneous elastic plates.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Derive the differential equilibrium equation in terms of bending and twisting moments for a thin

rectangular plate subjected to bending.

9.

Explain different boundary conditions for a rectangular plate with neat free hand sketches.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad

Page 11 of 12

ASSIGNMENT NO. 8

1.

Evaluate the maximum value of the shearing stress by using a bar of rectangular section under

torsion T in approximate solution of rectangular section.

2.

Evaluate the maximum value of the shearing stress by using a bar of elliptical cross section under

torsion T in approximate solution of elliptical section.

3.

4.

Which are the point in the process of finding the torsion stress distribution and the warping

displacement for solid sections of singly connected section?

5.

Applying the stress function approach for the given bar of triangular section shown in Figure 8.1

Find the value of the angle () at the base and thus obtain the value of C.

.

G

a

B

h

Figure 8.1

6.

Find the strength of an elliptical section in torsion as given by the torsional section modulus of the

x2

y2

section by using equation

+

= 1.

a2

b2

Page 12 of 12

- Stresses in a Thin-Walled Cylindrical Pressure VesselЗагружено:Stephen Mirdo
- Mathematical elements for Computer Graphics - David F. RogersЗагружено:Suraj Dahotre
- 115983736 Solid Mechanics Short Questions and AnswersЗагружено:sampathsiddam
- Metrology and Industrial InspectionЗагружено:arshadnsiddiqui
- Advanced Mechanics of Materials (Boresi, Schmidl ,1993)Загружено:Serawit Tadesse
- Advanced Mechanics of MaterialsЗагружено:gimusi
- [L. S. Srinath] Advanced Mechanics of Solids 3Загружено:Chitrang Bohra
- Stresses.due.to.RotationЗагружено:swordstoker
- Foundations of Solid Mechanics (PH, 1965) Fung Y.C.Загружено:Pritam Sen
- Applied mechanics theory By R K Rajput.pdfЗагружено:kamal12345
- Unsymmetrical Bending, Shear Centre_c&yЗагружено:ahsana28
- HES2120 Lab2 2012 Sem1Загружено:Anthony Nguyen
- Deflection of Curved BarsЗагружено:fahmie7221
- Strength of Materials- Principal Stresses- Hani Aziz AmeenЗагружено:Hani Aziz Ameen
- Strength of MaterialsЗагружено:raghu216
- Castigliano’s TheoremsЗагружено:abk1234
- Fundamental of ExtrusionЗагружено:6014649
- Mechanical Vibrations By V.P. Singh.pdfЗагружено:mayilsvhec
- Advanced Mechanics of Materials 2Загружено:Alex Duarte
- Strength of MaterialЗагружено:Huntesh Kumar
- Advanced_Strength_and_Applied_ElasticityЗагружено:vipulugale
- TIMOSHENKO - Strength of Materials-Vol2Загружено:brouck103
- Strength of Materials (Part II) - TimoshenkoЗагружено:Engineering Mechanics
- Chapter 03 Two Dimensional Problems in Elasticity - Ugural, FensterЗагружено:acanerk
- Strength of Materials Parts I&IIЗагружено:ab_viz
- HL-04-4449Загружено:danielchmpm
- Unit 2 Linear and Angular MeasurementЗагружено:Vasanth Kumar
- Computer Aided Design and ManufacturingЗагружено:Jusuf Jeleč
- Elastic Solutions for Soil and Rock Mechanics by Poulos and DavisЗагружено:Yam Balaoing
- Dynamics of Structures- 2nd Edition (j l Humar )Загружено:joejo_s

- FLUENT MDM Tut 04 Gear PumpЗагружено:Rajeuv Govindan
- Module_1_Lecture_3_final.pdfЗагружено:Xavier Danny
- Module 1 Lecture 1 FinalЗагружено:desai628
- Module 1 Lecture 2 FinalЗагружено:Bir Bahadur Mishra
- The Life of Muhammad [PBUH]Загружено:saniya_mirza4
- Refrigeration and Air Conditioning-IIT Kharagpur NotesЗагружено:sangeethsreeni
- Module 2 Lecture 1 FinalЗагружено:venkateshyadav2116
- CFD HandbookЗагружено:pankarvi6
- ANSYS Input FileЗагружено:gego477
- Introduction to CFD BasicsЗагружено:Vijay Krishnan
- Casio Manual fx-9860GII_Soft_EN.pdfЗагружено:glazetm
- About pumps and turbines.pdfЗагружено:abdullahaafaq
- []_Hvac_Design_Catia.pdfЗагружено:abdullahaafaq
- Curriculum_Guide_Creo_2-0.pdfЗагружено:abdullahaafaq
- (eBook) - Engineering - MSC Patran MSC Nastran Preference Guide - Volume 1 - Structural AnalysisЗагружено:Samantha Ville-Une
- Unit 2-32Загружено:jokish
- 130529101-creo1styearЗагружено:inthemoney8
- Ansys Statics2 v61Загружено:api-3833671
- Ansys Statics2Загружено:Brajesh Raghuwanshi
- ansys-statics-1-v8p1Загружено:Anderson Leal
- Ansys14 Classic TutorialЗагружено:MAX
- ANSYS Composite Prepost Now LogoЗагружено:abdullahaafaq
- Analysis of Stresses in Two Di - GDLC_8720.pptЗагружено:abdullahaafaq
- SDF-01Загружено:abdullahaafaq

- 15.2 Double Integrals Over General RegionsЗагружено:Zachary
- Day 3 Polygons Lesson PlanЗагружено:BA RT
- computer notes - 3D ConceptsЗагружено:ecomputernotes
- grЗагружено:theanthem
- University Math Quiz PPTЗагружено:Jude Martin Ballesteros Grozen
- Archimedes AmartyrofMATHEMATICSЗагружено:gfvila
- 7₄ knot (Hausa & Celtic Embroidery)- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.pdfЗагружено:Alison_Vicar
- Problem Set in CEngr 320 (Simple Curves)Загружено:Evaline Faith Tacadena Blanco
- Algebra 2Загружено:jerome
- Rubikscubeinstructions FullЗагружено:gunduanil17
- JEE - Advance Mathematics 2015 Paper 2Загружено:Soumodip Chakraborty
- Estimation ManualЗагружено:mayur_lanjewar
- Let s Practice GeometryЗагружено:Ethan Dyer
- Haversine Formula - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaЗагружено:Raúl
- Box Counting DimЗагружено:Jose Fernandez
- Geometric Patterns Underlying Islamic ArchitectureЗагружено:Saira Asim
- ch-13Загружено:Sai Anil S
- Geometrical properties of Quadrilateral.pdfЗагружено:Kalai Maran
- Merged DocumentЗагружено:Gaurav Meena
- Aerodynamics Questions and Suggested Answers 7Загружено:ApikSanPewPew
- BME_CCC_ASM_O2010Загружено:Kartik Galvankar
- GCSE Maths paper.pdfЗагружено:Khasim
- ELLIPSE.pdfЗагружено:smtm06
- Article 41Загружено:jimbo_jimbob
- Biological Fluid Dynamics, Non-Linear Partial Differential EquationsЗагружено:Óscarillo Valdés
- CS3600 Computer Graphics Lab ManualЗагружено:mzafarikhan
- Class07 Maths NSTSE SampleЗагружено:J Soujanya
- Solution Geometry IXЗагружено:Rajesh Gamare
- PRMO_PAPERSOLUTIONS_FINAL-1.pdfЗагружено:Noel Binu
- Redefining Geometrical Exactness_ Descartes’ Transformation of the Early Modern Concept of Construction.Загружено:Guillermo Nigro

## Гораздо больше, чем просто документы.

Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств.

Отменить можно в любой момент.