Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 11

Test: Mid Term Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a
correct answer.
Section 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. The first step in system development is to document the
requirements. Why?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Wrong. A blueprint for the database design is not needed. We


can just start coding straight away.
It clarifies what a business wants to accomplish, and provides
measures for deciding if the system delivers all that is
required. (*)
It allows application development to be conducted without
having to consider database design.
It keeps businesses honest.
Correct
2. Information which was gained from data is the same as: (Choose
Two)

Mark for Review


(1) Points

(Choose all correct answers)


Knowledge (*)
Raw Materials
Intelligence (*)
There is no difference between data and information.
Correct
3. The main subject areas taught by the Oracle Academy are:

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Computer Repairs
Database performance tuning
Data Modeling, SQL, and PL/SQL (*)
Systems programming and computer architecture
Correct
4. The purpose or function of a database is to:

Run multiple applications on multiple client-servers


Provide integrated software on fast processing servers
Provide a structured way to access and manage data (*)

Mark for Review


(1) Points

run solely as client-based software on personal computers


Correct
Section 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
5. Attributes have Instances. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 3.
6. Data models are drawn to show users the actual Data that their
new system will contain; only Data listed on the Diagram can be
entered into the Database. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
7. Which of the following statements about relationships are true?
(Choose Two)

Mark for Review


(1) Points

(Choose all correct answers)


They become foreign keys in the database. (*)
They must be mandatory to be created in the database.
They can be either mandatory or optional. (*)
They must exist between two different Entities.
Correct
8. All of the following would be instances of the entity ANIMAL
SPECIES, except which one?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Dog
Bird
Elephant
Leaf (*)
Correct
9. All of the following could be attributes of an ENTITY called
PERSON, except which one?
Haircolor
Weight

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Gender
Natacha Hansen (*)
Correct
10.In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a/an?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Column
Row
Instance
Foreign Key (*)
Correct
Section 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
11.Volatile attributes have special requirements and need special
attention when you are doing data modelling. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
Section 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
12.Matrix Diagrams show Optionality and Cardinality of the ERDs
they document. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
13.Relationship Cardinality is important. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
14.Relationships represents something of significance to the
business. True or False?
True (*)
False
Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 1.

Mark for Review


(1) Points

15.To identify an attribute as part of a unique identifier on an ER


diagram, the # symbol goes in front of it. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
16.When reading a relationship between 2 entities, the relationship is
read both from left to right and right to left. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
Section 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
17.A business rule such as "We only ship goods after customers
have completely paid any outstanding balances on their account"
is best enforced by:

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Making the payment attribute null.


Making the payment attribute optional.
We need to trust our customers, and we know they will pay
some day.
Hiring a programmer to create additional programming code
to verify no goods are shipped until the account has been
settled in full. (*)
Correct
18.All instances of a subtype may be an instance of the supertype
but does not have to. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
19.When creating entities you must follow these rules: (Choose
Two)
(Choose all correct answers)
Name them in Plural
Name them in Singular (*)
Exclude Attributes
Include Attributes (*)
Correct

Mark for Review


(1) Points

20.The "Other" subtype is mandatory. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
Section 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
21.You can only create relationships to a Supertype, not to a
Subtype. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
22.A Supertype can have only one subtype. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
Section 5
(Answer all questions in this section)
23.Relationships can be Redundant. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
24.If two entities have two relationships between them, these
relationships can be either _____________ or _____________ .

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Redundant or Required (*)


Replicated or Required
Resourced and Really Good
Redundant and Replicated
Correct
25.What uncommon relationship is described by the statements:
"Each DNA SAMPLE may be taken from one and only one
PERSON and each PERSON may provide one and only one

Mark for Review


(1) Points

DNA SAMPLE"
One to Many Optional
One to Many Mandatory
One to One Optional (*)
Many to Many Mandatory
Correct
26.Which of the following pairs of entities is most likely to be
modeled as a M:M relationship?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

CAR and WHEEL


TREE and BRANCH
PERSON and FINGERPRINT
TEACHER and SUBJECT AREA (*)
Correct
27.Intersection Entities are at the Parent end of the newly created
1:M (Parent:Child) relationship; therefore, the original entities
are the children of the newly created intersection entity. True or
False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
28.Intersection Entities often have the relationships participating in
the UID, so the relationships are often barred. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
29.What do you call the entity created when you resolve a M:M
relationship?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Intersection entity (*)


Inclusion entity
Recursive entity
M:M entity
Correct
30.A non-transferable relationship means the detail can be changed
to point to a new master. True or False?
True

Mark for Review


(1) Points

False (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 5 Lesson 1.
Section 6
(Answer all questions in this section)
31.The candidate UID that is chosen to identify an entity is called
the Primary UID; other candidate UIDs are called Secondary
UIDs.

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Yes, this is the way UID's are named. (*)


No, it is not possible to have more than one UID for an
Entity.
No, after UIDs are first sorted, the first one is called the
Primary UID, the second is the Secondary UID, etc.
No, each Entity can only have one UID, the secondary one.
Correct
32.A unique identifier must be made up of more than one attribute.
True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
33.An entity without repeated values is said to be in 1st Normal
Form. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
34.No commercial database systems in the world will accept tables
that are not on 3rd Normal Form. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
35.Any Non-UID attribute must be dependent upon the entire UID.
True or False?
True (*)
False
Incorrect. Refer to Section 6 Lesson 3.

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Section 7
(Answer all questions in this section)
36.Historical data must never be kept. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
37.All relationships participating in an arc must be mandatory. True
or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
38.Which of the following would best be represented by an arc?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

TEACHER (Female, Bob)


DELIVERY ADDRESS (Home, Office) (*)
PARENT (Girl, Bob)
STUDENT (Grade A student, Average Student)
Correct
39.Arcs are Mandatory in Data modeling. All ERD's must have at
least one Arc. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
40.An arc can also be modeled as Supertype and Subtypes. True or
False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
Section 7
(Answer all questions in this section)
41.Which of the following is NOT a relationship type?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

Some to None (*)


One to One
One to Many
Many to Many
Correct
42.A particular problem may be solved using either a Recursive
Relationship or a Hierarchical Relationship, though not at the
same time. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
Section 9
(Answer all questions in this section)
43.Modeling historical data is optional. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
44.If a system includes the concept of time and it stores Start Dates,
then End Dates becomes Mandatory. For each Start Date attribute
you create, you MUST create an End Date attribute and it must
be mandatory. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
45.Which of the following is a logical constraint that could result
from considering how time impacts an example of data storage?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

An ASSIGNMENT may only refer to an EMPLOYEE with a


valid employee record at the Start Date of the
ASSIGNMENT. (*)
EMPLOYEE periods can overlap causing the database to
crash.
End Date must be before the Start Date.
Dates must be stored with Time.
Correct
46.You are doing a data model for a computer sales company where
the price of postage depends upon the day of the week that goods
are shipped. So shipping is more expensive if the customer wants

Mark for Review


(1) Points

a delivery to take place on a Saturday or Sunday. What would be


the best way to model this?
Use a Delivery Day entity, which holds prices against week
days, and ensure the we also have an attribute for the
Requested Delivery Day in the Order Entity. (*)
Email current prices to all employees whenever a price
changes.
Update the prices in the system, print out the current prices
when they change, and pin them on the company
noticeboard.
Allow them to enter whatever delivery charge they want.
Correct
Section 10
(Answer all questions in this section)
47.Formal rules do exist for drawing ERD's. Even though they are
only guidelines, you should always try to follow them. True or
False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct
48.Which of the following statements are true for ERD's to enhance
their readability. (Choose Two)

Mark for Review


(1) Points

(Choose all correct answers)


It is OK to break down a large ERD into subsets of the
overall picture. By doing so, you end up with more than one
ERD that, taken together, documents the entire system. (*)
Avoid crossing one relationship line with another. (*)
The crows feet (many ends) can point whichever way is the
easiest to draw.
You must ensure that you have every single entity--even if
hundreds of them exist--on one single, big diagram.
Correct
49.A datamodel containing generic modeling techniques must not be
mixed in with non-generic models. The generic entities MUST be
drawn on a diagram of their own. True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
50.All datamodels must be transformed from specific to generic.
True or False?

Mark for Review


(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct