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1

1
2

:
1)

2 8 8, ______________________.
2) 9
______ _______ .
3) ____________.
4) Li Na K
___________________________.
5) +13 ____ , ______________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

_____.
6) 25 _____________________.
2

,
. : Cl, Na, Mg, S, O.

:

Cl2

(IV)

,
.

, , ,
:
Na2SiO3, BaO, Cu(OH)2, HCl.
1) HNO3 +
_________________________________________________________
2) HNO3 +
__________________________________________________________

.

,
:
+ 2 = ()2 + Q
1) ( ) :
a)

___________________________________________

___________________________________________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

2) ,
, :

CaO + 2 ______________________________

CaO + HCl _______________________________

500
.
.
. (..),
(III) 16 ,
:
Fe2O3 + H2
:

Fe + H2O

( !)

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:____________________________________________________________

:
1. _____________.
2. , pH=7, __________________________ .
3. ____________________________.
4. ______________________

__________________.

5. ___________________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

_____________________________.
6.

7

____________________ .

,
. :
() + () () + ()
1) ,
:
a) _____________
) ________________
2)
(),
() () :
______________________________________________________________()
____________________________________________________________()
_____________________________________________________________()


:
1)

C6H5 NH2.

2)

2- 2-.

3) .
4) .
5)

6)

-CO-NH- .

7)

CHCCH3
-1-

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

10


E-262, .
. ,
120 ,
:
CH3COOH + NaOH CH3COONa + H2O

__________________________________________________________________
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: ___________________________________________________________

11

1)

2 = 2 + Br2

+ Ag2O

2)

3)

12

C3H8

O2

__________________

______________ + ______________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

______________ + ______________

1) :
CH3OH, CH3CH=2,

CHCH, CH3

1.

2.

3.

4.

2)
:
___________________________________________________________

II

III

IV

VI

VII

VIII

Li
11

Na
19

29

9,01218

10,81
13

12,011

14,0067
15

24,305

Al

Si

28,0855

30,97376
23

44,9559
Sc
31

47,88
Ti
32

50,9415 V
33

Ga

Ge

As

Be

22,98977

Mg

39,0983

Ca

12
20
30

Rb

Sr

85,4678

107,868
Ag
55

112,41 Cd
56

Cs

Ba

132,9054

Au

196,9665

Fr

88

58 Ce

140,12

59
Pr

140,9077

90
Th

232,0381

91
Pa

231,0359

Ra

[223]

60 Nd

144,24

In

69,72

72,59
40

Zr

91,22
50

Sn

114,82

57*

Hg

200,59

22

88,9059
Y
49

137,33

80

14

26,98154

39

87,62

48

21

40,08

65,38
Zn
38

87

63,546
Cu
37

79

He 4,0026

6,941

47

1,0079

72

118,69

51,996 Cr
34

54,938 Mn
35

55,847 Fe
36

Se

78,96
42

Br

Kr

92,9064 Nb
51

95,94 Mo
52

[98]
53

Sb

121,75

Te 127,60
74

75

186,207 Re
85

190,2 Os
86

At

Rn

41

24

74,9216

73

180,948 Ta
83

183,85 W
84

Tl

Pb 207,2
104

Bi 208,980
105

Po

226,025

227,028

61
Pm

[145]

Ac

62 Sm

150,36

[261]
63
Eu

151,96

Ar

32,06

[209]
106
e

Rf [262] Db [263]
*
64
Gd

157,25

65
Tb

158,9254

Sg

66
Dy

162,50

10

35,453
25

16

178,49 Hf
82

204,383

Ne

138,9055 La
81

89**

18,9984

15,9994

17

18

Cl

26

79,904
43

20,179

39,948

83,80
44

Tc

101,07 Ru
54

Xe

126,9045

76

[210]

107

[262]
Bh
67
Ho

164,9304

131,29

27

45

28

Co

58,9332

102,9055

77

106,42

78

Ir

[222]
108

109

[267,13] Hs

[168,14]

Ni

46

Rh

192,22

58,69

Pd

195,08

Pt

110
Uun [?]

Mt

68 Er

167,26

69
Tm

168,9342

70
Yb

173,04

71
Lu

174.967

100 Fm

[257]

101
Md
[258]

102
No

[255]

103
Lr

[260]

**
92

93
Np

237,0482

238,0389

2B

94
Pu

[244]

95
Am

[243]

96 Cm 97 Bk

[247]
[247]

98
Cf
[251]

99
Es
[252]

H+
OH -

Na+

K+

NH4+

Cu2+

Ag+

Mg2+

Ca2+

Ba2+

Zn2+

Al3+

Pb2+

Cr3+

Fe3+

Fe2+

Br

S2-

2-

SO42-

2-

2-

3-

SO3

CO3

SiO3

NO3
PO4

CH3COO-

: , , ; ,
.
*

1B

Cl

Br

4,0

3,5

3,07

3,0

2,8

2,5


S
C
Se
P
H
As
B
Si
2,5
0B

Li

K Ba Sr Ca

Na

Mg

2,5

2,4

2,1

2,1

2,0

2,0


Al Mn Zn Cr Fe Ni Sn Pb

Al

Mg

Ca

Na

1,8

1,5

1,2

1,04

0,9

0,8

(H)

Cu

Hg

Ag

Pt

Au