Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 318








,


Mastering
3D Graphics
Digital Botany
and Creepy Insects
Bill Fleming

WILEY COMPUTER PUBLISHING

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.


New York Chichester Weinheim Brisbane Singapore Toronto

, 2002

004.925
32.973.26018.2
71
71 .
: . .  .: , 2002. 
320 .: . ( ).
ISBN 5940740472

. , 
, .

.
.
LightWave, 3D Studio
MAX, trueSpace Strata Studio Pro, 
.

32.973.26018.2

All Rights Reserved. Authorized translation from the English language edition published by John
Wiley & Sons, Ins. Translation Copyright by DMK Press. All rights reserved.
.

.
, , . ,
, 
. 
, .
, , . 

.

ISBN 047138089 (.)


ISBN 5940740472 (.)

By Bill Fleming. Published by John Wiley


& Sons, Inc.
, .
, 2002.

11

19

1.

21

22

29
31
32
38

41

49

2. (LIGHTWAVE)

50

51

52

52
53
56
57
58
59

60
60
62

64

66

67

3. 7 (3D STUDIO MAX)












Bud2


69
70
71
71
73
76
78
80
80
80
81
85
85
88
90

4. : (TRUESPACE)

68

91
93
99
102
104
106
108
109

5. (STRATA STUDIO PRO) . . 1 1 0



?

6. (PHOTOSHOP)

..

111
113
114
121
125
131
135
139
143
153
154
155
..172

II

173

7. ?
1. (LIGHTWAVE)

174

175

177
178
185
188
190
192
197
199
200
206
208

213

8. ?
2. (PHOTOSHOP LIGHTWAVE) ... 214

215

217

219

222
223
228
232

232

236

9. (3D STUDIO MAX)

237

238

240

242

246

248

249
249
252
254

10. (TRUESPACE)

11. 7 (STRATA STUDIO PRO)





Bones

255
256
258

259
260
269
272
276
279
281
282
283
284
284
287
291
294
298
302
307
308
309

310

,
, ,
.
, ,
.
.
.
Web 
. ,
.


(Darris Dobbs)  
Hierology FX Design, 
, .
TrueSpace 3&4 Creature
Creations Animating Facial Features and Expressions. 

.
.
 , , 
Web. ,

.
, . : hierologyfx@aol.com.
Web: http://members.aol.com/hierologyfx.


(Chris MacDonald)  ,
Team Komodo Komodo Comics,

10

Platinum.
LightWave 
(, )
. , 
. busha@aol.com.


(Eni Oken)  , 
. 
,
( 
, ),
, Web, .
, Activision, Sierra Online,
LSquared . , 
, 3D Design Big Kahuna 1997 1998 . 
, 
. 
www.oken3d.com.


(Jerry Potts)  
3D Studio MAX Photoshop. 
, 
.
Haunted
Math for Developing Mind Software.
www.geocities.com/SoHo/1038. 
jpotts@fgi.net.


(Frank Vitale) 
. , ,
 , ,
Web.

. , Strata
Studio Pro. Texture Strata Studio
Pro 2.5  StonesThrow 
. vitale@home.com
Web www.vitalef.com.

,
Web Mastering 3D Graphics
(www.mastering3dgraphics.comy 
,
. , ,
, Web,
.

? ,
, .
 
, .
, ,
Web Mastering 3D Graphics. , 

.
Web  
, 
.

, 
.

. ,

12

, 
. 
.
,
. , 
,
.


.
, 
: LightWave, 3D Studio MAX, 3D Studio, Strata Studio Pro,
Electric Image, RayDream, trueSpace, Animation:Master, Soft F/X, Bryce,
Rhinoceros 3D Cinema 4D.


:
,  . 
, . 

LightWave,
3D Studio MAX, trueSpace, Strata Studio Pro Photoshop. 
 , , 
, 
.

I.
Web Mastering 3D Graphics, 
. 
.
, ,

.
, , 
. 
.

13

1.


. , 
. ,
. 
, . 
, 
.

2. (LightWave)
, 
, 
, LightWave . 

, .

3. 7 (3D Studio MAX)


, ,
, 
.
, , 
. 
3D Studio MAX.

4. : (trueSpace)
, , 
trueSpace, , 
.
.

5. (Strata Studio Pro)


, 
Strata Studio Pro, ,
, . 
, , , 
.

6. (Photoshop)
.

14

, .
, Photoshop
.

II.
: 
, . , 

.
,
. 
, , 
, .

, , 
.

7. ?
1. (LightWave)
, 
. , 
, , 
,
, . .

8. ?
2. (Photoshop LightWave)
 ,
. 
.
.
,
. 
,
.

9. (3D Studio MAX)


, , 3D Studio
, , 
. 

15

. ,
3D Studio MAX, 
MeshSmooth.

10. (trueSpace)

. 
 trueSpace. 
, ,
,
.

11. 7 (Strata Studio Pro)



. 
, 
Bones, .
Strata Studio Pro , 
, .


, 
.
,
. 
,
.
.
, 
, , 
.
, 
:
.
, 
 .
,
;

16

. 
.
, . 
.
,
;
.

, . 

. 
,
, , ;
.
. 
,
. , 
, , 
;
. 
. 
, .
, 
;
. 
, . 
. ,
. 
, 
, 
. ,
, ;
 . 
 . 
, ,
. ,
.
, , 
 ,
.

17


,
:
3D Studio MAX;
LightWave;
Strata Studio Pro;
trueSpace.
, 
. 
, ,
, 
.
,
, Photoshop, 

 Fractal Painter, Paint Shop Pro Photopaint
Corel.


7
 , 
. , 11 ( ),
. , Figures
JPG 
. 
.



, 
. , .

18

, ,
 ,
. , ,
, .
? .

:
, ,
, , 
.
,
.
, , ,
.

,  .
Web .


. 
, (
). , , 
, 
. 
.
, ,
, .
. 
: 
, , , ,
. 
. , ,
, , 
.
, ,
( , ).
. 
, 
. , 
, 
, , 
, .
, 
. ,
.
, , , 
, 
. 

20

, 
.
,
LightWave, 3D Studio MAX, trueSpace Strata
Studio Pro.

(BUI Fleming)

22

29

41
49

22


,
, .
, . 
, , 
. .

. , 
. , 
, .
 . 
, 
, . , ,
, .
,  
. , , 
:
, , . 
,
,
.
, 
,
.
, .
. ,
, .
? ,
, 
. 
.
, 
. 
. , 
, .
, 
. 
. ,
,

23

. , 
 , .
,
, . 1.1,
, .

. 1.1

, , 
,  ,
, , 
.
, 
.
, .
, ,
, , . 
( ,  ),
. 
. , 
, , , ,
. ,

24

, 
, .
, .
, . 
. 
, 
. , ,
,  . ,
, 
. ,
; , 
, 
.
, . 
, 
. , 
, ,
, ,
. , 
: , , 
, . 
, ,
,
 
. ,
. . 1.2.
A. .
 ,
. ,
, 
. 
, ,
. 
.
B. . .

. . 
, ,
. ,
, .

25

1.2


. : 
. 
, .
,
.
,
,
.
, ,
.
.
, 
.
. .
.
, .
(
) 
. . 1.2

26

,  , 
.
D. . ,
, 
. 
: , . ,
, ,  ,
. 
, . 
. 
, . ?
.
E. . 
, . , ; 
, .
 .
F. . , 
.
, .
, ,
, .
G. .
. 
, . 
. , , ,
. 
, . , . 1.2

, .
, . 

. , . ,
,
: 
, , .
:  ,
. 
. . 1.2 , 
.

27

. 1.3

, ,
. , 
. , 
(. . 1.3).
. 1.3 ,
. 
,

. , , 
, .
, 
. ,
.
,
. , .
, 
, 
.  ,
, .
,

28

. , ,
,
. 
, . 
, .
, ,
, 
, 
, . 1.3.
, . 
:
.
. 1.3 , ,
, , .
(. . 1.4).
, 

. . 
, 
, .

. 1.4

29

, 
 .
. 

.
, .
, . 
, , 
 , . ,
,
. 
 .


! , 
, 
, ,
. .
, 
 
.
, 
, , 
. , ,
.
, .
, ,
. , , ,
,
, .
, .
,
, ,
,  . , 
, 
. 
. ,
, .

30

, ,
, .
,
. , 
. 1.5, .

. 1.5

. ,
, . 
, 
 
. ,
, .
,
. 
, , .

31

, . 
, , 
, . ,
.
LightWave,
. 
.
,  POVRAY Softimage.
, .
,
, . ,
.
,
.

1. , 6 
(. . 1.6).
2. , ,
Subdivide () ,
,
. 
, (. . 1.7).

. 1.6

.17

32

3. , ,
20 {. . 1.8).
4. :
(. . 1.9).

. 1.8

. 1.9

5. , 
. Magnet (
}, (.
. 1.10).
6. , Trunk (), 
Trunk.
.


. 
, .
.

1. ,
, , 
. 
(. . 1.11).

33

2. 30
. , 
.
3. 12 . 
60 (. . 1.12}.
4. Magnet (.
. 1.13).
5. , 
. .
, 
(. . 1.14).

1.10

. 1.12

. 1.11

. 1.13

34

6. ,
,
(. . 1.15).

. 1.14

. 1.15

7. 
, ,
(. . 1.16).
8. , (.
. 1.17).
9. 
, Subdivide

. 1.16

. 1.17

35

.
, , 
Subdivide (. . 1.18).
10.  .
Branch () Branch_01.
, 
.
(. . 1.19).

. 1.18

. 1.19

1 1 . 6 , 
. 1.20.
12. , 
. . 
, 
. ,
,
(. . 1.21).
1 3. 
, . 1.22.
14. ,
(. . 1.23).
15. .
, 
, , . 1.24.

36

16. .
, 
(. . 1.25}.
17. Twig ().
18. 
. , 
. , , 
. ,
. 
,
(. . 1.26}.

. 1.20

. 1.21

. 1.22

. 1.23

37

19. Nib (
) .
(. . 1.27).
20. . , 
, 
. .
21. (.
. 1.28).
. . 
,
.

. 1.24

. 1.26

. 1.25

. 1.27

38


,
, .
, 
.

1. .
. 1.29.

. 1.28

. 1.29

2. . ,
, .
3. Pine Needle ( )
(. . 1.30).
4. 8 
(. . 1.31).
5. Small Needles (
). 
.
6. 9 , 
, 
, .
. 1.32.

39

7. 
Large Needles ( ), 4 
, . 1.33.
8. , ? ,

. 
, .
9. , 
. .
.
,
Nib Needle ( )

. 1.30

. 1.31

. 1.32

. 1.33

40

. 19 , 
. 1.34 .
0. Nib Needles (
). 
, {. . 1.35).

1.34

. 1.35

11. : 
, 
, , ,
. 
. , 
, .
1 2. , 
. Large Needle, 
,
, ,
.
13. Branch Needles ( ) 
. ,
, ,
, . 
. 1.36.
14. , . ,
, (. . 1.37).

. 1.36

41

. 1.37

15. .
, 
(. . 1.38).
, ,  .
, 
, , 
. .



, . ,
,
. , .

1.
Branch. .
2. . 
, 
, ,
.

42

3. ,  .
,  
, (. . 1.39).

1.38

. 1.39

4. , , 
. 
, .
5. BranchesLevel_0 la
( 01 ). , 
, 
, .
6. Trunk BranchesLevel_01a 
.
7. 5 (. . 1.40).
, . 
6 , 
, . ,
.
8. BranchesLevel_01a.
. 
,
 (. . 1.41).
9. BranchesLevel_01b
.

"

43

1 0. BranchesLevel_01b 

(. . 1.42 1.43).
11. , 
, . 
, 
. PineNeedles.jpg
( ) PineNeedles.jpg ( )
.
P i n e N e e d l e s . j p g P i n e N e e d l e s . j p g
ChapterOl .

. 1.40

. 1.41

. 1.42
( )

1.43
( )

44

12. Trunk TreeBark.jpg 


.
, .
100%. 
5%, 
, 
75%.
13. Branch.
.
, 
, 
.
14. Pine Needle 
PineNeedles . jpg . 

.
100%.
35%, ( , 
)  80%.
15. Nib Needles. 
, RGB
255, 255, 0 
85% ( ). 
, ,
. ,
, .
16. Twig 
. .
17. , Nib,
RGB 85, 58, 31,
.
18. , . 
.
. 1.44.
19. , .
, ,
.

45

. 1.44

20. . 
BranchesLevel_0 la,
, . 
BranchesLevel_02a.
21. BranchesLevel_02a,
BranchesLevel_02b.
22. 


,
.
23. 
,

(.
. 1.45).
. 1.45 
.

. 1.45.

,
. 
, .
. 1.46 , .

46

. 1.46

24. .
, .
25. , 
. .
8 12 .
, Magnet, 
(. . 1.47}.
26.
Twig
(. . 1.48).
27.
(. . 1.49).
28.
. ,
6 
Twig, 
(. . 1.50).
29. 
(. . 1.51).

. 1.47

30. . (
) .

47

. 1.48

. 1.49

. 1.50

. 1.51

. 
. 1.52,

, . 
, .
.
. 
.

, . ,


48

.

, 
, 
.

, ,
.
,

, . 1.53.
, 
 .

. 1.52

. 1.53

49

, , 
.
, .

. 
, ,
, , 
, ,  ,
.

, , 
, 
.
(, ), .

. , 
,

.
, .
, , 
, 
, . , ,
, 
.
 .
,
 .
, 
, .

.
, 
, .
,
.


(Lightwave)

(Chris MacDonald)

51
52

52

60
64

66

67

51

, :
? , 
?. , .
,
, , , 
, . , 
, 

.
, 
,
(, , ).

LightWave Photoshop.


. , 
 , , 
. , , 
, .
?
,
. 
.
, , . , , 
, . , 75%
.
. 
,
. , 
.
. 2.1. , 
.
, 
, . . 
.

52

(LightWave)

2.1


,
( ,
, ). , 
. . 2.2.
,

. ,
, . 2.2.


, , ,
. Modeler
( ), 
. Layout ( ), 
, .
, 

Load from scene ( ) Objects ().

53

. 2.2

1. LightWave Modeler 
OpenGL Smooth Shaded ( OpenGL).
Metric (). 

. 
.
2. 800
z 250 . 
Enter , Numeric
( } Segments Z ( z)
2. , , .
3. Surfaces () Double7sided
() , .
, Subdivide Polygons (
) Faceted ( ). 
, .

54

(LightWave)

, 
. 2.3 .
4. .
MetaNURBS Meta
form . .
z : , 
(. . 2.4).

. 2.3

. 2.4

5. ,
, /. 
. , 
, 
.
(. . 2.5).
6. , 

. . 2.6 ,
Taper 2 ( 2).
,
. 
, .
7. ,
metapetal.Iwo. 
. Bend

. 2.5
( )

55

. 2.6

(). , Sense ()
.
45. .
, .
22,5 . ,

. 
:
, 
Layout (. . 2.7).
8. NURBS Patch Division ( 
) 4. , .

. Jitter (). 
Gaussian Jitter ( ) 5 ,

. Meta
form. , 60, 30,
. 2.8.
9. ,  
Layout, 
Triple ().
petal.Iwo (). 
Photoshop . 
, 5
(. , 2.9).

(LightWave)

56

. 2.7

. 2.8

] 0. ,
. ,
. Petal_P_Y,

. , Smoothing (). 
,
.
11. , lily ().
.
flower.Iwo ().
Modeler .

1. ,
. ,
. ,
.
Pollentube ().
,
.
2. . 
Pollensphere ().

57

, 
, xz.
4~5 . 
' 
(. . 2.10). 
.

. 2.9
,

2.10

1. , 
. MetaNURBS,
. ,
3 ( ), 
50 ( z). Enter, 
8 .
MetaNURBS.
2. , 
, . 
.

.
15 (. . 2.11)
Sternbig_Cyl_Y.

(LightWave)

58

3. 
stembig. Iwo (
). 

,

Stemsmall_Cyl_Y
stemsmall.Iwo
( ).


.

. 2.11

1. rnetapetal.Iwo 
. 
, . , 
, (.
. 2.12}.
2. : 
, .
1,2 .

. 2.12

. 2.13

59

Bend,
NURBS. , 
. 2.13. leaf_P_Y, 
Doublesided, leaf.Iwo
().

1. 350
75 z. Metaform
9 . , 
(. . 2.14).
2. Metaform 
500 16 16 , 
, . 
20 .

(. . 2.15).
Bud_Cyl_Y, Budstertt_Cyl_Y 
bud. Iwo ().

. 2.14

. 2.15

3. .
, . 2.16.

(LightWave)

60

, , 
. . 
, 
.


. Modeler p e t a l . I w o
.
Fit All ( ).
,
Print Screen  
.
Photoshop 
,
. Photoshop 4.O.

1. Photoshop .
,
, .
2. , .
Crop ()
. , , 
Guides&Grid ( ), 
, , 
, (. . 2.17).
3.
. 80%.

. , 
Photoshop
: , 
. 6, ,
.

61

4. Petal.jpg.

. , 
PSD, .
P e t a l . j p g Chapter02
.

. 2.16

. 2.17

5. Modeler, flower.Iwo,
, 
Photoshop. , .
, 
,
.
, 
(. . 2.18).
.
6. , 
, . 4

(LightWave)

62


.
100% .
, Layers () Merge
Linked ( ). , , 
. 
, , Flatten Image (
) petal.jpg (. . 2.19).

. 2.18

. 2.19

7. 13, 
, 3 
, , 
Flatten Image (.
. 2.20) leaf.jpg.
L e a f . j p g Chapter02
.
.

, , 
, .

63

1. ,
. ( )
, , .
2. , ,
.
BudStart.jpg ( ).
BudStart. jpg Chapter02 
.
3. , , 
New (), . ,
, 
. , .
4. , .
. ,
, .
5. , 

(. . 2.21).

. 2.20

. 2.21

(LightWave)

64

6. , ,

. bud. jpg.

Ha : 
, .
. Layout.


Layout :

petal.Iwo;
leaf.Iwo;
bud.Iwo;
stembig.Iwo;
stemsma11.Iwo.

He , 
.
:
Petal.jpg;
Leaf.jpg;
Bud.jpg.

1. Petal.jpg Petal_P_Y
. Automatic
Sizing ( )
Texture Anti7aliasing ( }. 

. 
100%. .
, , 
, . 
:
Luminosity () = 0,0%;
Diffuse Level ( )  80%;

65

Specular Level ( ) = 15%;


Color Highlights ( )  ;
Glossiness ()  Medium ( );
Reflectivity ( ) = 0%;
Transparency ()  0%.

2. . 
Leaf.jpg, :

Luminosity () = 0,0%;
Diffuse Level ( ) = 90%;
Specular Level ( ) = 15%;
Color Highlights ( )  ;
Glossiness ()  Medium ( );
Reflectivity ( ) = 0%;
Transparency () = 0%.

3. Bud. jpg .
Automatic Sizing, Texture Anti7
aliasing .

.
4. (Budstem_Cyl_Y, Stembig_Cyl_Y
Stemsmall_Cyl_Y) . 
( 
).
5. .
:

Surface Color ( ) = 240, 150, 40;


Luminosity () = 0,0%;
Diffuse Level ( ) = 90%;
Specular Level ( ) = 25%;
Color Highlights ( )  ;
Glossiness ()  Medium ( );
Reflectivity ( ) = 0%;
Transparency () = 0%.

6. Pollensphere :

Surface Color ( ) = 70, 55, 30;


Luminosity () = 0,0%;
Diffuse Level ( )  70%;
Specular Level ( ) = 10%;

66

(LightWave)
Color Highlights ( ) ;
Glossiness ()  Medium ( );
Reflectivity ( ) = 0%;
Transparency () = 0%.

, , . 
.


.
(stembig.Iwo). Null (
) Lily Parent Null ( ). 
Null.

.

. ,
stemsmall.Iwo,

.
, li lyloader.Iws (
). ,  
, , Objects (),
Load from Scene, lilyloader.Iws
. , 
.
, 
.
LightWave
UV Mapping, 
,
.
, 
,
.
. 2.22. ,
 , 
.

67

2.22

, ,
(., , . 2.23).
, .
. , 
,
.
,
.

. 2.23

(3D Studio MAX)


(Eni OKen)

69
70
71
73
78

80
85

88
90

69



. ,
.
, 
.


, 
, .
.
.

,  , 
. 
, , ,
, ,
.

:
Structure in Nature as a Strategy for Design. Peter Pearce. MIT Press,
1990;
Design Lessons from Nature. Benjamin Debrie Taylor. Watson Guptill
Publications, 1974;
Art Forms in Nature. Ernst Haeckel. Dover Publications, 1974. (

 .);
Art Forms in the Plant World. Karl Blossfcldt. Dover Publications, 1985.
( , 
. ,
.);
Chiaroscuro. Tim White. Paper Tiger, 1994. ( 
, .);
The Secret Art of Dr. Seuss. Random House, Inc., 1995. ( 
,
Seuss?);
Here Come the Aliens. Colin McNaughton. Candlewick Press, 1995.

70

7 (3D Studio MAX)

, , 
.


( )  ,
.
:
.
, . 
, , ,
 (. . 3.1).

. 3.1.

, 
, 
.
, 
.

71



, .
(
) 
.

.
 Web  
, 
: 
128 128. , , 
.
: 
, 
, 
(. . 3.2).

3.2


 .
, ,

72

7 (3D Studio MAX)


, , . . 3.3 
.

:
.
, ;

,
;

. , ,
.
.

. 3.3

, ,
.
. . ,
.

, 
 , ,
. 
. ,
, , , .

73


, 
, , 
. , 
,
. 
3D Studio MAX
, NURBS .
,
.
, ,
, . 
,
MeshSmooth.

1. 3D Studio MAX 
, Modify ()
,
(),
. Local () Refe
rence Coordinate System ( ),
. 
(. . 3.4}.
2. . 
,
.
FaceScape MaxScript, 

(. . 3.5).
,
,
.
3. 
.
.

74

7 (3D Studio MAX)

. 3.4

. 3.5

Reference Coordinate System Local,



. , 
(. . 3.6).
4. , ,
. 
 , 

MeshSmooth. , 
MeshSmooth Perspective ()

75

, 
Smooth and Highlights (
). . 3.7 .
5. MeshSmooth,
, ,
, (, 
) , .
, (. . 3.8).
6. , . 
, (
) , (. . 3.9).

. 3.6

. 3.8

. 3.7

. 3.9

76

7 (3D Studio MAX)

7.
, . 
, , . 
, MeshSmooth
(. . ).
, Quad Output (
} Smooth Results ( 
).


 .
,
.
UV
. 
, . 
,
.

,
(, ),
.

, Multi/SubObject ().
: (),
Bud1 (1), Bud2 (2) Trunk ()  . . 3.11.
, 
 , 
.

.

Modify .

ID 1. Mapping ( ) 
Spherical () 
(. . 3.12).
2. Bud1, Bud2
Trunk (. . 3.1 3).

77

UV ,

. 
, .

. 3.10

MeshSmooth

. 3.11

. 3.12

. 3.13

Trunk Bud1

78

7 (3D Studio MAX)



, ,
.

 , 
, .
. , ,
, .
.

. 3D Studio MAX 
, 4D Paint 4D Vision.
, , 

.
(. . 3.14).
, 
MaxScript ( 3D Studio MAX 2.5), 
UVW Unwrap (UVW),
. , 
MaxScript.

. 3,14
,


79

,,

r
1. Trunk. 
Select by ID ( 
ID) Edit Mesh ( 
). Shift,
(. . 3.15).
UVW Unwrap.
2. , .
Tools (),
UVW Unwrap Trunk. 
256, 500,
.
MaxScript 
(. . 3.16).

. 3.15
UVW Unwrap

3.16

80

7 (3D Studio MAX)

,
.
.


.

, , (), 
, 
.


Cellular (),
. 

,
.

 
, , , (.
. 3.17).
 , 
: ,
. 
Shininess () 
.



,
. Blend (), 
, 
. (, ,
,) (,
Bud1, Bud2 Trunk) ,

81

Multi/SubObject, 
.

, . 3.18. ,
Bud2 Blend: ,
 , ID 1.
, Blend Multi/SubObject, 
.

. 3.17.

, 
.
,
Material Editor ( ) Blend.

Bud2
Bud2,
, .
, ,
Blend.

7 (3D Studio MAX)

82


( Multi/SubObject)

1:
Top (Blend)

Bud2

2:
Bud1 (Blend)

3:
Bud2 (Blend)

4:
Trunk (Blend)

Bud2


Bud2:
(Standard w/2D Map)
+
Cellular
(Standard w/3D Map)

Bud2

7 :
Bud2
( 2D Bitmap)
. 3.18.

1. Photoshop 
UVW Unwrap . 
, (.
. 3.19). ,
.
2. , , 
Desaturate ( ) 
Levels (
),  .
( 
),  , 
,   (. . 3.20).
3. Fractal Painter 5
 . 
Painter Photoshop , 
. 
, ,
. 3.21. ( , , 
Painter .)
4. , . 
Photoshop (. . 3.21.1).

. 3.19

83

. 3.20
A

Painter , 
. , 
( Photoshop)
(. . 3.21.2). 
. Photoshop Eye Candy,
HSB (. . 3.21.3),
(. . 3.21.4).

. 3.21

84

7 (3D Studio MAX)

5.
Blend, Material Editor .
. 3.22 : 
, 
.
6. . 3.22 : 
.

. 3.22

Blend

7. 
Cellular, . 
,
Mix Amount ( ),
. 
, Mixing
Curve ( ). 
, 
. Material/Map Browser (
) . 
, Bump ( )
, 
, 
.
. 
.

85



, 
,  .
Blend ( ).
Multi/SubObject
. . 3.23 Material/Map Browser Material
Editor Multi/SubObject 
Blend.
. 3.24 , 
. , 
, .
, . , , 
, .



, 
, . 
, 
. , ,
(. . 3.25).
,
. ,

. 
,
, , 
(. . 3.26).
, MeshSmooth,
a UVW Map, . 
, 
, ,
. ,
MeshSmooth, 
. ,
.

86

 (3D Studio MAX)

. 3.23

. 3.24

. 3.25


. , 

. .
: ,
. . 3.27

87

. 3.26
,

. 3.27.

88

7 (3D Studio MAX)

, .

.
, 
. 
, . ,
,
 .

, , 
.
,
. . 3.28 .

. 3.28.


, ,


, 
.
, ,
.

 ,

89

. 
, 
 . , 

,
(. . 3.29).

. 3.29



 .
, .
3D Studio MAX 
, .
, .
.
 , 
. ,
, 
. 
, .
, , 
,
. Pro
Optic Suite Cebas.
. 
, 
. . 3.30 .

90

7 (3D Studio MAX)

. 3.30

Painter 5, 
, ,
. 
, 
. .

, . ,
!

(trueSpace)
(Darns Dobbs)

93
99

102
104

106


...

. .

...

. .

. . .

108
..109

92

: (trueSpace)

,
, 
 . 
trueSpace, . 
. , trueSpace
. , 
, . 
, trueSpace
,
. ,
a trueSpace .

, 
. ,
,
, , , ,
, trueSpace 
. . 4.1 ,
.
. , 
. , 
 .

. 4.1.

93

. 
.
.

.
. , 
(, , ) 
. 
,
. ,
.

1. ,
Draw Spline ( ) 
(. . 4.2).
2. , 
Sweep (), . 4.3.
3. . Snap to
Grid ( },
90,
(. . 4.4).

. 4.2

. 4.3

94

: (trueSpace)

4. , 
, . 4.5. , 
. 
,
, 
.

. 4.4

. 4.5

5. Point Edit=> Faces { => ) 


.
(. . 4.6).
6. .
(. . 4.7). 
:
. 
,
,  .
7. . 
, 
.
8. Boolean Union
( ). ,
Smooth Quad Divide ( 
),  
. ,

. 4.6

95

. 4.7

ThermoClay 2 NURBS 
trueSpace.
(. . 4.8).
9. .
Create Sphere Primitive (
). Numeric Properties ( ).
Latitude () Longitude ()
4.
. , 
. Create
Sphere ( ). . 4.9.
10. .
 , Smooth
(). Roughness (
)  Shininess (). Displace7
ment () Wrapped Rough (
).
11. . 
Displacement None ( ).
Regu7
lar Polygon ( ). 
3  , 
. , 
, , , 
.

96

: (trueSpace)

Tip ( ),
,
. 4.10.
12. . 6 
60" (. . 4.11).
13. 
45 (

. 4.8

. 4.9


97

). 
Object
Union. spines, cob ().

, , ,

.
.

. 4.10

. 4.11

98

: (trueSpace)

14. ,
.
. , 
Glue As Sibling (
) .
, . 4.12.
15. , 
.
.

. 4.12

. 4.13

99

, 
(. . 4.13).
.
. .
, , 
, .
, 
, 
. 
, .
, ,
.
.


,
.
, , 
, , , ,
. 
, , . 
, .
6 .

1.
Draw Spline (. . 4.14).
 6 ,
.
2. . Sweep 
, . 4.15. ,
.
,
(. . 4.15).
3. , spines,
cob, , . 
(. . 4.16).

: (trueSpace)

100

4. , 
, . 
, . 
, Glue As
Sibling. .
5. , , , 
, 
. , , 
.
. ,
, ( 
, 
}. , 
, . 4.17.

. 4.14

. 4.15

6. 7 ,
Point Edit/Faces. 
Sweep ,
(. . 4.1 8). ,
, . 
, 
. ,
.
7. , , , 
. .

101

, Deform Object (
}.
z (. . 4.19).
8. ,
. ,
, , , 
.

. 4.16

. 4.18

. 4.17

. 4.19

, . 
. ,
.

: (trueSpace)

102


 . 
. 
.
20 .
. ,
 ,
, 
.

, .

1. ,
. 
, Draw
Spline. , 
9 , 6 (. . 4.20).
2. , . 

Sweep (. . 4.21).

. 4.20

. 4.21

103

. 4.22

. 4.23

3. ,
:
, (. . 4.22).
4. 
,
. 
spines . cob

.
. 4.23 ,

. 

 
, 

.

. 4.24

5. ,
spines.cob . 
, , ,

. . 4.24. 
Glue As Sibling .
. 
, . 
 .

: (trueSpace)

104


, 
. .
.
. ,
, 
.

1. . Object
Subtraction ( }, ,
(. . 4.25). 
. .
2. . Draw Spline
, . 4.26.
, .
3. Sweep ,
(. . 4.27).
. ,

4.25

105

,
.
4. 
. 90, 
. 4.28. spines.cob,
(. . 4.28) Glue
As Sibling. , .
5. 

(. . 4.29).

4.26

Draw Spline

. 4.27

. 4.28

. 4.29

: (trueSpace)

106

6. , .

. 
G!ue As Sibling .
,  . 
, .

, , 
. 
, ,
.
. 
 , .
.

1. Draw Spline ,
(. . 4.30). 
.
2. .
Sweep (.
. 4.31). , .

. 4.30

. 4.31

107

3. 
.
, .
, (. . 4.32).
Object Union.
4. ,
40. (. . 4.33).
5.
. 70 
(. . 4.34).
6. Glue As
Sibling .

. 4.32

. 4.33

. 4.34

108

: (trueSpace)

, .
.


, 
. ,

.
,
, . , 
 trueSpace3,
 trueSpace4.
.
trueSpaceS, 
. Granite () 
. 
, .

Orange ( ).
,
. , 
Shininess . 
Roughness .
, Smoothed texture. 
,
.
, , 
, , 
.
trueSpace4
.
Color Shader ( ) Layered Colors
( ) Color Property Panel ( ).

( ),
Transparency.
Layered Colors 
Color Property. ,

109

Solid
Color ( ). 
, Color selector ( ).
.
Layered
Colors Solid Clouds ( 
). , 
. Transparency 
55%. ,
55%.
Displacement, 
Wrapped Rough. 
. ,

. ,
. , Smoothed texture. 
Ambient ( ) , Diffusion
Shininess , a Roughness  . 
.

, , .
, .
, ,
. ,
, . ,
. 
 .
. , 
.
, . ,
.



(Strata Studio Pro)
(Frank Vitale)

111

113

114
125
131
135
139
143
153

111

,
,
. : 
. 
, , 
. ,
, , 
, .
, 
. 
, ,
.

. ,
. ,
(instancing)  
, . , 
.

. 
, 
.



 Studio Pro 2.5 Photoshop 4.0:  
,  . Studio Pro 2.5
,
Illustrator. , () ,
, .
Studio Pro , 
.
. X, Y Z 
. 
Edit ().
Studio Pro, .
, 
 .

112

(Strata Studio Pro)

Studio Pro (shapes).


, ,
. ,
. 
. 
, .
Shape () Resource (),
.
,
. 
. 
, , 
. ,

.
, , 
. , ,
200 , . ,
, , 
, .
, 
.
Skin
(), 
. 
,
, .
,
, . 
Path Extrude ( ), 
.
: 
, , .
, ,
Path Extrude ,
. 
Lathe ( )

, ; 
, . 
Studio Pro

113

*. ,
.
,
.

?
, 
, . 5.1. ,
, .
,
,  .
?  , . 

5.1


.
: 
, 
, . 
, ,
Skin. , 
Path Extrude.
' , 
 .  . .

114

(Strata Studio Pro)

Skin 
.

Import As 3D Mesh (
). 
bermcsh, Photoshop (John Knoll).

(. 
).
Skin 
.
Extend
Ripples. 

,
.


. , , ,
, ,
.
 Skin.
, , ,
Skin
.

, Reshape ( ), 
.
, , 
. , 
, 
, ,
, ,
.  UV,

.
Strata Studio Pro .

115

1. . ,
.
, . (
) . 
. (
) . 
. , ,
. 
, 
, , . ,
.
. , 
 . , 
, 
.
Reshape.
, . 
,
 
.
2. 
Object Move ( ) 
. 
. 
. ,
. . , 
Reshape (
 ). 
, ,
, .
,
. Poin
ter ()  .
. ,
Shift
, . 
, .

116

(Strata Studio Pro)

,
Option'. : 
, , .

, 
, Command.
.
, ,
. 
. 
Align Handles ( ).
( ;
). ,
, Align Handles.
, End Reshape (
), Reshape.
3. . 
, ( 
). , 
.
UV, 
. ,
, 
. 10 .
4. , . End Re
shape. Object Move (
), .
Option, 


.
5. .
Rotate (), 
. / .
Scale (
), Rotate.
, , 
.
Option Command Ma
cintosh.  . .

117

,
. 
 . , 
, .
. 5.2.
6. Skin .
Studio Pro,
Extensions ( ).
, , 
. , 
.
7. , , 
:
.

, .
, 
, UV.
8. ,
. 
. 5.3.

5.2

. 5.3

118

(Strata Studio Pro)

9. 
 , .

Unskin ( ), 
Skin. ,
, ,
(. . 5.4).
. , 
Skin.

. 5.4

. 5.5

10. ,
. , 
Resource. ,
, Extensions
( )  .
Shapes () New () 
Branch.
.
Branch. 
.

119

11. .
X. ,
Y  X. 
. ,
. , 
. ,
(. . 5.5}. 
.
12. . 5.6 , .
13. . 5.6
, Object Move.
14.
. , 
. View Rotate (
),
. , . 5.7.

. 5.6

. 5.7

5.
, Rotate. , 7
,
Modeling () Re7Center (
), .

120

(Strata Studio Pro)

. 
, Skin.
16. , , 
, .
. 5.8 .
17. ,  
. 
, .
18. Resource Insert ()
.
Move, Rotate Scale, . 
. ,
, .
.
(. . 5.9).

, 
.

. 5.8

. 5.9

121


, 
. ,

, . ,
.
ChapterOS
.
, 
 .

 FenceSlats . jpg.
FenceSlats.jpg Chapter05/images 
.
Photoshop 
, , .
,
, .

ChapterOS/materials .

1. File Import (),


TreeWrap. Tex7
ture () Resource. 
, Surface Texture Edit (
). 
,
. Map () 
, . 
TreeWrap_RGB.
2. , 
Wrap_BMP, . 
, Diffuse Color (
) Specular Color ( },

122

(Strata Studio Pro)

, .
, 
. TreeWrap .
3. Suface Texture Edit, Cancel (
), .
4. Tree, .
Base Proprieties ( } 
.
, .
Resource
Apply (). , 
'

. ,
, .
5. OpenGL, , 
, , 
. Edit
Preferences ( ) Win
dows (). Show Texture ( )
. 
.
6. Object Properties ( ) ,
, Texture.
, UV, 
. Tiling
( ) Mixing (). 
. ,
. 
.
7. , .
100% X Y. X
( U),
Y  ( V). 
50%. 
.
8. (
) RT Best (
)
, (. . 5.10).

123

9. , , 
, .
,
, 
Object Properties ( } 
UV. ,
X 100%. 
150% 300%. 
. 5.11.

. 5.10

. 5.11

10. ,
.
. , 
. , 
. Import
WaterLine.
11. Resource 
. 
, .
. 

Tree . UV.

124

(Strata Studio Pro)

Planar () None
() Tiling. , ,
WaterLine, . 
 .
12. . Object Pro7
perties Position (). ,
, .
, . Position,
,

. Planar Projector ( )
, . 5.12.
13. End Reshape ( 
). 
, ,
. . 5.13
.

. 5.12

. 5.13

,  .
, .

125

, ,
( ).
,
.
.
, 
, . 
,
 
. , , 

. 
, , 
.
Tree. , 
 .
,
. ,
Path Extrude,
Skin. 
Skin, 
. 
.
Project (), 
, .
. 
, , Project, 
. Name Tree Main
Enter. ,
Enter. Tree
Main.
. Project,
Shift, Modeling Group (
), . Tree.
, .  
, 
Base Properties.

126

(Strata Studio Pro)

1. Resource Shapes ().


New Shape ( } Blade of
Grass. Z z,
.
.
2. (. . 5.14).
3. Reshape ,
. ,
,
, Object Move.
4. , Path
Extrude. Y, .
, Reshape,
(. . 5.15).

5.14

. 5.15

5.
, 
.

127

Option, . 
, 
Path Extrude. 
, Extensions.
Path Extrude, ,
, . 
(. . 5.16).
6. ,
,
. Convert... (...)
Modeling Skin.
Convert ( , 
).
7. . UnSkin
Extensions, ,
. 
.
, (. . 5.17).
8. ,
. ,
90%. , ,
.

. 5.16

. 5.17

128

(Strata Studio Pro)

. Windows
Object Properties. Transform () 
, 
.
9.
,
. Percentage ( 
) X .
90%, 10% X Y Z.
10. 80%,
20% . ,
. 10%.
11. Skin . 
, 
.
. 5.18.
12. .
, 
Patch of grass. , 
New Shape Resource Blade
of grass 2. , 
, .
Blade of grass 3.
(. . 5.19).
13. Patch of
grass 1. 
, ,
.
14. 1015 Patch of grass 1. 
Move, Rotate Scale , 
. 
. 5.20.
15. .
File Import materials Grass 1
Grass 2. 
.
, Patch of
grass 1.

129

, ,
.
UV.
. 5.21.

. 5.18

. 5.19

. 5.20

. 5.21

130

(Strata Studio Pro)


materials Chapter05
.

, ,
.
. 

. , 
. , 
, . 

Flat Plane () 
 . 
, , 
. ,
 . 
, Move Scale. 
, . 5.22.
.
,
. 
, (. . 5.23).

Reed 1 Reed 2 m a t e r i a l s ,
.

. 5.22

. 5.23

131

m a t e r i a l s Chapter05
.
,
, Project
. Project,
Shift .
, .

Modeling Group. Project ,
,
. .
,
.

.
, Skin.
Path Extrude 
. Skin 
. Skin Path Extrude.

1. ,
.
, 
. , Tree
Small Hill.
2. ()
. . 
,  . ,

, Option. 
Align Handles ( 
). ,
.
, . 5.24.

132

(Strata Studio Pro)

3. y , 
, . UV
,
. ,
Option
Y. .
,
. y
.
.
(. . 5.25).

. 5.24

. 5.25
( )

, Skin
.
, (. . 5.26).

z .
4. . 5.27
.
5. Skin.
. 
, 
. 
, 3 4, Skin
1, 
.

. 5.26

133

. 5.27

6. , , 
, . 
Path Extrude .
 
. ,
, 
,
. , , 
,  
. .
Unskin
.
7. . Option, 
, . 
. 
, (.
. 5.28).
8. .
(. . 5.29).

 , 
Reshape, . ,
Path Extrude. ,
( ).
9. , Path Extrude,
Extensions. 
, ,

134

(Strata Studio Pro)

. 5.28

. 5.29
A

(. . 5.30).
, .
10. , .
File Import
Grass Cap Dirt Bank. Grass Cap 
, . Object Properties
Texture Y 10%.
10
.
Texture Editor Compose Maps ( ),
, 
. . 5.31 .
11. Dirt Bank. 
X 20%. , 
, : X 
, Y  . , ,
, 
Skin. . 5.32 
. ,
Dirt Bank, Compose Maps.
, 
,  . 
. 
, .

.
.

. 5.30

135

. 5.31

. 5.32



.

1. ,
Scale Move (. . 5.33).

136

(Strata Studio Pro)

. 5.33

2. , 
. Resource Texture. 
New Surface Texture (
). Surface Texture Color ()
. 
, .
3. Reflect () 20%,
 50%. Specularity 100%. 
water . 
, .
4. New Ex7
tend Ripples. Studio Pro (.
. 5.34), .
5. ,
, 
. 
. ,
Random () Linear (), 
, Circular
(), . ,

, .
6. , , 
(. . 5.34 5.35).
. 
.

. 5.34

Extend Ripples

137

. 5.35

, .
, , . 5.36.
7. , Studio Pro 
Import as 3D Mesh,
Cybermesh.
Import File, 
. . 5.37 
Import as 3D Mesh.
8. .

. 
. 
, .

. 5.36

138

(Strata Studio Pro)

, 
,
. 



Smoothing (), 


.
9. 
,
AlgeCyber.pict

. 5.37


Import
as 3D Mesh
: Grid Divisions (
) 250x167;
Size () ; Height ()  0,2; () 
Trimesh ( ); Sampling ()  Point
Sample (). Don't make polygons for black
pixels (He ). 
Smoothing 70 , 
. ,
.
10. ,
. Move, Rotate Scale 
, ,
 .
11. y ,
.
Magnifying (), , 
. 
: Command = (Command 
) ,
Command 7 (Command ) 
.
, , , 
, . 
, OpenGL .

139

. , 

.
12. . File
Import, Algae Wrap 
Resource . Object Properties
Texture. Position
, . ,
End Reshape, 
. (. . 5.38).

. 5.38

Algae Wrap ChapterOS


.
, .
, 
.



. 
, , 
. ,
,
, 5, Y,
, .

140

(Strata Studio Pro)

1. , Shapes
Resource. Insert.

. Point
Cloud ( ) Wireframe ( ),
Shaded ( 
).
2. .
,
. , , 
Camera (). Studio Pro 
, 
, .
. 5.39 5.40. 
, , , , 
, .

. 5.39


( )

3.
Camera (), , 
.
. , 
. ,
Point Cloud, 
Camera .

141

. ,
, , 
. , 
(. . 5.41).

. 5.40


( )

. 5.41

142

(Strata Studio Pro)

4.
Camera. Object Properties
. 
, (. . 5.42).
5. 
, Field depth
( ), View angle
( ), Blur (
), Target (),
Track () . 
Object
Move

. 
(.
. 5.43).

.

. 5.42. Object Properties


6. 

.
, .

Point Cloud, . 
.

. 5.43

143


. , 
Range () Object Pro7
perties,
( 
Field Depth). Field Depth
, , 
. , . 5.44, 
,
.
7. , 
. .
, ,
.

. 5.44

,
 .

 ,
.
. 
.

144

(Strata Studio Pro)

1. ,
. 
. 
Environment (),
,
(. . 5,45).
2.
,

. 

, ,
,


,
. 
. 5.45. Environment
,

. 

Environment. ,
Intensity (), Add (
) , ,
Shadows (). , ,
. 
.
, , ,
.
. Ambient ( ), 
, .
,
.
, . 
6%.
.
3. , 
. () ,

145

, 
:
, .
,
Delete ().
4. Spotlight
(), 
. ,
. 
, ,
,
(. . 5.46 5.47).
5. 
. , .
, 
.
, .
, 
, . 
. , Object
Properties (. . 5.48).

. 5.46

. 5.47


( )


( )

146

(Strata Studio Pro)

6. 
, 
, 

.
Light source radius (
),
, Full inten7
sity distance ( 
}
Total falloff distance (

)

.
5.48

Object Properties



.

Fall7off ()  Exponential () Linear ().
Exponential.
Shadows Color (), 
( ). 
, . 
. .
7. . , 
,
, 
.
(
),
. 
, 
.
8. ,
. 5.49 5.50.
9. . , 
.

147

. 5.49


( )

. 5.50


( )

148

(Strata Studio Pro)


.
 , 90%.
, Shadows,
, . 

, Studio Pro,
, . 
( 
) .

RT Good ( ) RT Best (
)
. 
.
. 5.51 .
,
.
, . 
, .
10. . 
, 
. ,

5.51

149

Option, . 
Fall7off Edge Softness ,
. 5.52 5.53.
11. 100%
. , 
, Shadows.
12. , 
. Resource
Gel (). New 
. Map
() gel . Tiling
. : .
13. , 
Object Properties Gel. Image
Gel 1 ( 1).
.
.
, , 
, . ,
 , , .
, . 
, , .

5.52

5.53


( )


( )

150

(Strata Studio Pro)

,
. ,
.
14.
, .
. 
.
, . 
, ,
,
. ,
. Texture Resource 
New Fog ().
Fog (. . 5.54).
15. Color, 
Link colors ( ). Enable shadows (
) , 
. , 
,
.
16. : Density ()  35,
depth ( )  30, Start depth ( )  0,1.
Linear.
.
17. , .
Lights Properties ( ) 
, .
Fog Mist () F/X,
: Lens flare ( ), Pixie dust (), Fire
() Smoke (). Fog ,
.

. 5.54
Fog

151

. 5A55
Render

, , 
, .
32, .
, 200.
, , 
.
Render (), . 5.55.



. , 

.
18. , Render
Raytrocing ( ),
Expert ().
Raytracing Esoterica
(/ ),
. 5.56.
19. 
Maximum visible light samp7
les ( 
).
64 128.
,
.

. 5.56
Raytracing Esoterica

152

(Strata Studio Pro)

. 5.57

20. . 
. 5.57.
. ,

.
. , ,
. 5.58.
, 
. , 
, , 
. , , 
.
, ,

5.58

153

. .
, .


. ,  
. ,
, 
.
,
. 
. 
, .
,
Studio Pro. 
, 
.

(Photoshop)
(Frank Vitale)

155

172

155

Chapter0 6 /Figures
.

.
 
. .
, 25% 
, 25%  , , 50%  
. , 
, ,
. 
, . 
, . 
,
.

Adobe Photoshop 4.0 (. . 6.1).
, 
. . , Ray
Dream Houdini Specularity.


, . 6.1 
. ,
, . ,
:
, , .
,
.
,
, ,
. : 
, 
. . ,
 , 
. . 
 .
.

156

(Photoshop)

6.1
,

Photoshop

, ,
. , 

, , 
.

1. Photoshop, 700 
400 Leaf1.psd.
, 
. ,
. , 

.

157

2. , 
.
RGB 91, 150, 31; 
54, 78, 32.
3. Filter => Render => Clouds ( =>=>
), 
. Clouds, 
.
4. . 
,
, [, 
). ,

. Select => Feather ( ==> )
Feather radius ( ) 50.
5. Image => Adjust => Levels ( => 
=> ) Output level (
) 144, Input level ( ) 
10. , . 6.2.
6. . 
Photoshop. Layers (), 
, .
Layers Background () ,
,
.
Background copy ( ) Yellow.
7. Background Green.
, , 
. Yellow
Image => Adjust => Hue/Saturation ( =>
=> /).
725, +53 +35, 7
. ,
.
8. .
.
9. , ,
, .

158

(Photoshop)

Rectangular Marquee ( )

, .
, Shift, 
.
10. , Channels ()
Save selection as channel (
)  
.
Channel #4 ( 4), . . 6.3.
11. Channel #4 Channels, 
. RGB
, .

. 6.2

. 6.3

159

12. 
. ,
Spatter () Jiggle ()
EyeCandy 3.0, Filter. 
, 20 40 
, Channel #4 , , 
. 6.4 .
1 3. Filter =* Blur => Gaussian Blur ( => =>
) Radius () 5. 
Image => Adjust ^ Brightness/Contrast (
=> => /) 49,
93. , 
(.
. 6.5).
14. 
Spatter (). ,
5. Filter => Brush Strokes ^> Spatter
( => => ) Spray radius (
) 20, a Smothness ()  7.
,
. 
. . 6.6.
Brightness/Contrast, 
.
15. Yellow (. Photoshop The
Photoshop 4 Wow! Peachpit Press).
Channel #4.
Channel Load channel as selection
( ), Channels
( ). 
, 
.
16. RGB Channels, Yellow
Layers, Add Layer Mask
( ) .
Yellow . 
Green. 
.
(. . 6.7).

160

(Photoshop)

. 6.4

. 6.5

17. Yellow ,
, RGB. 
. 
,
, ,
. , ,
, , , 
Photoshop.
18.
Burn (), Dodge () Sponge ().

. ,

161

. 6.6
Spatter

. 6.7
Layers

75 . 
, . 6.8.
19. Options (), 
, Exposure
() 10715%. Dodge
, , Burn 
. Sponge 
. 
Saturate ( ).
20. Brightness/Contrast (/
), .

162

(Photoshop)

Airbrush () 
. Opacity () :
.
21. . 
, . (),
, Paths (). 
. Layers, Channels Paths
.
Paths Layers .
( ) 
, .
,
.
Direct Selection (
), 
. (. . 6.9).
22. ( ).
, Direct Selection.
.
, . 
Illustrator .
, ;
, .
. , 
Layers, ( 
) Veins. 
, .
23.
Direct Selection .
, Paths (
) Strokes path with foreground color (
). () 
.
24. . 
Macintosh, , Command, 
Layers. 
. ,
Ctrl.

163

. Channels
Save selection as channel. 
.
25. ,
.
Rectangular Marquee
Move .
, Layer => Transform => Flip
horizontal ( => => 
). , . 6.10.
26. . Gaus7
sian Blur Brightness/Contrast Levels 
. ,

. 6.8
Yellow Green

. 6.9
Yellow, Green Veins

164

(Photoshop)

. 6.10
Veins

. 6.11

11,5 ,
. , 
.
Airbrush 20 , 50%
, (. . 6.11).
27. Layers Veins. 
Delete (), , 
.
. Channels , 
Command. ,
Eye Dropper ():
Option .
Clouds ().

165

.
, , , ,
. 
, Burn, Dodge Sponge.
. Veins
( )
3. 
(. . 6.12).
28. , RGB . Photoshop
(. . 6.13).
29. File Save a Copy as ( )
Leaf Color . jpg.

. 6.12

. 6.13
Layers Channels

166

(Photoshop)

30. Specularity Bump, . 


Bump. 
, .
Bump.
31. Filters => Noise => Add Noise ( => => 
)
Amount () 175. Gaussian
Blur, Radius 8 . Levels 
Image => Adjust => Levels, Input level 
52, 1 82 2. 
Filters => Other => Offset ( => ==> )
, 200, 200 
Wrap Around (). 
, . 6.14.
32. . 
Rubber Stamp ()  
. Option,
.
. 
50 70 .
33. Offset. ,
. .
, , 
. 
, Image => Adjust => Curves ( => 
=> ) : Input ()187
Output ()  219 (. . 6.15).
34. Levels Bump Input level 
66, 1 231.
. 
, , ,
. Bump 
.
.
35. , Layers
Lighten ( ).  ,
, .
Levels .
. 6.16.

. 6.14

167

. 6.15
Curves

36. 
. 
.
KPT Gradient Designer, , .
37. Veins.
, , 
, Gradient Designer.
, Circular shape burst ( 
). . 6.17.
38. Gaussian Blur 5
Curves, 
. Bump
Output levels 0 45. .

168

(Photoshop)

. 6.16

. 6.17
Gradient Designer

, KPT Gradient Designer,


Lighten (. . 6.18).
39. Veins 1.
Bump Lighten (. . 6.18).
. Leaf Bump. jpg.
. 6.19 ,
.
40. Specularity. , 
,
. , SPC, 
Veins,
( Option Delete

. 6.18

169

. 6.19

, ). 
3 4, Veins,
, 0,5.
Levels. (. . 6.20).
41. Leaf Spec.jpg.
42.  , .
, ,
. Stencil
Clipping , 
. Lasso () 
(. . 6.21).
. . 6.22 6.23
.

170

(Photoshop)

Strata Studio Pro,



. , , 
. 
. . 6.24 . 
, ,
. ,
.
. 6.256.27 .
43. . 
, , 
.
Stencil () Strata Studio Pro Clipping
() 3D Studio Max, LightWave 

. 6.20

6.21

. 6.22

171

. 6.23

. 6.24

172

(Photoshop)

. 6.25

. 6.26

. 6.27

. 
, 
. LeafClip.jpg.


, . 

, , , . 
, 
.

,
.
. Photoshop, 
. , , 
, .
, ,
. Photo
shop . ,
.

II

? 
,  
, .
, . ,
,

. , 

. , , .
.
, 
.
.
, 
, 
.
,
LightWave, 3D Studio MAX, tmeSpace
Strata Studio Pro.


?
1.

(LightWave)
(BilI Fleming)

1 75

1 77

21 3

175


, , , 

. , . 
, . ,
,
.

, , .

, . 

.

. , 
, ,
. ,  
,  , .
,
 .
.
, 
. ,
:
www.bioarts.com/:
www.L5.nel/bughouse/:
www.workibutterfly.coin/:
www.inscctworld.com/.
, . ,
, .
, , 
.
, , , ,
. (Scaphiostreptus parilis
acuticonus), ,
. .
25 : .
4000 (Dictyoptera, Blattodea),
30 , 

176

? 1

.
. 
Megaloblatta longipennis ( 18 ) Macropanesthia rhinoceros
, 50 .
Attaphilla fungicola, 
. , 
. , 
, 250 , ,

. 
. ,  .

(Gromphadorhina portentosd), 
(. . 7.1).
, 
. 
: ,
. 10 24 .

. 7.1

, , ,
, 
,

177

.  4 !
, 
300 . , ,
. ,

.
. 
,
( 8) , 
.



(. . 7.2).

. 7.2

. 
,
. 
, :

? 1

178

, . 
,
.
, .

1. ,
, 
.
(. . 7.3).
2.  , 
(. . 7.4}.

. 7.3

. 7.4

3. ,
(. . 7.5).
4. , 
. ,
(. . 7.6).
5. , 
Bend N 
. Sense ()
Keep ().

179

, 
. 7.7.
6. .
. Smooth
Shift ( ) 
, Offset () 0. 
, . 7.8.
7. Smooth Shift Scale, 
(. . 7.9).
8. Smooth Shift, 
(. . 7.10).

. 7.5

. 7.7

. 7.6

. 7.8

180

? 1

9. . , 
. 
(. . 7.11).
10. , ,

. , . 
Magnet ()
.
(. . 7.12).
1 1. .
.
, . 7.13.

. 7.9

. 7,11

. 7.10

. 7.12

181

1 2. , 
. . 7.14.

. 7.13

. 7.14

13. ,  .

. : 
Smooth Shift 
.
Smooth Shift
(. . 7.1 5).
14. , 
, 
Smooth Shift, 
. ,
, 
(. . 7.16).
15. . 
, ,
.
. 
Smooth Shift,
(. . 7.17).
1 6. ,
. ,
. Smooth Shift

? 1

182

,
(. . 7.18).
17. Smooth Shift , 
, (. . 7.19).

. 7.15

. 7.16

. 7.17

. 7.18

18. ,
:
(. . 7.20).
19. .
Smooth Shift 
(. . 7.21).

183

20. , 
. Smooth Shift 
, (. . 7.22).

. 7.19

. 7.20

. 7.21

. 7.22

21. .

Smooth Shift. ,
,
(. . 7.23).
22. Smooth Shift 
, 
(. . 7.24),

184

? 1

23. , Smooth Shift


(. . 7.25).
24. . 
. z
Merge .
Subdivide=> Metaform (=> Metaform),
Max Smoothing Angle 179, 
(. . 7.26).

. 7.23

. 7.24

. 7.25

. 7.26

. , 
, Undo (). 
, 

185

. 
.
,
. 
Smooth Shift .

, ,
. 
, .
, .

1. ,
. , 

. Magnet,
. 7.27. :
.
2.
Smooth Shift 7 (. . 7.28).
3.  
. 
, (. . 7.29).

. 7.27

. 7.28

186

? 1

4. .
( ,
), , 
. Morph
()
(. . 7.30).

7.29

. 7.30

5. , .
, , ,
. Magnet 
, . 7.31 .
6. ,
, 
. , 

Metaform. 
Split Polygon ( 
), . 7.32.
7. (. . 7.33).
8. Smooth Shift .
,
, . 7.33. 
, 
. .
Scale

187

,
(. . 7.33). .
9. ,
Smooth Shift . 
Merge 
, W 
. + 2 Vertices (2 )
Polygon Statistics ( ) 
Delete.
.

. 7.31

. 7.32

. 7.33

? 1

188


1. 
, (. . 7.34).
2. 
, . (.
. 7.34).
3. ,
. Smooth
Shift . 
(. . 7.35).

7.34

. 7.35

4. ,
. Smooth Shift, 
 
. Smooth Shift
,
, (. . 7.36).
5. ,
, 
. ,
, .
, . 7.37.
6. Smooth Shift, 
(. . 7.38).

189

7. , 
. Un7
hide ( ), , 
. Merge Points ( )
.
, . 7.39.
8. , 
.
, . 7.40.
9. ,
. 
(. . 7.41).

. 7.36

. 7.37

. 7.38

. 7.39

190

? 1

7.40

7.41

I 0. , 
Knife (), . 7.42.
11. (.
. 7.43).
*
1

12. . , Meta7
form, , 
, , (. . 7.44).


1. .
Smooth Shift.
,
/
, (.
. 7.45).
2. Merge Points 
. , .
, .
, 
, . 7.46.
3. Smooth Shift 
,
(. . 7.47).

191

. 7.42

. 7.43

. 7.44

Metaform
4. . 
Smooth Shift, 
(. . 7.48).
5. Smooth Shift,
, (. . 7.49).
6. Smooth Shift, 
. ,
,
(. . 7.50).

192

? 1

. 7.45

. 7.46

7.47

. 7.48

7. .
Smooth Shift, .

. Smooth Shift, 
(. . 7.51).

.
, , .


, 
, .

. 7.49

193

. 7.50

7.51

1. 
Smooth Shift (. . 7.52).
2. Magnet
, , . 7.53.
3. 
Split Polygon, , 
. . 7.54 , 
.
7 5195

194

? 1

. 7.52

. 7.53

4. Smooth Shift
, Stretch (),
, ( 
).
, 
(. . 7.55).
5. 
.
Stretch:
.
6. Smooth Shift, 

(. . 7.56).
7. Smooth Shift, 
Stretch 
(. . 7.57).
8. Metaform
, .
9. , 
. , Smooth
Shift Stretch, (.
. 7.58).
10. ,
Smooth Shift,

195

7.54

7.55

. 7.56

. 7.57

, Stretch,
(. . 7.59).
1 1 . . . 
, Smooth Shift; 
Stretch, 
(. . 7.60).
12. , . 7.61.
13. 
, , . 
, . 
. (. . 7.62),

? 1

196

. 7.58

. 7.60

. 7.59

. 7.61

Smooth Shift,
, . 7.62.
14. ,
.
1 5. .

, (. . 7.63).
16. Smooth Shift, 
, . ,

[. . 7.64).

197

17. . 
.
, Smooth Shift,
, (. . 7.65).
1 8. ,
 , 
. , 
, , 180.


1. (. . 7.66}.
2. ,
, 
(. . 7.67).
3. , (. . 7.68).
4. , 
Smooth Shift.
, 
(. . 7.69).
5. , ,
Magnet (.
. 7.70).

. 7.62

7.63

? 1

198

. 7.64

. 7.65

. 7.66

. 7.67

. 7.68

. 7.69

199

6. ,
Metaform, .
. 7.71.

. 
. , ,
Undo, Metaform.

. 7.70

. 7.71

 , 
.
Flat Mesh ( ).

1. 10 1 1 
(. . 7.72).
2. , 
, . 7.73.
3. , (. . 7.74).
4. (. . 7.75).

200

? 1

. 7.72

7.73

5. .
Smooth Shift,
(. . 7.76).
6. . Mag
net, , 
(. . 7.77).

.
.

1. , 
, (. . 7.78).
2. ,
Smooth Shift,
(. . 7.79).
3. . 
Eye (). 
Smooth Shift,
, .
Smooth Shift, 
, (. . 7.80).
4. . 
, . 7.81.

201

. 7.74

. 775

. 776

. 777

5. , 
, ,
.
, . 
. 
, Smooth Shift. 
, .
Stretch
{. . 7.82).
6. , 
Smooth Shift, 
(. . 7.83).

? 1

202

7.78

.7 79

7.80

7.81

7. . .
, , ,
, ,
. , 
. 7.84,
8. , , . 7.84.
Smooth Shift ,
Stretch, 
(. . 7.85).
9. Smooth Shift,
,
(. . 7.86).

203

7.82

. 7.83

. 7.84

. 7.85

10. , . 7.87.
11. , ,
, . 7.88.
12. , 
Smooth Shift
(. . 7.89).
13. , 
. ,
Metaform.
14. , , 
, . ,

204

? 1

. 7.86

7.87

. 7.88

. 7.89

, 
.
15. ,
Smooth Shift, , 
. ,
(. . 7.90).
16. (. . 7.91).
17. 
.
, (. . 7.92).

205

18. Smooth Shift,


(. . 7.93).
1 9. (.
. 7.94).
20. , 
, 
(. . 7.95).
21. , Metaform (. . 7.96).
22. . 
, , . Undo,

. 7.90

. 7.91

.7.92

7.93

? 1

206

Metaform (.
. 7.97).
. , 
.
, .

. 7.94

7.95



,
. . 
.

1. (. . 7.98).
2. ,
13 (. . 7.99).
3. Drag () 
(. . 7.100).
4. , 
Metaform .
5. 5 , Magnet,
, (. . 7.101).

7.96

Metaform

. 7.98

207

. 7.97

7.99

6. , 
,
.
(. . 7.102).
7. , ,
. 7,103.
8. Magnet, 
, (. . 7.104).
, 
.

? 1

208

. 7.100

7.101

1A102

. 7.103


,
. , ,
Flat Mesh 
. 
, .

, .
Point () 
. ,

209

, .
, ,
(. . 7.105).
2. ,
(. . 7.106).
3. (.
. 7.107).
4. , 
. Knife 
(. . 7.108).

. 7.104

. 7.105

. 7.106

7.107

210

? 1

5. , , . 7.109.
6. Magnet
, . , 
, , , 
, (. . 7.1 10).
7. (. . 7.1 1 1).
8. Smooth Shift , 
(. . 7.1 12).
9. ,
(. . 7.113).

. 7.108
,

7.109

. 7.110

. 7.111

. 7.112

211

. 7.113

1 0. . , 
, .
. Set the Value (
) 0. 
Mirror ( ) . ,
Metaform ,
. 7.114.
1 1. ? . 
. 
, , 
Legs . Iwo Feeler. Iwo. ,
( ) , 
. ,
, 
, .
Legs.Iwo Feeler.Iwo Chapter07 
.
12.
. . 7.115.
, 
, . , ,
,  . ,
, , , .
. 7.116 .

212

? 1

. 7 14

. 7.115

,
. ,
, Smooth Shift Metaform
, 
. , 
, 
. , ,
, , , 
. , ,
.

. 7.116

213

, , .
, , 
. ,
. 
, . , 

, , , .


?
2.

(Photoshop
LightWave)
(Bill Fleming)






....
. . .

215
217
219
222
.

. . .

232
236

215

.
,
.

. 
, 
. , Chapter 0 8 /
Figures.

 , , , 
, 
, , .
,
, 
. ,
. 

, .
, 
.
. 
, . 8.1.
. . ,
 ,
.
( ), , . 
, .
,
. ,
(
). ,
. 
, 
.

216

? 2

. 8.1

B. . ,
. 
,  
, . 
.
:
.
.
C. . 

, 
.
, ,
. , 
.
, 
, , . 
,
, , ,
. , , 

.

. ,

217

, , 
, .
.
, ,
. , 
. ,  . ,
 ,
. ,
, 
.
.



,
. 
, ,
. ,
, ,
. , 
, .

1. Modeler. 
, Roach.Iwo.
Roach.Iwo ChapterOS
.
2. ] (
), 
, W Polygon Statistics.
Eye 
 (), 
with Surface ( ).
Polygon Statistics.

218

? 2

3. Q, Change Surface ( 
)
Body (). 
(. . 8.2).
4. , 
Body. 
 . 
,
.
5. Body Eye .

Armor (), . 8.3.

. 8.2
Body

. 8.3
Armor

6. Legs (
). . 8.4 , 
Legs.
7. ,
. , 
Feelers (),
. 8.5.
8. ,
.
RoachSurfaced.Iwo (
).

8.4
Legs

219

. 8.5
Feelers

, 
.
.


 
. 
. ,

. .
, 
, 
, .
, , 
( , , 1000), 
,
.

, 
. , 
, ,
.
2000 ,
.

? 2

220


.

1. Layout RoachSurfaced. Iwo. 


, Pitch ( ) Object Direction
( ) 90,
. , 
Heading () 180  
.
( ), 
.
RoachSur faced. Iwo Chapter 08 
.
2. ,
(. . 8.6).

. 8.6

3. Zoom Factor ( )
500, Grid Square Size ( )  50 m.
Zoom Factor , 
. 
, 1000, 
. , Grid Square
Size 50 m,

221

. , 
.
4. , 
500.
, . ,
,  .
5. , Zoom Factor 1000,
a Grid Square Size  1 m ( 
). , 
.
6. .
Body. . ,
Transparency 100%. 
, Specularity 0.
Transparency Specularity, 

, . Ar
mor , Sample () 
, Body. 
, Print Resolution (
) Basic Resolution ( ) 
Enhanced Low ( ) Antialiasing (
). BodyTemp
late.tga ( ).
LW_TGA32, Alpha ()

. . 8.7.

. 8.7
Body

222

? 2

7. , . Ar
mor Legs. ,
Heading 180,
(. . 8.8 8.9).
8. Feeler ,

.

. 8.8
Armor

. 8.9
Legs

.
.


Body, 
. 
,
. 
Photoshop 5. 
Photoshop, : 
, Paintshop Pro,
.
, ,
,
.

223

1. Photoshop BodyTemplate . tga, 


 . 
, . 
.
2. Base Color ( ) 
RGB
231, 216, 132.
, .
,
.
3. Details (). 
Airbrush 27, 40%
RGB 0, 0, 0. 
(. . 8.10).
4. , RGB
164, 97, 31 20%.
(. . 8.11).

. 8.10

. 8.11

5. RGB 208, 165, 110 


(. . 8.12).

224

? 2

6. . 
. RGB 101, 66,
22, 5
(. . 8.13).

8.12

. 8.13

7. , .
5 , 40%
RGB 163, 106, 45. ,
(. . 8.14).
8. , 3 , 
,
1
.
'
9. Base
Color, . 
27, 15% RGB 213, 169, 97.
,
(. . 8.15).
1 0. RGB 206, 171,81 .
, . 8.16.
1 1. , 
. 20 , RGB
144, 88, 28 .
:
(. . 8.17).

225

. 8.14

. 8.15

. 8.16

. 8.17

1 2. .
: 
. 
.
, .
10 ,
 15%. ,
Eyedropper
(. . 8.18).
1 3. . 
, . ,

226

? 2

. 5 
RGB 180, 116, 48. 
,
(. . 8.19).

. 8.18

. 8.19

] 4. . 61 
,  20% RGB 152, 118, 75. 
, .

(. . 8.20).
1 5 : 
. .
3 ,  50%
RGB 141, 105, 58. 
(. . 8.21).
1 6. . 
. RGB , , 0.
(. . 8.22).
17. 
. RGB 255, 255, 255,
50% 3 .
(. . 8.23).
18. .
 
.

227

. 8.20

. 8.21

. 8.22

. 8.23

( , 
Airbrush). Burn,
50 ,  20%. 
, (. . 8.24).
9. . 
, 
. Base Color,
Airbrush,  5,  15%, RGB  93,
59, 31. , 
RGB 163, 106, 46
. 
, .

? 2

228

Burn 5
(. . 8.25).
. 
, .
, , 
, 
.

. 8.24

. 8.25

1. . 
RGB 144, 77, 23,  25% 
 27 . (.
8.26).
2. , 
, . RGB 0, 0, 0 
(. . 8.27}.
3.  
. RGB 196, 147, 78 (. . 8.28).
4. . RGB 112, 64, 26, 
 25%,  3 .
, 
(. . 8.29}.

229

. 8.26

. 8.27

8.28
A

. 8.29

5. RGB 89, 59, 22 


. 
(. . 8.30).
6. , 
27
(. . 8.31).
7. . 
Burn,  27 ,  25%. 
(. . 8.32).
8. .
3 .

230

? 2

. RGB 216,
175, 112
(. . 8.33).
9. . 
RGB 151, 122, 89,  64 . 
(. . 8.34).
10. .
. , 
, 
, . 
, . 8.35.

. 8.30

. 8.31

. 8.32

. 8.33

231

. 8.34

. 8.35

11. .
, ,
RGB 236, 212, 165 RGB 206, 186, 126. 
,
15 RGB 163, 103, 157.

(. . 8.36).
12. .
.
,
. . 
Noise Filters, Add Noise (
) Monochromatic () 
Gaussian (}.
Amount () 10 (. . 8.37).
13. ,
, . 
.
, Filters Gaussian Blur 
0,4 (. . 8.38).
14. (. . 8.39).
15. , .
RoachBocly.psd
( ). ,
BodyColor.iff.

? 2

232

,
. ,
, .
, .
, . 
, .

1. Photoshop 300 300


. , 5 ,
100%.
(. . 8.40).
2. . RoachBump.iff (
).
, , 
.



. 
.
, , .

, , , 
. 
, ,
.
.

1. Layout RoachSurfaced.Iwo,
BodyColor .iff RoachBump.iff.

233

. 8.36

. 8.37

. 8.38

. 8.39

2. Body BodyColor.iff
/ Color.
Automatic Size ( ).
3. BodyColor.iff 
Diffusion. Opacity
80%. , 
100%.
4. : Specularity 65%, Glossiness7 64% Reflectivity7
7%. Ray Tracing + Spherical Map (
) Reflection Options (
) .

234

? 2

. 8.40

5. Bump RoachBump.iff 
.
, , z (  2 , 2 , 2
).
6. Bump Fractal
Noise ( ) :
Size ()  100 m, 100 m, 100 m; Amplitude ()  25%;
Frequency ()  3.
7. . 
. , . 8.41.

. 8.41

235

. 
. 
. 
, , .
A r m o r . i f f L e g s C o l o r . i f f (
) .
,

.
, . ,
Eye Feeler ( ), 
Diffusion 80%.

, . 8.42 8.43.

. 8.42
( )

. 8.43
( }

236

? 2

, 
,
. 

 . ,
,
.
, .
, 
.

(3D Studio MAX)


(Jerry Potts)

238
240

242
246
248
249
258

238

(3D Studio MAX)

. 
,
, 
. ,
, 
60 ? ,
.
, 
, .
, 50 
, , 
.


,
. , 
 .
, 
:
. ,
, , ,
, 
.
Internet 
.  
. 
.
,
, 
.
, . 
, , 
, 
. 
. ,
, , 
.

239

.
, :

, .
: ,
, JPEG.
TopTemplate , j p g ( ),
S i d e T e m p l a t e . j p g ( ) L e g T e m p l a t e . j p g
( ).
T o p T e m p l a t e . j p g , S i d e T e m p l a t e . j p g L e g T e m p l a t e . j p g
Chapter09 .

S i d e T e m p l a t e . j p g T o p T e m p l a t e . j p g
Left ( )
( ). . 9.1 9.2 
.
Aspect Ratio ( 
) Match (), , 
. 
. . 9.3 ,
.
. 
: .

9.1
( )

9.2
( )

240

(3D Studio MAX)

9.3

 , 
.

1. , , 
.
Editable Mesh (
). Box Line,
.
2. Col
lapse (),
(. . 9.4).
3. MeshSmooth ( 
) Iterations ( ) 1,
. 
.
.

241

, ,
(. . 9.5).
4. MeshSmooth
, . 
, 
,
MeshSmooth, 
. ,
, UVW
Collapse (. . 9.6).

. 9.4

. 9.5

5. . 
( ) 9 . 
. 
,
. 
, . 9.7.
6. 
. , 
, Mesh7
Smooth, Strength ( ) 0,3,
Iterations7 2 Smooth Results ( 
). 
,
MeshSmooth.

(3D Studio MAX)

242

. 9.6

. 9.7

,
MeshSmooth.

7.
: Radius 1 ( 1) 3,
Radius 27 1, Height () 28, Height Segments ( 
)  5, Sides ( )  8.
Bend (), z 25.
Collapse, 
, Mirror
, ().
. ,
, UVW Map, 
Mapping Planar, 
Collapse , 
. 9.8.

. 
, .

,
. : ,
. .

243

1. , . 
, Collapse 
,
(. . 9.9).
2. MeshSmooth Iterations 
1,

. 9.8

. 9.9

244

(3D Studio MAX)

. 
,
. Mesh7
Smooth, UVW Spherical (
) . .
3. GeoSphere (), 
Icosa ( ) 
: Radius7 28; Segments7 8. outereye.
FFD Box 4x4x4 ( 
4x4x4).
4. ,
( ) , , 
. 
, z
. ,
, ,
. .
5. Shift, 
, .
Scale, . 
, 2% ,
innereye ( ). outereye
( ) innereye 
z, Mirror (. . 9.10).

. 9.10

245

6. 
,
.

, 

. jaw (.
. 9.11).
7. , 

Amount () 
. 9.11
5,

MeshSmooth
UVW Map Planar.
Mirror 
. , ,
. 9.12.

. 9.12

8. . ,
, . 
1x1x20
5, .
Shift, 
.

246

(3D Studio MAX)

. 
.

, 
. , 
.
, , .

1. LegTemplate.jpg, ,
(. . 9.13).
2. 
,
. 
,

,
Taper (
). 
UVW
Map Box (
),
MeshSmooth. 


.
( Collapse)

.
Shift,

9.13


.
.
.
, . 9.14.

247

. 9.14

3. 
, , ,
,
. 
,
{. . 9.15).
4. ,
upper, middle lower. Shift
. Mesh7
Smooth UVW Map, 

Mapping Cylin7
drical ().
5.

,


. 

MeshSmooth 
.

9.15

248

(3D Studio MAX)

6. . ,
. 
(. . 9.16).
. 
, 
.
 .

. 9.16

: 
, .
. ,
.

1. Wing
Template. jpg ( ), . 9.17.
WingTemplate. jpg Chapter 0 9
.

249

2. . , 
, MeshSmooth.
backwing ( ) .
3.
Wing2Template . jpg ( 2)  . . 9.1 8 
, fore
wing ( }.
Wing2Template.jpg Chapter09
.
4. , 
.
. , 
, , 
. 
.


, , 
. ,
. 
: 
.
.
.

, 
.
, .

Diffuse (), 
, Opacity, 
.

250

(3D Studio MAX)

.
Brightness 14, Contrast7 +43.
, .
(. . 9.19 9.20).
2. , Opacity , 
Transparency 90%.
, 
. . 
BottomWingBump 
WingBump.
3. Opacity, . 
BottomWingOpacity TopWingOpacity.
. 9.21 9.22.

. 9.17

. 9.18

. 9.19

Bottom WingOpadty

. 9.20

TopWingOpacity

. 9.21

Bottom WingOpadty

. 9.22

Top WingOpadty

251

4. , .
: f orewing, backwing.
backwing, 
WingTemplate.jpg Diffuse, BottomWirigBump 
Bump 96% BottomWingOpacity
Opacity 90%. Shininess 7 22, Shin
strength ( )  57.
5. f orewing 
: Wing2Template . jpg Diffuse, TopWingBump 
Bump 96% TopWingOpacity Opacity
90%. Shininess Shin Strength 
, .
6.
. , 
Gizmo ( )
Diffuse.
7. .
, (. . 9.23).
8. .

. 9.23

252

(3D Studio MAX)

. ,
, 

.
 , 
  . 

 
Eraser (). .

, . 
. , 
,  
. . 9.24.

. 9.24

1. , 
Metal (). 
Diffuse 
Shininess Shin Strength 64.
innereye, 
UVW.

253

2. Show Maps ( )
,
.
Display Floater ( 
), .
3. , 
outereye 
Opacity 30. Shininess 49,
Shin Strength  81. ,
.  Diffuse 
RGB 63, 96, 120 (HSV 138, 121, 120}.
4. , 
. (. . 9.25).

. 9.25

5. , 

, 
90.
6. EyeBump. jpg. 
Bump outereye 90.
, UVW

254

(3D Studio MAX)

,
.
eBump. j pg Chapt er 0 9
.

.
.

. 
 
. 
, .
, ,

Photoshop.
.
( ) 
.
. . 9.26 
.
, 
, . 
.

. 9.26

255

, 
body. BodyColor , jpg 
Diffusion,
.
BodyColor.jpg Chapter09
.
2. Body Bump. j pg Bump,
120.
Body Bump, jpg Chapter 0 9 
.
3. .
Shininess 58, Shin Strength  71.
4. BodyBump.jpg Opacity
8%.
5. . 
, 
. 
, .

, 
. , 
.
.
.

, : 
.
. 
,
, . ,

. , ,

(3D Studio MAX)

256

Noise. . 9.27
.
.

1. tail (), 
TailColor . jpg ( ) Diffuse
.
TailColor. jpg Chapter09 
.
2. , 
Metal, Shininess 74 Shin
Strength 7 49.
3. TailBump.jpg ( )
Bump 90%. 


.
TailBump. jpg Chapter09 
.

. 
.

, 
,  (. . 9.28).
 ,
 , 
. Flatten
Image ( ) 
,
, . , ,
, ,
Emboss (), 
.

257

. 9.27

. 9.28

1. legs.
LegColor.jpg ( ) Diffuse
.
LegColor.jpg Chapter09 
.
2. LegBump.jpg ( )
Bump, 120.
LegBump.jpg Chapter09 
.
3. 
. Shininess 58, Shin Strength 71.
4. LegBump . jpg Opacity
8%  .
5. , 
.
. . 9.29 
.

Motion Blur (
),

258

(3D Studio MAX)

. 9.29

. , 

 . , 
, .

, ,
, , ,
. , 

.
MeshSmooth 

, . 
, ,
.

10


(trueSpace)
(Dam's Dobbs)

260
269
_ 272
276
279
281

(trueSpace)

260

, ,
. 
, . ,
 . 
, 
100 . . 
, . . 10.1
, .
. 
, , 
.   , 
 ,
, . 
, ,  ,
. 
, ,
.
,   .
, , 
( ), , 
,  , . 
, ,
, , ,
. , 
.
, . , 
. 
, .

. 

57 .

1. Create
Sphere Primitive { ).

261

. 10.1

Latitude 16, Longitude 30. 


, . 
90, z
(. . 10.2).
2. Deform Object 
z.
,
. z,
. 10.3.
3. . 
(. . 10.4).
.
4. , 
.
z. (. . 10.5).
5. .
 . 
, . 10.6,
.
6. .
,
, . 10.7. , ,
.

(trueSpace)

262

10.2

. 10.3

. 10.4

. 10.5

7. .
Deformation Navigation ( ), 
Local Deformation ( 
) . 10.8.
8. ,
, ,
(. . 10.8).
.
9.  , Deformation
Navigation Deform Along Z Axis ( z) 
(. . 10.9).

263

. 10.6

107

. 10.8

. 10.9

. , 
 .
10. (. . 10.10}. 
,
, (.
10.10).
11. , . 

. 90, z 
. Deform Object 
z (. . 10.1 1).

264

. 10.10

(trueSpace)

. 10.11

12. Deform Object,


. ,
(. . 10.12}.
13. Boolean Union,
. , 
, 
(. . 10.13).
14. .
Polygon Draw (.
. 10.14).
15. ,
Sweep, ,
. 10.15.
1 6. . 
Sweep , 
. 
(. . 10.16).
17. .
.
Polygon Draw,
.
Point Edit => Faces , Ctrl, 
(. . 10.17).

265

. 10.12

. 10.13

. 10.14

. 10.15

18. , 
,
(. . 10.18).
19. , 
.
. Polygon Draw, 
,
(. . 10.19}.
20.
Sweep.

(trueSpace)

266


Sweep

. 10.17

Draw Polygon

. 10.18

. 10.19

10.16

A (. . 10.20).
. 
.
21. Sculpt ( ) , 
,
(. . 10.21). 
, . 
.
22. , 
. 90 ,

267

. , 

(. . 10.22).
23. ( 
). ,
, ,
. 1 0.23.
24. . 
. . 
Deform Object z (.
. 10.24).

. 10.20

. 10.21


Sculpt

. 10.22

. 10.23

268

(trueSpace)

25. ,
Deform Object (. . 10.25).
26. .

Boolean Union.
, 
(. . 10.26).  
.
27. . 
Draw Regular Polygon (
). 6. 
.
, Sweep, 
, . 10.27.
28. 45 
(. . 10.28). 
.
29.
Sweep ,
. , 
, (. . 10.29).
30.
. (.
. 10.30).

. 10.24

. 10.25

269

. 10.26

10.27

31. . 

(. . 10.31).
  .
. .
.


, : ,
. . 

. , .

1. , z 
(. . 10.32).

. 
, ,
ThermoClay2. 
,
.

270

(tiueSpace)

. 10.28

. 10.29

Sweep

. 10.30

. 10.31

2. Deform Object, 
z. , 12 
, (. . 10.33).
, .
3. . 
(. . 10.34}.
4. (. 10.35)
.
, 
.

271

. 10.32

10.33
z

. 10.34

5. ,
12 , z.
(. . 10.36}.
6.
(. . 10.37).
.
7. , 
1 3 . 
(. . 10.38).

272

. 10.35

(trueSpace)

. 10.36
z

8. ,
Deform Object . ,
(. . 10.39).
. 
.
.


 .
, .
, , 
, 
.
.

1. ,
90, z . 
z (. . 10.40).
2. 

. 10.37

( )

273

10.38

. 10.39

Deform Object 
. (. . 10.41).
3. . ,
, , 
( , 
).
4. 90 , z 
. . 10.42.

(trueSpace)

274

5. . (.
. 10.43).
6. Boolean Substraction ( }
,
, . 
, (. . 1 0.44), 
/ .
i
7. (.
. 10.45): . ,
(. . 10.45).

. 10.40

10.41

. 10.42

. 10.43

. 10.44

275

. 10.45

8. Polygon Draw
.
Sweep , 
(. . 10.46).
9. .
Keep Drill (He 
). 

. 
, Keep Drill


,
(. . 10.46).
10. , , 
(. . 10.47). 
, .
1 1. 
. ,
.
.
. 
.

(trueSpace)

276

. 10.46

. 10.47
,

, . 
,  .
.

1. . Snap to Grid
( ) 1 80 , 
( , ,
). , 
(. . 10.48).
2. z.
, 
,
(. . 10.49). :
.
.
3. , 90,
, 
. Deform Object 
, (. . 10.50).

. 10.48

277

. 10.49

.
.
4. , 
.
, .

. Polygon
Draw
. 
Sweep. 

, (. . 10.51).
5. 
, . 
14 , ,
, ,
(. . 10.52).
6.
, . 

. , 
, ,
. 
(. . 10.52).

(true7Space)

278

7. .
Draw Regular Polygon . 
, (. . 10.53).
.
8. .
,
, . 
, 
. ,
1 80 ,
.

. 10.50

. 10.51

. 10.52

. 10.53

279

, ,
. , 
,
. .
,
1 0 . ,
, 
{. . 10.54).

. 10.54

 . 
, . 
.


 , 
. 
(. . 10.55).
, 
.   . 
, ,
.
Plain Color ( ) RGB 182, 61, .

200

(trueSpace)
Transparency . Displacement 
Rough ( )
: Scale ()  1; Amplitude ()  0,02;
Detail ()  3; Sharpness ()  1. 
Phong ( ) : Ambience (
)  ; Diffusion ( )  0,77; Shini
ness ()  0,64; Roughness ()  0*.
, 
Paint Faces ( ).

10.55

. ,
. 
Displacement. 

. Color Solid Clouds, 
.
, . 
Scale 3,9, a Detail  6. 
Phong, Shininess ,
.
. Solid
Clouds , .
' 
. 
.  , .

281

Transparency . Displacement
Wrapped Rough 
: Scale  0,23; Amplitude  0,03; Detail  3; Sharpness  0.
.
. , 
, , .
. 
, .
 .
Rough Displacement. , 
. , 
,
.

. 
.
 , 
. , 
.

11

(Strata Studio Pro)


(Frank Vitale)

283
284
284
298
302

307
308
309

283


.
: .
, ,
.  ? 
? 
, ,
,
 .
 . 
, 
Hair
Strata Studio Pro.
, , 
. , , ,
. ,
. 
, ,
.
.
, 
, ,
. ,
.
. , 
, . 
Strata Studio Pro.
Hair, 
. , 
.
, 
, , 
, .
Hair Bones 
, . 
,
.

284

7 (Strata Studio Pi )


Studio Pro , 
. , , 
, . 
: , 
. 
, .
,
Studio Pro. ,
5 .


.
, .
, .

1. Postman_01.psd.
, 
, 
.
2. Resource, Shapes
, Section ().
 .
.
, .
3. . ,
Section , 
. Convert,
, : 
. QD Outline (
) (
X Y X)  . . 11.1.

285

. 11.1

4. .
Reshape ( 
), . 
, 
. 1 1.2.
Reshape,
.
, .

. 11.2

286

7 (Strata Studio Pro)


(
). ,
Add Point ( ),
. 
. Undo ()
,
, .
5. ,
. 
. Shapes Section
Insert. , 
.
, (. . 1 1.3).
QD
Outline.

. 11.3
,

,
.
, Strata Studio Pro,  Burn
UV ( UV). , ,
,

287

UV. . 
, ,
 . UV,
. 
, , 
, ,
. ,
.
6. , .
body main. Burn UV, 
.
.
7. .
Burn UV (
UV).
, , UV. 
Bones () 
. UV 
,
. 
. 
,
.
, 
. Bones.

Bones
, Bones. . 11.4.
 Object Pro
perties .  
.
Flex (), Balance () .
Object Properties, 
, . 
. 
,
, .
Bones
.

288

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

. 11.4

Bones

1.
Body (. . 11.5). , 
.
2. Bones Extensions 
, (.
. 11.6}. , , 
, 
.

. 11.5

. 11.6
Object Properties

289

3. , 
. , 
. .

, (. . 11.7).
4.  ,
Attach (),
. , 

Option.
.   , 
, . . 
, ,
. Body ()
Mesh (), .
5. IK Object ()
Reshape. , ,
. Rotate, 
(. . 11.8).
6. z , 
, , ,
Object Properties.
, Stray Point 
. 65. .

. 11.7

A

. 11.8

290

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

/. (. . 11.9).
8. , 
, . 
. Vertex (), 
).
, . 
, , 
, 
,  (. . 11.10).
.
9. ,
Object Properties 
. Shaded Point Cloud, 
, (. . 11.11).

.

() .
z.
, .
Bones  .
, 
. , ,
, ,
. ,

. 11.9

11.10

291

,
.
.

1. Resource Shapes, 
tail. 
, . , 
,
(. . 11.1211.15).
2.
, Patn Extrude,
, 
Skin.
3. 
, (. . 1 1.16).
4. Extensions Path Extrude
, .
5. ,
Convert .

. 11.11
Point Cloud

11.12

292

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

6. Unskin Extensions, 
, . Shaded
, Wireframe.
7. , ,
. Transform Object Properties 
, , Propor7
tional ( ), , 
Percentage ( ),

10%. . 11.17.

. 11.13

. 11.15

. 11.14

. 11.16

293

8. , Skin. 

. ,
. 1 1.18.
. 
.

. 11.17

. 11.18

9. tail (. . 11.19).
.

. 11.19

 (Strata Studio Pro)

294

,
,
. ,
, , 
Hair (. . 11.20). 
,
.

. 11.20

, :
,
. , .

1.
MetaBall. ,
. 
,
. , 
. 11.211 1.24.
2. MetaBall 
. .
, , 

295

MetaBall .
Object Properties MetaBall.
3. , MetaBall
(
, ).
Path Extrude 
, Skin 
.
Skin. 
, , 
(. . 11.25).

. 11.21
,

. 11.22
MetaBail

. 11.23
,

. 11.24
MefaBall

296

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

4. , 
, 
(. . 1 1.26).
5.
. ,
.
6.   . 
z, ,
. 
,
. , ,
, z.
7. , Mirror Extensions,
. ,
, ,
. . ,
.
8.  
, .
. ,
, .
. 
Lathe. ,
,
. Lathe,
180" (. . 11.27).

. 11.25

. 11.26

297

. 11.27

9. . 11.28 Hair ( FX 
Resource) , 
.
1 0. .
. 
Density () 3000%.
, . ,

.
, 
. 
, 
 UV.
, 
.  Strength

298

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

. 11.28
Hair

( ) Wind (). Strata Studio Pro 


Wind , 
. Air ()
Environment. , Intensity (
) (. . 1 1.29).

(. . 11.20). 
.

: , 
, 
. 
, , , 

299

. . Meta
Ball, ,
.

1. , . 11.30.

. 11.29

. 11.30

2. MetaBall, 
.
3. . 
,
.
,
. 
.
,
MetaBall. Deform
() Extensions.
MetaBall. 
(. . 1 1.32).
4.
.

300

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

11,31

Me///

. 11.32

, , , ,
.
Reshape (. . 1 1.33).
5. 
: . 
, (.
. 11.34).
6. , 
. Path
Extrude. , 
(. . 11.35).
7. , .
. 
:
. Front Claw
Complete ( ).
, Reshape (.
. 11.36).
8. ,
, (. . 11.37).

301

, 
, Lathe.
9. . 11.3811.42 .


, Bones.

, .

. 1133

. 11.34

. 11.35

. 11.36

302

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

. 11.37

. 11.39

. 11.38

. 11.40

. ,

. .
. ,
.

, 
, , .

. 11.41

303

. 11.42

1. single spike (). 


(. . 1 1.43).

. 11.43

2. , 
.
Spine (). . 11.44
, .

304

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

3. ,
 . 
MetaBall (. . 11.45).
4. 
Path Extrude Skin.
. 
, . 
Lathe, 
(. .11.46).
5. Hair (.
. 11.47).
6. ,
. , 
Density.
7. , . 
. 
. 11.48.
8. ,
. . 11.48 
.

. 11.44

. .45

. 11.46
,

305

. 11.47
Hair

. 11.48
( )

9.  .
, . 
, ,
. 
Point Cloud ( ,
) .
Command .

306

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

, ,
(. . 1 1.491 1.51). 
.

11.49
( )

. 11.50
( )

. 11.51

;, .
. ,
 . 

. , 
 .
,
. 
Photoshop. 
, .

307

,
. 11.52. , ,
.

. 11.52

, , .
Path Extrude, 
, .
UV, 
. 
. . 
. . 11.53 11.54
.
, 
. Strata Studio Pro Trans
lucence ()  Transparency,  
.

308

7 (Strata Studio Pro)

. 11.53

. 11.54

, : 
.
.

,
.
, .
 110%. , 
, , 

(. . 11.55).

. ,
, 
, ,
.  ,

309

. 11.55

( 
). ,
, .
, Photoshop .
, .

. , 
. ,
, , , .
: 
, , , 
?

63

81

296
 267
200
244
142

294
 260
199
243
 283

Bones 287

294
302
298
284
291
306
308
28

29
29

118
307
29, 46


111
73

4D Paint 78
4D Vision 78
Bones 283
Cybermesh 114
Extend Ripples 114
EyeCandy 3.0 Jiggle 159
Gradient Designer 167
Hair 283
MetaBall 294
Pro Optic Suite 89
Spatter 159
ThermoC!ay2 95
UV Unwrap (3D Studio Max) 78

 260

272
260


269
275
279
260

 287
140
Add Point 286
Airbrush 161
Align Handles 116
Attach 289
Bend 54
Bones 287
Boolean Substraction 274
Boolean Union 264
Burn 160
Burn UV 286
Create Sphere Primitive 95
Crop 60
Deform 299
Deform Object 101
Direct Selection 162
Dodge 160
Drag 206
Draw Spline 93
Eraser 252
Eye Dropper 164
Flat Plane 130
GlueasSiblina 98
Jitter 55
Knife 190
Lasso 170
Lathe 112
Magnet 32, 180
Magnifying 138
Metaform 54
Mirror 242
Morph 186
Move 115
NURBS 95
Paint Faces 280
Path Extrude 112
Pen 111, 162

311
Point 208
Pointer 115
Rectangular Marquee 158
Regular Polygon 95
Rotate 116
Rubber Stamp 166
Scale 116
Sculpt 266
Skin 112
Smooth Quad Divide 94
Snap to Grid 93
Split Polygon 186
Sponge 160
Spotlight 145
Stretch 194
Sweep 93
Taper 2 54
Tip 96
UnSkin 118
Vertex 290
View Rotate 119

144

92

106
104
99
93
102
108

232
166

109
166
234
133
156, 170
Import As 3D Mesh 114
112

312

 273
248
22

131
58
102

 276
246
22
26
48
67
26
28
49


43
121
108
60
215

173

19
19

159
73

106
135
49

114
22
29
49
22

299
 276
246
211

49
58

155
64

111
175
93
177

308

113

306
 279
146
108
216
156
153
215
254
72

113
308
258
88

19
146

206
206
220


175

3D Studio Max 173


239

73
Fractal Painter 5, 82
LightWave,
31
53
77
215
51
57
56
PaintShop Pro 222
Photoshop,
48
156
223
82
60
Strata Studio Pro 173
283
113
trueSpace 173
 260
92
UV

114
287
244
76

113
308

216


26
26

313

220
78
29
41
41
48
38

308
112
238

244
242
248
246
240
245
241
245
252
249
256
254
256
106

89
113
135
114

140
140
125
131

26
26
24
25

314

26
24
19
22
26

176

190
200
199
211
208
206
197
192
185
211
178

232

215
217

222
228
222

222
222

232
220

Fog 150
Mist 151

284
215
240

 267
211
245


114
72

88
69
73
88
UV 76
71
85

78
80
89
(Photoshop)
Clouds 165
Emboss 256
Gaussian Blur 159
Jiggle 159
Motion Blur 257
Noise 166
Offset 116
Spatter 159

X

19
215

178
222

315
60
56
72

51
66

59
54
57

 264
245

. .

editorinchief@dmk.ru

. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. ,

01903 30.05.2000
05.12.2001. 701001/16
. .
. . . 26. 1000. . 5195
, 105023, , . , . 2/8.
: www.dmkpress.ru, info@dmk.ru




!
, ,
,


,





; ,

; ,
, 
 .

.
,
Web, 
. 

.
, 

,

.
, , 

, 
.


, 
JPEG, ,
Strata Studio Pro



,

Komodo Studio  



 
. , 




Serious 3D,

, 


.


:
 ,

. 


,



. 

, ,

,


.
.