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CCNA Discovery 4.

Cisco Systems, Inc.




CCNA Discovery ,
Cisco.

CCNA Discovery

1.3.2.

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 6

CCNA Discovery

1:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . Cisco.

2 6

CCNA Discovery

2:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . Cisco.

3 6

CCNA Discovery

3:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . Cisco.

4 6

CCNA Discovery

4:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . Cisco.

5 6

CCNA Discovery

5:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . Cisco.

6 6

CCNA Discovery

1.3.3.

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1 280 x 1 024, , 1 280
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Windows XP.

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 5

CCNA Discovery

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 5

CCNA Discovery

3:
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1 280 1 024, 1 310 720.
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4:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 5

CCNA Discovery

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 5

CCNA Discovery

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 5

CCNA Discovery

1.5.3.

, Windows XP .

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(plug-and-play), ..
Windows XP .

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Windows XP. ,
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Windows XP;

1:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 12

CCNA Discovery

. ,

PnP-. .


LPT1: ( ). .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 12

CCNA Discovery

. . , Windows XP,
HP LaserJet 2200, -
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, , HP LaserJet
2200 , .
HP
. HP LaserJet 2200 Series PCL
, . .

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, , Windows
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 12

CCNA Discovery

. ,
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HP LaserJet 2200 ,
.

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 12

CCNA Discovery

2:
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. , 1.
. (HPLJ 2200 Series PCL Virtual),
.

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.


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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 12

CCNA Discovery

3:

, Windows
.
.

. ,
,
.
- Hewlett-Packard,
HP LaserJet 2200. ,
.
. - - http://www.hp.com.
. Software and Driver Downloads (
).
.
,
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 12

CCNA Discovery

. Download drivers and software (and firmware) (
( )).
for product ( )
.

. HP LaserJet 2200 Printer


, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 12

CCNA Discovery

. Microsoft Windows XP .
Download () HP LaserJet 2200 PCL6
driver.

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.
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.

. ______________________________________________________

. . .
.

.
. (.exe). ,

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.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

8 12

CCNA Discovery

. .
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c:\lj2200. .

. 2a 2b, .
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

9 12

CCNA Discovery

. ,
3: > C:\lj2200. ,
. .

. HP LaserJet 2200 Series PCL 6,


. .

.
, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

10 12

CCNA Discovery

4:
Windows ,
, - .
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().
. . ?
: _____________________________________________________________
. . HP LaserJet 2200
.

2d.
?

1
2
3
4
5
6

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

11 12

CCNA Discovery

. ,
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1
2
3

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

12 12

CCNA Discovery

2.3.3.

().

, Windows XP.

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.
, , .
Windows XP: ,

.
, .
:

Windows XP , Microsoft Word.

1: Windows XP
. > > .
. Windows.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 3

CCNA Discovery

. Windows XP ?
________________________________________________________________________________
.

() Windows XP?
________________________________________________________________________________

. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
. Windows.
Windows XP
?
________________________________________________________________________________
. . Windows.

2: Windows XP
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 3

CCNA Discovery

3:
. Windows, , Microsoft Word.
. .
. ? _______________________________________________________
.

Microsoft, .
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, , winmsd.exe.

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4:
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________________________________________________________________________________
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________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 3

CCNA Discovery

3.1.5.

,
.

ping.

/

Ethernet.
:

Windows XP Professional,
;

Ethernet.

1:
. .
, .
IP- 192.168.1.1, IP- 192.168.1.2.
.

. , , ,
,
. Ethernet- ?
______________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 7

CCNA Discovery

2:
. .
.
, .
, :.
PC1:
PC2:

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.

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____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 7

CCNA Discovery

3: Ethernet
. Ethernet, .
Ethernet PC1.
. Ethernet PC2.
, ,
.

4:
. Ethernet ,
Ethernet. ( ) ,
.
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.
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.
X
.

. , ,
, 3 4. ,
Ethernet.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 7

CCNA Discovery

5: IP
. , TCP/IP.
,
.
.
. ,
(TCP/IP). .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 7

CCNA Discovery

. IP-
:

IP-

192.168.1.1

255.255.255.0

, : (TCP/IP).
,
.

. 5a 5d , :
IP-

192.168.1.2

255.255.255.0

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 7

CCNA Discovery

6: IP-
. TCP/IP
Windows. Windows
.
. Windows XP PC1 .
.
.
. . .
. , : (.) Ethernet
(.) Ethernet.
________________________________________________________________________________
.

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. , IP-,
. ping
. ping
Windows XP:
. PC1 , .
cmd, .
Windows (. ).
. > ping 192.168.1.2 Enter.
ping IP-.
.

6a-6c . ping
192.168.1.1.

. Windows .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 7

CCNA Discovery

7:
. .

. PC1 , ,
.

. ? ________________________
. ? _______________________________________________________
.

, 2? _________________________________________________

. 7a .
. .

8: ( ,
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. Ethernet
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 7

CCNA Discovery

3.3.3. MAC-

MAC- Windows XP Ethernet ipconfig /all.

Run.

/
Ethernet MAC-,
. MAC- 6
, . (: 15-EF-A3-45-9B-57).
ipconfig /all MAC- . .
:

Windows XP, Ethernet.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 5

CCNA Discovery

1: Windows
. Windows XP ,
.

. cmd, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 5

CCNA Discovery

. Windows.

2: ipconfig /all
. ipconfig /all.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 5

CCNA Discovery

. Enter. ( ,
.)

3: MAC- ipconfig /all


. t Ethernet
MAC-.

4:
. MAC-?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. ipconfig /all
MAC-. , ,
Ethernet.
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 5

CCNA Discovery

. ipconfig /all.
? MAC- ?
MAC-?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

MAC-?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 5

CCNA Discovery

3.3.6. IP-

IP- Windows XP Ethernet ipconfig /all.

/
, , ,
IP-. IP- , ,
(, 192.168.1.4). ipconfig /all
IP- . :

IP-;

Run ().

IP- ,
.

1: IP-
. Windows XP , Run
().

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 2

CCNA Discovery

. Run () cmd, .

. ipconfig /all Enter.

ipconfig /all IP-


. . ,
, .

. IP-.
IP- _____________________________________
. , IP-? ________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 2

CCNA Discovery

3.5.2. IP-

IP-
.

/

Ethernet.
IP- .
:
. ,
3.1.5.

Windows XP Professional,
;

Ethernet ( );

()
( ).

1:
. Ethernet .
. ( .)
( ) .

.
. Ethernet PC1.
Ethernet PC2.
, , .

2:
. Ethernet ,
Ethernet. ( )
, .
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.
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 7

CCNA Discovery

. ,
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.
X :
.

. , ,
, 1 2. ,
Ethernet.

3: IP
. IP- , TCP/IP.
PC1 ,

. .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 7

CCNA Discovery

. ,
(TCP/IP). .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 7

CCNA Discovery

. IP- IP-
192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0. IP-
192.168.1.0, 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.0:

IP-

192.168.1.1

255.255.255.0

, : (TCP/IP).
,
.

. 3a 3d PC2, IP- 192.168.1.2


255.255.255.0. 192.168.1.0, 192.168.1.2
192.168.1.0.
IP-

192.168.1.2

255.255.255.0

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 7

CCNA Discovery

4: IP-
. TCP/IP
Windows. Windows
.
. Windows XP .
.
.
. . .
. , : (.) Ethernet
(.) Ethernet. ___________________________________________
.

, ( ),
. .
, .
4a 4d .

. , IP-,
. ping
. ping
Windows XP:
. PC1 , .
cmd, .
Windows (. ).
. > ping 192.168.1.2 .
ping IP-.
.

PC2, ping 192.168.1.1.

. Windows .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 7

CCNA Discovery

5: IP- PC2
. PC2 ,

. .
. ,
(TCP/IP). .
. IP- PC2 192.168.1.2 192.168.2.2
255.255.255.0. PC2?
______________________________________________
.

, : (TCP/IP).
,
.

. 3c. PC1?
_______________________________________________
. Ethernet.
? _________________________

6:
. PC1 , .
cmd, .
Windows.
. > ping 192.168.2.2 .
? ___________ . _____________________________________
. ?
______________________________________________________________________________

7: IP- PC1
. , IP- PC1
192.168.1.1 192.168.2.99 255.255.255.0.
PC1?
_____________________________________________________________________________
. , : (TCP/IP).
,
.
. Ethernet.
? _________________________________________________

8:
. PC2 , .
cmd, .
Windows.
. > ping 192.168.2.99 .
? _______________ .
______________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 7

CCNA Discovery

9: ( ,
)
. 4 Windows , ,
, .
. Ethernet
. . .
. ( ),
(), .
, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 7

CCNA Discovery

3.6.4.

IP-.

NetBIOS- .

Windows XP .

/
.
:

Linksys Model WRT300N SOHO;

Ethernet Windows XP Professional;

1: Ethernet
. Linksys Ethernet. Ethernet
. ,
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 10

CCNA Discovery

. Ethernet.
. RJ-45. Ethernet
.

2:
. Ethernet Ethernet .
. Ethernet .
. .

3: IP-
. IP- Windows XP,
.
. : .
, .
,
. ,
. ,
.
. .
.

,
, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 10

CCNA Discovery

. (TCP/IP).
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 10

CCNA Discovery

. , : (TCP/IP).
IP-,
IP-, .
IP- 192.168.10.2. 255.255.255.0.
192.168.10.1. . (
DNS- ,
DNS- .) .

. : (TCP/IP) ,
. .
.
.

, IP- ,
. ,
IP-, :
IP-: 192.168.10.3
: 255.255.255.0
: 192.168.10.1

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 10

CCNA Discovery

. , IP- , ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

4: IP-
. Windows XP .
. .
. : cmd Enter.
. .

ipconfig /all. , IP-


, . , 3 4.

. IP-, ? ______________
. .
, 3 4.
. IP-, ? ______________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 10

CCNA Discovery

5:
. TCP/IP
Windows. Windows
.
. Windows XP .
.
.
. .
.
. , : (.) Ethernet
(.) Ethernet.
_______________________________________________________________________________
.

, ( ),
. .
, .

. ping 192.168.10.3,
.
. ping ,
.
, IP-,
.

. ping 192.168.10.2,
.
ping .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 10

CCNA Discovery

6: NetBIOS-
. .
. ? ________________________________
. ? __________________________________________________
.

Windows XP
. .
. , ,
.

. . :

. . . _______________________
. PC1. ,
,
Workgroup.
.

. _____________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 10

CCNA Discovery

. .
.
.

, PC2.
, , PC1.

7:
. , .
. 4a, , .

. nbtstat,
. nbtstat Enter.
.
, ,
nbtstat.
. PC1 nbtstat n Enter,
NetBIOS- PC1.
. PC2 , NetBIOS-,
PC2.
. nbtstat a .
nbtstat .
, a ,
(RemoteName).
PC1 nbtstat a PC2 Enter.
nbtstat PC1 PC2.
PC2,
PC1?
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

8 10

CCNA Discovery

.

PC2 , nbtstat
PC1.

. nbtstat A ( ,
A) IP-,
. nbtstat, ,
A IP-. IP- .
PC1 nbtstat A 192.168.10.3, ,
nbtstat a PC2.
. , PC2,
PC1, IP- NetBIOS-.
_____________________________________________
. PC1 ping, .
IP- NetBIOS-. PC1
ping PC2 ( ). .
.

PC1 ping pc2 ( ).

. ping ? __________
.

nbtstat r NetBIOS- (
). PC1 PC2 nbtstat r, ,
NetBIOS.

. .

8: ( ,
)
. 5c . PC1, ,
, .
. Ethernet
. . .
. ( ),
(), .
, .

9: IP- NetBIOS-
. 3, IP-.
. 6, NetBIOS-.

10:
. .
.

IP-

1
2
3

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

9 10

CCNA Discovery

. ,
.
, ? ___________________________
. ?
?
________________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

10 10

CCNA Discovery

3.6.5.

Windows XP :

/

.
, ,
, .
,
.

/ . ( )
( ).
:

Windows XP Professional, .
. , 3.6.5.

1:
. , ,
.
. (+) .
C:. .
Share .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 6

CCNA Discovery

. Share .
.
Documents and Settings, Program Files Windows.
.

. : Share
,
.
, .
. ,
. .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 6

CCNA Discovery

. , .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 6

CCNA Discovery

. Share.
Windows XP ,
, .
, !.
.
. , .

. , C:.
Share, .
.

. 1 5 Windows XP Professional
.
: Share2
: , !
: 2

2:

. Windows XP ,
, .
. .
.
. .
.

: ? ________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 6

CCNA Discovery

. IP-
: \\ip-\__

. .
: \\192.168.10.3\share2.
Share2, .
. IP- .
. 2.
. .
: ? , ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

Windows XP Professional .
. ,
2.

. , .
.

a-e 2,
Windows XP. , 1.

3:
. Windows XP ,
,
. , (+) .
. ,
.
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 6

CCNA Discovery

a-c Windows XP Professional.


,
Windows XP.
.
.

4:
.
.
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. ? ,
.
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. ,
. , ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 6

CCNA Discovery

4.2.3.

, ,
.

ping .

/
.
, -,
.

, .
, . ,
.
.
:

Windows ;

();

Run.

1: ()
. - , , Google (www.google.com), Yahoo
(www.yahoo.com) Search (http://search.com).
. , ,
() ?
.
____________________________________________________________________________
. . ,
.
, Download Download Now.
,
- , .
, .
____________________________________________________________________________
.

? _______________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 4

CCNA Discovery

2: -
. , -,
, .
. - .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. ,
-.
.

URL- -. URL-: www.cisco.ru.


____________________________________________________________________________

3:
()
. ,
- .
URL-.
, .
. ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
. , ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
.

. ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
. -
.
. - ? _____________
.

, -
, - ? _________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

4: tracert
. , , cmd
. : >
> > .
. tracert . ,
tracert. , [ ],
. , ,
tracert, d. tracert d www.cisco.com,
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 4

CCNA Discovery

www.cisco.com, IP- .
( ),
. tracert d www.cisco.com, www.cisco.com .
. tracert ,
5 ? ______________________________________________
.

, ,
www.cisco.com , .
____________________________________________________________________________

. tracert - (
, , ),
, -.
.
____________________________________________________________________________
. tracert ICMP- -,
. IP-
, , . ICMP-
, (TTL).
Microsoft TTL 30, ,
, 1
. TTL 0, ,
TTL, ICMP- .
tracert :
ICMP- - TTL 1;
TTL 1; ,
.
ICMP- ,
, ICMP- -,
. , ICMP , (*).
tracert ?
________________________________

5: pathping
. , Windows XP, pathping.
tracert ping.
pathping, IP-
. pathping
Cisco: pathping www.cisco.com.
. pathping
?
____________________________________________________________________________
. , , pathping tracert?
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 4

CCNA Discovery

6: whois ()
.
whois. Whois , ,
tracert pathping. ( ),
- URL- (, cisco.com)
. ,
whois. ,
,
.
. whois?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

7:
, .
. ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 4

CCNA Discovery

4.5.3.


Ethernet.

/

Ethernet. 1
1 . .
TIA/EIA T568A T568B Ethernet,
.
.
RJ-45
. T568A
T568B .
.
. ,
.
:

0,6 0,9 (2 3 ) 5 5e;

RJ-45 (
);

RJ-45;

Ethernet;


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8


2
2
3
1
1
3
4
4

T568A

/

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 5

CCNA Discovery


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

T568B


2
/
2

3
/
1

1
/
3

4
/
4

. Ethernet
1:
. . ,
, , (,
), RJ-45.
30,48 (12"). TIA/EIA
5 (16,4 ). Ethernet: 6 (2 ), 1,83 (6 )
3,05 (10 ).
. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. . (
, , RJ-45)
,
. ,
, .
RJ-45 .
.


5,08 (2").

2:
. Determine which wiring standard will be used., .
Circle the standard. .
[T568A | T568B]
. .
.
.
.

,
. .
, .

. .
. , .
. 1,25 1,9 (1/2 3/4")
. ,
(, ).

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 5

CCNA Discovery

.

(, RJ-45)
. RJ-45 ,
.

3: ,
.
.
. .
RJ-45. .
. ,
.
. , RJ-45
. RJ-45 .

.
.

4:
. Use the previously described steps to attach an RJ-45 connector to the other end of the cable.
, RJ-45
.
. .
.
. [T568A | T568B] ?
________________________________________________________________________________

5:
. .
, .
. ().
. ().
.

cmd ().

. ipconfig ().
. IP- (). _________________________________
. ping IP- ().
, (,
, ).

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 5

CCNA Discovery

. Ethernet
1:
. . ,
, ,
. 30,48 (12").
?
____________________________________________________________________________
.
5,08 (2").

2: T568A
. T568A .
.
T568A.
.

, .
. ,
.

. , .
. 1,25 1,9 (1/2 3/4")
. ,
(, ).
. (, RJ-45)
. RJ-45 ,
.

3: ,
.
.
. .
RJ-45. .
, .
. , RJ-45
. RJ-45 .

.
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 5

CCNA Discovery

4: T568B
. ( T568B),
RJ-45 .
. .
.
. [T568A | T568B] ,
?

5:
. .
, .
. .
. .
. ,
.
, (
).
.

cmd .

. ipconfig.
. IP- .
1: _________________________
2: _________________________
. ping IP-
. , .
.
.
Windows.
, . 3.1.5.
.

6:
. ?
.
. ? .
. - http://www.workopolis.com/,
,
. .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

.
,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 5

CCNA Discovery

4.5.4.

RJ-45.

RJ-45 .

/
RJ-45
.
.
.
,
.
. .
5/5e RJ-45
.
5 5e 5 5e,
Fast Ethernet (100 /) Gigabit Ethernet (1 000 /).

.
, .
:

60 90 (2 3 ) 5 5e;

RJ-45 RJ-45
, , ,
RJ-45 ;
, ;

5/5e;

, 110;

().

1:
. 2,54 (1") .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 5

CCNA Discovery

2:
. RJ-45,
. .

. ,
. .
, T568A T568B.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 5

CCNA Discovery

3:
. .
, .
, .
, .

. ,
, .
. ,
1,27 ( ) .

4:
. , . ,
,
.
. .
,
30 60 (1 2 ) . ,
, .
, , , ,
.

5:
. 2,54 (1") .
. ,
, .
.
. 0,64 ( )
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 5

CCNA Discovery

.

, .
, ,
,
.

.
.

6:
()
. Ethernet
.
. Ethernet
,
.
.
,
.
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 5

CCNA Discovery

7: ()
. ,
. ,
? , ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 5

CCNA Discovery

4.5.5.

/.


5/5e TIA/EIA-568
Ethernet.

/

.
.

.
. , ,
.
, ,

.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 4

CCNA Discovery


5 .
, .
5 , .
.
, , , ,
. ,
.
:

5;

5 ( T568A
T568B );

5
;

5 ;

1:
. WIRE MAP ( ).
. :


(UTP)

CABLE:

WIRING:

10BASE-T OR EIA/TIA 4PR

CATEGORY:

CATEGORY 5

WIRE SIZE:

AWG 24

CAL TO CABLE?

NO

BEEPING:

ON OFF

LCD CONTRAST:

1 10 ()

. , .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 4

CCNA Discovery

2:
. .
RJ-45 UTP/FTP.
RJ-45, .
.

3:

.
. ,
-, , .
.
5.
. (
), .


(:



. .)

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 4

CCNA Discovery

4:
. LENGTH
. .

(/)

5:
, ()
.
, Ethernet
,
.
. ,
. ,
,
. ?
?
: _________________________
: ______________________
? _______________________
____________________________________________________________________________

6:
. ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 4

CCNA Discovery

5.1.4. Windows

Windows.

Windows ,
.

Windows ,
.

/
,
.
Windows ,
. ,
, .
:

Windows XP .

1: Windows
. > , .
,
, calc Enter. .
. .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 6

CCNA Discovery

. [ | ] ?
________________________________________
.

. .
? __________________________________

. .
. ? ___________________________

2:
. .
Hex (), Dec (), Oct () Bin ().
. ? ____________________________
. ? __________________
.

Bin ().
? ______________________________________________________________

. ? _______________________________________________
. Hex ().
. ?
______________________________________________________________________________
.

Dec. 1, 5
. 15. Bin.

. 15 ? _______________________________
.

, .
Dec. . Hex.

. (0 9 A F) 15?
_________
. 15. Dec.
,
. ,
Enter, 22. ,
Num Lock, .
22
0 22 ( 220).
Bin.
. 220? __________________________
. 220.
: 11001100. Dec.
. 11011100? _____________________
. .

86
175
204
19

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 6

CCNA Discovery

.

11000011
101010
111000
10010011

3: IP-
. : IP- MAC- Ethernet.
IP- ,
, , 135.15.227.68.
8 . ,
. 4 ,
? ___________________________________
. IP- ,
0 255 . 4 IP-
192.168.10.2 .

192
168
10
2

. , 10
, 2 . IP-
0 255,
. 192 168
, 10 2 .
IP-
(0), . 10
00001010. .
.

00001010
Dec.

. 00001010? ___________
. ? ____________________
. 2 ( ) ? ________

4: IP-
. , 255.255.255.0,
. 8- ,
. 0
( 8 ) 255 ( 8
),
. 8
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 6

CCNA Discovery


0
128
192
224
240
248
252
254
255

. 255.255.255.0 .

255
255
255
0

5:
.
. .

IP- 255.255.255.255

MAC-
FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF

6: IP- MAC-
. , , cmd
Enter. ipconfig /all.
. IP- ( MAC-).
IP-: ____________________________________________________________________
MAC-: __________________________________________________________________
. IP .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 6

CCNA Discovery

.

MAC-, , 12 ,
(-).
Windows xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx, x 0 9
A F.
4- , . 12
, ?
______________________________________________________________________________

. . ,
CC-12-DE-4A-BD-88-34 ,
CC (11001100).
12 (00010010) . ,
, 8 .

7: 2
. , 0 1.
2 -
. ,
IP-, . 2
6- 2 ( ,
, .. ).
2, . 6
, .
. Dec 2. x^y,
. 6. =,
Enter =
. 64. ,
(-), 2, =. 62.
, 62 .
. ,
.

5
14
24
10
.

, 10 4- .
______________________________________________________________________________

. Windows.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 6

CCNA Discovery

8: ()
. IP- 172.16.203.56 255.255.248.0.
, , ,
.
. 4 IP- ,
.
, 8 .
IP-

172.16.203.56
255.255.248.0

IP-

. 32 32 IP- .
IP-, ,
. IP-?
( 32 ), .
: ________________________________________________
: ______________________________________________
.

? _____________________________

. ? ____________________________________
. ? ________________________

9:
. Windows.
.
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 6

CCNA Discovery

6.2.1. DNS-

URL- IP-.

DNS nslookup.

/
(Domain Name System - DNS)
(URL-), , http://www.cisco.com, -.
URL- .
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer) FTP
(File Transfer Protocol).
DNS URL-, www.cisco.com.
DNS ( www.cisco.com) IP-,
. .
:

Windows ;

Run.

1: DNS
. , , cmd,
. .
. ping www.cisco.com.
www.cisco.com IP-, , ICMP-. ping
.
. www.cisco.com, IP-
DNS. DNS ,
, ping, Cisco
ping -.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 3

CCNA Discovery

.

IP- ? ________________________________________________

. , ? _____________
, ?
______________________________________________________________________________
. ( ping)
DNS.
_______________________________________________________________________________

2: DNS nslookup
. nslookup.
. DNS- ? _______________________________________
. .
NSLOOKUP. ,
DNS.
.

?, ,
NSLOOKUP.

. , NSLOOKUP. _____________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
. NSLOOKUP www.cisco.com.
. IP-? _________________________________________________
.

ping? ________________________

. IP- - Cisco.
NSLOOKUP IP-, URL-
.
, IP-,
www.google.com.
_______________________________________________________________________________

3: nslookup
. set type=mx, NSLOOKUP
.
. www.cisco.com.
. , (TTL)
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

exit, .

. ipconfig /all.
. IP- DNS-.
____________________________________________________________________________
. exit, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 3

CCNA Discovery

4:
. DNS-,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. DNS.
DNS- . ,
DNS-? ipconfig /all.
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 3

CCNA Discovery

6.2.3. FTP

FTP
.

/
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) TCP/IP. FTP
. Windows
FTP-, .
FTP- .
, .
FTP , .
.
FTP- anonymous.
anonymous .
, anonymous
, .
FTP-,
, , Home FTP Server Cerberus FTP Server.
FTP-, - CCNA Discovery
Live. FTP-, FTP
, - FTP-, ,
SmartFTP Client Core FTP LE Client.
.
:

Windows FTP-;

FTP- ( FTP-,
- Live).

1: FTP
. , , cmd,
.
. ftp, FTP-.
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 3

CCNA Discovery

. ftp ?, ,
.
.

FTP-. _______________________________________________________

. help put, put.


. put? ________________________________________________
. help, get, send recv.
get __________________________________________________________________________
send _________________________________________________________________________
recv _________________________________________________________________________
. FTP PUT ( FTP-)
GET ( FTP-).
: ASCII binary ().
ASCII .

.
.

. ,
, IP- .
. FTP-
IP-, .
1: __________________________________________________________________
2: __________________________________________________________________

2: FTP-
-
. - FTP- -
ftp://ip__FTP-. FTP-
anonymous, FTP-.
FTP- .
. FTP-
. FTP- ,
, IP- FTP-, .
anonymous, FTP- .
.
FTP- .
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 3

CCNA Discovery

. , FTP-? _______________________
.

, FTP .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

3: FTP- FTP- ()
. FTP- FTP-,
.
. .
. FTP- .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 3

CCNA Discovery

6.2.4.

.
.
.

/

, .
. ,
, ,
.
:

Windows, ;

Microsoft Outlook .

1: Microsoft Outlook
. . Microsoft Office.
. Microsoft Office Outlook.
Microsoft Office, .
.

.

2:
. Microsoft Outlook
.
. ,
.
. ,
. .
. Outlook , Outlook
, ,
, ,
.

3: POP3
.
. .
.
.
. ,
.
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 3

CCNA Discovery

. . ,
.
-
.
. (POP3)? __________________________________
.

(SMTP)? _________________________________

. . .
, .
, - ,
.

. . ,
, .
.
. , , 4 5.
. , .

4: ()
. Microsoft Outlook. .
.
.
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 3

CCNA Discovery

5:
.
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. (5)
,
.
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 3

CCNA Discovery

7.2.5.

,
, .

/
Linksys WRT300N 4 ,
.
, ,
.
, .
.
:

Windows XP, ;

Linksys WRT300N.

1:
. , ,
.
. . cmd
OK Enter.
. , - ,
IP- (192.168.1.1) IP-, . , - .
.

, -
.
____________________________________________________________________________
. - ,
.

, IP- 192.168.1.0.
- ,
. DHCP .
DHCP, IP- .
IP-, 192.168.1.0,
255.255.255.0.

, .
, .

, , , .

, .

, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 3

CCNA Discovery

2:

. -. http://ip_address, ip_address
IP- ( 192.168.1.1).
, , .
: admin. OK.
. Wireless ().

. Basic Wireless Settings ( )


Network Mode ( ) mixed (),
802.11b, g, n.
.
,
Disabled (). Mixed
().
.

SSID (linksys) Network Name (SSID) (


(SSID)). SSID, , , .
SSID .

. SSID, . ___________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
. Radio Band ()
.
______________________________________________________________________________
. , 802.11b, g
n, Auto (). Auto ()
Wide Channel ( ) .
Standard Channel ( ) ,
802.11b / g. Wide Channel (
) , 802.11n.
Auto ().
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 3

CCNA Discovery

.

SSID Broadcast ( SSID)


enabled (), SSID,
.
. .

. Save Settings ( ).
Continue ().
.

(SSID).

.

3:
. ?
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. SSID
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 3

CCNA Discovery

7.2.6.


, USB.

/

, USB. ,
. CD-,
, .
. ,
, Linksys
USB 802.11g, . ,
.
:

Windows XP USB ;

Linksys WRT300N ,
.

1:
. -,
, CD/DVD
. USB-
. ,
,
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 5

CCNA Discovery

. ? ____________________
. .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

2:
. USB-
USB-. Next ().

3:
.
.
. SSID
, .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 5

CCNA Discovery

. SSID ? ________________________________________________
. ,
.
.

? __________________

. ?
_______ ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. .
. - ? ______________________________________
.

:

Windows XP? _____________________________________________________________

4:
. . ,
,
.
. ,
, .
.
, .
?
_____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 5

CCNA Discovery

5: ,
. ,
, - .
? _____________________________________________________________________
. ? _______________________________________
. , ? __________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________

6: .
.
Linksys WRT300N.
. - (, Windows Internet Explorer Mozilla Firefox).
. http://192.168.1.1. .
.

192.168.1.1
, admin.
. .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 5

CCNA Discovery

. Linksys, .
, ,
IP- . IP-
?
____________________________________________________________________________

7:
. , ,
? ________________________ ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. , ,
? .
__________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 5

CCNA Discovery

7.3.5.

,
, .

/

. ,
, , .
Linksys WRT300N
. ,
IEEE 802.11n 12 802.11g 4 .
802.11n 2,4 , 802.11b, 802.11g
MIMO ( , ).

. ,
.
:

Windows;

Linksys WRT300N;

Ethernet.

1:
. , ,
.
1) __________________________________________________________________________
2) __________________________________________________________________________
3) __________________________________________________________________________
4) __________________________________________________________________________
5) __________________________________________________________________________
6) __________________________________________________________________________
. , .
1) __________________________________________________________________________
2) __________________________________________________________________________
3) __________________________________________________________________________
4) __________________________________________________________________________
5) __________________________________________________________________________
6) __________________________________________________________________________
Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 9

CCNA Discovery

2:
-
. ( Ethernet)
( 1 Linksys WRT300N), .
. IP- Linksys WRT300N : 192.168.1.1, :
255.255.255.0. Linksys
. IP- 192.168.1.2 ,
255.255.255.0.
Linksys (192.168.1.1). >
> .
. (TCP/IP)
, .

. - (, Internet Explorer, Netscape Firefox),


IP- Linksys (192.168.1.1) Enter.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 9

CCNA Discovery

.

. , admin.
Linksys. OK. .
. Linksys Save Settings
( ) , , Cancel Changes
( ) .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 9

CCNA Discovery

3: Linksys
. Setup () > Basic Setup
( ).

. Administration (). Management


() .
. Linksys, .
32 .
- Linksys .
.

- .
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 9

CCNA Discovery

. Save Settings ( ), .
. ,
Linksys , RESET
5 . : admin.

4:
. Wireless (). Basic Wireless Settings (
) . Network Name ( )
SSID, .
. ,
32 .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 9

CCNA Discovery

. SSID linksys . .
_____________________________________________________________________________
. Radio Band () (Auto).
: 802.11n, g b.
.

SSID Broadcast ( SSID) Disabled


(), SSID.
SSID Linksys.
SSID.

. .

5:
. Wireless Security ( )
Wireless ().
. :

WEP ( );

WPA ( ), (PSK);

WPA Enterprise,
(RADIUS);

RADIUS.

. WPA Personal.

.
,
.
(WEP) (WPA2 AES)

WEP;
WPA
o TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol);
o AES (Advanced Encryption System);
WPA2
o TKIP;
o AES.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 9

CCNA Discovery

AES , .
, TKIP.

. 8 63 .
Linksys .
. 600 7 200 . ,
Linksys .
. .

6: MAC-
. Wireless MAC Filter ( MAC-)
Wireless ().
. MAC- MAC-
. Permit PCs listed below to access the wireless
network ( ).
Wireless Client List ( ),
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 9

CCNA Discovery

. , MAC-
. Save to MAC Address Filter List (
MAC-) , ,
Add (). , ,
. .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

8 9

CCNA Discovery

7:
. , Linksys WRT300N, ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. , , .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

9 9

CCNA Discovery

8.4.2.
DMZ

.
IP- .
DMZ IP-.
, HTTP.
Linksys WRT300N.

/
Linksys WRT300N.
Linksys (
) .
IP-, - . Linksys
(DMZ)
. ,
DMZ.
2 :
1 .
2 DMZ.
:

Linksys WRT300N ;

Linksys,
;

Windows XP Professional Linksys;

DMZ HTTP Telnet (


Discovery Live CD);

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 9

CCNA Discovery

, ,
DHCP, HTTP Telnet (
Discovery Live CD);

, Linksys WRT300N
.

1.
1:
. ,
. - ,
Linksys. - ,
DMZ.
. IP- , Windows XP
TCP/IP. , - DHCP. -
IP- 192.168.1.x 255.255.255.0.
Linksys.
. - DHCP,
, DHCP
Linksys.
.

ipconfig IP-,
- - . IP-
.

IP-

-
-/
DMZ

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 9

CCNA Discovery

2:
. - Linksys
, IP-
, 192.168.1.1.
. , (
, ).

IP-
DHCP. :
Setup () > Basic Setup ( ).
?
____________________________________________________________________________

IP- ()
?
____________________________________________________________________________

. , IP- DHCP.
Status () > Router ().
. IP- ?
___________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 9

CCNA Discovery

3:
. Linksys WRT300N ,
(NAT). ,
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
.
. Security ()
Firewall ( ) Internet Filter (-).
SPI? ______________________________________________
. Internet Filter (-)?
________________________________________________________________________________
.

Help (), .
IDENT?
________________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 9

CCNA Discovery

4: IP-
7.3.5 , ,

MAC-, .

.
,
. ,

IP-, MAC- .
. Access Restrictions
( ) Access Policy 1 ( 1).
. Block-IP (-IP). Enabled
(), , Deny (),
IP-.

. Edit List ( ) IP- -.


Save Settings ( ), Close (). Save
Settings ( ) 1
IP.
.

, - -.
IP- .
? ________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 9

CCNA Discovery

. Block-IP ( IP) Disabled ()
Save Settings ( ). ?
______________________________________________________________________________
. ?
______________________________________________________________________________

5:
,
.
. Linksys
Access Restrictions ( ) .
. Block-Telnet (-Telnet). Enabled
() , Allow to permit Internet access from
a specified IP address as long as it is not one of the applications that is blocked (
IP-, ).
. Edit List ( ) IP- -.
Save Settings ( ), Close ().
- ?
____________________________________________________________________________
.

Telnet , ,
, Blocked List (
). Save Settings ( ).

. : , > >
> .
. - IP- -, ping.
- ? _______________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 9

CCNA Discovery

. Telnet IP- -,
telnet A.B.C.D ( A.B.C.D IP- ).
? __________________________________________
. ,
, 3 2
.

2. DMZ
1: DMZ
,
. (DMZ),
.

.
. - DMZ,
HTTP Telnet. , - IP-, , -
DHCP, ,
DHCP Reservation ( DHCP) Linksys
Basic Setup ( ).
. Linksys
Applications & Gaming ( ), DMZ.
. Help () DMZ.
DMZ?
____________________________________________________________________________

DMZ . Enabled (),


DMZ. Any IP Address ( IP-) Source IP Address
( IP-) , Destination IP address
(IP- ) IP- -. Save Settings (
) Continue () .

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 9

CCNA Discovery

. DMZ, -
. ping a, ,
DMZ, .
- DMZ-?
______________________________________________________________________________
. HTTP- DMZ:
IP- .
-, .
-? _________________________________________
. Telnet: (. 5).
Telnet IP- ,
telnet A.B.C.D ( A.B.C.D IP-
).
? __________________________________________

2:
DMZ, 6,
, , HTTP, FTP Telnet.
(, FTP ), .
. ,
DMZ, .
DMZ 1.
- , , - (HTTP).
. Applications & Gaming ( ),
Single Port Forwarding ( ),
.
. Application Name (
) HTTP. 80 -.
. To IP Address ( IP-) IP- -
Enabled (). Save Settings ( ).

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

8 9

CCNA Discovery

.

HTTP- DMZ:
IP- .
- -.
-? __________________________________________

. Telnet: (. 5).
telnet IP- ,
A.B.C.D ( A.B.C.D IP- ).
? ___________________________________________

3:
. Linksys, Administration
() > Factory Defaults ( ).
. Restore Factory Defaults ( ).
.
. ,
Administration () > Management ()
Backup Configuration ( ) Restore
Configuration ( ).

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

9 9

CCNA Discovery

8.4.3.

!
. ,
,
.


.

.
, .

/
,
.
,
.
Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA). MBSA
,
, Microsoft.
, , , , .
MBSA Windows Server Windows XP

, Internet Information Server
(IIS), SQL Server, Internet Explorer (IE) Office. MBSA
.
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 8

CCNA Discovery

:

, Windows XP Professional,
;

MBSA (
);

-
;

, DHCP,
HTTP, FTP Telnet ( ).

1: MBSA
. - MBSA :
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/tools/mbsa2/default.mspx.
. MBSA ? _______________________________________
. , MBSA. __________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

, .

. Continue ()
Microsoft Windows.
. Download Files below ( )
. ( : MBSASetup-EN.msi).
Download () .
? ______________________________________________________________
.

. - .
.

, .
. ,
.
MBSA Next ().

.
Next ().
, Finish ().
MBSA OK ,
Windows.

2:
. () ,
, . - ,
MBSA. .
. IP- (), Windows XP
TCP/IP. ,
DHCP-. 1d.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 8

CCNA Discovery

. , DHCP- ,
, IP-.
IP- - ()?
____________________________________________________________________________

3: MBSA
. MBSA >
.
? ________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 8

CCNA Discovery

4:
. Pick a computer to scan (
). ,
MBSA.
. ? __________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
.

. Check for IIS


administrative vulnerabilities ( IIS) Check for SQL administrative vulnerabilities
( SQL), ,
. Start Scan ( ).

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 8

CCNA Discovery

5:
. .
? _______________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. X How to correct this (
). ?
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 8

CCNA Discovery

6: Windows
. ,
Windows (Windows Scan Results). -
?
____________________________________________________________________________

. Additional System Information ( )


(. ) Issue () Services () What was
scanned ( ) Result details ( ) Result
(), . ?
.
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 8

CCNA Discovery

7:

. ,
(Desktop Applications Scan Results).
- ?
____________________________________________________________________________

. Microsoft Office? __________________________


. - (. Macro Security
[ ])?
____________________________________________________________________________

8: ,
. , MBSA
Pick a computer to scan ( )
IP- , Start Scan ( ).
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. ? ,
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

9: MBSA

. , ,
.
. MBSA , > >
. MBSA .
Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer 2.0.1. ,
MBSA.
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 8

CCNA Discovery

10:
. MBSA ,
Windows. . .
____________________________________________________________________________
. ,
, Windows?
.
____________________________________________________________________________
.
?
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

8 8

CCNA Discovery

9.2.7.

-, FTP, Telnet
DNS.

, .

/

, ipconfig, ping, tracert, netstat nslookup
.
, .
Windows XP.
,
, ,
.
.
. ,
, .
:

, Windows XP Professional -,
FTP Telnet (
);

, DNS, HTTP, FTP Telnet (


). .
, , ,
- Discovery Live;

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 6

CCNA Discovery

, DHCP- (
);

Ethernet, DHCP-
( );

Ethernet 5- ( )
.

1:
. , ,
,
-, , .
. -, ,
.
. . ,
> > > .
.

2: IP-

. , .
. -: IP- -,
DNS-, . ?
__________________
IP-: ___________________________________
: ______________________________
IP- : _____________________
IP- DNS-: ________________________
IP- DHCP-: _______________________
- IP-? _____________________
. : -
, 192.168.1.1
URL. ,
( ).
IP- .
IP-: _________________________
: ______________________________
DHCP-? ____________________
IP- (): _________________
: ______________________________
IP- : __________________
IP- DNS-: _______________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 6

CCNA Discovery

. : IP-
.
IP-: __________________________________
: _____________________________
IP- : _________________________
- 1: ________________________
- 2: ________________________
FTP- 1: ________________________
FTP- 2: ________________________

3: 1 -
. ,
.
. - 1, 2. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
.

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________

. - ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. , .
.

4: 2 -
. ,
.
. - 2, 2. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. ? _______________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 6

CCNA Discovery

. - ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
. , .
.

5: 3 FTP-
. ,
.
. FTP- (
) FTP- 1, 2. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. ? _____________?_
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

. - ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. , .
.

6: 4 FTP-
. ,
.
. FTP- (
) FTP- 2, 2. ?
___________________________________________________________________________
. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 6

CCNA Discovery

. - ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. , .
.

7: 5 Telnet
. ,
.
. Telnet- (
) 1,
2. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

. - ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. , .
.

8: 6 TCP- -
. , ,
, . ,
- - FTP Telnet.
. TCP- -
. ? __________________
. ? ______________________________________
.

TCP- -
IP- . ?
_________________

. IP- ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 6

CCNA Discovery

. TCP- -
, . ?
__________________
. ( .exe)
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

9:
.
( ,
).
____________________________________________________________________________
.
?
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 6

CCNA Discovery

9.3.3.


Ethernet.

Ethernet .

/
.
.
,
, , .
,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
, .
: ,
.
,
.
:

, Windows XP Professional ( );

( );

, DHCP- (
);

Ethernet, DHCP-
( );

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 5

CCNA Discovery

Ethernet 5- ( )
, , ;

Ethernet 5- (RJ-45
);

(), , Fluke 620


( ).

1:
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,
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,
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.
.
( ) (
).
,
.
. 2 3 ,
.

2: ,
. . , (
) .
.
. - ?
______________________________
. (
) /?
______________________________________________________________________________
.

/
? ________________________

. ?
____________________________

3: IP-
. ipconfig IP- - . .
IP- -: ________________________________________________________________
. IP- .
IP- : _______________________________________________________________
. ,
- - .
. ,
.

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 5

CCNA Discovery

4: 1
. ,
.
. - - . ?
____________________________________________________________________________
- ().
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.
____________________________________________________________________________
.

, ,
. .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

. ?
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. ,
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5: 2
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.
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____________________________________________________________________________
. . ,
.
____________________________________________________________________________
.

, ,
. .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. ,
- - . - ? ________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 5

CCNA Discovery

6: 3
. ,
.
. - - . ?
____________________________________________________________________________
- ().
. . ,
.
____________________________________________________________________________
.

, ,
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____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________
. ,
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7: 4
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____________________________________________________________________________
. . ,
.
____________________________________________________________________________
.

, ,
. .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
. ,
- - . - ? ________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 5

CCNA Discovery

8:
. , Ethernet- (
)
.
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
.
?
____________________________________________________________________________

Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 5

CCNA Discovery
:

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

1 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

2 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

3 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

4 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

5 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

6 11

CCNA Discovery
:
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

7 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

8 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

9 11

CCNA Discovery
:

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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

10 11

CCNA Discovery
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Cisco Systems, Inc., 1992 2007 . . Cisco.

11 11