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PHYSICAL SCIENCE

FINAL EXAM REVIEW


FIRST NINE WEEKS
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WHAT ARE THE 4 PHASES OF MATTER? EXPLAIN HOW THE PARTICLES (ATOMS) ARE
ARRANGED IN EACH PHASE.
Solid particles in repeating matter, liquid the particles are free to move, gas particles can
spread out, plasma particles are free to move more then a gas
WHAT DOES HEAT ENREGY DO TO THE PARTICLES (ATOMS) OF A PHASE?
They expand
WHAT ARE THE 5 PHASE CHANGES OF MATTER? DESCRIBE WHAT THE PARTICLES (ATOMS)
ARE DOING IN EACH PHASE (EX: MELTING SUBSTANCE IS ABSORBING ENERGY SO THE
PARTICLES (ATOMS) ARE SPREADING OUT OR EXPANDING).
Melting: particles expand, Freezing: Particles move together, evaporation: particles expand,
condensation: particles come together, sublimation: particles expand so much they skip the
liquid from solid and go strait to gas
WHAT ARE THE 2 GAS LAWS THAT WE DISCUSSED IN CLASS? EXPLAIN HOW VOLUME,
PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE ARE INVOLVED. GIVE A REAL-WORLD EXAMPLE OF EACH.
Boyles Law: the volume of a fixed amount of gas varies inversely with the pressure of the gas.
HOW ARE A SUBSTANCES FREEZING POINT AND MELTING POINT RELATED?
Because they use the same to phases
WHAT ARE THE 3 SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF AN ATOM?
Electrons, neutrons, protons
WHICH SUBATOMIC PARTICLE HAS A NEGATIVE CHARGE? NEUTRAL? POSITIVE?
Electrons: negative, Neutrons: neutral, Protons: positive
WHERE ARE THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES LOCATED WITHIN THE ATOM?
Protons and neutrons are in the nucleus of an atom electrons are on the energy levels
WHAT IS THE MASS NUMBER OF AN ATOM? (DEFINITION!)
The sum of protons and neutrons in an atoms nucleus
WHAT IS THE ATOMIC NUMBER OF AN ATOM? (DEFINITION!)
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom (never changes)
HOW MANY NEUTRONS DOES Argon (Ar) HAVE?
22
HOW MANY PROTONS DOES Sulfur (S) HAVE?
16
HOW MANY ELECTRONS DOES Potassium (K) HAVE?
19
WHY ARE ATOMS NEUTRAL? WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?
They have the same amount of protons and electrons, NO CHARGE
WHAT IS AN ISOTOPE?
An atom with the same type of atom with different atomic mass
DRAW A BOHR MODEL FOR Phosphorus (P).

17. HOW DO YOU USE WATER DISPLACEMENT TO FIND THE VOLUME OF SOMETHING? EXPLAIN
ALL OF THE STEPS! 1st: subtract the starting and the ending measurements
18. HOW WOULD YOUR WEIGHT BE AFFECTED IF YOU WENT TO DIFFERENT PLANETS? HOW
ABOUT YOUR MASS? Weight change of gravitional pull, it doesnt
19. HOW DOES DISTANCE AFFECT GRAVITATIONAL PULL?

20. WHAT IS INERTIA? HOW ARE MASS & INERTIA RELATED? IN OTHER WORDS, IF THE YOU
ADD MORE MASS TO SOMETHING, WHAT HAPPENS TO ITS INERTIA? The resistance of an
object trying to move
21. WHAT IS DENSITY? WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO THE DENSITY OF A PIECE OF ALUMINUM
FOIL IF YOU CRUMBLED IT UP INTO A BALL?
22. WHAT DOES FLOATING HAVE TO DO WITH THE DENSITIES OF OBJECTS? IN OTHER WORDS,
WHY DO YOU THINK A CAN OF DIET COKE FLOATS IN WATER, BUT A CAN OF REGULAR COKE
SINKS?
23. WHAT ARE THE STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?
24. WHAT IS MASS? WHAT UNITS DO WE MEASURE IT WITH?
25. WHAT IS VOLUME? WHAT UNITS DO WE MEASURE IT WITH?
26. WHAT IS A CONTROL?
27. WHAT IS A VARIABLE? INDEPENDENT (MANIPULATED)? DEPENDENT (RESPONDING)?