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436

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[36, S. 153, 154, Obr. 6,1,2], XI-XIV . [37, p. 191, pl. 85,1411-1413], [18, . 84, 85,
. 33,5; 38, . 109, . 3,8,9]. - .. [1, .
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, , XIV-XV .
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439

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. 11,15].
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84,1371,1372].
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22, 24, 27, 28) ,
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[11, . 244].
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.

.. // 1913-1915 . , 1918.
.. // . .; ., 1953. 34.
.. . .,
1986.
.. // .
. , 1981.
.I. i i i I-IV . .. // .
1969. . 22.
.. :
2 // . , 1997.
Shamanaev A. Use-wear Analysis of Bone and Antler Artefacts of Medieval Cherson // .
, 1999. . 30.
.. - IX-XII : .
. .,
2001.
MacGregor A. Bone, Antler, Ivory and Horn. The Technology of Skeletal Materials Since the
Roman Period. London, 1985.

443

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10. Ayalon E. The Assemblage of Bone and Ivory Artifacts from Caesarea Maritima, Israel 1 13
Centuries. Oxford, 2005. BAR International Series 1457.
11. .., .., .., ..
. (): I (XVI-XVIII .) // .
2007. . XIII.
12. .., .. .
(): // VII .
.
. , 2007.
13. .. . . 2. , , , ,
IX-XIII . // . ., 1966. . 1-36.
14. .. - // . 1987. 2.
15. .. // . 1979. 2.
16. Smirnova L. Weights, not Bludgeons. The Reappraisal of the Functionality of a Particular Category
of Objects in Metal and Bone // From Hooves to Horns, from Mollusc to Mammoth. Manufacture
and Use of Bone Artifacts from Prehistoric Times to the Present. Proceedings of the 4th Meeting
of the ICAZ Worked Bone Research Group at Talinn, 26th 31st of August 2003. Talinn, 2005.
17. .. // .
. 1959. 65.
18. .. ( XIII XIV .). , 1986.
19. .. // .
1998. . VI.
20. .. - ():
// . , 2003. . 34.
21. .., .. //
X-XVIII . , 2005.
22. .. //
. ., 1990.
23. .. - // . , 2002. . 1.
24. .. . ., 1971.
25. ..
//
. , 1981.
26. Coultson J. C., Phil M. Roman Archery Equipment // The Production and Distribution of Roman
Military Equipment. Proceedings of the Second Roman Military Equipment Research Seminar.
Oxford, 1985. BAR International Series 275.
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29. .., .. . , 1993.
30. .. . , 1990.
31. .. X XI . // . ;
, 2004.
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. ., 1966.
33. Gostennik K. Die Beinfunde vom Magdalensberg. Klagenfurt, 2005.
34. Obmann J. Die Rmischen Funde aus Bein von Nida-Heddernheim. Bonn, 1997.
35. . // . , 1974. . 2.

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36. Hruby V. Slovansk kostn predmty a jejich vroba na Morav // Pamtky archeologicke.
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. ., 1964. . 8.
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. , 2002.
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41. .. // :
. ., 1988.
42. .. - // . 1987. 2.
43. .. XIV . // .
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( 1996-1999 .) // Tyras Cetatea Alb / Belgorod-Dnistroskyj. Bucuresti,
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48. .. //
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VI . // . 2002. . IX.
55. ..
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56. .. IV
V . // . 1993. . III.
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445

.. ...
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()

55 ,
.
.
.
, , .
, .
.

, XVI-XVIII
. .
. .
.
()

55 ,
.
.
.
, , .
, .

.
.
XVI-XVIII . .
Dushenko A. A.
Bone and Horn Wares from the Excavation in the Block near St. Constantine
Church (Mangup)
Summary
55 wares made of bone, horn and other materials of animals origin are analyzed in this article;
all of them were obtained in the course of archaeological research of the part of dwelling and
446

, . . XV
household build-up near St. Constantine Church in the central part of Mangup plateau. All the wares
are divided into groups according to their functions. Half-finished pieces and production waste as
well as things the functions of which were impossible to determine are put to separate categories.
In general, the set of born and horn wares from the materials of the plot near St.
Constantine Church does not differ from published collection of other medieval monuments.
At this stage of research this group of archaeological material cannot be used for
chronological constructions. The major part of the collection originates from the horizons
dating back to the 16th 18th centuries and layers of early medieval times.

I.
1. . ,
.
. : . 61 , 50 .
: . 2- . : XVI XVIII .
2. . .
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. : XIV-XV .
7. , .
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4 . : . 2- . :
XVI XVIII .
447

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8. . .
, . : .
27 , 2 . :
. : XVI XVIII .
9. . .
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III. ,
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5 . : . 4-
4. : XIV-XV .
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4 . : .
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448

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449

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34. . .
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48.
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54. . .
: . 2- . : XVI XVIII .
55. . .
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451

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453

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