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.

.
.

..,

384 ( 30.12.2009 .):


16
:

1. .
SCAD

N0
Mx0

(
)

My0
Qx0
Qy0


().

SCAD
1-
.

SCAD
N
Mx
My
Qx
Qy


SCAD
2-

Bx
51

By

EF

Rz

1.

SCAD
1-

.

SCAD

(
)

N0

Bx
By
Rz
SCAD

SCAD
2-

51
EF

2. ( ).
SCAD

N0
Mx0

(
)

My0
Qx0
Qy0


().

SCAD
1-
.

SCAD
N
Mx
My
Qx
Qy


SCAD
2-


NFd/k
51
EF

Rs=f(n)
Rs>>1.0

Sg=S1 Rs

3. ( ).
SCAD


NFd/k
k= = 1,4

Rs=f(n)

Rz0

Rs>>1.0

(
)

Sg=S1 Rs

SCAD
1-
.

= 1,0

SCAD

51

SCAD

EF

NFd/k

SCAD
3-

()

51
EF

Rs=f(n)
Rs>>1.0

Sg=S1 Rs

Rz1


SCAD
2-

3-1. ( ) .
.
1- :
.
EF51= . c Nmax

SCAD

Rz0

(
)

51
EF

N>Fd/k

k=1,25

SCAD

Rzcorr

51
EFcorr

:
- 51 c N>Fd/
N>Fd/k
N=Fd/k;
- .

!!!
!!!

Rs=f(n)
Rs>>1.0

Sg=S1 Rs

.

1. , .

!!!


51=EF
51=EF

!!!

.

2. ,
.

(C1)
(C1)
AS2

.
AS3
AS3

.

2. ,
.

:
+
EF + EI + GF

.
AS2

.
AS3
AS3

.

2. ,
.

:
+
EF + EI + GF



.
(.,
.,
.)

30-
.

(CFA) D800 L=11 .

.



0,8 L:
1
.
().

. .
.

1.

SCAD (C1=
const))
(C1=const

RZ

SCAD
C1
02
02

RZ

SCAD
C1
04

C102

C103

C101

SCAD
C1
01

RZ

SCAD
C1
03
03

RZ

. .
. C1=72
C1=72 /3

1.

C1=79
C1=79 /3


SCAD (C1=
const))
(C1=const
RZ

C1=86
C1=86 /3
RZ
C1=93
C1=93 /3
C1=106
C1=106 /3
C1=120
C1=120 /3
01

00

C101
C1=73 /3
C1=85
C1=85 /3
RZ

C1=98
C1=98 /3
C1=122
C1=122 /3
C1=147
C1=147 /3

01-1
02

. .
.

C1=75
C1=75 /3


1.

C1=92
C1=92 /3
C1=107
C1=107
/3
RZ
C1=123
C1=123 /3
C1=155
C1=155 /3
03

02-1

C103
C1=78
C1=78 /3
C1=95
C1=95 /3
RZ

C1=111
C1=111 /3
C1=125
C1=125 /3
C1=157
C1=157 /3

03-1
04

- .
.
:
(1) +
(EF)
1:
+ .
n 3-5d
( 12 23 ;
13-15d;

1:

(D).
(
) - 2-3D.

.

.

- .
.
:
(1) +
(EF)
2:
+
.
n
3-5d ( 12
23 ;

15-30d;

2:
(D).
( ) - 2-5D.
.
.
PLAXIS.

.
. .

Test-01
+ . 1=500/3

15 .

( Z)

.
.
.

1
Test-01+.
Test-01+. +
1=500/3.

5
Test-01+.
Test-01+. +.
1=500/3.

12
Test-01+.
Test-01+. +.
1=500/3.

( Z)

!!!
1 = f(Rz)
Rz
!

.
. .

( Z)
!!! 1 = f(Rz)
Rz !

.
.
.
()

1-
(1=11,54 );
. =0,0359 /2.
(
) 1=80 /3; 125 /3; 160 /3.

1-
(1=5,65 ) . =0,0329 /2.
:
- 1=80 /3; 125 /3; 160 /3.
- 1=800 /3; 1250 /3; 1600 /3

:
,
!
..

, .