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CLSG Cambridge Latin Course Workbook Stage 10 RHETOR Name:

CLSG Cambridge Latin Course Workbook

Stage 10

RHETOR

CLSG Cambridge Latin Course Workbook Stage 10 RHETOR Name:

Name: ……………………………………………………………

1. The French revolutionaries proclaimed 'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity'. What is Fraternity ?
1. The French revolutionaries proclaimed 'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity'. What is Fraternity ?

1. The French revolutionaries proclaimed 'Liberty,

Equality and Fraternity'. What is Fraternity?

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

2. Why was the Pacific Ocean so named?

…………………………………………

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3. We are often asked to conserve water and

preserve the natural environment. From which Latin

word are the two English ones derived?

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4. What is the natural habitat of a plant or animal?

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

5. Use your knowledge of Latin words to circle the correct answer:

Solitary confinement means being imprisoned:

a) alone

b) in a cell

c) without food

6. Is a taciturn person likely to utter an exclamation? Give a reason for your answer?

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7. In the Christian calendar, what is Annunciation Day?

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8. Why is an invention so called? ……………………………………………………………………

Quick drill: nouns Complete the declension of the main three noun types in the table

Quick drill: nouns

Complete the declension of the main three noun types in the table below:

declension of the main three noun types in the table below: singular 1 s t declension

singular

1 st declension

2 nd declension

3 rd declension

nominative

puella

servus

civis

accusative

 

genitive

puellae

servi

civis

dative

 

ablative

puella

servo

cive

plural

plural

nominative

 

accusative

 

genitive

puellarum

servorum

civium

dative

 

ablative

puellis

servis

civibus

Extension: write out the nominative and accusative singular of six other 3 rd Declension nouns.

Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10

Stage 10: Model Sentences Date: …………………………

Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
Stage 10: Model Sentences Date : ………………………… 4 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
5 Stage10
New Grammar: 1 s t and 2 n d plural verbs 1 In this Stage,

New Grammar: 1 st and 2 nd plural verbs

1 In this Stage, you have met sentences with 'we' and 'you':

nos laboramus.

We work.

vos laboratis.

You work.

nos currimus.

We run.

vos curritis.

You run.

Notice that vos laboratis and vos curritis are plural forms. They are used when 'you' refers to more than one person.

2 You have now met the whole of the present tense:

person. 2 You have now met the whole of the present tense: 3 Notice that nos

3 Notice that nos and vos are not strictly necessary, since the endings -mus and -tis make it clear that 'we' and 'you' are being spoken about. The Romans generally used nos and vos only for emphasis.

4 Translate the following examples, underlining the personal endings in the Latin verbs:

a nos pugnamus. vos dormitis. ……………………………………………………………………….

b vos clamatis. nos audimus. …………………………………………………………………………

c ambulamus. dicimus. videmus. …………………………………………………………………….

d videtis. nuntiatis. intramus. …………………………………………………………………………

5 The Latin for 'we are' and 'you (plural) are' is as follows: nos sumus

5 The Latin for 'we are' and 'you (plural) are' is as follows:

nos sumus iuvenes. nos sumus fortes.

We are young men. We are brave.

vos estis pictores. You are painters.

vos estis ignavi.

You are lazy.

So the complete present tense of sum is:

You are lazy. So the complete present tense of sum is: 6 The verb ‘ to

6 The verb ‘to be’ is still recognisable in the modern European languages which descend directly from Latin. You probably know parts of this verb in one of the languages below. See how much of the table below you can fill out. You can ask around the classroom for help to fill out the table.

English

Latin

French

Spanish

Italian

Portuguese

I am

suis

sou

you (s.) are

sei

és

s/he is

est

é

we are

somos

you (pl.) are

they are

são

7 Why do you think that the English verb conjugates so differently to the other languages?

controversia 8 Stage10

controversia

controversia 8 Stage10
controversia 8 Stage10
controversia 8 Stage10
controversia 8 Stage10

8

controversia 8 Stage10
controversia 8 Stage10

Stage10

controversia 8 Stage10
Make any extra notes on the controversia passage onto the lines below.

Make any extra notes on the controversia passage onto the lines below.

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New Grammar: comparative adjectives 1 Study the following pairs of sentences: nos Romani sumus callidi.

New Grammar: comparative adjectives

1 Study the following pairs of sentences:

nos Romani sumus callidi. We Romans are clever.

nos Romani sumus callidiores quam vos Graeci. We Romans are cleverer than you Greeks.

nos Romani sumus fortes. We Romans are brave.

nos Romani sumus fortiores quam vos Graeci. We Romans are braver than you Greeks.

The words in bold type are known as comparatives. They are used to compare two things with each other. In the examples above, the Romans compare themselves with the Greeks.

2 Translate the following examples, underlining the Latin comparative adjectives:

a Pompeiani sunt stulti. Nucerini sunt stultiores quam Pompeiani.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b Diodorus erat iratus, sed Thrasymachus erat iratior quam Diodorus.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

c mea villa est pulchra, sed tua villa est pulchrior quam mea.

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3 The word magnus forms its comparative in an irregular way:

Nuceria est magna. Nuceria is large.

Roma est maior quam Nuceria. Rome is larger than Nuceria.

4 Can you think of an English word which comes from the Latin for larger? ………………………

Comparisons

Comparisons

Comparisons
Comparisons 11 Stage10
Comparisons 11 Stage10
statuae 12 Stage10

statuae

statuae 12 Stage10
statuae 12 Stage10
statuae 12 Stage10
Make any extra notes on the statua passage onto the lines below.

Make any extra notes on the statua passage onto the lines below.

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anulus Aegyptius 14 Stage10

anulus Aegyptius

anulus Aegyptius 14 Stage10
anulus Aegyptius 14 Stage10
1. How did Syphax pay for his drink?

1. How did Syphax pay for his drink?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1)

2. Why did he pay in this way?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1)

3. What do you think he meant in lines 3 and 4 by saying Neptunus navem meam delevit?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………(2)

4. In lines 7-9, Syphax gives three pieces of information about the ring. What are they?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………(3)

5. What did the innkeeper do with the ring when he returned home?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………(2)

6. uxor postridie ad urbem contendebat (line 13). Who met the wife? What two things did he make her do? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………(2+1)

7. What did she find when she returned to the inn (line 18)?………………………

……………(1)

8. What three things happened after the other slaves spotted the money (lines 24-5)?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (3)

9. Who found the ring?

……………………………………………………(1)

10. Poppaea thought the ring was lucky. Who had the opposite opinion earlier in the story? Who do you think was right? Give a reason.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….(1+2)

Total:

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Quick drill: verbs Complete the present tense (indicative active) of regular verbs.   1 s

Quick drill: verbs

Complete the present tense (indicative active) of regular verbs.

the present tense (indicative active) of regular verbs.   1 s t Conjugation 2 n d
 

1 st Conjugation

2 nd Conjugation

3 rd Conjugation

4 th Conjugation

1 st singular

amo

moneo

traho

audio

2 nd singular

 

3 rd singular

 

1 st plural

 

2 nd plural

 

3 rd plural

 
Writing materials 17 Stage10

Writing materials

Writing materials 17 Stage10
Teach yourself Greek 18 Stage10

Teach yourself Greek

Teach yourself Greek 18 Stage10
19 Stage10
19 Stage10
19 Stage10
English to Latin sentences Translate the following sentences from English into Latin. The vocabulary you

English to Latin sentences

Translate the following sentences from English into Latin. The vocabulary you need can be found in checklists 1-10, with most words coming from checklist 10. Any vocabulary outside of these lists has been glossed for you.

NB: you need to take especial care with noun and verb endings when translating into Latin from English.

1. The crowd today is bigger than yesterday.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. We Greeks are more happy than you Pompeians.

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3. The clever brother finds the ring and gives it to the girl.

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4. You (pl) are poets. You are running to the forum.

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5. You (s) accept the prize. You are fierce, but Diodorus is very fierce.

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