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12 2011

, Ax f

N N A
|| A || || A1 || ( A) 1 .
,
( A)


| ( A ) ( A) |

2 ( A)
|| ||

|| || || A ||
1 ( A)
|| A ||

( A )
( A)

( A)

|| ||
|| A ||

Ax f A
- A,

A , f

,
2

:
f ( A) N N
,
|| f ( A) f ( A ) || || ||

(|| A ||, f ( A))

, || A || || ||
f ( A)

- ( A)

( A)

| ( A ) ( A) |

2 ( A)
|| ||

|| ||
|| || || A ||
1 ( A)
|| A ||

4( A) || A ||

|| ||

1
( A) || A ||
2

,
( A)
3

0
0

A 1 0
0

0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
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0
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0
0
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1
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0
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0
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0
2044 336 128
80
32
16
289

0
1152
30
1312
512
288
128
32

-29 -1980 756 384 1008 224


0
48

0 512
128
640
1
640
512
128
1053 2136 -604 -384 -856 800
0
108

0
-287
4
1712
-128
1968
-30
2032

-2176 -185 -1463 -512 -439 -1152 -187


1

A (1 ) I C

MATLAB

A x A

1
1

1
1

1
1

0.05

( A) 1 ?

SCILAB

x


MATLAB

SCILAB
(, )

0.997070312500000
1.001052856445313
1.004882812500000
0.999641142785549
0.996093750000000
1.001953125000000
0.999984741210938

0.9990234
1.0000153
1.0000000
1.0000000
1.0000000
1.0000000
1.0000000

0.1
0.000000000000000
0.969726562500000
1.750000000000000
1.004194498062134
0.250000000000000
1.500000000000000
0.997070312500000

( A) 1 1.2 1016
1.2500000
1.0019531
1. 0000000
1.0000002
0.7500000
1.2500000
1.0000000

( A) 1 3 1014 ( A) 1 1.1 1016


det A

Ax f

:
1

A 0

10 0
1 10
0 1

0
0
0

10
1

det A 1 10N 1
N

25

det
A

1
,

1.2
2

10
0,
N 25

24
det
A

0
,

10
, N 25

(,
)

j ( A);

det( A j I ) 0

dx
Ax , t 0
dt
x (0)

A 0

10 0
1 10
0 1

0
0
0

10
1

1 2

25 1
( , )
x( t ) 0
0

x(t ) 0

x(0)

Re j ( A) 0

10 825 2.6 1022



j 1

10
2 j
cos

25
8

2 j

i
sin

25

25 1

10
1
0
8
4

0
A

10 0
1 10
0 1

0
0
0

10
1

dx
Ax , t 0
dt
x (0)

2.6 1022 x(t )

|| x(t ) || Me

t
L

|| x(0) ||,

Re j A
0

A NxN

tA

A
N

N 1

t2

.. , .. , 1958 .

M 1022 , L 1

?

|| x(t ) ||
M || x(0) ||

|| x(t ) || Me

t
L

|| x(0) ||

M -
L - ( )
|| x(0) ||

( j ( A) )
akl

| akl | 10,

A0

bkl B

| bkl | 1,

j ( A0 ) j ( A0 B)

| j ( A0 B ) j ( A0 ) | 20( N 1)

25

2N

N 2
10

1
4

262
| j ( A0 B ) ( 1) | 20
8

25

625 2186

.
9

- ( A)
( A)

-,

1
|| ( I A) ||
|| A ||
1

A
0
2 25 0 0 0 0

3
10
3
3
3
0

0
0 2 15 3 3 0

A 0
0 0 0 15 3 0
0
0 0 0 3 10 0

0 0 0 0 2 25
0
0
0 0 0 0 0 3

105

10

2
1
3 3 15 5

2
10
2
8
3

0 0 0.1 1
3
20
H

0
0
0

3
4
0

0 0
0
3 2
0

0
15 10 0.1
0 0

0
2 25 0 0 0 0

3
10
3
3
3
0

0
0 2 15 3 3 0

A 0
0 0 0 15 3 0
0
0 0 0 3 10 0

0 0 0 0 2 25
0
0
0 0 0 0 0 3

11


:
C
Q
S

S I
C 0

P
I

C2 S2 I

, S, P :

0
2

2
2

0
2

2
2

P
0

t
2
0
0

0
0
3
t

0
t


t
12

13


( )

80
32
16
289 2044 336 128
1152

30
1312
512
288
128
32

-29 -1980 756 384 1008 224


48

C 512
128
640
0
640
512
128
1053 2136 -604 -384 -856 800
108

4
1712 -128 1968 -30 2032
-287
-2176 -187 -1465 -512 -441 -1152 -189

14

:
MATLAB, MAPLE, SCILAB
IMSL ( )

15

C L1 RL
32
16
1 2028 256 128 64
1 0 0
0

0 1 0
-2
1024
512
256
128
32

0
1 0 1
0
4
512 1024 256
64

R= 0
0
0
0
512 512 128 ; L= 0 0 0
0
0 0 1
0
0
0
-4 1024 156

0
0
0
0
2
2048
0
1 0 0
0
0 1 1
0
0
0
0
0
-1

0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
1

1 0, 2 1, 3 1, 4 2,
5 2, 6 4, 7 4,


1016 . 1022 ,
j 103

- 10
16

| | 7.5
16

1022 , MAPLE
.

1 (C ) 4.01
2 (C ) 3.98
3 (C ) 1.97
4 (C ) 2.01
5 (C ) 1.02
6 (C ) 0.18
7 (C ) 0.98

1 (C T ) 4.01
2 (C ) 1.99
T

3 (C T ) 1.02
4 (C T ) 0.02
5 (C T ) 0.97
6 (C T ) 2.01
7 (C T ) 3.99


j ( A) ???
, .
( A AT )
: j ( A) ???

: , | j ( A) | 1 ,
a it j ( A)
:
i

j ( A)
|| ( A I )1 ||

j ( A)

Re( ) const

1 2
|
d

|||
(
A

I
)
||

18


j ( A)
|| H ( A) ||
|| A ||2
H ( A) H ( A)
| d |( I AT )1 ( I A)1

l
T

l
, l L|| A ||

m max || ( A I )1 ||

|| H || m

L
|| H || 4 || H || L2 || H ||2
2

|| H ( A) || A

19

lg

a
a j Re j a j ,

1
H
2

j ( A)

dt[(a i t ) I A* ]1[(a i t ) I A]1

2 || A aI || || H ||

- A aI

a it
20

lg H

1
H
2

e
e
*
0 d I r A I r A
i

A r
21


1
A
r

X 1 I

X 2 I

n0

n 1,2,..., N

K n L n :

(0)

n 1

X 2n 1 K
X 1

n 1

K X 2 n 1 L 0
n 1

H
I N1
A

1
n 1
n
AX 1 L 0
r
n1

X1 X1
n

H I

n T

n 1

n T

L H

R T
U

I N2

R B 0 I N1

I N 2 0 C 0
2

X 2 n X 2 n1 L

n
n 1

n1

UU T I , j B r , j C r
1

1
e i *
e i
n
H

d I
A I
A H
n

2 0
r
r

1
n
X 2 n

n
2

e i
0 d I r A r

22

I N1
A U
0

UU T I , j B r , j C r
1

1
e i *
e i
n
H

d I
A I
A H
n
2 0
r
r

1
n
X 2 n

n
2

R T
U
I N 2

R B 0 I N1

I N 2 0 C 0

e i
0 d I r A r


():
:

A r

H AT HA Tr r I Tr I r
A r r A, Tr H H Tr , r2 r

1
H 1

k
2

1 H
1

k
r
H

23

k
2

( )
1)
:

x12 ( t ) x22 ( t ) . . . x N2 ( t ) 0

|| x( t ) ||

|| x( t ) || ( A) e

( A) 2 || A || || H ||

( A)

t ||(AA||)

--

|| x(0) ||

HA A* H I 0

A a it
G x
dG x

dx

A aI G x x a I

G x 0

1
G x lim
R 2

i x

dx
Ax
dt

d i a I A

24

Re a
A a it

G x

1
G x lim
R 2

i x

dG x
A aI G x x a I
dx
G x 0
x

d i a I A

1
H dx G x G x
2

dt it a I A it a I A
*

2 A aI H
25

1
H dx G x G x
2

HA AT H 2aI PT P ( I PT )( I P )

A A, 2
H H T , T H H

y( t )

- t -a
T
f M e , t a
- a-t
Tf M -e
, t a
()

sup
Px 0

P T HPx
P T Px

dt it a I A it a I A
*

dy
( A aI ) y (t ) f
dt

M || P || h( )max / h( )min
M - || I - P || h(-)max / h(-)min

T 2h( )max
()

inf

Px 0

T 2h(-)max

P T HPx
P T Px

26

x ( n ) x ( n 1) Ax ( n 1) f
x ( n ) A 1 f x

Ax f

|| x

( n)

x |||| x

(0)

1
x || || H || 1

||
H
||

--

n
2

H A* HA I
27

:
f ( A) N N
,
|| f ( A) f ( A ) || || ||

(|| A ||, f ( A))

, || A || || ||
f ( A)

H ( A)

28

lg H

1
H
2

e i *
e i
0 d I r A I r A

H

Re a

1
H
2

dt[(a i t ) I A* ]1[(a i t ) I A]1

2 || A aI || || H ||

APPLICATION OF NEW MATHEMATICAL TOOL

ONE-DIMENTIONAL SPECTRAL
PORTRAITS OF MATRIX
TO THE PROBLEM OF AEROELASTICITY
VIBRATION

Godunov S.K
Kurzin V.B.
Bunkov V.G.
Sadkane M.

Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
Jukovskii
Brest (France)

,
(, 2006)
30

The simple flatter model


Without the aerodynamic
2
d
effect: x Gx 0
dt 2

O
37.7
dx
Gy

169
dt

899
dy

x
O
1792

dt

Modeling of aerodynamic effects


dx
vDx G v 2 F y
(v is the flow velocity)
dt
2
dy

v
D

v
F
x
x

A , A
dt

dt y
I
0
y

3
0,12

10
F

0,197 102
0
0,176 103
0,154 103

0
0, 419 102
0
0

0
1

1
0,171 10 3

D 0.73 102

1
0

1
0

31

HA AT H T I T I 0
A A

H H
T

ka H , a

ka

A aI

32

33

The same example

2
x
d x vD G v F x



y
dt y I
0
y

34


6 :

() :

:
1 4 ,
1 1

1
5
1
2
1
3

4
5

0 0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0 1

0 1 1 0

2 1 1 0

2 0 1 1

2
5

2
4

1
1

2
4
5

0
1

2
5

2
4

1
1

2
4
5

1
5
1
2
1
3

4
5

0
1

32 ,
. , .
3232 .
?


38