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Copyright & A K-C

(NARCISSUS L.)

06.01.11

1999

Copyright & A K-C

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i'j\ , . . ,
HJVK, 1. .
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1999

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127550, , \ , 49


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.
1999

Copyright & A K-C

. . 1
. OIMCIUWTC*
,
! .
.
50 , 12
6 - . 1'
(50 % ), . , ,
, (l.avvson, 1946).


, ,
, ';
(, . 1990).

, .

XIX
, ,
.
, . . II. I).
265 ; - ; 47 -.
; 34 - ; 2ft - 26 -
. "',-

,
. ,
,
(, 1990).
.
, !
(. 1992).
, ,
, " .

.
,

.
.
,
-SJtttOTEKA
.
. .
.

Copyright & A K-C

vpo/
( iiiiKiuin I\KHIIM 40-70
luniio iiui[iiiiiM4iiiiii\ nupvt. i\i (V1inpo<|) \l)42)

"a

II

1'<|1 lllip\v.llll 1111 \ 1\ K\Ll jpitllkOHMX II U) II


ICCHIIX
ipciieciiMx paciciuiux ciioeoiicniVei
HI iskiiHaiuiio \ 11
in .
lie lOLiaioiuocu
cue iciiiiii eoeianc paeitpocr
mipvcon e II. n\ inailiifciiiKii oieMeliuie' e ie ia.ui
1\.1. I p\ i naioieiioii
.
i nee ie
\II,LIIH
iiiiepai\pin i\
iaiuii>i\
lipe IBapiile ii.iu.ie nee ie% n I 1> 11 eiui leie n.eiBVior
Blip\eoii
p m'llli.ix |\ rpvilll
K O I ieKi[iioiiiiij\ II.IC.I* leiiiDix leKopanmiiiIN \ n.np
i i 1 lie [oeiaiouiioii . I.IFMKIKI
iieoiixo IIIMOCII ( ice ici LIMIOIO \ ltd pat
npc iLi.mnie wx
N truwis
I

ie KiRaiuiii

oiKieiioii oopi t>i.i \ taoo - \ ibivpc H


in > 11> ie' (* ia.ui'iii
1 !1<\. ciciieiii. i
iat">o leiiaiiiiii i icMinoiniMx Narcis>us I

Hiipvciihix

2 Olipe ic llllk i BMte'iiiH.


lOMiiiiiipvioiuiic i
npc lciaBiiic | ika
I iliales ician ICHIIUX u i ICKIIUHX
loiHiii I laniioio ( caia
^ Paipaooraib o i Narcissus I

v iv

-
>

paooibi


\ | \ Bean >ello\\ mosaic virus ( B Y M V )
Potato virus Y ( P V Y ) Carnation latent virus ( C m l V ) Carnation mottle virus
( C r n M V ) Iobacco necrosis vims (TobNV) Arabis mosaic virus ( A M V ) Tomato

ringspol virus (lomRSV) alia mosaic virus (1 MV) Raspberrv nngsput virus
(RRSV) Tulip breaking virus (TBV) I obacco rattle virus, (FobrfV)
16 \'re icft 10
(Potv- Potex- 1 MV-group Tobamo- Nepo- Cucumo- Carmo-, Carla-. CannoFobra- Tobacco nee-osis group)
>
Narcissus L 1\
Liliales

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) Cucumis


mosaic virus (CMV) 6

Copyright & A K-C

( Pastelina). WHO, AMV; RRSV; TobNV;


lomRSV: BYMV; TobRV 18: 7; I I : 5 - 6; 12 5.3 %

,
CMV :
.Macrosiphum rosae (I..) My/us cerasi (I'.): BYMV - Aphis labae Scop., a I'VY A. labae Scop, My/us omatus l.aing.
-. Narcissus I.. (12 ) 5
, .
! ,
.
. )1
:

.
'
Narcissus 1..
l.ilialcs , -
(111: ShXV) . , ipyinie XB1II (, . ., I9W).
,
Narcissus I,.
,
, .
<

Narcissus L.
*
.

, ,
.
- p. Narcissus L.
l.ilialcs. .
. XYII
(23 - 27 June, 1997. Beihesda. USA): HI
. - (, 1998).
. 8
.

. 147
, 15 , .

Copyright & A K-C

1 / 2U I.IO inn , i 9 <|)o101


iinipaivpi.i IH)4JCI 2lW in 220
nun i\
(

('

11.1

I > U )l> ,1 11 1> I 1' I f Ml


I) uowpc KIII.I not ie uw\ .
(. ocnouiu.iM taoo
Narussib I urn IOI \ 1\ lloipoono
pi. 1 \\ | ,

p.icnpocip
>1 \
HIIICI \
1.1

11IMIM.1IIIH. \ 1 ICIIO I1LIIO IM0H.1IIIIH) 1>

allllkdLlbllblX

uii<oio m

2 Ml ['
').1.11 taiuin
^ laiuiri
6oiaiin>K(.koio ca.ia II 13 1995-1999 i
)1; 11
Lihalcs | Amarxllidaceae Narcissus L ,

\
I
( Fulton.1960, 1967,
Murant I')70a 11(. 1978 1979, , ,
1980 Index , 1983)
, ,

(, ., 1979, , 1990)

1 8 - 2 3 (Bnggs, 1959,
, 1967) naipyiKy 1 100
-

Copyright & A K-C

,
.
24 . , .
<1 ,
. ,
. , .
. ,
, (. , 1980).
/

,

.

. - ;
: Nicotiaita tabacum; N.ruslica; N.
glutinosa: Petunia hybrida; Datura stramonium: Cucumis sativus; Chenopodium
amaranticolor; Ch.quinoa: Phaseolus vulgaris.
;
. ; ' .
0,02
7,5-8,0 : ,
, 2 1-, , ,
iip.(Cadman, 1956; Fulton, I960; 1967; Picrpoint, Harrison, 1963;
Lister, 1964; .' 1973; . , 1978).
:
,

,
^ Holmes, 1929;
Bawrden, Roberts, 1948).
Narcissus l.., .
;

.
'
, , '

.
* -
'. (Moericke. 1951).
, Narcissus L.,
: . ,
( Ouchterlony (1953)),

Copyright & A K-C

JIMJIHI f I ISA (Clark Adams 1977 . ,


11 . I48S AT.HK.KOB I4SS I angveld !W6 Beck, Husted 19%)
IICIIOJK. - Ml ,
1 ! 1. 1
, \ I I
, m
|- , 1

f)>nattch HR-700 Microplate Rcadcn>

aiiaiiiuy

1 (10 000
\ g 30 ) 1> in
11
0 2 .-1
. 8 5

,
(
1996,
Vishnichcnko et al, 1994)
!

(As
37)

. (As I 4)
'-
-301 (Philips)
, (Brandcs |57, 1966)

, , (1996)
- Narcissus L ( Super Star)
2- A ascalomcum (cr Creation)
25
70% -
3-4 -

As I 4

0,1 % 0 I % ,
7 (, , 1993)

, , ,
, ,
-6-

Copyright & A K-C

, -
(, 1964; . 1980; , , , 1985).
-
- (Murashige, Scoog, 1962), 30 /; - 7 /:

5,6-5,8.

.
3.
,
NARCISSUS L.
,
.
I.

Narcissus L.

-
'
...,. >.'

She; Gipantic Star; I.ady Luck


Yellow Star; Selebrito;
Artist's Model; Sioux
-
. KissprolT; Bridal Rose; Shane's
Cas'le; Ullimus; Romi Barrow; .
Lord Nelson; Vivex
-
Fxplorer; Victory; Credo;
Spectacular
Scarlett ' ; Lime Chiffon;
.
-
Biscaine; Gigantic Star
Am bergate. Explorer,
-
White Plum

Lord Nelson, Walt Disney,
Carlton
Undertone, Soldier Brave, Credo,
(),
Selebrito, Honic Tires

Ambergate, Scarlett '
Daydream, Spectacular,
.
;
Lemon Show, Artist's Model
Credo, Patriarch,
,
Feeling ducky. Kindled

Copyright & A K-C

iipomi IW^-1998 ,

pticiipocip.iiK.Mnn

pa
ipyini leonine IH\ Amaryllidaccac
1'

\ ibiaie ic um.iniiii Narcissus L
|*-18 i i \ciaiiouiciio
\
ibko ipymi (laui I)
- MOIJIIMI 1 ,
iciicciiiocib


viopo-,
pacieunn
oicMcmiie _

.1
, " |
-ic leiioH ^ ()
11 copiax 01 , ,

(Scarlett liar* Ambergate),
iiiMc . (Credo), -<1 (1 ord Nelson)

. ( 2),
Narcissus L .

2
Narcissus L

()

1986
1995-96
1997-98

( )/ %

10-50
>50 %
100 %
1 0 %

%
457/100
386/84,4
36/7,9
6/1,3
25/5,5
239/100
45/18.8
30/12.6
79/33.1 85/35.6
239/100
20/8,4
16/6.7
4217.6 161/67,4

-2-

Copyright & A K-C

,
1986 .
. , 1 0 0 % , 1986 .
( 5,5 % ) . 1998

100%.
,
Narcissus L., 1996 - 1997 .
, , ,
Liliaies ( ipyirr).

.
.'

l.iliales

.
,
, ,
.
.
. 9
100 Narcissus L.
.
,
,
, : Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) - 5 ;
Cucumis mosaic virus (CMV) - 9 .
: Carnation mottle virus (CrnMV) - 13 ; Soybean mosaic virus
(SMV) - 19 ; Chrysanthemum virus (ChrVB) - 18 .

, CrnMV, SMV, ChrBV, TMV CMV
54,2; 79,1; 75,0; 20,8 57,5 %.
. , :
, : SMV;
CrnMV ChrVB.
Narcissus
(ELISA),
. , Narcissus L.
: Narcissus mosaic virus (NMV) - 5 ; TBV - 3 ;
TMV - 14 ; ALMV - 6 ; AMV - 1 ; C M V - H a l 6

Copyright & A K-C

, Cml V - 15 CmMV - 3 TobRV - 2


Potato virus S (PVS) - 1 , PVY - 7 , lobNV - 4
TotnRSV - 2 Hean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) - 4 RRSV
- 2
IJKIIM ,
Narcissus I TMV, CMV Cml V
3
) Narcissus I 1
1 lhales
[ pyuiui

Ro {re in

Pol\-

PVY, FBV, BYMV

13
3

1 MV-

AIMV

1
4
1
5

1 obacco Nccrosis-

lobNV

Potex-

NMV

TMV

4
9

Nepo-

11

Cucumo-

RRSV, TomRSV,
AMV
CMV IAV

16
4

Carla-

CrnLV, PVS

Carmo-

CmMV

Tobra-

TobRV

/
Lilialcs*

Marcissus L **

14

15
3
1
2

* - H I 16
** - in 4

Copyright & A K-C


: TBV - 3 (Polianthes tuberosa;
Tupistm sp.; Amaryllis beladonna); NMV - Semele androgina; CrnLV - 4
(Crinum asiaticum; Chlorophytum sp., I; Polianthes tuberosa; Amaryllis
beladonna); ALMV - 3 ; CMV - 10 ; TMV - 6 ;
Tomato aspermy virus (TAV) Asparagus setaceus; AMV - ; TobNV Tupistra sp.; TobRV - Zcphyranthes Candida; TomRSV Chlorophytum
sp.2; BYMV - 2 .
, H<t>Ai . Liliales
TMV CMV.

Narcissus L. Liliales
: NMV, TMV, CMV : CmLV, CmMV,
RRSV, TomRSV, PVY, PVS, TBV, BYMV, AMV,
(. 3).

Narcissus L., Liliales,
(. 4).
4.
Narcissus L.
Liliales

'
/%

3-
2 3 -
Narcissus L;
6/17,6
8/23,5
11/32,4
9/26,5
34
3/18,8
1/6,3
Liliales
5/31,3
5/31,3
16
, , ,
2 ( Undertone, Credo) 6 (PasteUna)
Narcissus L. 2 (Veltheimia viridifolia, Asparagus setaceus) 4 (Polianthes
tuberosa) Liliales.
TMV, CMV, NMV, PVY, TobRV
. NMV, CMV, TobRV
TomRSV, ,
,
. / ;

'

"

'

- -

Copyright & A K-C

\> ( \, 1985,
1488 1490)
!
( pew )
4. 11
NARCISSUS I
,
1 )
( , 1475 I 1978) lit



I m (Aphididae)
15
i.iL- 1
, \ icft
pat iv (Aulacorthum solani (Kail) M>/us cerasi
(F), Hyalopieras pruni CJCOITT D\;.aphi!> > Kalt ) ,
(D\saphis tulipac Ud Macrosiphum
rosae(l ), Macrobiphum Iih (L ) My/us ornatus I amg)
( )
- Myzus percicae Su!z A solani
,



, 1
, (,

1985.
1995)



() 1
-
- ( , , 1998)

5
-12-

Copyright & A K-C

l.]f> 5
<> , Narcissus 1
1 |
Bupve
| ')||1 , Koinpo iwioe

, pcrsicae Sul/
[
MV
__ ^
4
Mac rosae (I )
M cerasi (I )
CMV
4
JVIJIUSIJUIC Sul/ _ J
IJYMV
I
1
labacScop
*
M Sul/ J
PVY
I _
22
I

labaeScop

M omatus 1 aign

I'VY
PVY

Jf
L

26

~ -1-

poiv ii.idic >KciicpiiMciiiOH HiiKaiano


lUHCiTHMM M pi,rsit.ie iitpe u.i napiiiitchi CMV
iiccnatiu|)ii4ttKii" < ii lavin i itn M rosat M itrasi HYMV - fabac
a IJVY - labat M uniatut |)|
in.ciiciuuLinnipiiHjnni 1 lavui i ILK tociaii IH - 40 "o
1 (
tip\M\pc \ i\honii4iiu\
. 1 \ioi\i . ICIIIIMO
1 PVY BW1V CMV terasi
tnotoonocib CMV HI OUIOKIIOIO
(..
BICIOB ia.iaiomii\ ,
' ( ( pacieiniii
) >1 >
topTa 1 1 i
npoBoaii.iaci. paGoia \ 12 Narcissus
S
}.
!! ( 6)
\ > ,
| JL\X
. I) sorbi
I
1\ topia Narcissus L
( ( I ord Nelson
ccrasi Fabac pci\ n.iaic nccie ICHM

-/3-

Copyright & A K-C

rjieii-: M.persicae - 3 : II.


pruni - 4; ccrasi - 3.
-

6.
'' Narcissus L. -

in 5
1/3/24

M.persicae
.
D.sorbi
II.pruni
. ccrasi
Super Siar
(Ionic 1 ires
Bridal Rose
Ambcrjiaie
Undertone
Credo
Lord Nelson
l.imcChilTon
Daydream
Patriarch
Tedstone
Sentinel

5/5/4
6/6/2
3/3/2

6/4/3
5/4/0
6/4/2
5/5/4
5/5/1
4/3/0
5/4/1
5/1/0

2/1/0
2/2/7
2/1/
1/2/1
3/4/2
4/2/6
2/0/0
4/3/1
4/1/0
3/2/0
4/1/1

3/2/0
1/1/0
0/0/0
0/0/0
2/0/0
0/0/0
1/1/0
1/0/0
2/1/0
1/1/1
0/0/0
1/0/0

4/3/1
2/2/2
4/2/0
5/1/0
6/4/0
2/3/2
2/2/2
2/1/1
6/4/2
5/3/0
2/2/1

2/1/0
2/2/7
2/1/9
1/2/1
3/4/2
4/2/6
5/2/1
5/3/1
1/1/0
2/2/1
1/0/0

5. ! 1 i mi:i ibix I IA
NARCISSUS L.

, Amaryllidaceae, Liliales
(Amaryllis L., Narcissus I..) , ,
1
Allium. ,
Liliaceae Amaryllidaceae,
, - , ,
Allium . , ,
Chlorophytum, Lilium L., :

Copyright & A K-C

dsupit uiiium
|
alumina
X1H1I KV .
Narcissus (
itcno ( 2 aiiniCbiBopoiMi HJIIUI UIOVIV IKV - As >7 it As I 4 -
lunakTHMM upcnapaic
7 lopi.ivui Narcissus I
\\j
I it Ib
ician ILIII.I >| ( 11
( 1)
* ICIBMOI 2 lacca
ICK\ | 47 28
,! > 1 ( 28 ( 1 ,
1-4 6-7) copie Super Star ( ^) - "

UIHHOIO .

IIOMDMV
IUIIIMII p i c i m e . Maicpiiui
1.1 .vi \ \C1U.I4 .
\ icntoiia^ui 2 lacca
1 2 ^7 ( 2) Aiiliici niopoiKa
! llioi | \BIIl \ s 37 peai npon.ua 28
( 2b) lot ia

37*4 -

Ziru.IL-

67

I

- \ I - 7 Narcissus I (Davdreain Sentinel I ord Nelson
Credo Super Star 12 5 12 2")
8
Q - ib
(.1 i\Ka-ina.iora)

Copyright & A K-C

XBIII As 1.4 (. 2).


- Narcissus L.
100
11> (SW 2, 25 000 /. 2.5 ) As 37
. 55 (. 21).

. 2. ana.ni
XIUII- >* :
- - 10 % ; , ,
As37 Asl.4 : - ,
X100, As37; -
.
-,
28 ,
. ,
28 37 -

.
, ,
, 37
Asl.4
As 37.

.
Narcissus L.

800 12 ( 3).


-/-.

- - . ' " : , . : ; . . , . ;

Copyright & A K-C

11
-
! XBL1J
(. , ,
, XDU1
, , -
,
i

6 NARCISSUS L


, ,


( 75 % 0,2 )
Super Star

( ) 57,1 - 75,0 %
7

,
- (Scoog, Miller, 1957),

Copyright & A K-C

7.

pacicitiiii Narcissus L.
Pil'iMCp

.*
icero '

MM

%
HIT.
.
X
0.2
26,6
6
75.0
Super Star
13
43.3
23,1
0.3
3
- 0,5
50.0
1
6,6
15
57,1
0.2
7 -j
23.3
4
30.0
Patriarch
10
33.3
0.3
3
0
0
0,5
13
43,3
X
26.6
62,5
. 0.2

5
Lord Nelson
12
40.0
25,0
0,3
3
15,3
13
43,3
0.5
- 30 ' ! i.
,
.
, . .
, ,
(. 8).
- 5 /
( 31,0 % Lord
Nelson), -
(Balzan, 1978, Williams, Coll in, 1976)
(. , 1981).
" ,
Narcissus L.: - 10 /, - I /,
- (
40,3 % Super Star), (
6,2 %)(. 9).
, - ,
: ,
, . ,

.

Copyright & A K-C

Liu

HUM8

-i ' Narcissus I pa ia\

I Ilipo

MtpiltlCM*


(MI/0

Super _ J
I
Super Star
MC <
10 0
Patriarch
I ord Nelson
11 0 5
Super Slar
MC 10 0
Patriarch
1 ord Nelson
1 0
MC tSuper Star
Patriarch
10 0
Lord Nelson
11 s

noiKiMili

II lit)
IV
IVMCHO

npiaiioicfic la

pacicmiii

KOil ive

peieiieI

INCH lairra

I
(K.I

MOHOB
1

MC 1-

10 0 1
'

^
MC +

1 10 0 i
1 1 0
MC ~
1
' 10 0

1 so

20 4
174

44 1
43 4
M) 4
4S X
40 0

16 7

\
I

1
1

00
00
00
21
00
S 1

il*2 *
1

23 I

10 H
14 4 1
17 9
21 2
40 1
38 7
30 4
14

18
24

i 21 9 1
, 30 4 1

00

, 3 1 0 X 00

II 2

* - 20 " !

9
Pel Narcissus I

opiaiioieHcia"
I10TV4CIIO
- in
.1 ivc
.

pei .
.
"'

Super Star
Patriarch
Lord Nelson

57
42
43

pjiiion

43 2
49 4
56 9

4-> 8

40 0
36 7

53
62
23

* - i n 20
* * - cpeja - 10 / I - 1,0 M I / I
-iS-

|
|

40 1
38 7
30 4

Copyright & A K-C

- .
, ,
Narcissus L. .

1. 239 Narcissus L.
, 33
.

1986 . -100 %
Narcissus L.
Liliales,
. 2 6, .
.
2. Narcissus I-.
,
,
,
,
, .
Liliales
. .
.
-,> . "' " ~" *'3.

,
,

TMV; CMV; CmMV; PVY; CrnLV; NMV; AMV; RRSV;


TobNV; TomRSV; BYMV TobRV Narcissus L.
4. ,
; 23,5 * 2- , 32,4 %
- 3- , 26,5 % 3-
.

'". ' ' . < . - ' " " " '

..-,*

- *

" / ,- ;'

, ., ' -.

.'.-'

5.
Narcissus L. ,
, ^ ,-
. '
: Lord Nelson,
Scarlett , Super Star, Patriarch.
6. Narcissus L.
, ..

(PVY;
ShVX; C m t V ;
CroMV),
-NswcissusL..
"
;' . ! : 7
7. , Honic
Tires Lord Nelson . cerasi A.fabae.
'.

'

'-

"'

' - >

- -

. "

-' ; ' ; . : ' ' , . ' . " . ; . ; - ; ' . " ' " . . ; :

"

" - : :

Copyright & A K-C

, persicae - 3 fabae - 4 , pruni - 4 ,


cerasi 1

8 ,
Liliaccae Amaryllidaceae
, ShVX
,

fleyv Chlorophytum,
4 Amaryltis 14 Narcissus L
9 2
37 28


~ 800 ~ 12 XBI1I

10

0,2 ,
- 10 /, - 1 /.
~ 6 2 %
, 0,5 /

, , ,
Narcissus L,


( , ,
-
)
, , ,
,

,


, ,

-?-

Copyright & A K-C


( ,
);
.

(, (-) ,
. );
, ,
,
;
.

(
, ,
).
.

, .

, :
1. .., .., ..
// . . .
,- . - 1995. . 570-571.
*
2. Keldish -M., Arushanova E., Pomazkov Y., Cervyakova . Incidence of pome
fruil viruses in ornamentals // XYU int. Symp. on virus diseases of Fruit trees. 1997. -p. 174.

3. Keldish M, Pomazkov Y., Cervyakova O., Arushanova E. Vectors as a factor in


widening host range for viruses of stone fruit trees // XYU int. Symp. on virus
diseases of Fruit trees. - 1997.-p. 171
4. E.C., .., ..
Narcissus L.
// . . Ill . .- 1998.- . 26-27."
5. ., , .., ..
// . .
. .:
.-..- 1998. -. 261-263.

6. .., .., .., ..


// . . . .:
-22-

Copyright & A K-C

laniuihi
i , . 4 . |99 - 261-261
,
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