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Biodiversity in Spain:

Natural Parks

The cause of our flora and fauna biodiversity is the geographical location of Spain, crossroads and Atlantic, Mediterranean, African and European
influences.
Spain is the country with more species of flora and fauna of the EU.
European animals and plants give place to more than 100 habitats of interest (half of all European Parks)

National Parks of Spain

National Parks of Spain

Natural Park of Aigestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici

It is filled with quaternary glacial lakes. Notable lakes are St. Maurice and Aigestortes (winding water). It is placed in
Lleida, Catalonia, and it has been established as a National Park since 1956.)

National Parks of Spain

Balearic Islands, archipelago of Cabrera

The archipelago of Cabrera in the Balearic Islands has one of the best
preserved seabed in Spain. Its flora and fauna are quite autochthonous.

National Parks of Spain

National Park of Sierra de Guadarrama

The National Park extends over the Sierra de Guadarrama mountain range, whose highest peak is the
Pealara summit. Other outstanding features include the Puerto de Navafra pass and the La Morcuera and
Siete Picos mountain ranges.

All these mountainous areas are much frequented by hiking and climbing enthusiasts. It is placed in Madrid, Segovia and vila,
Community of Madrid and Castille-Leon, and it has been established as a National Park since 2013.

National Parks of Spain

National Park of Cabaeros

Mediterranean region with natural system linked to Mediterranean forests. It is placed in Ciudad Real and Toledo,
Castille- La Mancha, and it has been established as a National Park since 1995

National Parks of Spain

Natural Park of Monfrage


It is placed in Cceres, Extremadura, and it has been established as a National Park since 2007.
The National Park of Monfrage is one of the most important ornithological zones in Spain. In this amazing enviroment, imperial eagles, black vultures,
and tawny vultures fly over the park.

National Parks of Spain

National Park of Doana

Mediterranean region with natural system linked to wetlands with marine influence. It is placed in Huelva and Seville,
Andalusia, and it has been established as a National Park since 1969.

National Parks of Spain

Maritime-Terrestrial Natural Park of the Atlantic Galician


Islands
It is placed in A Corua and Pontevedra, Galicia, and it has been established as a National Park since 2002.

The park covers four clusters of rocky islands, with cliffs on the western side, facing the Atlantic ocean, and
beautiful beaches and dunes on the eastern side, facing the estuaries. The most important and spectacular colonies
of sea birds on the Spanish coast live on these islands, and many other underwater animal species can also be
seen.

National Parks of Spain

Natural Park of Ordesa.


Special Protection Area for birds (1988)
Biosphere Reserve (1977)
Diploma of the Council of Europe for Conservation (1988, 1993, 1998, 2003)
UNESCO World Heritage (1997)

It is an incredibly beautiful place with a landscape of towering summits. It has a


wide variety of ecosystems with both an Atlantic and Mediterranean influence,
which is what gives it such a rich and diverse flora and fauna. The scenery is
dominated by the great massif of Monte Perdido (3,355 m),

National Parks of Spain

Natural Park of Picos de Europa


It is placed in Asturias, Len and Cantabria, and it has been established as a National Park since 1918.

Picos de Europa is the first Spanish National Park to receive this classification. Its origin dates back to 1918, when don Pedro Pidal,
Marquis of Villaviciosa, helped establish the law to create Montaa de Covadonga National Park. Since 30 May 1935, it has been called
Picos de Europa National Park.

Lake Ercina. Natural Park of the Picos de Europa

It is placed in Granada and Almera, Andalusia.

It has both gentle slopes and steep cliffs, and is home to the highest peaks on the Iberian peninsula, the
Mulhacn and the Veleta. It is a site of exceptional scenic value, shaped by its glacial origins and containing
forests and diverse areas of natural vegetation. The park also has rich hydrological resources, including
several natural mineral springs. Fifteen of its peaks are over 3,000 metres high

National Park of Sierra Nevada

National Parks of Spain

National Park of las Tablas de Daimiel

Mediterranean region with natural system linked to inland wetlands.


It is placed in Ciudad Real, Castille-La Mancha, and it has been established as a National Park since 1973.

National Parks of Spain

Natural Park of Teide

Sea of clouds
in Teide National Park

Natural Park of Timanfaya


Macaronesian Region. It represents a Natural System linked to volcanic processes and associated vegetation systems. It is placed in
Las Palmas and Lanzarote, Canary Islands, and it has been established as a National Park in 1974.

Natural Park of
Caldera de Taburiente
It is placed in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, and it has been established as a National Park in 1954.
It has been declared UNESCO World Heritage in 2007

It is placed in Santa Cruz de Tenerife and La Gomera, Canary Islands, and it has been established as a
National Park since 1981.
It has been declared UNESCO World Heritage in 1986.

Natural Park of Garajonay

Laurel forest covers some 70% of this park, situated in the middle of the island of La Gomera in the Canary Islands archipelago.
The presence of springs and numerous streams assures a lush vegetation resembling that of the Tertiary, which, due to climatic
changes, has largely disappeared from southern Europe.