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Operator Handbook

www.classicmachinery.net Operator Handbook JCB 1CX From serial number 751600 to 752999 and from 806000 Onwards !

JCB 1CX

From serial number 751600 to 752999 and from 806000 Onwards

www.classicmachinery.net

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SAFETY NOTICES

In this handbook and on the machine there are safety notices. Each notice starts with a signal word. The meanings of the signal words are given below.

! DANGER

Denotes an extreme hazard exists. If proper precautions are not taken, it is highly probable that the operator (or others) could be killed or seriously injured.

INT-1-2-1

! WARNING

Denotes a hazard exists. If proper precautions are not taken, the operator (or others) could be killed or seriously injured.

INT-1-2-2

! CAUTION

Denotes a reminder of safety practices. Failure to follow these safety practices could result in injury to the operator (or others) and possible damage to the machine.

INT-1-2-3

! WARNING

Study This Handbook Before Starting The Machine You must understand and follow the instructions in this handbook. You must observe all relevant laws and regulations. If you are unsure about anything, ask your JCB distributor or employer. Do not guess, you or others could be killed or seriously injured.

INT-1-1-1

! CAUTION

Do not fit an attachment to this machine which is not JCB approved. Consult your JCB distributor before fitting any non approved attachment.

8-4-1-6

MACHINE SECURITY

Vandalism and theft of unattended machines is an ever increasing problem and JCB is doing everything possible to help combat this.

JCB PLANTGUARD is a comprehensive package available to help you safeguard your machine. It includes such devices as vandal proof covers, window etching, immobiliser, concealed serial number, battery isolator, Tracker security system and much more.

Remember that the fitting of any one of these security devices will help to minimise not only the damage or loss of your machine but also subsequent lost productivity. It could also result in reduced insurance premiums.

Your JCB Distributor or Dealer will be pleased to provide information on any of these sensible precautions. ACT NOW!

INT-1-2-4

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i

CONTENTS

 

i

INTRODUCTION

Page

Page

About this Handbook Machine Models Location of Handbook Using this Handbook Units of Measurement Page Numbering Left Side, Right Side Using the Machine

 

Seat Controls

31

1

1

Loader Controls Loader Arm/Shovel Control Lever Auxiliary Attachments Control Switches Auxiliary Attachments Detent Switch High-flow Hydraulic Switch Float Control Switch

 

1

31

1

32

1

32

1

32

1

32

The JCB 1CX Machine Description

2

Stabiliser Controls

Backhoe Controls (JCB X Pattern) JCB X Pattern Boom and Slew Movements Dipper and Bucket Movements

33

Safety First - Yours and Other People's

3

34

 

35

Safety Check List General Safety Operating Safety Maintenance Safety

 

36

3

4

Backhoe Controls (JCB + Pattern) JCB + Pattern Boom and Slew Movements Dipper and Bucket Movements

 

5

37

 

38

Safety Decals

6

39

Identifying Your Machine Machine Identification Plate Typical Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Unit Identification

8

Backhoe Controls (ISO Pattern) ISO Pattern Dipper and Slew Movements Boom and Bucket Movements

40

8

41

8

42

JCB Immobiliser Option

9

Hydraclamps

43

 

Foot Operated Pedal

43

OPERATION

 

Before Starting the Engine

44

Introduction

21

 

Starting the Engine

45

Before Entering the Cab

21

 

Jump-Starting the Engine

46

Entering/Leaving the Cab Backhoe Control Lever Lock Leaving the Cab in an Emergency

22

23

Preparing the Machine for Travel Travelling on Site Travelling on the Road Travelling on the Road (UK only)

 

23

47

 

48

Cab Light (Cab Machines only)

23

48

Door and Windows (Cab Machines only)

24

Boom/Slew Lock Engage the Boom/Slew Lock Release the Boom/Slew Lock

 

50

Seat Belt Fastening the Seat Belt Releasing the Seat Belt Checking Seat Belt Operation

 

50

25

25

Rotating Beacon

51

25

 

Testing the Parking Brake

51

Cab Layout

26

Getting the Machine Moving Drive Control Lever Operating Procedures Getting Moving

Heater Controls (Cab Machines only)

28

52

 

52

Switches and Instruments Switches Warning Indicators Hourmeter

 

53

28

30

Stopping and Parking the Machine

53

30

 

Using the Attachments and Site Safety

54

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ii

CONTENTS

 

ii

OPERATION cont'd

Page

Page

Loader Quickhitch Engaging the Shovel/Attachments Disengaging the Shovel/Attachments

 

Cleaning the Machine

75

56

57

Checking for Damage

75

Working with the Loader Filling the Shovel Loading a Truck Scraping and Cutting

58

ROPS/FOPS Structure Checking the ROPS/FOPS Structure

75

58

58

Loader Arm Safety Strut Installing the Safety Strut Removing the Safety Strut

 
 

76

Working with the Backhoe Removing a Bucket Fitting a Bucket Preparing to Use the Backhoe Digging Moving the Machine While Digging Digging Near Walls Digging on Slopes

 

76

59

59

Engine Compartment Access Opening and closing the Bonnet Removing and Fitting a Side Panel

 

60

77

60

77

61

61

Removing Floor Plates

77

61

Sideshifting the Backhoe

62

Seat Belt Checking Seat Belt Condition and Security

78

Operating in Low Temperatures

63

Greasing (10 Hours) Quickhitch Pivot Points Loader Arm Pivot Points Backhoe

 

78

Operating in High Temperatures

63

79

 

80

Transporting the Machine Using a Truck Using a Trailer Transportation Safety

64

Lubrication Oiling Control Levers Oiling Door Hinges (Cabbed Machines) Checking Slew Oil Level

64

81

65

81

 

81

Moving a Disabled Machine

65

Emergency Lower Procedure

66

Engine Air Filter Changing the Elements

82

MAINTENANCE

Engine Oil and Filter Checking the Oil Level Changing the Oil and Filter

83

83

Lubricants - Health and Safety Hygiene Storage Waste Disposal Handling First Aid - Oil Spillage Fires

71

Engine Cooling System Coolant Mixtures Checking the Coolant Level Changing the Coolant Cleaning the Coolant Radiator

71

85

71

85

71

86

71

86

71

71

Engine Alternator Belt Checking the Alternator Belt Tension Adjusting the Alternator Belt

 
 

87

Service Requirements

72

87

Service Schedules Every 10 Operating Hours or Weekly (first 50 operating hrs. only) Every 10 Operating Hours or Daily After the First 50 Operating Hours only Every 50 Operating Hours or Weekly Every 100 Operating Hours or 2 Weekly Every 250 Operating Hours or Monthly Every 500 Operating Hours or 6 Monthly Every 1000 Operating Hours or Yearly Every 2000 Operating Hours or 2 Yearly

Drive Chain Lubrication Checking the Oil Levels

88

73

73

Fuel System Types of Fuel Fuel Standards Low Temperature Fuels Petrol Advice Filling the Tank Draining the Fuel Filter Changing the Fuel Filter Element

 

73

89

73

89

74

89

74

89

74

89

74

89

74

90

 

90

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iii

CONTENTS

iii

MAINTENANCE cont'd

Page

OPTIONAL ATTACHMENTS

Page

Hydraulic System Checking the Fluid Level Changing the Filter

 

Introduction

111

91

91

Quick Release Couplings

112

Battery Safety Warning Symbols Checking the Electrolyte Level

Connecting/Disconnecting Hydraulic Hoses

112

92

93

Shovels General Purpose and Light Duty Shovels

 

93

114

Electrical System

6-in-1 Shovel

115

Fuses

94

Relays

94

Pallet Forks

117

Light Bulbs

94

Tyres and Wheels Inflating the Tyres Renewing Segments of Optional Non-Inflatable Tyres Checking the Wheel Bolt Torques

 

Manure/Silage Fork with Top Grab

118

95

Attachment Frame

120

95

95

Backhoe Quickhitch Installing the Quickhitch Removing the Quickhitch Maintenance Installing Backhoe Quickhitch Attachments Removing Backhoe Quickhitch Attachments

121

 

121

Windscreen Washer

96

121

 

121

Fluids, Capacities and Lubricants

97

122

 

124

Obtaining Replacement Parts

97

Storage

98

SPECIFICATION

 

Static Dimensions and Specifications

131

Optional Attachments

133

Noise and Vibration Data

134

Tipping Loads

134

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1

INTRODUCTION

1

ABOUT THIS HANDBOOK

Machine Models

This handbook provides information for the JCB 1CX machine from serial number 751600 to 752999 and from 806000 onwards.

Location of Handbook

The handbook is located in a pocket on the seat back, as at A. The handbook should always be returned to its correct stowage.

Using this Handbook

The illustrations in this handbook are for guidance only. Where the machines differ, the text and/or the illustration will specify.

This handbook is arranged to give you a good understanding of the machine and its safe operation. It also contains maintenance information and specification data. Read this handbook from front to back before using the machine for the first time. Particular attention must be given to all the safety aspects of operating and maintaining the machine.

General warnings in this chapter are repeated throughout the book, as well as specific warnings. Read all the safety statements regularly, so you do not forget them. Remember that the best operators are the safest operators.

Finally, treat this handbook as part of the machine. Keep it clean and in good condition. Do not operate the machine without a handbook in the cab. If there is anything you are not sure about, ask your JCB distributor or employer. Do not guess, you or others could be killed or seriously injured.

The manufacturer's policy is one of continuous improvement. The right to change the specification of the machine without notice is reserved. No responsibility will be accepted for discrepancies which may occur between specifications of the machine and the descriptions contained in this publication.

INT-1-2-5/1

A S202361
A
S202361

Units of Measurement

In this handbook, the S.I. system of units is used. For example, liquid capacities are given in litres. The Imperial units follow in parenthesis () eg 28 litres (6 gal).

Page Numbering

The page numbering system in this handbook is not continuous. There is a gap between sections. This allows for the insertion of new pages in later issues of the handbook.

Left Side, Right Side

In this handbook, unless otherwise specified in the text, 'left' and 'right' mean your left and right when you are seated in the machine facing the loader end as shown at B. The only exception to this is in 'Backhoe Controls' in OPERATION section. This is because you will be facing the backhoe (rear) end of the machine, as shown at C, when operating these controls and your left and right are reversed.

Using the Machine

To use the 1CX efficiently and safely you must know the machine and have the skill to use it. This handbook instructs you on the machine, its controls and its safe operation. It is not a training manual on the art of loading and excavating. If you are a new operator, get yourself trained in the skills of using a 1CX before trying to work with it. If you do not, you will not do your job well, and you will be a danger to yourself and others.

B C S202340
B
C
S202340

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2

INTRODUCTION

2

THE JCB 1CX

Machine Description

The 1CX is a self propelled wheeled skid steer machine with a main structural support designed to carry both a front mounted bucket loading mechanism and a rear mounted backhoe. When used in the backhoe mode, the machine normally digs below ground level with bucket motion towards the machine; the backhoe lifts, swings and discharges material while the machine is stationary. When used in the loader mode, the machine loads or excavates through forward motion of the machine, and lifts, transports and discharges material.

BEACON FRONT WORK LIGHT LOADER ARM
BEACON
FRONT WORK LIGHT
LOADER ARM
BEACON FRONT WORK LIGHT LOADER ARM LOADER SHOVEL DRIVE CONTROLS S202351

LOADER SHOVEL

DRIVE CONTROLS

S202351

REAR WORK LIGHT
REAR WORK LIGHT
REAR WORK LIGHT DIPPER LOADER CONTROLS EXCAVATOR CONTROLS BUCKET S202361

DIPPER

LOADER CONTROLS

EXCAVATOR CONTROLS

BUCKET

S202361

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INTRODUCTION

3

SAFETY FIRST - YOURS AND OTHER PEOPLE'S

All construction and agricultural equipment can be hazardous. When a 1CX is correctly operated and properly maintained, it is a safe machine to work with. But when it is carelessly operated or poorly maintained it can become a danger to you (the operator) and others.

In this handbook and on the machine you will find warning messages. Read and understand them. They tell you of potential hazards and how to avoid them. If you do not fully understand the warning messages, ask your employer or JCB distributor to explain them.

But safety is not just a matter of responding to the warnings. All the time you are working on or with the machine you must be thinking what hazards there might be and how to avoid them.

Do not work with the machine until you are sure that you can control it.

Do not start any job until you are sure that you and those around you will be safe.

If you are unsure of anything, about the machine or the job, ask someone who knows. Do not assume anything.

INT-1-3-1/1

Remember

BE CAREFUL

BE ALERT

BE SAFE

SAFETY CHECK LIST

General Safety

! Handbook You and others can be injured if you operate or maintain the machine without first studying this handbook. Read the safety instructions before operating the machine. If you do not understand anything, ask your employer or JCB distributor to explain it. Keep this handbook clean and in good condition. Do not operate the machine without a handbook in the cab, or if there is anything on the machine you do not understand.

INT-1-3-2

! Regulations Obey all laws, work site and local regulations which affect you and your machine.

INT-1-3-3

! Decals You can be injured if you do not obey the decal safety instructions. Keep decals clean. Replace unreadable or missing decals with new ones before operating the machine. Make sure replacement parts include warning decals where necessary.

INT-1-3-4

! Care and Alertness All the time you are working with or on the machine, take care and stay alert. Always be careful. Always be alert for hazards.

INT-1-3-5

! Raised Attachments Raised attachments can fall and injure you. Do not walk or work under raised attachments unless they are safely blocked.

INT-1-3-8

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! Clothing You can be injured if you do not wear the proper clothing. Loose clothing can get caught in the machinery. Wear protective clothing to suit the job. Examples of protective clothing are: a hard hat, safety shoes, safety glasses, a well fitting overall, ear- protectors and industrial gloves. Keep cuffs fastened. Do not wear a necktie or scarf. Keep long hair restrained.

INT-1-3-6

! Lifting Equipment You can be injured if you use faulty lifting equipment. Make sure that lifting equipment is in good condition. Make sure that lifting tackle complies with all local regulations and is suitable for the job. Make sure that lifting equipment is strong enough for the job.

INT-1-3-7

! Alcohol and Drugs It is extremely dangerous to operate machinery when under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Do not consume alcoholic drinks or take drugs before or whilst operating the machine or attachments. Be aware of medicines which can cause drowsiness.

INT-1-3-9

! Machine Modifications This machine is manufactured in compliance with legislative and other requirements. It should not be altered in any way which could affect or invalidate any of these requirements. For advice consult your JCB Distributor.

Reference should also be made to Optional Attachments section where appropriate.

INT-1-3-10

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4

INTRODUCTION

4

SAFETY CHECK LIST

(continued)

Operating Safety

! Practice You or others can be killed or seriously injured if you do unfamiliar operations without first practising them. Practise away from the work site on a clear area. Keep other people away. Do not perform new operations until you are sure you can do them safely.

INT-2-1-1

! Machine Condition A defective machine can injure you or others. Do not operate a machine which is defective or has missing parts. Make sure the maintenance procedures in this handbook are completed before using the machine.

INT-2-1-2

! Controls You or others can be killed or seriously injured if you operate the control levers from outside the cab. Operate the controls levers only when you are correctly seated inside the cab.

INT-2-1-3

! Machine Limits Operating the machine beyond its design limits can damage the machine, it can also be dangerous. Do not operate the machine outside its limits. Do not try to upgrade the machine performance with unapproved modifications.

INT-2-1-4

! Rollover Should the machine start to roll over, you can be crushed if you try to leave the cab. If the machine starts to roll over, DO NOT TRY TO JUMP FROM THE CAB. STAY IN THE CAB, WITH YOUR SEAT BELT FASTENED.

INT-2-1-12

! ROPS/FOPS Structure The machine is fitted with a Roll Over Protection Structure (ROPS) and a Falling Objects Protection Structure (FOPS). You could be killed or seriously injured if you operate the machine with a damaged or missing ROPS/FOPS. If the ROPS/FOPS has been in an accident, do not use the machine until the structure has been renewed. Modifications and repairs that are not approved by the manufacturer may be dangerous and will invalidate the ROPS/FOPS certification.

INT-2-1-9/3

! Seat Belts The ROPS/FOPS cab is designed to give you protection in an accident. If you do not wear your seat belt, you could be thrown around inside the cab or thrown out of the machine and crushed. You must wear a seat belt when using the machine. Fasten the seat belt before starting the engine.

2-2-1-9

! Cold Starting Do not use ether or other starting fluids to assist cold starting. Using these fluids may result in an explosion causing possible injury and/or damage to the engine.

3-2-1-9

! Exhaust Gases Breathing the machine exhaust gases can harm and possibly kill you. Do not operate the machine in closed spaces without making sure there is good ventilation. If possible, fit an exhaust extension. If you begin to feel drowsy, stop the machine at once. Get out of the cab into fresh air.

INT-2-1-10

! Hazardous Atmospheres This machine is designed for use in normal out door atmospheric conditions. It should not be used in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation. Do not use the machine in a potentially explosive atmosphere, i.e. combustible vapours, gas or dust, without first consulting your JCB Distributor.

INT-2-1-14

! Visibility Accidents can be caused by working in poor visibility. Keep windows clean and use your lights to improve visibility. Do not operate the machine if you cannot see properly.

INT-2-1-11

! Passengers Passengers in or on the machine can cause accidents. The JCB Skid Steer Loader is a one man machine. Do not carry passengers.

INT-2-2-2

! Ramps and Trailers Water, mud, ice, grease and oil on ramps or trailers can cause serious accidents. Make sure ramps and trailers are clean before driving onto them. Use extreme caution when driving onto ramps and trailers. Always reverse up a ramp if unloaded, travel forwards if loaded. Always reverse down a ramp if loaded, travel forwards if unloaded.

3-1-1-3/1

! Sparks Explosions and fire can be caused by sparks from the exhaust or the electrical system. Do not use the machine in closed areas where there is flammable material, vapour or dust.

INT-2-2-10

! Safe Working Loads Overloading the machine can damage it and make it unstable. Study the lifting and/or digging specifications in this handbook before using the attachments.

INT-2-2-11/1

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5

INTRODUCTION

5

SAFETY CHECK LIST

(continued)

Maintenance Safety

! Repairs Do not try to do repairs or any other type of maintenance work you do not understand. Get a Service Manual from your JCB distributor, or get the work done by a specialist engineer.

INT-3-1-1

! Modifications and Welding Non-approved modifications can cause injury and damage. Parts of the machine are made from cast iron; welds on cast iron can weaken the structure and break. Do not weld cast iron. Contact your JCB distributor for advice before modifying the machine.

INT-3-1-2/1

! Metal Splinters You can be injured by flying metal splinters when driving metal pins in or out. Use a soft faced hammer or drift to remove and fit metal pins. Always wear safety glasses.

INT-3-1-3

! Communications Bad communications can cause accidents. If two or more people are working on the machine, make sure each is aware of what the others are doing. Before starting the engine make sure the others are clear of the danger areas; examples of danger areas are: the rotating blades and belt on the engine, the attachments and linkages, and anywhere beneath or behind the machine. People can be killed or injured if these precautions are not taken.

INT-3-1-5

! Soft Ground

A machine can sink into soft ground. Never work under

a machine on soft ground.

INT-3-2-4

! Raised Machine NEVER position yourself or any part of your body under a raised machine which is not properly supported. If the machine moves unexpectedly you could become trapped and suffer serious injury or be killed.

INT-3-3-7/1

! Petrol Do not use petrol in this machine. Do not mix petrol

with the diesel fuel; in storage tanks the petrol will rise

to the top and form flammable vapours.

INT-3-1-6

! Diesel Fuel Diesel fuel is flammable; keep naked flames away from the machine. Do not smoke while refuelling the machine or working on the engine. Do not refuel with the engine running. There could be a fire or injury if you do not follow these precautions.

INT-3-2-2

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! Oil Oil is toxic. If you swallow any oil, do not induce vomiting, seek medical advice. Used engine oil contains harmful contaminants which can cause skin cancer. Do not handle used engine oil more than necessary. Always use barrier cream or wear gloves to prevent skin contact. Wash skin contaminated with oil thoroughly in warm soapy water. Do not use petrol, diesel fuel or paraffin to clean your skin.

INT-3-2-3

! Electrical Circuits Understand the electrical circuit before connecting or disconnecting an electrical component. A wrong connection can cause injury and/or damage.

INT-3-1-4

Do not disconnect the battery while the engine is running otherwise the electrical circuits may be damaged.

INT-3-1-14

Do not switch the battery isolator to OFF while the engine is running. Failure to comply may result in damage to the electrical circuits.

4-2-1-7

! Arc Welding Before carrying out arc welding on the machine, disconnect the battery and alternator to protect the circuits and components.

The battery must still be disconnected even if a battery isolator is fitted.

Make sure that the welding earth return path is kept as short as possible. This prevents high currents being induced in the machine chassis or wiring harnesses.

If the machine is equipped with amplifier drivers or electronic control units (E.C.U.s) then disconnect them before welding. Failure to disconnect the amplifier drivers or E.C.U.s could result in irreparable damage to the electronic components.

INT-3-1-15/1

! Fires If your machine is equipped with a fire extinguisher, make sure it is checked regularly. Keep it in the operator's cab until you need to use it.

Do not use water to put out a machine fire, you could spread an oil fire or get a shock from an electrical fire. Use carbon dioxide, dry chemical or foam extinguishers. Contact your nearest fire department as quickly as possible. Firefighters should use self- contained breathing apparatus.

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6

INTRODUCTION

6

SAFETY CHECK LIST (continued)

Maintenance Safety (continued)

! Hydraulic Fluid Fine jets of hydraulic fluid at high pressure can penetrate the skin. Do not use your fingers to check for hydraulic fluid leaks. Do not put your face close to suspected leaks. Hold a piece of cardboard close to suspected leaks and then inspect the cardboard for signs of hydraulic fluid. If hydraulic fluid penetrates your skin, get medical help immediately.

INT-3-1-10/1

! Hydraulic Pressure Hydraulic fluid at pressure can injure you. Make the machine safe before connecting or disconnecting quick release couplings; stop the engine then turn the starter switch to IGN and operate the auxiliary attachment control switch a few times to vent residual hydraulic pressure in the attachment hoses.

3-4-1-3

! Rams The efficiency of the rams will be affected if they are not kept free of solidified dirt. Clean dirt from around the rams regularly. When leaving or parking the machine, close all rams if possible to reduce the risk of weather corrosion.

INT-3-2-10

! 'O' rings, Seals and Gaskets Badly fitted, damaged or rotted 'O' rings, seals and gaskets can cause leakages and possible accidents. Renew whenever disturbed unless otherwise instructed. Do not use Trichloroethane or paint thinners near 'O' rings and seals.

INT-3-2-12

! Cleaning Cleaning metal parts with incorrect solvents can cause corrosion. Use only recommended cleaning agents and solvents.

INT-3-2-11

! Hydraulic Hoses Damaged hoses can cause fatal accidents. Inspect the hoses regularly for:

Damaged end fittings Chafed outer covers Ballooned outer covers Kinked or crushed hoses Embedded armouring in outer covers Displaced end fittings.

INT-3-3-2

SAFETY DECALS

! WARNING

Decals on the machine warn you of particular hazards. Each decal is attached close to a part of the machine where there is a possible hazard. Read and make sure you understand the safety message before you work with or on that part of the machine.

Keep all decals clean and readable. Replace lost or damaged decals. The decals and their attachment points are shown on the following pages. Each decal has a part number printed on it, use this number to order a new decal from your JCB distributor.

INT-3-3-3

! WARNING

If you need eye-glasses for reading, make sure you wear them when reading the safety decals. Decals are strategically placed around the machine to remind you of possible hazards. Do not over-stretch or place yourself in dangerous positions to read the decals.

INT-3-3-4

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7

INTRODUCTION

7

SAFETY DECALS

(continued)

S263112

S263112

Note: All labels illustrated are in English. Your JCB Distributor will advise you on the availability of labels in other languages.

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8

INTRODUCTION

8

IDENTIFYING YOUR MACHINE

Machine Identification Plate

The machine identification plate is located as shown at A. The serial number of the machine and its major units are stamped on the plate.

Typical Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

SLP

1CX

S

B

V

E

123456

751601

7

1 World Manufacturer Identification

2 Machine Model

3 Machine Type (S = Standard, H = High-flow)

4 Build Type (A = Canopy, B = Cab)

5 Year of Manufacture:

T

= 1996

1 = 2001

V

= 1997

2 = 2002

W = 1998

3 = 2003

X = 1999

4 = 2004

Y = 2000

5 = 2005

6 Manufacturer Location (E = England)

7 Product Identification Number (PIN)

Unit Identification

The engine serial number is stamped on a label B on the right side of the cylinder block.

The chassis serial number C is stamped on the front wall of the cab above the machine identification plate.

The hydraulic pump unit serial number is stamped on a plate on the bottom of the pump as shown at D.

If any of the above units are replaced with new ones, the relevant serial number on the Machine Identification Plate will be superseded. Either stamp the plate with the new number or stamp out the old number.

C A 203651
C
A
203651
S I G T E E BSI J.C.BAMFORD EXCAVATORS LTD. R ROCESTER, STAFFS, ENGLAND. R
S
I
G
T
E
E
BSI
J.C.BAMFORD EXCAVATORS LTD.
R
ROCESTER, STAFFS, ENGLAND.
R
CONSTRUCTOR
MADE IN UK
R
Vehicle Identification No.
Product Identification No.
ENGINE SERIAL No.
WEIGHT
PUMP SERIAL No.
YEAR OF MANUFACTURE
MODEL
80/1269/EEC
MODEL
80/1269/EEC
POWER KW
R.P.M.
POWER KW
R.P.M.
160
32.5
2600
190
56.8
2200
170
34.4
2800
190 HF
56.8
2200
170
HF
34.4
2800
1110
65.3
2200
160
HF
32.5
2600
1110 HF
65.3
2200
1CX
34.4
2800
1CX HF
34.4
2800
817/17187
E
D
F
I
R
M
B S255430
B
S255430
D 203640
D
203640

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9

INTRODUCTION

9

JCB IMMOBILISER OPTION

The JCB Immobiliser incorporates latest Electronic Immobiliser technology and is operated by an Electronically coded key.

The components required to operate the JCB Immobiliser are:

Yellow JCB Immobiliser Electronically coded key. Instrument panel mounted Immobiliser key receptacle.

S242160

S242160

Follow the instructions below to Activate and Deactivate the JCB Immobiliser system.

Activation

The vehicle is automatically immobilised 15 seconds after switching off the engine ignition system.

The L.E.D. (Light Emitting Diode) in the JCB Immobiliser key receptacle flashes when the immobiliser is activated.

Deactivation

To start the vehicle engine the JCB Immobiliser Electronic key must be inserted and removed from the Immobiliser key receptacle, the L.E.D. will then extinguish indicating the Immobiliser has deactivated. The vehicle ignition key is operated to start the engine in the normal way but within 10 to 15 seconds otherwise the system will reactivate itself.

If the Immobiliser key remains inserted in the receptacle the engine will not start.

If the Immobiliser key is inserted in the receptacle for longer than 15 seconds the L.E.D. in the Immobiliser key receptacle will begin to flash indicating activation of the system. To deactivate the Immobiliser first remove the electronic key from the receptacle, then re-insert the key and remove it within 5 to 10 seconds.

NEVER TURN OR ATTEMPT TO TURN THE JCB IMMOBILISER ELECTRONIC CODED KEY WHEN IT HAS BEEN INSERTED INSIDE THE KEY RECEPTACLE.

Additional and/or replacement Immobiliser Electronic keys (Maximum of 5 keys) can be supplied on request from your approved installing JCB distributor provided that one of the two Electronic keys originally supplied with the Immobiliser is still available.

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21

OPERATION

21

INTRODUCTION

The aim of this part of the handbook is to guide the operator step-by-step through the task of learning how to operate the machine efficiently and safely. Read the OPERATION section through from beginning to end.

Before starting the machine, sit in the operator's seat and familiarise yourself with the layout of the cab. Use your handbook to identify each control lever, switch, gauge, button and pedal. Do not guess. If there is anything you do not understand, ask your JCB distributor.

When you have familiarised yourself with the operating controls and switches, practise using them. Drive the machine in an open space, clear of people. Get to know the 'feel' of the machine and its driving controls.

Finally, do not rush the job of learning, make sure you fully understand everything in the OPERATION section. Take your time and work efficiently and safely.

Remember

The operator must always be aware of events happening outside the cab as well as inside the cab. Safety must always be the most important feature when operating the JCB 1CX.

outside the cab as well as inside the cab. Safety must always be the most important
outside the cab as well as inside the cab. Safety must always be the most important

BE CAREFUL

BE ALERT

BE SAFE

BEFORE ENTERING THE CAB

The following checks should be made each time you return to the machine after leaving it for any period of time. We advise you also to stop the machine occasionally during long work sessions and do the checks again.

All these checks concern the serviceability of the machine. Some concern your safety. Get your service engineer to check and correct any defects.

! WARNING

Walking or working under raised attachments can be hazardous. You could be crushed by the attachments or get caught in the linkages.

Lower the attachments to the ground before doing these checks. If you are new to this machine, get an experienced operator to lower them for you.

If there is nobody to help you, study this handbook until you have learned how to lower the attachments.

3-2-1-6

1 Check for Cleanliness

a Clean the window and light lenses.

b Remove dirt and debris, especially from around the linkages, rams, pivot points and radiator.

c Make sure the cab step and handholds are clean and dry.

d Clean all safety decals. Replace any that are missing or cannot be read.

2 Check for Damage

a Inspect the machine generally for damaged and missing parts.

b Make sure that the shovel, bucket and bucket teeth are secure and in good condition.

c Make sure that all pivot pins are secured correctly in place.

d Inspect the window for cracks and damage. Glass splinters can blind you.

e Check for oil, fuel and coolant leakages.

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22

OPERATION

22

BEFORE ENTERING THE CAB (continued)

!! WARNING

You could be killed or injured if a machine tyre bursts. Do not use the machine with damaged, incorrectly inflated or excessively worn tyres.

2-2-1-2

3 Check the Tyres

a Make sure the tyres are correctly inflated, see Inflating the Tyres in MAINTENANCE section for a safe procedure for inflating the tyres.

b Check for adequate tread depth, cut rubber and penetration by sharp objects. Do not use a machine with damaged tyres.

4 Check the Fuel and Hydraulic Filler Caps

Make sure the caps are tightly closed. (We also recommend that, if possible, you lock the filler caps.)

5 Check the Engine Compartment Side Panels and

Bonnet

a Make sure the engine compartment side panels are fitted and secured correctly (see Engine Compartment Access in MAINTENANCE section).

b Make sure the bonnet is closed and locked (see Engine Compartment Access in MAINTENANCE section ).

6 Check Condition of the Seat Belt

Make sure the seat belt is working correctly and is not damaged (see Seat Belt ).

ENTERING/LEAVING THE CAB

!! WARNING

Do not use the machine controls as handholds when entering (or leaving) the machine.

2-2-1-4

!! CAUTION

Always face the machine when entering (and leaving) the cab. Make sure your hands and shoes are clean and dry. Otherwise you could slip and fall.

2-2-1-3

Be careful when entering or leaving the cab, especially if the engine is running. Make sure that the engine is running at no more than a slow idling speed. Turn the seat so that it is facing the door as shown at A, this will isolate the loader and drive control joysticks. If you do not turn the seat, the machine or its attachments could move if you accidentally touch the controls when getting in or out.

A S207361
A
S207361

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23

OPERATION

23

ENTERING/LEAVING THE CAB (continued)

Backhoe Control Lever Lock (if fitted)

To prevent the backhoe from being accidentally operated when the driver is entering or leaving the cab, and driving on the highway, a safety locking pin A can be installed.

Always fit the locking pin before leaving the cab. Only remove the locking pin when you are correctly seated inside the cab. Put the pin in its stowage position B during machine operation. This will prevent the pin from being misplaced.

Leaving the Cab in an Emergency

! WARNING

The ROPS cab is designed to give you protection in an accident. If you do not wear your seat belt, you could be thrown about inside the cab, or thrown out of the machine and crushed. You must wear a seat belt when using the machine. Fasten the seat belt before starting the engine.

2-2-1-9

! WARNING

Rollover Should the machine start to roll over, you can be crushed if you try to leave the cab. If the machine starts to roll over, DO NOT TRY TO JUMP FROM THE CAB. STAY IN THE CAB, WITH YOUR SEAT BELT FASTENED.

INT-2-1-12

When the machine comes to rest following an accident, switch the starter key to the OFF position, if at all possible, and remove the seat belt.

A B S259360
A
B
S259360

If the machine is lying on its side preventing exit through the door, open the rear window and carefully climb out.

CAB LIGHT (Cab Machines only)

The cab light is fitted with a sliding switch C - slide it upwards to switch on the light.

C S213520
C
S213520

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24

OPERATION

24

DOOR AND WINDOWS (Cab Machines only)

The cab has one door, an opening rear window and an opening side window.

Note: Do not drive the machine with the door unlatched, otherwise it could swing open.

Opening and Closing the Door

To open the door from the outside, unlock it with the key provided and press the lock barrel.

Close the door from the inside by pulling it firmly; it will latch itself. To open the door from the inside, pull lever A up.

Opening and Closing the Rear Window

To open the rear window, take a firm grip on the two handles A and press lever B on both sides to release the lock mechanism.

Pull the window towards the front of the machine and up as far as it will go. Release lever B then make sure the window latches in the open position.

To close the window, press lever B on both sides to release the lock mechanism then lower the window to the closed position. Release lever B then make sure the window latches in the closed position.

A S213501
A
S213501
B A S213510
B
A
S213510

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OPERATION

25

SEAT BELT

! WARNING

Do

excessively worn.

not use

a seat belt which is damaged or

Do not use a seat belt that has been in an accident.

A worn, damaged or already stressed seat belt could break or give way in a collision. If that happens you could be killed or injured.

2-2-3-8

! WARNING

Seat Belt Operating the machine without a seat belt can be dangerous. Before starting the engine, make sure your seat belt is fastened. Check the tightness and condition of the seat belt securing bolts regularly (see maintenance schedules).

INT-2-1-8/1

Fastening the Seat Belt

1 Sit correctly in the seat. Remove the male fitting A from its stowage and position it across your lap.

2 Push the male fitting A into the buckle B until it latches into position. Make sure the seat belt is not twisted.

3 Adjust the belt length until it makes a snug fit.

Note: If the belt 'locks' before the male fitting A has been engaged, allow the belt to fully retract in its reel holder and then try again. The inertia mechanism may lock if you pull the belt too sharply or if the machine is parked on an incline. In such cases, ease the belt gently from its reel holder.

A B 106842
A
B
106842

4230-2

Releasing the Seat Belt

1 Press button C and pull the male fitting A from the buckle B.

2 Let the seat belt retract into its reel holder.

3 Replace male fitting A in its stowage.

Checking Seat Belt Operation

1 Sit correctly in the seat and fasten the seat belt as described.

2 Take hold of the seat belt and tug. The seat belt should 'lock'.

If the seat belt does not 'lock' when the above test is performed, get the seat belt repaired or replaced.

C 106842
C
106842
106842
106842

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26

OPERATION

26

CAB LAYOUT

2 5 1 5 8 9 6
2 5
1
5
8
9
6

202411

Note: The illustration shows the seat swivelled to the rearwards position for excavator operation.

7 3 4
7
3
4

S202423

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27

OPERATION

27

CAB LAYOUT

(continued)

1 Drive Control Lever The lever controls forward/reverse drive and steering. It is spring loaded to its central (neutral) position. See

Getting the Machine Moving.

2 Loader Arm/Shovel Control Lever The lever controls arms lift and lower and bucket open and close. It is spring loaded to its central (neutral)

position. See Loader Controls.

3 Hand Throttle Lever Once the engine has started, set the lever to give an engine speed suitable for the conditions and operations to be performed.

4 Throttle Foot Pedal Use the foot pedal, when driving or using the loader, to increase the engine speed by overriding the setting of the hand throttle lever. When the pedal is released the engine speed reverts to that set by the hand throttle lever.

5 Backhoe Control Levers

See Backhoe Controls.

6 Stabiliser Control Levers

See Stabiliser Controls.

7 Instrument Panel

See Switches, Warning Indicators and Hourmeter.

8 Seat Control Lever

See Seat Controls.

9 Fuel Gauge Shows the amount of fuel left in the tank.

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OPERATION

28

HEATER CONTROLS (Cab Machines only)

Hot air is directed to the front and rear screens and, by means of vent A, to the footwell. A heater control switch B controls a two-speed heater fan.

Air Control. Close vent A to direct all the air to the front and rear screens.

Heater Fan Switch. Press the switch B down to switch on the fan. Press further down to select high speed.

The heater control tap C is situated in the engine compartment on the right hand side of the engine. The tap must be in the on position D for warm air. Turn the tap to the off position E for cold air.

E C D S256890
E
C
D
S256890
B A
B
A

S214001

SWITCHES AND INSTRUMENTS

Switches

1 Starter Switch See Starting the Engine.

2 Auxiliary Attachments Control Switch See Loader Controls.

3 Horn Button Press to operate the horn. The horn will operate only when the starter switch is set to IGN.

4 Override Button Pressing this button enables use of the loader and, providing the parking brake is off, repositioning of the machine when the seat is facing towards the rear of the machine.

5 Parking Brake Control Switch The machines brakes are applied automatically whenever the engine is stopped. However, it may be necessary to apply the brakes while the engine is still running, e.g. when using a static attachment such as an auger.

This control can also be used in an emergency to stop the machine almost instantly.

Note: Such usage should only be undertaken as a last resort since the brake mechanism can be damaged. Get the brakes checked after an emergency stop.

Switch operation up to machine no. 807705 Press the switch down to apply the brakes. The switch will illuminate. Press the switch up to release the brakes. Check that the switch extinguishes.

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29

OPERATION

29

SWITCHES AND INSTRUMENTS (continued)

Switches (continued)

5 Parking Brake Control Switch (cont’d) Switch operation from machine no. 807706 Press down to apply the brakes. The switch will illuminate. Slide lock then press up to release the brakes. Check that the switch extinguishes.

P P 382150
P
P
382150

6 Hazard Warning Lights Switch (if fitted) Press down to switch on the hazard warning lights.

7 Direction Indicator Switch (if fitted) Press left or right to indicate changes of direction when driving.

8 Auxiliary Attachments Detent Switch See Loader Controls.

9 Hand Held Attachment Switch (if fitted) Press down to switch on the hand held attachment hydraulic circuit.

10 Beacon Light Switch Press to switch on the flashing beacon. See Rotating Beacon.

11 Road Lights Switch (if fitted) Press down to switch on the sidelights. Press further down to switch on the headlights.

12 Front Work Light Switch Press down to switch on the front work lights.

13 Rear Work Light Switch Press down to switch on the rear work lights.

14 Windscreen Wipe/Wash Switch Press down to operate the wiper. Press further to direct the wash fluid onto the windscreen. The switch is spring loaded and returns to the middle (wipe) position when released.

15 Float Control Switch (if fitted) See Loader Controls.

16 High-flow Hydraulic Switch See Loader Controls.

S202436 1 2 4 3 5 6 7 8 9 0 ! @ £ $
S202436
1
2
4
3
5
6
7
8
9
0
!
@
£
$ %
^

Note: The switches shown may not all be fitted to your machine, also the switch positions may be different.

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OPERATION

30

SWITCHES AND INSTRUMENTS (continued)

Warning Indicators

Lamps

1 Engine Speed Indicator Fitted to machines manufactured from October 1997. Illuminates when engine is running within the correct speed band for backhoe operation.

Lamps Plus Audible Alarm

!! CAUTION

If any audible/visual warnings operate whilst the engine is running, stop the engine as soon as it is safe to do so and rectify the fault.

4-2-1-2

With the following, there is an audible warning as well as the warning light.

2 No Charge Lights when the starter switch is set to IGN before starting the engine. The light should go out a few seconds after the engine starts. Also lights if the battery charging circuit fails while the engine is running.

3 Air Filter Blocked Lights if the engine air filter is blocked.

4 Engine Oil Pressure Lights if the engine oil pressure drops too far. Lights when the starter switch is set to IGN before starting the engine but should go out when the engine starts. If this light remains on stop the engine immediately. SERIOUS ENGINE DAMAGE COULD OCCUR IF THIS WARNING IS IGNORED.

5 Low Hydraulic Charge Pressure Lights if the hydraulic charge pressure drops too far. Lights when the starter switch is set to IGN before starting the engine but should go out when the engine starts. If this light remains on stop the engine immediately. SERIOUS TRANSMISSION DAMAGE COULD OCCUR IF THIS WARNING IS IGNORED.

Note: A blocked hydraulic oil filter is a possible cause of low hydraulic charge pressure.

6 Water Temperature High Lights if the engine coolant overheats. Also lights if the engine coolant level falls too far.

7 Hydraulic Oil Temperature High Lights if the hydraulic oil temperature rises too far.

Hourmeter

The Hourmeter 8 records the total running time of the engine. Use it to keep a check of running hours between maintenance intervals.

2 1 3 8 4 5 6 7 S202444
2
1
3
8
4
5
6
7
S202444

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OPERATION

31

SEAT CONTROLS

The operator's seat can be adjusted for your comfort. A correctly adjusted seat will reduce operator fatigue. Position the seat so that you can comfortably reach the machine controls.

The seat can be turned to face the backhoe controls. Remember to adjust it again if necessary.

The seat adjustments are as follows:

Fore/Aft

Move lever A upwards and slide the seat to the position you want. Release lever A. Make sure the seat is locked in position.

Swivel

Move lever A upwards and slide the seat fully rearwards. Swivel the seat to face the opposite direction. Release lever A. Make sure the seat latches in position.

Note: To ensure the seat fully latches into position it must be pushed firmly rearwards.

A 202401
A
202401

LOADER CONTROLS

Loader Arm/Shovel Control Lever

Lever B controls the movement of the loader arm and the shovel (or any other attachment which is installed on the loader arm).

The lever has four main movements and is spring-loaded to its central (hold) position.

The speed of loader/shovel movement depends on how far you move the lever; the further you move the lever the faster the action.

The main lever movements are shown right. Their effects are described below. Combined actions can be achieved by moving the lever diagonally. The lever movements and resulting actions are shown on a decal on the cab front wall.

1 To raise the loader arm pull the lever back.

2 To lower the loader arm, push the lever forward.

3 To roll the shovel forward (dump), push the lever to the right.

4 To roll the shovel back (crowd), push the lever to the left.

2

3

B 1 4
B
1
4

S202503

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OPERATION

32

LOADER CONTROLS (continued)

Auxiliary Attachments Control Switches (optional)

Two switches C situated on the Loader Control Lever are used to actuate the hydraulic function of an attachment. Refer to OPTIONAL ATTACHMENTS section or, if appropriate, the instructions supplied with the attachment, for details of the function controlled.

Earlier machines are fitted with a three position rocker switch situated on the top of the Loader Control Lever. The switch is spring returned to the central OFF position.

Auxiliary Attachments Detent Switch (optional)

Some attachments require more continuous working than others, e.g. an auger. A three position detent switch D (ON-FORWARD/OFF/ON-REVERSE) is provided on the panel. When pressed ON (FORWARD or REVERSE), the attachment will run without utilising the Auxiliary Attachment Control Switches C. FORWARD or REVERSE should be selected as required. Press the detent switch to the centre position to switch OFF. The actual forward or reverse direction will depend on the attachment being used.

!! CAUTION

The auxiliary attachments detent switch must be selected to its centre OFF position when no attachments are fitted. Otherwise damage to the hydraulic system can result due to overheating.

3-2-1-7

High-flow Hydraulic Switch (optional)

Certain attachments require a higher than normal hydraulic flow for efficient operation.

To select high-flow, first start the engine then press three position switch E fully down. When released, the switch will spring return to its central position and the high-flow circuit will remain selected. The circuit will automatically de-select when the engine stops. The engine cannot be started unless the high-flow switch is turned OFF (fully up).

The High-flow switch must always be in the OFF position unless a high-flow attachment is fitted.

Note: High-flow hydraulics will not operate if the engine speed is too low.

C
C

S202503B

D E F S202514
D
E
F
S202514

Float Control Switch (optional)

This option allows the loader arm and bucket to 'float'. When selected the bucket is free to ride up and down over the ground as the machine travels. Press the switch F down to select Float. Press the switch up to deselect Float.

! CAUTION

If Float is selected with the loader raised, the loader will descend to ground level and 'float' across it as you travel. You will not have control over the rate of fall.

2-2-2-7

Always lower the loader before selecting Float.

Note: Float will be automatically de-selected if the arms raise control is operated.

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OPERATION

33

STABILISER CONTROLS

! WARNING

You must be sitting in the driving seat when operating the stabiliser controls.

Do not operate the stabilisers from outside the machine. Otherwise you could be crushed when the machine moves.

The stabilisers must be down when you use the backhoe, or the machine will rock violently. Each stabiliser has its own control lever and can be operated independently.

Lower each stabiliser to level the machine and take the weight off of the rear tyres. The loader bucket should be used along with the stabilisers to level and steady the machine.

2-2-2-8/1

! WARNING

Bystanders could be crushed and obstacles could be damaged if they are beneath the stabilisers while they are being lowered. Before lowering the stabilisers, make sure any bystanders are clear of the machine. Also make sure that there are no obstacles beneath the stabilisers.

2-2-2-10

Raise Stabilisers

To raise the stabilisers A and C and lower the machine, push the levers towards the rear of the machine. The stabilisers must be fully raised before the machine can be driven off.

The fully raised position of the stabilisers is indicated when the 'flags' E (one on each stabiliser) are fully visible.

The stabilisers may be locked in the fully raised position by inserting pin F through the holes in the flag and lifting eye as shown.

! CAUTION

Ensure that the stabiliser lock pin is removed before operating the stabiliser control otherwise the pin and flag may be damaged.

3-2-1-8

Lower Stabilisers

To lower the stabilisers B and D and raise the machine, pull the levers towards the front of the machine.

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A C B D C A D
A
C
B
D
C
A
D

S202491

B
B
F E 202520
F
E
202520

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34

OPERATION

34

BACKHOE CONTROLS JCB X Pattern

JCB X Pattern

! WARNING

Do not operate the backhoe controls from outside the machine, or you could be crushed by the backhoe.

2-2-3-1

Note: In this section of the handbook, 'left' and 'right' mean your left and right when seated correctly in the machine, facing the backhoe.

On machines with the JCB X Pattern control, the left hand lever L operates the boom and slew. The right hand lever R operates the dipper and bucket. The stabilisers are operated as described in Stabiliser Controls.

Each lever has four main movements (in a 'X' pattern), and is spring-loaded to its central (hold) position. The backhoe will stay in any position until you move it with the levers.

Both levers can be moved at the same time, for more efficient operation. The speed of backhoe movement depends on how far you move the lever; the further you move the lever the faster the action.

Combined actions can be achieved by moving the lever in directions between the four main ones. The lever movements and resulting actions are shown on a decal near the controls.

Note: Green indicator light S will illuminate when the engine is running within the correct speed band for operating the backhoe.

L R S S202532
L
R
S
S202532

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35

OPERATION

35

Boom and Slew Movements

BACKHOE CONTROLS JCB X Pattern (continued)

1 To raise the boom A, pull the lever diagonally left and towards you. Before raising the boom check that it is clear overhead.

2 To lower the boom B, push the lever diagonally right and away from you.

3 To slew the boom to your left C, move the lever diagonally left and away from you.

4 To slew the boom to your right D, move the lever diagonally right and towards you.

Note: Some backhoe buckets and attachments may collide with the stabiliser legs if slewed too far round. Check this before using different attachments.

B A A B
B
A
A
B

S202571

C D D C
C
D
D
C

S202561

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36

OPERATION

36

BACKHOE CONTROLS JCB X Pattern (continued)

Dipper and Bucket Movements

1 To bring the dipper in E, pull the lever diagonally right and towards you.

Note: Some backhoe attachments may collide with the boom if brought too far in. Check this before using different attachments.

2 To push the dipper out F, push the lever diagonally left and away from you. If the boom is already up, check that it is clear overhead before swinging the dipper out.

3 To close the bucket G (say to gather a load), pull the lever diagonally left and towards you.

4 To open the bucket H (say to dump a load), push the lever diagonally right and away from you.

F E F E
F
E
F
E

S202551

H G H G S202541
H
G
H
G
S202541

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OPERATION

37

BACKHOE CONTROLS JCB + Pattern

JCB + Pattern

! WARNING

Do not operate the backhoe controls from outside the machine, or you could be crushed by the backhoe.

2-2-3-1

Note: In this section of the handbook, 'left' and 'right' mean your left and right when seated correctly in the machine, facing the backhoe.

On machines with the JCB + Pattern control, the left hand lever L operates the boom and slew. The right hand lever R operates the dipper and bucket. The stabilisers are operated as described in Stabiliser Controls.

Each lever has four main movements (in a '+' pattern), and is spring-loaded to its central (hold) position. The backhoe will stay in any position until you move it with the levers.

Both levers can be moved at the same time, for more efficient operation. The speed of backhoe movement depends on how far you move the lever; the further you move the lever the faster the action.

Combined actions can be achieved by moving the lever diagonally. The lever movements and resulting actions are shown on a decal near the controls.

Note: Green indicator light S will illuminate when the engine is running within the correct speed band for operating the backhoe.

L R S S202582
L
R
S
S202582

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OPERATION

38

Boom and Slew Movements

BACKHOE CONTROLS JCB + Pattern (continued)

1 To raise the boom A, pull the lever towards you. Before raising the boom check that it is clear overhead.

2 To lower the boom B, push the lever away from you.

3 To slew the boom to your left C, move the lever to your left.

4 To slew the boom to your right D, your right.

move the lever to

Note: Some backhoe buckets and attachments may collide with the stabiliser legs if slewed too far round. Check this before using different attachments.

B
B
A A B
A
A
B

S202611

C D D C
C
D
D
C

S202621

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OPERATION

39

Dipper and Bucket Movements

BACKHOE CONTROLS JCB + Pattern (continued)

1 To bring the dipper in E, pull the lever towards you.

Note: Some backhoe attachments may collide with the boom if brought too far in. Check this before using different attachments.

2 To push the dipper out F, push the lever away from you. If the boom is already up, check that it is clear overhead before swinging the dipper out.

3 To close the bucket G (say to gather a load), move the lever to your left.

4 To open the bucket H (say to dump a load), move the lever to your right.

F E F E
F
E
F
E

S202591

G H H G
G
H
H
G

S202601

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OPERATION

40

BACKHOE CONTROLS ISO Pattern

ISO Pattern

! WARNING

Do not operate the backhoe controls from outside the machine, or you could be crushed by the backhoe.

2-2-3-1

Note: In this section of the handbook, 'left' and 'right' mean your left and right when seated correctly in the machine, facing the backhoe.

On machines with ISO Pattern control, the left hand lever L operates the slew and dipper. The right hand lever R operates the boom and bucket. The stabilisers are operated as described in Stabiliser Controls.

Each lever has four main movements (in a '+' pattern), and is spring-loaded to its central (hold) position. The backhoe will stay in any position until you move it with the levers.

Both levers can be moved at the same time, for more efficient operation. The speed of backhoe movement depends on how far you move the lever; the further you move the lever the faster the action.

Combined actions can be achieved by moving the lever diagonally. The lever movements and resulting actions are shown on a decal near the controls.

Note: Green indicator light S will illuminate when the engine is running within the correct speed band for operating the backhoe.

L R S S202632
L
R
S
S202632

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41

OPERATION

41

BACKHOE CONTROLS ISO Pattern (continued)

Dipper and Slew Movements

1 To bring the dipper in A, pull the lever towards you.

Note: Some backhoe attachments may collide with the boom if brought too far in. Check this before using different attachments.

2 To push the dipper out B, push the lever away from you. If the boom is already up, check that it is clear overhead before swinging the dipper out.

3 To slew the boom to your left C, move the lever to your left.

4 To slew the boom to your right D, move the lever to your right.

Note: Some backhoe buckets and attachments may collide with the stabiliser legs if slewed too far round. Check this before using different attachments.

B A B A S202671
B
A
B
A
S202671

4230-1

C D D C
C
D
D
C

S202661

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42

OPERATION

42

Boom and Bucket Movements

BACKHOE CONTROLS ISO Pattern (continued)

1 To raise the boom E, pull the lever towards you. Before raising the boom check that it is clear overhead.

2 To lower the boom F, push the lever away from you.

3 To close the bucket G (say to gather a load), move the lever to your left.

4 To open the bucket H (say to dump a load), move the lever to your right.

F E E F S202651
F
E
E
F
S202651
G H H G
G
H
H
G

S202641

4230-1

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43

OPERATION

43

HYDRACLAMPS

The hydraclamps are released by pulling knob A fully up. A nearby decal shows the lever movements and clamp actions. For detailed instructions on operating the clamps

see Sideshifting the Backhoe .

1 To release the clamps, pull the knob fully up.

2 To tighten the clamps, push the knob fully down then operate boom up to its maximum position and continue to operate the boom up control for 2 - 3 seconds.

A S202461
A
S202461

FOOT OPERATED PEDAL

Some machines have a foot operated pedal B. This is used to operate certain backhoe attachments.

The pedal is a rocking type operated by heel-and-toe. It is spring loaded to its mid-position. Speed of operation depends how far the pedal is pressed down. The attachment will stay in any position until you move the pedal.

Note: The foot operated pedal must be locked when not in use. If the pedal is accidentally operated the machine could be damaged.

To lock the pedal, move lock C in direction D. To unlock the pedal move lock C in direction E.

E C D C B S214020
E
C
D
C
B
S214020

4230-1

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44

OPERATION

44

BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE

Note: Read Operating in Low Temperatures or Operating in High Temperatures if you will be using the machine in very cold or very hot climates.

1 Make Safe the Loader Shovel

The loader shovel should already be resting on the ground. If it is not you should, if possible, install the safety strut provided (see Installing the Safety Strut in MAINTENANCE section). Alternatively, block the shovel to prevent any chance of it falling.

2 Do a Pre-Start Inspection

For your own safety (and others') and for maximum service life of your machine, do a pre-start inspection before starting the engine.

a If you haven't already done it, do a walk round inspection of the outside of the machine (see Before Entering the Cab).

b Remove dirt and rubbish from the cab interior, specially around the pedals and control levers.

! WARNING

Keep the machine controls clean and dry. Your hands and feet could slide off slippery controls. If that happens you will lose control of the machine.

2-2-3-6

c Remove oil, grease and mud from the pedals and control levers.

d Make sure that your hands and shoes are clean and dry. (See WARNING above.)

!! CAUTION

Loose articles can fall and strike you or roll on the floor. You could be knocked unconscious, or the controls could get jammed. If that happens you will lose control of the machine.

2-2-3-7/1

e Remove or secure all loose articles in the cab - such as lunch boxes, tools etc.

f Inspect the ROPS/FOPS structure for damage. Get your JCB distributor to repair any damage.

g Check round the cab for loose or missing bolts, screws etc. Replace or tighten where necessary.

! WARNING

Replace the seat belt with a new one if it is damaged, if the fabric is worn, or if the machine has been in an accident. Fit a new seat belt every three years regardless of condition.

2-3-1-8

h Inspect the seat belt and its mountings for damage and excessive wear.

i Check that the following (as applicable) are in working order:

Lights, warning lights, rotating beacon, indicator lights, all switches, windscreen washer and wipers.

Do the following after entering the machine and closing and latching the door (if fitted).

3 Adjust the Seat

Adjust the seat (see Seat Adjustment), so that you can comfortably reach all the operating controls.

4 Fasten and Adjust the Seat Belt

See Seat Belt.

5 Ensure the Drive Control is in Neutral

If the engine is started with the drive control deflected to either the forward or reverse position the machine will lurch forward or backwards. The control is spring loaded to return to neutral, but ensure that nothing has caused the lever to be deflected.

6 Ensure the Loader Control Lever and All the Backhoe Levers are in Neutral

If the engine is started with any of the excavating control levers deflected from their neutral position, some part of the machine may move. The levers are spring loaded to return to their neutral positions, but ensure that nothing has caused any of them to be deflected.

7 Ensure the Auxiliary Attachments Detent and High-flow switches are off.

The engine will not start if either the Auxiliary Attachments Detent Switch or the High-flow switch is on.

8 Parking Brake Light

Ensure that the door is fully closed (cabbed machines). Unless the parking light extinguishes when the brake is switched off no hydraulic pressure will be available to the drive motors even though the engine is running.

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45

OPERATION

45

STARTING THE ENGINE

1 Ensure that the Drive Control Lever is in the neutral

position (see Step 5 on previous page) and the

Auxiliary Attachments Detent Switch D is in the off position.

2 Set the Hand Throttle Control B to its maximum position.

3 Turn Starter Key C to pre-position H for a few seconds.

4 Turn the Starter Key fully clockwise against the spring to position HS to start the engine.

5 As soon as the engine starts, release the key which will return to the IGN position. Slowly reduce the hand throttle setting to allow the engine to idle.

6 Once the engine has warmed up, set the Hand Throttle Control as required.

Note: Make sure all the warning lights are OFF when the engine is running.

If any warning lights remain on, stop the engine immediately and investigate the cause.

C D B S202454
C
D
B
S202454

4230-4

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46

OPERATION

46

JUMP-STARTING THE ENGINE

! WARNING

If you try to charge a frozen battery, or jump-start and run the engine, the battery could explode.

Do not use a battery if its electrolyte is frozen. To prevent the battery electrolyte from freezing, keep the battery at full charge.

Batteries give off a flammable gas that can explode.

Do not smoke when checking the battery electrolyte levels. When starting from another machine, make sure the two machines do not touch. This prevents any chance of sparks near the battery. Sparks could ignite the battery gas. If that happens the battery could explode.

Even with the starter switch set to off some circuits will be energized when the external power supply is connected. Set all the machine switches to their OFF positions before connecting the external power supply.

Do not connect a booster supply directly across the starter motor. Doing this could bypass the neutral safety switch and the engine can start with the transmission in gear. The machine could then run away and kill or injure bystanders.

Use only booster cables which are in good condition with securely attached connectors. Connect both ends of one booster cable before connecting the other one.

5-2-2-3

1 Make Safe the Loader Shovel

The loader shovel should already be resting on the ground. If it is not you should, if possible, install the

safety strut supplied (see Installing the Safety Strut

in MAINTENANCE section). Alternatively, block the shovel to prevent any chance of it falling.

2 Set All Switches in the Cab to Off

3 Connect the Booster Cables

a Remove the battery compartment cover.

! WARNING

Keep metal watch straps and any metal fasteners on your clothes, clear of the positive (+) battery terminal. Such items can short between the terminal and nearby metalwork. If this happens you can get burned.

Make sure that the fuel filler cap is tightly fitted. Make sure that all spilt fuel is cleaned away from the battery area.

2-2-4-2

4230-1

202471
202471

b Connect the positive booster cable to the positive ( + ) terminal on the machine battery. Connect the other end of this cable to the positive ( + ) terminal of the booster supply.

c Connect the negative ( - ) booster cable to a good frame earth on the machine, away from and below the battery.

Note: A good frame earth is part of the main frame, free from paint and dirt. Do not use a pivot pin for an earth.

d Connect the other end of this cable to the negative ( - ) terminal on the booster supply.

4 Do the Pre-Start Checks

See Steps 3 to 8 of Before Starting the Engine.

5 Start the Engine

See Starting the Engine.

6 Disconnect the Booster Cables

a Disconnect the negative booster cable from the machine frame earth. Then disconnect it from the booster supply.

b Disconnect the positive booster cable from the positive (+) terminal on the battery. Then disconnect it from the booster supply.

c Refit and secure the battery compartment cover.

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47

OPERATION

47

PREPARING THE MACHINE FOR TRAVEL

When travelling on the road or on site there are usually local rules and safety regulations for the machine travelling position. 'Travelling on Site' and Travelling on the Road' described on the following pages are recommendations that should help you to meet the requirements of these regulations; they are not necessarily the applied law:

PLEASE MAKE SURE THAT BEFORE TRAVELLING ON SITE OR ON THE ROAD, YOU AND YOUR MACHINE COMPLY WITH ALL THE RELEVANT LOCAL LAWS - IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY.

Whether driving on the road or on site, the machine position must satisfy the following requirements:

1 The attachments must not cause the maximum overall machine width to exceed 2.5 m (8.2 ft). If any part protrudes beyond the outer edge of the rear frame, it must be marked with red and white stripes to warn that a hazard exists.

2 The boom/slew lock must be engaged.

3 In certain territories, it will be necessary to fit a bucket crowd ram safety strut.

4 The attachments must not protrude from the back of the machine by more than 1m (3.28ft). If the attachments do protrude by more than 1m (3.28ft) then a rear protrusion plate/light must be installed. If the attachment is removed the tipping link must be secured.

5 Machine stability must be maintained.

6 On the road, the rear stop/tail indicator lights (both sides) must be clearly visible from the rear of the machine (see CAUTION on the following page).

7 The hydraclamps must be engaged.

A

A 203670

Travelling On Site ! WARNING

A high loader shovel can block your view and reduce the stability of the machine. Travel with the loader low to the ground. Travel slowly and with caution over rough, muddy or loose surfaces.

2-1-1-3

Note: Some attachments may require different travel positions to those described below. See OPTIONAL ATTACHMENTS or the instructions supplied with the attachment.

Read and understand the information given in the previous paragraphs. The recommendations given below ARE NOT necessarily the applied law, please make sure you are complying with the relevant local laws.

1 Roll the bucket fully back. Raise it to clear the road surface by 300 mm (12 in) as shown at A.

2 Position the boom and dipper across the back of the machine, as shown at B, and secure the bucket tipping link. Engage the hydraclamps and boom and

slew lock. See Stabiliser Controls and Boom/Slew Lock.

3 If any attachments are fitted, make them safe.

Unless you are using pallet forks to carry a load, the forks must be removed. Refer to Pallet Forks in

OPTIONAL ATTACHMENTS section.

4 Make sure the stabilisers are fully up. See Stabiliser

Controls .

B 202480

B

202480

4230-1

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48

OPERATION

48

PREPARING THE MACHINE FOR TRAVEL (continued)

Travelling on the Road

! CAUTION

It is illegal to travel on public highways without proper road lights. DO NOT take the machine on public highways unless it is equipped with the optional road light kit.

3-2-1-1

! WARNING

Do not drive on the road with the work lights switched on. You can dazzle other drivers and cause an accident.

2-2-2-5

Read and understand the information given on page 47. The recommendations given below ARE NOT necessarily the applied law, please make sure you are complying with the relevant local laws.

1 Install the Backhoe Bucket Inside the Loader Shovel

All attachments should be removed before travelling on the road. However, if the machine IS driven on the road with attachments fitted, then the conditions listed on page 47 should be maintained.

Install the backhoe bucket inside the loader shovel using bucket mounted hanger bracket as shown at A. Roll the bucket fully back. Raise it to clear the road surface by 300 mm (12 in).

2 Set the Backhoe

Position the boom and dipper across the back of the machine, as shown at B on page 47, and secure the bucket tipping link. Engage the hydraclamps and boom and slew locks. See Stabiliser Controls and

Boom and Slew Locks.

A 202700
A
202700

4230-2

3 Make Safe All Attachments

If any attachments are installed, make them safe, for example, fit tooth guards etc.

Note: In certain territories you will be breaking the law if you do not fit a tooth guard to the loader bucket. It may also be necessary to fit travel struts. Make sure you are complying with local laws.

4 Raise the Stabiliser Legs

Make sure the stabilisers are fully up. See Stabiliser

Controls.

5 Check the Lamps

Check that the road lamps, including the flashing beacon, are all in working order and clearly visible.

Note: We recommend that a flashing beacon is installed when the machine is travelling on public highways. In certain territories you will be breaking the law if you do not install a flashing beacon when travelling on public highways - make sure you are complying with local laws.

Travelling on the Road (UK only)

In the U.K., before travelling on public roads, it is your responsibility as a user to comply with The Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) (Amendment) Regulations 1997 (“Bridge Bashing Regs.”). By way of guidance only, the following steps may be taken to comply:

1 Always assess your route for overhead structures such as bridges which could be damaged by your machine.

2 Utilise the restraint device (described) to ensure that the equipment is in the travelling position.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Whilst this information is believed to be correct, JCB cannot be aware of all circumstances in which JCB machines may be operated on a Public Highway and it is the responsibility of the user to ensure compliance with the regulations.

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49

OPERATION

49

PREPARING THE MACHINE FOR TRAVEL (continued)

Travelling on the Road (UK only) (continued)

Carry out all the procedures covered on the previous page and, in addition, do the following:

1 Disable the Loader Lift Service

Fully lower the loader arms and crowd the shovel fully back. Stop the engine.

Machines up to serial no. 806864 Remove the floor mat and the left hand floor plate (see Removing Floor Plates in Maintenance section).

Machines from serial no. 806865 Remove the floor mat and the rear floor plate (see Removing Floor Plates in Maintenance section).

Move the lever A in the direction shown to disable the loader service.

Replace the floor plate and mat.

C B 304240
C
B
304240
A S263140
A
S263140
A 390180 2 Fit the Dipper Ram Locking Strut
A
390180
2 Fit the Dipper Ram Locking Strut

Set the backhoe as described on the previous page and fit the boom and slew locks (see Boom/Slew Lock).

Remove the ram strut from its stowage position B and place around the dipper ram as shown.

Secure the strut into position using strap C.

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50

OPERATION

50

BOOM/SLEW LOCK

The JCB 1CX is fitted with a combined boom and slew locking device, which is designed to lock the boom in the fully raised position and slewed fully to the left, i.e. in the travel position.

Engage the Boom/Slew Lock

! WARNING

You or others can be killed or seriously injured if you operate the control levers from outside the cab. Operate the control levers only when you are correctly seated inside the cab.

INT-2-1-3

! WARNING

If two people are doing this job, make sure that the person working the controls is a competent operator. If the wrong control lever is moved or the controls are moved violently, the other person could be killed or injured.

2-2-6-5

1 Move the kingpost carriage fully over to the right hand

side of the machine (see Sideshifting the Backhoe).

2 Fully raise the boom and slew the backhoe fully across the machine as shown at A.

3 Stop the engine.

4 Exit the cab.

5 Move lever B out of the detent position and across the machine until the spring loaded pins engage, locking the boom into position.

Note: The boom may also be locked in the fully raised position independently of the slew position. This is shown in the illustration.

Release the Boom/Slew Lock

1 Start the engine and take the weight of the boom by raising the boom slightly. Stop the engine.

2 Exit the cab.

3 Move lever B away from the boom and across the machine into the detent position.

4230-2

A

A 202480

202480

B
B

203620

B
B

203630

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51

OPERATION

51

ROTATING BEACON

The rotating beacon has a magnetic base for securing it to the roof of the cab. It plugs into jack socket B as shown. The socket is protected by a hinged cap which lifts for fitting the jack plug.

To switch the beacon on or off, operate the switch on the

control panel. See Controls, Switches and Instruments.

Note: After removing the plug, the cap will be closed by the spring hinge.

Note: DO NOT leave the beacon on the cab roof when not in use. Return it to its storage position.

B
B

202391

TESTING THE PARKING BRAKE

! WARNING

Before testing the parking brake make sure the area around the machine is clear of people.

2-2-4-5

Test the brake on a level, dry surface.

Make sure your seat belt is securely fastened.

! WARNING

Do not drive the machine without wearing the seat belt, properly fastened and adjusted.

2-2-3-9

1

Raise the Attachments

The attachments should already be in the travelling

position (see Preparing the Machine for Travel ).

2

Make Sure the Parking Brake is Engaged

The parking brake is engaged when the parking brake switch is illuminated.

3

Test the Brakes

a Make sure that there are no obstructions or people in front of or behind the machine, then slowly operate the Drive Control to forward or reverse. The machine should not move.

b If the machine has not moved, use the Foot Throttle to gradually increase the engine speed to its preset maximum. The machine should not move.

c Reduce the engine speed to idle and set the Drive Control to neutral.

Note: If the machine moved during the test, have your JCB distributor inspect the brake. Do not use the machine with faulty brakes.

4230-3

P S202854
P
S202854

! WARNING

Do not use a machine with a faulty parking brake.

3-2-3-10

! CAUTION

Non approved modifications to drive ratios, machine weight or wheel and tyre sizes may adversely affect the performance of the parking brake.

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52

OPERATION

52

GETTING THE MACHINE MOVING

Before attempting to drive the machine, read the Operating Procedures and WARNING first.

Drive Control Lever

The machine is driven solely by use of the Left Hand Control Lever A. This lever performs two functions:

forward/reverse drive and steering. It is spring loaded to its central (neutral) position.

Forward/Reverse Drive. Starting from the lever neutral (N) position, select forward drive by pushing the lever forwards, or select reverse drive by pulling the lever back. The amount of lever movement controls the speed of the machine; the greater the movement the faster the speed.

An optional reverse alarm is available. When reverse is selected the alarm automatically sounds to warn passers- by.

Steering is achieved in both forward and reverse drive (i.e. with the lever forward or back) by moving the lever to the left to turn left or to the right to turn right. The greater the travel of the lever, the sharper the turn will be.

The machine can also be turned round within its own length. To do this, leave the drive in neutral (N). Operate the lever to the left to turn anti-clockwise or right to turn clockwise. Avoid excessive or too rapid movement of the lever. Return the lever to the central position when the manoeuvre is complete.

F

N A R S202711
N
A
R
S202711

Operating Procedures

! WARNING

Drive the machine smoothly. Avoid repeated start/stop or spin turn manoeuvres. Avoid unnecessary zig-zag driving.

8-1-2-2

Avoid exaggerated movements of the lever which could cause the machine to go out of control through violent changes of speed and/or direction.

When moving off from rest, gently move the Drive Control Lever from the neutral position. Gradually increase the lever movement until the desired speed is reached.

! WARNING

You or others can be killed or injured if you suddenly change from forward to reverse, or vice versa, whilst travelling. The machine will immediately reverse direction without warning to others. Always follow the recommended procedure for changing between forward and reverse drive.

3-1-2-5

When changing between forward and reverse drive, always bring the machine to rest first by progressively moving the Drive Control Lever into the neutral N position.

Always negotiate a turn by gentle, progressive use of the lever until the required rate of turn is achieved, and straighten up in the same way afterwards. Never suddenly change from a turn in one direction to a turn in the opposite direction.

When moving the machine, stay alert for obstructions and possible hazards.

When travelling downhill, adjust the forward/reverse setting of the Drive Control Lever to achieve a suitable, steady speed.

When driving, if the engine gets overloaded and seems likely to stall, ease off the Drive Control Lever to allow the engine speed to pick up again.

When overloading of the engine seems to be a recurring problem, increase the setting of the Hand Throttle Control if the engine is not already running at its preset maximum speed. If the engine is already running at its maximum speed, reduce the load by easing off the Drive Control Lever.

4230-5

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53

OPERATION

53

GETTING THE MACHINE MOVING (continued)

Getting Moving

1 Check your Seat and Seat Belt

Make sure that the seat is correctly adjusted. Make sure that your seat belt is correctly fastened and adjusted.

2 Start the Engine

Start the engine and set the Hand Throttle Control

(see Starting the Engine).

3 Select Forward or Reverse to Move Off

a Check that the loader, backhoe and attachments are in the travel position (see Preparing the

Machine For Travel).

b Release the Parking Brake (see Controls).

c Make sure it is safe to move off, then slowly operate the Drive Control Lever to forward F or reverse R as required. The machine will move smoothly away.

STOPPING AND PARKING THE MACHINE

1 Stop the Machine

Where possible, choose dry, level ground to stop the machine. Ease the Drive Control Lever to the neutral position to bring the machine smoothly to rest.

! DANGER

Before lowering the attachments to the ground, make sure that the machine and the area around it are clear of other people. Anyone on or near the machine could fall and be crushed by the attachments, or get caught in the linkages.

2-2-3-4

2 Lower the Attachments to the Ground

Operate the Control Levers to lower the attachments to the ground. Once they are on the ground, operate them a little further so that they begin to take the weight of the machine.

4230-2

3 Stop the Engine

Turn the Starter Key to the 'O' position. The machine brakes are automatically applied when the engine stops.

4 Remove the Starter Key

If you are going to leave the machine, remove the Starter Key.

5 Switch off All Unnecessary Switches

! WARNING

Do not use the machine controls as handholds when entering (or leaving) the machine.

2-2-1-4

6 Leave and Secure the Machine

Turn the seat to face the cab entrance before leaving

If you are leaving

(see Entering/Leaving the Cab).

the machine unattended, close and lock the door (if

fitted).

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54

OPERATION

54

USING THE ATTACHMENTS AND SITE SAFETY

This section explains some techniques for efficient and safe use of the machine and its attachments. Attention is also drawn to the various safety aspects of operating on site. Read and understand this section before you start working with the machine. Practise using the attachments until you are completely familiar with the controls and what they do.

Before you start using the machine, tell your work mates what you will be doing and where you will be working. On a busy site, use a signalman.

Remember that your machine is mobile. Whenever possible, manoeuvre your machine into a position which combines safety with efficiency. If you have to choose, remember that:

SAFETY MUST COME FIRST

Choose the correct attachment for the job. Do not use an oversize shovel for rocky material. It could overload the system and shorten service life.

! WARNING

Work sites can be hazardous. Inspect the site before working on it. Look for potholes, weak ground, hidden rocks etc. Check for utilities such as electric cables (overhead and underground), gas and water pipes etc. Mark the positions of the underground cables and pipes. Make sure that you have enough clearance beneath overhead cables and structures.

INT-2-2-1

! WARNING

Before you start using the machine, inspect the job site. You could be killed or injured if the ground give way under your machine or if piled material collapses onto it. Check for potholes and hidden debris, logs, ironwork etc. Any of these could cause you to lose control of your machine.

2-2-5-2

! CAUTION

You and/or your company could be legally liable for any damage you may cause to public utilities. It is your responsibility to make sure that you know the locations of all public utility cables or pipes on the site which could be damaged by your machine.

2-2-5-3

4230-1

! WARNING

You could be electrocuted or badly burned if you get the machine or its attachments too close to electrical power cables.

You are strongly advised to make sure that the safety arrangements on site comply with the local laws and regulations concerning work near electric power lines.

Buried Electric Power Cables Before you start using the machine, check with your electricity supplier if there are any buried power cables on the site.

Overhead Electric Power Cables There is a minimum clearance required for working beneath overhead power cables. You must obtain details from your local electricity supplier.

2-2-5-4

! WARNING

Reworking Old Sites There could be dangerous materials such as asbestos, poisonous chemicals or other harmful substances buried on the site. If you uncover any containers or you see any signs of toxic waste, stop the machine and advise the site manager immediately.

2-2-5-5

! WARNING

Water Supplies and Drains Before you start using the machine, check with your local public water supplier if there are buried pipes and drains on the site. If there are, obtain a map of their locations and follow the advice given by the water supplier.

You are strongly advised to make sure that