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Presented by:

Nitin Agarwal
Roll No. 38
An EDP consists of following three broad phases:

a) Pre training phase

b) Training phase

c) Post training phase (Follow-up)

A.) Pre-training Phase

The activities and preparations required to launch

the programme come under this phase.

It includes:

i. Designing of Course Curriculum or Contents.

ii. Exploring & Selecting appropriate faculty and resource


iii. Insertion of advertisement.

iv. Screening & selection of potential entrepreneurs.

B.) Training Phase

The main objective of this phase is to bring

desirable change in the behaviour of trainees.

The behavioural changes that need to be measured and

monitored through the training programme are :

a) Raising the motivation level of entrepreneurs.

b) Developing a goal directed behaviour pattern.

c) Raising positive thinging & belief.

d) Arousing and raising change oriented innovative


e) Arousing & raising a psyche of risk-seeker.

f) Developing a high degree of self confidence.

g) Developing a psyche of responsibility seeker.

h) Developing a strong sense of perseverance &

C.) pOst-training or follow –up

This phase involves the assessment to

judge how far the objectives have been

The purpose behind EDP follow-up is to:

a) Review the pre-training work.

b) Review the process of training programme.
c) Review past training approach.
Selecting Area

Techno-Economic survey of the area and Introduction of EDP to the Community

Prepare PFS for selected types of industries

Revision of Curriculum

Advertising of EDP training course


Selecting Participants

EDP training


Post-training Assistance

Fig: EDP flow chart

Entrepreneurial performance is a function
of the following factors:
a) Socio cultural background of the entrepreneur
b) Motivational force (MF)
c) Knowledge and ability of entrepreneurs (KA)
d) Financial Strength (FS)
e) Environmental Variables (EV)

Symbolically Entrepreneurial Performance (EP)

can be represented in the following way:
EP = f(SB, MF, KA, FS & EV)
Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India, Ahmedabad
had undertaken a nationwide evaluation study on the
effectiveness of EDPs.
Table: Performance of the sample EDPs at a glance

Description Number
a) EDPs covered (Sample size) 145
b) EDP trainees covered in sample EDPs 1295
c) Sample trainees interviewed 865
d) Sample trainees not available & non-traceable 430
e) Number of units set-up by EDP trainees 277
f) Trainees actively under process 78
g) Trainees blocked under process 129
h) Trainees who gave up 381
i) Non-traceable trainees 146
j) Start-ups among non-available 59
k) Non start-ups among non-available 225
l) Expected final start-up rate (e+f+j) 414
The major findings of this study are:

1. One out of four trainees actually started his/her enterprise after

completing EDPs.

2. The final start-up rate is higher around 32 percent.

3. About 10 percent trainees are found blocked due to various

reasons at various stages in the process of setting up their
enterprise. If proper assistance is not provided they may add to
the category of 29 percent trainees who have already dropped
the idea of setting up their own enterprises.

4. 17 percent have given up the idea of starting their ventures as

they were engaged in other activities.
The following main criteria can be employed to
comment on the performance of entrepreneurs:

i. Financial Results

ii. Gestation Period

iii. Capacity Utilisation

iv. Expansion and Diversification

v. Value Addition

vi. Other Factors

1. No policy at the national level
2. Problems at the pre-training phase
3. Over estimation of trainees
4. Duration of EDPs
5. Non-availability of infrastructural facilities
6. Improper methodology
7. Non availability of competent faculty
8. Poor response of financial institutions
1. Emphasis on stimulating, supporting &
sustaining activities.
2. Model based EDPs
3. Focus on achievement motivation
4. Designing of viable projects
5. Selection of trainees
6. Training of trainers
7. Duration of EDPs
1. Creation of employment opportunities
2. Capital Formation
3. Balanced Regional Development
4. Use of Local Resources
5. Improvement in per capita income
6. Improvement in standard of living
7. Economic independence
8. Preventing industrial slums
9. Reducing Social Tension
10. Facilitating overall Development
1. Entrepreneurial Development - S.S. Khanka

2. Entrepreneurial Development - C.B. Gupta & N.P.


3. Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship – Sood &