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Dominic B., Davida C., James H., Joyalle C.

Activity 1.11

Activity 1.11
Ancient Games Notes
Take notes on the students Ancient Games presentation if the teacher wishes.
This is supplemental.

Name of
Game

Interesting fact

Tabula

Basic rules

Tabula was a
race board game
similar to
Backgammon
goes back
several centuries
BCE
Tabula means
Table or
Board
Tabula was called
Alea which mean
gambling

Evolved directly
from Duodecim
Scriptorum
Similar to
Egyptian game
Senet

Nine Men
Morris

By 2 players

Why Important

Each player has 15 pieces.


All pieces enter from
square 1 and travel
counterclockwise.
Three dice are thrown,
and the three numbers
determine the moves of
between 1 and 3 pieces.
Any part of a throw which
could not be used was
lost, but a player must
use the whole value of the
throw if it is possible.
If a player landed a piece
on a point with one
enemy piece, the enemy
piece was removed from
the board and had to reenter the game on the
next throw.
If a player had 2 or more
men on a point, this
position was closed to the
enemy, and these men
could not be captured.
No player may enter the
second half of the board
until all men have entered
the board.
No player may exit the
board until all pieces have
entered the last quarter.
This means that if a single
man is hit, the remaining
pieces may be frozen in
the last quarter until he
re-enters and catches up
with them again.

Its ancient

Abstract strategy game


for 2 players
Emerged from the Roman
Empire
Each player has nine
pieces, or "men", which
move among the board's
twenty-four intersections
The object of the game is
to leave the opposing
player with less than three
pieces or no legal moves

Its ancient

GAD
Dominic B., Davida C., James H., Joyalle C.

Caculi

Duodecim
Scripta

Tesserae

Activity 1.11

This game is the


familiar game of
"Five in a Row,"
which was
played on the
same boards as
Latrunculi.
Named Calculi,
which means
"stones" (or
"pebbles" or
"counters") in
Latin.
The Romans
referred to this
game as ludus
calculorum, "the
game of stones,"
Duodecim
Scripta means
"Twelve Lines" or
Twelve Lines of
the Philosophers
and was played
on a board.
Two players sat
across from each
other and placed
their 15 black or
white pieces
(presumably
stacked) on the
first square on
their side of the
board.
The players each
tossed a set of
three dice from a
cup and would
move their
pieces according
to the value of
the throw.
Playing Dice was
very popular
game among the
Romans.
The Romans
called these
tesserae, but
they also had a
type with only
four marked
faces called tali.
The only
difference
between these
Roman dice and
modern dice is
that the numbers
were arranged

Black plays first.


First person to
line up five
stones in a row
orthogonally or
diagonally wins.
It is illegal to
make a "double
open-ended
three" unless one
is forced to do
so.
If the board
becomes filled,
the game is a
draw.

The object was to get all


one's pieces across the
board to the final square.
If you landed on a square
that had an opponent's
piece already on it, that
piece would return to
(their) square one.
If two or more opponent's
pieces were already on
the square, then it could
not be occupied.

The game of dice could be played


with other pieces, such as
knucklebones, or Senet sticks,
which would be tossed in the same
way. The Romans, in fact, played a
variety of games of chance for the
purpose of gambling. Coin tossing
was known as capita aut navia,
which means "heads or ships,"
(early Roman coins always had a
ship on the tail side). These games
were often played in the streets.

Connect 4

Its ancient and


help to develop
modern games
of today

Gambling of
todays age

GAD
Dominic B., Davida C., James H., Joyalle C.

Activity 1.11

such that any


two opposite
sides would add
up to seven.

Only 2 players

By punching each other fist

It hurts

Terni Lapilli is considered to be


identical to modern Tic-Tac-Toe

Game still
played today

Knucklebones

Terni Lapilli

Patolli

Aztec Ball

Terni Lapilli
boards are found
throughout the
Empire,
scratched on
walls, floors, and
roofs, no X's and
O's accompany
the markings.
a Terni Lapilli
board was
recently
uncovered in the
British Museum
which included
four blue pieces
and five red
pieces.
One of the oldest
games of the
Americas.
Played by preColumbian
Mesoamericans
Played by
commoners and
nobles alike
Reports are
Montezuma
enjoyed
watching the
nobles play in a
game at court.
Patolli is a
race/war game
with a focus on
gambling on
blankets, stones,
or food.

The Aztec ball game was


actually a revision of an
ancient Mesoamerican
game that was played by
many peoples including
the Mayans. It may have
originated with the
ancient Olmec civilization.
It became a very
important part of the
Aztec Empire, not just as
entertainment, but for
political and religious
reasons as well.

One of the

The object of the game is


for a player to win all of
the opponent's treasure
A player needs to get all
of the six jade markers
from the starting queue
position to the ending
square position on the
game board before the
other player.
In order to get one of the
jade stone markers on the
board, the player tosses
five specially prepared
kidney beans on the game
area.

When the Aztecs started a new


settlement, there were two things
they would do. First, build a shrine
to the god Huitzilopochtli, and then
build a ball court next to it. In
Tenochtitlan it was surrounded by
the palace and temple. The Aztec
ball game, known as Ullamaliztli,
was a priority.

We do not know the

Game of
strategy

Basketball

Its ancient and help

GAD
Dominic B., Davida C., James H., Joyalle C.

Royal Game
of Ur

Senet

earliest board
games
Played in
Mesopotamia
before 2600 BC
Discovered by
Sir Leonard
Woolley in the
1920's near the
ancient city of Ur

Popular in
Ancient Egypt

Activity 1.11

Mancala

Shatranj

Family of board
games played
around the
world,
sometimes called
sowing games or
count and
capture games.
Mancala games
play a role in
many African
and some Asian
societies
comparable to
that of chess in
the West.
The word
mancala comes
from the Arabic
word naqala
meaning literally
"to move".
Is an old form of
Chess popular in
Persia for almost
a 1000 years.
The word
shatranj is
derived from the
Sanskrit
chaturanga
(chatuH=four,
anga= arm).
The game came
to Persia from

games rules
Played with two sets of
seven markers & three
pyramidal dice
Race game that predates
Backgammon

to develop modern
games of today

The game was played on


a board of 30 squares;
the object being to get
one's pieces on the board,
then around the board in
an S-shaped pattern, and
finally off again at the far
end.
The game required
strategy as well as
chance.
The most common playing
pieces were 5 cones
shaped pieces pitted
against 5 reel shaped
pieces

Its ancient and help


to develop modern
games of today

Mancala games share a


general gameplay
sequence of picking up all
seeds from a hole, then
sowing seeds one at a
time from a hole, and
capturing based on the
state of board.
The object of mancala
games is usually to
capture more stones than
the opponent; sometimes,
one seeks to leave the
opponent with no legal
move or to have your side
empty first in order to
win.

Its ancient and help


to develop modern
games of today

Similar to chess

chess

GAD
Dominic B., Davida C., James H., Joyalle C.

Activity 1.11

India, in the
early centuries of
the Christian
Era.

Tafl

Family of ancient
Germanic and
Celtic board
games played on
a checkered or
latticed board
with two teams
of uneven
strength.

The name comes


from the Chinese
word for sticks.

Chaturanga is
an ancient
Indian game
which is
presumed to be
the common
ancestor of
chess.
Chaturanga has
been played
since the 6th
century or
earlier, hence
Chaturanga is
most commonly
believed to be
the oldest
version of chess.
In Sanskrit,
"Chatur-angabala" literally
means "an army
comprising 4
parts
(elephants,
chariots, cavalry,
and infantry).

Liubo

Chaturanga

Go

Go originated in
China at least
2,000 years ago.

The size of the board and


the number of pieces
varied, but all games
involved a distinctive 2:1
ratio of pieces, with the
lesser side having a kingpiece which started in the
center.
The Kings objective was
to escape while the
opponents job was to
capture him.
Tafl spread everywhere
the Vikings traveled
Liubo is a ancient Chinese
board-game whose rules
are forgotten.

Similar to chess

Its ancient and help


to develop modern
games of today

A strategic game for 2


players.
Go is played by two
players alternately placing
black and white stones on
the vacant intersections of
a 19 19 grid board.
The object of the game is
to control a larger part of
the board than the
opponent.
Players strive to place

Chess today

Game of speed

GAD
Dominic B., Davida C., James H., Joyalle C.

Activity 1.11
their stones in such a way
that they cannot be
captured, while mapping
out territories the
opponent cannot invade
without being captured.

Seega

The ancient
game of Seega
has been played
for centuries
throughout
Egypt and other
parts of the
Middle East.
Seega is a
simple game in
terms of
materials and
rules, but it
involves plenty
of strategy and
thinking once
you are playing.
In Egypt, 5x5
game boards
were common,
while 7 x 7 or 9
x 9 board do
exist.
The larger
boards are more
complex, and
created a greater
challenge for the
players.

Similar to checkers, you


are try to capture your
opponent's pieces. The
game ends when a player
(the looser) has only one
piece left.
To start, the first player
lays down two of his or
her pieces in the squares
marked "X." The other
player lays down two
pieces in the squares
marked "O."

Checkers
played today