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COMMON FILTER

PROBLEMS
* BASIC ENGINE LUBE SYSTEM
* How The System Works
WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS
DIVISION

* OVER PRESSURIZED LUBE OIL


FILTERS/SYSTEMS
* Bloated Filter Can and/or Displaced Gasket

* RUPTURED DOUBLESEAM
* DENTED FILTERS & THEIR
EFFECTS
* A Dent In The Filter Can Make It Susceptible To Fatigue
Failure.

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COMMON FILTER
PROBLEMS
* COLLAPSED CENTER TUBE
WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS
DIVISION

* MISAPPLICATION
* Visually Matching Filters Can Cause
Engine Damage

* OIL PUMP PRIME


* NO OIL PRESSURE AFTER OIL/FILTER CHANGE

* LOW OIL PRESSURE


* BLOATED CARTRIDGE FILTERS
* Outer Body Coming Apart At The Seam

BACK

FULL-FLOW LUBE
SYSTEM COMPONENTS

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

OIL PAN RESERVOIR


OIL PICK-UP SCREEN
OIL PUMP
PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE
This Valve Is Usually In Or Next To The Oil Pump

OIL FILTER
FILTER BY-PASS VALVE
The By-Pass Valve Is Designed To Allow The Oil To
By-Pass The Filter In The Event The Filter Becomes
Plugged
The By-Pass Valve Location And Settings Are
Determined By The OE Manufacturer

NEXT

FULL-FLOW LUBE
FILTER SYSTEM
FILTER BY-PASS
VALVE

OIL PRESSURE
GUAGE

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

CLICK ON THE
FILTER

OIL PUMP
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TO TOPICS

PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE

OVER PRESSURIZED
LUBE/FILTER SYSTEM

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

From time to time, filters are returned because


the filter is bloated (swollen) or the gasket was
found pushed out of the retaining groove. The
tendency is to think this is a filter problem.
This problem is caused by an over pressurized
lube system.
The lube system pressure is controlled by a
pressure regulating valve. Occasionally, the
regulating valve could stick in the closed
position causing a pressure spike.
The result is the filter appears to be swollen
and possibly the gasket was pushed out of its
groove.
TO SEE A DISPLACED GASKET
DEMONSTRATION - CLICK HERE

OVER PRESSURIZED
LUBE SYSTEM

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

(STATIC BURST TEST)

WATCH THE FLUTES AS


THE PRESSURE INCREASES
RETURN
TO TOPICS

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CLICK ON THE
FILTER

DOUBLESEAM FAILURE
ANOTHER OVER PRESSURIZATION PROBLEM

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

IT TAKES 300+ PSI AND THE FILTER MUST BE


SEVERELY OVERTIGHTENED TO RUPTURE THIS SEAM

WATCH THE FLUTES AS


THE PRESSURE INCREASES
RETURN
TO TOPICS

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CLICK ON THE
FILTER

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

DENTED FILTERS
& THEIR EFFECTS
Filter manufacturers often receive used filters,
being returned due to a crack in a filter can.
In many cases the crack is located within or
near a dent in the can.
Once dented, the can becomes more susceptible
to fatigue.
The fatigue to the material results from
pressure pulses within the system.
The metal in the dented area is continually
flexing in and out in response to the system
pressure pulses.
Over a period of time the metal will fatigue to
the point of cracking, which will result in a
leak.
RETURN
TO TOPICS

TO SEE A DEMONSTRATION - CLICK HERE

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

DENTED FILTERS
& THEIR EFFECTS

CLICK ON THE
FILTER
RETURN
TO TOPICS

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WATCH THE DENT

Collapsed Center Tube


High differential pressure

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE IS THE RESTRICTION READING ACROSS


THE MEDIA. A MINIMUM OF 100+ POUNDS OF DIFFERENTIAL
PRESSURE (PSID) IS REQUIRED TO CRUSH A CENTER TUBE.

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MISAPPLICATIONS
WRONG THREAD SIZE
SOME THREAD SIZES ARE SO CLOSE IN PITCH AND
DIAMETER THAT THEY WILL SPIN ON A MOUNTING

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

BASE, BUT WIIL LATER LOOSEN, CAUSING THE FILTER


TO BACK OFF AND POSSIBLY FALL OFF THEMOUNTING
BASE

WRONG BY-PASS VALVE


SETTINGS
THE BY-PASS VALVE SETTINGS ARE DETERMINED BY
OE AND SHOULD BE FOLLOWED

ANTI-DRAIN BACK VALVES


(WHEN REQUIRED)

USING A FILTER WITHOUT AN ANTI DRAIN-BACK


VALVE COULD CAUSE DRY STARTS

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TO TOPICS

OIL PUMP PRIME


OIL LIGHT STAYS ON OR NO PRESSURE
AFTER 30 SECONDS PARTICULARLY
AFTER OIL & FILTER SERVICE

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

TURN OFF ENGINE

DISABLE IGNITION SYSTEM


LOOSEN OIL FILTER
TURN ENGINE OVER UNTIL OIL
APPEARS
AFTER OIL APPEARS, RETIGHTEN
FILTER PROPERLY
ENABLE IGNITION SYSTEM
FINALLY START ENGINE, OIL
PRESSURE SHOULD BE NORMAL

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LOW OIL PRESSURE


PROBLEMS

WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

* PRESSURE SWITCH COULD BE


FAULTY
* FAULTY WIRING BETWEEN THE
PRESSURE SWITCH AND WARNING
INDICATOR
* OIL PUMP MAY HAVE LOST ITS
PRIME
* PUMP INTAKE SCREEN COULD BE
CLOGGED
* OIL PUMP PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE COULD BE STUCK IN THE
OPEN POSITION
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TO TOPICS

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WIX FILTRATION PRODUCTS


DIVISION

BLOATED
CARTRIDGE FILTER

REVERSED FLOW
(INSIDE OUT FLOW)

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TO TOPICS

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