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Copyright & A K-C

9 (104) 2011
15/2

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Belgorod State University


Scientific Bulletin
Natural sciences



. .., .
5
Berberis L.
. .., ..
11

Ficus L. in vitro. . ., ..
15
Crataegus L. (Rosaceae
Juss.) .., . .
20
Sedoideae Berger (Crassulaceae Dc.) - . .., ..
29

Chaenomeles (Thunb.) Lindl . ..,
.. 35
Ribes rubrum L. . .., .. 41
Ribes L. . .. 46
. ..,
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Duch.) . .., . . 54
(Veronica
austriaca L.). .., .. 60

. .., .. 64
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. .. 73
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. .., .., ..
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. .. 94

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Psathyrostachys caespitosa (Sukaczev) Peschkova
. ..
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.
.. 109
.
.., ..-., .., ..
114
.
.., .., .. 122

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E-mail: prisniy@bsu.edu.ru
29.07.2011
6084/8
Georgia, Impact
. . . 33,94
1000 .
236

Fragaria orientalis Los.


. .., ..
127
Melilotus Mill.
. .., ..
132
in vitro. .., ..
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Juglans L. . .., .. 144
A- Papaver somniferum L. - P. rhoeas L. .., ..,
.., .., .. 151
(Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.) - , . .., .., ..
158

K . .., .. 168
in situ Melilotus Mill. . .., ..
173
- . ..-., .., .., .., , .., . .,
.. ..
178

. .., .. 188

Viola odorata L. .. 191
. .., .., . . 195
-.
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. ..,
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.., .. 208
. ..,
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215
. ..,
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218
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Ribes L. ..,
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249
. .., ..
257
Crataegus L.
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270
. .., ..,
.., .. 276


81466

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-
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, 2011

Copyright & A K-C

9 (104) 2011
Issue 15/2
SCIENTIFIC PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL
Founded in 1995
The Journal is included into the list of the
leading peer-reviewed journals and publications coming out in the Russian Federation
that are recommended for publishing key results of the theses for Doktor and Kandidat
degree-seekers.
Founder:
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establishment of higher
professional education
Belgorod National Research University
Publisher:
Belgorod National Research University.
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Press
The journal is registered in Federal service
of control over law compliance in the
sphere
of mass media and protection of cultural
heritage
Certificate of registration of mass media
77-21121 May 19, 2005.
EDITORIAL BOARD OF JOURNAL
Editor-in-chief
L.J. Djatchenko,
Rector of Belgorod National Research
University, doctor of sociological sciences,
Professor
Deputy editor-in-chief
V.V. Sokorev,
Vice-rector for scientific research
of Belgorod National Research University,
candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate
professor
Assistant Editors
V.M. Moskovkin,
Doctor of geographical sciences, Professor
of world economy department Belgorod
National Research University
E.N. Krolevetskaya,
Candidate of pedagogical sciences,
associate professor of Pedagogics
department of Belgorod National Research
University
EDITORIAL BOARD OF JOURNAL
SERIES
Chairman of editorial series
L.J. Djatchenko,
Rector of Belgorod National Research
University, doctor of sociological sciences,
Professor
Chief editor:
A.V. Prisnyi,
Doctor of biological sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
Deputies of chief editor:
O.E. Lebedeva,
Doctor of chemical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
A.G. Kornilov,
Doctor of geographical sciences, professor

Belgorod State University


Scientific Bulletin
Natural sciences

CONTENTS
BIOLOGY
Phyllophages insects and diseases of the trees and shrubs in the collection of the
Dendrological Garden Northern Research Institute of Forestry. zhov .N.,
Demidova N.A. 5
Productivity of select form of Berberis L. at introduction in the Botanical garden
Belgorod National Research University. Zhilenko V.Yu.,
Sorokopudov V.N. 11
Biological features of reproduction of some representatives of sort ficus L. in culture in
vitro. Mironov J.V., Sorokopudova O.A. 15
Adaptive features of the surface of sheet at kinds of sort Crataegus L. (Rosaceae
Juss.). Rezanova .., Baksutov S. . 20
Estimation of perspectivity species of subfamily Sedoideae Berger (Crassulaceae Dc.)
in the southwest of Russia. Orlova O.N., Sorokopudova O.A. 29
Biological features of some algal genus Chaenomeles (Thunb.) Lindl under
CHTSR. Navalneva I.A., Sorokopudov V.N. 35
Seed efficiency some grades Ribes rubrum L. in the condition of the Belgorod
region. Tohtar L.A., Sorokopudov V.N. 41
On the issue of specific idenfication of genus Ribes L. in Yakutia.
Korobkova T.S. 46
Mitotic polyploidy of asiatic hybrids of lilies. Labunskaya N.A.,
Sorokopudova O.A. 50
Introduction of pink flowering garden strawberry (Fragaria Ananassa duch.)
in Western Siberia. Kuznetsova L.L., Baturin S.O.
54
Study of anatomical structure of herb of Veronica austriaca L.
Bubenchicova V.N., Kondratova Y.A. 60
Evaluation of effectiveness of open pollination of honeysuckle promising variety
samples. Belosohov F.G., Belosohova O.A. 64
Apricot selection on quality of fruits in the conditions of the Belgorod region.
Gavrjushenko E.V. 68
Adaptive ability of grades of the raspberry on Kamchatka. Petrusha E.N. 73
Introduction of the gooseberry for improvement of grades of the Kamchatka edge.
Petrusha E.N.
77
Study of anatomy of herb tragopogon orientalis. Bubenchikova V.N., Trembalya Ya.S., Prokhorova S.A.
81
Rreintroduction of some species of Iris L. in the Botanical garden of Belgorod
State University. Shevchenko I.V., Chernyavskih V.I.,
Sorokopudova O.A. 88
Studying of a gain of corms and other parameters of vegetative efficiency of a gladiolus cultivars. Kuzichev O.B. 94
Symbiotic activity of root nodule bacteria of alfalfa varieties and breeding lines
under conditions of central Yakutia. Atlasova L.G. 99
The bunch formation in Psathyrostachys caespitosa (Sukaczev) Peschkova in the
first years of life under conditions of Central Yakutia. Skobeleva A.A. 103
Studying of key parameters of vegetative growth of gladiolus cultivars.
Kuzichev O. B. 109
Flora of woods of some foothill areas of East Caucasus. Taisumov M.A.,
Astamirova M.A.-M., Israpilova S.A., Gadaeva T.Z. 114
Morphological features of the yakut populations of wild strawberry east.
Vasileva E.P., Belevtcova V.I., Sorokopudov V.N. 122

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_______________________________________________________________
(Belgorod National Research University)
Responsible secretary:
Yu.N. Kurkina,
Candidate of agricultural sciences, associate professor (Belgorod National Research University)
Members of editorial board:
L.N. Balyatinskaya, Doctor
of chemical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
I.V. Batlutskaya, Doctor
of biological sciences,
professor (Belgorod National Research
University)
A.I. Vezentsev, Doctor
of technical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
Rudiger Wittig,Doctor, professor
(I.V. Gete University, Frankfurt-on-Mine)
A.F. Kolchanov, Candidate
of biological sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
F.N. Lisetskyi, Doctor
of geographical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
S.V. Lukin, Doctor of geographical
sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
A.N. Petin, Doctor of geographical
sciences, professor (Belgorod State
University)
S.V. Sergeev, Doctor of technical sciences,
professor (Belgorod National Research
University)
V.N. Sorokopudov, Doctor
of agricultural sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
V.K. Tokhtar, Doctor of biological
sciences, senior scientific employee
(Belgorod National Research University)
M.Z. Fiodorova, Doctor
of biological sciences,
professor (Belgorod National Research
University)
Yu.G. Chendev, Doctor
of geographical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
V.S. Shilova, Doctor of pedagogical
sciences, professor (Belgorod National
Research University)

Page layout by N.A. Gaponenko


E-mail: prisniy@bsu.edu.ru
Passed for printing 29.07.2011
Format 6084/8
Typeface Georgia, Impact
Printers sheets 33,94
Circulation 1000 copies
Order 236
Subscription reference in Rospechat
agency catalogue 81466
Dummy layout is replicated
at Belgorod State University Publishing House
Address: 85, Pobedy str., Belgorod, Russia, 308015

Ecological aspects of productivity of samples of wild-growing populations


Fragaria orientalis Los. at the introduction depending on areas of selection
in the conditions of Yakutia. Vasileva E.P., Belevtcova V.I. 127
Morphological specific characters of Melilotus Mill. species on the territory
of Russia and coinsided countries for the genus systematics. Talovina G.V.,
Smekalova T.N. 132
Features micropropagation peas in culture in vitro. Zhuzhzhalova T.P.,
Sashchenko M.N.
139
Adaptive reaction of sheet of kinds of sort Jjuglans to action of high
temperatures. Rezanova T.A. Nazarova N.V. 144
The anatomic and morphological features of opium poppy Papaver somniferum l.
and corn poppy P. rhoeas l. peduncles. Semenova E.F., Cheburaeva A.N.,
Vilkova I.A., Morozkina N.A., Presnyakova E.V.
155
Working out of the technique of carrying out of tests for distinguishability, uniformity and stability - magonija (Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh)
utt.). Sorokopudov V. N., Zhidkyh O.U., Sorokopudova O. A. 158
Analysis of crop wild relatives in flora of the luga area from Leningrad region.
Smekalova T.N., Shipilina L.J. 168
Specific features of crop wild relarives in situ conservation strategy for Melilotus
L. species on the territory of Russia. Smekalova T.N., Talovina G.V.
173
History of level of scrutiny skalno-osypnoj of flora and vegetation of the verhnealpijsky belt of east Caucasus. Astamirova M.A.-M., Abdurzakova .., Magomadova R.S., Umaeva .., Omarhadzhieva F.S., Hasueva V.A.,
Dudagova E.Sh., Shahgirieva Z.I. 178
CHEMISTRY
Composition and expectorant activity of water-soluble polysaccharide complexes
of inula salicina. Bubenchikova V.N., Azarova A.V. 188
Spectrophotometric method of flavonoid content in Viola odorata L.
Bubenchicov R.A. 191
Standartization of lapsana communis l. herb by content of polysaccharide complexes. Bubenchikova V.N., Logutev S.V., Redkina S.N.
195
Stady of polysaccharide and macro- and microelement composition
of herb of Geranium sanguineum. Bubenchikova V.N.,
Bulatnicova Zh.A.
199
Method of determining of honeysuckle ripening based on analysis of changes in
biochemical composition. Belosohov F.G., Belosohova O.A.
202
Anthocyanins of six species amelanchier fruits. Chulkov .N., Deineka V.I.,
Deineka L.., Stepanova A.V.
208
Clay influence upon oral cavity microflora. Igisheva .Yu., Deineka L..,
Kopytov .., Borozentzeva V..
215
Carotenoids of poultry eggs yolk. Vostrikova S.., Tretjakov .Yu.,
Deineka V.I., Deineka L.., Shaposhnikov ..
218
Investigation of supramolecular complexes of chlorogenic acids with
-cyclodextrin. Anisimovich I.P., Deineka V.I., Deineka L..
225
Blue honeysuckle comparisson of some fruit properties grown in Belgorod and
Moscow. Chulkov .N., Makarevitch S.L., Deineka V.I.,
Deineka L.., Sazonov S.A.
233
Biologically active substances of Ribes fruits. Shaposhnik .I.,
Deineka L.., Sorokopudov V.N., Deineka V.I.,
Burmenko J.V. , Kartuchynski V.V., Tregubov A.V. 238
Determination of some fruits, juices and beverages acidity. Anisimovich I.P.,
Othman R.S., Deineka L.., Deineka V.I., Voloshenko L.V.
249
Possibilities of spectrophotometry research of ballpoint pen inks of modern manufacturers. Shaposhnik E.I., Evtushenko I.G.
257
Contents bas fruits some species of representatives Crataegus L.
in the conditions of the Belgorod area. Bakshutov S.A., Sorokopudov V.N.,
Navalneva I.A. 265
Fruit anthocyanins of Moscow and St. Peterbourg blackcurrants. Deineka L..,
Anisimovich I.P., Shaposhnik .I., Chulkov .N., Deineka V.I.,
ladina .N., kimova S.V., Firsov G.N., Deineka D.V. 270
Carotenoids of calendula flowers petals. Deineka V.I., Gostyshchev I..,
tetjakov .Yu., Indina I.V. 276
Information about Authors 285
Information for Authors 288

Belgorod National Research University, 2011

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632:631.963 (470.11)



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- . , ,
. (Euonymus L.),
(Sambucus L.), (Cornus L.), (Physocarpus Maxim.),
(Sorbaria A. Br.), (Spiraea L.), (Fraxinus L.),
(Lonicera involucrate Sprehg.), (Viburnum lantana L.),
(Picea pungens Engelm.) (P. abies),
(Dasiphora fruticosa (L.) Rydb.), (Corylus avellana L.),
(Elaeagnus argentea Pursh.), (inus pumila (Pall.), (Thuja occidentalis L.), (Padus maackii Kom), (Chaenomeles Lindl.) .
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(Microsphaera palczewski Jacz.)
(Puccinia graminis Pers.)
(Cemiostoma scitella L.),
(Aporia crataegi L.), - (Phyllosticta
Michalowskoensis Elenk. et Ohl.)
- (Colopha compressa Koch.),
(Eriophyes brevipunctatus Nal.)
- (Colopha compressa Koch.); -
(Eriosoma ulmi L.),
(Microsphaera alphitoides Griff. et Maubl.)
(Phytagromyza xylostei R. D.), -
(Phopalosiphum lonicerae Sieb.)
(Hyadaphis tataricae Aizend)
- (Daseocheta (Diphtera) alpium Osbek.)
(Podosphaera schlechtendalii Lev., Uncinula salicis D. C.),
(Phyllodecta vitellinae L. Ph.
vulgatissima L)
(Aphis viburnorum F.)
(Rhytisma punctatum (Pers.) Fr.)
(Gloesporium tiliae Oud.),
(Eriophyes tiliae var. Liosoma Nal.)
(Coleophora laricella Hb.), (Melampsora laricis-populina Kleb., Melampsoridium betulae (Schum.) Arth.)
(Phyllotoma vagans Cl.), (Eriophyes laevis Inangulis Nal.),
() (Chionaspis salicis L.)
- (Megachile centuncularis L.), (Blennocampa pusilla Kl.), (Phodites rosarium Gir.)
(Eriophyes goniothorax sorbeus Nal.), (Gumnosporangium orbiculatum (Desm.) Thum.),
(Dentatus sorbi Kait)

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______________________________________________________________
*

*
*
*
*

- (Dreyfusia nordmannianae Eckst.)


(Pines sibiricus Cholodk.)
(Sphaerotheca mors-uvae (Schwein.) Berk. et M.A. Curtis**
(Xanthospilapteryx syringella F.)
(Melampsora laricis-populina Kleb.),
(Melasoma tremulae L., M. populi L.)
- (Siphonaphis padi L.),
(Hyponomeuta evonymella L), Lyonetia clerckella
L., Eriophyes padi Nal.,
Leucotelium padi Tranz.
(Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) Wint.)

: * ;
** [7].
, . (Berberis): (B. vulgaris f. Atropurpurea Rgl., (B. integerrima Bunge,
(B. circumserrata Schneid.), (B. aristata DC.),
(B. Poiretii C.K. Schneid., (B. dasystachya Maxim.), -
(B. Francisci-ferdinandii Schneid.) (B. laxiflora Schrad.) . , .
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), ( ). .
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(Phyllosticta Michalowskoensis Elenk. et Ohl.,
(Rhytisma punctatum (Pers.) Fr.),
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.
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, -,
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, , .
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Athelia fibulata M.P. Christ.
Basidioradulum crustosum (Pers.) Zmitr.,
Malysheva et Spirin
Basidioradulum radula** (Fr.) Nobles
Bjerkandera adusta** (Willd.: Fr.) P.
Karst.
Byssomerulius corium(Fr.) Parmasto
Cerrena unicolor** (Bull.) Murrill
Chondrostereum purpureum** (Pers.)
Pouzar
Coniophora arida (Fr.) P. Karst.
Cylindrobasidium leave (Pers.) Chamuris
Daedaleopsis confragosa (Bolton) J.
Schrt.
Exidia glandulosa (Bull.) Fr.
Inonotus radiatus (Sowerby) P. Karst.
Hyphoderma cremeoalbum (Hhn. et
Litsch.) Jlich
Hyphodontia sambuci (Pers.) J. Erikss
Hypochnicium bombycinum (Sommerf.) J.
Erikss.
Nectria cinnabarina (Tode) Fr.
Peniophora incarnata (Pers.) P. Karst.
Merulius tremellosus Schrad.
P. nuda (Fr.) Bres.
Phellinus conchatus (Pers.) Qul.
Ph igniarius (L.) Qul.
Pycnoporellus fulgens (Fr.) Donk
Pseudochaete tabacina (Sowerby) T.
Wagner et M. Fisch.
Radulomyces confluens (Fr.) M.P. Christ
Trametes hirsuta** (Wulfen) Lloyd
Vuilleminia comedens (Nees) Maire


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______________________________________________________________
. (77,4%),
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Copyright & A K-C

10

. 2011. 9 (104). 15/2

_______________________________________________________________
), ( ), , ,
, . .: , 1998. 391 .
3. .., - .. . : , 1951. 580 .
4. .. ,
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5. .., .. . I
. Melampsoraceae . Pucciniaceae. : , 1975.
336 .
6. .., .. - // , 2010. 2. .50-54.
7. / .. ,
1990. 86 .
8. .. // . 1997. . 31, . 1. . 1927.

PHYLLOPHAGES INSECTS AND DISEASES


OF THE TREES AND SHRUBS IN THE COLLECTION
OF THE DENDROLOGICAL GARNEN NORTHERN RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY
.N. zhov1
N.A. Demidova2
1 Institute

of Ecology Problems in
the North Ural Branch of the
Russian Academy of Sciences,
163000, Arkhangelsk, Severnaya Dvina Embankment, 23.

e-mail: olegezhik@gmail.com
2

Federal State Institution


Northern Research Institute
of Forestry, 163062, Arkhangelsk, Nikitov St., 13,

e-mail: forestry@ptl-arh.ru

The article lists the main pests and diseases species of introduced trees
and shrubs in the Dendrological Garden Northern Research Institute of Forestry (Arkhangelsk City) for the period of observation from 2004 to
2010.Resistant species, timing of pests and diseases, peculiarities of their prevalent in the collection are identified. That will permit to develop measures
for protection and to create sustainable and highly decorative greenery in cities and settlements of Arkhangelsk Region. The list of wood-destroying fungi
is presented and coeno-environmental analysis is conducted.
Key words: introduced tree and shrub species, phyllophages insects,
diseases, wood-destroying fungi.

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11

______________________________________________________________
631.55:634.746:378.4 (470.325)095

BERBERIS L.


..
..


, . ,
. , 85
e-mail: zhilenko@bsu.edu.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Berberis L.,
: B. koreana 1-1, B. vulgaris 4-1, B. heteropoda
6-1, B. vulgaris f atropurpurea 8-8, B. cretica 9-1
B. dielsiana 10-7.
: , , ,
.

- , , Berberidaceae Juss. Berberis L. - ,


, , , [1, 2, 3].
, , . ,
0,2 - 0,6 , 3- 5
. 10 [3, 4, 5].


: B. koreana: 1-1,
1-2, 1-3, 1-4, 1-5, 1-6, 1-7, 1-8, 1-9; B.vulgaris: 4-1, 4-2, 4-3, 4-4, 4-5, 4-6, 4-7, 4-8, 4-9; B.
heteropoda: 6-1, 6-2; B.vulgaris f atropurpurea: 8-1, 8-2, 8-3, 8-4, 8-5, 8-6,8-7, 8-8 8-9;
B. cretica: 9-1, 9-2, 9-3; B. dielsiana: 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-4, 10-5, 10-6, 10-7, 10-8 109. 3 (2008-2010.). , (1999) [4].

2008-2010 ., .
, (. 1).
1
Berberis L.

1-1

1-2

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

1,5
1,3
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6

3,3
2,8
1,9
1,8
1,5
1,3

B. koreana
0,160,02
0,170,02
0,210,03
0,200,20
0,190,02
0,170,01

0,14-0,18
0,12-0,22
0,14-0,27
0,15-0,20
0,12-0,24
0,13-0,19

0,27
0,29
0,28
0,22
0,25
0,26

, V, %
9,3%
17,6%
26,6%
11,1%
1,5%
20,3%

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_______________________________________________________________
3

1-3

1-4

1-5

1-6

1-7

1-8

1-9

10

4-1

11

4-2

12

4-3

13

4-4

14

4-5

15

4-6

17

4-7

18

4-8

19

4-9

20

6-1

21

6-2

22

8-1

23

8-2

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

0,5
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,3
0,2
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,2
0,2
0,1
0,2
0,1
0,1
0,2
0,1
0,1

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

3,5
3,2
3,1
2,5
2,4
2,2
2,6
2,4
2,3
2,1
2,0
1,9
2,9
2,8
2,7
1,9
1,6
1,5
2,0
1,7
1,6
2,4
2,3
2,2

2008
2009
2010

1,9
1,7
1,6

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

1,9
2,0
3,1
1,7
1,8
2,9

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

1,7
1,5
1,6
2,0
1,7
1,6

1,1
1,3
1,1
0,8
1,1
0,8
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,6
0,5
0,2
0,5
0,3
0,2
0,5
0,3
0,2
0,4
0,3
0,2

0,160,02
0,14-0,22
0,170,01
0,15-0,20
0,140,03
0,10-0,20
0,170,02
0,13-0,25
0,170,02
0,13-0,20
0,170,01
0,2-0,18
0,070,03
0,04-0,20
0,190,01
0,15-0,22
0,180,01
0,15-0,21
0,150,01
0,14-0,18
0,160,01
0,12-0,19
0,140,01
0,11-0,16
0,150,01
0,13-0,18
0,180,03
0,08-0,23
0,160,01
0,14-0,17
0,160,01
0,12-0,18
0,20,01
0,17-0,20
0,20,02
0,17-0,23
0,180,05
0,16-0,18
0,220,02
0,18-0,22
0,170,03
0,14-0,22
B.vulgaris
7,7
0,180,05
0,12-0,27
7,1
0,260,03
0,22-0,32
6,8
0,260,04
0,19-0,30
5,5
0,200,03
0,12-0,20
5,3
0,100,02
0,08-0,13
4,8
0,110,01
0,09-0,13
5,7
0,180,05
0,12-0,19
5,3
0,150,01
0,14-0,15
5,1
0,130,01
0,12-0,14
4,6
0,210,03
0,14-0,23
4,4
0,210,02
0,15-0,27
4,2
0,290,03
0,25-0,29
6,4
0,200,05
0,18-0,26
6,2
0,240,03
0,18-0,27
5,9
0,130,01
0,11-0,14
4,2
0,140,01
0,13-0,15
3,5
0,190,01
0,17-0,21
3,3
0,210,01
0,19-0,22
4,4
0,160,01
0,15-0,17
3,7
0,140,01
0,14-0,15
3,5
0,150,01
0,14-0,15
5,3
0,210,01
0,20-0,22
5,1
0,210,01
0,20-0,23
4,8
0,250,02
0,22-0,28
B.vulgaris
4,2
0,150
0,15-0,18
3,7
0,150,01
0,14-0,15
3,5
0,160,01
0,14-0,16
B. heteropoda
4,2
0,040,08
0,04-0,05
4,4
0,120
0,07-0,10
6,8
0,090,01
0,08-0,16
3,7
0,050,01
0,02-0,07
3,9
0,090,01
0,11-0,12
4,6
0,120,02
0,09-0,11
B.vulgaris f atropurpurea
3,7
0,070,01
0,06-0,07
3,3
0,050,01
0,04-0,05
3,5
0,050,01
0,04-0,05
4,4
0,20,03
0,12-0,27
3,7
0,10,01
0,13-0,16
3,5
0,290,03
0,25-0,30

0,24
0,22
0,21
0,26
0,21
0,19
0,21
0,28
0,22
0,23
0,25
0,17
0,31
0,27
0,18
0,24
0,23
0,25
0,19
0,28
0,23

18,8%
10,5%
13,0%
13,3%
10,0%
6,7%
16,0%
14,2%
13,6%
10,6%
12,5%
16,6%
13,5%
33,3%
12,8%
13,3%
16,0%
15,0%
9,2%
16,8%
28,8%

0,32
0,33
0,35
0,27
0,17
0,15
0,27
0,16
0,18
0,27
0,28
0,30
0,27
0,28
0,16
0,17
0,24
0,29
0,18
0,20
0,19
0,23
0,24
0,29

44,0%
19,2%
23,1%
34,0%
26,0%
18,1%
44,4%
4,8%
7,6%
27,5%
23,8%
15,5%
28,0%
22,9%
12,5%
7,1%
10,7%
8,4%
6,3%
4,0%
2,4%
4,7%
7,1%
12%

0,19
0,20
0,18

0%
4,0%
4,0%

0,06
0,19
0,18
0,08
0,13
0,14

8,0%
16,6%
29,1%
15,0%
0%
8,5%

0,08
0,07
0,09
0,28
0,20
0,34

8,6%
15,5%
12,6%
30%
14,3%
15,2%

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13

______________________________________________________________
24.

8-3

25

8-4

26

8-5

27

8-6

28

8-7

29

8-8

30

8-9

31

9-1

32

9-2

33

9-3

34

10-1

35

10-2

36

10-3

37

10-4

38

10-5

37

10-6

38

10-7

39

10-8

40

10-9

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

1,5
1,4
1,3
1,7
1,5
1,4
1,4
1,2
1,2
1,1
1,0
0,9
1,3
1,2
1,1
2,2
2,1
2,0
1,4
1,2
1,1

3,3
3,1
2,8
3,6
3,3
3,1
2,9
2,7
2,5
2,4
2,2
1,9
2,8
2,6
2,4
4,8
4,6
4,4
3,1
2,7
2,4

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,09
0,1
0,06
0,05

1,1
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,1
0,1

2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010
2008
2009
2010

2,5
2,3
2,1
2,0
1,9
1,8
2,1
2,0
1,9
2,3
2,1
2,0
2,4
2,2
2,1
3,0
2,8
2,7
3,1
3,0
2,9
2,4
2,3
2,1
2,6
2,5
2,3

5,5
5,1
4,6
4,4
4,2
3,9
4,6
4,4
4,2
5,1
4,6
4,4
5,3
4,8
4,6
6,6
6,2
5,9
6,8
6,6
6,4
5,3
5,1
4,6
5,7
5,5
5,1

0,180,02
0,16-0,24
0,190,04
0,12-0,27
0,140,02
0,12-0,18
0,190
0,19-0,24
0,180,05
0,13-0,27
0,130,02
0,10-0,15
0,050,01
0,04-0,05
0,090,03
0,06-0,11
0,080,02
0,06-0,11
0,030,01
0,01-0,05
0,050
0,05-0,06
0,030,01
0,01-0,05
0,080,01
0,07-0,08
0,070,01
0,06-0,08
0,080,01
0,07-0,08
0,160,01
0,13-0,19
0,170,03
0,12-0,27
0,300,03
0,20-0,30
0,080,01
0,06-0,08
0,060,01
0,05-0,06
0,060,06
0,05-0,07
B. cretica
0,120,01
0,09-0,14
0,140,01
0,12-0,17
0,200,02
0,13-0,21
0,120,02
0,03-0,17
0,130,01
0,12-0,14
0,120,01
0,10-0,20
0,120,02
0,09-0,10
0,130,01
0,12-0,13
0,140,02
0,08-0,15
B. dielsiana
0,080,01
0,05-0,13
0,090,02
0,05-0,18
0,140,02
0,08-0,18
0,190,01
0,17-0,21
0,140,03
0,05-0,16
0,120,01
0,10-0,15
0,160,01
0,13-0,18
0,200
0,20-0,21
0,090,02
0,06-0,13
0,160,01
0,14-0,18
0,150,01
0,12-0,18
0,160,01
0,14-0,18
0,130,01
0,11-0,14
0,120,01
0,11-0,14
0,160,01
0,14-0,18
0,090,01
0,08-0,10
0,150,01
0,15-0,16
0,160,01
0,14-0,18
0,200
0,20-0,21
0,170,01
0,16-0,18
0,170,01
0,15-0,18
0,160,01
0,13-0,18
0,150,01
0,12-0,18
0,150,01
0,12-0,18
0,140,01
0,13-0,14
0,120,02
0,09-0,14
0,120,01
0,09-0,14

0,19
0,30
0,19
0,25
0,28
0,20
0,07
0,12
0,13
0,06
0,07
0,08
0,09
0,10
0,09
0,20
0,30
0,31
0,09
0,07
0,09

9,4%
39,4%
0,9%
0%
23,3%
30,0%
12,4%
31,2%
32,9%
36,5%
0%
36,7%
9,3%
7,1%
8,8%
15,9%
35,2%
15,5%
20,1%
12,7%
16,6%

0,16
0,18
0,22
0,18
0,15
0,21
0,14
0,15
0,20

15,8%
13,9%
23,6%
24,5%
7,7%
16,6%
21,6%
4,4%
38,5%

0,15
0,18
0,19
0,23
0,20
0,20
0,19
0,22
0,14
0,18
0,19
0,18
0,15
0,14
0,19
0,11
0,17
0,19
0,22
0,19
0,20
0,19
0,18
0,19
0,17
0,16
0,17

36,6%
56,1%
34,5%
12,1%
18,6%
16,6%
16,0%
0%
40,1%
9,1%
14%
10,0%
11,9%
10,6%
9,1%
11,1%
4,6%
9,1%
0%
5,9%
6,9%
11,9%
0,3%
13,3%
7,0%
21,6%
18,8%

0,1 / (0,3 /)
1-7, 1-8 1-9 (B. koreana) 3,5 / (7,7 /) 4-1 (B.vulgaris).
, 3,5 / 2008-2010 .,

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_______________________________________________________________
: 1-1 (B. koreana) 1,5 / (3,3 /); 4-1 (B.vulgaris) 3,5 / (7,7 /);
6-1 (B. heteropoda) 3,1 / (6,8 /); 8-8 (B.vulgaris f atropurpurea) 2,2 /
(4,8 /); 9-1 (B. cretica) 0,5 / (1,1 /); 10-7 (B. dielsiana) 3,1 /
(6,8 /). ,
- , , B. heteropoda. B. heteropoda. 6-1. 6-2 2010 , 2008 (. . 1).
2008-2010 . 0,03 (B.vulgaris f atropurpurea, 8-3) 0,26 (B.vulgaris, 4-1)
0,30 (B.vulgaris f atropurpurea, 8-8).
B.vulgaris ( 4-1) B.vulgaris f atropurpurea( 8-8). B.vulgaris ( 4-1) 0,35 ,
B.vulgaris f atropurpurea ( 8-8) 0,31 . : 1-1 (B. koreana)-
0,21 , 0,29 ; B. heteropoda: 6-1, 0,14 , 0,19 ; 9-1 (B. cretica)- 0,20 0,21 ; 10-7
(B. dielsiana) 0,20 0,21 .

, : 1-1; 1-4; 1-9; 4-3; 6-1; 6-2; 8-1; 8-3; 8-4;


8-6; 8-7; 9-2; 10-3; 10-4; 10-5; 10-6; 10-7 10-9,
10%. , 10 20%. (35%) , , (4-5; 6-1; 8-2; 8-3; 8-4; 8-5; 8-6; 8-8; 9-1; 9-2;
9-3; 10-1. 10-3, 40,1%, 0,06 0,13 .
, , 1-1 (B. koreana); 4-1 (B.vulgaris); 6-1
(B. heteropoda); 8-8 (B.vulgaris f atropurpurea); 9-1 (B. cretica) 10-7 (B. dielsiana).

1. , .. / .. . .: - ,
1992. 32 .
2. , .. . / .. . .: , : ,
2005. 60 .
3. , .. / .. . .: . . , 2000. 624 .
4. , .
: - , 1999. 608 .
5. , .. . / .. . .: - ,
, 2005. 400 .

PRODUCTIVITY OF SELECTED FORMS OF BERBERIS L. AT INTRODUCTION


IN THE BOTANICAL GARDEN, BELGOROD NATIONAL RESEARCH UNIVERSITY
V.YU. Zhilenko
V.N. Sorokopudov
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod,
Pobedy str., 85.
e-mail:zhilenko@bsu.edu.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Among the populations of Berberis L., are promising form of: B. koreana form 1-1, B. vulgaris form 4-1, B. heteropoda form 6-1, B. vulgaris f atropurpurea form 8-8, B. cretica form 9-1 and B. dielsiana form of 10-7.
form.

Key words: types of barberry, the mass of the fruit, productivity, select

Copyright & A K-C

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15

______________________________________________________________
635.914.635.918


FICUS L. IN VITRO
..
..


, . ,
. , 85.
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Ficus L.
. .
.

, .
: Ficus L., ,
.

,
in vitro ,
- . ,
,
(F. arica), .
, ..
. , , (, 1997).

. Ficus ; .
. Ficus.



(, 1999).
- , 30 /,
7 /, 0,1 /. , 2-, , , ,
?. 5,7 6,0.
in vitro
Ficus: Ficus elastica Roxb., Ficus Benjaminii L., Ficus lirata Warb., Ficus binnendijkii Mig., Ficus deltoidea Jack.

-,
. , ,
(1 2- ), -

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_______________________________________________________________
( 5 10 ). (, 1986; ,
, 1983; Jona, 1982).
F. benjamina 2- , F. elastica ,
F. lyrata .
Jona, 1982; Jona, Gribaudo, 1987, 1991.
: 8 , 10-12 . , 12 . .

. 5-7 , , , .
:
F. benjamina ( Daniella, Starlight, Gold Princess, Monique Exotica), F. elastic (
Melany, Rubra, Brazil), F. lyrata ( Bambino).
.

.
F. lyrata
( )
. 3 , . -
(), (1/2 ) - . (.1):
1

F. lyrata
( 1,0 /)

66+1,3
24,8+4,9




5,1+1,8
2,8+0,9
18,0+3,9
13,9+3,0

F. lyrata . :
1. 2- (8,05 /),
(5,4 /), (2,5 /), (5,16 /), 10- 100 , () ().
(.10). , 100- , 10-.
,
.
(. 2).

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17

______________________________________________________________
2
, ,
F. Lyrata

1
2
3
4
5


1:100 +
1:100
1:10 +
1:10
1:10 +


7,33+1,10
9,04+1,00
6,33+1,56
6,17+0,91
7,14+1,96

2.
. (. 3).
3

F. Lyrata

, .

1
2
3
4
5

1,5
0,8
0,5

2

12,0+2,0
14,0+4,0
2,0+0,5
3,0+1,0
34,0+7,0

5,0+1,8
3,5+1,1
7,0+1,2
23,0+6,9
8,3+0,8

1,0+0,1
3,0+0,5
1,5+0,1

, F.lyrata
2 ( ), (, 2003; , 2004).

(0,05 /) . . , , ,
F. lyrata 2 (. 3).
, F. lyrata 0,5 /
0,05 / .
F. elastic : Melany, Rubra,
Brazil. I (st), (. 4).
4
F. elastic
( )

Melany
Rubra
Brazil

I (st)
7,2+1,2
5,3+0,7
4,8+0,5


II
III
IV
7,4+1,1
8,5+1,3
10,5+1,5
5,8+0,8
8,1+1,0
8,5+1,1
5,5+0,5
5,8+0,7
6,5+0,9

V
8,3+1,2
6,4+0,9
6,8+1,0

F. elastic F. lyrata ,
F. lyrata (

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_______________________________________________________________
34,5+7,2). F. elastic Melany ( 10,5+1,5).
. F. lyrata.
( ) .
(. 5).
5
F. lyrata

,
/
0,5
1,0
0,5
1,0
0,5
1,0

,
%
52,5+15,1
88,1+11,7
89,2+10,6
95,8+5,4
88,1+11,7
83,3+15,2
68,4+15,9

1,4+0,2
6,9+1,3
7,2+1,5
4,6+0,8
3,8+0,6
2,9+0,5
2,3+0,5

13,4+2,5
30,2+5,1
24,6+3,8
17,6+2,9
11,8+2,1
10,7+1,9
6,7+1,3

. in vitro
(Sphagnum)
( ., 2000).

, 1:1:1. 5 7 . .
, .. .

Ficus .

, .

1. Ficus . ( )
.
2. in vitro
Ficus , (1 2
); F. lyrata
0,5 / 0,05 / ;
0,5 /, 1,0 /;
.
3.
, .

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19

______________________________________________________________

1. .. . .: . , 1986. 179 .
2. .. . . ., 1997. 20 .
3. .., .. . ., 1983. 97 .
4. .., .., .. - // , . . 179. ., 2000. . 136-143.
5. Jona R. In vitro propagation of Fig through Shoot Tip culture // Hort Science 17 (1):
86-87. 1982.
6. Jona R., Gribaudo J. Adventitious bud formation from leaf explants of Ficus lyrata //
Hort Science. 1987. - Vol 22, 4. - P. 651-653.
7. Jona R., Gribaudo J. Ficus spp. // Biotechnology in agriculture and foresty. Vol. 16, 1991.
P. 79-93.

BIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF REPRODUCTION OF SOME REPRESENTATIVES


OF SORT FICUS L. IN CULTURE IN VITRO
J.V. Mironov
O.A. Sorokopudova
Belgorod National
Research University,
Belgorod, Pobedy str., 85.
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Development of researches by the nature of Ficus L is shown. In the


closed premises on an example of educational school of Moscow. Kinds of a
sort a ficus about reproduction by a method of culture of cages are studied.
Develop effective methods reproduction of ficuses for use in gardening of
child care centers allowing to receive a considerable quantity of genetically
homogeneous, improved landing material.
Key words: kinds of sort Ficus L., gardening of premises, culture of cages.

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_______________________________________________________________
581.821


CRATAEGUS L. (ROSACEAE JUSS.)
..
. .


, . ,
. , 85.
e-mail: Rezanova@bsu.edu.ru,
baks922@rambler.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

- 20
Crataegus L. . , , ,
. Crataegus L. .
.
: Crataegus, , ,
, .


, , . , , , [12, 14]. . , ,
[1].
. 30 60
. ., , .
,
[4, 2]. , , .
, [13].
, .
. .


Crataegus L.,
, 2001 : Crataegus flabellata
(Bosc ex Spach) K.Koch, C. douglsii LINDL., C. punctata Jacq., C. macracantha Lodd. ex
Loudon, C. holmesiana Ashe., C. ellwangeriana Sarg., C. maximowiczii C.K.Schneid.,
C. prunus Spiendens, C. sanguinea Pall., C. chlorosarca Maxim., C. monogyna Jacq.,
C. submollis Sarg., C. turkestanica Pojark., C. pentagyna Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd., C. arnoldiana Arnold Hawthorn, C. Crus-Galli L., C. rotundifolia Moench., C. pringlej, C. canadensis Sarg, C. canadensis Sarg.
C. monogyna Jacq., - , , , .

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21

______________________________________________________________
.
, . (7- ) , . : , , (1:1:1) [11]. [10].

13, -5, 10 Quanta 200 3D , -.
,
50- .
, , () [7], . ,
.

. . (1984), Microsoft Office.

, , ,
[6]. , ,
. (, ), , , 2, [8].
.
. , [12].
. .
, . ,
, .

[8]. [3] , , , , , , , (. 1). , , , , , , , ,
, , .

[3]. , , , , , , , , , .
(-0,532).

4,25-9,64%, ,
. :
, , . -.
, .

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_______________________________________________________________
, , .
1

Crataegus

C. flabellata
.
C. douglsii
.
C. punctata
.
C. macracantha
.
C. holmesiana
.
C. canadensis
.
C. ellwangeriana
.
. densiflorum
.
C. maximowiczii
.
C. prunus
.
C. sanguinea
.
C. chlorosarca
.
C. monogyna
.
C. submollis
C. turkestanica
.
C. pentagyna
.
C. pringlej
.
C. arnoldiana
.
C. Crus-Galli
C. rotundifolia
.

885,1122,50**

1,250,016*

69,704,96

8,070,511

154,337,54

857,8913,19**

1,360,014

80,733,06

9,530,393**

125,595,12**

687,4023,85

1,280,028

56,563,43

8,330,486

125,396,33**

867,1124,55**

1,240,024

62,134,35

7,030,371

194,975,86**

664,6526,87

1,330,039

67,0220,05

7,120,429

176,9910,54

765,8026,90*

1,330,020

59,274,32

7,410,431

133,663,48**

617,6822,28

1,290,03

43,602,89

7,070,415

165,356,60

1,160,019

71,485,12**

7,660,510

153,699,38

1,180,024

54,905,83**

4,250,407**

22,522,26**

715,3625,74

1,380,025

52,694,72

7,310,512

210,1310,04**

852,3128,80**

1,300,024

60,143,72

7,110,398

233,189,81**

754,5526,09*

1,260,020

51,744,22

6,830,469

210,278,89**

649,4228,78

1,390,034

45,043,47

6,950,418

146,757,25

665,1321,03

1,330,029

47,804,70

7,170,576

161,477,43

679,2119,67

1,340,024

48,583,21

7,210,480

147,526,64

869,5431,44**

1,260,026

73,795,44

8,490,558

190,156,51*

873,7233,40**

1,280,026

56,953,57

6,590,390

185,337,23

646,0617,03

1,290,025

47,003,47

7,300,521

217,718,49**

754,1229,94*

1,240,026

56,083,74

7,480,440

164,959,12

668,0836,79

1,250,023

48,623,93

7,520,597

183,266,88

1026,7134,34**

1,440,325

97,545,27

9,640,567

156,166,88

.
945,1539,05**

1297,8261,51**

* 0,95; ** 0,99 ( C. monogyna).


. ,
Crataegus .
, ,
[3].
.

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23

______________________________________________________________

, , , , , , , , ,
(. 2).
2

Crataegus

C. flabellata
C. douglsii
C. punctata
C. macracantha
C. holmesiana
C. canadensis
C. ellwangeriana
. densiflorum
C. maximowiczii
C. prunus
C. sanguinea
C. chlorosarca
C. monogyna
C. submollis
C. turkestanica
C. pentagyna
C. pringlej
C. arnoldiana
C. Crus-Galli
C. rotundifolia


S . .

1120,3865,22**
12,700,363**
878,06 57,42*
14,900,550
966,6049,27**
14,360,379**
722,1638,40
17,400,626
818,1147,70
15,660,540
327,7416,17
22,760,622**
819,8544,24
14,310,447**
489,2230,03**
21,950,237**
645,6139,35
17,020,618
550,6929,30**
20,900,714**
422,0016,52**
19,050,388**
704,8726,67
16,220,353
710,9028,54
18,340,384**
869,5540,82**
16,100,429
620,9550,38
17,400,665
524,4124,27**
18,860,457**
553,7827,89**
19,130,455**
766,6626,00
16,830,339
1150,0754,91**
13,240,317**


S . .

1132,6996,93*
12,760,647
1296,4544,51**
11,160,227**
998,1034,88
12,320,193**
1228,6643,06**
11,480,240**
641,8023,12**
15,810,332**
1035,0244,63
12,220,277**
540,1624,69*
17,900,450**
881,5943,10**
13,010,094
831,6728,15
13,460,677
776,8625,95
14,400,288
783,8423,61
15,370,343
501,6428,82**
18,220,470**
865,1446,66
14,100,445
858,3437,49
14,150,317
1129,0248,65**
11,820,281**
605,9018,28**
15,730,251**
615,4018,78**
15,410,188*
1157,3538,62**
12,750,230*
746,1922,26
14,850,174
996,1552,27
12,900,368

* 0,95; ** 0,99 ( C. monogyna).


, , , .

, , , .

, .

(. 1).
. , ,
[9].
, , .
.
,
, ,
.

(-0,598)
(-0,566) . -

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_______________________________________________________________
,
.

. C. arnoldiana

. . densiflorum

. C. rotundifolia

. C. chlorosarca

. C. canadensis

. C. macracantha

. C. submollis

. C. pringlej

. C. turkestanica

. 1. Crataegus

,
, , , , , , .
. 20 Crataegus : (. 2), (. 2), (. 2).
, , 2 .
, , ,

[15].

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25

______________________________________________________________
. ,
.

. C. canadensis
. C. canadensis
. C. ellwangeriana
. 2. Crataegus

,
(. 3). ,
(.3).

. 3. C. pringlej

, , ,
(. 3).
.
, , .
.
, , , , ,
,
.
. . : , ; ; . , [5].

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_______________________________________________________________
3
,
Crataegus

C. flabellata
C. douglsii
C. punctata
C. macracantha
C. holmesiana
C. canadensis
C. ellwangeriana
. densiflorum
C. maximowiczii
Crataegus prunus
C. sanguinea
C. chlorosarca
C. monogyna
C. submollis
C. turkestanica
C. pentagyna
C. pringlej
C. arnoldiana
C. Crus-Galli
C. rotundifolia

70,056,37
62,6710,45
119,8210,02
82,792,01
23,514,28

50,955,70

119,736,59
125,848,20
87,7412,82

86,615,47
87,635,62
53,893,39
102,417,94

39,535,19
63,183,78
106,996,90
87,206,44
65,214,90

46,703,80
56,044,16

30,573,89
52,993,85
66,236,0
79,993,57
92,106,08
70,314,30

S
265,1915,14**
208,9111,32
225,3911,21
368,3426,31**
280,3219,66**
228,9914,20
281,0613,92**
325,7714,99**
232,4514,25
231,5811,29*
223,3211,04
185,5313,89

375,4541,07**
462,0733,59**
422,4641,88**
329,5635,38**
408,4630,72**
334,3718,72**
463,5636,91**

.
1,270,028
1,370,047
1,340,028
1,340,041
1,320,035
1,360,035
1,350,028
1,330,038
1,440,047
1,310,026
1,380,041
1,310,058

1,290,031
1,290,033
1,380,072
1,300,035
1,360,029
1,330,032
1,320,042

* 0,95; **
0,99 ( C. monogyna).

(. 4). . . (. 3). . .

. . Densiflorum

. C. canadensis

. C. submollis

. C. turkestanica

. C. Crus-Galli

. C. ellwangeriana

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27

______________________________________________________________

. C. sanguinea

. C. prunus

. C. macracantha

. 4. Crataegus


, , , ,
, , , , .

(-0,392).

rataegus L. .
,
.
: ,
, (
). , , , ,
, ,
.
,
, .
20
: , , .
, , 2 .
, ,
.

1. .. . .: , 1974. 224 .
2. . . (Crataegus L., Rosaceae) //
3 / 2004. . 18.
3. .. /
.. / . .. . .: . , 1988. 208 .
4. . ., . . ( ). .: , 2003. 224 .
5. .. / .. . .: , 1953. 152 .
6. .. - / .. // , , -

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_______________________________________________________________
: XII . : , 2009. . 44-48.
7. , ..
/ .. , .. // : . .-. ., 19-22
2006. : - , 2006. . 344.
8. .. /
.. , .. : , 1991. 307 .
9. ..
/ .. , .. , .. //
. 2010.
. 42, 1. . 3-21.
10. .., .. - Ribs americanum Mill. //
: , , ,
: . .-. . : , 2008. .133-135.
11. .. - Ribs
americanum Mill. : . . .
. , 2010. 20 .
12. .. - /
.. , .. // , , : XII . . . : , 2009. . 103-107.
13. , .. / .. , .. . .: , 1986. 72 .
14. .. . : , 1971. 388 .
15. , . / . . .: , 1969. 572 .

ADAPTIVE FEATURES OF THE SURFACE OF SHEET AT KINDS


OF SORT CRATAEGUS L. (ROSACEAE JUSS.)
.. Rezanova
S. . Baksutov
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod,
Pobedy str., 85.
e-mail: Rezanova@bsu.edu.ru,
baks922@rambler.ru

Morfo-anatomic research of sheet 20 of sort Crataegus L is conducted.


In the conditions of the Belgorod region in a phenological phase formation of
fruits. The sizes and the form of the basic cages epidermis, singular epidermis,plural epidermises parameters of stoma, are classified and described trichomes, crystals of oxalates are found out and described. Sort Crataegus L.
are mesofits. However at many kinds is brightly signs of stability
to a drought.
Key words: Crataegus, epidermis, singular epidermis, plural epidermises, stoma, the basic cages, trichoma.

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29

______________________________________________________________
582.715:581.522.4


SEDOIDEAE BERGER (CRASSULACEAE DC.) - 1
..
..


, . ,
. , 85.
e-mail:
orlova-belgorod@yandex.ru,
Sorokopudova@bsu.edu.ru

25
- .
-
. S. rupestre, S. sediforme,
S. sarmentosum, H. spectabile.
: , , , , .

. (Sedoideae Berger, Crassulaceae DC.)


.
, ,
, , , , ,
, ,
. , , Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H.Ohba [1, 2]. - , , , .
, [3].
6 10 .
,
. ,
, .
,
-
.

.

2008-2011 . (. ). 25 Hylotelephium H.Ohba, Phedimus
Raf., Sedum L. (H. spectabile (Boreau) H. Ohba, H. telephium subsp. maximum (L.)
1 -
2009-2013 ( 14.740.11.0739 12 2010 .).

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_______________________________________________________________
H. Ohba, H. telephium `Matrona`, H. cauticola (Praeger) H. Ohba, Ph. kamschaticus
(Fisch) t Hart, Ph. kamschaticus f. variegatum, Ph. kamschaticus f. album, Ph. spurius
(M. Bieb.) t Hart ( Ph. spurius1, Ph. spurius2, Ph. spurius3), Ph. spurius var.
variegatum, Ph. spurius Album, Ph. hybridus (L.) t Hart, Ph. aizoon L., S. sediforme (Jacq.)
Pau, S. acre L., S. acre `Elegans`, S. album L., S. album f. murale, S. sexangulare L., S. hispanicum L., S. rupestre L., S. rupestre `Aureum`, S. sarmentosum Bunge).
GRIN Taxonomy for Plants [4].
,
. - , [5].

,
. : ,
, , .
. 3-
4- , 0 (,
), 1 3 .
3 , 2 , (30-60 %),
1 ( , ), 0 , ( ) (. 1).
Sedum Phedimus ( ,
, ).
H. spectabile, H. telephium subsp. maximum, H. telephium `Matrona`, Ph. aizoon
, , ( )
. 3
, ;
2 , (
), 1 .

2008-2011 .
. , , .
. 3 ,
, 2 ,
( 5-10 1 ), 1 - ,
50%, 0 , 50%
(, , ).

,
. 3 ,
, 2 , -

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31

______________________________________________________________
, 1 ,
.
, , . , , 1 2, , , , , (. 2). 3- .
5- ,
.
1 2 1
1-5 , 2 6-10 , 3 11-16
1 2.
1
2-7 , 2 - 8-13 , 3 14 .
1 ,
13-16 , 2 17-20 , 3 21-24 ,
4 25-28 , 5 29 .
, .
1 , , 2 , (
, -, , - ), 3 , .
1 -- , , 2 -
, ,
, 3 -
, ,
. ,
Phedimus Hylotelephium H. spectabile H. telephium `Matrona` -
.

()
: (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6). 3 ,
, 2 3-4 , 1 , 1-2 .
. 3
14-17 ; 2 11-13 ; 1 -
, 8-10.

.
:
(5-8 ), (9-12 ) (13-15 ).

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________________________________________________________________
Sedoideae, , ,

Ph. kamtschaticus
Ph. kamtschaticus f. variegatum
Ph. kamtschaticus f. album
Ph. spurius
Ph. spurius var. variegatum
Ph. spurius 1
Ph. spurius 2
Ph. spurius 3
Ph. spurius Album
Ph. hybridus
Ph. aizoon

3
2
2
3
2
2
1
2
3
3
3

2
2
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
2
2

S. sexangulare
S. acre
S. acre `Elegans`
S. sediforme
S. hispanicum
S. sarmentosum
S. rupestre
S. rupestre `Aureum`
S. album
S. album f. muralis

3
3
2
0
3
0
0
0
0
0

3
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3

H. spectabile
H. cauticola
H. telephium subsp. maximum
H. telephium `Matrona`

0
1
3
0

3
2
2
3

family Aphididae
Phedimus Raf.
2
3
2
0
2
1
3
0
2
1
2
1
1
3
2
3
2
3
2
1
1
1
Sedum L.
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
0
2
3
2
3
2
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
Hylotelephium H.Ohba
2
0
2
3
1
0
3
0

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

13
9
11
12
10
11
11
13
14
11
10

3
3
3
3
1
1
2
3
3
3

14
14
13
8
12
8
7
11
12
12

3
3
3
3

8
11
9
9

* , ,

. 2011. 9 (104). 15/1

32

32

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33
2

Sedoideae, , ,

S. sexangulare
S. acre
S. acre `Elegans`
S. sediforme
S. hispanicum
S. sarmentosum
S. rupestre
S. rupestre `Aureum`
S. album
S. album f. muralis
H. spectabile
H. cauticola
H. telephium subsp. maximum
H. telephium `Matrona`

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

11
13
12
14
13
12
9
13
13
12
8

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

13
13
12
12
13
11
11
14
17
16

2
2
2
2

13
11
10
14

. 2011. 9 (104). 15/1

Ph. kamtschaticus
Ph. kamtschaticus f. variegatum
Ph. kamtschaticus f. album
Ph. spurius
Ph. spurius var. variegatum
Ph. spurius 1
Ph. spurius 2
Ph. spurius 3
Ph. spurius Album
Ph. hybridus
Ph. aizoon

1 2

Phedimus Raf.
2
1
4
1
1
2
1
4
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
2
1
5
2
2
1
1
4
3
2
1
1
4
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
5
2
2
2
1
4
2
2
2
1
4
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
Sedum L.
3
1
2
1
3
2
1
3
1
3
2
1
1
2
3
2
1
1
2
3
3
1
1
2
3
2
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
3
1
1
3
3
3
3
1
5
2
3
2
1
5
2
3
Hylotelephium H.Ohba
2
2
5
1
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
3
5
2
1

______________________________________________________________

33

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_______________________________________________________________

. (13-15 ) Ph. kamtschaticus, Ph. spurius, Ph. spurius3, Ph. spurius Album, S. sexangulare, S. acre, S. acre `Elegans`; (9-12 ) - Ph. kamtschaticus f. variegatum, Ph. kamtschaticus f. album,
Ph. spurius var. variegatum, Ph. spurius1, Ph. spurius2, Ph. hybridus, Ph. aizoon,
S. rupestre `Aureum`, S. hispanicum, S. album, S. album f. muralis, H. cauticola, H. telephium subsp. maximum, H. telephium `Matrona`. S. rupestre, S. sarmentosum, S. sediforme H. spectabile, - (7-8). H. spectabile, S.
rupestre, S. sediforme , S. sarmentosum
. , , (11-13 ).
, - Ph. kamtschaticus, Ph. kamtschaticus f. variegatum, Ph. kamtschaticus f. album, Ph. spurius, Ph. spurius var. variegatum,
Ph. spurius1, Ph. spurius2, Ph. spurius3, Ph. aizoon, S. album, S. album f. muralis, S.
rupestre `Aureum`, S. sexangulare, S. acre, S. acre `Elegans`. Ph. kamtschaticus
Ph. aizoon .
- , , S. rupestre, S. sediforme, S. sarmentosum, S. hispanicum, H. cauticola, H. spectabile, H. telephium subsp. maximum, H. telephium `Matrona`, ( , , ).

1. .., .. . .: , 2006. 95 .
2. .. . : . .: +, 2011. 432 .
3. .., .., .. -
// , .
. . . . --
; . , 2003. . 46-49.
4. Genera of Crassulaceae subfam. Sedoideae / United States Department of Agricul-ture.
Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 2007. : http://www.arsgrin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/gnlist.pl?1764.
5. .., .. // . . . . 1978. . 107.
. 80-86.

ESTIMATION OF PERSPECTIVITY SPECIES OF SUBFAMILY SEDOIDEAE BERGER


(CRASSULACEAE DC.) IN THE SOUTHWEST OF RUSSIA
O.N. Orlova
O.A. Sorokopudova
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod,
Pobedy str., 85.
e-mail:
orlova-belgorod@yandex.ru,
Sorokopudova@bsu.edu.ru

The assessment of the 25 species and varieties of Sedoideae Berger with


account valuable biological and economic properties as a result of cultivation
in Belgorod region is given in this article. Most of the studied representatives
are very promising and promising species, and are recommended for wide use
in gardening in the south-west of Russia. The least promising are S. rupestre,
S. sediforme, S. sarmentosum, H. spectabile.
Key words: Sedoideae, introduction, promising, decoration,landscaping.

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582.715:581.522.4


CHAENOMELES (THUNB.) LINDL 1
..
..


, . ,
. , 85.
e-mail: irina.navalneva@mail.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Chaenomeles (Thunb.) Lindl - . . . .


: Chaenomeles japonica, Chaenomeles maulei,
, .

Chaenomeles L. (Rosaceae)
(Maloideae). Chaenomeles .
, , . , , . ,
,
. ,
, .
.
, [2].
: . . , 2,5 3,5 [4].
, .
( ) - -. .


; . ; [3].
,
. , , -, , .
, .
[4].

1
-
2009-2013 , 267 - Chaenomeles .

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( 6) , , ,
[3].

Chaenomeles.

Chaenomeles.



.. [1]. : Ch. japonica Ch. maulei.
,
. .
, ( ) ( , ).
(, ).
, .

Chaenomeles 2-3 .
. 15-20 .
37 .
50 7080 2030
. 1000 .
: 4080 , 100120 ,
34 .
, (, ),

, . . .
2
: , . , , .
( )
. : , . Chaenomeles .
.
18 , 50,0 %,
23. : ,
, . ,
, , , (. 1).

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. 1.

, . , , .
, .
10
1-2 . . , 12 .
.
, . , .. , , , . , - . , . - .
()
(. 2). , 1, 2 6
, .
, .
3, 4, 5 7 , .
. , 3 5.

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100,00
90,00
80,00

70,00
60,00
%

50,00

40,00
30,00

20,00
10,00
0,00
1

. 2. ()

,
(. 3).

. 3.

(),
. . , . , . .
.
. , .
, , .
, , , , , , , , .

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______________________________________________________________
, . - . . .
.
, , .
(), .
. , , . , , . , , , ,
. .
, . . , , . , . , , .
, . , , ,
, . , , , , , , . ,
, , .
. , , , .
, .
, , ,
20 .
,
. , 4,35 13,27 , 4,56 16,40 . , 2,50 11,83 . : 12,66*8,45-16,80*13,25 2 (
). , , 11,550,13 , 1,000,00 .
, 3,300,15 ,
4,820,08 . , 1,920,06 ,
1,060,08 (. 1).
1












,
4,35
0,10
13,27 0,25
4,56
0,06
16,40 0,63
2,50
0,05
11,83 0,08
12,66 0,18
16,80 0,05
8,45
0,14
13,25 0,06
11,55
0,13
1,00
0,00
3,30
0,15
4,82
0,08
1,92
0,06
1,06
0,08

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, Chaenomeles
: , , ,
, ,
,
.

1. .. Pentaphylloides Fruticosa
(L.) O. Schwarz, // . 2003. . 39. . 4.
. 68-76.
2. . 6- . . 5 (2). . .: , 1981. 511 .
3. .. . .: - ; : , 2004. 62 .
4. , .. , ..,
- // : . . .-. : , , , 24-27 2008. , 2008. . 402-406.

BIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF SOME ALGAL GENUS CHAENOMELES (THUNB.) LINDL


UNDER CHTSR
I.A. Navalneva
V.N. Sorokopudov
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod,
Pobedy str., 85
e-mail:
irina.navalneva@mail.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

The study of biological characteristics of flowering of some members of


the genus Chaenomeles (Thunb.) Lindl in the Central Black Earth Region. We
describe the daily dynamics of the flower opens, depending on weather conditions. Defined phases of deployment and period of the flower and its structures. The structure of morphological parameters of the structural components of the flower and the change in the process of its formation.
Key words: Chaenomeles japonica, Chaenomeles maulei, flowering,
ecology.

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______________________________________________________________
634.722:582.717

RIBES RUBRUM L.
1
..
..

, . ,
. 85
E-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru


Ribes rubrum L. .
: , . .
: Ribes rubrum L., ,
,


, , , ,
[1].

,
, , [2].
,
.

. , ,
,
, , 1000
. 27 2
[3].
: ( 5 ), ( 5 8 ),
( 8 ) [4].
2007 ,
4,6 9,3
(. 1). 2007 (4,5), (4,6), (4,7), (4,8), 14%
(. 2). 2007 7% (9,3) (8,2). ,
83% , .
1



2007
5,5
8,0
6,7

,
2008 2009
4,0
5,2
5,3
2,8
5,3
4,2

2010
4,7
5,0
5,8

.
4,860,66
5,282,14
5,531,05

14
41
19


- 2009-2013 ., 508 14.05.2010 .
1

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1-63-22
56-2
()

5,8
9,3
5,3
7,0
6,7
6,5
4,7
5,7
5,3
6,6
8,2
5,0
6,3
4,6
6,8
8,0
6,0
5,3
4,8
4,5
6,5
5,5
6,7
5,5
7,2
5,0

7,0
8,8
3,7
5,8
4,8
11,7
5,00
4,4
4,6
8,0
6,8
5,2
9,3
3,9
2,8
9,5
4,6
6,5
5,6
6,8
5,6
3,8
4,4
4,4
6,0
4,6

6,0
7,0
4,3
4,1
3,0
7,7
3,2
4,8
3,3
7,5
4,3
4,7
8,0
3,5
2,4
8,0
6,2
4,9
4,3
3,3
6,5
4,9
3,1
3,4
8,6
3,0

7,1
7,4
4,7
6,8
4,3
9,0
5,4
5,0
4,3
8,4
5,2
5,4
6,4
4,3
7,8
7,3
6,6
5,0
5,4
2,8
5,4
4,4
4,6
4,8
7,7
3,7

6,480,68
8,121,12
4,520,65
5,921,32
4,71,54
8,722,22
4,570,97
4,950,56
4,360,85
7,630,78
6,131,73
5,060,30
7,501,43
4,060,47
4,981,76
8,210,91
5,840,87
5,420,74
5,020,60
4,351,78
6,010,57
4,640,74
4,71,48
5,540,86
7,111,31
4,090,89

10
14
14
22
33
25
21
11
20
10
28
6
19
15
55
11
15
14
12
41
10
16
32
19
17
22

2008
2,8 () 11,7 ( ).
, 41%. 2007 ,
45%. , , , 2008
. ,
, , , , , , , , , 1-63-22.
,
2008 14% .
, , , .
2


( 5 )
( 5 8 )
( 8 )

2007
14
79
7

, %
2008 2009 2010 2007-2010
41
66
34
42
45
34
59
48
14
7
10

2009 , 8
(), .
2,8 8
. (66%) 5 .
, 2008 .
34% .
2010 (59%)
5 8 ().
35%, 7%.

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2,4 11,7 . 20072010 42%. ,
, , , , , , , , , , , . (48%) - ,
, , , , , ,
, , , , , 1-62-22, 56-2. ,
, 10 %.

, ( 0,55),
(0,41), (0,41), (0,32). (0,06), (0,10),
(0,10), (0,11), (0,11), (0,12), (0,12), (0,13), (0,14), (0,14).
1000 4,8 7,5 . (. 3).
3
1000

1-63-22
56-2
()

1000 ,
2007 2008 2009 2010
6,00
7,33
5,32
5,50
6,45
7,42
5,20
5,72
6,00
5,04
5,79
6,34
6,12
7,14
4,81
5,05
6,12
8,49
4,80
5,33
6,12
8,64
6,40
6,97
5,83
8,00
4,80 6,40
5,03
7,34
5,93
5,20
6,00
7,14
5,0
5,37
6,35
9,33
8,3
5,90
5,95
8,58
6,50
5,97
7,05
8,04
7,7
6,80
6,04
8,0
5,3
5,7
6,88
8,63
6,00 5,80
5,56
7,54
4,6
5,34
5,75
7,03
4,30
6,25
8,07
8,90
6,20 6,00
6,64
8,90
7,10
5,50
6,76
7,89
5,40
5,86
6,03
7,04
5,40 6,90
5,00
6,25
5,90
4,50
5,90
7,14
5,33
5,90
5,80
7,82
4,55
5,71
5,04
6,02
3,85
4,23
6,02
7,0
5,90
6,4
7,75
8,09
6,50
6,78
6,01
6,68
5,00 5,80
5,32
6,25
4,2
5,00
5,95
7,12
6,3
6,07

.
6,060,91
6,200,96
5,790,55
5,781,07
6,191,63
7,031,13
6,261,34
5,881,05
5,880,94
7,471,62
6,751,25
7,390,57
6,261,20
6,831,29
5,762,56
5,831,15
7,291,42
7,041,41
6,481,10
6,340,77
5,410,80
6,070,76
5,971,36
4,790,96
6,330,49
7,280,76
5,870,69
5,190,85
6,360,53

15
16
10
19
26
16
21
18
16
22
18
8
19
19
22
20
19
20
17
12
15
13
23
20
8
10
12
16
8

(41%) 1000 6
7 . 38% 1000 6 .
(4,8 ), 56-2 (5,2), (5,4), (5,5 ), (5,8), (5,8 ), (5,8), (5,9 ), (5,9 ), 1-63-22 (5,9 ).

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(21%) 1000 7 . (7,5 ), (7,4 ), (7,3 ),
(7,3 ), (7,0), (7,0).

0,08 0,26.
(0,08), (0,08), (0,08), (0,10). 1000 (0,26), (0,237), (0,22), (0,22), (0,21).

, . ,
.
4,5 8,3% (. 4). 5% (4,5%),
(4,5%), (4,5%), (4,7%),
(4,9%). (76%) 5 7,5%. (8,2%),
(8,3%), (7,6%), (7,9%).
(0,23), (0,22), (0,21). (0,04),
(0,07), (0,07).
1000
(r= - 0,36),
(r=0,16), 1000 (r =0,31).
4

1-63-22
56-2
()

2007
6,31
6,00
4,50
7,80
6,00
7,00
5,35
4,65
7,75
7,04
6,00
5,34
6,20
6,40
6,05
4,85
5,51
5,16
5,00
7,14
6,00
4,85
4,92
4,06
5,18
5,16
5,12
4,87
3,88

, %
2008 2009
7,00
7,20
4,85
5,70
5,30
3,90
9,02
8,2
7,05
6,5
7,85
6,1
8,2
4,9
6,03
4,1
8,34
7,9
8,70
8,00
8,10
6,48
6,80
7,40
7,88
6,86
8,84
6,90
8,70
6,14
7,70
5,62
7,88
7,00
7,20
4,8
5,23
4,70
8,68
7,60
7,08
6,5
6,60
4,70
6,76
5,00
4,73
3,49
7,04
6,46
8,12
6,10
6,05
4,70
6,00
6,60
5,30
4,40

2010
6,2
4,61
4,40
7,70
5,54
5,35
4,80
5,2
9,0
6,80
5,80
6,10
6,48
6,50
7,20
4,90
6,60
7,10
4,90
8,08
7,50
5,80
5,71
5,80
7,43
6,89
4,70
5,80
5,16


.
6,680,50
5,290,67
4,530,58
8,180,60
6,270,65
6,581,09
5,811,61
4,500,82
8,250,56
7,640,88
6,601,04
6,410,89
6,860,73
7,161,14
7,021,23
5,771,34
6,750,98
6,071,26
4,960,22
7,860,66
6,770,66
5,490,89
5,600,85
4,520,99
6,530,98
6,571,25
5,140,64
5,820,72
4,690,67

.
, %
7
13
13
7
10
17
28
16
7
12
16
14
12
16
18
23
15
21
4
8
10
16
15
22
15
19
12
12
14

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1. (41%) 1000 6
7 . 1000 6 38% : (4,8 ), 56-2 (5,2), (5,4), (5,5 ), (5,8),
(5,8 ), (5,8), (5,9 ), (5,9 ), 1-63-22
(5,9 ). 1000 7 (21%): (7,5 ), (7,4 ), (7,3 ), (7,3 ), (7,0),
(7,0).
8 26. (8), (8), (8), (10).
(26), (23), (22), (22), (21).
2.
4,5 8,3% : (4,5%), (4,5%), (4,5%), (4,7%), (4,9%).
(8,2%), (8,3%),
(7,6%), (7,9%).
(23), (22), (21). : (4), (7), (7).
3. 1000
(r= - 0,36),
(r=0,16), 1000 (r =0,31).

1. , .. / .. , .. . : , . -, 2003.
296 .
2. .. / .. , .. ,
.. : , 2008. 62 .
3. .. : /
.. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. , .. , .., .. , .. ,
.. : - , 2008. 36 .
4. , .. - . Grossulariaceae Dumort. / .. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. , .. , .. // . 2009. 1. . 111 117

SEED EFFICIENCY SOME GRADES RIBES RUBRUM L.


IN THE CONDITION OF THE BELGOROD REGION
L.A. Tohtar
V.N. Sorokopudov
Belgorod National Research
University,
Belgorod, Pobedy str., 85
E-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Seed efficiency of grades of red currant Ribes rubrum L is studied. In the conditions of the Belgorod region. Grades are divided on
groups. The share of seeds from weight of berries as a perspective direction in selection on it is not enough seeds is defined.
Key words: Ribes rubrum L., seeds, a share of seeds from weight
of berries, weight of seeds.

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582.717.7

RIBES L.

..

, 677980
. , . , 41
e-mail: korobkova_t@list.ru

, .
8 : R. fragrans Pall., R. procumbens Pall.,
R. dikuscha Fisch, R. pauciflorum Turcz ,R. nigrum L. spp sibiricum
E. Wolf, R. triste Pall, R. palczewskii Pojark, R. glabellum Trautov.
et Mey.
: , , ,
, .

, , , ..
- . , . , . Ribes . ,
, ,
, , . -, , .
, R. vulgare (R.rubrum) ,
, (R. triste).
Ribes .. [11]
R. rubrum sense Jancz.
Rubrae A.Pojark., , R. spicatum. , . R.spicatum,
( ) -R. pubescens, - R. hispidulum,
, - - R. cidum,
, - R. palzewskii [3].
Ribesia
. : R. glabellum (Trautov. et Meyer) Hedl, R. rubrum var glabellum,
R. acidum, R. spicatum Robson, R. hispidulum (Jancz) Pojark [1];
R. acidum Turcz. ex Pojark (R. rubrum Pojark) . , [13] ;
R. rubrum L. s. 1 - R.acidum Turcz. ex Pojark, R. glabellum . ,
[17]; R. rubrum L. s. 1 - R. acidum Turcz. ex Pojark, R. hispidulum (Jancz) Pojark, R. palczewskii (Jancz) . Pojark, R. spicatum Robson s.str. . , [6].
Eucoreosma Jancz. 16 5 [2, 11,
13]. : (R.dikuscha Fisch.),
(R. ussuriense Jancz.), (R. fontaneum Boczk.), (R. pauciflorum Turcz.), (R. procumbens Pall.),
R. nigrum L. [16].

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R. nigrum L. . . [13] 4 11 , 4 10 . Ribes L. . ,
. , R. rubrum L. R. vulgare Lam. , R. pauciflorum Jurcz, R. nigrum L. spp europaeum Jancz, R. nigrum L. spp sibiricum E. Wolf. - R. nigrum L [6,19].

6 8 .
, Ribes acidum
Turcz. ex. Pojark [8]. .. , Ribes glabellum Hedl
Ribes acidum Turcz. ex. Pojark. [17]. , ..
[18] .. , .. .
[4] Ribes glabellum Hedl. Ribes acidum Turcz. ex. Pojark Ribes
glabellum Hedl. R. spicatum Robson.
: R. fragrans
all., R. procumbens Pall., R. dikuscha Fisch, R. pauciflorum Turcz, R. triste Pall., R. acidum (R. rubrum L., R. glabellum Trautov. et Mey), R. alczewskii Pojark [8].
R. fragrans Pall., R. procumbens Pall., R. dikuscha Fisch., R. pauciflorum Turcz. ex
Pojark (R. kolymense (Trautov) Kom. ex Pojark, R. cyanthiforme Pojark), R. triste Pall.,
R. glabellum (R.rubrum var glabellum Trautov et Meyer, R. acidum Turcz. x Pojark,
R. rubrum auct non L.), R. spicatum subsp. alczewskii (Jancz.) (R. rubrum
var.palczewskii (Jancz.), R. palczewskii (Jancz.) Pojark) [18].
R. fragrans Pall., R. procumbens Pall., R. dikuscha Fisch., R. nigrum var. pauciflorum Jancz, R. nigrum var. kolymense Trautov, R. triste Pall., R. acidum Turcz. x Pojark,
R. spicatum subsp. Palczewskii (Jancz.)Malyschev [17].
R. fragrans Pall., R. procumbens Pall., R. dikuscha Fisch, R. nigrum (R. kolymense
Kom. ex Pojark, R. pauciflorum Turcz ex Pojark), R. triste Pall., R. rubrum L. (R..acidum
Turcz. x Pojark, R. hispidulum(Jancz.) Pojark, R. palczewskii (Jancz.), R. spicatum Robson) [6].
R. fragrans Pall., R. procumbens Pall., R. dikuscha Fisch, R. nigrum L., R. glabellum Trautov et ey, R. triste Pall., R. spicatum Robson; R. palczewskii (Jancz.) [4].
, ,
, , , .
.
70-
, . Ribes L. ,
,
.

[7, 12].

. ,
. . ,
(.). ( 8-12, 15-20,
[5]. ..
[10], .. [14] ,
.

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,

,
R. nigrum var. kolymense [Trautv] Kom. ex
Pojark ( -,
. , .
)


( 1),

R. pauciflorum Turcz
(
1980 -,
70 . ,

,

.


.
,
,

, ,
. , , 3 3-6 .
- , -
.
.

( 3 - 6 )

,
.


, ,
. Ribes rubrum L.
Ribes vulgare Lam., - , , Ribes rubrum L.

Ribes vulgare Lam., .
R. nigrum spp sibiricum E. Wolf. R. pauciflorum Jurcz.
. R. spicatum
R. palczewskii .
. Ribes alczewskii
, , , , , .
. . - , , . -. (9-15) , , 1 3.
R. spicatum , , , , , , , . -, , .
, , R. pauciflorum Turcz , R. fragrans Pall, R. procumbens
Pall, R. dikuscha Fisch, R. nigrum L. spp sibiricum E. Wolf., Ribes glabellum Hedl,
R. palczewskii (Jancz.), R. triste Pall.

1. . .: , 1971. .6. .228-230
2. . . . , 1973.
184 .

3. .. Ribes L. Ribesia (Berl.) Jancz. Eucoreosma (Jancz.) Berg. ., 1978. 36 .

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______________________________________________________________
4. .. . : - ,
2005. 328 .
5. .. : ...., 2001. 15 .
6. .., .. .
: - , 2002. 707 .
7. .. . ., 1972.
284 .
8. . : , 1974. 542 .
9. . . . .: , 1930.
196 .
10. . . . .; .: , 1955. 277 .
11. .. Ribes L. // . .; ., 1939. .9.
. 226-267
12. , .
: - , 1999. 608 .
13. . . . , , . .: ,
1987. 216 .
14. // , , . . : , 1987. .3. .12-20.
15. .. ( )
: . . . . . -,
1994. 22 .
16. .., .., ..
. : , 2005. 120 .
17. .. . , 52 .
18. : Berberidaceae Grossulariaceae. : , 1994. .7.
312 .
19. .. . .:
, 1995. 992 .

ON THE ISSUE OF SPECIFIC IDENFICATION OF GENUS RIBES L. IN YAKUTIA


T.S. Korobkova
IBPC SD RAS, Lenina St., 41,
Yakutsk, 677007, Sakha, Russia
e-mail: korobkova_t@list.ru

A review of information on the problem of specific identification of


genus Ribes L. growing in Yakutia region. The list consist of 8 species: R.
fragrans Pall., R. procumbens Pall., R. dikuscha Fisch, R. pauciflorum
Turcz ,R. nigrum L. spp sibiricum E. Wolf, R. triste Pall, R. palczewskii
Pojark, R. glabellum Trautov. et Mey.
Key words: black currant, introduction, botanical garden Ribes kolymense, red currant.

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582.572.226:575.224.46.044


..
.. 2
1


, 308033,
. , . 11
e-mail: Labunskaya@bsu.edu.ru
2


, 308015,
. , . 85
e-mail: Sorokopudova@bsu.edu.ru

, ,
22 .
, . ,
: Connecticut King
( 4n = 48),
( 4n = 48),
( 4n = 48).
: , , , , .

2n=24,
L. lancifolium Thunb., L. rhodopaeum Delip., L. szovitsianum Fisch. et Ave-Lall. (2n=36) [1,2].
. , , , , , ,
, , . , [3-5], (
70%, 86%, 65%)
;
, [6-8].

2006-2010 .
[9].
22 : (Longiflorum/Asiatic) (Algarve, Royal Delight, Royal Drim, Royal Fantasy, Royal Justice, Royal Sunset, Showroom, Spirit,
84-592), (, , , , , , , , , , Connecticut King, Rosello), , Lilium henryi Baker.
, (
) ,
[9].

. 10-

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______________________________________________________________
0,2 % 6 , 3
, -.

5- , L. henryi,
, - .
- ,
, ,
, ,
(. 1, 2).

. 1.
-

. 2.

1,5 - .
,
, (, Royal Delight, ) 22
. .
, , .
() , 48,5%.
Royal Delight

. . , - ; , , . , , .
, ,
, .
, , . ,
(3 ) 30%, 31%, 48% , 37%, Connecticut King (2 ) 60% 72%, (2 )
31% 49%, (2 ) 62% 60%, 57%.

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,
.
, , 14
( 25% ) 4: (4n = 48) (. 3), (4n = 48) (. 3),
Connecticut King (4n = 48) ( , . 3 ,).

. 3.
( , , , Connecticut King)

, 288 22 ,
0,2% 6 ,
195 , 6 (2% ), .

37-72%.

: Connecticut King
66% , - 6%,
- 4%, , , -

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______________________________________________________________
, ,
.

1. , .. / .. . .: ,
1980. 300 .
2. / .: .. , .. ,
.. , .. . .: . . -, 1969. 927 .
3. , .. / .. . .: . . .
. . . . . , 1982. . 176-178.
4. . : - , 1992. 32 .
5. , . / . . 2008. :
http://www.molo.ru/articles,special,1,14.htm.
6. , .. : . /
.. ; . .. , .. . 3- ., . : .
. -, 2006. 479 .
7. , .. / .. . 1998. : http://svitlo.by.ru/bibloteka/ot_sozd_mira/ot_sozd_mira11.html.
8. Polyploidy. 2003. : http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/bonline/e37/37d.htm.
9. , .. / .. . : - , 2005. 244 .

MITOTIC POLYPLOIDY OF ASIATIC HYBRIDS OF LILIES


N.A. Labunskaya1
O.A. Sorokopudova2
ECC ministry of internal affairs of
Russia for Belgorod region, Gubkina
St. 11 b, 308033, Russia
1

e-mail: Labunskaya@bsu.edu.ru
Belgorod National Research
University,
Pobeda str., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
2

e-mail: Sorokopudova@bsu.edu.ru

For reception polyploids of lilies, by mitotic polyploidy with the


chemical solution of colchicine, 22 grades of a various origin and one
kind of lilies have been selected. Indication of chromosome number in
new polyploids forms of lilies defined by stomate size characteristic and
calculation chromosome number from root tips. It is established that lilies, which are the most subject to colchicine effect therefore new forms
are formed: Connecticut King (chromosome number of received lilies
form 4n = 48), Yellow Bird (chromosome number of received lilies
form 4n = 48), Aelita (chromosome number of received lilies form
4n = 48).
Key words: lily, polyploidy, the number of chromosomes, the mitotic polyploidy, colchicine.

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581.6 : 631.527


(FRAGARIA ANANASSA DUCH.)
.. 1
. . 2
1

, 630039,
, . , 160
e-mail: childofsiberia@mail.ru
2



, 630090, ,
- . , 10.

e-mail: SO_baturin@mail.ru

1996
- , . (Fragaria x
ananassa Duch.), 5 ,
30 , .


.
: , Fragaria x
ananassa, Comarum palustre, , ,
.

Fragaria Fragaria vesca L.


, "p" [1, 2]. Fragaria x ananassa Duch., 2n=8x=56 ,
Fragaria Potentilla [3].
(Comarum palustre L. (Potentilla palustre (L.) Scop.),
2n=6=42).
, , ,
[4, 5, 6, 7].
Pink Panda Serenata (), Rosaline Roseberry
(), Lipstick () . [7]. , , .
[8], [6]. 1990- .
Pink Panda,
Fragaria ananassa Duch.
[4].
, , , . . Pink Panda , . Fragaria
ananassa Duch. , ,

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.
.

-
Pink anda () 61-1 61-2 F1 C 141
( ABZ Seeds Gourmet Starwberries [6]. F1
( - 97/3-76-6, 97/2-1-4 97/3-75-6,
97/2-1-6), F. x ananassa
Pink anda.
Pink anda. F2 :
00/9-30-5 [97/3-75-6 97/2-1-4]; 05/11-51-2 [96/10-78-4 (58 x Pink Panda)].
, . . ,
.
.
. , . .
3- +5+6 ,
5-7 .
RHS [9].

(. )
:
1)
, ;
2) ,
, . 1996 Pink Panda.
, , ,
, . 60%
[4]. Pink Panda ,
. .

. , -
Pink anda . () . Pink anda Fragaria
x ananassa , . 707 , .
48,7%. 91,3%.

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Pink anda. .
- -.
. 24 (41,4%) 58
. - , .. , Pink anda.

05/11-51-2 00/9-30-5. , , .

F1 C 141, - .
, . , , [10]. ( 7-9 61-2 7-28 61-2),
80-90% . 20
: 90%
01 , 0 - , 5 .
: 1) ; 2) - 3) . ,
. , , 19
, 3 , 17 , 6 .
, 4,5 , ,
. . .
, ,
, .
- ,
(. 1),
. , , 90-97 % (08/15-12-5 08/15-4-2;
08/15-12-5 08/47-27 .). 92% (. 2). , (2n=8x=56)
, .. ,
. , ABZ Seeds
Gourmet Starwberries (),
(Pikan F1, Florian F1, Merlan F1, Tarpan F1, Roman F1, F1 C141) (Sarian F1, Grandian F1, Loran F1,
Chesan F1), [11].
(Sarian F1,

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Grandian F1, Loran F1, Chesan F1, Florian F1) , Chesan F1, Loran F1 Sarian F1 ,
Florian F1 Grandian F1 ( ,
, .) [12].

.1. -

. 2.

, ABZ Seeds Gourmet


Starwberries
, , - .


.
-

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_______________________________________________________________
,
. .
- , .. .
. , , , [12].
, , .
.
, 30 . . . 500 . , .

1. Mangelsdorf A.J., East E.M., Studies on the genetics of Fragaria // Genetics. 1927. 12.
. 307-339.
2. .. . .: , 1975. - 184 .
3. Ellis J.R. Fragaria-Potentilla intergeneric hybridization and evolution in Fragaria // Proc.
Linnean Society of London. 1962. V.173. . 99-106.
4. Baturin S.O., Ambros E.V. The use of intergeneric crosses in strawberry breeding // International Meeting of Young Scientists in Horticulture. Materials of the 7th Intern. Conf. Lednice,
Czech Repablic. 1999. P.13-17.
5. Khanizadeh, S. New Hardy Day-Neutral Red Flowering Strawberry Cultivars // Acta Hort.
(ISHS). 2000. 538. . 779-780.
6. Bentvelsen G.C.M., Bouw E. Breeding Ornamental Strawberries // Acta Hort. (ISHS).
2006. 708. P. 455-457.
7. .., ..
(Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) // .
2010. . 14. 1. . 165-171.
8. Khanizadeh, S., J. Cousineau, M. Deschnes, A. Levasseur, O. Carisse. Roseberry and Rosalyne: two new hardy, day-neutral red flowering strawberry cultivars // Acta Hort. (ISHS). 2002.
567. P. 173-174.
9. Tucker A.O., Maciarello M.J., Tucker S.S. A survey of color charts for biological descriptions // Taxon. 40. 1991. P. 201-214.
10. .., .. (Fragaria L.) // i , i i: .
. . . 2007. . 2. . 16-20.
11. Bentvelsen G.C.M., Bouw E., Veldhuyzen van Zanten J.E. Breeding strawberry (Fragaria x
ananassa Duch.) from seed // Acta Hort. (ISHS). 1997. Vol. 1. 439. P. 149- 153.
12. .., .., ..
// . 2010. 1. . 40-45.

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______________________________________________________________
INTRODUCTION OF PINK FLOWERING GARDEN STRAWBERRY (FRAGARIA
ANANASSA DUCH.) IN WESTERN SIBERIA
L.L. Kuznetsova1
S.O. Baturin2
1 Novosibirsk

State Agrarian
University, Novosibirsk, Russia

e-mail: childofsiberia@mail.ru
2 Institute

of Cytology and Genetics,


SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

e-mail: SO_baturin@mail.ru

At 1996 in IC&G SB RAS (Novosibirsk, Russia) a program on creation pink flowering forms of garden strawberry with double purpose (ornamental and berrylike) as well as forms adapted for growing in Siberian region has been started. The gene pull of pink flowering strawberry
included 5 varieties of European selection, 30 winterhardy and highyielding hybrids with ornamental qualities of flowers was formed. All selected hybrids are day-neutral strawberry varieties during summer and
autumn period of vegetation.
Key words: pink flowering strawberry, Fragaria x ananassa, Comarum palustre, selection, day-neutral strawberry, seed germination.

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: 582.951.64:581.8


(VERONICA AUSTRIACA L.)
..
..

,
305041, . , . .,3
e-mail: salvia_julia@mail.ru

. , .
: (Veronica austriaca L.),
,

(Veronica austriaca L.) (Scrophulariaceae). , , 10 (30) 70 . , ,


- , .
, . 2-4 , , ,
, , , . , , , (
, ). 7-10 , - , . .
, 4-5
, , ,
, . , 1,5
[2, 5].
, , , . , [3, 4].
:
.

, , , 2010.
XI [1]. -11 . Adobe Photoshop 7.0.

,
(. 1).
(.2).
, ,
, , .
2-4- .

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. 1. (. 140)

. 3.
(. 400)

. 5.

(. 200)

. 2.

(. 120)

. 4.

(. 300)

. 6.
(. 200)

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. 7.
(. 200)

. 8.

(. 200)

.
. 5-6 .
. , .
, . 1-3
, .
.
, .
. ,
. , .
.
, (. 3, 4).
( ). .
, . .
. , - -,
, -
, (. 5). - .
,
.
, .
. , (. 6). . . , --, , ,

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______________________________________________________________

, . .
(. 8). , , (. 7).

,
.

1. . 11- . .: , 1987. . 1. 277 .
2. .., .., .., .. . . 3: (: ). : - , - . 2004.
.105.
3. .., .. :
, 2005.- 80 .
4. : , , ; Carifoliaceae Plantaginaceae / .. ; . .. . .: , 1990 . 173-182 .
5. . 22 .: , 1955. 329-487 .

STUDY OF ANATOMICAL STRUCTURE OF HERB OF VERONICA AUSTRIACA L.

V.N. Bubenchicova
Y.A. Kondratova
Kursk State Medical University,
Kursk K. Marks St., 3, 305041
e-mail: salvia_julia@mail.ru

Study of microscopic diagnostic characters of herb of Veronica austriaca L. for identity control. Air-dried herb of Veronica austriaca L. The
histological slides were studied with microscope Biolam C-11 supplied
with a digital camera. Microscopic diagnostic characters of herb of Veronica austriaca L. for identity control were determined. Microdiagnostical sings of the plant material of Veronica austriaca L.have been determined. Then they will be used to the standarting documents for this
plant material.
Key words: Veronica austriaca L., herb, microscopic diagnostic
characters

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635.939.73



.. 1
.. 2
1

,
393760, , . , . , 101

e-mail: mgau@mich.ru
2

, 393760, , . - ,
. , 274

. ,
( 75%) 20%
, 50%
.
: , , ,
.

e-mail: mgpi_lab@mich.ru

. , , 7-10
; , , ,
, , . , , ,
. , ,
- .
[1]. .

, .
.
1.
.
2.
.

: , , , , , , , , , , , ,
, , 1-10-49, 1-11-45, 1-17-48, 12-2, 1-39-28,
14-9, 1-67-47, 1-8-57, 1-9-58, 1-9-59, 2-20-14, 2-47-45, 2-56-47, 2-56-48, 2-59-41, 2-61-33,
2-61-35, 2-62-43, 2-65-51.

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______________________________________________________________
1989 - 2009 . [2, 3],
. .. . , , 100
.
( ) . 10-12 ,
.
, 10-15 ,
.
[4].
Microsoft EXCEL 2000-2007,
STATISTICA 6.1. StatSoft.

.
1

1989 - 2009 .

1-10-49
1-11-45
1-17-48
12-2
1-39-28
14-9
1-67-47
1-8-57
1-9-58
1-9-59
2-20-14
2-47-45
2-56-47
2-56-48
2-59-41
2-61-33
2-61-35
2-62-43
2-65-51


(),%
59,67
58,38
76,64
78,09
90,24
84,69
55,77
70,72
62,54
51,65
84,72
68,69
97,33
75,09
80,50
66,48
57,59
66,81
50,35
96,22
97,00
97,40
79,16
99,00
86,00
71,96
81,06
78,28
61,00
70,21
83,61
79,46
83,21

(Sx), %
0,87
10,67
9,41
17,40
5,29
0,43
14,70
17,60
7,84
16,52
2,84
7,52
1,19
7,67
6,16
3,95
14,39
3,14
5,02
3,07
2,60
9,18
0,47
1,33
12,99
14,48
16,39
5,42
12,08
0,91
0,82
0,54
0,66


, %
59,74
69,05
67,28
60,69
84,95
85,12
41,07
84,11
51,81
58,32
87,56
61,17
98,52
80,66
74,35
70,43
58,60
60,53
55,37
96,79
77,23
94,79
68,53
88,00
80,54
72,43
83,01
65,29
78,00
84,69
67,22
89,00
95,29


0,36
0,40
0,52
0,47
0,77
0,72
0,23
0,59
0,32
0,30
0,74
0,42
0,96
0,61
0,60
0,47
0,34
0,40
0,28
0,93
0,75
0,92
0,54
0,87
0,69
0,52
0,67
0,51
0,48
0,59
0,56
0,71
0,79

,
, , , , , , , ,

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, , , 2-56-47, 1-39-28, 2-20-14, 14-9,
2-59-41, 12-2, 1-17-48, 2-56-48.
75% 90% . , , 1-8-57, 2-47-45, 2-62-43, 2-61-33
66% 72% .
, 1-9-58, 1-10-49, 1-11-45, 2-61-35, 1-67-47, 1-9-59,
2-65-51. 50% 62%.

, , 8 33 ( 25%) .
- ,
, .
- 5-6 ,
, , - (, ..).
.
- (.). ,
, , , , , 1-8-57, 12-2, 1-9-59, 1-67-47, 2-61-35, 1-11-45 10,67% 17,60%. ( 5,02% 9,41%)
, , 1-17-48, 1-9-58, 2-56-48, 2-47-45, 2-59-41, 1-39-28, 2-65-51.

, , , , , , , , 2-61-33, 2-62-43, 2-20-14, 2-56-47, 14-9, 1-10-49.

(r = -0,498). (D = 0,248)
25%-
.
.

(.1). , , ,
, , , , , , , 2-56-47, 220-14, 14-9, 1-39-28, 1-8-57, 2-56-48 77% 99%
. , , , , 2-5941, 2-61-33, 1-11-45, 1-17-48 ( 65% 74%). 2-47-45, 12-2, 2-62-43, 1-10-49, 2-61-35, 1-9-59, 2-65-51, 1-9-58, 1-67-47. 41% 61%.
(.1).
. -

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, , ,
, , 2-56-47, 1-39-28.
0,75 0,96.
, , , , 2-20-14, 14-9,
2-56-48, 2-59-41, 1-8-57 0,59 0,74.
, , ,
, , ,
0,23 0,56. ,

, ,
( 75%)
20% , 50% .

1.
( 75%) 20%
.
2. 50%
23% 56% .
3.
, , , , , 2-56-47, 1-39-28.

1. , .. /.. , .. // . . . . -., 2. - ,
2006. . 82-87.
2. , .
, 1973. 495 .
3. , .
, 1980. 454 .
4. , .. . / .. . ., 1979. 416 .

EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF OPEN POLLINATION OF HONEYSUCKLE


PROMISING VARIETY SAMPLES
F.G. Belosohov1
O.A. Belosohova2
1 FGOU

VPO Michurinsk State Agrarian University, 393760, Russia,


Michurinsk RF-Science City,
Internatsionalnaya str.,101

e-mail: mgau@mich.ru
2 FGOU

VPO Michurinsk State Pedagogical Institute, 393760, Russia,


Michurinsk RF-Science City,
Sovetskaya str.,274

e-mail: mgpi_lab@mich.ru

The indicators of open pollination of honeysuckle promising variety samples is reviewed. It was established that the reserves of productivity in open pollination realize a sufficient degree (75%), only about 20%
of modern variety samples. More than 50% of them in these conditions
are able to realize only one-quarter to slightly more than half the capacity of this component of productivity.
Key words: honeysuckle, open pollination, ovary, productivity.

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631.527:634.2


1
..


, . ,
. 85
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

.
, . .
: , , , , , Armeniaca vulgaris Armeniaca sibirica, Armeniaca mandshurica.

, , , , , .
XIX XX . .. .
, , . - .
.
, , . ,
.
, [ 1].
, , . (,
). .
. 6-9 , , , , -
. , ; ,
. : ; , ; ,
, , [1]. 6-14
, , , .
( -25...-27 )
.
. .


- 2009-2013 ., 508 14.05.2010 .
1

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______________________________________________________________
.
, ,
, , - . , .
,
: , , .
, ,
, ,
. , .
,
, .
. , , , , , .
,
.
,
. , , . ,

.
, , .

, : Armeniaca vulgaris Lamarck., Armeniaca mandshurica (Maximowicz) B. Skvortzov., Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lamarck.
, [2].

. . , 2008 13,2 27,5 , 2009 9,5 42,9 . 11, 13, 18, 22, 26, 28 29,7 42,9 , 33,77
26,9 .
17, 24, 32, 37, 42, 45, 54, 55.
11,1 14,5 , 11,7 14,9 .
. -10, -3, -6
-7
. 8- 5.
, 5,2 10,2 ,
11,3 (. 1).

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Armeniaca L.

11
13
14
16
16
17
18
22
23
24
26
28
31
26
31

85
93

2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2008
2009
2009
2009
2009
2008
2009
2008
2009
2009
2009
2009
2008
2009
2009
2009
2009
2008
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2009
2008
2009
2009
2008
2009
2009
2009

-10

2009

-4
-5
-8
-9
-12

2009
2009
2009
2009
2009

32
37
42
44
45
46
47
48
51
52
54
55
63
64
65
71
73
74
75
81
82
83
84

,
,
, %
Armeniaca vulgaris
42,90,8
46,90
2,90,2
6,80,2
32,81,1
37,04
2,60,5
7,90,8
28,72,4
36,36
2,81,1
9,91,8
24,32,6
33,04
4,51,0
18,50,5
21,42,0
25,10
2,2,08
10,30,4
14,50,8
14,90
2,01,2
13,41,4
31,71,3
34,22
2,80,6
8,81,2
29,71,8
35,74
2,50,1
8,51.0
23,22,6
33,79
2,50,6
11,01,5
12,91,0
14,70
2,50,7
20,23,0
30,61,3
35,55
2,00,2
6,50,5
30,61,2
33,77
2,50,3
8,20,4
17,70,7
19,50
3,00,2
16,90,5
16,81,0
19,74
2,40,3
14,40,5
20,52,0
27,04
2,30,8
11,50,3
18,61,2
22,30
2,10,3
10,60,3
10,30,7
11,75
2,00,4
19,10,2
11,50,4
12,17
1,80,1
15,60,2
12,88
13,82
2,00,2
15,80,3
17,60,5
18,40
2,50,2
14,20,3
14,01,0
18,20
1,50,4
10,80,3
10,00,5
10,81
1,40,2
14,30,4
20,51,4
27,10
2,20,2
10,20,2
16,31,2
19,58
2,20,1
14,11,1
9,51,1
11,20
1,70,5
18,30,4
20,31,1
23,88
1,90,5
9,51,5
21,40,7
22,52
2,30,3
10,70,2
27,51,3
31,80
3,20,1
10,90,5
17,01,5
19,67
2,80,6
16,80,4
13,80,3
14,50
2,10,4
14,91,5
11,10,5
11,75
1,60,1
14,20,6
15,10,4
16,02
2,10,7
13,61,4
18,91,1
21,20
1,90,4
10,60,4
14,20,9
16,40
2,40,4
17,10,4
15,20,8
17,13
2,20,3
14,50,5
22,01,0
23,99
2,10,4
9,60,3
11,30,6
12,24
1,60,4
14,30,5
11,30,6
12,93
1,80,2
16,30,2
17,00,6
18,30
1,90,3
11,00.1
18,90,6
21,49
2,40,3
12,70,4
22,21,4
26,50
2,80,5
12,50,5
22,11,0
24,93
2,90,4
12,90,6
13,80,5
14,11
2,00,3
14,20,3
13,21,5
18,30
1,20,6
8,90,5
11,10.5
11,92
1,60,6
14,41,0
20,31,1
23,36
2,20,3
11,10,4
13,90,7
15,88
2,50,3
17,90,6
Armeniaca mandshurica
6,60,3
7,04
1,50,2
23,30,2
Armeniaca sibirica
10,20,5
11,32
2,00,3
19,30,3
6,71,5
8,83
1,60,8
22,02,2
6,91,2
9,24
2,00,6
28,30,7
5,20,6
5,88
1,20,2
24,01,0
6,70,6
7,77
1,10,1
17,21,0

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2
Armeniaca L.

26
28
-31
26
31

32

37
42
44
45
46
47
48

-11
-13
-14
-16
-16
-17
-18
-22
-23
-24

51
52
54
55
63
64
65
71
73
74
75
81
82
83
84
85
93
-4
-5
-8
-9
-12
-10

Armeniaca vulgaris

4,7

5,0

4,8

4,7

4,9
4,3
5,0
4,8
4,0
4,8
4,3
5,0

4,8
4,1
4,7
5,0
3,6
4,7
4,2
4,2

4,9
4,0
4,8
4,9
3,2
4,7
4,4
4,5

4,6
4,2
4,7
4,9
4,2
4,6
4,3
4,7

4,8

4,2

4,4

4,5

-
-

4,6
5,0
4,7
4,4
4,8

4,6
5,0
3,6
4,2
4,8

4,5
4,8
4,2
4,8
4,6

4,7
4,9
4,4
4,6
4,7

4,6

4,6

4,8

4,7

5,0
5,0
4,6
4,6
4,8
5,0
5,0

3,7
4,9
3,9
4,0
4,7
4,9
4,4

4,1
4,4
4,4
4,6
4,6
4,9
4,2

4,5
4,7
4,5
4,5
4,7
4,9
4,5

4,8

4,6

4,7

4,7

4,8
4,8
5,0
5,0
5,0

4,6
4,6
3,8
3,5
4,7

4,7
4,6
4,2
4,6
4,7

4,7
4,8
4,7
4,5
4,6

4,7

4,1

4,2

4,3

5,0

4,0

4,1

4,3

5,0
4,9
4,8
5,0
4,7
5,0
4,6
4,8
4,8

3,8
4,9
4,0
4,8
4,4
5,0
4,5
4,0
4,2

4,1
4,5
4,5
4,7
4,7
4,9
4,6
4,7
4,7

4,6
4,4
4,6
4,6
4,7
4,9
4,6
4,7
4,6

4,9
5,0

4,9
4,2

4,8
4,4

4,8
4,5

4,5

3,9

4,1

4,3

Armeniaca sibirica

4,0

3,0

3,0

3,5

4,0
Armeniaca mandshurica

3,6

3,5

3,8

4,0

4,5

4,0

4,5

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. 3 (. sibirica, .mandshurica,
.vulgaris) (.2),
. , 26 .
.
, , .
(
, , ) ,
,
. 4, .

:
, , , .
- .

1. , .. / .. , .. .
.: , 2007. 188 .
2. , .. / ..
, ...
.. . / , / : - , 1999. .300-350.
3. , .. /.. // /
2002. 5. .32-35.

APRICOT SELECTION ON QUALITY OF FRUITS IN THE CONDITIONS


OF THE BELGOROD REGION
E.V. Gavrjushenko
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod, Pobedy str., 85
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

In the conditions of the Belgorod region indicators of quality of


fruits of an apricot of different kinds are studied and forms of kinds with
high commodity and economic biological qualities are revealed. Forms
on weight of fruits, percentage of a stone in fruits are allocated. The estimation of flavoring qualities of fruits and seeds is spent.
Key words: an apricot, kinds, forms, quality of fruits, seeds, Armeniaca vulgaris Armeniaca sibirica, Armeniaca mandshurica.

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634.71:631.527


..

, . ,
. , 4
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

-
,
- .
: , , , ,

- ,
. -
, .
.
[1 - 5].

-
.
,
.
2001-2006 .
22
, (, 1999 .).
.. , . .. , . : , .
,
1 . ,
, ( 5.6-6.0). 2,8 1 .


.
: , , ,
, .
:
, , ,
.


, .
2004-2005, 2005-2006 .
. III 2004
(-7), 2005 (-10,9) I 2004 (-10,0), 2005
(-18,2) (9-11 )
(2-15 ),
.

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_______________________________________________________________
2005 2006 4,6-5,0
, , , , ,
.
(. 1).
1

,
2003
2004

20032004

20042005

20052006

20042005

20052006

1,0

1,2

1,2

1,1

1,4

1,6

1,0

1,3

1,0
1,0
3,0
1,0
3,0
2,7

2,0
3,6
3,0
2,8
5,0
3,8

1,5
3,0
3,0
3,5
5,0
4,6

1,5
2,5
3,0
2,4
4,3
3,7

1,0
1,0
3,5
1,5
3,0
3,6

1,6
3,0
3,4
2,8
5,0
3,2

2,0
3,0
3,0
4,0
5,0
5,0

1,5
2,3
3,3
2,8
4,3
3,9

2,0

2,4

3,0

2,5

1,0

1,6

4,0

2,2

1,8
1,0
1,3
2,7
1,0
1,2
3,2
2,0

1,2
4,0
2,5
5,0
2,8
2,6
1,8
3,2

2,5
5,0
2,5
5,0
2,8
3,0
1,2
2,6

1,8
3,3
2,1
4,2
2,2
2,3
2,1
2,6

1,6
2,0
1,0
2,3
1,3
1,0
3,0
1,6

1,4
3,4
2,5
5,0
3,0
2,8
2,4
3,8

3,0
5,0
3,3
5,0
3,4
3,2
2,0
3,5

2,0
3,5
3,3
4,1
2,6
2,3
2,5
3,0

2,8

5,0

5,0

4,3

3,2

4,4

5,0

4,2

1,4
3,0
1,0

1,2
2,6
2,6

5,0
3,5
5,0

2,5
3,0
2,9

3,0
2,3
1,2

1,6
3,0
4,8

5,0
3,4
5,0

3,2
3,0
2,7

.
:
(1,1-1,8 ) , , ; (2,1-2,4 )
, , , , ;
(2,5-3,3 ) , , , ,
, , ; (3,7-4,3 ) , ,
, .

20 31 4
61,3-188,0. . II
III (12-23 ), 14,5-16,8.
,
607,0-811,5.
:
15 18
1094-1125 , ; 19 22
1146-1160 , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , ; 25
1186 .

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.
.
19 . ,
28 . , , , .
125-198 .

(1,7 ) (2,0 ),
(1,9 ). , , 1,6
1,7 (. 2).
4,2 ,
4,0 , 3,8 , 3,5 , 3,5 , 3,4 .
2
( 2004-2006 .)

N (0.95)

,
/

,
%

,
%

, %

1,7

2,9

5,0

12,40

6,24

35,5

2,0
0,6
0,8
0,4
0,6

3,8
3,0
2,4
2,8
3,3

4,5
4,0
4,5
4,0
4,5

11,45
12,07
11,39
11,18
11,36

5,27
4,76
5,22
5,0
5,66

37,84
31,28
35,93
37,39
24,17

0,9

4,0

5,0

10,32

7,33

37,10

1,9
0,9
0,7
0,5
0,3
1,7
1,6

3,4
3,0
2,7
3,2
3,1
3,5
4,2

5,0
4,0
4,0
4,0
4,0
5,0
4,5

11,39
11,21
11,90
11,90
6,07
11,06
10,16

5,41
4,36
6,43
5,71
7,57
4,51
4,83

42,83
45,82
43,56
35,20
33,40
40,19
23,47

0,5

2,4

4,5

10,78

4,11

37,84

0,9
1,0

3,5

4,5

11,21

3,68

36,08

(4,5-5,0 )
, , , ,
, , , , , .

(6,07-12,40%) (3,68-7,57%).
945,82 %),
(43,56 %), (37,1 %), (40,19 %) (. 2).



, - - .

1. .. -
// . . . , 1982. 195 .

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2. .., ..
. // -
. , 2003. .110-113
3. .., ..
// . . . ., 1977. . 10. - . 175-179.
4. .., .., ... -
// . :
. . . : , 2004. . 293-299.
5. .. . . //
. .-, 2005. . 132-143.

ADAPTIVE ABILITY OF GRADES OF THE RASPBERRY ON KAMCHATKA


E.N. Petrusha
The GNU Kamchatka
Elizovsky area, the item Sosnovka,
Street New, 4
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

In the Southeast zone of the Kamchatka edge Illusion and the Imagination most adapted for local prirodno-environmental conditions
have allowed to recommend the conducted researches for introduction in
amateur gardening of a grade of a raspberry with a complex of economic
valuable signs.
Key words: a raspberry, grades, winter hardiness, productivity,
weight of a berry

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634.71:631.526

..
, . , . , 4
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru


- ,
, , , , , , . .
: , , , , .

, , , . -
.
-
.
: , , , , , .
, , , , ,
.
,
.
, .
.

. , , . , . 80-90 . - , ,
(780-1119 )
(60-80%). , , +3,7. 3,7, - 26.
30-50 .
0 20-22 , 5 20-23 .
- . 120-160 . 1300-1600.
.
. .
- (70%). .

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. 36 5 2001
2002 . , -
. - , , , . .. , .
.. , .
, , .
, (.
1999 ., . 1973 .). : ,
, , ,
.

(2004-2007 .) 13 23 . 28-35
14-23 .
3-11 .
:
( 29 4 ) , , , ; ( 5 8 )
, , , , , ;
( 9 13 ) , , , ; ( 14 20 ) , , .
, . - . , , , , . (20042007 .) . , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ().

( 2004-2007 .)

,
/


, %
, %
, %

2001
(st)

(st)

N (0,95)

2,4

6,2

10,5

11,18

7,68

38,38

0,8
0
0,6
0,2
0,3

3,6
3,2
2,7
2,6
2,5

4,7
6,3
4,4
7,5
3,6
4,8
4,7
8,4
3,6
4,9
2002

12,02
14,27
10,95
12,33
11,34

6,56
9,05
7,73
8,32
7,73

51,04
53,31
51,04
51,50
56,32

0,9

6,0

9,8

12,21

8,29

48,67

0,3
0,4
0,3

3,2
1,6
1,5
1,0

2,7
4,6
6,0

3,7
8,9
8,2

14,49
10,42
11,10

8,61
6,70
6,02

44,88
36,52
59,39

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______________________________________________________________
. . 2005, 2006 .
.
, , , , , , , ,
. (70-50%)
, . , . ,
15 20.
, , , , ,
, , , , , , , .
, .
2,2 0,6 3,7 (. 1). 0,6 1,3
: , , , , ,
, . 34-62-42. (1,5-2,7 ) , , , , .. 12-1-90, 25-1-90 .
(3,0-3,7 ) , , , , , .
2,0 6,2 . , , , , ,
, , , ,
12-1-90 (7,5-10,5 ). (2,0 ),
(2,4 ), (2,5 ), (2,7 ), (2,8 ).
(5 ) , , , , , , , 34-62-42.
10,22% () 14,49% (), 5,69% ()
11,08% ().
(57,84 %), (51,50 %), (56,32 %), (53,31 %), (51,04 %), (59,39 %),
(55,44 %) (. 1).

-
,
, , , , , , , .

1. . - .- , 1963. .49-50.
2. .., .. , 1999. 89 .
3. .., .. // .
., 1990. . 101-102.

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_______________________________________________________________
4. .. ,
. // . /
. . . .-, 2007. . 153-161.
5. .. . // . .-, 2003. 20 .

INTRODUCTION OF THE GOOSEBERRY FOR IMPROVEMENT


OF GRADES OF THE KAMCHATKA EDGE
E.N. Petrusha
Kamchatka, Elizovo, v. Sosnovka,
Street New, 4
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

The conducted researches on an introduction of a gooseberry in the


conditions of a southeast zone of Kamchatka have allowed to allocate to
the basic economic valuable signs of a grade the Isabella, Sejanets of Salute, Olavi, Malachite, the Co-operator, Vladil, Kolobok, Prunes. The given grades are suitable for cultivation under production conditions and in
private gardens.
Key words: a gooseberry, grades, fruits, seeds, winter hardiness

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635. 168: 581.8



..
..
..

,
305041, . , . ., 3
e-mail:
kaf.farmakognoz@kurskmed.com

, ,
(Tragopogon orientalis L.), -11 Adobe Photoshop
10.0. .
: , , , , .

Tragopogon L. ( . tragos , pogon ) (Asteraceae).


, , . .
T. orientalis , , , [3].
, , , .
, ,
, [4], ,
[2].

,
2009 . XI [1].
-11 . Adobe Photoshop 10.0.

, .
, . ,
, .
.
(. 1). , 6-8- . 5-6
. . ,
. , . ,

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_______________________________________________________________
4-6 2-3 . , . 5-6 .
, ,
. .
, . , (. 1).
. ,
(. 2, 3).
(. 5).
(. 2, 3, 5).

1
2
3
4
7
5
6
8

2
1

9
10
11

. 2.
(. 600)
1
2

. 1.
(. 80)
1
2
3 ; 7
4 ;
8
5
9
6
10
11

1
1
2

. 3. (. 200)
1

. 4.
(. 600)
1
2

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______________________________________________________________
.
, ,
(. 4, 6). (10 ) ,
(. 6).
, , ,
,
(. 4). , (. 7).

2
1
1

2
. 6. (. 300)
1
2

. 5. (. 300)
1
2

2
1

. 7.
(. 200)
1

. 8. (. 300)
1 ; 2

.
, ,
(. 8, 11). (. 8).
, (. 9, 10, 15). , (. 9).
. ,
.

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1
1
2

. 10.
(. 300)
1

. 9.
(. 600)
1
2

:
(. 11, 12, 13);
-, -, (. 11, 13);
, 2-4 ,
(. 11, 14);
( 10 ) , , (. 15);
, , , (. 11, 12, 13).

4
5
. 11.
(. 300)
1
2
3
4

5

. 12.
(. 300)
1

2
3

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3
1
1
2

. 13. -
(. 300)
1
2
3

. 14.
(. 300)
1

. - .
, .
, .
(. 12). (. 16).

1
1

. 15.
(. 200)
1

. 16.
(. 300)
1

. . , .
(. 17). , (. 18) . , -

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(. 19). (. 19).
, . (. 20).

1
2

. 17.
(. 600)
1
2

. 18. (. 600)
1

1
1

. 19. (. 300)
1
2

. 20. (. 600)
1

. , , .

1. . 11 . .: , 1987. . 1.
277 .
2. / . .. , .. . ., 2001. .130.
3. , .. / .. . , - , 1978. 116 .
4. . /
. . , . . ., , 2007. 768 .

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STUDY OF ANATOMY OF HERB TRAGOPOGON ORIENTALIS
V.N. Bubenchikova
Ya.S. Trembalya
S.A. Prokhorova
Kursk State Medical University,
K. Marks str., 3, Kursk,
305041, Russia.
e-mail: kaf.farmakognoz@kurskmed.com

In the article results of studying of microscopic anatomical


attributes of a caulis, a leaf, a wrapper and a nimbus of herb Tragopogon orientalis L., received with the help of the microscope of Biollamas -11 with a numeral nozzle and handled in pictorial editor
Adobe Photoshop 10.0 enunciated. The revealed microdiagnostic
attributes can be used at conducting a microanalysis of herb Tragopogon orientalis L.
Key words: a herb Tragopogon orientalis L., a caulis, a leaf, a
wrapper, a nimbus.

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582.579.2:581.522.4(234.81)


IRIS L.

..
..
..


, . ,
. , 85
e-mail: ostapenko_I@bsu.edu.ru,
sorokopudova@bsu.edu.ru

Iris pumila I. aphilla - .


;
.
: Iris, , .

-

. . ,
,
, , . ,
,
[2]. 1400 12000 ,
, 80 , 500
[3].
Iris L.
. 25 Iris
,
, [1].
I. aphilla L. (. ), I. pumila L. (. ), I. pineticola Klok. (. ), I. pseudacorus L. (. ) [2]
, 2004 ., I. pumila , I. aphilla 2008 .

[4, 5].
, , , , ( , ).

. ,
, .

.
,
-- 1992 ., -

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[6].
.

I. aphilla I. pumila.
().

I. aphilla I. pumila 2003 .
I. pumila , I. aphilla . I. aphilla L. 2 (
), I. pumila - 3 ( ) [5]. 2008-2009 . , Iris, Iris .. [7-8].
I. aphilla I. pumila
( 20 . ), . 2 : 2007 .
2008 . , 40
.
- . 9-12 ,
25-28 .
0 225-237 , 148 153 .
467 , -
[9]. 2008-2009 . ( 2008 . 40 %,
2009 . 64 %), .
[10-11].

I. aphilla , ,
, .
I. aphilla ,
(, ; ; ), (
), ( , ) [5].
, ;
. , , . I. aphilla ,
. 17 24 .
I. pumila - . I. pumila
, , (; ), (,
) [5]. ( 1 3) , ().
6 9 . I. pumila ,
. I. aphilla I. pumila .
I. aphilla I. pumila , . - - ( 1), Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub, Poa pratensis L., Coronilla varia L., Fragia vesca L., Thalictrum minus L., Salvia verticillata L., Agrimonia eupatoria L., Chamaecytisus austriacus (L.) Link, Achillea millefo-

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lium L., Leucanthemum vulgare Lam., Anemone sylvestris L., Clematis integrifolia L.,
Stachys annua L., Euphorbia waldsteinii Waldst. et Kit., Galium verum L., Hieracium pilosella L. Asteraceae Dumort., Ranunculaceae Juss., Fabaceae Lindl., Lamiaceae Lindl., Poaceae Barnchart. Rosaceae Juss.
-
( 2), Bromopsis
inermis (Leyss.) Holub, Agrimonia eupatoria L., Polygala comosa Schkuhr, Plantago lanseolata L., Saponaria officinalis L., Centaurea jacea L., Salvia nemorosa L. , Salvia pratensis L., Salvia verticillata L., Fragaria vesca L., Galium verum L., Stachys annua L., Euphorbia waldsteinii Waldst. et Kit., Lathyrus pratensis L., Coronilla varia L., Chamaecytisus austriacus (L.) Link. Lamiaceae Lindl., Fabaceae Lindl. Rosaceae Juss.
- ( 3), Calamagrostis epigeios (L.)
Roth, Genista tinctoria L., Fragaria vesca L., Polygala comosa Schkuhr, Agrimonia eupatoria
L., Centaurea jacea L., Plantago media L., Plantago lanseolata L., Veronica teucrium L. Plantaginaceae Juss. Rosaceae Juss.
2008-2009 2011 .
I. aphilla I. pumila, . 2008 .
, 2007 .
; 2009 ., 50 % . 2011 .
I. pumila I. aphilla
. , I. aphilla,
, 10 %. I. aphilla
. 100 %. I. pumila , ,
2009 . ,
(. 1).
1
I. aphilla I. pumila
(2008-2011 .)

1
2
3


2007 .
2008 .
2007 .
2008 .
2007 .
2008 .
2007 .
2008 .

%

I. aphilla
I. pumila
2008
2009
2011
2008
2009
2011
100
90
30
100
90
90
80
50
0
80
50
40
100
100
90
100
90
90
90
30
10
80
50
50
100
100
100
90
90
90
90
20
0
80
60
40
100,0
96,7
73,3
96,7
90,0
90,0
86,7
33,3
3,3
80,0
53,3
43,3

I. aphilla I. pumila .
2009 .
1,46, 3
(. 2). .

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2

( 2009 .)

-

-

2007 .


I. aphilla
I. pumila
1,10 0,07
1,04 0,04

2008 .

1,08 0,15

1,20 0,08

2007 .

1,20 0,09

1,25 0,09

2008 .

1,04 0,04

1,04 0,04

2007 .

1,32 0,08

1,46 0,11

2008 .

1,17 0,07

1,30 0,10

1,15 0,08

1,22 0,08

2011 .
I. aphilla I. pumila . , 2007 ., , 2008 ., ( ), , ().
2 (
) -
I. aphilla, I. pumila.
. I. aphilla
.
- . I. pumila
, (. .)
, , (
) .
, , . 2-3 .
, , . I. pumila . . , -
- . I. aphilla
. 1-2 , . I. aphilla . .

I. aphilla I. pumila
, , 2
, , 2 .
.
.
, .

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1. .. Iris L. (Iridaceae) // Turczaninowia. 2008. . 11, 2.
. . 5-68.
2. .., .., ..
( ). .: , 2004. 120 .
3. . , , . / . .. . , 2004. 532 .
4. () / . - . .. ; . . -; . . . - . .
-.: . . . . .. . .: , 1988. 590 .
5. ( ) / ; ;
; ; . .. ; . .: .. .; . ..
. .: , 2008. 855 .
6. . .: , , 1994.
62 .
7. .., .., .. . / . . .. . .: , 1981. 156 .
8. .. . .: , . -, 1988. 159 .
9. . .:, 1972. 92 .
10. . . 2. / . . .. , .. . .; .:
- , 1960. 499 .
11. .. . 2- . .: - , 1970. 367 .

REINTRODUCTION OF SOME SPECIES OF IRIS L. IN THE BOTANICAL GARDEN


OF BELGOROD STATE UNIVERSITY
I.V. Shevchenko
V.I. Chernyavskih
O.A. Sorokopudova
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod
Pobedy str., 85
e-mail: ostapenko_I@bsu.edu.ru,
sorokopudova@bsu.edu.ru

Article is devoted to assessing of the success of the reintroduction of


two species of irises (Iris pumila and I. aphilla) in the natural phytocenoses
of the Botanical Garden. The plants were planted in spring and autumn
periods. The flowering and fruiting of the plants at the reintroduction began
in the fourth year or later after their reproduction by division and planting to
new location. In the arid conditions the autumn planting dates are the best.
Key words: Iris, reintroduction, phytocenosis.

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93

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. I. aphilla I. pumila :
, , .
:
1, ,
- 2, ,
- 2, ,
2, ,
- 3, ,
- 3, ,
- .

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635.9:582.579.2



..

, 393760,
,
. ,
. , . 101
e-mail - info@mgau.ru

,
.
( ) -
.
: , , , ,
.


, . , . , 10000,
, - , .
( ) (
) (). .
,
.

.

2007 .
. . . , . 7 : , , , , , ,
2 ( ) . . . .
10 : I ( 3,2 ), II (2,5-3,19 ) III (1,4-2,49 ) .
, . . . 1972 .
, (
+ (m1)), ()
(m2), m2/m1 ( ), , (d.) (d.) , ( ), (h) (d/h), (d) (d/d., ).

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. 1 2. 1, , , ( II III )
( III ). ( ) .
1

I
II
III
05
I

II
III
05
I
II

III
05
I

II

III
05
I

II
III
05
I

II

III
05
I

II
III
05
I
05
(

II

-)
III

-
d- d.,
%

0,92
32,09
0,7
35,67
0,43
33,25
30,38
1,27
57,78
0,62
32,75
0,43
36,32
86,2
0,83
29,83
0,5
22,69
0,6
49,91
41,81
1,17
46,57
0,97
41,43
0,57
34,8
30,58
0,73
14,14
0,48
21,58
0,4
21,04
13,79
1,03
40,24
1,03
62,33
0,5
30
45,02
0,77
30,97
1
64,77
0,3
16,36
59,2

h,

d/h

d,

d/
d, %

1,8
1,67
1,23
2,03
1,73
1,47
2,1
1,77
1,4
1,7
1,5
1,37
2,0
1,72
1,37
2,37
1,83
1,47
1,83
1,67
1,33
-

2,1
1,61
1,46
0,31
1,72
1,58
1,32
0,2
1,74
1,65
1,40
0,16
2,01
1,88
1,54
0,34
1,74
1,62
1,71
0,29
1,52
1,49
1,55
0,2
1,8
1,64
1,6
0,23

1,23
0,8
0,48
0,97
0,73
0,43
1,02
0,7
0,46
0,65
0,6
0,5
0,83
0,65
0,68
0,77
0,73
0,65
0,63
0,6
0,57
-

32,88
30,16
26,96
8,31
27,63
26,97
22,36
6,71
28,0
25,86
24,03
7,61
18,99
20.28
23,2
6,69
26,08
23,65
29,29
7,12
21,48
26,92
28,67
3,86
19,23
22,04
26,99
7,61

22,29

0,19

0,22

0,12

6,45

33,3

0,18

0,22

0,22

6,34

43,32

0,14

0.16

0,21

7,24

m1

m2

m2/m1,%

d.

23,33
20,67
17,67

15,67
15
11
2,39
16,33
10,0
8,0
3,89
14,67
8,33
7
3,34
15,0
11,33
7,67
5,64
11,0
9,33
7
5,53
14,33
14,33
8,67
3,03
15
10,67
7
1,2

67,37
72,78
62,2
5,25
73,05
60,12
58,09
20,88
73,38
60,98
53,91
11,45
73,54
70,34
49,99
32,71
75,69
55,79
51,69
32,46
66,2
78,56
68,65
15,16
74,97
62,85
67,57
11,82

2,87
1,97
1,37
2,23
2,12
1,5
2,83
2,2
1,37
2,3
1,9
1,53
2,93
2,28
1,93
2,57
1,7
1,77
2,53
1,73
1,83
-

3,78
2,67
1,8
3,5
2,73
1,93
3,67
2,7
1,97
3,43
2,9
2,03
3,5
2,77
2,33
3,6
2,73
2,27
3,3
2,73
2,13
-

4,82

4,09

20,97

0,61

5,47

4,25

23,21

0,34

4,88

2,01

21,3

0,21

22,33
16,67
14,67
20
14
13
20,7
17,33
16,0
23,3
16,67
14
21,67
18,33
12,67
20
17
10,33


.
( 78,56% II ), . ,
,
.
I
(3,78 ). II III
(2,67 1,8 ).
. II
(64,77%) (62,33%), I (57,78%)
(46,57%).
( 14,14-21,58%). ,
. , ,

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- ,
. , . , , .
I
2,37,
(. .). (d/h)
,
(2,1) (1,52) ( I ). () :
1. ( d/h 1,52
).
2. (d/h = 1,72-1,8 ,
, , )
3. (d/h = 2,01-2,1
).
2

1
2
3

I
II

13,67
9,33
3,33
12,39
12,67
7,33
4,67
6,6
8
4,33
3
2,93
7,67
4
4
4,04
5,3
5
3
4,51
6,67
4,67
4
3,67
11,67
7,33
4,67
4,0
7,75
3,41

0,6
0,63
0,53
0,63
0,62
0,67
0,77
0,65
0,53
0,77
0,63
0,5
0,7
0,77
0,67
0,9
0,7
0,6
0,73
0,67
0,57
0,15
0,17

III

2,69

0,13

05

1
2
3

05

1
2
3

05

1
2
3

05

1
2
3

05

1
2
3

05

05
05
( , )

1
2
3

%
9
64,44
5,33
56,93
1,33
41,11
17,84
8,67
67,18
3,33
49,05
2
36,08
20,61
5,33
66,67
2,33
53,33
1,33
44,44
28,09
4,33
56,11
2
64,29
2,33
57,94
61,66
3,33
71,85
2,67
50,16
1,33
47,22
55,18
5,33
77,74
2,67
60
2,67
74,44
86,62
6
50,77
4,33
58,99
2,33
50
22,3
18,27
25,19
-

43,01

: , 2, , 05 .

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II 1 1,49, 2 1,58-1,65, 3
1,88. III : 1 1,32-1,46,
2 1,54-1,6, 3 1,71. ,
, , .
. d/h , . ,
,
.
,
, , -
( ).

(32,88% I - . . 1). , ( I
1,23 ), , , .
()
(d/h = 2,1 ). , , , , I (
3,2 4,5 ), ,
. ,
.
(. .).

, ( ),
(, , , ) ( ). -

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, , .
( 2). (
) I
13,67. I .
( 0,9 ).
( 70 % I III ).

1. ,
, : , ,
.
2. (d/h)
() : ,
. ,
, ,
.
3. I , . , , 0,9 ,
0,5 I 77,74%.

1. . . . .: , 1981. 192 .
2. . ., . ., . . . .: +, 2002.
3. . . . .:
1972. 36 .

STUDYING OF A GAIN OF CORMS AND OTHER PARAMETERS


OF VEGETATIVE EFFICIENCY OF A GLADIOLUS CULTIVARS
O.B. Kuzichev
Michurinsk State Agricultural
University, 393760, Tambov region,
Michurinsk, Internatsionalnaya str.,
101
e-mail info@mgau.ru.

Gain of corms - the important parameter which reflects opportunities of a grade in the shortest terms to receive a large and qualitative
planting material. The relation of corm bottom diameter by the diameter
of corms (in percentage) - the main indicator of ageing of a planting material has been calculated. On various biometric parameters mathematical models of corms various grades of a gladiolus are made.
Key words: gladiolus, cultivar, gain, corm, diameteranatomy.

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99

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579.81.:633.31(571.56 191.2)



..

, 677980,
. , . 41
e-mail: mila_atlasova@mail.ru


. .
: , , ,
, , ,
.


, (, 1989).
, ,
(,
, 1981).
.
. , , .
. , ,
.
, ,
.
.
- () .
- , .
.
:
1. - () .
2.
3.
.

. -

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_______________________________________________________________
10 15 .
, 50 60 .
.
,
. ,
. , - 3-5 [2].
,

. . .. .

,

,
(. .). , 202030 0,25 .

2,0 2,5 .


0 20
,

/
N60P80K80
/

N60P80K80
/
N60P80K80
/
N60P80K80

- /.

137
100
,
,
142
125
,

109
49
69
34
181
164
76
68

-
/

8.22
6.00

4,94

3,57


,
/
960
3240

8.52

7.50

5,12

4,46

660
2910

6.54
4.14
10.86
4.56

2.94
2.04
9.84
4.08

3,9
2,49
6,53
2,74

1,75
1,21
5,86
2,43

1092
1548
2400
1020

. . . . ,
.
,
, ,
[1].
, , ( )
. , ,
.
. . .

. 1
3 [1].
, 0 10 . ,
, . , -

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______________________________________________________________
. ( )
10.86 .
/, 9.84 . / (.).

.
( )


25 % .
N60P80K80 .
, .
, . . .
.. ( ), 1 ,
. () ,
()
. () , , 1 [1].

,

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_______________________________________________________________
., .
. (6,53 /) .

, -, , .
.
, N60P80K80
.

1. .., .. .
.: , 1983. 256 .
2. .. . -: , 1995. 224 .
3. .., . .
//-. , 1981. . 16. 3. . 349 358.
4. .. / .
, 1989. 109 .

SYMBIOTIC ACTIVITY OF ROOT NODULE BACTERIA OF ALFALFA VARIETIES


AND BREEDING LINES UNDER CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA
L.G. Atlasova
Institute for Biological Problems
of Cryolithozone SB RAS, 41
Lenin Ave., Yakutsk 677980
E-mail: mila_atlasova@mail.ru

The article deals with formation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and


represents the quantitative estimation of symbiotic nitrogen in agrobiocoenoses of varieties and breeding lines of alfalfa in Central Yakutia.
Key words: varieties, breeding lines, alfalfa, root system, nitrogenfixing nodules, leghemoglobin, mineral fertilizers

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633.28:581.4

PSATHYROSTACHYS CAESPITOSA (SUKACZEV)


PESCHKOVA
..


,
677980, . , . , 41
e-mail: scanak@mail.ru


.

.
: , , , , .

(, 1971; , 1989).

Psathyrostachys caespitosa . (Psathyrostachys caespitosa (Sukaczev)
Peschkova) .
,
[1]. (- , ) [2].

[3]. , [4, 5].
- , ,
, [6, 2]. ,
.
, .
,
.
, , ..
.

,
, ,
[2].
2 . Psathyrostachys caespitosa , , .
, .

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2003 .
3030
. - Psathyrostachys caespitosa, : ( ) (,
).

- [7,10,11].

: , , , .
, [8,9]. .
, , ,
.


1-2 . , , , ,
, .

3030 ( ).

. , 2003-2004 .
.
P. Caespitosa . 1 . 1.
10-12 . 0,2-1,7 1-3 .
1- 2,0-6,5 0,2 . 18-20
2- . .
. , 2 ( ).
3-
II1 II2.
4 (2 , 1-2 , 1 ).
8-9, ().
II1 1-
, 4-
5- (.. 4-5- ) .
II1 2- () .
1 (II1) 2 (. 1).
5- II2. 3-5.
3-4 (1-2 , 1 1 ). 10-11. III
II1. II1 2 .

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5
2

4
1

6
5

7
5

2
1

1
4

11
8

II

1
2
10

9
8

64

97
5
3

II
III

105

. 1. Psathyrostachys caespitosa :
- 3- ; - 5- ; - 6- ; - 7- ; - 9- ; - 12-
( ); I - ; 1-12 - ; - II- ; - III-

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IV2-1-1

3-4
5

IV1-1-2

3
3

1
1
2
2

IV1-1-1

4
5

10

III4-2

4
5

III4-1

5
5

III3-2

6
6

III3-1

6
7-8

III2-3

40-50
50-60

III2-2

11
12

11
12
13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

III 2-1

1
2

III1-3

1
1-2
3

III1-2

1
2
4

1
1-2
2
2
3

III1-1

1
3
3
4

II6

1
2
3
4
5
6

II5

1
2
3
4
5
5
6

II4

1
1
1
2
3
4
6
10-12
15
15-20

II3

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

II2

II1

1
1
1-2
1
1
2
1
1-2
3
2

2-3
2
3
2
3
2
4
3

1
1

1
1
3

1
2

1-2
1

4
4

3
3

2
2

1
2

2
2

1
2
3
5
8
12
17-18
30-35
35-40
55-60
1
2

80-100
100-120

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6- 3-4 ( 2-3 II
) 5-6 . 4 .
II1 3 , II2 1-2 (. 1).
7- (7- ) II1 4 , .
III III1-1, 1-
II1 1- . 7- 4- , II (II2, II3 ..).
II 2-4 ,
III 1 . III (III1-1 III1-2)
1-2 . 5-13 ,
II
6-7 . 13
. , 7-
3- II , 1-2 III , 3-11 .
IV III1-1.
II
. II2, 3- ,
2- 5- ,
II3, II4, II5 6, 7 8- . II :
2-3-
II (. 1).
2-3, 3-4- 4-5- II ,
1, 2 3 .
III II
,
II-III . , ,
4-5- .
9- II
7-8, III 5. , II ,
3-4- , . III
IV 3-4 .
17-18. II 4-5-, III 3- (. 1).
Psathyrostachys caespitosa 9-10
. 2- 12- (. 1). ,
9-10 . 15-20,
.

, Psathyrostachys caespitosa
:
1. II1
1- , 4- 5- . ,
.
2. ,
15-20. 1- 9-10 . , , 4-5- .

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, ( II
) 4-
5- , ( III )
7- .

1. .., .., .. .
. : , 2005. 320 .
2. .. . /
. . -. . . , 2006. 240 .
3. ..
// . -:
, 1991. 185 .
4. .. () . -: ,
1975. 71 .
5. .. . :
. -, 1977. 110 .
6. .. . :
. , 1988. 172 .
7. .. . -: , 1995. - 225 .
8. .. . .:
, 1971. 357 .
9. .. . ., 1973. 225 .10. .. // . . . 3. . .; .: - , 1950. . 6.
. 7-204.
11. ( ) / .., .., .. . .: , 1976. 217 .

THE BUNCH FORMATION IN PSATHYROSTACHYS CAESPITOSA (SUKACZEV)


PESCHKOVA IN THE FIRST YEARS OF LIFE UNDER CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA
A.A. Skobeleva
Institution of the Russian Academy
of Sciences: Institute for Biological
Problems of Cryolithozone Siberian
Branch of RAS, 677980, Yakutsk, 41,
Lenins prospectus
e-mail: scanak@mail.ru

There are set out results of investigations of the tillering and bunch
formation of Psathyrostachys caespitosa have been presented in ontogenesis. The law-governed nature of simple and complex bunch has been
established depending on the growth and development of leaves of plant
main shoot.
Key words: morphogenesis, tillering, organogenesis stages, morphostrukture, ontogenesis.

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635.9:582.579.2



..

, 393760,
,
. ,
. , . 101
e-mail - info@mgau.ru

8 , . k, (r)
. .
: , , , , , ,


. ,
.
. -, .
. . ,
(, , , , 1994). 4 ( , ,
) ,
:
S = L W 0,62,
L , ,
W - , .
0,62 (k)
, ,
, , , k=0,62
. , k
.
. - , , , . , , .
- . 5-9, 10-12 , . 5-6
, . 2-3, 4 .
, - ( ).
,
.

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_______________________________________________________________

2008 8
, . , 7 ( ()
- ). (
1 ). , ,
k :
k = (S. / S..) 100%
S. , 2;
S.. ( ) , 2.
, , .

, I (. 1), 3-
( , , 4- ,
,
2-). II ,
: 5 6 2- , 4-. , III
( ) 2-
, ( ) 1-.
, (I ) 5 ( , ), 6 ( , ). II : 4
, , 5
: . , III , (
4 : , , ).

344,53 2 ( I ). II III S
(137,03 74,47 2 ).
(r)
,
. 1 , ( 0,92 0,999).
( II - 0,864) III
(0,766), .
( , , , ) 66,4 I 4- (. 2).

( I ). ,
3- . II 5 7 3- ( (l = 48,3 ) ).
, 2- . III 2- ( (42,9
)).

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1

(S), 2

3,67


(S), 2

(r)



13,87

73,83

94,7

81,97

60,8

16,3

344,53

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II
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. 2011. 9 (104). 15/1

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112

112

(d),

3,67

17,57

45,73

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66,4

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0,672

0,674

0,692

0,708

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1,97

I
II
III

35,4
24,5
27,33

46,77
41,8
42,93

48,13
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23,03

41,2
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-

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-

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1,93
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-

0,97
-

0,647
0,62
0,586

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0,666
0,694

0,670
0,679
0,751

0,715
0,681
-

0,741
-

2,7

II

26,37

37,7

44,57

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I
II
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II
II
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I
II
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-

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0,565
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0,653
0,653
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0,646

0,627
0,672
0,688
0,628
0,629
0,552
0,617
0,650
0,633
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0,694
0,641
0,625
0,637
0,693
0,641
0,663
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0,654
0,65
0,581
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0,716
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0,797
-

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______________________________________________________________
I II
2- . ( I II )
( I ), 1- ,
( II ) 3-
. III
1- .
k . 2. , .
, , , k , , 2- . , , , k, . ,
(, 4-6-), , (1- 2- ).

, ,
S = L W k.

1. , I ,
5-6 , II 4-5, III 3.
2.
(
(r) 0,766 0,999).
3. ,
S = L x W x k.
.
, .

1. . . . .: , 1981. 192 .
2. . ., . ., . . . .: +, 2002.
3. . ., . ., . .
. // . . . .- : ,
2005. . 503-509.
4. . ., . ., . .
. . .: , 1997. 144 .
5. . . . .:
1972. 36 .
6. G. Barbieri, S. De Pascale, R. dAndria. M. Mori. Estimating Gladiolus leaf area by linear
measurements // Advance in Horticultural science, 8, 1994, . 85-89.

STUDYING OF KEY PARAMETERS OF VEGETATIVE GROWTH


OF GLADIOLUS CULTIVARS
O. B. Kuzichev
Michurinsk State Agricultural
University, 393760, Tambov region,
Michurinsk, Internatsionalnaya str.,
101
e-mail info@mgau.ru.

Measurements of the leaf area at 8 cultivars of the gladiolus which


has been grown up from corms of different sizes are spent. Coefficients of
the leaf area (k), and also correlations (r) between diameter of corms and
the total leaves area of plants of gladiolus cultivars are calculated. High
correlation connection between the mentioned indicators is established.
Key words: gladiolus, cultivar, area, leaf, length, width, coefficient.

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635.9:582.579.2


..
..-.
.
..

, 87 .
7 , 19 , 37 , , 24 , 11
locus classicus .
: , , .

, . ,

, .
, .
(
, .,)
, , , , .
: - [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6 .].
.
[7].
. ,
. . , , . [8].
.
[8; 9; 10; 11
], . ,
, , . ( , , , ..) , , ,
. . .

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______________________________________________________________
. .

.
, , , ,
, , , , .
[12]. -
( ) . (-, , )
.
.
,
.
, .
. .
, . ,
, . ,
. , , . , . ,
. - - .
, , ,
.
.
- ,
.
, ,
, . ,
, , , , , ( ), , .
.
Stipa, Festuca, Koeleria, Teucrium, Scutellaria, Botriochloa, .
( 1500 )
( 1000-1500 )
- . - .
-

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_______________________________________________________________
. . .
,
, ,
. ( 2500 )
- .
- ( ) ,
[13;14;15;16]
. - .
,
, . , ,
- .
Colutea orientalis ( , ); Spiraea
hypericifolia; Tragacantha aurea, Tragacantha denudata, Paliurus spina-christi, Rhamnus pallasii, Berberis vulgaris. - Cotinus coggygria Celtis glabrata. . , , ,
, Ephedra procera, Cerasus incana, Cotoneaster meyeri, . integerrima, Crataegus monogyna, Juniperus oblonga, Amelanchier ovalis, Clematis
integrifolia, Rosa valentinae, Cerasus incana, Rhamnus pallasii .).
, Festuca brunescens, Elytrigia
gracillima, Carex tomentosa, C. pallescens, Allium fuscoviolaceum, A. paniculatum, A. albidum, Herniaria besseri, Dianthus capitatus, D. ruprechtii, D. fragrans, Alyssum hirsutum, Erysimum repandum, Potentilla pimpinelloides, Potentilla recta, Ononis pusila, Coronilla coronata, Hypericum hirsutum, Helianthemum ciscaucasicum, Vinca herbaceae, Dracocephalum austriacum, Phlomis tuberosa, Salvia tesquicola, Galium aureum, Campanula
hohenackeri, Aster amelloides, Achillea millefolium, Reichardia glauca, Salvia
daghestanica, Astragalus haesitabundus, Thymus dagestanicus, Xanthobrychis bobrovii
- , Medicago daghestanica ( ), Convolvulus lineatus, Linum
orientale, Salvia kuznetzovii, Vincetoxicum funebre, Teucrium chamaedrys, Onosma armeniacum, Dianthus cretaceus, Muscari pallens, Veronica propinqua. Teucrium polium, Galium ruthenicum, Botriochloa ischaemum , Stipa capillata, Koeleria gracilis, Festuca valesiaca, Medicago falcata, Chondrilla juncea, Herniaria
incana, Cleome daghestanica, Scleranthus annuus, Euphorbia szovitsii.
Parietaria judaica, Scrophularia rupestris, Galium brachyphyllunu
Onosma caucasica, Campanula sarmatica, Rumex hastifolius . Rosa .

. ,
. Tragacantha denudata. , , Fumana procumbens, Stipa caucasica, Psephellus
prokhanovii, Hypericum asperuloides, Symphyandra pendula, Gypsophila tenuifolia.
, , .
. .

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______________________________________________________________
. Querqus petraea, Tilia caucasica,
Fraxinus excelsior, Acer platanoides, A. campestre, Carpinus caucasica, Fagus orientalis, Albovia tripartita, Doronicum macrophyllum,
Convallaria transcaucasica, Euphorbia macroceras, Polygonatum glaberrimum, P. verticillatum, Viola odorata, Lilium monadelphum.
, - ,
- ,
.
, .
.
-
. . , , Fraxinus exelsior, Quercus petraea, Tilia caucasica, Acer campestre, Ulmus
suberosa . Euonimus europaea Swida
australis. Hippophae rhamnoides. ,
Rosa.
. - ,
. .

. - .
. .
,
. :
.
, ,
1420-1625 . ,
. , . . , . . . (
, ), ( . ),
- .
, .
.
. . , .
, . , . .
(, . -, . ),
( ).
. , .
, -
-- Paliurus spina-christi, Berberis vulgaris,
Cotoneaster meyeri, Rhamnus pallasii, Spiraea hypericifolia, Rosa canina, Crataegus

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monogyna, Quercus robur.
. . (1974), Colutea orientalis, Cotinus coggygria, Celtis
glabrata, Ephedra procera, Cerasus incana, Cotoneaster integerrimus.
.
, -, . 750-850 .
,
. -
Spiraea hypericifolia
Rhamnus pallasii, Berberis vulgaris, .
-
.
- Cotinus coggygria,

. ,
, .
1400
Tragacantha denudata.
[17]. (Tragacantha aurea)
. , . - ( ) 1400 . ,
. ( . , .).
(, , ). Festuca varia Bromopsis variegata;
Calamagrostis arundinacea Phleum montanum. Betonica macrantha, Pyrethrum coccineum, Inula orientalis, Heracleum
asperum, Anemone fasciculata, Pulsatilla albana, Trollius ranunculinus, Scabiosa
caucasica, Cephallaria gigantea, Ranunculus caucasicus, Primula macrocalyx,
Polygonum carneum .

Rhododendron luteum, [18] . . (Betula
raddeana, B. litwinowii, B. pendula), Sorbus aucuparia. ( . )
- ( . ),
, -.

Rhododendron caucasicum.
, -, - - .
- (
), -,
, .
, . .
.
,
. . -

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______________________________________________________________
[19], , ( ), , . , ..
(1974) , , , , Red Data Book - [19]. , , , , , , ,
locus classicus ,
, . 87. , :
;

;
, , ;
, ,
.

, . , , Amberboa glauca, Campanula ossetica,
Caragana grandiflora, Cerasus incana, Colutea orientalis, Gentiana grossheimii, Medicago daghestanica, Rhaponticum pulchrum , ,
. (Dentaria bipinnata, Primula bayernii,
Saxifraga columnaris), ,
.
,
.
, , Anacamptis pyramidalis, Betula
raddeana, Fritillaria orientalis, Orchis coriophora, Orchis ustulata, Petrocoma hoefftiana,
Saxifraga columnaris, Stipa pinnata, Stipa pulcherrima, Traunsteinera sphaerica , .. .
7 (Isatis pseudoararatica, Jurinea annae, Primula
darialica, Primula zeylamica, Psephellus pseudoandinus, Rosa valentinae, Saxifraga charadzae). . ,
. ,
.
, , , . , Botrhiochloa caucasica, Iris colchica, Petrocoma hoefftiana, Pulsatilla andina, Clematis integrifolia, Saxifraga columnaris, Medicago daghestanica, Caragana
grandiflora, Omphalodes rupestris, Rhaponticum pulchrum, Psephellus prokhanovii
. 37 .
,
, : Aetheopappus
pulcherrimus, Allium oreophilum, Aquilegia caucasica, Botrychium lunaria, Dentaria bipinnata, Fritillaria orientalis, Orchis sanasunitensis, Orchis triphylla, Primula bayernii,
Rhamnus depressa, Saxifraga columnaris 24 . ,
, , ,

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_______________________________________________________________
.
, , 19 (Adoxa moschatellina, Amberboa glauca, Artemisia
salsoloides, Campanula ossetica, Caragana grandiflora, Cephallaria balkharica, Cephallaria dagestanica, Gadelia lactiflora, Gentiana grossheimii, Medicago daghestanica, Omphalodes rupestris, Onosma armeniaca, Psephellus prokhanovii, Rhamnus depressa,
Rhaponticum pulchrum, Rhododendron caucasicum, Tephroseris subfloccosus).
, , .
. , .
: , , . .
, . .. [20] . ,
Rhododendron caucasicum Betula pendula, Pentaphilloides
fruticosa.
.
11 , locus classicus : Campanula argunensis, Isatis pseudoararatica,
Mandenovia komarovii, Merendera ghalghana, Potentilla ghalghana, Primula darialica,
Primula zeylamica, Psephellus prokhanovii, Rosa valentinae, Saxifraga charadzae, Scutellaria leptostegia, Sedum argunense, Taraxacum ghalganum.
, 87 , . 7 , 19 , 37 , , 24
, 11 locus classicus .
, c,
. ,
.

1. .. . .1. //
-. 1894. . 27. . 123-332.
2. . . , ,
// . . .
. ., 1894. . 28. 267 .
3. .. - . . , 1923. 23 .
4. .. - . .-.: - , 1935.
108 .
5. .. - // : . / . .. . - , 1974.
. 5-22.
6. .. -. : . -, 1975. 117 .
7. ..
// . . . .1, .3, 1975. . 201-209.
8. .. . .: - , 1948. 267 .
9. .. // : .
. .: - , 1960. . 5. . 115126.

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______________________________________________________________
10. .. ,
// . .5. .; ., 1960. . 115126.
11. .. - //
, 1891. 190 .
12. .. - // .-. . .24, .1, 1909. 174 .
13. .. . - . - .: - , 1953. 396 .
14. .., .. // .: . .2. , 1960. . 8-88.
15. . . //
, . 2. , 1956. . 93-105.
26. .. . . . 46, .6-7, 1910. . 213-280.

FLORA OF WOODS OF SOME FOOTHILL AREAS OF EAST CAUCASUS


M.A. Taisumov
M.A.-M. Astamirova
S.A. Israpilova
T.Z. Gadaeva
Chechen State Pedagogical Institute

In article data on wood foothill flora of East caucasus, and also data
on 87 kinds needing protection are resulted. Among them 7 rare plants,
19 relicts, 37 kinds for which in this area there passes area border, 24 are
global rare species, 11 kinds with locus classicus in investigated area.
Key words: East caucasus, relicts, rare plants.

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634.75; 631.526(571.56)



.. 1
.. 1
.. 2
1

,
677001, ., ., 23/1

e-mail: agronii@mail.ru
, 308015, . ,
. , 85
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru
2

(Fragaria orientalis Los.),


. .
: Fragaria orientalis, , , .

.
, ,
, , .
,
[1, 3]. , ,
, , .

- , .
75 . .
- , -, , (3,5%).
, (1999).

Fragaria orientalis Los., , , ,


,
, , . , , ,
. , F. orientalis .
(F. orientalis)
, , .
1999 . , 15 -
, 4 ().

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123

______________________________________________________________
1
Fragaria orientalis Los.


(. I, II, III,
. ,. ,
. )

(. ,. I, II)
-
(. )
-
(. ,
. )

(. )

(. )

(. )

, t

124-130

10

1200-1400

200-250

120-130

10,212,2

1400-1600

200-220

115-120

9,211,2

1000-1400

210-280

124-130

5,76,7

1400-1600

240-380

. 2011. 9 (104). 15/1

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6 - . , (), .

.
+10o 90-100 , 1200-1400o.. 124-130 .
65 151 . 200250 , 90-130 .

. . +10o
80-90 .
1000-14000. 115-120 . 100-129 .
. 210-280 .
, - 6 .
. - . +10o , 1400 1600o. 120-130 , 65-90 .
200-220 , 105-160 .
-
. - - . ,
.
124-130 . 78-103 . +10o 1400 1600o.
240 380 . (195-200 ).
.. [2], 20 , ,
, , ; , - .
, , . , . :
(7-8),
2 . .
.. [2], 20 , ,
, , ; , - .
, , . , .
:
(7-8), 2 .
.

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______________________________________________________________
1- ,
2-5 ,
. 30, 100 .
,
11-20 , -, -
18-23 .
, - (, , -, ).
,
, (, , ), (), ,
, , .
, (
7,0:4,2 ).
, . (, ), (),
, . .
().
.
. ,
(, , ), (), , , , -;
(,), (), - ()
- () - . - () , .
:
, .
.
(, , ),
- ; (, ), ,
, - () ;
- () . - :
, -, . -
3,7, - () 1,4 .
.
(), ,
(, , ) ;
(), - (, ), () ; - .
, . (, ), () , .
, , , .
. . . , .

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_______________________________________________________________

, ,
, .

1. .. . ., 1985. 272 .
2. .. - , 1950. 350 .
3. .. . ., 1984 278 .

MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE YAKUT


POPULATIONS OF WILD STRAWBERRY EAST
E.P. Vasileva1
V.I. Belevtcova1
V.N. Sorokopudov2
1 State

scientific institution Yakut


Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, 677001, Yakutsk,
Bestujev-Marlinsky St. 23/1

e-mail: agronii@mail.ru
2 Botanic

garden of Belgorod State


University, 308015, Belgorod,
Pobedy St. 85

e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

In Yakutia one kind of wild strawberry wild strawberry east


(Fragaria orientalis Los.) which main advantage is very high winter
hardiness. In article results of scientific researches on morphology studying samples of the Yakut populations of wild
strawberry east are presented.
Key words: Fragaria orientalis, morphology, Yakutia, an introduction of wild strawberry east.

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634.75; 631.526(571.56)


FRAGARIA ORIENTALIS LOS.

..
..
,
677001, .,
.-, 23/1
e-mail: agronii@mail.ru

, Fragaria orientalis Los. - :


, -; - -
;
,
, - . , - , 100 .
: Fragaria orientalis, , , ,
.

Fragaria orientalis Los. ( ). ,


, , ,
[1, 2].
,
. , , , ,
.

- , .
75 . .
- , -, , (3,5%).
, (1999).

4 : , , , - 15 - .
6 - . , (), . .

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43,20 ().
+100 90-100 ,
1200-14000. +18.+190,
.
100. 124-130 . 65 151 (. 1).

.. [3] () .
11 1 , 2-6 , 8 12 , 7 27 .
5 48,0-195,1,
185,1-272,5. 10 171,8-740,4,
637,2-1090,7.
.
,
, .
. 38,20-40,90; +16-180; 9,2-11,10. +100 80-90 . 1000-14000. 115-120 .
100-129 .
. 210-306 .
() 11-45 ,
172-176 . 20-22 , 5 50, 10 190.
41.
, - 6 .
. - . , , , , . : . , . +17+180,
10,212,20. +100 , 1400 16000.
120-130 , 65-90 . 200-220 , 105-160 .
-
().
5 141, 271, 684, 19, 29,
70. ,
.
4-5 , 60-62 .

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1
Fragaria orientalis Los.
( )

,
/

, o

151

2102

-63

261

-10,2
151
-8,6
151
-10,2
151

-11,1
150
-11,1
150
-
-10,3
150
-
-11,6

-9,8
129
-11,1

-6,7
-

2102
2102
2102

-63
-59
-63

261
304
261

-65
-65

268
268

2294

-62

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-66
-

262
262

2091
-

-63
-65

306
272

1812

-59

327

, o

116

F. orientalis Los.

.
.

147

F. orientalis Los.

147

F. orientalis Los.

.
.

140

F. orientalis Los.

100
210

F. orientalis Los.

223

F. orientalis Los.

-10,2

. 2011. 9 (104). 15/1

.
I, II, III
.
.
.

129

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_______________________________________________________________
-
. - - . ,
.
30,1033,90. +17,50+18,70.
5,706,70. 124-130 .
78-103 . +100 1400 16000. ,
. , 6043 ..
240 380 . (195-200 ). 180 , ..
.
.
, Fragaria orientalis Los. - . , - - . - - .
, ,
- .
,
, , , , . .
, , .
,
(. 2). 2009 . - (82,7 /), (65,4 /) , (. 2).
(2010 .) (157,2 /), (143,3 /), (134,8 /) - ()
(134,8 /) . - , 2010 . .
2
, 2009-2010 .


, .
, .
, .
, .

, .

- , .
, .

, 1
2009 .
2010 .

28,2
77,8
53,0
33,8
64,3
49,0
26,2
88,1
57,1
30,5
96,2
63,3
44,3
157,2
100,7
65,4
143,3
104,3
42,5
134,8
88,6
27,2
118,4
72,8
16,7
99,8
58,2

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, .
- , .
, .
- , .
, .
, .

18,2
45,6
17,4
82,7
26,9
18,8

121,1
133,4
78,0
121,6
47,2
61,2

69,5
89,5
47,7
102,1
37,0
40,0

1. Fragaria
orientalis Los. - : , - ; - - ;
, , - .
2.
, - ,
100 .

1. .. . ., 1985. 272 .
2. .. . ., 1984. 278 .
3. ..
. //
( .-. . . 15- ,
, 7-8 2008 .) : - , 2008. 365-370 .

ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PRODUCTIVITY OF SAMPLES OF WILD-GROWING


POPULATIONS FRAGARIA ORIENTALIS LOS. AT THE INTRODUCTION DEPENDING ON
AREAS OF SELECTION IN THE CONDITIONS OF YAKUTIA
E.P. Vasileva
V.I. Belevtcova
State scientific institution Yakut Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture
of Russian Academy of Agricultural
Science, 677001, Yakutsk, BestujevMarlinsky St. 23/1.
e-mail: agronii@mail.ru

It is established, ecological resources of areas of selection of wildgrowing populations Fragaria orientalis Los. Differ warmly - in vegetation of plants: Verhneviljujsky and Mountain
area differ rather high moisture and heat lack, Amginsky - moderated warmly Heat oisture Area; in Megino-Kangalassky and UstAldan area it is noted high heat at a moisture lack; Olekminsky in
comparison with Hangalassky area where take place tests introduction,
has the highest warmly - and. For years of researches on productivity
samples of populations from Verhneviljujsky, Megino-Kangalassky and
Mountain area, having on the average productivity 100 from a bush
and above were allocated.
Key words: Fragaria orientalis, selection, Yakutia, an introduction, productivity.

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633.31/37:633.366:581.41(47+57)

MELILOTUS MILL.

..
..
. .. ,
190000, -,
. , 42-44
e-mail: g.talovina@vir.nw.ru;
t.smekalova@vir.nw.ru

13 Melilotus
Mill. , , ,
.
. 2 ,
.
, , ,
.
,
, . ,
, ,
.
: ,
Melilotus, , , .

,

, [3, 8, 17 .].

[8, 9 .].
Melilotus ( )
13 , 2 : 11 (M. albus Medik., M. altissimus Thuill., M. arenarius Grec., M. dentatus (Waldst. &
Kit.) Pers., M. hirsutus Lipsky, M. officinalis (L.) Pall., M. polonicus (L.) Pall., M. scythicus
O.E. Schulz, M. suaveolens Ledeb., M. tauricus (Bieb.) Ser., M. wolgicus Poir.), 2 Micromelilotus O.E. Schulz (M. indicus (L.) All., M. spicatus (Sm.) Breistr.). ,

.
-
. Micromelilotus ;
( )
[6]. , [13].
.
(). . ,
; ; ; , , , ; (
); ;
, . , , (. indicus), , (M. spicatus).

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. 2-5 ( 15-20) , , .
, ( M. tauricus), ( M. albus, M. officinalis).
. , , ,
. , .. [7] , M. albus M. officinalis , , ,
(, , , ..).
. ,
, ,
. , , , ,
, - , , .
,
; .
-. , , . , M.
dentatus , - , . polonicus 2-6 , , , . ,
, .
,
; , . , -
; .
Micromelilotus , -, , , , ,
- M. dentatus; - M. suaveolens, M. officinalis, M. albus, M. altissimus.
; - - M. hisutus,
M. altissimus ., - M. arenarius, M. polonicus, M. spicatus .; - M. altissimus, M. indicus ., -- M. arenarius, M. spicatus .;
(M. albus, M. altissimus, M. dentatus, M. officinalis, M.
suaveolens .) .
2,5 8 , , ,
(M. spicatus).
, M. wolgicus -- . ,
, , , ,
, . ; , . , M. hirsutus , , .
(, ),
[1; 16].
, , , 2-8
, , ; (M. officinalis, M. hirsutus,
M. tauricus, M. scythicus) ,
[1, 2]. . 10, . . : -

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1,5 ; M. polonicus 1,5 ; M. indicus,
M. dentatus, M. arenarius .
M. hirsutus, M. tauricus, M. altissimus, M. spicatus.
. M. officinalis M. suaveolens [16]: M. officinalis 5-7 (
4 8), M. suaveolens 2-4 ( 1).
, , , : 19,5 31,1 ; 13,0 19,5
[5, 12]; . Melilotus
,
[5, 12]. , Melilotus, , , . ,
Melilotus,
(M. albus, M. indicus, M. messanensis, M. segetalis, M. sulcatus), ,
M. albus , [12];
, - ,
,
Micromelilotus. M. albus , , ;
, . 9
(M. albus, M. dentatus, M. hirsutus, M. officinalis, M. polonicus,
M. spicatus, M. suaveolens, M. tauricus, M. wolgicus) ,
M. albus M. polonicus, M. polonicus [5]. , . , , , Melilotus.
, 2-3 7-8 , , , - , . -, -; -,
-, -, -.
,
[4, 7, 14, 15, 16].
,
: 3-7 , , , - -. Micromelilotus 2,5-5(8)
, -, -. : M. dentatus;
M. spicatus. , ; 1-, 2-3-.

. Fabaceae. , . , , . 100%
. .
, . , ,
, 1,5 3 . M. polonicus, M. arenarius, M. wolgicus, M. indicus, M. spicatus.

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, , , , , ;
, .
,
, ( - )
, [2].
, , 900 (M. albus, M. officinalis, M. indicus); , 900 (M. altissimus, M. hirsutus, M.
suaveolens) , 900 (M. dentatus,
M. polonicus, M. tauricus).
; ,
( Melilotus) ( Micromelilotus) (.

24 (. 1*).

. [10, 11] Statictica 6.0. ( ), ..
- . 2 , ,
, , ().
(. 1).
(Factor 1) 36% . 9 : ,
, , ,
, .
,
,
, , , . , , M. polonicus, M. arenarius; M.
indicus, M. spicatus.
(Factor 2) , , .
21% .
, . ,
, M. hirsutus, M. tauricus M. altissimus. M. dentatus M. indicus,
.
2 Melilotus
.
Melilotus , , .

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. 1. *
*(zhc ; hr ; kst
; hkst ; lctn . ; lcv .; okr
; otnc ; opz ; st/z ; nsp ; gif ; fb ; fvb ; opb - ; kil ;
hrpb ; hrps ; rs ; fs
; fl ; fvl - ; fkrl ; prls ).

Micromelilotus - M. indicus M. spicatus ( ,


, , -, , );
, .. M. indicus - , M. spicatus .
M. officinalis, M. albus, M. dentatus, M. suaveolens : , ,
, ,
, . , , ,
M. hirsutus M. tauricus, 4- , ,
(), .
M. altissimus, , , , ,
, , ,

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. M. officinalis, M. albus, M. dentatus, M. suaveolens M. hirsutus M. tauricus, , . 7- .

. 2. Melilotus

(M. arenarius, M. polonicus, M. scythicus, M. wolgicus)


- ,
, . ( M. wolgicus) , , .
, , [14]. , ,
,
, ,
, .

1. .. Melilotus Mill. // . . 11. .; .: - , 1945.
C. 176-189.
2. .. // , . 226. . .-, 1974. . 34-39.
3. .. (Cruciferae B.Juss.)
. . 03.00.05
. -, 2004. 32 .
4. .. (Fabales Nakai) .
, 1979. 211 .

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5. .. Melilotus Adans. // , , . 13, 1957. . 139-142.
6. .. . .: , 1962.
277 .
7. .. Melilotus // , . 13, . 1 .; ., 1950.
. 345-502.
8. .. . .; .: , 1966.
611 .
9. .. . .: , . ., 1970. 145 .
10. .., .. . ., 1977. 152 .
11. .. : . . .: - . -, 1984. 288 .
12. Gazar M. Pollen morphology of the three genera of subfamily Papilionoidea in Egypt (Melilotus, Trifolium and Trigonella) // Acta Botanica Hungarica, 45 (3-4) 2003. P. 279-296.
13. Raunkiaer C. The Life Foms of Plants and Statistical Geography. Oxford, 1934. 632p.
14. Schulz O.E. Monographie der Gattung Melilotus. // Engler's botanischen Jahrbuchen.
29 Band, 5 Heft, 1901. P. 660-735.
15. Seringe. Melilotus // Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, auct. A.P. De
Candolle. Pars 2, 1825. P. 186-188.
16. Stevenson, G. A. An agronomic and taxonomic review of the genus Melilotus Mill. // Canadian journal of plant science, 1969. Vol. 49. N 1. P. 1-20.
17. Zohary M. Plant life of Palestine, Israel and Jordan. New York, 1962.

MORPHOLOGICAL SPECIFIC CHARACTERS OF MELILOTUS MILL. SPECIES ON THE


TERRITORY OF RUSSIA AND COINSIDED COUNTRIES FOR THE GENUS SYSTEMATICS

G.V. Talovina
T.N. Smekalova
All-Russian Vavilov Institute of Plant
Industry, 190000, Saint-Petersburg,
Bolshaja Morskaja str., 42-44
e-mail: t.smekalova@vir.nw.ru;
g.talovina@vir.nw.ru

Morphological characters of 13 Melilotus Mill. species were investigated for revealing of taxonomically significant characters and the diagnostic treats. It is necessary for differentiation of close species. For revealing of structure of morphological characters interrelation the factorial analysis on a method of the main a component was carried out. 2 factors which cover more than half of characters variability are allocated.
The first factor has the greatest correlation with the seed and bean form,
brush density, the form of a leaflet and its top, relative height of a plant
and duration of life cycle. The second factor is shown through "leg" presence ovary, a parity of corolla parts lengths. It is established, that the
studied species form groups which essentially differ from each other as
for investigated morphological characters. It gives the chance to specify
systems.
Key words: morphological diagnostic characters, Melilotus species,
factorial analysis, systematics, taxonomical importance of characters.

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635.65:575

IN VITRO
..
..

. ..
, 396030
,
, . , 8(47340) 5-33-27
e-mail: vniiss@mail.ru,
samani84@mail.ru

, , in vitro, .
: , ,
, , .

, , ,
. [4].
. .

.

.
,
,

[2, 5].
in vitro.
:
,
;
,
.


. : , , . 30 .
, , [1], t = +23-25, 16-
.

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, . ,
.
10 % , 90,9 %, 39,4 %
51,5 % (. 1).
1

in vitro

Domestos

,
%
10
0,05
0,01
10
10

, .
99
384
132
141
207

%
%
39,4
51,5
12,5
10,4
2,3
2,3
2,1
2,1
8,7
10,1


%
9,1
77,3
95,5
95,7
81,2



2
5
3
3
4

9,1 %. .
1-3 . . 1-2 .
5 2 . , 10
.

77,3 %. in vitro 12,5 % 10,4 % .
.
. 7-8 .
5-6 . . 5 .
, .

domestos 95,5 % 95,7 % .
4,6 %, domestos
4,2%.
,
domestos 2,3 % 2,1 %, . , . , 5-7 . 1 .
( 1,5 ). , 3 .

207 . 81,2 %. 3-4 . . 5-6 . 4 .

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,
0,05 %.
, ,
.
.
, 7 10
.
, 2,0 4,0 , 1 (. 2).
2



1
2
3
4
5
6

()

(/)
, ,
0,1
, ,
0,2
0,3
+ 0,1
0,4
+ 0,1
0,5
+0,1
0,5
+ 0,1
-


1 (),

36

12

46

12

27

12

26

23

36

36

26

36

24

1 4, , , ,
2 7 . 1 ,
, 1 3.
, 4 , , . 4.
5, 6 , /
, .
26 . 1 36 , 5. ,
.
( ) 1.
2 4 .
, 0,5 / () 0,1 /
, in vitro
5, 6. 34
. .

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in vitro .
in vitro
, . ,
[3, 6]. in vitro,
.
, ,
.
,
0,5 /.
30%.
1-2 , 1-2 . 2 4 .
, 1,0 /
, 15 %.
(42%) 1,5 /,
2-3 , 2-3 . 3 5 (. 3).
3

()

,
/
0,5
1,0
1,5
2,0
0,5
1,0
0,2+0,2
0,5+0,5
1,0+1,0
1,0

, .

, %

60

30
15
42
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


,
;
1-2; 1-2

,
2-4

2-3; 2-3
1-2; 1-2

3-5
1-2

( 2,0 /)
,
2 %.
. .

, in vitro 1,5 /.
,
, ,
in vitro, .

1. .. , / .. . .: , 1970. 342 .

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2. .. in vitro. ., 1988. 15 .
3. .. . .: , 1974. 253 .
4. .. . .: , 1973. 312 .
5. .. ( ) / .. , .. , .. . ., 2005. 20 .
6. .. // . .: , 1975. . 126-145.

FEATURES MICROPROPAGATION PEAS IN CULTURE IN VITRO


T.P. Zhuzhzhalova
M.N. Sashchenko
All-Russia Research Institute of sugar
beet and sugar to them. AL Mazlumov
RAAS, 396 030 Voro-nezh region,
Ramonsky district, VNIISS,
8 (47 340) 5-33-27
e-mail: vniiss@mail.ru, samani84@mail.ru.

The paper presents an improved method for micropropagation of


peas, comprising the steps of the sterilization of explants, and their introduction into the conditions in vitro, the actual propagation and rooting of regenerants.
Key words: micropropagation, peas, sterilization, tissue culture,
rooting.

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: 58. 032.3: 58. 036.1

JUGLANS

..
..


, 308015,
. , . , 85.
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

, J. manshurica, J. siboldiana, J.
cordiformis,
J. regia, J. nigra. J. regia J. nigra, J.
cinerea . J.
manshurica, J. siboldiana, J. cordiformis
35 .
, . J.
manshurica .
: Juglans, , , , , .

, , , .
. ,
, , , .
[6].
, . ,
[4]. .
, , . Juglans ,
, [2, 3].
,
.

Juglans.

Juglans, , 2001 : J. regia L., J. manshurica Max., J. siboldiana Maxim., J. cordiformis Max., J. nigra L., J. cinerea L., J. rupestris Engelm. . J. regia L.,
. .

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27, 30, 35, 40 40 54%
. , . (, , 1970).
-
(7- ), , , . : , , (1:1:1).
[8].
13,
-5, 10 Quanta 200 3D , -.
,
50- .
, , () [5],
. ,
,
.
.

. . (1984), Microsoft Office.

Juglans (. 1 ).
J. manshurica, J. cordiformis, J. siboldiana
( 30% ), J. regia, J. nigra ( 14% ). J. manshurica, J. cordiformis, J. rupestris
40,
45 . J. siboldiana, J. regia, J. nigra, J. cinerea 45.

. 1. Juglands

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. J. manshurica, J. crdiformis, J. siboldiana, J. cinerea , ( 1 ).
Juglans
, . ,
. J. regia, J. nigra, J. rupestris , J. manshurica,
J. crdiformis, J. siboldiana, J. cinerea
[7].

(54%). 2, .
. , 2, [9].

. 27 J. manshurica, J. siboldiana, J. cordiformis (. 2).

. 2.

35-40 J. manshurica, J. siboldiana,


(. 1 ), (. 1).

(. 2), .
12 %
(. 1 ). 8,
35-40 45. -

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40 (. 3 ). 35 40 (. 3 ). , J.
regia , [10],
27-35. , [11]. .
27-35 (. 3).
(45)
, (. 3 ).
27-45 (. 2).
20%, 45.
( ),
(. 3). , 27-35
, .

. 3.

J. siboldiana
( 30% ) (. 1 ). 8
27-35 40-45 (. 3).
J. cinerea
( 22% ) (. 1 ).
( 2). 40 (. 3).
(27-45). 40 (30% )
(. 1 ). , J. regia (. 2). 40, 45 .
35 (
). 40-45 (. 3).

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J. cordiformis 30%
(. 1 ).
(. 2). 35 4045 (. 3).
. J. siboldiana, J. nigra
,
.

(54%).
[4]. , . , , . 40-45.
J. manshurica
35,
. , [7].
J. siboldiana, J. nigra,
J. cordiformis, J. rupestris 35 (. 4).
[7], .

. 4.

35 , 40-45.

J. manshurica, .

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(. 5).

. 5.
.


J. manshurica, .
, , .

, , J. manshurica.
. , , , , . .

1. J. manshurica, J. siboldiana, J. cordiformis, ; J.


regia, J. nigra.
2. J. regia J. nigra, J. cinerea ,
40, . J. manshurica, J. siboldiana, J. cordiformis
35, , .
3.
, . ,

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. J. manshurica
( ).

1. .. Juglans L. /
.. , .. // . .
(23-25 2003 ., ). 2003. . 179-180.
2. .. //
. 2002. . 274. . 444-448.
3. .. //
. . 2009. 5. . 60-62.
4. , ..
, /
.. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. // , 2007, 54, 1, . 54-58.
5. , ..
/ .. , .. //
( . 19-22 2006). : , 2006. . 344.
6. .. /
.. , .. : , 1991. 307 .
7. .. Juglans / .. , .. , .. //
. , -
9 (104) 2011, . 15/1. .302-307.
8. .. - Ribs
americanum Mill. / .. , .. //
: , ,
, .-. ., .:
2008. .133-135.
9. , .. -
/ .. , .. //
. 1992. 2, . 24. . 107-116.
10. Cochard Herv Putative Role of Aquaporins in Variable Hydraulic Conductance of
Leaves in Response to Light / Herve Cochard, Jean-Stephane Venisse, Tete` Severien Barigah,
Nicole Brunel, Stephane Herbette, Agne`s Guilliot, Melvin T. Tyree, and Soulaiman Sakr // Plant
Physiology, January 2007, Vol. 143, pp. 122133. (10).
11. Cochard Herv Unraveling the Effects of Plant Hydraulics on Stomatal Closure during
Water Stress in Walnut / Herve Cochard, Lluis Coll1, Xavier Le Roux, and Thierry Ameglio // Plant
Physiology, January 2002, Vol. 128, pp. 282290. (11).

ADAPTIVE REACTION OF SHEET OF KINDS OF SORT JUGLANS


TO ACTION OF HIGH TEMPERATURES
T.A. Rezanova
N.V. Nazarova
Belgorod National Research
University, Belgorod,
Pobedy str., 85.
e-mail:
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

It is established that the least water-retaining ability leaves J possess. manshurica, J. siboldiana, J. cordiformis, the greatest waterretaining ability leaves J possess. regia, J. nigra. J. regia J. nigra, J. cinerea possess high thermoreactance. J. manshurica,
J. siboldiana, J. cordiformis are characterized by the big conductivity at
action 35 With. The basic cages abaxial and at moisture loss reduce the area, the factor of tortuosity of anticlinal
walls increases. The basic cages J. manshurica differ the least stability to
water deficiency.
Key words: Juglans, a sort, kinds, coma, a sheet surface, Water.

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(581.8 + 581.4):582.682 + 615.322

-
PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L. - P. RHOEAS L.
.. 1, .. 2,
.. 1, .. 1,
.. 3
1

, 440026,
. , . , 40.

e-mail: sef1957@mail.ru
2

. .. ,
440026, . , . , 37


, .

.
: , -, ,

,
"", 107139, . ,
. , 1/11

Papaver
, , .
P somniferum L. 1
, , , . ,
, . , ,
, . , , , - , . , .
-. , , , . .

, .
P. somniferum L. 20% , (20-30%), , , , , , , , (20-30%) 40-50% . ,
[1].
40-60% 20% , . (2,6%), (28,3%), (4,6%), (64,5%),
75,5-76,63% 11,2-12,3% [2].
P. rhoeas L. 30-80 . , , . , -, -, . , -, . .
- , . . (, , , ),
(), . ,

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_______________________________________________________________
.
.
. ,
, , . , , -, , , , ;
, , [3].
,
,


.
Papaver, : P. somniferum L. P. rhoeas L.

(1:3) 6% ;
[4-5]. 0,1%
.
-1, - SONY DSC-T20.
( 1 , ,
) [6-10].

- P. somniferum
L. , . ,
, 1:5 1:20.
.
, , . , .
,
, (.2, 3; .1, ).
.
(.2, 3).
, , .
, .
, 4, . , 5- (. 2, 3;
.1, , ). , , .
.
. , (.1, .2). : , , .
,
. , .

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______________________________________________________________

. 1. P. somniferum :
. 157; , . 1540
: , ,
, , , , .

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1

.2
P. somniferum

(. 1 - 157, 2 - 1540, 3 - 1520)

(. 1 - 157, 2 - 1540)
:
,
, , , , , .

,
(. 2, 2, 2; .1, ). , , , .
, (
) . -

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______________________________________________________________
. , .
.

. 3.

P. Somniferum :
. 157; , . 1540
:
; ,
,
, ,
- ,

P. rhoeas L. P. somniferum L.
(. 4 , ). , P. rhoeas L. , , ,

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. ,
.

. 4. P. rhoaes L.
(.157), - ( . 1520),
- (. 1540)
: , ,
, , ,

, ,
, . . , .
. ,
.
- [7] .

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______________________________________________________________
, -
, . , - , :
, - [11].

1. -
P. somniferum L.:
, ,
, ,
2 , ,
.
2. - P. rhoeas L. P. somniferum L.; : P. rhoeas L. ,
.

1. . . : , 1971. 270 .
2. .. . .: -
, 1973. 412 .
3. .., .. . . 2 /
.: ; .: -, 1999. 816 .
4. .. . .: , 1960. 206 .
5. .. . .: , 1970 255 .
6. .. . .: ,
2000 528 .
7. .., .. . . .: -, 2007.
.1. 192 .
8. / . .. . , : - / , , 1963. 504 .
9. .. - .
.: , 1979. 154 .
10. . . 2- . . .: , 1980. - 558 .
11. .. (, , ) // , . .: , 1975. .55, . 1. - .175 221

THE ANATOMIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF OPIUM POPPY PAPAVER


SOMNIFERUM L. AND CORN POPPY P. RHOEAS . PEDUNCLES
E.F. Semenova1, A.N. Cheburaeva2,
I.A. Vilkova1, N.A. Morozkina1,
E.V. Presnyakova3
1 The

Penza State University, 40,


Krasnaya st, Penza, 440026.

e-mail: sef1957@mail.ru
2 The

Penza State Pedagogical University of Belinsky name, 37, Lermontova st., Penza, 440026

3 State

Commission of Russian Federation


for Selection Achievements Test and Protection,
1/11, Orlikov pereulok, Moscow, 107139

The anatomic research of two poppy species peduncles, differing taxonomic place, was carried out. The micromorphological
features of studied structures during budding - wax ripeness - are
revealed in comparative aspect.
Key words: opium poppy, corn poppy, anatomic features, peduncles

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_______________________________________________________________
634.722

(MAHONIA AQUIFOLIUM (PURSH) NUTT.)


,

..
..
..


,
. , . 85.
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

,
(Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.).
: Mahonia aquifolium, , , ,
, , , ,

1806
1818
(1775-1816).
(Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt), ,
.
,
, - .
,
1-1,2 . . 20 ,
, , -,
. 5-9
8 . , ,
-, , -,
- .
,
, -
. e - . ,
5-8 . -
.
, . , -
- . , .
,
, .
.
: , , , ,
. ,
.
[1]
[2,3, 4].

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, : , , . 24 , . , .
.
I.
Mahonia aquifolium
(Pursh) Nutt. ,
Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. RTG/01/3 " , " 22.07.2002 . 12-06/52 ( 6, 2002 .).
II.
1. , , .
2. ,
, .
3. , . , .
4. , , .
III.
1. , , , . -
, . .
2. ,
, .
3. , 6 .
.
4. .
IV.
1. 6 (24),
6 ( 4).
2. 1% 95%, 1- .

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_______________________________________________________________
V.
. , , ,
,
.
12 (: ).
VI.
, , , VII. (*)
,
, ,
. (+) ,

() .
(1 - 9) .
(a)-(d) VIII.
VII.
1.
(*)

(a)

2.

(a)

3.
(*)

(b)

4.

(b)

5.

: - (b)

6.

: - (b)

: - (b)

7.
8.
9.

: - (b)

: - (b)

10. :
(*)

(b)

11.
(*)

(b)

12. :
(*)

(b)

1
3
5
3
5
7
1
2
3
4
3
5
7
3
5
7
1
9
3
5
7
1
9
3
5
7
1
3
5
7
9
1
2
3
1
3

45
45

(90)
90

5
5-7
7-9
9-11
11

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(+)
13. :

(b)

14. :

(b)

15. :

(b)

16. :
(*)

(b)

17.
(*)

:
()

(b)

18. :
(*) ()

(b)

19. :
(*)
20. :

(c)

21. :

(c)

22. :
(*)

(c)

23. :
(*)
(+)

(d)

24. :
(*)

(d)

5
7
3
5
7
1
3
5
7
1
3
5
7
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
3
5
7
3
5
7
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4

-
-
-

-
-

-
-

VIII.
, (a)-(b)-(c)-(d)
, :
(a) : ;
(b) : ;
(c) : ;
(d) : .

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12. :

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22. :

4
-

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1.
Mahonia aquifolium
(Pursh) Nutt.
( )
( )
2. ___________________________________________________
( )
3.
___________________________________________

_______________________________________________
4. ,
4.1

4.1.1 :
[ ]
(a)

[ ]
( -)
(b)

[ ]
( () ()-())
(c)

[ ]
4.1.2
( -)

[ ]
_____________________________________

4.1.3
(, , )

[ ]

4.1.4
[ ]
( ) ___________________________________________
4.2
4.2.1
{......}

[... ... ...]

[ ]

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4.2.2
( )

[ ]

5. ( ). .

5.1 :
(1)

1[ ]
3[ ]
5[ ]

5.2 :
(10)

1[
3[
5[
7[
9[

]
]
]
]
]

5
5-7
7-9
9-11
11

5.3 : 1[
(12)
3[
5[
7[

]
]
]
]

5.4 :
(16)

1[ ]
2[ ]
3[ ]

5.5 :
(23)

1[
3[
5[
7[
9[

5.6 :
(24)

1[ ]
2[ ]
3[ ]

]
]
]
]
]

6.

____________
____________
____________
____________
____

_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
____


-
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
____
____

7. , .
7.1. , 5 6,
, ?
[ ]
[ ]
, .
7.2 .
7.2.1 ?
[ ]
[ ]
, .
7.3 .
(912 1318 ) , , , , .

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8.
,

- 5 1996 ?
[ ]
[ ]
?
[ ]
[ ]
, .
9. , .
9.1
,
(.. ),
, , ,
, ..
9.2 ,
,
. ,
.
, ,
:
(a) (.. , , )
[ ]
[ ]
(b) (.. )
[ ]
[ ]
(c)
[ ]
[ ]
(d)
[ ]
[ ]
, .
9.3
?
[ ]
..
[ ]

,
,
, .

1. .., .., ..
(Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.). : , 2008. 22 .
2. Ahrendt L. Berberis and Mahonia. A taxonomic revision // J.Linn. Soc. (Bot.) 1961.
Vol. 57 (369). P. 1-410
3. Lee M.K., Kim H.S. Inhibitory effects of protoberberine alkaloids from the roots of Coptis
japonica on catecholamine biosynthesis in PC12 cella. Planta Med. 1996. Vol. 62. P. 31-34.
4. Hansel R. Mahonia aquifolium Ein pflanzliches Antipsoriatikum. Dt. Apoth. Ztg. 1992.
Bd. 132- 140. S. 2095-2097.

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______________________________________________________________
WORKING OUT OF THE TECHNIQUE OF CARRYING OUT
OF TESTS FOR DISTINGUISHABILITY, UNIFORMITY AND STABILITY
MAGONIJA (MAHONIA AQUIFOLIUM (PURSH) NUTT.)
V.N. Sorokopudov
O.U. Zhidkih
O.A. Sorokopudova
Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod,
street of the Victory 85
e-mail: sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

The technique of carrying out of tests for distinguishability, onesortnost


and stability in the conditions of the Botanical garden Belgorod gosudarstvennogo national research university on a new fruit crop in Russia - Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.).
Key words: Mahonia aquifolium, runaway, sheet, a flower, a fruit, maturing, fructification, a technique

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581.9:(470.23)



..
..
. .. ,
190000, -,
. , 42-44
e-mail: t.smekalova@vir.nw.ru;
l.shipilina@vir.nw.ru


. ,
.
.
: , , .

, ,
, ,

, ,
.
(), () (),
( ). , , , . - ,
(
), , . ,
: , , , ,
(-, .).

,
(, ).
, (
- , )
, ,
, .
( , ) (, ) , , ,
[3].
- [4, 5,6,7].
() [1].
( ) ( ), .. -

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______________________________________________________________
.
, , ,
.

-
,
. 1294 .

, 716 (94,6%), Liliopsida - 231
(30,6%), Magnoliopsida 485 (64%); 5,4%
: Lycopodiophyta 9 , Equisetophyta 8 , Polypodiophyta 19 , - 5,2%; Pinophyta 2 (0,4%). , 7,55% 57 .
539 309
71 . , 526
(97,6%), Liliopsida - 96 (17,8%), Magnoliopsida
430 (79,7%); 2,4% Pinophyta 13
. ,
7,59% 41 . 19
(huja occidentalis, Colchicum speciosum, Schisandra chinensis, leretum bellidiforme,
Portulaca grandiflora, Fagus sylvatica, Reseda lutea, ropaeolum majus .). : Asteraceae (55); Brassicaceae (47); Rosaceae (44); Poaceae (42); Fabaceae (35); Caryophyllaceae (23); Liliaceae
(13). Rosa (8); Vicia (8); Lilium (7);
Atriplex (6); Crocus (6); Rumex (6). , : Rosaceae, Fabaceae.
103 , 14%
, , 6% , (, , 2005). , - , .. (, .).
, ,
, 116 23 . () Poaceae (27), Fabaceae (22), Rosaceae (15), Brassicaceae (12), Polygonaceae (9), Chenopodiaceae (5).

1.
2. FABACEAE
3. ROSACEAE
4. POLYGONACEAE
5. PAPAVERACEAE
6. AMARANTHACEAE
7. BRASSICACEAE


3
2
2
1
1
1
1


14
10
10
6
3
3
3


romus, Avena, Lolium
Vicia, elilotus
Rosa, alus
Rumex
Papaver
Amaranthus
Lepidium

, , -

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.
.
:
(71,84%),
, .
Poaceae.

. Ericaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae. : Alliaceae, Polygonaceae, Betulaceae, Hypericaceae, Cannabaceae,
Urticaceae, Grossulariaceae, Linaceae, Viburnaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, . Poaceae, Apiaceae. Ericaceae,
: . (Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum) , , . (xycoccus palustris, . microcarpus, Rubus chamaemorus) , .
Fabaceae (18), Poaceae (17), Rosaceae (14), Polygonaceae (4), Grssullariaceae (4).

, - , , .
,
. :
Allium schoenoprasum, Vaccinium uliginosum;
Festuca rubra, F. ovina, Poa pratensis, P. nemoralis, P. palustris, Phalaroides arundinacea, Alopecurus aequalis, Rumex maritimus, Rhodococcum vitis-idaea, xycoccus palustris, Mentha arvensis;
Agrostis canina, Alopecurus geniculatus, Vaccinium myrtillus, umulus lupulus, Rubus
arcticus, R. chamaemorus, Rosa acucilaris, athartolinum catharticum, ulgedium sibiricum; Allium angulosum. lymus caninus, Arrenatherum elatius,
Trisetum flavescens, Agrostis gigantea, A. capillaries, A.stolonifera, Festuca polesica,
Schedonorus giganteus, S. pratensis, Poa angustifolia, P. remota, P. trivialis, P. compressa, Dactylis glomerata, Cynosurus cristatus, Beckmannia eruciformis, Phleum nodosum,
P. pretense, Alopecurus pratensis, Rumex hydrolapathum, R. pseudonatronatus, R. aquaticus, ypericum perforatum, . maculatum, xycoccus microcarpus, Urtica galeopsifolia, Ribes spicatum, R. scandicum, R. alpinum, R. nigrum, Rubus idaeus, Rosa majalis, R.
mollis, Fragaria viridis, Padus avium, nobrychis arenaria, Vicia sylvatica, V. cassubica,
Lathyrus vernus, L.sylvestris, Trifolium montanum, arum carvi, enanthe aquatic,
Daucus carota, Lonicera xylosteum, Solanum dulcamara, Dracocephalum ruyschiana,
Salvia verticillata; Allium oleraceum, Bromopsis riparia, Festuca unifaria, F. brevipila, Poa humilis, Rubus nessensis, R. saxatilis, Rosa dumalis, Fragaria moschata, alus sylvestris, Anthyllis arenaria, A. schiwereckii, A. macrocephala, Anthriscus
sylvestris,
Lonicera
baltica;
-- Setaria viridis; -- orylus
avellana; Fragaria vesca, Lathyrus pratensis,
Viburnum opulus.

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______________________________________________________________
:
- Agrostis capillaris, Festuca rubra, F. ovina, Poa palustris,
P. palustris, Phalaroides arundinacea, Rumex aquaticus, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, Rhodococcum vitis-idaea, xycoccus palustris, . microcarpus, Ribes nigrum, Rubus idaeus, R. saxatilis, R. arcticus, R. chamaemorus, Lathyrus palustris, ulgedium sibiricum; (75) - Allium angulosum, A. schoenoprasum, lymus caninus, Arrenatherum elatius, Agrostis gigantea, A.stolonifera, Schedonorus giganteus, S. pratensis,
Poa pratensis, P. humilis, P. angustifolia, P. remota, P. trivialis, P. nemoralis, P. compressa, Dactylis glomerata, Rumex hydrolapathum, R. maritimus, orylus avellana,
ypericum perforatum, . maculatum, umulus lupulus, Ribes spicatum, R. alpinum,
Rosa majalis, R.acucilaris, nobrychis arenaria, Lotus corniculatus, Lathyrus vernus,
athartolinum catharticum, Anthriscus sylvestris, arum carvi, enanthe aquatica, Solanum dulcamara, Dracocephalum ruyschiana, Salvia verticillata .;
- Lonicera xylosteum; - Beckmannia eruciformis,
Urtica galeopsifolia, Daucus carota, Viburnum opulus; - Setaria
viridis.
,
(Allium angulosum, lymus caninus,
Arrenatherum elatius, Trisetum flavescens, Agrostis gigantea, A.stolonifera, Festuca
polesica, Schedonorus giganteus, S.pratensis, Poa angustifolia, P.remota, P.trivialis,
P.compressa, Dactylis glomerata, Cynosurus cristatus, Phleum nodosum, P. pratense,
Rumex hydrolapathum, R. pseudonatronatus, ypericum perforatum, . maculatum,
Ribes spicatum, R. scandicum,R. alpinum, Rubus caesius, Rosa majalis, R. mollis, Fragaria viridis, Padus avium, nobrychis arenaria, Vicia sylvatica, V. cassubica, V. ,
Lathyrus vernus, L.sylvestris, edicago falcata, . lupulina, Trifolium montanum, . hybridum, . repens, . medium, arum carvi, enanthe aquatica, Solanum dulcamara,
Dracocephalum ruyschiana, Salvia verticillata).
: (Allium oleraceum, Bromopsis riparia, Festuca unifaria, F. brevipila, Poa
humilis, Rubus nessensis, Rosa dumalis, Fragaria moschata, alus sylvestris, Anthyllis
arenaria, A. schiwereckii, A. macrocephala, Lotus corniculatus, Lathyrus linifolius,
Anthriscus sylvestris, Lonicera baltica); (Agrostis
capillaris, Alopecurus pratensis, Rumex aquaticus, xycoccus microcarpus, Ribes
nigrum, Rubus idaeus, Vicia sepium, Lathyrus palustris); (Festuca rubra, F. ovina, Poa palustris, Phalaroides arundinacea, Rhodococcum
vitis-idaea, xycoccus palustris); (Poa pratensis, P.
nemoralis, Alopecurus aequalis, Rumex maritimus, Mentha arvensis); (Agrostis canina, Alopecurus geniculatus, umulus lupulus,
Rosa acucilaris, athartolinum catharticum); - (Vaccinium myrtillus, Rubus arcticus, R. chamaemorus, ulgedium sibiricum); (Beckmannia eruciformis, Urtica galeopsifolia, Poterium
sanguisorba); (Vaccinium uliginosum); (Allium schoenoprasum); -
(Lonicera xylosteum); (Rubus saxatilis); --- (Setaria viridis);
- (orylus avellana); -
(Lathyrus pratensis), -

(Fragaria vesca), - (Viburnum opulus).


,
: , , , , .

1. ..
. ., , 1973, 355 .

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2. .., .. .
, . 76, , 2005, 54 .
3. .. . : , 1978, 319 .1978
4. .. . .,
1977, .60, 1, . 69-73.
5. .. // ., ..,1982, .87, 4,
.3-22.
6. .. : ,
// . ., 1987,
.3-28.
7. - .. //
., 1980, .6, .761-774.

ANALYSIS OF CROP WILD RELATIVES IN FLORA


OF THE LUGA AREA FROM LENINGRAD REGION
T.N. Smekalova
L.J. Shipilina
All-Russian N.I.Vavilov Institute
of Plant Industry, 190000, St-Peterburg,
Bolshaja Morskaja street, 42-44
e-mail: t.smekalova@vir.nw.ru;
l.shipilina@vir.nw.ru

Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) in adventive and native fractions of Luga area
flora from Leningrad region are investigated. On features of the geographical
distribution, all CWR species can be carried to several groups. The allocated
speciess with related types of areas of distribution areas are united in larger
chorological groups.
Key words: Crop Wild Relatives (CWR), geographical distribution, types
of areas of distribution.

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______________________________________________________________
633.31/37 : 633.366 : 502.171 (470+571)

IN SITU MELILOTUS MILL.


..
..
. .. ,
190000, -,
. , 42-44
e-mail: t.smekalova@vir.nw.ru;
g.talovina@vir.nw.ru

in situ ,
; (),
. Melilotus
56- . M. scythicus . M. hirsutus,
.
in situ. M. scythicus , . M. scythicus
.
, , . ( in situ ex situ
).
: in situ , Melilotus (),
.

Melilotus Mill. ,
, , -
, , -
.
() , , (). , . , , ,
.
-
,
, [5].
. . . ()
,
(ex situ)
(in situ).
[1] in situ .

in situ .
,
. 1996
( ), in situ (4 ) ,
.

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, , , ().

in situ ex situ
()


EX SITU
, - : , , ,
;
;
-
;

- ;
, -
;

;
;
,
, ;
.
.
IN SITU
; ; - ;

;
;
; - , - , ,
., - ;
, . . ;
;
-
(- ;
-, - .);
- .
;
, .

in situ ,
;
(),
. . , , . , .
, ( ),
.
[6], (
), , ,
.
.
, , .
, . , -

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______________________________________________________________
,
.
,
in situ, [7]. :
1. ;
2. .

, :
1.
:
,
( , ,
, ..);
.

,

, 5 :
I. , , ;
II. , ;
III. , ( , );
IV. , ( );
V. .
2.
, ,
. . [7], [2] ,
:
(Endangered),
(Vulnerable),
(Rare).
in situ. , , .
, ,
( ) (in situ),
, :
- ,
, - ;
- , 1 2
.
: M. hirsutus Lipsky, M. scythicus O.E. Schulz. (
). , M. albus Medik., M. officinalis (L.) Pall., I , M. dentatus
(Waldst. & Kit.) Pers., M. suaveolens Ledeb., M. polonicus (L.) Pall., M. wolgicus Poir.
III .

, , . . -

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, ,
,
(in situ).


, , ,
, , . , , , . .

.
,
, ,
, - .
,
,
(,
.).
, 1- , [3, 4]. Melilotus 56- : M. albus (43 ), M. officinalis (39), M. dentatus (9),
M. suaveolens (15), M. polonicus (3), M. wolgicus (2), M. hirsutus (1).
, Melilotus 4 8 ,
; , , , 3 . , .. .
. , ,
, . ,
,
. M. albus, M. officinalis -, , ; M. albus M. suaveolens ; M. wolgicus , ,
. M. dentatus, ,
. , , , .
M. hirsutus, in situ,
; M. scythicus . , , , .
, M. hirsutus , - , , [8]. M. scythicus
, ;
(MHA, LE) .

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______________________________________________________________
M. scythicus , , . , 1933 .

. , M. scythicus
.
, ,
. , .
,
( in situ ex situ ). ex
situ ( , ) .

1. . ( , . .) // The Interim secretariat for the CBD. Geneva, Execitive Center, 1992. 34 c.
2. . . .: , 1988. 592 .
3. .., .., ..
/ . . . . .: , 2005. . 102-113.
4. .., .., ..
: / . . .. . .-, 2005. 85 .
5. .., .., .. (in situ) . // . , ,
/ - , 13-16 2001. ., 2001. 57-59.
6. .., .., ..
// / - 1 . .-. ., , 2002. . 265-271.
7. .., .. .
, . 76, , 2005, 54 .
8. IUCN Red List of Rare and Endangered Animals and Plants, which Particularly Protected
in Russia. Part 3.1. Seminal plants. Red data book Laboratory of All-Russian Research Institute of
Nature Protection; Res. Editor Prisyazhnyuk V.E. Moscow, 2004 (2005). 352 p.

SPECIFIC FEATURES OF CROP WILD RELARIVES IN SITU CONSERVATION STRATEGY


FOR MELILOTUS L. SPECIES ON THE TERRITORY OF RUSSIA
T.N. Smekalova
G.V. Talovina
All-Russian Vavilov Institute
of Plant Industry, 190000,
Saint-Petersburg, Bolshaja
Morskaja str., 42-44
e-mail:
t.smekalova@vir.nw.ru;
g.talovina@vir.nw.ru

The method of in situ conservation assumes of plant species preservation in natural, rather not broken ecosystems; such ecosystems are characteristic for especially
protected natural territories (NPT), first of all - reserves with a rigid mode of protection. Preservation of priority Melilotus species in territory of Russia is possible in limits of 56 reserves. M. scythicus it is not found out in territory of any of country reserves. M. hirsutus, grows in territory of the Caucasian reserve. Both species are priority for preservation in situ. For M. scythicus we offer studying of a condition of species
populations around growth, with the subsequent regular monitoring. Introduction M.
scythicus in the Red Book of the Astrakhan area is necessary. In case of species detection within existing NPT, located near known species sites, it is necessary to include it
in system of NPT monitoring and to apply measures of rigid protection. For both species application of complementary preservation (a combination in situ and ex situ preservation ways) is optimal.
Key words: in situ conservation, Melilotus species, criteria of priority for conservation.

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635.9:582.579.2

-

..-.
.. , .. ,
.. , .. ,
. . , .. ,
..

, 364037, . ,
, . , 33

- ,
.
: , , .


( ) -. , ..
, .. , 1926; .. , 1947;
.. , 1966 .
, , , .. , .
-
,
. , , .. (1941) : ,
, ,
, ,

XVIII ,
. , . .
.. , .. , ..
(), .. , . .
.. , (1770-1773) , 1770 . .
. , .
1773 . ,
. ,
. 108 , .
20 . .. . -. 86 .
., , .
(1824,1825) (. .. ,1962) , , , .

, , .

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______________________________________________________________
-
XIX .
. - .. . 1798 ., . ,
, ,
, .. .
. ,
, . . Flora Taurica-caucasica (1808-1919) (. .. , 1962).
.. (1938) ...
, , .
, .
.. 1829 . ,
,
(Corydalis emanuelii, Eunomia
rotundifolia .). (1836-1838 1843-1844 .) . . , 2500 ,
. Reise durch Russland
nach dem Kaukasischen in der jahren 1836, 1837 und 1838 (1842-1843 .).
1860-61 . () .. . ( ) .
.. .

(1901), ,
Nepeta supina, Lamiuin tomentosura, Gystopteris fragilis
.
,
.. , : (1890) 1887 . (1890), . , , , : ... ,
(Gentians
pyrenaica), (Saxifraga), (Cerastium), Draba scabra, (Potentilla nivea), (Alsine imbriata), (Alchemilla vulgaris), .
-
, .
XIX . . .. ,
20 .
, .
, : (1893);
(1894), 759 , Draba Saxifraga - ; (1898); - (1899), 158-160
88 .
.. . . 1896 . . - Daphne
baksania, .

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1888-1889 . . .. - , . ,
. :
(1889); (1909); . Rindera Pall. (1909); (1910).
.. , , , ,
. , , , , . , , (, 1910). ,
, .

,
.
, . , , .., .. (1973).
.. (1970), : , , . , , , .
.. (1910) - . . - , ..,
. , , .
.. 1889 1893 . (1889), . Draba scabra, Campanula besenginica, Thymus lypskyi (.
.. , 1962).
.. .. . 47 ..
.
(1905) (1905). 3
1. - ( - .. ). 2. . 3. .
.
, Draba siliguosa, Thalitrum foetidum . -
Salvia canescens, .

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1909. - .. .
, , , . ,
Draba bryoides, ,
. - () .
1911 . .. ..
, -
. 1913 .
, -.
..
, , . Corydalis pallidiflora, Campanula besenginica
., . , .. , , , . , ,
, .
1917 ,
, . - ,
, .
1922 . -
- . .. .. (1926), 2 .
, .. . 4 : I. ; 2. , ; 3. ; 4. .
20- , . . .
. . (1925) (, , ), .
(1928)
: , , , -
. - . .. , , ... .
.

.. .. . 1925 . ,
...
: , 3500 . , , , (.. .. , 1926,
. 163). , , , , , , . -
, , , -

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- -
, , ....
. 1898 . .. (1925) . , , 1894 . .. .
(1926), .. ..
Ranunculus balkharicus- Ranunculus
suukensis, .
-Papaver lisae, .
.. , .. .. 1911, 1913 1925 (1927),
.
. 1932 . .
, . - ,
-, , ,
,
. .
- (1935) .
. . : , ,
.
, , , . ..
( ) (1931); ..
(1932).
(1938) ..
. .
Gnaphalium supinum, Gorydalis alpestris, Jurinea subacaulis. Ha
microglochin, Colpodium versicolor.
,

.
( 1913 1932 .) .. 1938 . :
. 3793 , 170 , , .
, . .. , :
(1933-1939); (1936);
(1949); (1948);
(1949).
(1948) .. ,
... - ,
. -

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______________________________________________________________
- , , -
,
, .
, .. -
.
.
.. (1948) -
: 1. ; 2. ,
- ; 3. ; 4. . - : 1 , , - ;
2 .
.. (1925), 1915 . ,
, :
; ; ; . , .. -
.
- , .. (1936)
.
.
..
- (1953). , , ,
. , . 2 : , ; - , , . , - (, ) .
.. :
1. , , -
; 2. , ; 3. , , ,

.
.. (1941, 1946, 1951 .),
, - .
, .. (1940); .. (1941); .. (1947); .. .
(1954); .. .. (1959), -

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_______________________________________________________________
- . , , .
60-
,
.
,
(, )
, -
. .. (1957, 1960), .. (1953), .. (1946, 1969); .. (. , . , . .), . .. -
.
,
(1948);
(I960), , .
, .. (1969) 8 ,
, 147
6,4% . : , (1974)
(19746),
, .
- (1975) . , .
.. - (I960) ,
.
.. (1957) ,
.

. 2 : 1.
; 2. , . , , , , . : I.
; 2. -; 3. ; 4.
; 5. .
.. - (1953) 2
: 1. ; 2. . ,
.
- ( . . , ) .. (1968) . , , . :

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______________________________________________________________
I. , ; 2.
, 40-60.
2 : , .
, .. (1910) . , , , . .. (1969, 1974, 1976, 1982) .. (1965).
20 , 80- 90-
, . , , , 1989 1991 .
.. (1989), , , , .

. , ,
(, 1988, 1989). (.., 1997, .., 2009),
, , .
.. ( ) (1973)
. , 87
30% .
.. (1963). - 140
.
-
.. (1974), 200-250 .

, -
(.. ,1946; .. , 1971;
.. , 1972; A.M. ,1981 .).
.
.. .. , .. , .. (1975).
-
,
,
, .. ,
(1976)
.. (1979, ),
, :
- ,
. , , .
. , , - . (

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) -
.
,
.

1. .. . .1. , 1976.-215 .
2. .. . .
. 1947. 214 .
3. .. . 1966. 319 .
4. .. . M.-JT.: - , I94I. 275 .
5. .. -. , 1962. 145 .
6. .. . - ., 1938, 1, .46-55.
7. .. . , 1901, 199 .
8. .. . - .., 1890, .14, .1,
.9-24.
9. .. 1887 . - . .. 18906, T.I4,
.1, . 26-35.
10. . . . , 1893, 30 .
11. .. . ..
.-. , 1894, .27, 212 .
12. .. . , 1896, 36 .
13. .. - . - ... , 1899, .3, 186 .
14. .. . - .
, 1889, .1-19.
15. .. -- . - .. ., 1909, T.2I, I. 174 .
16. .. - .
Rindera Pall. - . , I9Q96, .7, .20-68.
17. .. . -, 1910. 48 .
18. .. . - . , .V, 1973, 3, .57-62.
19. .. .- ..
., 1956, .24, .261-311.
20. .. . -, 1905. - 47 .
21. .. . ., 1915, .15, .5, .1-17.
22. .. . - . , .,
1931, .23. 21 .
23. .. - . .-.: - , 1935.
107 .
24. .. .. 1925 . - . . ., 1926, T.I9, C.I63-I8I.
25. ., . .- . ... , 1956, T.I, .4. 48 .
26. . ( )., 1925, .27,.1-2, .52-62.
27. .. . - .- .. .
, 1936, .1, 256 .
28. .. - . - .;.: - , 1953. 368 .
29. .. .- , 1941, 3, .73-79.

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30. .. // .. . , 1947, 2, .159-167.
31. .., .., .. -
. , 1954, 136 .
32. .., .. // . . , 1959, .6, .119-130.
33. .. .-
., , 1957, .1, .85-112.
34. .. ,
. - .: . .; .: ,
1960, .5, .140-147.
35. .. - . -
.. -, 1953, .15, .251-282.
36. ..
(). - .. -. 1946, .9, .131-153.
37. .. - ( . ). . . . ., 1969, .84, .6, .86-92.
38. .. () . ... .. ., 1969. 42 .
40. .. -
( . . ., ). . ..., 1968. 23 .
41. .. . - .: . , 1979, .3, .92-94.
42. .. ( ). .: . , 1979 , .3,
.96-100.

HISTORY OF LEVEL OF SCRUTINY SKALNO-OSYPNOJ OF FLORA AND VEGETATION


OF THE VERHNEALPIJSKY BELT OF EAST CAUCASUS
M.A.-M. Astamirova, .. Abdurzakova,
R.S. Magomadova, .. Umaeva,
F.S. Omarhadzhieva, V.A. Hasueva,
E.Sh. Dudagova, Z.I. Shahgirieva
Chechen State Pedagogical Institute,
Kiev str., 33, Olympic travel, Grozny,
364037, Russia

This article describes the historical facts of studying rockscree flora of the Eastern Caucasus, as well as new species are
described by various authors.
Key words: Eastern Caucasus, rocks, scree, flora, vegetation.

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:615.235:665.57.92

..
..


, 305041
. , . ., 3.
e-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru

,
Inula salicina,
, .. . .
, ,
.
.
: , ,

(Inula salicina L.)


(Asteraceae),
, , .

, .

[1], [2], , [5], [7], , [8]. , , ,
[11].
, .

- , 2010 . ,
- , , .
70%
. - -

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1:20 95 1 . 1:10. , 1/5 .
96%
. , 70%
, . [3].
2 . (0,05)
5-10 , 2,5 ,
100-105 6 .

, . 2 .
--- (6:4:3) . (18:1:4:3). , 100 ,
10-15 [10].
, .

.. . Rana
Temporarea.[4].
.

, (),
6,87% 8,86%. , , - ; ( 1% 56); . , , [10].

, , , , , ,
, , .

, , , , ().
,

Inula helenium .

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/ /
/ /
//

0,670,01


, %
32,060,53*

0,670,01

32,331,27*

0,810,02

18,751,73*

: *
0,05, n = 6 .

,
. , , , . ,
, .
.

1. , ..
. .-. . 14. 1980. . 74-81.
2. , . . 1878. . 46.
3. ..
// ... ., 1991. . I. .97-102
4. , .. .: , 1974. - 143 .
5. , .. .- . . - 1967. . 2. - . 207-213.
6. , .. . . ., 1959. . 124-129.
7. , .. . - : . ., 1990. - .212.
8. , .. . - . .-..-. 1941. - .4. - . 131-226.
9. .., .., .. Malva neglecta L. //
. . 1989. 2. . 280-281.
10. : , , ; Hippuridaceae - Lobeliaceae. ., 1991. - 200 .
11. , .. . , 1985. .86.
12. , ..
. - . : . . . . - 1973. - 3. . 76-79.

COMPOSITION AND EXPECTORANT ACTIVITY OF WATER-SOLUBLE POLYSACCHARIDE


COMPLEXES OF INULA SALICINA
V.N. Bubenchikova
A.V. Azarova
Kursk State Medical
University,
Kursk K. Marks St., 3,
305041
e-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru

Methods of selection, the study of water-soluble polysaccharide complexes from


the over-ground part and rhizomes of the Inula salicina have been presented, and their
expectorant effects on the model of studying the motor function of ciliary epithelium
of the esophagus frog by the V.V. Gatsuras method have been determinated.
Monosaccharide composition of water-soluble polysaccharide complexes of the overground part and rhizomes of the Inula salicina has been established under
investigation. An expectorant action of water-soluble polysaccharide complex
obtained from the Inula salicina has been proved, that allows to use this drug as a
separate expectorant or as a component in complex therapy. This will allow to expand
the assortment of expectorants of the medicinal plants.
Key words: Inula salicina, polysaccharide complexes, expectorants effects.

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: 615:322:547.56:577.114


VIOLA ODORATA L.

..
, 305041,
. , . ., 3
e-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru


(Viola odorata L),
.
1-2 , 70% - (1:100) 45 .
1,15
3,21%.
: (Viola odorata L), ,
, .


(Violaceae), , [7].
, , , [5], I ,
: , , , . [7].

, , , .
[3, 7].
,
, ,
. , , [3].
.
.

-
, 2009 . (. . , .
) .
, [1, 6]. , ..
.
70%
410 .
, .. , ,
[2, 6].

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[2, 6].
. , 1-2 (. 1).
.
70% (. 1).
, 45 [6].
1


, :
0,5
1,0
2,0
3,0
: , %
30
50
70
96
, (70% ,
- 1:100):
30
45
60

,%
2,63
2,79
2,83
2,21
2,54
2,71
3,20
2,10
2,60
3,20
3,21

. ,
, ( 23.2,2068-89) 1 .
1.0 ( ) ,
250 , 100 70% +0,01 . , 45 ,
.
, 70%. ,
, 10 .
2 25 ,
5 5% 70% 10 1 3%
. 30 .

410 10 .
, 2 , 1 3% 70%
25 .

(), .
() :

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D . m . 1 . 100 . 100 . 100
;

=
D . m . 2 . 100 . (100 - W)

D ;
D () ;
m ;
m ;
W .
[4]. , 95% 3,63% (. 2).
2

N /
1

X
2,02
2,00
2,03
1,99
2,01
2,76
2,70
2,78
2,72
2,74
1,82
1,82
1,84
1,88
1,84
2,29
2,35
2,33
2,30
2,33
2,40
2,38
2,41
2,44
2,42

S2

Sx

P,% t(Pf)

2,01 0,00025 0,007 95 2,78 0,044 2,21%

2,74 0,00100 0,014 95 2,78 0,089 3,25%

1,84 0,00060 0,011 95 2,78 0,067 3,63%

2,32 0,00060 0,011 95 2,78 0,067 2,88%

2,41 0,00050 0,010 95 2,78 0,061 2,54%


1 ,
15,3
15,3
15,3
15,3

,
3,2
7,2
14,4

,
15,3
18,5
22,5
29,7

15,30
18,34
22,26
30,06

, %
- 0,87
- 1,07
+ 1,21

(. . 3).
5 . (. . 2),
1,15 3,21%.

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,
.


(Viola odorata L), . 1-2 , 70% - (1:100) 45 . 1,15 3,21%

1. .., .. // . 1970. . 1. . 68-72.
2. .., ..
// . - -, 1973. . 168-172.
3. ..
: . . . . . , 2002. 24 .
4. . 11- . .: , 1987. . 1. 277 .
5. : , , ; Paeoniaceae Thymelaeaceae. ., 1985.
6. .., ..
// . . . . XXIX. ., 1991. . 150-155.
7. : 30- . ., : - , 1934-1964. . VI, 1941.

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD OF FLAVONOID CONTENT IN VIOLA ODORATA L.


R.A. Bubenchicov
Kursk State Medical University,
Kursk K. Marks St., 3, 305041
e-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru

The technique of quantitative determination of the flavonoid sum


in Viola odorata L. with the use of differential spectrophotometry is elaborated on the bases of the reaction of complex formation the aluminium
chloride solution. The content of flavonoid in plant Viola odorata L. in
counting again on state standart sample of rutin is in the range
of 1,15-3,21%.
Key words: Viola odorata L., herb, flavonoid, spectrophotometric

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: 582.949.27



..
..
. .

,
305041, . , . ., 3
e-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru



. . , , .
: , , ,

(Lapsana communis L.)


(Compositae).
, .
, , . , , .
.
, , , ,
[2,4].
.

- , 2010 .
()
.. [3].
(1 /) [5]. : . (6:4:3)
(18:3:1:4)
. 100-1050; - .

[6].


, ; ( 1% 5-6);
.
, ,

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[5].
, , , , .
(5,9%) (6,3%).
1
,

-
, %
5,86

, %

6,3
5,9
0,6
0,4
4,9


. ,
96% .
: .
- (1:10). 96% [1].
( , )
( ).
,

(. 2).
2
,


, :

96%

1
2
3
30
60 (302)
90 (303)
120 (304)
1:2
1:3
1:4
1:5

, %
6,07
4,76
5,38
3,75
7,20
7,91
6,62
5,62
6,80
7,91
7,89

, ,
1 , 3- 90 (3 30 ) - (1:10) 4- 96%
.

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.

,
1 . 10 ( ) 250 , 100 , 30 . 100
30 . , 5000 / 10
500 5 ,
66 .
( ).
25 , 100
96% , , 60 5 . 30
5000 / 30 .

13-16 100-105 16 40 .
15 96% (3:1).
, 100-105 .

() :
(m2-m1)500100100
X (%) = --------------------------------,
m25(100-W)
m1 , ;
m2 , ;
m , ;
W , %.
,
5,15% 8,12%.

1.
.
2. .

1. , .., .., .. - // . 1984. - 3. . 13-16.
2. .. , .. , .. , .. 3 (: ) - - . ., 2004. 520 .
3. .. . ., 1970.- 378 .
4. : , , ; Asteraceae (Compositeae). .: , 1993. . 140.
5. .. (). ., 1978. 256 .
6. ..
// . : . . . . 1973. - 3.- . 76-79.

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STANDARTIZATION OF LAPSANA COMMUNIS L. HERB BY CONTENT
OF POLYSACCHARIDE COMPLEXES
V.N. Bubenchikova
S.V. Logutev
S.N. Redkina
Kursk State Medical University,
Kursk K. Marks St., 3, 305041
e-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru

The paper gives the results of the isolation and chemical study of
polysaccharide complexes of Lapsana communis L. Their qailitative and
quantitative monosaccharide composition has been established. To standardize the herbs of Lapsana communis L. by content of polysaccharides
the gravimetric method with following studies have been proposed: extraction of polysaccharides from herbs; precipitation of polysaccarides.
Key words: Lapsana communis L., herb, polysaccharide complexes, gravimetric method

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______________________________________________________________
: 633.812:581.192

..
..

,
305041, . , . . 3
E-mail: fg.ksmu@mail.ru


-. : 70% , , 0,5%
(1:1), 10% ; . : , Geranium sanguineum L.
, , ; .
- Ni, Co, V, Mo, Cu,
Pb, Zn, As, Sb, Sn, P, Ga, Bi, Tl, Ge, Ag, Ti, Mg, Cr, W, Be, Ba, Li, Cd, Sr, Zr,
Sc, La, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y, Yb, Hg, In.
: -, ,

- (Geranium sanguineum) (Geraniacae) . , , . - ; , [2].


. , [2].

-.

-
-, 2010. .
-
70% . , ,
(), ( , ).
- 1:20
950 1 . 1:10.
,
1/5 . 96% . , 70% , . [1].
, , . 0,5% (1:1) 1:20 80-850 2 .

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1:10,
96% [3,4].
10%
12
. .
.
. -
. 96% . .
, [6].
, ,
2 . (0,05) 5-10 , 2,5 (1 /), 100-1050 6 ( ), 24 ( ) 48 ( , ).

, . -2 .
--- (6:4:3) . -
-- (18:1:4:3). - , 1000 , 10-15 [7].
.
,
t = 5500 2 .
8-1.
2% [5].

, - 4 : ,
5,74%, 7,24%, 1,1%, 2,28% .

, , , , , , . ,
, , .
, , .
, .
,
35 . :
(. , , , , );
(, ); (, , ,
); (, , , , , ,
).
, (0,0001%), (0,008%), (0,08%),
(0,1%).

, . ,

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______________________________________________________________
, , ; .
(, Mn), (Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr, Mo .), , .

1. ..
//.. .-.,1991.-.XXIX.- .97-102.
2. .. // . ., 1992. - 477.
3. .., .., .. //
. . - 1993.-3.- . 355-357.
4. .., .., .. lva neglecta L. //
. .- 1989. - 2. . 280-281.
5. .., .., .. // . 2000. - 1.- . 25-27.
6. .., .., ..,
- // . . 1994. - 5. . 597-600.
7. .. / . - . 1978. 256 .

STADY OF POLYSACCHARIDE AND MACRO- AND MICROELEMENT COMPOSITION


OF HERB OF GERANIUM SANGUINEUM

V.N. Bubenchikova
Zh.A. Bulatnicova
Kursk State Medical University,
305041, Kursk, Rassua
E-mail: Fg.ksmu@mail.ru

The aim of the investigation is to study the polysaccharide and


mineral composition the over-ground of part of Geranium sanguineum
L. Methods of the investigation: extraction of raw materials by 70% ethyl
alcohol, water, the mixture of 0.5% solution of oxalic acid and ammonium oxalate (1:1), 10% aqueous alkali solution, the method of spectrography. Basic results: it has been established that carbohydrate complex
the over-ground of part of Geranium sanguineum L. is represented by
water-soluble polysaccharide, pectins, hemicelluloses; ther monosaccharide composition has been determined. The mineral composition of the
over-ground of part Geranium sanguineum L. is presented by Ni, Co, V,
Mo, Cu, Pb, Zn, As, Sb, Sn, P, Ga, Bi, Tl, Ge, Ag, Ti, Mg, Cr, W, Be, Ba, Li,
Cd, Sr, Zr, Sc, La, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y, Yb, Hg, In.
Key words: Geranium sanguineum L. , mineral composition, polysaccharide complex..

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635.939.73



.. 1,
.. 2
1


, 393760,
, . - ,
. , 101

e-mail: mgau@mich.ru
2



, 393760, , . , . , 274

e-mail: mgpi_lab@mich.ru

. , 10 . 5-7 .
: ,
, , , , ,
.

- ,
, , , - [1]
.
. , , , .
- . , - , [2].

. [3, 4] : .
,
, . ,
,
.
:
, , 75% .
, ,
, , .
75% , ,
.
.

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______________________________________________________________


.

1988 - 2009 .


.
59 ( )
- . -

( ,
), ( , ), ( , ), 14-9 ( , ). [3, 4].
STATISTICA 6.1. StatSoft StatGraphics Plus 5.0 .

(.1.).
, [4]
- 25% . 10 ( 3,56% 2,05%), ( 10,50% 13,05%), ( 4,59% 7,27%) - (
0,42% 1,05%). :
5 ( 0,31% 0,35%),
, 5 0,35%
0,26%.

, , , ,
.
.
, ,
- , ,
10-11 . 5
.

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. 1.

15-
, .
, , .

10 . ,
( 10% 20%). , - , , . (. 2-4) .

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. 2.

, ,
,
5 , ,
.

. 3.

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_______________________________________________________________

. 4. 14-9

14-9 (. 3, 4)
5-6 , ( ) , 5 , . , 14-9,
7-8 ,
- .

. , - , 10 , ,
.
5-7 .

1. , .. Lni (), / .. , .. , .. //
. . - 1981. - .17. - .4. .565- 568.
2. , . . / . . // : -
, 1981. 166 .
3. , /
: , 1995. 502 .
4. , / : , 1999. 608 .

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______________________________________________________________
METHOD OF DETERMINING OF HONEYSUCKLE RIPENING BASED ON ANALYSIS
OF CHANGES IN BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION
F.G. Belosohov1
O.A. Belosohova2
1 FGOU

VPO Michurinsk State Agrarian University, 393760, Russia,


Michurinsk RF-Science City,
Internatsionalnaya St., 101

e-mail: mgau@mich.ru
VPO Michurinsk State Pedagogical Institute, 393760, Russia,
Michurinsk RF-Science City, Sovetskaya St., 274.

It is discussed the biochemical study of methods for determining


timing of honeysuckle fruit ripening. It was established that the samples
were taken for biochemical analysis and tasting should begin no earlier
than 10 days after the beginning of fruit ripening. At gathering the fruits
for health care purposes is allowed to start it, depending on the origin of
species by 5-7 per day since the beginning of fruit ripening.

2 FGOU

e-mail: mgpi_lab@mich.ru

Key words: honeysuckle, the biochemical composition of fruits, vitamin C, vitamin P, glucose, organic acids, dry substances.

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543.54:547.973

AMELANCHIER SP.

..
..
..
..

, 308015
., . 85.


- (ESI/MS) 6
. , -3, -3 -3-. ,
, 3- .

, (0.250 0.275 100
), - -
(0.102 100 ).

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

: , , Amelanchier sp., ,
.

c, [1], - (
) .
[2].
- (-) . ,
[3-6] .
, Amelanchier, (Maloideae) (Rosaceae), - 18 23
[7]. , , , .
15 15 .

. [6] , . , , , . 7 (A. spicata (Lam.) C. Koch., A. alnifolia Nutt., A. oligocarpa Roem., A. sanguinea DC.). 3,5-, 3-
-3-; . - (ESI/MS) 1- [8] - (A. alnifolia, A. arborea and A. canadensis) -3- (155, 390 165 100
, ). A. alnifolia and A. canadensis
(54 48 /100 ) -3-. [4]

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______________________________________________________________
, -3-.
, [9] -3- . , , A. ovate ,
[10]: -3-, -3-, -3- .
Amelanchier: A. spicata (Lam.) . Koch, A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt ex M. Roem, - A. sanguinea
(Pursh) DC, A. laevis Weigand, A. canadensis (L.) Medik
A. florida Lindl. .

2011 .
0.1 . 56 510 -3- [11].
- - ( Agilent
1200 Infinity). : : .
510 . 420-600 .
Symmetry 18 4.6250 40. 1 /.
18 .
- Agilent 6130
LC/MS ESI ( )
250-1200.
200 . 4 . - 2 , 10 /, 350,
250 .


, . .1.
(
) 1 5 .1. 3-
, .2. .. 3,5- , ( ) .
( 7.7 7.9 9.1 9.2 ).

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.1.
, -

. 2.

[12]
1-3, .3.
-3- (Cy-3-Gala),
-3- (Cy-3-Glu) -3- (Cy-3-Ara)
[13].
( 4 5) (1.003 1.032, ) [14].

(ESI/MS). , ,
, ,
, , -

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, . , .4, M/z = 287 . 1
2 , -
(M/z = 449). 3 M/z = 419
-3-.
5
4

lgki
0.8

Cy-3-Rut
Cy-3-Ara
Cy-3-Glu
0.4
Cy-3-Gala

0
0

0.25

lgk(Cy-3-Glu)

. 3.
-3-

-3-Gala
-3-Glu

Cy-3-Ara

4. - ESI/MS

, 4 5,
, . -

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,
M/z = 287.
4 M/z, 477, .
5 .
, , , , ,
., . , ,
. . . [3] 16 A. alnifolia Nutt. ( ) 19982000 , 414 1 Forestburg 852
1 Nelson.
. -40

, , . (20 ) (0.1%) l (50 ),
, 200
.
, , [4]. ,
( ) 26.7 ( ) 136.8
100 A. alnifolia Nutt. Smoky, .
, ,
, , , .

A. alnifolia [15], ,
, 100 , 100
(?): 196.7 ( Honeywood) 213.6 (
Martin).
, ( ) [5], Amelanchier ovalis Medik, 4 5 % . ( -3-) , 2011 , .


A. spicata (Lam.) . Koch (1)
A. spicata (Lam.) . Koch (2)
A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. Ex M.Roem (1)
A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. Ex M.Roem (2)
A. sanguinea (Pursh) DC
A. laevis Weigand
A. canadensis (L.) Medik
A. floribunda Lindl

, /100
0.199
0.129
0.276
0.273
0.102
0.126
0.255
0.249

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______________________________________________________________
, , (0.250
0.275 100 ), - (0.102 100 ).
20%, 1 % .

, .
(A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. Ex M.Roem, A. canadensis (L.) Medik
A. floribunda Lindl) , ,
.

1. Handbook of Antioxidants. Ed. Enrique Cadenas, Lester Packer. LLC Marcel Dekker, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, Basel, 2002. 602 .
2. Flavonoids Chemistry, Biochemistry and Applications Ed. yvind M. Andersen, Kenneth
R. Markham, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group. 2006 1212 p.
3. Zatylny A.M., Ziehl W.D., St-Pierre R.G. Physicochemical properties of fruit of 16 saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) cultivars // n. J. Plant Sci. 2005. V.85. P. 933938.
4. Ozga J.A., Saeed A., Reinecke D.M. Anthocyanins and nutrient components of Saskatoon
fruits (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) // Can. J. Plant Sci. 2006. V.86. P. 193197.
5. .., .., .. // . .-. . 2006. - 3.
. 29-35.
6. .., .., .. Amelanchier Medic. // . . 1982. - 4. . 522-523.
7. .. (Amelanchier Medik.)
// . . . . 2011. - 1. . 52-59.
8. Adhikari D.P., Francis J.A., Schutzki R.E., Chandra A., Nair M.G. Quantification and
characterisation of cyclo-oxygenase and lipid peroxidation inhibitory anthocyanins in fruits of
Amelanchier // Phytochem. Anal. 2005. V.16. P. 175180.
9. Mazza G. Anthocyanins and other phenolics of saskatoon beries Amelanchier alnifolia
Nutt. // J. Food Sci. 1986. V.51. P. 1260-1264.
10. .., .., .., .., .., .. Rosaceae
// . - 2005. - .1. - . 91 -98.
11. Giusti M.M, Ronald E. Wrolstad R.E. Characterization and Measurement of Anthocyanins by UV-Visible Spectroscopy // Current Protocols in Food Analytical Chemistry (2001) F1.2.1F1.2.13.
12. .. //. . . - 2006. - T.80,
3. - . 511-516.
13. .., .., .., .., .. . // . . - 2006. - 3.
- . 16-20.
14. .., ..
// . . . - 2004. - T.78, 5. - .923-926.
15. Guerrero J.C., Ciampi L.P., Castilla A.C., Medel F.S., Schalchli H.S., Hormazabal E.H.,
Bensch E.T., Alberdi M.L. Antioxidant capacity, anthocyanins, and total phenols of wild and cultivated berries in Chile // Chilean J. Agric. Res. 2010. V.70. P. 537-544.

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ANTHOCYANINS OF SIX SPECIES AMELANCHIER FRUITS

.N. Chulkov
V.I. Deineka
L.. Deineka
A.V. Stepanova
Belgorod National Research
University, 308015Belgorod,
Pobeda str. 85
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

In the paper the composition of six species of Amelanchier fruit


harvested in BSU Botanical Garden anthocyanin complex has been
investigated by means of HPLC with diod-array and ESI/MS detectors. The
main component of the complexes was cyanindine-3-galactoside, while the
concentration of cyanidine 3-glucoside as well as that of cyanidine-3arabinoside wae somewhat lower. Two anothe cyanidine derivative were
detected also one of them being acylated with acetic acid 3-pentoside. The
higest anthocyanin accumulation was foun for fruits of A. alnifolia, A.
canadensis and A. floribunda (0.250 0.275 g per 100 g of fresh fruits), a
lowest of was found in fruits of A. sanguinea (0.102 g/100 g).
Key words: anthocyanins, fruits, Amelanchier sp., HPLC, ESI/MS

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616.314.163-08

..
..
..
..

e-mail: deyneka@bsu.edu.ru

,
.

() 1 2
.
40 % .
: , ,
, , .

, , . . .
. . , , , ,
. 40- . , 70% .
40 , () , ,
, ,
,
. ,
[1].
. ,
.
, , ,
. . ,

[2].
.
, .
1% -, , .
24 , (-

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100) 3 .
-1, 100,20 400,65 (
() 1 .2 ), , , .
, , . 3
.

- . .
. , . . 1 2.
1

(/)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Streptococcus intermedius
Streptococcus sanguis
Streptococcus milleri
Streptococcus mitis
Streptococcus salivarius
Actinomyces naeslundii
Fusobacterium nucleatum
Staphylococcus spp
Staphylococcus aureus
Candida albicans


6,00,2
3,90,1
5,50,2
5,00,2
3,10,1
5,50,2
4,90,2
5,00,2
3,90,1
3,20,1


2,20,1
1,50,1
2,00,1
2,00,1
1,10,1
2,00,1
2,00,1
2,30,1
1,10,1
1,70,1

2

(/)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Streptococcus intermedius
Streptococcus sanguis
Streptococcus milleri
Streptococcus mitis
Streptococcus salivarius
Staphylococcus aureus
Candida albicans


5,90,2
10,20,2
7,30,2
5,70,2
6,70,2
3,00,20
3,90,25


2,00,2
4,10,2
4,20,2
2,20,2
3,30,2
1,00,2
1,00,2

, ,

40 % .


.

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1. . ., . ., . . . // . 1999, 3.
. 29 31.

2. . ., . ., . . . : . . , 1993. . 244 248.

CLAY INFLUENCE UPON ORAL CAVITY MICROFLORA


.Yu. Igisheva
L.. Deineka
..Kopytov
V.. Borozentzeva
Belgorod State National
Research University
e-mail: deyneka@bsu.edu.ru

The suppression of dental root channel and pulpitis microflora


by clay has been investigated. Quantification of different microflora
colonies has been performed by count of colony forming units (CFU)
per 1 m2 of Petry dish surface. Clay treatment of the colonies results
in 40% decrease of the CFU.
Key words: clay, dental microflora, dental root channel, pulpitis, microscopy.

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543.544:637.414


..
..
..
..
..

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

-
(Gallus gallus, Pavo cristatus,
Phasianus colchicus, Meleagris gallopavo, Coturnix coturnix, Anser
anser, Cairina moschata, Columba livia Numida meleagris). ,
,
.
- 3--,--3'-.
: , , , ,
.

, , , , [1]. ,
,
[2]. . , ,
,
, 2 ; ,
[3]. [4], () [5]
.

. ,
[6] , , . , , , -, , , ,
, , ,
,
. , - [7] - ,
, , [8], , . , , , , .
- , , -

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______________________________________________________________
( ) ,

.
.
-, . [9] ,
-, ,
, .
, , , - , ,
. [10], ,
2-6%.
(
)
- . , , ,
, - 1%,
- (7%) --8- (34%).
9-11 ( 3-5 )
-,
. ,
. , , , , (Gallinula chloropus), (Fulica Americana) (Larus
fuscus), (47.5, 131.0 71.6 1 , )
- (25-29%, [11]). [12]
, --8- (
), , . , (
-) ; , . ,
[13], , ( )
[14].

.


, ().

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. 0.50-1.00 0.250 10
.
.
(l = 1 ) max = 440 - 445 ( -3-01). ( ) ,
%
E11
2550 :

Amax V P 1000
, /

E11% 100 m l

Amax ,
1%
,
E1
V , ,
,
m , ,
l , .
:
1) Beckman 110B, Rheodyne 7215 20 , : LC/9563
( ). 1.5).
2) Agilent 1200 Infinity - ; ChemStation 32.

,
=-
-
: ~5 . ,
[12].

[15, 16]. , , .1.
,
[17]. ().
( ) .
-
- . ,
, , . ,
, - (
0.45 ). ,
, - ,

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______________________________________________________________
.
.2 .3.

. 1.
mV

. 2. ,
2504.6 600 (5 ); : 30 .% -;
: 445 .

.2
. . ,
, , ,
.
, ,
. , -

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( ) .
, ,
. 7 ,
,
, . ,
, - , .3.

2
3

1+2

. 3.

Aves

,
Phasianinae
,
Phasianidae
,
Meleagridinae
,
Perdicinae
, Anserinae
,
Anatidae

,
Columbidae
,
Numididae

,
Anatinae
,
Columbinae

,
Gallus
,
Pavo
,
Phasianus
,
Meleagris
, Coturnix

. ,
G. gallus
. ,
P. cristatus
. ,
P. colchicus
. ,
M. gallopavo
,
C. coturnix
. ,
A. anser .
caerulescens
,
C. moschata
. ,
A. platyryncha
. ,
C. livia
. ,
N. meleagris

,
Anser
,
Cairina
Anas
,
Columba
,
Numida

Lu/Ze*

**,
/

1.6:1

0.012

2:1

0.025

5.5:1

0.005

5.8:1

0.024

1.7:1

0.011

2:1

0.047

3:1
3.5:1
3.7:1

0.022

6.1:1

0.013

Lu/Ze* , ** - .

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( ) 70% , , , ,
.

, .3. , , .
,
.
, , - 3--,--3'-. ,
, , ,
[18], [19].

,
. - 3--,--3'-. , , , , .

1. Handelman G.J., Nightingale Z.D., Lichtenstein A.H., Schaefer E.J., Blumberg J.B. Lutein
and zeaxanthin concentrations in plasma after dietary supplementation with egg yolk // Am. J. Clin.
Nutr. 1999. V.70. P. 247251.
2. .., .., .., .., .. : .
// . - 2006. - 6. - . 18-19.
3. .. . .: . 2001. - 88 .
4. 18221-99 .
.
5. 52121-2003 . .
6. . . . - , , .
http://www.roskarfarm.ru/preparations4.
7. http://kemin.biosgroup.com.ua/
8. .., .., .., .., ..

// .
: . - 2010. - 15(86), .12. - . 140-144.
9. .., .., .., .. . , , / . 2010. .79, 2.
- . 4-18.
10. Pizzey H., Bedecarrats G.Y. Study of the effects of dietary lutein on reproductive performances in chickens // J. Poult. Sci. 2007. V.44. - P. 409-415.
11. Surai P.F., Speak B.K., Wood N.A.R., Blount G.R., Spark N.H.C. Carotenoid discrimination by the avian embpyo: a lesson from wild birds // Comp. Biochem. B. 2001. V.128. P. 743-750.
12. Schalatterer J., Breithaupt D.E. Xanthophylls in Commercial Egg Yolks: Quantification
and Identification by HPLC and LC-(APCI)MS Using a C30 Phase // J. Agric. Food Sci. 2006.
V.54. P. 2267-73.

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13. Lai S.-M., Gray J.I., Flegal C.J. Deposition of carotenoids in eggs from hens fed diet containing saponified and unsaponified oleoresin paprika // J. Sci. Food Agric. 1996. V.72.
P. 166-170.
14. Nys Y. Dietary carotenoids and egg yolk coloration a review // Arch. Geflgelk. 200.
V.64. P. 45-54.
15. Scott K.J. Detection and measurement of carotenoids by UV/Vis spectrophotometry /
Current Protocol in Analytical Chemistry. 2001. F2.2.1 F2.2.10.
16. Biehler E., Mayer F., Hoffmann L., Krause E., Bohn T. Comparison of 3 Spectrophotometric Methods for Carotenoid Determination in Frequently Consumed Fruits and Vegetables // J.
Food Sci. 2010. V.75. P. C55-C61.
17. Lee C.-Y., Lee B.-D., Na J.-C., An G. Carotenoid Accumulation and Their Antioxidant Activity in Spent Laying Hens as Affected by Polarity and Feeding Period // Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.
2010. V.23. P.799-805.
18. Khachik F., Bernstein P.S., Garland D.L. Identification of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Oxidation Products in Human and Monkey Retinas // Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1997. V.38. P.
1802-1811.
19. Tyczkowski J.K., Schaeffer J.L., Parkhurst C., Hamilton P.B. 3'-Oxolutein, a metabolite of
lutein in chickens. // Poult. Sci. 1986. V.65. P. 2135-2141.

CAROTENOIDS OF POULTRY EGGS YOLK


S.. Vostrikova
.Yu. Tritjakov
V.I. Deineka
L.. Deineka
.. Shaposhnikov
Belgorod State National
Research University
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

Carotenoid complexes of some poultry (Gallus gallus, Pavo


cristatus, Phasianus colchicus, Meleagris gallopavo, Coturnix coturnix, Anser anser, Cairina moschata, Columba livia and Numida
meleagris) have been investigated by normal-phase HPLC and spectrophotometry. It has been established that all samples under investigation were enriched by mainly lutein and zeaxanthin being lypophyllic antioxidants for embrio and chiken development. That of goose
has an increased concentrations of lutein oxidation product - 3hydroxy-,-carotene-3'-n.
Key words: HPLC, carotenoids, analysis, egg yolk, poultry.

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541.6


-
..
..
..

, 308015
., . 85
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

c
-. 1- 5- .
+. 3- 4-
.
: , , , , -,
, 1-


[1]. , , , 0.5 1
[2]. - ( ,
, [3]), ( )
. , , [3, 4].
( ) ( ),
, [5].
OH
O
OR5

OR1

OR3
OR4

OH

R=
O

OH
R3

R4

R5

1CQA

R1
R

3CQA

4CQA

5CQA

1.

5- . (6863
SCIRUS),
. [6]
, - (CD) (5CQA)
1:1 424
278 /, . -

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,
CD.
- (465 /) [7]. 1H- [8] D2O : 504 936 / , . - , [9] 207 351 ( ) 442 /
. ,

- 1:1. -
,
, 1- . , ( )
. , - [10].
- 5- , - ,
.

,
Beckman 110B, - , Pheodyne 7125 200 . (Nicolet LC/9563). 1.5.

-
1:1 (
), ,
:
+ CD [CD];
(1)
+ CD [CD],
(2)

;
CD -;
[CD] , -
;
[CD] , -
.
(
),
, :
() = 1/(1 + 1[CD] + 2[CD]) = 1/(1 + (1+ 2) [CD]),
(3)

1 K2 1 2, .

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,
:
k() = k0() = k0/(1 + (1+ 2) [CD]),
(4)

k() CD;
k0 CD .
(4) ,
:
k0/k() = 1 + (1+ 2) [CD].
(5)

- 18. - (80:20 .%) , , -
, .1 .2.

2
3
1

. 1. -

, .2.
mV

2
3

40

20

1
4

10

tR,

. 2. -
1504.6 Kromasil 100-5C18, : 7.5% CH3CN, 2 % CH3COOH ;
1 /. 320 . -: 0; 0.001874;
0.003679 /. : 1 3-, 2 5- 3- 4 , 4 .

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_______________________________________________________________
5-
. [11-13], :
tR(3CQA) < tR(5CQA) < tR(4CQA).
(6)
.2 ,
- , ; ,
- [14].
(5), .3, -, (R2 0.998), 1:1.

k0/k()

(CD), /
. 3. 5CQA CD

-,
, 7.5 .% 2 .% : 107
12, 163 15 291 10 / 3CQA, 4CQA 5CQA. , , -
, . ,
.1.
1
-

1
2
3
4

, %
CH3CN
5.5
6.5
CH3COOH
5.0
5.0

, /

98 6
72 8
3-
51 6
37 4
4-
81 6
60 4
5-
146 12
116 9

(5.5)/(6.5)
1.36
1.37
1.35
1.26

. , 5CQA
, , .

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. , 4CQA (
) ,
. 20% , . 3CQA, ,
, ,
- , , ,

.
.
,
,
CD.
,
. 5CQA
6.5% 5.5% ,
4CQA, 3CQA (
), . .1. 5CQA , ( )
: Virtual
Computational Chemistry Laboratory (http://www.vcclab.org/lab/alogps/) ALOGPs
-2.46 1.67, .
, 5QCA ,
- -

-,
HyperChem 8.0 +, .4.

. 4. ) - 5CQA CD:
(1), ) - 5CQA CD: (2); ) - 4CQA CD

5CQA CD, .4.


. , 4CQA
,

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_______________________________________________________________
CD, .4, , ,
.

5QA CD . 1- ,
5QCA, . D2O -
, , .
-
, .
2, [15].
2H

7H

HO
5 eH

HO

6H

OH

O
O H
6e

3 aH

8H

6 aH

OH H2eH
2a

4 eH

5H

OH

OH

2. 5-

, .2, - .
,
. 5CQA -: 2, 6 5,
5CQA (2). , .3, ,
.
2
5CQA

2
5
6
7
8

D2O
7.1918
6.9760
7.1240
7.6089
6.3525

+ CD
7.2089
6.9722
7.1200
7.7078
6.4398

+
7.2607
7.0093
7.1894
7.6882
6.4349

.
+0.0518 / +0.0171
+0.0371 / -0.0038
+0.0694 / -0.0040
-0.0196 / +0.0989
-0.0049 / +0.0873

3


2
5
6
7
8

D2O
7.2124
6.9903
7.1494
7.6342
6.3683

+ CD
7.1473
6.9959
7.0851
7.6172
6.3133

+
7.2525
7.0050
7.1861
7.6691
6.4099

.
+0.1052 / -0.0651
+0.0091 / +0.0056
+0.1010 / -0.0643
+0.0519 / -0.0170
+0.0966 / -0.0550

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______________________________________________________________
,
5CQA - -. - - 3, 5 ( 4 CD ), , .5.

, ..
3
1
2
.
.
.
0
5 5-
. 05. 1-

D2O, , -
5CQA CD .

,
, .

1. .., .., ..
// .
2010. - .2. . 91-97.
2. Olthof M.R., Hollman P.C.H., Katan M.B. Chlorogenic Acid and Caffeic Acid Are Absorbed
in Humans // J. Nutr. 2001. V.131. P. 6671.
3. Olthof M.R., Hollman P.C., Zock P.L., Katan M.B. Consumption of high doses of
chlorogenic acid, present in coffee, or of black tea increases plasma total homocysteine
concentrations in humans // Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2001. V.73. P. 532538.
4. Monteiro M., Farah A., Perrone D., Trugo L.C., Donangelo C. Chlorogenic Acid
Compounds from Coffee Are Differentially Absorbed and Metabolized in Humans // J. Nutr. 2007.
V.137. P. 21962201.
5. Lin L.-Z., Harnly J.M. Identification of Hydroxycinnamoylquinic Acids of Arnica Flowers
and Burdock Roots Using a Standardized LC-DAD-ESI/MS Profiling Method // J. Agric. Food
Chem. 2008. V.56. P. 10105-10114.
6. Grnas P., Neunert G., Baczyski K., Polewski K., Beta-cyclodextrin complexes with
chlorogenic and caffeic acids from coffee brew: Spectroscopic, thermodynamic and molecular
modelling study // Food Chemistry. 2009. V.114. P. 190196.
7. Alvarez-Parrilla E., de la Rosa L.A., Torresrivas F., Rodrigo-Garcia J., Gonzalez-Aguilar
G.A. Complexation of Apple Antioxidants: Chlorogenic Acid, Quercetin and Rutin by -Cyclodextrin
(-CD) // J. Incl. Phenom. Macrocycl. Chem. 2005. V.53. P. 121129.

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_______________________________________________________________
8. Rodrigues E., Vazi S., Gil V.M.S.S., Caldeira M.M., da Silva A.M.G.M. Inclusion of
Polyphenol Oxidase Substrates in -Cyclodextrin: A 1H-NMR Study // J. Incl. Phenom. Macrocycl.
Chem. 2002. V.44. P. 395397.
9. lvarez-Parrilla E., Palos R., de la Rosa L.A., Frontana-Uribe B.A., Gonzlez-Aguilar G.A.,
Machi L., Ayala-Zavala J.F. Formation of Two 1:1 Chlorogenic Acid: -cyclodextrin Complexes at pH
5: Spectroscopic, Thermodynamic and Voltammetric study // J. Mex. Chem. Soc. 2010. V.54(2).
P. 103-110.
10. Zhao M., Wang H., Yang B., Tao H. Identification of cyclodextrin inclusion complex of
chlorogenic acid and its antimicrobial activity // Food Chem. V.120. P. 1138-1142.
11. Maldini M., Montoro P., Kapusta I., Oleszek W., Piacente S., Pizza C. Quantitative
Analysis of Caffeoylquinic Acids and Styrylpyrones in Sweetia panamensis Bark by UPLC //
Chromatographia. 2009. V.70. P. 16211626.
12. Clifford M.N., Zheng W., Kuhneret N. Profiling the Chlorogenic Acids of Aster by HPLC
MSn // Phytochem. Anal. 2006. V.17. P. 384393
13. Cliffford M.N., Johnston K.L., Knight S., Kuhnert N. Hierarchical Scheme for LC-MSn
Identification of Chlorogenic Acids M.N. // J. Agric. Food Chem. - 2003. - V.51. - P. 29002911.
14. .., .., ..
// . 2007. .81, 7. . 1221-1226.
15. Tolonen A., Joutsamo T., Mattlla S., Kmrinen T., Jalonen J. Identification of isomeric
dicaffeoylquinic acids from Eleutherococcus senticosus using HPLC-ESI/TOF/MS and 1H-NMR
methods // Phytochem. Anal. 2002. V.13. P. 316-328.

INVESTIGATION OF SUPRAMOLECULAR COMPLEXES OF CHLOROGENIC ACIDS


WITH -CYCLODEXTRIN
I.P. Anisimovich
V.I. Deineka
L.. Deineka
Belgorod National Research University, 308015 Belgorod,
Pobeda Str.
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

By means of HPLC constants of complex formation of isomeric


chlorogenic as well as caffeic acids with -cyclidextrin. The formation of two
complexes with different geometry for 5-caffeoylquinic acid has been
proved by 1-NMR spectra. The reasons of complexes stabilities was
considered discussed and confirmed by + structure optimization.
Key words: supramolecular complexes, constants of complex
formation, chlorogenic acids, caffeic acid, -cyclodextrin, HPLC, 1-NMR.

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233

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543.54:547.973

,

.., ..
..
.. , ..


, 308015 .,
. 85.
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

Lonicera caerulea L., . ,


0,738 0,025 0,422 0,034 100 ,
,
. 01- , 13.1 1.5 6.3 0.8 100 , .
: , Lonicera caerulea L., , , , 01-

(Caprifoliaceae), 15
500 , , , [1]. (Lonicera)
180 ,
L. tatarica L. ( )
L. xylosteum L. (Lonicera edulis Turcz. ex Freyn). , (L. caerulea L.), ,
- : (L. kamtschatica (Sevast.) Pojark.)), (L. edulis
Turcz.), (L. turczaninowii Pojark.), (L. regeliana Bochkarn.), (L. altaica Pall.).
.
, 20 .
, . .
0.6251.736 /100 ,
[2]. 0.116 0.339 100 [3].
(0.235 100 ) [4]. 1.081 100 -3 [5]. 0.116-0.593 /100 [6]. , , 0.186
0.961 100 [7].
, , ,

, .
, -

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_______________________________________________________________
, . .

0.1 HCl
, 98%- .
-56
- .
. -3-, , = 26900 /() [8].
01- 1,3 -
( ..).
0,0022 /. 1,2 3/.
Agilent 1200 Infinity
- . : 2504.6 Symmetry C18, 5 ; 40. : 8 .% 10 .%
, 1 /.

(30 ),
2005 , ,
0.104 ( ) 1,064 ( 3) 100 , 2/3 0.500 .
, , . , , 1 100
. ,
, .
: , ,
0,329 (2006 .) 0,300 (2007 .) 100 ( , 1 ) 0,734
, .
, (2005 .),
: ,
- 0.522 (2006) 0.215 (2007 .); 0,340 0,255 100 .
0,677 (2005 .), 0,337 (2006 .) 0,240 (2007 .) 100 . , , , , ,
.
( ) .
2011

,
.
0.1
HCl ,

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(0,738 0,025 100 ) , (0,422 0,034 100 .). (. 1).

. 1. ,
(1) (2)

,
: [9], : -3 ( 2); - -3- ( 4)
-3,5- ( 1), ,
3- ( 5) ( 6), . 2.

2
4
6
3

. 2. Lonicera caerulea L.

-3,5 ( 3), -3- ( 7) .


(
-3- -3-),
( -3- -3-), ( -3-) (
-3,5-),
(. 3) (ESMS) .

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_______________________________________________________________
, -3,5-
-3-
2 , 420 460 .

3 , ,
2 , . , ,
, .

2
5
4
1

. 3.
.2: 1 3,5-; 2 3-, 3 3-
(3-) 5 -3-

,
.
( ) --01.
, [9], [10] , . ,
TROLOX ( 6--2,5,7,8--2- ), [11], , - , .

( ), , ,
. 0.1
0,0022 .
, , ,
13.1 1.5 100 , ,
6.3 0.8 ( 100 ),
1150 550 100 , . ,
, , -

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237

______________________________________________________________
[2] . , ,
, [12].

, , ,
,
, .
.

1. .. (Caprifoliaceae) /
. . . . .. , .: , 1981. . 375.
2. Rop O., eznek V., Mlek J., Jurkov T., Balk J., Sochor J., Kramov D. Antioxidant
and radical oxygen species scavenging activities of 12 cultivars of blue honeysuckle fruit // Hort. Sci.
(Prague). 2011. - V.38. P. 6370.
3. Encyclopedia of fruit and nuts. Ed. J. Janick and R.E. Paull. CAB International 2008. P. 233.
4. Ochimian I., Grajkowski J., Skupien K. Yield and Chemical Composition of Blue Honeysuckle
Fruit Depending on Ripening Time // Bulletin UASVM Horticulture. 2010. V.67. P. 138-147.
5. Bakowska-Barczak A.M., Marianchuk M., Kolodziejczyk P. Survey of bioactive components in Western Canadian berries // Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 2007. V.85. P. 1139-1152.
6. Chaovanalikit A. Anthocyanins, total phenolics, and antioxidant capacity of bluehoneysuckles. In Abstracts of The 30th Congress on Science and Techonology of Thailand, 19-21 October
2004. Impact Exhibition and Convention Center, Muang Thang Thani, Bangkok, Thailand.
http://www.scisoc.or.th/stt/30/sec_c/paper/stt30_C0213.pdf
7. .., .., .., ..
Lonicera caerulea L.
// . . . 2011. - 3. C. 39-45.
8. Giusti M.M, Ronald E. Wrolstad R.E. Characterization and Measurement of Anthocyanins
by UV-Visible Spectroscopy // Current Protocols in Food Analytical Chemistry (2001) F1.2.1-F1.2.13.
9. .. -
// . . .
(. . . - . .. ). 2008. T.5. C. 130-135.
10. .., .., .., .., .. :
// 2010 - 9(80). C. 104-111.
11. Huang D., Ou B., Prior R.L. The Chemistry behind Antioxidant Capacity Assays //
J. Agric. Food Chem. 2005. V.53. P. 1841-1856.
12. Chaovanalikit A., Thompson M.M., Wrolstad R.E. Characterization and Quantification of
Anthocyanins and Polyphenolics in Blue Honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea L.) // J. Agric. Food
Chem. 2004. V.52. P. 848-852.

BLUE HONEYSUCKLE COMPARISSON OF SOME FRUIT PROPERTIES GROWN


IN BELGOROD AND MOSCOW
.N.Chulkov, S.L. Makarevitch
V.I. Deineka, L.. Deineka,
S.A. Sazonov
Belgorod National Research
University, 308015Belgorod,
Pobeda str. 85
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

By means of HPLC and spectrophovetry the fruit anthocyanins


accumulation in blue honeysuckle grown in Moscow region and in
Belgorod were investigated. Annthocyanin content of the fruits was
found to be 0,738 0,025 and 0,422 0,034 g per 100 g of fresh
fruits respectively, this revealed a more convinient conditions for
lonicera development in Moscow region. The Tzvet Yausa-1-AA
devie has been explored for fruits antioxidant capacity
determination; the difference between the data was also almost
twofold - 13.1 1.5 and 6.3 0.8 mmole of per 100 g, respectively.
Key words: blue honeysuckle, Lonicera caerulea L., anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, HPLC, Tzvet Yauza 01-

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543.635:634.72

RIBES L.1

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru


R. nigrum
. , ( 100 280 %
).
( 67 345 100 ) , , -3-,
-3- . ,
, Ribes alpinum , (Ribes aureum) -. ,
, (- -) () .
: Ribes, ,
, , , , .

(Ribes L.) Grossulariaceae; 120 150 [1-3], , Eucoreosma ( ) Ribesia ( ). ,


Symphocalyx, , (Ribes aureum Pursh).
.
( ) (Ribes nigrum L.),

(R. americium Milt.), (R. dikuscha Fisch.),
(R. pauciflorum Turcz.) .
,
, .

[5-7]. ; 4,5 [4]. , , .
.. [8] 18-20%,
12,2-12,5%. , .
1


-
2009-2013 ., 508 14.05.2010
.

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2,13,2%, 3,9
5,4%, 1,52,0% [9].
. , , [10]. , . , ,
, , 98-100%
[11].

. , (. 1).
OH
HO

OH

OH

HO

F3'H
OH
OH O
OH
DFR
ANS
OH
3GT
HO

OH

F3H

OH
HO

HO

OH

OH
HO

OGlu

HO

OCH3
OH

OH

HO
OGlu

OH
-3-, Pn3G

ANS
3GT
+
O

HO
OCH3
OGlu

OH
OH
OGlu

OH
-3-, Pg3G

OCH3

OH

OH

OH O
OH
DFR

OGlu

OH
-3-, C3G
MT

F3',5'H
OH
O
DFR
ANS
3GT
+
O

HO

OH

OH

MT

OH
-3-, M 3G

OH
-3-, D3G
MT
O

OCH3
OH

OH
OGlu

OH
-3-, Pt3G

. 1.

-3- (F3H) , , -

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, -
( F3H F35H).
-4- (DFR), (ANS) 3- (3GT) , [12]. 3-
(MT) ( ),
( ).
, , ,
-6-, 3- 3- .
: 270 /100 [13],
83-199 /100 17 [14], 300 /100
[15]. ,
(23-127 % ) [16].
[17]. ,
- , . ,
, , , . . , (, ), [18]. .
[19],
.
, . ,
-3 (15,0%
) [20]. [21],
Ribes 30,5%.
19% - , ,


, , .

38 R. nigrum,
. , .

, -
( ). - - .
-3-01.

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0.1 [22].
3 - 5 .
,
0.4 . . .
,
, .
,
Altex 110A Beckman 110B, Rheodyne 7125
20 : Nicolet LC/9563
R401 Waters Millipore.
: 2504,0 , -110-18, 5 (, ); 2504,0 ,
Reprosil-Pur C18-AQ, 5 (. ); 2504,6 , 18.
1,5
(Ampersand ltd).
: (...
-1), (... -205, ), (..), (..).
, .. .

2. , R. nigrum
, . , .. [23], , .
3

mV

4
2

200

100
1
0
0

10

. 2. R. nigrum L.
1 - , 2 ,3 ,
4

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R. nigrum ( ), , 1,59-2,91%,
2,23%, ,
[23], .
, .
J.G Bordonaba L.A. Terry [24]
40,2 81,5% , 2,6 7,4%.
( ) R. nigrum (
Eucoreosma) 79 312 % (. 1).
1
R. nigrum

6-26-70
6-21-103

6-10-42


, %
129,022,7
117,85,4
133,66,4


, %
123,623,9
281,032,8
211,623,5

168,917,0

109,912,8

100,311,3

167,414,9

215,721,6

123,623,9

133,910,7

226,713,6

161,68,1

142,912,9

175,019,2

210,416,8

145,919,7

129,313,0

166,013,3
c
234,218,7

, %, 183,227,9

225,521,5
148,011,8
156,918,8
264,821,2
117,311,7
142,09,4
168,113,4
161,313,8
131,79,9
112,610,0
151,211,9
253,721,1
179,014,3
148,911,6
167,720,8
214,412,3

( 51%) ( 8%),
( 27 36%) (. 3).

() , ,
30% , [25].


.

R. nigrum , . , ,
: -3- (D3G) -3 (D3R) -3- (3G) -3- (C3R).
. 4 .

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, %

250,0
200,0
1

150,0

100,0
50,0
0,0
1
2
3
4
5
6
( 7 .)

. 3. R. nigrum
: 1 ; 2 .

mV

4
1
200

100

0
ch

01
5
10
. 4. :
- ; ; - ; ; 1 D3G; 2 D3R; 3 C3G; 4 C3R.

R. nigrum
,
(. 2).
R. nigrum , [24] [26], ,
[25] [15] .
R. nigrum,
-

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155 240 100 . R. nigrum ssp. sibiricum
120-160 100 .
R. nigrum

*, %
D3G
D3R
C3G
C3R
4,8
62,8
2,4
30,0
5,0
67,3
2,6
25,1
7,7
54,0
5,5
32,8
9,7
49,2
6,1
35,0
11,8
58,9
6,5
22,8

2005
163
102
194
196
145

**, /100
2006
2007
2008

245
256
325
247 76
92
131
194
130 64
126
143
159
156 38
139
142
155
158 34
215
197
234
198 36

10,0

66,3

2,6

21,1

206

242

184

252

221 31

5,5
6,6
5,9
9,9

63,7
62,8
60,1
50,0

2,4
3,3
4,7
7,6

28,4
27,3
29,3
32,5

188
128
97
176

252
118
58
270

259
298
145
235

345
292
164
311

261 84
209 89
116 29
248 62

9,9

31,8

11,1

46,2

184

214

199

252

212 40

7,7
9,6
8,2
12,9
10,1
9,8

47,8
62,1
54,9
57,9
50,1
59,5

3,9
4,4
7,7
4,1
4,8
4,1

40,6
23,9
29,2
25,1
34,7
26,6

91
118
180
157
68
147

77
183
183
142
67
249

120
133
197
175
92
208

168
204
201
219
76
306

114 52
160 44
190 11
173 46
76 16
228 58

* - ; ** -3-.

- ,
. - , ; ,
.5.

.
190

,
%
150
200
200
110

70

4

(7.)

. 5. R. Nigrum 2007-2008 .
( )

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, , .
R. aureum
, -,
(. 6).

mV
3

50

2
1

0
0

10
5
. 6.

- R. aureum Pursh.; - R. alpinum L.; 1 ; 2 -;


3 ; 4 -

( -) 8 19 %
.
.. [27] 5 12 %
.
, , , 4 .
, . Ribes -.

-, , R. nigrum 1,3 %,
R. aureum 3,7 7,6 % (
-), R. alpinum 3,3 4,4 % ( ),
Ribesia 0,5 2,0 %.

.
Ribes :
, .. (
- -) . 8-14 22, (16) 18 ,
.

(. 7).

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,
Ribes (R. nigrum R. alpinum), , - - (11-16%
), - ( (3-6%
), [28,29]. [11] ,
(
) -
- ( 300 ), 210 .

mV

20

10

0
0

10

20

30

. 7. R. nigrum, (), R. alpinum (),


Grossularia reclinata ()

, , .

1. .. (Grossulariaceae) / . . .. . . . .: , 1981. . 169.
2. .. . .: , 1981. 510 .
3. .. , , . : . . -, 1992. 384 .
4. http://www.apte.ru/product/Terra-plant_ChERNAYa_SMORODINA
5. Karjalainen R., Anttonen M., Saviranta N., Hilz H., Srewart D., Mcdougall G.J., Mattila P.,
Trrnene R. A Review on Bioactive Compounds in Black Currants (Ribes nigrum L.) and Their Potential Health-Promoting Properties // Acta horticulturae. 2009. N.839. P. 301-307.
6. .., ..
// . 2010. - 1. - . 13-16.
7. .., .. // . - 2010. - 2. - . 9-12.
8. .. // . . 1961. .6. .153-164.

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9. .., .., ..
// . 1999. 9. . 64-67.
10. ..
: . . .
. : 05.18.15 / . - . -. ., 1971. 26.
11. .. // . 2003. 2. . 37-39.
12. Jaakola L., Maata K., Pirtilla A.M., Torronen R., Karenlampi S., Hohtola A. Expression of
Genes Involved in Anthocyanin Biosynthesis in Relation to Anthocyanin, Proanthocyanidin, and Flavonol Levels during Bilberry Fruit Development // Plant Physiology. 2002. V. 130. P. 729739.
13. Antal D.-S., Grban G., Grban Z. The anthocyans: biologically-active substances of food
and pharmaceutic interest // The Annals of the University Dunarea de Jos of Galati Fascicle VI
Food Technology. - 2003. P. 106-115.
14. Bordonaba J.G., Terry L.A. Biochemical Profiling and Chemometric Analysis of Seventeen UK-Grown Black Currant Cultivars // J. Agric. Food Chem. 2008. V.56. P. 7422-7430.
15. Maatta K., Kamal-Eldin A., Trrnen R. Phenolic compounds in berries of black, red,
green, and white currants (Ribes sp.) // Antiox. Redox Signal. - 2001. V. 3 (6). P. 981-993.
16. .. . .: . , 2008. 320 .
17. Takashi S., Furihata K., Ishidsu J., Shimada K. Carotenoids sulphates from the aerobic
photosynthetic bacterium Erytrobacteria logus // Phynochemestry. 1991. V. 30. - P. 3411-3415.
18. .., .., .., .., ..
// . - 2005. - 6.
- . 46-48.
19. Velasco L., Goffman F.D. Chemosystematic significance of fatty acids and tocopherols in
Boraginaceae // Phytochem. 1999. V. 52. P. 244-345.
20. Vecera R., Skottov N., Vna P., Kazdov L., Chmela Z., Svagera Z., Walter D., Ulrichov
J., Simnek V. Antioxidant status, lipoprotein profile and liver lipids in rats fed on high-cholesterol diet
containing currant oil rich in n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids // Physiol Res. 2003. V. 52
(2). P. 177-187.
21. Traitler H., Winter H., Richli U., Ingenbleek Y. Characterization of gamma-linolenic acid
in Ribes seed // Lipids. 1984. V. 19(12). P. 923-928.
22. .., .., .., .., .. // . . 2006. . 72. 3. . 16-20.
23. i .. i i // . 2007. 1(6). . 8-14.
24. Bordonaba J.G., Terry L.A. Biochemical Profiling and Chemometric Analysis of Seventeen UK-Grown Black Currant Cultivars // J. Agric. Food Chem. 2008. V.56. P. 7422-7430.
25. Rubinskiene M., Viskelis P., Jasutiene I., Duchovskis P., Bobinas C. Changes in biologically active constituents during ripening in black currants // J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 2006. V.
14. P. 237-246.
26. Kampuss K., Strautina S. Evaluation of blackcurrant genetic resources for sustainable
prodaction // J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. - 2004. V. 12. . 147-158.
27. .., .. // : .-. ., 110- .. . , 2007. . 294-300.
28. Barre D.E. Potential of evening primrose, borage, black currant, and fungal oil in human
health // Ann. Nutr. Metab. - 2001. V.45. P. 47-57.
29. Vecera R., Skottov N., Vna P., Kazdov L., Chmela Z., Svagera Z., Walter D., Ulrichov
J., Simnek V. Antioxidant status, lipoprotein profile and liver lipids in rats fed on high-cholesterol diet
containing currant oil rich in n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids // Physiol Res. 2003.
V. 52 (2). P. 177-187.

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BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES OF RIBES L. FRUITS
.I. Shaposhnik
L.. Deineka
V.N. Sorokopudov
V.I. Deineka
J.V. Burmenko
V.V. Kartushinskiy
A.V. Tregubov
Belgorod State National
Research University
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

A review of some biologically active compounds in fruits of black currants of BSU Botanical garden collection is presented. The main fruits carboxylic acids were citric, ascorbic and malic. Ascorbic acid accumulation as
well as the dynamics belongs upon the varieties ranging from 100 to 280
mg%. The anthocyanin accumulation level varied from 65 to 345 mg per 100
g of fresh fruits between varieties and years of harvesting the four main components being the main for the all samles under investigation delphinidin3-glucoside, delphinidin-3-rutinoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin -3rutinoside. It has been pointed out that some another Ribes genus accumulate high level of -carotene (R. aureum) or lycopene (R. alpinum). The seed
oil of the species was composed mainly with C18 acids, including - and linilenic as well as stearidonic acid.
Key words: Ribes, carboxylic acids, ascorbic acid, anthocyanins, carotenoids, seed oil, HPLC, spectrophotometry.

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543.555.4+543.556.4+543.544.5.068.7

,

..
.
..
..
..

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

(, )
( )
, .

.
: , , , , , ,
, .

, , . [1].
,
.
, .. [2]. (, , , ) ( [3]), , , .
, ,

. , . , . , .

. , 28
1999 . 21,
:
. , ( ), /, D- , L- . ( = 8,1), , D- , /
( ), L- , /, ,
, , , /, , /, , /,
.

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_______________________________________________________________
. :
.. . ,
.

.
. ,
[4, 7],
[6].
,
() . , [7], . , ,
. , 3, . , ,
, . ().
, , , . , , , (330)
.
(338), , , .

. , . , . , : 8.9 [8]; 8.30 0.01 [9;10]; 8,2 [11]; 8,8
[4]. , ( ) [12].
,
( = 8.1), , .
, [13 16], [17].


: -10601/7 (
-150) / -1 ( 4100) -

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______________________________________________________________
. , , ( ).
.
( 3 30 ) 50 200 ; , , .
( ).

- ( )
[18].
, ,
.

, ,
.
.
.
, ,
[19, 20], . 1.
1

/100

1.15*
1.43*
0.83*
1.15*
1.19**
1.64**
0.5**
0.78**
0.003-0.0035**
0.5**
0.008**
0.012**
0.008**
0.014**
2.7*
3.2*
0.23***
0.48***
0.96*
1.04*
1.44**
1.58**
0.22-0.76**
0.45-0.97**

20
28
27
36
39-43
32
41
17
52
7.7
7.1
23-51

3.1
2.84
2.05
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2.5
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2
3.1
2.2
2

* ; ** ; ***


- , 1.
. 2 . ,

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(, ),
- . ,
, , ,
.
2

mV

20
0

10

tR,

. 1
1 , 2 , 2504 . Reprosil-pur C18-AQ 2 .%
(205 ); , ; ; ; ;
; ; .

, , , 2, , . , ,


.
, . 2, .
,
, -

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______________________________________________________________
,
, .
2

*
*
*

**

**
4 () **
() **
() **
() **
() **
() **

,
/
10.2
8.5
16.3

,
/
12.8
12.1
20.3


3.0
2.8
2.8

4.5

6.5

2.0

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6.9

2.1

3.1
4.1
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5.0
6.3
6.3

5.4
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7.9
7.9
8.5

2.1
2.5
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.2

* ; ** .

(. 2).
1

mV

2
3

5
4

1200

800

400

5
. 2.

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ( ), 6 . : , , , - , .

, , . , -

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_______________________________________________________________
, , .
, , . , . [21] , , , 140-1500 .
, ,
.
,
, .. 100 %- .
,
. ,
.

(CocaCola, Pepsi) ,
. , . 3.
3


( 2), /*
**, /
, /

Pepsi light
2.10
0.67
0.93

Pepsi
1.67
0.67
0.77

Coca-cola light
2.04
0.63
1.10

Coca-cola
1.99
0.68
0.98

Coca-cola express
1.11
0.67
0.77

* - ; ** - 2.


: 2.41 3
2.17 2.34 .
, ,
(IV), . , 2
, . 4.
4
2

, 2

Pepsi light
Pepsi
Coca-cola light
Coca-cola
Coca-cola
express


2
42.8
34.5
41.7
40.7
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. /
, 1*
, 2*
, 1**
, 2**
2

4.12
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25.0
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1.91

11.5

:
( 2 :

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, 2 * *

1 **

( 2 * * 1 * *)
100,%
2 **

2 -
, , - . ( ) .
, Pepsi light, Pepsi, Coca-cola, Coca-cola express
, .. , 2. Coca-cola
light ( = 1.6),
. Coca-cola
Coca-cola light (
).

, , ( [22, 23])
,
, .

1. .., .. - - , - - 2007 46 .
2. ., ., . . .: . 1966. 512 .
3. Munir E., Yoon J.J., Tokimatsu T., Hattori T., Shimada M. A physiological role for oxalic
acid biosynthesis in the wood-rotting basidiomycete Fomitopsis palustris // Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.
2001. V.98. P. 1112611130.
4 Gomis B.D., Gutierrez M.J., Alvarez G.M.D., Medel S.A. HighPerformance Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Major Organic Acids in Apple Juices and Ciders // Chromatographia.
- 1987. - V.24. - P. 347-350.
5. Gorsel H., Li C., Kerbel E., Smits M., Kader A. Compositional Characterization of Prune
Juice // J. Agric. Food. Chem. 1992 V.40. P. 784-789.
6. Gomis D., Gutierrez M., Alvarez M., Alonso J. Application of HPLC to Characterization
and Control of Individual Acids in Apple Extracts and Ciders // Chromatographia 1988. V.25.
. 1054-1058.
7. Ryan J., Dupont J. Identification and Analysis of the Major Acids from Fruit Juices and
Wines // J. Agric. Food. Chem. 1973 V.21 1 P. 45-49.
8. 3624-92. . .
9. 51455-99. . .
10. Thangavelu S., Chiranjivi Rao K. Titratable acidity of juice of sugarcane genetic stocks
and its association with other characters// J. Indian Sugar. 1996. V.46. P. 391-396.
11. Ayala-Zavala J.F., Wang S.Y., Wang C.Y., Gonzlez-Aguilar G.A. Methyl jasmonate in
conjunction with ethanol treatment increases antioxidant capacity, volatile compounds and postharvest life of strawberry fruit // Eur. Food Res. Technol. 2005. V.221. P. 731738.
12. 5898-87. . .
13. Badoud R., Pratz G. Improved high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of
some carboxylic acids in food and beverages as their p-nitrobenzyl esters // J. Chromatogr. .
1986. V.360. P. 119136.

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14. Yalcin D., Ozcalik O., Altiok E., Bayraktar O. haracterization and recovery of tartaric acid from wastes of wine and grape juice industries // J. Therm. Anal. Calorimetry. 2008. - V.94.
P. 767771.
15. Marce R.M., Calull M., Manchobas R.M., Borrull F., Rius F.X. An Optimized Direct Method for the Determination of Carboxylic Acids in Beverages by HPLC // Chromatographia. 1990. V.29. - P. 54-58.
16. Marconi O., Floridi S., Montanari L. Organic acids profile in tomato juice by HPLC with
UV detection // J. Food Quality. 2007. V.30. P. 4356.
17. Miwa H.J. High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of mono-, poly- and
hydroxycarboxylic acids in foods and beverages as their 2- nitrophenylhydrazides // J. Chromatogr.
A. 2000. V.881. P. 365385.
18. Cunha S.C., Fernandes J.O., Ferreira I. HPLC/UV determination of organic acids in fruit
juices and nectars // Eur. Food Res. Technol. 2002. V.214. P. 6771.
19. .., .., .., ..
//
. . . 2008. - .63, 8. .852-857.
20. .. .- .: , 2004.
528 .
21. Gurrieri F., Audergon J., Albagnac G., Reich M. Soluble sugars and carboxylic acids in
ripe apricot fruit as parameters for distinguishing different cultivars// Euphytica. - 2001 V.117
P. 183-189.
22. Zadernowski R., Naczk M., Nesterowicz J. Phenolic acid profiles in some small berries //
J. Agric. Food Chem. 2005. V.53. P. 2118-2124.
23. Pako P, Sajewicz M., Gorinstein S., Zachwieja Z. Analysis of selected phenolic acids and
flavonoids in Amaranthus Cruentus and Chenopodium Quinoa seeds and sprouts by HPLC // Acta
chromatographica. -2008. V.20. P. 661672.

DETERMINATION OF SOME FRUITS, JUICES AND BEVERAGES ACIDITY


I.P. Anisimovich
R.S. Othman
L.. Deineka
V.I. Deineka
L.V. Voloshenko
Belgorod National Research
University
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

A new method for determination of acidity parameters (titrable,


total and mean basicity of acid summ) by neans of titration with two
types of electrochemical electrodes (the validity of the method being
proved by HPLC) has been applied for some common fruits, juices
and beverages. The data were shown to be utilized for quality as well
as for adulteration non expansive determination.
Key words: titrable and total acidity, juices, beverages, organic
acid, titrimetry, potentiometry, conductometry, HPLC

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543.422.3:686.862.5

..
..

e-mail: shaposhnik@bsu.edu.ru

22 , 9
10 , , , , , , ,
, . ,

,
. , ,

.
: ,
,
,
,
-.

, 12 15 , 2010 .
, , -
. , , (, ) ,

.
,
, , ,
.
, , - [1]. .

, , ,
[2]. ,
, : ,
. , , , .
[3]: , , ,
, ( ), , ,
.
, . -

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_______________________________________________________________
, , . - .

, . [4],
[5] - , , .
, ,
, , [6]. .
.
. ,
-.

22 , 9 , 10 (, , , , , , , ), .
,
(
)
. ,
, , , ,
.
-56 ( ) 400 750 . 65% (.) .
, -56 210
240 .


. , .
.

, ,
. . ,
(pH = 2, pH=3, pH=4, pH=5), ,
.

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259

______________________________________________________________
,
.
, , .
, , ().
.
, -56 ( )
400 750 .

, 300 650 .

(. 1).

1
5

. 1.
1 - Cello Maxriter (); 2 - Tukzar (); 3 - Berkly (); 4 - BIEFA ();
5 - Cello Pin Point ()


, .

(Cello
Maxriter), (STABILO 030 XF), (Unix 2001 TC POINT)
(BIEFA) -56 300
600 (. 2). 4 ,
,
max=347 , 458 max=528 . -

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_______________________________________________________________
STABILO 030 XF
, 1 ,
458 . ,
max=350 , 520
max=557 .
(BIEFA), .
(max) 541 .
,
(65% (.) ) -56 - 210 250 .

2
3

. 2. :
1 - Cello Maxriter (); 2 - STABILO 030 XF (); 3 - Unix 2001 TC POINT;
4 - BIEFA ()


(. 3, 4), 3 :
1 : Corvina () 217 ;
2 : Cello Maxriter (), Erich Krause (), Parm (), Stabilo
(), Pensan () 218 ;
3 : (), Stabilo (), ( ).

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______________________________________________________________
2

1
4

. 3.
:
1 - Cello Maxriter (); 2 - (); 3 - Erich Krause (); 4 - Parm ()

2
1

. 4.
:
1 Pensan (); 2 - Corvina (); 3 Stabilo (); 4 - ( )

,

Corvina (),
.
, 2 .
, 217, 218 219 ,
- .

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_______________________________________________________________

4
5

. 5.
:
1 - Pensan My Pen (); 2 - Berkly Delta (); 3 - Erich Krause Megapolis ();
4 - Cello Maxriter (); 5 - Corvina ().

() (.5,6), 7 :
1 : Pensan My Pen () 221 ;
2 : BOOM () 222 ;
3 : Stabilo () 223 ;
4 : Erich Krause Megapolis () 224 ;
5 : Berkly Delta () 225 ;
6 : Cello Maxriter (), PILOT () 228 ;
7 : Corvina (), KOOH-I-NOOR () 229 .
,
(Pensan My Pen (), BOOM (), Stabilo (), Erich Krause Megapolis
(), Berkly Delta ())
,
. Cello Maxriter (), PILOT
(), Corvina (), KOOH-I-NOOR () ,
. , 221-225, 228 229 , - .
-
, .
,
, , 5 9 , 1 9
.

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. 6.
:
1 - Stabilo (); 2 - BOOM (); 3 - PILOT (); 4 - KOOH-I-NOOR ().

.
, ,
.

1. .., .., .. . , . - .:
, 1987. - 96 .
2. .. , // . - .: , 1966. - 16-17. - .39-41.
3. .., .., .. . // . -.: , 1993. - 122. - .12.
4. .. // : . . . .. .- :
. , 2006. - .225-229.
5. Djavanshir Djozan, Tahmineh Baheri,Ghader Karimian, Masomeh Shahidi Forensic discrimination of blue ballpoint pen inks based on thin layer chromatography and image analysis// Forensic Science, 2008. - Int.179. - pp 199-205.
6. ..
// . - .: , 1993. - 38..86-91.

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_______________________________________________________________
POSSIBILITIES OF SPECTROPHOTOMETRY RESEARCH OF BALLPOINT PEN INKS
OF MODERN MANUFACTURERS
E.I. Shaposhnik
I.G. Evtushenko
Belgorod National Research
University

e-mail: shaposhnik@bsu.edu.ru

22 samples of blue, 9 of black, and 10 of red ballpoint pens inks of


different manufacturers of Germany, India, China, Russia, Italy, Czechia, Turkey and Japan, presented on the Belgorod market, have been
investigated by UV-VIS spectrophotometry. Solvent systems based upon
acetonitrile and dimethylformamide were utilized for paint extraction to
investigate their spectral properties. The method has been shown to be
suitable for the inks classification and identification.
Keywords: inks of ballpoint pens, forensic methods, identification, spectrophotometry.

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______________________________________________________________
581.9:582.734.3


CRATAEGUS L.
..
..
..


, ,
. , . , 85.
e-mail: baks922@rambler.ru, sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru, irina.navalneva@mail.ru

, ,
Crataegus L., .
,
.
: , , , , , , , .

,
, .
- .

( ). -
, , , , .
, - . 3 %
1000 % .
: -. ,
, , . : , ,
.
- [1].
, , , . , ,
. - , , . [2, 3].
() ,
. ; , , . .
(E163). [4].

, - .

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, , , , ,
.
. , , . 4 11 % , , , (, ), ,
, , , , , , . 0,26 0,93 %. , .
: 31-108 % ( 257,3), 330-680 %, 2-4 % ( 75). , , [5, 6].
, ,
, , . . 200 . ,

.
, . ,
, . , [6].
, .

20 Crataegus L.: C. arnoldiana (Sarg.), C. canadensis (Sarg.), C. chlorosarea (Maxim.), C. crusgalli (L.), C. douglasii (Lindl.), C. flabellata ((Spach) Kirchn.), C. holmesiana (Ashe), C.
lumaria (Ashe), C. maximowiczii (C.K.Schneid.), C. monogyna (Jacq.), C. pentagyna
(Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.), C. persimilis (Sarg.), C. pringlei (Sarg.), C. punctata (Jacq.), C.
rotundifolia (Moench), C. sanguinea (Pall.), C. turkestanica (Pojark.), C. ellwangeriana
(Sarg.), C. submollis (Sarg.), C. macracantha (Lodd). 7-8
18 (90%), . 2009 . 13. , 2009 ,
(-18).
2010 . .
:
1.
2,6-.
. 2,6-
( ) , , - [7, 8].
2. (II) (I) .
( ) .
, Cu2+,
[2, 9].
3. ( ) (

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-102)
- [1].
4. -102. 0,1 [4].
5. .
105 ( 28561-90) [10].


Crataegus 2009 . ,
72,052,65 %, : C. deksiflora, C. crus-galli. : C. maximowiczii (64,931,75 %) C. arnoldiana
(65,931,78 %). C.
macracantha (80,962,19 %).
, 2010 ,
,
, C. arnoldiana 3,5
(231,477,35 %). C. flabellate
(233,167,4 %), C. crus-galli (217,46,9 %), C. submollis (231,797,36 %).
(. 1).
2009 ,
, , .

4,651,15 %. , : C. flabellate, C. deksiflora,
C. canadensis, C. sanguinea. : C. rotundifolia (2,810,46 %), C. ellwangeriana (2,370,39 %). C. chlorosarea 10,491,73%. [3, 6].
Crataegus

C. arnoldiana
C. flabellata
C. deksiflora
C. chlorosarea
C. canadensis
C. rotundifolia
C. macracantha
C. maximowiczii
C. monogyna
C. sanguinea
C. turkestanica
C. crus-galli
C. ellwangeriana
C. pentagyna
C. persimilis
C. submollis
C. holmesiana
C. pringlei

-* -

, %
2009
2010
65,93

1,78
231,47

7,35
70,42

1,90
233,16

7,40
72,27

1,95
107,97

3,63
70,59

1,91
116,00

3,90
73,32

1,98
105,92

3,56
-*
113,39

3,81
80,96

2,19
112,41

3,78
64,93

1,75
101,87

3,42
70,29

1,90
110,29

3,71
119,95

4,03
75,58

2,04
91,26

3,07
72,86

1,97
217,40

6,90
75,35

2,04
111,91

3,76
116,00

3,90
112,06

3,77
231,79

7,36
108,78

3,66
113,64

3,82

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. 447 , . 4,981,75 /100. : C. sanguinea, C. ellwangeriana, . maximowiczii, C. rotundifolia, (2,13 2,89 /100). C. monogyna 13,433,40 /100 (. 2).
2
Crataegus

C. arnoldiana
C. flabellata
C. deksiflora
C. chlorosarea
C. canadensis
C. rotundifolia
C. macracantha
C. maximowiczii
C. monogyna
C. sanguinea
C. turkestanica
C. crus-galli
C. ellwangeriana


, %
, /100
3,39 0,56
4,40

1,11
4,44 0,73
3,57

0,90
4,24 0,70
5,10

1,29
10,49 1,73
6,31

1,60
4,42 0,73
5,49

1,39
2,81
0,46
2,89

0,73
5,22 0,86
3,07

0,78
3,17
0,52
2,50

0,63
6,29 1,04
13,43

3,40
4,39 0,73
2,13

0,54
6,09 1,01
9,39

2,38
3,13
0,52
3,99

1,01
2,37 0,39
2,47

0,62

,
: . 276,767,83
163,336,93 /100, .
39,55%.
C. pringlei 30,53%,
C. sanguinea 49,60%.
(. 3).
3
Crataegus

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18


C. holmesiana
C. canadensis
C. flabellata
C. pentagyna
C. crus-galli
C. deksiflora
C. persimilis
C. rotundifolia
C. turkestanica
C. monogyna
C. maximowiczii
C. sanguinea
C. submollis
C. chlorosarea
C. arnoldiana
C. macracantha
C. pringlei
C. ellwangeriana

,%
37,68
46,19
35,65
44,17
48,10
35,84
45,82
36,06
37,39
42,31
32,86
49,60
36,34
45,00
33,43
43,39
30,53
31,62

Crataegus
:

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-

: C. flabellate, C. deksiflora, C. canadensis, C. sanguinea;


: C. flabellata C. arnoldiana
: C. monogyna
: C. sanguinea

1. .. // / - (,
28 1 2009 ) : , 2009. . 126-140.
2. .., .., - .. . / 2- . . . ., 1972. 283 .
3. .. - . , 1986. 287 .
4. .. //

/ - (, 28
1 2009 ) : , 2009. . 114-126.
5. / .
. , 1983. 340 .
6. .. . ., 1987. 248 .
7. ,
/ . ... , 1973. - . 251-279.
8. 24556-89 . C.
9. 8756.13-87 . .
10. 28561-90 . .

CONTENTS BAS FRUITS SOME SPECIES OF REPRESENTATIVES CRATAEGUS L.


IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE BELGOROD AREA
S.A. Bakshutov
V.N. Sorokopudov
I.A. Navalneva
Belgorod National Research
University,
Russia, Belgorod, Victory st., 85.
e-mail: baks922@rambler.ru, sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru, irina.navalneva@mail.ru

Article is devoted in the ascorbic acid, carotenoids, anthocyanins and sugars in the fruit of the genus Crataegus L., grown in the
Botanical Garden of Belgorod State University.
Key words: hawthorn, biologically active substances, vitamin C,
ascorbic acid, carotenoids, anthocyanins, sugar, dry matter.

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543.54:547.973

-1
.. , ..
.. 1, .. 1
.. 1, .. 2
.. 2, .A. 3
.. 4
1


,
308015 . , . 85

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru
2 -

..,
127550 . , . , 49

. ..
, 197022, . -
. , 2,

-, 308015 . ,
. 85

Lonicera
caerulea L., . ,
,
: 3- 3-,
. ,
, () .
0.182 100 -
0.120. ,
-, - 0.445 0.455
100 .
: , ,
, , , ESI/MS

, ,
[1]. , ,
, [2, 3]. , [4]. , ( ) ,
.
, (
) [5 - 7], [8, 9]
.
( ) , , , .

[7, 8],
,
-. ,
.
1
-
2009-2013 ., 508 14.05.2010
.

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-
- .. 2011 ( )
. .. .
0.1 HCl ,
98%- .
-56
- .
. -3-,
, = 26900
/() [8].
Agilent 1200 Infinity
- . : 2504.6 Symmetry C18, 5 ; 40. : 8 .% 10 .%
, 1 /.


3- 3
, . 1.
[10 - 11] ,
( )
[12].

. 1.
1 Dp-3-Glu, 2 Dp-3-Rut, 3 Cy-3-Glu, 4 Cy-3-Rut. : 4.6250 Symmetry C18;
7 .% H3CN 10 .% HCOOH ; 1 /; 515 . :
, .

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, , ,
. 3-
3-
~2 , .1. , -, - .1 M/z
(287)
(303), .2.
Dp-3-Rut

Dp +

Cy-3-Rut +
Cy +

. 2. ESI/MS 3- (Dp-3-Rut)
(Cy-3-Rut)

, ,
, . ,
Dp-3-Rut Cy-3-Glu,
Dp-3-Glu Dp-3-Rut. [13],
, . 3.
, ,
(0.7 % - 3- 5.9% - 3-).
, 3- 3-, . 1,
, .
(. ) ,

( ), . 2.

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Cy-3-Rut
lgk(i)
Cy-3-Glu
Dp-3-Rut
Dp-3-Glu

lgk(Cy-3-Glu)

. 3.

1

(, 20011 .)

*(.)

**, (-)/

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

0.175
0.188
0.192
0.258
0.152
0.250
0.119
0.259
0.204
0.112
0.114
0.146
0.136
0.152
0.116

0.0319
0.0243
0.0285
0.0454
0.0476
0.0347
0.0357
0.0347
0.0368
0.0275
0.0233
0.0240
0.0240
0.0191
0.0323

, % ( )
Dp-3-Glu Dp-3-Rut Cy-3-Glu Cy-3-Rut
12.7
54.3
3.4
26.7
8.3
53.5
2.6
33.1
5.8
55.3
1.9
35.0
20.6
39.5
8.1
29.7
11.5
48.6
4.0
34.0
8.1
50.9
2.8
36.2
12.3
46.6
5.2
34.5
15.9
41.7
5.3
27.0
14.3
41.6
7.3
36.0
15.1
40.3
8.4
33.5
13.4
40.6
5.6
34.9
10.8
43.0
4.8
38.3
21.5
30.3
10.2
36.0
6.2
31.8
4.8
52.1
12.0
21.9
18.5
46.0

* - Cy-3-Glu, /100 ; ** -
, 1 .

* -

, 100

0.156 0.038
0.177
0.221 0.031
0.164
0.173 0.046
0.152
0.248 0.062
0.259
0.114 0.052
0.114
0.173 0.046
0.152
0.182 0.120
0.173
0.182

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, [9]. .2
, 250 100 [14].
[9]
274.9 499.1 /100 ,
(350 450 100 ). ,

(http://www.nzblackcurrants.com/blackcurrants-vsbilberries-blueberries/) Ben Rua Ben Ard


, (0.518 0.584 100
, ), . ,
, ,
-
0.445 0.455 100 .

, ,
, .

1. .., .., .., .., .. . // . . - 2006. - 3.
- . 16-20.
2. Wang H., Cao G., Prior R. Oxygen radical absorbing capacity of anthocyanins //
J. Agric. Food Chem. - 1997. V.45. P. 304309.
3. Einbond L.S., Reynertson K.A., Luo X.-D., Basile M.J., Kennelly E.J. Anthocyanin antioxidants from edible fruits // Food Chem. 2004. V.84. P. 2328.
4. Nakaishi H., Matsumoto H., Tominaga S., Hirayama M. Effects of Black Currant Anthocyanoside Intake on Dark Adaptation and VDT Work-induced Transient Refractive Alteration in
Healthy Humans // Altern. Med. Rev. 2000. V.5. P. 553.562.
5. Moyer R.A., Hummer K.E., Finn C.E., Frei B., Wrolstad R.E. Anthocyanins, Phenolics, and
Antioxidant Capacity in Diverse Small Fruits: Vaccinium, Rubus, and Ribes // J. Agric. Food Chem. 2002, - V.50. P. 519-525.
6. Hellstrom J., Hietaranta T., Karhu S., Mattila P., Tiikkala T., Vetelainen M. High variability in anthocyanin content between different blackcurrant varieties // NJF Report. 2010. V.6. P.
116-118.
7. .., .. , .., .. .. : // . .
. 2006. .49. .11. . 77-80.
8. .., .., .., ..
Grossulariaceae // . - 2003. - 4.
- . 324-325.
9. Rubinskiene M., Vikelis P., Stanys V., iknianas T., Sasnauskas A. Quality changes in
black currant berries during ripening // Sci. Works Lithuan. Inst. Hort. Lthuan. Univer. Agric. Sodin. Dar. - 2008. V.27. P. 235-243.
10. Slimestad R., Solheim H. Anthocyanins from Black Currants (Ribes nigrum L.) // J.
Agric. Food Chem. 2002. V.50. P. 3228-3231.
11. Nielsen I.L.F., Haren G.R., Magnussen E.L., Dragsted L.O., Rasmussen S.E. Quantification of anthocyanins in commercial black currant juices by simple high-performance liquid chromatography. Investigation of their pH stability and antioxidative potency // J. Agric. Food Chem.
2003. V.51. P. 5861-5866.
12. .., .., .., .., .., .. // .
. . 2009. .9, .4. . 529-536.

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13. .. // . . . - 2006. - T.80,
3. - . 511-516.
14. Sjka M., Guyot S., Koodziejczyk K., Krl B., Baron A. Composition and properties of purified phenolics preparations obtained from an extract of industrial blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.)
pomace // J. Horticult. Sci. Biotechnol. 2009. - Special Issue. P. 100106.

FRUIT ANTHOCYANINS OF MOSCOW AND ST.PETERBOURG BLACKCURRANTS


L.. Deineka1, I.P. Anisimovich1
.I. Shaposhnik1, .N. Chulkov1
V.I. Deineka1, .N. ladina2
S.V. kimova2, G.N. Firsov3
D.V. Deineka4
1Belgorod

National Research
University, 308015 Belgorod Pobeda str.85

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru
2
Russian State Agricultural UniversityMTAA, 127550 Moscow, Timiriazeva str. 49.
3
. .. , 197022, . -
. , 2,
Flora-BAC Ltd. 308015 Belgorod Pobeda
str.85

Lonicera caerulea L., -. ,


,
:
3- 3-, -
. ,
,
() . 0.182 100 - 0.120.
,

, 0.445 0.455 100 .


Key words: fruits, blackcurrant, Ribes nigrum, cultivars, anthocyanins, HPLC, ESI/MS.

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615.322:543.544.5.068.7

..
..
..
..

e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru


Calendula officinalis, .
-
-
, -, - -, , , .
, - . , ,
.
: Calendula officinalis, , ,
, .

, Calendula, , 10 20 [1]
, ,
.
(C. officinalis L.) [1, 2]
. , -, pot
marigold, : corn marigold (Glebionis
segetum), desert marigold (Baileya), marsh marigold (Caltha palustris) , ,
French marigold (Tagetes patula) African marigold (Tagetes erecta). ,
[3].

( ).
, ,
[4] . 672 ,
Calendula officinalis,
marigold,
, . , , .

[2, 5] [6],
:
1) (Flores Calendula officinalis) , ,
, . (10 200
) .
. ,
, .. .

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2) (Tinctura Calendulae) ( 70%- , 1:10)
, , ,

3) (Unguentum Calendula)
; , .

(Oleum Calendula), . , , , , , .
, ( )
, .
[7] , .
,
( 1),
: -, -, -, , , , ; , , , , , , , . ,
.
OH

HO

OH

HO

OH
O

HO

OH HO

HO

OH

OH

O
O

HO

OH

OH

HO

HO

HO

1.

[8] : (0,4%), -(13,8%), -(14,1%) -(7,8%)- (59,1%),


11 , (26,3%), (24,5%), (17,8%), ( 7,4%). 5,2% ( 54,7% ), . [9]
.

OH

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,
[10]
.

[11]
YMC Carotenoid (2504,6 , 5)
0/100, 12/100, 96/0 (/%), : --
(90:6:4 ), : -- (25:71:4
), ,
10%- NaCl.

.
(
E161a) (8R)-,
, .
Pintea . [79]
Double Estrel Orange, 0,276 / ,
- (16,7%), (14,4%),
(14,1%), (14,0%), - (12,2%), (9,2%), (8,9%),
(4,5%) . Bonbon Abricot 0,048 / (42,1%);
(19,0%), (12,3%)
(11,3%) . , 18-
Nucleosil ODS, 5 (2504,6 )
( 9:1 0,25% ) ( 0,25% ).
, ; , , , .
,
,
,
- , , .


() .
,
( 3 5 ). .
. 0,4 .
,
- 10%- .

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(, ).
Agilent 1200 Infinity . : 2504 Reprosil-Pur C18-AQ, 5 .

, .1,
, , , 422 , .
, , max . .
, , ,
, . 2. - .
( -) ( 0,1:10) -, . 2,
. , ( 2:10) -,
, . 2.

. 1.


. -
, . 3.

,

(50 .% ) . 4 (60 .% ) . 5.
,

.
, , . :
, .5, max 399, 422 448 , , , [11] (
).

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)

. 2. (SiO2)

1 2 ; 3
. : /- - ) 0,2:10; ) 2:8.

. 3. ()
()
-
1 -, 2 , 3 -; 2504
Reprosil-Pur 5C18-AQ, 33 .% ; 1 /.

2 ,
(446 474 ). 3 16 17
,
-, . , 3 (. 5) , 2,
,- - .

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. 4.
2504 Reprosil-Pur 5C18-AQ, 50 .% ; 1 /.

HO

2.

. 5.
2504 Reprosil-Pur 5C18-AQ, 60 .% ; 1 /.

.4, ,
.
, . .
. 1 (. 4) 463
472 , .
2 (. 4)
458 462 -,
max max - 453,5 (. 3 . 4), . 6.

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- ( 3, . 4),
.
3 3 2 1

. 6. . 4

- , , , :
- (
) :
() = lgk(-cryptoxanthin)-lgk(rubixanthin) = 0,271-0,153 = 0,118.
- :
2 () = lgk(-carotene)-lgk(lycopene) = 0,575-0,340 = 0,235,
0,235/2
= 0,1175.
-:
lgk(-carotene) = lgk(lycopene)+(lgk(-carotene) lgk(lycopene))/2 = 0,458,
.
6,75 7,25 , .7: 1 .5,
3 , , [12]. () , . 5,6-
-, . , 8,0 8,5
.
, , , ,
- (0,111). ,
- , .

. : 0,911 / 1,015 /
( ), -

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______________________________________________________________
. ,
450 , 9,4%, 4,5%, 8,7%,
21,2%, 25,2%, - 13,6%,
- 1,6% - 9,2%. -
( 17,3%), ( 4,4 3,5%, ).
1

. 7. (1)
(2)

, , .
2009 2013 , -174.

1. .., .. //
. 2007. 1. . 65-68.
2. . . , . . , . . , . . , . .
(Calendula officinalis L.) // . 2001. .5.
http://www.provisor.com.ua/archive/2001/N5/art_29.php
3. .., .., .., .. Tagetes sp. // .-. . 2007. - .41, 10. . 30-32.
4. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography in Phytochemical Analisis. Chromatographic
science series. V.102. Ed. M. Waksmundzka, J. Sherma. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2011.
995 p.
5. Muley B.P., Khadabadi S.S., Banarase N.B. Phytochemical Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Calendula officinalis Linn (Asteraceae): A Review // Tropical J. Pharm. Res.
2009. V.8. P. 455-465.
6. .. . 15- ., ., . .
.: , 2005. 1200 .
7. .., .. . : , 2000. 102 .
8. Goodwin T.W. Studies in carotenogenesis. 13. The carotenoids of the flower petals of Calendula officinalis // Biochem. J. 1954. V.58. P. 9094.
9. Bako E., Deli J., Toth G. HPLC study on the carotenoid composition of Calendula products // J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods. 2002. V.53. P. 241-250.

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10. .. //
. - 2010. - 6. - . 93-93.
11. Pintea A., Bele C., Andrei S., Socaciu C. HPLC analysis of carotenoids in four varieties of
Calendula officinalis L. flowers // Acta Biol. Szegediensis. 2003. V.47. P. 37-40.
12. Pilar Cano M., Begona de Ancos Carotenoid and carotenoid ester composition in mango
fruit as influenced by processing method / J. Agric. Food Chem. 1994. V.72. P.2737-2742.

AROTENOIDS OF CALENDULA FLOWERS PETALS

V.I. Deineka
I.. Gostyshchev
.Yu. tetjakov
I.V. Indina
Belgorod National Research
University
e-mail: deineka@bsu.edu.ru

The paper is devoted to the investigation of Calendula officinalis flower petals carotenoids harvested in Belgorod. By means of RP
HPLC with diode-array detector and TLC of unsaponified aceton extracts by retention parameters as well as spectral analysis the main
components were identified as lycopene isomers, isomers of -, - and
-carotene, unesterified flavoxanthin, lutein rubixanthin, monoesters
of flavoxanthin and luteoxanthin. The difference of the complexes of
yellow and orange colours has been found to be mainly due to the lower fraction of lycopene, -carotene and rubixanthin in the former case.
The attention has been paid to the problem of Tagetes Calendula
confusion in commercial and scientific information.
Key words: Calendula officinalis, carotenoids, HPLC, TLC,
spectrophotometry.

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______________________________________________________________

..
..

..

..

..-.
..
. .

..

..

..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..


-
-
,


, .
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
,


, ,

,
,
,

,
,
,
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5. Henon M. Integrals of the Toda lattice // Phys. Rev. 1974. Vol. 9, 4. P. 1921-1923.

A Semiclassical Approach to the Investigation of the Two-Dimensional Hamiltonian Systems


by the Normal Form Method
N.A. Chekanov1, V.N. Tarasov2, N.N. Chekanova3
1

Belgorod State University, Studencheskaja Str., 14, Belgorod, 308007, Russia, e-mail: Chekanov@bsu.edu.ru
2
Civil defence Academy of Ukraine, Chernyshevsky Str. 94, Kharkov, 61023, Ukraine
3
National Scientific Center, Kharkov Institute for Physics and Technology,
Akademicheskaj Str. 1, Kharkov, 61108, Ukraine

The receiving procedure of classical Hamiltonian to the Birkhoff-Gustavson normal form is described. With help of the Weyl correspondence rule for the classical normal forms of some integrable and nonintegrable systems their quantum counterparts are constructed and approximated energy spectra and wave functions are found. It is shown that thus obtained energy spectra are represented good exact ones in
an energy domain where the classical motion is regular but agreement is worsen strongly at the energy domain where the classical regular
motion is going into chaotic one. It is established that .
Key words: classical Hamiltonian, Birkhoff-Gustavson normal form, Weyl correspondence rule, energy spectra, wave function, method of
quantization.

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