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. 2012. 9 (128). 19

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9 (128) 2012
19

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Belgorod State University


Scientific Bulletin
Natural sciences

,
. .., ..,
..
5
Chamaecytisus ruthenicus
(Fisch. ex. Woloszcz.) Klaskova . ..,
.., .., ..
9
Juniperus communis L.
. ..,
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14
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22

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31
- . .., ..
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Rhododendron hybridum ex vitro.
.., .., .., ..
44

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49
-
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., .., ..
55

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60

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64
(Trifolium pratense L.). .., .., ..,
..
69
Fistulina hepatica Fr.
. .., .., ..
72
. ..
77

. ..,
..
82

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

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E-mail: prisniy@bsu.edu.ru
18.06.2012
6084/8
Georgia, Impact
. . . 22,32
1000 .
183



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:
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39723

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: 308015, . , . , 85

, 2012

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

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9 (128) 2012
Issue 19
SCIENTIFIC PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL

Founded in 1995
The Journal is included into the list of the
leading peer-reviewed journals and publications coming out in the Russian Federation
that are recommended for publishing key results of the theses for Doktor and Kandidat
degree-seekers.
Founder:
Federal state autonomous educational
establishment of higher
professional education
Belgorod National Research University
Publisher:
Belgorod National Research University.
Belgorod National Research University
Press
The journal is registered in Federal service
of control over law compliance in the sphere
of mass media and protection of cultural
heritage
Certificate of registration of mass media
77-21121 May 19, 2005.
EDITORIAL BOARD OF JOURNAL
Editor-in-chief
O.N. Poluchin,
Acting Rector of Belgorod National
Research University, doctor of political
sciences, Professor
Deputy editor-in-chief
I.S. Konstantinov,
Acting Vice-rector of Belgorod National
Research University, doctor of thecnical
sciences, Professor
Assistant Editors
V.M. Moskovkin,
Doctor of geographical sciences,
Professor of world economy department
O.V. Shevchenko,
Deputy Head of department
of scientific and innovative activity of
Belgorod National Research University,
candidate of historical sciences
EDITORIAL BOARD OF JOURNAL
SERIES
Chief editor:
A.V. Prisnyi,
Doctor of biological sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
Deputies of chief editor:
O.E. Lebedeva,
Doctor of chemical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
A.G. Kornilov,
Doctor of geographical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
Responsible secretary:
Yu.N. Kurkina,
Candidate of agricultural sciences, associate
professor (Belgorod National Research
University)

Belgorod State University


Scientific Bulletin
Natural sciences

CONTENTS
BIOLOGY
Intraspecific Differentiation of Quercus robur L. into Intrapopulation
Groups, Geographical and Ecological Populations in Different Parts of Area.
Gneusheva T.M., Kozhevnikov A.P., Krutov M.V.
5
Ecology and Phytocoenotic Area of Chamaecytisus ruthenicus (Fisch. ex
Woloszcz.) Klaskova in the South Ural. Zhigunova S.N., Fedorov N.I.,
Gurkova Ya.O., Mihaylenko O.I.
9
Age Spectrum of Population Fragments of Juniperus communis L. in the
Transitive Zone of the Bashkir Reserve. Kozhevnikov A.P.,
Tishkina ..
14
On the Possible Reasons of Low Seed Reproduction of the Arnica montana
L. in Nature. Levandovsky G.S., Gorbunov Yu.N.,
Shvetsov A.N., Ermakov M.A.
17
The Ecological Variants of Nemoral Picea-Forests in the South of the Subboreal Subzone (Smolensk Region). Semenishchenkov Yu.A.
22
The Species of the Family Fabaceae in the Flora of Belgorod Area and Its
Ecological Analysis. Ngo Thi Diem Kieu, Kolchanov R.A.,
Kolchanov A.F.
31
Introduction Zoning of the European North-East of Russia.
Demidova N.A., Nilov V.N.
36
Adaptation of Regenerants of a Rhododendron hybridum to ex-vitro
Conditions. Erst A.A., Novikova T.I., Karakulov A.V.,
Zaytseva Y.G.
44
Effect of Terms of Grafting on the Rooting of Green Cuttings of Woody
Plants. Khailova O.V., Denisov N.I.
49
Features of Economic and Biological Signs of the Varieties of Genera
Hemerocallis L. in the Collection of NRU BelSUyBotanical Garden.
Netsvetaeva O.V., Afanasenkova O.V., Tokhtar V.K.
55
Red Currant Varieties Assessment Based on the Main MorphoStructural
Components of Productivity in Conditions of Belgorod Region.
Tokhtar L.A., Sorokopudov V.N., Jazykova V.V.,
Tregubov A.V.
60
Study of the Potential Growing of Vegetable Bean Seeds in Conditions of the
South-West of the Central Chernozem Region. Kotsareva N.V.
64
Features of Mineral Nutrition of Red Clover (Trifolium pratense L.).
Stupakov A.G., Chernyshova A.P., Kulikova M. A.,
Boldin A.A.
69
The Beefsteak Fungus Fistulina hepatica Fr. in Belgorod Oak Forests.
Dunaev A.V., Dunaeva E.N., Kalugina S.V.
72
Leaf Spot Pathogens of Vegetable Beans. Kurkina Yu.N.
77
Natural Conditions of Course and Taxonomic Composition of BottomDwelling Invertebrates of the Vorona River. Bukovskiy M.E.,
Kolomeytseva N.N.
82
Morpho-Functional Features of Haemolimph Elements of the Gastropod
Stenomphalia ravergieri (Ferussac). Prisny A.A., Kulko S.V.
90

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________
Technical secretary:
Yu.A. Prisny,
Candidate of biological sciences (Belgorod
National Research University)
Members of editorial board:
L.N. Balyatinskaya, Doctor
of chemical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
I.V. Batlutskaya, Doctor
of biological sciences,
professor (Belgorod National Research University)
A.I. Vezentsev, Doctor
of technical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
Rudiger Wittig,Doctor, professor
(I.V. Gete University, Frankfurt-on-Mine)
A.F. Kolchanov, Candidate
of biological sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
F.N. Lisetskyi, Doctor
of geographical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
S.V. Lukin, Doctor of geographical
sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
A.N. Petin, Doctor of geographical
sciences, professor (Belgorod State
University)
S.V. Sergeev, Doctor of technical sciences,
professor (Belgorod National Research
University)
V.N. Sorokopudov, Doctor
of agricultural sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
V.K. Tokhtar, Doctor of biological
sciences, senior scientific employee
(Belgorod National Research University)
Yu.G. Chendev, Doctor
of geographical sciences, professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
V.S. Shilova, Doctor of pedagogical
sciences, professor (Belgorod National
Research University)

Prepared for publication copy-editor


T.G. Lagutina
Page layout by A.V. Prisniy
Y.A. Lazebnaya
E-mail: prisniy@bsu.edu.ru

Dynamic Changes in Lymphocyte Surface Relief with a Decrease


in Medium Osmolarity. Skorkina M.Y., Fedorova M.Z., Sladkova E.A.,
Kosminova L.A.
95
On Nesting Biology and Ecology of Yellow-Headed Wagtail Motacilla
citreola Pallas, 1776 (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae).
Artemyeva E.A., Muravjev I.V.
104
On Nesting Biology and Ecology of Black-Headed Wagtail Motacilla feldegg
Michahelles, 1830 (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae) in Rostov
Region. Muravjev I.V., Artemyeva E.A.
113
Hydrated Fullerene as an Instrument to Understand the Role of Special
Structural Characteristics of Aqueous Medium of a Living Organism for
Its Normal Functioning. Shirinkin S.V., Volkova T.O.,
Shaposhnikov A.A., Andrievskiy G.V., Davidovskiy A.G.
122
Dynamics of a Regional Climate within a Century, Microclimate and Change
of Areas of Insects. 1. Temperature and Thermopreference. Prisnyj A.V.,
Negin E.V.
130
Application of the Method of Mathematical Simulation and an Electronic
Database in Ecotoxicological Assessment of the Potential Dangers of Carbon
Nanostructured Materials. Gusev A.A., Kopytova N.E., Dudov A.S.,
Zakharova O.V., Polyakova I.A., Zaitseva O.N.,
Emelyanov A.V.
140

CHEMISTRY
Phytochemical Analysis of Leaves and Fruits of Amorpha fruticosa L. in the
Secondary Habitat. Kuklina A.G., Shelepova O.V.
147
The Content of Photosynthetic Pigments and Ascorbic Acid in Vetch
Seedlings in the Presence of Nickel Chloride. Abramova E.A.,
Ivanishchev V.V.
152
Broiler Chickens Blood Protein Spectrum as a Result of Lysine Sulphate
Addition to the Diet. Chernyavskikh S.D., Musienko N.A.,
Yakovleva I.N., Borodaeva Zh.A.
156
Determination of Integral Antioxidant Activity of Various Extracts of Ginger
Using Electrochemical Detecting. Gabruk N.G., Le Van Thuan,
Olejnikova I.I.
159
Synthesis and Spectral Characteristics of 1-(2-Aminoethyl)-3H-Pirrolo(2,3-c)
Acridine. Alyabieva T.M.
163

EARTH SCIENCES
Land Management of Agrolandscapes of Volga Upland Using Modern
Software Tools and Data of Space Monitoring. Kovaleva T.N.,
Lisetskii F.N.
166
Geoecological Analysis of Anthropogenic Evolution of Geosystems
(on the Example of Gomel). Gusev A.P., Andrushko S.V.
173
Sustainable Nature Management in Conditions of Intensive Development of
the Food Industry in the Belgorod Region. Khudyakova T.M.,
Zhidkih D.V., Porosyonkov Y.V.
180
Information about Authors
Information for Authors

185
188

Passed for printing 18.06.2012


Format 6084/8
Typeface Georgia, Impact
Printers sheets 22,32
Circulation 1000 copies
Order 183

Subscription reference in Rospechat


agency catalogue 81466,
In joint catalogue Pressa Rossii 39723

Dummy layout is replicated


at Belgorod State University Publishing House
Address: 85, Pobedy str., Belgorod, Russia, 308015

Belgorod National Research University, 2012

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________

630*165.61+582.632:581.15


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. 2012. 9 (128). 19

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1. .., .. / . ., 2006. 368 .
2. .. ? // . -. 2000. 5. . 1315.
3. .., .., .. //
. - , 2004. 2. . 713.
4. ..
. / . . . . - . , 1968.
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Pinaceae . .: , 1973. 284 .
7. .., ., .., ..
Quercus robur (Fagaceae) // . . 1981. . 66. 10. . 14071418.

INTRASPECIFIC DIFFERENTIATION OF ENGLISH OAK (QUERCUS ROBUR L.)


INTO INTRAPOPULATION GROUPS, GEOGRAPHICAL AND ECOLOGICAL POPULATIONS
IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE AREA
T.M. Gneusheva
A.P. Kozhevnikov
M.V. Krutov
1 Ural State Timber University, Siberian
path St., 37, Ekaterinburg, 620032,
Russia
E-mail: gneysheva.tany@mail.ru
2 Botanical Garden, Urals Department
of Russian Academy of Sciences, 8 March
St., 202, Ekaterinburg, 620144, Russia
E-mail: kozhevnikova_gal@mail.ru

Intraspecific differentiation of Quercus robur L. into intrapopulation


groups in the Ashinsky forest area of the Chelyabinsk region and into geographical populations of the Caucasus, the Volga region and the Urals is considered. Relative indicators of parametres of leaves are used for the classification of local cenopopulations of various geographical origin and ecological
confinement.
Key words: intraspecific differentiation, Quercus robur L., intrapopulation groups, geographical populations.

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

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[581.6:581.55]:470.55/.58

CHAMAECYTISUS RUTHENICUS
(FISCH. EX. WOLOSZCZ.) KLASKOVA
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Copyright & A K-C

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. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________

. , 53 5 17 12
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20%) 35 , ( 5% ) (.).

Chamaecytisus ruthenicus

( Festuco-Brometea, Onosmetalia)
GalioOnosmion simplicissimae

Echinopo ritro-Stipetum capillatae

III (+1)*

Fragario viridis-Stipetum pennatae

III (+2)

Koelerio sclerophyllae-Festucetum valesiacae

V (+2)

Myosotido popovii-Festucetum rupicolae

V (13)

Tanaceto millefolii-Helictrotrichetum
desertorum

V (+2)

Vincetoxici hirundinariae-Stipetum pennatae

II (+1)

Allium rubens-Delphinium uralens



(. Orostachion spinosae)

IV (+)

( Festuco-Brometea, Festucetalia valesiacae)


Amygdalion
nanae

Spiraeo-Amygdaletum

Lathyro pallescen-tis
Helictotrichion schelliani

Lathyro pallescentis-Helictotrichetum schelliani

Festucion valesiacae

Galio veri-Stipetum tirsae

II (r2)
II (r+)
II (+)

( Festuco-Brometea, Helictotricho-Stipetalia)
Helictotricho-Stipion Filago arvensis-Delphinium uralense

III (r+)

Scorzonero austria- Gypsophillo altissimae-Stipetum zalesskii


cae-Koelerion sclerophyllae

V (r+)

( Vaccinio-Piceetea, Piceetalia excelsae)



Dicrano-Pinion


Piceion excelsae

Digitali grandiflorae-Pinetum sylvestris

V (+1)

Pulsatillo patens-Pinetum sylvestris

V (r+)

Pleurospermo uralensis-Pinetum sylvestris

V (r+)

Violo rupestris-Pinetum sylvestris

V (r+)

Zigadeno sibiricae-Pinetum sylvestris

V (r1)

Seseli krylovii-Pinetum sylvestris

III (r1)

Antennario dioicae-Pinetum sylvestris

III (r+)

Equiseto scirpoidi-Piceetum obovatae

IV (r1)

- ( Brachypodio pinnati-Betuletea, Chamaecytiso rutheniciPinetalia sylvestris)


Veronico teucrii-Pinion
sylvestris

Calamagrostio arundinaceae-Laricetum sibiricae

V (r1)

Pyrethro corymbosi-Pinetum sylvestris

IV (r+)

Serratulo gmelinii-Betuletum pendulae

III (r+)

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

11

________________________________________________________________

- Succiso pratensis-Pinetum sylvestris


Trollio europaea-Pinion sylvestris

Caragano
fruticis-Pinion sylvestris

3
V (+)

Seseli krylovii-Laricetum sibiricae

V (r+)

Bupleuro longifoliae-Pinetum sylvestris

III (r2)

Carici caryophylleae-Pinetum sylvestris


Ceraso fruticis-Pinetum sylvestris

V (r+)
III (+1)

( Querco-Fagetea, Quercetalia pubescentis)


LathyroQuercion

Brachypodio-Quercetum roboris

II (r+)

Calamogrostio epigei-Quercetum roboris

II (r+)

Aconogono alpini-Quercetum roboris

III (r+)

( Querco-Fagetea, Fagetalia)

Aconito septentrionalis-Tilion cordatae

Euonymo verrucosae-Pinetum sylvestris

III (r1)

( Molinio-Arrhenateretea, Galietelia veri)


Trifolion montani

Centaureo sibiricae-Poetum transbaicalicae

III (r+)

( Molinio-Arrhenateretea, Carici macrourae-repidetalia sibiricae)


Polygonion Calamogrostio arundinaceae-Digitalietum
krascheninnikovii
grandiflorae

III (r+)

: * -: I 20% , II 21 40%,
III 41 60%, IV 61 80%, V 81 100%. (r , , + ,
1%, 1 1-5%, 2 5-25%, 3
25-50%, 4 50-75%, 5 75%).

,
.
, Ch. ruthenicus (
Galio-Onosmion simplicissimae - [9]),
. -

Myosotido
popovii-Festucetum rupicolae, 50%. 25%
, ( Tanaceto millefolii-Helictrotrichetum desertorum, Koelerio sclerophyllaeFestucetum valesiacae Fragario viridis-Stipetum pennatae). .
( ) ( SpiraeoAmygdaletum),
(Spiraea crenata, Amygdalus nana, Caragana frutex) . ( Gypsophillo
altissimae-Stipetum zalesskii)
Lathyro pallescentis-Helictotrichetum schelliani, .

- - ,
. , ( Digitali grandiflorae-Pinetum
sylvestris, Pleurospermo uralensis-Pinetum sylvestris, Zigadeno sibiricae-Pinetum sylvestris),

Copyright & A K-C

12

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

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( Violo rupestris-Pinetum
sylvestris) 80%, 5%.
--

( Veronico teucrii-Pinion sylvestris, Trollio europaea-Pinion sylvestris, Caragano fruticis-Pinion sylvestris). Calamagrostio
arundinaceae-Laricetum sibiricae, Pyrethro corymbosi-Pinetum sylvestris, Seseli krylovii-Laricetum
sibiricae Carici caryophylleae-Pinetum sylvestris ,
1%. Ch. ruthenicus 5% - , ( ) Bupleuro longifoliae-Pinetum sylvestris (.
B.l.-P.s. seselietosum libanotis). ,
5%
(. Euonymo verrucosae-Pinetum sylvestris).
- , ,
( Equiseto scirpoidiPiceetum obovatae).
, . Lathyro-Quercion, . 60%
Brachypodio-Quercetum roboris, Calamogrostio epigei-Quercetum
roboris Aconogono alpini-Quercetum roboris.
, , .
-
( Calamogrostio arundinaceae-Digitalietum grandiflorae
Polygonion krascheninnikovii). , ( Centaureo sibiricae-Poetum transbaicalicae,
Trifolion montani).

- . , ,
, .
- . , - - ,
. , - - [10]. ,
.
, 50
100 [11]. ,

.

1. - -
, 53 5 17 12 6 ,
. 35 , ( 5% ).
2. - .
, , , .

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

13

________________________________________________________________

3.
- - .
- .
-- .

1. .., .., .., .. 790. Chamaecytisus ruthenicus
(Fisch. ex Woloszcz.) Klaskova (Cytisus ruthenicus Fisch. ex Woloszcz.) // . 3- .: - . . , - .
, 2003. . 2. (: ). . 433.
2. . ., . ., . . Maackia
amurensis
//

/
http:
//
zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/148.pdf
3. . . 1.
22.04.2010.
4. 2156130 . / .., A.M., .. . 20.05.1996;
. 20.09.2000.
5. Patent 6,194,397 USA. Phosphorus containing cytisine derivatives / Gulaev A.E., Gazaliev A.M.,
Vitik A.Z. Filed: Oct 12, 1999; published: Feb 27, 2001.
6. 2228179 . -(-), / .., .., .., .,
.., .., .., .., ., .. . 22.07.2002;
. 10.05.2004.
7. .., .., .., .. // . 2011, 4.
. 113-118.
8. .., .. . : , 1998. 413 .
9. .., .., .., ..
: . : , 2004. 64 .
10. .. ( ). :
: , 2005. 537 .
11.
. II. . : , 2008. 289 .

ECOLOGY AND PHYTOCOENOTIC AREA OF THE SPECIES CHAMAECYTISUS RUTHENICUS


(FISCH. EX WOLOSZCZ.) KLASKOVA IN THE SOUTH URALS
S.N. Zhigunova 1
N.I. Fedorov 1
Ya.O. Gurkova 1
O.I. Mihaylenko 2
1 Institute of Biology of Ufa Research
Centre RAS, Oktyabrya Av.., 69, Ufa,
450054, Russia
E-mail: Zigusvet@yandex.ru

Ufa State Petroleum Technological


University, Kosmonavtov St., 1,
building 1, Ufa, 450062, Russia

Distribution of the species Chamaecytisus ruthenicus in plant


communities of the South Urals are studied. In the system of units of ecologo-floristic classification according to the method of Braun-Blanquet
communities with this species belong to the 53 associations of 17 unions of
12 orders of six classes of steppe, forest and meadow vegetation. In the
South Urals Ch. ruthenicus has two ecolog-coenotic optima: in
petrophilous steppe communities and communities of oak and pine
thinning grass forests, growing both on dry soils and on soils with adequate
moisture.

Key words: Chamaecytisus ruthenicus, plant communities, ecology,


locality, syntaxonomy, South Urals.

Copyright & A K-C

14

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________
582.477+630*181.1+581.9(470.5)

JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS L.

.. 1, 2
.. 1, 2
1
,
, 620032, . ,
. , 37
E-mail: kozhevnikova_gal@mail.ru
2 ,
, 620144, . ,
. 8 , 202
E-mail:elena.mlob1@yandex.ru

,
Juniperus communis L. .
: , Juniperus communis
L., , , , .


. ,
. [1]. .
.
.
. .

.
( ). -
- [2]. () 5060 1 .
(),
( ), , , (./).

. .. [3] , , , , , , . [4].

(1083 ./),
(
) (.). ( 0.5), -

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

15

________________________________________________________________

. - .

.,

,
./

504

200

0.57

470

91

IV

0,6

0,7

250

0.11

540

55

III

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0,5

1083

0.21

2
3

, - .

(.). - ,
. .
.
, [5]. 0.57 .

, .

20
(

).


-
0.11,
15

0.21.

10
.

Copyright & A K-C

16

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________


, . .
, . . . , , , - ,
, , . . .
,
. -
.
.

1. : : 2 . / . . . 1; . . .. . .: , 2004. 479 .
2. .., .. .
.: , 1982. 208 .
3. .. //
. 1950. .1. . 465483.
4. ..
// . . 1975. .733.
5. / .. , .. , .. .
-, 1994. 88 .

AGE SPECTRUM OF POPULATION FRAGMENTS OF JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS L.


IN THE TRANSITIVE ZONE OF THE BASHKIR RESERVE
A.P. Kozhevnikov 1, 2
.. Tishkina 1, 2
1 Ural State Forestry Engineering
University, Sibirsky Trakt St, 37,
620032, Ekaterinburg, Russia
E-mail: kozhevnikova_gal@mail.ru

Botanical garden of Urals Department


of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
8 Marta St., 202, 620144, Ekaterinburg,
Russia
E-mail: Elena.mlob1@yandex.ru

The age spectrum, type and index of age of fragments of cenopopulation of Juniperus communis L. in the transitive zone of the Bashkir reserve
is established.
Key words: common juniper (Juniperus communis L.), age spectrum,
coenopopulation fragment, coenopopulation type, age index.

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

17

________________________________________________________________

581.16


(ARNICA MONTANA L.) 1
..
..
..
..

Arnica montana L.
, , . .

.
.. , , 127276,
, ., 4
E-mail: gbsran@mail.ru

: Arnica montana L., , , , , .

(Arnica montana L.)


. , 0.53 , .
. , [1].
,
, 57 510 ;
- - .
0.8 ,
, - [2].
.
. , ,
- . 1975

[3]. ( ).
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. - ,
, , .
. , , ; . - , ,
[5].
400500 19002000
.
(11001300 ). 2030
810 1517 45 . 12(3)
35(7) .
[6]. .. .. [7] ,
1

:
.

Copyright & A K-C

18

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________

, , 800 1400
.

. .. (. )
2.52.8%. ,
15 . , ,
. . 0.2 /2. , (, ) ,
- .
, , 23 . 2022. , , .

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,

. , (
-) ,
. , , , , ,
, .
. .. [6]
, .
. , , , , .
, , ,
.
, ,
.

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

19

________________________________________________________________

,%


. ,
. , , ,
, , .
.
. , , , , . 0.5 2.
13 .
, , . ,
,
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1


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10
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11
2.4

Copyright & A K-C

20

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________

1, 11 . 0.5 5.2% ( 2.4%). , .


, . (. 2).
. - --
. 2.9 56.8, 31%.

60

40

20

0
1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10 11

. 2.
.

1. Arnica montana L., , ( ,


, ..), .
2. . ,
7-8 ,
.
3. , ,
.
4. , . (, . .) , .
.
5. .
6.
,
( 2%)
( 2/3 )

1. .., .., .. . .: , 1988. . 38.
2. . .: , 2006. . 24-25.
3. . , // . .. .: , 1975. . 30.
4. .., .. . . .: ,
1969. . 425.
5. .. . .: , 1982. . 41-42.
6. .. //
. . .; .: - , 1960. . 45. 7. . 1040-1043.
7. ., .. - (Arnica montana L.) // . . : . 1977.
. 34. 3. . 281-285.
8. .. //
. . 1956. . 41. 2. . 257-261.
9. - // // .
.. .: , 1959 . 12. . 208- 261.

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

21

________________________________________________________________
ON THE POSSIBLE REASONS OF LOW SEED REPRODUCTION
OF THE ARNICA MONTANA L. IN NATURE
G.S. Levandovsky
Yu.N. Gorbunov
M.A. Ermakov
A.N. Shvetsov
N.V. Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden
RAS, Botanicheskaya str., 4, Moscow,
127276, Russia
E-mail: gbsran@mail.ru

A number of field and laboratory experiments on revealing of biological features of Arnica montana L are carried out. On the basis of the
experimental data the possible reasons preventing the optimum reproduction, and also growth and development in the conditions of the wild
nature are defined. Necessity of seed reproduction in the conditions of
culture is specified.
Key words: Arnica montana L., biological features, vegetative reproduction, seed reproduction, first hibernation, ageing of plants.

Copyright & A K-C

22

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

________________________________________________________________
581.526.425


(C )

..

. .
.. ,
, 241036, . ,
. , 14
E-mail: yuricek@yandex.ru

, . . Rhodobryo rosei
Piceetum abietis Korotkov 1986. - .
: , , , - .

., . [1, 2].
120 , 20102011 .,
[3]. , .
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400 2 (20 20 ).
- . - [3]. JUICE; NMDS-
R. .. [5], .. . [6].


- [7, 8, 9].

Picea abies, Tilia cordata, Quercus robur, Acer platanoides
. , . Rhodobryo rosei Piceetum abietis Korotkov 1986
(. .) Picea abies, Carex digitata, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Luzula
pilosa, Ranunculus cassubicus, Plagiomnium affine. - [7, 10, 11]. - ,
[12]. ,
, . Rh. r. P. a. caricetosum pilosae . .: Quercus robur, Corylus
avellana, Carex pilosa [7].
- ,
- - .
. .

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

20

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Galium odoratum
Lathyrus vernus
Polygonatum multiflorum

Oxalis acetosella
Galeobdolon luteum
Asarum europaeum
Stellaria holostea
Aegopodium podagraria
Dryopteris filix-mas
Ajuga reptans
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________________________________________________________________

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23

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

C
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Glechoma hederacea
Viburnum opulus
Melica nutans
Adoxa moschatellina
Carex sylvatica
Festuca gigantea
Galium intermedium
Geum urbanum
Mycelis muralis
Pulmonaria obscura
Viola mirabilis
Sanicula europaea
Fraxinus excelsior
Moehringia trinervia
Daphne mezereum
Actaea spicata

Maianthemum bifolium
Luzula pilosa
Vaccinium myrtillus
Pinus sylvestris
Pyrola rotundifolia
Trientalis europaea
Dicranum polysetum

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
Populus tremula
Populus tremula
Populus tremula
Dryopteris carthusiana
Sorbus aucuparia
Plagiomnium cuspidatum

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________________________________________________________________

24

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I

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

,
Solidago virgaurea
Phegopteris connectilis
Rubus saxatilis
Geum rivale
Plagiotecium elipticum
Frangula alnus
Cirriphyllum piliferum
Fragaria vesca
Viola riviniana
Pteridium aquilinum
Athrichum undullatum
Rubus idaeus
Sambucus racemosa
Geranium roberthianum
Chaerophyllum aromaticum
Convallaria majalis
Urtica dioica
Solanum dulcamara
Padus avium
Amblistegium serpens
Serpoleskea subtilis
Chelidonium majus
Equisetum pratense
Angelica sylvestris
Galeopsis bifida
Melampyrum nemorosum
Alnus incana
Crepis paludosa
Deschampsia cespitosa
Lysimachia vulgaris
Sorbus aucuparia
Calamagrostis arundinacea
Dryopteris expansa
Pleurozium schreberi
Ranunculus lanuginosus
Ranunculus repens
Thalictrum aquilegifolium
Viola selkirkii
Trollius europaeus

D
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________________________________________________________________

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II
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b
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III
III
II
.
III
III
II
II
I
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25

Copyright & A K-C

Copyright & A K-C

: a Tilia cordata (. 1-11), b typica (. 12-27).


:
I 1-20% , II 21-40%, III 41-60%, IV 61-80%, V 80%. : A , B , C (,
), D -, E .
: Aconitum septentrionale D (26, 1), Alnus glutinosa B (5 ,2),
A. incana B (18, 1), Amelanchier spicata C (23, +), Betula pendula C (17, r), B. pubescens C (24, +), Brachypodium
sylvaticum D (6, r), Brachyteciastrum velutinum E (11, r), Brachytecium campestre E (25, +), B. rutabulum E (11, r),
Campanula persicifolia D (22, r), Circaea alpina D (13, 1), Climacium dendroides E (18, r), Dicranum montanum
E (11, r), Eurhynchiastrum pulchellum E (11, r), Eurhynchium angustirete E (11, r), Filipendula ulmaria D (19, r),
Fraxinus excelsior A (8, +), Galium palustre D (5, +), Geranium sylvaticum D (20, +), Hieracium umbellatum D
(22, +), Hypericum maculatum D (20, r), Impatiens parviflora D (23, +), Malus sylvestris C (8, +), Mnium
stellare E (11, r), Orthilia secunda D (14, +), Pinus sylvestris B (22, 1), Plagiothecium laetum E (11, r), Ranunculus
cassubicus D (19, r), Rhitidiadelphus squarrosus E (19, r), Rhizomnium punctatum E (11, r), Ribes nigrum C (18, +),
Rubus caesius C (23, r), R. idaeus C (10, +), Sonchus oleraceus D (5, +), Stachys sylvaticus D (18, +), Succisa
pratensis D (25, r), Vaccinium vitis-idaea D (14, +), Valeriana officinalis D (23, r), Veronica chamaedrys D (19, +),
V. officinalis D (20, r), Viola riviniana D (23, +).
: . . 1, 2 1,7 - . .
(- -), 13.08.2011; 3 3 - . . ( -),
12.08.2011; 4 . . ( -), 2.08.2011; 5 3,5 - . .
( -), 12.08.2011; 6 . 2 - . . ( -),
9.07.2011; 7 1 - . . . ( -), 7.08.2011; 8 1.2 . . -2 ( -), 9.07.2011; 9 1 - . . ( -), 9.07.2011; 10 . . ( -), 12.08.2011; 11 , . , 24.06.2011; 12 2 . . ( -),
12.08.2011; 13 1.4 - . . ( -), 13.08.2011; 14 2.6 . . ( -), 13.08.2011; 15 2.5 . . ( -),
13.08.2011; 16 . . ( -), 13.08.2011; 17 . . ( ), 9.07.2011; 18 , 600 . ,
23.062011; 19, 25, 26 3 - . . (- -), 13.08.2011; 20
1,5 - . . ( -), 9.07.2011; 21 . . (
-), 25.08.2011; 22 . . ( -), 13.08.2011; 23 . . ( ), 9.07.2011; 24 1.5 . . ( -), 9.07.2011; 27 1 . .
( -), 9.07.2011; 28 . . . ( -), 7.08.2011.
.. .

Tilia cordata (., . 111) , - -


, . : Tilia cordata,
Impatiens noli-tangere, Galium odoratum, Lathyrus vernus, Polygonatum multiflorum.
Picea abies, Betula pendula,
Populus tremula. .
. , .
Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides.
70(60)80%.
. Corylus avellana Sorbus aucuparia,
Frangula alnus. , , , , . Picea abies ,
.
- Aegopodium podagraria, Galeobdolon luteum, Impatiens noli-tangere, Milium effusum, Paris
quadrifolia, Stellaria nemorum.
, . Galeobdolon luteum Oxalis acetosella. Asarum europaeum, Hepatica nobilis, Impatiens noli-tangere, Stellaria nemorum; Carex pilosa.
. Anemonoides ranunculoides,
A. nemorosa, Adoxa moscatellina, Pulmonaria obscura, Hepatica nobilis.
Ficaria verna.
. Cirriphyllum piliferum; Plagiomnium affine, P. cuspidatum.
: -

Copyright & A K-C

. 2012. 9 (128). 19

27

______________________________________________________________

, -, - . . 2-3, 22.
typica (., . 1228)
, , . , . , . (6080%), . ,
, , . .
.
Frangula alnus. ,
. ( 1 ) .
- Galeobdolon luteum Oxalis
acetosella. Asarum europaeum, Stellaria
holostea, Ajuga reptans, Carex pilosa, Dryopteris carthusiana, Geum rivale, Stellaria nemorum. . Angelica sylvestris, Athyrium
filix-femina.
,
Aconitum septentrionale Ranunculus lanuginosus,
.
, - . , ,
11.5 , . , Viola selkirkii. -
.
5%, .
.
. Cirriphyllum piliferum; Plagiomnium affine, P. cuspidatum.
, -, -. 22, 2-3.
-
- . . Aceri platanoidis
Piceetum Bulokhov et Solomeshch 2003 [1]. .. .. [7]
. Rhodobryo Piceetum . Rh. r. P. a. caricetosum pilosae
nom. invalid. (incl. Aceri Piceetum Bulokhov et Solomeshch 2003)
Picea abies ssp. abies, Quercus robur, Corylus avellana, Carex pilosa. , , [7]. -
[12].
, Rh. r. P. a. [10, 11], [7].
, (, , , ), , Dryopteris expansa, Hepatica nobilis, Anemonoides nemorosa, Alnus
incana, Aconitum lasiostomum, Cinna latifolia, Ribes spicatum, Galium triflorum, Melampyrum
sylvaticum, Viola selkirkii. [13].
- (, ,
)
Rh. r. P. a. - . [14], -

Copyright & A K-C


. 2012. 9 (128). 19
28
________________________________________________________________________________
- [1, 2, 12].
Rhodobryum roseum . . [1], ( V) . A. P. rhodobryetosum rosei Bulokhov
et Solomeshch 2003. , ,
. Melico nutantis Piceetum (Caj. 1921) .-Lund 1962 . , , Pleurozium schreberi, Vaccinium myrtillis, V. vitis-idaea .
, , , 20 , . Rhodobryo Piceetum .
, , , , , , , , .

[7].
,
, (NMDS) (. 1).
. 1. NMDS ( 1 2)

:
CONT ,
LIGHT , MOIST
, NUTR
,
REACT ,
TEMP
( H. Ellenberg et al. [19]).
.
: 1 . Rh. r. P. a.
typicum typica var.,
. [10]; 2 . Rh. r. P. a.
asperuletosum, .
[13]; 3 . Rh. r. P. a.
caricetosum pilosae,
. [15]; 4 . Rh. r. P. a.
caricetosum pilosae,
. [7]; 5, 6 . Rh. r. P.
a. caricetosum pilosae, . [7]; 7, 8 . Rh. r. P. a. caricetosum pilosae, -
. [12]; 9 . A. p. P. a. Anemonoides nemorosa var., . [1]; 10 . Rh.
r. P. a. caricetosum pilosae typica var., .; 10 . Rh. r. P. a. caricetosum pilosae Tilia
cordata var., .

, , (7, 8, 9)
(10) : (1), (2), (3, 4),
(5, 6) . Tilia cordata . ,
, , . .

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______________________________________________________________

Tilia cordata (11), .



,
- .
[4, 8].
Quercus robur Acer platanoides [1]. ,
- - , [12].
. Corylus avellana
- [7].
-
. , , : Aconitum septentrionale,
Alnus incana, Cinna latifolia, Dryopteris expansa, Galium triflorum, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Ribes
spicatum, Viola selkirkii. - , [12]. , , , , Aconitum
septentrionale, Alnus incana, Dryopteris expansa, Viola selkirkii,
, , .
, .
,
(, ) . Rh. r. P. a. . . , . , ,
; - . , , ,
. , , , , - , ,
[12].
(. . 1). [16] , , .
Querco Fagetea Fagetalia sylvaticae
.
.
,
(. 2). , . .
50
%

40

30
[11].
20
10
0
B

Bs

Js

. 2. ( H. Walter
[17], .. [18])

.

: B , Bs , Js , N , P
.

Carpinion betuli Issler

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30
________________________________________________________________________________
1931 em Mayer 1937 [10], Querco Tilion [1] -
. .

- . , ,
.
-
- .

1. .., .. - . : - , 2003. 359 .
2. .. ( ): // . 2011. 4. C. 260263.
3. Braun-Blanquet J. Pflanzensoziologie. 3. Aufl. Wien; N.-Y., 1964. 865 s.
4. / . .. , .. ,
.. . .: , 1980. 429 .
5. .. . C.: ,
1995. 992 .
6. Ignatov M. S. et al. Check-list of mosses of East Europe and North Asia // Arctoa. 2006.
Vol. 15. P. 1130.
7. - : . . 2. .: ,
2004. . 18-35.
8. .. . .: . 356 .
9. .., .. QuercoFagetea. // . .: , 1986.
. 121133.
10. .. . : , 1991. 160 .
11. .., .. -
- / . . . . . . . , 2011. 112 .
12. . ., . ., . . . . 1. - . ., 1988. .
4083-88. 71 .
13. .. // : : . . . (-, 2024 2011 .). . 1. C.: . . 167-171.
14. .., .. Carpinion betuli . ., 1988. . 3395-88. 33 .
15. .., .. . .: , 2002. 335 .
16. Walter H. Vegetationzonen und Klima: der okologisher Gliederung der Biogeosphare. Studgart;
Ulmar, 1977. 309 s.
17. .. . : , 1990. 359 .
18. Ellenberg H., Weber H. E., Dull R., Wirth V., Werner W., Paulssen D. Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in
Mitteleuropa. 2 Aufl. Gttingen: Verlag Erich Goltze GmbH & Co KG, 1992. 258 s.

THE ECOLOGICAL VARIANTS OF NEMORAL PICEA-FORESTS IN THE SOUTH


OF THE SUBBOREAL SUBZONE (SMOLENSK REGION)

Yu.A. Semenishchenkov
Bryansk State University, Bezhitskaya
Str., 14, 241036, Bryansk, Russia
E-mail: yuricek@yandex.ru

In the paper the characteristic of the communities of the nemoral picea-forests, described by the authors in the Smolensk region, is given. On
the basis of the floristic analysis two variants of the ass. Rhodobryo rosei
Piceetum abietis Korotkov 1986 are established. The questions of the syntaxonomy and the problems of the floristic and ecological differentiations of
these communities in the Southwest Non-Black Earth Russia are discussed.
Key words: spruce-forests, floristic classification, Smolensk region,
Southwest Non-Black Earth Russia.approach, Smolensk region, SouthWestern Nechernozemje of Russia.

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582.736 (470.325)




..
..

,
, . , . , 85
E-mail: kolchanov@bsu.edu.ru

84 . Fabaceae Juss.,
. . .. ,
,
.
: Fabaceae, ,
.

, () . [1], .. [2, 3, 4, 5],


, . , . .. [6], .. .
[7]. [8, 9, 10, 11]. , [12, 13], [14, 15].

. . ,
.. , ,

1
1

2
Amorpha fruticosa L.

3
NPH

Anthyllis vulneraria L.

HK

Arachis hypogaea L.

4
5

Astragalus albicaulis DC.


A. austriacus Jack.

HK
HK

A. cicer L.

HK

7
8

A. cornutus Pall.
A. danicus Retz.

A. dasyanthus Pall

HK

10

A. glycyphyllos L.

HK

11

A. jelenevskyi Sytin

HK

NPH
HK

4
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.


7
., ., .

., ., .

., ., +
., ., +

., ., ., +

., ., ., +
.,., .,
+

., ., .,
+

., ., ., +
., ., ., +

., ., .,
+

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________________________________________________________________________________

1
12

2
A. onobrychis L.

3
HK

13

A. pubiflorus (Pall.) DC.

HK

14

A. sulcatus L.

HK

15

A. ucrainius M. Pop.
Klok.
A. varius S. G. Gmel.

HK

4
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

HK

Caragana arborescens
Lam.
C. frutex (L.) C. Koch.
Chamaecytisus austriacus (L.) Link
Ch. ruthenicus (Fisch. ex
Woiosz) Klaskova
Chrysaspis aurea (Poll.)
Greene

23

Ch. campestris (Schreb.)


Desv.
Ch. dubia (Sibth.)

24

Ch. spadicea (L.) Greene

25

Coronilla varia L.

HK

26

Galega orientalis Lam.

HK

27

Genista tinctoria L.

28

Glycine max (L.) Merr.

29

Glycyrrhiza glabra

30

Halimodendro halodendro
Hedysarum grandiflorum Pall.
H. ucrainicum Kaschm.

NPH

HK

34

Lathyrus lacteus (Bieb.)


O.D.Wissjulina
L. niger (L.) Bernh.

35

L. odoratus L.

36
37

L. pallescens (Bieb.) C.
Koch.
L. palustris L.

HK

38

L. pisiformis L.

HK

39

L. pratensis L.

HK

16
17
18
19
20
21
22

31
32
33

7
., .,.,
.

., .

., .

., ., +

NPH

., ., .,
.,
., .

NPH
NPH

.
.

NPH

., .

., ., .

., ., .,
., +

., .

., .,
.,
., ., .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

., ., .,
+
., ., .,
+
., .

., ., +

., .

., ., +

., .

., .

NPH

HK

HK
HK

HK
T
HK

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

., ., +
., ., .,
+
., ., .,
., +
., ., .,
.
., ., .,
.
., ., .,
+
., .

., .

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33

______________________________________________________________


1
40

2
L. sativus L.

3
T

41

L. sylvestris L.

HK

42

L. tuberosus L.

HK

.
.

43

L. venetus (Mill.) Wohlf.

HK

44

L. vernus (L.) Bernh.

HK

45

Lens culinaris medik

46

Lotus corniculatus L.

HK

47

L. corniculatus (Lotus
ucrainicus Klokov)

HK

48

HK

49

Lupinus polyphyllus
Lindl.
Medicago falcata L.

HK

50

M. lupulina L.

51

M. sativa L.

HK

52

53

Melilotus albus (L.) Medik.


M. officinalis (L.) Pall.

54

M. wolgicus Poir.

55

Onobrychis arenaria
(Kit.) DC.

HK

56

O. viciifolia Scop.

HK

57

Ononis repens L.

HK

58

Ornithopus sativus

59

Oxytropis pilosa (L.) DC.

60

Phaseolus vulgaris L.

61

Pisum sativum L.

62

Robinia pseudoacacia L.

MPH

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. .
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.

63

R. viscos Vent.

MPH

64

Trifolium alpestre L.

65

T. arvense L.

66

T. fragiferum L.

T
HK

HK
T
HK

4
.
.
.
.

., .

., ., .

., ., .,
.

., .

., ., .

., .

., ., .,
., +

., ., +

., ., .

., ., .

., ., +

., .

., ., +

., .,
., .,
., ., .

., .

., .

., ., .

., ., .,
.
., .

., .

., ., .

., .

.
.

.
.
.
.

., ., .
., ., .

., .,

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34
________________________________________________________________________________

1
67

2
T. hybridum L.

3
HK

68

T. medium L.

HK

69

T. montanum L.

HK

70

T. pratense L.

71

T. repens L.

HK

72

74

Trigonella caerulea (L.)


Ser.
Vicia angustifolia Reichard
V. cassubica L.

HK

75

V. cracca L.

HK

76

V. faba L.

77

V. hirsuta (L.) S. F. Gray

78

V. pisiformis L.

HK

79

V. sativa L.

80

V. sepium L.

81

V. sylvatica L.

HK

.
.

82

V. tenuifolia Roth.

HK

83

V. tetrasperma (L.)
Schreb.
V. villosa Roth.

.
.

73

84

T
T

4
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.

.
.
.

6
,

7
., ., .

., .

., .

., .

., ., .

., .

., .

., ., .

., ., .

., ., .
., ., .

., ., +

., ., .

., .

., .

., .

., ., .

., ., .


1 . 2 . 3
. : , , . , NPH , MPH
. 4 .. . 5 : , . 6
: , , . 7 :
: . , . , . , . ( ). : .
, . , . , . . : + , . : .
, . , . .

. , .
: 18, 7, 49,
8, 2.
.. , : , , . 4- 3 : , , , ; ;

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35

______________________________________________________________

: . .
: 2, 8, 3,
21, 12, 2, 1, 3, 2, 6, 11, 4,
2, 7.
(25), (67)
(4).
(16),
(66) (2).
, , .
: (17), (5),
(4), (4), (2), ( ).
(21), (19), (26), (18).
: (24) (60).
: (26), (59) (21).

1. Raunkir Ch. Plant life forms. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1937. 104 p.
2. .. , . ., 1988. 480 .
3. .. , . . .; ., 1964. 146-205.
4. .. . ., 1962. 378 .
5. .. // . . -. . , . . 1995. . 10, . 3. . 71-91
6. .. . .: - . . ,
2006. 600 .
7. . . 2: ( ) / .., .., .., .. .: - .
. ; - . ., 2003. 665 .
8. .. . .-.: , 1936. 385 .
9. .. . .: - -, 1964. 447 .
10. .. . .: , 1969. 200 .
11. .., .., .. - . ,
2008. 80 .
12. http://apk-soft.ru/agro_travki_bobovie.php
13. http://www.nature-archive.ru/grasses/astragal.php
14. . . : . . .: . , 1979. 368 .
15. . . .: , 1978. 382 .

THE SPECIES OF THE FAMILY FABACEAE JUSS IN THE FLORA OF BELGOROD REGION
AND ITS ECOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Ngo Thi Diem Kieu
R.A. Kolchanov
A.F. Kolchanov
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: kolchanov@bsu.edu.ru

The article provides 84 species of fam. Fabaceae Juss., growing on the


territory of the Belgorod region. Each species is assigned to a particular life
form in the system Ch. Raunkiers and I.G. Serebryakovs, and a classification of life forms of legumes in relation to light, water and soil is given.
Key words: Fabaceae, life forms, Belgorod Region.

Copyright & A K-C


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36
________________________________________________________________________________

581.522.4:630.27

-
..
..

, ,
163062, ,
. , 13
E-mail: forestry@ptl-arh.ru

.
.
-
- .
: ,
- , ,
.

- , 1.5 . 2
5 . , . 3035 . 3 ,
- , - ,
.
, [1],
-
,
.
.
198889 . [2].
- .
.

.
50- ,
625 74 32 .
, - , ,
. -
-
.

[3]
(. 1).
, , , , , (. 2).

Copyright & A K-C

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37

______________________________________________________________

, .
.. , 1975 [4]
.. , 1983 [3]
48
56
125
178
522
1014

.
() () [3]

.
.

18.2
2.5
3.0
3.7
25.7
5.2
39.0
9.0
23.0
7.5
2.9
2.7

18.2
2.5
23.4
53.3
28.2
46.5
17.8
26.8
7.5 3
33.2
9.8
67.4

3.0
3.7
23.4
53.3
8.6
11.7
4.5
28.9
1.7
33.5
10.0
54.1

. - .

25.7
39.0
5.2
9.0
28.2
17.8
46.5
26.8
8.6
4.5
41.7
28.9
41.8
45.9
41.8
45.9
12.6
30.7
50.9
47.7
16.3
7.0
47.1
26.8

23.0
7.5
7.5
33.2
1.7
33.5
12.6
50.9
30.7
47.7
1.6
32.5

2.9
2.7
9.8
67.4
10.0
54.1
16.3
47.1
7.0
26.8
1.5
32.5

120
21
327
840
463
557
232
404
236
228
339
280
651
755


, , .

, .

,

, 642
(67.4%), 9.8% [3].
.. , ,
, . ,

, , , ,
[3].
,
, , .

, ,
, ,
, ,
, , .
,
, , .
, , , , .
, -

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38
________________________________________________________________________________
, ,
[5].
. , , - , ,
( 1931 .). - 309 , 50 19 [6]. 913 : 450 , 405 , 70 , 30 [7].
() ( , 1934 .), (1.6 ) 212
.
, ,
( 1946 .) 362
[8].
550 , 34 78 [9].
( .), 70- . . 50 , , , [10].
1969 . (. , 1961 .) . , 1990 . [11], 780 92 32 1.9 .
. 625 74 32 .
,
,
.
- : , , ,
(), . -, , , .
, [12], [13]. , 1166 .
(1995 ). 1158 .
.
1979 (, , ) 50 .
80100 : , , , , ,
.
, ;
,
, , . 20- ,
[14].

- .

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39

______________________________________________________________



[5]. ,
[15] , , .

-, , ,
, , , ,
: , , .

.
[16, 17]. .. .. [18] . .. [4]
. .. :
) ; ) . .. [19]
,
- , .
.. , .. .. [5] , .. . ..
4 : , ,
, . , ( ,
) .
.. [14]
5
.
: ;

( ). ,
,
,
.
,
, , , , , , . ,
, , , .

(.), .
- [20, 21, 22, 23, 24]. , . - , . .

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40
________________________________________________________________________________
.
-
1 (
).
.
3.5 5.0.
100 , 5090 .

, .
300500
.
( .. ) 2030 . - -. .

[25].
, - - . 50 . (, ).
, .
- 2.
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(1418), .
136144 , 85106 (). 400600 , . 2030 ,
48 . , - -. - - .
- .
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, - . ,
.
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400700 . 3050 .
- -. - .
. .
.
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, . 400600 .
3050 . - -. ( ) - .
. 65 .
().
:
, , -
.

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41

______________________________________________________________

- 5.
.
3.5 6.3. , , .
90111 , 5269 . 400600 .
2050 . -.
.
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. -. 130 . .
, , .
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, . 145 154 , 102 111 . 400600 . 2050 . , , . - .

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42
________________________________________________________________________________
. . 400 . (, ,
.). 810% .
, -
.
, .
- 11.
+2.4 +2.9 .
, .
160165 , 116128 . 500700 . 2030 . - . - , , .
: , , . - .
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: .
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;
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, -
, . , , () , . - (, , , .) , , .

1.
/ .. , .. , .. , .. //
. , 1987. . 321.
2. .. // . , 1989. . 1434.

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______________________________________________________________

3. .. :
. . - . . ., 1983. 52 .
4. . . . ..: ,
1957. 303 .
5. .., ., .. . .: .,
1979. . 224.
6. - . :
, 1978. . 40.
7. - - .
. : http://www.pabgi.ru/collection.html
8. .. . .: , 1974. . 192.
9.
. , 2006. 32 .
10. .. // 1984 . , 1985. .6869.
11. / .. , .. , .. . , 1990. 84 .
12. .. // . .: , 1972. . 59.
13. .. . , 2011. 412 .
14. ..
. .: , 1985. 20 .
15. .. . .: , 1986.
. 139. 3 .
16. . . . .
.: , 1962. 8 .
17. .., .. . .: , 1967. 319 .
18. .., .. . ..: , 1965. 265 .
19. .. . .: . ., 1974. . 2-. 704 .
20. . .: , 1966. 452 .
21. . .: , 1964. 112 .
22. . .: , 1965. 38 .
23. . .: , 1976. 72 .
24. . - . : .-.
. ., 1967. 456 .
25. .., .. // ., , 1966. . 212256.

INTRODUCTION ZONING OF THE EUROPEAN NORTH-EAST OF RUSSIA


N.A. Demidova
V.N. Nilov
Northern Research Institute
of Forestry, Nikitov St., 13,
Arkhangelsk, 163062, Russia

An analysis of tree species introduction in the European North of


Russia is presented in this article. The problems of introduction zoning
based on environmental factors, the introduction experience, taking into
account the degree of development of areas are discussed. In the European
North of Russia, there were identified twelve areas of introduction on the
basis of natural and economic conditions.

E-mail: forestry@ptl-arh.ru

Key words: introduction zoning, European North of Russia, botanical


gardens and arboreta, woody plant introductions.

Copyright & A K-C


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44
________________________________________________________________________________

58.084

RHODODENDRON HYBRIDUM EX VITRO


..
..
..
..

,
, 630090, ,
. , 101
E-mail: annaerst@yandex.ru;
tin27@mail.ru; krk@inbox.ru;
ulianna@ngs.ru

-
Rhododendron hybridum hort. Cunninghams White ex vitro
.
.
: Rhododendron hybridum, ex
virto, .

- ex vitro . : 1) ;
2) ; 3)
[1]. , in vitro
. , [2]. ex vitro .

.
, in vitro, .
, . , -
.
, , . , ex vitro [1, 3].
, , . , .
[4, 5, 6], [7], : [8], :
[9]. Ericaceae [10, 11, 12, 13].
, , in vitro, [14]. ,
[15].
Rhododendron
hybridum hort. Cunninghams White ex vitro c
.

Rhododendron hybridum Hort. Cunninghams White. in vitro [16].

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45

______________________________________________________________

[17], ,
- () 30 / 4 [9].
- ,
. . 20 .
(30 ) ,
NaH2PO4 NH4NO3.
.
23 . Microsoft Excel. . <0.05 [18].

-0,35
, , ,
. [19]. , . 10
, , 10 , . Rhododendron hybridum , , , NaH2PO4H2O (380 /)
( I). ,
NH4NO3 (400 /) ( II) (. 1).

, Rhododendron hybridum Hort. Cunninghams


White

II
I
(1120
(110 ), /
), /

57
ex
vitro ,
400
NH4NO3
200
. 240
KNO3
240
185
185
CaCl2 2H2O

220
220
MgSO4 7H2O
. 190
380
NaH2PO4H2O

8.45
8.45
MnSO4 4H2O

( 4.3
4.3
ZnSO47H2O
, 3.1
3.1
H3BO3
0.15
0.15
KI
) 0.013
0.013
CoCl26H2O
- 0.013
0.013
CuSO45H2O
.
0.125
0.125
Na2MoO42H2O

27.85
27.85
FeSO47H2O
2 37.25
37.25
Na222
Rh. hybridum
(. 1; 2).
( 1.5 ), 10 ( 1.3 ) . 1.4 .

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________________________________________________________________________________
2
Rhododendron hybridum Hort.
Cunninghams White , n=20

,
, .
,
, .
,
,

2.50.4
5.91.8
12.43.0
7.30.7
7.10.4
4.50.6

3.70.3
8.71.3
19.42.3
9.10.8
7.61.3
5.10.8

6
7.40.4

11.21.1
40.54.6
18.62.1

. 1. - Rhododendron hybridum Hort. Cunninghams


White ex vitro: ) () ()
; ) 6
20 , 1/3 , 1/3 1/3
( , ).
. . 6 . 2 , . , 5 ,
3.5 (. 1).
, Rh. hybridum ,
.

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47

______________________________________________________________

. 2. - Rhododendron hybridum Hort. Cunninghams White




[20]:
-
1000 - 0.35 2;
- , , ;
- ;
- 100% -;
- .

, , - Rhododendron hybridum hort. Cunninghams White ex vitro .


10
NaH2PO4H2O (380 /), 10
NH4NO3 (400 /).

1. Acclimatization of micropropagated plants to ex vitro conditions / J. Pospisilova, I. Ticha, P. Kadlecek
et al. // Biologia Plantarum. 1999. Vol. 42(2). P. 481497.
2. .., .., .. // VII . . in vitro, : . . ., 1997. . 413.
3. Hazarika B.N. Acclimatization of tissue-cultured plants // Current Science. 2003. Vol. 85, 12.
P. 17041712.
4. Doina C., Fira Al. Tissue culture and ex-vitro acclimation of Rhododendron sp. // Buletin USAMVCN. 2007. Vol. 64, 12. P. 3943.

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48
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Almeida R., Goncalves S., Romano A. In vitro micropropagation of endangered Rhododendron ponticum L. subsp. baeticum (Boissier and Reuter) Handel-Mazzetti // Biodiversity and Conservation. 2005.
14. P. 10591069.
6. .. .
, 2009. 188.
7. Matysiak B. Effect of flight intensity on growth and chlorophyll fluorescence of Rhododendron microcuttings during acclimatization // Folia Horticulturae. 2004. Ann. 16/1. P. 107114.
8. Keith V.M., Brand M.H. Influence of culture age, cytokinin level and retyping on growth and incidence of brooming in micropropagated Rhododendrons // J. Environ. Hort. 1995. Vol. 13(2). P. 7277.
9. .. -
Rododendron L.: . . - . . 2009. 20 .
10. Protocol for micropropagation of Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. / A. Gajdosova, M.G. Ostrolucka,
G. Libiakova, E. Ondruskova // Protocol for micropropagation of woody trees and fruits. 2007. P. 445464.
11. Song G.-Q., Sink K.C. Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) // Agrobacterium protocols. 2006.
Vol. 2. P. 264272.
12. Evaluation of basal media for micropropagation of four highbush blueberry / T. Tetsumura,
Y. Matsumoto, M. Sato et al. // Sci. Hortic. 2008. Vol. 119, 1. P. 7274.
13. Debnath S.C. In vitro culture of lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) // Proceedings of
the ninth North American blueberry research and extension workers conference. 2004. Vol. 3, 12
and 34. P. 393407.
14. Supporting material influences the root growth and morphology of sweet potato plantlets cultured
photoautotrophically / F.A. Zobayed, S.M. Zobayed, C. Kubota, T. Kozai // In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. Plant.
1999. Vol. 35. P. 470476.
15. In vitro regeneration and acclimatization of plants of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) in hydroponic system /
E.V. Zapata, G.S. Morales, A.H. Lauzardo et al. // Biotechnologia Aplicada. 2003. Vol. 20. P. 2531.
16. .., .. Rhododendron hybridum in vitro // - , 100- ..
. . , 2010. . 192195.
17. Anderson W.S. Mass propagation by tissue culture: principls and techniques // Proceedings of confer. On nursery production of fruit plants through tissue culture-applications and feasibility. Maryland,
1980. P. 110.
18. .. . ., 1990. 352 .
19. - / .. ,
.. , .. , .. // . 2008. 3 (55). . 710.
20. .. ,
: . , 2004. 205 .

ADAPTATION OF REGENERANTS RHODODENDRON HYBRIDUM


TO EX VITRO CONDITION
A.A. Erst
T.I. Novikova
A.V. Karakulov
Y.G. Zaytseva
Central Siberian Botanical Garden,
Siberian Branch of RAS,
Zolotodolinskaya St., 101, Novosibirsk,
630090, Russia
E-mail: annaerst@yandex.ru;
tin27@mail.ru; krk@inbox.ru;
ulianna@ngs.ru

The effective way of adaptation of regenerants Rhododendron hybridum Hort. Cunningham's White varieties to ex vitro conditions using hydroponic system is described. Two-stage process of the adaptation provides
a well-developed root system regenerants and their high survival rate in soil
substrates.
Key words:
hydroponics.

Rhododendron

hybridum,

adaptation

ex

vitro,

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49

______________________________________________________________

630*232.328.1



.. 1
.. 2
1

;
, 692510,
, . ,
. , 44
E-mail: ilh@primacad.ru


43 . 3 : , .
: , , , ,

2 -
; 690024,
. ,
. , 142
E-mail: denisov56@list.ru

[1], , . . ,
, ( .).
[2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], , ,
. , , , , , ,
, . , , , , .
, .
, . [7],
.. .. [8], ,
, , ( ) . . [7], - ( .), . ,
. .. [9],
.
, , (, ) . , [10, 11, 12].
( )
. ,
( ) , .

, .

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________________________________________________________________________________

( 5-7-10), . 5-7 , , 1-2 , . : 6-10, 2-10, 3-15 .
:
, -. ,
- .
, .. .
( 5-7 ). .
.
, . . 1:2; ( 4-5).
, .
5 ( ) 0-3, 3-10 10-20 .

, ( .) , .
,
3 :
1). () 70-100% . , - .
. . , . : , ,
, , , , , , , , , , .
2). () 50-69%.

. , .
: , , , ,
, , .
3). () 25-49%.
. . : , , , , ,
.
, ,
. , .
.
..[13] , , (
), ,
.. , ,
[2, 14]. , .. .. [2], , .

, .
.

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51

______________________________________________________________

, , . ,
, , .
,
. . 1 , . : , , , , . , , 30-60%. .
1

2
20-30 VI
25 VI-10 VII
15-30 VI
10-20 VI
10-25 VI
15 VI-30 VII
10-25 VI
5-25 VII
20 VI-5 VII
5-15 VI
5-15 VI
5-20 VI
3-15 VII
5-15 VII
15-30 VI
1-10 VII
25 VI-5 VII
10-25 VII
15 VI-25 VII
1-20 VII
15-25 VII

5 VI-10 VII

5-15 VI
20 VI-5 VII
5-15 VII
5-15 VI
10-25 VI
10-25 VI
10 VI-5 VII

15 VI-10 VII

1-15 VII
10-25 VII
15 VI-10 VII
15 VI-10 VII
15-30 VI
19-25 VI


, %
4
60-80
40-50
50-60
20-35
20-30
85-90
85-95
70-80
30-40
65-70
50-60
50-70
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60-80
70-85
45-55
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85-95
85-90
75-80
45-65
90-95
75-85
70-85
40-50

( , .) [15, 16, 17] (.. ) -.


, ,

. , , ( -

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52
________________________________________________________________________________
) ,
( ), .. (). ,
45-49%. -, .
,
(, 5 25 ;
10 30 ..) . , , .
,
, , [18]. , .. [19] ,
,
,
.
[20, 21, 22] , , , (, ) . ,

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() .
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: , "" ( , ).
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-

10

28.1
-

65.2
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61.5

60.3
26.2
49.6

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53

______________________________________________________________

1
1










2
2.3
51.6
34.1
38.1
55.3

4
5

17.2
50.7
51.4
55.6
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65.3
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10

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29.7
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11.3
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79.6

,
. ( , , , ) .
. ( , , , , , ) , ( , , , ) - .

8 ( , ) 123
( , ).
43 .
, .
24 61.8%, 14
37.8%, 5 71.8%. 3 :
( ), ( ) .

. , , . , .
5.6 11.7%.

1. .., .. .: , 1981. 343 .
2. .., .. .
.: - , 1934. - 284 .
3. .., ..
. .: , 1960. .. . 123-136.
4. .. . .: ,
1961. 269 .
5. .. // . . 1975. . 126-145.
6. .. //
. 1992 . - 1. . 14-17.
7. Haissing BE. Influences of auxins and auxin synergists on adventions root primordium initiation and
development // New Zealand J. Forest Sci. 1974. Vol. 4. 3. P. 311-323.
8. .., .. , // . , 1979. . 21-27
9. Hess C.E. Aphysiological analysis of root initiation in easy and difficult to root cuttings // XVI-th Int.
Hort. cong. 1962. - Vol. IV. - P. 375-382.
10. Earner R.I. Interplay of sourse, growth substrance and environment in propagation by cuttings (proceedings) / Inter. Hort. Congress 16. Brussels, 1962. Vol. 5. P. 617-619.
11. .. // . ., 1969. . 42-45.

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54
________________________________________________________________________________
12. ..
// . . .-. . . .. . ., 1970. . 165. . 57-60.
13. .. :
. . ... . . . .: , 1958. 46 .
14. .. . .: , 1962. 77 .
15. ..
//
. , 1973. . 222-227.
16. / ., .., - ..
. .: , 1982. 224 .
17. .., .. . .: - , 1989. 160 .
18. .. //
. , 1964. . 8-26.
19. .. // . 1956. 4. . 26.
20. ..
// . , 1967. . 42 51.
21. .. . ., 1979. 96 .
22 8. .. . .: , 1981. 120 .

EFFECT OF TERMS OF GRAFTING ON THE ROOTING


OF GREEN CUTTINGS OF WOODY PLANTS
O.V. Khailova 1
N.I. Denisov 2
1 Institute of Forestry and Forest-park
Management "Maritime State Academy
of Agriculture", Blucher Av., 44,
Ussuriisk, 692510, Primorsky Krai,
Russia
E-mail: ilh@primacad.ru

Botanical Garden-Institute of FED


RAS, Makovsky St., 142, Vladivostok,
690024; Russia
E-mail: denisov56@list.ru
2

On the basis of the study of seasonal development of woody plants for


43 species the optimal timing of green grafting was determined. Three
groups of species were identified: with high, medium and low degree of
rooting.
Key words: plant, reproduction, stem, root formation, root.

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55

______________________________________________________________

635.965.283:58.01/07

-
HEMEROCALLIS L. 1
.
..
..

, , 308007,
. , . , 85
E-mail: netsvetaeva@bsu.edu.ru

53 Hemerocallis L., . , - 2009-2010 .


, , .
: Hemerocallis L., , ,
.

. , . , , 30
, . , ,
- . Hemerocallis L.
. 18 10 ,
- , [1].
, . - Daylilies. , ,
Hemerocallis hybryda hort.

. , . , .
,
, , , [2].
,
. ,
. , , . , , . . . [3].
, .

.
. 5.2%. , ( 5.5-6.0).
1


2012 ( 5.2614.2011)

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56
________________________________________________________________________________
53 . 4 . [4].
, [5].
2008 . 20092010
.
2008 . :
(90 ),
, .. . :
,
c (45 ). ,
. 2008 . 100 . 2- , .
2009 , , ,
, 48 70 .
.
2009 . .
, 2010 . (. 1). , ,

, .

30,0

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

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T, t

2008-2010 .

20,0
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2008
.
t 2010

2009

t 2008

t .

t 2009

. 1. 2008-2010 .



Hemerocallis L. 2009 2010 , :
1) 4- :
10 . 15/27; 11 15 10/18; 16 20 6/13; 21 30 1/10;
30 6 . (2010), 2009. (
2009/2010 ). ;

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______________________________________________________________

2) , .
( 40 ); , 41 60 21 ; , 61
80 24 (22); 81-100 5 ., 100 2 .;
3) 7 :
7 12 33(14); 13 18 18 (36) . 18
;
4) , , , 10 .(. 1).
1

15
12
17
8
10
12
7
16
6
15
13
12
9
15
15
14
12
12
12,5
17
13
10
9
8
10
9
12
10
10
12
10
11
9
12
10
13
10
11
12
17
12
12
12

10.07
1.07
2.07
20.06
18.06
10.06
14.06
2.07
22.06
2.07
3.07
2.07
5.07
1.07
28.06
29.06
2.07
29.06
19.07
16.07
25.06
27.06
28.06
28.06
29.06
25.06
10.07
1.07
2.07
2.07
28.07
14.07
29.06
5.07
7.07
2.07
3.07
3.07
23.07
12.07
28.06
24.06
21.06

85
80
93
115
70
65
64
47
50
60
60
56
50
62
54
62
70
47
47
70
65
50
60
65
55
70
80
43
63
50
43
90
63
43
65
65
55
68
63
75
66
60
60

4/4/5/8
0/5/6/5
3/7/5/6
6/9/10/9
0/9/4/4
6/45/5
3/5/5/4
3/2/5/0
10/17/0/13
4/6/6/4
3/2/3/1
4/3/7/0
9/7/4/3
3/2/2/1
2/5/7/3
6/5/3/3
8/11/10/6
4/3/6/6
2/1/1/2
9/5/6/6
5/5/3/4
2/3/2/1
1/1/3/2
3/2/1/1
1/2/1/1
3/1/2/1
2/2/3/1
5/6/5/5
7/0/7/2
3/2/3/3
5/3/4/3
10/10/8/8
4/4/5/2
2/2/0/1
2/3/2/5
6/9/6/2
2/2/1/0
8/4/8/2
4/4/4/3
11/9/8/7
7/10/8/9
1/1/3/1
5/2/3/3

.









.






Raging Tiger
Winning Ways
Half Pint
Master T
Alise Monderland
Butter Sey Kisses
Crismas Carol
No Mistake Plantation
Marocco Boaty
Dansing Moonbeany
Goddess
Lolita
Serena Sunburst
Harlcom Lase
Angel Mine
Red Velur

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

- 2010

18.08
26.07
29.07
23.07
25.07
22.07
25.07
30.07
24.07
30.07
2.08
6.08
5.08
29.07
22.07
20.97
26.07
28.07
12.08
20.08
20.07
19.07
27.07
25.07
25.07
27.07
24.07
25.07
23.07
28.07
27.07
14.08
22.07
29.07
26.07
27.07
25.07
27.07
30.07
8.08
22.07
20.07
24.07

/
.
.
.
.
.
.
/.
.

.
/.

.
.
.
.
.
.
/.
.
/.
/.
/
.
/.
.
.
.
.
/.
/.
.
.
/.
/
/.
.
/
/.
/.
.

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1
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

Post Te
Regal
Give Scot
Missouri Becuty
Churcnell Powns
Pavlost
Royal Trills
Brava
Favorite Things
Minstvel Boy
:

10/4/7/5
8/8/6/2
5/3/3/3
7/4/5/4
6/7/6/5
8/9/6/7
8/5
2/1
4/8/4/7
2/3/4/5
1003

77
79
65
71
50
103
40
45
100
76

11
12
11
13
11
17
16
13
16
13

26.07
6.07
25.07
26.06
27.07
29.06
12.07
1.07
6.07
1.07

12.08
29.07
14.08
22.07
15.08
27.07
4.08
24.07
28.07
26.07

.
/.
.
/.
/.
.
/
.
.
.

5) 2010
2009 , 4421 8342 .
6) 2010
2009 ,
31%: 699 .- 2009 1003 . 2010 .
7) , ,
, , 13 14 33, 13 18 , 36
18 . (. 2).
2
2009 2010 ..

/
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

.









.






Raging Tiger
Winning Ways
Half Pint
Master T
Alise Monderland
Butter Sey Kisses
Crismas Carol
No Mistake Plantation
Marocco Boaty

,
2009/2010 .
65/85
65/80
65/93
90/115
65/70
70/65
40/64
44/47
30/40
40/60
45/60
45/56
40/50
50/62
50/54
50/62
50/70
50/47
50/47
67/70
55/65
50/50
80/60
80/65
90/55
60/70
55/80
50/43
65/63
50/50
52/43
80/90
57/63
55/43
50/65
70/65

,
2009/2010 .
14/15
14/12
14/17
9/8
12/10
12/12
9/7
13/16
7/6
14/15
12/13
11/12
10/9
13/15
11/15
13/14
13/12
14/12
12/13
14/17
8/13
7/10
12/9
12/8
12/10
10/9
13/12
10/10
13/10
12/12
11/10
13/11
13/9
11/12
15/10
12/13


2009/2010 .
106/196
57/172
104/224
214/536
60/119
29/141
72/177
51/121
57/173
41/150
57/105
90/95
95/229
29/89
81/185
85/212
170/297
119/185
28/59
105/184
42/101
34/70
54/42
63/46
40/35
50/59
118/198
94/124
93/256
38/62
23/54
152/335
77/161
17/39
33/81
159/219


2009/ 2010 .
12/21
6/16
12/21
11/34
8/17
4/23
6/17
5/10
17/40
7/20
4/9
6/14
10/23
4/8
6/17
6/17
15/34
10/19
4/6
11/26
8/22
7/16
7/23
5/19
6/21
8/18
14/22
11/21
11/16
8/11
7/15
18/36
11/15
3/5
7/12
13/23

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2
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

Dansing Moonbeany
Goddess
Lolita
Serena Sunburst
Harlcom Lase
Angel Mine
Red Velur
Post Te
Regal
Give Scot
Missouri Becuty
Churcnell Powns
Pavlost
Royal Trills
Brava
Favorite Things
Minstvel Boy
:

65/55
65/68
75/63
65/75
65/66
65/60
70/60
85/77
70/79
70/65
75/71
50/50
95/103
65/40
60/45
90/100
80/76

12/10
12/11
13/12
15/17
12/12
12/10
12/14
11/9
12/10
11/14
13/15
11/10
17/15
16/15
13/16
16/14
13/11
4764/8483

52/68
108/181
53/104
197/299
222/328
35/52
48/92
184/318
120/140
102/130
216/172
130/204
154/341
23/68
59/37
170/256
154/162

4/5
14/22
9/15
18/35
23/34
5/6
7/13
12/26
14/24
11/14
19/20
16/24
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10/14
699/1003

- , . . Hemerocallis 2,5 .
: . , Royal Trills, Crismas Carol, Master T.
-
. , , Angel Mine, Red Velur,
, Minstvel Boy. Hemerocallis , . Favorite Things, Pavlost, , .

1. .. Hemerocallis L. // . - .2. .: ,
1977. 99-104 .
2. . . : , 1973. 87 .
3. .. . : , 2003. - 31 .
4. . . . .: -, 2006. 95 .
5. . .: , 1969. 182 .

FEATURES OF ECONOMIC AND BIOLIGICAL SIGNS OF THE VARIETIES OF GENUS


HEMEROCALLIS L. IN THE COLLECTION OF NRU BelSU BOTANICAL GARDEN
O.V. Netsvetaeva
O.V.Afanasenkova
V.K.Tokhtar
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85,
Belgorod, 308015, Russia
E-mail: netsvetaeva@bsu.edu.ru

The article presents some results of quantitative traits research


for 53 varieties of the Hemerocallis L genus in the collection of the
NRU BelSU botanical garden. The evaluation of the most important,
economic-biological characters of the plants studied over the period of
2009-2011 years allowed to reveal the most decorative properties of them,
which can be used for different tasks of gardening.
Key words: Hemerocallis L., varieties, quantitative traits, introduction.

Copyright & A K-C


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634.722:631.527:631.521


1
..
..
..
..

, , 308015,
. , . 85.
E-mail: ltokhtar@bsu.edu.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru


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Copyright & A K-C

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- . . 5C 187 197 [9]. .


467 .

, [7, 10].
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Copyright & A K-C


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1
()

5.580.12

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9.4 16.0 . 12.7 .
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(64.0%).

(r=-0.52**)
(r=0.4*).
.
2009 74.6% , .

Copyright & A K-C

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______________________________________________________________

. ,
; [7],
.
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.
(0.62 ),
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(1.0 ) (0.9 ), (0.9 ).
(r=0.74***).

.

, , , , , .

1. .., .., .. , // .
: , 1995. . 274-281.
2. .. : . . .-. . , 2000. 22 .
3. .. : . . ... .-. . , 2009. 48 .
4. . IV. . / . .. . : ,
2009. 468 .
5. .. . ., 1958. . 99-101.
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8. .. //
:
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9. : . / 3- ., . . .: - ,
2008. 136 .
10. , /
. .. . , 1973. 496 .

RED CURRANT VARIETIES ASSESSMENT BASED ON THE MAIN MORPHOSTRURAL


COMPONENTS OF PRODUCTIVITY IN CONDITIONS OF BELGOROD REGION
L.A. Tokhtar
V.N. Sorokopudov
V.V. Jazykova
A.V. Tregubov
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: ltokhtar@bsu.edu.ru,
sorokopudov@bsu.edu.ru

Components of red currant varieties productivity of various genetic


origin in the Belgorod region are studied. The estimation of varieties on
bunches length, flowers and berries quantity in bunches, productivity and
weight of berries is carried out. Plant cultivars with high levels of the basic
components of productivity are selected - Bayan, Belaya Smoljaninovoj,
Viksne, Niva, Krasnaya Kuzmina, Chotokva.
Key words: red currant, productivity components, length of bunch,
weight of berries, infructescence of berries.

Copyright & A K-C


. 2012. 9 (128). 19
64
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633.34:631.52


- -

..



. .. ,
, 308503,
, . ,
. , 1,
E-mail: nadine151059@rambler.ru



- .


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7080% .

Copyright & A K-C

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______________________________________________________________


.

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60
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________________________________________________________________________________
.
2010 , , .
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______________________________________________________________

05

28.3
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5
1

05

2
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,

- . .
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.

1. .. : . . - .-. . ., 1997. 46 .
2. / : . .
2011. 5 (319). [ ] URL://http://www.my-gb.ru/articles
3. .. i i . :
, 1990. . 168173.
4. .., .., .. // :
. ., 2009. . 43. . 7679.

STUDY OF THE POTENTIAL GROWING OF VEGETABLE BEAN SEEDS IN CONDITIONS


OF THE SOUTH-WEST OF THE CENTRAL CHERNOZEM REGION
N.V. Kotsareva
V.Y. Gorin Belgorod State
Agricultural Academy,
Vavilov St., 1, Maysky Set.,
Belgorod Reg., 308503, Russia
E-mail: nadine151059@rambler.ru

The article presents the results of a study of possible yield and the
dependence of seed production of vegetable varieties of beans on the
growth conditions in the south-west CCR. Four varieties of vegetable beans
with a high seed production for management of seed growing in the Belgorod region were selected.
Key words: vegetable beans, seed production, potential yield, actually possible yield, limiting factor.

Copyright & A K-C

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633.32: 631.8


(TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L.)
.. 1
.. 2
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. .. ,
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., . , . , 1,
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, .


1 3052. NK-
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.

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(66% 63% )
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N44 1 - (3052)
(.).
, . N66 N88 - (2.8 3.0 / 11.9 12.7% ).
30 - (N4452)
9.2 / (+37.1%), -

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________________________________________________________________________________
. 45 , .
.
52 - (N4430) 7.4 / (+29,8%). . 78 - .


030

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- -
, . ,
( N4452 ), (
N4430 ).
,
- , 3052 1
, .
45 N 78 N , .

1. .., .., .. // -
. : - , 2006. . 312-315.
2. .. // . : - , 2006. . 175-179.

Copyright & A K-C

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______________________________________________________________
FEATURES OF A MINERAL FOOD OF A CLOVER RED (TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L.)
A.G. Stupakov 1
A.P. Chernyshova 2
M.A. Kulikova 1
A.A. Boldin 2
1 V.Y. Gorin Belgorod State Agricultural
Academy, Vavilov St., 1, Maysky Set.,
Belgorod Reg., 308503, Russia

Increase of productivity of red clover in a crop-grass rotation is


caused by the aftereffect of mineral fertilizers at a saturation of soil
3052 per hectare. The efficiency of increase of doses of phosphorus on
N-background was limited by much lower content of exchangeable potassium, than in soil without fertilizers, and of potassium on N- background by low content of mobile phosphorus. Positive aftereffect of nitric fertilizers did not appear in view of the outlined decrease in the
content of mobile forms of nutrients in the soil, it especially concerns
exchangeable potassium.

2 Lgov Experimental-Selection Station


of RSRISB, Selektsyonny Set., Lgov
Dist., Kursk Reg., 307720, Russia

Key words: clover, efficiency, mineral fertilizers, crop rotation, chernozem, mobile forms of N.

Copyright & A K-C


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72
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632.4:630.416.3:582.287

FISTULINA HEPATICA FR.



..
..
..

,
, 308015, . ,
. , 85
E-mail: kiryushenko@bsu.edu.ru

,
Fistulina hepatica Fr., - Quercus robur L.
.
,
.
: , , - , , ,
.

Fistulina hepatica Fr.


Quercus robur L. , , [1].
, . , Fistulina hepatica [1-9].
( ), , ,
( [7, 8]) .
F. hepatica,

.

70100- , , . 2011 .
. .
( , ). : 10++. (), (), , : 90; 28.2; 0.5-0.6;
II. (, ). 55++. 90; 29.0; 0.5-0.6;
II. (, ). 811+. 90-95; 29.0;
0.5-0.6; I-II. (, ). 10++.
70-80; 28.9; 0.5-0.6; II. (, ). 10++. 70-80;
28.2; 0.5-0.6; II-III. (, ). 10. 85; 27.4; 0.5-0.6; II-III.
, [10]. , () F. hepatica , , ,
, . ( ) , ,
, . , , . (

Copyright & A K-C

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73

______________________________________________________________

) (3 1 3
) [11],
[12].

Fistulina hepatica Fr. ,
, Basidiomycetes Aphyllophorales [13].
F. hepatica
. - - ,
1.3 [8], , ,
( 24 ) [3].
( ).
I-II- , ,
[3] (Brown Oak [1]). , , ,
[1]. II-III- - ( - Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.)
Bond. et Sing., - ), (
) . [3] , F. hepatica, ; [6].
[14]
, . , , , , ,
, .
.
, . , . . , 0.7-0.9 [9]. (-) [5, 9].

, , . .
() , , ,
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, (. 1). ,
- , . . .
1
F. hepatica


F.
hepatica, . (%)
10 (100.0)
1 (100.0)
5 (100.0)
1 (100.0)
8 (100.0)
3 (100.0)
28 (100.0)

F. hepatica,

-
, . (%)
, . (%)
, . (%)
1 (10.0)
0 (0.0)
9 (90.0)
0 (0.0)
0 (0.0)
1 (100.0)
1 (20.0)
1 (20.0)
3 (60.0)
0 (0.0)
0 (0.0)
1 (100.0)
1 (12.5)
0 (0.0)
7 (87.5)
0 (0.0)
1 (33.3)
2 (66.7)
3 (10.8)
2 (7.1)
23 (82.1)

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. 1. F. hepatica

. 2. ,
F. hepatica, ( III-IV) (
I)

F. hepatica
[1]. F. hepatica
, [4, 5, 7, 8].
, , ,
( ) . (. 2) F. hepatica
0.5-5.0%.
2
F. hepatica

, .
(1, 3, )*

202 (28.2)
199 (29.0)
200 (29.0)
198 (28.9)
181 (28.2)
334 (27.4)

( F.
hepatica), . (1, 3, )
10 (22.8)
1 (28.0)
5 (28.0)
1 (24.0)
8 (27.5)
3 (25.3)

F.
hepatica ( ), %
5.0
0.5
2.5
0.5
4.4
0.9

*
-
(. . 1) ,
, , , [15].
, () , . () , ( ) . - ,
. , ,
.
F. hepatica . 3,
( 2), ( 3) F. hepatica ( 4). :

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( ) ( ). (. . 3) 15.6%, F. hepatica 0.5%.


33.7%, F. hepatica 4.4%.
(. . 3) 36.7%, F. hepatica 0.5%. 49.0%, F. hepatica 5.0%.
3

F. hepatica


, . , (%)

31
31/198 (15.6%)
61
61/181 (33.7%)

73
73/199 (36.7%)
99
99/202 (49.0%)

F. hepatica,%
0.5
4.4
0.5
5.0

, (. . 2)
. , , , , , . .
, F. hepatica (. . 2),
II-IV (, , , ), I-II .
. ,
, 80110- F. hepatica 2.5-3.4% [4]. - 2.0-5.2% [16]. , ,
F. hepatica. - ( ) [7] 39.5%
30.9% . , ,
(. . 3, ), F. hepatica.
, F. hepatica, . ,
, , F. hepatica , .
, ,

. , . , : , , . , , .

1. F. hepatica
0.55.0%.
2. , , , : , () , .
3. ,
,

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.
, .

1. Pilat A., Usak O. Mushrooms. Spring House. Spring Place. London NW5. Printed in Czechoslovakia (S/B-51a). 1953. P. 18.
2. .., .., .. , . ., .: , 1950. 150 .
3. .., .. . : , 1986. 384 .
4. ..
// : . . . - . 1998.
. 48. . 281284.
5. . .
( ): . . - . . , 2003. 24 .
6. .. : . : , 2004. 461 .
7. .. : . . - . . , 2006 23 .
8. .., .. , // . 2009. 2. .51-52.
9. .. , // 21 : ,
. -
, , 18-21 2009 . , 2009. . 210-212.
10. .., .., .. Phellinus robustus Bourd
et Galz. // . 2011. 9 (104). . . . 15. .35-42.
11. .., ..
// . 2004. 6. .13-19.
12. .., .. . .: , 1989. 239 .
13. . 7 . / .. (. .) . .2. / . . . .
2- . . .: , 1991. 475 .
14. .. :
() // . 1995. . 29. . 5-6. ,
. . 63-65.
15. . . . ., - . -, 1978. 384 .
16. .. // . . . . - . , 1998. . 48. . 295-300.

THE BEEFSTEAK FUNGUS FISTULINA HEPATICA FR. IN BELGOROD OAK FORESTS


A.V. Dunaev
E.N. Dunaeva
S.V. Kalugina
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85,
Belgorod, 308015, Russia
E-mail: kiryushenko@bsu.edu.ru

In the article the bioecology, distribution and injuriousness of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica Fr. causing butt-trunk decay of English oak
in the Belgorod oak forests is considered. On the basis of the results of field
surveys and the analysis of the received data the description of ecological
features of a beefsteak fungus is provided, prevalence and harmfulness of
the given species in ripening and ripe oak forest stands of the Belgorod Region of the Russian Federation is estimated.
Key words: beefsteak fungus, English oak, butt-trunk decay, prevalence of disease, harmfulness, viability of trees.

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632; 633.3

..

,
, 308015, . ,
. , 85
E-mail: kurkina@bsu.edu.ru


. ,
, , , .
: , , , .

(Vicia faba L.),


37% ,
. , , , ,
. . , [1]. .
.

(1999-2011) -
. . [2-4].
:
= (100n)/N,
n , 1 ,
N , 100 .
( , , ) :
= (0100)/NK,
0 , N , K .
, , , :
Q = ()100/,
, .

, . , ( )
. ,
Phaseolus virus 2 Smith. ( ), Vicia virus 1 (Quantz)
Pozdena et al. ( ) Thermovirococcus var.-viciae Procenko ().
, , , , -

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78
________________________________________________________________________________
(. 1). ,
, .
100
90
80

, 2006, 2011

70
60

,
2007
, 2008

50

, 2000, 2010

40


( 1),

( 2),
,

30
20
10

, % , %

. 1. (19992011 .)
(

5%-
)

, ,
.
, .
,
. ,
(Ascochyta, Peronospora, Septoria).
, - Alternaria, Ascochyta, Botrytis, Cercospora, Cladosporium, Colletotrichum, Fusarium, Peronospora, Sclerotinia, Septoria, Stemphylium, Uromyces.
Vicia faba L. .
( Alternaria tenuissima Nees). -, , . -, , (. 2.1.). -, 36 1 , , 30501418 . (. 3.1.).
(Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Sacc.et Magn.) Briosi et Cav.).
- , (. 2.2.).
. , , , 151946 .
(1519).
, (Ascochyta boltshauseri Sacc.). ,
, (. 2.3.).
. , , . , , 12 , , ,
222878 . 2021.
, (A. fabae Speg.). , , 210 , (. 2.4.). ,
, , , 12 ,
132245 (. 3.2.).

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, (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de By.).


(. 2.5.). ,
, . , , .
(Cladosporium herbarum Link.). -, , (. 2.6.). , , -, 25-,
23 , -, 122867 (. 3.3.).
(Cladosporium pisi Cugini et Macch.). , - (. 2.7.). , 1 , 5936 .
(2025).
(Uromyces fabae DeBary f. viciae fabae (I II)). , ,
-, -, (. 2.8.).
, . -, , 34 , 20301826 (. 3.4.). - , , , .
, (Peronospora fabae Jacz.et Serg. (Syd.), Peronospora pisi Syd.). , ,
- (.2.9.). 26 . . , -, 20271520 . -, , . 1820 95100%. .
, (Septoria glycines T. Hemmi.). (), , , , 15 , ,
(. 2.10.). , , . .
, , 40350 , , . , , ,
14 . 2628 90%. ,
, .
(Cercospora fabae Fautr.). - , , (. 2.11.).
. -
. - ,
79 , 61157 . 2030 90100%.
, (Stemphylium botryosum Wallr., syn. Macrosporium commune Frag.). -, - (. 2.12.). , . , , - ,
- 34 1 ,
1556921 (. 3.5.).
Stemphylium sarciniforme Wiltsh. -,
, 35 , 28351528 .
, (Botrytis fabae Sardina). ,
, , - (. 2.13). , , . - , 34 . , , . , ,
, 12321018 . . 1518
80%. .
(Botrytis cinerea Pers.). 812610 .
(Fusarium oxysporum Schl.). , (.
2.14.), , . , 15 ,
458034 (. 3.6.).

1. .. . , ,
2008. 256 .
2. .. . .: , 1989. 480 .

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________________________________________________________________________________

10

11

12

13
14
. 2. Vicia faba L. : 1 ;
2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ; 6 ;
7 ; 8 ; 9 ; 10 ; 11 ;
12 ; 13 ; 14 .

4
5
6
. 3. : 1 Alternaria tenuissima
Nees (. 1520); 2 Ascochyta; 3 Cladosporium herbarum
Link. (. 1520); 4 Uromyces fabae DeBary f. viciae fabae (.840);
5 Stemphylium (.1020); 6 Fusarium oxysporum Schl. (.1520)

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3. .. - : 3- . :
. 1977.
4. / .. , .. , .. ,
.. . .: , 2003. 592 .

LEAF SPOT PATHOGENS OF VEGETABLE BEANS


Yu.N. Kurkina
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85,
Belgorod, 308015,
Russia
E-mail: kurkina@bsu.edu.ru

The article states the results of many years observations of faba


beans collection on leached chernozem in the climatic conditions of the
Belgorod Region to identify the main pathogens of beans culture. Viral, bacterial and fungal diseases of faba beans were reported, but such fungal diseases as black spot, peronosporosis, rust and ascochyta blight turned out to
be the most common.
Key words: plant diseases, lesions, leaf spot, faba beans.

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________________________________________________________________________________

574.5



..
..

. .. ,
, 392000, . ,
. , . 33
E-mail: mikezzz@mail.ru

,
.
, ,
.
: , , , , , .

,
,
, ,
, [1].
2010
.
:
; ; ; .
, , , , , , , . ,
, ,
[2].
, , , . , , , , .
[2]. [3]
, , () [4].

[5].
[6]. ,
[7].
,
. ,
, . , , .

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______________________________________________________________

, , .
. 454 ,
13200 2. , 216
- ,
. .
, 68 , . . , , . . ,
3050 , 70 . 0.5 15 .
0.2 /, 0.5 /.
20.7 33.5 3/ [8].
()
7.17 3/, 2.13 3/.
9.80 3/,
5.1 3/ [9].
,
.
18.5 , 13.6 4.9 .
2010 .
.. , .. , .. , .. , ..
.. .
1, 2, 3, 4 5 .
6 7 . . 1.

.. [10]. . ,
- .

, .. [11]. 72 .
, .
, .
, ,
.
:

: , .

-, .. [12].
:
N

s
i 1

Ji

J
i 1

(1)

S , si ( 0 4); Ji ( 1 4).
[13].

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________________________________________________________________________________

. 1. .
. 0.15 3
. -

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______________________________________________________________

.
0.7 3.
( , , , ).

1.6 ,
2.1 . .
, . . 2.45 3/.
3 4 9 .
. 4 5 0.8 , 0.5 . .
. . 2.97 3/c.
4.5 , , . .
- , .
2 , , . 19- 13 22C,
46 20C.
1.
1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

23
19
26
61
45
45
21


, /
0.13
0.10
0.16
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.24

pH

7.1
7
7.2
7.2
7.1
7
7.3

, 61 .
0.24 /. , : 23 , 19 , 26 0.13 /, 0.1 /, 0.16 / . 45 0.03 /.
21 ,
0.24 /. pH
.
, .
- . , .
, .
,
.
. , . . ,
. , . , .
. , . .

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, %


,
5, 6 7.
,
, 2.

9,5

10
9
8
7

6
5
4
3
2

4
2,9

2,2
1

. 2.

1
0
1

: . , .
.
, ,
3.

2,8
2,7

2,7
2,6

2,69

2,6

2,58

2,56

2,56

2,5
2,38

2,4
2,3
2,2
1

. 3.

, 2.38 2.7. 2.4.


2.7. , , 2.6.
,
.
4.

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30
25

25

24
22

22

21

21

20

20
15
10
5

. 4.

0
1


20, 21.
25,
24. 40%.
38 . 2.
2
( )

1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

2
Aeschnidae
Aphelocheiridae
Baetidae
Bithyniidae
Bulinidae
Calopterydidae
Chrysomelidae
Corixidae
Culicidae
Dytiscidae
Elmidae
Glossiphonidae
Gomphidae
Haliplidae
Heptageniidae
Hydrophilidae
Lestidae
Libellulidae
Lithoglyphidae
Lymnaeidae
Mesoveliidae
Muscidae
Naididae
Naucoridae
Nepidae
Neritidae
Physidae

1
3
0.7
17.5
5.0
0.4
0.7
1.4

2
4
0.4
0.8
2.8
11.9
0.4
2.8
0.8
0.8

3
5
0.3
3.6
3.3


4
5
6
7
1.0
1.8
3.6
22.8

14.0
15.8

2.1
4.9

0.4

0.4
0.3
0.4
1.1

7.1

0.3
0.3
3.9
0.9

5.6
0.4
0.6
0.4
13.9
1.8
3.6

4.8
0.4

7
9
1.5
0.4
12.6
24.2

0.9

2.9
1.0

4.3

6
8

14.5
0.9

12.2
1.5
1.0
1.0
3.0
3.0

0.4
3.6
1.1

4.2
0.4

0.4
2.5
3.9
3.9

1.8
1.4
2.1
1.8

1.9
0.4
0.4
10.3
0.8
0.4
17.5
4.0
0.4

3.3
0.3
0.9
1.8
0.3

2.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

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2
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Pisidiidae
Planorbidae
Plathycnemididae
Potamanthidae
Sialidae
Sphaeriidae
Stratiomyidae
Tubificidae
Unionidae
Valvatidae
Viviparidae

7.1
0.7
4.6
0.4
0.4
1.4
30.7
0.7
2.1

9.5
2.4
0.4
1.2

8.5
0.6
0.9

1.0
9.1
10.2

1.6
43.7

0.9
0.6
1.5
49.7

4.1
0.5
1.0
17.3

2.0

2.1

3.6

19.0
6.1
1.8

16.0
4.9
0.4

3.7
4.5
2.2

0.7
4.3

0.4
3.5

0.7
5.6

1.8
9.7

0.4
49.3

0.4
5.2

6.1

4.6

1.9

:
1. 2.71 /3.
.
2.
. ,
. .
3. .
- - .
4. 41 . , ..
, .

1. 14 1995 . 33- .
2. .. //
. 1999. - 28 46 c.
3. .., .., ..
() . // . . II . .: , 1976. - C. 2934.
4. .. . .: ,
1979. - 368 .
5. .. // , , , , 21-23 1998 .
, 1998. . 2728.
6. .. . : ,
2004. 125 .
7. , , / .. ,
.. , .. , .. // . 2011. . 6, 34. . 8796.
8. .. .
, 1980. . 3841.
9. .., .. // . -
. 2011. 56. . 1520.
10. .. .: , 1982. - 223 .
11. .. .: ,
1997. - 37 .
12. .. -
// . . 2002. . 29, 3. - . 337342.
13. / .. , .. ,
.. . .: - , 2002. - 432 .

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______________________________________________________________
NATURAL CONDITIONS OF THE COURSE AND TAXONOMIC COMPOSITION
OF BOTTOM-DWELLING INVERTEBRATES OF THE VORONA RIVER
M.E. Bukovskiy
N.N. Kolomeytseva
G.R. Derzhavin Tambov
State University,
Internatsionalnaya St. 33,
Tambov, 392000, Russia
E-mail: mikezzz@mail.ru

The data collected by the authors in an expedition to study the natural condition of the river Vorona streaming are discussed in the article. Studies were conducted at the area of its middle reaches within and in the immediate vicinity of the reserve "Voroninsky." The organoleptic characteristics of water quality and changes of water flow in the target area are estimated. Saprobity and bottom condition of the river are determined. The
lists of taxons of benthic invertebrates found in the studied area are provided.
Key words: water quality, saprobity, benthic invertebrates, reserve,
characteristics of the river gauging.

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90
________________________________________________________________________________

591.111.7:594.382.4


STENOMPHALIA RAVERGIERI (FERUSSAC) 1

..
..

,
308015, . ,
. , 85
E-mail: Prisny@bsu.edu.ru


Stenomphalia ravergieri. . 1
, . 2
, , . 3
, . 4 , , ,
. .
: , , ,
.

. ,
.
. , , , , .
[1, 2]. in vitro, .

. .
. ,
.
Stenomphalia ravergieri.

2010 2011
.
S. ravergieri, (-) 2010 .
[3, 4]. S. ravergieri
, 1 10-15 ,
2-3 .
. ,
.
1

"" -02-12

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, ,
, .
, [5].
.
, ( 60 )
, -
.

( , . -).
, , Nikon Digital Eclipse Ti-E.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae .
, . , , , , . 30 .

[6].

S. ravergieri
(. 1).
1
S. ravergieri

, m

, m

41.77.28

30.675.5

20.31.89

18.131.43

25.171.85

22.253.29

18.631.92

16.772.50

19.513.08

14.391.91

10.831.55

8.131.14

11.751.93

11.873.11

8.082.22

6.541.39

1. ( 41.7 m), .
60% . .
, - - , .
2. ( 25.17 m), . 15% .
,
().
3. ( 19.51 m) ,
. 20% .
, .
4. , ,
( 11.75 m) , , , . .
. , , .
1. , . , . , .
, (. 1).

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________________________________________________________________________________

. 1. 1: 1 ,

2. , , . , , , (. 2).

. 2. 2: 2,
,

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3. : , , , . , ,
.
, (. 3).

, 1.
[7].
, , [8].
, .
, , .

. 3. 3: , ,
,

Stenomphalia ravergieri (. 60%) , . , 15%, 3-4 20%.


Stenomphalia ravergieri
1, 2 , . 3 4 , .
, .
, , ,
Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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94
________________________________________________________________________________

1. Adamowicz A., Bolaczek M. Blood cells morphology of the snail Helix aspersa maxima (Helicidae) //
Zoologica Polonia. 2003. Vol. 48. P. 93-101.
2. Wootton E.C., Pipe R.K. Structural and functional characterization of the blood cells of the bivalve
mollusk, Scrobicularia plana // Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2003. Vol. 15. P. 249-262.
3. .., .. . .: , 2005. 627 .
4. .., .. /
, . .-.: ,
1952. 512 .
5. .., .. . .: ,
1954. 548 .
6. .. . .: , 1990. 352 .
7. Lie K. J., Heyneman D. Studies on resistance in snails. 3. Tissue reaction to Echinostoma lindoense
sporocysts in sensitized and resensitized Biomphalaria glabrata // The Journal of Parasitology.
1976. P. 51-58.
8. Hernroth B. The influence of temperature and dose on antibacterial peptide response against lipopolysaccharide in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis // Fish & Shellfish Immunology. 2003. P. 25-37.

MORPHO-FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF HAEMOLIMPH ELEMENTS


OF THE GASTROPOD STENOMPHALIA RAVERGIERI (FERUSSAC)

A.A. Prisny
S.V. Kulko
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St, 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: Prisny@bsu.edu.ru

Features of formed elements of the haemolymph of mollusc Stenomphalia ravergieri are shown. Four types of haemocytes have been identified. Spherical haemocytes of the first type are capable of spreading and the
formation of multiple pseudopodia that allows them to participate actively
in phagocytic reactions. Haemocytes of type 2 are oval cells of the steady
form which seldom form pseudopodia, they can adhere alien objects on
their surface. Haemocytes of type 3 are amorphous cells of small size, with
small pseudopodia. Haemocytes of type 4 differ from the previous type of
cells in size only, and, probably, are an intermediate phase of the development of the third type haemocytes. Individual changes in the structure of
cellular populations and dynamics of the number of haemocytes are revealed.
Key words: haemolymph, haemocytes, pseudopodia, phagocytic activity.

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612.1 591.11


1
.. 1
.. 1
.. 1
.. 2

,
, 308015, . ,
. , 85
E-mail:skorkina@bsu.edu.ru

, , 308007,
. , . , 8/9

-

.

,
60 ,
, 60
.
,
.
: , ,
- , .



[1],
[2], [3], [4]. ,
,
, [5] ,
, [6].
,
, [7]. ,
[8],

()
.

100
25 45 50 17 46 . ,
.
1500 / 10 . . , . 0,83%
.
( , =7.4).
10 . 50 0,4% , 50 0,9% . 900 . 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 300 900 . - ()
( Olympus
IX-71). 25 0,6-0,8 Hz, NSG03, 1,1/ 10 . 1 2011 .
, .

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________________________________________________________________________________
Nova (, 2009)
3,53,5 , :
. . t .

.

30-90 (. 1 1
1).
(. 1 2,2), , 90 (. 1 2).
120
(. 1 1),
(. 1 2). 150
, ,
, (. 1 1-1).
150
, ,
- (. 1 2-2),
(. 1 1-1).

. 1 . -
- (1) (2) : 30, 60, 90

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. 1 . -
(1) (2) : 120,
150, 180, 300

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________________________________________________________________________________

. 1 . -
- (1) (2) : 900
30 78% (<0,05),
37,5% (<0,05) (. 1).
1

30
60
90
120
150
180
300
900

35.822.45*
471.2*
20.581.08*
1303.1*
20.451.61*
712.5*
21.082.75*
480.9
41.703.31
321.4*
27.862.09*
612.8*
28.921.76*
713.7*
24.282.06
763.1*

22.391.90
842.9
36.394.05
220.4
82.677.16
341.9
44.364.48
491.0
38.272.70
1545.2
46.175.27
251.3
50.056.59
324.6
29.254.96
231.7

*-
<0,05.

60
,
(490%; <0,05), 76,8% (<0,05)
. 60

. 150 ,
381% (<0,05) .
180 (900 )
.
34,6% (<0,05)
30 ,
47% (<0,05),
(. 2).
2

,
1
30
60
90
120


,
,

2
3
4
428.072.1*
24.23.3
180.6*
301.811.4*
18.70.7*
1171.4*
145.77.3*
10.60.6*
490.9*
173.63.7*
14.10.6
330.7*

5
225.815.5
137.417.9
177.513.1
155.114.3

6
21.32.3
8.00.5
22.23.7
15.73.7

7
521.3
80.4
40.1
100.9

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2
1
150
180
300
900

2
209.31.9*
149.41.7*
189.11.6*
266.61.6*

3
27.74.6*
7.50.9
15.11.7
21.51.7*

4
70.2*
160.5*
70.1*
421.6*

5
126.57.6
94.46.1
141.26.2
93.28.0

6
11.91.8
12.02.9
17.82.0
6.081.1

7
201.1
50.3
40.1
50.7

*-
<0,05.


60 .
( 136%; <0,05), :
119,6% (<0,05), 133% (<0,05) . 90
82,0 47,7%
(<0,05), - 112%
(<0,05). 120 (900 )
,
120 230% (<0,05), 900 - 740% (<0,05).
.
30 (. 2 1),
(. 2 2) .

, .
30 150
(. 2 1-1). , 90
, (. 2 1)
, (. 2 1, 1).

120 180 (. 2 2-2). 180

(. 2 1). 300
,
(. 2 1), ,
,
(. 2 2 ).
(900 ) (. 2 1),
(. 2 2), .

. 2. - (1) (2)
: 30, 60

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. 2. - (1)
(2) :, 90, 120, 150, 180

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. 2. - (1)
(2) : 300, 900
60
. 30 96,7% (<0,05), 60 - 57,5% (<0,05)
. - (.3).
3

30
60
90
120
150
180
300
900

51.475.62*
191.6
31.945.10*
231.8
23.631.28*
1093.8*
26.243.33
412.6*
39.691.14*
381.3*
29.383.39
252.4
26.761.67*
212.1
71.815.65*
503.8

26.171.23
152.4
20.282.03
172.1
31.891.52
202.3
29.981.60
1034.1
31.211.54
182.5
30.652.70
272.6
48.443.80
232.1
15.501.14
591.8

* - - <0,05.

90 445% (<0.05),
74% (<0.05) . 120 95.3% (<0.05), . 150 , 111 27% (<0.05) . 300 81% (<0.05), 900 363% (<0.05) .

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30
80% (<0.05), 34 117% (<0.05) (. 4).
4

,
30
60
90
120
150
180
300
900

116.526.10*
85.679.76
147.836.70*
106.419.12
125.577.44*
112.5811.26*
113.009.08*
99.631.43

16.102.70*
8.760.43
7.990.75
9.180.98
12.501.03*
11.371.33*
3.800.56
10.301.07*

182.3*
90.7
543.5*
171.2
141.0*
121.3*
241.6*
101.8*


,
,

86.805.80
7.410.32
101.8
85.003.21
8.660.44
101.8
89.307.93
7.830.11
101.9
93.357.73
6.280.80
171.3
72.178.00
5.940.28
91.1
77.024.73
3.870.37
382.6
86.001.20
4.140.65
50.8
86.212.97
2.540.27
192.6

* - - <0,05.

90 300
440% 380% (<0.05)
. 65.5% ( 90 ) 31.4%
(<0.05; 300 ), ,
. 150
55.6% (<0,05),
74 110% (<0.05) . 180
,
32% (<0.05) .
900 90% (<0.05),
305,5% (<0.05),
.
,
,
.

90 , 150 . ,

.
[9].
, ,
,
[10],
[11]. F- ERM
[12, 13, 14].

( 60 )
( 150 ).
,
.
10
[15].
,
[6].



. , ,
, ,
,

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103

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.

, 60 , 90 .

1. Sechi S.A., Wehland J. The cytoskeleton and plasma membrane connection: PtdIns (4,5)P2 influences
cytoskeletal protein activity at the plasma membrane // J. of cell Science. 2000. Vol. 113. P. 3685-3695.
2. Negulaev Y.A., Vedernikova E.A., Maximov A.V. Disruption of actin filaments increases the activity of sodium-conduction channels in human myeloid leukemia cells // Molecular. Biol. 1996. Vol. 7. P. 1857-1864.
3. Saarikangas J., Zhao H., Lappalainen P. Regulation of the actin cytoskeleton-plasma membrane interplay by phospholipids // Physiol. Rev. 2010. Vol. 90. P. 259-289.
4. Stossel T.P. Contribution of actin to the structure of cytomatrix // J. Cell. Biol. 1984.
Vol. 99.- P. 155-219.
5. Stossel T.T., Janmey P.A., Zaner K,S, The cortical cytoplasmic actin gel // Cytomechanics /
Ed. J. Bererter-Hahn, O.R. Andersen, W.E. Reif. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1987. P. 131-153.
6. Ito T., Suzuk A., Stossel T.P. Regulation of water flow by actin-binding protein-induced acting elation //
Biophys. J. 1992. Vol. 61. P. 1301-1305.
7. Sanchez D., Johnson N., Li C., Novak P., Rheinlaender J., Zhoneg V., Anand P. Noncontact measurements on the local mechanical properties of living cells using pressure applied via a pipette // Biophys. J.
2008. Vol. 95. P. 3017-3027.
8. McMahon H.T., Gallop J.L. Membrane curvature and mechanisms of dynamic cell membrane remodeling // Nature. 2005. Vol. 438. P. 590-596.
9. . . . .: , 1987. 117 .
10. Charras G., Paluch E., Blebs lead the way: how to migrate without lamellopodia // Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell
Biol. 2008. Vol. 9. P. 730-736.
11. Sahal E., Mechanisms of cancer cell invasion // Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 2005. V. 15. P. 87-96.
12. Raucher D., Stauffar T., Chen W., shen K., Gu S., York J.B., Shettz M.P. Meyer T. Phosphotidyl inositol 4,5-biphosphate functions as a second messenger that regulates cytoskeleton-plasma membrane adhesion //
Cell . 2000. Vol. 100. P. 221-228.
13. Sheetz M.P., Suble J.E. Dobereiner H.C. Continuous membrane cytoskeleton adhesion request continuous accommodation to lipid and cytoskeleton dynamics // Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 2006.
Vol. 35. P. 417-434.
14. Wang Y., Litvinov R.I., Chen X., Bach T.L. Loss of PIP5K, unlike other PIP5KI isoforms, impairs the integrity of the membrane cytoskeleton in murine megakariocytes // J. Clin. Invest. 208. Vol. 118. P. 812-819.
15. Hoffman E.K., Simonsen L.D. Membrane mechanism in volume and pH regulation in vertebrate cells //
Physiol. Rev. 1989. Vol. 69. P. 315-382.

DYNAMIC CHANGES IN LYMPHOCYTE SURFACE RELIEF


WITH A DECREASE OF MEDIUM OSMOLARITY
M.Y. Skorkina 1
M.Z. Fedorova 1
E.A. Sladkova 1
L.A. Kosminova 2
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: skorkina@bsu.edu.ru
1

Belgorod Regional Hospital St. Iosaf,


Nekrasov St., 8/9, Belgorod, 308007,
Russia
2

The structure and dynamics of the surface topography of lymphocytes


from healthy donors and CLL patients with a decrease in the osmolarity of
the medium are studied using the method of semi-contact AFM scanning.
On the surface of lymphocytes is detected the formation of aggregated domains and protrusion in the form of bubble patterns and conglomerates,
which appear on the membrane of CLL lymphocytes with 60 s earlier than
normal with a decrease in the osmolarity of the medium, and 60 s from earlier in healthy in an isotonic solution compared with CLL patients. By reducing the osmolarity of the medium the height of the globular structures
increases, and their number is reduced in the groups of healthy donors and
patients with CLL.
Key words: lymphocytes, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, atomic force
microscopy, surface.

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598.2 : 598.829

MOTACILLA
CITREOLA PALLAS, 1776) (PASSERIFORMES, MOTACILLIDAE, MOTACILLINAE) 1
..
..

.
.. , , 432700,
, . 100-
.. , . 4
E-mail: pliska58@mail.ru;
hart5590@gmail.com

Motacilla citreola Pallas, 1776 (Passeriformes,


Motacillidae, Motacillinae) ,
, .
: , , , , ,
, , , .

Motacilla citreola Pallas, 1776 (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae) Motacilla flava


L. in sensu lato, . M. citreola ,
.
( ) , () , . M. citreola , , .
, , , , M. citreola , .
M. c. citreola M. c. werae , ,

(, 1990). M. citreola, - (, , , ). M. c.
citreola M. c. werae , ,
, , , , , -, , , . M. citreola,
.
:
, , , , , M. citreola .

M. citreola . M. c. citreola Pallas, 1776. , ,
M. c. werae Buturlin, 1907. M. c. calcarata Hodgson, 1836, -
1

09-04-97012-__.

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, ,
. M. . weigold Rensch, 1933 [1, 2]. ..
M. c. guassatrix Portenko [3]. M. citreola , .
[4], , [1].
2 : -
M. c. citreola Pallas, 1776 - . . werae Buturlin, 1908 [2]. 2006
M. c. werae Buturlin, M. werae werae Buturlin, 1908 [5]. .. [2] M. c. werae Buturlin
M. citreola. () [6]. [7]. ,
.
M. citreola (. .-) 63 ., (. )
58 ., (. ) 7 ., 8 ., 4 ., . . . 17 .,
1978-2011 . ( .. , .. .. (565 .), (235 .), (350 .), (43 .), (30 .) , (40 .) 2009-2010 . (352 .), 98 . . 1772 . (91 ). ( , ) , ,
,
,
, , ,
1978
2011 . (. 1).

(): n=16 ( .),
n=27 ( .), n=2
( .), n=3 ( .). ( ):
n1=16, n2=81 ( .);
n1=26, n2=103 ( .);
n1=3, n2=16 ( .).
: n=6 ( .), n=416 (
), n=174 (
.), n=7 ( .).
48 ,
45 200 , 603 .


19852011 . . . , - .
, -,
,
. 1. ( 5 ) 19812011 .

. -

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106
________________________________________________________________________________
(n=27), , , 1 . . 1 3 , - . (n=103) : (Sph), (V)
(CV), [6].
: , , , , ,
[6].
1:300000 1:600000;
GPS- (Garmin eTrex Venture),
Google Earth Pro. (- M. c. citreola -
M. . werae) (. 2, 3).

. 2. Motacilla flava L., Motacilla


lutea (S. G. Gmelin) Motacilla citreola Pall.

. 3. Motacilla citreola Pallas,


1776 : 1 Motacilla citreola 19812010 .


.
M. citreola
. M. citreola
, , , ,
, , , [1, 8, 9, 10].
() .
.. , .. M. citreola
, . , , , ,

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, , [6, 7, 8, 10].
.

( , , ,
, , ) [6].
M. citreola , ,
.
M. citreola ,
, [6].
M. citreola ,
(. , , ).

. M. citreola 100 . . . ( ) [6].
. , , , , , . .
, , . M. citreola , , [8].
. M. citreola ( ), , , [10].
, M .citreola , ( ) ,
.
M. citreola , . 25 [11].
, , ,
, .

(. 1) [6].
1
Motacilla citreola
(%).

M. citreola (n = 26)

Lim
78 - 97

Mm
84.94 1.05

CV mcv
5.24 0.87

c
, , . . , .
( .) , .. , 2
[6]. . M. citreola
, , [10]. . M. citreola , [8].
( ).
, , , , . . , ;

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, 7 . , [1].

, , , - , .
, , . . (n=17) (): D 60-123; d 49120; H 3085; h 3059 [8].
(, , ..). , .
M. citreola (n=10) 4 7 (=5.96 0.29). , ( ,
, ). M. citreola
(n=26). .
, [6].
M. citreola , (n=26) : , .
. . (03.06.1996 .) 5 20 . M. citreola
. , ,
, [6].
M. citreola M. flava (P<0.02), M. citreola
M. lutea . M. citreola M. flava
P<0.001 (. 2) [6].
2
Motacilla citreola

(c)

n
27
26
21
27

Lim
6.0 12.3
4.9 12.0
3.0 - 8.5
3.0 5.9

Mm
9.74 0.42
6.51 0.27
6.41 0.26
4.37 0.15

CV mcv
22.25 3.03
21.23 2.94
18.30 2.82
17.69 2.41

M. citreola
.
[11].
().
- . - , , , - [3]; -
[12]; - - -- , ,
[13].
[7]. - - ,
. ,

- [14].
. . , . 3 M. citreola:
17.05.2009 . (n=5); 26.05.2007 . (n=6) 19.914.5 ; , (n=5) 12.06.2000 ., -.
.
(): D 85.2; d 66.3; h 35.4 [15].

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.
, . , .
1214 . 46 , (n=15)
5.4 . (): 17.520.212.515.2, (n=60)
18.614.2; () 1.472.24, (n=58) 1.9.
. , . 1214 . , . [8].
( ) 56 .
1315 [11].
37 , 56. ():
17.920.313.015.0; . 16.020.913.015.1; () 1.42.1;
. 17.520.212.515.2; () 1.472.24 [6, 8].
M. citreola
36 [3], 46. 4 .
M. citreola .
4.93 0.27; CV=20.20 7.67 (n=26). M. citreola
[13],
(<0.0001).
5 (n=90) M. citreola M. lutea (<0.05, <0.005).
6 (n=101)
<0.02 (. 3, 4, 5). ,
, [6].
3
Motacilla citreola

()
()
V (c3)
Sph (%)
()
()
V (c3)
Sph (%)

n
40
40
40
40
54
54
54
54

Lim
16.020.9
13.015.1
1.382.43
70.4381.36
17.520.9
13.114.9
1.552.18
68.4284.66

Mm
18.560.13
14.000.08
1.860.03
75.510.46
18.420.08
14.120.06
1.880.02
76.600.37

CVmcv
4.440.50
3.560.40
10.231.14
3.860.43
3.310.32
2.920.28
7.590.73
3.500.34

4
Motacilla citreola
(. . )

1994

1996

()
()
V (c3)
Sph (%)
()
()
V (c3)
Sph (%)

n
47
47
47
47
23
23
23
23

Lim
16.019.6
13.014.8
1.382.10
70.43-81.25
17.620.9
14.014.9
1.832.18
68.4284.66

Mm
18.260.09
13.890.07
1.800.02
76.080.38
18.890.16
14.320.04
1.970.02
75.940.71

CVmcv
3.290.34
3.470.36
8.910.92
3.450.36
4.080.60
1.290.19
4.240.62
4.500.66

6
Motacilla citreola (. . )

1994

()
()

n
24
24

Lim
17.519.2
13.114.6

Mm
18.310.11
13.950.09

CV mcv
2.880.42
3.180.46

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5

1996

V (c3)
Sph (%)
()
()
V (c3)
Sph (%)

24
24
18
18
18
18

1.572.04
71.7479.78
17.620.9
14.014.9
1.892.18
68.4284.66

1.820.03
76.230.50
18.670.17
14.340.05
1.960.02
76.930.76

8.021.58
3.210.46
3.890.65
1.380.23
4.320.72
4.190.70

() M. citreola ,
[14]. M. citreola, , M. citreola ( , ,
), ,

,
. , . , .
.
1214 , ,
. . , , . . 11 12 ,
, 9 .
[1, 13]
14 M. citreola. , M. citreola 14
16 [13] . . . , . 30 60 . [6].
M. citreola 5 (n=3) (4+1), 6 (n=3)
(3+2+0). , 50% 6 , , . 13 15 (n=27),
911 (n=16).
, ,
. , , .
(60% ).
,
.
, .
. , 79 1420 M.citreola (n=10) [6].
.
2- M. citreola 0102.06.1987 . 3 4 . . 2 , . (02.06.1995 ., 08.06.1990 .), - . , . 12
14.06.1973 . . (?) . 8 1 0 ,
. , , , 24.07.1999 . 615 , [8].
M. citreola (n=416)
.. [6].
[7, 16]. M. citreola (n=99) ( .)
Diptera 39.8%, Aranea 19.5% Coleoptera 17.6%.

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Lepidoptera 1.8%
Odonata Hymenoptera. M. citreola (n=22) Diptera (Muscidae),
Dytistidae (Coleoptera), - Gammaridae, Formicidae,
Mirmicidae. M. citreola [6].
. M. citreola Homoptera, Hemiptera
(Pentatomidae), Chrysidae, Curculionidae, Chirinomidae, Muscidae. .
. , 23.07.1988 . . , . . 6 4-5 , (. . .. ) [10].
. -
. . [11].

.
M. citreola , , , , ,
,
. M. citreola , ,
- ,
. () M. citreola
[6].
,
, M. citreola
: ; ; ; ;
, ; ( ).
M. citreola , , , .. . M. citreola
(n=106) 94.24% 29 . M. citreola (n=26)
, , 4.000.19 (. 6) [6].
6
Motacilla citreola

M. citreola

.
3

%
12,5

.
%
---


.
%
3
12.5

%
21.0

M. citreola , , , . (19882011 .) M. citreola 25.0% (n=26). M. citreola


, 100%. .. [6].
.. ( , .-) .. ( , ) .

1. .. . .: , 1954. . 5. . 594690.
2. .. // .: , 1990. 366 .
3. .. . .- .: , 1960. .4. 416 .
4. Cramp S. The Birds the Western Palaearctic // Oxford Univ. Press., 1988. P. 11063.

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112
________________________________________________________________________________
5. .., ., .. . .: , 2006. . 146148.
6. .. Motacilla L. //
. . . . . . . .: , 1997. 17 .
7. .. Motacillidae // - . . .: , 1978. . 145157.
8. .. . .
2. 1. : +, 2006. 448 .
9. .. . // . . . -. .25. .6. , 1893. 398 .
10. .., .., .., .., .., ..,
.., .. : 5 . . IV. /
. - . .. . : - . -, 2009. 268 .
11. .. Motacilla citreola //
. - , 2003. . 221222.
12. .., .., .., .. . : , 1968. 638 .
13. .. - Motacillidae // , -: ,
1970. . 3. . 286363.
14. .., .., ..
// . ., 1997. . 76. . 10. . 11851193.
15. .., .., .., .. : , , . : , 2011. 280 .
16. .. Motacilla L. //
, -: . . . , 1980. . 1530.

ON NESTING BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF YELLOW-HEADED WAGTAIL MOTACILLA


CITREOLA PALLAS, 1776 (PASSERIFORMES: MOTACILLIDAE: MOTACILLINAE)
E.A. Artemyeva
I.V. Muravjev
I.N. Ulyanov Ulyanovsk State
Pedagogical University,
100-letiya So Dnya
Rozhdeniya Lenina Sq., 4,
Ulyanovsk 432035, Russia
E-mail: pliska58@mail.ru;
hart5590@gmail.com

Critical evaluation of literary information on the reproduction of yellow-headed wagtail Motacilla citreola Pallas, 1776 (Passeriformes: Motacillidae: Motacillinae) in the European part of Russia and the Middle Volga
Region is carried out, limiting factors of species nesting in the investigated
area are identified.
Key words: population, species, nests, layings, nestlings, nesting biotope, birds, yellow wagtails, Middle Volga Region.

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113

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598.2 : 598.829

MOTACILLA
FELDEGG MICHAHELLES, 1830 (PASSERIFORMES, MOTACILLIDAE, MOTACILLINAE)
1
..
..


. .. , ,
432700, ,
. 100-
.. , . 4
E-mail: pliska58@mail.ru;
hart5590@gmail.com

Motacilla feldegg Michahelles, 1830 (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae) , .


: , , , , ,
, , , .

, , - Motacilla feldegg, Motacilla flava feldegg M. f. thunbergi.


-. . , .
, , , . thunbergi, -
, .
Motacilla feldegg Michahelles, 1830 (Passeriformes, Motacillidae,
Motacillinae) Motacilla
flava L. in sensu lato, . M. feldegg , [1, 2]
.
( ) , () , .
,
. , ,
. M. feldegg , , ,
[3].
,
, , M. feldegg , . , ()

. M. feldegg,
(, , , , ,
, ).
M. feldegg,
.
: , , , , , M. feldegg,
.

09-04-97012-__.
1

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114
________________________________________________________________________________

M. feldegg
, ( -), ,
. [4, 5, 6], - .
,
, [3]. : M. f. feldegg
Michahelles, 1830 , ( ).
M. f. melanogrisea (Homeyer, 1878) . , . [7]; . ( ) [5].
, , M. f. melanogrisea (Homeyer, 1878), . M. f. feldegg Michahelles, 1830.
M. f. flava [5].
, Motacilla flava feldegg Mich.(Motacilla feldegg,
Michahelles, . ; Motacilla melanocephala, Lichtenstein, ; Motacilla xanthophrys, ; Motacilla kaleniczenkii, Kaleniczenko, ). ( . f. rayi Bnp. ).
( );
, ;
;
- ; - ; ;
. -, ,
flava , ;
; - 80-90 .
, ; ,
-, ( . . . ),
. . (dombrowskii) , . l. lutea [8].
, Motacilla flava aralensis Homeyer (Budytes
aralensis, Homeyer, ; Motacilla flava raddei, Haerras, ).
,
; , , 7583 . . , -
. , . ( , ) ( , ) [8].
, Motacilla flava melanogrisea .(Budytes
melanogriseus, Homeyer, -. ; Budytes melanocervix, Homeyer,
). , ;
; ; . aralensis.
(, . . ), -. [8].
M. feldegg
(1 .), (1 .), (6 .), . (1 .), 1978-2011 ., (1 .), (92 .), (1 .), (2 .)
20092010 ., 7 . . 105 .
( , ) M. feldegg , , , , , ,
, 19782011 .
(): n=2 ( .), n=2 ( . -,
). (, ): n1=2, n2=8 ( .); n2=39 ( . -, ). : n=4 ( .).
: , , ,
, , ,
[2, 9].
1:300000 1:600000;
GPS- (Garmin eTrex Venture),
Google Earth Pro.

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.
M. feldegg , , .
. M. feldegg , , , . M. f. melanogrisea
, ,
, , , ,
, , . [4, 8, 10]. - .
[11]. ,
.
. . - 1000 ... (
. 1900 2000 [4, 12].
. , 1000 ,
20002500 [4]. . -, , , , , ,
[10]. [4].
, , , ;
[10].
M. f. feldegg , , , . , , .
[3].
., -, -
(412.05.2011 .) M. f. melanogrisea , - ; ; ;
; ; ; , . - , - ,
, , , ,
- .
M. f .melanogrisea ., - : ,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
,
, . M. f. feldegg .
, , Tamarix laxa Willd. ( ), .
- ,
M. f. melanogrisea, :
(Ranunculaceae): Ceratocephala falcate (L.) ,
Ranunculus pedatus Waldst. Er Kit. , ;
(Papaveraceae): Papaver arenarium M.B. , , Papaver rhoeas L. ; (Fumariaceae): l Fumaria vaillantii Loisel. ; (Urticaceae): Urtica
cannabina L. ; (Caryophillaceae): Stellaria
palustris Retz. , Arenaria serpyllipholia L., Silene artemisetorum (Klok.), Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke;
(Polygonaceae): Atraphaxis spinosa L. ,
Atraphaxis frutescens L. ( .); (Limoniaceae): Limonium gmelinii (Willd.) ;
(Brassicaceae): Bunias orientale L. ,

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Alyssum desertorum Stapf) , Sisymbrium altissimum L. , Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. ,
Clausia aprica (Steph.) Korn. Tr. ( .); , (Tamaricaceae):
Tamarix laxa Willd. ; (Salicaceae): Salix alba L.
, , Populus nigra L. ; (Euphorbiaceae): Euphorbia glareosa Pall. ex Bieb. ,
Euphorbia semivillosa Prokh. ; (Rosaceae): Potentilla humifusa Willd. ex Schlecht.; (Fabaceae): Astragalus wolgensis Bunge ,
Astragalus testiculatus Pall. ; Geraniaceae: Geranium collinum Steph. ; (Scrophulariaceae):
Linaria genistifolia (L.) , , Linaria macroura (Bieb.) Bieb.; (Asteraceae): Scorzonera purpurea L. , Artemisia santonica L.
, Chamomilla recutita (L.) , , Tragopogon orientalis L. , Hieracium pilosella L. ; (Liliaceae):
Tulipa biebersteiniana Schult. et Schult. fil. , , ,
Tulipa gesneriana L. schrenkii Pall. ( );
(Iridaceae): Iris tenuifolia L. ,
Iris pumila L. ( ), , Iris scariosa
Willd.ex Link. ( .); (Poaceae): Eremopyrum orientale (L.) Jaub. et Spach ,
Eremopyrum triticeum (Gaertn.) Nevski. , , Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) Schult. , , Phragmites altissimus (Benth.) Nabille , , Poa bulbosa L. [13].
., -, . , .
(- ) 410.06.2011 . M. f. feldegg :
, , , - . , (, ), .
M. f. feldegg , . .
, , , , .
- , . , M .f. feldegg, : (Ranunculaceae): Ranunculus polyanthemos L. ; (Urticaceae): Urtica dioica L. ; (Caryophillaceae): Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke ; (Polygonaceae): Rumex crispus L. ;
(Brassicaceae): Neslia paniculata (L.) Desv. , ;
(Euphorbiaceae): Euphorbia seguierana Neck. ; (Rosaceae): Potentilla anserineL. ,
Potentilla argentea L. , ;
(Fabaceae): , Glycyrrhiza echinata L.
, M.feldegg, . , ; , , ,
., , ; Lathyrus tuberosus L. ,
; (Rhamnaceae): Rhamnus cathartica L.
; (Convolvulaceae): Calystegia sepium (L.)
R. Br. ; (Solanaceae): Solanum dulcamara L. , ; (Scrophulariaceae): Geratiola officinalis L. , ; (Plantaginaceae): Plantago lanceolata L. ;
(Lamiaceae): Scutellaria hastifolia L.
, Scutellaria dubia Taliev et Sirj. , Salvia tesquicola Klock. et Pobed. , ;

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(Asteraceae): Artemisia absinthium L. , Artemisia


armeniaca Lam. , , Artemisia austriaca Jacq.
, , Tanacetum vulgare L. ,
Senecio jacobaea L. , , Senecio grandidentatus
Ledeb. , , Senecio schvetzovi Korsh. , ,
, Crinitaria villosa (L.) Grossh. , Inula helenium L. , Tragopogon podolicus (DC.) Artemcz. ,
Crepis tectorum L. , ; (Iridaceae): ,
Iris pseudacorus L. ; (Juncaceae):
Juncus atratus Krock. ; (Cyperaceae): Carex hirta L. , , Scirpus lucustris L.
, ; (Poaceae): Phragmites australis
(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. , , Calamagrostis pseudophragmites (Hall. fil.) Koel. , () Anisantha
tectorum (L.) Nevski , , Bromopsis riparia (Rehm.)
Holub , , Festuca valesiaca Gaudin
, Poa trivialis L. , Poa pratensis L. ,
Poa angustifolia L. [13].
, ,
() Caragana frutex (L.)
C. Koch (Fabaceae). M. f. melanogrisea , , ,
.
, , ,
,
, . M. feldegg , , ,
, - . M. feldegg
, , - Messor clivorum Ruzsky - Cataglyphis aenescens Nyl. ( , Formicidae),
( 2011 .).

M. f. melanogrisea . . . ,
. -, . , . -
() , [10].
, .
. .
. M. f. melanogrisea
13.06.1975 . . , . ; 1997 . . .
[14]. . . . 2.05.1992 .
(. .. ) [1].
, ,
. .
1947 . - .. , , .
., -, -
1112.05.2011 .
(M. f. flava, M. f. beema, M. f. thunbergi, M. lutea) 150 . ,
, ,
.
(85 + 35) , , . M. f. melanogrisea , , , .
., - , .
410.06.2011 . M. f. feldegg, ,

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45 . M. f .feldegg . ,
8,51 ./ M=8,51 0,21. M .f. feldegg - , . .
,
3 5 , .

( , , .).

M. f. feldegg - . -- .. ( ,
. ).
- , . , M. f. feldegg, (. , + -
, ) . : (Phalacrocorax carbo) ., ;
(Nyctricorax nycticorax) ., ; (Egretta alba) ., ;
(Egretta garzetta) ., ; (Ardea cinerea) ., ;
(Ardea purpurea) ., ; - (Cygnus olor) ., ; (Aythya ferina) ., ; (Anas platyrhynchos) ., ; (Anas querquedula) ., , (Circus macrourus) ., ; (Circus pygargus) ., ; (Circus aeruginosus) ., , ;
(Aquila rapax) ., ; (Falco tinnunculus) .,
; (Phasianus colchicus) ., ;
(Chlidonias nigera) (C. leucopterus) ., , ; (Streptopelia decaocto) ., ; (Asio flammeus) ., ; (Apus apus) - +, ;
(Merops apiaster) ., , , ; (Upupa epops) .
; (Riparia riparia) - +, ; (Hirundo
rustica) - +, ; (Galerida cristata) ., ; (Motacilla alba) ., , ; (Lanius collutrio) ., ; (Locustella fluviatilis) ., ; - (Acrocephalus
schoenobaenus) ., ; (A. palustris)
(A. scirpaceus) ., ; (A. arundinaceus) ., ;
(Sylvia borin) ., ; (Saxicola torquata torquata, S.t.maura)
., , ; (Saxicola niger) ., , ;
(Luscinia svecica svecica, L.s.volgae) ., ; - (Turdus pilaris) - +, ; (Panurus biarmicus) ., ; (Remiz
pendulinus) ., , ; (Emberiza calandra) ., ;
(Emberiza schoeniclus) ., .
.. [4]
.
().
M. f. melanogrisea , , , [10].
M. f. melanogrisea , Suaeda Ceratocarpus, ,
23 . (n=2) (): D 120125, d 6077 [4, 10]. M. f. feldegg . . , ,
(Crambe tatarica Sebeok.), (Limonium gmelinii (Wielld.) O. Kuntze),
(Artemisia sp.) [3].
., - , .
2 06.06.2011 . 09.06.2011 .
. M. f. feldegg , , . .
.

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(n=2) (), ( 1): D 85, d 60, h 55 (06.06.2011 .).


2 (): D 90, d 55, H 55, h 38 (09.06.2011 .). , . , , .
Glycyrrhiza echinata L. (Fabaceae)
M. f. feldegg, .
M. feldegg . , , , , , .
().
M. f. melanogrisea 6, 5 . ():
, . - (n=28) 16.419.313.014.8; (n=11)
18.820.514.515.8, 19.5714.96 [4]. 56 -
. M. f. feldegg 16 , 2
25 . . -
( 1627.05 118.06.) [4].
M .f. feldegg 56 , - [3].
1, 06.06.2011 ., 2 3
. --, , . (n=2) (), : 18.919.114.1. Lim = 18.919.114.1; M= 19.014.1.
2, 09.06.2011 ., 5 .
--, .
(n=5) (): 18.914.3; 19.113.9; 18.914.0; 19.114.4; 19.214.1. Lim = 18.919.213.914.4;
M=19.0414.4.
- (0410.06.2011 .). M. f. feldegg (08.06.2011 .) , . () : 18.414.4. .
M. f. feldegg
. - M. f. feldegg, () . .
. [9].
.
.. [3] M. f. feldegg 12 , 14 15 .
., - , . M. f. feldegg,
06.06.2011 ., 2 3 .
07.06.2011 . .
09.06.2011 . 4 .
M. f. feldegg , - , , (, ),
.
,
, M. f. feldegg M. f. melanogrisea , : Megalotomus ornaticeps ( ), Lygus pratensis ( ), L.gemellatus,
Adelphocoris lineolatus, A.vandalicus, Polymerus cognatus, P.brevicornis (Hemiptera); Chloebius immeritus ( ), Haltica deserticola ( ), Cryptocephalus gamma, Bruchella conformis, B.pygmaea ( ), Chlorophanus micans ( ), Sitona humeralis S.lineatus ( ).
., - , . M. f. feldegg
.

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.
M. feldegg , , , , ,
,
.
M. feldegg , , , , , . . M. f. feldegg
. M. feldegg, , 100300 ( , , ).
Sphaerininae, Saprinus
(Histeridae), , , Noctuidae, , - Messor, - Cataglyphis, (, 1954;
, 2003). 09.06.2011 . M. f. feldegg
: Mollusca (Gastropoda: Planorbidae Planorbis spitorbis; Lymneidae
Galba glabra) 19.1%; Diptera (Chironomidae: Chironomus sp.); 14.8%; Homoptera (Aphirophoridae: Lepyronia coleoptrata L.; Philaenus spumarius L.) 13.7%; Odonata (Coenagrionidae)
11.3%; Aranea 11.6%; Hemiptera (Rhopalidae: Corizus hyosciami L.; Pentatomidae: Aelia acuminata L.) 10.9%; Coleoptera (Carabidae: Amara sp.) 10.2%; Hymenoptera (Formicidae) 4.3%; Neuroptera (Chrysopidae: Chrysopa sp.) 4.1%. : Lepidoptera 32.2%; Orthoptera 27.8%; Diptera 15.4%; Homoptera 14.6%; Hemiptera (Miridae) 6.3%; Aranea 3.7%.
M. feldegg . M. feldegg
, , , , , , , , . M. f. feldegg (n=7) Planorbidae, Lymneidae, Acridiidae, Miridae, Pyraustidae .; M. feldegg Orthoptera
Lepidoptera, Gastropoda (Planorbidae, Lymneidae).
M. feldegg ,
, .
M. feldegg, , , , , . M. feldegg , , , .
M. feldegg
,
.
M. f. feldegg . ( )
(. ), . M. feldegg

M. f. feldegg
, ( ), (. --).
,
M. feldegg ( ,
, - ), ,
.
,
, M. feldegg
: -

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; ;
;
; , ; ;
.
M. feldegg ,
, , , . , , , , . , , .
(
).
.. (- . --)
.

1. .., .., ..,. ., .., ..,
.., .. : 5 . . IV. /
. - . .. . : - . -, 2009. 268 .
2. .. //
: . III . . : - , 2010. . 241252.
3. .. Motacilla feldegg //
. , 2003. . 218220.
4. .. . .: , 1954. . 5. . 594690.
5. .. // .: , 1990. 366 .
6. .. , (-).
. - , 2001. . 1608.
7. .. //
. . ., 1897. . 3. . 171312.
8. .. // ( .. .. ). . 4. ., .: - , 1937. . 1334.
9. .. Motacilla L. //
. . . . . . . .: , 1997. 17 .
10. .. . . XIX. . 2. . : . . .. , 1973. . 343345.
11. . (i ). i: i ii ,
1938. . 119120.
12. .. . .1. -, 1960. .290295, 401404.
13. .. . .: - . . ,
2006. 600 .
14. .., .., .., .. : , , . : , 2011. 280 .

ON NESTING BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF BLACK-HEADED WAGTAIL MOTACILLA


FELDEGG MICHAHELLES, 1830 (PASSERIFORMES: MOTACILLIDAE: MOTACILLINAE)
IN ROSTOV REGION
I.V. Muravjev
E.A. Artemyeva
I.N. Ulyanov Ulyanovsk State
Pedagogical University, 100-letiya
so dnya rozhdeniya Lenina Sq., 4,
Ulyanovsk 432035, Russia
E-mail: pliska58@mail.ru;
hart5590@gmail.com

Critical estimation of literary information on the reproduction of


black-headed wagtail Motacilla feldegg Michahelles, 1830 (Passeriformes,
Motacillidae, Motacillinae) in the Rostov Region is carried out, limiting factors of species nesting in the investigated area are identified.
Key words: population, species, nests, layings, nestlings, nesting biotope, birds, yellow wagtails, Rostov Region.

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615.272.4.03:616.248




.. 1, .. 1
.. 2, .. 3
.. 4
1

.
, 308015, . , . , 85
E-mail: shirinkin_sv@mail.ru


,
, 185640, . ,
. , 33
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in
vivo, in vitro , . , ,
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: , ,
.


(), 10-12 , .
,
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). ,
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. , 1983 . , , . (10-3)
, ,
.
, .
, ( 10-15), ( 10-17) , .

: , , , , , , , , . - , () , , [1].
.. 1993 .
. , .
() - ,

[2, 3, 4].

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()
,
. : , ; , ; ; .
,
, ,
. .
-, - 1 : (106-109) [5].
. , , , 104-109 ,
. (, , ), ,
. .
.
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,
, .

- . , , . , ,
. , , , . , , , .
, . ,
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[3, 4, 6], .
, , , 2 , G-, [7-10].
:
, . ,
;
( , ) , ;
,
,
, ,
;
;
, , ;
[2-4].
, . -: mater (), matrix ()
, ... -

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, ,
. , , 90% , . . ,
. , , [11].
,
. , ,
. , , . , , .
, , .
,
37. , ,
[12].
- , .. ,
.. , . . - [13]. . 2003 . [14] ,
,
. , .
() , -
.
, - .
.

, . :
22O+O2=O2+22+ .
,
, , , . ,
2 N2, , , , , . , .
, , , [13, 14].
,
, .
, 60, ,
( .. . 1994 .) (C60FWS) -
[15].
() () [15, 16]. - .
-

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. - .. . , ,

, , 60@{2}n)n. [17]. 22-24 2,
60 - ()
(). 1.6-1.8 . 60@{2}n)m, : 3.4; 7.1; 10.9; 14.5; 18.1; 21.8; 25.4; 28.8;
32.4; 36.0 . [18].
, 60
60 . , (24 ) (, 2,8) [19].
. , 60FWS
,
100, . ,
- 60 , , 60 [17].
60 . , -
, 280 [20]. 60
, 60 , . 20 , 60
, ... 20 , . 20
60 .
, 60 ,
, . ,
, 6 60,
( 3.5 7, ). ,
, ,
60@{2}n, . . [21]. 4-12.
, , 60FWS , ,
,
[22].
, 2-3 ( 1 ) , ,
,
, [23, 24].
. . ,
, , ,
. , , , , EZ,
. , , , . . .
,
, 150 ,
. ,
, . , , ,
. , .

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, , ,
() 270 ,
- [24].
. . 2006 . : , . , - =3100 3 , . , , , . .
( ). , , -, ,
[24].
.. , , , . , .
.. ,
-
. , , , , ,
. ,
, , , , [12, 17].
, (
)
, ,
.
.. ,
. ,
, , ,
- ,
. () .
, - , , [17, 25].
. , , - 60
-, . . [26]. , , , ..
.
, .. ,
. ,
, , . , , , (- , ) [27], ,
- (2-) , , () [28]. , , NADH,
. , , :
2 + - 2-.
, :
2- + 2- + 2+ 22 + 2.
, ,
[29]. ,

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, , . .
, , [30].
.
, ( , , .) , , ,
.
,
, , , , .
, , .
, ,
. . , , , ,
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, , [14, 17].
, , ,
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. , , , , , . , , ,
- , ,
.
, , , , ,
. ,
,
,
[17].
,
,
in vitro in vivo, , . , , , . ,
, , [17].
, , , ( ),
, () . ,
, , . , , . , , , , , - .
50%-
.

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, ,
,
, ,
.
- , , , .
, , ,
,
, , .
, , .
, .
, .

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25. Andrievsky G.V., Kondakov I.K., Roslyakov A.D. Hydrated C60 Fullerenes as versatile bioantioxidants, which in biological systems regulate free-radical processes by the wise manner. 2003. IWFAC03. S-Pb., Russia.
26. A biologically effective fullerene (C60) derivative with superoxide dismutase mimetric propoties /
Ali S.S., Hardt J.I., Quick K.L. and all // Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2004. Vol. 37, 8. . 1191-202.
27. Pandey R.K., Smith K.M., Dougherty T.J. Porphyrin Dimers as Photosensitizers in Photodynamic
Therapy // Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 1990. 33. . 2032.
28. Active oxygen species generated from photoexcited fullerent (C60) as potential medicines: O2- versus 1O2 / Yamakoshi Y., Umezawa N., Ryu A. and all // J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003. Vol. 125, 42.
. 12803-12809.
29. C60-Fullerene monomalonate adducts selectively inactivate neuronal nitric oxide synthase by uncoupling the formation of reactive oxygen intermediates from nitric oxide production / Wolff D.J., Mialkowski K.,
Richardson C.F., Wilson S.R. // Biochemistry. 2001. Vol.40, 1. . 37-45.
30. Voeikov V.L., Biological significance of active oxygen-depended processes in aqueous systems.
In: Water and the Cell. (G.Pollack, I. Cameron and D. Wheatley, eds.). Springer Press. 2006. 285-298 .

HYDRATED FULLERENE AS AN INSTRUMENT TO UNDERSTAND THE ROLE


OF SPECIAL STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AQUEOUS MEDIUM
OF A LIVING ORGANISM FOR ITS NORMAL FUNCTIONING
I S.V. Shirinkin 1, T.O. Volkova 2
A.A. Shaposhnikov 1, G.V. Andreivskiy 3
A.G.Davidovskiy 4
1 Belgorod State National Research University;
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia
E-mail: shirinkinsv@mail.ru

Petrozavodsk State University,


Lenin St., 33, Petrozavodsk, 185640, Russia
2

ISMA NAS of Ukraine, STC Institute for Single Crystals, Kharkiv, 61001, Ukraine

4 Republican Centre of Hematology and Transfusiology, Minsk, Republic Belarus

Hydrated fulleren (HF) is a molecule of C60 put into volumetrical membrane of water molecules. It is determined that HF displays a broad spectrum of biological activity both in vivo and in vitro
even in extremely poor dose with complete absence of toxicity. There
are some data that HF has an original chemical activity on the one
hand it can be considered as a strong anti-oxidant but on the other
hand it is a donor of electrons for oxygen that is pro-oxidant. Special membranes account for this fact. The model of HF can be the key
to understanding the role of water structures of the human body for
its normal functioning.
Key words: fullerenes, water structures, human organism.

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135

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3
1
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______________________________________________________________
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138
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______________________________________________________________

10. .. - . : -
, 1992. 232 .
11. .. // . : , 1988. . 34-47.
12. .. (Orthoptera, Tetrigidae) // . / , : . . -. . -, 11-15 . 1989 . .-., 1993. . 99-100.
13. .. // . . . -, 1994
. 2, . 2. . 3-15.
14. ..
// . , , , , , . .: , 1981. - . - 72-97
15. .. // . VII
- . . , 5-6 2002 . : -
, 2002. . 69-75.

DYNAMICS OF A REGIONAL CLIMATE WITHIN A CENTURY, MICROCLIMATE


AND CHANGE OF AREAS OF INSECTS. 1. TEMPERATURE AND THERMOPREFERENCE

A.V. Prisnyj
E.V. Negin
Belgorod State National Research
University. Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: prisniy@bsu.edu.ru

Change of structure of the regional faunas, accompanied with a shift


of boundaries of areas of species, can be explained by both anthropogenic
transformation of landscapes and regional climate dynamics over a century.
It is supposed that the expansion of habitats is related to these two factors
united by microclimatic conditions. Confirmation of this view is found in
the relationship of faunal elements among the approximately 100 species of
insects noticed over the last 8 years in the territory of Belgorod region
where the second half of the 20th century is characterized by steady growth
of average annual, winter and spring temperatures.
Key words: regional climate, microclimate, thermopreference, borders of geographic ranges of insects, entomofauna of the region, the Belgorod Region.

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________________________________________________________________________________

504.064:001.8; 572.1/.4; 574.5




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3

1-6 :
1. D1 = (42+42) / (42+42) = 1.000
2. D2 = (42+21+42+30.75+40.75+40.5+30.3125+41) / (4(2+1+2+0.75+0.75+0.5+
0.3125+1)) = 0.907895
3. D3 = (42+2.50.75+41)/(4(2+0.75+1)) = 0.925
4. D4 = (31+22+40.75+42)/(4(1+2+0.75+2)) = 0.782609
5. D5 = (40.5+31+30.75+42+42+2.52)/(4(0.5+1+0.75+2+2+2)) = 0.856061
6. D6 = (32+22+21+30.75)/(4(2+2+1+0.75)) = 0.619565
:
D = (12+0.9078952+0.9252+0.7826092+0.8560612+0.6195652) = 2.099779761

3 7 2. 2 3 4. 3 6 5 3. 4 6.
, U= (0.75+0.3125+0.75+2+0.75+2+1+0.75) / (2+2+2+1+2+0.75+0.75+0.5+
0.3125+1+2+0.75+1+1+2+0.75+2+0.5+1+0.75+2+2+2+2+2+1+0.75) = 0.239092496
2 3 ,
.

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________________________________________________________________________________
,
1.2.2522-09 [6]
.

,
( ), ( ).
: , , , , ,
.
, ,
, , .



. , .

1. .. No. 79
31.10.2007 , ,
.
2. .., .. , // . 2011. 1 . 92-93.
3. [ ]. - . - http://195.178.207.3/GM_1/GM.aspx.
4. [ ]. - . -http://nanobase.mgupp.ru/index.php.
5. .., ..
// :
- : - .., 2011. . 128-132.
6. , . 1.2.2522-09 .:
, 2009 35 .
7. .., .., .., .., .., ..
2011620488 29.06.2011

APPLICATION OF THE METHOD OF MATHEMATICAL SIMULATION


AND AN ELECTRONIC DATABASE IN ECOTOXICOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT
OF THE POTENTIAL DANGER OF CARBON NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS
A.A. Gusev, N.E. Kopytova
A.S. Dudov, O.V. Zakharova
I.A. Polyakova, O.N. Zaitseva
A.V. Emelyanov
G.R. Derzhavin Tambov State
University,
Internatsionalnaya St., 33,
Tambov, 392000, Russia
E-mail: nanosecurity@mail.ru

Using the information from the world scientific literature included in


the content of the database Biosafety of nanomaterials', the level of risk of
industrially produced carbon nanomaterial based on multiwalled carbon
nanotubes by mathematical modeling, was assessed. It is shown that this
nanomaterial has a high degree of risk and this risk assessment is reliable.
Key words: database, nanomaterials, multiwall carbon nanotubes,
mathematical modeling, ecotoxicology, nanotoxicology.

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______________________________________________________________

581.192:582.736.3

AMORPHA FRUTICOSA L.

..
..

. .. ,
127276, ,
. , 4
E-mail: alla_gbsad@mail.ru;
shelepova-olga@mail.ru

, Amorpha fruticosa
0.19 1.55% ,
1.021.21% 0.831.01%
, Ni, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu Cr
,
.
Fe, Mn, Cu, Co Cr.
: Amorpha fruticosa, , , , .

(Amorpha fruticosa L., Fabaceae) 23 ( 2530 ),


1125 , . - . 68
[1]. : . , , , , , [2].
A. fruticosa XVIII . 1724 [3]. 1907 , , XX [4, 5].
[1, 3]. A. fruticosa
XVIII -, XX . A. fruticosa , . - , A. fruticosa ,
, , [6].
( ) A. fruticosa 1938 [7] : . ,
, . , (3.5%) [5, 8]. .
(1822%), [9, 10].
A. fruticosa , . 94% ,
, . , , (4.37%),
(12.5%) (6.4%); , [10, 11].
() [12],
0.650.76% [13]. [14], 29 -. , -

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________________________________________________________________________________
, [15].
[16] [17, 18]. : , ; , ; , [14, 19].
A. fruticosa , .
,
.

; , ; .

7 A. fruticosa, 2011
.. .. : 13) , ,
. .. ( ), ; 47) , . , .
- . ( 42-1777-87)
( 2406293 14.12.2007). 7 (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Co,
Ni, Cr) 2 (Pb, Cd) 27262-97 Hitachi Z-6000.
3- . Microsoft Excel, 5%.

0.19 1.55%. , (1.241.55%), (0.861.04%).
(0.1-0.29%), 3-5 , . Robinia pseudoacacia
[20] , A. fruticosa 1.82.0 ,
(. 1).
, , , 1.02 1.21%, ( ) 1.01%.
, . , ,
, ,
. ,
- , . ,
Zn, Cu, Mn . , , ,
.
Co
( 6.4 ), Cr ( 4.8 ) Mn ( 4.5 ) (.). Cu 1.9 , Zn 2.2 Fe 2.1. , Pb Cd,
, , 0.5 / (Pb) 0.1 / (Cd).

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______________________________________________________________
3

, %

2,5

1,5

0,5

0
1-
()

2-
()

3
()

4 5 6 7 4 5 6
()
()
()
()
()
()
()

. 1. (%) Amorpha fruticosa Robinia pseudoacacia


Fe . , ,
, , . . 44.82 / 21.13. 9.4
, (319.2 /) [20].
.
(21.130.0 /).

(/) Amorpha fruticosa, 5%

,
,

,
.

Fe

Mn

Zn

Cu

Ni

Co

Cr

1-

,
%
5.72

44.82

28.70

30.06

9.29

2.684

1.163

0.184

2-
3-

5.49
5.97

43.35
37.64

34.26
32.83

25.37
29.92

8.33
6.21

2.945
2.473

1.133
0.909

0.161
0.139

1-

8.17

37.31

20.12

15.51

5.99

1.716

0.712

0.086

2-

8.68

29.56

18.84

13.85

6.02

1.137

0.862

0.098

3-

7.96

28.79

16.36

14.13

6.13

1.135

0.515

0.078

4-

7.36

31.78

19.98

15.66

5.83

1.011

0.445

0.072

1-

5.34

30.03

9.48

22.78

4.92

1.639

0.287

0.050

2-

5.16

24.74

9.16

20.23

5.33

1.499

0.249

0.042

3-

5.58

21.13

8.15

19.49

5.02

1.788

0.234

0.046

4-

5.55

27.02

7.66

18.95

5.01

1.730

0.179

0.036

Mn :
, , . . 34.26 7.66 /, , (101.5 /). ( 31.93 / 18.83 )
, 2-3 .
Zn ,

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________________________________________________________________________________
, ,
. 30.06 13.85 /,
(36.8).
, . ,
, 1.51.2
, .
Cu - ,
. ,
.
,
, . .
9.29 4.92 /, (12.2 /)
.
,
1.31.5 . ,
.
Ni , .
, , , . 1.01 2.95 /.
(1.06 /) .
,
.
Co
B12 . , , . - 0.18 1.16 / 1.07 /, (0.96 /), . . . 0.64 /
0.24 /.
Cr , (III)
. ,
- .
0.04 () 0.18 () /, (0.26 /).
, ,
( 1.4 ) .

Fe (r0.95=0.83), Mn (r0.95=0,91), Cu (r0.95=0.85), Co (r0.95=0.93)
Cr (r0.95=0.93). , , , .


A. fruticosa, . 0.19
1.55% , 1.021.21% 0.831.01% . Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu Cr , ,
Ni. , , , -, .
Fe (r0.95=0.83), Mn (r0.95=0,91), Cu (r0.95=0.85), Co (r0.95=0.93) Cr
(r0.95=0.93). - .
.
.. .. -

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______________________________________________________________

A. fruticosa ,
.. .

1. .., .. Amorpha L. // .
.-.: - , 1958. . 4. . 135140.
2. Torrey J., Gray A. Flora of North America. New-York: Wiley & Putman, 1838. 712 p.
3. Rehder A. Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs hardy in North America. N.-Y: MacMillan Company, 1949. 996 p.
4. Ball P.W. Amorpha L. // Flora Europaea. 1968. Vol. 2. P. 127.
5. Hegi G. Amorpha L. // Illustrirte Flora von Mittel-Europa. Berlin @ Hamburg: Verlag Paul Parey,
1975. Vol. 4. H. 3. P. 13851386.
6. .., .., .. Amorpha
L. // : .
: -, 2012. . 2. . 2331.
7. . .. .
.: , 2005. 586 .
8. Lis A., Gora J. Essential oil Amorpha fruticosa L. // J. Essential Oil Res. 2001. Vol. 13.
5. P. 340342.
9. . Amorpha fruticosa // - . 1933.
9. . 2627.
10. // . 1957. 6. . 94.
11. .. // . . 1951. . 36. 3. . 299302.
12. .., .., ..
. : - , 1980. 232 .
13. .., .., .. Amorpha // . : - ,
1969. 3. . 177178.
14. .. . .: ,
2001. . 1-2. 764 .
15. .. // . 1950. . 39.
7. . 6667.
16. --D- Amorpha / .. , .. ,
.. , .. // . : - , 1970.
2. . 197201.
17. .., .., .. --D- Amorpha //
. : - , 1968. 5. . 326327.
18. Cromble L., Dewick P.M., Whiting D.A. Biosynthesis of Rotenoids. Chalcone, Isoflavone, and Rotenoid Stages in the Formation of Amorphigenin by AmorphafruticosaSeedlings // J. Chemical Society. Perkin
Transactions I. 1973. Vol. 12. P. 12851290.
19. .., .., .. . -: ,
1978. 220 .
20. Cromble L., Dewick P.M., Whiting D.A. Biosynthesis of Rotenoids. Chalcone, Isoflavone, and Rotenoid Stages in the Formation of Amorphigenin by AmorphafruticosaSeedlings // J. Chemical Society. Perkin
Transactions I. 1973. Vol. 12. P. 12851290.

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LEAVES AND FRUITS OF AMORPHA FRUTICOSA L.


IN THE SECONDARY HABITAT
A.G. Kuklina
O.V. Shelepova
N.V.Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden of
RAS, Botanicheskaya St., 4, Moscow,
127276, Russia
E-mail: alla_gbsad@mail.ru;
shelepova-olga@mail.ru

It has been established that leaves and fruits of Amorpha fruticosa


collected in the secondary habitat contain from 0.19 to 1.55% of flavonoids,
1.02 to 1.21 % of water-soluble monosacharides, and 0.83 to 1.01% of watersoluble polysacharides, and accumulate Ni. Content of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and
Cr is less than average observed in plants of Non-Black Earth zone of the
Russian Federation. A close correlation between the density of flavonoids
and that of microelements (Fe, Mn, Cu, Co, Cr) has been observed.
Key words: Amorpha fruticosa, microelements, carbohydrates,
flavanoids, metabolism.

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________________________________________________________________________________

581.1, 577.1



..
..


. .. ,
, 300026, , . ,
. , 125.
E-mail: abramea@mail.ru

,
. , , . , , -
/
.
: , , , .

,
,
, [1]. , , ,
.

. (, , .), . , , [2].
,
.

14
-84. , (NiCl2) .
96%- . -3 665, 654, 649
470 .
[3]. () [4].

, 10-6 () , .
(. 1).

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______________________________________________________________

0,04
0,03
0,02
0,01
0

lg NiCl2

b,
/

, /

(+b), /

6

5
. b 4
. 3
.
2

1

0
,

0
1
2
3
4
(10-3 ) (. 2a).
lg NiCl2
b
. 1.

: ( )

, .
(. 2b).

5
4
3
2
1
0

lg NiCl2
b

. 2. a b
( )
.

,
. [5]. .

, [6]. / [7], [8].
, ,
b II [8].
, , .
,

NiCl2 10-5 (. 3), . . , , .

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________________________________________________________________________________

, /

.
0,08
,
,
0,06
0,04
,
0,02
, 0

0
1
2
3
4
[8].
lg NiCl2
. 3.
, ( )
, . . , ( H). .
. 4.
,
0,05
NiCl2 10-6 10-5 0,04

,
0,03
, 0,02

0,01
0
[8]. , 4
3
2
1
0

lg NiCl2
.
. 4.



[7].
0,1

, , .
, -, / .

1. .., .., ..
. .: , 2005. 640 .
2. . : . . .: , 1985. 312 .
3. .., .. . .: ,
2003. 256 .
4. .. . : , 2006. 120 .
5. .., ..
// . 2006. . 53. 2. . 285-308
6. .., .., ..
// . 2003.
. 50. 3. . 445-454.
7. .., ..
// . 2001. . 48. 4 . 606-630.
8. .. . .: ,
2010. 638 .

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155

______________________________________________________________
THE CONTENT OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC PIGMENTS AND ASCORBIC ACID
IN VETCH SEEDLINGS IN THE PRESENCE OF NICKEL CHLORIDE
E.A. Abramova
V.V. Ivanishchev
L.N. Tolstoy Tula State Pedagogical
University, Lenin Av., 125, Tula,
300026, Russia
E-mail: abramea@mail.ru

Study of the content of photosynthetic pigments and ascorbic acid in


vetch seedlings growing in the presence of several nickel chloride concentrations in solution has been carried out. It was established that at low concentration of salt pigment content was higher than in control. At high salt
concentrations we have observed a considerable decrease of studied parameters, possibly because of a negative salt ions influence on the activity
and/or biosynthesis of enzymes for pigment and ascorbic acid metabolism.
Key words: vetch seedlings, chlorophyll, carotinoids, ascorbic acid.

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156
________________________________________________________________________________

636.5.033:612.015.348

-
1
.. 1
.. 2
.. 2
.. 1
1

,
, 308015, . ,
. , 85
E-mail: Chernyavskikh@bsu.edu.ru
2

. .. ,
, 308503, .,
. , . , . 1

(
Corynebacterium
glutamicum) 800 1 1000 1
-. ,
. , , - . 800 1 1000 1 .
: , , -.

[1].
, - , . , ,
,
[2, 3]. ,
[4].

- .

-
. .. . - 5 .
() [5, 6].
() (
Corynebacterium glutamicum) 800 1000 1 . . ,

[7]. 38 .
, , , .
, .
1 13.G25.31.0069
22 2010 .

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157

______________________________________________________________


.
,
[3, 8].
- [3].
[9].
t- .

,
-.
, , ,
[10, 11] (.).
.


, . .
, -1
, %:

-
-
-
-
, . .

I ()
51.331.86

I ()
55.251.03

II ()
51.830.79

35.55
22.92
36.83
4.72
0.55
0.740.00

45.98
28.35
14.17
11.50
0.85
2.600.41*

37.05
31.52
26.58
4.85
0.59
0.840.03*

: * <0,05 .


. , [12].

, .
7.6% , (. .).
. , 29.3%, 4.2% ,
. , 800 1 , ,
. , , (,
, , , ,
.), [1, 13-16].
- 23.7% 37.5%, -, , 61.5% 27.8%
.
800 1 - , 1000 1 .
-: 143.6%.
[14]. 2.8%
.
.
4 . 13.5%. , , -

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158
________________________________________________________________________________
. ,

[17].

1. 800 1000 1
-.
2. ,
, - -, - , .
3. 800 1 1000 1
.

1. .. - : . . ... -
. . -, 1984. 39 .
2. / .. , .. , .. .
.: , 1982. 272 .
3. .. . .: , 1982. 254 .
4. .. - : .
. ... - .-. . , 1999. 48 .
5. : III. /
. . .. , .. . .. . .: , 1993. 176 .
6. .., .. , , , . .: , 1996. 96 .
7. / . . .. , .. .
, 1991. 78 .
8. : / .. , .. . : , 1985. 287 .
9. .. . .: , 1980. 293 .
10. .. / . .. . .: , 1978.
744 . ( ).
11. .., .. . .: ,
1978. 255 .
12. .. . .: , 1976. 240 .
13. .. ,
, // . , 1968. . 3 (19). . 215-223.
14. .. . .: , 1982. 124 .
15. .. : . : ,
1986. 80 .
16. .., .. .
.: , 1988. 270 .
17. .., .. .
.: , 1993. 204 .

BROILER CHICKENS BLOOD PROTEIN SPECTRUM AS A RESULT OF LYSINE SULPHATE


ADDITION TO THE DIET
E S.D. Chernyavskikh 1, N.A. Musienko2
I.N. Yakovleva2, Zh.A. Borodaeva1
1 Belgorod State National Research University,
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia
E-mail: Chernyavskikh@bsu.edu.ru

V.Y. Gorin Belgorod State Agricultural


Academy, Vavilova St., 1, Maysky Set.,
Belgorod Reg., 308503, Russia

This paper describes the effect of a new additive of lysine


sulphate (a microbiological synthesis product using Corynebacterium
glutamicum) in the dose of 800 mgkg1 and 1000 mgkg1 body
weight on the general health state and blood protein spectrum of
broiler chickens. It was found that the additive did not affect the
birds organism unfavorably. An increased concentration of
immunoglobulins, albumens, - and -globulins is recorded after lysine sulphate addition to the diet. The dose of 800 mgkg1 is more
effective than 1000 mgkg1.
Key words: blood proteins, lysine sulphate additive, broilers.

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159

______________________________________________________________

544.723.212: 547.94: 547.97


1
..

..


, , 308015,
. , . , 85
E-mail: Gabruk@bsu.edu.ru


() . , -
1.5 , . .
. .
: , , ,
.

(Zingiber officinale) . 2000 , . ,


(1.23%), .
, , , -, , , . , , , , , , , , , ,
, 1, 2 . [1]
, .
.
.
. , , : , , . , . , ,
[2]. .
: , , .
,
.

: (10.00 )

(200 ). 15 . 45 , 3000 /.
200 [3].

MultyLab. 5.0 0.2 KBr 0.1 H2SO4 1
- 2009/2013 ( 996, - ).

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________________________________________________________________________________

( E 300 ). , - ,
H2SO4 0.1.
50 0.2 Br 10 0.1 M
, 1.52 ,
. , , 57 . . 20,0 (2S4),
(0.25.0 )
[4]. . (...) , 100
[3]:

ItV1
,
V2

I , ; t ..., ; V1 , 100
, ; V2 , .

.

,
, . , -
Br3, r2, (r.), [5].
- ,
[6].
, .
: . 1.
1


( =0.95)

Sr, %
1.2%,

10
15
20
, 1
2565.50
2590.00
2570.50
.
2
2520.00
2615.50
2540.00
2575.00
1.2
. 2

3
2590.50
2550.50
2495.50
- (1:1)
.
, - 1.5 , . , .
, . , . , , .
, /100

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161

______________________________________________________________
2


-
:

(1),
(2) -100 (3).
.2
.
5000
, 4000

3000
,
2000
,

1000

0
.
0
2

4
-
,
6


12
19
,

,

. 1.

.
5000

4000
3000
3
.

A (/100)

(/100)




(/100 )

0
2575
4325
2
2250
4075
4
2045
3025
6
1817.5
2550
8
1532.5
2410
12
1200
1615
19
0
640

1
.
.
- ,
. - .


1000
1

0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20

2.


.
, - 1,5
. , . , .
2000

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________________________________________________________________________________


1. .., .. / . 2008. 4. C. 67-72.
2. .., .., .. . // II . , 2002. C. 77-78.
3. .. . //
. 2002. 6. . 57. C. 666-670.
4. ., .., .. . . :
. , 2008. 148 .
5. Casalbore G., Mastragostino M., Valcher S. // J Electroanal Chem. 1978. Vol. 87, . 3. P. 411-418.
6. . ., . . // . 1998. . 64. . 1. C. 1-12.

DETERMINATION OF INTEGRAL ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS


OF GINGER USING ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTING
N.G. Gabruk
Le Van Thuan
I.I. Olejnikova
Belgorod State National Research
University, Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: Gabruk@bsu.edu.ru

In the work the integral antioxidant activity () of various extracts


of ginger and its dependence on the conditions of storage is investigated. It is
shown that antioxidant activity of a hydroalcoholic extract of ginger is approximately 1.5 times higher, than of its aqueous extract. The optimum condition of storage determines the contents of an extract at low temperatures
without access of air. Kinetic dependences of the change of on the conditions of storage are set.
Key words: ginger, extract, antioxidant activity, coulometric titration.

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163

______________________________________________________________

547.76837.1.07

C
1-(2-)-3- [2,3-]
..

, ,
, 308023, . ,
. , 116-,
E-mail: kaf-end-zav@bukep.ru

1-(2-)-3-[2,3-].
-
.
: 3-[2,3-], ,

,
1-(2-)-3-
[2,3-].

3-
[2,3-],
, [1].

. , , [2]. , , .
, .
-5- ,
.
, [3].
, 3-[2,3-], -
.

.
UR-20 , .
Specord .
' -100 Varian WP-360
Bruker, , .
1-(2-)--[2,3-c] (2). 5 0.49
(2 ) 1---[2,3-c], 2 0,2
. 2 . 0,5
. , , .
, -. 0.47 (96%),
244-246C ( ). ( ), :
1315 (N2), 3320 -1 (NH). , (lg): 218 (4.61), 261 (4.75), 290 (4.69), 342 (4.31),
418 (4.14). : 70.25; 3.58; N 14.14%. C17H11N32. : 70.61; 3.82;
N 14.50%. ' 1.
1-(2-)-3-2,3- (3). 0.58 (2 ) 1-(2-)-32,3-- 15
0,4 (10 ) LiAlH4. , 3 , ,
,
. , -

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________________________________________________________________________________
(9:1). . 0.48 (83%) , 272-276 ( ). ( ), .: 3180,
3262 (NH2), 3350 -1(NH). , .(lg): 204 (3.41), 218 (3.49), 238 (3.45), 322 (4.58),
360 (4.23). : 78.22; 5.52; N 16.0%. 1715N3. : 78.12; 5.71;
N 16.12%. ' 1.

. ,
,
, -
[4], , -3-, -3-
[5].
-
,
.
---
.
1-(2-)-3-2,3- (3)
1--3-2,3- (1) :

1--3-2,3- 80 1 , 1-(2-)-3-2,3-- (2).



.
' 2
9.16 9.62 .. - 13.5 ,
- (. 1).
1
( ..) - (J, )
[2,3-]

( ..)

3
[2,3-c]

CCl4-d6

-d6

d-

-d6

(J, )
J1.2=3.0
J2.3=2.6
J1.3=2.3
J4.5=8.9

10

7.19

7.31

11.28

7.5

7.59

8.63

7.9

7.42

7.42

8.13

7.81

7.73

9.05

8.06

7.63

7.63

8.18

J4.5=8.0

11.89

7.78

7.92

9.01

7.6

8.4

J4.5=9.0
JCH.CH=13.
5

11.65

7.51

7.59

8.98

7.7

7.7

8.05

J4.5=8.9

11.448.1

9.16-
9.628.26
=NO2
2.887.28
CH2-CH2

7.79

2 =
1315 -1, NO2.
LiAlH4
, 3 83%.
, 3180 3262 -1, -

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' (. 1), 22 2,88 .. 3


.

1-(2-)-3-[2,3-] . - .

1. .., .., .. .
1979. 11, . 1524.
2. .. . .: , 1978. 464 .
3. .. . .: , 2010. 1216 .
4. Gilchrist T.L. Synthesis of aromatic heterocycles // J. Chem.Soc. Perkin Trans 1. 1999.
P .2849-2866.
5. Gribble G.W. Recent developments in indole ring synthesis methodology and applications //
J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans 1. - 2000. - P.1045-1076.

SYNTHESIS AND SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS


OF 1-(2-AMINOETHYL)-3H-PIRROLO(2,3-C) ACRIDINE
T.M. Alyabieva
Belgorod University of Cooperation,
Economics and Law,
Sadovaya St., 116a, Belgorod,
308023, Russia
E-mail: kaf-end-zav@bukep.ru

In order to search for physiologically active compositions there has been


carried out a synthesis of 1-(2-aminoethyl)-3H-pirrolo(2,3-c)acridine; studies
physical, chemical and spectral characteristics of synthesized structure.
Key words: -3H-pirrolo(2,3-c) acridine, Jepp-Klingeman reaction,
Fisher reaction, 1-(2-aminoethyl)-3Hpirrolo(2,3-c) acridine.

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332.37



1
.. 1
.. 2
1
. .. ,
, 410012, . ,
., 1
E-mail: tnk2003@list.ru
2

,
, 308015, . ,
. , 85
E-mail: Liset@bsu.edu.ru

. ,
.
;
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: , , , , .

, . - , -
, (. 1).
1950-1987
,
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, .
,
() - -

.
, -
2020 (, 2020) [1]


1

: 11-05-90705-_.

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______________________________________________________________

; ;
, .
, , . ,
(FAO),
(EU), (UNEP)
(USDA) , .

, , .

. 1. ( ) ( kosmosnimki.ru)
- , ,
[2].


. ,
() - . , , .

, () 2011 , . -

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________________________________________________________________________________
-
.
- ,
,
-
[3].
,
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[4].
.
:
Quick Bird ( 1:4000 2.4 ) Landsat 5
( 30 ),
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2003 .


,
() .
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2. ENVI, ERDAS Imagine ArcGIS.

:

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[5],
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.

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( ).

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______________________________________________________________

(. 3): , , ,
- .

. 3.
ENVI, . ERDAS Imagine
.
: , , , , , .
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(. 1). NDVI .
1
NDVI [6]

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0.5
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NDVI
0.7
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, -

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________________________________________________________________________________
. NDVI
,
, .
NDVI
.
NDVI .
NDVI, NDVI .
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.

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.

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( )

(-, , ,
)


(N,P,K)

. 4.

3 5,
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.

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. -

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________________________________________________________________________________
, ,
(GPS, ).
2020,
.. , , . -
,
, .

1. 1662- 17.11.2008 . - 2020 [ ]. : http://www.consultant.ru, . . .
2. .. - : .
, 1994. 35 .
3. .., .., .. - , // : . 2010.
5. . 37-44.
4. -
/ .. , .. , .. . // . 2007. 7. . 3-7.
5. .., .., .. // i i i
i: i . i: i. .. i, 2010. . 12. . 61-67.
6. . , , [ ].
: http://mapexpert.com.ua/index_ru.php?id=20&table=news, . . .
7. - / .. , .. ,
.. . : , 2005. 424 .
8. .. - . [ ]. : http://www.gisa.ru/53045.html, .
. .
9. ..
: .
. .-. . 2009. 24 .

LAND MANAGEMENT OF AGROLANDSCAPES OF VOLGA UPLAND USING MODERN


SOFTWARE TOOLS AND DATA OF SPACE MONITORING
T.N. Kovaleva 1
F.N. Lisetskii 2
1 Saratov State Agrarian University,
Teatralnaya Sq., 1, Saratov, 410012,
Russia
E-mail: tnk2003@list.ru

Belgorod State National Research


University, Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod,
308015, Russia
E-mail: Liset@bsu.edu.ru

In the example of agrolandscapes of the Volga Upland the necessity of


land management of agricultural territories with application of modern
software and remote sensing data is proved. Authors considered questions
of the decoding of not processed lands and used on no-purpose appointment; offered the technique of mapping anthropogenous changes of agrolandscapes on materials of remote sensing of the earth. It allows to estimate
a modern condition and level of use of the agricultural lands on the basis of
the updated maps; to carry out the operative state land control and management of territories; to keep records, to monitor, to carry out forecasting
and planning of use of lands.
Key words: land management, agrolandscapes, mapping, decoding,
space monitoring.

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911.2+504.54


( )

..
..

. . ,
, 246019, . ,
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E-mail: gusev@)gsu.by

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(1947 .), 1:100000 (1941 .), 1:10000 (1979-1983 .),
1:50000, Landsat (2006-2007 .), Google Digital Globe
(2005-2009 .). , . [4].
( , , ).

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[5, 6]. 262 .
: [7], [8], [9].
: ( , ); (); .
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. : - -

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( 80%) , (. 1). (1.3% ) , ( ), , ( -


). , ,
. .. [8] , , .

()
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________________________________________________________________________________
1947-2005 . 1.4 . (, .).
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), (- ).
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()
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( ), 170 .
. XX XXI .
. 10 .
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( 20 ).
.
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30%
( 14 , - , 12 , ).
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), .
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) 2,5 .
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.
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, (, ) :
4.8 , ;
1.4 . ,
. , , 50%.

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________________________________________________________________________________
- : 0.02 2 (. 1).
,
. , , - (, ) .
-
: 60%; 5%;
0.1 2. , - , , .
.

. 50%. ,
, .
, - ,
.

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, , ,
.
. , 60% ; 6.5%; - 6.0%.

: ( 5-12 )
, , , 2.5 ( , ).
,
- , -
.
,
, .

1. , .. - . .:
, 1991. 366 .
2. .., .. - () // . 2010. 1. . 65-72.
3. .., .. - ( . XIX-XXI .) // : . : , 2011.
. 19. . 103-107.
4. .. ( .
) // . 2007. 2. . 104-109.
5. .. . . .: , 2004. 72 .
6. .., .. : . .: -,
2006. 268 .
7. / . .. , .. . .: , 2000. 536 .
8. .. . : , 1988. 192 .
9. .. : - .
: , 1999. 154 .

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______________________________________________________________
GEOECOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF ANTHROPOGENIC EVOLUTION
OF GEOSYSTEMS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF GOMEL)

A.P. Gusev
S.V. Andrushko
F. Skorina Gomel State University,
Sovetskaya St., 104, Gomel, 246019,
Belarus
E-mail: gusev@)gsu.by

In work results of geoecological researches of anthropogenic evolution In the work the results of geoecological researches of anthropogenic
evolution of geosystems in the city territory of Gomel are given. Researches
were carried out on three time intervals: 1 the beginning of the 19th century; 2 the middle of the 20th; 3 the beginning of the 21st century. Laws
of change of structure of land use, relief, geological processes are revealed.
The assessment of the ecological risk caused by anthropogenous transformation of geosystems is made. It is established that anthropogenous evolution of geosystems in the city territory leads to increased ecological risk
from the intensification of geological processes and destruction of the ecological framework. Zone of increased ecological risk are technogenic complexes of floodplain landscape.
Key words: geosystem, anthropogenic evolution, land use, modern
geological processes, ecological framework, ecological risk.

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504.05:664



.. 1, .. 2
.. 3
1
,
, 394043,
, , . , 86
-mail: ekgeo@vspu.ac.ru
2

,
, 308015, , . , 85
-mail: zhidkih@bsu.edu.ru


.
: ,
, ,
.


,
, 394068, , . ,
40
E-mail: ecgeograf@mail.ru

.

[1]. 50% - . 12% [2].
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2008

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100

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, . (. 1)
10 (20012010 .).

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________________________________________________________________________________
-
(, , ).
2

,
,

+++

+++

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.

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______________________________________________________________

, , .
. .
, .
.

. 2.

,
.
-
.
, ,
.

1. .. // . 2007. 5. . 28.
2. : , , ( ). . . .. .
: , 2010. 776 .
3. . - . / .
. (). ., 2010. 981 .
4. .. :
: , 1999. 154 .

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SUSTAINABLE NATURE MANAGEMENT IN CONDITIONS OF INTENSIVE DEVELOPMENT


OF THE FOOD INDUSTRY IN THE BELGOROD REGION
T.M. Khudyakova 1
D.V. Zhidkih 2
Y.V. Porosyonkov 3
Voronezh State Pedagogical University,
Lenin St., 86, Voronezh, 394043, Russia
-mail: ekgeo@vspu.ac.ru
1

Belgorod State National Research University,


Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia
-mail: zhidkih@bsu.edu.ru

Voronezh State University,


Holzunov St., 40, Voronezh, 394068, Russia
E-mail: ecgeograf@mail.ru

The issue of the solution of problems of sustainable nature


management in conditions of intensive development of the food industry in the Belgorod region is presented.
Key words: sustainable nature management, estimation of influence on environment, food industry, intensive development of industries.

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______________________________________________________________

..

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________________________________________________________________________________
..

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03-02-16263

03-02-17695,

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A Semiclassical Approach to the Investigation of the Two-Dimensional Hamiltonian Systems
by the Normal Form Method

N.A. Ivanov 1, V.N. Petrov 2, N.N. Sidorov 3


1

Belgorod State National Research University, Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia
E-mail: Ivanov@bsu.edu.ru
2
Civil defence Academy of Ukraine, Chernyshevsky St. 94, Kharkov, 61023, Ukraine
3
National Scientific Center, Kharkov Institute for Physics and Technology,
Akademicheskaja St. 1, Kharkov, 61108, Ukraine

The receiving procedure of classical Hamiltonian to the Birkhoff-Gustavson normal


form is described. With help .
Key words: classical Hamiltonian, Birkhoff-Gustavson normal form, Weyl correspondence rule, energy spectra, wave function, method of quantization.

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