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Copyright & A K-C

11(82)2010
19

1995 .

Belgorod State University


Scientific bulletin
Mathematics Physics

:

.








77-21121 19 2005 .


..

,
,

.
..


, .
,

..
,



..


,



.
C.. , .. 5

. .. 21

. .. ,
.. 28
60 Co .
.. , .. , .. ,
. . 62

BT1-0, .
.. , .. , .. ,
.. 69

, . .. ,
.. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. 78
-
. .. 88

Si//ITO . .. , .. 95


. .. ,
.. 101


. .. 109

. .. ,
.. 116

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11 (82). .19




..
-
(
)

..
-
(
)

..
-
(
)


. .. ,
.. 126

-
. .. 135

10X9B1M1 . .. ,
.. , .. 138

142

145

..
-
(
)
..
-
(
)
..
-
(
)
..
-
(
)

..
-
..
E-mail: virch@bsu.edu.ru
17.06.2010.
6084/8
Georgia, Impact
. . . 17,2
500 .
148

81631,

39723
-

: 308015, . , . , 85

, 2010

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11 (82). .19

11 (82) 2010
Issue 19

Belgorod State University


Scientific bulletin

SCIENTIFIC REVIEWING JOURNAL

Mathematics & Physics

Founded in 1995


Founder:
State educational establishment of higher
professional education
Belgorod State University

CONTENTS

Publisher:
Belgorod State University
BSU Publishing house

Applicability of kinematic approach for description of parametric


X-ray irradiation of relativistic electrons in crystals.
S.V. Blazhevich, A.V. Noskov 5

The journal is registered in Federal service


of control over law compliance in the sphere
of mass media and protection of cultural
heritage

Lyapunov instability of profile equilibrium positions in air


stream. V.I. Vanko 21

Certificate of registration of mass media


77-21121 May 19, 2005.

Editorial board of journal


Editor-in-chief
L.J. Djatchenko
Rector of Belgorod State University, doctor
of sociological sciences, professor
Deputy editor-in-chief
A.P. Peresypkin
Vice-rector for scientific research
of Belgorod State University, candidate
of pedagogical sciences
Assistant Editors
V.M. Moskovkin
Doctor of geographical sciences, professor
of world economy department Belgorod
State University
S.Yu. Borukha
Associate professor of Pedagogics
department of Belgorod State University,
candidate of pedagogical sciences

Editorial board of journal series


Editor-in-chief
Yu.P.Virchenko
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor (Belgorod State University)

Algebra of power series coefficients of analytic functions.


Yu.P. Virchenko, N.N. Vitokhina 28
On production 60Co at neutron generator. A.N. Dovbnya,
E.L. Kuplennikov, V.A. Tsymbal, V.V. Krasil'nikov 62
Structure and mechanical properties of nanostructured sheet
of titanium VT1-0 produced by cold rolling. N.V. Lopatin,
G.S. Djyakonov, S.V. Zherebtsov, G.A. Salishchev 69
Some regularities of the microhardness variing in CP-titanium
under various mechanical and thermal stresses.
N.V. Kamyshanchenko, I.S. Nikulin, D.P. Kuznetsov,
M.S.Kungurtsev, I.M. Neklyudov, O.I. Volchok 78
Obtaining of carbonate-substituted hydroxylapatite by water
solutions. E.A. Korneyeva 88
Domain reorientation of nematic in the Si/nematic/ITO
structure. S.I. Kucheev, Yu.S. Tuchina 95
Influence of medium movement on thermal diffusion phoresis
of large hard spray particles of spherical form in viscous gas
media. N.V. Malay, E.R. Shchukin 101

Deputies of editor-in-chief

Influence of medium movement on diffusiophoresis of large


vapor drop of spherical form in viscous caseous medium.
K.S. Ryazanov 109

N.V.Malay
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor(Belgorod State University)

Gaussian fluctuation model of equilibrium thermal irradiation.


M.A. Saprykin, Yu.P. Virchenko 116

Responsible secretary
I.E.Vnukov
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor(Belgorod State University)

Modified local potential for calculation of atomic ionization


energies.
A.S. Starovoitov, A.G. Shklovskii 126

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11 (82). .19

Members of editorial board:

N.N.Nasonov
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor (Belgorod State University)

V.V.Krasilnikov
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor (Belgorod State University)

Approximated analytic solution of velocity linearized


Stokes equation in spheroidal coordinate system.
N.N. Mironova 135
Influence of tempering temperature on 10Kh9V1M1 FBR steel
mechanical properties. A.Yu. Kipelova, M.V. Odnobokova,
I.V. Dudzich 138

V.V.Sushchenko
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor (Belgorod State University)

Information about Authors

142

N.A.Chekanov
Doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
Professor (Belgorod State University)

Information for Authors

145

Editor T.G. Lagutina


Dummy layout by Yu.P. Virchenko
e-mail: virch@bsu.edu.ru
Passed for printing 17.06.2010
Format 6084/8
Typeface Georgia, Impact
Printers sheets 17,2
Circulation 500 copies
Order 148
Subscription reference in Rospechat
agency catalogue 81631,
In joint catalogue Pressa Rossii 39723
Dummy layout is replicated at
Belgorod State University Publishing House
Address: 85, Pobedy str., Belgorod, Russia,
308015
Belgorod State University, 2010

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

539.18




.. , ..

. , 85, , 308015, , e-mail: blazhevich@bsu.edu.ru
() , ( ) . , -
.
. MAMI. ,
( ) .
: , , .

1.
, , () [1-3].
: [4,5]
[2,3,6]. , , .
, ,
,
, , ,
.
[7-11].

[12], .
- . .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, [10].
, , , .
[13] , - ,

. ,
, .
2. -


V (. 1).
-
Z
E(k, ) =

dt d3 r E(r, t) exp (it ikr) .

(1)

. 1. : 0 , B (
V ), , k kg = k + g
.


, E0 (k, ) Eg (k, )

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19


(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

E0 (k, ) = E0 (k, )e0 + E0 (k, )e0 ,


Eg (k, ) =

(1)
(1)
Eg (k, )e1
(1)

(2)

(2)

(2)
(2)
Eg (k, )e1 .

(1)

(2)

(1)

e0 , e0 , e1 e1 , e0
(2)
(1)
(2)
e0 k, e1 e1 kg =
(2)
(2)
k + g. e0 , e1 k kg (-),
(1)
(1)
e0 e1 (-); g ,
.
- [14]:
2
(s)
(s)
( (1 + 0 ) k 2 )E0 + 2 g C (s) Eg = 8 2 ieV P (s) ( kV),
(3)
2
(s)
(s) (s)
2
2
g C E0 + ( (1 + 0 ) kg )Eg = 0,
g , g g:
(, r) =

g () exp(igr) =

0g () + i00g () exp(igr) .

(4)

(g = g ).
(4) 0g 00g :

1 2 2
0
0
g = 0 (F (g)/Z) (S(g)/N0 ) exp g u ,
2

1 2 2
00
00
g = 0 exp g u ,
(5)
2
0 = 00 +i000 , F (g) - ,
Z , S(g) ,
N0 , u .
(0g < 0, 00 < 0).
C (s) P (s) (3) :
(s)

(s)

C (s) = e0 e1 ,
(s)

/) ,
P (s) = e0 (

C (1) = 1,

C (2) = cos 2B ,

P (1) = sin ,

P (2) = cos ,

(6)

= k V/V 2 ,
V ( = /|V|, 1 k V), B
( ),
, ,
V g, g = 2B sin B /V ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

B . V/V 2
k , V/V 2 + g
kg 0 . (3) s = 1 , s = 2-.
(3)

2
( 2 (1 + 0 ) k 2 )( 2 (1 + 0 ) kg2 ) 4 g g C (s) = 0
(7)
[13].
k kg X,
n (. . 1)
kx = cos 0 +

0
0
+
,
2 cos 0 cos 0

kgx = cos g +

0
g
+
.
2 cos g cos g

(8)

,
0 g [13]:
g =

g
+ 0 ,
2
0

(9)

= 0 (1 g /0 ), = 2 (kg2 k 2 ), 0 = cos 0 , g = cos g , 0


k n,
g kg n (. . 1).
k kg :
p
p
(10)
k = 1 + 0 + 0 , kg = 1 + 0 + g .
(8) (7), (9) k|| sin 0 , kg|| sin g ,
:

2 g
(1,2)
2
(s)
g =
+ 4g g C
,
4
0

r
0
(1,2)
2 g
2
(s)
0 =
+ 4g g C
.
(11)
4g
0
|0 | , |g | , , 0 (. . 1),
0 .
(3)

Eg(s)cr =

2 g C (s)
8 2 ieV P (s)

g g +

(1)
(2)

g g
4 02 /g2 g g
(1)

(12)

(2)

(s)
(g (2)
+Eg(s) (g (1)
g ),
g ) + Eg

0 = ( 2 + 2 0 ) /2, g = /2 + (g /0 )0 , =
(s)(1)

, Eg

(s)(2)

Eg

1 V 2 - -

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(3)
(s)vac
E0

8 2 ieV P (s)
0 0
2
=
g g .

g 0

g g

0
(s)vac
(s)Rad
Eg
= Eg
g +
,
2

(13)

(14)

(s)Rad

Eg
.
(3) ,
:
(s)cr

E0

2g
2
g C (s)

Eg(s)cr .

(15)

(s)Rad

Eg

:
Z
Z
Z
(s)vac
(s)cr
E0
dg = E0 dg ,
Eg(s)cr dg = 0 ,
Z

Z
Eg(s)cr ei(g /g )L dg

Eg(s)vac ei(g /g )L dg .

(16)

2
(s) i(0 /2+g )(L/g )
2
(s)
8 ieV P g C e

Eg(s)Rad =
(1)
(2)

2( / ) g g
0

"
#!
(2)
g g

1 exp i

(2)

+
2

0
g
0
2(0 /g ) g g

"
#!
(1)

1 exp i g

L .

(1)

+
2

0
g
0
2(0 /g ) g g

(17)

(17)
.
(1,2)
g
(11)

0 (s)
g C

i(s) (1 )
(s)
(1,2)
=

g
2
2
s

!
2
(1

)
(1

)
,
(18)
(s)2 + 2i(s)
(s) + (s) (s)2
+ (s)2
2
4

Copyright & A K-C

10

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

1
,
2 (s)

2 sin2 B
(1 cos ctgB )
(s)
() = 0 (s) = 2 0 (s) 1
,
B
2 g C
V g C

(s) () = (s) () +

g
cos g
=
=
,
0
cos 0

(s)

0g C (s)
=
,
00

(s)

00
= 0 0 (s) ,
g C

(s)

00g C (s)
.
=
000

(19)



2 sin2 B /V 2 0g C (s) 1 ,
(s) () , (s) () , . (18)
,
. , (. . 2),
.
= 1 = /2, 6= 1 6= /2.

=

sin( + B )
,
sin( B )

(20)

B .
, B ,
, (. . 2). , (20)
(Le_ = L/ sin ( B ))
(Lf = L/ sin ( + B )),
.

. 2. ( > 1, < 1) .
= 1 .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

11

(s) , ,
(, ( (s) 1)
, ( (s) 0)).

(s)

0
1
(s)
Labs = (000 )1 .
Lext = g C (s)
, , , ,
.
(17), (18),
:
(s)

(s)

Eg(s)Rad = EP XR + EDT R ,

(21a)

4 2 ieV
P (s)
2

+ 2 0

2
(s) +
(s) +

(s)
p
b(s) (s) (2)
(s) +

(s) + (s)2 + 1 exp ib


2

p (s)2 +
(s) + (s) +
(s) (2)
(s) +

(s)

EP XR =

(s)

(s) +

p
b
1 exp ib
+
(s) (s)2 +
2
p 2

(s) (s) +
(s) +
(s)
+
i(s) (1)

(s)

(s)

(s) (s)

(1)


L
0

exp i
+ g
,
2
g
(s)
EDT R

4 2 ieV
=
P (s)

"

1
1
2
2
2
2
+
+ 0

(s)2 +

!
#
(s)2 +

exp ib(s) (s) +


b(s) (s) (1)

"
!

#!
p 2
(s)
(s) +

exp ib(s) (s) +


b(s) (s) (2)


L
0

+ g
,
exp i
2
g

(2) =

(s)

(21b)

(s)
(s)
+1 1
p 2
+
+p 2
,
2
2
(s) +
(s) +
(1) =

+1 1
(s)
(s)
p 2

p 2
,
2
2
(s) +
(s) +

(21c)

Copyright & A K-C

12

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(s)

1
1
= 0 (s) 2 + 2 00 (s)

g C

1
2
+
+1 ,
|00 | 2 |00 |
0 (s)
g C L

b(s) =
.
2
0

(22)

(21b) , (21)
, , .
,
.
.
b(s)
b(s) =

L
(s)
2Lext

sin ( B )

(23)

,
,

(s)
0 (s) 1

Lext = g C
.
, , (18), (21b). , .

p
(s) (s)2 +
(s)
+
=0
(24)

, , .
(21b) [14] -
2
X
(s)Rad 2
d2 N
2
6
Eg
,

= (2)
dd
s=1

(25)

- :
(s)

d2 NP XR
e2
P (s) 2
(s)

= 2 2
R
,
dd
4 ( + 2 00 )2 P XR

!2
(s)

(s)
RP XR = 1 p 2

(s)

2
(s) (s) +
2b(s) (s) (1)
b(s) (s) (1)
(s)
(s)
1+e
2e
cos b
+

2 2
(s) +
(s)

2
+ (s) (2)
(s) +

(26a)

(26b)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

13

(26) .
.
(26) [4,5]. .
3.

, (26), b(s) (s) 1),


(s) , :

2
(s)
(s)

(s) +
2
b

!2 sin
(s) +
(s)
2

(s)
.
(27)
RP XR = 4 1 p 2

2 2
(s)

+
(s) (s) +
(s)
+

, , L/ sin ( B )
(s)
Lext =

1
0g C (s) , b(s) 1.
(26) (s) (), , :

Z+
2
(s)
e2 0g C (s)
dNP XR
P (s) 2
(s)
=
2
RP XR d (s) () .
2
0 2
2
2
d
(
+

)
8 sin B
0

(28)

b(s) 1, , (28) sin2 (T x)/x2 T (x).


, (28),

(s)din
e2 B 0g 2 C (s) P (s)
L
dNP XR
=

.
2
d
sin( B )
4 sin B
2

(29)

, (., , [5,16]),
(s)kin
e2 B 0g 2 C (s) P (s)
dNP XR
2
=

() ,
d
(2 + 2 00 )2
4 sin2 B
2

() =
B 000

B 000 L
1 exp
sin( B )

(30)

Copyright & A K-C

14

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, , , (). , . ,
L
() =
.
(31)
sin( B )
, ,

2
2
(s)kin
e2 B 0g 2 C (s) P (s)
dNP XR
2
L
=

.
(32)
2
0 2
2
2
d
( + 0 ) sin( B )
4 sin B
, , , ( ) ,
(31), , ,
.
(29) (32)

2
(s)din
e2 B 0g C (s) P (s)
dNP XR
L
=
F din ,
(33a)

2
d
sin( B )
4 sin B
F

din

(s)

2 2 / |00 |

2 ,
(s)2 + 2 / |00 | + ( 2 |00 |)1 + 1


2
(s)kin
e2 B 0g C (s) P (s)
dNP XR
L
=

F kin ,
2
d
sin( B )
4 sin B
F kin = (s)

2 / |00 |
2 / |00 | + ( 2 |00 |)1 + 1

(33b)

(34a)

2 .

(34b)

(33b) (34b) . ,

.
3.1. . = 1. |00 |1/2 /p (p
) Fdin Fkin .
/p (, (s)
0, 3) Fdin Fkin . (, (s) 0, 9) , , ,
, . 3. ,

(29).

Copyright & A K-C

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15

3. ,
. .

3.2. . ,
( < 1) ( > 1) B
(. . 2), , , . 4.

. 4. .
.

( 1), (B )
, (33b) (34b) - , ,
/p ,
Fdin
= .
(35)
Fkin
, , (. . 5). ,

Copyright & A K-C

16

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

.
4.

(26) (30)

2
(s)din
dNP XR
e2 P (s)
(36a)
=
F din ,
d
4 sin2 B abs
din
Fabs

Z+
1
(s)
= (s)

RP XR d (s) () ,

2
1
2
2 / |00 | + ( 2 |00 |) + 1

2 / |00 |

(36b)

. 5. ,
.

(s)
RP XR

1 p

!2

(s)
(s)2 +

1 + eLf

(s)

(s) /2

2eLf

(s) +

cos

(s)

Le_
2Lext

(s) +

(s)kin

(s) +

(s)

(s) +

2
+

L2ext (s)
2

e2 P (s)
dNP XR
=
F kin ,
d
4 sin2 B abs
kin
= (s)
Fabs

(36c)

2 / |00 |
2 / |00 | + ( 2 |00 |)1 + 1


Lf 0
,
1

e
(s)

(37a)
(37b)

Copyright & A K-C

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17

!
+1 1
(s)
(s)
p 2
= 0

p 2
,
2
2
(s) +
(s) +
2

1
00
(s)
0 = B 0 , = (s)
+
+1 .

|00 | 2 |00 |

(s)

(38)

(s) , . (s)
( ) [15] . ,
, , , , . , ,
( , (21b)).
(36a) , .


((s) 1). (s) (38)
. , (s) , ,
.

. 6.
.

(24) , , :
2

(s)

1 (s)
( ) =
,
2 (s)

(39)

Copyright & A K-C

18

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

.
,
(. . 6).
, , 0
. (36a)
(s)
( (s) ), .
1/(s) .
5.
MAMI
[16] - () 855 MeV. ( ) ,
[16] . ,
, (30), (26). . 7, , ( 1), .
,
[11] (
2), . ,

( ) [11].
, ( 3).

. 7. .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

19

, , .
6.
- .
.
,
/p , < /p .
, . , ( 1) , , ,
. , .
, ,
, ,
,
.
MAMI . , ( )
.
.. ,
.

1. - ..
/ .. -. : , 1969. 460c.
2. .., // . 1971. 61. C.930.
3. .., .. // . 1971. 61. C.944.
4. Nitta H. // Phys.Lett.A. 1991. 158. P.270.
5. Feranchuk I.D., Ivashin A.V. // J.Physique. 1985. 46. P.1981.
6. Baryshevsky V.G., Feranchuk I.D. // J.Physique. 1983. 44. P.913.
7. Kubankin A.S., Nasonov N.N., Sergienko V.I., Vnukov I.V. // Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys.
Res . 2003. 201. P.97.

Copyright & A K-C

20

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
8. Nasonov N.N., Noskov A.V. // Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. B. 2003. 201. P.67.
9. Blazhevich S.V., Noskov A.V. // Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. B. 2006. 252.
P.69.

10. Blazhevich S.V., Noskov A.V. // Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. . 2008. 266.
P.3770.
11. Blazhevich S.V., Noskov A.V. // Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. . 2008. 266.
P.3777.
12. .., .., .., .. . // .
2004. 80. C.447.
13. ..
// .. . .: , 1974. 372.
14. .., ..
// .. . : , 1987. 272c.
15. Borrmann G. // Zh.Phys. 1941. 42. P.157.
16. Brenzinger K.-H., Herberg C., Limburg B., Backe H. and al. // Phys.A. 1997. 358.
P.107.
APPLICABILITY OF KINEMATIC APPROACH
FOR DESCRIPTION OF PARAMETRIC X-RAY
IRRADIATION OF RELATIVISTIC ELECTRONS IN CRYSTALS
S.V. Blazhevich, A.V. Noskov
Belgorod State University
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: blazhevich@bsu.edu.ru
The parametric X-ray irradiation of relativistic electron crossing the single crystal film in frameworks
of the Laue geometry of the scattering process is considered. It is studied in the case of asymmeric and
symmetric (as the particular case) reflection of the particle field relative to the crystal surface. On the
basis of the two-wave approximation of the dynamical difraction theory, the epressions describing the
spectral angular density of the parametric X-ray irradiation are obtained. It is done the comparative
analysis of parametric X-ray irradiation formulas at the dynamical and kinematic approximation. On
the basis of the obtained expession of the angular density, it is fulfilled the interpretation of experimental
results obtained at the Minz accelerator. It is shown that the dynamical effect of the abnormal
photoabsorption (the Borman effect) takes place at the parametric X-ray irradiation experiments.
Key words: parametric X-ray irradiation, crystal film, Laue scattering.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

21

532.72




..
. ..
. 2- , 5, , 105005, , e-mail: vvanko@mail.ru

,
..
: , , , .

1. . ( ,
. . .. [1]):
l = 2; a = 0, 5, b = 0, 375;
,
, . = 4, V = 20/.
, .
;
A = A/a (. . 1).

A = A()

[1 , 2 ], , A()
. , Sh = a/V = 0, 1
Sh = 0, 2.
[1 , 2 ]
.
, [2].

Copyright & A K-C

22

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. 1.

2. [3]
, . [1 , 2 ],
( ) .
. [4], :
G() = Cy0 + Cx < 0 .

(2.1)

Cy , Cx ; .
() ( 10 ) . ()
. . - [5], ()
( ), , (2.1).
, (2.1)
.
- [1]
: ,
, ,
[1 , 2 ] [6].

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

23

[7]
( - )
Ox, Oy . : (Cy 6= 0),
V > 0.

:
(2.1) , ;

( ):
W () = Cx (Cy0 + Cx ) + Cy (Cy Cx0 ) < 0 .

(2.2)

,
0
10
20
25
35
45
50
60
70
80

Cx
0,70
0,64
0,60
0,60
0,80
0,83
0,80
0,80
0,98
1,10

Cy
0,00
0,15
0,41
0,64
0,25
0,15
0,35
0,10
0,10
0,13

G()
1,50
2,02
3,24
2,04
1,49
1,46
1,83
2,29
1,32
0,53

W ()
2,23
3,36
5,86
3,82
1,79
1,91
2,07
2,48
1,26
0,01

[8] , Cy Cx0 < 0. , Cy > 0,


(2.2) , , , ,
(2.2) , (2.1).
. 1 Cx Cy (. .1);
G() W (),
. , [25 , 45 ] , (. . 1).
[9] , .

Copyright & A K-C

24

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. 2.

. 2 ( K =
Cy /Cx , Cx 6= 0), , [2] (. . 2). G() < 0 , ..
= 14, 75 ; W () < 0 , ..
.

,
0
5
10
13
14
14,75
15
...
25

Cx
0,0777
0,1332
0,2220
0,2775
0,3108
0,3718
0,3829
...
0,9546

Cy
0,4440
0,7437
1,0545
1,2210
1,2765
1,2876
1,2654
...
0,9546

K = Cy /Cx
5,7141
5,8333
4,7500
4,4000
4,1071
3,4632
3,3048
...
1,0000

G()
3,267
3,323
4,050
3,467
8,849
4,454
2,169
<0
0,637

W ()
28,521
31,812
13,113
7,197
31,117
21,445
11,645
<0
2,178

3. [10] .. , ( )
, (K)
(K)
: Cy , Cx

Copyright & A K-C

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25

Cy(K)

n
X

Cyi ,

Cx(K)

i=1

n
X

Cxi ,

K (K) = Cy(K) /Cx(K) .

(3.1)

i=1

(3.1) : d = 35, l = 900, h = 400


(. 3). D = 760 .
,
(l/d 25, 7) , . 1
(K)
(K)
(K)
. Cy , Cx K (K) = K ().
(K)
K (), (3.1), (K)
(K)
, [11]. . 3, 3 K () K ()
(K)
(K)
(K)
; . 3 Cx , Cy , K () , G(),
W ().
, , W () < 0 , ,
G() < 0, .

,
0,01
0,05
0,11
0,15
0,17
0,19
0,21
0,23
0,25
...
0,76
/4

(K)

Cx
3,4266
3,4602
3,7046
4,0090
4,1879
4,3704
4,5420
4,6860
4,7820
...
4,2964
4,2942

(K)

Cy
0,0140
0,2218
0,4610
0,4096
0,3330
0,2402
0,1451
0,0622
0,0011
...
0,0250
0,0

(K)

K
0,0041
0,0641
0,1244
0,1022
0,0795
0,0550
0,0320
0,0133
0,0002
...
0,0058
0,0

G()
7,7776
9,4016
4,5846
0,9390
0,0471
0,3266
0,0925
1,0865
1,7280
>0
6,1598

W ()
2,2666
2,6651
1,0542
0,0347
0,1739
0,1850
0,0410
0,2064
0,3480
>0
1,4300
1,29

, [11] , .

Copyright & A K-C

26

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. 3.

1. .., .. /
.. . .: , 1977. 198 .
2. . / .. .: , 1973. .2. - 280 .
3. Relf E.H., Lavender T. The auto-rotation of stalled aerofoils // Great Britain Advisory
Committee for Aeronautics (GBACA)/ Reports & Memoranda. Okt. 1918. N549.
P.9.
4. Glauert H. The rotation of an aerofoil about a fixed axis // GBACA. R&M. March
1919. N595. - P.8.
5. Den-Hartog J.P. Transmission lines vibrations due to sleet // Transactions AIEE. -
1932. 51. - P.1074-1076

Copyright & A K-C

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27

6. . .: , 1978.
124 .
7. .. // . . . 1991. 11. .36-42.
8. . . / .. .: , 1940.
.IV. - 464 .
9. .., .. // . . . 1996. 37;5.
.29-34.
10. .., .., ..
// . . 1993.
4. .52-59.
11. .., .., ..
// . . 1994. 4.
.104-111.

LYAPUNOV INSTABILITY
OF PROFILE EQUILIBRIUM POSITIONS IN AIR STREAM
V.I. Vanko
Bauman MSU
2d Bauman St., 5, Moscow, 105005, Russia, e-mail: vvanko@mail.ru
Some results concerning the aeroelasticity obtained during last decade at the Applied mathematics
cathedra of Bauman MSU are proposed.
Key words: aerodynamical coefficients, aerodynamical stability, autorotation, flow destruction.

Copyright & A K-C

28

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
517.987

1)
.. , ..

., 85, ., 308015, , e-mail: virch@bsu.edu.ru

C . , .
: , , ,
.

1. .
f (z), z C,
f (z) =

ak (z z0 )k

(1)

k=0

hak ; k N+ i z0 .
: , , , f (z) .. (1), hak ; k N+ i,
.
, f (z), , ,
z
, ,
, ,
. ,
[1], [2],
[3], ,
[4],
(., , [5], [6]). ( , ) hak ; k N+ i .
, ,
, , ,
, ,
, ,
- ,
1

02.740.11.0545

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

29

. , , , ,
,
, .
,
.
, , . -,
.
, (., , [7]) (.,
, [8]).
ak / , k N+
f (z), fn (fn1 (...f2 (f1 (z))...)) hf1 (z), f2 (z), ..., fn (z)i, z C,
fj (z) =

(j)

ak (z z0 )k ,

j = 1 n,

k=0

z0 . , ,
rj , j = 1 n, .
f (z) , .
, ,
ak , k N+ .
2. C .
C hak ; k N+ i ( , N+ = h0, 1, 2, ...i),
, .
C 0 = hak = 0; k N+ i . , a = hak ; k N+ i b = hbk ; k N+ i
C , a + b a C

a + b = hak + bk ; k N+ i ,

a = hak ; k N+ i .

(2)

Cn+1 hak ; k = 0 ni (n + 1) C ,

hak ; k = 0 ni 7 hbk ; k N+ i =

bk = ak , k = 0 n ,
bk = 0 , k > n ,

C , C
n .

Copyright & A K-C

30

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

- hC
n ; n N+ i
C , hak ; k N+ i, ak = 0, k.
C(0) . ,
(0)
lim C
.
n = C

(3)

a C ak , k N+ C.
ak = (a)k . ,
a = hak ; k N+ i C (n)
(n)

a Cn , a k = ak k n a(n) k = 0 k > n.
3. .
Ln , n N+ , dim Ln = n+1 p(z), z C ,
n,
n
X
p(z) =
ak z k , deg p(z) n ,
(4)
k=0


p(z)

n
X

ak z k ,

C,

k=0

p(z) + q(z) =

n
X

(5)
k

(ak + bk )z ,

k=0

q(z) =

n
X

bk z k .

k=0

- hLn ; n N+ i
,
L(0) = lim Ln .
n

.
(4) F : C(0) 7 L(0) , . C(0) , (5), ,
C(0) L(0) .
a = hak ; k N+ i C(0) p(z) n = max{k : ak 6= 0}.
F[z|a], z C. ,
p(z) = F[z|a] ,

F[z|a] =

X
k=0

ak z k ,

(6)

(7)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

31

, (5), a C(0) , b C(0) C

F[z|a + b] = F[z|a] + F[z|b] ,


(8)
F[z|a]
= F[z|a] .
4. . C ,
. a, b C ab
(a b)k =

k
X

aj bkj ,

k N+ .

(9)

j=0

1. a, b C(0) , a b C(0) . a C
m , b Cn ,
a b C
m+n .
k > m + n (9) : k j > m
aj = 0, j m, k j > n bkj = 0.
F C(0) ,
2. a, b C(0)
F[z|a b] = F[z|a] F[z|b] ,

z C.

(10)

a, b C(0) , 1, , F[z|a b],


F[z|a], F[z|b], ,
F[z|a b] =

z (a b)l =

k=0

z k ak

X
l=k

z lk blk =

X
k=0

!
z k ak

l
X

ak blk =

k=0

l=0

l=0

!
z l bl

= F[z|a] F[z|b] .

l=0

.
3. , C , .. a, b, c C

a b = b a , (a b) c = a (b c) ,
(11)
(a + b) c = a c + b c .

(12)

, C a, b C
(a) b = (a b) .

(13)

(11) j (k j)
(9). (12) (13) . (11)
, C(0)

Copyright & A K-C

32

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

L(0) .
F[z|a] F[z|b] F[z|c]. , C(0) .
a, b, c C . n N
a(n) , b(n) , c(n) ,
C(0) .
h C (h)k = (h(n) )k k = 0 n.

(n)
f, g C (f g)(n) = f (n) g(n)
. a(n) , b(n) , c(n) C(0)
a, b, c C(0) , ,
C
n , n N,

(n)
((a b) c)(n) = (a(n) b(n) )(n) c(n)
=

(n)
= a(n) (b(n) c(n) )(n)
= (a (b c))(n) .
n N, k (11)-(13).
5. C . 3 , ""
C . , C C, C .
C e, e =
h1, 0, 0, ...i, a L
a e = e a = a,
, (a e)n =

n
X

(14)

ak enk = an e0 = an . e, (7),

k=0

F[z|e] = 1.
= {a C : (a)0 = 0} , C
C , .. . ,
, (9)
(a b)0 = a0 b0 = 0

(15)

. , C
a b C

( ) C .
.
C
C , .. a C
b C
C

, (15).
a b C

C
. ,
a C C
a a = han ; n N+ i, a a + (a0 )e =
h0, a1 , a2 , ...i. , ,
a = a0 e + a .

(16)

C . ,
(a b)0 = a0 b0 = 1, a b = e a b C
. , C
.
, a C

Copyright & A K-C

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33

C ,
, C


4. a C \ C
b,
a b = b a = e.

(17)

b = hbn : n N+ i
n
X
1
bn = a0
bnk ak , n = 1, 2, ... ,
(18)
k=1

. b0 = a1 . , a0 6= 0, a 6 C
0
b (17), a0 b0 = 1, n N,

n
X
bnk ak = 0 .
(19)
k=0

, b C (17)
, a0 b0 = 1 (19), (18).
a C \ C
, b (17) .
a1 , .
a C \ C
a1 a = a a1 = e ,

(20)


(a1 )0 = a1
0 ,
1

(a )n =

a1
0

n
X
(a1 )nk ak ,

n = 1, 2, ... .

(21)

k=1


a C :
a0 = e,

a1 = a,

a a = a2 , ... ,

an a = an+1 ,

n = 0, 1, 2, ... .

(22)

a C
5. (an )m , m N+ n N a = ham ; m N+ i

X
(an )m =
ak1 ...akn , m = 1, 2, ... .
(23)
k1 ,...,kn 0:
k1 +...+kn =m

n, n = 2.
n = 2
m
X
X
2
(a )m =
ak amk =
ak1 ak2 .
k=0

k1 ,k2 0:
k1 +k2 =m

Copyright & A K-C

34

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n- (23) .
(n + 1):

m
m
X
X X

(an+1 )m = (an a)m =


(an )j amj =
ak1 ...akn amj =

j=0

X
j,kn+1 0:
j+kn+1 =m

j=0

akn+1

k1 ,...,kn 0:
k1 +...+kn =j

ak1 ...akn =

k1 ,...,kn 0:
k1 +...+kn =j

ak1 ...akn+1 .

k1 ,...,kn+1 0:
k1 +...+kn+1 =m

,
. a C
X
(an )m =
aj1 ...ajn ,
(24)
n>j1 ,...,jn 1:
j1 +...+jn =m


(an )m = 0

(25)

m > n.
6. C . C
p(b) =

n
X

ak bk ,

(26)

k=0

b C .
n
X
ak z k C,
p(z) =
k=0

a = ha0 , a1 , ..., an , 0, 0, ...i F, p(z) = F[z|a]. b

X
(0)
bk z k = F[z|b]. b
C . q(z) =
k=0

C(0) , p(b) C(0) . F[z|p(b)]


F .
.
. (p q)(z)
p(z) q(z), p(q(z)),
(p q)(z) = p(q(z)) .

(27)

L(0) , , , p(z) = z.
, a C(0) b
C , .
ab ha, bi C ,
p(b) (26),
ab=

n
X
k=0

ak bk .

(28)

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35

F .
6.
F[z|a b] = (p q)(z) .

(29)

p(b), F C(0) ,
F[z|p(b)] = F[z|

n
X
k=0

ak b ] =

n
X
k=0

ak F[z|b ] =

n
X

ak (F[z|b])k =

k=0

= F [F[z|b]|a] = p(q(z)) .
, C(0) L(0)
, L(0) . , , F. C(0) . ,

. C(0)
i = h0, 1, 0, 0, ....i. z = F[z|i].
, p, q r. , a, b c C(0) , p(z) = F[z|a], q(z) = F[z|b] r(z) = F[z|c].
p (q r) , ,
a (b c) C(0) , (p (q r))(z) = F[z|a (b c)], (p q) r (a b) c C(0) , ((p q) r)(z) = F[z|(a b) c].
p(z), q(z), r(z), F[z|a (b c)] = F[z|(a b) c],
a (b c) = (a b) c.
, , ( )
, i C(0) F
L(0) .
6 hp1 (z), p2 (z), ..., pn (z)i.
7. hpj (z) L(0) ; j = 1 ni,
han , ..., a2 , a1 i, pj (z) = F[z|aj ], j =
1 n.
(pn ... p2 p1 )(z) = F[z|an ... a2 a1 ] .

(30)

n. 6,
n = 2, p(z) = p2 (z), q(z) = p1 (z). n (n + 1)
, p(z) = pn+1 (z), q(z) = (pn ... p2 p1 )(z),
a = an+1 , b = an ... a2 a1 ,
(pn+1 (pn ... p2 p1 ))(z) = (p q)(z) = F[z|a b] =
= F[z|an+1 (an ... a2 a1 )] .

Copyright & A K-C

36

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(30) , pn (pn1 (...(p1 (z))...)) hp1 (z), p2 (z), ..., pn (z)i .


an ... a2 a1 C(0) .
7. C . C , 2,6,7.
g(a) C . g(z), z C z = 0,
g(z) =

bk z k

k=0

. a C
g(a) C ( , C ,
- , C, , ):
g(a) =

bn an ;

bn C , n N+

(31)

n=0

, , .. m N+

X
(g(a))m =
bn (an )m .
(32)
n=0

(32) m N+ ,
C a b, , (28), C(0) . , , (31)

ba=

bn an ;

bn C , n N+ .

(33)

n=0

, ,
(31) , a C
(25), . n- g(a)

(g(a))n =

n
X


bk ak n .

(34)

k=0

g C
.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

37

8. a C , a0

X
g(z) =
bk z k . k=0

(31),

X
1 (l)
g(a) =
g (a0 ) al .
l!
l=0

(35)

a0 ,
|a0 | lim sup |bk |1/k < 1 .
k

akl
k!

bk 0
, l- g
(k l)!
k=l
a0 , .
1/k

k!

|a0 | lim sup bk


= |a0 | lim sup |bk |1/k < 1 .

(k

l)!
k
k
,
k
X
k l kl
a a0 =
bk
bk (a0 e + a) =
bk a =
g(a) =
l
l=0
k=0
k=0
k=0

X
1
=
l!
l=0

X
k=l

X
k!
1 (l)
kl
l
a =
bk
a0
g (a0 ) al .
(k l)!
l!
l=0

, C ,
g a, ,
a C

g+ (z, a0 ) = g(z + a0 ) g(a0 ) =

z l g (l) (a0 )/l! ,

l=1

.
, (35), .
. 1. (35)
b a C :

X
1 (l)
ba=
g (a0 ) al .
l!
l=0

(36)

8. C . C . C . C .

Copyright & A K-C

38

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

U1 ,...,n 0 0 , ..., n n N+ ,

U0 ,...,n = {a C : |ak | < k , k = 0 n} ,


. U1 ,...,n +
a, a C
n , n N+ ,
. , .
-
, hNm (); m Ni,
Nm (a) =

m
X

|ak | ,

a C , m N

k=0

C .
, - C
, C .
, n- (a b)n a b, (9),
, n.
. , ,
0 , C 1 1 = 20 1 =
21 = 2 , C , a b C
n. n U0 ,...,n + a U0 ,...,n + b a, b.
9. C . , F[z|],
C , .. . , ak , k N+ a , ,
, a 0. , a b ,
a b, a + (1)b 0.
a = han ; n N+ i C |a| = h|an |; n N+ i.
|a| = || |a|. , |a| a a C .


|a + b| |a| |b| ,

|a b| |a| |b|

(37)

a, b C ,
, . (37) n N+ a C
|an | |a|n .

(38)

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. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

39

10. A C. 2, 6 7 . , , ,
F, 2,
.
A
z C, -
z = 0. , A
f (z) =

ak z k

(39)

k=0

hak C; k N+ i ,
lim sup |ak |1/k < .

(40)

, , (39), hak ; k N+ i , A.
C C , a = hak ; k N+ i ak C,
k N+ , (40).
(39), A, C A. , C A ,
, A,
C. C(0) , , , F[z|]. (38)
f (z) = F[z|a].

X
X
k
f (z) =
ak z g(z) =
bk z k
k=0

k=0

a = hak ; k N+ i C , b = hbk ; k N+ i
C , (2).
A
A (
), C C. ,
C C . ,
(40), ,
D[a] max{|a0 |, sup |ak |1/k }
kN

.
, D[]
D[a] = D[|a|] ,

aC

(41)

Copyright & A K-C

40

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

C, D[a] > 0 a.
a C . ,
(0, ),
||a|| sup

nN+

|an |
.
n

(42)

C C, (0, ), a C ,
||a|| < , ,
. C ,
C0 C 0 < . (42) C , ,
. , a C
C : || || , (0, ), D[].
C .
.
9. dist[, ] : CC 7 [0, ), dist[a, b] =
D[ab] a b C, C.(
a C,
, dist[a, 0] = D[a].)
,
, a = hak ; k N+ i, b =
hbk ; k N+ i
D[a + b] D[a] + D[b] .

1/k
k
a + b1/k a + b ,

(43)

a 0, b 0 ,

, k N
|ak + bk |1/k (|ak | + |bk |)1/k |ak |1/k + |bk |1/k
, ,
sup |ak + bk |1/k sup |ak |1/k + sup |bk |1/k .
k

, , |a0 + b0 | |a0 | + |b0 |, (43).


C, (41),
, . C .
10. C , D[].
hal C; l Ni .
> 0 N , l, m > N D[al am ] < .
, k N
|(al )k (am )k | < k

(44)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

41

|(al )0 (am )0 | < . k N+ h(al )k ; l


Ni ,
ak = lim (al )k .
l

a = hak ; k N+ i C . (44) l ,
|(am )k ak | k , k N |(am )0 a0 | < , D[am a] . , D[a] D[am ] + . , a C ,
> 0, am a m .
C C .
, C, C , . ,
{hk {0, 1}; k N+ i} C.
1 . a a0 D[a a0 ] = 1.
C , . , ,
C .
2. a C a(n) C
n . ,
, F[z|a] hF[z|a(n) ]; n Ni n .
(n)

|F[z|a] F[z|a

]|

|ak ||z|k .

k=n+1

( C han ; n Ni a) hF[z|an ]; n
Ni n F[z|a], , . , , ,
han ; n Ni.
, D[a a(n) ] = supk>n |ak |1/k n
. , C(0) ,
D[], C(0) , C.

11. C(0) ,
a = hak ; k N+ i
lim sup |ak |1/k = 0 ,

(45)

F[z|] F, D[] C(0) C(0) ,


A(0) z C.
a C , ,
lim D[a a(n) ] = lim sup |ak |1/k = 0 .

n k>n

Copyright & A K-C

42

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

> 0, |ak | < k k > n. ,


lim sup |ak |1/k .
n

, .
.
, (39), (45), , F[z|a] . ,
, z C, ,
,
(n)

|F[z|a] F[z|a

]|

|ak ||z|

k=n+1

Dk [a a(n) ] |z|k 0

k=n+1

n .
C C , (0, ).
,
{2k ; k Z}, C C > . ,
a C
||a|| ||a|| , >

(46)

( , a = e, C). || || ,
(0, ) (., , [9]), > || ||
|| || .
, || || , ,
||a|| max{|a0 |, 1 ||a|| } ,

||a||

||a||

(47)

(48)

> a C.
,
|an | n ||a|| ,

(49)

> 0 C C,
sup |an |1/n sup[||a|| ]1/n < .
n

, a C
|an | Dn [a], n N,
[
a CD[a] C
C2k .
, ,
[
C=
C2k .
kZ

kZ

(50)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

43

C , {han = n ; n N+ i; m {0, 1}, m


N+ }, .
{V, = {a : ||a|| < }; , (0, )}. V, , > 0
C . (50), C ,
{V, ; > 0, > 0}.
V,0 V, 0 < . , > 0
V0 , V, . ,
, , V,
> 0 > 0.
12. C
, C {V, = {a : ||a|| < }; , (0, )} .
, {a : D[a] < } C > 0 V, > 0,
> 0 > 0 {a : D[a] < 0 }, V, .
, , , 1.
a V, |an | < n , n N+ ,
sup |an |1/n = sup 1/n = ,
nN

nN

V, {a : D[a] < } < .


, {a : D[a] < 0 } |an | < 0n ,
n N, |a0 | < 0 , , 0 < min{1, } > 0 > 0,
,
sup (|an |/n ) max{sup(0 /)n , 0 } max{(/) min{1, }, } = ,

nN+

nN

a V, . a, {a : D[a] < 0 } V, .
, ,
C. D[a] R+
0. ,
a, C. ,
. , a , D[a] = lim |an |1/n ,
n

D[a] || , > 0 0.
,

||D[a], || 1 ;
1/n
D[a] = max{|a0 |, sup (|| |an |)
D[a],
|| 1 .
nN
, 12,
V, , , C, C .

Copyright & A K-C

44

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, C
{C ; (0, )} || || , C C0
0 > . , ,
. || || >
|| ||0 , 0 > , T C
T0 , T T0 . T C
-
T = lim T .
0

12 , C . , -, , , -, , , [10].
, ,
D[] .
13. F[z|] C
D[] z, , F[z|a].
C || ||
> 0, a C z, |z| < 1.
z b C,
D[a b] < > 0, ,

X
|z|n n .
n=0

|F[z|b] F[z|a]| = |F[z|a b]|

X
X
|b0 a0 | +
|z|n |(a b)n | D[b a] 1 +
|z|n D[a b]n1
n=1

n=1

1 + |z|(1 |z|)1 .
|| || ,
a b C z
|F[z|b] F[z|a]| = |F[z|a b]|

X
n=0

|z| |(a b)n |

|z|n n ||a b|| (1 |z|)1 ||a b|| ,

n=0

, ||a b|| < |F[z|b]


F[z|a]| < (1 |z|)1 .
11. C.
C. , C,
a C, b C a b C. a b , ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

45

> 0, ||a|| , ||b|| , (49), ,


,
n
X
|(a b)n |
|ak | |bnk | (n + 1)n ||a|| ||b|| .
k=0

sup |(a b)n |1/n sup ((n + 1)||a|| ||b|| )1/(n+1) < ,
n

nN


D[a b] < .
, C , ,
e C C. C.
= {a C : (a)0 = 0}
, C
-, : -, a b a b C(0)
C; -, a0 = b0 = 0, (a b)0 = a0 b0 = 0.
C, C

C, -, ( )

C, C.

C C ,
C,
C , , C
C
b C a b C.

a C
, F[z|] C,
C(0) .
14. a C, b C z C, F[z|a] F[z|b],
F[z|a b] = F[z|a] F[z|b] .

(51)

, , F[z|a b], . ra
rb . rb > ra .

lim sup |an |1/n = ra1 , lim sup |bn |1/n = rb1 .
n

, > 0 k N+ , ,
, a b,
, |ak | < (ra )k , |bk | < (rb )k . , Ca = ||a||(ra )1 , Cb = ||b||(rb )1 , k N+
(49): |ak | < Ca (ra )k , |bk | < Cb (rb )k .
a b:

n
n
n
X
X
X

|ak ||bnk |
Ca (ra )k Cb (rb )kn =
ak bnk

k=0

k=0

= Ca Cb (ra )

k=0

k
n
X
ra
k=0

rb

< Ca Cb (ra )

k

X
ra
k=0

rb

Copyright & A K-C

46

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

= Ca Cb (ra )
,

ra
1
rb

1
.

lim sup |(a b)n |1/n (ra )1 .

(52)

ra = rb ,

ak bnk Ca Cb (n + 1)(ra )n .

k=0

(52) .
> 0 , (52) , F[z|a b]
, , ra .
n N a(n) b(n) .
2,
F[z|a(n) b(n) ] = F[z|a(n) ]F[z|b(n) ] .
n , n z, , F[z|a],
F[z|b] F[z|a b]. 2,
F.
lim F[z|a(n) b(n) ] = F[z|a]F[z|b] .

, F .
,
lim F[z|(a b)(n) ] = F[z|a b] .
n

F[z|a b] F[z|a]F[z|b] = lim F[z|(a b)(n) ] F[z|a(n) b(n) ] ,


n

ra , . k N
, ,
, k = 0 n. ,
k ,
(51). , , F[z|a b],
ra , (51).

, C
C, ..
b C,
15. a 6 C

a b = b a = e.
(53)
, C \ C.
C \ C

a C \ C,
b, (53). , C.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

47

z = 0 F[z|a] a 6 C,
, F[0|a] 6= 0.
z = 0 (F[z|a])1 , (F[z|a])1 L. ,
L C, b C ,
(F[z|a])1 = F[z|b]. ,
F[z|e] = 1 = F[z|a]F[z|b] = F[z|a b] .
,
L C, , b
(53).
a1 .
a C \ C
12. C. .7 g(a) C . ,
C C.
16. f (z) = F[z|a] L, a = han ; n
N+ i C, b = hbk ; k N+ i C , b0

X
f (z) =
ak z k ,
k=0

f (b) =

ak bk

k=0

C. z C , F[z|b]

X
ak z k ,

k=0

f (F[z|b]) = F[z|f (b)] .

(54)

b0 f (z),
z C F[z|b] . ,
z

X
f (F[z|b]) =
ak (F[z|b])k .
(55)
k=0

, F[z|],

f (F[z|b]) =

ak F[z|b ] =

k=0

F[z|ak bk ] =

k=0

= lim F[z|
m

m
X
k=0

ak bk ] = lim F[z|a(m) b] ,
m

(56)

(33) C .

Copyright & A K-C

48

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, F. , b0 (55)
f (F[z|b]),
C, |F[z|b]| < C. ,
m
X
ak (F[z|b])k F[z|a(m) b] , m N
k=0

m .
m, n N F[z|(a(m) b)(n) ]
n N. l = 0n ([a(m) b](n) )l = (a(m) b)l ,
(a b)l m 8.
F[z|(a(m) b)(n) ] n F[z|a(m) b] , hF[z|(a(m) b)(n) ]; m Ni
m n N z = 0.
,
h F[z|a(m) b] F[z|(a(m) b)(n) ]; m N i
z = 0. ,
, (55), (56),
,
!
m
n
X
X
ak bk
zl
F[z|(a(m) b)(n) ] =
l=1

lim

k=0

!
ak b

k=0

= (f (b))l = (a b)l .
l

, h F[z|a(m) b] F[z|(a(m) b)(n) ]; m N i


[11], . ,
!

m
X
bk ak ] F[z|(a(m) b)(n) ] , n N
un (z) = lim F[z|
m

k=0
(l)

z = 0. , un (0) = 0 l = 0, 1, ..., n,
.
(55), (56), f (F[z|b])
m
!
n
X
X
f (F[z|b]) = un (z) + lim
zl
ak bk = F[z|(a b)(n) ] + un (z) .
m

l=0

k=0

n- f (F[z|b])
z = 0:

!
n

n
d
dn X l
f (F[z|b])
=
z (f (b))l
= n!(a b)n .
dz n
dz n l=0
z=0
z=0

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

49

, h(a b)n ; n N+ i lim F[z|a(m) b] .


m
z C
f (F[z|b]) = F[z|a b] = F[z|f (b)] ,
(54) . , F[z|f (b)],
.
1. g(a), , (31),

X
1
g(a) = (e a) =
an ,
(57)
n=0

g(z) = (1 z)1 . , ,
, a C, |a0 | < 1.
a C.
(54)
F[z|(e a)1 ] = (1 F[z|a])1 .

(58)

a0 = 0 m- z f (z) = (1 F[z|a])1

m
X

1
(e a) m =
(an )m .
(59)
n=0

(e a)1 . C (37) (38),

X
X
X
1
n
n
| (e a) | = |
a |
|a |
|a|n (e |a|)1 ,
n=0

n=0

n=0

|e| = e.

, a C
|(e a)1 | (e |a|)1 .

(60)

13. C. C
-.
D[].
17. a C, b C

2 max{D[a], D[b]} , min{D[a], D[b]} 2 ;


(61)
D[a b]

D[a]D[b]
, min{D[a], D[b]} 2 .

Copyright & A K-C

50

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, , D[a] D[b].
n
n
X
X
| (a b)n |
|ak ||bnk |
Dk [a]Dnk [b] .
(62)
k=0

n
X

k=0

xk y nk x

k=0

y x 0. x ,
, x = y,
( n
)
X
max
xk y nk ; x y = (n + 1)y n .
k=0

(62) D[a] = D[b]:


|(a b)n | (n + 1)Dn [b] .
,
sup |(a b)n |1/n D[b] sup{(n + 1)1/n } = 2D[b] .
nN

nN

|a0 b0 | = |a0 | |b0 | D[a]D[b],

D[a b] max{D[a]D[b], 2D[b]} =

2D[b]
, D[a] 2
.
D[a]D[b] , D[a] 2

. a C
n
D [a]
, D[a] 2 ;
n
(63)
D[a ]
n1
2 D[a] , D[a] 2 .
n = 2 (63) (61) b = a.
n D[a] 2
D[an+1 ] = D[a an ] 2 max{D[a], D[an ]} 2n D[a] ,
D[an ] 2n1 D[a] , ,
max{D[a], D[an ]} 2n1 D[a].
D[a] 2, ,
D[an+1 ] D[a] D[an ] Dn [a] .

C . ,
C , C . .
2. b = hbl > 0; l N+ i C
, > 0 , bl l , l N+ .
han = h0, ln ; l Ni C; n Ni ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

51

D[]. n 0 n ,
n n < ,
(an b)l =

l
X

(an )k blk

k=0

l
X

(n /)k = n l1

k=1

1/l

1 xl
D[an b] sup x
C(b) > 0 ,
1x
l

1 xl
lim x
l
1x

1 (n /)l
.
1 n /

x = n / < 1 ,

1/l
= 1.

, C(b) > 0,
D[an b] C(b) > 0 ,
D[an ] 0 n .
, || || an b <
. , , ||an b|| 0 n .
, , - C.
,
T ,
{V00 , ; 0 > 0, 0 > 0},
V0 ,0 0 > .
.
(a) = sup{ : ||a|| < } a C.
a C , > (a). ||a|| (a) ,
. 1 (a) F[z|a].

18. a b C
(a b) = max{ (a), (b)}.
(51). z
F[z|a] F[z|b], |z| < min{ 1 (a), 1 (b)}. F[z|a b] . .
F[z|a b] min{ 1 (a), 1 (b)}.
,
|| || , ,
. , a = h n ; n N+ i
C ||a|| = 1, C , (a2 )n = n (n + 1),
C+ > 0. ,
.
.
19. a C b C < ,
a b C

1
||a b|| 1
||a|| ||b|| .
(64)

Copyright & A K-C

52

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
:
|(a b)n |

n
X

|ak | |bnk | ||a|| ||b||

k=0

n
X

k nk <

k=0

< n ||a|| ||b|| (1 /)1 .

||a b|| ||a|| ||b|| (1 /)1 .

. a C > .

||a || ||a||

||a||
1 /

l1
,

l N.

(65)

l N. l
(l + 1) (64), b = al ,
, C (65).
,
l

||a|| ||b||
||a||
l+1
||a || = ||a b||
||a||
, l N.
1 /
1 /
, C , ,
, || || , < , C ,
, , C
-. , C , > 0 ,

|| || . ,
18, P , ,
> 0, C , , .
19
20. a C b C . f (x, y) = (a+x)(b+
y), < hx, yi = h0, 0i ||||
x y, > (x) (a) > (y) (b)}
.
a b C , , a C , b C , < .
a b C . x C , y C a y C , b x C .
, , > 0 . (64),
||x|| < , ||y|| < :
||(a + x) (b + y) a b|| = ||a y + b x + x y||
||a y|| + ||b x|| + ||x y||

1
1
[||a|| ||y|| + ||b|| ||x|| + ||x|| ||y|| ]

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

53

1
1
[||a|| + ||b|| + ] .

, "".
S() : C 7 C, C.
aC
(S()a)n = n an .
a b C
,
S()(a b) = (S()a) (S()b)
S() 1 0, C ,
a = han ; n Ni C
lim D[S()a] = D[a] .


, a C,
D[S()a] = sup | (S()a)n |1/n = ||D[a] .
nN

.
b C,
, D[b]
(64) .
21. a C b C ,
< , a b C ,
, D[b]

#
"

1
D[b]
D[b]
.
(66)
||a b|| ||a|| |b0 | +
1

||a|| ||a|| < ,

!
n
n
X
X
|ank | |bk | n ||a|| |b0 | +
|bk | k
|(a b)n |
k=1

k=0

"
n ||a||

D[b]
|b0 | +

D[b]
1

1 #
.

(66).
. a C > D[a].
"
||al || ||a||

D[a]
|a0 | +

D[a]
1

1 #l1
,

l N.

(67)

19.
14. .
(. (33)) C , .7, ha, bi.

Copyright & A K-C

54

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, a C b0

X
b
ak z k . ,
k=0

C , , C,
C(0) C(0) ,
. ,

hai C; i = 1 ni
hfi (z) : i = 1 ni,
aj , F[z|aj ], j = 1 n.
(30), .6 .
(54)
(33) ha, bi C.
(f g)(z) = F[z|a b] ,

(68)

f (z) = F[z|a], g(z) = F[z|b]. .


22. hf1 (z), ..., fn (z)i L z C
ha1 , ..., an i C , fi (z) = F[z|ai ], i = 1 n.
, i = fi (i1 )
fi+1 (z), i = 1 n 1, 0 = 0. z,
fi (z)
fi (z) =

(ai )k z k ,

i=1n

k=0


fn (fn1 (...f2 (f1 (z)))...)) = (fn fn1 ... f2 f1 )(z) = F [z|an an1 ... a2 a1 ] .

(69)

n. n = 2
(54), (68), f =
f2 , g = f1 . (n 1) n
(57), f = fn , g = fn1 ... f1 ,
, n1 = (fn1 ... f1 )(0) ,
fn .
(69)
fn (fn1 (...f1 (z)...)) ,
. C
, , . ,

.
(33). an an1 ... a1
, , . , (a)i = 0 i = 1 (n 1).

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

55


(35). ai ,
fi , (ai )0 , ai = (ai )0 e + ai , i = 1 n ,
8, an ... a1 . , , . ,
fi
i , i = 1 n, , (35), ,
.

l-
an ... a1 , l.
15. .
. , ,
hfi (z); i = 1 ni,
.
,
. Nn,l hk1 , ..., kl i , n = k1 + k2 + ... + kl , ki N, i = 1 l l n,
l, n N.
23. Nn,l :
Nn,l =

(n 1)!
(n l)!

(70)

C x = hak = 1; k N+ i. ,
(24), Nn,l :
X

Nn,l =

l
x n .

k1 ,...,kl 1:
k1 +...+kk =n

, Nn,l :
F (z) =

z n Nn,l .

n=1

Nn,l F (z):

1 dn
F (z)
.
(71)
Nn,l =
n! dz n
z=0
F[z|x] = z/(1 z),

F (z) = F[z|x ] = (F[z|x]) =

z
1z

l
.

Copyright & A K-C

56

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(71)
"
l #
l nl

1
1 n
z
d l
d
l
Nn,l =
=
z
(1 z)
=
n!
1z
n! l
dz l
dz nl
z=0
z=0
z=0

1
=
(n l)!

dnl
(1 z)l
nl
dz

=
z=0

(n 1)!
.
(n l)!

(70) D[]
f (z),
(1).
24. f (z) z = 0.
z (1) , |z| < (2D[a])1 , a = hak ; k N+ i,
l N
2l l!Dl [a]
|f (l) (z)|
.
(72)
1 2|z| D[a]

n

< 2l f (l) (z) =
l

X
k!
ak z kl , :
(k l)!
k=l
|f (l) (z)|

X
k=l

|ak |

X
k!
2k |ak+l | |z|k
|z|kl 2l l!
(k l)!
k=0

2l l!Dl [a]
2 l!D [a]
(2|z| D[a]) =
.
1 2|z| D[a]
k=0
l

, l 1, k N+ |ak+l | Dk+l [a].

,
f g
a =
hak ; k N+ i, b = hbk ; k N+ i.
|||| , > 0,
D[], ,
C.
, (33) (36) , . F[z|a b]
, (33). , ,
||a|| D[a].
25. , > ||a|| ,
||b|| . , , h, i : h||a|| , i,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

57

h1, D[a]i. ||a b|| a b C, ,


||b|| < 1 1 , , ||b|| D[a] < (1 /),
:
||b||
||a b|| |a0 | +
(73)
(1 ||b|| (1 /)1 )
, |al | l , l N, .
(65),

X
X

l
|al | ||bl ||
al b |a0 | +
||a b|| =

l=0

l=1

l

X
||b||
|a0 | + ||b||
.
1 /
l=0
(73), ||b|| (1 /)1 < 1, .
, , a b ,
D[a b] 1. (73) , < 1.
, .
(73) ,
b0 , , 16,
F[z|a b].
||a b|| , |b0 |.
(35).
26. , > ||b||
< (1 /)/2
. ||a b|| a b C D[a] ||b||
:
||a b|| |f (a0 )| +


2D[a] ||b||

(1 /)1 ,
(1 2|b0 | D[a]) 1 2D[a] ||b||

(74)

f (z) = F[z|a].
a b
(35) (65) (72):

X
1 (l)
||a b|| |f (b0 )| +
|f (b0 )| ||bl ||
l!
l=1

X
l
2D[a] ||b||
2D[a] ||b||
|f (b0 )| +
=
1 2|b0 | D[a] l=0
1 /

= |f (b0 )| +


2D[a] ||b||
(1 /)1 ) .
(1 2|b0 | D[a])(1 2D[a] ||b||

Copyright & A K-C

58

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, , F[z|a]
. F[z|a b], 16,
F[z|b], , (73), (74) .
< (1 /)/2 (77) ( D[a] ||b||
), S(),
:
F[z|a] = F[z|S()a] ,
S()(a b) = a S()b ,


||b||
(1 /)1
1 2D[a] ||b||

.
||b||
,
(73), (74), .
, ,
.
b0 = 0. f (b0 ) = a0 . , ,
, = 1, = D[a],
(74) (73). = ||a|| , = ,
2D[a] > ||a|| .
, (74) , (73). ,
|b0 |. , ||b||
,
. ||b||

, b = 0, ||b|| = |b0 |.
|f (b0 )| < |a0 | +

|b0 |
.
1 |b0 |(1 /)1

|b0 |(1 /)1 1, f (z) = a0 + a1 z, = |a1 |

|b0 ||a1 |
.
|a0 + a1 b0 | < |a0 | +
1 |b0 |(1 /)1
, , .
(73), (74) , , ||ab|| .
, , . ,
, ,
. || || ,
> 0.
16. . a b
M[a|], a C,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

59

b C. {c C : |c0 | < ra = (lim sup |an |1/n )1 }. a,


n

M[a|]. , || ||
1.
27. M[a|]
|| || {b : ||b|| < B}, < , D[a]

B
1 + 4 1
, =
D[a] <
.
(75)
2
1 /
|| || (bl b0l ), l N:

l1
l1

X
X

0
k
0l1k
l
0l
(b b0 ) bk b0l1k .
b b
||b b || = (b b )

k=0

(76)

k=0

> 0, , (64),
||b||
||(b b0 ) bk1 b0l1k ||
1 /

k
||b||
0
0kl1
... ||(b b ) b
||

1 /
l1k
k

||b||
||b0 ||
0
.
... ||b b ||
1 /
1 /

||(b b0 ) bk b0l1k ||

(76) ,
l1k
k
l1
X
||b||
||b0 ||
xl y l
= ||b b0 ||
,
||b b || ||b b ||
1

/
1

/
x

y
k=0
l

0l

x = (1 /)1 ||b|| , y = (1 /)1 ||b0 || . (xl y l )(x y)1


x, y R+ x = y, lxl1 . ,
||bl b0l || l l1 ||b b0 || ,

max{||b|| , ||b0 || }
.
1 /

M[a|b] M[a|b0 ]:

X
X

l
0l
0
|al | ||bl b0l ||
al (b b )
||M[a|b] M[a|b ]||

l=1

||b b0 || D[a]

l=1

X
(l + 1)(D[a])l = ||b b0 || D[a] (1 D[a])2 .
l=0

M[a|]
D1/2 [a] (1 D[a])1 < 1

Copyright & A K-C

60

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, , D[a] + D1/2 [a] 1 < 0.


,

2
1 + 4 1
D[a] <
.
(77)
2
> 0,
, max{||b|| , ||b0 || }
B, , (75)
(77) , , M[a|].
17. . ,
.
. , f (z),

(g f )(z) = f (z)
g(z) . , . , ,
,
,
, (. , , [12]). ,

, , , .

1. . / . .
.: , 1974.
2. . / . . .: , 1970.
3. .. / .. . .: , 1965.
4. .. / .. . . : , 1984.
5. Lax M. Fluctuation and Coherence Phenomena in Classical and Quantum Physics /
M. Lax. New York: Gordon & Breach, 1968. ( .
/ . . .: , 1974. 300c.)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

61

6. .., .. //
, . 2005. 12. .14-18.
7. Ruelle D. Statistical Mechanics, Rigorous Results / D.Ruelle. Ney York-Amsterdam:
W.A.Benjamin, Inc., 1969. ( . .
/ . . .: , 1971.)
8. Simon B. The P ()2 euclidian (quantum) field theory / B. Simon. Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 1974. ( . P ()2
/ . . .: , 1976.)
9. .., .. / .. . .: , 1972. 496 .
10. . / . . .: , 1967. 256 .
11. . . / . . .: , 1968. 646 .
12. . / .. .: , 1967.

ALGEBRA OF POWER SERIES COEFFICIENTS


OF ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS
Yu.P. Virchenko, N.N. Vitokhina
Belgorod State University
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: virch@bsu.edu.ru
The algebra of operations with sequences from C is built. The developped algebraic formalism is
applied for the calculation of expansion coefficients connected with compositions of analytic functions
defined by power series.
Key words: analytic functions, power series, convolution, function compositions.

Copyright & A K-C

62

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
539.17
60

.. ) , .. ) , .. ) ,
.. )
)


., 1, ., 61108, , e-mail: kupl@kipt.kharkov.ua
)

., 85, ., 308015,
1012 n2 1 60 Co
60 Co(n)60m,g Co.
: , , ,
.

1.
() . , - 60 Co

. 59 Co(n)60 Co - 3000-5000 . 60 Co
31013 n2 c1 5 60 Co
1 [1].
, 27, 59 58.9332.
(N at ) 8.9 /3 . () 60 Co.
(m) (g).
60
Co(n)60m,g Co, . 60 Co , ,
.
60 Co "-".
60 Co ,
( ) , .
[2].
60 Co ,

, . , ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

63

, 17 , -1000 60 Co 50-80 / 6-8 .


, .
() () 1012 n 2
1 60m,g Co 60 Co(n)60m,g Co.
2.
60m,g Co
N at
1.128 (S = 12 ).
. t ,
. t = t , , t . = 9.1 1022 3 , t = 46 ,
t = 4.186 1 . , ,
[3], t = 1/t = 0.239 . ,
N at
0.239 e = 2.7183 .
, .
1012 n2 c1 0.6841012 n2 c1 .
m = 2.127 ,
2.17 1022 .

. 1. -
60m .

. 2. -
60m Co.

Copyright & A K-C

64

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
3.

60m

Co

60m Co, - 2+ , ( ()) 58.60 ( 99.76%),


60 Co (. 1). - (0.24%) 60m Co 2+
60 Ni 2158.8 (I = 0.0084%) 1332.5 (I = 0.23%). , - -
= 1332.5 . - 60m Co . 2.
(), ti ()
(n2 c1 ), [4]:
A = N = Nx (1 exp (ti )) exp (tc )(1 exp (tm )) ,

(1)

= 0.693/1/2 (1 ); 1/2 (); N


; Nx
; (2 ); tc ,
; tm
.
, (1/2 = 10.467 ) 60m Co
(1/2 = 1925.28 ) 60 Co, ,
60m Co, ti ,
.
, (1/2 - 31/2 ), ..
ti > 31/2 " ", .. .
, (1)
(1 exp (ti )) 1 ,
.. . " ", ..
(1 exp (ti )) = 0.99 1
ti =1.16 .
(1) 1.16 , m = 1.10 103 1 ,
m = 20.4 [5] ( tc tm ),
60m 2.725 1014 , 29.98 1010 8.10 .
99.76% , -
E = 58.60 29.91 1010 8.08 .
, 59 60m , 60 . -
E = 1173.2 1332.5 . 60 60m . ,
ti =1.162 ( ) 60
.

Copyright & A K-C

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65

, 60m
. 58 . 60m
7/2 61 . - (100%)
1.65 5/2 909.2
(4.4%) 5/2 67.4 (95.6%) 61 Ni. 5/2 3/2 61 Ni - E = 67.4 .
, ti = 1.162 3.6 107 60m 61 , 4.2 103 .
, ,
60m - E =
58.60 .
4.

60

Co

60m
0.0 , 5+ 60 ( (100%)). 60 . 3. , 5+ 60
- 99.88% 4+
c 2505.7 0.12% 2+
1332.5 60 Ni. - (2106 0.0076)%, - 1173.2 (I = 99.85%)
1332.5 (I = 99.98%).
, , 60m 60 . 2.718 1014 , 1.14106 30.7 .

60m
60 - 60 , , , . , , (. [6]):
3 , 0.33 - 0.60 , 2 102 /
106 /3 .
60 , (1 exp (ti ))
(1) ti 31/2 . 60 59 (n)60 (
). ti = 66 , ( ) 98 M
99m Tc 59 60 .
[5, 7]:
g
+ m = (37.18 6),
m = (20.4 8) , .. g = 16.78 . 60
59 (n)60 , 99.76% 60m
60 , 60 6.0 1016 ,
6.8 . , , 1.162

60m 60 ()
60
, 60 ti = 66 8.54 .

Copyright & A K-C

66

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. 3.

60

, (. ). , ,
, , -, -.
, 60 . 2 . , ,
61
. ,
60 .
5.
60m,g - [8].
, , , , . - : , -
- . - , . ,
< 100 /2 .
, 50 .
60m , - -,
, 0.239 0.32.

Copyright & A K-C

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67

N at . , N at 0.02 0.89.
,
0.239 .
0.239 60 ,
- 1173.2 (1332.5) , 0.94 (0.95) .
6.
N at 1 2 0.239 ti = 1.16 ( ) ,
99.76% , m 8.08 .
E = 58.60 . 0.32.

60m 60 60 2.718 1014 ,


1.136 106 30.7 .
60 , 59 (n)60 , ti = 66 , 6.8 .
8.54 . 1173.2
(1332.5) 0.94 (0.95) .
, .
, ,
, , -, -
.
33.

1. .. / .. . .: . -.
., 1957. 552 .
2. .. II / .. . .: , 2005. 728 .
3. . , , / .. .: ,1989. 336 c.
4. .. C / .. , .. . :
,1975. 416 c.
5. ()/ .: , 1986. 248.
6. . / . , . .
.: , 1968. 256.

Copyright & A K-C

68

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
7. N. Moss, L. Yaffe. Determination of the neutron capture cross section for the 59 (n)60m
reaction // Canadian Journal of Chemistry. 1953. 31. P.391-395.
8. Cutshall N.H., Larsen I.L., Olsen C.R Direct analysis of 210Pb in sediment samples:
self-absorption corrections // Nucl. Inst. and Meth. 1983. 206. P.309-312.

ON

60

PRODUCTION AT NEUTRON GENERATOR

A.N. Dovbnya1) , E.L. Kuplennikov1) , V.A. Tsymbal1) ,


V.V. Krasilnikov2)
1)

National Science Center "Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology"


Akademicheskaya St., Kharkov, 61108, Ukraine, e-mail: kupl@kipt.kharkov.ua
2)

Belgorod State University


Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: kras@bsu.edu.ru
It is fulfilled detailed estimates of possibility of the neutron generator with intensity flow of thermal
neutrons 1012 ncm2 s1 for the application of 60 Co production on the base of the 59 (n)60m,g
nuclear reaction.
Key words: neutron generator, thermal neutrons, cobalt radioisotopes, nuclear medicine.

Copyright & A K-C

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69

: 669.295:539.2

1-0,
2 )
.. , .. , .. , ..

., 85, ., 308007, , e-mail: salishchev@bsu.edu.ru
1-0
. ,
400-500 . ,
.
, , .
. .
: , , , , , ,
.

1.
/ [1],
. , , . ,
. ,

, , , [2].
, , , , , ,
.
, - [3]. , , .
2

" - " 2009 - 2013 , 2143 05 2009 . "


".

Copyright & A K-C

70

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

[1]. , . , , ,

. , , , /, ,
, . , ,
, , .
, , , .
1-0 2505000,3 ,
.
2.
1-0
4400920 , " -" 1-90013-81
, . 1. : B =42.8
/2 , =49.3%.
1
1-0 (.%)

Ti

Al

Si

Fe

O2

N2

H2

0.010

0.002

0.120

0.004

0.143

0.003

0.0008

0.077

1141144 2505000,3 .
70 , 300 .

3560 505000,3 .
92,5%.

- (EBSD), Quanta 200 3D. EBSD
10 .
11701-84
Instron 5882 1 /. .
Olympus STM6. Wolpert 402MVD 9450-76.
50 , 10 .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

71

3.
15 .
. ,
30 [4]. . 1. ,
87%.

. 1. 1-0 ( ,
, ).

, [4],
(. 1-1).

92,5%. , 1% (. 1)
, . ,
, , (. 1 ,). , , 30% ,
, -, . 60% ,
(. 1). , . . , - ,
- .
. 2 , ,
. , 15% . , 30% .

Copyright & A K-C

72

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

92,5% ,
47%, .

5-30% (. 2).
, 30% . EBSD
- .
/, 92,5%, 500 .

. 2. 1-0 :
1%; 10%; 30%; 60%; 80%; 92,5%.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

73
2

, ,
1-0
,
%


(2 15 ), %

(15 180 ), %


, %

0
5
10
15
20
30

13
16
22
53
57
64

87
84
78
47
43
35

0
57
65
74
75
77

17
7,5
5,3
3,5
3,7
2,7

, . ,
: ,
(. 3). , 90 .
62%.
3
1-0


, %

, %

,
%

1.
2.

5; 5; 15
62

89
80

92,5
92,5

. 3 505000,3
2505000,3 . , , . , ,
.

Copyright & A K-C

74

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. 3. 1-0 ( 505000.3, 2505000.3).


, (. 4). , (. 4) . ,
1 12%,
22%. / 400 , 500
. 47%,
62%. ,
, .

. 4. () () 1-0
92,5%. EBSD-.

(. . 4). ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

75

. ,
49,3% 3-5%. . .
100 , .
.
,
.
4
1-0


405000.3.

405000.3.

2505000.3.

2505000.3.

0,2 , a B , a ,%
428
49,3
790

952

5,6

750

953

3,6

682

857

4,7

644

834

4,8

, , . ,
, , , , ,
.
. 5 . ,
400 . ,
, 250 .
200 400 .

. 5. .

Copyright & A K-C

76

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
4.

, . , ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
, . , ,

, . ,
, -,
, . ,
. 1-0 2505000.3 ,
. ,
.
5.
1. 1-0 . , -
400-500 . ,
, .
2. , .
, , .
3. 1-0 2505000.3 ,
, .

1. .. / .. ,
.. . .: "", 2007. 398 .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

77

2. .., .., .. ,
// . 2003. 5. C.75-86.
3. .. / .. . M.: Me, 1986. 224 .
4. Hans Conrad. Effect of interstitial solutes on the strength and ductility of titanium //
Progress in Materials Science. 26. P.123-403.
STRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
OF NANOSTRUCTURED SHEET OF TITANIUM VT1-0
PRODUCED BY COLD ROLLING
N.V. Lopatin, G.S. Djyakonov, S.V. Zherebtsov, G.A. Salishchev
Belgorod State University
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: salishchev@bsu.edu.ru
Evolution of the microstructure of titanium VT1-0 during cold rolling and producing of large-scale
nanocrystructured sheets were investigated. It was shown that twinning promotes the microstructure
refinement that may result in the formation of (sub)grain structure with the mean size of elements of
400-500 nm. Changes in the rolling direction were found to be increasing the fraction of high-angle
boundaries. The sheets which were rolled with changing of rolling direction have higher mechanical
properties and much more homogeneous structure than those without or with less number of turns
during rolling. The influence of deformation path on the structure and properties of titanium are
discussed. Capacity of the rolling technologies for producing large-scale nanostructured sheets of
titanium is considered.
Keywords: nanostructure, titanium, rolling, sheet, twinning, technology, mechanical properties.

Copyright & A K-C

78

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
539.4.015.1; 548.24

,
-
.. ) , .. ) , ..
.. ) , .. ) , .. )


., 85, ., 308015, , e-mail: kamysh@bsu.edu.ru
)
-
., 1, ., 61108,
, (-196 C)
1-0.
: , , , .

1. . , .
( ) . - ,
, - .
, (Zn, Mg, Cd), .
- , . , , .
, ,
, , .
,
. ,
700 , . ,
,
.
, .
,
. , , (-196 C) 1-0.

Copyright & A K-C

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79

2. , .
1-0,
. 1.
1

, %

Fe

Al

Ni

Mg

Cr

Cu

0,01

0,07

0,04

0,20

0,25

0,06

0,019

0,049

0,034

0,025

0,0015

0,005

0,01

0,06

0,03

0,05

0,01

0,05

0,024

0,015

, :
1) 500
= (75-87-93)%;
2) 1100 1300 20 ;
3) -196 .
c
0,2(15-20%). . 2
.
2

1
2
3
4

85,32
32,83
149,0
33,8

93
87
75
4,32
1,53
7,89
1,43

5,31
1,04
7,87
1,63

7,04
2,32
10,01
1,83

Sodick AQ 300L
, 1
1 550 ( 1) 700 ( 2).
OLYMPUS G71
(5 perchloric 95 ) U=30V
-40 . , 1 HNO3 , 2 HF 40
H2 O. EBSD
OIM Analysis 5.2.

Copyright & A K-C

80

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

--. 530 , 20
= 3,2. -196 .
, [1]. DM8B

.
ARLXTRA.
, 1-0
1100
1300 20 -, .

INSTRON 5882 1,5 /.
DM-8B (0001).

Quanta 2003D EBSD-.
,
, [2,3].
3. . .
1. , , (.2),
. , .
.
( 40%) , [4], ..
. ( 60%)
,
. 90% , , [5].
, ,
, ,
.
,
.

,
(.1).
. , -

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

81

, ,
,
. ,
.
, .

. 1. 75%
700 25 ,
1 ), 2 ) 3 ); ,

.

25 (0001). . .

Copyright & A K-C

82

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

.
.

(0001) ,
.
.
.
.
,
, .
105 106 1 .
,
, .
( , , , )
, . , .
(. 2) ,
> 80%, .
, (. 2, . 2).
., ,
[6,7].
, .
.
. ,
, .
( < 80%) .

, . [7].

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

83

. 2. 1-0
/)
(A,

550 : ) =93%; ) =87%; ) =75%.

,
(. 3).

. 3. , ); 550
); 700 ). : = 93%, = 87%, N
= 75%.

Copyright & A K-C

84

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, , ,
(. 3).
, ,
(. 3). , , -
, .
.
2. : (Ti2 ) (TiN). ,
, .
, , , (. 4).

. 4. : ) 1100 , ) 1300 .

()

. 5. 1100 ,
.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

85

,
N O2 . . , ,
[8], 1011 1012 1 .
3. . . () [9].
-196 C (. 6),
,
.

. 6. (, ) : ) = 47%; ) = 20%.


(. 6).
, .
(. 6,6).

Copyright & A K-C

86

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(. 6) 53% 23%
(. 6). , ,
, . ,
,
.
. . , .
,
, .
.

, . , , ,
, .
, , . .

, . ,
.
,
. , ,
.
, .

4. .
1. , ,
,
.
2. , , ,
.
3. ,
.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

87

1. .., .., .., .. // . 1993.


28;12. C.28.
2. .. / .. . .: . . -, 1990. 156 .
3. .. / .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. .
.: , 2002. 240 .
4. Christian J.W., Mahajan S. // Prog. Mater. Sci. 1995. 39. P.51-157.
5. .. / .. , .. . .: , 1979. 320 .
6. Cottrell A.N., Bieby B.A. // Proc. Phys. Soc. Loud. 1949. 62. P.19-28.
7. . / . ;
. . . .. . .: , 1971. 264 c.
8. ., . // / . .. .
.: , 1969. 384 c.
9. .., .., .., .. . (77) // . 2008.

SOME REGULARITIES OF THE MICROHARDNESS VARIING


IN CP-TITANIUM UNDER VARIOUS MECHANICAL
AND THERMAL STRESSES
N.V. Kamyshanchenko) , I.S. Nikulin) , D.P. Kuznetsov) ,
M.S. Kungurtsev) , I.M. Neklyudov) , O.I. Volchok)
)

Belgorod State University


Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail:kamysh@bsu.edu.ru
National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology
Akademicheskaya St., 1, Kharkov, 61108, Ukraine

Results concerning the influence of the hot plastic deformation, the hardening by high temperatures
and the cryogenic temperatures drawing (at -196 C) on mechancal properties of titanium VT1-0 are
analyzed.
Key words: titanium, twinning, hardness, dislocations.

Copyright & A K-C

88

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
539.216; 539.22; 538.91-405; 548; 620.18

-

..

" ",
., 2, ., 308007, , e-mail: ek-ko87@yandex.ru

- , . ,
-
. , -,
- . , ,
.
: , - , - , -.

1. . Ca10 (PO4 )6 OH2 () [1].


, . - (), . .
CO2
3 [2].
: - -, - . -
3
CO2
3 - PO4 - Ca10x (PO4 )6x (CO3 )x (OH)2x ,
: a=9,309
A c=6,8927
A. -

OH Ca10 (PO4 )6 (CO3 )x (OH)22x , , :


a=9,529
A, b=19,10
A c=6,86
A.
. .
, .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

89

. 1. , :
4 . (1,2), 6 . (1,2) CaCO3 (1).

2. . c ,
[3]:
10Ca(NO3 )2 + 6(NH4 )2 HPO4 + 8NH4 OH
Ca10 (PO4 )6 (OH)2 + 20NH4 NO3 + 6H2 O .
. .
4- .
,
100 c.
, ( CO2 5-10 /). 6-
.
80 , . -, -,
, .
3. . ,
4- 6- (. 1).

100 , . 650 800 .
CaCO3 (. 1)
.
CaCO3
, .

Copyright & A K-C

90

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. 2. -
,

.

. 3. -
,

80 .

-
,
80 (. 2 . 3 ).

. 4.
.

- , 1380-1550 1 875 1 . -

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

91

.
. - [4].

. 5. cc- , :
3 (), () CaCO3 ().

. 4 (. 4 4 ,
4- 6- ). : ,
, , . , -, .

. 6. , 80
.

Copyright & A K-C

92

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

- , 3
, CaCO3 (. 5). 44 . , 44-
750-900 , CaCO3
500-700 . , ,
, .
. , 80 . , ,
, (. 6).

. 7.
.

- ,
(. 7). .
-, . ,
6 .
, 1- , 4- 6-
. 1000 , (. 8).
,
CaCO3 , CaO CaCO3 .
,
.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

93

. 8. , :
1 . (), 4 . () 6 . ().

. , .
.
- , -,
, .
- .
,
.

1. . / . . .:
, 1998. 298 .
2. Fleet M.E., Liu X. // Biomaterials. 2005. 26. P.7548-7554.
3. Jarcho M., Bolen C.H., Thomas M.B., Bobick J., Kay J.F., Doremus R.H. // J.Mater.
Sci. 1976. 11. P.2027-2035.
4. Landi E., Tampieri A., Celotti G., Vichi L., Sandri M. // Biomaterials. 2004. 25.
P.1763-1770.

Copyright & A K-C

94

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
OBTAINING OF CARBONATE-SUBSTITUTED HYDROXYLAPATITE
BY WATER SOLUTIONS
E.A. Korneyeva
Center of nanostructural materials and nanotechnologies of Belgorod State University
Korolev St., 2a, Belgorod, 308007, Russia, e-mail: ek-ko87@yandex.ru

The method of the carbonate-substituted hydroxylapatite obtaining by the dust soaking in water
solutions contaninig carbonate groups was investigated. It was shown that such a method leads to
obtaining of the AB-type carbonate-substituted hydroxylapatite and calcium carbonate. The samples
were investigated by thermogravimetry, IR-spectroscopy, mass-spectrometry and X-ray diffraction.
Obtained results were shown that the concentration of carbonates in hydroxylapatite has been changing
during the soaking time. It follows from the changing of lattice constants of hydroxylapatite crystal.
Key words: hydroxylapatite, X-ray diffraction analysis, carbonate-substituted hydroxylapatite, IRspectroscopy.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

95

620.1.72:532.783

Si//ITO
.. , ..

., 14, . 308007, , e-mail: kucheev@bsu.edu.ru
- Si//ITO, . . Si//ITO.
20 /,
.
: , , .

1. . .
, MO [1].
. ,
. .

. Si// (ITO), Si/. Si/ ()
. , Si//
ITO . .
2. . Si//ITO.
n- 4,5 . .
ITO ,
. 5. Si .
, ,
, Si//ITO, .
( 1)
(. . 1). , ,

Copyright & A K-C

96

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. . -,
, 1 .
1

a
. 1. SI//ITO,
(He- Ne, 0,63; m). 5,5 . 3103 .
: b 2 c; c 25 c. 0,5 . , .

5,0
threshold voltage, V

velocity, m/s

12
10

4,5

4,0
6

3,5

4
3

10

10
frequency, Hz

. 2. ,
, .

. 2 . ,
4 102 6 104 . , 4102 Hz,
. , 6104 Hz,
. .
,
. . 1 ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

97

(. 1b, 1), .. . -
, . ,
,
( . 1). , , , (. 1).
20 /.

35

velocity, m/s

30
25
20
15
0,96

0,97
0,98
0,99
cell thickness, m

1,00

. 3. .
4 . 3103 .


- . -
. . 3
-. , -
.
. , .
Si//ITO [2]. . 4 ( ) : (1) ,
(2) . , ,
. ,
. ,

Copyright & A K-C

98

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

,
,
.

velocity, m/s

95
70
1

40
10

2
50

100 150 200


time, s

250 300

. 4. : 1
; 2 . 4,1 . 3103 .

, Ga 30 keV 10 pA (FEI Quanta 200


3D). 10
m. , Ga- (. 5).

. 5. , Ga-: 1 ; 2 Ga-.

, , .
Si//ITO,
Si/, . - ITO

J1 . J2 Si/

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

99

, , .
J1 > J2 . ,
.
, (,
), Si , , .

,
.
, , . [2], ,
, Si/. (J1 > J2 ) , , ,
. Ga- Si//ITO . [3],
Ga
, .
, , (J2 ) , .
.
.
. Si/nematic/ITO. ,

.
: 1) ,
2) ( ), 3) .
.
20 /.

,
.
.

1. ..
// .. , .. . .: , 1986.

Copyright & A K-C

100

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

2. Gritsenko N.I., Kucheev S.I., Litvin P.M. Passivation of silicon surface by ultrathin
dielectric film in M/Si/nematic/ITO structures // Semicond. Phys., Quant.Elect.and
Optoelect. 2004. 7;2. P.154-156.
3. Yogev S., Levin J., Schwarzman A., Avayu A. and Rosenwaks Y. Charging of dielectrics
under focused ion beam irradiation // Journal of Applied Physics. 2008. 103; 064107.

DOMAIN REORIENTATION OF NEMATIC


IN THE Si/NEMATIC/ITO STRUCTURE
S.I. Kucheev, Yu.S. Tuchina
Belgorod state university
Studencheskaya, 14 St., Belgorod, 308007, Russia, e-mail: kucheev@bsu.edu.ru
Domain reorientation of nematic in the Si/nematic/ITO structure induced by laser irradiation
was studied. The conditions of nematic domain formation and its boundary movement are found. The
mechanism of domain formation in Si/nematic/ITO structure is proposed. The diffraction grating with
about 20 line/mm of resolution and the principal possibility of direction control of domain boundary
movement are demonstrated.
Key words: silicon, nematic, ions in liquid crystal

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

101

532.72



3)
.. ) , .. )
)


., 85, ., , 308015, e-mail: malay@bsu.edu.ru
)

., e-mail: evgrom@yandex.ru


, . ,
. -, -
.
: , , .

1. . -
,
. .

[1,2]. , ,
, . . [1,2].

,
, , .
[3,4]. , , .

, ..
.
.
3

02.740.11.0545

Copyright & A K-C

102

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. R,
T , . 1e /R 1, 2e /R 1.
, /R 1 ( ),
.
qi ,
. "e" "i" , ""
, , "s"
, , TS .
, , ; ; .. , . I0 0
.
. , , . qi .
.
.
, ,
[5,6].

I0 (
-):

c
qi (r) = ( I0 ) , I0 =
Re E, H ,
4
E, H ,
,

, E = ikH ,
, H = im2 kE .
k = 2/0 , m = n + id
.
[7]
qi (r) = 2 n k d I0 B(r) ,

2 2
B(r) = E(r) /E0 , , E0
. B(r) [5,6]. , , [5,6,7]. ,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

103

(
) ( 0 = 2 R/0 ).
,
, .. (TS T )/T 1.
, . ,
( ,
, ,
),
T
C1e C2e .
, ,
, -
- ;
, . , ..
.
r, , ,
. z = r cos T C1e .
U OZ. ,
, U. ,
Ue , Pe , Te , Ti
C1e [8,9]:
4Ue = Pe , divUe = 0,

e
e cpe Ue Te = e 4 Te , 4 Te = qi ,

Ue ) C1e = D12 4 C1e .

(1)
(2)
(3)

(1) - (3) r, , [8]:


r = R,

Ure = U cos ,

Ue = U sin KT S
Te = Ti ,

r ,

Ue 0,

Pe Pe ,

e Te
D12 C1e
KDS
,
R Te
R

Ti
Te
+ i
= 0,
r
r

C1e
= 0,
r

Te Te + |T | r cos ,
C1e C1e + |C1e | r cos ,
r 0,

Ti 6= .

Ure Ue Ue ; e = 1e +2e ,
1e = n1e m1 , 2e = n2e m2 , n1e , m1 n2e , m2 ; U = |U|, cpe , e , e , e , D12

Copyright & A K-C

104

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, ; KT S KDS
, .
[10,11]. , ,
. , , KT S = 1.161
KDS = 0.277 . (3)
- ,
C1e + C2e = 1. C1e = n1e /ne , C2e = n2e /ne .
cpe , e ,
e , e , D12 R, |T |, |C1e |, Te U .
: = R |T | 1, 1 = R |C1e | 1
. U
U (e /e Te )|T |, U D12 |C1e |.
.
1 . ,
, .
.
, , : yk = xk /R, t = T /Te , Ve = Ue /U .
: R, Te
U .
. , :
,
, .
, :




te (y, ) = te0 y + te1 y, , ti (y, ) = ti0 y + ti1 y, ,



C1e y, = Ce10 y + Ce11 y, ,

Ve y, = Ve (0) + Ve (1) ,


Pe y, = Pe(0) + Pe(1) .

te0

C0
0
+
= 1 + , ti0 = B0 +
y
y

Zy

1
0
dy
y
y

0 dy,
1

Ce10 = C1e +
2n + 1 y 2 R2
n =
2
i Te

Zy

M0
R 2 J0
, C0 =
,
y
3i Te

Z+1
qi (r, ) Pn (cos ) d(cos ) ,
1

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

Ure (y, )

= U cos

A2 A1
+ 3
y
y

Ue (y, )

A2
A1
= U sin
3 ,
2y
2y
4
3
V = R3 , M1 =
,
3
2

Z
Zy

1
C1 1
1

ti1 = cos B1 y + 2 + y
dy

ydy
,
1

y
3
y2
y2
1

M0 = 0 ,

RJ1
,
3i Te
Z
e
1
e M0
2 =
, 3 =
, z = cos , J1 =
qi zdV ,
D12 e
D12 e
V

1
A1
A2
e U
, Pe (y, ) = Pe +
te1 = cos y + 2 + 1 3 +
cos A2 ,
y
4y
2y
R y2

M1
A2
A1
Ce1 = cos 3 y + 2 + 2 3 +
, 0 = tS 1, tS = TS /Te ,
y
4y
2y

1 = 0 Pr ,

J0 =

1
V

105

qi dV, C1 =

qi zdV .
.
, , , , . , A2

RJ1
3

e
e 51 e
3
D12
A2 =
KT S
+3
+ KDS 3
,
2 U
RtS i Te
i
8 i
2
R
e
.
i
C TS :
Z
1
TS = Te +
qi dV.
4Re
=1+2

, ,
[8,9]
Fz = 4Re U A2 nz .

(4)

(4) A2 , , ,
, F , Fth , Fph , Fdh ,
Fmh ( ):
Fz = F + Fth + Fph + Fdh + Fmh .
(5)

Copyright & A K-C

106

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

F = 6 R e U nz ,

Fth = 6 R e fth

Fph = 6 R e fph J1 nz ,

|T |
nz ,
Te

Fdh = 6 R e fdh |C1e | nz ,


Fmh = 6 R e fmh nz .

fth , fph , fdh fmh :


fth = 2 KT S

e e
,
tS i

fph = KT S

e 2 R
,
tS 3 i Te

e 51 e
, fdh = KDS D12 .
tS 12 i
Fz ,
U = Uth + Uph + Udh + Umh ,
(6)
fmh = KT S

Uth = 2 KT S

e e |T |
nz ,
tS i Te

Udh = KDS D12 |C1e | nz ,

e R J1
nz ,
tS 3 i Te
e 51 e
nz .
tS 12 i

Uph = 2 KT S
Umh = KT S

(4) (6) ,
,
,
.
(4) (6) , .

. , , .
( M0 6= 0), .
. , , . , , .
Z
1
1 = 0 Pr, 0 = (4Re Te )
q1 dV ,
V

.. . .
,
10 12 . , ()
(qi = 0), ( )
.
, -
( ),

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

107

. J0 J1
.
, (. ), ,
[5]. R R, .
R

I0

R cos , 2 , R R r R ,
qi =

0, 0 2
I0 .

Z
Z
2
2
qi dV = R I0 ,
qi zdV = R3 I0 ,
3
V

- .

1. .. / .. , .. . : ,1985. 208 .
2. ..
/ .. , .. , .. . .:
-,1993. 236 .
3. Ehrenhaft F Die photophorese // Physik. Zeitschr. 1917. 17. S.353-358.
4. .. : . . . /
.. , .. , .. . .: ,1992. 298 .
5. . / . , . .
.: , 1986. 660 .
6. .. /
.. , .. . , 1974. 288 .
7. .. : . . .. / .. . . . -, 2003. 133 .
8. .. / .. , .. . .: ,1986. 736 .
9. . // ., . . .: , 1960. 630 .

Copyright & A K-C

108

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

10. .., ..
// . 1977. 237;2. .303-306.
11. .., .., .. //
. 1980. 254;2. .1047-1050.

INFLUENCE OF MEDIUM MOVEMENT


ON THERMAL DIFFUSION PHORESIS
OF LARGE HARD SPRAY PARTICLES
OF SPHERICAL FORM IN VISCOUS GAS MEDIA
N.V. Malay) , E.R. Shchukin)
)

Belgorod State University


Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, Russia, 308015, e-mail: malay@bsu.edu.ru ,
)
Institute of High Temperature RAS
Moscow, e-mail: evgrom@yandex.ru
It is proposed theoretical description of the stationary movement of large hard spray particle
having the spherical form. It is done at the Stokes approximation when temperature and concentration
gradients take place. Besides, it takes into account that the power electromagnetic irradiation acts in
the binary gas mixture. It is supposed that the average temperature of particle surface differs negligibly
from the temperature of surrounding gas medium. During the solving of the equation system of gas
dynamics analytic expressions of the force and the velocity of thermal-, diffusion- and photophoresis
are obtained with the account of the medium movement influence.
Key words: thermal phoresis, diffusiophoresis, photophoresis.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

109

532.72



4 )
..

., 14, ., 308007, , e-mail: rksb@rambler.ru
,
. , .

.
: , -.

1. , , .
C1 , C1 , . . ,
. , , .. .
,
C1 1.
, , , . . ,
, , .
,
, .. /R 1, R .
,
,
.

[1,2].
, .

I0 0 ,
,
4

" - "
2009-2013 , 1923 29.10.09

Copyright & A K-C

110

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

qi . , ,
, . , , .
qi

2
qi (r) = 2 n k d I0 Ei (r) .
k = 2/0 , m = n + id
, Ei (r) .
, , [5,6].
[1-3]. [1-3] .
.
, , .. (TS T )/T 1. , ,
.

C1e C2e . ,
. , .


e U

,
R
R
, U ,

U D12 C1e .
"e" "i" , ,
"" ,
, "s" ,
, TS .

r, , , .
z = r cos C1e . U OZ.
,
U. , U, P , T
C1e [7,8]:
e 4Ue = Pe , divUe = 0 ,

e cpe Ue Te = e Te ,
Ue ) C1e = D12 C1e ,

i Ui = Pi , divUi = 0 , i cpi Ui Ti = i Ti + qi .

(1)
(2)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

111

(1), (2) r, , [8]:


r = R,

n2 m1 C1e
n2e Ure + U cos + D12 e
= 0,
e r

(3)

n2 m2 C1e
n1e Ure + U cos D12 e
= n1i (Uri + U cos ) ,
e r

(4)

e Te
i Ti
e D12 C1e
+ KTi S
KDS
,
R Te
R Ti
R
e

i
U
1 Ure Ue
1 Ti
U 1 Uri Ui
e
+

= i
+

,
r
r
r
R Ti
r
r
r
Ue Ui = KTe S

Te = Ti ,
e

r ,

Ue 0 ,

n1e
Ti ,
Ti

Pe Pe ,

(6)
(7)

Te
Ti
n2 m1 m2 C1e
+ i
= LD12 e
,
r
r
e
r
n1e = n1e (TS ) +

(5)

(8)
(9)

Te Te ,
(10)

C1e C1e + |C1e | r cos ,


r 0,

Ui 6= ,

Pi 6= ,

Ti 6= .

(11)

Ure Ue Ue ; e = 1e +2e ,
1e = n1e m1 , 2e = n2e m2 , n1e , m1 n2e , m2 ; U = |U|, cpk , k , k , k , D12
, k = e, i; L
e
; KTe S , KTi S KDS

( ) , . [9,10].
(1)
- , C1e + C2e = 1. C1e = n1e /ne ,
C2e = n2e /ne .
: (3); ,
(4); ( ) , e
KTe S , KTi S KDS
(5);

Copyright & A K-C

112

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(6); (7);
, (8); ,
(9).
(10), (11).
= R|C1e |. - :


(0)
(1)
Ue y, = Ue (0) + Ue (1) ,
Pe y, = Pe + Pe ,
(12)

Ui y, = Ui (0) + Ui (1) ,


(0)
(1)
Pi y, = Pi + Pi ,

(13)

(0)

(1)
(0)
(1)
y + te y, , ti (y, ) = ti y + ti y, ,

te (y, ) = te

(0)
(1)
C1e y, = C1e y + C1e y, .

(14)

(12 - 14) (1), (2), :


a)

A2 A1
A2
A5
A1
e
e
Ur (y, ) = U 2 + U cos
+ 3 , U (y, ) = U sin
3 ,
y
y
y
2y
2y
Pe (y, ) = Pe +

Uri (y, ) = U cos A3 + A4 y 2 ,

e U
cos A2 ,
R y2

Ue (y, ) = U sin A3 + 2A4 y 2 ,

Pi (y, ) = P0 + 10A4 y 2

i U
cos .
R

) -
t(0)
e

0
R 2 J0
(0)
= 1 + , t i = B0 +
+
y
3i Te y

Zy

0
1
dy
y
y

Zy
0 dy,
1

1
A2
A1
M0
(1)
, te = cos
+ 1
3
,
= C1e +
y
y2
2y
4y

M1
A2
A1
(1)
Ce = cos y + 2 + 2
3
,
y
2y
4y

Z
Zy

RJ1
1 1
1
1

= cos B1 y +
+ 2 +
y
dy 2 1 ydy
.

3i Te y 2
3y
3
y2
y
(0)
C1e

(1)

ti

4
1
0 = tS 1, tS = TS /Te , V = R3 , J0 =
3
V

1
qi dV, J1 =
V

Z
qi zdV,

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

z = cos , M1 = 1 2

A2 A1

2
4

CS

1 + 1

A2 A1

2
4

113

C1e
e cpe D12
, 1 = 0 0 , 0 =
, 2 = M0 ,
Ti
e
Zy

i cpi D12
2
y = r/R, 1 =
, = 1 + 1 A3 + A4 y , 0 =
0 dy,
i

M0 = CS C1e , CS =

RJ1
A2
A1
e
e
n2e m1 m2
1 =
1 1
+
+ 3LD12
+
1 1 +
i Te
e Te i
4
i
2
i

n2e m1 m2
A2 A1
+ LD12
2
+
,
e Te i
2
4
e
n2e m1 m2

= 1 + 2 + 2CS LD12
,
i
e Te i
(2n + 1)R2 y 2
n =
2i Te

Z1
qi (r, )Pn (cos)d() .
1

Am (m = 1, 2, ..., 5), B0 , B1 ,
, , , (3 - 9). , A2

3 1 + 2e /3i

5 1 + 4e /5i

K 1 3
A2 =

+
2 1 + e /i
8
1 + e /i
U 1 + e /i

e
1 e
n2e m1 1 e

+
+

+ D12
3 2CS 1 + 2CS
e n2e R 2 i 1i
i

2
e
1 + 4e /5i

1+2
,

i
1 + e /i

1
i
D12
e
e
KTi S
+
+ KDS
CS
,
K = KTe S
R tS
R tS 3i ti
R
3 =

1 e
n2 m1 m2
+ LD12 2 e
,
i
e Te i

1 =

RJ1
n2 m1 m2
+ 3LD12 e
.
i Te
e Te i

C TS :
Z

1
n2 m1 m2
TS = Te +
qi dV + LD12 e
C1e CS .
4Re
e e
V

Copyright & A K-C

114

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, ,
, [7,8]
Fz = 4Re U A2 nz .

(15)

(15) ,
.
.
.
, ,
. , 10%.
,
( ), . J0
J1 .
, [5,6].

1. .. / .. , .. . : ,1985. 208 .
2. ..
/ .. , .. , .. . .:
-,1993. 236 .
3. .., ..
// . 1967. 175;1. C.59-62.
4. .. : . . . /
.. , .. , .. . .: ,1992. 298 .
5. . / . , . .
.: , 1986. 660 .
6. .. / ..
, .. . ., 1974. 288 .
7. .. / .., .. . .: ,1986. 736 .
8. . / ., . . .: , 1960. 630 .
9. .., ..
// . 1977. 237;2. .303-306.

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

115

10. .., .., .. //


. 1980. 254;2. .1047-1050.

INFLUENCE OF MEDIUM MOVEMENT


ON DIFFUSIOPHORESIS OF LARGE VAPOR DROP
OF SPHERICAL FORM IN VISCOUS GASEOUS MEDIUM
K.S. Ryazanov
Belgorod State University
Studencheskaya St.,14, Belgorod, 308007, Russia, e-mail: rksb@rambler.ru
It is found the analytic solution of the stationary movement problem at small Reinolds numbers
corresponding to large vapor drop of spherical form which is in the gas binary mixture when the
concentration gradient exists. It is supposed that the average temperature of the particle surface
differs negligibly from the temperature of the surrounding gas medium. During the solving of the
equation system of gas dynamics analytic expressions of the force and the velocity of diffusiophoresis
are obtained with the account of the medium movement influence.
Key words: diffusiophoresis, Hadamar-Rybchinskii problem.

Copyright & A K-C

116

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
51-73

5)
.. , ..

. , 85, , 308015, , e-mail: virch@bsu.edu.ru


, .
: , , .

1. . -
(
). ,
.
-

, , ( ), (, ),

,
.
- [1]
(, ) - . ,
. , , ,
.., [2]. , [2], [3].
. ,
[3]. ,
, , , - .
2. . :

1
B + [, E] = 0 ,
c t

(, B) = 0 ,

(1)

1
D [, H] = 0 ,
c t

(, D) = 0

(2)

02.740.11.0545

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

117

, c . E(r, t), H(r, t)


D(r, t), B(r, t) r R3
t R , .
, :
D = E ,

B = H ,

(3)


, . (1) - (3),
- , ,
. ,
(1) (2) .
-
(r, t) j(r, t) , ,
( )
. :
h
(r, t)i = 0 ,

hj(r, t)i = 0

(4)

( , , , ).
(1), (2)
1
= 0,
B + [, E]
c t

= 0,
(, B)

(5)

1
= 4 j ,
D [, H]
c t
c

= 4
(, D)

(6)

t), E(r,
t), B(r,
t), H(r,
t). (5), (6) D(r,
(r, t), j(r, t).
(3) . t)i, hE(r,
t)i, hB(r,
t)i, hH(r,
t)i, (4),
hD(r,
(1),(2), , , , , .
t), E(r,
t), B(r,
t), H(r,
t) D(r,
.
,
- ,
, (3), (5), (6),
.
3. . ,
, .
1). (r, t), j(r, t)
(

Copyright & A K-C

118

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

). ,
,
.
2). (r, t), j(r, t) ,
.
. (3), (5),
t), E(r,
t), B(r,
t), H(r,
t) .
(6), D(r,
, . hEk (r, t)Ek0 (r0 , t0 )i,
k (r, t)H
k0 (r0 , t0 )i, hEk (r, t)H
0 (r0 , t0 )i; k, k 0 = 1, 2, 3 , hH
.
t), H(r,
t) . E(r,
,
hjk (r, t)jk0 (r0 , t0 )i, h
(r, t)jk0 (r0 , t0 )i, h
(r, t)
(r0 , t0 )i; k, k 0 = 1, 2, 3.
.
3). hjk (r, t)j k0 (r0 , t0 )i, h
(r, t)j k0 (r0 , t0 )i, h
(r, t)
(r0 , t0 )i;
0
k, k = 1, 2, 3 (
), |r r0 | .
4). ( ):
1
+ (, j) = 0 ,
(7)
c t
(6). ,
1

h
(r, t)
(r0 , t0 )i +
hjk (r, t)
(r0 , t0 )i = 0 ,
c t
xk
1

h
(r, t)jk0 (r0 , t0 )i +
hjk (r, t)jk0 (r0 , t0 )i = 0 .
c t
xk
, 3),
Zt
0

h
(r, t)
(r , t )i =

Zt
h
(r, t)jk0 (r0 , t0 )i =


hjk (r, s)
(r0 , t0 )ids ,
xk

hjk (r, s)jk0 (r0 , t0 )ids .
xk

, jk (r, t), k = 1, 2, 3 .
, j(r, t), (r r0 ),
(t t0 ). , j(r, t) , .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

119

(r)
U (A(r)(r)), A(r) r R3 , -
r, U , R3 . , (r),
,

Z
hexp i (r)u (r)dri ,
R3

u (r) ,

Z
hexp i [U (A(r)(r))] u (r)dri
R3

U (A(r)(r)). ,
|r r0 | -,
, , l, l0 ,
hj l (r, t)j l0 (r0 , t0 )i = l, l0 G(|r r0 |, t t0 )
- G(, ). G(|r|, t) . ,
,
(3), (5), (6). ( ,
[2]).
5). ,
j(r, t) = E(r,
t) + (r, t) ,

(8)

> 0 (r, t) r R3 , t.
h(r, t)i = 0.
, (8)
j(r, t) . ,
(r, t) (8) , (3), (5), (6) ,
, ,
=H
= 0. , (7)
E
t) (6) (r, t):
E(r,
4

+
= 0 ,
t

(9)

, (
) (r, t) = 0.

Copyright & A K-C

120

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

(r, t), , .
, .
:
hl (r, t)l0 (r0 , t0 )i = l, l0 K(|r r0 |, t t0 ) ,
(10)
K(|r|, t) . j(r, t) ,
, (3), (5),(6). , (r, t)
, , ,
, T
.
4. . hEk (r, t)Ek0 (r0 , t0 )i ,

, , hE k (r, )E k0 (r0 , 0 )i,


Z
Ek (r, t)eit dt

Ek (r, ) =

.
t (5) (3), (6),

1
m 4 j k = 1 klm l mij i Ej 4 ( E k + )
E k = klm l H
=
2
c
c
c2
c2
4
4
k 2 ( E k + k ) .
= 1 Ek

c
n = ()1/2 = 4,
Ek (r, t),
n2

E k Ek + 2 E k = k ,
2
c
c

4
k =

n2
k + 2 k
c

(11)

(12)

k (r, t). ,
(12) (r, t). ,
, (7),(8),

+ 2 = k k ,
n
(r, t) (r, t)
:
Zt
i
h
k (r, s) exp 2 (t s) ds .
(r, t) = k
n

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
t) = k k (r, t).
(6) a = /n2 (r,
, (12)

Zt
h
i
2
4 n

k (r, t) =

(r,
t)

(r,
s)
exp

(t s) ds .
k
l
l
k

c2
n2

121

(13)


k (r, ) =

Z
k (r, t)eit dt

. (12)

n2
4

(k )(r, ) + 2 k (r, ) .
k (r, ) =

c
(7)
) = ( )(r, ),
a = /n2 , (r,
l l
) - (r, ).
(8), (r,
k

(k l l )(r, )
4 n2

i 2 k (r, )
.
(14)
k (r, ) =

c
/n2 + i
k (r, )
E k (r, ), , (11),
E k (r, ) +

2
n

i
E k (r, ) = k (r, ) .
2
c

(15)

, (10)
r0 |, ) ,
hl (r, )l0 (r0 , 0 )i = 2( 0 )l,l0 K(|r

(16)

K(|r|,
) =

K(|r|, t)eit dt .

, (14),

hk (r, )k (r0 , 0 )i =

2
0

h n i4
c

0 n2 0 0
n2
i 2 k (r, ) i 2 k0 (r , )
=
c
c

kl k0 ,l0 hl (r, )l0 (r0 , 0 )i =

32 3
n2
= 2 ( 0 )

c2

r0 |, ) .
kl k0 ,l0 l,l0 K(|r

(17)

Copyright & A K-C

122

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

k (k, ) = k (r, )ei(k,r) dr , k = 1, 2, 3


(18)
R3

k (r, ), ,
Z

k (k, ) = k (r, )ei(k,r) dr , k = 1, 2, 3


R3

k (r, ), (16),

) ,
hm (k, )m0 (k0 , 0 )i = (2)4 ( 0 )(k k0 )m,m0 K(k,

K(k,
) =

ei(k,r) K(|r|)dr
.
R3

, r r0
(17), (18)
2 2
n

0 0
2
6
0
0

l, l0 K(k,
) .
(19)
h l (k, ) l0 (k , )i = (2/) (2) ( )(k k )
c2

k (r, t).
Z

E l (k, ) = El (r, )ei(k,r) dr , l = 1, 2, 3


R3

t) (15) l (k, )
E(r,

E l (k, ) =

c2 l (k, )
,
(n2 i) (ck)2

l = 1, 2, 3 .

l (k, ),
0 0
4

c
h

(k,
)

l
l0 (k , )i
hE l (k, )E l0 (k0 , 0 )i =
.
2
2
((n) (ck) )2 + 2 2

(20)

6. . , . -

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

123

. , , ,
, [2].
.

1
,

1-
h
(t); t Ri,

,
(t) + a
(t) = (t)

(1)

t Ri h(t);
, a > 0
. (t0 ) h
(t); t Ri
t0
Zt

ea(ts) (s)ds
.

(t) = (t0 )ea(tt0 ) +

(2)

t0

t0 , h
(t); t Ri,

Zt

ea(ts) (s)ds
,

(t) =

(3)

t Ri ,
. h(t);
h
(t); t Ri . ,
Zt

Zt+T

+ T )ds ,
ea(ts) (s

=
ea(t+T s) (s)ds

(t + T ) =

+ T ); t Ri h(t);
t Ri,
h(t
h
(t + T ); t Ri h
(t); t Ri.

h();
Ri, h(); Ri

h(t); t Ri, h
(t); t Ri:

()
=

eit (t)dt
,

() =

eit (t)dt

Copyright & A K-C

124

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. , (2),
Z
() =

Zt
it

ea(ts) (s)ds
=

dt

Z
as

e(a+i)t dt =

e (s)ds

()
.
a + i

(3)
() =

()
a + i

(4)

, h
(r, t);
3
r R , t Ri , t
,
t) , a > 0 ,
(r, t) + a
(r, t) = (r,
(5)
t); r R3 , t Ri (, )
h(r,
.
Zt
s)ds
ea(ts) (r,

(r, t) =

(6)

t); r
t h
(r, t); r R3 , t Ri h(r,
3
R , t Ri,
Z

) =
(r,

Z
t)dt ,
eit (r,

(r, ) =

eit (r, t)dt ,


(r, ) =

)
(r,
.
a + i

(7)

); r R3 , Ri
. h(r,

t); r R3 , t Ri
h(r,
); r R3 , Ri h(r,
t); r R3 , t Ri
h(r,

) ,
(r,
) = i (r,


eit (r,
t)dt = i
t

t)dt .
eit (r,

(8)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

125

1. .. / .. , .. , . . .:
, . ., 1972. 296 .
2. .. . .II. . 2- .
/ .. , .. .., .. . .: , 1978. 464 c.
3. .., .. -
// . : . . 2009.
5(60); 16. C. 47-67.

GAUSSIAN FLUCTUATION MODEL


OF EQUILIBRIUM THERMAL IRRADIATION
M.A. Saprykin, Yu.P. Virchenko
Belgorod State University
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: virch@bsu.edu.ru
The stochastic model of thermal equilibrium electromagnetic irradiation in dielectric solids is
proposed. It satisfies the charge conservation when the medium fluctuations exist.
Key words: thermal irradiation, fluctuations, correlation function.

Copyright & A K-C

126

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
519.673, 539.182


.. , ..

., 85, ., 308015, , e-mail: shklovskii@bsu.edu.ru

, - .
.
, - .
,
.
: , , X -
, .

1. . - (., , [2]) - , .
, .
-
,
1%. , 10-15%.
, -,
-. ,
, ,
, .
,
, .
[1] - . -
(),
.
. ~ = e2 = me = 1.

[2]
Z
E = Te [n] + Ehar [n] + Exc [n] + Ve (~r) n(~r)d~r,
(1)

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

127

Te [n] , , Ehar [n]


, Exc [n] - , Ve (~r)
, , n(~r) , .
[2]:
Z
1
n(~r1 )n(~r2 )
Ehar [n] =
d~r1 d~r2 ,
(2)
2
|~r1 ~r2 |
Z
r1 , ~r2 )n(~r2 )
1
n(~r1 )h(~
Exc [n] =
d~r1 d~r2 .
(3)
2
|~r1 ~r2 |

Z1
r1 , ~r2 ) =
h(~

(g (~r1 , ~r2 ) 1) d ,

(4)

g (~r1 , ~r2 ) -
, 0 ( ) 1 (- ).
, g .
,
. , , h
[2]: -, :
r1 , ~r2 ) = h(~
r2 , ~r1 ) ,
h(~

(5)

-, :
lim

|~
r2 ~
r1 |

r1 , ~r2 ) = 0 ,
h(~

-, :
Z
Z

r1 , ~r2 )d~r1 = 1 .
n(~r2 )h(~r1 , ~r2 )d~r2 = 1 ,
n(~r1 )h(~

(6)

(7)

( ) h
[3],
, . *
( r 1 , ~r2 ).

1
*
r1 , ~r2 ) =
+ ( r 1 , ~r2 ) (R |~r1 |) (R |~r2 |) ,
(8)
h(~
Ne
Ne ; R ; (R r) ,
.
*
( r 1 , ~r2 ) :

Copyright & A K-C

128

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

1/3

(3 + Ne )(Ne 1)
( r 1 , ~r2 ) =
F (r1 ) F (r2 ) ,
(9)
Ne
F (x) , :
*

F (x) = x ln(a x) exp(b x2 ) .

(10)

a F (x)
ZR
r2 F (r) n(r)dr = 0,
(11)
0

. b
- .
[1]
, b
a, (11). ,
. ,
, - (.,
, [4], [7]).
, ,
.

- [4].
.
-
. " -" [2] . ,
n0 (g(r) 1). g(r)
, [5]. , n0 , :

2
kf3
9 j1 (kf r)
sin(x) x cos(x)
g(r) = 1
, n0 = 2 , j1 (x) =
.
(12)
2
kf r
3
x2
(3) ,
(12),
3
Exc [n0 ] =
4

1/3 Z
3
4/3
n0 (~r1 ) d~r1 .

(13)

n0 , . ,
. [4]

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

129

, (13) ,
(1) (13) , -.
2. . ,
: (8-11).
(). (13) - (8)
(9-11). -
:

Z
Z
1 3
n(~r1 )n(~r2 )
4/3
Exc [n] =
(Ne 1) n (~r1 ) d~r1 +
d~r1 d~r2
2Ne 2
|~r1 ~r2 |
(14)
Z
1/3
(3 + Ne )(Ne 1)
F (~r1 )n(~r1 )F (~r2 )n(~r2 )

d~r1 d~r2 .
2Ne
|~r1 ~r2 |

.
- .
- . (1)
Z
n(~r)d~r = Ne ,

n(~r) =

Ne
X

|i (~r)|2 .

(15)

i=1

Ne , i (~r)
-:
[(1/2) + Vat (~r)] i (~r) = i i (~r).
(16)
, , - i , Vat (~r). ,
n(~r) , .
Te [n]
Te [n] =

Ne
X

Z
i

Vat (~r)n(~r)d~r .

(17)

i=1

(2), (17) (14), - Exc [n],


(1) b . (1)
n(r). E,
, Vat (r)
. .

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130

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

b , [6] ,
(1) ,
. , , .
(1) n(r)
, Vat (r):
Vat (r) = xc (r) + har (r)

Z
.
r

(18)

Z , har (r) xc (r) -


.
(1) n(r), (14),
har [r] + xc [r], (18),
Z
(Ne 1)
n(~r2 )
xc [r] + har [r] =
d~r2 + Vs [n] + Vxcp [n] .
(19)
Ne
|~r ~r2 |
Vs [n]:
Vs [n] = (Ne 1)

[n(r)]1/3 ,
Ne

(20)

- Vxcp [n]:
Vxcp [n] = (Ne 1)

qxcp (r)
.
r

(21)

"" qxcp (r), , :


1/3

4 (3 + Ne ) F (r)
qxcp (r) =
Ne

ZR

r
dx .
x F (x)n(x) 1
x
2

(22)

(22) , Vxcp [n] .


. 1 - (Ne
1) qxcp (r) Al. (22).
(18) (19) (22) (10),

Vat (r) =

Z (Ne 1)
+
(1 qhar (r) + qs (r) + qxcp (r)) .
r
r

(23)

qs (r), , ,

r
[n(r)]1/3 .
(24)
qs (r) =
Ne

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. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

131

. 1. (Ne 1) qxcp (r) Al.


.

. 2. (Ne 1) qs (r) Al.


.

H . 2
Al, (24). ,
, ,
. . 2 = 0, 2047.
, , = 0, 0855,

Copyright & A K-C

132

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

. ,
- ,
. 1.
. 3 (Ne 1) qxcp (r) (Ne 1) qs (r)
.

. 3. - ()
(). .

. 3 3,
- .
(24) qhar (r) , , :
4
qhar (r) =
Ne

ZR

r
dx .
x n(x) 1
x
2

(25)

(18) (1)
E
Z
Z
Ne
X
E=
Vat (~r)n(~r)d~r + Ehar [n] + Exc [n] + Ve (~r)n(~r)d~r .
(26)
=1

(24) (27) ,
:
E=

Ne
X
=1

ZR
(Ne 1) 2

r n(r) (1 qhar (r) + 0.5 qs (r) + qxcp (r))dr .

(27)

(25) qhar (r) (24)


qs (r), .
3. .

Copyright & A K-C

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

133

, He Ar. n(r) i - (17)


(24) [1].
. 1 [6] - .
(27), (22), (25) (24), F (r)
(10). -, [7].
[6] b
F (x) . ,
. b ,
,
(27).
,

.
1
,
[6]

Z
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

At
He
Li
Be
B
C
N
O
F
Ne
Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar

Eexp [eV ]
-79,00
-203,4
-399,1
-670,8
-1029,7
-1485,3
-2042,1
-2713,2
-3507,8
-4415,9
-5446
-6598
-7879
-9291
-10839
-12531
-14371

EHF [eV ]
-77,872
-202,257
-396,560
-667,480
-1025,57
-1480,34
-2035,69
-2705,1
-3497,99
-4404,46
-5431,85
-6581,88
-7860,22
-9271,54
-10816,79
-12503,29
-14335,6

Eteor [eV ]
-79,0021
-203,397
-399,0979
-670,811
-1029,694
-1485,299
-2042,11
-2713,163
-3507,803
-4415,86
-5445,95
-6598,05
-7878,96
-9290,93
-10839,03
-12530,97
-14370,98

Eiexp [eV ]
-24,5876
-5,3918
-9,3227
-8,2981
-11,2643
-14,53414
-13,618
-17,423
-21,565
-5,1391
-7,6463
-5,9858
-8,1517
-10,4868
-10,3600
-12,968
-15,760

Eiteor [eV ]
-25,7655
-5,39199
-9,32272
-8,29808
-11,26434
-14,53416
-13,61809
-17,42308
-21,5649
-5,13917
-7,6464
-5,98589
-8,15172
-10,48676
-10,3601
-12,9676
-15,75967

0
-0,1614
0,0717
0,0192
0,3044
0,4191
-0,0855
0,0997
0,2699
0,0861
0,1635
0,2047
0,3085
0,4049
0,1996
0,2940
0,3839

b
0,54
0,1570
0,2035
0,1892
0,7822
1,2304
0,1403
0,3369
0,7032
0,1785
0,3084
0,4003
0,6098
0,9016
0,6399
0,8556
1,1275

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1. .. -
// . : . 2007. 6(37);13. .150-155.
2. / . . , . . .:
, 1987. 400 .
3. .., .. - // . :
- . 2006. 6(26);12. .114-121.
4. . / . . .: , 1978. 658 .
5. Wigner E.P., Seitz F. // Phys. Rev. 1933. 43. P.804.
6. .. . / .. , .. ,
.. , . .: , 1991. 1232 .
7. . / . . .: , 1983.
460 .

MODIFIED LOCAL POTENTIAL


FOR CALCULATION OF ATOMIC IONIZATION ENERGIES
A.S. Starovoitov, A.G. Shklovskii
Belgorod State University
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: shklovskii@bsu.edu.ru
New model of the exchange-correlated energy at the calculation of total energy by the method of
the local functional of electron density is proposed. It makes be possible to compute total atom energies
in the accordance with experimental accuracy. It is used the modified local potential which includes
the Slater potential and the approximating exchange-correlated potential proposed ealier. To choose
the modified potential, it is taken into account that calculated energies of last filled levels would be
equal to experimental ionization energies for each corresponding atom.
Key words: electron density functional, local potential, Slater X -potential, ionization energy.

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135

: 533.72


-
6)
..

., 14, ., 308007, , e-mail: mironovanadya@mail.ru
-

.
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- .
, , , .. . , .
,
. (). ,
, , () ,
. ,
6

" - " 2009 - 2013 ( 29 25 2010 .)

Copyright & A K-C

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. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

,
, . , , , ..,
-, ,
.
, (, ), , , , ( ).
, , (, ) . .

- (, , ) [2]. ,
g = tg , g = g tg , p = p tp g = g /tg
( = g (T ), g = g (T ), g = g (T ), tg = Tg /T , 0, 5 , 1,
1 1). , "g" "p" ; ""
.
,

Ug (, ) =

U
G ( ) cos ,
cH ch

U (, ) =

U
g ( ) sin ,
c H

G ( ) g ( ) , ; H [2]; U ,
-
G ( ) , [4-7]. ,
, .

1. .. / .. . .: , 1970. 288 .
2. . / . , . . .: , 1976. 630 .
3. .. / .. , .. . . : , 1986.
4. . / . . .: , 1961. 704 .

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137

5. .. / .. , . . .: - , 1958. 474 .
6. .. / .. . .: , 1967. 444 .
7. .. / .. .
.: . 1978. 224 .

APPROXIMATED ANALYTIC SOLUTION


OF VELOCITY LINEARIZED STOKES EQUATION
IN SPHEROIDAL COORDINATE SYSTEM
N.N. Mironova
Belgorod State University
Studencheskaya St., 14, Belgorod, 308007, Russia, e-mail: mironovanadya@mail.ru
The solution of velocity linearized Stokes equation in spheroidal coordinate system is obtained. It
is used the power-type form of the dynamical viscousity dependence on temperature.
Key words: flow around, spheroid, Stokes equation.

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138

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19
669.15-194.55:621.785.7

10911
.. , .. , ..

., 85, ., 308015, , e-mail: kipelova@bsu.edu.ru


10911.
: , , , .

1.

, [1, 2]. , 620 .
. , , . , , ,
,
. , .

10911 .
2.
10911 (% ): 0,13, 9,5Cr, 0,95W, 1,04Mo, 0,2V, 0,06Nb, 0,05N, 0,005B, 0,03Mn, 0,01Ni,
0,12Si, 0,01P, 0,01S, Fe.
1060 C 200 800 C 3 . .
.

"Instron 5882" 1 103 1 .
25 7 3 .

.
Wolpert 3000BLD 29400
10 . () Jeol

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139

"JEM-2100" 200 . FEI


"Quanta 600F" , .
,
2 .
3.
, 10911
1060 , . 1. , 55%
(. 1), 20%
, . 32 . ,
, 2 .
10911 . 1.
200 . 9 1014 2 . Me3 C, . , ,
Nb(C,N). Nb(C,N)
.

. 1. () () () 10911
1060 . 15
.

4.
. 2. ,
, 500 . 5% ,

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140

. . 2010. 11(82). . 19

, .. 10911 , .
. 760 2 500 .
218 HBW, ,
[3]. , 760 3
10911.
0,2 B . 2. 200 - 400
10911
:
. [4, 5]. ,
400 0,2 = 960 , ,
0,13% .

. 2. HBW ()
(B , 0,2 ) ().

525 800 (. 2). ,


t < 575 C B /0,2 > 1,3, t 575 C 1. , 575-800 C
.
5.
1. 1060 200 9 1014 2 .
2. 760 3
10911.
, 846.

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141

1. Vaillant J.C., Vandenberghe B., Hahn B., Heuser H., Jochum C. // T/P23, 24, 911 and
92: New grades for advanced coal-fired power plants-properties and experience // Inter.
J. Press. Vess. Pip. 2008. 85. P.38-46.
2. Ennis P.J., Czyrska-Filemonowicz A. Recent Advances in Creep Resistant Steels for Power
Plant Applications // Operation Maintenance Mater. Issue. 2002. 1;1. P.1-28.
3. Haarmann K., Vaillant J.C., Vandenberghe B. Bendick W., Arbab A. Vallourec & Mannesmann Tubes. The T91/P91 book. 2002. P.62.
4. Couret A., Caillard D. Prismatic slip in beryllium. I. The controlling mechanism at the
peak temperature // Phil. Mag. A. 1989. 59;4. P.783-800.
5. .., .., .., .., ..
109311 // . 2010.
657;3. C.14-25.

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERING TEMPERATURE


ON 10Kh9V1M1FBR STEEL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
A.Yu. Kipelova, M.V. Odnobokova, I.V. Dudzich
Belgorod State University
Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia, e-mail: kipelova@bsu.edu.ru
The result of heat treatment on static mechanical properties of 10Kh9V1M1FBR steel was studied.
Key words: martensitic steels, tempering, microstructure, mechanical properties.

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. . 2010. 11 (82). .19


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