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21

109456, ,
1 ., .2
.: (095) 1748282
1710921
. 126
. 197


....................................................................................................
1. .............................................................................................
2. ...........................
3. ................................................................
4. ................................................................................
5. ...............................
6. ..........................................................................................
6.1. ...........................................................
6.2. ......................................................................
7. .....................................................................
8. ...........................................................................
9. .............................................................
1. .........................................................
2. ...........................................................
3. ..........................................
4.
21 ...................
5. .........................................................
6. .......
...................................................................

1
6
7
11
34
35
38
38
39
44
45
46
47
51
59
66
67
77
80

=
, , , =
= 21
( ).
=
, 4211=002=46526536=00.
21 ,
, , ,

.
=
:
21(..

:
:

220 50 .

90...245 .
24 10%.
:

13010565 .
IP44.
1
969670
IP54.
2
9648100
IP20.

DIN= 887254
IP20.
. "".


:
() 50 W100=1,426;
50
W100=1,428;
50
W100=1,385 (Pt100);
50
W100=1,391;

100 W100=1,426;
100
W100=1,428;
100
W100=1,385;
100
W100=1,391 50353=92;
. 23 (R0=53 )
6651=59.
:

W100 100
0

("=") (L);
("=") ();
("=") (N);
("=") (J) 50431=92;
("=/") (S);
("=/") (R) 50431=92;
0...5 ;
0...20 ;
4...20 26.011=80.
0...1 26.011=80.

():

n=p=n

= "=" 420

1= (1) =
2= (2) = =
"=" 420

1 n=p=n
2 = "=" 420

1
2 = "=" 420
21=.., 21=.., 21=.. =
0,25 0,5. 21=.., 21=..
0,5. 0,25
" 0,25",
0,5 .
,
:
21( .., 0,25
=
21 , =
,
. = 0,25.
187242 50 .
5

1.
= 21 =
(
) =
:
(, , ,
..) (.
).
(=
) .
(
"" ).
(=1=2).
=
.
4...20 =
=.
( ) =
21=.. 21=...


.

2.

1

21

21



(
100 )
,

220 50
(15+10%)
27 20%
(
)
6

90...245
(50/60 )
24 10%

. 1

. 1

50+200
=199+650
=50+750
=50+1300
0...+1600
0...+1600
=50...+1300
=50...+900
0...100%
0...100%

(L)
(K)
(S)
(R)
(N)
(J)
0...5 , 0...20 , 4...20
0...1

:
0...5 , 0...20 , 4...20
0...1
,


( )

0,1
0,11
0,1
1
1
1
1
1
0,1%
0,1%

100 5%
100
1,5
0,25%2 0,5%
=

:
1
= =199=100 1
2
= 21=., 21=..

8 220 50
cos >0,4
200 50

40 240
( )
0,5 ( .
50 t = 5 )


"=" 4...20
1
"=" 4...20




,
1
2

01000
10...30

27 20 %

1 2 DIN=
IP44
IP542
IP202
IP202
130105 65
969670
9648100
887254

= . . 3.1.6.2.
=
9

2.2.
:
,
+5+50

86107

( +35)

3080%

3.
3.1.
. 1.
(), ,
,
.
=
. ,

=
=

. =
.

. 1
10

11

3.1.1.
, :
21=.. =
R0=50 R0=100 , .23 R0=53 ;
21=. = (L), (K), (N), (J);
21=. = (S), (R);
21=.. = ,
0...20 , 4...20 0...5 ;
21=.. = ,
0...1 .
!
.
=
b0=1.
3.1.1.1.
21
Rt.
Rt ,
Rt (. . 2).

.
. 2

,

12

.
, . 4.
3.1.1.2. ()
21=.. 21=
..
21
. =
"" ,
.
=
(=
) , =
, (. . 4).

, 0100
=
. 3
. =
.
.
3.1.1.3. ,

=
.
(, , , =
13

21

. 4

.) 
. 
: 0...5 , 0...20 , 4...20 .

, 
, ,
.


. (
) 
21.., 21...
. 5 


4...20 

.

:
, 11 12
.

. 5
14

3.1.2.
, ,
(, , ..) 
1 2.
3.1.2.1. 

, .
3.1.2.2. ,
,
.
,
.
( b15 b25) , 
(, 4
4...20 ).
( b16 b26) , 
(, 20
4...20 1
0...1 ).
" " (b17)
,
. .
3.1.2.3. 
.
15


.
,
(. 6).

),
R0.
: ""
, .

3.1.2.5.
"" ,
b1=2 b2=2 =
. 0.9001.100. =
, , (,
W100 ) , =
=
( , ).

. 6
3.1.2.4.
,
b1=1 b2=1 .
,
(
16

3.1.2.6.
21=.., 21=..
(. . 1). ,
(
). /
1=7 (. . 3).
,
:
= + I x ( ), > ,
17


(b1=5, b2=5);

(b1=6, b2=6).
01,000.

3.1.3.

,
. ,
(b0=2 b0=3).
3.1.3.1. b0=2, ,
.
. , ,
, , ,
(.7).
.
3.1.3.2. . 7,
.

, b0=
2 00.
. =
= .

3.1.3.3. (b0=3)
. N ,
. =
. 1 .
" " . 8. N
,
. N
, .

18

19

. 7

"3" = 12 ( ).
, .

. .

"4" = 12 ( ).
, .
6 . .

b0=4.
. 8

"2" = 12 ( ). =
.
6 .

3.1.5.
21 ,
:
;
=;
.

1=1 2=1. ,
"". =
: , ,
, .
, ,
.
:

20

21

3.1.4.

:
"0" = 1.
.
21
, , 21 =
=. .
"1" = 12 ( ).
.

1 (
1=2
2=2).

=
.
3.1.5.1.

=
=
. 9
:
1 ( =
) =
=
(, )
, =

. =
. 9
, , =

< , > T + < ,

.
2 ( )
(, ) =
.
> T + , < .
3 (=)


=
.
<
< T + .
4 (U=)

=

. =

< > T + .

22

23

. 10

,
(. 11).
3.1.5.1.3. , =
: ,
, (. ).
3.1.5.2. $
=
"" 420 ,
. () .
4...20 1=1 (2=1) =
= () ==
() . , =
= . 12.

() =
() =
=
(. . 6.2.1).
3.1.5.1.1. 1, =



. =
,
,
, , =
, , =
1=3 1=4 =
(. 10).
3.1.5.1.2. 1, =


=
(1=5) (1=6) =
.
=

. 11

. 12
24

25

. 2 =
500 =40.
2
,

540.0
540.0
530.0
520.0
510.0
500.0
490.0
480.0
470.0
460.0
460.0

4
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
20

0.0
0.0
12.5
25.0
37.5
50.0
62.5
75.0
87.5
100.0
100.0

= =
4...20 .
3.1.5.3.
3.1.5.3.1.
b1=3 (b2=3) b1=4 (b2=4)
420 ,
. =
26


.13.
=

=
=
=
1 =
b1=3 b1=4,
2 b2=3
b2=4 .
3.1.5.3.2.

=
=

. 13
=
4=20 .
3.1.5.4. ( b0=5) ,

. , b0=5,
: ""
"", 4 20 .
27

3.1.5.5. :
T1= 1=
T2= 2=
= 1 2,

, , .
2 ( 2=
2), 1 1 ( 1=2).
3.1.6.
=
,
.
3.1.6.1. ,
,
(/) =
,
. 14

, =
, , =
.


.
. 15
28

=
, , =
( 50).
.14.
=

VD1.



. 16
R1
. 15.
.
= (. . 16).
= =
RC (R2C1).
3.1.6.2. ()
=
4...20
R = 01000 (. . 17).


.
I = 420
. 17
29



, U :
U min < U < U max
U min = 7,5 + 0,02 . R
U max = U min + 2,5 ,

U
Umin
U max
R

, ;
, ;
, ;
, .

30 .
= ,
, U max,
, R.
:

R..
R..
R..
I.

, ;
, ;
, ;
, ;

!
30 .
21
21 =.
21 , ,
. =
21 . 18.

+U

14
15
16

R.min < R. < R.max;


R .min =

U U .max
I .max ;

21
U
. 18

R .max

U U .min
=
I .max ,

30

31

)
3.2.
3.2.1. ,
, DIN=.
. 1.
3.2.2. .
, ,
, .
3.2.3. .
3.2.4. (,
) .
.
.
21= 3, 4
27 .
3.2.5. . 19, 21
() (1) , . 19, (2),
. 19, DIN= ().
:
3.2.5.1. ,
.
3.2.5.2.
:
32

"1" "2"
.
"I", "II" ""
(=
) ( ).
3.2.5.3.

,

.
)
3.2.5.4.
:
, =

;

. = )
.
3.2.5.5.
:
(1, 2 ),
.

. =
.
33

. 19

4.
4.1.
0 12.2.007.0=75.
4.2. .
, =
.
4.3.
.
, , . .
4.4. ,
,
.
4.5. ,
12.3. 019=80, " "
" ".
!
, ( 21=1..
21=2..), , =
.

34

5.
5.1. , =
.
, , . 1.
5.2. ,
, .
.
5.3. .
. 2.
,
.
1 2.
.
.
. 3.
3

100

15,0

20

35

100

100

100

5,0

!

, ,
.
,
!

.
. ""
. "="
,
.
5.4. =
, . 2.
! ,
,
250 .
. ,
380/220 =
1...8 .
36

5.5. ,
4...20 , ,
. 2.
5.6. 21 24 (27 )
(. 3.1.1.3)
4...20 ( 3.1.6.2)
.
5.7. .
3 ,
( ), ,
.
.

,
, .
!
. ""
4,5 .
.
5.8.
.
. 6.2.
.
37

6.
=
: .
6.1.
6.1.1. ,
. 21
,
,
.
6.1.2.

"I", "II" ""
. ,
, ( ,
b0=5).
(
, ,
, 420 ).
. 1.
" ",
. ( ) =
05 , 020 01
( =
38

b1=5 b2=5). =
.
6.1.3.
(. 3.1.5).

"1" "2", . =

"", "".
"1" "2" .

,

6.2.
6.2.1. =

. =
.
, b0=5. 20
, =
.
6.2.2. . =
: =
. =
39

( 1)

. 20.
6.2.3.
.
b. ,
. b=, .
. 3.

6 .

. 20

. 21 22.
6.2.4.
00 b 00,
. =
.
:
135;
b 246.

40

41

42
43
. 22

. 21

7.

8.

7.1.

, ,
.
7.2.
7.2.1. =
, . , ,
.920.380.01 .
7.2.2. .
7.2.3. 2 .
7.3.
7.3.1.
920.380.01 .
7.3.2. . 5.

8.1.
:
;
;
=;
;
;
= ;
=.
8.2. 9181=74 , =
.
8.3. 9181=74.

44

45

9.
9.1. 25 +55 ,
98 % 35 .
9.2. .
9.3.
.
9.4.
:
1. 0+60.
2. 95% 35.
, , ,
.

. 1.1.

1.
2.

46

47

. 1

. 1

. 1.2. 1

. 1.3. 2

48

49

. 1


21

. 1.4. DIN(
50

. 2.1.

51

. 2

. 2
21

. 2.2.
()

. 2.3.
0...20, 0...5 , 0...1

52

53

. 2

. 2
21

21

+U

(U
(U
+U

15
16

. 2.4.
4...20

. 2.5.

54

55

. 2

. 2
21

. 2.6.

56

. 2.7. DIN(
57

. 2

[ ..]

30.0

[ ..]

1.0

[ ..]

30.0

[ ..]

1.0


. 1
=
1
1 =
1

= 1

. 2
=
2
2 =
1

= 1

. 2.8. DIN(

58

59

. 3
1

. ,
1=1
1

00
01

01

07
01
03

1, 1
1 2, =1=2

01

03
04
05

06

1=2
1

2
0999

099 c

00

00

1=5

0999

000

4
000

1=
2=
1= 2=

00

2=1
2

00
01

:
( )
:
( )
:
=
:
U=
=:
=
()
=:
=
()
=

01

04

099 c

00
01
02
03

03

A1=4

1=7

(
=
)

02

A1=3

60

1
1=6

:
( )
:
( )
:
=
:
U=
=:

()
=:

()

02

. 3

05

06

07

61

. 3
1
2=2
2
00

01
02
03

1, 1
2, 2
1 2, =1=2

02

01


( )
02
.
.
03
,

b. ,
b0=1
00
100 W100 = 1,426

01
TCM 50M W100 = 1,426
02
TC 100 W100 = 1,385
03
100 W100 = 1,391
07
50 W100 = 1,385
08
50 W100 = 1,391
09
TCM 50M W100 = 1,428
14
100 W100 = 1,428
15
. 23
04
(L)
05
(K)
10
420
11
020
12
05

62

. 3
1

01
b0=2 =

b0=3 =

b0=4

2
13

01

17
18

(S)
(R)

17

19
20

(N)
(J)

20

[. .]

30

130
1, 2,
48
00
01
02

01

04
10

03
04
b0=5
0
=
=
1

b1=1 = 50.0+50.0
" 1

4
13

.
, 1
. ,
1 2
.
, 1 2
. 1, 2
.
1, 2
""
(4 )
""
(20)
,
1

63

2
01

0.0

. 3

. 3
1
b1=2 =
1
b1=3
=
1

2
0.9001.100
9999999

1 1.000

100.0

,
4
=

b2=5


2

9999999


21=..; 21=..

0.0

b2=6


2
b00

9999999


21=..; 21=..

100.0

0.0

100.0

b1=5

1

9999999


21=..; 21=..

0.0

b1=6

1

9999999


21=..; 21=..

100.0

00, 01,
02 03


21=..; 21=..

01
0.0

b2=1 =
2

50.0+50.0

,
2

b2=2 =
2

0.9001.100

9999999

09999

09999

b2=3
=
2

b2=4 =
2

b1=4 =
1

b1=7

,
4
=

64

01
03

b
b

1.000
0.0

65

01


21

4.1.
,
.
"=",
.
4.2. 9=10 ( 1= )
13=14 ( 2= ) ,
9 = 11 12 = 14.
4.3. "="
0,05 (
=63).
4.4. ,
0 (50 100 , ).
4.5. 15...20
0 .
4.6. " "
, , .
4.7. , =
, ,
00,2.
4.8. ,
.
4.9. .

5.1.
5.1.1. =

.
5.1.2.
"" "" ( b1=1, b2=1 b1=2, b2=2)
, , 0,0 1,000 .
.
5.2. 21(
...
5.2.1. 1
=63
0,05 (. 5.1).

15 .
50,00 50 50
100,00 100
100.
5.2.2. . 1520
, . . 5.2.
5.2.3. .
. 5.1
,

66

67

50,00 100,00 ,
0,0. . 23
(R 0 =53 )
13,0.
0,2.
.
5.3.

21(.., 21(
..
5.3.1. 1

=63 0,05,
(. 5.3).
40,29
15,00
(. . 5.1).
5.3.2. .
1520 , =
=
, . 5.4.
5.3.3.


.
100.
68

. 5.2


. 5.1.
!
5.1

.. 5.3.2 5. 3.3

,
,

(L)
04
40,29
5000,2
=63
()
05
40,29
9751
.
(S)
17
15,00
14521
5.3.4.

(R)
18
15,00
13271
.
(N)
19
40,29
11051

(J)
20
40,29
7191

,
= ( 0).
5.3.5. .
b0=1 , =
. 20


(. . 5.5).
5.3.6. . =


, 0.
. 5.3
1.
69

70
71
. 5.5

. 5.4

5.4. 21(..
5.4.1.
321, (. 5.6).

20,00 .
5.4.2. . 1520
(. . 5.2).
5.4.3. .
. 5.6
, =
, b1=6,
0,2%. .
5.5. 21(..
5.5.1. =
320, (. 5.7).
1,00 .
5.5.2. . 1520
(. . 5.2).
5.5.3. .
, =
, =
b1=6, 0,2%. .

. 5.7
72

5.6. ( () "(
(" 4...20 21(..///
.5.6.1. =
=63 0,05,
3003 1830
, . . 5.8. 500,00 .

. 5.8. : 1; 2
73

.
.


3003.

( 1 ).

2,00

20 (10 ).

6 .

.
5.6.3. (20 )

5.6.2. (4 )

1
2


1
2

200
202

. 21

,
.

21

21,
2,00 0,2% ( 4 ).
74

P3003

201
203
. 21

,
1.

21

21,
10,00 0,2% ( 20 ).
3003.

75

16 (10 ).
10,00

.
.5.6.4.

1
P3003

.
.




(====)


=
=

out
out.

. 3

, .
.

76

,
. 22
(), , =

(. . 3, . 62)

9=10
13=14

=
2=

(
21=..)


77

,
. 22 =
(), ,

(. . 3, . 62)
. 22 =

" = b1=1,
" " " b1=2, b2=1 b2=2 (. . 3).
,
000.0
2=
=

.4
(21=..)

=



( 21=..)
2

78

b0(4
: 01, 02, 03 04

1 (2)

2 (1)

()

.
=






()



79

a1(2
1, a2(2 2
a1(1 (a2(1)

(, ..)
a1(1 (a2(1) 05,
06
21=..

a1(3
0
a1(5 a1(6
0

a1(4
0
a1(2
1, a2(2 0

=
a () b



(
)

00
00 ( , , =
) 01 (
, ,
)
a1(1

(, ..)
a1(1 05, 06

21=..
a00 b00 00

. 1. ,
.
2. 3= 2=


(.)

=
(.)

.
.

80