You are on page 1of 2

Correlation and Regression Problems

Directions:
In problems 1,2, and 3
(a) Construct the scatter diagram.
(b) Find the value of the linear correlation coefficient r.
(c) Determine whether there is a significant linear correlation between the two
variables.
(d) Then, answer the given question.
(1) when bears were anesthetized, researchers measured the distance (in
inches) around their chests and they weighed the bears (in pounds). The
results are given below for eight male bears. Based on the results does a
bears weight seem to be related to its chest size?
Do the results change if the chest measurements are converted to feet, with
each of those values divided by 12?
Chest (in)
26
45
54
49
41
49
44
19
Weight (lb)
90
344 416
348
262
360
332
34
(2) The paired data below consist of weights (in bounds) of discarded food
and size of households:
Food
1.04 3.68 4.43
2.98
6.30 1.46 8.82 9.65
Household Size
2
3
3
6
4
2
1
5
(3) Refer to data below and use the paired data consisting of tar5 and nicotine.
Based on the result, does there appear to be a significant linear correlation
between cigarette tar and nicotine? If so, can researchers reduce their
laboratory expenses by measuring only one of these two variables?
No Brand
Tar
Nicotine
Co
1
American Filter
16
1.2
15
2
Benson & Hedges
16
1.2
15
3
Camel
16
1.2
17
4
Capri
9
0.8
6
5
Carlton
1
0.1
1
6
Cartier Vendome
8
0.8
8
7
Chelsea
10
0.8
10
8
GPC Approved
16
1.0
17
9
Hi-Lite
14
1.0
13
10 Kent
13
1.0
13
11 Lucky Strike
13
1.1
13
12 Malibu
15
1.2
15
13 Marlboro
16
1.2
15
14 Merit
9
0.7
11
15 New Port Stripe
11
0.9
15
16 Now
2
0.2
3
17 Old Gold
18
1.4
18
18 Pall Mall
15
1.2
15

19
20
21
22
23
24

Players
Raleigh
Richland
Rite
Silva Thins
Travel

13
15
17
9
12
6

1.1
1.0
1.3
0.8
1.0
0.6

12
16
16
10
10
7