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Ch.

2-3 Chemical Properties

Chemical Properties describe matter based on


its ability to change into new matter that has
different properties

Examples:
1. Flammability the ability of a substance to
burn

When wood burns, it can turn into ashes and


smoke which have different properties than
when it started

2. Reactivity the ability of two or more


substances to combine and form one or
more new substances

The iron in an old car left outside can form rust


when it is exposed to oxygen

3. pH a measure of the acidity or basicity of a


substance

Measured on a scale from 0-14


A pH lower than 7 means an acid
A pH higher than 7 means a base
A pH exactly at 7 means a neutral solution

Chemical Change occurs when a substance


changes its identity into new substances

Chemical changes occur because chemical


reactions have taken place

Examples:

Burning a piece of paper


Vinegar and baking soda bubble up due to the
reaction of an acid and a base.
Sour milk because bacteria have formed new
substances in the milk

A battery creating an electrical charge

Our body digesting food

A rusty metal mailbox

Common signs that show a chemical change has occured:

A change in temperature (either produce heat


or absorb heat)

A change in color

Producing a solid particle or a gas

Can physical and chemical changes be reversed?

Many physical changes are easily reversed.

ex- water can be frozen and then melt back

Most chemical changes cannot be reversed.

ex- after burning a piece of wood, the ashes


cannot be made back into a piece of wood