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7746739 23.09.2011

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ISSN 0869-5377



16+

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68

[92] 2013

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1. : MeillassouxQ. Spectral Dilemma// Collapse IV:


Concept-Horror. L.: Urbanomic, 2009. : Deuil
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1. : ToscanoA. Against Speculation, or, A Critique
of the Critique of Critique: A Remark on Quentin Meillassouxs After Finitude (After Colletti)// The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and
Realism/ L.Bryant, N.Srnicek, G.Harman (eds.). Melbourne: re-press, 2010.
P.8491.

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82

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84

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[92] 2013

85



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86

[92] 2013

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12. CollettiL. Marxism and the Dialectic// New Left Review. 1975. 1/93. P.2829.
13. MeillassouxQ. Op. cit. P.69.

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16. Ibid. P.19.


17. Ibid. P.34.
18. Ibid. P.49.
19. Ibid. P.202.

88

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22. MeillassouxQ. After Finitude. P.28.
23. CollettiL. Marxism and Hegel. P.82.

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92

[92] 2013

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Jean-Luc Nancy and Quentin Meillassoux. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011. P.12. ( , , )
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2. MeilassouxQ. Le Nombre et la sirne Un dchiffrage du Coup de des de Mallarm. Paris: Fayard, 2011.

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94

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4. Idem. Aprs la finitude Essai sur la ncessit de la contingence. Paris: Seuil, 2006.
5. .: HarmanG. Quentin Meilassoux Philosophy in the Making. Edinburgh:
Edinburgh University Press, 2011. P.175238. ,
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96

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8. Ibid. P.78.

98

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99

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Contingence et absolutisation de lun (URL : http://www.scribd.
com/doc/20861612/Meillassoux-Contingence-Et-Absolutisation-de-l-Un).

. .: LandN. Quabbala 101// Collapse. September 2006. 1. P.271285.

102

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103

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108

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114

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.: Ibid. P.5054.
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116

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117

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118

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15. MeillassouxQ. Op. cit. P.99.

124

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127


1.
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47. C.: MachiavelliN. Op. cit. P.136, . : .142, 179180, 218, 229231, 243244,
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177

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. . .). .
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49. . , vivere libero,
disordine (. . .) ordinariamente,
. (modi straordinari), ; , (modi
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, , vivere civile ( . . .),
. ,
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48. Cicero. De Officiis.1. 27. 93, . : 1. 27. 96; 1. 40. 143; 1. 45. 159.
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274

[92] 2012

/ Summaries

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Victor Vakhshtayn. Towards a microsociology of toys: inscription, affordance,
transposition
Keywords: sociology of things, toy, actant, transitive objects, Lego-architecture, Lady
Gaga, Django Unchained, Bruni Latour, Erving Goffman, frame analysis, material turn.
The article is focused on one of the key questions faced currently by socio
logy of materiality: how is the world of social interaction assembled, framed
and shaped by our (emotional) relations with material things? To answer this
question the author turns to analysis of play and playthings. He shows how
the microsociology of toys can help to reconceptualize materiality in socio
logy of things by stressing the correlation between the normative and inscriptive modality of an object, its inscriptions and affordances, transposition of
scripts from objects of play to a non-play objects, the implicit performati
vity of the interaction between humans and things. Starting with theoretical intuition articulated by material turn in current sociological theory, the
author is working out microsociological model to analyze the materiality of
play-worlds.
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275

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Dmitry Kralechkin. Quentin Meillassoux and the Economy of Finitude


Keywords: Meillassoux, ontology of finitude, facticity, transcendental conditions.
The article reconstructs the general philosophical economy of finitude beyond
which Meillassoux has planned to go. The article demonstrates that the circle of correlation as well as a nave realist attitude are constrained by speci
fic pragmatic contradictions which make any conceptualization of finitude
shaky. Meillassoux uses a tension that is not concentrated at single points but
spread all over the vicious circle of finitude. His answer to the problem, however, ignores some possibilities of dealing with facticity because it equates
the descriptivity of ontological conditions with the mere possibility of the
correlations non-being.

Alberto Toscano. Against Speculation


Keywords: Meillassoux, Lucio Colletti, materialism, ideology.
The starting point of the article is Lucio Collettis anti-Hegelian conception
compared to the speculative realism. This juxtaposition allows to answer two
questions: Is non-metaphysical speculation possible? and What is the difference between realism and materialism (and between them both and naturalism)? The background for these questions is the problem of demarcation
in particular tripartite demarcation among science, philosophy and ideology. Meillassouxs gesture engages speculative materialism in the struggle with
pernicious extra-philosophical consequences of correlationism prepackaged
in the notion of fideism. Furthermore, speculative materialism becomes an
ideological operation aimed at the elimination of the collusion between correlationism and irrationalism. In conclusion, there are some critical comments about theoretical validity as well as the ideological efficiency of Meillassouxs whole project.

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Quentin Meillassoux. Spectral Dilemma


Keywords: theology, atheism, spectre, divine inexistence.
The article introduces the notion of essential spectrea dead person whose
death is impossible to mourn after his/her demise. Meillassoux constructs
spectral dilemma as a tool to demonstrate the impasse of both modern theology and atheism. The possibility of essential mourning allowing to resolve
the spectral dilemma is found in divine inexistence: God does not exist yet
but this does not mean that he is impossible. The conceptual conclusion of
the article is an outline of materialistic divinology, the science of the divine
that might emerge from the hyper-chaos of an absolutely contingent being.

Yoel Regev. The Cherubs Sword


Keywords: Mallarme, Meillassoux, occupying the theological.
The paper deals with Quentin Meillassouxs recent book The number and the
Siren. Meillassouxs interpretation of Mallarmes poetry is considered in the
general context of Meillassouxs philosophy; it is also treated as a part of the
intellectual movement of occupying the theological, which also includes fi
gures such as Alain Badiou and Slavoy Zizek. Such an analysis enables us to
reveal the internal duality which characterizes this movement, and to outline
the ways for the implementation of the demand of immanent expropriation
of the theologicals core.

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276

[92] 2013

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The paper analyzes John Mc-Dowells theory of knowledge, represented in his


book Mind and World, in the context of Ernst Cassirers theory of knowledge.
It focuses on the similarities and differences in the arguments of both authors,
which can be appropriately described as an analytic and rationalist version of
Neo-Kantianism. Thus, different perspectives on the most important problems in theoretical philosophy are brought up, in particular, the question of
constitution of concepts and the problem of rationalitywhether it is limited to the idea of the space reasons or not.
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Diana Khamis. Correlationist Sterility


Keywords: speculative realism, positive philosophy, negative philosophy, correlationism.
This paper seeks to argue that the central argument of Quentin Meillassouxs
book After Finitude is invalid. In most cases, the logical invalidity of arguments does not seem, to the author of this paper, to be the most fateful failure of a book. In After Finitude, however, Meillassoux takes it as his task
to derive an absolute, deductively, from what he calls strong correlationism,
and the failure of the derivation would severely compromise his project. This
paper examines critically the main argument of After Finitude, basing its
examination on Schellings differentiation between positive and negative philosophies. At the end of the examination, the paper finds that Meillassouxs
argument is unable to absolutise contingency as a real necessary consequence
of strong correlationism, but instead, due to the sterility and negativity of the
correlationist circle, makes it into an absolute of thought, against Meillassouxs primary intentions. However, this paper does not argue against Meillassouxs project in general, and instead views it as necessary and fruitful in
the light of the state of present-day philosophy.

Nina Dmitrieva. Philosophy as Science and as Weltanschauung: on the Problem


of Pacifism in German and Russian Neo-Kantianism
Keywords: German and Russian Neo-Kantianism, philosophical enlightenment, ethical socialism, the doctrine of Leo Tolstoy, pacifism, eternal peace.
The paper focuses on the features of the reception of Neo-Kantianism in
Russia and on one of the cases of a reciprocal influence from the Russian
thought, in particular the doctrine of L.Tolstoy on intellectual development
in Germany on the eve of and during the First World War. The Russian NeoKantians conceived their public and scientific mission in Russia in the view of
belated Enlightenment. Therefore they were confronted with two tasks. One
was the scientific determination of the proper subject of philosophy, the other was the secularization of philosophical knowledge. In German Neo-Kantianism the first task was solved. The other took more and more importance
at the beginning of 1910s and became acute during the First World War. There
is an obvious impact on the public statements of H.Cohen and P.Natorp concerning their efforts to justify the current war. The Russian Neo-Kantian and
the follower of Tolstoy O.P.Buek advocated the ideas of pacifism that attraced
and inspired prominent figures such as GeorgF.Nikolai and Albert Einstein.

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Maja S oboleva. The New Controversy on the Essence: John Mc-Dowell and Ernst
Cassirer on cognition

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Keywords: empiricism, rationalism, experience, the logical space of nature, the space
of reasons, the nature of cognition, neo-Kantianism.

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278

[92] 2013

279

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Quentin Skinner. The Idea of Negative Liberty: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives
Keywords: negative liberty, republicanism, citizenship, Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes.

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Irina Myrberg. Free will in political philosophy: the problem of method
Keywords: modernity, freedom as being a subject, rights-oriented liberalism, free will,
compatibilism and incompatibilism, freedom-determinism system, political
morals, subject-subject relation, multitude.
The concept of freedom, despite its categorial status within the political philosophy of modernity, all too often displays its nature through conflicts with
existing social and political practices and the moral codes they embody. This
testifies to the growing tension inside the conceptual framework of freedom
(liberty), which, in turn, invites theorists efforts to analyze freedom as a developing entity. The central issue (aswell as the major driving force) of the
development in question may be a failure to reconcile different methodological approaches with free will. The article points out one historically persisting case of methodological confrontation: (1) the superdetermination of freedom by necessity, and (2) the superdetermination of necessity by freedom.

The author reviews the contemporary debate on positive and negative liberty,
arguing that the lesson of history, and an earlier and now discarded tradition
of thought about social freedom, may help us to overcome a false dichotomy
between negative liberty and active citizenship. Taking Machiavellis republican theory in general, and view of liberty in particular as his starting point,
Skinner comes to the conclusion that the idea of negative liberty and the ideals of virtue and active citizenship might be interrelated after all.
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Charles Taylor. Whats Wrong with Negative Liberty?
Keywords: negative liberty, positive freedom, exercise concept, Isaiah Berlin.
The author argues against the conclusion that negative freedom is prior to, or
more important than positive freedom and supports an exercise concept of
freedom which weighs how strongly ones mental inhibitions hinders ones
freedom and asserts that the latter can fail for inner reasons as well as because of external obstacles. Exercise-concept freedom and self-realization is
not merely a by-product of freedom, it is freedom.
. :
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280

[92] 2013

281

of Contigency (2006, english translation2008). His thesis Linexistence divine. Essai sur le dieu virtuel (1997) remains unpublished (excerpts are translated into English in Quentin Meillassoux: Philosophy in the Making by Graham Harman). The second (and at the moment last) publication by MeillassouxThe Number and the Siren (Le nombre et la sirne, 2011)offers
philosophical analysis of A throw of Dice by Stphane Mallarm. Email:
quentin.meillassoux@univ-paris1.fr.

/ Authors

, , , ,
(). 50 , : (2013, .)
(2011). -
(2006).


. : :
(2006), : (2010). , 2007.
Alberto Toscano is a senior lecturer at Goldsmiths College (University of London). He is the author of The Theatre of Production: Philosophy and Individuation between Kant and Deleuze (2006) and Fanaticism: On the Uses of an
Idea (2010). He is one of the initiators of the first workshop on Speculative
Realism at Goldsmiths College (April 2007). Email: a.toscano@gold.ac.uk.

Victor Vakhshtayn is a sociologist, specialist in sociological theory and microsociology, director of the Centre for Sociological Research at Russian Presidential Academy, chair in theoretical sociology and epistemology. He is the
author of approximately 50 articles and several books on sociological theory and methodology of empirical research, including Reality of Education:
sociological research from metaphor to interpretation (2013, co-author) and
Frame analysis and everyday life sociology (2011). He is the editor of The sociology of things (2006). Email: avigdor2@yahoo.com.

(PhD) ( ).
- .
,
. , , ,
- , , .

, . ( ) EuroOntology (2001), (2010). , Censura.ru, HegelHoliday.com.

Yoel Regev is a PhD (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem), postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Philosophy KU Leuven. His research focuses on the history of modern philosophy, the actual thought of the recent decades, speculative realism and materialist dialectics. His works include papers in English,
Hebrew and Russian dealing with the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze, JeanLuc Marion, Alain Badiou, the problems of radical secularization and the
methodological aspects of academic studies of Jewish mysticism. Email: yoel.
regev@gmail.com.

Dmitry Kralechkin holds a PhD in philosophy and is an independent scholar


and translator. He is the co-author (with Andrey Ushakov) of EuroOntology (2001), The End of Censorship (2010). He is a coordinator at the Moscow College of Philosophy, the founder and contributing editor of the philosophical site Censura.ru and editor of the site HegelHoliday.com. Email: kralechkin@gmail.com.
(ENS Ulm).
: (2006). 1997 .
( .
: ). ( )
(2011), .

, .
Diana Khamis is a philosophy graduate from the American University of Beirut. At the moment, she is an independent researcher. Email: diana.khamis@
gmail.com.

Quentin Meillassoux teaches at the cole normale suprieure in Paris (Ulm).


He is the author of the seminal work After Finitude: An Essay on the Necessity

, , - (). , (2005), A.Bogdanov und der philosophische Diskurs


in Russland zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Zur Geschichte des russischen
Positivismus (2007), Russische Philosophie im Kontext der Interkulturalitt
(2007), Die Philosophie Michail Bachtins: Von der existenziellen Ontologie zur
dialogischen Vernunft (2010).

282

[92] 2013

283

aja S oboleva is a philosopher, Doctor habilitatus in philosophy, private lecturer


and research associate in the Philipps-University of Marburg (Germany).
She is the author of a large amount of articles and six books on philosophy,
including Philosophy as a Critique of Language in Germany (2005),
A.Bogdanov und der philosophische Diskurs in Russland zu Beginn des 20.
Jahrhunderts. Zur Geschichte des russischen Positivismus (2007), Russische
Philosophie im Kontext der Interkulturalitt (2007), Die Philosophie
Michail Bachtins: Von der existenziellen Ontologie zur dialogischen
Vernunft (2010).
,
,
- (). , XIX ,
: (1999) : . - (2007).

Irina Myrberg is a political theorist, translator, PhD in Political Theory, senior research fellow at the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. She is the author of books, essays and translations in history of political
philosophy and political ethics, incl.: PoliticsFreedomMorality. An Essay on Conceptual Interplay (2007), Freedom and the Political. Philosophical discourse of Modernity (2009), Bernard Williams: Transforming Ethics Into Political Philosophy of Freedom (2010), In Search of the Political:
An Essay on the Phenomenology of Power (2010), Lautre sujet chez Alain
Badiou: sur le problme de la libert politique (Alain Badious Other Subject: Towards the Problem of Political Liberty) (2010), Liberalism and the Issue of Modern Liberty: Utilitarianism versus Neokantianism (2011). Email:
irina.myrberg@gmail.com.

Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and
social crisitism Scepsis (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism,
on the intellectual history of the end of the 19thbeginning of 20th century.
Books: Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism (Moscow 1999), and Russian Neo-Kantianism: Marburg in Russia.
Historical-philosophical studies (Moscow 2007).

, , .
Quentin Skinner is a professor of Humanities at Queen Mary, University of London, one of the founders of the Cambridge School of the history of political
thought and a prominent theorist of republican freedom. Email: q.skinner@
qmul.ac.uk.
, , .
Charles Taylor is a Canadian philosopher best known for his contributions to
political philosophy, the philosophy of social science, and intellectual history.
, , , . , , , : :
(2007), .
(2009), : (2010), : (2010), : (2010),
:
(2011).

284

[92] 2013

285

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