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SVPre Board _ 12th _ Physics _ Code 05

TT: 3 Hrs

MM: 70

General Instructions:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.

All questions are compulsory.


There are 26 questions in total. Questions 1 to 5 are very short answer types and
carry one mark each.
Questions 6 to 10 carry two marks each. Question 11 to 22 carry three marks each
and questions 24 to 26 carry five marks each.
Question 23 is a value based question carrying four marks.
Use if calculators are not permitted. However, you may use the log tables, if
necessary.
You may use the following physical constants wherever necessary:
c = 3 x 108 m/s
h = 6.63 x 10-34 Js
e = 1.6 x 10-19 C
= 4 x 10-7 TmA-1
o

1
4 o

= 9x 109 Nm2/c2

me=

9.1 x 10-31kg

Q1. Explain why two field lines never cross each other at any point.
Q2. A copper wire of resistivity 1 is stretched to reduce its diameter to half of its
original value, what will be its new resistivity?
Q3. A galvanometer gives full scale deflection with the current 1g, can it be converted
into an ammeter of range 1<1g?
Q4. Under what conditions does a biconvex lens of glass having a certain refractive
index act as a plane glass sheet when immersed in a liquid?
Q5. What is the stopping potential applied to a photo cell if the maximum kinetic
energy of a photo electron is 5 eV
Q6. The given graphs show the variation of charge q versus potential
difference (V) for capacitors C1and C2. The two capacitors have the
same plate separation, but the plate area of C 2is double of c1. Which
of the line in the graph correspond to C1 and C2 and why?
Q7. A cyclotrons oscillator frequency is 10 MHz. What should be the
operating magnetic field for accelerating protons? If radius of dees if
60 cm, what is the kinetic energy of proton beam produced by accelerator?
Or

In a series LR circuit, XL=R and power factor of the circuit is P1. When capacitor
with capacitance C such that XL=XC
is put in series, the power factor becomes
P2. Find P1/P2.
Q8. A convex lens of focal length 10 cm is placed co-axially 5 cm away from a concave
lens of focal length 10 cm. If an object is placed 30 cm in front of the convex lens,
find the position of the image
formed by the combined system.
Q9. You are given two circuits as shown
in figure, which consist of NAND
gates. Identify the logic operation
carried out by the two circuits.
Q10. What is the use of SIM card in
your mobile phone? Write the full form of SIM.
Q11. A potentiometer circuit is set up as shown. The potential
gradient across the potentiometer wire is 0.025 V/cm
and
the ammeter present in the circuit reads o.1 A, when the two
way key is completely switched off. The balance point, when
the key between the terminals (i) 1 & 2 (ii) 1& 3, is plugged in,
are found to be at lengths 40cm and 100 cm respectively. Find
the values of R and X.
Q12. A rectangular loop of wire of size 2.5 cm x 4 cm carries a
steady current of 1A. A straight wire carrying 2A current is kept
near the loop as shown. If the loop and the wire are coplanar, find
the (i) torque acting on the loop and (ii) the magnitude and
direction of the force on the loop due to current carrying wire.
Q13. State Faradays law of electron magnetic induction. A straight
conductor PQ is moving in a uniform and time independent
magnetic field as shown below. Assuming that there is no loss of
energy due to friction, deduce an expression for the power spent
by an external agency to move the arm PQ, with a constant
speed v, in terms of the magnetic field, the length PQ, and speed
v.
Q14. (a) Which of the two has greater resistance: 1KW electric
heater or a 100w tungsten bulb, both marked 230V.
(b) In the given circuit, assuming point A to be at
zero potential, use Kirchhoffs rules to determine the
potential
at point B.
Q15. (a) Name the electromagnetic radiations used for
viewing objects through haze and fog.

(b) The magnetic field in a plane electromagnetic wave is given by B y= 2x10-7


sin (0.5x103+1.5x1011t) T.
Q16. A ray PQ is incident normally on the face AB of a triangular
prism of refracting angle 6o, made of a transparent material of
refractive index 2/

3 , as shown in the figure. Trace the path of

the ray as it passes through the prism. Also calculate the angle of
emergence and angle of deviation.
Q17. An electron and a photon each have a wave length of 1.00nm. find
(a) Their momenta
(b)The energy of the photon, and
(c) The kinetic energy of electron
Q18. Establish the relation between the distances of the object, the image and the
radius of curvature from the central point of the spherical surface.
Q19. An ac source of emf E = E sin t is connected across a series combination of
0

an inductor L, a capacitor C and a resistor R. Obtain an expression for the


equivalent impedence (z) of the circuit and hence find the value of , for the ac
source, for which Z = R. Show that the phase angle , (between current and
voltage) can be obtained through the relation
(reactive impedence)
-1
=tan
( resistance)
Q20. An observer, in a laboratory, starts with No
radioactive sample and keeps on observing the
over nuclei at regular intervals of 10 minutes each.
following table on the basism of her observations:
Time(t) in
minutes
loge(No/N)

nuclei
of
a
number (N) of left
She prepares the

10

20

30

40

3.465

6.930

10.395

13.860

Use this data to plot a graph of log e (No/N) Vs time


(t) and calculate the
(i) decay constant and (ii) half-life of the given
sample.
Or
Using the relevant Bohrs postulates, derive the
expressions for the
th
(a) radius of the n orbit of the electron, in hydrogen atom, (b) speed of the
electron in the nth orbit.
Q21. (i) Write any two factors which justify the need for modulating a signal.

(ii) A schematic arrangement for transmitting a message signal (20 Hz to 20 k Hz)


is given below
Give two drawbacks from which the arrangement suffers and draw the correct
block diagram.
C
Q22. A radioactive sample contains 2.2 mg of pure 6
which has half life period of
11

1224 seconds. Calculate:


(i)
The number of atoms present initially.
(ii)
The activity when 5mg of the sample will be left.
Q23. Nikhil purchased a second hand motor bike and fixed 6V dry cell battery to start
it but could not start. His friend Lakshay told him that a simple 6V dry cell battery
will be not work because its internal resistance is more and it can not give a desired
current of 30A to switch ON the spark plug. Lakshay suggested that Nikhil should
use lead acid battery of 6V. Nikhil accepted his suggestion got fitted a lead acid
battery and his problem solved.
a. What quality shown by Lakshay?
b. If the internal resistance of dry cell battery 0.5, what maximum current can it
provide to the spark plug. (Resistance of spark plug is 20 )
c. If the internal resistance of lead acid battery be 0.01, what maximum current
can it provide to the spark plug? Is it sufficient to operate the spark plug?
Q24. Draw the labeled ray diagram for the formation of image by a compound
microscope. Derive an expression for
its magnifying power, when final image is
formed at the near point. Why both objective and eyepiece of a compound
microscope must have their short focal length?
Or
(i)
A beam of light, consisting of two wavelengths, 600nm and 450nm is used
to obtain interference fringes in a Youngs double slit experiment. Find the
least distance, from the central maximum where the bright fringes, due to
both the wavelengths, coincide. The distance between the two slits is
4.0mm and the screen is at a distance of 1.0m from the slits.
(ii)
In double slit experiment SS2>SS1. Does the central
bright observed in the given set up lie above or below
O?
(iii) How would the angular separation of interference
fringes in Youngs double silt experiment change when
the distance of separation between silts and screen is doubled?
Q25. Derive an expression for energy stored in a parallel plate capacitor C charged to
a potential difference V. hence derives an expression for the energy density of a
capacitor.

A parallel plate capacitor with each plate area A and separationd is charged to
a potential difference V. The battery used to charge it is then disconnected. A
dielectric slab of thicknessd and dielectric constant K is now placed in between
the plates of the capacitor. What charge if any, will take place in
(i)
Potential difference between the plates.
(ii)
Electric field intensity between the plates.
Or
a) Define electric flux. Write its S.1. Unit.
b) A small metal sphere carrying charge +Q is located at the centre of
a
spherical cavity inside a large uncharged metallic spherical shell as
shown in the figure. Use Gausss law to find the expressions for the
electric field at points P1, P2 and P3.
Q26. Draw a simple circuit of a CE transistor amplifier. Explain its
working. Show that the voltage again, Av, of the amplifier is given by A v =

ac R
Ri

where ac is the current gain, RL is the load resistance and R i is the input of the
negative sign in the expression for the voltage gain?
Or
(a) Explain the formation of depletion layer and potential barrier in a p-n junction.
(b)In the figure given below the input wave form is converted into output wave
form by a device X. Name the device
and draw its circuit diagram.
(c) Draw energy band diagram for n- type
and p- type semiconductor.