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LESSON NOTES

Basic Bootcamp #3
Useful Phrases for Learning
Russian

CONTENTS
2
2
2
2
3
6

Russian
Romanization
English
Vocabulary
Sample Sentences
Grammar

#
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RUSSIAN
1.

, - __________?

2.

, . , .

3.

, .

4.

-, .

ROMANIZATION
1.

Izvinite, kak skazat' po-russki __________?

2.

Izvinite, ya ne ponyal. Povtorite, pozhaluista.

3.

Pozhaluista, govorite medlenneye.

4.

Napishite mne eto po-russki, pozhaluista.

ENGLISH
1.

Excuse me, how do you say __________ in Russian?

2.

I'm sorry, I didn't understand. Say it once again, please.

3.

Please, speak slower.

4.

Write this down in Russian for me, please.

VOCABULARY
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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN

R ussian

R omanization

izvinite

English

C lass

excuse me, I am
sorry, pardon

interjection

mnye

to me, for me

pronoun

Napishite

write down

verb (imperative)

medlenneye

slower

adverb

govorite

speak

verb (imperative)

pozhaluysta

please; you are


welcome

interjection

povtorite

repeat

verb (imperative)

ponyal

understood

verb

ne

not, don't

conjunction

pa-russki

(in) Russian

adverb

ya

I (I'm)

pronoun

skazat'

to say

verb

kak

how

pronoun

Eto

this, this is, it

pronoun

SAMPLE SENTENCES
, !

, .

Oy, izvinite!

Izvinite, ya opozdal.

"Oh, I'm sorry!"

"I'm sorry, I'm late."

, ?

Izvinite, kotoryy chas?

Mnye tozhye holodno.

"Excuse me, what time is it?"

"I'm cold, too." ("I'm also cold.")

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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN

, .

Napishite mne eto slovo, pozhaluista.

Mne tozhe ochen' ponravilsya etot fil'm!

"Write down this word for me, please."

"I liked this movie very much, too!" ("I also liked
this movie!")

, .

Napishite mne pis'mo, pozhaluista.

"Write me a letter, please."

Napishishe mne svoi adres, pozhaluista.


"Write down your address for me, please."

, .

Povtorite medlenneye, pozhaluista.

Davaite poidyom medlenneye.

"Repeat slower, please."

"Let's go slower."

, .

, .

Ne govorite emu, chto ya prihodil.

Posmotrite v kameru, pozhaluysta.

"Don't tell him that I've come."

"Look at the camera, please."

, .

- . - .

Bystreye, pozhaluysta.

- Spasibo. - Pozhaluysta.

"Faster (hurry up), please."

-"Thank you." -"You are welcome."

, .

, .

Vash bilet, pozhaluysta.

Povtoritye, pozhaluysta.

"Your ticket, please." (formal)

"Repeat please."

, .

, , .

Povtoritye eto slovo, pozhaluysta.

Povtoritye, pozhaluysta, vashye imya.

"Repeat this word, please."

"Repeat your name, please."

, .

Ty menya ponyal?

Ya ponyal, spasibo.

"Did you understand me?"

"I understood, thank you."

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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN

o?

Moskvye syeychas nye zharko?

Ya syeychas nye rabotayu.

"Isn't it hot in Moscow now?"

"I don't work at the moment."

, ?

Kak Vash chay, nye holodnyy?

Vam nye holodno?

"How's your tea, not cold?" ("warm enough?")

"Aren't you cold?"

On nye golodniy.

Ya nye russkiy.

"He's not hungry."

"I'm not Russian."

-.

-?

Ya ploho govoryu po-russki.

Ty govorish' po-russki?

"My Russian is not good."

"Do you speak Russian?" (informal)

-.

-.

Ya nye ponimayu po-russki.

Oni mnogo chitayut po-russki.

"I don't understand Russian."

"They read in Russian a lot."

- .

Ya - Oksana.

Ya russkaya.

"I'm Oksana."

"I'm Russian."

Ya lyublyu leto.

Ya nye mogu Vam etogo skazat'.

"I like summer."

"I can't tell you this."

...

Kak Vam skazat'...

Kak vy sebya chuvstvuyete?

"How should I put it..."

"How do you feel?" (asking condition)

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Kak u tebya dela?

Kak eto chitayetsya?

"How are you?"

"How do you read this?"

? ?
Allo? Kto eto?
"Hello? Who is this?"

GRAMMAR
The Focus of This Bootcamp Lesson is Using Russian Phrases to Learn More Russian

, - __________ ?
The first word in this sentence means "excuse me" and has the same usage as in English
when used in questions. However, if we use it in an interrogative sentence, the meaning of
will change to "I'm sorry":
For Example:
1.

, ?
Izvinite, kotoryi chas?
"Excuse me, what time is it now?"

2.

, .
Izvinite, ya vas ne zametil.
"I'm sorry, I didn't notice you."

literally means "how to say." We can translate - as "in Russian," and it


refers to the language in our case, although the function word - doesn't mean the English
"in." indicates the way in which something is done. So literally, we can translate as "in a Russian way."
You can use to build other expressions, such as:

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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN

1.

-
po-moyemu
"in my way"/"in my opinion"

2.

-
po-derevenski "countryside-like"

3.

-
po-druzheski
"in a friendly way"

Look at the second sentence:


, . , .
Pay special attention to the verb . We use this word in the past tense in masculine
gender. If the speaker is a woman, she should say ponyala (), and the whole
sentence will sound as:
, .
Izvinite, ya ne ponyala.
"I'm sorry, I didn't understand."
We use the verb ("repeat") in an imperative mood, and without "please" in the
end, your request might sound rather rude.
has the same usage as the English "please," and we use it with both requests
and offers:
1.

, .
Odin kofe, pozhaluista.
"One coffee, please."

2.

, .
Vash kofe, pozhaluista.
"Your coffee, please."

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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN

We write the third sentence, , , in the imperative mood.


means, "speak" and is said as a command. It will be very useful to remember this
word together with the sentence:
-?
Vy govorite po-anglijski?
"Do you speak English?"
means "slower." If you have difficulty understanding your companion, you can
simply say:
, .
Medlenneye, pozhaluista.
"Slower, please."
We say the last sentence -, in the imperative
mood also. means "write" or "write down." is the modification of the pronoun
("I"), and literally means "to me" or "for me." You can use it with other verbs.
For Example:
1.

.
Skazhite mne.
"Tell me."

2.

.
Pokazhite mne.
"Show me."

3.

.
Pozvonite mne.
"Call me."

means "this," and in our case it indicates the thing that you want your companion to write
down. We can also translate it as "this is" and use it in different sentences.
For Example:

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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN

1.

.
Eto kniga.
"This is a book."

2.

- .
Eto moi drug-Ivan.
"This is my friend Ivan."

3.

?
Kto Eto?
"Who is this?"

You can omit - ("in Russian") if you and your companion both know that the thing
you need should be written in Russian.

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BAS I C BOOT CAMP #3 - US EFUL PHRAS ES FOR LEARNI NG RUS S I AN