Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 96

Specification

X-ST-2000 Rev 5

TENGIZCHEVROIL

PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


TENGIZCHEVROIL

SPECIFICATION

Doc X-ST-2000
. X-ST-2000
THIS IS A CONTROLLED DOCUMENT
NO UN-AUTHORISED MODIFICATIONS

.

PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS



This document is dual language. Ensure
both versions are modified.

. ,
.

12-03-10

95

14-10-09

105

KR

SKH

DLK

25\01\08

94

KR

PH

DLK

15\11\04

72

EK

KR

MTR

16\02\00

25

PM

TC

JM

17\01\00

25

PM

TC

JM

REV

DATE

PAGES

BY

CHK

MGR

REVISIONS

PRELIM APPROVALS

CONST

REL

MAINT

OPS

FINAL APPROVALS

DATE
\@ 1 of 96
Page

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

REVISION DESCRIPTION SHEET


REV.

PARA.

REVISION DESCRIPTION

ALL

Approved for design

ALL

Re-Issued Approved for design

ALL

Approved for construction


Re-Issued Approved for construction
REVIEWED AND ADOPTED SGI/SGP SPECIFICATION
60-0000-L-SPE-0007 REV 2
ADDED COMMENTS FROM FECG SENIOR COATING INSPECTOR

ALL

TABLE 1

TABLE 2

/
60-0000-L-SPE-0007, . 2

Re-Issued Approved for construction


ADDED DROP-OUT SPOOL PAINTING
REQUIREMENT IN ITEM 6


6
REVISED TABLE FOR CODE L:PIPING
L:
COATING SYSTEM AD REVISED PAINT PRODUCT
DESCRIPTION FOR AMERON AND CARBOLINE

TABLE 3
AD -
AMERON CARBOLINE
COATING SYSTEM BC PROVIDED CLARIFICATION ON
AMERON PAINTS. ADDED THINNER AND CLEANER DETAILS.
DELETED CARBOLINE FROM THE PAINT LIST FOR THIS
COATING SYSTEM.

TABLE 3

TABLE 3

-
AMERON.
.
CARBOLINE
.
COATING SYSTEM EG CHANGED REFERENCED PFD
SPECIFICATION NUMBERS TO EQUIVALENT TCO SPECIFICATION
NUMBERS
EG -

Page 2 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

Page 3 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. SCOPE
............................................................................................................................................... 5
2. CODES, STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS................................................................5
3. ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS...............................................................................6
4. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................ 6
5. GENERAL.......................................................................................................................... 6
6. GALVANISING................................................................................................................... 9
7. SURFACE PREPARATION................................................................................................9
8. COATING PREPARATION AND APPLICATION...............................................................11
9. INTERNALLY COATED VESSELS...................................................................................13
10. INSPECTION.................................................................................................................27
11. COATING SYSTEMS.....................................................................................................28
12. TCO COATING TRAINING MANUAL.............................................................................. 28
TABLE 1 - FINISH COAT COLOUR SCHEDULE.................................................................29
TABLE 2 - PAINTING SYSTEM GUIDELINES.....................................................................30
TABLE 3 - COATING SYSTEM DATA SHEETS....................................................................34

Page 4 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

1.

SCOPE
This document defines the requirements for paint and protective coatings on the Asset
Development Projects, which are to be undertaken at Tengizchevroils facility at Tengiz in
the Republic of Kazakhstan.

2.

CODES, STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS


This specification has been reviewed by the Kazakh Design Institutes against known
Kazakh Codes and Standards and comments have been incorporated where applicable.
2.1

International Codes and Standards

Work shall be performed in accordance with the following Codes and Standards and
shall also be in accordance with this Specification. Standards shall be the latest
editions:
ASTM A123
ASTM D4285
ASTM D4417
ASTM D4541
British Standard 729
RAL Standard
National Association of Corrosion
Engineers (NACE) Steel Structures
Painting Council (SSPC)
Swedish Standard SIS 05 5900
NACE RP0178

NACE RP0184

NACE RP0188
NIOSH Publication No. 92-102
Swedish Standard SIS 05 5900

Zinc (Hot-Dip galvanised) coatings on iron


and steel products.
Method for Indicating Oil or Water in
Compressed Air
Field Measurement of Surface Profile for
Blast Cleaned Steel
Pull-off Strength of Coatings Using
Portable Adhesion Testers
Hot Dip galvanised coatings on iron and
steel articles.
Paint colours
Volumes I and II
Surface
Preparation
Standards
for
Painting Steel Surfaces.
Recommended Practice for Fabrication
Details, Surface Finish Requirements &
Proper Design Considerations for Tanks &
Vessels to be Lined for Immersion Service
Recommended Practice for Repair of
Lining Systems
Recommended Practice for Discontinuity
Testing of Protective Coatings
Request for Assistance in Preventing
Silicosis & Deaths from Sandblasting
Surface
Preparation
Standards
for
Painting Steel Surfaces.

All applicablel state and local codes and regulations on surface preparation, coating
application, storage, handling and safety shall be followed.

Page 5 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

3.

ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS


The following abbreviations are used in this document:
ANSI
ASME
BS
NACE
SI
TCO

American National Standards Institute


American Society of Mechanical Engineers
British Standards
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
The International System of Units
Tengizchevroil

The following definitions are used in this document:


Company
Contractor
Vendor
Client
4.

TCO acting as buyer, purchaser or procurer of goods or services


Any provider of services to Company (TCO) including Consultants
Any seller, provider or supplier of goods to TCO
Tengizchevroil (TCO)

INTRODUCTION
This specification only defines technical requirements. For purchase specifications,
scope of supply, documentation requirements and all other commercial/contractual
requirements are defined in the relevant Material Requisition.

5.

4.1

This Specification does not cover the painting of buildings. For building painting
requirements, see building drawings and specifications.

4.2

It will be the responsibility of the CONTRACTOR to train and have all his painting
personnel TCO approved as per the new qualification procedures.

GENERAL
5.1

Solvent and Blast Cleaning Standards Equivalents:


QUALITY
"White metal Blast Cleaning"
"Near White Blast Cleaning"
"Commercial Blast Cleaning"
"Brush-off Blast Cleaning"
"Solvent Cleaning"
"Hand Tool Cleaning"
"Power Tool Cleaning"

NACE
No.1
No.2
No.3
No.4
----

SSPC
SP-5
SP-10
SP-6
SP-7
SP-1
SP-2
SP-3

SIS
Sa3
Sa2
Sa2
Sa1
St1
St2
St3

In addition, the visual surface preparation standards from NACE, or the Company
approved equal, shall be part of this Specification. The visual standard shall be a
supplement to, but not a substitute for, the written Specifications. SSPC VIS-1
and Swedish Visual Standards shall be used for commercial or white metal blast
cleaned surfaces.

Page 6 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

5.2

If conflicts occur between this Specification, the coating manufacturer's


recommendations and the referenced standards, The Company shall be
contacted for clarification.

5.3

In general, shop fabricated equipment such as columns, vessels, exchangers,


fixed heaters etc., shall be supplied to the module fabrication yard or field jobsite
fully finish painted. Jobsite or fabrication yard painting shall be limited to touchup of damaged areas or weld areas left free from coating.

5.4

Skid mounted units shall be supplied fully finish painted according to the painting
schedule of this Specification. This includes steel structures, skid bases, piping,
equipment, pumps and drivers. Equipment such as pumps and drivers supplied
to the skid Vendor shall also be fully finish painted to the requirements of this
Specification.

5.5

Items of carbon steel mechanical equipment, including pre-fabricated pipe spools


shall be coated with Inorganic Zinc Silicate primer, in accordance with Coating
System BD(primer only), for preservation during transportation and storage
prior to installation.

5.6

Except at intended weld areas, shop fabricated piping shall be fully finish coated
according to the painting schedule of this Specification by the Piping Fabricator.

5.7

After installation of the pipework and hydrotesting have been completed,


damaged areas of the coating shall be touched up and weld areas shall be
surface prepared and fully coated according to the painting schedule of this
Specification by the Module Fabricator or Site Mechanical Contractor.

5.8

All carbon steel valves which are uniquely tagged, i.e., ESDs,relief valves,
control valves, etc., which are to be installed in un-insulated systems, shall be
supplied fully paint coated in accordance with this Specification, as appropriate.
All other carbon steel valves which are not uniquely tagged, i.e., bulk valves,
shall be supplied coated with the Purchase Order specified Paint System . Such
valves which are not installed in insulated systems shall be finish coated by the
CONTRACTOR in accordance with this Specification.

5.9

Structural steel to be site erected, shall be supplied finish coated in the shop.
Alternatively, when specifically authorised by T.C.O., structural steelwork may be
supplied hot-dip galvanised. After erection, all site damage and construction
joints shall be surface prepared, primed and finish coated as per section 7.0 of
this Specification, including galvanised items/materials.

Page 7 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

5.10

SUPPLIER recommendations and directions on data sheets shall be followed.


CONTRACTOR shall ensure that copies of the recommendations and data
sheets are available at the site where the coating work is being carried out.

5.11

Work described shall be performed by CONTRACTOR and all tools, equipment,


coatings, solvents, etc., necessary to complete the work shall be furnished by
him unless specifically instructed otherwise.

5.12

CONTRACTOR shall comply with all applicable laws, regulations, ordinances,


etc., of the city, county, state, province or nation pertaining to his work and to the
coating materials being used.

5.13

TCO's inspector shall have free access at all times to the work being performed
by the CONTRACTOR.

5.14

Proper precautions shall be taken to protect other surfaces from abrasive


blasting, coating overspray and splattering. Damage to other surfaces or
equipment shall be repaired by the field CONTRACTOR at his expense.

5.15

Each multi-coat system shall use materials from a single manufacturer unless
approved by TCO in writing. Offsite equipment suppliers may choose any one of
the accepted brands for a coating system. In the fabrication yards and offshore,
only one coating SUPPLIER shall be used for each coating system.

5.16

The finish colour of the external coating system shall be per the Finish Coat
Colour Schedule Table attached. Contrasting colours shall be used for each of
the intermediate coats to allow inspection for full coverage. Final colours for
purchased equipment shall be in accordance with Table 1, unless specified
otherwise in the purchase order. Except for handrails, all galvanised
items/materials shall be un-painted/self coloured.

5.17

Inorganic zinc primers may be used as pre-construction primers but weld bevels
shall be free of all primer before welding. This can be accomplished by masking
prior to coating or by grinding or blast cleaning before welding. The coating free
area shall extend a minimum of 50mm from the weld bevel.

5.18

Weldable primers shall not be used unless welding qualification tests confirm that
there will not be any detrimental effects such as unacceptable porosity or
mechanical properties. The use of weldable primers shall be approved by TCO
in writing prior to their use and, if such primers are approved and used,
inspection for weld bevel cleanliness shall be performed on all production work
prior to priming.

5.19

The following surfaces shall not be painted unless otherwise specified:

Stainless Steel or Stainless Steel weather jacketing of insulation.


Aluminium or Aluminium weather jacketing of insulation
ALUZINC weather jacketing of insulation.
Galvanised Steel, above ground.

Page 8 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

Monel or other high alloy materials


Instruments, gauge glasses, nameplates and machined surfaces shall be
masked off for protection from coatings.

6.

7.

5.20

Flange faces (excluding gasket surfaces) and bolt holes shall be coated before
assembly.

5.21

Tank/Vessel manways, nozzles, bosses and other connections shall have the
internal surfaces coated with the same lining system as the internal surfaces of
the tank or vessel.

5.22

Steel surfaces to be fireproofed shall be primed only. The primer recommended


by the fireproofing SUPPLIER shall be used where necessary. The fireproofing
shall be topcoated to provide a weather seal and give the required finish colour.

5.23

Galvanised and un-galvanised carbon steel pipe spools, to be installed below


ground, shall be coated, in accordance with Coating System EH or approved
equivalent.

GALVANISING
6.1

Potable water, wet Instrument air (where specified) and wet/dry piping systems,
structural steelwork (when authorised) and all gratings, ladders, cages,
stairways, handrails etc, shall be galvanised to ASTM 123 or BS729. All
handrails shall be painted after galvanising with system CE.

6.2

The weight of zinc coating shall average 920 gms/m2 and shall not be less than
845 gms/m2 in any area. The final surface shall be smooth and free from runs,
spikes, cracks or flakes.

SURFACE PREPARATION
7.1

Surfaces to be coated shall be free of all grease, oil, dirt, salts or any other
contaminants which could affect the integrity of the applied coating. The cleaning
shall be by detergent or solvent cleaning according to methods as outlined in
SSPC-SP-1 or NACE equivalent.

7.2

Weld spatter shall be removed and sharp or rough welds rounded and contoured.
Sharp edges shall be rounded, chamfered or broken.

7.3

Where abrasive blast cleaning is not possible hand tool cleaning or power tool
cleaning shall be per SSPC-SP-2 and SSPC-SP-3 or NACE equivalents.
Approval by the Company required before power tool cleaning can be substituted
for abrasive blasting.

Page 9 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

7.4

Abrasive Blasting
7.4.1

All abrasive blasted surfaces shall be blast cleaned in accordance with


the SSPC or NACE requirements specified on the Coating System
Data Sheets.

7.4.2

The anchor profile pattern shall be as specified on the Coating System


Data Sheets.

7.4.3

Except when specifically authorised otherwise by the Company, sand


shall not be used as an abrasive medium, only dry grit type abrasives
free from contaminants or impurities shall be used. When it is
authorised to use a mineral (sand) abrasive, it shall be capable of
producing the required anchor profile pattern and be a filtered, coarse
grained sand, thoroughly washed-out and air dried, having typical
characteristics as follows:
S102 - min - 95% CA0 - 0.2%
Excandescence loss 0.8%
Grade of uniformity - 1.44%

7.4.4

Prior to blasting operations, a test piece of steel shall be blasted with


the selected abrasive to prove that the specified anchor profile can be
achieved. The anchor profile shall be measured using Press-O-Film
tape or other approved methods.

7.4.5

Prior to abrasive blasting, valve stems, sight glasses, name tags,


machinery, instruments, electrical fixtures, etc., shall be protected by
masking.

7.4.6

Cadmium-plated, electroplated, metallized or other specially coated


items shall not be blasted unless otherwise directed by the Company.

7.4.7

Surfaces prepared for coating shall be coated the same day and
before any visible rusting occurs.

7.4.8

A minimum of 100mm around the edge of the blasted area shall be left
unprimed unless adjoining a coated surface. Subsequent blasting
shall continue at a minimum of 25mm into the primed surfaces and the
rough edge feather-edged as described in Paragraph 7.4.9 below.

Page 10 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

8.

7.4.9

When the coating is damaged down to the steel and spot cleaning is
necessary, these areas shall be cleaned by blasting or power tool
cleaning. After the metal surface has been cleaned, the edge of the
surrounding coating shall be feather-edged to remove all cracked,
loose or damaged coating. Feather edging shall be achieved by power
or hand sanding with an abrasive wheel or sandpaper. The prepared
surface shall be free of all loose, burnt or blistered coating.

7.4.10

Galvanised and aluminium surfaces where specified to be painted


shall be pre-treated with a vinyl Butyral wash primer. Where
galvanised sections, such as gratings are installed over steel surfaces
which require painting, the galvanised sections shall not be installed
before final painting.

COATING PREPARATION AND APPLICATION


8.1

Surfaces to be coated shall be clean, dust free, dry and shall meet the applicable
surface preparation standards before application of the primer.

8.2

Coatings and primers shall be delivered to the jobsite in the original containers
bearing the SUPPLIERs name, product designation, batch number and date of
manufacture. Materials which have exceeded SUPPLIER's recommended shelf
life shall not be used. Materials shall be used on a first-in, first-out basis to
prevent out of date materials being used.

8.3

Shop and Field application shall be by brush, roller or spray. Local regulations
regarding spray and roller coating shall be observed. A smooth uniform film shall
be applied to the surfaces to be coated.

8.4

The temperature of the substrate shall be a minimum of 3C above the dewpoint


during abrasive blasting and coating.

8.5

Coatings shall not be applied:

On wet surfaces
When the relative humidity exceeds the SUPPLIER's written
recommendations
When the ambient or substrate temperature is below the SUPPLIER's
recommended temperature for application and curing
When the wind speed exceeds 24 km.per hour.Coating shall be applied in
strict accordance with the SUPPLIERS latest published instructions. In
particular, recommended curing or drying time shall be allowed between
primers and finish coats.

Page 11 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

8.6

The coating thickness shall be in accordance with the TCO coating system or the
SUPPLIER's latest published Product Data Sheets. In the event of a conflict,
differences shall be brought to the attention of the Company coating specialist for
resolution.

8.7

Paints, catalysts and thinners shall be stored in well ventilated buildings free from
excessive heat, sparks, flames and direct sunlight. Paints stored for short
periods on the jobsite/construction yard shall be protected from direct sunlight
during the summer months and from frost and freezing during the winter months.
Containers of paint, catalysts etc shall not be opened prior to use except
for spot inspection after which they shall be tightly re-sealed.

8.8

All multi-component materials, such as epoxies, inorganic zincs and urethanes


shall have the components accurately measured according to the SUPPLIER's
instructions. The recommended pot life shall not be exceeded and any unused
material left in the spray pots shall be discarded, the spray pot cleaned, and new
material mixed. Thinning of coating material shall not exceed the paint/coating
manufactures product data sheets recommendations.

8.9

Coating shall be applied in the number of coats specified with individual and total
dry film thicknesses within the specified ranges. The total thickness shall not be
made up in any one coat.

8.10

The finished coatings shall be free from runs, drips, sagging, cissing, pin holes or
any other imperfection which may impair the performance of the coating.

8.11

Brush or Roller Application

8.12

8.11.1

Coatings shall be brushed or rolled on areas which cannot be properly


sprayed. Written Company authority shall be required before brush or
roller application can be substituted for spray application.

8.11.2

All welds and edges of flanges, structural beams and columns or any
sharp edges shall receive a stripe coat of each coating applied by
brush before the full spray coat is applied. This is to ensure full coating
thickness is applied at these areas.

Spray Application
CONTRACTOR's applicators shall be skilled in the proper application technique
for each coating. Proper equipment, per the coating SUPPLIER's data sheets
and recommendations shall be utilised. Applicators or equipment failing to meet
these or Company requirements shall be removed from the coating applications.

Page 12 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

8.13

9.

Application of Inorganic Zinc Primer


8.13.1

Inorganic zinc shall be spray applied except for small touch up areas.

8.13.2

Inorganic zinc silicate primers shall be applied in a full wet coat to a


maximum dry film thickness of 125 microns in order to prevent mud
cracking. Coats thicker than 125 microns shall be removed by blast
cleaning and the area re-coated to the specified thickness. Dry spray
shall not be allowed. Contractor will be responsible for cleaning all
spray equipment with proper cleaner as recommend by the coating
manufactures product data sheet.

INTERNALLY COATED VESSELS


9.1

9.2

Coating
9.1.1

Coating material shall be Thin Film Epoxy or reinforced glass flake


coating for immersion service, as specified by TCO from those coating
systems listed in Section 9.1. Substitution of materials by the
Contractor is not permitted. All thinners, catalysing agents, and other
additives shall be as specified by the coating manufacturer for use with
the specified coating system. Use of special curing accelerators is not
allowed without TCOs approval.

9.1.2

Coating materials shall be stored in their original containers with their


original labels visible and readable. Storage conditions shall be as
specified by the manufacturers data sheet. Use each material within
its shelf life as defined by the manufacturer.

9.1.3

Coatings which have exceeded their shelf life or which have


deteriorated in storage shall not be used. Deterioration is indicated by
formation of a surface skin, by gelling, or by settling of solids which
cannot be mixed into a smooth consistency.

9.1.4

TCO Coating Contractors must submit method statement for approval


by TCO, including all equipment for abrasive
blasting/coating/environment control and cleaning grit removal.

Abrasive Materials
Abrasives shall be either sharp steel grit, a mixture of steel grit and steel shot,
coal slag, garnet, or aluminium oxide and meet the following requirements:
contain less than 1% free silica per NIOSH Publication No. 92-102.

be free of harmful quantities of toxic metals.

contain less than 125 ppm water soluble chlorides.

Page 13 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

contain less than 200 ppm water soluble sulphates.

be free of clay, limestone, shells, undersize and oversize particles,


organic material and other detrimental foreign material.

Contractor shall obtain certification from the abrasive supplier that the
abrasive meets the above requirements. A copy of the certification shall
be submitted to TCO prior to abrasive blasting.

Page 14 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

9.3

9.2.1

No substitution of blasting media shall be made without written


approval of TCO.

9.2.2

The abrasive shall be of proper size to achieve the cleanliness and


anchor profile requirements of this specification.

9.2.3

Reclamation and reuse of blast media shall not compromise surface


cleanliness or surface profile as required in this specification.

9.2.4

Surfaces which are abrasive blasted using a non-approved abrasive


shall be re-blasted with the proper abrasive at no additional cost to
TCO.

9.2.5

"Wet or Dry" type abrasive paper shall be used where hand sanding
(abrading) is required. Abrasive paper shall not leave a residue.

Surface Preparation
9.3.1

Contractor shall visually inspect surface to insure it meets


requirements of this Specification. Contractor shall remove all weld
slag, weld spatter, and smooth rough surfaces as needed in the area
to be coated. This requirement includes original construction as well
as any subsequent repairs.

9.3.2

Before abrasive blasting, all surfaces to be coated shall be cleaned in


accordance with SSPC SP-1 to remove all oil, grease, cutting oils, dirt
and other contaminants. The extent of cleaning shall include the area
intended for coating plus a minimum of 300 mm beyond this area.
Cleaning may include solvent cleaning or steam cleaning with
detergent. Steam cleaning with detergent shall be followed by fresh
water steam or wash to remove all traces of detergent residue.

9.3.3

After the tank has been cleaned, no contamination is permitted. All


people entering the tank shall wear gloves, sweat bands, and clean
gum-soled shoes or over-boots. Street shoes are not permitted.
Footwear worn during painting shall not cause contamination of the
tank surface and shall not be affected by the coating solvents. A clean
area shall be provided at the tank entry. Footwear worn in the tank
shall be stored in the clean area when not in use. There shall be no
eating, drinking or smoking in the tank or in the clean area.

9.3.4

The area to be coated shall be cleaned according to SSPC SP-5 using


dry abrasive blasting. The extent of blasting shall include the area
intended for coating plus a minimum of 155 mm beyond this area. The
anchor profile shall be as listed in coating system CK. Cleanliness
shall be verified using SSPC VIS-1.

9.3.5

Air used in abrasive blasting shall be free of oil and water.

Page 15 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

9.4

9.3.6

Only venturi type carbide blast nozzles 9.5 or 11 mm long shall be


used. Air pressure shall be 5.9 - 6.9 bar at the blast nozzle. All other
blasting equipment shall be sized to maintain this pressure at the blast
nozzle.

9.3.7

The temperature of the steel shall be at least 3C warmer than the dew
point of the air during blasting. Condensation shall not be permitted at
any time during the blasting process or during the time between
blasting and the application of the first coat. Blasted surfaces shall not
be exposed to rain or weather.

9.3.8

All surfaces to be coated shall receive full surface preparation. This


includes the interior surface of the tank, nozzle bores, clips, internal
piping, and attachments. Nozzle bores shall be blasted through the
internal bore and up around the flange face as shown in Table 9.1.

9.3.9

Stainless or other corrosion resistant alloy items connected to the tank


shall also be prepared for coating if they are within the area of the tank
designated to be coated. Stainless Steel items that are electrically
isolated from the tank shall be excluded from this requirement.

9.3.10

All visible blasting residue from the surface to be coated shall be


removed, using, as appropriate, shovels, brooms, soft brushes, and
vacuum cleaners.

9.3.11

If additional defects such as slivers and laminations are discovered in


the surface to be coated after abrasive blasting, grind smooth with an
oil-free grinder. Alternatively, the repair of these newly discovered
defects may be delayed until after application of the first coat.
However, after the first coat is dry, these defects shall be ground out
using an oil-free grinder and the coating shall be repaired prior to the
second coat.

9.3.12

All tanks, vessels etc. Shall be hydrotested prior to coating application.

Coating Application
9.4.1

Coating materials shall be applied to properly prepared surfaces


before any sign of oxidation is visible. The surface to be coated shall
meet the requirements of SSPC-SP 5 just prior to coating application.

9.4.2

Contractor shall provide adequate and safe ventilation of the work


area.

Page 16 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

9.5

9.4.3

Coating materials shall be mixed by first mixing each component to


break up all solids and to produce a smooth uniform liquid. After each
component is fully mixed, combine components and thinners as
specified on the manufacturers data sheet and blend thoroughly. Use
only air driven or explosion proof electric power mixers. Mixing will
comply with the manufacturers data sheet unless specific alternate
written instructions have been provided by TCO. Do not split kits.
Mixing of partial kits is not allowed.

9.4.4

Coatings shall not be applied when the air temperature, steel


temperature or relative humidity is outside the range permitted on the
manufacturers data sheet. Coatings shall not be applied unless the
steel is at least 3C warmer than the dew point of the air. Coating shall
not be applied if dew point is near this limit and falling. The surface
temperature shall be maintained at least 3C above the dew point
during application, drying, and curing of the coating.

9.4.5

Coatings shall not be applied if the surface will be rained on or will


collect condensation before the coatings can properly cure. PFD may
stop coating application when weather conditions may cause damage
to the coatings.

Extent of Coating
The area to be coated shall be defined by TCO prior to the job. Within the
defined area to be coated, the following shall apply:
9.5.1

All internal surfaces, nozzle bores, bolt holes and carbon steel
internals shall be coated, unless otherwise specified.

9.5.2

Nozzles that are welded to tanks and extend outside the tank shall be
internally coated. Coating shall include the internal nozzle bore a
portion of the connected flange face as shown in Detail A. Note that
coating of seal surface of raised flange face is not permitted.

9.5.3

All areas not coated, such as threads and metal-to-metal seal areas,
shall be protected from blasting and from build up of coating or coating
over-spray.

Page 17 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

9.5.4
9.6

9.7

If in doubt about what surfaces are to be coated, Contractor shall


contact TCO for clarification.

Application Equipment
9.6.1

Coatings may be applied with either conventional or airless spray


equipment. Application equipment shall be according to the coating
manufacturers recommendations.

9.6.2

A 360 spray nozzle on a lance shall be used to internally coat all tank
nozzles that are from 76 mm up to 400 mm in diameter when the
nozzle length is exceeds 0.5 times the diameter. A 360 spray nozzle
on a lance shall also be used on nozzles larger than 400 mm diameter
if the length of the nozzle exceeds 1.0 time the diameter. Brushing
and/or swabbing is allowed for nozzles 76 mm and smaller when
necessary to obtain a quality application within specified thickness
limits. Only high quality brushes and materials that will not leave
debris in the coating film shall be used.

Coating Application Procedure


9.7.1

First Coat

Step 1: Stripe coating by applying a thin coat of the specified coating material to
all welds, corners, edges, rough areas, and attachments by brush application.
Thin using one part coating to three parts of the appropriate thinner. Stir
frequently to prevent settling.
Step 2: Using multiple crossing passes (or multiple lance passes in nozzles),
apply a coat of the specified material to all surfaces to be coated. Thin only as
needed and as recommended by the coating manufacturer. Dry film thickness
(DFT) shall be as specified in Table 9.1.
Step 3: Air dry the first coat as specified in the "Time Between Coats" column of
Table 9.1. Table 9.1 provides the minimum time, or time range, required at
corresponding temperatures for drying between coats. The entire coated surface
of the tank shall comply with the time and temperature limits listed. Where a
temperature range is not provided, maximum time between coats shall not
exceed manufacturer's recommendations.
Continuous air flow shall be maintained through the tank to prevent settling of
solvent vapours. The minimum time/temperature information in Table 9.1is based
on adequate ventilation. If ventilation is not adequate, drying may take longer
than the minimum listed. In all cases, do not proceed to Step 4 until the coating is
hard enough to walk on without damaging it.
Step 4: Check the dry film thickness throughout the tank. Areas found to be in
excess of the specified range shall be hand sanded to conform to the specified
thickness. Use 200-400 grit "wet or dry" type abrasive paper.

Page 18 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

Step 5: Check the coating for blisters, runs, sags, and dry over-spray. Also
inspect for trash, sand, or any other foreign material. Areas containing these
shall be hand sanded to remove the defects and/or to loosen the debris. Use
caution to avoid exposing bare steel on welds, clips, and other irregular surfaces.
Step 6: Remove all sanding residue and debris by wiping, brushing, or
vacuuming as needed.
9.7.2

Second Coat

Step 1: After all sanding residue and debris have been removed from the tank,
repeat Steps 2 and 3 in Section 9.7.1.
Step 2: After the material has air dried as specified in Table 9.1, check all of the
coated surfaces for blisters, runs, sags, and over-spray and trash, sand, or other
foreign material. Coating containing such defects shall be repaired as directed in
Step 3 below.
Step 3: Check the dry film thickness throughout the tank. All coating not in
compliance shall be corrected prior to final cure. Any area with coating less than
the specified minimum thickness shall be corrected by applying additional
material according to this specification.
Any area with coating in excess of the specified maximum thickness and any
area containing blisters, runs, sags, or any foreign material shall be corrected as
follows:
Sand areas down by hand using 120-180 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. The
coating thickness after sanding shall be at least 1 mil (25 m) below the
acceptable maximum (and greater than the acceptable minimum).
Remove all sanding residue and debris by wiping, brushing, or vacuuming as
needed..
Brush apply a thin coat of the specified coating to the sanded areas. The coating
shall be thinned using one part coating to three parts thinner. Brush application
is preferred, but spray application may be used on very large areas.
9.7.3

Holiday Inspection

After all coating in the tank has dried, and all thickness corrections have been
made, perform a complete holiday inspection of all coated surfaces according to
Section 9.9.14. All holidays found after the second coat (except those in bolt
holes) shall be repaired according to Section 9.7.4 before final cure.
9.7.4

Coating Repair

Repair all holidays and coating damage, in accordance with NACE


Recommended Practice RPO184, Repair of |Lining Systems, using the following
procedure:
Step 1: For pinpoint holidays, use a 3 mm diameter grinding device to crater the
holiday down to bare metal. The grinding stone shall roughen the steel and

Page 19 of 96

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

SPECIFICATION FOR PAINT AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS


Doc No X-ST-2000 Rev 5


. X-ST-2000 . 5

feather into the surrounding coating. For larger repairs use 3M "Clean and Strip",
3M "Roto Peen, or equivalent to prepare the surface. Surface shall meet original
cleanliness and anchor profile requirements. Feather at least 1" into existing
sound coating in all directions.
Step 2: Remove all grinding residue and debris by wiping, brushing, or
vacuuming as needed.
Step 3: Apply a coat of the specified coating to the prepared area using
conventional air spray, roller, or brush based on size and location of repair. A
small artist brush shall be used on pinpoint holidays. Over-lap feathered area
around repair. Thin coating only as needed and according to manufacturer's
recommendations.
Step 4: Air dry as specified in Table 9.1. Correct excess thickness and slightly
roughen the repair areas by carefully hand sanding the repair area using 200-400
grit "wet or dry" type abrasive paper. Use caution to avoid exposing bare steel
on welds, clips, and other irregular surfaces.
Step 5: Remove all sanding residue and debris by wiping, brushing, or
vacuuming as needed.
Step 6: Apply a second coat of the specified coating to the repair area using
brush, roller, or spray as mentioned in Step 3 above. Again, thin coating only as
needed and according to manufacturer's recommendations. The coating
thickness of the repair area shall comply with Section 9.9.12. Multiple coats may
be applied to achieve the specified thickness.
Step 7: Air dry as specified in Table 9.1.
Step 8: Repeat holiday inspection.
9.8

Curing
9.8.1

Air Cure

Cure the coating as specified in the "Final Cure" column of Table 9.1.2
Continuous air flow through the tank shall be maintained to prevent settling of
solvent vapours. Table 9.1 specifies the minimum time required at corresponding
temperature for curing. The temperature used for table reference shall be the
lowest measured on the tank wall in the coated area. The temperature shall not
exceed the maximum or fall below the minimum given in Table 9.1 for the coating
specified.

Page 20 of 96

9.8.2

9.8.3

9.9

Force Cure
9.8.2.1

Force curing, if required, shall be performed by raising


the metal temperature at a maximum rate of 22C per
hour to the temperature shown in Table B. The cure
temperature shall be maintained for the time specified in
Table 9.1.

9.8.2.2

Force curing shall not begin until after the last coating
applied in the tank has experienced the minimum time /
temperature requirements for between coats given in
Table 9.1.. Continuous air flow through the tank shall be
maintained throughout the curing process to prevent
settling of solvent vapours.

9.8.2.3

The coating may be force cured by installation of


external insulation and introduction of heated air.
Adequate air movement shall be provided in order to
minimise temperature variation, maximise ventilation of
the solvents, and avoid dead air space in the tank. The
specific procedures using this method shall be approved
in advance by TCO.

9.8.2.4

All fuels used shall be clean gas (natural gas, propane,


or butane). Complete combustion shall be ensured to
prevent sooty deposits.

9.8.2.5

After the material has been force cured, all coated


surfaces shall be inspected for blisters. Blistered coating
will be rejected. The coating in these areas shall be
totally removed and re-coated according to this
specification.

Coating damage occurring after the final cure either as a result of


mechanical damage, welding repair, anode installation, or other
cause shall be repaired by the Contractor. Coating surrounding the
repair shall be feathered and roughened to promote adhesion.

Quality Control and Inspection


9.9.1

The Contractor is responsible for the quality of all work performed


and for assuring compliance with these specifications. Contractor
is responsible to stop operations and promptly notify TCO when
conditions develop which could adversely affect the quality of the
completed work.

9.9.2

TCO may inspect any work, equipment, material storage or any


other aspect of the project. TCOs inspectors shall have safe
access to all work and storage areas.

9.9.3

The Contractor is to provide all inspection and calibration


equipment needed to perform the quality control and testing
functions outlined in this specification. The equipment needed shall
include, but not be limited to the following:

Surface Sensing Thermometer


Sling Psychrometer with Psychrometric Tables
Materials to Perform Blotter Test
Surface Cleanliness Comparators, SSPC-VIS 1
Testex Press-O-Film Replica Tape and Spring Micrometer
Surface Profile Comparator
Wet Film Thickness (WFT) Gauge
Dry Film Thickness (DFT) Gauge
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Certified
Coating Thickness Calibration Standards for Non magnetic Coating on
Steel.
Wet Sponge Holiday Detector

9.9.4

The Contractor shall record the results of all quality control checks
and testing. Contractor shall submit sample copies of inspection
forms to TCO for approval prior to beginning job. Records shall
include the identification of the tank and any physical inspection
results, such as Testex tape, etc.

9.9.5

Work not meeting the material or quality requirements of this


specification, as determined by TCO or TCOs inspector, shall be
repaired or redone at Contractor's expense.

9.9.6

Required Inspections
Contractor shall perform the inspections listed below and record
the results on the inspection forms. TCO representative will
confirm results.
9.9.6.1

Coatability
All surfaces to be coated shall be inspected for
coatability prior to blasting and coating. All defects shall
be corrected before proceeding with the coating
application.

9.9.7

Ambient Conditions
The steel surface temperature, ambient air temperature, humidity,
and dew point shall be checked and recorded at least every 8
hours during all blasting, coating, drying, and curing procedures.
Steel temperature shall be monitored continuously and recorded
during forced curing. Readings shall comply with this specification
at all times.
Measure air temperature, relative humidity, and dew point with any
suitable sling psychrometer and corresponding psychrometric
tables, or approved meter. Measure steel temperature with any
suitable surface sensing thermometer such as Pacific Transducer
Corporation (PTC) Model 312F or other approved meter and
recording device if required.

9.9.8

Compressed Air Supply


Perform a blotter test by directing a strong stream of compressed
air at a clean white absorbent material and at a smooth plastic or

metal surface. No oil, water or discoloration is to be visible in either


case. Test the air at a point downstream of oil traps and dryers.
This test shall be performed at least daily and more often if deemed
necessary.
9.9.9

Surface Cleanliness
Inspect the surface cleanliness after blasting and prior to coating
application using visual comparators according to SSPC-VIS 1.
The surface shall meet the requirements of SSPC-SP 5, White
Metal Cleanliness.

9.9.10

Surface Profile
The surface profile of blasted surfaces shall be inspected prior to
the application of the coating using Testex Press-O-Film replica
tape. Use according to the manufacturer's instructions. The profile
depth shall be as specified in Coating System CK. The density of
the blast peaks and valleys and the appearance of the blasted
surface shall be comparable to that of the Clemtex or KTA Surface
Profile Comparator. Report results and attach replica tape to
inspection report.

9.9.11

Dry Film Thickness


Determination of dry film thickness (DFT) shall be based on a
sufficient number of spot measurements needed to verify
compliance with the requirements listed in Manufacturers Product
Data Sheets. TCO reserves the right to make as many
measurements as needed to determine compliance. As a
minimum, one spot measurement per 2 m2 is required to assure
compliance.
A spot measurement is defined as the average of three gauge
readings taken in close proximity. The gauge readings shall be no
closer than 0.5 in. (12 mm) and no further apart than 75 mm. Each
gauge reading shall be at least 80% of the specified minimum
thickness and less than 120% of the specified maximum. The
average of the three gauge readings constitutes a spot
measurement. The spot measurement shall fall within the specified
DFT range given in Manufacturers Product Data Sheets.
Thickness measurements shall be made with a magnetic type dry
film thickness gauge for ferrous substrates such as Mikrotest,
Positector 2000, Positector 6000, Elcometer 345, or other as
approved by TCO. Calibrate gauge before and after each use as a
minimum. If calibration has drifted, contractor shall repeat
measurements until data agrees with previous measurements.

9.9.12

Coating Integrity
The coating shall be examined for blisters, runs, sags, dry spray,
and foreign material after the last coat has dried and before it has
cured. No coating containing blisters, runs, sags, dry spray, or
foreign material shall be accepted.

9.9.13

Holiday Inspection
Conduct holiday inspection of the entire coated area after the final
coat has dried and before the coating is cured. Use the Low

Voltage Wet Sponge technique specified in NACE RP0188. All


coated surfaces except bolt holes shall be 100% holiday free.
Use a Tinker-Rasor M-1 wet-sponge holiday detector or equivalent.
The exploring probe shall consist of a cellulose sponge,
approximately 50 mm x 50 mm x 150 mm. Dampen the sponge
using a solution of tap water with 7.8 ml / L of Eastman Kodak
Photo-Flo, or approved equivalent. The detector shall have a
voltage of 67.5 volts with a sensitivity of 80,000 ohms. A resistance
of 80,000 ohms or less in the external circuit shall actuate the
signal device. Calibrate as described in NACE RP0188.
9.9.14

General Cleanliness Inspection


A cleanliness inspection shall be performed prior to each
application of coating and prior to final cure to ensure that the tank
is free of all visible foreign materials. All tape, polyethylene floor
covering, padding, masking material, etc., shall be removed prior to
beginning the final cure.

9.9.15

Inspection Hold Points


The following is a list of inspection hold points. Contractor shall
cease operations on a particular structure at these hold points and
obtain the approval of the on-site TCO representative before
proceeding. The inspection hold points are:

Verification of surface cleaning before abrasive blasting

Verification of cleanliness after abrasive blasting and prior to


any coating application

Verification of coating quality and thickness after each coat of


material prior to application of additional coats.

9.10

Cleanliness
9.10.1

Personnel

9.10.2

After the tank to be coated has been cleaned to remove oil and
grease, no person shall enter the tank or touch the surfaces to be
coated unless wearing the following protective clothing:
Clean gum-soled shoes, over-boots, or tennis shoes.
Clean overalls.
Clean head covering, including sweatband.
Clean gloves.
Protective clothing shall be replaced when soiled or wet. Protective
clothing that is to be worn inside the tank, including shoes, shall not
be worn outside the tank. Clothing shall be put on and removed in
the immediate area of the tank entrance. That area shall be kept
free of abrasives and other debris that may be tracked into the
tank.
Cleanliness of Equipment
No equipment, including blasting hoses, coating hoses, scaffolding,
etc., shall be taken into tanks without being cleaned thoroughly. Do
not drag equipment across coated surfaces.
All spray equipment, including guns, hoses, pots, etc., shall be
cleaned thoroughly after each use and between work shifts. Before

applying any coating, the spray equipment shall be flushed with the
thinner specified for use with that coating. Contamination of any
coating with another coating, with an improper thinner, or with
residues in the spray equipment is not permissible.
Brushes used to apply thinned coating or to make repairs shall be
new or thoroughly cleaned with the thinner specified for use with
that coating. Contamination of the brushes with any other coating,
with an improper thinner, or with dirt or sanding residue is not
permissible.
Brushes used to remove grinding and sanding residue shall have
soft bristles and shall be cleaned before each use. They shall not
be contaminated with any foreign material that may be left on the
surface to be coated or that may scratch the surface.

DETAIL A - COATING OF NOZZLES OR FLANGES


The extent of surface preparation and internal coating application for tank
nozzles is shown below. Plain, raised face, and ring-joint type flanges are
included.

Plain Face
Blas ting and
Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas t and Coat Internal Bore

Ring Joint
(RTJ)

Blas t and Coat Internal Bore

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

Raised Face

Raised Face

In crude oil, product,


or chemical s ervice
operating <50 ps i.

In all other cases.


Blas ting and
Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas t and Coat Internal Bore


Blas ting and
Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas t and Coat Internal Bore

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

9.1 Approved coating systems


This section defines coating systems, coating system selection, manufacturers, and brands of
coatings for Internal linings for vessels
Manufacturer's Data Sheets
The Manufacturer's product data sheet, application instructions, and MSDS shall be followed.
The Contractor shall have copies of the latest issue of the data sheets available at the site where the
coating work is being performed. (Manufacturer's product data sheets is in general the best technical
reference for internal linings)
Note: In general, the Non-Reinforced Thin Film Coatings are used for new construction or steel that
has little corrosion or pitting.
For most re-coating of existing vessels, use the Reinforced Thick Film Coatings.
Laminate Coatings are acceptable systems, however they are expensive and labor intensive to apply.
For floating roof tanks (even new construction) a Reinforced Thick Film Coating is advisable. This is
due to the abrasion resistance of these coatings as the roof will rub against the tank walls.
When selecting an internal coating be sure to check the maximum temperature listed for each coating
and select one appropriate for the service.

Service

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

FRESH
WATER
De-mineral
Water
Potable
Water
Salt
Water
Brine
Produced
Water
Crude Oil
Sweet
or
Sour
Fuel
Low
Aromatics

Fuel
High
Aromatics

Aromatic
Hydrocarbon

10

Acetone

11

Ethylmethyl
Alcohol

NonReinforced
Thin Film
Coatings
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 390
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS

Max.
Service
Temperatu
re
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
120F/50C
120F/50C

Glass Flake
Reinforced

Max. Service
Tempemperature
200F/95C
140F/60C
200F/65C
120F/50C
120F/50C
130F/55C

140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C

Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000
Phenoline 1205
Sigma Shield 905
Jotun/Baltoflake
Dudick/ProtectoCoat 800
Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000
Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000
Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000

Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interzinc 22
Carbozinc 11
Interline 850
Hempadur 1550

120F/50C
120F/50C

Phenoline 1205
Interline 984

200F/95C
140F/60C

120F/50C
120F/50C

Phenoline 1205
Sigma Shield 905

200F/65C
120F/50C

120F/50C
120F/50C

Phenoline 1205
Sigma Shield 905

200F/65C
120F/50C

120F/50C
120F/50C

N/R
N/R
N/R
N/R

190F/90C
140F/60C
200F/95C
150F/65C
200F/95C
180F/80C

N/R
N/R
N/R
N/R

9.1.2 Dry film thickness/ Drying Times and Curing


Follow the manufacturers product data sheets for recommended dry film thickness /drying/over
coating and curing requirements.
Please consult with the TCO representative and paint manufactures Before starting the vessel/tank
coating work.

10.

INSPECTION
10.1

CONTRACTOR shall perform all inspection necessary to ensure that the


surface preparation and coating application complies with the requirements of
this Specification. The inspection records shall be logged daily and submitted
to the Company at least weekly. The records shall be kept on an approved
form or Inspection Record.

10.2

External inspection may be performed by the Company or an authorised


Inspection Agency.

6.3

Minimum inspection requirements shall be:

10.3

Surface Preparation - Degree of cleanliness and surface profile


Compressed Air - The cleanliness of the compressed air shall be
checked, as necessary, by blasting without grit onto a clean white
cloth for a period of 20 seconds. If oil or water appears on the cloth all
traps shall be cleaned and blown down until test cloth shows no
further oil or water.
Abrasive - A small quantity of abrasive (1 teaspoonful) shall be
dropped into a small glass vial containing distilled water, shaken
vigorously and allowed to settle. The top of the water shall not contain
a layer of grease/oil or fine particulates and shall not be discoloured.
The pH of the water shall not be less than 5 when measured with pH
indicating paper. The water shall be free of a white precipitate (an
indication of chloride salts) when a drop of 5% silver nitrate is added
to the water.
Ambient conditions - ie., ambient temperature, relative humidity, dew
point, substrate temperature and confirmation that the substrate is
moisture free, shall be checked at the beginning of each working shift.
Coating Application - Dry film thickness checks shall be measured
after the application of each coat using a Mikrotest, Elcometer, or TCO
approved equal. Dry film checks shall be made in accordance with
SSPC-PA-2-73T 'Measurements of Dry Film Thickness with Magnetic
Gauges'. The gauges shall be calibrated by comparison with the dry
film thickness measured on known standards such as micrometer
measured paint film.

Work shall not proceed past the inspection hold points defined below without
the approval of Company. The inspection hold points shall be:

Completion of surface preparation, prior to primer application.


Completion of application of each coat (primer, intermediate
and topcoat).
Final acceptance of completed coating work

11.

12.

10.4

The Company shall have the right to condemn any materials, equipment or
work not in compliance with this Specification. All necessary corrective
actions shall be performed by the CONTRACTOR and/or SUPPLIER at his
sole expense.

10.5

When more than one prime coat or finish coat is specified, a contrasting
colour shall be used to distinguish between coats.

COATING SYSTEMS
11.1

Finish colours shall be in accordance with the Finish Colour Coat Schedule
Table 1. RAL Numbers are indicated, but equivalent standard colours for B8
4800 and Munsell Number Standards are acceptable. If specified colours are
not available, colour cards shall be submitted for Company approval prior to
commencement of painting.

11.2

The coating selection guidelines are listed in Table 2.

11.3

Coating systems are listed in Table 3. All coatings shall be provided in


accordance with the Coating System Data Sheets.

11.4

DELETED

11.5

Where piping is painted with System BD on one section and System AD on


an adjoining section, the System BD primer and System AD topcoat shall be
applied to the joining weld touch up section. Where piping is painted with
System BD on one section and System CA on an adjoining section, the
System BD primer and System CA topcoat shall be applied to the joining weld
touch up section.

TCO COATING TRAINING MANUAL


12.1

TCO Coating Training Manual has been developed to help those who have
limited knowledge of coating applications, surface preparation, and
paint/coating inspection to become more proficient and to an acceptable
standard to qualify for TCO coating\painting projects.

12.2

The intent of the TCO Coating Training Manual is not to make the
inspector/coating applicators and surface preparation personnel experts but
to guide the contractor in training their personnel to gain TCO approval and
provide them with basic training and information that is required to produce a
good coating and lining job.

TABLE 1 - FINISH COAT COLOUR SCHEDULE


NO.
1.

13.
14.

ITEM DESCRIPTION
Structural steel (except galvanised)
Piperack steel
Support steel,
Walkway support steel
Baseframes
Tanks
Vessels, columns and heat exchangers
Stacks
Pumps, compressors, mixers & drivers
Piping:
General, including supports
Control Valves
Handwheels
Uninsulated valves, flanges and
other items in insulated systems
Drop-out Spools
Fuel Gas lines
Fire Equipment
Safety barriers
Miscellaneous ungalvanised structural
steel
Electrical panels/equipment/ housing,
Cable tray support steel
Other associated items
Kickplates, Sun shades,
Baseframe subframes,
Other miscellaneous items
Handrails, Ladders (except rungs) and
other safety equipment
Potable water piping
Physical hazards

15.
16

Mounded LPG Bullets


Oxygen Service piping

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

NOTE:

FINISH COLOUR
Reseda Green

RAL
6011

White
Pebble Grey
Silver Grey
Silver Grey

9010
7032
7001
7001

Pebble Grey
White
Jet Black

7032
9010
9005

White
Purple
Yellow
Flame Red
Yellow
Pebble Grey

9010
4007
1021
3000
1021
7032

Pebble Grey

7032

Pebble Grey

7032

Yellow

1021

Green
Yellow & black stripes
or checks
Grey
Blue

6017
1021/
9011
N/A
5012

Small items of ancillary equipment, located inside buildings, may be


excluded from the above table. e.g. Heating and ventilating pumps etc.

NOTE # 6: Piping all above ground piping shall be safety colour, banded coded and
identified as per SI-142, SI-142-2 section #7.
See table 2A of this specification.

TABLE 2 - PAINTING SYSTEM GUIDELINES


EQUIPMENT

COATING
TITLE
SYSTEM
CODE C/E: VESSELS, HEAT EXCHANGERS, FIRED HEATERS & MECHANICAL
EQUIPMENT (EXTERNAL COATINGS)
CA
Zinc rich epoxy/Epoxy
Uninsulated carbon steel to 120 oC
HS/Polyurethane
operating temperature
BD
Inorganic Zinc Silicate / Inorganic
Uninsulated carbon steel 121oC to
Silicate
400oC operating temperature
Insulated carbon steel surfaces to 100C
AD
Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy /
operating temperature
Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy
Insulated carbon steel, 101C (213F) to
BC
High temperature co-polymer
400C (725F) operating temperature,
continuous or cyclic.
Externally Insulated Exhaust Ducts,
BC
450F - 1000F
Insulated/Uninsulated Stainless Steel
None
No coating required
300 Series, below 60C and above
150C operating temperature
Insulated/Uninsulated Stainless Steel
AE
High Performance Modified Epoxy
300 Series, between 60C (140 F )and
150C (302F) operating temperature,
continuous or syslic.
CODE D: TANKS (EXTERNAL COATING) SHOP ERECTED
Uninsulated carbon steel to 120oC
operating temperature

CA

Insulated carbon steel surfaces to 120oC

AD

Zinc rich epoxy/Epoxy


HS/Polyurethane

Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy /


Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy
CODE D: TANKS (EXTERNAL COATING) - SITE ERECTED
CA
Zinc rich epoxy/Epoxy
Uninsulated carbon steel to 120oC
HS/Polyurethane
operating temperature
Insulated carbon steel surfaces to 100C
AD
Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy /
operating temperature
Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy
Insulated carbon steel, 101C to 400C
BC
High temperature co-polymer
operating temperature
Ladders, stairs, clips, platforms,
None
No coating required
appurtenances galvanized
CODE J: INSTRUMENTS
Instrument Panels (Steel) &
Weatherproof Housings (Steel)
Instrument Tubing (Stainless)

C
None

Low Temp. High Cure Epoxy +


Polyurethane
No coating required

CODE L: PIPING (INCLUDING VALVES & FITTINGS)


Uninsulated carbon steel to 120oC
operating temperature

CA

Zinc rich epoxy/Epoxy


HS/Polyurethane

Uninsulated carbon steel 121oC to 420oC


operating temperature

BD

Inorganic Zinc Silicate / Inorganic


Silicate

Insulated carbon steel surfaces to 100oC


operating temperature
Insulated carbon steel, 101C to 400C in
continuous service at a constant
temperature Pre-fabricated piping

AD

Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy /


Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy
To be coated with Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer, in accordance with
Coating System BC, for
preservation during transportation
and storage prior to installation

Insulated carbon steel, 176C(350F) to


400C (725F) in continuous service at a
constant temperature
Insulated/Uninsulated Stainless Steel 300
Series, between 60C and 150C
operating temperature
Stainless & Galvanised Carbon Steel
Painted for Service Identification (i.e.
Firemains)
To 100oC operating temperature
Insulated carbon steel surfaces to 100oC
operating temperature, subject to steam
out & design temperatures above 130C
Factory applied coating to underground
linepipe.
Alternative system for manually applied
factory coating
Field joints

NONE

BC

No Coating required

AE

High Performance Modified Epoxy

AD

Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy

AE

High performance modified epoxy

EG

Dual Layer FBE

EG

LPE

EG

Dual Layer FBE or LPE

Field joints (SGI HP Gas Injection)


Carbon Steel pipe spools below ground for
in-plant maintenance.

EG
EH

LPE
Multi purpose polyamide epoxy

Existing wrapped pipeline repairs

EI

Polyken Go-coat 200 and KOP-Coat


A-788. Dual repair system using
carboline KOP-Coat A-788 and
polyken Go-coat 200

CODE M: STRUCTURAL STEEL


Steel Structures (non-galvanised)

CA

Galvanized Platforms, Ladders, Stairways,


Gratings & Steel Structures

AF

Galvanized Handrails, Ladders (except


rungs) and other safety equipment.

CE

Zinc rich epoxy/Epoxy


HS/Polyurethane
Galvanised no full coating required
(repair system only)
Low Temp. Cure High Solids Epoxy
/ Aliphatic Polyurethane

(for safety identification)

CODE P: ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT


Galvanised
Aluminium
Steel
Motors

AF
None
C
CH

Galvanised - repair system only


No coating required
Urethane
Manufacturers Standard/Universal
Primer/Polyurethane
CODE R: MOUNDED LPG BULLETS
Mounded Carbon Steel Bullets
CJ
Multi Purpose Polyamide Epoxy
CODE S: INTERNALLY COATED VESSELS
Internally Coated Vessels
CK
Thin Film Epoxy
CODE
M

Top coat fire proofing

DD

Coating steelwork prior to


fireproofing

AD

Coat
fire
proofing
as
per
manufactures recommendation
Low temp. cure high solids epoxy

NOTE: All systems shall be suitable for application and curing at temperatures
from 5oC to 40oC

TENGIZCHEVROIL
TCO PROCESS LINE COLOR CODES
SI-142
_______________________________________________
Process line color codes table
Line / Equipment Service

LPG, Broad Fraction (methane,


ethane, propane, butane)
Potable, Cooling and Technical

Color of Lettering

ADDITION
TABLE 2A

Pipe Background Color


by paint and stencils2

Black

Yellow

White

Green

water
Nitrogen / CO2 / Other Inerts

Black

Yellow

Steam Condensate and Boiler


Feed Water

White

Red

Utility and Instrument Air

Black

Blue

LNG and Sweet Fuel Gas

Black

Yellow

Hydrogen

Black

Yellow

Corrosive Chemicals, Additives,


Acid

Black

Orange

Alkali

Black

Purple

Sour Process (sour gas, acid gas,


sour water, sulfur)

White

Brown

Crude Oil

White

Brown

Fire Water Lines

White

Red

Fire Foam System

White

Red

Treated effluent Water System

White

Green

Diesel

White

Brown

Note:
1. The process line color codes table has been generated to meet GOST 14202-69
INDUSTRIAL PIPELINES Color Codes, Safety Signs and Labels.
2. Pipelines are identified by different color codes and marked using paint and stencils.
The lines should be marked each 50 meters as a minimum (refer to SI-142 Section
7.1 for details).

TABLE 3 - COATING SYSTEM DATA SHEETS

COATING SYSTEM AD
(primer and topcoat)
Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2

Anchor Pattern:

50 70 microns
Primer (Shop)

Paint
DFT (microns)
Total DFT
(minimum):
Touch-up:

Low Temperature
Cure High Solids
Epoxy
100

Topcoat (Shop & field)


Low Temperature Cure High
Solids Epoxy
100

200 microns
Use this system.

Insulated carbon steel up to


100 C

For stainless steel and galvanised carbon steel when used for service identification.
This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Interplus 356

Ameron

Amerlock 400
Carbomastic 15

Carboline

Thinner
International

GTA-220

Cleaner
GTA-822

Ameron

Amercoat 65

Amercoat 12

NOTE: When coating stainless steel or galvanised carbon steel, please, consult with the
TCO representative.
COATING SYSTEM AE

Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2

Anchor Pattern:

50 microns
2 - Coats
High Performance
Modified Epoxy
2 x 150 microns

Paint
DFT (microns)
Total DFT
(minimum):

300 microns

Touch-up:

Use this system

For under insulation on carbon and stainless steel operating between 60C (140F) - 150C
(302F).
This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Coating system to be applied as per the Manufacturers Product Data Sheets.

Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Interplus 256

Ameron

Amercoat 90HS or equal & approved

Thinner
International Interplus
356
Amercoat 90HS

GTA-220

Cleaner
GTA-822

Amercoat 65

Amercoat 12

NOTE: For piping steam out above 150C - 200C use Amercoat 90 HS.

COATING SYSTEM AF
(Galvanising Repair)
Surface Preparation:

SSPC-SP7 (NACE No. 4) Brush blast finish is preferred;


SSPC-SP3 power brush finish is acceptable (Field)

Anchor Pattern:

1.5 - 2.5 mils


(40-65 microns)

Paint
DFT (mils)
(microns)
Total DFT
(minimum):
Touch-up:

Primer

Tie-coat

Topcoat

Zinc Rich Epoxy

75

75 microns

Use this system

This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Interzinc 52

Ameron

Amercoat 160
Galvanox

Carboline

Thinner
Interzinc 52

GTA-220

Cleaner
GTA-822

Amercoat 160

9 HF

Amercoat 12

COATING SYSTEM BC
Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2

Anchor Pattern:

50 70 microns

Paint
DFT (microns)
Total DFT
(minimum):
Touch-up:

Primer (Shop)

Topcoat (Shop and Field)

Heat Resistant
Inorganic copolymer
100 microns
200 microns

Inorganic Heat Resistant


opolymer
100 microns

As above

Specific Note:
For under insulation with operating temperatures between 101C (212F) and 400C (725F)
This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Coating system to be applied as per the Manufacturers product data sheets.

Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Intertherm 751

Intertherm 751

Ameron

H-T-1027

Amercoat H-T-1027

Thinner
Intertherm 751

Cleaner
GTA-007

GTA-007

Amercoat H-T-1027
NOTE: For operating temperatures up to 1000F (540C) use Ameron H-T-1027.

COATING SYSTEM BD
Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2

Anchor Pattern:

50 70 microns
Primer (Shop)

Topcoat (Shop and Field)

Paint
DFT (microns)

Inorganic Zinc Silicate


75

Inorganic Silicate Topcoat


125

Total DFT
(minimum):

200 microns

Touch-up:

As above

Specific Note:
Inorganic zinc silicate shall be kept mixed, using agitated pot while applying.
This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Interzinc 22

Intertherm 181

Ameron

Dimetcoat 9

Amercoat 741

Carbozinc

Carbozinc Topcoat

Carboline

Thinner
Interzinc 22
Intertherm 181
Dimetcoat 9
Amercoat 741

GTA-803
GTA-007
Amercoat 13
Amercoat 65

NOTE: Do not use zink silicate under insulation.

Cleaner
GTA-803
GTA-220
Amercoat 12
Amercoat 65

Attachment A

COATING SYSTEM PREPARATION

COATING SYSTEM CA
Surface Preparation:

SSPC-SP10 (NACE # 2) Near-White blast finish (Shop)

Anchor Pattern:

1.5 - 2.5 mils


(40-65 microns)
Primer (Shop)

Tie-coat (Shop)

Topcoat (Shop)

Zinc Rich Epoxy or


Zinc Phosphate
Epoxy

Polyamide
Epoxy (High Build)

Aliphatic
Polyurethane or
Acrylic

DFT (mils)
(microns)

3.0-4.0
(75-100)

5.0-7.0
(125-175)

2.0-3.0
(50-75)

Total DFT
(minimum):

10.0 mils
(250 microns)

Paint

Specific notes:
Approved
Manufacturer

Product
Description

Tie-coat

Topcoat

International Paints

Interzinc 52

Intergard 475

Interthane 990

Ameron

Amercoat 68

Amercoat 383

Amercoat 450HS

Thinner
Interzinc 52

GTA-220

Cleaner
GTA-822

Intergard 475

GTA-007

GTA-822

Interthane 990

GTA-713

GTA-713

Amercoat 68

9HF

9HF

Amercoat 383

Amercoat 65

Amercoat 12

Amercoat 450

Amercoat 920

Amercoat 12

COATING SYSTEM CE
Surface Preparation:

SSPC-SP3 Power brush finish - all loose paint and rust shall be
removed (Field)
SSCP-SP7 (NACE No. 4) Brush off blast (for galvanized surface
only) (Field)

Anchor Pattern:

40-75 microns

Paint (High Build)


DFT (microns)

Primer (Field)
Low Temp. Cure
High Solids Epoxy
100

Total DFT
(minimum):

150 microns

Touch-up:

Use this system

Topcoat (Field)
Aliphatic
Polyurethane
50-75

Specific Notes:
a)
Manufacturers of mechanical equipment normally have their own standard
coatings and find it economically impractical to change to Company specified
systems. It is the intention of this specification that the Company specified
system be applied. Written Company approval shall be obtained before a
manufacturer's standard system can be substituted. Alternative is to accept
manufacturers standard primer and then apply Coating System CH.
b)
Respirators are strongly recommended when applying polyurethane.
This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Interplus-Intercure 200

Interthane 990

Carboline

Phenoline

Carbothane

Ameron

Amerlock 400

Amercoat 450 HS

Thinner
Intercure 200
Interthane 990
Amerlock 400
Amercoat 450

GTA-220
GTA-713
Amercoat 65
Amercoat 920

Cleaner
GTA-822
GTA-713
Amercoat 12
Amercoat 12

COATING SYSTEM CH
Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2
SSPC-SP3 Power brush finish is acceptable

Anchor Pattern:

40-65 microns

Paint
DFT (microns)

Primer /Tie-Coat

Topcoat

Universal
Primer
100

Polyurethane
50-75

Total DFT
(minimum):

150 microns

Touch-up:

Use this system without the manufacturer's standard primer

Specific Notes:
a)

Respirators are strongly recommended when applying polyurethane

This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.

Approved Manufacturer
International Paints

Primer Product
Description
Interplus 356

Interthane 990

Ameron

Amercoat 185

Amercoat 450

Carboline

Carbothane

Thinner
Interplus 356
Interthane 990
Amercoat 185
Amercoat 456

GTA-220
GTA-713
Amercoat 65
Amercoat 920

Top Coat

Cleaner
GTA-822
GTA-713
Amercoat 65
Amercoat 12

COATING SYSTEM CJ
Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2

Anchor Pattern:

50 microns
First Coat
Multi Purpose
Polyamide Epoxy
225 microns

Paint
DFT (microns)

Top Coat
Multi Purpose
Polyamide Epoxy
225 microns

Total DFT
(minimum):

450 microns

Weld Repair / Touchup:

Grind final weld seam to remove rough sharp contours.


3 coats of Ameron Amercoat 385 applied by brush at 150 microns
per coat, to a DFT of 400 - 450 microns

Specific Notes:
This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

International Paints

Interseal 670 HS

Ameron

Amercoat 385

Thinner
Interseal 670 HS
Amercoat 385

GTA-220

Cleaner
GTA-822

Amercoat 65 OR-9HF

Amercoat 12

COATING SYSTEM CK
Surface Preparation:
Anchor Pattern:

Solvent Clean to SSPC-SP-1


Blast to White Metal SSPC-SP5
Dust to be Removed by Vacuum After Blasting
2-3 mils
First Coat
2 nd Coat
3d coat

Paint
DFT (microns)
Total DFT
(minimum):
Touch-up:

Use the same products for touch-up.

Specific Notes: Vessel internals.


All coating to be carried out in accordance with Section 9.1 of this Specification
Coatings to be applied as per Manufacturers product data sheets.

COATING SYSTEM DD
Primer (Shop)

Fireproofing (Field)

Coating System AD

Vermiculite / Cement Premix


Per Manufacturers Instructions

This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

Mandoval

Fendolite

COATING SYSTEM EG
For Automated Shop Applied
External Systems for Operating
Temperatures up to 120C
For Hand Applied Systems,
Including Field Joints
For SGI HP Gas Injection Lines
(PWHT)

Dual Layer Fusion Bonded Epoxy (FBE)

(Document No. W-ST-2013)


Liquid Phenolic Epoxy (LPE)
(Document No. W-ST-2012)

Liquid Phenolic Epoxy (LPE)


(Document No. W-ST-2012)

This system will come in two components A- Base, C- Curing Agent. Mixing ratios shall be
as per manufactures product data sheets.
Specifications:
FBE Document No. W-ST-2013
LPE Document No. W-ST-2012

Application: In accordance with manufacturers instructions.

Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

Dupont

Nap Guard Gold (FBE)

Canusa
SPC
Dupont

Liquid Phenolic Epoxy HBE-HT (LPE)


SP8888 (LPE)
7-1854 (LPE)

International Paint

Interzone 485

Before using any of these systems please consult with TCO Senior Coating Inspector or
Reliability Group.

COATING SYSTEM EH
Surface Preparation:

Sa 2-1/2

Anchor Pattern:

50 microns

Paint
DFT (microns)

3 - Coats
Coal Tar Epoxy
3x100 microns

Total DFT
(minimum):

300 microns

Touch-up:

Use this system

Approved Manufacturer

Product Description

Ameron

Amercoat

Carboline

Bitumastic

International Paints

Intertuf HB


1. ................................................................................................
2. , ................................
3. ..................................................................................
4. ........................................................................................................................
5. .....................................................................................................
6. ...................................................................................................................
7. .......................................................................................
8. .....................................
9. .....................................................................
10. ........................................................................................................................
11. ....................................................................................................
12.

................................................................................................................................76
1 .......
2 ......................................................
3 ........................................

1.



, ,
, ,
.

2.

,

,
,
, , .
2.1

,
, .
:
ASTM A123

(
)
.

.

,

(
)
.
.
I II.

ASTM D4285
ASTM D4417
ASTM D4541
729
RAL


(NACE),

(SSPC)
SIS
5900
NACE RP0178

05

NACE RP0184

NACE RP0188
NIOSH 92-102

SIS

05

,


,
.

.

.

5900


, ,
.
3.


:
ANSI
ASME
BS
NACE

4.

, ,

, (),

, ,

().

.
, ,
/
.

5.

4.1

.
.

4.2


,
.


5.1

"
"
"
"
" "
" "

NACE
No.1

SSPC
SP-5

SIS
Sa3

No.2

SP-10

Sa2

No.3
No.4

SP-6
SP-7

Sa2
Sa1

" "
" "
" "

----

SP-1
SP-2
SP-3

St1
St2
St3

, NACE
,
, .
,

,

,
SSPC VIS-1 .
5.2

,
,
.

5.3

, ,
, (), ,
. .,

.


.

5.4

, ,
, .
, , ,
, .
, ,

.

5.5

,
,

"D"( )
.

5.6

,


.

5.7

,
,
,

.

5.8

,
, ,
, ..,
,

. ,
, ,
,
,
. ,
,

.
5.9

, ,

. , ,

. , , ,
,
, ,
7.0 , /.

5.10


.

, .

5.11

,
, , , ..,
, ,
.

5.12

,
, .. , , ,
, ,
.

5.13


, .

5.14



,
.
,
, .

5.15


;
.

.

.

5.16



.
.

1, .
, /
/ .
5.17

( )
,
.

-
.
50
.

5.18

,
,
, ,

.

,
,

.

5.19

,
:


.

.

(ALUZINC).
.
.

, ,

.
5.20

(
, )
.

5.21

, , ,
/,
,
.

5.22

,
, . , ,
,
.
,
.

5.23

6.

7.

,
,
.

6.1

, ( )
/ , (
) , , ,
, , ..
ASTM 123 BS729.

.

6.2

920 / 2 845
/2 . ,
, , .


7.1

, ,
, , ,
,
.
,
SSPC-SP-1
NACE.

7.2


.
.

7.3

, ,
SSPCSP-2 SSPC-SP-3 NACE.
,
.

7.4


7.4.1


SSPC NACE,
.

7.4.2

7.4.3

,
,
.
, .
(),

,
.
, ,
, :
SiO2 . - 95%
CaO - 0,2%
0,8%
- 1,44%
7.4.4

,
,

.
"Testex Press-OFilm" .

7.4.5


, , ,
, , ..

7.4.6

,
,
,
, .

7.4.7


,
.

7.4.8

100

,
.

25 ,
, 7.4.9.

7.4.9

,
,

. , ,
,
,
.
,
.
,
.

7.4.10

, ,
,

, , , ,

,
.

8.


8.1

, ,
, .

.

8.2


,
, ,
.

, , .

,
, .

8.3


.
,
.
, ,
.

8.4


3C.

8.5

.
,
.

,

.
24 .

. ,

,
, .

8.6

,
,
.
,
.

8.7

,
, ,
,
. ,
/

,
.
, ..
, ,

.
8.8

, ,
,
.
;

, ,
.

/ .

8.9

,
,

.
- .

8.10

, ,
, ,
.

8.11

8.12

8.11.1

,
.

,
.

8.11.2

,
, ,

.
,
.




. ,

. ,

,
.

8.13

9.

8.13.1

,
.

8.13.2

,

125 .
, 125 ,
,
.
.

,
.


9.1

9.2

9.1.1



,
, 9.1.
. ,

,

.

.

9.1.2

,
.
,
.
, .

9.1.3


.

, ,
.

9.1.4


,

//
.



, ,
, , .
:

1%
NIOSH 92-102;
;

125 /.;

200 /.;
, , ,
,
.


, ,
.

9.3

9.2.1

-
.

9.2.2


,
.

9.2.3

9.2.4

,
,


.

9.2.5


" " .
.


9.3.1

,
,
. ,

,
.
,
.

9.3.2

,
,
SSPC SP-1, , ,
- ,
.

,
, 300 .

.

, .
9.3.3


. , ,
, ( )

. . ,
,

.
. ,
, ,
.
, .

9.3.4

, ,
SSPC SP-5
.
, ,
155 .
.
SSPC VIS-1.

9.3.5

, ,
.

9.3.6


9,5 11 .
5,9 - 6,9 .


.

9.3.7


3
.

.
, ,
.

9.3.8

, ,
.
, ,
, .


, 9.1.

9.4

9.3.9

, ,
,
,
. ,
,
.

9.3.10

, ,

, ,
.

9.3.11

,
,
, (
) , ,

. ,

.
,

-
,
.

9.3.12

, ..


9.4.1


,
- .
,
,
SSPC SP-5.

9.4.2

9.4.3

,
. ,
,

.

,

.
. .

9.5

9.4.4

,
,
,
.
,

3 .
,
. ,

3 .

9.4.5

,

, .
,

.


, ,
. ,
, :

9.6

9.5.1

,
,
.

9.5.2



.

, .
,
.

9.5.3

, ,
-,

.

9.5.4

,
,
.


9.6.1

9.6.2


360 76-400 ,

0,5 . 360
400 , 1,0
.
,

76 .
,
.
9.7


9.7.1

1:
, , ,
, .
.
.
2: (
)
, .

. (DFT)
, 9.1.
3:
, "
" 9.1. 9.1.
, ,
.

.

.
/,
9.1., .
,
. 4 ,
,
, .
4: . ,
,
.
" " 200-400.
5: , ,
. ,
. ,

,
() .
,
.
6: ,
.
9.7.2

1: ,
, 1 2 9.7.1.
2: ,
9.1.,
, , , ,
.
, 3 .
3: .

.

.

, ,
:

120-180.
1 (25 )
( ).
,
.

.
.
.
.
9.7.3

,
,
9.9.14.
, ,
(
), 9.7.4.
9.7.4


" NACE RP0184,
", :

1: ,
3

.
,
3 "Clean and Strip", 3M "Roto Peen"
.
.
1
.
2: ,
.
3:
,
.

.
.
.
4: 9.1.
,

" " 200-400.
,
.
5: , ,
.
6:
, ,
3 .
.

9.9.12.
.
7: , 9.1.
8: .
9.8

9.8.1

"
" 9.1.2.

. 9.1.
,
. ,
,
.


, 9.1.
9.8.2

9.8.3

9.9


9.8.2.1



22 , .

, 9.1.

9.8.2.2

()

,
9.1,
.


.

9.8.2.3



.
, ,

.

.

9.8.2.4


( , ).

9.8.2.5



. .


.

,

,
, ,
.
.


9.9.1


,
.
9.9.2

,
,
.

.

9.9.3


,
,
.
, , :

;
;

;
, SSPC-VIS 1;
"Testex Press-O-Film"
;
;
(WFT);
(DFT);


(NIST) .

.

9.9.4


.

.
,
"Testex" ..

9.9.5

,
,
,
.

9.9.6

.

.
9.9.6.1


,
,

).
.
9.9.7


, ,
,
, 8 ,
, ,
.

.

.
,


, .

, 312F
Pacific Transducer Corporation (PTC)

9.9.8





.
,
.

.
,
.

9.9.9




SSPC-VIS 1.
SSPC-SP 5 "
".

9.9.10

"Testex
Press-O-Film".
.
,
.

"Clemtex"

"KTA".

9.9.11


(DFT)
,
,
.
,
.
2
2.

,
.
0,5 (12 )
75 .
, , 80%
120%
.

.
DFT, .


, Mikrotest, Positector
2000, Positector 6000, Elcometer 345, ,
.

,
,
.

9.9.12




, , ,
. ,
, ,
.

9.9.13

.
,
NACE RP0188.

.
"TinkerRasor M-1"
.
50 x
50 x 150 .
7,8 / "Eastman Kodak Photo-Flo"

67,5 80000 .
80000
.
NACE RP0188.
9.9.14




,
. ,
, , ..

9.9.15

()

(). ,


, :

9.10

9.10.1

, ,
, ,
,
,
:

,
.

,
( ).

, ,
. ,
, ,
.
.


, .
9.10.2


,
, ,
.., .
.
, ,
, ..
.
,
,
.

.
,
,
,
.

,
,
. ,
,
.
,
,
, .

A

.
,
.

Plain
Face

Blas ting and


Internal Coating

S tops Here


Ring Joint

(RTJ)

(RJT)



Blas

t and Coat
Internal Bore

Blas ting and

Internal Coating
S tops Here

Blas
t and Coat
Internal Bore

Blas ting
and


Internal Coating

S tops Here

Blas ting
and


Internal Coating

S tops Here

Raised Face

Raised Face

In crude oil, product,

or chemical s ervice

operating <50 ps i.

Internal Coating

Blas ting and

In all other cases.

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

S tops Here

Blas
t and Coat
Internal Bore

Blas ting
and

Internal
Coating

S tops Here

Blas t and Coat Internal Bore

Blas ting and


Internal Coating
S tops Here

9.1
,
, .
.
,
, ,
.
,
. ( ,
)
: ,
, .
, ,
.
, .
( ),
. , ,
.
,

:

3
4
5
6

7
8

Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 390
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS
Interline 850
Amercoat 90HS

140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
120F/50C
120F/50C

Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD

200F/95C
140F/60C
200F/65C
120F/50C
120F/50C
130F/55C

140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C
140F/60C

Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000
Phenoline 1205
Sigma Shield 905
Jotun/Baltoflake
Dudick/ProtectoCoat 800
Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000
Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000
Phenoline 1205
Interzone 1000

120F/50C
120F/50C

Phenoline 1205
Interline 984

200F/95C
140F/60C

120F/50C
120F/50C

Phenoline 1205
Sigma Shield 905

200F/65C
120F/50C

190F/90C
140F/60C
200F/95C
150F/65C
200F/95C
180F/80C

10

11

Interline 850
Amercoat 395
FD
Interzinc 22
Carbozinc 11
Interline 850
Hempadur 1550

120F/50C
120F/50C

Phenoline 1205
Sigma Shield 905

120F/50C
120F/50C

/
/
/
/

200F/65C
120F/50C
N/R
N/R
N/R
N/R

9.1.2 /
,
.
, ,
/ .

10.

10.1

, ,

.

.

.

10.2

6.4


.


20 .
,
,
.

(1 )
, .

/
(). pH ,
, 5.
(
) 5%
.
..

, , ,
.

,

Mikrotest, Elcometer, ,
.

SSPC-PA-2-73T "
".

, ,
, .
10.3


, .
:

11.


.
(,
).

.

10.4

,
, .

() .

10.5

,
, , ,
.


11.1


( 1). RAL,

BS 4800 .
,
.

11.2

2.

11.3

3.
.

11.4

11.5

BD,
AD,
BD,
AD.
BD, ,
BD,
A.

12.


12.1


,
, , ,
\

.

12.2

,
, ,
,

,
,
.

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
8.
9.
10.

11.

12.
13.
14.
15.
16.


(
)



, ,

:
,

,








/
/



,
, .

(
)



( )

-
-

RAL
6011

9010
7032
7001
7001
7032
9010
9005
9010

4007
1021
3000
1021
7032

7032

7032

1021

6017
1021/
9011

5012

:
,
, . ,
..

6: ,
SI-142, SI-142-2, 7 .
2A .

C/E: , ,
( )

CA
/

120C
/

BD

/

121C 400

AD

,
100C
/

,


B
.
101C (213 F)
400C
(725F),

.

BC
/


300,
60C 150C
/
AE

300,

60C (140F)
150C
(302F),

.
D: ( ),

CA
/

120C
/

AD

,
/
120C

,

D: ( ),

CA
/

120C
/

AD

/
100C


101C 400C
, , ,
,

J:
()

()

,

+
( )


L: ( )


120C

CA


121oC 420oC


100C

BD



101C (212F)
400C (725F)


176C (350F)
400C (725F).
/
300,
60C 150C
,

(,

).
100C


100C
130C

.

.

(
)



AD

AE

AD

EG
EG
EG
EG
EH

EI

/

/
/

/
,

.

(FBE)
LPE (
)
FBE LPE
LPE (
)

Polyken Go-coat 200 KOP-Coat A788.

carboline KOP-Coat A-788


polyken Go-coat 200.

M:
()

CA

/

/

AF

, ,


)
,
CE

..
(

,
)

P:

AF

CH

/
/

R: ( )

CJ

.
S:

CK
.

DD

AD

:
5C 40.


-142

,
/


2

(, , ,

)
,

, CO2

, ,

( ,
, , )

:
1.


14202-69
. ,
.

2.


, .
50
( . . 7.1 -142).

3
AD
( )

Sa 2-1/2
50 70
()


()


():
:

100


( )


,

100

200
.
100 .


.
2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Interplus 356

Ameron

Amerlock 400
Carbomastic 15

Carboline

International

GTA-220

GTA-822

Ameron

Amercoat 65

Amercoat 12

:
, .

AE

Sa 2-1/2
50
2


()


():
:

2 150
300


60 (140F) 150 (302 F).
2 : , .
,
.

.

International

Interplus 256

Ameron

Amercoat 90HS
.

International Interplus
356
Amercoat 90 HS

GTA-220

GTA-822

Amercoat 65

Amercoat 12

: , 150 - 200,
Amercoat 90 HS.

AF
( )

SSPC-SP7 (NACE 4):


,

.
SSPC-SP3:
( )
1,5 2,5
(40-65 )

75
()
()

75

():
:

2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Interzinc 52

Ameron

Amercoat 160
Galvanox

Carboline

Interzinc 52

GTA-220

GTA-822

Amercoat 160

9 HF

Amercoat 12

BC

Sa 2-1/2

50 70
()

()

100
200

():

100


101 (212F) 400 (725F).

2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Intertherm 751

Ameron

H-T-1027

Intertherm 751

Intertherm 751
Amercoat H-T-1027

GTA-007

GTA-007

Amercoat H-T-1027
: 1000F (540),
Amercoat H-T-1027.

BD
:

Sa 2-1/2

50 70
()

75


()

():
:


( )


125

200

:
.
.
2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Interzinc 22

Intertherm 751

Ameron

Dimetcoat 9

Amercoat 741

Carboline

Carbozinc

Carbozinc Topcoat

Interzinc 22
Intertherm 181
Dimetcoat 9
Amercoat 741

GTA-803
GTA-007
Amercoat 13
Amercoat 65

GTA-803
GTA-220
Amercoat 12
Amercoat 65

:
.

CA

:
:

SSPC-SP10 (NACE 2):


()
1.5 - 2.5
(40-65 )
()

()

3.0-4.0
5.0-7.0
()
(75-100)
(125-175)
()

10.0

(250 )
():


()


2.0-3.0
(50-75)
-

International Paints

Interzinc 52

Intergard 475

Interthane 990

Ameron

Amercoat 68

Amercoat 383

Amercoat 450HS

Interzinc 52

GTA-220

Intergard 475

GTA-007

GTA-822

Interthane 990

GTA-713

GTA-713

Amercoat 68

9HF

9HF

Amercoat 383

Amercoat 65

Amercoat 12

Amercoat 450

Amercoat 920

Amercoat 12

GTA-822

CE

SSPC-SP3:
(
).
SSCP-SP7 (NACE 4): ,

( ) (
).

40-75

( )

( )

100
()

50-75

150

():
:

:
c)

d)


,
, . -
, .
, .

CH.

.

2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Interplus-Intercure 200

Interthane 990

Carboline

Phenoline

Carbothane

Ameron

Amerlock 400

Amercoat 450 HS


Intercure 200
Interthane 990
Amerlock 400
Amercoat 450

GTA-220
GTA-713
Amercoat 65
Amercoat 920

GTA-822
GTA-713
Amercoat 12
Amercoat 12

CH

Sa 2-1/2
SSPC-SP3:
.

40-65

()

100

50-75

150

():
:

:
b)

2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Interplus 356

Interthane 990

Ameron

Amercoat 185

Amercoat 450

Carboline

Carbothane

Interplus 356
Interthane 990
Amercoat 185
Amercoat 456

GTA-220
GTA-713
Amercoat 65
Amercoat 920

GTA-822
GTA-713
Amercoat 65
Amercoat 12

CJ

Sa 2-1/2
50

225
()

225


():

450


/
:


.
3 "Ameron Amercoat 385"
150 400450 .

:
2 : , .
,
.

International Paints

Interseal 670 HS

Ameron

Amercoat 385

Interseal 670 HS
Amercoat 385

GTA-220

GTA-822

Amercoat 65 OR-9HF

Amercoat 12

CK

SSPC-SP1.
(SSPC-SP5).

.

2-3

)

()


():
:

: .
9.1
.

.

DD
()

(
)

AD

2 : , .
,
.

Mandoval

Fendolite

EG

,
,
120C
,
,
,


()


(FBE)
( W-ST-2013)
(LPE)
( No. W-ST-2012)
(LPE)
( W-ST-2012)

2 : , .
,
.
:
FBE W-ST-2013
LPE W-ST-2012

: .

Dupont

Nap Guard Gold (FBE)

Canusa
SPC
Dupont

HBE-HT (LPE)
SP8888 (LPE)
7-1854 (LPE)

International Paint

Interzone 485

-
.

EH

:
:


()

Sa 2-1/2
50
3


3100


(.):

300

Ameron

Amercoat

Carboline
International Paints

Bitumastic
Intertuf HB