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3.

THE USE OF ARTICLES WITH PROPER NOUNS


3.1 GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES

1. , : Europe, Asia, South (Latin)


America, Northern Europe, Central Africa, South-East Asia.
2. , , : the
Arctic, the Antarctic, the North Pole, the South Pole, the north, the south.
3. , , , , , , ,
, : France, China, California, Kashmir, Oslo, Brighton, Tartu, Grasmere
(), Appledore (); ancient Greece, old England, southern Spain.
:
) ( kingdom, federation, duchy, republic, states, union) the USA, the UK, the Soviet Union,
the Argentine/_Argentina, the Ukraine/_Ukrainia, the Netherlands, the Cameroon, the Senegal, (the) Congo, (the)
Lebanon;
) the Crimea, the Caucasus, the Ruhr, the Tyrol, the Transvaal, the Riviera, the Saar;
) the Middle East, the Far East, the north of England, the south of France.
) the Hague.
4. , , , ,
, : the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea; the Magellan Strait, the Bering
Strait, the Kattegat, the Bosp(h)orus; the English Channel, the Suez Canal, the Panama Canal; the Nile, the Mississippi;
the Baikal, the Ontario (: _Lake Baikal, _Lake Ontario).
5. , : Hudson Bay, Baffin Bay (: the Gulf of
Mexico the Persian Gulf).
6. , ,
: Indo-China, Kamchatka, Labrador, : the Balkan Peninsula, the Kola Peninsula.
7. , : the Sahara, the Gobi, the Kara
Kum.
8. , : the Rocky
Mountains, the Alps, the Pamirs the Cordilleras; the Philippines, the Azores, the Bermudas.
, : Elbrus, Everest,
Mont Blanc; Cuba, Cyprus, Madagascar, Corfu.
, ,
, , : In his novels Walter Scott described the
England of the Middle Ages. Gone is the Moscow of the merchants and aristocrats.
, , .
,
, .
.
1. , , , , : Oxford Street, Pall Mall, Piccadilly, Fleet Street,
Whitehall, : the Strand, the High Street, the Mall, the Main Street, the Rue de Rivoli ( ), the Via Manzoni (
) . .
2. , ,
, , : Hyde Park, Regents Park, Central Park;
Trafalgar Square, Russel Square, Piccadilly Circus, : the Botanical Gardens, the (Snowdonia) National Park, the Gorki
Park ( ), the Tiergarten ( ).
3. , : London University, Cambridge University,
Harvard University, Moscow University, : the University of London, the University of Moscow.
4. , : London
Airport, Moscow Airport, Victoria Station.
5. , , , , , , ,
, : the Covent Garden ( ), the
Bolshoi Theatre; the British Museum; the Tate (Gallery), the Tretyakov Gallery; the Festival Hall, the Albert Hall, the
Tchaikovsky Hall; the Odeon (cinema), the Empire (cinema); the Rotary Club, the National Liberal Club; the London
Hospital; the Ambassador Hotel, the Savoy, the Grand Hotel. : Her Majestys (theatre), Browns (hotel), Marias
(cafe), Guys (hospital).
6. , : the Titanic, the Sedov.
7. , : The Times, The
Manchester Guardian, The Lancet.
8. , , : Scotland
Yard, Westminster Abbey, : the Old Bailey, the Tower, the Royal Exchange.
9. , ,
1

, : the Lake District, the Yorkshire Forests, the Virgin Lands.


10. , : March, June; Monday, Friday.
11. ,
, : the Liberal Party, the Church, the London City Council, the Russian Army, :
Parliament ( ), (the) Congress ( ), NATO.
12. , language, : English,
Spanish, Japanese, : the Italian language, the French language.
13. , the Dark Ages, the French Revolution.
3.2 NAMES OF PERSONS
Names of Persons
1. Names of
Persons

NO ARTICLE
a) no article
There was a letter from
Susan inviting me to a party.
b)
old, young, little,
dear, poor, honest
Young Jolyon was
standing by the piano
... she is a widow
of poor George ...

2. Nouns of
relationship

a)
:
Uncle Jolyon
Aunt Polly
b)



She went into the hall: "Is
Mother back?"
academician,
professor,
doctor, count,
Brown
lord, colonel,
Mr/Mrs.

3. Nouns denoting
ranks, titles,
profession
followed by a
proper name

THE
a)
He is very
different from the rest of the
Kents.
b)

Is he the Kerouac who is


a writer?
She was no more the
Julia of the first years of
their marriage.
a)
:
The son was as clever as
the father.
b) :
Lomonosov was the son
of a fisherman.
Becky was the daughter
of an artist.

A/AN
a) : I have often
wondered if Tim was really a Burton.
b)
-,

:
Why, you are quite a Monte Cristo.
She left like an Alice in Wonderland.
c)
certain:
I heard it from a certain Mr. Jagger.

-,
+
:
The painter Warhol left
a lot of fine pictures.

:
1. (like John, London etc.).
2. Mr, Mrs, Miss and Ms +: Mr. Pym, Mr. John Pym.
3. Doctor Dr, : I'm Dr Brown. : It's my liver, Doctor.
4. Madam Sir (,): Yes, madam? Sir
(+): Sir John (Falstaff), ( "Sir Falstaff").
Sir .
5. , Uncle Auntie ( "cousin" "sister").
6. Major and Professor .
7. Nurse, Sister , .
EXERCISES
Ex. 1. Supply "the" or "-".
1. I've always understood _____ Dark Ages to refer specifically to _____ Medieval Europe. 2. Ferguson has travelled
everywhere from _____ Central Asia to _____ Arctic. 3. I've been to _____ Brazil and _____ Argentina, but I've never
been to _____ USA. 4. I'd love to do a tour of European capitals and visit _____ London, _____ Paris, and _____
Vienna. 5. What's your address? I live in _____ Montague Road, number 27. 6. I could never afford to stay at hotels
like _____ Brown's or _____ Hilton. 7. Karl was born in _____ Bavaria, but he now lives in _____ Ohio. 8. You can't
visit_____ London without seeing _____ Buckingham Palace. 9. I've been climbing in _____ Alps, but I've never
managed to get up _____ Mont Blanc. 10. A lot of people have tried to cross _____ Sahara without being properly
prepared. 11. I'd love to travel down _____ Nile as far as _____ Luxor. 12. There is a splendid view of _____ Lake
Geneva from this hotel. 13. We had an early dinner at _____ Leoni's and then went to a play at _____ Globe Theatre. 14.
Go down _____ Oxford Street till you come to _____ Oxford Circus, then turn right. 15. Do you know the song about
_____ London Bridge?
Ex. 2. CONTEXT. Put "a/an", "the" or "-".

HIGH FLYER
2

I travel all over the world on business and my neighbour thinks my life is _____ long holiday. You know what _____
business travel is like: up at _____ dawn to catch _____ plane; _____ breakfast in _____ London, _____ lunch in _____
New York, _____ luggage in _____ Bermuda. When you're in _____ sky, you see only snow in _____ Arctic or _____
Greenland. You have glimpses of _____ Andes or _____ Pacific. You're always exhausted. Your wife or husband
complains you're never there to take _____ children to _____ school or put them to _____ bed. When you get home,
your neighbour says, "Another nice _____ holiday, eh?" Give me Home, Sweet Home any day!
Ex. 3. Insert articles where necessary.
1. _____ Volga is the longest river in _____ Europe, it flows from _____ Valdai Hills to _____ Caspian Sea. 2. _____
Riviera in _____Caucasus is the most popular place in summer. 3. _____ Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. 4.
_____ Elbrus is the highest peak in _____ Europe. 5. _____ Hague, a city in _____ Western Netherlands near _____
North Sea, is the seat of the Dutch Government. 6. _____ Strand opens into _____ Trafalgar Square, with two fountains,
_____ Nelsons Column, _____ Admiralty Arch and _____ National Gallery. 7. _____ Government offices line _____
Whitehall, and on the right is _____ famous Downing Street. 8. _____ Sahara is the greatest desert in _____ North
Africa, extending from _____ Atlantic Ocean to _____ Nile. _____ Philippines is an archipelago which consists of
thousands of islands. _____ West Indies is a chain of islands between _____ North and _____ South America. 11. _____
surface of _____ Mediterranean is never so blue as that of _____ Adriatic. 12. _____ London of only 15 years ago! What
a commonplace to point out its difference from _____ London of today. There is _____ new London which is just as
interesting to its new citizens as _____ old London was to myself.
Ex. 4. Mark those sentences that are wrong or unacceptable and briefly say why.
1. Excuse me, Mr. can you tell me the way to the station, please? 2. Good morning, Doctor. 3. Don't ask me. Ask Mrs.
Elizabeth. 4. Can I introduce you to Mrs. Elizabeth Taylor? 5. I have an appointment with Dr Spielberg. 6. Ive just
received a letter from cousin Frank. 7. Can I help you, Mrs? 8. Can I help you, Madam? 9. Sir Falstaff is a famous
Shakespeare character. 10. May I have a word with you, please, Professor? 11. I've addressed the letter to the Professor
George Lucas. Is that right? 12. Nurse, could I speak to you for a moment, please?
Ex. 5. Insert articles where necessary.
1. "What I call _____ Forsyte", said _____ young Jolyon. "is a man who is a slave of property". 2. There was a little
sentimentality about _____ Forsytes. 3. _____ Clyde whom Samuel Griffiths met at the Union League Club was
different from _____ Clyde who had fled from Kansas City 3 years before. 4. He has the humour of _____ Checkov. 5.
To feel more comfortable you should have taken _____ Pullman. 6. But it was _____ very subdued Rose who replied.
And it was quite a frightened Rose who rang the bell. 7. I know very little about him as you do he is _____ Mr.
Tarantino. 8. One of the correspondents handed McCartney the paper and asked, "Are you _____ McCartney who wrote
this?" 9. This John was _____ different John from _____ one she had seen round the house. 10. _____ Queen Mary was
launched by _____ Queen Mary in 1938.
Ex. 6. Insert articles where necessary.
1. _____ Willowbys left town as soon as they were married. 2. This wasn't _____ Beatrice she knew. 3. _____ father
and _____ daughter appeared at last. 4. _____ professor Keitel is _____ man to whom you'll be responsible for your
undergraduate teaching. 5. This Pat wasn't like _____ Pat of his memories. 6. If you are _____ Napoleon, you'll play
_____ game of _____ power, if you're _____ Leonardo you'll play for _____ know ledge. 7. Elsie said she would ring up
_____ Doctor Hitchcock. 8. _____ poor Edward muttered something, but what it was nobody knew. 9. _____ gentle,
tender-hearted Amelia sadly was _____ only person to whom Becky could attach herself. 10. I am _____ Mr. Keaton to
whom you were to come.
Ex. 7. Translate into English.
A) 1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. " " 1890 . 5.
, . 6. . 7.
.
B) Translate into English. 1. - . 2. ,
. 3. . 4. , ,
, . 5. . 6. XIX
. 7. .. 1855 . , .
. 8. . 9. ?
. 10. ? , "
".