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UXO (Unexploded explosive ordnance) ;
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. 5. UXO (Unexploded explosive ordnance)


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. 6. VBIED (Vehicle-borne IED).

10

. 7. PBIED ( Person-borne IED).

, Underbelly IED, , Magnetic Attachment, Command IED,


Command Wire (CWIED), Radio
Controlled (RCIED).
RVBIED
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IEDs (VOIEDs), , Pull/Trip,
Pressure, Pressure Release, Movement
Sensitive, Light Sensitive,
PIR (Passive Infra Red) IED AIR (Active Infra Red) IED.
, ,
.
11

. 8. CWIED (Command Wire IED).

. 9. Victim Operated IEDs (VOIEDs) .

12

, - , AAIED (Anti-Armor IED) .



Shaped Charge, EFP (Explosively
Formed Projectiles), Platter Charge,
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. 10. EFP (Explosively Formed Projectiles).

, Secondary Device,
,
.

Tertiary Device, Secondary Device,
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(Pyroelectric InfraRed sensor).
13

(Pyroelectric InfraRed
sensor), .
. 11. (Miznay-Shardin
effect) PIR (Pyroelectric InfraRed sensor).


, , .
, .
Iraq Insurgency tactics, techniques and procedures,
National Ground Intelligence Center,
2 8 .
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.
-, VBIED (Vehicle-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices) 2005 800 -, 8000 .
. 12. - VBIED
(Vehicle-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices).

- -, .
, , - , , .
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. 13. .


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, , .
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, , (80 90-
)
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18

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, JIEDDO (Joint Improvised Explosive Device
Defeat Organization)
.
2004 6
,
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Device).
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.

, ,
.
24 2005 129,7

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13 10
, , 3,5 SLAM-DEP (Small Lightweight Advanced
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Warfare) , 2007 2008
.
: active jammers,
, reactive jammers,

, .
19

. 16. Warlock.

. 17. .


Active jammers, Acorn system, Beech system, Chameleon system,
Guardian D, Hunter system, Jukebox system, mlCE System, MMBJ
system, MMBJ2.1 system, Pecan system, SSVJ system, Reactive jammers: Ironwood system, Spruce system, Warlock LX
20

system, Active/Reactive
jammers: Cottonwood system, CVRJ, Duke.
, ASIP, , .
,
Warlock
LX system.
EOD- ( ) iRobot
Packbot,
, .

,
MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected).

Armor Holdings, BAE Systems, Force Protection Inc, General
Dynamics Land Systems, General Purpose Vehicles, Navistar International Military Group, Oshkosh Truck, Protected Vehicles Incorporated, Textron Marine and Land Systems.
. 18. .

21

. 19. iRobot Packbot.

. 20. RG-33L.

22

, Stewart & Stevenson


Caiman V- , Mine
Resistant Utility Vehicle (MRUV)
.
Cougar RG-33L

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP).
Navistar International
Corporation Plasan Sasa
V- , MaxxPro MPV,
MaxxPro-Plus MaxxPro-Dash
, 2007 .
(14 )
,
, .
. 21. MaxxPro MPV.

23

RG-31
Nyala RG-33, , Land Systems-OMC BAE Systems.
Force Protection Inc. Cougar V-
,
, .
. 22. Buffalo.

Buffalo,
Technical Solution Group (TSG).
Buffalo , V- , ,
.

.
, , - 24

, . , ,

, - ,
.
. 23. .

, , FM 3-90.119 Combined arms improvised explosive


device defeat operation,

.
, , (War on
terrorism-WOT),
, - .
25

, ,
- .
, Combined arms improvised
explosive device defeat operation
,

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process).
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and weather, troops and support available, time available and civil
considerations) , , , , , .

METT-T (mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support
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, , ,
26

, (mobile
augmentation) ,
(clearance), (sapper), (search),
,
EOD (Explosive ordnance disposal) teams
EOD (operators), (combat
forces), , ,
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. 24. .



, , .
27

. 25. .

, , , , .

, , ,
, .

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intelligence), SIGINT (Signal intelligence), MASINT (Measurement
and signatures intelligence), CI (Counter intelligence), TECHINT
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(Geospatial intelligence), all-source intelligence.

,
, 28

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.
. 26. EOD
(Explosive ordnance disposal) team.

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29

, .

EOD companies.

24 .

.
, ,
.
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companies :
, , , , , , ;
, ;

EHCC
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EHT(Explosive Hazards team);
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;
( );
;
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;
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30


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;
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Bureau of Investigation Bomb Data , Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms,

Arson and Explosives National Repository Centers, DIA
(Defense Intelligence Agency), CT (ounterterrorism) Division, Missile and Space Intelligence Center,
NGIC (National
Ground Intelligence Center);
National Laboratories; Naval EOD Technical Center,
Soldier and Biological
Chemical Command (U.S. Army) Technical Escort Unit.
: , ,
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operations,
EH (Explosive hazards)
clearing operations, gapcrossing operations, construct and maintain combat roads and
trails, -
forward aviation
combat engineering.
31



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:
, , (),
() , , , , ;
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;

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32

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.

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- Engineer
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33

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- ,
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sites , , .
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EHT
.
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training), AN/PSS-14 ;
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reinforcement) (predeployment
training) EOCA;
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EHDB (Explosive Hazards database) Battle command system;

(disposal of limited EHs) , EHT
;
JOA UXO supplemental list;
, , ,
34

CBRNE cell
JOA UXO supplemental list.

clearing operations , ,

, Defeat, Improvised
Explosive Device Defeat.
, ,
IEDD (Improvised Explosive Device
Defeat)
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Improvised Explosive Device Defeat breaching , , clearance , .
rout clearance area
clearance , FM 3-90.119
rout clearance Improvised Explosive Device Defeat.
(neutralize) , , SOP (standing operative procedures), TTP
(tactic, techniques and procedures), .
.

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35

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).
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.


Define IED Defeat Operations IED-D Strategy,
IED
Prevention, IED Detection,
() IED
Neutralization,
IED Mitigation.
36

. 28. ,
.

, ,
IEDD (Improvised Explosive Device Defeat),

,
.
CIED (Counter improvised explosive device)
specialists.
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VBC,
-COB Speicher.

Weapon Technical Intelligence,
,
, ,
37

, , ,
, , ,
, .
. 29.
.



EOD teams,
CEXC (Combined Explosive Exploitation Cell)
WIT (Weapons Intelligence Team).
()
, .

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Joint Task Force) Troy
C2 ,
(specialized IED defeat forces),
,
.
38

, .

.
, , , 2.500 , ,
.
. 30. .


(ISAF) .
, , ,
39

,
.
Improvised Explosive Devices in Southern
Afghanistan and Western Pakistan, 20022009 (Alec
D. Barker), 2010 New America
Foundation, 2004 2009
ISAF.
. 31. .

, 2008 ( 45%)
2007 . 2007

(, , ) 221 , 2008
315.
2002 2009 1102 40

4804 ISAF.
. 32. .

( , )
, ,
,
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2009
36
ISAF,
2007 .
, , 3 2009 10 .
2009
, , 36
.
41

. 33. -, .

2009
,
3 Counter Improvised Exsplosive Device Specialist
, 64 .
Joint Force Explosive Ordnance
Disposal (EOD),
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Force) , - ,
42


, 15 2009 .
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, , ,
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,
.
, , , ,
.

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.

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, , FM
3-90.119, .
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43

. 34. .

. 35.
AMISOM .

44

AMISOM

(EOD-operator),
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,
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, 20112012
, ,
.
. 36.
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45


, ,
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, RONCO, G4S,

RONCO War Fighter Focus .
A-T Solutions, Raytheon, MPRI,

Allen Vanguard.
, , , ,
.
, ,
FM 3-90.119, , , .
. 37. ,
.

46

1. FM 390.119. Combined arms improvised explosive device defeat operation.


2. Iraq Insurgency tactics, techniques and procedures.
22.07.2005. National Ground Intelligence Center- Iraq team. Middle
East Division Ground Forces Directorate, National Ground intelligence
Centre. US army intelligence and security command POC.
3. MNC1 Counter IED Smart Book.
4. . j // . j 14. 15.02.2008.
5. Alec D. Barker. Improvised Explosive Devices in Southern Afghanistan and Western Pakistan, 20022009 // New America Foundation.
6. j. j // . j 13. 15.01.2008.

47

www.flickr.com. AL: prosthetic legs.

48

www.flickr.com. UNOPS: Supporting community-based deminers. Afghan nationals have been


recruited and trained from within mine-affected communities under the community-based
demining scheme, which has developed national capacity, stimulated economic growth and
contributed to a more stable Afghanistan.
www.flickr.com. Michal Przedlacki: Minefield 618, Afghanistan. 7.15am. Debriefing of a 10people strong de-mining team of MDC at the border of minefield location. Minefield 618 is
located on a steep hill close to Agro Khel village of Mohammad Agha district, Logar Province.
May 2012, Afghanistan.

49

www.flickr.com. UK Ministry of Defence: Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) (CVR(T))


Operating in Afghanistan. A CVR(T) (Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked)) vehicle is
pictured being operated across the harsh desert terrain of Afghanistan by soldiers of the
9th/12th Royal Lancers.
www.flickr.com. BAE Systems Plc: Trojan leads the convoy in Helmand, Afghanistan, part of Op
Moshtarak. Trojan is a modern and capable Armoured Engineer Vehicle and crewed by three
Armoured Engineers. The Royal Engineers have fired their latest weapon in their battle against
the Taliban for the first time an exploding hose which punches safe passage through
suspected IED belts.

50