Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 24

EXCEL

230500

..
..


9 8 2002 .

230500
4 12 2002 .


2002

1
1.
. ,
,
, , ..
, . ,
.
tg(x)=1/x.
:
tg(x)=1/x x tg(x)=1

x2 tg=1

x2= 1 / tg(x) x = 1 tg .

, - , XX .
, , . , . .
, ,
. ( ).
, .
( ).
1.1.
f(x)=0 , , f(x) -

2
[a,b] , .. f(a)f(b)0, . ,
f(x)= x3-6x+2=0 , x f(x)>0, x - f(x)<0, .
, ,
h f(x), .. f(x)f(x+h)<0.


,
. .
, . ,
. , ,
:
.
1.2. ()
, f(b)
, -

,

f(x)=0.

f(x)

c0

c1

c2 b
c

f(a)

y=f(x)
. 1.

3
[a,b] , .. f(a)f(b) 0 (. 1),
.
=(a+b)/2. f(a)f() 0,
a (a+b)/2 (a+b)/2 b.
f(a)
c=(a+b)/2
f(c)

a=c

f(a)f()0

b=c

b-a <

. 2. -
,
.. ,
(b-a)<.
c
f(c) , [a,b]
n n

(b-a)/2 <, n~log2((b-a)/). , -6

6 ( 10 ) 20 () .
(. 2)
,
.

4
1.3.
, , , (. 3).
-

y
y=f(x)

z0

z1

b
x

, , (a,f(a)) (b,f(b)).

a f (b )b f ( a )
Z=
f (b ) f ( a )

. f(z) -

. 3.

f(x) , [a,z] [z,b]

, ( ) Zn-Zn-1<.
, :
X* Zn M m Zn Zn 1 ,
m
X* - , Zn Zn+1 , m M f(x) [a,b].
1.4. ()
.

, .

5

( ).

y=f(x)

Zn X*.

a
0
x

z0

z2

f(X*) f(Zn)+ (X*-Zn) f /(Zn) = 0 ,

X* Zn+1 = Zn -

. 4.

f ( Zn )
.
f ( Z n )

y=f(x) x= Zn ,
(. 4).

Z1

Z0

Z2
Z2

. 5.

Z1

Z0

Z3
. 6.

, ( ) (. 5),
(. 6).
, ,
, .
,

6
Zn+1 = Zn -

f ( Zn )
, n=0,1,2,...
f ( Z 0 )

.
1.5.
.
f(x)=0 x=(x)

Xn+1 = (Xn) , n=0,1,2,... .
(x) , /(x)< 1,
x=(x) .
. 7.
(, )
, () ( /(x) > 1).

y=x

y=x

y=(x)

y =(x)

1 3

y=x
y=(x)

2 0

. 7.
f /(x)>0, x=xf(x), .. (x)= xf(x), >0 , 0 < / (x)=1 f /(x) 1.

7
Xn + 1 = Xn

f ( Xn )
, n = 0 , 1, 2 , ... ,
M

max f /(x) ( f /(x)< 0 f(x)

).
x3 + x -1000 = 0. ,
10.
x =1000 - x3 x0=10,
. f /(x)=3 x2+1>0
f /(x)

M=300,


3
X = X X + X 1000 .
300
, :
X = 3 1000 X X = 1000 1 .
X2 X
, ( ,
-, , ..) , .
2. EXCEL
2.1.
Excel ,
( ,
), , ().
,
, .
Excel , . Excel ,
-

8
. :
(
).

.
: 2 5+6=0,
. 8. ( ) ,
Excel.
// ,
(
100 0,0001 ). : . Excel , , , .

f(x)

f (x) = x 5x + 6

,
, ,

:
F (X )
=X
,
F1 ( X )

3
2
1
0
-1

. 8.

F1

2,
(. 8). -

9
, ,
. ? . -. ,
. (. 9).
(4) 5.
(4) :
=(=0;; -(^2-5*+6)/(2*-5)).
D4 , , .
, , .
, . , . ,
,

.
. 9.


, ,

( ). ( ) Enter
.

10
2.2.
, , , , . Excel
, , , .
25+6=0.
:
3 (. 10) ,
.
2, ..
=2^2-5*C2+6.

(. 10)
,
. 10.

,
,

(
).
Ok Excel . ,
k, , . ,
2 ,
.
Excel ()
. -

11
// . Excel
,
, ,
. .
. : ? . (. 11,):
(2) .
i (3)

, ..
=X-(X^2-5*X+6)/(2*X-5).
4 , ,
, i.
, -

2. -

. 11, ( 2
. 11.
, 3 ).

. , (. 10)
C2 5
.
2.3.
,

12
.
(), / .
, ,
:
:
1 ,2, , n
, :
F(1 ,2, , n) {Max; Min; = Value}
:
G(1 ,2, , n) { Value; Value; = Value}
Excel . F(1 ,2, , n), , . , ,
() .
, .
:
F(1 ,2, , n);
F(1 ,2, , n);
, F(1 ,2, , n) : F(1 ,2, , n) = .
G(1 ,2, , n) .
, . : / , /
.
,
, .
, . -

13
. :
, , .

(. 1.4) (. 2.1)
(. 2.2). , .

(. 12)

:
1)

,

. 12.

, 4,
: = C3^2 - 5*C3 + 6;
2) , ,
,
0;
3) , .. (3), ; (

14
trl ),
;
4)
, : ;
5) .


.

. 13.
, . 13.
, 4 (
). 4 , 1,0, ,
2,0.
, , ( ,
), (. 14):

15

,

( 100 ,
,
10 ,
. 14.

, -

).
.
100, , , 100 ,
( ,
32767 ) .
.
,

( 0 1).
% .
, , , .

(
0 1), , .

16
,
. .

,
, .
, , , . , , , , .

, .
,
.
.
,
.
() , .
, .
, .
, ,
,
.
.
. -

17
, , . , , .
:
1) Excel , , . ;
2) Excel
(
, ),

/ .
, , . /
;
3)
. .
: ,
.
. .

18

(.15)
, .
: , .
. 15.

.
, , . ,
, . Excel .
, .

19

(.16) :

,
, , .
. 16.

, . : , . , ,
, . , . , .
,
. , , .

20
3.
3.1. 1
f1(x)=f2(x)
[a,b] Excel :
1) (. 1.4)
(. 1.5) (. 2.1);
2) (. 2.2);
3) (. 2.3)
a b.
(. ).
3.2. 2
VBA
f1(x)=f2(x) [a,b] c , :
1) (. 1.2) (. 1.3);
2) (. 1.4) (. 1.5).
(. ).
, (. 1.1)
, (
).

( Lg(1/)).

21

1. . Microsoft Excel 2000/ . ,
.. .: , 2002. 1056.
2. .. VBA Office 97. / ..
, .. . .:
Channel Trading Ltd., 1998. 720 .
3. . Excel 7.0.
.: BHV -, 1997. 384.
4. . Microsoft Office.
VBA/ . , . . : BHV, 1999.
768 .
5. .. Excel, VBA, Internet . .:
BHV -, 2001. 816 .
6. . Visual Basic 6 VBA / . ,
. . .: , 2000. 432 .
7. . Microsoft Office 2000: . .: , 2000.
498 .
8. .. Excel/ .. , .. . .:
, 1997. 160 .
9. .. : . . .: ;
. . .-. ., 1987. 320 .
10. .. , . : , 1991. 272 .
11. .. : . . , 1997. 123 .

22

A
B

Tg(x) = 1/x

/2

26

Ln(x) = 1/x

e -x = x

Ln(x) = 1/ x2

Tg(x) = 1/x2

/2

27

Ln(x) = Sin(x)

28

e - x = Sin(x)

/2

29

e x = 1 / Sin(x)

/2

e x = x
Ln( 1+ x )
= 2/
x

30

e - x = x2

31

2 + Ln(x) = 1/x2

2 +Ln(x) = 1/x

32

Ln(x) = Sin 2(x)

/2

x - x3 + 1 =0

33

x - x3 + 2 =0

x + 3 = x3

34

x +5 = x3

10

x + x3 - 5 =0

35

x 0,5 = x8

0,5

11

2x + x5 - 1 =0

36

x - 1 = x0,15

12

1 - x2 - x1,5 =0

37

1 - x2 = x4/3

13

x +0,5 = e x

38

x +0,5 = e - x

14

1 - x + x3 =0

-2

39

2 - x + x3=0

-2

15

1 + x = x3

40

Sin(x) = 1/x

/2

16

Sin(x) = x/3

/2

41

Sin(x) = x/2

/2

17

Tg(x) = 1/x

1,6

4,5

42

Ln(x) = e - x

18

Ln(x) = e x

43

Lg(x) = e - x

19

Lg(x) = 10

-x

10

44

Cos(x) = x

/2

20

Cos(x) = 1/x

/2

45

Cos(x) = Ln(x)

/2

21

Cos(x) = Ln(1+x)

/2

46

Cos(x) = Tg(x)

/2

22

Cos(x) = x2

/2

47

Cos(x) = x3

/2

23

1 - 3 x + x3=0

48

1 - 5 x + x3=0

24

1 - 3 x + x4=0

49

1 - 5 x + x4=0

25

1 - 3 x + x5=0

50

1 - 3 x + x5=0

EXCEL


230500

..
06536 16.01.02.
25.04.02.
6084/16. . .
.-. . 1,3. 750 . 398.
.
650026, , . , 28.
.

650099, , . . , 4 .