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IV.
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37

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, (1.3),
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(1.3)
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= 8 + 1(, ) + 22(, )+ .. . + (, )

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( = 1, 2, . . .)

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^ = >

1 () + 22 () + . . . + & (), |

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:
= + [ ()

() <4-1 (, <)] + 2. . .

= , () + 2 [ . () - ^

() + 2 () ] + . . . ,

(1.7)

^ = + 1() + 8 [ ^ - 1( ) - ^ 1 1( ) + , ( ) ] +
(1.7), (1.2), (1.3),
(1.6).

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1(, ),
%(, ) , . . . ,
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2-
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(1. 6)
(1.8).
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^ +4 --
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+ ~
+ ^I-' |

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2
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2 *2

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2
+ $
+ V |I
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* 2

(1.3), :

5 = 0 ^ + $2^ + - - - ) ( + 2 + ---) = ^ ^ 1+ 3
( % ^
5 5

= * + ^

+ )2 = *' * + 3
+)( * + +

= ^'-}- 2 ( 2' 4- ,)

3 . . . ,

( ) - ( + 1+ . ^ + ...> =
= 2 +

+ 2 (* +

2,)

+ 3 .

>

( 1. 10)

40

[. I

(1.3), (1.10) (1.9)


, :

1 = + | +

1 4

+ 2 | , - 5 + ^ 1^ + 1 ^ - 1- ^ } - + 3 ,
2

= 2 +

'

24 2 + 2

| 4( 1 . 11 )

+ 2

^ 1

-1 22^
2 2 + 21 1-\- ^ ^ ^ 4-

(1.1)

+ 2 = | 2) 2 4->2
+ 2 | ^

4- 21|- +

\ 22 ^

(^22 4 - 2-\-

') 4 2&
1 ]>

21

4- 2 2

2~

22 | + 1

( 1. 12)

(1.1), (1.2) (1.11),


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= / ( , ) 4- 2 ^ 1 ( , ) ) 4

4- ^ 1 4

( , ) | -{- 3 .*.*

(1.13)

(1.2)
(1. 1)
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2

4 - ^ = 1(, ) 4 22 *11 + 22 ,

0)2 ( ? + ) = /- (. ) + 2> 4- 2 ,

41

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+

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+ \

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+ 211+

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1(), 1(), 1(, )
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71=

{, ) = 0()+

(1.16)

^ {() + () /}.

(1.16)
(1.14),

2 (1 2) { () + ()

} =

= () + {1 () + 2<} + {() + 2] +

+ 1

{? ) + ) 817}>

, ,
:

8() + 2= 0, () + 2,

( ) =
1)
-

_______
( ) = __ __
() =- __
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2) > )
(=

,

().

(1.17)

>, . ..).

() 1(),
1(, ), ()
(1.8)
,
V1() = 0,

1() = 0

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(, ): . () , 1

2
=2

() 08 '^ + () \>

13

(1.18)

42

[. I

1(, ), () 1(),
(1.15) / (, ).

03

( >) = ?' () + { () +
1

() }

(1.14)

!1 () + 22 = 0,

(1.8),

/'1' () + ^ = 0

(1.19)

1 .

- ' )

1 V

? - ^ ()

----- + ^ 2 ; ----------------- =^2------------


=2

,
( 1.6).

(> )>

(),

{)

( = 1 , 2 , 3 , . . . )


,
(1.1)
.
(1.6), (),
() ( = 1, 2, 3, . . . ) (1.8),
(, ) .
(), () (1.17) (1.19),
(1.14)
,
' .
:
=

(, ),

(1.20)

% = *1(),

, , (1.21), :
- (I) (0) ^ 1,
( >) = [ (I) >] (0) ~ 11,
() ()
(, I). , , I,
1
, 4- .
, (1.21)
(1.3)

43

$2, , ~
I ^
<|>. , , ,
, 1
,
(1.20)
1(, ) ,
(1.20),

=
.
, . . ,
. ,
, :

{) + 2{)+ . . . = 0.

( 1.22)

- () ,
(1.22) ,
,

() = 0,
, , ,
.
,

(1.23)

=
:

(1.24)

= -{- (, ),
:

(1.25)

44

. I

1(), 2(), 1(),


2() 1(, ). (1.15), (1.16) (1.17) :
2 ^ / ( , ) ?,
0
2
1 ^ / ( , 8 ) ?.

() =

() =

(1.27)

2<

, (1.18) ,
1(, )

_ #0 ( ) ___ 1_ \ 8 () \/ + - ()

<
~2

21

(1.28)

$ () ()
2

^ / ( , ) ?,

2
() = - ^ / ( , ) . I

)
, (1.15) (1.19) :

(1.29)

2 ^ [ 1 ( > )/ ( , ) -}-+- (
X

/- ( , ) ^ ,
(1.30)

2 \
+

(, ) ^ ( , ) +

X / * ' (, ) ^ ?.
, (1.26), 2()
2() (1.30), ,
.
, ,
.

.

1}

45

(1.23), (1.24) (1.27)


(1. 1)
= ,

(1-31)

. = + 1 () = ) (),

^-2)

271
^ / ( , ) ?,

() = ^

(1.33)

) () = 2^ ; ^ / ( , ) .

(1.34)

,
, --.

>1 ().
(1.34) , :
2

? () == 2

^ / ( , ) +

42 22

[ ^ / ( , ) ?

, ,
, :

?!

[2 /( , 1 )] ?.

( 1.35)

'
.

(1.35)

- .
, ,
2

1 ( ) = - ^ ( ,

, ,

) ?.

(1-36)

46

[ . X

2
1 ( )=

^ {

) ?.

(1-37)

(1.36) (1.37) * () >()

~ \


*0
(1.33) (1.34),
. >
, ,
( ) .
<
. , = 0 (1.1)
:
= ,
1
= ,, ]

(1-38)

= + 0, 0
.
, , , (1.38)
0 , 0
, .
(1.38) ,
0
, , (1.38)
.
0,
(1.38). :
.
?0 .
/ 4\

(1 . )

, (1.38),

-^ -8

= 0.

(1.40)

(1.38), :
<

~^ =

~ ) "008 .

/ / \

(1.41)

(1.1) ,

, (1.38) (1.41), :

- ^ = / ( , ).

(1.40) (1.42)

-- -- , :
----- - / ( ,

11

9
^

------~ ~ ,

(0 81 ) 1 ,

(1.43)
8 ) .

(1-4

(]

47

,
( 1. 1)
(1.43) 8.
, (1.43)
I ,
.

, 0 I

.
, ,
.
, (1.43)
:
- ^ / ( , - - ) =
= 82 ^

( ) 08 ^ + ^ 2 () *],
(1.44)

---- /( , ) =

<2>,

.
8 ,
0
.
=,

8= 8

( = + 8).

(1.45)

/ ( , ) =

= 2 ^ 1

008 ^ + ^2 () 1

= =?- / ( , ) =
1

(1.46)

= 8 2 V () 008 ^ + ^2

= 5/',, () -|- ,
(1.47)
= /^ () 4 .
,
8

48

[. I

9,

1 = /^ ! () = |

/ ( <]>, ) | ,
(1.48)

= / () \ =?- / ( , ) ,
(

>

'

I
.
, (1.48)
.
, 6
, :
2
_

^ / ( , ) ?,
1
2

2
_- -- /\ _
1
2< ^ / ( , ) .


.
(1.47) /^ () , 12 ( ) ( = 1, 2),
6
^ ;

2 = 3 /8 0

(-1-2),

:
= + 2

-7 [ / $ () 1

~ / $ () ],
(1.49)

6 = 0 4- ^

[ / $ ( ) / ^ () VII)],

.
(1.49) (1.38),
(1.25).
,
,
(1.49) (1.48)
.

. (1.45), (1.49) . .

, .
.
,
, ' ,

.

2]

49


(1.1). , ,

(1.50)

.
-
,
,
.
2. ,
(1.1)
, . .
,

^ + () = 0,

(2.1)

.
, [ ,

() = -\- ().
( 2 . 2)
(2.1) ,

(2.3)
.

(). ,
:

( 8 ) = ^ () .

(2.4)

71=0

(1.16) (2.3) :

:
(2.5)

50

,
:

(1.23),

[. I

(1.24),

XI

<]>,

(?! ()

, .

- = 0 ==) + - & - = 1()

(2-6>

( () ).
(2.6) ,

= 0 = .
(2.6) :
= 0)1 () 1 + 0,
0 , .
,
.
(2 . 1) , ,
, )1() . ,
- (2.1) ()
(
, ,
),
, ( ) (2.6),
, $ ( ) 2.
.
(1.18) :

)=42

(2.7)

71=0

(2.5) (2.7) (1.30), -

2 () 0,
2*
=0

2
0

( 008 )

() = ^ ( ) ? ? ( > 1),

>
)

(2.8)

, , :
2

1 ^ ' ( ) ? =

>

1%
2

^ ' ( ) ?

(1 ()

, , :

()
2 \-<1

20(
)-^ \ /

2 1

(2

(2.9)

, :
* = - ^ + | 2

( - 1

<2 0>

( 2 . 11)

_ , ^ ( )
' '
^ 2>

1()-|
2< |_ 2 ^ ^
^ ()

()2

2(

------ 2 ( ) ^ [ .

(2.12)

[2

,
.

= ) ()^ + 0 (6 = ),
(2. 10)
( 2),
0. ,
, (2. 1),
() ,
$ :
_

~~

. (2.10)
2, , ,

52

0 () 1 ^

=
II__

'

()

2- 1

I
1
>

=2

II

() , 8 V

[. X

( 1) ( )

2
2

2 _ 1

(2.13)

I
'
;

,
(2. 12),
.

, :
.

/ (2 / \ ( )

" <> = 2 + -% ? + ^ { 2

------- 2.'() )

<2-14>

, :
4() = >2 + ^

(2.15)

,
.
,
() (2.4)
( ).
, ( )
( 2.2) *!
,
.
, , ,

)1 ().
(2.15) :
{) = 0.

(2.16)

( ) = 0 () +

()&

(2.17)

= 1

, (2.2) (2.4) :
( ) = ( )

( = 0 ,

2 , 3 , 4 ,

...),

() = + 1().

(2.18)

, (2.16)
:

2
1

&= 1() = \

( ) ?.

(2.19)

2]

53

,
(2.19) ,
.
,
, -^
.
. ,
,

() = + (2 -)- 3+ . . . ,
,

() = 2 + 3

= ' ( 0).

(2. 20)


, (2.18), (2.10), (2.13),
(2.14), (2.15) , ,
().
:

1 = , 1

4()==
;
7->1 7
IX ' '

(2-21)

,
() ^, I1 V
VI

^ 008
* = 0 8 - - 4 2 I
2 1

=2

>

{)

;,< > = + ^2 ^

2 ( . ) ^ ^

(2 .22)

=2

,
()

(2 1)

()

- ,
()

2-

()



( )

54

[.

,

() *)
, 3 4

{)= - ( - ) ,
(2.17) (2.22)

1 ; = + 1 2 ["'!2( + - V 11 * ' |


. (' )' -- 2
I '-( )7 +1 -4 ~ 2

() ^ 2+1()
" ( ?2 .+ 1- ) ) 1

I"

(2 -23)

-1

,
.
(2.13) (2.18) :

I I

-4-

2 1

=2

____ _ ) ! V (

""
=2

(2.24)

'

()
2- 1

.1


,
, .

I :
^ + - 8 1 = 0,

(2.25)

() =
(2.17) :

22

( ~

1 )" * 1 ( ) 0 0 8 (2 + 4 )

71=0
( / () ).
*) .
$ = ( ) , ,
.

55

(2.21) (2.23) :

= , 1
(2.26)

( 1)/ 2+1 () (2 + 1)

(2 + 1)21
2 +1

(^ ) ^ 2 + 1 (&)

(2 + I)21
,

>
- ^(), <*>>(),

(2.29)

.
,
(2.27) (2.28),
.
, (2.28)
(2.29)
( ):

(0

(2.30)

, ,
,

,
'

^=
, ' () = ('), ' = \' 1 2.
. 1,
, .

, ,
,

.
160
5,5%, 3%,
, 160
160

56

1. I

.
30 + 3 0
, 45
. , ,
,
.

" I
1 =

0 ,2
0 ,4
0 ,6
0 ,8
1 ,0
1 ,2
1 ,4
1 ,6
1 ,8
2 ,0
2 ,2
2 ,4
2 ,6
2 ,8
3 ,0

0 ,1 9 9 9 6
0 ,3 9 9 6 6
0 ,5 9 8 8
0 ,7 9 7 2
0 ,9 9 4 4
1 ,1 9 0 0
1 ,3 8 3 5
1 ,5 7 4 3
1 ,7 6 1
1 ,9 4 3
2 ,1 1 8
2 ,2 8 3
2 ,4 3 2
2 ,5 5 8
2 ,6 4 2

1 ,1 9 9 9 6
0 ,3 9 9 6 8
0 ,5 9 8 9
0 ,7 9 7 3
0 ,9 9 4 6
1 ,1 9 0 6
1 ,3 8 4 6
1 ,5 7 6 3
1 ,7 6 5 ,
1 ,9 5 1
2 ,1 3 2
2 ,3 0 7
2 ,4 7 6
2 ,6 3 5
2 ,7 8 3

0 ,9 9 7 5 1
0 ,9 9 0 0 3
0 ,9 7 7 6 3
0 ,9 6 0 4 0
0 ,9 3 8 4 7
0 ,9 1 2 0 1
0 ,8 8 1 2 2
0 ,8 4 6 3
0 ,8 0 7 6 0 ,7 6 5 4
0 ,7 2 0 0
0 ,6 7 1 9
0 ,6 2 1 6
0 ,5 6 9 9
0 ,5 1 7 9

0 ,9 9 7 5 1
0 ,9 9 0 0 2
0 ,9 7 7 5 9
0 ,9 6 0 2
0 ,9 3 8 1
0 ,9 1 1 3
0 ,8 7 9 9
0 ,8 4 4
0 ,8 0 4
0 ,7 5 9
0 ,7 1 1
0 ,6 5 8
0 ,6 0 2
0 ,5 4 1
0 ,4 7 5

0 ,9 9 7 5 1
0 ,9 9 0 0 3
0 ,9 7 7 6 3
0 ,9 6 0 4 0
0 ,9 3 8 4 6
0 ,9 1 1 9 8
0 ,8 8 1 1 4
0 ,8 4 6 1
0 ,8 0 7 2
0 ,7 6 4 6
0 ,7 1 8 5
0 ,6 6 9 8
0 ,6 1 3 8
0 ,5 6 1 0
0 ,5 0 2 3

/0
*

1 1 2 7 '2 5 "
2 2 5 3 '4 6 "
3 4 1 8 '5 2 "
4 5 4 0 '5 5 "
5 6 5 9 '1 1 "
6 8 1 2 '5 9 "
7 9 1 9 '5 4 "
9 0 1 8 '5 5 "
10107'37"
1 1 1 4 7 '0 3 "
1 2 2 0 9 '1 7 "
1 3 2 10'53"'
1 4 1 5 1 '5 2 "
1 5 0 5 8 '2 8 "
1 5 9 2 7 '1 5 "

, 180, ,
:
.
.
(2.25)
( , )
*).
:
-
^ ~+ 45! - : - . - > 0 .
2- + ;
V * - 3!

(2.31)

(2.21), (
):

.1 = ,
>?()
2

= 1 -4 -.

(2.32)

*) ,
; ( -

3!

0.326,
30,
,


(
0,000002.

30

57

______
( )

/"

2>
( 2 -3 3 >

(2.33) ,
,

-, = - ^ ~ ( 1 + ^ )

(2 .3 4 )

16

. ^ 0 = ^ - 2^


(2.23); ,

^5

, :

: -= 8 - ^ ( 1 + ^ 2) + 208 5^
> ( )

(2.35)

2 . 4

"II ( )

. 2 . 4
* - +

/ = 7 (1 + 1

<2-36>

(237^

(2.24) :
(2.38)

= ~ 1 9 2 _ 1024 '

,
(
). . 2.

0, 2
0 ,4
0 ,6
0 ,8
1 ,0
1,2
1 ,4
1,6
1 ,8
2 ,0
2 ,2
2 ,4
2,6
2 ,8
3 ,0

11

. 1
0

0,19996
0,39966
0,5988
0,7970
0,9938
1,1886
1,3805
1,5684
1,751
1,927
2,094
2,250
2,392
2,518
2,622

0,99750
0,99000
0,97750
0,9600
0,9375
0,9100
0,8775
0,840
0,798
0,750
0,698
0,640
0,578
0,510
0,438

0,99750
0,99003
0,97763
0,96040
0,93848
0,91203
0,88125
0,8464
0,8078
0,7656
0,7204
0,6724
0,6221
0,5700
0,5166

I
8 18

1,00250
1,01000
1,02250
1,0400
1,0625
1,0900
1,1225
1,160
1,203
1,250
1 ,303
1,360
1,423
1,490
1,563

1,00250
1,01008
1,02288
1,04120
1,06543
1,09607
1,13376
1,1792
1,2333
1,2969
1,3711
1,4572
1,5564
1,6701
1,7998

58

[. I

. 2 . 1, ,
, 35 (
5- 4-
), (2.31)
(2.32)
(2.35) (2.25).
( + 160)
13%, 3%.

.
,
, ,
:
(2.39)
:
(2.40)
1
(2.40) :
= ,
(2.41)
I
:
(2.42)


(2.42)
I = 0, = 0, :
= 0~5(
(2.43)
(2.42) :
(2.44)
8 .
(2.43) (2.44) (2.41),

= 0~5( { [ + - ^ (~2 - 1) ] + | .

(2.45)

,
, , )=(),

,
=

2]

59

,

() ' { 3 ( > 0, > 0).
(2.46)

(2.47)

2 + 3 = 0 ,


. ,
.
(2.17) :
( ) = +

3^ +

1/2

, "0
(2.21) (2.23) :

, ,

'

(|>

1'2 _
>1()
0

1 /2

(2.48)

1+-


V ]

(2.49)
>1 ()

" II ()

128

/--I

1/2

(2.50)

) '4* *)** *

32

1/2

(7.


,.

2 , 1

(, ) | -
)

| ^

+4

/3

} / 1 + $2

2:

/ 2 + 252

1+?;

: ^ (

\ 1/2
)

, , , ,
,

' ( ) = ( ' ) , ' = \ 2.

'

60

[. I

. 3.
" 3

II

1,0330
1,1248
1,2602
1,4256
1,6115
1,8116
2,022
2,240
2,463
2,690

1,0331
1,1258
1,2638
1,4333
1,6241
1,8297
2,0459
2,2697
2,4985
2,7318

1,0331
1,1259
1,2641
1,4340
1,6257
1,8323
2,0493
2,2740
2,5041
2,7385

2*

- 2* ("
V
1)
0,29927
0,59464
0,88552
1,1733
1,4592
1,7443
2,0293
2,3140
2,5991
2,8841

0,30005
0,5998
0,8992
1,1981
1,4966
1,7948
2,0931
2,3912
2,6895
2,9877

0 ,3
0 ,6
0 ,9
1 ,2
1,5
1 ,8
2,1
2 ,4
2 ,7
3 ,0

(2.48) (2.49), ,
,
. , , ,

^
.
, (2.51)
:

1+ + . . . ,

4 /2

^ = -=., ,

>.
0)1 1 \

(,, 1 \

(2.48) (2.49) ---- 0)0

175 )

\ , \/~ \ ^ ^

/ 1

3 ) '

= 0,866; / | ( 1 + 5| ( 1 ) = 0,892.

9 2
,
>
2,4%, 0,6%.
3.

% + =# ( $ ) ,

(3.1)

3]

61

.

, ,
(1.1),

(1.21) (1.28),
,

(3.2)
:

- ( > ) = 2 ^ ( > ) ( 4 - |- )

(1.16), :
8) = () 008 > () = - 81

(3.3)

(1.17) :
(3.4)
, (1.23) (1.24),
:

= ,
(3.5)

, ,
(3.1),
, (3.5).
,
<, _
6 .
,
.
,
, , .
,
.
*).
*) ,
, , .

62

, 1


(3.3) :

[. I

(1.28)

( ) ( + -=-

00

(3.6)

1( , ) = - -^ ^2
=0

(1)

(1.30), (3.4) (3.6) :


2 () =

8* ) 003 8* <^

2 2

$ ^ - ) . 8 ( + |) |> ,

>=0

{ 1)

2()

1 1 ()

1 ()

2?
^ ' ( 8111 ) X

()
2 .

X 2 (

()

22

2 1

=0

(3.7>

( 1)

2
\ ' ( 8111 ) 8111 ^

2
' (

) ( + - ^ =

^
1
2
^ ( ) ' ' ? = 0.

, , :
5 ^ 1/ ^03 ) / ( ^ ~ ^

2
, . , 7 ,
1 .
= 1 \\ (

6
)

\ ,1 ,
4
' '
'

-

^ ( 08 ) 1
^
--------[_
>

2 .

- \ ( ) =

,)

1 1

>

().

(3.7) :
2 () =

/ _ ^ 1 ( )

( )

~~8

1 (>)

(>)

432


( )

232 ^-1 21
=2

(3.8)

3]

63 .

(>) +

==3 - ^ 2

,----------------------(3-9)

(1)

()
2>

(3.10)

|^ - = + 25 2 (),
2() (3.8).

, . .

,
, :
.
,

5

+ +

= 0

(3.11)

:
= \1.

( _\ \ = _
V 1 )

___


() = ,
(:) = 0 ( = 0, 2, 3, . . . ) .
, (3.8), (3.9) (3.10)
:
= ,

'

(3.12,

(
(3.12),

_ II
( =


2 = , { 1 - 1 ( ) 2} ,

(3.13)

64

[. I

, , , ,
.

(3.13), , ,
.
, X
.
^ *
.
/4 :

2. ,

(3.13) 0,01%.
,
(3.1): ,
.
:
2

\2

^ +
2

) + = ^ >

\ ,

(3.14)

+ = 0 1 < 0

12

, ,

-}- 2 = 0,

(3.15)

-^ -. (

, ,
.)
,

= .
(3.15) (3.1),

V---

/- ( ):
7
() = ^ ( ) =

7
2

^ | | ( =

| ^ 2 ? ^ 2 ? | ,

65

0 () = 2. () = ^4 ( ) = . . . = -29 () = . = ,
( \-

1 \ ./

> ^29+1

8 ( - 1 ) 9 * 1

(2 + 1) [(2 + 1)*_4]

(<7 = 0, 1, 2, . . . )
, (3.8), (3.9) (3.10)

82

31 (2 + 1)

- - - 22 ] (2_ + 1) [(2+1)2- 1 ] [(2+ I)24]


9=1

08 ^

| + ^ - 81 5 + .. . | ,

(3.16)

:
1 _

4 2

1 ~~

(3.17)

1
= 8 2 [(2 + 1)*-1] [(2 + I)24]2
<2

=1

= 25 + 1323^ {215~^ *' =0>0407.

(3.18)

(3.17), :
- 0 = ^ ,

(3.19)
4
/


:
(3.20)
= ---- ^ ----- .
1+ ^ > 1

,

.
(3.20) (3.17) , :
| +
|I

(3.21)

1+
1

,
.
,
3
. , 0 = -^-, . .
,
,

66

. 1

1% :
,
0,25%.
.
(3,15) .
, I = 0, = 0 > 0, ^ = 0, :
*
\ 7 ................. .. ................ ----. -

^ (1 + ) (1 + 2 0)

(3.22)
2

, ,

.
, - ,
. . *), :
(21 + 1) 1(2:1+ 1) = (2 + 1) 1 (2 + 1).

(3.23)


(20 + 1) 1 (20+ 1) = (2 + 1 ) 1 (21+ 1),

(3.24)

0 ,
.
,
(3.24) (3.19), (3.19). ,
:
1

2 0

2 I.

(3.25)

,
,
**):
2^ = 1 *

(3.26)

. 4
, (3.24)
. 20 = 1, . . ,
0,6 , (3.26) (
)
(3.24) 1%; 20 = 0,1
0,4%.
,
(3.1): ,
.

^ + * =

(3,27)

*) . , 8112. . 52, 334 (1908).


**)
,
**)
. $ , , 1 , . 20.

67

(2 )

(2 )

( 2 )

( 2 )

(2 )

(2 )

1 ,0 0 0 0
0 ,5 9 3 6
0 ,4 2 4 0
0 ,3 3 0 1
0 ,2 7 0 4
0 ,2 2 9 0
0 ,1 9 8 6
0 ,1 7 5 3

1 ,0 0 0 0
0 ,6 0 0 0
0 ,4 2 8 5
0 ,3 3 3 2
0 ,2 7 2 6
0 ,2 3 0 7
0 ,1 9 9 9
0 ,1 7 6 4

0 ,1 5 7 0
0 ,1 4 2 0
0 ,1 2 9 8
0 ,1 1 9 4
0 ,1 1 0 6
0 ,1 0 3 0
0 ,0 9 6 4
0 ,0 9 0 6

0 ,1 5 7 8
0 ,1 4 2 8
0 ,1 3 0 4
0 ,1 2 0 0
0 ,1 1 1 1
0 ,1 0 3 4
0 ,0 9 6 7
0 ,0 9 0 8

0 ,0 8 5 4
0 ,0 8 0 8
0 ,0 7 6 7
0 ,0 7 3 0
---------

0 ,0 8 5 6
0 ,0 8 1 0
0 ,0 7 6 9
0 ,0 7 3 1
--------

---

1, - > ,
1,

(3-28)

< 0.

(3.27) (3.1), :

<3-29>
, > 0 :
2
^ { ( ) . =

= | ^ +
0

2
, = 0
2
^ /? (

) = 0.

(3.5)
:

,,
<

= ^ = 4.
0

> 0;
(3.30)

7 = 0,
1

= 0.

(3.30) = 0, 0,
:
2

---------I

= 0

. /

I > ^ -

(3.31)

68

[. I

(3.31) ,
, 1=1,
{
4.
,

(4.1)
(1.1).
, (3.1)
(4.1).
,

(3.1), :

(4.1) (1.1), :

(1.21) (1.28),

/ ( ) .

X
* () = ^ / ()

(4.2)

* ( ) = 2 {) .
(4.3) , (4.2) :

/ ( ) =* 2 ( ) .

(4.3)

(4.4)

(4.4) (1.16) (1.17), :


(4.5)
:
= ,

4]

69

<]>
^
77 $ / \
& = 2 1 < >

(4.6)

(II~= ).

.
(3.2), (3.6), (3.7), (3.8) (4.4) ,

^ / (' ) = ,

1 ,,
,
2 I
1'* [)

\ / ( )
2
=
*^ ,


(4.8)
^

= ) + 25 2 ( ) ,

2 () :

> ( \ __ _
>

^ * / \
8
1' '

* ( )______ 2^ * 2 ( )

2 2 ^
2 1

=2

,,
^


(3.1), ,
.
, , (4.1),
.
--:
^ _ ( 1 _ 2) ^ + = 0 .
(4.10) (4.1), :
/ () = 1 2,

*( ) = - ^ ,
(4.3) :
* ( ) = ^ 1

^ ,

(4.1.0)

70

1.. I

* )= -,

(4.11)

() = 0, 1, 3.
, (4.6), :
= ,
( 4.12)
:
(4.13)
, ,
= 1,
(4.13).

, .
, :
(4.14)


(4.15)
0 .
(4.15) :

(4.16)

(4.16) (4.12),
:
=

(4.17)

(4.17), 0
, I,

71

= 0, . . --.
, , ,
. . .
, , ,
. ,
,
, , 2. ,
,
, ,
, . .
- .
(4.17) , 0 2, = 2
.1 > 0. ()
:
= 2 ( + 6).
(4-18)

, ,
,0 0, , (I) ~ ^ 2 1 ~ > .
, I
(4.18).
,
(4.18)
= 1 , 2.
.
.
>(4.7), (4.8) (4.11) :
3
=
,
(4.19)

<
(4.20)
:
= 2 (1 -(-0) - |- 8 (( + ),

(4.21)

, --,

, (2.1).
,
.(. . 51), ,

.
.

72

[. I

, ,
, ,
.

. ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
, .

,
.
-, .
(4.10)
. ,

:
(4.22)
= (I + 0),
(4.23)
(4122) (4.23), :
^ (I + 0) ~ [I + ) = 0.

(4.24)

(4423) (4.22), (4.10), :


(I + 6 ) +

(I + 6) = [1 2 2 (2 + 0)] (I + 6). (4.25)

(4.24), (4.25) ,
:
-^- = [1 2 2 (1 + 0)] 2 ( + 0),
(4.26)
^ = [1 2 2 ( ( + 0)] (I + 0) + ),

^ =

| - 2 ( + 0>+ ^ 54( + 0)},

(4.27)

= { ( 1 - ? ) 812( + 6)- 14(+ 6)} ,


= ,

6.

(4.28)

{ 2 (I + 0)} = { 2 (I + 0)} = { 4 (I + 6)} = { 4 { (+ 6)} = 0.
1
1
1
1

4]

73

, (4.28)
(4.13).
, , :
^= ~ 2(^ + 0!) + ^ 4 ( + 6),
]
^ 2 4
2
0 = 1- - ^ ( 1 ) 2 ( + 6) + ^ - 4 ( + 0). ]

(4-29)

, , :
( 1 ) ~ ^ 2 I
,
, ,
= 2 (4.29) :
2 4 - 2 ( + 61) + -^-14( + 1), )
2
4
=
2 (1 + 9) + 4 (I + 61). |

(4.30)

(4.22), :
X -= 2 2 (I + 0!) +
-|- ~! 4 (I

0^) ^ ^ I -{- 0^

2 (I

0^) -|-

4 (I + 0) ^ , (4.31)

, ,

= 2 (I + )

3 (I + 6*),

(4.32)

,
.

,
,
.

) + _ 0,

(4.33)

{ 1

0 ,
/ , () ,
:
+0
1
^ () (1 = 1,
(4.34)

() = 0
0. ]
(4.33) (1.1),
2

74

1. I

(4.34) (4.35) :
2

2%

^ / ( 8 , ) 81 = ^ 2

^ 0 (

*0) 81 ^

8{ ^ ^

81 ? =

1>

^ ( 0) 2 .

~1

(4.36)


= 0,

(4.37)

0 ^ .
> 0 :
1
+
^ ( 0) 2 = ^ ( 0) 2 =
__
-0
2

+0

< , , ,

^ 6 ( 0) 2 = 0.
2

, (4.36), (1.24) (1.27)


^

1 = ~ '

< >
(4.38)

:
,
> () = {

< 0;

> -

10

(4.38) , ,
0,
^ ^1

75

(1) :
() 0

I > ,

.
, ,
, ()
=
.

() , ,
. ,

- + } 1~ ? - = 0<4 -3)
\
^ = 0 .
,

(4.39).
.

- ^>
= 4

+ / ^

(440>

<4-41)

,
^
^

1 1
2

(4.42)

^ 1 1
> 2 \

(4.43)

(4.40) (4.41) ,
(4.43) .

= 0.
, (4.43)
.
, ,
.

76

[. I

(4.42), (4.38),
:

( 0 ) < 1,

(1) > 0;
{

(0) > 1,

(I) > 2,
I >

( 0 ) > 2, %,
1 < ( 0 ) < 2, ,
2.
,
(4.42),
:

, , ,
1, . .
, - ,
.
, I = 0

.
= 0 1 = >
,
,

~2

, ,
> .
5.

,
.
-
= ( > .

() = 1 () + 2 2 () + + (),
.
, ,
{1) (),
.
,
*,
() > 0 > *.
, ,
.

77

, * , ,
*:
(0) > *,
(5.1)

(1)> I >,
. . , , ,
.
,'
( )
.
(5.1) , ,
( ) > 0 , , ( ) < 0 .
,

() = 0,
(5.2)

(5.1).
(5.1) ,
( (5.2)),
(I), ( (0) > 0)
( ()<^0), .
,
.

.
,
,

.

.
, , ()
.
. , ,
/
( \
(1
,
\
.
(1.1)
^

+ ( ) = 0,

(5.3)

.

, /1(),

II = ^ (\1.

78

[. 1

(5.3)
, .
, ,
, ,
, ,
, .
.
, 0 (5.2), . .
, (5.1).
0 (5.1).
= 0 + ,
(
):
=
:
= ()0' ()
, ,
, . .
,
'( 0) < 0 ,
(5.4)
,
' > ,
, ,
.
, 0 = 0,
( ),
(5.2) ( (1.33)),
' (0) > 0
.
:
; (0) + ; (0) + . . . + ; (0) > ,
, 1 ()
, , (, ,
)
* , ' (0), . . ,
.
, (5.2)

() + ^2 () + + " 1 () = 0.
,
, :
= <>4-(1) -|- 2<2>-|- . . . ,
(5.5)
(> () = 0 (
),
_
{ (^>)

5]

79


,
' () + 2 () + . . . + & () ^ ,

&} ()

2-<42 () + 4* () = ( - | - 2 . . . ,

(5.5),
' ((0)), ,


'
. . ,
.
, ,
,
, .


,
. .
,

. , , ,
(5.2)
, (5.4).
(),

. 25 28,
() .

() . , ,
,

8 0

[. I

, ,
, .
,
,
.
. . 25 28
. . 25 ,
. 26
, . 27
: , 3, 5 (
2, 4, , ).
, () *,
' (*) < 0,
, *. ,
(. .
, 0 )
.
,
, ,
() = 0, . . ,
'() < 0.
. 28 , ,
.
0 ,
, ,
2.

+ (^ +

"

" V 4)

+ )2; =

(5-6)

.

, ,
,
- ( 1 + 12 + \ 32 + \ 3 + 6 * )^-= / ( * ,
:
,,
,
,\
. 7,
, 3> , 65
---- 1---- ,
\ / ( , ) = \ +

(1.27)
:
_

\ 3 3

1~
2
8
1 '
, 5 < 0,
.
,
, . . (2 ) > 2>, , ,
.
, 6 > 0. , < 0. -

81

> 0.
(5.7)

= 0, :
8^1
8)_
,
(5.7)
~1
, . 25, ,
.
, ,
/ . 2

> 0 , \ > 0, , > 0 ^ ~

>.<

:
, =

"

V/

- / (

8X1
'
8^1
^5

,= |/

~ . 29
, , 2 .
,
, \/)
, ,

, ,
. /


.

,
. 29.

. (
), (
). (5.1)
(, (*).
,
(. .
,
), [1
.
, [1, [10,
; (, ) < ,

82

1. I

, ,
(0, ) > 0.
, ,
1; 0.
: = 0. ,
(1 < 0 ,
,
0.
, ,
( ),

(, .) = 0.
,

=0
< 0,
= () > 0.
,
, .
( ).

= 0

,

.
= 0
,


. 30.
( 0 + 0).
.
, , (5.1) :
{, ) = { ( ) - ^ } ' > , ),

(5.8)

'{'(, ) > 0 () , .

.
(. 30)
().

= ^ - . ,
.
, . 30 ,
,
_ 1 _
1

; (0)
.

83

. 31 .
.
, . 31.
. ,
1
= ,
I
= 0.
, ,
,
$

. 31.

. 32.

.
^ ( ),
! > %, , = , ,
.
. , (. 32),
.
, ,
.

. 34.



; ,
, , , ,

,
.
,
. 32. , , . 33
(! , . 34.

, .

84

_,

[.


()

= ^

(5.9)


, :
1
(5.10)

(, )

<0

(5.11)

<

.
,

. 35.

. 36.

(5.9) (5.10),
(. 35).
, .
, , .
,
(5-12)
. . (5.9) = 0
(5.10).
.
, ,
.
,
.
. 36
, , . 35.

. ( ):
^ + V+
1*

- ( - ) (0 + V ) } ^

= 0.

(5.13)

5]

85

V , ,
,
,
, 0
, .
,

{ ! . _ ( - > / ' (0 + V )}
(5.14)
0,01,
.
(1.23), (1.24) (1-27) :
V = (-'),

(5.15)

2 \ ^ = - ^ + ( - )(),

(5.16)

() =

^ / ' (0-\- ) 2 = - ^ / (0 + ) . (5.17)

, (5.16),

:
1)
= (),
.

~~ ( )

2)

()

( )

= 0.
,
, . . / ' ( ),
.
,
2

^ / ' ( 0+ ) 2 = / ' ( 0 + &)

( 0 < ^ < ! 2),


()


.

, .

86

[. I

\ ---1

=
^ - .

(1.3),

.
(1.3),
.

( (). (),
, .
, (),

^ ~() , . ,
, .
,

.
6.

(1.1).
(1.1),
.
,
(1.1)
, .
,
, ,
(1.5)
.
,
( ),
(5.1) ,
, ,
.
.
,
, , .

(2.1),

(6 . 1)
2
:

= (1 + <) ^ 2
71 0

/ () (> + )
2 1
( 6 .2 )

6]

87

/ () ( = 0, 1, 2, . . . )

71=0

/ ( ) = 2 / () ,
2
1
/ () ^ / (

|
(6.3)

{
1
|

,
.
(6.2),
, ,
.
(6.1) = (1 + ? ) ,
( -|- ) 1 + < 2 .
, = (( + <) (6.1)
, (

(2 ^ - + )22 = /(2).

(6.4)

(6.4) 2 = (), = 2 + <,



2

=0

^2 _ = 2 X .
(6-6)
=0
, (6.5) (6.6) (6.4)
,
, % ()
2%.
, :
20

~ " ) 2

0 + %1 / (2)

1 ^ 2

~~+ 2 / (2) 21 2
1
>
223 , 2_
_ , 1
_2 _ 220

^
~~ ^
22 ^ 2 ^ (2) 21 2

(6.7)
22
'*2

_ 222
'*1 2

^ + 1
(6.7)
, 1, 2.......... 2], 0, 1, 2> > 1.

= 2 2 + <)>
=0

0)2= 2 ,
??=0

(6.8)

88

. I

(6.1)
]+1 , ,
N 4- 1- (6.1),
.

( = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) (6.7) ,
, .
, .
, () (= 1, 2, 3, . . . )
. (6.7) :
20() = ,
0 = 2.
(6.9)
(6.9) (6.7), :
( - ^ + % ^ = /( 8 ) + <18
, (6.3),

(6.10)

4 ^ + 21 ) = :2 / '() + (1 + / 1())8.

(6.11)

=0
\

2 (),
(6.11)
.
:
1 + ( ) = ,
:
, _ /()


(6.11),
:

^- + 21 = 1 ^ 2 / ( ) 08.
. =0

(6-12)

% () :

=0

(6.13),
, .
,
1, 22, 23, . . . 1, 2, 3, . . .

, (6.1)
.

( 3
) ,
^ - + + ** = 0.

(6.14)

89

20, 2, %, 23 0, 1( 2,
(6.7) :
- 1,4 ' * = 0 ,
1 2
320
3221 2 2
,

2*!
,' + 2
1 2
(3
220
, 2 +1 3
2
120
. ,|2
^ 222
-1~0 -"3
2

(6.15)

222
1 <^2

:
(6.16)

0= 1.
20 () = ,

22
+ 21 = 3 3 + ,

(6.17)

- ^ + 2 = -^- + (
2 +

(6.18)

3 ) ,

:
^ - 2,
(6.19)
2 ( )= -^ -08 3 (6.16) (6.19)
:
?22 + 22 =

2 + ^

5 4- 2 ,

(6.15),
(6 .20 )

21
22,
2 2 = ^ 8 5 :
0,2 ~

5
128

( 2

5
128

4
128

(6 .21 )

(6.22)

2 () = -

1024 6 008 3+I


024 5 (6.15)
:
21
,
5 1024 5 ) ~
23 = 2 2
1024
2
6

, (

II

II

2 4- 4-

4 93

0,

003

2( 593~ & 255(0 *6,23*

?3
2

10597
2048

0 , . 177

4- 5
2048

1 7 4 - ( 3 4 - ^ 7) ,

(6.24)

90

. I

4096

1059
2 () = 2048^8 1 008

177
2048-24 ? 003

3
+ 2 0 4 8 ^ 8 " 003 7 *

( 6 ,2 5 )

', (6.8), (6.19), (6.22) (6.25),


(6.14)
3
= ( + <) + ~

[~ 1 3 ^ 2 + 2

4 ^ 3 (1 + <) +

+ 214 [ 1 _ 8 2] 085 + ?) + 325-4808 7 + ^ ) -

(6-26>

^ , >

, = 1 + 4 * ', + 8*, - * * <6-27>

.
(1.1)

-28>

( )
2

= 08 +

_ -1 V

* () .003 + (.) ;

( 6 _2 9 )

=2

() () ( 0, 2, 3, . . . )
(1.29), = () + <, ()
:
1() = 0,
\
'
(6.30)
() = + 1 (), )
1() 1() (1.27).
,
, () ,
(6.29)
<.
, ()
. ,
() . ()
, (6.29)

, <.

(1.1), ,
.
(6.28),
,
= (

(
(6.31)

91

9 , , %()
2.
, %()
(6.32)
%()

71=0

(6.33)

71=0

2() 2.
2 () > (6.33) (6.32)
,
:

,
20 = ,

)0 = ,

(6.35)

, .
20() 0(6.35)
(6.34) (1.16),

71 =

2()
(. . 1 ()
),
, (6.36).
,
(6.37)
^. (6.36)

"2 ( 4 ^

21 )

& >()+

2
71=2

( ) 0 0 8 +

( ) 8 1 ] -

( 6 -3 8 )

92

( . I

, :

() =

+ + - 2 " () ^
= 2

"*"*,

(6.39)

1 ,
2 ().
, . 2 ()

2() = + (, ),
(6.40)

V > /

( ) 0 5

+ ()
1 - /2

=2
.
2() (6.40) (6.34),.
:
22

4~ 22 ) = / ( , )
(
/*' ( , ) -|- 2>)11 +
4- 22 + (),

(6.41)

() = /'( 8 , ) +

( , ) -- +

+ / 2''( , ) 1 + \ .

(6.42)

() :

()= 2 [ () + () ].
=0
, :

(6.43)

/* ( , ) / 2'- ( , ) =

= ^

[? () 4- () ],

(6.44)

(6-41)

)2( 4 ' + 20 = 1 2

() 08 + () ] 4-

=0

4- 2(0 (1 14~ 2) 4- ^ [ () 4~0

() /].

(6.45)

2() ,
(6.45)
51 . :
1 ( ) = -
1 $! () + 2(11 4 -)2 ) =

(), |
().

5 7]

93

1:
- 1(>
(6.47)
1
()
{ () = \ () 0, , ()
.
)2:
>= ~ [ 01()^ 1?1,() + ] .

(6.48)

(6.45)

+ 22) = (0 () + 1^0 ()) + 2

{( () + 8 ()) +

=2

+ ( () + 1())& }.
:

(6.49)

2 () = 2 + -- (0 () + 6 ()) + ~

2 {( () + 1 $ ()) +
2

+ ( () + 1())&}-[ 2,

(6.50)

2 ,
23() . . ,

. ,
(6.31), (6.39) (6.37) :
= { + ^ ) 8 (1 + ?) + -' () +
,

V () ( + ) + () (>1 + ^)

+ -^2- 2 --------------------- ----------------------------

I0-01)

=2

="+ ^

<6-52>


) = 0.
(6-53)
(6.51)
(6.29), ,
,
(6.29) , (6.30),
(6.51) + &.

, 1.
7.
,
,
.
, , ,
, ,

94

[. I


.


,
(1.1).

.


^ + = /(*, 4 ) >

(7 )

.
, (7.1)

= ,

(7.2)


:
2

2<

>

^ / ( , ) ,

(7.3)

5 = ^ ()
2 *
2

>1 () = 2

^ / ( 8 , ) .
6

, (7.2)
(1.4),
(7.1) ,

.
, ()
\ (), :

V
\/(8,

() = ^

81 ) 8 ?,

\
^ / ( , 8 ) . I

{1)

(7.3)

_

1 ()

7]

95

(7.2)
. (7.5), :
-^ = - .( )

08.

(7.6)

(7.6) , ,
2/ \

, , . ()

, .

, ,

= - \ () + - ^ ~ % () + - ^
+

1 () - <,> ()
2

8 +
_

& ( )

()
^
2

1 ()

()

()

()
2 2
003

~ ( )

_
~

1
42
2 > ()
1 ()
\ ()
" 1 8 ? + _ 0 1 :' '

(7.4) (7.7)

^ + \ ( ) ^ - + () = 0 ( %

(7.8)

2 .
, ,
(7.2) 2

( 2) -

1 ( ) ^ + () = 0-

(7-9)

,
- (
2, . . ,
(7.3))
,
() ().
\ ()
, () ,
, (7.9),
.
(7.9) (7.1), ,
(7.9) (7.1)
* /(*. )

< >)

= - [ 1() + \ { ) ^ ] ,

(7.11)

() = () .
,


,
() = | / *

96

[. I

, , (7.5)
.
,
(7.1) (7.10) (7.11),

2 7

) - ^ ^ / ( , ) ?, I
>
1()=

^/(,

) .

(7 2)

I
)

,
\ {) () = -\ - 1()
()
(),
.
:
5() = - ^ ,

(7>

,

= - 8'
<7 4>
,
, ,
.
(7.14)
(7.13) (7.4), ,
(7.3).

.
,
, ,
(7.10) (7.11),
() \ () ,
(7.12), - .
.
, (7.12)
, , (
) , (7.10)
(7.11) , . ,
, 2,

.
, (),
, ,-,
, (7.10) (7.11), :

' )*=

5 0 ) 2^

(75)

97

. (7.15) , ()
.

2
:
= ((1)2 + 0 ) , ^

= 8 ({ + 0 ) ,

(7.16)

& .
, =
.
(7.15) (7.16),
= , (
(7.15) ,
, ()):
10

^ / [ (( + 0), > (2 + &)] 8 (( + &) 6,1 =

2
10

= () ^ 2>2 8 2 (I + 0)

\ () 2

(7.17)

2
\ () 2 = ^ / ( , ) .

, , (),
(7.12).

, (),
.
, .
I (()
(I) .
, (
) ,
, , ,
. .

=*\{1)!)1.

(7.18)

,
;
,
.
, , ,

, .

98

= \{1)1*{1)1,

1. I

(7.19)

I* (I) (I),
90, :

(7-2)


.
, , ,
- (I)
.
, () .

^ \ { 1 ) {1)1,
(7.21)

, ,

* ( * ) * '( * - ! - ) & .

(7-22)


(7.12) (), ,
,
(-
2), .
,
, :

'()] ' ( - ^ 0 ^ =

= - 5 [, () *(*) + *, () *'(*)]*' ( * ) *

<723)

\ () , ,
/1() .
,
:
= (<{ + $),

^ = (<-|-),

7, = ~ |,

7]

99

^ {1), '(1)]'

= ^ - ^ / ( , - ) ,

4 - $ [ () ({) + \ () ' (*)]

~ '* *()- ,

(7.23) :
2
() = ^ ^ / ( , ) ,

. . , (7.12).
, , ,
( ) [

- - [ ) * + ) 5 ] -

(7-24)

:
? = /(* , ),

(7-25)


, (7.24) (7.25)
:
= ()1

0),

.

.
,
.
^
(7.16)
(7.24) (7.25).
(7.16)
.
/ %, :
= 7 (1 + ^ ) .

(7.26)

, ,
, ,
= 1, 2, . . .
,
/ (>2+ 9)
(7.27)

,
? = ?

100

[. I

(7.26)
(7.27), , 1()
() , (7.12).
,
:
() (! ) + () 8 (> + ),
:

(7.28)

^ / ( 008
0

8* ) 08

08 (0^+ ) +

^ /(<2 08 , 81 ) 1 ?| 8111 (( + 0)*


(7.29)

(7.28) (7.29),
( ,
):
2

() =
^ / ( , 8 ) ?, |
\

(7-30)

( ) =
I|
\^ / ( , ) ,
0
'
() () ,
(7.12).

.
,
.
,

(1) (1)<,
( 1 ) ' (^1

^ =

(I)


= 8 ( -|- >),
(I).
, ( )
, ,
( ), , .


(
).
,

.
,
, , ,

7]

101

,
,
(,
), ()
6(, (),
.

, ,
.
,

(. 37).

:
(7.31)

= ).

= (I + 0)
:
2

( + 0)

^ / ( ^) <<.

. 37.

,


2

^0

03? ) 08?^?>

7' 32)



8
()
(7.33)
() = | /
,
,
(. 38),
, ,
( ),

:
. 38.

( ):

+ ()

(7.34)


(7.35)
,

:
V '
V

(7.36)

102

[. I

, ,
,

2
51

1 <) ''.



.- >3
:
2
) =
$ (-><)<<,

(7.37)



() = ^ -

(7-38)

,

,

/
.
. 39.

,
, . 39. ,
, , ,
, ,
.
I, :

^ + + - ' * - ^

<7-39)

1 , (
):
= /(^)*

( 7-4)


0 ,
.
,
:
- = /(2?0 + ).

= ( + 0),

(7.41)

7]

103

:
2
( + 6) ^

^ ^


(7.41)
( = 3,
(7.42)
5
2

() = ^ ^ / (0 4 - <) <

(7. 43)

(7.39)
=

(7'44)

, . 39, :

, . . .
, :
1(,

(7-45)

(7.45) (7.44), :
1 + ( - 0 + = 0,

:
1


- -
2

[(7.46)



. ,
,

.
,
,
,
.


,
,
, .

104

| . I


*) ,
. 40
2 ( )

:
-6 "
7 = /(/).
--

. 40.

( ) / = / ( / ) ,

= ^

(7 -4 7 )

, ,
,
:
I ^
+ ).
(7-48)

= 81,

8 () = ^ / ( ) .


7,() = 8(),
,

2, ( ) = ( ) -|- (),

:
(<)--=8 (), |

7 -0.

{1

,
.
,
,
.
.
(7.48), .
:
V = / ( &),

} = -.

(7.50)

, :
V=

2 / () 005
(=0)

*)
; ., , . . ,
, , . . , 1 (1955).

7]

105

, :
2
/() = -^ ^ 1{ 8&),

/ () = ^ / ( &) 1.

,
/ () (1 + )

( = 0, 2, 3, . . . )


/ 1 (;?) / () (^ + /).

2(1'2) = (9)>.

(^ )/ () (<* + ) = ) (>1 + 9 ()).

, (7.48) :
/ &

008 (8 <()).

(7.51)

(= 0, 2, 3, ...)

, ,
. , ,
.
,
< = 0, 2, 3, . . . ) .
(7.51) (7.50).
:
V = / ( 8- + ),

5==

008

- ? ( )).

(0, 2. 3, ...)

, ,
V :
V = / ( &) + /' ( &).
, :
V=

0)

/ () +
+ { 2

[ ( ) 8 + () -]

0 ()},

(7.52)

(== 1)


%] ( &).

106

|. I

^ ) 6 1().
:

1() = ^ - ^ $ / '( &)

276

() = ^ \}' ( 8 &) &


,
(7.52)
:
2

() (

) =

()

( + + <()),

:
/ () (+ ) + () (2 + ) + 0 1 () ( + ) =
= ()

< ()),

:
() < () = / ( )

()

(),

8 <() = ( ) ,

() = ^ () + 1 () ,

( ) =

(7.53)

()

^ ) (). :
2*^

1() = 2

(1)

1 $

( 008 ^ 008 &008

1
=

^ =

()
VI

.
^ ~() 03{})>
(!)

2
^(0)=

2
( 1)

^) ^

^ (008 ) 181 (

& () ) =

= 2
!)

005 9 (0) 4 ^ / ; ( }) 81 (1&.

1 /( &)

31 }

107

. .

1() = 2 ^ - 08<()(=2)

, '
:

/ 1 ()

() = + .1

= -

(>2)

^
(=0, 2, 3,...)

(7.54)

- 008^ ^ -

(7.49), ,
.
(7.54)
.
,
.
(7.47),
,
{(2 + < ) <? >)+*5 ()} 1 = / (/).
(7.55)
8.

,
, , ,
., (

).

:
1 [

+ * ( ) = / ( > )

(8)

, , , %=1
.
(8.1)

.
, ,
/"
(! **\
(8.1) (), : (-), / ( , ; , \
-,
, 0 < < 1 . (
( ,

) ,

(8.1)) ()^=0, ( ) = ^ 0
.
, (8.1)
, ,

108

1,
, ,
- .
= 1, . .
, ,,

, ,,
. . ,
, .
,
8.1) :
= + 8 (, , )-}-22 (, , ) + .. .,

(8 .2 >

(, , ), 2 (, , ),. ..
2,
:
^ = (, ) + 2 (, ) + . . . ,
= () 4- 1 (, ) 4- 2 (, ) 4 - . . ,
< () =

. , 1,
(8.1)

(8.3),
.
1, ,
(8.3),
(, , ), 2(%, , ), .. .
- (1.8),
0 < <; .

(8.4). (8.2)
(8.3) (8.1),
.
, :
[ 5 - + 2(^)1 ] =/("> >) + 2 ()( () +
4- 2 () () -4- ^
^

[ ? + 12() 2] =

^
,
(,))

(8.5)

8]

109

:
/ 0(, , ) = /(, , ) ,

(8.7)

/ 3 (, , ) = / (, , ) +
+ /' ('> , < ) ^

.-^ ()

() ^

1 < (-) ()
(-)

].

(8 . 8 )

, (8.5),
1(', , ), :
. , 2

1(" ^ = 2 ^

2 = ^ $ ^(" ) ^ 1

(8.9)
(, ) ^ ( , ):
IIV"

'

_______
[ () ()]
2 ()()

^ / ( ', , ) ,

27 () (-)

2
^ /0(, , ).

(^ >^0

27 () ( ()

,
(8.1)
= ,
(8.11)
:
_
1

2 () ( (-)

[ () ( (-)]
-,:

2
2% () (7) ^ / > ) ,

(8 .12)

_
1

, _____ _______
2 () ( ()

' '

, 7
5.12) :

2 () (-)

[ (-) ( (-)]
-

>

% (, ) ,
(8.13)

= (* )>
( , ) (, )
,

110

1. I

7
:
(, ) =

2% () (-)

(8.14)
;(, ) = 2 ( ) - ^ ^

^ / 0(, , ) .


2 (, , ) 2 (, )
2 (,).
(8.6), :
/

2(, )

. .

92?! ,

2{)~ 1 1 ) 1 + 1 +

1 ^()
2

() "I

1]

2 (-) ()
2

> = 2^ -

. ()

()

(8.15)

1
2 (.) ( ()

^ / (. > ) /,

, (8.1)
:
= + 1 (, , ),
(8.16)
:
~ = 1 (, ) + 22(, ),
(8.17)
^ ( , ) 1(, ) (8.10), ^42( , )
2(, ) (8.15),
(, , ) (8.9).
,
.

1, ,
,
(8.1), , , 1.

(1.24)

2 () <()

[ () < ()]

,
,
, ,
,
.

111

.

(8.1)
(8.12) (8.17),
,
.
,
(8.1), ,


. ( )
,
,
.
,
,
,
(8.1) ,
.
,
(8.12), (8.17)
(8.10) (8.15).
, (1.1),
,

2-

[ {1[^ 1 ) - ^ 0

= 0,
(8.18)

\ { [ ( ' > ] + * < > *

/ ( , , ^ ")}
< = 0.

) ) = +...

,

(8.2) ,
, , , ,
(8.3), ,
1(, ) 1(, ) (8.10). (&
,
, 2,
2(, ) 2(, ) (8.15).
, (8.18) , ,

.
(8.1),
(8.12)
..

112

{. I

,
, , , :
[ 7>(') ' ^ ] + ( ) = /(, ).

(8.19)

\ () ()]

:
2

2 () ( (-)

( 8 . 20 )

2 () (-) ^ > . ) 005 ^


(8.20) .
, :
& ____
=
(8 .21)
[ () > ()]1^2

0 1 = 0.
(8.20), :
I
= ^ () 6 1 ,

(8 .2 2 )

< () = () -

/2

2% [ () ( (:)] 12 0

, ,
(8.19), ,
()) (), ,
(8.22).

(),
( )
, .

=

(8-24)


:
2
_
1
/

2 () ()

[ (-) ( - ) ] ________ _
2 () ( (
1~

^ / 0

) 8 ,

(8.25)

/ \

=10 ().

I
= ^ () 6
(8.26)

? 8]

.113

(8.25) , ,
(8.24), ,
()
( ).

(
) ,
, .
.
0 , ^
, , I = / (-)
, 2 ,

+ 2 1 ^ () ] + 1) 1 6 =

(8 -27)

0
, (8.27)
:
(8.28)

(8.29)
(8.11) (8.12) :
0 = ,

(8.30)

' ()
1
.1 ()
(*)
(8.31)
(:) 2
16

(8.31) I 0, = 0, :
I
{* <

(8.32)

(8.31),

114

[. I

(8.32) (8.33)

.
/ = , :

1 ( 1--

(8.34)

X= ~ , .

(2.44).
,
/ () = 10 -
/0 <= 0,

(
,
).
:
= ( ^ 7 ^ ) 4 11 >
,

_____
&

(8 -35)

_3_ 2
(

<8 - 3 6 >

(8.35)

, ,
. ,
< 0, 1 > 0
|<
, > 0
> 0 *.
, ,
, .
< 0, > 0
'1 ~ : ( < " - , | ^ ^
.

< 0 < 0 .
( = 0)
.

. , ,

.

.
(8.16), (8.9) (8.17)
:
0 = ^

08 ,

(8.37)

<|>

8]

31'{)

<1

<11

115

41 (:) 1 1 ()

<2 |

' '

16

1 ()

16 3

2 ( ) \ 2 ( 1)

5" (-)
5 )2 () 4
-) ^
29-3

(8.38)
, ()
16/2 ()

}!

. ,
(8.38) I:
I
0
- ! ) ^ ( 0 ) 3/4
(8.39)
0


(8.38).

II


9. .
'
.

, .
,
,
(9.1)
.
(9.1) ,
. , ,
,

(9.1).
(9.1)
, .
, , , ,
. = (I), = (I)
, .
,
.

,
.

(9.1) = (I), = (I),
, ,
. .

<2 (, )
(, )

(9.2)

.
.
:
(9.3)

9]

# ?*1

(9.3)

= 2 . ,

(9.4)

, , . . 2 < , > 0; (9.4)


=
(^ + ),
(9.5)

~ 81 (^ + + &),
.= - 2, &= * ^ , ,
, .
(9.5) -
.
.
, (9.4) -' ,:
,
= 0, = 0. ?!'
_ 2

^
'

= 0, = ) '
. ' &.
(
,
) 8
, (

.
,
0.
(9.5)
= (1 + ),
= 81 (<1 ).

(9.7)

. 41.


(. 41),
, .
(9.7) I,

(9.8)
1,
,
(9.6) = 0.

. ,
, .

118

1. II


, ( ,
= 0, = 0), .
= 0, = 0
.
, (9.1)
, ^ = 0 , ^ = 0, . . (9.2).
, ,

(9.2).


.
,
.
,

(
]) (-)),
42
,
, (-)),
) (. 42).

: = 0, = 0
, , -
(-]), I = 10
|(^) 1 < (71).

\ ( 1)~\ < ')).

I , , 10 < I < ,
\ ( 1 ) - 0\<],

\ { 1 ) - 0\ <].

,
.
> 0,
. (9.5)
,
(. 43),
,
. . ,
.
,
, ,
.
,
, = 0 , = 0
.
,
, ,
,
0 .

119

< 0.
(. 44),
.
, = 0, = 0,
.
, = 0, = 0
.

, 2 > , > 0
.
(9.4)
= 1- 1' + - ,= ~ \ ^ 41 ~

(9.9)
(9-)

:
= + ]/72 ,
- 2= - - ^ .

(9.11)


(9.9) , <72 (9.10).
2, :
( + ) 4 = ( + ^)*

(9.12)

+ 1 = ( + 2 .

(9.13)


(. 45), = .

.

120

[; II

, . 45 , . .
.
= 0 , = 0 ,
. .
,
.

/< 0, 2> /.
, (9.13),
(. 46) .

. 45.

, , ,

(. . 46,
). ,
, , ,
, < 0. ,
(9.9) (9.10).
.
, .

2-

= 0,

(9:14)

. (9.14) , ,
,
.
(9.14) :

= 1 , \ - * . \

. , (9.15)

2
<2
.1 _ = 1
(9.16)

(. 47).
= 0 ,

' ,

121

:
= ,
(9.17>

X = .

, ,
,
.
.
=X
'
- X

, ,
,
(
' = ),.,
, ,

, -
,
..
, ?
,
, =
\ 1 1 1
^
= ~ ~
X
,
,
, .

.

(9.2),

\
( , ) = , . ( ? ( , ) = 0.
(9.18)
. 47.
( , ) () (, )
.
, , . . (9.18),
, ,
.

= 0, = 0

= 0 + ,

= 0-+.

(9.19)

(9.1),
= 0, = 0 . , (9.19)
(9.1), :
~ = + + 2( , ) ,
(9.20)
^ = + + (22(, ),
8,
:
= ^ (0 ,0 ) ,

= ( 0 , 0 ),

= <?'( 0 ,0 ) ,

= <?'( 0 ,0 ) ,

122

[. II

2( , )
( >) ,


.
(9.20)
,
:

= + ,
(9.21)
(~ - ,
, ,
.
(9.21) :
2_ ( + ) - ( - 6) = 0.

(9.22)

,
1( 2 , , 0.

.
(9.21) :
= 1 + ,
1
(9.23)
= 1*1 ^ 1-\-2 ^ , }
2 :
= [ + + ( )2-(- ] , |

2= [+ ()2-1-4] , )

(9.24)

?-|- ()= 0.

(9.25)

(9.24), ,
(9.21) , ,
, (9.23)
I * , ,
.
, ,
+ < 0 ( )2 + 4 < 0; , ( )2 4 > 0,
, < 0,
.
+ = 0, , ( )2 +
+ 4 < 0.
, + > 0,
.
0, (9.1)
(
, + = 0), . .
(9.21), ( , ) (){, )
.

123

,

, [, 2] 0, ,

. , [] = 0 [2] = ,
,

.
, ,
(9.26)

(9.27)

= 0, = 0

(9.28)

= 0, = 0 ,
6 + = 0, 4 = - 4 < 0 .
, (9.27) ,
(9.26) ( )
, ,
X .
,
.
(9.20) 2 (, ) 2( , ) ,

= 0, 0.
2 (, ) ()2 (, )
.
,
(9.21) (9.22)
, = 0, = 0 (9.20)
.
, (9.20),
, (0, 0),
I >-)-.

.

X VXX (0>
X = 11x2 (0>

^21 (0,
= ^22 (0

(9.29)

124

'--

[.; II.

'
:
(0) = 1. / ( ,
/12(0) = 0-, [/ (0) = 1 ,
^ = + (1 + (1),
% = + + .2{1)
:
I
= 1 (() ( 0 ) + $ { ^ ( / - \ ) ( ) + 1712 (I - ). ( ) } ,
I
= 1^22 {I) (0 ) +

II
) 1 (') 4

{^21

^22

') ^ 2 (')}

(9.20), :
I
({) = () (0 )+ ^ {[711( 1 - %)2{(), ( ) ) +
0
+ 71 2 ( - ) < 2 2 ( ) , ( ' ) ) } ,
(9,30)

(I) = V 22 ( 0 (0 ) +

^ {*/1. ( -

1.)

2 ( ( ) * ()) +

, + 722'( - ' ) < ? 2 (:('), ? /( ))} .

,
(9.20) .
, ,
(9.22), , ,
V (I) , :
\ , (1) < ~ 1,

'

(9.31)

.
(9.30)
.
(9.31), ,
(0), 2/ ( 0):
'
1) | (I) | < - ', | ({) | < ~1, , .
2) (1), (I) (I), (1) I
(0, ).
, (1), (1)
I > -| .

.

.

'; .

125


(9.23), '

, , , <1.
.
( )2 + 4 < 0;
(9.23) . + = 0,

, ,
. -{- 0,
,
, , + < 0,
1> ,
; + > 0,

;
.
(6 )2 + 4 ' 0. , (9.23)
,

>2
1 = ( 2)1.
(9.32)
, ,


^ > 0, (9.32)
-1
.*
, . , <. 0,
, ,
-\- .
, ^- < 0, 6 > 0, (9.32)
1
'

.
, ( )2+ 4? = 0 ,
, (9.22) 1
<: - = 2 =
( + ).
, = 6 = 0, = = , (9.21) ;
(9.33)

, . = 0,
= 0 .
. (9.21)
:
.

(9.34)
71 = .

, I, :
4\

] , 1

126

[. I I

71= 1 1 +

(9.36)

,
. 48. ,

+ < 0
+ > 0.
. 5

-\-0
1

( )2+ 4 < 0

6 + = 0

()2+ 4 = 0

< 0
3

(6)2+ 4 > 0

> 0

-\-< 0

6+>0

+<0

-\- > 0

6+

6+>0



.


(1.1),
:
= + . . . ,

= ^ = <]>+ . . . ,

(9.37)

9]

127


:
% = - { ) ,

**

, ,

(9.38)

(9.37)
.

() = () = 0,
(9.39)
,
' ().

= 0 , ,
.
(9.39) , ' () 0.
, . 49
50.
, 3
(9.39),
, 2 , = 0
. = 0
, 1 3
, 2 .
,
, :
=

( = 1. 2. .

( 9 -4 )

. 51 52
(9.39).
, ,
, ,

128

[. II

(9.39) , %, 3,...

I> I > .
,
- ,

,
, .
, 1+,
, I> .

, , ,
() =


, .

, (. 53).
, ,
, ,
,
.

129

(9.1)
,
,
.
, (9.1)
. ,

, .

,
,

. ,

,
(. 54).


, ,.
,
.
,
,
.

, ,
, ,
, ,
.
I>, .
I ,
. .
,

,
. ,

.

130

[ . II


,
.


, ,
(<1).

, .

, , (. .
) .

$ ,

.
(I) ,
.
^
,
, , (I) 2/, /
(. 55). /
.
, /
:
/ =

2 ^

( 9 -4 1 )

;
, , ,
, .
,
,
2+ <?2 = 0,
. . .
, ,
.
, ,
, . 56.

131

(9.41),
]^, 2, 3, . , . , , ,
, , 1 \,
2, 3, . . . , .
, 2, 3, . . . ,
, ,
,
.
.
, -
1
2 3"

()
2 + <?2

, ,
.
, ,

( + )2 -( + )2 = 1,

(9.42)

. , ,
.
, (, ) ()(, )
, :
]'== ^ { (1 - (1 )>

(9-43)

= ,
,
,

*
_
=
, ,

, ,
+ 1 , 1.
,
(. 57).
,
,

(9.2).
.
, , ,
(9.2), .
, ,
2, ,
, ,
, 1.

132

[. II

, , ^
, , ,
, , .

,
.

, . .
,
.

^-1
. 57.

,
+ 1, ,
.

.
,
. , ,
, ^
, , .
, , ,
. .
*),
.

*) . . ,
, , . , 1947.

133


_ ( + ) V +2 .
^
( ) + 2/

(9.44)

= <, 81119, 9
,

(9.45)
-1
:
(9.46)

= 1 + *,

. ,
, 9 < 1| ' | < 0.
= 1 ( = 0), ,


(
) > ( < 0),
,
(
)
<> ( > 0).
= 1

(9.44) (. 58).
10.


(9.2)
.

, [26].
,
, .

2 + 1 | + * - 0.

(10. 1)

, ,
--, .

(10. 1)
. , ,
. . , , . . .
. . .
:
.

() = ^ / () ,

( ) = ^ () *

( 10 . 2 )

134

[ . II

, :
1) () ;
()> 0,

() = ;

2) () < <
,
, \ \ () < 0 > 0 () > 0 < 0;
3) ' , ' < ,
() > ,

() < ' ,

> ,
< ,

(10.1) , , .
,
, , .

:

1. () , , ( ) > 0 > 0.
2. () , 0, ,
() < 0 0 < < 0 () > 0
> 0.
3. () = () = .
4. / () ()
.
(10.1) ,
.
*).
,
:
1. / () , () , , ( ) > 0
, /(0 ) < 0 .
2. /() () .
3. ()
^ .
4. () = 0
= , , , > () .
,
--, .
, (10.1)
, .
,
. [24].
= ^ + (),

, ) = % + 6().

(10.3)

^.2


, , ( )
.
*)
. . [33].

. .

10]

135

, ,
(10.1). :

+ < * > 4 1 5 + ) 2+ } =
, (10.1) (10.2) (10.3),
6,1:
= () ..
(10.4)
, , ,
^ () <1, .
, , (10,1)
:

. .

= - {),

(10.5)
-&
(*)
(
, , (10.5)
.
(10.5)

:
1)
(I) (I)

(10.5),
(I), (I)
( ( )
);
, ,

,

(10.5);
2) (10.5)
,
;
3)
:
-.

__

8 ()
()

( 10 . 6 )

(0) = 0, ,
( ), .
, ,
( ) = 0 (. 59, ),
, ,
^ () = 0 ,
, ^ = ^ . , ( ) , () > 0,
(10.5)
. , ,

136

[. II

( ( ) ' > 0), , .


, , . 59.

.
, 0 .
, , ' = ,
, , , , ' ,
, , ",
' (. 60), . . , ' ,
, ' ,

, . , '
. '
, = .
, , ': '
.
(10.5) ,
,
1, ' , .
, ,
. 61, 1 \ , .
, = .
, , . ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
, = .
, (10.2), (0, 2/) = V2
^ -,
.
,
,
() = (),
(10.7)
, , ,
/ () [), (10.7) ,
, (10.1) .

10]

137


, .

?() = ( ) - ( 4 ) =

(10>8>

< (. . 59), < 0,


(. . 134) () < 0 , , ( ) > 0 , . .
)> ).
,
.

\ ( ) > 0, . . ,

, , ,
.)
, > , . . ,
. 59. :
< ( ) = ^ + ^ ,

?2( )=

() =

() + ? * ().

(10,4) (10.6) :

(10.9)
() < 0 < , ,
, , < (*) > 0, ~ < 0 ,
, <2 () < 0.
,
,
, ,
\ \. <()
, - __
(10.9), ( = 0 = ),
< ()
, 1 = -
-----
----___ |_ 1
| *(*)!
.

. 62.1
< () .
2 , 2 > 1. ,
[ < / V ? ' \ ^^ (. 62).
^
^ ()'= ^ .()+ ^ ( ) +
)222

1>\ {

^ ().

'(10.10)

138

[. II

() > , < 0,
^ ()<
>222

\^ ().

( 10 . 11 )


[ ,
1 1 1 [[ (
).
, [[
, 1 1 1.
() , ( )
[[. , < ,
$ ( ) < ^ (),
''
1)111

(10.12)

(10. 11) :
^ () <

^ (),

. . 2 (2) < <2 () 2 > .


, 9 () = () + <2() > 0
.
, < :

(10.13)

? (0 = ?1 () > 0.
,

<2 ( ) >

> .

- ,
'
(. 59).
:

< < ,

~ <

^ \=

^ ( ) .

(10.14)

> , ,
( ) > ().

^ ?<^ (1) ^ = ( 1) \ 1\,

?2 (0= \ \ > - .

(10.15)

,
.
, ,

139

, , <()
<() > 0 9 () = > .
, <() = 0,
,
(10.7).
, .
< 0, <( ) >0 , , () > ( ^ 1).
> 0, 9 () < 0 , , X() <( ) .
0 0 ;
, 0, , < 0, ,
, ' 0,
.

> 0,


.



.
,
() ;
, ,
(10.6)
0_

()

(10.16)

(10.16),
, .
,
- () = 0

(10.17)

{. 63).
,
(10.16),
. ( , ),
,
.
.
(10.16),
. ,
(10.16) 1 = 0 ( , ) ,
(II
' = 1 = N1) 1 = ' ,

(1 = ( ( )) 1 = 1 = ' '

140

[. II

' ,
' _ '

~~

_ '

~~

, , ' _1_ .
, (, )
, ,
[, ),
,

N .
\

1, , ,

0, 0,
0 ( 0, 0),
, ,
.
,
,
(, ),
.



. 64.
,

.
,
.
(10.1)
(10.3)
\


(10.18)

(10.19)

( 10 . 20 )

* , . 64.

, ,
(10.19):
1 =

( 10 . 21 )

1| ]

141

, , (10.19)
N171 = ,

(10.22)

= 1, = {).
,
.
,

,
,
.
, , ,
.
,
, ,
. .
- .
;
.
,
.
,

.
, ,

(10.23)
:

= 0, N
.
,
.

,

(10.25)
:

(10.26)

,
N
3 2

142

[. I I

(. 65) * .
,
8 $ 2;
. ,
2

. 65.

=
, .
--,

- ( - ( ) ,) + * - -

< -27>

:
- ( 1 - ^ ) 2/ = 0,

(10.28)

.
(1 2) :
1) 0 = 1 = 0;
\
2) =
:
=
3
(. 66).

, = 1 (. 67).
, = 0,
__

(1 2)

(10.29)


,
.
=^0
(10.27) , .
(10.28)

10]

143

. . 67 (10.28),
: = 0,1; 1 = 10.
.
,
> 0


,
,


.




,

,

(10.27),
.


.
,
, , .

'-/

. 68.
,
(10.29),
(10.27).
,
+ 1 , 8= 0,1 = 1,0
, = 10 .

144

[. II

. 67, ,
.
,
. . 68


(10.29)
,
,

(. 69).
,
- *),
(

) . 69.
(

),
, .
,
.
,
.
11.
--
9 ,
.
-- ,
, >.
--
2

1 / 3 "|

---- + =

...

(11)

, .
(11.1)
= ),

(11-2)

<"-3>

1 \
'(\

;'3^

*) - ,

, 1 V, 2, 1935.

(11.4)
,

145

> 1 (11.4) 1 ]

^ , ]
V 713 71>

(11.5)


.
(11.5) (. 70) , (11.4)
(11.5) , ^ = 0
{ ], (11.5).
( ,
(11.5)) >
,
I{-
(11.4) \


, (11.5).
, ,
(11.4),
(. . 70),

, (11.5).
(11.5),
,
2,
,
(11.5).
(11.5), ;

. ,
> , . 70.
, 3
2 5 (11.5) , ,
.
, (11.5) ,
(11.5), , ,
,
(11.5). ,
,
. 70.

, .
(11.4) :
,1 =

146

[. II

] = 0,
:

( -

= 2 ( 1 |

(11.7)

'^1

( 11.8)

(11.5) |1 = 1, ]2 = 2 , ,
\
7 \ = 1,614
"
(11.9)
, ,
:
= 1,614 .
(11.10)
, > 1
: ),
]0, )
.3 (. . 70).
) -] ]0,

. 7 2 .


5,
,. , ]
2 2 ,
3.
,

. ,
, , ,
, , , ,
.

,
, ] ] I (. 71 72).

.

--
> 1 .
,


/7 ( ) + = 0

(111)

11]

^
~

= (),

147


(11.12)

() ,
. 74.

, (11.12).
(. 73),
, 8,
. 5

, . 74.
, ,
.
,

+

= .

(11.13)

, ,
, ,
1

2.
, ,
I ,
.
, . 74 ,

V , . 75.
,
( ),

=
(11-14)
/ () , (0, \).

148

[ . II

,, (0, 1)

(11.15)
/(), ,
.
, I 1
1. ,
7
,

(11. 12).

,

V

75

. 76.

, ,
(11.12), .
.

. , (11.12),
, . 76, .
,
,
(11.12) .

.

,
,
. . .
12. . . --
, . .
[15],
> 1 .


1

12)

. . - -

149.

. .
--
'2

{1-- 2) ^ + = 0

$ *).
(, ), =

(12.1)

~*

(1 2) + = 0.

,
. 77.

(12.2)
1 I I I


=

( 12 . 2)

(12.2) ,

(12.3)

6 (1 2) + = 0.
(12.4)

/ I I I ,

'
(12.2)
1
(12.3) (12.4),
,
,
,

(12.3),
I I I ,
(12.4).
,
I I I V ,
(12.2),
.
I, I I , I I I I V ,

1
.
(12.2)
(. . 77). ,

.
I.
2 , -^- = 0 (
*) , . . (
-- , , , 6, 1945)
(12.1).

150

[. II

= 2 ); I :
1 - < ; < 1 V,
2- < < 1 V,

> 0,
<0,

V;:;
V> 0. |

(12.5)

,
(12.5).

= 2 ' 7 (*)-

(12-6)

71=0

(12.6) (12.3)
, ,
/ () ( = 0, 1, 2, . .. ).
, :
/ 0 () = + :- - ^ ; 3,

+ ^

(12.7)

[ " , = ; 018

<12' 8)


2
/0 () = 0, , >
,
. / ( )
= 1 (12.6)
,
0 ( 1- ) >

(12.6)

* = - 0 ( 1 ) ; .
I I ,
= 0, = ; 0, = 2.
I I , 0, = 1.
% 2 =
. (12.2) :
=

(12' 9)

( 12- 10)
=0

(12.10) (12.9)
,
% () ( = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) .
:

(2) = ^ [ + ^

1( 1 - ?1 0 ]

(121)

12 ]

(2)

. .

(|!= ? { ( ' - 1 ) 2 ( 2 + ^ 1) ) +
1
+ [ | ^ 11 + 212- 2 ( ? - 1 ) 22]

- -

151

2 (| 1)

~ - 2
> .
1 1
(12.10) ,

4 ^ , - 0

> ^ '

< 0 ,
0( ) < (2).
(12.10)
= , . . = 1.
(12.6), (12.10)
, = 0(1), .

. (12.6) (12.10) = 1 ,
* :
(12.13)
1 = 2 / (* >
*= 2 ( ~ )
=0

*,
, .
' I I I .
:
1 V> > 1 -1- V,

< 0,

V> 0;

; > 0. , > . )
<124)
.
(12.14),
.
I I I , < 0.
, ,
(12.2)

( * 2.

(12.15)

~0

() , ,

;
() =
(*) = ; _ ! > IV-"/
-

( 2 -)- 1)

(2 _ 1)4

(12.16)

(12.15)
( 1) > 0(&-21), (12.15)

1|3.

IV.
:

. II

(12.17)
, I I I
(-1 '3). :
= -
(), = 2/ ( 1).
(12.18)
(12.2) :
(12.19)

< ? = 2 ( ) -2'8.

( 12. 20 )

(12.19), ,
,
(} () ( = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) .
() () ,
I I I .
:

(12.21)

(12.15),
I I I , ,
()
= (? (7).
(? (), , (12.20)
,
() () < () (2/), . . ,
( 1) < 0 (1 ), , , ,
(12.20) (12.15), .
I I V .
(12.6) (12.20),
(12.18).
, > 0 = 1,
2/ 3.
2
= - + . ; ( 1) = (1/),

- 1/ > , [ = (4/).

12-1

. . - -

453

, (12.6) - ^ , , ( 1) > (*>),


, , , (12.20) (12.6),
,
= 1 -1--1/3.
, ,
= 1 + -1/3 ,
(12.20) (12.6):

- / ^ - /8^ ( _ ^/8) = ^ -27 ( 1 + - 1/).


0

(12.22)


~8/8, :
^

| ^

- 1 - 1 1 4 ) '* - ( -8/3),

(12.23)

0 = 0 () .
= -|- + ,
/ 0(^1) = 0, , (12.12),

2 + -*/ _ ^ 1^! + 1 (30 - 1 + 2 1 2 - 8 1 3) " + ( -8/3).

(12.24)


:
1) 2 I I , 2 ,
(12.10)
.

( 1 - - 4'3) .
2 1

2) 2 (1 + -1 /3) / / / ;
3) (1 /) (1 -1 /3) ;
4) (1 3) * I , * [

~1

1 1

\
~

2 (_1)2

^ [ (I? I)2 1

1)

+ 7^)5" ] ~

<12-26>
5) * I I .

= 2 [ 1 + 2+ 3 + 7 + 5),
24 (12.25),
.

(12.27)

154

[. II

, :
(3 21 2) + -1/ _ ^ - ^ +
+ ^ 3 1 2 1 3 1 + 0 - 2 ) -1 + ( - 4/*) (12.28)
, :
1 , + 1 , 2 - 11 - ~ ^ + 0 ,0 08 7 1+ 0 ( - 11).

(12.29)


, ,
, (11.10),
.
(12.6), (12.10), (12.15) (12.20)

() .

, ,
. < 1
. 8 > 1 ,
. > 1
, < 1. ,


.
,

( )
,
. . [43] .

III


13.
,
, .
,

+

(13.1)

6 , /('>{, , ^ ,
' 2.,

/( .* .& )-2

" / . ) -

<13-2>

/
? *\
, / ( ,
)
(13.2) 1
.
(13.1) , ,

,
/ 1, ,
,
. ,
, .

, (13.1),

, .
, . . = 0,
:
= (>1 <),
= ( + ),
.
, , ,
, , 2.......... ,
,
, ~

156

[.

^ = (( ), -^~= 81 (1 4 <)^
, (, ,
( + ) I 0 8(-\-)1, .
, ,

, 2,
( + ).
,
,

,
(
). ,
,
, .
, ,

V, , ,

, . . + %(.
,

-|-),

(13.3)

( ).
:
1) = 1, . . V ;
;
2) 9 = 1 , . . V ;
,
(, ,
), .

;
3) /? = 1, . .

.
.
,
{ | , , ~

. ,
.
, ,
(13.3), , ,
. (13.2)
,
.
,
.
, ,

157

8 13].


; ,
, , ,
(
).
,
,
,
. , ,
, ,
.

( .

, -^ ^ -

= (1 + <),

= (^ + ) )

, ,
.
,


80 = (/

<),

(13.4)

.


/ ( ^ > 0>

(13.5)



= + .

, \
.
,
, (13.5)
. ,
,
(13.5).

.
,
(13.1), , ,
- . , ,
(-{-),

,
( ) >:
+ (.

(13.6)

, .

158

(. III


4 - ( 1)

.
,

+ , ,


. (.
. 167.)

(13.1), , ,
,
.
(= 0) ,
, =
-4= 0,
=

, , -,
,
,

(, , V*) + 22(, , ^ ) + . . . ,
(13.7)
1(, , 1), 2(, , 1), . . .
1 2.
-, ,
, , ,
:
- ^ - = 1 () + 2 2 () + .. .,

1
(13.8)

() + 2_2() + ]

,
,
, .
,
,
.
, (13.1)
,
:
(#, , ^ ), 2 (, , ^ ) , . . . , (), 2 (&), ,

(^)> ^2 (^)>

, (13.7),
, (13.8),
(13.1).
, , . .
,
, (13.7), (13.8),

8 13]

159

(13.1)
(13.8). ,

; , ,
.
1(, , 1),
2(, , 1), . . . , 1(), 2(), . . . , 1(), 2(), . . . ,
(13.8) ,
, .

1(, , 1), 2(, , 1), . . . ,
. . , .

1(, , 1), 2(, , 1), . . . ,

.

1(, , V*), 2(, , 1), . . . , 1(), 2(), . . . , 1(),
2(), . . . , .
(13.7), :
* +

+ {

^ 1 1+ , ^ + . . . } ^ + , ^ + . ^ + . . . ,

1(4--"1+
-^* -_ |08
+ - ^ + ' - 224-

(13.9,

1
41 +
+ { - + ^ 4 . | ^ + . . . } -5 1 --

<*V I . 2! , 2 2 ,
X >

\ 1
1 1

1 4/

- I I+ 21
22 + . . . 1
+ *1
+I 2 | - 81
+ 2^
^ + 2 *
+ . . . (13.10)
(13.10) ~ ~ , ^

(13.8) (1.10) ,

, (13.7) (13.1),
, ,
:
= { ^ ' + ^
+ * { ?

+ - ^

+ , 2 , 8

+ 2 + * ! 2 > 2 , | +

0 0 8

+ ^ . ^ + ^ .

( ^

+2)

'

*+

+ 2 ? > + 2 1?*- } + *

<1)

. III

160

(13.1) (13.7)

(13.9)

/ ^ 1 , , - ^ - ^ = 8/ (^> , )-)+ 2[/(^. , ) +

(13.12)

+ 1'> , ) 8 )
X

1 + - 0) +

(13.7) )
(13.1) +1 (
, - ),

(13.11) (13.12) - .

1(, , V*), 2 (, , 1), . . . , {, , V*), 1(), 2().
> (), 1(), 2 {), . . . . . ():
<2
2 2

= / (, , 1) + 2 + 2 ,
222 ,' 22 + 0 )2
2=
+ 2)
^1
12

(13.13)

( , , 1) + 22 + 22 ,
(13.14)
^ 2 , ^

10 ^ + 2 7 + ~ ^
= / - 1( > > 70 + 2 4- 2) ,

/ 0 ( , , ^ ) = / ( ^ , ,
/ ( , , ^ ) = / ( , ,
X

08 5 1 81

< ),

) 8 ) + /' , ,

~ + ]

<
3, ] + 21 1^
2 1
81

+ (

- 1 ) 08

2 -^2
1


<- 1,1

, /,, (, , ^ )
2
, ,
. ,
. (), ( (), ,(, , ^ ) ( / = 1 , 2, . . . , ).

| 13}

161


, .
/ ( ) 2
( 21
2 ), , ,

:

/ () = - - + 2

( 008 + },

(13.16)

=1

= ~ ^ / ( $ )

^ / (^ \.

(13.17)


.
/ ( )

/()= 2

(13.18)

= ~ \ ) - <-

(13.19)

( ,
.)
(13.19) (13.17):
_

-]~
'

'

/(, ) , 2~,
.
/ (, ) , :
> )=* 2 ( ) >
=

(13.21)

2
{) = - ^ \ 1 (*. ) ' <%

()

(13.22)

( ) =

^ ,

(13.23)

162

|. II I

= ---^ \ (71) ~>

5/

^ '(1 )

(13.24)

() (13.21)

/ ( *, ) =

+),

(13,25)

~=

:
/( * , ) =

+)>

(13.26)

.
, / ^ , 2, . . . , )
N 2-
:
/ ( 1 2,

...,) =

1, . . . /

(11+*2+- - - + 1

1>2 . '=00
(13.27)

2 2
(2)' -0 02

...$/(?!,

>

...

(13.28)

-
. , , ,

, .
(), 1() 1 (, , 1)
(13.13). / 0(, , VI)
:
/ (.

= 2 2 4 () *<7' + \

(13.29)
'

2 2:

/1 () = ^

8 >

) ~ ;(,+ > .


1(, , V*) :
{, , 1) =

2 / () 1<"^+ >

(13.30)

13]

163


1(, , 1) (13.30), :

(13.13)

2 2 {<2 ~ ( + )2} ] ()

/ 0(, , 2) (13.29)

= 21+ 21 4 - 2 2

() {<(+,>.

( 1 3 .3 1 )

(13.31) / (), -4() 1() ,

(, , \>2) .
, () () :
21 4- 2( = 2 2 / () 1((+).

[2(^+)2=0]

(13.32)


(13.31),
1 (\ =
/\ )

/ " " ()
( + ))2

,
2 ( 4 )2
,

2 4- (2 I)2 0 (. . 0, 1).
/ () (13.30)
^ = 0, 1(, ,1) :
1

,
+)
2 2
2( + )!

[2+(21)0]

1(> > )=4^2-

2 2

X 5 5 / (. , 6)>-"+ *>

(13.33)

, :

1[2-!-{21)2^0]
2 2

/ (, , 6) (0 4- /)

?+

2 2
81X1 ( 0 4

2-( 4 7>)2

^ / (. > ) (0 + 7)0| .

(13.34)

164

[. III

(13.32),
() ()*):
2 2

1(, , 6), () 1()


(13.15) / (, , 0).
(13.14), ,
2(, , 0),
2(, , 0), 2(), 2(),
. :
1(0+)
2 (> > ) 42 2 2
2 ( + > )2 ^

[2 (21)2^0]

2 2
X

2 2

4 2) 5 ( 6 , , )
0 0

-)-

(13.37)
2 2

0 0
+ 1' ( , , ) (
1

008

^-


, (13.1)
.
, , ,
I, -
(13.7) .
*) ] (13.32), ,
.

5 13]

165

. , ,
(13.35) 1
/(
) (13.2)
/ ( , , ^ ) .
(13.2) :

(13-38)

,
(1.27).

( )
, (1.1) (. .
,
), ,
.

:
= + (, , 0),

(13.39)

1(, , 0) (13.33) (13.34).


(13.39) (13.34)

. , , (13.39)
,
,
. .
.
(13.39) :
= 1,

= ) () + ,

&= .

(13.40)


>() ( [< () I + &]),
( = 1, 2, 3 , . . . )
> ( , = 1, 2, 3, . . . ) .

, . .

<2( ^ >)2.
, , . .
= 0, (13.39) :

= {

71

( 13. 41)

166

[. III

:
2

^ / 0 (0,

0, 0)

0,

2
= ~

^ / (> 0 , 0 ) 0 6.

, = 0

( = 1, 2, 3, . ..).

. , (13.41),
,
.
,
/0 (^, -^^)
/ ( 0, ,

\ :
( ) > 0,

(13.42)

X* () =

^ ^ /(0, , ) =

2

2^

- ^ /

( , 81 )

(. 7)
() > 0,
1~
(13.42)
,
.
(13.42) ,
, .
, . . ,
(13.1) ,
^
( ) < 0
(13.43)

)>0,

(13.44)

2 ;

() = 2~ ^ / (0. ,
*)

/ (0, , )

*).

/ (

0, ,

) ,

# = 8, - ^ = ,
.

19]

167

/ , ,

, (13.43)
(13.42). , ,
,
.

.

.
,

\
(13.1) 1 , ,
)
I ^ , ,
(13.2),
, /

/ ( , -- \
.
, ,
/'
\
/ ( 1, ,
)

2
! (^,

(13'45>

1 (, , 6), 2 (, <|>, 6), . . .

__

2 2

. 1<0+ )

2 2

,*-(/+)* $ $ / , ) - ^ ^ .

(13.46)

2 ( + )2 ,
, .
,
V (. . V, )
.
, V,
V,,, (13.46)
.
(', , ,
~ (. . )
*) ,
__ _

>

(1/>1+)2+3

, .
*) , 8
). ,

168

1. III


I
/
\
\ + (

0(0

>

(13.46)
,
+ 2" 27'
| \ \ ?(
9) - '(,,+^ 0 .

,
/ 0(, , 6) , 0
.
, - ,


.
,
- 5 ^ + * - / ( * , X, - ) 4 ,% ( <
1 ''

, $ ) +

. .,

(13.47)

/ 0 ( V;, , ), / (
,
), .. .
(13.2).

(13.47)
.
.
--
^ - - \ - - ( 1 - 2) - ^ = 1 ,

(13.48)

.
, ,
= + [7 1,

(13.49)


( , ,
V ),
^ - + = [1 ( + ' ^ ^ + ^ .

(13.50)

1 ( ,

2
, ) ------------------ - .

(| | + | |) +

, , ,
1> , ,

X------ ^ /I I I _
\|\2+ 5 '
()

( \ \ + \1
, ,
1 ' , ,
2

1 , < ).

, , ,
, ], ().

13 ]

169

(13.35),
(13.50) :
= (I + &),

(13.51)

&= , , ,
(13.52)
(13.52) ,
2 < 2

(13.53)

,
,
2 = 4 - 2/2.

> 2

(13.54)

I , ,
.
(13.50) .
(13.39) (13.37), :
, *(4-*-2*)
=
4 -14 ( 1 42)
,
* { 2 + 4 )
_1_____________'_______ ;____ \

+ 4 ( 1 + -,) (3 + ^)
(2 + )

(26 + ) 4
164(1 + 4) 8(

( 2 0 ) ^ ,

(13.55)

:
_ /" ,
2
_ V ~ 4

?72 \
) '

, }'
V V,
, ,
V 2, + <,
.
, (13.53)

. (13.54)

.

(13.57)

170

[ . I I I

14.
. ,

<7 .

: 1)

; 2) ,
.
, .
, V,
,
(14.1)

.
(13.1)

,
, (14.2),
,
= + (, 1, ) + 22 (, 1, )

(14.3)

(, 1, ), 2 (, 1, ), . .. 2
*{ ,
,
.
,
,
,
9 = 1.

,
,

.

, &, ,

^ - = 8^ ( 0, )+*2(, ) + . . . ,
(14.4)
- = 2- V4 - 1 (, &) + 25 2 (, &) + . . . ,

14]

171

(, &), 2 (, &), . .
1(, &), 2(, & ) , . . .
& 2.


, &,
(14.3) (14.4).
, = ^ - | - & , (14.3)
:
=

_ 1 +

4- & ( , {>,

I ^ + 622 (^, &,

+ .. .,

(14.5)

& :

^ = 1 (, &) + % (, & ) + . . . ,
(14.6)
-- = , (, ) + *2 (, ) + . . .
,

, (14.5), &
(14.6),
(14.2).
(14.5), :

172

1. III

, (14.6) :
^2< _ .2 | -1^1 .
^ 2
'=6*^
1

$
{

, 3

+ 5 * . . . , ( ^ - ) 3 = ^ + 33 . . . ,
(14.9)

2 [ 1 +
- ^ 1} + 3
I

= * + 3

(14.5) (14.8) (14.2),


(14.6), (14.9)
$, :
?

? + (^ ~ ^

{ ~ 12^- V 2 -\-

+ ^? + ( ^ 0

1 } + 2{ [ - 111+ 1_ 1'

2 ^ 2 ^ 8 + [^ 2 2 2
<9/^
2! 4 ,
-
^ + 2 1

+ 25 ^ ' + ^ + ( 0

2} + 3- "

(140)

(14.2)
, :

|/

I,

+ / ( ^ > , V

+ { / * ( ^ , , ^ - V8^>) -\+

, -^- V ^

+ 1 ) - 1 } + 53--- (141>
(14.10) (14.11)
,
:
2
~1*~+ (

! = / (. < ) + 2 ^ ^ +
+ 2 ^

(14.12)

92,
2
+ 2 +

V.2

_ 1

39-

+ ^ ,

(14.13)

14}

173

:
/ (^, 1, ^ = / (\ , , ^ ,

(14.14)

/ (, V*, <!>) = /* ( , , - |^ 8 ^ ) +
+

V8^ ^

+ ^ ^

- ^ . - ^ . - ^ -

<14 5>

, / (, 1, )
2 {,
[ ( , &) { (, &) &
2].
(14.12) ^ , ,
, (, &) (, &),
(^, '&, ~ ' + &^
, .
(^, 1,
+
/ ( , 1,
+

, :
/

1 (^ VI,

= 2

/
71
/ 0 ( , V*, ^

{.V^ +-. (

2 {)

(14.16)

- -, -,
\1+ (-74+8)!
+ & ) = 2 2 / ( )

(14?)

2 2
/ ( ) = 4^ 2 ^

5 ^ ( 6 ) _ 1 {1+ +> ?0 ?,


, ,
(13.1) / (^/(, ,
, ^
*{,
(14.17)
.
(14.16) (14.17)
(14.12). :
V XI
2
2

V
V

V 1
|

(?*+*)}

(1
^() =

! (+

+ 2 ^ \

1 + &^}, (14.18)

174

1. II I

, ,
:
/() , ,
() =
- -2
(14.19)
( V ) ( + -^- )
V

V
/, ,
( - ^ ) 2- ( + ^ #

-\~{ \ ) 0;
(, &) (, ):
2 '>181 ^ ! + 8-^ + (^2
--1

+ 2

^
1 7 (+

-1

( - 7( + ')}

{) = 0.

+(1)=0]
( ) (14.19)
(14.16), :

(14.20)

{ ^ + ( - V -9)}

< . , - ^ - + . > 2

'

~,-------V

( ^ +
)
[+(1)0]'^ ^

(14.20). ,
, , (,
),
+ ( \ ) = 0.
(14.22)

+ - ) [ + & }

{ ( + ) - <+& }

9
=
{{- ^ + ]
| ( - VI + *) + ( 1) }
=
9
=

'

= ^

{ -

&^^ < -4)


'.

, , (14.22) 1 ,
( < < ).
^ ^ -|-} } ^

(14.20), :
2 2

4 ^ 2 !> 5 5 ^(' 0 ^

1 __
1(, &) =
2*-

2 2

^ ^ / 0 ( , , ) - ^ ' 0

(14.23)

14]

175

(14.23)
, , , ,
, .
,
(
) . ,
(13.1) ,
^ , 1 1, .
,
(13.1) :
= 0 ^- {

^ ,

&
2 2

4 6<?
2 2

1<1 ^ ^ / ( !

) - 4 38' 81 ,
(14.24)

2 2

472

2 *99 ^ ^ / (, , ) ~38' 0 .

,
,
(14.24)
2 2

<11

42
0 5

(14.25)

2 2

---------

&%2\ 2 93& ^ $ /( > > )


(^, 1,

, (, ) 1(, &),

(14.15)

, 1, ^ +

(14.13) 2(, &)


2(, &), :

<

2 ^

2 2

~ 4^

2 64908 5

^ 6 ^

1^
(14.26)

^ . -
2 2
472//>

.

, .
,

176

. I I I




, .
, ,

(13.1); ,
.
, , ,
= 8

V* + &^ + 1 (, < ) + 22 (, 1, )+ . . .,

(14.27)

&
:
(14.28)

, , (, 1, ), 2(, 1, ) 2
(, (, &)
,4(, &)( = 1, 2 , . . . ) , 2,
&.


(14.27)
.
, ,
.

(14.29)

(14.29) (13.1) (14.28)
(13.1)
.
, ,
(13.1)
2,

(, 1, ).
,
. (13.1) :
.

{ ^ 1 + 2} = { [ (^ ~ ^ ^

+ ' ' ^ + '

*+ 2^

251^ +

] } 31 -

( 14- 30)

14]

177

(13.1) + (, 1, ),

:

:

/()

{(+(57+.)}
4
+

[+(;1)01
+ 2

^
,

()

[7 1 + ( 1 ) = 0 ]

2 2

= | ^ 2 *,85 5^ ^ ^ ~1 0+

2 2
+ ^ ^ 4& / (>
0 0

) -{' 0 | +

2 2

+ $2 | ^ 2 2 9 ^ ^ / (, 0, )

0 +

+ ^

^ 9 ^ ^ /1 ( > ) {8' 6 |-,

0 0

(14.31)

:
/ 0 (, 0, ) = / (0, , ),

(14.32)

^ ( , 0, ) = /(0, , ) 1 + ^'>(0, , )
X [ 18 4 18 4 , + ( . - ^ - , ) ]

- 2 . - 2 ( " - ) '
(14-33)

(14.30) (14.31), :
27 27

21 = 2 ^ 1 2 8 5 5 ^

'

'

^ + 21= ^ 2 ^

6 ^ _^98,008 ^

^ ^ / 0( > , )
0 0

|
)
(14.34)

178

. I I I

2 2
^ ^ /( >

-1- 21 11 ~ 2

1(,
,
/(%2, ,

,\
_=_<8 ^ :

) -'99'

(14.35)

1 {, V*, )=

1+^)
)2_ ( ^ + ))2/ ( )>

(^ = ,

(14.36)

,
+(1)^ =0]

2 2

) _1(9++) 6 *

(14-37)

, ,
, ,
.
(, &)
(, &) (1 = 1 , 2) (14.34) (14.35).
&
2 () ,
(, ),
1(, &) ( = 1, 2) .
.4{(, 0), ;( , &) (1 = 1, 2)
.
,
,
. , (14.34)
V= ,
(, &) 1(, &) (14.23),
.
, (13.1)
.
:
=

(14.38)

179

& :
),
(14.39)

9).

\{, &) (, &) ,


(14.34). :
=

(^,

(14.40)

& :
% = 1(,) + **(,),
(14.41)
- = - ^ + 1(, ) + *2 (, &),
1(, ), 1(, &), (, &), 2 (, 0)
(14.34) (14.35), 1( , 1,
(14,36).
, (14.41)
2 (, &) 2(, &) (14.35)
, .

,
(., , (13.56) (15.38)).
.

(14.39) ,

&.
,


. ,
, (14.39),
, = 0,
(13.35), .
, , ,
.
(14.39).
&,
.
, ,
,
! .
(. . III)
, *) (14.39)
*) ,
. ,
.

180

[ . I I I


= &= &! (1 = 1, 2, . . . ) ,

(, &) = 0,

V-(- & ( >

= 0,

(14.42)

.
,
: , , ,
(14.39), ,
.

, , ,
.
.
(., , (14.21))
( , V*, ^ +

, ~ ,

, ., .
, = 0 ,
,
^ , VI,
(14.21) ,
(13.34),
.
.
0 &0,
(14.42),
.
(14.39) :
= *[ (0, 0)5 + 19 (0* )
(14.43)
^

= 1 (0, &0)5 + 5 ( 0, &)&.

(14.43) :
I &[

= 0,

(14.44)

X2 (~[ ~\-5[$) X 2 ([[ 51^1,) = 0.

(14.45)

(14.45)
:
-^1(0, &0) + -1 ( > ) <
[(0, 0) [ (0, &) [ (0, 0) [ (0, &0) > 0.

(14.46)
(14.47)

,
(14.39),

1 4]

181

> - +
2
^
>, < = ( ).
.
,
, ,
V.
, , . 78,
, , :
2 =
<1 4 -4 8 >

, , , , = _
V
, , 1 = / (0 + ^1-\-)
( ), = '
, 0
, ,
,
,
.
, 1(0 + ),
= -\- 1,
:
/ (0 + ) = / (0) + 8 0 + V 2 -

(14.49)


> 0.
, ,
. 78.
(14.48), ;
,
(14.48),
.
, = 1, 2,
N
. . .
(14.48)

-<1 4 - 5 0 >


= , =-^-~|-&,
9
^ = ( ,& ), =
1

(, ),

182

[ . I I I


(14.50); (., , (14.10)):

+ ^

(, 9) V & (, &);

| 2 ^ ~

- ( ) } = ~~28~
. 0

( ) // ( 0 +

8 0- 8 - ^ 8 , *

[ - 4 3 + -------- ^ -------- ] +

2 0 1

8 10 -

2^= - 29- }- ,
I

8 = - ( _ )

'

.
, - |- , 9
:

35,
1=(>0
48

V ^
= <0
28

8 0

28

(14.51)

3111 2& .

, (14.51)
9,
.
, .
, V,
(14.49)
.
,
- <

(14.52)

, (14.51), :
9 (2) > 90,

(14.53)

1-*

90= 1 2

:

^ 8 .
(14.51)

(1)-> 0,
2-

(14.54)
(14.53)
(14.55)

0
(

^ - 1 8 2* + 1 8 2&0) 0 - 8 2*0 = 0.

(14.56)

14]

183

.< ? -___ ________


3.<70 _-
2 2 + 42 $1 8 20 < ,

(14.57)

, ,
=

0.

, (14.52) (14.57)

.

- ^ -

1 $ 1 ? 20 > 0;

(14.58)

0 = 0 .
(14.56) 0:
= / ~ [ ^ - ^ - | ^ 2 + ^ 2 0] .

(14.59)

, (14.52) (14.58)

(14.60)

0 &0 (14.59) (14.54), . .



,' .

-2
. ,
.
, ,
(14.52)

, (14.51) ,

>

(14.61)

2$

, (14.62),
&
= >* + (* + ),

2,

(6)

....... ..

< = ^ - .
3

(14.62)

----------.
2

(14.63)

& (14.62) (14.51),



.
= 0, . = 0

184

[ . I I I


5 0-_ 5 -___
2 $ ' +

1*2,

(14.64)

2& 29 :

29 = | 2&.
(14.65)
(14.63) 29-= 0,

8 * - 8 ~ 8 *.

(14.64)
(14.66)

(14.66) ,
= 0 ;
(14.66) , ,
, .
, (14.61)
8 0- 8 - ^ - 8 * > 0

(14.67)

{ 1 ) - > { + ),
*-*00

(14.68)

(1 + 6)
=

(14.51)

& (14.62).
,
:
(6) 0,

(14.69)

. . .
, (14.61) (14.67)

.

= (1-\-) | ^ + ^)+ 0 + ( + 0) ^ ,
+ ,

(14.70)

( -(- 0)

0 + ( + 0) .
(14.70), ,


= ( + 0).

153

185

, , .
(14.39), ,

.
15.

,
(13.1), ,
. ,
, :
(15.1)
, ,

.
, ,
(15.1) ( = 1, <?= 1).
(14.39) (14.40) :
= (^-|-& ),

(15.2)

& :
2

(15.3)


= + (, )

(15.4)

^ ( , ) ,

:
1
2

*) ,
. , , ,

+ ^ ^ _ ^ '>1 (13.1).

186

[ . I I I

&
, (14.34)
(14.35).
(14.31) (14.32)
2 ( , ):

)} =
= _^8_ ^

:
(,

= / ( ,

+ 8* ^

(, ) ,

(, ) +

+ /' ( ,

V) ^ .

, (14.35) 2(, &) 2(, &)



[ ( ~ *)

~ 2 * ] =
2
= ~ \ _ ^ 1+ ' ~ *~\

( V)

)^,

- 2 ^4 2 ^ =
2
= ~ [

+ 2 \ \ ] ~1 5 ^1 ( )81

, (, &), 2(, &), (, &), 2(, &),


,

.
.
, -.
, ,
(. (7.4))
2
2*
>
( ) = - ^ ^ / ( , )

(15.5)

, \ (), ()


, . .
,

3 15]

187

(15.3) :

(15.7)


, (15.6).
.
&
(15.7),
:
(15.8)

:
2- () = &,
(15.9)
[2 ( ) V2] = & &,
, &,
:
2 2 [(2 ()

V2) 2 + 4 ^

()] =

(15.10)

(15.9) (15.10)
,

(15.11)
, ()

<

^ .
.
,
, .

(15.2).
,
(. . & -^ ),

.

(15.9) (15.10),
.

188

1 0

[ .


, (15.1),

.

.
(15.7)


2

2>>

8<^ )

= [<>* ( ) ^2] + ^

008
! &>

(15.12)


(, &) = ,
(, 8) = , ]

(15.13)

(, &) (, &)
(15.12).
&- (15.13).

(. (14.46), (14.47)).
:
(, ) + (, &) < 0,
(15.14)
' (, ) 4 (, ) - (, ) * (, &) > 0.
.
(15.14) :
' (, ) + , ) = - 2V 8 () - 22

(15.15)

^ &,

, (15.12), :
' (,) + (, ) = - 2

- 2 () = - 2 * (^ ()),

(15.16)

(15.15), :
2* () =

V~ ~ 2

(),

(15.17)

IV () =

^ / (

+ &), (( 4 &)) (( + &) , (1 4 &)


(15.18)

, / ( ,

= (1 + &).
IV () ,

IV' () > 0.

15]

189

) ,
, (15.14) (15.16) (15.17)
.
(15.15).
& (15.13) V.
(15.13) V, :
7?'

?' ^

(15.19)
:
( ' ^ - ' (1
^ = - .

(15.20)

, (15.13)
$ = ^ - & , ^ = 2 (),
(15.21)
^ = 5&, ' = 2,

(15.20) :
;/?9 ; = 2

, (15.9),
^ - ; ; = 22 [(2 ()

( ) | 80

V2) -

22 ()].

(15.22)

, (15.20) (15.22) ,
4 - ) ^

= 22 [ () - V2) - 232 ()].

, (15.15)

4^- > 0, 2 () > V2 + 252 (), |

(15.23)

^7 < 0, .2 ( ) <

V2 +

22 (), ]

(| ()
):
~

> 0, () > V, |

< 0, () < V, ]

( 15-24)

(15.24)
.
, (15.10),
(. 79)
= ()
(15.25)
( ),
= 0),

(15.26)

190

[ . I I I


() = V
( ).
(15.25), (15.26),
(. . )
, ; ,
(15.26),
,
,
V.



, ,

, ,
.


(
= + 3),
.

+ ^3 = V*,

(15.27)

, , I , ,
, , + 8
, V
.

:
*= | / | ,
(15.27)
+ -\-3 = ^ ,

(15.28")

= ---, = I/ I.

0 '
0
, ,
, ,
.
, (15.28) (15.1), :
/ ( * , - ) = - 8 - ^ -, 8 ^ = ^ ,

(15.29)

, (15.2), (15.5) (15.7),


(15.18)

= {1 + &),
(15.30)

191

6,1

1+ 4

1
= 1-

08 '

2
1 81 '
8 1 (1 + 4)

(15.31)


. (15.30)
[
,

8 &= 0, |
[ ( 1 + ^ ) , _ ^ ] + 181 = 0. 1

(15' 32)

(15.5) (15.28) :
() = ,

2
( ) ~~ 1 +

'

(15.33)

(15.32) & (
6 () () (15.33) (15.10)),

:
(15.34)
:
(15.35)
(. 80),
,

, 2
{ + 1 = '1

(15.36)

(. 80, ).


. 190

.
,


. .
, .. 80,

. , ,
,
.

.
,

192

[ . I I I

N 0 0 . ,

.
, , ,
, ,
.

.
(15.28),
. (15.4) (14.42)
:
= (V* + ) +
&
:

8 .
35
38

2~ + ~16
16

<11

2
8

3 (1 + &),

1_1

1
2 (7 V)
"I _
+ 8,(3 ) (1+-<>)2 _| 008

52
8

154
256
_______ 3_2 ( 5 - 3 ^ ) _ 1
8 (3 V) (1 + )2 \

4 * 1 1 -1-


.

&,

(15.37)

_ 00

2 (1 + )2

__

( 1 5 -3 8 )

2 (1 + V)2

(15.37),
,

(15.38)

V
.


(. 81,
).
,
,
(15.1),


,
( = 1, 9 = 1).
.
,
,
(15.28) = 1 , ^ = 3 .
(14.38), (14.39) :
(15.39)

15]

193

&
_
5
~1= = ~ ~ ~

_ = 1. _ 1 , + _2.

( 1 5 4 )

(15.40)
. ,

= 0 ^ ^ ^ - 8' + 90^ ,

(15.41)

0 !} . ,

.
;
, .
,
(
).
.
(14.40) (14.41), :
= (^-|--II +

+ 32' 008

^ ,

(15.42)

0- :

2 ,

(15.43)

3< + )

(15.42) (15.43)
,
. , (15.42)
, ,
. (15.43)
.
(15.43) ,
,
8-:
-- () -3 ^ 1 38 = 0,

|
(15.44)

2 () ~

38 = 0.

:
() =
() = 1

2
2
4

2
4

154
128

(15.45)

194

(15.44) &,
:
<?-\
1026

1. I I I

(15.46)

2/

1 /9

1 6 2 - 8? (),

= 3

(15.47)

.
,
.


(. 82).
,
[29]
- ,

,

--.

, ,
^21

(15.48)

(15.49)
,
.
(15.48)
*)
(15.50)
:
/( , 1
^ ) = ' ( )
1
()
01

X ,

= , 1 =

*2
. / ()

*) . [29], . II, . 21.

X,

() 2,

+6

0
=

1+ 6

(15.51)
|
)
(15.52)

15]

195

.

14, (15.50) :

2 8*

(15.53)

:
<" .

+ = /[ +I ^

/
1,

^ * 1] .

(. )

,
:
+ + 2 8,
(15.55)
0 = 12, 10 = 142 , , , , .
(15.50)

<15-56)

:
4 ^ ,

* = 0 + 2 - |- , = 0,016,
(15.57)

= 0,013, 7 = - 2, 0 = - 0 , 0 5
( = 0,95, = 3,35, = 2,25, = 1 ,5 ).

,
) (15.56) (15.54),
:
4

- + ^ 081\ =

= [ ^ + 2/ +
2

81

(1 2)2

2 1

+ V( ^ 3 +
8* * +
!/ .
,
^ + 1 ^ 2 08 +

-2-8X11 ) .
^ 0,016 V +1 -*
1
2

(15.;

(15.54)
= 2, . . ,
.
(14.39) (14.25) = 1,
<7= 2, :
= (I + &),
(15.59)
&

2 .

0(, "I

36- + -6- 2^ } ,

/
5 .
9^1
( .6 0 )
= { - 2 ? + 052\
)
(15.60)
,
.

196

. I I I


(15.60) 8 .
(15.60)
. (15.60)
:
= 8,
= 8 .
(15.61)
(15.60)
:

= ' { [ 4 + 1 < , + 1, ) ] +

+ ' + - _2 3. ' ,

<15,62)

(15.62), [29],
.
, (15.62)
, :

( ) = [ - ( 2- 2) - - ( 2+ 2) | ] 15*63>

(15.62)
, V, :

= **[* + - + ) ] + ^ -

(1564>

$ =

(15.65)

(15.63) (15.64) :
6.1 * ~ - - ) * * - ( - + ) ]

(15-66>

< 1 5 -6 7 >

(15.66) .
(0> (15.67)

=

+ ?(*) .

(15-68)

(() .
IV = (15.68)

15]

197

,
:
I <?(()<*
=

(15.70)

(0*
1

.
,
.
(15.60) ,
:
* + ^ +^

| 8 2 9 = 0,
(15.71)

+ ^- 2 = 0,
1 .
(15.71) &,

2 *
9

[ /
>
(15.72)
'


,
\ (. 83).
&
29- =

2
.{ 2

* + ^ + - 18

=05

(15.73)

. 83.

(15.72).

.
:

4 < . > - * + ^ ) + ^ +

2$,

(, &) = 4^- 2&,


' {, ) = 0,
& (, &) = ~ 2.

(15.74)

198

[ .

III

&:

- + ^ ) ^ ^ + 4

1 2&-

812&< 1

(* + ^ )+ -+ ^ 2 .}

| (156>


:
* + | * + ^ - < 0 ,

(15.77)

[ * + : - + -15 - ] > .

(15.78)

(15.72)
'
2*).
16.
,


,
,
.
,
, (. 84, 85,
86, 87), .

, . . . . **), ;
- ***) ,
,
.

,
, ,
,
,
,
.
, ,

+ (*) = / 1( ~ ) + ^ 3* ^

(16)

*) . [29], . II, . 36.


**) . . . . ,
,
, , . I, . 3 (1938).
***) . . <1 . . I 1 , 1 11
\ , .. 1. ., 1. 3,
4, . 1 2 6 -1 3 0 (1936).

199

( ),
, ( -

%
////////////)

; | ( ^

'///////////////.

) , ,
. 84 87.

\
,()

'
1

/
-

. 87.

,
,
.
, ( )

(.)

= " +

/ ( );

(16.2)

200

[ . I I I

(16.1) :
^

+I
"=
- - -/

+ / 1 ^ _

*.

(16.3)

, , (15.2) (15.3)

= (1 + &),
(16.4)
& :
2
1

( 10 )
31
^+ V
''
1 1

^ 11 '

2
,

-=

, .

+^

1 7

11

(16.5)

$ / ( 8)8 + 7 ^ ^ 81&- |

,
27
2+ ^ - ^ / ( ) = ^ ( ) ,

(16.5)
(1(1
> / \
2^*

&,
-= ()
-------1
4 1
> + N
^

/ V V -----, ?^ 81
-
()
'
(>+ V)

(16.6)

(16.7)

= )

, ,
27

5 ^

= "2^

_ 81x1 )81x1

2
>1 () = ~ ^ ( ) .

(16-8)
(16.9)

(16.7) 0,
:
2 [(1()-2)* +&2 ()]=*2.

(16.10)

, (16.10) '
:
[! () V2] = &,

(16.11)

+ > 0 < 0.
.
(16.1) , :
= (1 + &) + 1 (,

^ + &),

(16.12)

( , 1, *+ ) =

^
=2

^ / ( 005 ) 8
0

(16.13)

16]

201

[.1 () - + 1

1 ()

()] = *,

(16.14)

:
2
\
1 ^ /_______
_
____
/ () =
( )
, I
}
() = ^ ^

(16-15)

() / . |
^

.
, . 84 87,
:
( '

0< < 0,
() = | " + (' ")0
0< ; < ,
(16.16)
( " (' ") 0 < < 0.
> 0, > 0 0

0 = .
(16.17)
, ,
(
(' ") 0< < 0,
/( ) = |
( ' ") 0 0 < < 0,
I (' "-") 0 0< < .

(16.18)

,
:
2
1
\ / ( ) < =
= "-\-~ (' ")

01/"1

^ ^ .

(16.19)

< 0, | | > :0 :
2
^ / ( ) =

= "

(' ") ^ ^ - - \ - ^ ~ \ .

(16.20)

, (16.11)

:
(" - V 2) + (' ") [ 0| / 1

+ ^ =

202

[ . I I I

(" - 4 2) + |- ( , - " ) | | / 1 ~^2~+ ~ ^ = ~

. (16.21)

(16.21)

(. 88 91) (
, >2 = \!' )
.

.
0
, ,
( )
, - .

, (16.14).
, ,
,
.
(16.18), (16.15)
:
2 ^

/ (

+ < ^

008

81

+1

- ^( 1) ^

^ 51 ^ ( + 1)

| (16.22)

( = 3, 5, 7, 9, . . . ) ,
2
1

2
$ /

) =

( '

")

( = 2, 4, 6, 8, . . . ) .
(16.22) (16.14)
, :
(

2-

" ) -

('

")

[* /1

^/ () [/1 () + /111 ()] | /5()[/1)() + /1) ()] , 2 0,

(16.23)

/ () / ^ ()( = 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) :

[ - ^ + 8 ^ ] -

<16-24

16]

. 8.

. 90.

203

204

[ . I I I

(16.23)
(. . 92, 93, 94,
,
, ,
; ).
. 95 98 ,
(16.10).
, -^= 0,1.
,
, . 99.
() (16.9) :
{ "

| " + (" ') ( )


() = ' " + (" ') ( )
| " (" ') (2 )
I " + (" ') (2 : )

- <

< < 2,

2 < X < X
2 < <; ,
- < <

(16.25)

, (16.9),
2 = ,
%= . :
" ,

< < ,

" + (" ') ( ),


2 < < 1;
" + (" ') ( ),
^ ( ) = <(

; <

< 2,

(16.26)

" (" ') ( 2 ),


"

0 < < 2,
(" ') ( 2 ),

71 ^ , ,
2 () :
;()=<

2 (" ')

(16.27)

23 1 :
% () = 3

. //
/
7 '7
/'

>|1
II

16]

0,5

0.6

0.7

0,8

>

. 92.

_
'
.... ~>/ 7
/ 7 V

'/

/ /

//

//} /
/

//

4^ "
/

^ =7

. 93.

205

206

94.

. 96.

[ .

III

16]

207

:
=

4 \

(16.28)

, V
.
= ()

(16.29)

. 100 ,

( ). ,
. 189,
, .
. 101 ,

208

[ . I I I

, ,
,
.
, ,
. 101,

(. .
), ,

,


.



.

,
.

^^ . <7, ,
] . ,

, . 191.

209


.

. ,
, (,
,
).

,
, - ,
.
17.

,
( )
.

I
. ,
,


. 102.
*)
,
, ,
.
, , I,
, , 1
,

= {1)
(17.1)
(. . 102).

:

= 0,

*
1 *

(17.2)

.

(17.2) :
20

= 0,

= 0

,*
2
- .
?

(17.3)
2=1

= 0.

, (17.2)
(17.3)
= X 8 %
*) ., , . . [46, 47].

(17.4)

210

[ . I I I

:
(17.5)

(17.5) .
(17.5)
,
,

, .
, (I) :
(I) = 0 1 1 ,
(17.7)
(17.5)
(17.8)
.
,


^ - + ( 1 ) ^ + ( 1) = 0,

(17.9)

({) (I) I .
(17.9) ,
(., , . . [27])

(17.9)
,
.
(17.9)
( ),
.

13
(13.1),
.
,

(17.9)
,
.
,
(17.8),
^2 -}2 (1 1) = 0,

(17.10)

1 7]

211

,
(17.10) />= 1, <7= 2. , ,
, .
, (14.25), :

(17.11)

9- :

2'^ 29-,
2
29-.

(17.12)

,
V
= '8& ,

= 0.

(17.13)

(17.13) (17.12), :

/"

V\

) \ 8

. ,
-:
= -
+1 -
1
1
1

1>=

(17.14)

&

2 +

(17.15)

, (17.12)
.
(17.15) , ,
(17.12)

/2

! 7 _+ ((0~ ^

= 0

= 0.

4-,

24

X,

(17.16)

212

. I I I

(17.15)
:
= + 2~
- 2
2^

2
~
+ 2 ' - ( - )

(17.18)

, 2 ~~ ,
.
9-,
(17.11). :
2 = 2 + 2,

&= 1 ,

(17.19)

(17.17), (17.18) (17.19) , X


.
, X ,
.
.
(17.17) X
:
/2
V
(17.20)
-27 > ~ 2

>
= 2 ().
,

2, ( 1 - ) < < 2 > ( 1 + - * ) ,

(17.21)

,
.
,
,
.
(17.21) ,
= 0
.
.
(14.5), (14.21), (14.25) (14.26)
:
1 - + 0 -

,
' ( ' . 1 * + ') .
* ( . + ! )
^

(17.22)

17 ]

213

2
81
2V

29-,

2 (

<

32

(17,23)

28-.

* + )

(17.23) (17.13)

= 1

2 (+ \)

^
> -

32 ( + )

(17.24)

/2 (> + V) >

- ^

+ (

32+2 _


= /

2>4
-

V
/2 (>+ )
- + ~ 7 - ----- 7

(17.25)

32 ( + -

, ,

:
(17.26)
,

(17.10)

, (17.11) (17.22) = .
, X, (17.17) (17.25),
.
, ,
, ,
:
(17.27)
:
2

. 5 2
+ 64

(17.28)

:
/2

^- = 1 4

(17.29)

:
42

12

214

[ . I I I

(17.29) (17.30)

( ),
(17.10) , . .
(17.10)
(. 103).
^

(17.11)

(17.22),

(17.29) (17.30), :
1 = 0 8 ^ + 80^) .
; = 0

(17.31)
^

(^ ^ + &0^ ),

(17.32)

.
,

(17.10) .
,

(17.10)
,
. (

. [38]
.)

(17.10)

= 0-|~ + 12 2+ . . ., (17.33)
0,
4:1
.

,2
<2 =

+ + \ 2 + .. .

(17.34)

(17.33) (17.34) (17.10)


,
:
_ 0
+

0 -

= ( ^ 08
~< + ^
~
\2
/ \2
-1- _ = ( ^
~<

}
\

) +

(17.35)

(1 VI (02) 0,

0, , 2,
(1),, (0,, ...

17]

215

(17.35), :
( I + )>

(17.36)

0 8-0 .
0 (17.36)
(17.35), :
11

^ + * ! = - ( - ^ ) 008 * 008 V I
2 \

V2
/ 3

+ ( < + "8 ) 0 1 1 1 &0 + - 0 008 ( "2 ^ + ^0 )

(17.38)

^ ,
, -|- -^ -^
(17.38) . :
V2
<! = --,
0 = 0,
&0 = 0

( 1 = ^ ,

&0 = 0 ,

&0 '=

:
0

^ ~

+ ( + <) ,

(17.39)

==| | 3X11 + ( * 4-?")

(17.40)

0
V2
(17.35), ( = --, &0 = 0:
. V 2
^ 4 - 2=

/ 2

V"4~^
/ 2

^ 1 ; 8-2

/ V
N
-V
( ^ V* (0^ ^ 4*9 ) + ((0 1 2)

2 I 2| I , :
, =

16

^- + 51<= 0,

V2
128

72
128 *

. .

:
72
=
9 = 0.

<= 0, <=

(17.41)
0.

(17.42

216

[ . I I

0, , ,, ,
(17.33) (17.34), :
= 0 I ^ ~ I,
2

(17.43)

V2 , 2 , 7

(17.44)

= 0

I + ^ ~ I,

(17.45)
(17.46)

128 '

^ ^ /
0.
= 2 0 = 1, :
X = 1 ^7. 3^, )
* .

0 _ 1 + + ^ - ;

(17-47)

= 1 + ~ 31,
' 16

2 , 72
=' - 2 + )

(17.48)

(17.47) (17.48), ,
8 (
= 1) . , *):
= I ^ 31 + 0 (/2),
(17.49)
" 4 = 1 + 4 + 1 - ( / 3),

5^ = I + ^ 3 1 + 0 (2),
(17.50)
11 = 1 - | + ^

+ 0 ( / 3).


(17.10)
~ , = 2, 3.
= 2, . . V, (14.21), (14.23)
(14.26) = 2, = 2 .
:
= (1 + ) + ^

(2( + 8 ) + ^ ! )

*) ., , . . . ,
, . 3539.

008

( 1 7 5 1 )

217

& :

^11

~ = ". /------ 5 2,
-: = (0 V .

7 52

24

24

------- + , 0-------- .

^ ( 4 2 V*1)

82 (2 V)

'

(17.52), ,

2

<

4 (42 V2)

/24

(17.53)

82 (2 V)

, ,

,

2/2 4___________ >


"" V2 (4>2 V2)

/ 2 2

V3 ( 2 V)

V /

2 2 4

'

2>4

V2 (4>2 V2)

(\

'~ ,*3 (2 V)

, , ,

4+ ^

/2 < ( ^

= 3, . . ( *

< 4 + ^ + /

(17.55)

, ,
!! .
:

2/ 9( ^ + 0
0
+0 1 ,
, (2 + ,)------------, (2, _ , )
(+

^ 0 0 3 ^ - 2 ^ + ; -----2- \

12 4 )03 ( - ^ + 0

-^- &

**
V 2
)
V 2
) \
162 ( (2> + ) ( + ) "" ( 2 ) ( V ) )

&
:
3

6.1

3-233 (2-- ) (---V)

3111 2 ,

42

~ ~ ~ 2

3-2 (4 2 V2)

" 0

(17.57)

3 - 2 ^ 3 ( 2 -) ( V)008

, -
.
(17.57) ,
.
(17.57)

242____________3

* ' ( 4 2 _ 2 )

< 2> < ]

234 (2 )(> ) ^ \

2**

1 V2 (42 V2)

_______ 6/;3
23\ 4 (2 ) ( V)

<\ ;\

218

[ . I I I

3
29

(17.59)


812
64

368

< . (17.20) :
(17.60)
(17.55), (17.59) (17.60) ,
() , .
, = 2, 3, . . . ,
, . . ,
(17.10)
.
. 103 ,
(17.55), (17.59) (17.60).
, , . .

^ + ^ + 2( 1 5 { ) = 0 ,

(17.61)

(. . 103 ).
,
:

(17.62), (17.63) (17.64)


:

(17.65)

, ,
,
/2, (^.
3
(=.

219


( ^ .

.
, ,


. >2/ (
)
, .


,
, ,
.
.
.
,
,
, ,
, .
.
,
:
+

(2

(1 VI) + 28

+ 8 = 0.

(17.68)

, , (17.68),
. (17.68),

,
(17.69)
(14.25) 8-
:
(17.70)


(17.70) .
:
(17.71)

&,
-

220

[ . I I I

V:
(17.72)
.
, > 0, ,
. 104. , , V,
, ,
V , .
,
V
.
.
V, ,
( ),
V .

"*

"*

~ *

42=

. 105.

. 104.

, < 0, ,
V
(. 105).

.
:
- 1 / |> 4-16>8 < ( ) 2 < (.)2+ /2)4-1 6 )282,

(17.73)


= /2 * -

16282.

(17.74)

, ,
.
, ,

(17.75)
, ,
, .

18]

221


.

(. 23) :
^

+ 2 (0 + 22) ^ + <2 (1 - * >0 = 0.

(17.76)

, , . .
/ 0, .
,
0> 0.

. :

,
3 2 .
--= ------------- 812&
<
0
4
2
2
-2 28-.
1
(17.77)

(17.77) :
\-

23 , 2

. 106.

28- = 0 ,

(17.78)
V 2

28- = 0.
2----- 2
8-,

V:

- & - /2(4 -

.4

(17.79)


(. 106), ,
, . .
18.

,

^ = () + 1,

(18.1)

, , ()
(, ) .
(18.1)
(18.1)
().

:
5 = ()-

(18.2)

222

[ . I I I

(18,2),
I = 0 .
< ,

= 2 (I),
(18.3)

(<) <
2.
10,
, ' (<)

. 107.

.
, , ()
:

() = = ,

< < ,

(18.4)

() 0 = , < < ,
(18.2) (. 107)
= + 1,

0 < *< ^

*= -0[ ^ - * ] *
+
0
11
*1 < 1< (^-)0
= -> = 1{1 - )'

(18.5)
(18.6)

0!

, ,
(18.7)

0 + 1

2 (9) :

2 (? ) =

(<) = + ~

?,

<

9 < . ?,

(18.8)

|^(2-), % < ? < 2. |

, , (18.8)
(18.2), 2 (9)
:
0)2' (<) = [2(<)].

(18.9)

,
(18.1), .
<

= ().
(18.10)

18]

223

(18.10) (18.1), :
%' (<) ^7 = [2 (?)] + 8^ 008

(18.11)

, (18.9):
,

.. .

5 = (+ - ^ -

(18-12)

(18.12)
.

,
. (18.12)
' (<)
.
(18.12)
I
;
I <,
?

1----- = ----
(,-----------+ *'(?)

(18.13)

, ,
| ( )| > ,

< < ,

(18.14)

(18.9) (18.10) :
( | %' (<) | >

(18.15)

, & .
(18.13)
(18.13) I.
(18.13) . . .
, ,
. ,
,
, I.
1 (18.13)
(18.13) . :
( 1 ) __ V
?

>

1
2 ' ()

2\ 2
>3

2
[ ' ()]2

(18.16)

,,

1
)

, , , <7, ,
.
,
^ - . + .

(18.17)

224

| .

(18.16)
:
.
= /1

_ ^ 1
<? >>

( - + I

^ ___ __ 1
*'(<?)
/

/ 1. 082( + 0 5 ( + 7
I 2

[ 2 ' ()]2

(18.18)

' ()

(18.18)
.

.
1 I
(18.18) :
= *,
(18.19)
$
17

^?=

0 0 8 (

9
---- \ , ()
, <?
I

) -V

(18.20)'

. ,

:
^

= = 4 + 2 . 8 (" ? + ) 0

(18.21)

,
| 0 8 ( 9 + ) 0 8 ^ |+ - | = . :
{ (< + 9) (&+ ?)} = ~ (? $).
, , ,
(18.20) :

18 ]

225

:
= $ = -)- 08,

, ,
,

(18.23)

= + 90,
, ,

(18.24)

= 2 ( + <0).

, , ,
,
,
= ' .
,


,


. 108.
.
, ~
,

(18.20) :
V

...

= ----- -

-08($ & ).

(18.25)

,
(14.39) ,
14 ,

.

, .
(18.25)
, .
, ,
,
----(18.26)
)
,
- $ ,
. 108.
, ,

(18.27)

226

[ * . I I I

,
1 (^ _ ) > 0 ,
, ,
=

1 (5 -& ) < 0 ,

.
^ = = V/ , :

,

, (18.27)
, ^ V
.
,

, (18.26):
V ,

< ~ < + 11 1
2
.

(18.29)

\*
, .
, V ,
:

>

(18.30)
~ 2
(18.25) ,
V

, .
(18.25), :
9 =

^
'

^ ------------------------( - ,

. ,

------2 003

'

) 1/
'\

/
,
4 ( )
V
>
, / () ;
2:

: (

/ ( 9 = - ^ - - ^ - , + ^

(18.33)

$ 18] -

227

= -.7 -'1- - ,

0 < < .

(18.34)

(18.35)

( 9 - ) = 0;

(18.36)

( + ) 0 + (0) =

9 0),

, 6, :
(18.37)
(&) 9- 2%.
0 (18.37) (18.31),

;
(18.38)

(18.38) (18.28),

(18.39)
,

^ ,
, 2 = 0,
1( - 2 )1=

(18.40)

,
- .
, V >
.
, ,
, ,

228

[ .

III

0
.
.
.

..

(18.21),
$ (18.20)

-
*"

3
'

()

" { 8

+ 10-

( 7 + 7 ) } + + ] + 08 _ ( , 7 ' ) 9 - ' ' + ] }

:
= ^ + (, $),

(18.41)

(<, 5) = 0 ( ? +

{ ( +^ ) ()^ +1

-\-~

(18.42)
/

\ 0,

(18.41) (18.20) ,
:

1
^

8 ^ ^ )

'

(^ )

( + ^<)
*/

'

( + | ? )
[(02' ()]2

( )

(? , &)

(5 + | > .)
2 ' ()

(18.43)

, , ,
)


.
,

, + .

8 18]

229

, (18.21) :

' ()

+ 2

{ [ ( + ) ? + 5 + & ] +

-
0)2'
(<{.)

> (18.44)

- = 0 1 V
(*

+ 2

{ 1 [ ( + | - )
+ ^ + ] -

1-\ ] }

, (18.42) (18.44), :
( ( 5 + ) )

082 (

| .......^

- 4 -

<2 ()

I+

,1

! -

[>*' ]2

= 0,

..

81 ( | + 5

0)2' (<{<)

2
(9 .

(18.43)
:
?

4- 2 :

(18.45)

1 = 1
^

(18.46)

_2

(18.45), :

[ ^ 4 +$2 ] +5
^ . (18.41),
:
, =

^ _ | 9== ^ _

| + 8 ] ? + 50 + 8[ ? , ^ _ | . . 1^ ? + 5] ?

230

[, III


:
- 41

) + **'(1

)
1
:

(18-47)

-2

' _

1 + 2

^0

(18.48)

>

:
<= < + < - * { 2 +

9 .

? }

(18.49)

,
:
= 2 (9),

9 = 2 * + 9 + ^7 2
*" ' \ ! [
2 ( +
+ ^7 2
^ ^ (

+ ?) + ^ .+ . ] +

[ ( ^ + 9) -

+ &] + 8 8 **,

(18.50)

(18.48)
^ =

2 %

(18.51)




.
, (18.50)
, (18.51) .
:
= 2 (9),

+ 9 + 2

2 ( + V) ' { ( 2

* + 9) + ^ + }-

+ 2 ( - ~ ) 51 (
0
2 = >

2%
8
[ \

+ ?) ~ ^ + ) + 81 .

(18.52)

.
>
9
, ,
, V, 2 V, 9- V.
V

118]

( .

231


.
,
(18.25) .
,

. .
, , :

7 =

2 + 1

2~


(18.43) , (18.42) :

, 2 + 1

~1-----

(18.53)

(18.53) (18.43),
:


(18.55)

(18.54) (18.45)

,2 - 1 ^ 8 ( 2 5 - ).
, ,

(18.56)

232

, 2
,
_2 2 + 1
-

<

2 + \
0 ^ ---------2

[ . I I I

^2 + \ 0
<

(1 8 .5 /)

, ,
V, ,
;

V,

2 + 1

2 ),
.

V^ , = 3, 4, . . . 9.
19.



, ,
(
, 8).
,
:
[ ( '> !

* . ! )

( '1 )

, , , = $ /

, ( , 0, ,

) 0

2,

"(' * !)=

(^, , ^

(19-2)

, ^ .
. , ,

V (),

. .
.
(19.1)
, 8 , (19.1) ( ), &(),
^ , ,
()
, , :
0 < < () &(-) .

-49]

233


(19.1) ,
, ,
.

(19.1) , ,
.
( = 0)
(19.1)
, .
,
;
, ( 1 13).
(
, ,
) ,
, (13.1).
, , 8,
,
>() =

, ()
. .
, ,
(8.1)
(13.1), (19.1)
=

0 + 9 ^ + ^ , ,

0, 0 + 9 ^ +

+ 22 (%, , 0, -^0 + 9-^) + . . .,


, , 6,

0 + 9 ^ , 2 ^ , , 0,

(19.3)

6 + 9 ^ , . . .

0, 0 + 9 2; , ,
,
, , 9-
,
:
- ^ ( ,

, & )+ 4 2

_ _ /

,
(19.4)

_ = () _ _ V() + (, , 9) + 22 (, , 9) + .. .,

( () = " |

~~ , ^ = V()

= ,

( (-) V(-) .
, (19.3)
(19.4), , , , (19.3),
^
, , (19.4),
(19.1), -

234

[ - I I I

, 1 ( >, , ^ + ) ,
2(^, , 0, 0 - ......... ,
(1.8), ^ ( , , &), ^?1(, , &), ^42 (> > )>
2(, , &), . . .
,
, :
2^

5 \, [ * ] + -

(19.5)

81 ( 0 + & )0 = .

- , , 0, ,
^ ( ^

,
^ ,
(19.3)
, 0 ,
(19.4), , ,
(14.34) ^ ( , , &) 1 (, , 9-).
(
*
,
,
^2, , 2(, , 9) ^?2(, , &).

(19.1).
(19.1)
= ^

0+

(19.6)

&
:

- ^ ( ) - - ^ ^ ) - ^ ^ ^ , , &),
1

4 '


, &)

(19.7)

, 9) & 2

[ * ] ^ - 2() 1 =
2-;
=

2 / () 2

" 9& ^ ^ ( 9

1
(-)

2%2%
2 2

6~ 19 008
\ () ) ()]

(19.8)

19]

235

, ,
0(, , , ) = (, , , ( ) ), (/&'= ^ -0 .
:
= ^-^-0+ 9-^-1-^, , 0, 0 + &^) ,
(19.9)
& :

1 1(, , ) + 2(:, ,
(19.10)
!==)()_.^(') + .]1('1, ) + 22(, , 9).

, 6,


+(
9+8
1 VI ___ 4

_\ , \_

> ^

*, () ^
,

>2 ( ) (. () 4- (:))2

2 2

X ^ [ (, , 0, ) ~1(9+)0, (19.11)

- , ,
+ ( + 1) 0.
(19.11) ,
0<<1/. ^42(, , ) 2(, , 9)
:
[ () ~ *(]
2>(-)2=
()

__ _ ^1 !
. ___
[ 9 1 9$ 1 1
] ^ ()

;]

2 2

+ 2^ () 2 *'9*$
0

' 9>)-9',
(19.12)

7" * ] ~ + 2^ 2=

~

|_ '

1+

99

. 0 ->

1 ^ ~7 '

() )

1
22 (] 2 \ \(, , 6, ) ~ 0,
(, , 6, ) , 6 2,
,
1(, , 0, ) =- 0+ .
, 8, ,
& ,
,

; (19.4)
, (19.1),
.

236

[ . I I I

(19.1).

,
,
.
:
+ =/ (^, ^ + () 0,
(19.13)
7 .
= ,
, ,
, . .
(. 13),
,

=1, <7=1-
.

(19.13)
= (0+ ),
(19.14)
8-

=
, 0),
|
= V() 1(, , ), ]

(195)


)=
/
. = .
(, , &) (%, , &). (
)

, \

/ \ (8 + )

~ = ~ 0 0 5 ( + ) (0

&)

= (6+ 0) (0+ &) (04- &),


= (V())

(19.16)

2^ (0+ &)2 (0+ &)


- [^(_())-^- + 2(^1] (0 + &). (19.17)

(19.17) (19.14) (19.13), :


{^ + ) ^ (0+9)= [ ( - V()) ^ - 2
] (0 + ) - [ (, - V()) ^ + 2] (0 + ), (19.18)

2= .
(, , 6, 0+ &),
.

19]

237

(19.13), (19.14) (19.16),


$

'\
I V >4')
1 + 8-(') )
) = (9+8) =
= / ( (6 + 0 ) , ( &))+ () 9,

I (049)
{ +{)'1}*=<
_ (6 + 9)

(0 + &)
%

+ 2 ( )

^ / ( , ) -]0

^ / ( , ) + ^ {/() (+ 9) +
0

( +

&)} +

1
( ) [ 9- ( + 9 ) & ( + & )],

( )= -

^ /

(1 9 .1 9 )

) /, ,

27
/,()=4'$/ (>)8,

/0(, ) = /(, ).

( )
(19.18) (19.19), ,
1(, , ) 1(, , &):
2

[ (- V(0)

- 21] = ^ ^ /0(, ) - () ,
0

(V())

+ 2^

2;

{"

^ /0(, )1?(1)

|
1

:
2

&> = - 2 ^ 7 $ / ( - ) - [ ^

()]- 8 0 ,

2,

5 , ( , , , ) = -

>

2 ^ 7 ^ / ( )0^ + ^

] 8 -

(1 9 .2 1 )

238

[ . I I I

:
2

4 = - 2^ $
0

^ = (0 _

< ) 51 ~
2

^ )_ _

+ 40] 008 {>

I
> (19.22)

^/(, )8^ + ^

. I

(15.5) (. 15), (19.22)


:
=,()\
1
\ >
> + -V( ) |

, , , , *(,

<19-23>
()
- -

4 '

V (- ) ------ =

\ /

'

V ()]

1"

() () ,

, (1 5 .6 ).
1 ( , , , 9 )
(1 9 .1 1 ),
, ,
(1 9 .1 9 ), . .

8 2 1 {/() (0+ 9) + 1' () (0+ &)}.


(-, , 0 , 0 + 9-) :

^ , , 0, 6 - ) =

= ^ [ 8 ( 0 + 9) ^ / 0 (, ) 8 +

^1

- (6 + 9-) ^ / 0 (, ) 31 .) | ,

(1 9 .2 4 )


(15.4).
2(, , 9) 2(, , 9) ;
, ,
1(, , 0, 0 9),
,
.

,
.
-;-2(1 0) = 0,
(19.25)
= V(-), = 2, , < 1. = ,
(19.25)
-]-)2: = )2/1 ; 8 0.

(1 9 .2 6 )

, (19.25)
.

19]

239


= 1, = 2, , ,
.
, (19.25)
(19.27)
:= 0(^ + 9^,
&
= (, , 9-),

(19.28)
^- = ) - ^ ( )+ 51(> 8
{%, , 9-) (, , 9). , (19.27)
(19.28) (1.26),
:
{ + )2}
4

'

,
08

( 2

= [ ( - ^ ) - ^ - 2(51 ] 08( 9 + &) _


+ 8 )

^) ^()^

21 ^

(^ + 9 ^ . (19.29)

(19.26) :
1

0}= (^ (-0^
2-1 2 9 ^ 6+ 9 ^ + 1,1 3 ^ 0+ 9 ^ 2 9 ^^ 3^ + )2!>. (19.30)


(19.29) (19.30), :
21=

29,
29,

(19.31)

:
( > > &) =

(19.32)

1{, , 9) =

2()
, , ,
9, :
2
2 ()

61
6

61

= 0)

V ()

29,
2
2> (-)

29.

(19.33)

240

. XXX



, , ,
. ,

, , 15,
( +13,
> 0),
.
:
(19.34)
~<"* ^~ + ^;3= '0,
, , I ,
, , = + 3
, , 0
. , ,
1 :
(19.35)
(19.34)
(19.36)
:
, , , ,
,
, . .
,
(19.37)
(15.5) :
() = . (0= 1+
,
, (19.14) (19.23),

(19.38)
V() = ,
.

| 19]

241

15
, (19.34);
; ;
, .


, ,
*).
,
(19.38)
- .
(19.38)
, . . . ,
(19.38)
, .
,
, (19.38),
,
,
.

,

,

. ,
(
. .) ,
(. . ,
).
(19.38)
, & V,
, .
(19.38)
(19.34)
, .
,
:
^(0 = + *;
(19.39)
>0 , <0.
.
, .
,
,
. 109, 110, 111.
,
15.
. 112 113
, ,
*) [31].

242

. 109.

. 110.

( . I I I

119]

243

,
. 114.
^

, .

0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90

0.95 100

105

115

? . 112.

[31],
,
.

:

,
.
,
,

.

,

244

[ . I I I


( ).

, ,
, ,
.

,
,
,
( )


/ \
,
.

0 ( \
- -

X,

^ -* \
.
2
15.
. 114
-,
5 = V2
42
42

, , , (15.50)
:
+ = ()/^;, , $()^ + 82,
(19.40)

8 21
(19.41)

2^
, \ ,

. .
%

). / \
-^
+ 2= ()/^-1-82,
^,&
21,
&() ) . (19.42)
=

2 -

, 15,
/(*

' ) = 14 + 2* + ^ + 1

X,

(19.43)

:
() = 0 2 ^

, .-(0 = - ) , = 0,016,

(19.44)
= 0,013, = 2, / 0= 0,05.
(19.42) :
0,016
'04 _____
+ 2=
1 + 57
() {*(")-2(-|-1 20

.
% 2 .-\ ,
+ ( _ | - 8 2} ( -0320 + (^) 2 18
11 21 ). (19.45)

19]

245

(19.6) (19.7) ==1,. =2,


:
2= (I + &) ,
(19.46)
:

/,\ 1 __/ \ , 2 ! , ~\ -2&


6
<= () | [^(:) + 1| - ] 4 36
(19.47)
6+ ~ 29- | .
=
(){
3.1
23
,
2-
$(), ,
,
(19.47).
,

>
, , $()

$() = 0+ *.
(19.48)

(19.47)
, ,
$
(. 115).

, (15.72)
( ).
, .
,
.


.
(. . 110)

, ,
,
, .

.
I
(. 116)
0(
(19.49)
= ('), ,
(
).

246

[ . I I I

N
I

11


I I
I 1



2 = ,
(19.50)
022
, 17, , 1,
, , ^
.

*

2
(19.51)
2

2 2=1,=0- )

81 1

(19.50) :
^ + 2(1) = 0 ,
:

, _ 1*
1
'

(19.52)

, = () = 0+ , ,
.
,
= 1, = 2.

,

(19.25). , (19.27)
(19.33) :
= ( "
2 6+ 8
8-

2

2 + ) 2 8,
1
%
''(19.53)
(II

>
-7----- 1 2|> .
2(^+0
^
, , 0,
(19.53) ,
, . 117.
, )

IV

20.

,
,
.
, ,
, ,

, ,

,

.

,
, . .
( -
().
, . .
,
.
,
,
.
,

:

<7-1

(= 1, 2, ),

:

( = 1, 2, ..., )
( 20 . 2 )
9=1
,

248

1. IV

(20.2)
.
,
<:
= ''((+>
'>+ 9*~-((+0)
(20.3)
(= 1, 2,..., ),
, ; , <*
, , *
- .
,
: = 0 (= 1, 2.... )
, ,
) ( ).

(20.1),
,
=
' (, ) 4-2^' (, )+...
(20.4)
(&= 1, 2, ..., ),
)(, ), (, ), ... (&=1, 2,
)
2,
:
= ( ) + 2 () + . . . ,

(20-5)
- = () + 22() + ... ]
, ,

4(. ) , - (= 1, 2..... ),
(20.6)
, 2,
{), 2(),
(), (), ..,
(20.7)
, (20.4)
(20.1) , (20.5).
, , (20.5)
,
(20.4)
(20.1), ,
.
, ,
,
.
(20.4)
, , (20.1)
,
(20.4), I
, (20.4).
.

249

, (20.4)
. ,
,
(20.4)
,
(20.4).

(20.6) (20.7),
,
(20.2), .
,

2=1 - ) =0
(= 1, 2, ..., ),

(20.8)

_ ( 1, =,
| 0,

0{) =0 \ \ ^ -
(20.9)


= + = , , =0
= ( , )
() =0, . .
0(11))0,
(20 .10 )
< < , 1.
(20.8)
= + = <
<*(= 1, 2, ..., ).
(20.8)
71

2(** + = 0

<3= 1

(20.11)

=-\-
% %* (= 1, 2, ..., ).
, ,
(20.2)
(>%
1

- 2 * = ^ <-

(20-12>

, ,
, 1, (20.12)

250

=

4( 2 ^ 9(,) ,,

(. IV

(20.13)

9=1

7 (

1
) -- (1>) '
13() (). =1,
(20.12) , , ,
) =0.
, , :

=1

=1.

(20.14)

= - 1 .
92=1 ,*, =
,
(20.12) =1,

( =

9= 1

1, 2,

),

(20.15)

( ) |

8=\--
() '

(/ 9= 1, 2,

, )

'=~1

.
= 1.
, ~ ,

*-~ 2 * =
1

''* (*= 1, 2.......), (20.16)

( < < )

. .

2 ^ (&=1, 2...... ).
(<<)

, , ,

=
(=1, 2, ... , ).
(20.17)

,
,
2 X 9 ^ = 0,

9= 1

29^9_1) = 0.

9= 1

(20.18)

, , (20.17)
.

* 20]

251

(20.18) ,
:
( << \

V 1

\^

+ -** 2
+
+
(= 1, 2.......), (20.19)

.
,
,
(20.6).

9 = 1

71

(0^ 2 98== 2
(20.20)
9=1
(
<<)
(20.17),
, 2, ,

21^ 1)= 0(20.21)


=
, :
% () = 7 2< < ' 1 2' (1) )(+ *~2 ' 8[1)+
1
+ -{2
9=1^ (- 1)+9^ +*91^\

(20.22)

.

, . . (20.6) (20.7).
(20.4)
= 40)(, ) + 1)(, )+ 242) (, ) + ... (&= 1, 2...... ), (20.23)

}(, ) = <4+ <-* (&= 1, 2, ..., ), (20.24)
(20.23)
(20.5), :

252


1 . IV
(20.1) :

- 2

9= 1

(0)

7/<0)
.} +

9=1

+ "

,,

5(,0>

- 2 ' . < + 1

< 0>

'

+ -+

} +

'

(= 1, 2, . .. , ).
(20.23) (20.1),
:
/:> .......) + 22)(^, . . . , )+ 3 . . . = ]) (!01, , ^) +
+ 83=1
{2
, , + 2(.......4>)| + <**

(= 1, 2, ... , ).

, :
!1

^ ---2 *9*= /, ,
=1
(2)

- 2 ^2) = 2 /1(0>.......0>)
9=1

(0)

=1

!1*

{,0>

(20.25)

+
910)

10)

+ (1 . ,%') ---1 -2, (20.26)


(= 1, 2, ... , ).
(20.25), (20.26) . .

(,
(,
(&=1, 2, ... , ), (), 1(), 2(), 2(), ... ,
, (,
*2(,
, (&=1, 2, . . . ,

2.
(20.25),
1(1\ . . . , 40>) (&= 1, 2, . .. , )
:
'^

),

) ? ''

),

. . .

),

),

. . .

1( .. , ) = (
2<) *0)()
<

1) () = ^ ^ *

(= 1, 2, ,,. , ),

20]

253

(20.25),
(20.24),
> "
)%
9=1
(
<<\
I 1 )
+{()-1<?11<}1'\>+11() ? +
(20.27)
(=1, 2, . .. , ).
(20.20). ,
(20.27)
\(, ) (= 1, 2, ... , ), ,
, (20.21), . .
. 92=1 > () - ? - 1%) = ,
() 1():

( )

()-1()=^;------ .
(20.28)
92=19
(20.27), (20.22)
(, ):
41(, ) = ( <<\
2
I 1 )

(1) ) ()} +

{^<12= 1

2 () ~ ( () + ()) 9) + - 2 ^
() 9=1
9=1
- ( () 1()) ?$}+ ( ) <+ *() <&-{ (20.29)
(= 1, 2, ... , ),

1(), .
, ,
() :

^()-^
<1()=1()>
=1

(20.30)

9() ~ =
2 1 ( ) = V ()>

1, =,
0, .
(20.30) =, ,
= () (20.8) , ,
<.
<1(>) .
)

254

[ . I V

, :

=
(20.31)
(20.30) = >,
(20.31):
71

'+ - () - 2 1&( =
=

& ("),

, ,

3 - 2 ^ = 9.

(20.32)

*=1

, = 8(]
:

*>% - 2

2=1
{

<1 ()

( = 1, , ).

' : - | - 0'

2? =^ ^ 0 ,
(20.33)
=1
= () = 0 .
, , (20.28)
.
(20.32) <

. (20.33)

?= ~-

2.

(2
^?) - =1
2
9=1

9= 1

8 1# = < ,

2 $9= 0>

(20.34)

<=1

(=1, 2,

...,

).

1()

() = () [() + ()],

I 20]

255

(20.29) :
4 (, ) =

/ < < \
I 1 )

{ { 2

<2=

(1) 9 > ( ) } +

+ *2

() + * () %} + -*{2 () + ()?*} (20.35)


(&= 1, 2, ... , ).
, , =

()= 0,
9=1

9=1

_ (?)
(
. \ )
( )

(20.31) :
* = ^ + ^ + + -

(20' 36>

7,'() =.

((>)

' ()
, 6 %()
= ):
5> .-2

+2 '

(20-37)

3*,
%<1 = >:
^ = - 2 ^ ) + 2<*>(20.38)
^ ( , ) (= 1, 2, ... , )
(20.35)
(). ,
, , ,
^' {, )
, 2 .
.
- , ... ,
:
^(, )+ ... +%(, ).
(20.39)
, (20.39)
1^. ,
:
2
^
(, ) + ... +( (, )1
= 0.
(20.40)

(20.40) #'(, ) (= 1, 2, .. . , ) (20.35),


, ().

256

| . I V

, . .. ,
, (20.40)
(20.39).
, , ()
, (20.35), (, ) (&= 1, 2,
),
(20.26).
, ,
2%, ,
(20.21), . .

=1

{2

..., ) + * < \

= 1
11

1>

- - ^ - -- . >-

}'*-**<*+ -

2() 2():
2() + 12() =
1

0 = 1
2 2

(20.41)
=1
2() (), (20.26)
)(, ) (= 1, 2, ..., ).
,
(20.1),
.
:
(20.42)
= <^ + ^~^ (= 1, 2...... ),
(, %(=1, 2, . . )
(20.8),
= = \ ,
=),
|
(20.43)
^ . + , (),

1() 1() (20.28).


:
='*+9~^ +&^(, ) (= 1,2,..., ),
(20.44)
(, ) (20|35)
, :
^ =() + 2(),
=. + 1() + ^2()( ^
(2045)

I 20]

257

1() 1() (20.28), 2()


2() (20.41).
,
,
(20.1),
, .

,
<. ,

:
= <*((+0) + <!(>(+0) ( = 1, 2, . .., ),
(20.46)
= 0)
(
, ).

(

71

= 1

({) ,

,
= :
2 150 = 0.

(20.46), = >^-{-
, (20.43).
1() 1(), , ,
(20.46) :

5 2 & { - 2 - 8/(1>* >) " 1


1
- $22>(%,..., )- . . . | = , (>)-*#= 0.

(20.47)


(20.43) .
, () () ,
, (20.28).


(1..., ) (=1, 2, .. .,),
, .. .,
(20.46) :

(<<)

) ()1(>).

(20.48)

258

[ . IV

0 ,

_

*(, <+ 0)=

2
/ <<\
V 1 )

(>* + 0)

{ 2 " ()2())} +
= 1

*''()} +-+)

+ *(*+)
1

^ $}

(20-49)

=1

(&= 1, 2, ..., ),
(20.48).
,
, ,
,
^*
_1
{<*+0>
2()
-
' ( ) ( )

= >
( ) (/ ) + )

10).

, , ()
2() (() = () + /()),

= 1<
(+) <|~*((+9)-)-<() 1
() ~1<+9)-^ (, 1 )
(20.50)
(*= 1, 2......),

() = () + 2(), *() = () - ().
(20.50), ,

.
() +$22() () + 22(),
(20.45),
(/= 1, 2, . .., ) (20.50)
(20.47),
(20.45)
.
,
,
.

21]

, .

2 -

259

21.
,


N
, N .
,
.

, . ,

2 *,
, 3=1

(21.1)

*'

(21-2)

, 8 = 1

8($= 1,2...... ./V) ,


, = ,
^8 (21.1)
(21.2) ,

N

2 .?. + .} =
8=1

( = 1,2,...,^).

(21.3)

,

^ (?1> > ?1> ' > & I ) =

= <?1>(^1>-^N,4!, , ) + 2<?2)(?1, ,^N, , - ^) + 3. (21.4)


(= 1,2......^),
:
N

2 {? + } =
= 8<?1>(?1. , <7*, > ])+2(?2)(?1, . . 9-, 1( ..., ^)+3.. (21.5)
( = 1,
= 0 (21.3).

(21.5),
(21.3).

260

[ .

IV

, (21.3),
, :
. =
(*+9)+
(^+0)
(5, /= 1, 2, ...,

<73= <'> (^+ 0) (5, /'=1,2,..., ),
(21.6)
);.(/=1,2, ..., ) ,

||-8<+ 8| = 0,
(21.7)
/ = 1, 2, . . ) ,

N
2

! +

} ? (/ ) =

(/,/=

8=1

1,2,

),

(21.8)


2
, 8 = 1

= ,
X

(21.9)

2
= 1),
0 .
, ,
(21.3)
(?= (^+ &) ( = 1, 2, ..., ),
:
98= 8(-}-&)
(8= 1, 2, ...,).
( = 1, 2, ..., )

, 8 = 1

2 {- +}, =

( = 1,2, ...,),
(21.10)
.
(= 1, 2, .. ., )
N
3= 2 ^5)
= 1,2, . . ., ),
(21.11)
, .
(21.11) (21.10) ,
9^(5,/ = 1, 2, ..., )
(21.8),
:
8=1

( 5

3 = 1

2 2 {
]-*}$)=
8=1

(= 1, 2...... ).

(21.12)

21]

2 -

<^>,
, :
N

.. .,

261

2 ,>'-2} 2 8?31, = 2 9^ .
(21.13)
(
(21.9))
^ = 1

8,

=} (/ = 1, 2, .. ., ),

(21.14)

3 = 1

:
2

. - 2 ^ 5 ^ -

( - . 2 ........ *)

(21-15)

3=1

,
, ,
>, :

= 1

= .

(21.16)

2
3 = 2

(5= 1,2, . . ., :),

(21.17)

.

(21.3)
(21.5).
,
,
, ( )
(21.6),

()1-}-0)
(8= 1,2, ...,)
(21.18)
(1.
,
, :
1.
,
.
2. ,
,
<71= <72= = = 0.
3. , 2)1; 1, ..., :1, . . .
- <2, ...,

( ).

262

| . XV



<78= (>(1+ ) + '1(, 1+ ) + 2
2) (, )1 )-(-8. . . (21.19)
(5= 1,2, ...,),
= 1+
:
()+ 22() + 3 . ,
61 =
( 21 . 20)
^ = 1+ 1()+22() + ...
*1(, )^ + 0), 21(, 1( + ), . . . ( = 1, 2,
, );
1(), 2(), ...; 1(), 2(), ...,
(21.19) (21.15),
, . ,
(21.19) (21.20),
,
, .
.
,
(21.21)
<7, =
(8= 1,2......,
:
=
61

( 21 . 22 )

>1 + ().

() () , (21.21)
:
21 N

52
=1

{ 2 (+ ,?,)-*#? (?1,
8=1

> <7> <71. > 9/)

... |
2; N

4 1 > )

= 1

. . ., <7^, ^1; . . ., ) - . . . } = ,

.
() (). (21.21),
(21.22),
:
= 9
61[ ^ () >1 ( ) ] ,
<7= '1[ 2>! () >2 2>1 ()] (21.24)
(5= 1, 2...... IV).
- 2^ 2 (,

21]

, .

2 -

263

(21.21) (21.24) (21.23),


:
2 N

^ 2 1 12 '?1>^()1008+ 2)1$ () + 2< ()) +


=1

8 1

+ ]
2. N

(^' , ..., ^ ^, . . .)| = 0,

2 1 { 2 $1)^()1008+ 2$ 1() + 2>1 ()) +


- 1

8=1

+ ] ^1(?1> , ..., (11>1 , ...,) ^ = 0.


,
, ,
2

^ 2= , ^ = 0, ^2= ,
:
N

211()

? ^

( -

^ ) ? * 1 =

,5 = 1

, 8 = 1

2 N

= ^ 2 1^ 1(^ , . .., <^1)1 , .. .) ,


1
N

2 )1 1 ( ) 2

? " >$ 1 =

, 8 = 1

2 N

= 2^ 2

1^ 1 ( ^ , . . . , ^)! 31 1( . . . ) .

=1

,
N

1^ 1 = ,

, 3 = 1

( -

\ )

= >

5=1

:
2 N

() =

2 ^

52

'1)<?1> ( 9

, . . .

1
. . . , < ^ , . . . ) ,
2. N

<) - -

5 2 ??'

.
..., ^'^ ,.. .) . ^
, (21.25) ,

.

= 1

264

IV

, (21.7) (21.14), :
N

, 8 = 1

= , (21.23)
:
:

(21.2(5)

= 1

, (21.22)
,
1, 1)^,
:
N

, (1.27),

/(, ) (21.27),
(21.25).

(21.25).
,


3=11 ,

. , . .
:
N

X[<" ]. (21. 28)

21]

, . 2-

265

:
2
. ^ .
(21.29)

, (21.28), (21.29) (21.25), :


= 111() 8 111() 8.


8 8
7.
:
9
(21.30)'
=^ , () = ----
1' 7
4

1
1

<
1
(21.31)
<
)-1
1)1
, ,

,
,
.
(21.5)
.
,
, ,
(21.3)
(>(91, > 9 9, > 9)

{ = \ , 2 ,

) ,

, ..., , , ..., :
93
*1> 008 (1+ 6)> 9, = ~ '81)1 (^+ 6) (= 1, 2, . . ., ).
,
<?1. ,?, ?1,
) =
= ^ (?11>008, , - !1>)! , ...,) + 2 .. . ( = 1, 2, ..., -;

(^ ,
, ...) :
(^ , . .., 11))1 , .. .) = /}.0 () +

+ 2

(1=1 { / () ( ) 0 0 8 ( V
(= 1, 2, . .., ,

+ 6 ) + () ( ) 1 * + 9 ) }

266

[ . IV

/ ) ( ) =

~^ ^ (?11} , . . . , '1))1 , . . . ) ,

1) ( ) =

(?11> , . . . ,

, . . . ) &

(= 1,2, ...,; = 0, 1,2, ...).


(= 0,2,3 ...)
(21.15)
N
N
2
() 008*(
1+ 0)+,!)() 1(1+
,
",6)1=
1
-----------------------------------------^
1 8

]((1)|-&2<|>|)
= 1
(= 2, 3, ...),
N
3

---- 5--- , =0
5=1
^
(5= 1,2......).
) (21.10) ,
:

N
2 { / ^ ()
(< ? + 0) + '1> () (,* + 0} <
=1
2?
(<|<|)
08

01

(5 = 1,2........).

,
,
<?(?1, ,?, ?1, , ?*, ) (=1, 2, ..., ), $, ?3(8= 1>>
, (
):

N
'1 (, V

2 ()^

+ 6) = 2

'

------ +
^ 3

3=1

2 {/{ () 008 (1+ ) +

+ 3 ^ ~

() 8 * + 0)} **

-------------- +

32

{ / > ( )

* +

0) +

( ) 1 * ( 1* +

)} ^

+ 2 2?!- ------------- ,(.,-^1)--------------- <2 2>


=2=1
^
( 5 = 1 , 2, ...,
).

21]

, .

2 -

267

,
(21.5) :
= $1} +^1)(, )
(21.33)
(5= 1,2, ,.,).

{1() + 2() }}.1, 1()
(). ,
1() = 2() = 0
(21.33).
(21.33)
, ,
:
=

()+ %

(),

(21.34)
= )1 &() 4- 252().
2() 2()
(21.33)
(21.23).
(21.34) ,
I ,
,

.
, (21.32)
, '2\ '3,
.. ., <(^) ( = 1, 2, ..., N), :
2 3'>= 0,
(/=2, 3,

, 8 = 1

2 . ^ = 0

, 8 = 1

2
(, ),
2
)
.
,
(21.23) :
V, 8 = 1

271

, 8 = 1

5 { 1 ( ^ + ^ ) - 2 ' " , ( ' ^ 1,:+ ^1,- ) +

= 1

4-2(^2) (, . . .)]| = ,
N
> (21-35)

^ { 1 ( 4 ^ +)1) ~ "

...) +

=1
+ 2(?2>( )]} 81?= ,
, , = .

268

(. IV


'!

&

(21-36)

,
(21.35) ,
(21.36) :
2

~ 1

. . .) + 2(?'2>>, .

-
() 1{}:
2

^ () $ 1 .
1
, (21.35),
:

11

= 003 ^ () 08 + 31

+ >?*)= 1{ 2 ?? ("* + < \ ) + 3 ^ 8>(?*, )]}


=1
(21.37)
,
,
^(=1,2, . ..,/)
(21.33) (21.34).
, =, :
12
+ *= {211 211 }+
+ 211+ ^ ) 8| .
(21.38)
(21.37)
, :
-2{ (

- \ - 2 -

(?!. , \; *)! =
= {^1() + ^2()} + (() 22()}. (21.39)

(21.38) (21.39), :

#1 {=21

4 < >= - 1 .

21()' = ^ 1^ 12!
^
2(\ 2>1 I 2
1^

1^
2
12^1 . /
2>11

I 21] '

2 -

269

, (21.40) 1() 1()


, (21.25).
,
:
_
, () + !# ()
2;11 ( ) 1 ()
2() 1 () \

2V?!
_

(()

( ) +

)!

2 2 ( ) _

( )

211

21

2!
^

( )

( )

2>!

'

,
,
N

=1
,
.
,
,
.

.
^():
= ()1+ 6, 0= 1.
(21.42) :
, \ ___

1 \ )

/,! ( ) + 6 2 2 ()

^ { () , _2 () <1 ()
+ "2^


() + 2() + 211()1() + $211()

0 ,

() + 12() = 0 .
, () 1()
,
:
() -~22() 0
(21.43)

,
() +
()
\ ( )
<1() = >!---- '^ ---- 2^, (21.40),
2/_2

(0

() =
1

' {)
21 1

() V
21 \2 > 1 1 )

21 1

270

1. IV

:
2() = 2(21.44)
,

.
,
; , {= 1, 2, ...,7)
(21.33), ^\, ) (= 1, 2,
)
,
, ;
,
, .
,
, (21.43),
.
(21.44),
.
22.


,
,
:
^ ( ^ > > 1 /

>

? 1 ' '

' ' ' > ^

+ *(?2', >, , . <7)+ (22.1)


(= 1, 2, ..., ).
N
:
N

8=1

$3) =

(V*, ? 1 , . . . ,

, . . . , ) +

+ 2(?5-) , ,?*, 91, ,?*)+ (22.2)


(=1, 2, ..., ,
, , 9( = 1, 2, ..., ./V)
, 5= 8, = 8.
, 13, ()({, , . , >> '
..., , ) (= 1, 2, ..., 1
2
,
, (=\, 2, ..., ).

22]

0 . 0 0 .

271

, , :
2 ?8+) = 0

(22.3)

3=1

(=1,2, ...,
, 21, . 261.
(22.2),
, -
,
>1.
, .
,

N ,
(22.2) ,
,
I I I .
*), ,
13 (. 158), (22.2)

= ^ + ^1(, 1, )+ 242(, 1, )+ 3... (22.4)
(5=1, 2,..., .V),
"(, , 1), ^2>(, , 1), ... (= 1, 2, ..., ./V)
2 ,
:
= () +2() + ...,
^. =
1+ 1() + *2()+ ...

(22-5>
)

*'(, 1, ), (, 1, ), .. . (5= 1, 2, ... IV),


(), 2(), ..., (), 2(), . ..
, 13
.
(22.2),
,
N

14? + )1;) = =1
2

*>

(22-6)

, (13.35),
*) ,
V
=
.

( = 1, 2 ........... ,

272

. IV

22 N
() =

- 42^

$ ^ 2

( > 6 > ) 8111

271 271

() = - ^

( 9- ) >

2
1

=1

= 1

:
& ( , >

) = (? ( 6 , ? 1 1', . . . , (^ ,

^ ^ ,

- ^ ^) (22.8)

(= 1,2,... , ).
, '1(, , 1)(= 1, 2, . .., ) , (22.3)
(22.8), (. .
,
: = <, = ^1,)1 (=1,2, ...,):
(,

) = 22

() '("^+
>

(22.9)

(=1, 2, .. ., ),

272
(?() = 45 @(>6 )^(^0
(22.10)

(=1, 2, .. ., 0
, (, 1, ) (5=1, 2, ..., )

:
^ 2

2 ( ^ + <0 = 2
(22.11)
N

3=1

(>=1, 2...... ).
= ^+ &.
1(, V/, ) (5=1, 2, ..., )
(, 1, ) = 2,

() *(7+)

(22.12)

(5=1, 2......),
^() .
(, 1, ) (5=1, 2, ..., ) (22.12)
(22.11) ,
^() (5= 1, 2, . . ., )

22]

. .

273

{.[\2V22]+ 5}{^ {) = () (22.13)


(= 1, 2, ..., ),
.
]()
2

5=1

^ () =2= ?
1

(8= 1, 2, . .., ),

(22.14)

, ,
.
(22.14) (22.13) ,
<
)(, = 1, 2, . .., 7)

2 [ - 8<4+ ]<('==0
(22.15)
( = 1, 2, ...,7),
:
N
2
+
()
=182=1
(=1,2,

, :
8=1

2 - 4->)2] 2 2 8<^1)= 2 <2() <?{1) (22.16)

=1

= 1 =1

=1


( (21.9)) (21.14), :

'1=1
,--- +
-
(22.17)
[)^(^
4(=1, 2, ..., /V).
4
(&=1, 2, .. ., ) (22.17) (22.14)
(22.12), (, )
(5=1,2, ...,0:
'
2 () {<*+^
"(, ', )= 2
=1 2- ,;---- (22-18)
, VI = 1

(5= 1,2...... ).
(22.18) ,
, ,
1= + !,
,

274

[ .

IV

,
(?I)2=0, =0, =1.
, (22.18) ,
= 1 {,
(22.7).
, 1' ( , 1, ) ( = 1,2, ..., ) :
' 1 (, V/. ) =
271 2

=4^2

{|

, ~1
(, 1 /1=1)

( , , ) -*( + < )

1 ( ^ + )

8(0 0 ~1 ______________________
[|
(^+>1)2]

(22.19)
(5=1,2, ...,).
2() ()
13 ( (13.37)),
,

(22.6) = ,
<7= $1> + '11(, 1, )( = 1, 2, ..., ) , ,
, (22.5),

.
2() 2()
:
>() = - [

<>+ 2> <> ><>] -

272 N

^
42

- ^

2
=1

6, ) 6 ,

(22 .20)

2 2 N

4 211

0=1
:
2 (, , ) = 0 2(6, , ..., ( , N
^)]^ 31 ,

+ - [ ( )

...,

)! 81 ) + 2

( )

8=1

1 +

{ ^ - ^ ( , 9 > ) +

^ ~

] } =?(1) ?

8
<?3=
<1><10^8111
8(22.21)

(=1, 2, ..., ).
.
,

22]

. .

275

, ,
, == 1. ,

.
,
, ,

, ,
.
, ,

,
, 14.
, . 176,

^^^ + ^+1^, V*, ) + 242)(, 1, )+... (22,22)
(5=1, 2, ..., ),
= ^-)-&,
(, 9, ), 42>(, , ), ... (=1, 2, ..., N)
9 2,
&

1
= (,
. )+2
2(,>&/)+. ...,
(22.23)

= 1V+ &(, &)+ 22(, ) + ... I



(, &),1(, )),(> ), 2(, ) (, 1, )
(8 = 1 , 2 , . . . , .
(, &) (, ) ,
(14.34).
(14.34) >1,
/0(, 6, )
2

(, 9, ),

= 1

)-^1(9, ^, ..., 1,)1, ...).



(2' (,

- *)

~ 2) =
2 2 N

1
22/

0 = 1

(22.24)
2 2 N

- 2 *9 5 ^ 2

( >

(&'= -6),

) ~1" '

276

[ .

IV


1(, ), 1(, ),
.

1 (, VI, 1 + &)( = 1, 2, ..., ) ,
, ,

,
, - \ -\-( 1) =0 ( , ^).
, (, 1,
^+ &) (= 1, 2,
)
81 (, 1, 1 + &) =
271 2I N
*
I 5 2 <<?$ 0 +) ~1(-+'^
= _ <>0 0 =1________ __________ X

42

^ 1

, ~ 1

/9 + (1)=?0)'\
V
= ^
]

(^ -(- )2]

X1+(1+)} (8= 11 2,

). (22.25)

, 2(, ) 5 2(,),
, 14
,
.
.
(22.2),
,
:
\,
, \1 > , )
=
, , , , , ) + 80 (22.26)
( = 1, 2, ..., ),
, ,
:
N

( + ) = <? (?,

, ) + <)

(22.27)

( = 1, 2, ..., ).
( = 1, #=1),
.
, ,
(22.27), ,
, :
= '1 (6+ )
(22.28)
(=1, 2, ..., ),
&

2]

0 .

0 00 .

277

:
2 N

^-,
2

5 2

(> )

=1

^ (1)
~ 1 ____
1(1+ ^) 3-,

- =

2 $ 2= 1 $1>
N

(, V

+ (>1+ V) &
, , >1
, ^.1( = 1, 2, ..., )
(22.15),
& ( , ) = < & (? 1 1> , . . . ,
( + = )

<{1} >1 , . . . )

( = 1, 2 ,

...,

).

(22.29).
15 :
271 N

'1'

5 2 > ^ ,
=1
2 N

()

= (0 ,

52

0 0 8 >

(22.30)

= 1
N

= =1
2 1.
(22.29)

'1^

= - 8 V"/
() /1 ()1 + \)
1
(22.31)
^
(1)/ V4,-----^(
1>

-

1 = ()()
' '
1()1-(-\)

'1() = ^2
1() ^11()

,

= 1

278

[ .

IV

,
(
),
N , ,
( 1 ), 2 (?>1>
1
( , )
2 /^' (.
(15.7)).

.
(22.25)
,
&

<!>-= 0, ]
---;
()-\
'
! ( ^ + )
|

'-
-
(22-32)
(4 )/ ------ 4 V) 8 = 0 . /

1()-,
(1
+ '')
N

,

V:
\2[(.()2() - 2)2+ 45(1)() = ^\
(22.33)
V2 ]


(15.10),
, (22.33)
., 15.
.
, N ,

(22.27), V
1.
.
, 1
1, 2 ^1>?1)
( , ).
,
6^() <*)()

(22.32)
(22.33), ()=
. . -
=1
,
.
N

22]

. .

279


(22.32)
<<> () V

8 = 1^

'

<22-34)

(22.33)
, ,

,
.

, ,
15.
, (
)
"> 0, (!) () >
(22.35)

<
0,

(1
)
()
<
V
.
|
1


.
^
,
,
. 118, .
, -

9,
. 118.
V ,

= 0111, = V ,
, , ,
, .
1, /2, / 3,
<, <2, <3.

.
2. ,
,
:
(? - ) = ' (2 -

?1) + / (<2 - ?1),

/ ((2 ()
, ' ;
:
2 ( ? 9)-

,
, (
).

280

[.*1


:
1-^(?2-<?!) = 0,
^2?2+^(?2-?1)-2(?3-?1)=+ ('-?2),
(22.36)
1 +

(< - ) = (? ~ )-

:
?2?! = ?!> ?2= ?2,
(22.36)
( ,
):
81110,
+ (1 + *-)?1-?= -(1+ |-)/ + =<72+ -31
(22.37)
^2?2-1?1+2( 1 + ^ ? 2 = / - !(( 1+-|)?2-^8)0.
, ,
, , (22.37)
, 21 (. 261).
, >
- ); , ,
,
, 1,
2, , -
.
(22.28) (22.37),
,
, :
=
(0+ &), |
(22.38)
<72= <<4, (0+ 3-), |
(!) ,
:
['( + )-.*/] ?(1)-1)= 0,
(22.39)

1'

( 1 + ) _,2/2

= 0.

(22.40)

>
, (22.33) (22.34),
, ,
. 278.

23]

281

:
^ =/ 2(?<1)

(22.41)

),

(22.42)
2%1>1

0 0 8 ) 0 0 8 ^>

(22.43)

^(1) = ^ ((1)(1)).
(22.44)
(22.39), ,
.

. 120.

, , ,
, . 119,
, . 120.
23.

,

, (
, . .)
,
.

,
, ,
.
,
,
.

282

[ .

IV

, ,


N

= 2 ()??.. 7 = 2 ()8,
,

8 = 1

(23.1)

, 8 = 1

, 2, .. ., , =
, , , , () = (),
5() = 8'() (, = 1, 2, ..., )
,
.
, 0< I <,
= ~ ,
, V .

,
<?(>9> >, >, ) =
(, ,...... , , . . ., ) +
+ 2(?2)(*, , 1( . . ., ^, . . ., )+ . . . (23.2)
(= 1, 2, ..., ),
9 2
, ,
3, 3(= 1, 2, ..., ). , ,
= (0 (), (?(, 0, ...,, ...,
) ( = 1, 2,!. . ., )

, ,

:
V

{ 2 ?.} + 2 ()
(>9>?1 >, - > , ) (23.3)
(=1, 2, ..., ).
(23.3)

2 (*)?;+ 2 ') =0 (/= 1 ,2 ,..., ),


(23.4)
5 = 1

5 = 1

8 1

8 - 1

(23.3) $=0,
.
(23.4)
, (23.3),

.
21,
(23.4) ,
1)= ?>()003 ()1+ ) (8>&= 2, > ), (23.5)

23]

283

^() (= 1, 2,

) ,
||-8()2+ ()|| = 0,
(23.6)
<^()(8, = 1, 2,
) ,

2 {(=) ( ) -()}9^ () = 0
(23.7)
(, = 1 , 2, ...,
)

2 () <!,>
() = 0,
8,
(23.8)
2 8() 9)() 9}() = 0
N

( )

= 1

8 = 1

'

( I).

() 9<>() ($, = 1, 2, ...


. . . , ) .
(23.4) (23.5) = 2, (23.5)
( )
(23.4),
.

(23.3), ,
( )
(23.5) (
), ,
, 0<<^,
, , 21 . 261,
. . , : 1) ,
(23.4),
1(),
; 2) (23.4),
, = 2... = = 0;
3) 1(), 21(), 1();, ...,
^), ...
()
.
, ,
, 14,
, (23.3)
=1, . . (
>1()) *):
<75==?81) () (0+ 9) + 10(, , 6, 6+ &)+ 22)(, , 6, 6+ &)+ ... **),
__________
(*=1, 2, ..., ),
(23.9)
) 2 ( ' )>

*)

<1

^ (),

( ) ,

>

.
**) ,
, ,
, .

284

IV

= 2, ^'(, , 6, -}-&), (, , 6, 6+ 1}), ...,


(8=1, 2,
) 6 6+& 2,
&, ,

.

, &)+ 2(, , &)+...,


)
= ) - ^() + (, , &)+ 22( , , &)+..., ]
=

(2 3 1 )

() (23.6); "() (= 1, 2, ..., )


(23.7).
, &
:
^( , , 6, 6+ &), ^(,, 6,6+ &), ...
(8=1,2...... ) (23.11)

( > > &)> *, , & ), , (,, , &) , 2(, , &) , ...,


(23.12)
(23.9)
& , (23.10),
(23.3).
(23.11) (23.12) , ,
, . .
, 20, ,
.

, ,
={, ,
1 =&
1, .
.
(23.9) , 0-
(23.10), 3, , (.?= 1, 2, ..., ).
(23.3),
.
,
:
N

2 \5() [
1() 02 + 2')
1() 00
() 00 ] +
3=1
+ ()1)| =6%>(, , 6, ) (23.13)
(= 1, 2, ..., ),
N

< -2 >

2 7 7< 2 >

2 77( 2 > 1

{*(*) [ ? ^ ^ + 2' ) <>- ^ + "2() ^ ] +

+ 8()<2>} =;20>(, , , ) (23.14)


( - 1, 2, ..., ),

| 23]

285

:
'6> (, , 6, ) =

( , , 0, )

{ ) [ 1 () (1 () ^ ( ))

- 2

2951'() ! () 1 ^

8=1

() (<1 () -

( ) [

[ 2 1 ()

V ())

+ 2 ? '11 () ()

) ( ) + ^ ^ 9 5'( ^ ) () + 1 ( ) ^ 1)(^)

]
\ ^

] 1 | .

(23.15)
N

20 (, ,

6, ) = <2>(,

0,

) - 2

8=1

{ (

[ ^

- ^ ) ) ^ -

2^> () ,* () 2 +
() .
( ) ^
+ ? > () . _
- 9^() #2^ () [ () (^(1V()) + 2<'() () 2+
+ 2^1>()
+ 9'" () -^~ + 95" () ^ -+-95() ] +

+ [

+ ^

- ^

+ *> () * * > ] -

^ () ^ + ?, () ^ ^},

_ |-2

(23.16)

(=1, 2, ..., ),
:
(?0(, , 0, )= ^1}(, 9, ^0> ) <7^0> ?) >
^ (1>
^ ( , , 6 , ) = <?<20' ( , 6 , 10, . . . , 0, 10, . . . , 0) + 2 [_ ^ *1) +
8=1
<1> / '1 (-)

+ - ( .008+ ? ()008- 1 () 1 51) +


-I

] - 2

{ (" )[2 ^

2(1)

'1

4 +

2 )

1 (" ) + 2 ^ | ' ' ( ' ) + 2 - - ' ' ^ ^ +

8=1

2^>
2'1)
2^15
+ 2 '^ )1+ 2 1()51+2^ ("1(' 1"
^ - V(X)) ^ + ^ 1 (X)- V(X)) ^
^
( = 1 , 2 , . . . , ),

= 6 + &,

80 = 9 ) ( ) 8 ,

0 =
( = 1 , 2 , . . . , ).

91

( ) I! )

286

[ .

IV

(23.13) '1(, , 6, ) (5= 1, 2...... ).


(23.13) 6
:

, )*+^,

(23.17)

6 )_4(0+)

(23.18)

)(^,,6,)= ,2

22
1
) = 4^ 5 5

(=1, 2, ..., ).

1(, , 6, ) (5=1, 2, ..., )

, 6, 6)= ^(, )*(+)
(23.19)
,
(5=1, 2, ..., ).
^ (, , 6, ) . (5=1, 2, ..., )
#% , 6, )(=1, 2, ..., ) ( , -
) (23.13)
*, ^ (, )
:
82
1

() 1 () ~ ^ ()

8 () [ - 1 2 -

+ (^)) ] , ) =

=,(^> )
(23.20)
( = 1, 2, ..., ).
, ,
:
N
5
' (
4 *, ) = ^

2 4, (>

()

<?') (^)
-/ -
/..1
-
()
7 -)2]
4 7~
;- ()
[*
() - ()!
()-----
+ V

(2321)1
'

3= 21

, ,
:

, 6, )

(5=1, 2, ..., )
) ^ ( ^ ((1,+^)

8
1) (,

2| (?)
/ (
^>
V
\ 2]
4 *, 6 <1>/) V. ^V. ^( ' )7 ()^ [<
1()^ +
^(:). )2
]

4(23.22)7

3 1

(5=1, 2, ..., ).

1(, , 6, ) (5=1, 2.......) ,
, 0<<^
(23.22) .
,

23]

1() + () = 1()

287

(23.23)

+ 7 1 = 0,_

(23.24)
, ,
(0<<1) 1() =().
"'(, , , ) (8=1, 2, ..., )
:
2

= 1

^ ^ (, ) ^ ^ + ^ ) = 0.

(23.25)

(+ 1= 0)

(23.18), (23.22) (23.25),


^(~, , 6, )
(8=1, 2, ..., ):
N
1
^(, , 0, ) = 1- 2 2 V**()
3=1
/V+,(
1)=^0
3=1
22 N
X X ^

< $ (, , 0, ) *</> ( ,)

- ^ + '^

^ -" 1

_ 1(0+-)_

$ () [2. () _ ( ) 1 () + ^ () )2]

N 2] * I V
I>
21(/ ) ] -----.--

----
,-() [>| ( - ) ? ( ) |
3=2

(23.26)
4
'

(8=1, 2, ..., ),

V(= 2 . ? (-)^

()

=2 [9) (,)]

, 8 = 1

, ,
N

=2

("= '.2...... ').



> ) (= 1, 2, - . . , ),

.
N
, 2 @1)(>> )<})(')
=
1 /-
. "

,
. N
, .
} 9<}) (V

2 () 1
= 1

288

[ .

IV

, /- .
(
4-
) *_ I () ]-I =^1><*
, (, , , ) (5= 1, 2 ,

, 1 ,, , ,) (= 1, 2, ... )
, (8= 1, 2, ..., ) (, 7)-
, /-
; ,
, ^^) (5=1, 2, ..., ),
(23.26). -()
{/=1, 2, ..., )
, 5 ( = 1, 2, ..., )
9^() (5, /=1, 2, ..., ).
(, , 9-)
, &), ,
, ,
(23.25).
= , + 1= , (23.25)

2
=1

=0

(23.27)

( < < ).

4(, ) (23.18)
,
(, , &) (, , &), (19.8):

<(01() ~ V())
22

0 0 = 1

(>1- ^())
/

/ \

- 21() =
22 N
\ 2 (?(', , >) (') ^8' ;

/ \\

22/- 1- ^ 2

. . .
+ 20 (0, ()
=227^

^ 5 2

0 0
1

{ ( -) , ())

> 3, ) ? > - 8'


(& ' = - ) .

^ (, , 0, )
(5= 1, 2, ..., ), 1(, , &) /?(, , &),
(23.14),
42)(, , , ) (8=1, 2, ..., ),

! , )

( + ^

1
1 = 0 )

() "*4->=

(23.29)

23]

289

2(, , 9-) (, , !)).


2(, , &) 2(%,, 9) :
*)-5

(-)
+ -

()

()

()

\ +

2 2 N

1
2 ^ > >9>) <<?>() ~{' _?9,
221() 2 &\ ^0 =
1
,

% | 21()= - | -1-

+ ^ +12 41^1 () 1()


]
1

2*) 2

>$ \ 2

('=. >9>)-*',

=1

:
N

()

=1

1 41

(23.31)

^1(, , , ) (= 1, 2, ..., ),
1(, , &), 2(, , 0),1(, , &),?2(, , &),
(23.3), ,
, .
,

(23.3), .
, =
,
.
, (23.4)
, (0< <
(),
; ,
.
, () (= 1, 2, . .., )
(1(*) (5=1, 2, ..., ),
,
.

(23.32)
, = 9 () 008(+ &)
(=1, 2 ,--- ),
& ,
:

290

[ . IV

41(:, , 8-) 1(, , &) &


(23.28).
:
= 1() (6+&) + 81), , 6, 6+ &)
(23.34)
(=1, 2, ..., ),
& :
-^ = (, , &)+ 2 , ),
.1

(23.35)

() V() 4- &(-, , &)+ 22(, , &),

-41(, , &), (, , &), (, , &), 2(, , &)


(23.28) (23.30),
, 6, &+ &) (8= 1, 2, ..., ./V)
(23.26).
, (23.3)
(23.33) (23.35), ,
, ,
. 19
,

.
,
N ,
.

(23.3),
.


, . . (23.3)
6 :
IV

IV

=
,
> <7.,$) (23.36)
(=1, 2, ..., ).

:
= 1(:) 5 (8=1,2, ...,7),
(23.37)

:
{ 2 ^)8} + 2
8 1

2 N

#=

52 <
0 = 1

2 N

2 1 () ,

(,) 5 2

0 = 1

( >

) (") 003

.
(23-38)

23]

291

(23.28),
, .
19 :
\(1>/ _ (11() 1()) I
=

------- * ------- +

2 N

+ - ] 2

(> )^ (") 31

= 1

2 N

(*..)?*)8;
=1
'

- '1*(, *)

(23.39)

(;)1()

(23.40)

/1*>)1/\
) (,
/ \ 1
^'.(1
V

1)(,)=
() .
, N
(23.36) ,
,
N

(23.41)
,
:
91 * * 9> \ * ) 9 \ > )

+ & ( ) 6

<? (^) 91) * ! 9|? 91 * * ) 9/\ )

(^=1, 2, ...,

IV),

(23.42)

..
-^^(),
(23.3) :
{

IV

9| + 2

8=1

) 8=1

( ) 9 = <?

01,

- 9 \ . ? 1 . - , 8 ) +

+ /?()
(^=1, 2, ..., .). (23.43)
(= 1,=1)
(23.43),
, , :
~ 1() 008 (+ (=1. 2, ..., ,
(23.44)
8-

292

[ .

IV

:
X
1
21() ()
2 () 0)1 ()
N

2 N
X^ 2
(-- )< 31- (~)V(,)7 003&

___

( )

> !

( ))

() '1> ()

= 1

5 = 1

V ()

(23.45)

21() () X

2 N
X ^ 2 4%(>>)

2 *(') ()
(*) + ^ )(()_ ()) ,

=1

, * (23.39),
:

1 = 1 (, )
(23.46)
= 1(, ) ^()
(*)

<
(') (1 (-) V ())
:
N
() = 2 1^),
N ,
, 19
,
:

1 ( )

( )

V (-))

=1

= 2 $1>(>^ '
= 1

>9" >:)^1>() +

+ ()0. (23.47)
.
, 22,
, . 118,
, ,
, , 22, ,
,
= ,
(23.48)

1
, 22,
:
11' + (.1+ /2) - 1 = (/! + / 2)/ ()+ ^ + ^/10|
(23.49)
I \1 + 2(-^2/) =^8/() *.(-^2"/) ^
:().

23]

293

, V( ) ,
,

, ,
.

* = $

1>

8 ( 6 + &)|

/ = ( 6 + & ) , I

, 1
( 2 2 .3 9 ) , ( 2 2 .4 0 ) , 9

.
, 19
. ( 2 3 .4 9 )

:
^ ( | ^

+ ^

= < ? (2, ^ )

+ ,

( 2 3 .5 1 )

:
= 1

( ? (, 1)2

= { 1 ^

2 ) =

+ ^ 1)2)

- 1

) ,

( 2 3 .5 2 )

(^1>2) +

(2

= )

( 1 9 .2 2 ) , :

' *

> ] -

9.

= ), -

V(X) -

*] * ]

5 / ( ? 11> )
_

( 1 1, 1

1& - ( 2 3 .5 3 )

(*))

,
, 2 2 , ,
( 2 3 .5 3 ) ,
( 2 3 .5 3 )
V ( ), ,
. 1 2 1 ,
V( ).
,

, ,

, N

294

<^ = {

() + 2

[. IV

, 5=1

? (') .

3,=1

.() ? .$ } . (23.54)

,5= 1

, , , 2, . . . , , = 1,

, 1 ( ) = 5 (-), 8 () = ( )
()
($, = 1 , 2 , . . . , N )
.

(
-
, ,
> 8> ( 5 , 1? 2 , . . . , ) , ,

2 1 2 2 ; ? = (,
,
.)
,

N

= , ^ ^ - -

( 2 3 .5 5 )

8=1

-


( 2 3 .2 ) .

:
N
^

{2

N
,

() , } + 2

5=1

() *

2 ()

8=1

5= 1
N

= & (*

*)-2
5=1

( =

, ...,

),

(2356)

23]

295

8'() = () () , ,

(= -

($, = 1 ,

2,

).

, ( 2 3 .5 6 ) ,
. 283 .
( 2 3 .5 6 ) ,
,



,

2 0 , ,
23, 23.
2 0
( 2 3 .5 6 ) 2 .
, , :
^

+8

(8

= 1, 2 ,

...,

( 2 3 .5 7 )

$N+8= 2

( ) + 2

=1

( = 1 ,

, ...,).

( 2 3 .5 8 )

=1

( 2 3 .5 7 ) , :
= ^ ~ % -

( 2 3 .5 9 )

( 2 3 .3 ) ,
, 2 :
_ 611
(II
-+

61

(^ (- = 1 , 2 , . . . , )
( 2 3 .5 5 )

()8

( 2 3 .6 0 )


( 5 = 1 , 2, . . . , ?) ( 2 3 .2 ) ,

3 ( = 1, 2 , . . . , )

( 2 3 .5 8 )

( = 1, 2 , . . . , ).

( = 1,

5 =

2,

...,

. () ? , ? +

, = 1

( 2 3 .5 9 ) ,

'[(' *)9'* + -2 2

5. 1

( 2 3 .6 1 )

, = 1

< () = ( ), () = |3 ( ) ( ) ( 5 , / - = 1 , 2 ............ )
0 <
( 2 3 .6 0 )
:

= 1

? ,+

[ ( ^ . - - ^ ^ ]

= < ? 5, ]

= 1
N
2

(23.62)
[ 8 ( ) ?

- ^ ]

=1

. ^ * *

= 1
(=1,

2 .............).

296

[. IV

( 2 3 .6 2 ) , 2 0
(2 0 . 1 ) , ,
, 2 0 ( ,
, ,
).
( 2 3 .5 6 )
2 ,
, ,
2 0 .

( 2 3 .4 ) :
N

( 9 + 2

3 1

6 () . + *

=1

= 0

(23.63)

8=1

( = 1 , 2 ........... ).
( 2 3 .5 6 ) ,

3 = 3( (, , ) +

( , ,
(5=1,

6,

) + 242) ( , ,
2,

...,

6,

)+ ...

( 2 3 .6 4 )

),

50 )( , > ) = 1' ( )
(5=1,

(^ =
2,

...,

() + &^)

),

1 ( " 0 ,
:

{-

("')
1 ( ) +
(5=1,

? * > (*) 91>(')


1 () + 0)} ?1} 0) =

2,

...,

(8

= 1> 2 ,

( 2 3 .6 5 )

),
...,

),

# II - * 0 0 0)2 + 1 ( + 8 0) II = 0-

( )
( 2 3 .6 6 )

, &
, ( 2 3 .1 0 ) ,
, . .
(%, , 6 , ) ( 5 = 1 , 2 , . . . , ), ,
, ( 2 3 .2 5 ) ,
{, , $ )
( , , &) . .


24.


,
,
.
.
, ,
,
.


,
.
.






.
, , ,
N
:
N

(2 4 )

, 3=1

, =1

<7, 2, . . . , ^ , } , ] ,
, V - , ,
,

) = 2 ?

(24.2)

=1

1} 2, , ,
N

= '% ,

^ = 4 2 ^

<2 4 -3 )

+ 1 = 0

(* = 1,2, .. . , 0 .

( 2 4 .4 )

298

[.

,
=

{<?0> ( , ) +

(, ) 08

[( ^

( > ) 5

^ ] 1

( 2 4 .5 )

, .
, ( 2 4 .5 ) ,
:
^

+ 1 = ( 1 , , )

( = 1,2, ..., 0 ,

( 2 4 .6 )

= 2< ?

(^ = 1 , 2 ,

..., 0.

( 2 4 .7 )

]=1

( 2 4 .6 )
= 2,\ ' +

2 _

- ;,(( ,

( 2 4 .8 )

= 1 2,_ ~ " ' \ 1,

( 2 4 .9 )

2 _ [
, .
, ( 2 4 .8 ) ( 2 4 . 9 ) , :
( + %_~% { = 0 .

( 2 4 .1 0 )

( 2 4 .9 ) ( 2 4 .6 ) , :
* 12_ - 11 = .

( 2 4 .1 1 )


-< _ =

_ = ,

,1

( 2 4 .1 2 )

( 2 4 .6 )
^ = 2 ( 1 , 2 ) ( = = 1 2 ,

^ = 1, 2 , ...,

1).
N 1

( 2 4 .1 3 )

( 2 4 .1 3 ) ,
,
, .
,
:
^

= * ( 1 , 1 2, . . . , )

( = 1 , 2 ............),

( 2 4 .1 4 )

, :
(1, , 2,

) = ^ 1 ^ { 1, 2 .

( 2 4 .1 5 )

( = 1, 2 ,

),

V .

,

( 2 4 .1 4 )

,
,
( 2 4 .1 5 ) ,
.

24]

299


. , :
^

= ( /, , . . . , ) + * (1, , . . . , ) + . . .
( =

1, 2

( 2 4 .1 6 )

, . . . , ),

, .
.
.

,
. , 1 2, . . . ,
. ( 2 4 .1 4 )

%

= *(1,),

( 2 4 .1 7 )

( 1 , ) = 2

^ ( ) .

( 2 4 .1 8 )

) __ ,
(

(
<2

_
1
1
, ,

( 2 4 .1 9 )

=1

__
1
1

' , )
\ 1 '

.(

( 2 4 .2 0 )

~\
^
1 V 1


1 .

( 2 4 .2 1 )

9=1

, -

.
, , ({, )
(I, ) = ' ^ ^ ( ) .

( 2 4 .2 2 )

,
{ { 1 , ) } = 0 () ,
I

(1, * )=

_
2

^ ( ),
141

(I, ) = 2

( 2 4 .2 3 )

300

| . V

. ., :

- *

1 . )

,
I


.
( 2 4 .1 7 ) ,
X
I
( 2 4 .1 8 ) .
, ,

,

, :

,
.
$
=-- \.
^ - = ( 1 , ) = ( 1 , $) = ^

(?) ' " ,

( 2 4 .2 5 ) ,

. .
= 0 (^) -(-

( 2 4 .2 6 )

,
5
,

= 0 (?) = { ( ) } .

( 2 4 .2 7 )


; ( 2 4 .2 6 )
/1-,, ($ ),

IV

:
^+

^ , ( $ ) = $ + ! ( , 5).

( 2 4 .2 8 )

( 2 4 .2 8 ) ( 2 4 .1 7 ) , :

= (1 ^ +

( 2 4 .2 9 )

),

. .
4 ? = { X ((, ^ + )} +

* 24]

301

; = { ( * , 5 + )} = { ( * . $) +

^ | ) ( , 5 )}

( 2 4 .3 0 )

. .

,
,

- ;
, ( 2 4 .2 7 )
( 2 4 .1 7 ) ,
. 0 .
, , .
( 2 4 .1 7 )
= $ + ( 1 , 5),

( 2 4 .3 1 )

$ .
( 2 4 .3 1 ) , :

, 0 / !
<2 4 -3 2 )

((,%) .

1 = +

{I, 5)
+ -1 -

( 2 4 .2 4 )
^ > = ( , * )-

( ).

( 2 4 .3 1 ) ( 2 4 .3 2 ) ( 2 4 .1 7 ) , :

? ) - 0 (?) = { = +

( )}

{ 1+

= & + 5{

+ ) - ( )}*

(2433)

.
( 2 4 .3 3 )

{1

+ } - \

, $
=

{ 1

- 1 0 ($) + { 1 + ^ | }

( 2 4 .3 4 )

{ ^ , $ + ) - ( ^ ) } .

( 2 4 .3 5 )

, ( 2 4 .3 4 ) , :

.
( 2 4 .3 5 ) :

( $ ) - 82

( 2 4 .3 6 )

302

[. V

= 0 ($) -

0 ($) + { X (*, 5 + ) - ( 1 , 5)} + 3 . . . =

= ( ) - * ^ 0 + * ( % 1 ' ) ( 1 , $) + * . . .
, $

( 2 4 .3 6 ) ,

= * * (5 )

( 2 4 .3 7 )

<2 4 -3 8 )

,
^ $ + ((,

( 2 4 .3 9 )

( 2 4 .1 7 ) .

= ,

( 2 4 .4 0 )

% ( 2 4 .3 8 ) .
( 2 4 .3 9 ) , $ ,
.

( 2 4 .1 7 ) , ,
.
,
,
, ( , )
,
. ,





. ,
, , ,
, ,
.
, , = 1
; 2
.
, 0 (?)
$ = ?0,
~

.
,
( ):
^

( 2 4 .4 1 )


! | 1 - - ^ -

= 0

( 2 4 .4 2 )

24]

303

,
. ,
, ?0, I>
.

. , .
,
.
.


,


.
, .
,
, ( 2 4 .1 7 )
. , [7 ] ,
,

( 2 4 .4 2 ) ,
, ( 2 4 .1 7 )
= ( 1 ) ( ),
=

.

( 2 4 .4 2 ) .
( 2 4 .3 8 ) , ,

0 ( 6)

= { (* ,$ )}

, ,

= { (,

6 )}.

( 2 4 .4 3 )

, ( 2 4 .4 3 )
( 2 4 .1 7 )
I. $
.
,
, .
,
, ( 1 , $) ( 2 4 .1 8 ) ;

( 2 4 .4 4 )

,
. ,
,
,
.
.

304

[. V

.
,
( 2 4 .3 1 ) ( 2 4 .1 7 )
-

<) +


, $,

|

= 0 ($) + ^ ( $ ) + . . .


, ,

( 2 4 .4 5 )

= { 1 , $, ),

( 2 4 .4 6 )


= 0 ( $ ) + ^ ( $ ) ,

( 2 4 .4 7 )

( 2 4 .1 7 ) 3.
$, [

= * * .(9 .


* =

( 5) =

6+

* ( * , 5)

^ ( 2 4 .1 7 )
2, ( 2 4 .4 6 )
= $ + ( , ) + ^ , 5),

( 2 4 .4 8 )

( 2 4 .4 9 )

( 2 4 .4 8 )
8 ( 1 ,

) = ( 1 , $ + ) + 2 . . . = ( , !=) + 2 ( X | )

X (*, 5) + 3 . . . ( 2 4 .5 0 )

, $,
( 2 4 .4 8 ) :

^ =

%
+

(II
*2
-1

2 (I, )
% 1
=

(5) +

( 2 4 .4 7 ) ,

91 ) ,

(5) +

*2

( 6) +

(1,6) , .2 (I, {) , .3

= ( ^ , $) + ^ ( ) + 2 ^ | ^

($ )+ 2^ | ^ + 3 - . - ,


= ( 1 , $ ) -

().

( 2 4 .5 1 )

24]

305

, ( 2 4 .5 0 ) ( 2 4 .5 1 )
3,
($) ( I , $) ,
:
= ( X

X (I, \ ) -

($) - (*).

( 2 4 .5 2 )

= ] ^ (5),

( 2 4 ,5 3 )

^ - ^ ^

( 2 4 .5 4 )

,
(I, ?) = 2

17 ^ ) ;

({,

6)

:
( | ) ( , $ ) - ^

| ^

0 ($ )=

V', V" (/;/=0)

( | ) ^ ( ^ ) - 2

( 6 ),

^=0

V', V"
(')

(V', V") V,
( 2 4 .5 3 ) .
( 2 4 .5 4 ) , ,
( | ) (

) - ^ | ^ 0($)=

^ .0

(=^> \|' + -")

( 2 4 .5 2 ) ,
^

= 0 ( ) = { ( ! ) ( , ) - ^ | ^

0 ($ )} =

{1, }

^ ( ) =
,

=#=0
,

( 2 4 .5 5 )

{ { 1, +

{ ( | ) ( ,

$ )} ,

( 2 4 .5 6 )

/
3 = $ + (1, 6 ) + 2(

1
| )

X (*,

6)

- *

( 6)

( 2 4 .5 7 )

( 2 4 .1 7 ) 3.
,
( 2 4 .5 7 ) , ,
( 2 4 .1 7 ) ,


= { (I, $)} + 2 { ( | ) ( ,

5)} + 3. . .

( 2 4 .5 8 )

306

[.

( 2 4 .5 7 )
( 2 4 .5 5 ) .
:

{ 1 ,%)

_ \

^ |
1

_ ( , 5 ) , _( 1 ) , 2 ) _

1+ - + ' 1 ) 5 + - ^ 1 + '

<2 8'

.
:

1 ) - * { ( ) { 1 ,

6) }

( 2 4 .5 9 ) :

( . .

2 %

/, ,

1 + $ + ) 1 + ( 1 +

-
,
:

(I, X) = (I, $ +

( 6) - { ( * * )

2 ) = (I, ? ) + 2

, ,

+ * 1 + - !1

( 2 4 .1 7 )

(/1

*)}.

( 2 , ?) + 3 . . .

[**.>+

. '^ |^

( ) + { ( | ' ) ( , ) ! + * . . . ] .

( 2 4 .6 0 )

,
, . ^

, -

1 -1

~(1,$) .

^1+ 1 + ?; - 1 ~ ~ +

( 2 4 .6 0 )

= , ) + { ( ! ! >

( ,

8) } + . . . ,

( 2 4 .5 8 ) .
, $ ( 2 4 .5 8 ) ,
( 2 4 .5 6 )
3, ( 2 4 .5 7 )
( 2 4 .1 7 ) .
, :
= + ( 1 , *),

( 2 4 .6 1 )

$ ( 2 4 .5 6 ) . ,
, $
, .

24]

307

( 2 4 .5 7 ) , I ( 2 4 .5 6 ) ,
.
,
( 2 4 .1 7 ) 3.

=

( 2 4 .6 2 )

.

= { X (, 6 )} +

{ (I, $)} +

{ (

X (I, $) } ,

( 2 4 .6 3 )

:
= $ + ( ) ,

( 2 4 .6 4 )

, :
= $ + (I, %) +

(*, %) + * (

X [1,1

) - ^

X , ( 6 ).

( 2 4 .6 5 )

,
{ { 1 , $ + 1 ) + * ( , $ + ! ) } = { ( , 5 + 1 ) + 2 ( , $)} + 3 . . . =
I

= { ( , ) +

8^

| ) ( ^ ,

< 2 ( , $ ) } - 3 . . . ,

( 2 4 .6 6 )

,
3 , ( 2 4 .6 3 )

= { ( ,

+ ! ) + * ( * , 6 )}

( 2 4 .6 7 )

/-7

^ = { ( / , $ +

) + * 7 ( > + )} .

( 2 4 .6 8 )

, ,
( 2 4 .6 2 ) ,

( , , )
I,
$ ,
.

:
( 2 4 .6 2 ) ,
, . ,

(I , ) +
(

, $

8 * (*,

)}

- ( - ( 2 , $)),

(2 4 .6 9 )

308

[ .

3 .
, , :

( 2 4 .6 9 ) ( 2 4 .6 8 ) .

.
:
( I , ) + ? (I, ) +

.. .

_1

(I, ) ,

( 2 4 .7 0 )

(I, ) ' ,
{ 1 , ).
, - ,
( 2 4 .7 1 )

=^=0

= *

(5) + 2 ( 5 ) +

. . . +

(5).

( 2 4 .7 2 )

( 2 4 .7 1 ) ( 2 4 .7 0 )
- , ] , . . . ,
, . . . , , ( 2 4 .7 1 ) ( 2 4 .7 0 )
+ 1 .
:
(%) = { ( 1 , ;
I

, ( 6) =

(
/ "

2 {I, %) =

X (*, 0 + , (I, ) } ; . . . ; ( I , ?) = X (I, $);


"

"

X (I, $) - { X (, $} + (, $ ) ; . . .

, , . . . , , . . . ,
( 2 4 .7 1 ) ,
$,

|

= (5) + 2/* ( * ) + . . . + +

+ 1

( 2 4 .7 3 )

, $ ( 2 4 .7 3 ) ,
( 2 4 .7 2 ) + 1 ,
( 2 4 .7 1 ) ( 2 4 .7 0 ) .
-

= 1 + (1! 1 ) + . . . + * - 1 _ , ^),
$ - ( 2 4 .7 2 ) .
$ ( 2 4 .7 1 ) - ,
( 2 4 .7 0 ) &*1.

309

, ( 1 )-
, -
( 2 4 .7 0 )
. I


.

.
, ,
,
,
.

, *)
- < 1 .

( 2 4 .7 4 )

,
.
,
.
, * * ):

. ,

, 8 >2 $

. 0

-----------1----------8 9 = 0

<2 4 -7 >

6 ,
; = 8 2 ; X
. ,


. , ,
^

2.

( 2 4 .7 6 )

( 2 4 .7 5 )
, . ,
I, , ,
2 ,

*) I , 0 =

.
**) ,
, , :

5 + ^ + 81= 0



, + ".
() + ", (24.75).

310

[ . V

. . . , ,

2 2

2 _

) '

( 2 4 .7 5 ) :
20

^ ~

81} 819==0-

<24-77)

:* -

( 2 4 -7 8 )


3 ;=

>2 '

^
= * ;
./
^

^ = =

^-,
^

( 2 4 .7 7 )

20 . 0

72 / V

^ +

1 ^ )

- 8} 8 9 = -

&
, :
+ {22 } 0 = 0 ,

^ + 2 ^

( 2 4 .7 4 ) , ( 2 4 .7 5 ) ( 2 4 ,7 8 )
:

( 2 4 .7 9 )

< 1, < 1.
, ,
,

.
,

.

2
= < 8 1 8
^- =

( 2 4 .8 0 )

8 .<.

( 2 4 ,8 1 )

( 2 4 .8 0 ) ( 2 4 .8 1 ) , :
0

81 08 < ~ 08 X 81 < = 6 X 8111 <,

(1

)~

= 2.

( 2 4 .8 2 )

( 2 4 .8 1 ) ( 2 4 . 7 9 ) , :

20

------

--------

X 8111 ;

__

.
0 __
) 0
)

24]

311


= 6 3 9 ^ 7 + 3 ^ {3111 (9 5 31 X 8111 9 ) 1 9 }

2 2
,

= {

(9

&2

(9

'

(9

)
/

3111 X 8111 9 ) 2 ( 08 X 5111 9 ),

-5 ~-^------ 2
1 1

( 2 4 .8 2 ) ,

(2
'

). ( 2 4 .8 3 )
/ \
>

., , ( 2 4 .8 2 ) ( 2 4 .8 3 ) 9 ,
:

? __

I -2
?

^ = { 31 ^ x

811190039

-(- &

2 2 +

/{ } =

( 2 4 .8 4 )

2 311 19 +

, {

} -}- 2 .

} =

= ^,

= -!

0 3

+ 2

( 2 4 .8 5 ) ,
:
- ^

+ 2 ^ - + 2

( ^ 2+

1-.

( 2 4 -8 5 )

31 9 = 0 .

(2 4 .8 6 )


( 2 4 .7 9 ) , .
,
,
, ^ 2 +

, , ,
* ).

( = 0 ) ( 2 4 .8 6 )

.
.
( 2 4 .8 6 ) , = ,
.
*) . . ,
. 93, (10).

.,

1939,

312

| .

5 < =

+ 2 $

(. V

+ 2 ( 1

*) ? = 0 .

(2 4 .8 7 )

> 0 , :
| - * 2>

. ., :
> ] / 2 (0 ~ .

(2 4 .8 8 )

, ,
( 2 4 .8 8 ) ,
.
, , I 4 0 , = 2 . (2 4 .8 8 )
:
<>]/2 | / ^ 2 0 ^

40

140 .

, .

2 2 ,3 .
< = 0 ,
, ,

|/^~

+ <

I.
,

60


^. = 1 4 ,2

^ = 3 7 7 - ^ ^ ) ,
,

= 4,94

= 8 ,2 . , ,
, , 8 ,2
.
, , ( 2 4 .8 6 )

, .

. ,
.

24]

313


. ,
,
,
.
, , .
,
,

,
.
, ( 2 4 .7 9 ) & = 0 , :

- - + 2

5^0
.
.
------ 81 X 81 6 = 0 .

(2 4 .8 9 )

6
,
, >,
:
= ,
, ( 2 4 .8 9 ) ,
= .
, :
+

2 4 ! ~ 1 8 } ( +

( 2 4 .9 0 )

2 = -

( 2 4 .9 0 )
( 2 4 .9 1 )

V:

= | / $ 8 8 ( -{- ) 2 2 ( | / " ) 2 ,

(2 4 .9 2 )

.

1

81 X 81 ( + ) = 08 ---- 2 ~ 0 8 ( + 2 ) ,
( ) :
= , V = 2

( + 2) = 2

81

( + 2 ).

( 2 4 .9 3 )

( 2 4 .9 3 ) ( 2 4 .9 2 )
% , 2 ,
:

(24.94)

314

[ . V

^
+
*

1^

I,



- ^ +

? 5 '1' +

, ,

" = 0 -

<2 4 -9 5 >

^ - ^ 8+<==0

(24-96>

, .



= 0>

0 = ,

(0

<

( 2 4 .9 7 )

= -(- 0)

( 2 4 .9 8 )


> ~

( 2 4 .9 9 )

.
(2 4 .9 7 )
( 2 4 .9 8 ) 0:
= 0 + 5 .
( 2 4 .9 5 ) :

+ ^

8 . 1 ( ] _

(2 4

100)


2 + ' + ^ - 8 1 0 = ,

( 2 4 .1 0 1 )

, X

0 <

0 >

.
, ( 2 4 .9 7 ) 0 > 0
0 < 0 . , , 0 < 0 < < 0 < 2 .

315

25]

( 2 4 .9 6 ) ,

( 2 4 .1 0 0 )

X^

""I

21~

8 *

, 0 > 0 ,
, , .
. ,

,
.

( 2 4 .9 7 ) .
, / , /
, , ,
(I).
, IV,
:
N = 11*2.
( 2 4 .9 8 ) ,
, ,
,
, :
3.
, ,

60

7 = 0 , 5 2,
/ = 40

=
I

( 2 4 .1 0 2 )

377

')
1)

~ 6 6 9 8 1.

, , ( 2 4 .1 0 2 )
(6 0
) , ,
, 6 6 9 8 "1.
25.

.
. .
[ 1 0 ].
,
, , 2, ,
:
^

= ( , . . . , )

(=1,

2 , . . . , ),
( 2 5 .1 )

- ^ - = ( 1 . . . , ) - ( , . . , ,

),

316

{.


;
(, ,
), ( , . . . , )
2 .
, , > = *-, (, . . . , ) = ,
( 2 5 .1 )
.
, :
^

= (11 + ? , ............... )

( = ),

~1 - ,
( 2 4 .1 4 ) ,
1

8 ~

'

( 2 5 .1 )

.
,
( 2 5 .1 )

( 2 5 .2 )

( 2 5 .1 )

( 2 5 .3 )

)
,

( 2 5 .3 )

.
( 2 5 .2 )
, , 2, . . . , , ,

, . . . ,

, ( 2 5 .2 ) , ,
,
, .
.

317

, - ( 2 5 .2 ) ,

** = ** + /*(*!.

^
) + 2

>

.

( 2 5 .2 ) -
.
, 17 ^,1>

, .
. ,
, ,
, ( 2 5 .3 )
.
, .
( 2 5 .2 ) ( 2 5 .1 ) X, , X1,
:
2 0, 2 , , X ? ' , ?>,
11

( 2 5 .4 ) ,
.

^

[1 , . .
1 ) = 0 ,

& = 0

( 2 5 .5 )

( ) .
(, , . . . , ),
(, , . . . ,
( ,

( , , . . . , ) :

) =

2
{,
)
- <<
__
) =
2
1.
<?<

'

( 2 5 .6 )

318

[. V

( 2 5 .4 ) , :

( 2 5 .7 )

( 2 5 .8 )

. = .

( 2 5 .9 )

( 2 5 .1 0 )

^ ^

=1

= 4 _ ^ 1 +
5

<3=1

(2 5 - )

^ _

(25.12)

*-* # 0

=1

( 2 5 .8 ) , ( 2 5 .1 0 ) ( 2 5 .1 1 ) , ( 2 5 .1 2 )

2 I

* <?.
(^)

~ ^ =

^ * ,

^ 1

2/2
2 2 '

.
9

71 +

"

- ^ - 12
-

(^=0 )

- 2 4 - ^ - -

9
9
~-

(2 5 )

(^=0 )
~

X1

, -

( 0)

X1

2]

>

9 ,- +

, 9
()

>

+ 2

( 2 5 .1 4 )

,
(^=0 )


( 2 5 .7 ) ( 2 5 .1 0 ) ,
( 2 5 .1 3 ) ,
( 2 5 .4 ) .

:

= 0 +

= , +

%
= 1

008

' {', 008


71=1

( 2 5 .1 4 )


( 2 5 .6 )

8111

* },
( 2 5 .1 5 )

> }

25]

319

( 2 5 .2 )
( 2 5 .8 ) , ( 2 5 .1 0 ) , ( 2 5 .1 5 )

= +

2 ' 1 { _ * - <) * + ^ . 8 1 *} + ( - )
71=1

= + 2

,
( 2 5 .1 6 )

^ - { - , 08, + / 3 1 ' } -

- | {^>*08+ ^ 81 } + 0 ( ) ? )

()
( 2 5 .3 )
( 2 5 .7 ) ( 2 5 .1 0 ) , ( 2 5 .1 3 ) , ( 2 5 .1 4 )

-1 = * * , -

^ { ^ . / + ^ , } -

= 1

,
x^

( # 0)

+ 2

2 2

{**. <

} +

) ,

(2 5 .1 7 )

()
1

, ,

()

X!

I _1_ VI
+

2 ]
2<
??,
( )
2
, -

9. / . / +

>

/
*9

__
".)

(=0 )

- 2^ +* + (?) ( 2 5 .1 7 ) ,


<258>

( 2 5 .1 8 )

.
( 2 5 .1 7 )

( 2 5 .1 8 ) . ,


.
.

320

[. V

,
.

, , .


.
.
,
,
. ^

,
.
, :
( 2 5 .1 9 )
7-

= ;

'I

, ,
.

, , ,
. ,

.
(2 5 .1 9 )
.
( 2 5 .1 9 ) ,
,
,
.


,
.

( 2 5 .2 0 )

0, -^ 2 ~
:

25]

321

( 2 5 .2 0 )
IIV
(

( 2 5 .2 2 )

= V,

()

= ' + [ 0],

( 2 5 .2 2 ) ,
.
V 0,
2:
V

= 0 +

-(--281 }

( 2 5 .2 3 )

( 2 = 2 + 2),

.
( 2 5 .2 3 ) ( 2 5 .2 2 )

* 0

> ,

+ - + { ' 1 8 + <2 } +

8 * } +

008

8 * +

2 0 0 8

] ^

= 1 + {,1 8 1 2 } . ( 2 5 .2 4 )
( 2 5 .2 4 )
2

-0, < -(- 2

^ :

. 1

!.. 1 ,

\ 0

= ( . ^ ) 0 8 + ( . 2) ( ^ -(- -2 )

,
( 2 5 .2 5 )

( + ^ { 2 8 }

{2 08

) \

<^0 ,

/" 11

, -2

008 4"

8 )

-\- {(, ^ ) ' 4 - ) - ( 2) }

^0 ( V 7) +

(* = 0 ,

1, 2)

(^1) + ^2 (^2) = -

= 0 , . . ,

(25.26)

(25.27)

, .


( 2 5 .2 6 ) ,
( 2 5 .2 7 )
( 2 5 .2 5 )

322

[. V

= - ( * \ > ) + ~2

( V 7)

|2

008

+ - 2 * { 1 (17 )

- ( ^ ) '' )

008

+ { ( ^ 1 ) -

+ { ( ^ 2) -

2^

2+~2

- -

^) 81 -

( 'I V )

{^ 2

{^1

*1

( ^ )

^0

^0

^0

( ^ )

2^2

^0

^2

( ^ 2) '' )
) V

008 2

*-

1 2 ,

( 2 5 .2 9 )

) **} +

2 ( 0) - +
21 (^ ) 1 2] +

+ { - ( ^ 1 ) +
4

( ^ ) ^) 1 2 > ( 2 5 . 2 8 )

^2

) ^} +

+ { [ - ^ 2) -

) ' 1 ) +
'' +

^2

,2

) ^0 - '2'** (^2 ) **!} 8* -

+ * ^ ) -) 08 2 + - | - { ( ^ ) 0 -

2 ( 2) -0} 2 . ( 2 5 .3 0 )

( 2 5 .2 2 )

= - 4- { +

2 811)

}.

( 2 5 .3 1 )


( 2 5 .2 8 ) ( 2 5 .3 1 )






,
( 2 5 .1 9 ) .
( 2 5 .2 8 ) ( 2 5 .3 1 ) ,
( 2 5 .1 6 ) :
=

-1-------(-2

31 ),

- ( / ) +

( ^

2 ) > +

+ 9 - . (?2 2 / 2 8 2 ) ,

0 8

4- ^

( 2 5 .3 2 )

} ,

,= 1.2
1 _. \
~
~~
= _ _ _ ^
{ ^ + ^ } ,
= 1.2
,4, ;5 ( 2 5 .1 ) # = );
4>' ^ 5 >
5 -

25]

323

( 2 5 .2 8 ) ( 2 5 .3 1 ) :

/=

(*0?)

= ^ { -

) **0- ^2 ) *},

(*^) +

= - N (*2?)
2

- {'*!

%+ '*'*1 (*1?) '

+ ^2 ? ) *},

% -

( 0) 0,

*2

( ^ ) ')'

42

= { ( ) 0 -

2 ( ^ ) 0},
( 2 5 .3 3 )

^61=(1^- (^) V
^52 = -

X [**! *1 ? )

^0

^2

( ^ ) ] ,

41 = ( 0 ) 0 ,
=

5 1 = ( ^ ) -

^52 =

^ ^ , .
V

( ) + ^ ( ) 0].

( 2 5 .3 2 ) , ,

.
( 2 5 .2 8 ) ( 2 5 .3 1 ) ( 2 5 .3 2 )
.
,
, , , , , ,
.
,
. ^ ^

- .

( 2 5 .2 8 ) ( 2 5 .2 9 ) :

= ( ^ 0) + ,
1

,.
_ = _ _ 1 - ,

( 2 5 .3 4 )


^ 4 0 = ( ^ ) + < 1 ^ 0,

( 2 5 .3 5 )
, .

50 = = - - - 1 0 .

( 2 5 .3 4 )
. , ( 2 5 .3 4 )

324

[. V

, , :

_ ,

~1 + = ^
=
V .
,
4 ( 2 + 2) +

= .

( 2 5 .3 6 )

( 2 5 .3 4 )
. :

- ) .

= 0 0

<2537>

( 2 5 .3 7 ) :
|2

= .

,
,

( 2 5 .3 8 )

( 2 5 .3 8 )

, ,

,
.

,

.
>

( 2 5 .3 1 ) ( 2 5 .3 2 )
= ' ' + 2 ^ ( ' 1/ 1 + ^ 1 ) +
+ ^

( ( * .? ) -

( ^ ) , ) +

( 1 61 - ^

61) -

~ ^ ( ^ ) - ( ^ )) + 0 ( / ^ )

(25 39)


+ ^ 1) + ** - ^ 5 1 =
=
( 2 ( V 7) - 2 2 ( 0) 0 + \ ( ^ ) 2} +
+ 2 { - 2 ( ^ ) + 2 1 ( 0) 0 - 2 ( 2) }.
( 2 5 .3 9 )

2= + 4 ^ (^

,0 ''2''1 ^

2 I "51

( ^ ^ ) ~ "'

,} +

, ( 2 5 .4 0 )

25]

325

= { ; + &

01 )} 4 0 { -

+ ^

( , ) 0 } , ( 2 5 .4 1 )


( ^ 2) - 2 ( 1 % ) = [ 2 ^ 0] ,
) % ~ 'V * ! ( V ? )
( ^ )

('* !?)

*2

= [ ('' '7) % X 0] ,

(% 0 *) - '

( ^

( ^ ) V

^ 2

( 2 5 .4 1 )
2 .
.
2 ^ <0) 0
0 .
, ( 2 5 .4 1 )
, ,

1 ,
, 1 .

-)

>

"0 . , ( .
)
= + ^ - / ( , ),

( 2 5 .4 2 )

,
/[
( 2 5 .4 2 ) , ,

, , ,
^
, .

. ( 2 5 .4 1 )

,
, , ( 2 5 .4 1 ) .
,
, :

._

2 ,.

5 = ( - ^ '* ) + - -110,

^ 0/ 1 2

1 = ------ 1 ,

( 2 5 .4 3 )
1

- = - 0 + '0 { -

,.

< + ( 07 ) 0 } .

I
I

,
( 2 5 .4 3 ) : 0 , -

326

[. V

;
( )

[]
2>
-[' 0 ( 1 ]

, ;

(
)
,

,
,
.
( 2 5 .4 3 )

[> ) ] - 4 - [-^ ] +

- - /
( ) ) , ( 2 5 .4 4 )
I

I
V2 = 2 -)- 2,

= 0

(V2 + 2)

2 3

("0) -0 = [ 0 0],

[] +
+ -^ { - ( ^ )}

. ( 2 5 .4 5 )

, = 0 , ( 2 5 .4 5 )
2 (2 -(-3)
[].
2

( 2 5 .4 6 )

( 2 5 .4 3 ) I
* ).
(
,

.

*) ,
. . ( , . V III, 1956).

VI


26.


.
, , ,


, .
,

,
.

.

,

.
,
% =* (1,)

( 2 6 .1 )

( , X - ) .

( 2 6 .2 )
, ,
(1) \(1)

< . 1 < . 1(1) I &1,
, 5
, . .

$ |

- ,

.
(1) \(1)
.
. ( 1 , ) :
)

X, ( > 0

328

. [VI

, ' , "
\ ( 1 , ) | < \

| ( , ' ) - ( 1 , " ) | < | ' "\.

( 2 6 .3 )

\\

( 1 , ) 1 = 0 ().

->

( 2 6 .4 )

, , \
0, $ = $ ( 2 )

< I <

- * ),

< < 0


[0

< I <


\(1)-%(1) \ <

7),

= ( { )
= *(< ,*),
$ (I) I = 0 .
.

0,

| | > ,


( ) < 1 1,

( 2 6 .6 )


\ - .
, ()
.
| | > ,
,

7* = $ | - -

(267>

*) -
, .

$ 26 1

329

,
I
( 1 , ) = ^ ( ' ) | ^ [ X (I, ' )

(')] 1^ ' .

( 2 6 .8 )

)
1( 1) , I > ,
I
\ \ [ ( 1 , ) 0 ()]1

( 2 6 .9 )

</(*).


| ( 1 , ) | < I/ (I) ^ ( ' ) <1' < I / ( I) ^ ( - ' ) ' = 1} (I) ^ ( ' ) ( 1 ' ,

. .
( 2 6 .1 0 )

(I, ) | < * / ( * ) .
:
(I, )

^ ^

^ | ( ' )

()

' <'"*'
*/(*) ^
^ |'

( 2 6 .7 )
^

\ < 1 1 1 ( 1)

( 2 6 .1 1 )

, )
| 0 () | < ;

| 0 ( ') 0 (") | < X | ' "\ \

, ' , " ^ ,

( 2 6 .1 2 )


I ( 1 , ' ) - 0 ( ) - ( 1 , ) +

()|<2|''-|;

, ' $ .

( 2 6 .1 3 )

( 2 6 .8 ) ,
^ = ^ { ( 1 , ' ) - 0 ( ') } ( - ' ) ' ,

(I, )

( 2 6 .1 3 )

- { ( , ) 0 ( ) } ^ ( ' ) < 2 .

( )
, :
^ ( ) =

( 2 6 .1 4 )

, -

( ' ) ' = 1,

| | <

, ( 2 6 .1 4 ) :
(I , )

( 1 , ) + 0 ( ) 2 .

( 2 6 .1 5 )

330

[.

VI

,
< ?

^ = ( ,

< ?'

),

( 2 6 .1 6 )


I
() =


||^

/
V ^ /

(() = -- */ (() 6 1
I 3

, ,
()-^0,

> 0 ;

() < ;

{ .> .

0,
0,

( ) < ^ ;

'' '

() * 0 ,

---------- .

^ 2 (\ + 1)

( 2 6 .1 7 )

,
= ( 1 ) = ^( ) + (, ( ) ) ,

( 2 6 .1 8 )

%(I) ( 2 6 .2 ) , - . ( 2 6 .1 0 ) , ( 2 6 .1 6 ) , ( 2 6 .1 7 ) :
| ( 1 , ^ ) | < / ( ) < / ($) < <

( 2 6 .1 9 )

< I <

( 2 6 .2 0 )


:
% - * ( { , ) = ,

( 2 6 .2 1 )

= + 4 + * -* . + ) = { ! - *
+ .* ^ ( +

/ ( 2 6 .1 0 ) ,

5 ) + ()} +

.{ ( ( ,

( 2 6 .1 1 ) ,

9 - ( ( ,

( 2 6 .1 2 ) ,

5 + )).

( 2 6 .1 5 )

| | < 2 + 1 / ( 0 + 4 } ( I)
, , ( 2 6 .2 0 ) :
I

^ -*> | () | -. < " ^

| (I) \ 61 <

{ 2 + [ I + X)

( 2 6 .1 6 ) ,

( 2 6 .1 7 )

^ \ (1-) | () | - <

| () | 6 <

~ .

( 2 6 .2 2 )

26]

= (1)
( 0 ) = ^ ( 0 ).

331

( 2 6 .1 ) ,

(I)

6 2),

( 2 6 .2 3 )

:
| ( { , ) (1 , ) ) < | \,

( 2 6 .2 1 ) ,
( )
<

{ 0,

I
| |<

| (%) | .

(26.22)

\ \ <

, (26,23)

\ \ <

(26.18), (26.19) ,

|* -6 |< ! + * < .

| * - 6 | < | - + / ,()<.

(26.24)

, I*
, ,
\ $ | <

(26.25)

^
( 1 ) ^ 0

, ,

I ^ 0 , -

(26.25) I,
, 1
(0 , 1 ) , ,

1*(0-5(01>-8,
~

8=

(26.26)

()}

(26-2?)


=
, [ 0 , 1 ] (I)
. (26.24)
I X () -

5 (1) | < ^ + () = 23 < - ,

(26.26).
,

I* = ^ ,
0

< I <

(26.24)
,

332

[. V I

, 2) (
),
) )
( 2 6 .4 ) .
, )

()

=4 ^

)1


[ ( ' ) (") | < X | " [,
, ~>
- . 2 ), ,
, - ,
,
.
,
/ (()

^ { ( I ) (II,

2 ) ) ,
( 1 , ) 2)
I.

.
.
27.

, . .

^

= (1,),

( 2 7 .1 )


.
,

=

,
5 = 50;


:
^ = 5 ,

(21.2)

(50) = 0 .

( ^

( 2 7 .3 )

. ) =!,

^=

0 ,

( 2 7 .4 )

2 7]

333


.
,
( 2 7 .4 ) :
| 1 - \ = 0,

( 2 7 .5 )

( 2 7 .4 ) :
=

, ( ) ,

( 2 7 .6 )

, 8 ()
,
( 2 7 .5 ) .
= 3
, ( ) =

( 2 7 .7 )

,
== ^ ( 0

'5\

( 2 7 .8 )

$ ()
3.
,
, 8^
.
, 8 1: 2, . . . ,
, $+, 3+2, . ,
.
8 - ?0,
0, ,
=

] } ( 0),

( 2 7 .9 )


0 =

/ ' , ( , ) - ",

( 2 7 .1 0 )

/ ? , ( / = 1 , 2 , . . . , ) .
|( ) ,
( 2 7 .1 0 ) , :
(*)=

'),

( 2 7 .1 1 )

, I > 6 ^ (I )
.
, $ (0) 9 (,
(() ; 6 ^ (10)
, 8^ ( 0 > I ,
5;0. ,
( 2 7 .5 ) ,


(10) = 0 , ,
8 ^ (I) ,
,
(I)

334

[. V I


( 2 7 .5 ) , ( 2 7 .4 )

) = 1^

( 2 7 .1 2 )

V.
, ,
,
( 2 7 .1 2 ) . ,
( 2 7 .5 ) ,

.
, ,
( 2 7 .1 ) , 50, 50
( 2 7 .2 ) ,
, (2 7 .6 )
5 = 85( 0, 0 . ,
, ,
( 2 7 .1 )
( ) ( 2 7 .1 ) ,
,

( 2 7 .5 ) ' ,
.
, ( 2 7 .1 )
, 5 0>
, .
,
5 = 50 + ( 0) = 50 + 2

( 2 7 .1 3 )

,
,
X ({, ) = ^ ( ) .

( 2 7 .1 4 )

. I
)
1; ,

(

2, > ),

/ ( I , 1 2, - , 8)
1 2, . . . , .
, 8 5 -
( 2 7 .1 ) , = ( 1 )
(()^8
- I 10,
I.

5 ,

27]

335

( 2 7 .5 ) ,
.
, , :
) ( 1 , )

< 2 < ,

^ -,

(27.15)

2)

- ^0;
)
1+

- |

\ ( 1 , ) 1 - + 0 ( )

-^

( 2 7 .1 6 )

I ( , ).
( 2 7 .1 )
- - = 1 0 + ,

( 2 7 .1 7 )

$ 0 ( 2 7 .2 )
( 2 7 .4 ) , ( 2 7 .1 )
% = * + ( 1 , ) ,

( 2 7 .1 8 )

0!, ) = 2 (I, + ) + 0 ( * 0 + ) -

( -

( 2 7 .1 9 )

2 ( 1 , ) = ( ( , ) - 0 ( ) ,

( 2 7 .2 0 )

) ) - = 0 ( 1 , ),
2 ( 1 , 5 0 + &)

< I < ,
,
( 2 7 .1 6 ) ( 2 7 .2 0 ) :

|6|<.

(27.21)

|<

1+
2

(*.

$0

+ )

- 0

~ >

( 2 7 .2 2 )

I
I, , , :
1+
1

>

(I, ) < 1 1 - + ( ) = 0 (0 + ) - 0 (0) - 1 5 (0) .


->

( 2 7 .2 3 )

()
= 0 , , , ,
()
|2?(6')-2?() | <

| ^ | =(5? \ ' - " \

('<<"),

\ ' | < ,

\"\<

( < )


| (6')- (& ')1< ()|& '- "|.

7] ( ) > 0

>

( 2 7 .2 4 )

336

[. V I

( 2 7 .1 9 ) , ( 2 7 .2 0 ) , ( , I)
- ,

( 2 7 .2 1 ) , ( 1 , ) 2 ( 1 , 50 + &)
.
( 2 7 .1 8 )
:
= + ( , ,

8 ),

( 2 7 .2 5 )

( ? ( I , , ) .
,
( 2 7 .1 8 ) ,
, , ,
( 2 7 .2 ) :
X = %(().
, ,
( 2 7 .2 ) , -
X (I, ) :
)


< <

, ^ ,

-
.
1) :

1+

( 1 , ) 1 ~ > 0 ( )

- >

( 2 7 .2 6 )

I
I ( , ).
, ( 2 7 .2 )

; = $ (),

(27.27)

%(<) < 2 .
( 2 7 .2 )
, ( 2 7 .2 7 ) .

:
^

= ^ { 5 ( < )} 6 .

( 2 7 .2 8 )

( 2 7 .2 7 ) :

< ( ? ) = * { * (? )} .
,
6 0
5 = ^ ( ) 8 0

( 2 7 .2 9 )
,
( 2 7 .3 0 )

( 2 7 .4 ) .

( 2 7 .1 ) ,
,
.

21)

337

,


1
^ =& ( ) 0+

( )

( = 1 , 2, . . . , ),

9=1

( 2 7 .3 1 )

9 (9 ) (& = 1 , , . . . , 9 = 1 , 2 , . . . , )
< 2 ,
, ( 2 7 .2 8 )

:
1

( 2 7 .3 2 )

( 2 7 .3 3 )

( 2 7 .2 8 ) .
-
.
( 2 7 .3 4 )

(? ) = II (? ) II

( 1 ) , ( 1 ) -
= \ \ \\ 2, . . . ,
(2 7 .3 1 )
( 2 7 .3 2 )
:
8$

= ' () 8 0 + () ,

( 2 7 .3 5 )
( 2 7 .3 6 )

, (9 )
, , ,
( 2 7 .2 8 ) .
,
. ( 2 7 .3 5 )
:

= {& (<)} V

,
,

( 2 7 .2 8 ) .

(<) &0 +

1 {$ ( 9 )} ( ) .

, ^ ( ) 0
( 2 7 .2 8 ) , ( 2 7 .3 6 ) ,
:
^

( 9 ) = { 9 ) } ( 9 ),

( 2 7 .3 7 )

+ * (9 ) * = ( > ) * ,

( 2 7 . 3 7 ')


* ^

^4* (<), * ( ) .

338

[. VI

( 2 7 .1 ) .

^ = 0 ( ) + 2 ( ( , ) ,

( 2 7 .3 8 )

2 ( 1 , ) = ( 1 , ) 0 ().

* ):

( 2 7 .3 9 )

? , ( 1, . . . ,

_ )

~%(?) + \{(?)-^*(?)*},

( 2 7 -4 0 >

* .
( 2 7 .4 0 ) ( 2 7 .3 8 ) , :

64 (? ) 5

+ 4

( ? ) + ? (?) *} + 4

{ (?) 4 - * ( )

= 0 { (?) + ~ [ ( ? ) + * () * ] } + 8 2 { * , 5 ( ? ) + !

( ? ) + * (?) 6 ] } =

= 0 { ? (?)} + { ? ( ? ) } 1 [ ( 9 ) + * ( 9 ) *] +
+ [ { 5 + 1 [ (?) + * ( ? ) * ] } - 0
-

(?)} -

{5 ( ? ) } 4 [ (?) + * ( ? ) *] ] + 2 { I, 5 ( ? ) + 4 [ (?) + * (?) * ] } ,

,
:
[ ( ?) +

( 2 7 .2 9 )

4 ( ' ( 9 ) + *,'(?) *) ] ( ^ -

- * ( ^ - # * & * ) ]
-

) + 4

= 3 [ 0 { +

{5} - 4 ^ ' *
+

[ (? ) ( -

( 2 7 . 3 7 ') ,

) +

[(?)* + -4*(?)& *]}-

(? ) +
^ (? ) + ~2

( 2 7 .3 7 ) ,

(9 ) *} ] +
(? ) ^ 4 * (? ) & *]|- .

( 2 7 .4 1 )

- *) ] = 7

(272)

( 2 7 .4 1 )

[ 5 ' ( 9 ) + 4

(?) + (?) *) ] ( * - , ) +

+ '(?) ( ^ - ) + (?)
.

- " . % -

( 2 7 .4 3 )

*)
, .

. . , .

27]

339

, * )
= *

( 2 7 .4 4 )

, ,
1
( 2 7 .4 4 ) , ( 2 7 .4 2 )

( 2 7 .4 3 ) :
[5'(?) +

( ? ) + <()*)]

+ { ( ( ? ) + * (? ) ) = .
( 2 7 .4 5 )

, $ ( 9 ) - , 1 -
, 1 .
,
0 ( 9 , ) = \ ( 9 ) + ^ ( ; ( 9 ) - \ - * ' ( ? ) * ) , | ( 4 ( ? ) + * ( <) ) |

( 2 7 .4 6 )

= 0 * * ).

- 0 .
- = 0,
/ ) ( ? , ) , .
(<, ), 11,
, ,

* ^ 1 13)
~ \ (<) + * (<) * | <
, ,
= 5 (? ) + 4 - ( (? ) + * (? ) *)
1 ) , ? - ^
$ ( ? ) , ( 1 , ) ) )
( . . 3 3 6 ).
, , ,
, ( 1 , <)
.
( 2 7 .4 5 )


( 2 7 .4 3 ) , :

*? =

8) + ( / , ? , ),
( 2 7 .4 7 )

= + ( ( ,

, ),

*) ,
. (27.44), ,
. , ,
.
**) , (, ) *
.

340

[. VI

*)
1 ,

, ) = ( 9 , ) [
-

( 9 )} - ' { ( 9 ) } | ( ( 9 ) + * ( 9 )

+ ^(
(I,

6)

(? ) + 4 - ( ^ ( ? ) 6 + ^ * ( ? ) 6 * ) } -

= ( 9 , ) [

6 * )]

, ) 2 ^ 1 , I ( 9 ) + ( ( 9 ) + * ( 9 ) & * )} ,

{ ( 9 ) + ( ( 9 ) + * ( 9 ) * ) } -

{ 6 ( 9 ) + | ( ^ ( 9 ) 6 + ^ * ( ? ) 6 * ) } ] + ( 9, ) 2 { { ,

6 (9

( 9 )} -

)+

+ ( ( ?) + * ( ?) *)} ,

( 2 7 .4 8 )


(I, 9 , 6 ) ( 1 , , ) .
.(9 , 6 ), / ( 9 , 6 ), ( 9 , 6 ), N ( , )
( 2 7 .4 6 ) , ,
, 6 = 0 (
, 6 = 0 ).
(9 )
( 9 , ), ( 9 , ), ( 9 , ), N (<, )
9 2
9 .
2 [/$
| ( 9 ) + * ( 9 ) * | <

( 9 ) ( 2 7 .2 9 ) - , , ( 9 )
5 (9 )
, ( 9 , ), ( 9 , ), ( 9 , ), N (<, )

.
( 2 7 .3 9 ) ( 2 7 .4 8 ) , ( 1 , )
-

< I

^ 2),

,
< I < , ( 9 , )

2 /7

( 2 7 .4 9 )

((, 9 , ), ( { , 9 , )
( 9 , )
( 9 , ).
,

+
^

^ ( 1 , ) < 1 1 - > ( ) , > ,


I
2 ( 1 , ) = ( 1 , ) 0 ( )

*) IV (I,
) ((, , ) *
. *.

341

8 27]

:
1 *+

^ 2 ( 1 , ) 1 > ,

> .

I
( 2 7 .4 8 ) , ( 2 7 .4 9 )
1+
1

1+

^ * ( * , ? , ) (11> (?, ); 4
(


( , ) = ( ? , 6 ) [

5
I

(1

)&-*(?,

(2 7 .5 0 )

I > ,

{ 5 (?) + 4 ( ^ ( ? ) - ^ * ( ? ) 6 * ) } -

- 0{ (?)} - { (? ) } | ( (?) +

* (?)

*) ] ,

( ? , ) ( ? , ) [ { ? ) + ( ( ? ) 1>+ * ( ? ) 1> * ^ - { * ( ? ) } - { !(?)} ( ( ? ) & + * ( ? ) & * ) ] . (2 7 .5 1 )


( 2 7 .5 1 ) , I V (?, ), ( ? , )
= 0 .
, < ,
I V ( ?, ) ( ?, ) :
\ ( ? ' , ) - ( ? \

\ (, )

99 ! 9
=
(<, )

9= 9
=

")\<

\ ( ? ' , ' ) - ( ? " , " )

( |6 ' | < ;

| '|< ;

?| +

VI+

(, )
|& '~

9=9
=
(<, )
~ | 6 '9=9

='

? ' < < < "; & ' < & < & " ) ,

, /^:
| ( 9 ',

')~ ^ (? ',

\(?', ')-(?",

")|<7](){|<'-9"| +
6'

) | <

71 ( ) { | ?

' -

9'

1 ^ - * "| } .1

| + | ' -

6 " |} ,

]( ) > 0 > 0 .
I V ((, ?, ) ( 1 , ?,. ) ( 2 7 .4 8 ) .
( ?, ), , ( ?, ), ( ?, ),- N ( , ),
( . . 3 4 0 ),

2%. ,
I V (*, ? , ) (1, ?, ):
{ (? ) + 4

1 ( ?) & + * ( ? ) & * ] } ,

{*(?)}, ( ? ) , 2 [ ,

(? ) +

(? )6

{5 ( ?) },

+ ^ * (9 )6 * ]} ,

, <.
I V ((, ? , ), ( 1 , ?, )
? 2%.
, {: } ,
X ( 1 4 - ,) X (I, )

342

9 - ^ ,

(1

[. V I

( 2 7 .3 9 ) ( 2 7 .4 8 ) :

+ . ?>)-\ (I, 9, ) 0,
( 2 7 .5 3 )

2 2 6.

( 2 7 .1 ) ,
: , ( 1 )
( 2 7 .3 3 ) .



( 1 ) * )
( 2 7 .2 8 ) .
, , ? , (, . . .
. . . , _1), ( 2 7 .4 0 ) , ( 2 7 .1 )
( 2 7 .4 7 ) .
, < (, . . . , _1)
( 2 7 .4 7 ) ; ( 2 7 .4 8 ) ( 2 7 .4 5 )
, ,

= &(?) + ( (?) + * (?) &*)


( 2 7 .1 ) .
( 2 7 .4 7 )
, ( , /2, . . . , / _.1)
:

( 2 7 .5 4 )

( { , , , ) ( ? ( I , , , )
.
/(<, ),
I . ,


1

( 2 7 .5 5 )

I.
, ,
X, I , ' "
:
\!{1,)\< -

| /(*, ' ) - ! { 1 ,

" ) | < ( ' , "),

( 2 7 .5 6 )

( ' , ") ' ". ,


, ( 2 7 .5 5 )
I, (I , ) .
*) -
II .

2 7]

343

( 7 ),
,
1+

_1_

^ / ( < , )( < ( 7 1),

<

<,

^.

( 2 7 .5 7 )

I
|
I
(, ) =

/ (, ) .

/ (, ) = ^ - / ( , ) =

( 2 7 .5 8 )

= ,

( + 1)^
_,,

= 0

/ ( 2 > ) _ , 1(_>2 ,
( 2 7 .5 9 )

( 2 7 .5 6 ) :
(+1)
/ (, ) | = |

- ',

[ / ( * 2 , ) -'><- ,>+

(+1)
(

00

+ / ( 2 , ) / ( * 2 , )] 2 | = |

_7)

=0
(+1)

2
1
=0
(+1)

<

- " 3,

/ ( 2 , )

(1

(+1)

~^

- " |

=0

=0

_7)"

^
1

^ (1

>)=

/ ( -

2,

)&

~0

( (-)
-1 )
<

_ 1><_ >)2 <

\ /(2 , )2 + 2
(+1)

/ ( < 2 , ) 2

/ ( ? 2 , ) +

<

+
1>

!(1,)1

( 2 7 .6 0 )
, ( 2 7 .5 7 ) , :

[ / , (I, ) | < 2
- ^ ( ) + = ^ (^
1 ~
= 0
.
],
\ ~ > = ( ) .

+ .

( 2 7 .6 1 )

( 2 7 .6 2 )

344

. VI

( ) > 0 > , ,
7,,, ,

)>


( / - = ).
( 2 7 .6 1 ) ( 2 7 .5 8 ) ,
/ (I , )
I
| ^

/ ( , * ) | < ^ ,

- < < ,

( 2 7 .6 3 )


( ])-> 0

7]

->

( 2 7 .6 4 )

, ( 2 7 .6 3 )
1(1, ) ,
:
1 ) / ( * , )
I $ ,
;
2)
1+
4 ^

/(*,

0 , > ,

I;
3) | / ( * , ) \ < , \ ! ( 1, ' ) - 1 ( 1 , " ) | < ( : ' , ");
4 ) 3) 2)
(I, ) .
( 2 7 .6 3 ) :
* .? , ) = ( 1 ,

) - ( ),

{1, ? , ) = ({, <, ) (<,

! !

(27'65>

/.
? 2 , ,
9 , = /
,
9 ( 1 )- .
, ( 2 7 .5 0 ) 1/&
1+

4"

1+

* . ? , & ) * - 0; 4 "
I

^
I

(1, ? , & ) < & - > 0 >

( 2 7 .6 6 )

I.
, * , ? , &) ^ *> ?> &)> '
7 ( ? , ), (<, ), 1 7 < &,

|
|5

(I,
1

') - , (*, 9', 60 I< -() (I?' - ?' I+ 1V -

(* 1 9 ' ) ' ) - 5

( * , ? ' > " ) 1 < ^ { 1 ? ' - ? ' , | + | & ' - ' , |}


(| '|< ,

| 6" | < ) ,

7] ( ) 1> 0

> 0 .

|}, |

| 27) ,

345

(']) (27.64)
, -
:

1 ^ 1 ( * , ? , ) | < ^ ;

| 1 ( * , 9 , ) | < ^ ,

(27.68)

<<, (<, ) &11,

' (I, <, ) =

( 1,

, ) ,

|
}

{ 1 , 9, ) =

- - ^ , 9,

6).

(27.69)

-=

(26.5)
(

0 (6 )=

(1 -1 1 1 1 ^

[ ,

* /

\\<

(27.70)

| | > ,

$ ()=1,

( 2 7 .7 1 )

= . . . ^ .
(27.70) ^ > 1 ,
.
( 9 ) 9 ,
( , ) :

<?)=( { 1 _

1?|< ]

[ ,

( 9 ) 9 =

|? |> ,
1

( 2 7 .7 2 )

<,




, :
(*,

, ) = ^
( ? - ? ' ) \
1/8

(!,

( -

V)

2 .

(I,

' , >)

',
(27.73)

)= ^ ^ {^ ^).( ) {1, 9 ' , V) ,

9 2 ,
( 9 ) 9 2.
,

8 (? -? ') ,( - ')
9
, & (), ( 9 )

(27.74)
.

346

1. VI

6 |< ,
| < | < , ( 2 7 .7 4 ) 2<?

( ) , > 0 .
( 2 7 .6 8 ) , ( 2 7 .7 3 )
<, 2

* )/

11$

()
\ /

] .
]
,
- 0 ,

]6 > 0 , ( )

>0,
"

( ) % (]) > 0

> 0 .

( 2 7 .7 5 )


0 < *
, 0 < < * =
+ 0 <

( 2 7 .7 6 )

| 6 1 < 0, \ ' | <

+ 0 <

:
\'\ <

8.

, ( 2 7 .7 0 )
(), , 6 17, 0 < < *:

( 2 7 .7 1 )

\ ( - ' ) ' = 1.

( 2 7 .7 7 )

^8

, ( 2 7 .6 9 ) , ( 2 7 .7 3 )
(I , <, ) :
(1,

, )= ^
2

( ? - ? ' ) ( ^ ') [ ^ - '- '1)

{I,

',

')^ ' ' .


( 2 7 .7 8 )

:
I

|^+ |=5 ^ (<-') ( ') |^- ^ -^-^, <', ')+


& 78

I
] ^

( ,

',

') ^ - ' .

( 2 7 .7 9 )

<', ');= 1 ^

(, <', 6') +

(, 9', 6'),

*) ( , )
, 0.11 ((, , ),

< I < , 6 2, ^ I /

27]

347

( 2 7 .7 9 ) :
1 + ^ = 5

\ { - ) ( - ' ) \ 1 { 1 , , , ' ) 9 .

( 2 7 .8 0 )

(<) ( 2 7 .7 7 )
({,

, ) 6 1 1 0,

< < *,

:
^

'= ^

( ' - < ' ) ^ ? ' = ^ ( ? ') <? ' =


% + -

(*, ? , ) =

(6

' } {

- ^(,

( * *' 6 ' }
<, ) } ' \

, , ( 2 7 .6 7 )
X,
^

(,

( 2 7 .8 1 )

, :

5 ^ ( ? " " ? , )

I (*, 9 ', ') -

, ) I < {|

' -

1+ | V -


|}.

( 2 7 .8 2 )

( 2 7 .8 3 )

[(*, ? , ), ( ( , ? ' , ' ) 2 [ / .


( 9 ) 9 9 '
2 , ,

9 75, 9 + .
9 9 ' ,
, ( 2 7 .7 2 ) ( 9 9 ')
,
|9 - 9 '|< .
,

19

')<

( < ),

'|< ,

^ 1 / 90

< + < )> 5 < *:

^ $ ( ? - ? ' ( 6 - ' ) ? ' 6 ' =

^6

7]_

< < * / ? 2 /
1 (*,

, 6 ) | < 2 ^ 5 ? - ? ' ) ( - ' ) ' < ' = 2 .


( 2 7 .8 4 )


- { ^ + - \ 1 ( 1 , ? , ) } -

(* ,9 , ) }

( 2 7 .8 5 )

, ( 2 7 .7 8 )

(? - ? ')

( -

)}

'

(27.86)
5 $ ( ? ~ ? ' ) ( ^ 178

') {

348

(. VI

1 (, 9 ' , ')
9 , )
, ' , 9 , 9 '
.
? ( ),
> 0 , ,
(1, ', 6 ')

(1,4}, )

'

{(, ', ')

, (1, , )

'

<

<

5 () { ! ? ' - ?

<

5 () { ] ? ' - ?

'-

| },

, , . .
-, < 1, ( <') ,
( 2 7 .8 2 ) , \ ' 6 | < ,
, ( 2 7 .8 5 ) 2 ^ 7 0
, 2 % 0 < < * . ( 2 7 .7 5 ) > 0
0 , ,
( 2 7 .8 2 )
< /? 2 ^ 7 0 , 2^
0 < < 6 *.
( 2 7 .7 5 ) > 0 > 0 , ,
( 2 7 .8 2 ) 9 2 1 7 ?0
(),
,
,

% + 1 - 1 (1,

, -, -

> 0 .
,
% -

(I,

, ).

, ) = ~ - (( ,

9 ,
( ) (]),

, ) + ( 9 , ),
( 2 7 .8 8 )

9
2 ^ 7 0 ( ),
.
, ( 2 7 .4 7 )
,
9

= + ( 1 , , ); = + ( 1 , , ) .

( 2 7 .8 9 ) ( 2 7 .4 7 ) ,

( 2 7 .8 9 )

+*!+--.
+

- * % - \ - * + &^

+ {1, +

+ ) ,

349

5 27]

+* 1+* =

)} +

+ { \ ( I , 8 + , + ) - I V {I, , ) } + ( , ) + ,
( 2 7 .9 0 )

+ * 1 + ' 1 = - { | - <''-')+' < ',)} +


+ V + { ( ^ , + , + ) (I, , ) } + ( , ) + .
< *,
, 1, .
( )

<5 ( )

< _ 1> 0 < <

8.

( 2 7 .7 3 )

(2 7 .9 1 )

. :
||< ()^- ,

< < , (I, , /)

( 2 7 .9 2 )

1 / 01 :

| ^ + | < ^ ( ) + 1 <

8.

( 2 7 .9 3 )

, ,
(,

) - \ ( 9 , ), { 1 ,

)- {

^11$ &17&
,
> 0 .
, , +
,
\, + , + )-\ (1 , , ),
(1, + , + ) - {1,,)

/? 7 9 4

,
^ 1 / ?1 , > 0 .
,

^1

(^, , /, ) =

( 2 7 .8 8 )

( { , + , + ) - \ {I, , ) ~ ^ + ^

( 1 , , ) - \ (,),

(*> 8 , , * ) = ( 1 , + , + ) - ({, , ) ^ - + { ( , , ) ( , / ) +

,
. 9^ , > 0 .
, ( 2 7 .9 0 ) ,

, 1 .

350

[.

- :

VI

(27.95)

1--1 + 8

1 _!

( 1 )- .
, ( 2 7 .7 3 )
<, 2
-)
& 11 3 ( )
,

(I, , )

1 7 ^

< ,

( 1 , , ) , V ( ^ , 8 , ) 7 ?1
1
(), - ^ 0 .
0 <
,
< 0 , (27.95),
& :
11

12

11

( 2 7 .9 6 )

- 1 + 2

21

( ( >8 , , )>

12

(*, 8 , , ), 21 (I, 8 , , ), 22 (I, 8 , , )


> 0 17 .
( 2 7 .9 0 ) ~

(II
(1

= + ( 1 , 8 , , ),

(27.97)
= /7/ + ( 1 , 8 , , ),

((, 8, , ) = (8, ) + (I, , , ) {> + (8, ) + 1 (I, , , )} +


+

0 21

( 1 , 8 , , ) { + ( 8 , ) + 2 (1, 8 , , )} +

(I, , , );

(I, 8 , , &) = ( 8, ) + 12 (I, 8, , ) { + I V ( , ) +


+ 1 (*, 8 , , )} +

<*22

(*, 8 , , ) { + ( , ) +
+

^ 2

(*> 8, )} + (*> , 6)-

( 2 7 .9 8 )

( 1 , $ , , )
(I, 8 , , ), .
( 2 7 .9 8 ) , 11(1, 8 , , ) (I, 8 , , )
< 0


(I, 8 , , ) -

(8, ) , ({, 8, , ) - ( , )

8, > 0 .

I 27]

351

( 2 7 .5 1 ) , ,
( ) ; ( , ) , : ( ) >
> 0 ; ( , ) - ^ 0 > 0 , - ^ 0 , :

(I, , 0 , ) \ < (); | ( I , 8 , 0 , * ) \ < (),

( 2 7 .9 9 )

< 0, 1 $ ,
111 (I, ' , ' , ) -

II [I, 8 ", ", ) | < X (, ) { | 8 ' -

|(,',/',)-(^,-",/",)|<(, ) { \ '
( , " ,/ " )

^ ,

? | + | ' -

" | },

- "\ + \ ' - " \ } ,


0

( 2 7 .1 0 0 )

< < 0,

.
11 ({,
, ), (I,
, ) 2

, II ( { ,
, ), ( I , , , ). I I ( I , , , ), ( I ,
, )
( . ( 2 7 .9 8 ) ) ,
( 1 , , ), ( 1 , , ) , , {; }
,

( 2 7 .5 3 ) , 1 1 9
:
( 2 7 .1 0 1 )
> , 0 < < 0.
) ( . . 3 3 6 )
( 1 , )
-
, ( I , , , ), (I, , , )

- ,
( 2 7 .6 6 ) , ( 2 7 .6 9 ) , ( 2 7 .7 3 ) ( 2 7 .8 9 ) .
( 2 7 .9 7 ) ,
,

( 2 7 .1 0 2 )

,
3 0 , (I, <, ), ( 1 , , ) ,
( 2 7 .4 7 ) ,
I V ((, <, ) = I V( I , ) ,
( 2 7 .1 0 3 )
( 1 , <, &) = ^ (^,
I V ((, <, ), (I, <. )
.

+ V-?, ),

352

( 2 7 .6 6 ) , ( 2 7 .6 9 ) , ( 2 7 .7 3 ) ( 2 7 .8 9 )

1 . V I

, ) = 11 (I, 8 + 1 , , ),

( 1 , 8 , , ) = ({, 8 + 1 , , ),
11(1, 8 , , ), V (I, 8 , , ) I
.
( 2 7 .1 0 3 ) ,
&
8 + ^ = 8 + ~

( 2 7 .1 0 2 ) :

(II =

>+ - 7 + ( , )

.
, ( 2 7 .1 0 2 ) , ( 2 7 .1 0 3 ) ,
( 2 7 .1 0 4 ) , :

- ^ + *,?,
~

),

= + ( 1, <, ) ,


< = - + (I, 8 , , ),
1 = 1,

= +

8 , ),

8 ~\ - = &

- = ()+ />(*,*, , ),
( 2 7 .1 0 5 )
^ - = + <2({,8,,),
1 1 ( 1 , 8 , , ) ( 1 , 8 , , )
0 , ( < ),
:
) () 0 < < 0;
) ( 1 , 8 , , ) , ( } ( 1 , 8 , , )

1 $ , 2 , ^ ^ , < < 0)
2 8 ^
,

( 2 7 .1 0 3 ) ( 2 7 .1 0 4 )

( ^ , 8, , )

, 8 , , ) ,

27] |

353

) 0 ( ) ( I , , , ) ;
)
0 < < 0 :
| /> (* , -, 0 , ) | < ( ) ;

| ( ? ( { , , , ) | < ( ),

( 2 7 .1 0 6 )

() > 0 > 0 ;
) <
, ' 2 , -"6 2 , ' 6 ^ . , " $ 1 1 , 0 < < 0,
:
\ ( ( , 8 ' , , ) - ( 1 , " , \ ) \ < \ ( , ) { \ ' - 8 "\ + \ ' - ' ' \ } ,
\ < 1 , ' , ' , ) - < 2 ( { , ", " ,) | < X (, ) { \ ' ' \ + \ ' - [ },

(2 1 7)

' X( , ) > 0 $ > 0 , > 0 ;


) , . . . , _
)11 1 _ | = 0

( 2 7 .1 0 8 )

.
, ,
, ( 2 7 .1 )
:
^ - = + (?(1 , , ) ,

( 2 7 .1 0 9 )

0 :
) () (*, , )

1 , $ ?1, 0 < < 0;


)

0 < < 0,
|(*,0,)|</(),

( 2 7 .1 1 0 )

() > 0 > 0 ;
) <

1 $ , ' $ 1 1 , / " 6 ^ , 0 < < 0,



\ < , ' , * ) - < , ", ) | < X ( , ) { | ' - " | },
( , ) - ^ 0 > 0 , > 0 ;
) .
^ / ^ - ' ^

( 2 7 .1 1 1 )

( 2 7 .1 1 2 )

.
,
.
- /( *, ) , ,
.
, / (I , )
I , - > 0
I (]) ,

354

[. VI

I (]) , , ( |),


{}, , , X,
,

} ,
:
1)
2

;
2)

.
{ }
. ,
;
.
, :
, <
__> 1

( 2 7 .1 1 3 )

(2 7 .1 1 4 )

.
, {,*}
,
( 2 7 .1 1 3 ) , ( 2 7 .1 1 4 )
, / (I, )
,
{}
.
-

I, 2, . . . , 6, .

28]

355

/ (I, )
1+

1 ~

-1

>

1,),

I, .
, ),
( 2 7 .1 ) X (I, ) ( . . 3 3 6 ) ,
{ 1, ) I

)-

28.



( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) , ,
, ( 2 7 .1 ) .
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,

( 2 7 .1 ) .
,
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,
, ( 1 , , , ), ( ) ( 1 , , , ) , ()
, ( . . 3 5 2 ) , (I, , , ),
( ) ,
.

1.

$,

% = { * ) + ( { , 8 , , ),

= + <2 ( 1 , , , )

( < 0),

(2 8 )

,
& = / ( * ! , )
/ ( ^ , , )
:

I,

| / ( * , $ , ) | < ( ) < ,

( 2 8 .2 )

I / (*, 8 ', ) - / (*, 8 \ *) I < ( 18 ' ~ 8 " I,

( 2 8 .3 )

( ) - > 0 , ( ) > 0

> 0 .

/ ({, , ) ^
2 .
{I, , , ), ( 1 { 1 , , , )
^
0 < < 0,

- , / (I, , )

356

[ . V I


- .
.

( 2 8 .4 )
V , [ 1; +, _
,
, ),
/ / +
_ . , ( 2 7 .1 0 8 )
8 1
, _ -
, + ( 8 1 ) - .
1( 1) :

( 2 8 .5 )



:
-V- =

/ / / = /

1(1)

I 0

( 2 8 .6 )

I = 0
. / ( - 0 ) - / ( + 0) = .

(2 8 .7 )

( 2 8 .6 )
71

2 , /,(*),
?=1

/ ) () = 2* ( 2 7 .1 0 8 ) , / (I) = }- (()

= ,-, ( ^ (^) ,

2 ),

, ,

:
(2 8 .8 )

:

~ 1+1,

1
( 2 8 .9 )

( 2 8 .1 0 )
, , ,
,

3 28]

357


|/(0 !< # -*

( 2 8 .1 1 )

.
, , ( < )
{ , ) ( 1 , ) _
_ ( 1 )- ,
2 ,
:
\ (1 , ) \ < ,

\ ( } ' ) - ( 1," )\< \ ' - " \

( 2 8 .1 2 )

2 . .
1 (I, ) ( , )

**- = ( ) + ( 1 , , ( 1 , ) , ) .

(2 8 .1 3 )

(I, , , ) ) ( . . 3 5 3 )
( , ,
, (I , ) ) ,

:
I (*, 8 ', (*> 8 ), &) - (*, 8 ', 0 , ) | < X ( , ) | (I, ' ) |,
| { 1 , ' , { 1 , ' ) , ) - ( 1 , ", (I, "), ) | < X (, ) { \ - " ] +
+ \ ( 1 , 8 ) -

{ 1 , 8 ) \ }

, ( 1 , , , ) / = 0
( 1 , ) ( 2 8 .1 2 ) ,
:
|[ ( I , \ (I, ' ) , ) | < () + X (, ) ,
\ {I, ' , (I, ' ) , ) - { 1 , ", (I, "), ) | < X ( , ) (1 + ) | ' - " |.
,
=

( 2 8 .1 4 )
( 2 8 .1 5 )

1 = 1 0,

( 2 8 .1 3 )
I, .

81 = 1 1 ( 8 )>

= * *.

( 2 8 .1 6 )

, ( ; ,
,
, , ,
.
.
,

358

[ . V I

,
( 1 ) + 2 = 1 1 { + 2)
( ( 2 8 .1 3 )
2%
( 2 8 .1 3 ) ) -{-2, ,
, :
1 1 0 (8 + 2 ) = 1 1((>0) + 2
. . , / ( 8 ) 8
2 .

:

-}-2

^ = ^ * (5 ).

* , * ? .( * ) ,

? ( ( 8 )

( , ).

* = *-*,

( 2 8 .1 7 )

8 8 (^)>

^ = * )

( 2 8 .1 3 ) :

I (*, 1 , (*. 8 1 ),

8 (1, 81 ) , *) I =

= | { 1 , ( , (I, 81 ), ) ( 1 , (, ( 1 , 81 ), ) + (*,

( 1 >8 1 , ( 1 , 81 )> 8)

(I, 81 ), ) -

> ( , ) II (*, 81 ) - (*. 81 ) [| + (, ) _ { | - 8 1 1+


+

( *>&) ! }

, ( 2 8 .1 2 ) , :

< X ( , ) || ((, 1)

( 1 , 8, ) || X(, ) (1 + ) | 1 - 8 1 1,

( 2 8 .1 8 )

= !/(, ) |.
9
, :
^

*0

(^ ) ^

^0) I = I

I I 7 '0 ] {X (, ,0 ) (1 + ) 12 1} +

+ \\*'(1, ) - ) \\.{9 [> (1 + ) 12 |] _ 1}|

(289)

8 8
8 1 , ( 2 8 .1 8 )
- ^ = ( , ) |[ ^ - 7 1 + (,)(1 + )

( 2 8 .2 0 )

28]

359


= 0 {X (, ) (1 + ) | |} +

11 { [X (, ) (1 + )] ] | -

1},
( 2 8 .2 1 )

:
181 8 1 1< <

I 8 - 8 I {X (, ) (1 + ) | [} +
+ -

1 ( I

) (1 + )] | 2 | -

!}


5 , ( , )

, . 0 (?) =

5 ] (2)

1 1 (); [ 1 + ; *, , (-)]; } &.

( 2 8 .2 2 )

( (^ ) :
( ( 8 +

= , ( ( ) +

( 1 , ) () (I, , , )
2-, ,
$ ( ) 2
.
:
| ^ , ? ( | ; | ^ 5 ^ ) - 9 ( ^ | .

( 2 8 .2 3 )

( 2 8 .1 2 ) , { 1 , $ ),
) ) ( ^ { 1 , , , & ) ( . . 3 5 3 ) , :
|

{I + ; , I {)', [I + ; , I ( )]; } | < | () {I + ; ^ ( (), 0 ; } |


+ 1(} { { + ;

1 , (); [I +

<\<?{ + 1 1(8,

; 2 * , (-)]; } -

<?{I +

,(-); 0; } | <

0 ; } | + ( , ) | / [ + 2 ; ^ ( ? ) ] | < ( ) + ( , 1 ) ) 1 ) .
( 2 8 .2 4 )

( 2 8 .2 2 ) , ( 2 8 .1 1 ) ( 2 8 .2 4 ) , :

\ 8 1, ( ) \ < { ( ) + ' ( , ) } ^ { - | 2 | } 2 ==

= ^ { ( ) + (, ) }.

(28.25)

360

1. V I

( 2 8 .2 2 ) , ( 2 8 .1 1 )
) ( . . 3 5 3 ) , :
1 ^

(* " )- ? . *>(*) | <

<- ^ { - |

|} |< ? { +

2;

% ( ($); [I + ; ( ( ) ] ; $ } -

<} {I +

; * } , (); [ 1 + 1 - 1 ( )]; } ] <

< ^ ^ { - |

| } ( , ) { [ ^ ( ( ^ ) - 2 ( () | + | / [ +

2;

1 ) \ -

- [ 1 + ; 7 ^ ( ) ] | } * : .

( 2 8 .2 6 )

( 2 8 .1 2 ) :

[ I

+ 2;

()]

( )]1= 1

[ 1

+ ; 7 ? , (?)] -

- [ 1 + ; , 4 ( ) ]_ + [I + ; 1 ( $ ) ] - [I + ;

< \ [ 1 + -,?,{(*)] - [I +

(8 0)] | <

; 1 (7)11+ I1 (?) - * 4()\,

( 2 8 .2 6 ) :
\ 3 1( ) - 3 1, ( ) \ <
< \ ( , ) \ \ + ^ 1 1 ( ) ) ~ [ 1 + ^ 1 1( )\ \ X

X ^ { |

1} 2 + . (, ) ( 1 + ) ^ { -

| 2 1} | >, ( ) 1 ( ) \ ,

, ( 2 8 .1 9 ) ,
:

1 ( ) ] || ^ { <| 2 | } 2 + , (, ) ( 1 + ) ^ { | | +

[ 1 + ;

+ ( , ) ( 1 + ) | 2 _ | } | - | 2 +

( , ) ( 1 + )

X ^ { 12 1+ X (, ) (1 -)- ) | 2 |}

. (, , ) ( 1 + )

11

+ ^ , >

1-

^ - + ^ ; ,

^ { | 2 |} 2 = \ ( , ) { | | (1 + ) +

+ || ||} ^ { | 2 1+ X(, ) (1 + ) 12 1} .

(28.27)

28]

361

;
: = ( ), = (), ,
() -> ,

() > 0

>

2 { () + X (3, ) ) < -

X (3, ) (1 + ) ;

81 ^ < 1 .

(1 + ) ( , ) < | ;

(),
= ()

() > , X (, )
> 0 , > 0 .
,

( 2 8 .2 8 )

(1 + ) ( > ) < ,
, :

^ { | | + X (1 + ) | |} < ~ .

(2 8 .2 9 )

, ( 2 8 .2 9 ) ,
( 2 8 .2 5 ) ( 2 8 .2 7 ) :

\8 ( )\< ( ),

(2 8 .2 8 ) ,

(2 8 .3 0 )
+

(2 8 .3 1 )

, , :
13 (' - ( ) - 8 (, 0 ( ) I < (3) \ - 8 \ -

(2 8 .3 2 )

( , ) ,
, , ( 2 8 .1 2 ) .
8 ( ) ( 2 8 .3 0 ) , ( 2 8 .3 1 ) ,
( 2 8 .1 2 ) .
, 8 ( )
( , ), , . . 8
< ( <
( 2 8 .3 0 ) ( 2 8 .3 1 ) ) ,
( , ), .
8 = ( 2 8 .3 1 ) :
| 5 ^ - 5 ^ | < | | ^ - ^ | | ,

|! / 1| = 11 1,

(2 8 .3 3 )

= 8
( , ).

(28.34)

362

{ . V I

*) .
{<} ,
:
1 . < ( , ) :

2.
.
3. ,
.
4 . < <2

| (< 2) () | - |<2 < |,

0 < < 1 .

= ^4 (<) .

.
( , ) , ,
. ,
\^,8)\< 6 1, ,
, ( , )
.

\$ - 5 \< - \\ - \\,


^ /? || = \ \

( 2 8 .3 5 )

1
, , = -^
, , . .
, ( , ),
, ( , ).
0 = $ 0,
8 ,
1 ^ ( , ). 2 = 5 1,
( , ). , ,
(/? + 1 )- :
* . = 8 ,

( 2 8 .3 6 )

( , ).
,
? , 1 , ............. .............
( , ).
,
, ( , ).

( 2 8 .3 7 )

*) 8. , 8 1 1 1 1 ^^^ 1 ! , 1. , I. III, 1922.

28]

363


+ ( ^ 1 - ^ ) + ( 2 - + . . . +

( +1

( 2 8 .3 8 )

| ^ 0 | < 0 | \ < ( , ) ,
\ - 0 \ < , - = .
( 2 8 .4 ) 8 :

I . 1 - () - 3 (-) I< | - . |

(28.39)

( =4 ) (2 8 .3 8 )

0+ + + 2+ ...

( =40

, , ( 2 8 .3 7 ) ,
( 2 8 .3 8 ) ,
.
, ( , ),
2 ( 2 8 .1 2 ) .
= ,
71 *

, , ,
( , ).
, , ,
= 8 .

= 1{1,,*)-

( 2 8 .4 0 )

( , )
( 2 8 .1 2 ) .
( 2 8 .3 6 )
, (I, , , ) , ( ) ( 1 , , , )
1$,

$9,

^ 0,

0 < < 0

? - ,
8
- .

[ ), [ ), . . . , ( \ . . .

( 2 8 .4 1 )


| \ ) ~ \) | + I (2) - [ ) | + + | < - () I +

(2 8 .4 2 )

( ) { 1 . 8 , , )

/.

364

[ . V I

^ / (2) <2 (I + 2, , , ) <1,


3 / (2)<?() {I + 2, , , ) ,,

( 2 8 .1 1 ) , 0 (^ + 2 , , , )
%, - , ,
( 2 8 .2 2 ) :

( 6)
( = 1, 2 , . . . , ).
| / ' ^ | < ^ 0 ( = 1 > 2 , . . . , ) ,
(^{1 + 2, {*, , ) , - ,
| [ ) | < 7'! , ,
\ [ )- ) \ < 0 + ^ 1 = ^ .

(2 8 .4 4 )

( 2 8 .1 9 )
|

- | = 18 [ ) - 8 \ ? I ==
= | ^ / (2)

{I + 2, * } , } - 0 . () {I + 2, *?, 0, }] <
< ( * , ) \ 1 - 0 \= \

^*,^) = N,

| ( - | = 18 - 8 [ ) | =

= | 5 7 (2)

V + 2 > *'*>

$ () {* + 2 -

1> ^

& |<

<

(, ) | 2 - I < X, (, ) \


1^4

|, . . , | /* -(*1

V I * * *

, ( 2 8 .4 2 )


0 + + + -1 - + ^ + . . .
,
\

).

>.

(28.46)

28]

,
/ :

365

^
( ) ,
, , ( 2 8 .4 6 )
=

/<>,

. . / ((, , ) -
- .
, , / (I, , )
I,
,
* = /(*, , )

( 2 8 .4 7 )


( 2 8 .1 ) .
= .
( 2 8 ,2 2 ) ( 2 8 .4 7 ) , :

/ [ * + ; [, * ( ) ] ; }? 2 .

( 2 8 .4 8 )

1, 8 , * ) =

1 / (

2)<

? { -2;

(0 ( ) ,
. , (8) = & ,

(8) = 8

:
7 1/

7 1/

___ 7 ' /

1 , I * 11, ( * 2 +(, (-

, %
+ I
/ {*; \ - 1
,*0 ("), } = ,;

,0

( ) =

( 2 8 .4 8 ) :
1

1 = I ^

0< ? (^

/ , ) * : =

I /( - )(? ( ,

, ) +

00
+ $ / (- * ) ? ( * ,

/ , ) .

( 2 8 .4 9 )

I , :
I

= -

!-

< 1 ,8 ^ , )^ + / ( _

) ? ( ^ , ) -

_ ^

/; ) ^ _ / ( + 0 )< ?(,

/,, ).

366

( 2 8 .6 )

! . V I

( 2 8 .7 ) , :

= ~

) ^

+ <?(*

),

( 2 8 .4 9 ) :
^ = 1 + ( 2 ^ , 81, *).
, { _ 1< ( :
^

= ( ) + /> (* , * & * ) .

8 = , (0 (); /, = / (,

(28.50)


( 2 8 .1 ) , I = 0 ; / (0, , ).
, ( 2 8 .4 7 )
( 2 8 .1 ) , ( 2 8 .2 )
( 2 8 .3 ) ( ( , ),
( 2 8 .2 ) ) ,

, , ( I , , , ),
(I, , , ) 0 < < 0


, - , = / ( { , 8 , )

8 - .
, I .
.
.
I

= ( ) + (, , ,),

= + < 1 , 8 , , )
, $ ,
* = / ( * , 8, ).

% = ( ) + ( 1 , 8 ,),

( 2 8 .5 1 )

(*, 1

8 . / ( * , 8 , * ) , )-

I (I, , )
I, 2

!* ( * , , ) | < ( ) - 0 ,

>0

(28.52)

28]

367

, { 1 , , , )
, - , (I, , )
- .
II.



{} ,
( 2 7 .1 0 5 )

<
:

I (* + V . >

) - (*, , , ) | - 0 ,

!<?(* + > 8 ,

(I , 8 , , & ) I * 0 ,

> , }

(2 8 .5 4 )

1 / ( - V - , ) - / ( , 8 , ) I > 0 ,

->,

( 2 8 .5 5 )

/ (I, , ) ,
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) .
.


(I, @)
( , ), , I , :
= ( ) , = ( ) .
,

% = ( * ) + ( { , , ( { , ) , )

( 2 8 .5 6 )

:
=*, ),

( 2 8 .5 7 )

2 = 1
, I,
:
I
, ( 2 8 .5 7 ) ( 2 8 .5 6 ) , :
= ( ) + ( 2 + 0, 8 [ + 10, ] , )

( 2 8 .5 8 )

:
= 1 1 ( 8 ) \

1 = 1 %+* ( 8 ) \

( 2 8 .5 6 ) , ( 2 8 .5 7 ) ( 2 8 .5 8 ) ,
:

( 2 8 .5 9 )

- 0 ( ) + { + 1; - [ + 1 - \- },
= ( ) + /> { 2 - + ; 1- [ + 1 + ^ 1 ]

+ ^+

( 2 8 .6 0 )
( 2 8 .6 1 )

^ {) 1 = %,
(-),
I .

368

[ . V I

:
| | ^ - | | = 8 | ( * + :, , ,
(, , .

, ) | ;

( 2 8 .6 2 )

^ | | = | (1 + , ) ( 1 , # ) |

||

( 2 8 .6 3 )

^ 6 2 ; ^ .
( 2 8 .6 0 ) ( 2 8 .6 1 ) , :

' ^

) = { 2 + 1 + ^ 1\ [ % + 1 + 1 \ 1]\ } { + 1] \ \ 7 , + 1; } \ }.
( 2 8 .6 4 )

, ,
( 2 8 .1 4 ) , ( 2 8 .1 5 ) , .
:
\ { 7 , + 1 + 1 \ 1\ [2 - + ; ^ ] ; } - { 2 + *; \
= [ ^ { + ^ + ; 1\

[2

+ { % + 1 + ^ ,

[2

+ 1; ]\ }| =

+ + ; /*]; } - { + I + ; 2; ^ [ 2 + + ; ] \ ) +

[2

+ * + :;/2]; } / > { + * + ; \ [ + 1\ \\ } +

+ { + 1 + \ ; [ , + 1\ ] \ } - { , + 1-, ; [. + 1; , ] ; } | <

'

X (, ) {| 1 | 4 - \ ( - \ - 1 4 - ; 1) ( + 1 4 - ; . ) | } +
X (, ) || [ + +
,

?\ [ 2 + *; ] || + || ^ :

( 2 8 .1 2 )

\ { + 1 + , 1 ) ( 2 - + ;, ) \ < ^ \ 1 - . ,

( 2 8 .6 5 )

( 2 8 .6 6 )

:
( 1/* )

< X ( , ) (1 + ) I 1 -

\\ II + X (, ) II

I 1 -

, I <

2 1+ X (, ) || , -

||

------- 1 {, 1 + ) ------- 1 (
,

114-11 , ~ ||. ( 2 8 .6 7 )

(, ) (1 + ) I 2 |] -

1}.

( 2 8 .6 8 )

, 8 ^ ( ) , ( 2 8 .2 2 )

^ + , ( ) ~ $ 1, { ) =

1 3 ( 2 ) {(? [* + 2 4

- ( ? [* +

',
2;

[I + 2 + ; ]; ]

\ [1 + ]\ } 2 .

( 2 8 .6 9 )

( 2 8 .6 9 ) , ,

| / ( 2 ) | /- "12 1,
:

18 1+, , ( ) - 8 { ) \ <

-^{1(, )(1 + )\1- +

+ II & - ? II + (-

.-

II)

( 2 8 .7 0 )

2 8]

, I, . . ,

<

^ { ( ) + ( , ) 0 } < 0 ;

^ , 2 ) ) ( 1+ )<;

(1 + ) * ( , , ) < | / 1 < 1 ,
- ( ) > , ( ) > 0 > 0 .
( 2 8 .6 8 ) ,

- |* | (

+ ) [

369

1| ~

(28>

( 2 8 .7 0 ) :

( + ~ 2!' " ((1 +)|' -

1)

] +

1 1 ^ - <?11

+ | | ^ - 7 ? | | } 2 = ^ { - '1 + 1+ )'' ( | | - | | + ] | ^ _ ^ | | ) _

(II /> , -

II +

\\, -

||) +

( ||& -

<? II +

II ,

II)} (*2 =

= 5 { - ^ 1 + ^ + ) ^ ( | | ^ - . | | + | | ^ - . | | ) + - ( | | ^ - ( ? | | + ||/> - . | | ) } 2 .

( 2 8 .7 2 )
(1-}- ) < - | - ,

5 { - |

| + ( 1 + ) | 2 | } 2 <

( 2 8 .7 3 )

( 2 8 .7 2 ) :

\ 5 1+, , ( ) - 8 1. ( ) \ <
^(\\,-\\ + ,-\\) +

+~(\\<^-<\\+\\.-\\),
,

8(,)
, --------^ - < 1 , :

|5,+ ( - ^ ( | < 1 1 ^ -^ 1 1 + ? { | 1 ^ - ^ | -

III,


| ( ^ ) - 8 | < 1 1| , - || + ^

+ 1| -

||}.

( 2 8 .7 4 )

, I I (I, )
,
.

=

I,

(2 8 .7 5 )

= 1(1,8,*).

(28.76)

370

[ .

, { }
} ( 1 , 8 > ):
II / 1| 0

-N > 0 0 .

( 2 8 .7 7 )

:
^ =

(2 8 - 7 8 )

( 2 8 .7 3 ) , : = , = 2, . . . ,

II ( - < V, ( ), - || < \

|| ( - II + , =
|2 . - ) - =

| | ( ) - 1

+ 4 + 4 ) , ;

(1 + 4 )


|| (

|| < 2 .

( 2 8 .7 9 )

( 2 8 .7 7 )
= /,
N >00

,
( = .
N ->00
, ( 2 8 .7 9 ) , :
| | ( / ) , - / | | < 2 >
, , ( 2 8 .7 8 ) , ,

I / (* + , , 6) - / (I, 8, 3) I < ^

{ }

{ ||& - ( 2 II + I I -

< 2

||}.

( 2 8 .8 0 )

| ( ? ( * + > > ) - <? (1, 8, &) \ > ,


,
, , ) | - > 0
> .

^ - ^ ,

- ^ ||- >

> , , , ( 2 8 .8 0 )

I / (* +
II.

8, ) - / (*> 8> ) I

0 > ,

2 8 ]

371

.
.

( 1 , , , ) , (^(1,,,&)
I ,
2 { 7 , (I, , )
^ 2
(I, , , ),
, , ).
, I
( . . 3 5 3 ).
, II,
:
1( 1, )
, {<} ,
({, )
: .
II I.

', , , 0, ( 0 < 1 < , ' < ), 5



,
1 5 , . < ' ,
10
2 (}.
5 - 5 (^0, 0, ) { } :
1) *) I = 10
1 / , 0, / * * . , ),
I > 10
~[ ^ 1 / , 1 .
2 ) I = 10
( ( 1 0, 0, ),
I > (0

. I ~ / (*, ) I <

1' " 101 I - / (*> 8> ) I,

( $ 0, 0) ( /,) I = 10, .
3)
($ = 0 ), 9 ( 0 , 8 , )
= /( * , 0, ).
4) , ,
, ?(0, 0, )
17.
, ,
-
( 2 7 .1 0 5 )
5 - (10, 0, ), ( 1 ) -
170,




5(^0, '!) > ,

[11,

> 0. , ,
5(<0, 0, ),
5 - ,
/ (I,
).
*) , , %= 1 , =

(27.105).

372

[ . V I

.

- :

( 2 7 .1 0 5 )

, = ^ / ( )<?(:,

, )? + / (10 1 ) \
( 2 8 .8 1 )

= 6 ( ) + ( 1 , ( , )
( = 0 , = 0),

_.

, I , ', 0, 1,

' < , ( ') <

0, 0 <

<

(28.82)

( , I ) , .
_,

0 < < ',

\ \ < 0:

) (28.81) - ( ( , /,),
( ^ 1 1 1
)

= 1(*0,

1 , , ),

(28.83)

' (10, I,
, )

'

| ' (10 , I, ' , ' , ) - ( 1 0, I, " , " , )

V ( , ) | ' " | +

+ ( * , ) ~ ^ 1' ~ 1 { \ - " \ ,
V(, 0) .(, 0)

> 0 ,

1 > 1 0,

(28.84)

0 - ^ 0 ,

( , # , , ) + / (I 10) ,

I < ( 0,

10
I ,
^

/ = /

I 0


/ ( _ 0 ) - / ( + 0) =
, -

28]

373

( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) :
"" = ( ) + /> (* 1 8 , , ),
1

= + (?( 1, & , ).

8 ( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,
0 ^ 1 / ,
6 01 I > 10.
, 8 ( 2 8 .8 1 ) 0.
( ( , () ( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) , ,
^

= + < 1 , 1 , *).

( 2 8 .8 5 )

/ ( I) (
) ,
I 10 I, :
/*
}
*

^ /( - ) +

1
^

1
\ / ( ^ - ) < 2 ^ , ) ^ ,
(

= ^ / ( I) ^. +

1
/ , ) .

^ / ( )(?(,

10

( 2 8 .8 6 )
I
1
( 2 8 .8 7 )

I
\

( 2 8 .8 6 )

( 2 8 .8 7 ) ,

\
,

$ / ( * - 0 ^ = / ( - 0 ) ( - / ( * *0

^,+ $ ^ ^
(

* .


1
1

- / =

/,

0,

\ ^ ( 1)
(

/^
~ ,

= / ( 0 ) , / ( 0 0 ^ 0 + ^ ^ (' 0 , , .
(

( 2 8 .8 6 ) ( 2 8 .8 7 )
^ (I) * = 0 :
^ ( - 0 ) ^- ^ ( + 0 ) ^ = ^,

(2 8 .8 8 )

374

[. VI

= 5 ^ ( ' - 1) ( > 34 >


+ 1 (10 - I) 0
( 2 8 .8 9 )
*
, , ( ( , ()
- ( 2 8 .8 1 ) = 0 .
-
| | < 0; 0, ( 2 8 .8 9 ) , 1/ 0.
, /, ,
/91, 0 17,
8 .
, 8 -
= 0.
, - ( 2 8 .8 1 )
[ \ < 0 ,
:
^ ( = ^ ( 0 . *, 8 1 , , 8),
, 3 , . . ,
[ 0 | < 0, -
-= 0,
:
^ ' (10, I, (, , ),
| 4 | < 0.
( 2 8 .9 0 )
-
:
$ '< ,

_ ( ' ) < 0, 0 < ,

| | < 0.


( 2 8 .9 1 )

, .5 .
( 2 8 .9 1 ) ,
-
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,
= { ( ( , , ).
, ,
, ,
3 , .
61
, = / (I, , ) ,
, , ,
--= / (I, , ), 3 , , ,




-
( 2 8 .8 1 ) .
= ', . .
= 1 , , ) = (*, *, , 4 ' , ' ) .
, ,

( 2 8 .9 2 )

= / ( * , 8 , ),
= ' , ,


, ( 2 8 .8 4 ) , -
,
( 2 8 .9 2 ) , / = / ( < , ^ , )
.

28]

375

:
1

\ 1 ( 1 , > ) { 1 0 , 1 , , , ) ) < ( , 0)

' 1 | ' - |, I > 10 ,

2 ''

( 2 8 .9 3 )

( 2 8 .9 2 ) .
8 - = 0, - ' (10, 1, , , ),
( , /( ,
,
(10, 1 , , , ),

/0, ?- ( = 0; '
/ ( ^ , , ).
( 2 8 .8 4 ) ,
- ,
, 1 8:
| / ( . 1 . 6) <| < ^ ( , 0)

,1 \ 1 (10, 0 ) ~ \ -

( 2 8 .9 4 )

{ } 1/ ,
= (10, 1 0, 8 0, , ) ,

| -4 | < 01

0, ,

^ . ' . ) ,
( 2 8 .9 0 ) :

( ^ ,

I ,

, ) ,

, I = 10, :
= ^ (,>8 ,),

\ \ < 0.

, 61 0
* 0, 0, ) .
, I = 10 :
, 6 ^ . 110

),


{)
61 ( (
6 1 I = 10 ^ (I, 10, $)) , ',

( < > 10 .
, I I I .
. ,
- ( 2 8 .8 1 ) , ) ),
,

( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) .
) ' :
0 = ^

0 . > 0 . ^ .

( 2 8 .9 5 )

( 2 7 .1 0 5 )
, , ( 1 , )
- ( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,

376

1.

VI

( 2 8 .9 5 ) , -
( 2 8 .8 1 ) ) ).
, ( 2 7 .1 0 5 )
{ {0
/ 6 $ ( 0. & . 8)
8 ,
( 2 8 .9 4 ) , .
.
, , 5 = 0 . ( 2 8 .5 ) / ( ) :
~ *{

- -(

V -1

/(*)= - V

I > 0,

I < 0,

:
/ (I) = ~ , I > 0 ; / ( I) = 0 , I < 0 ,

( 2 8 .9 6 )

( 2 8 .8 1 ) :
1=

1 (

, , ) 1: + / ( 0 1 ) , 10 <

*
_
, ( ( - )

<2 0 .

', , ) , >

( 2 8 .9 7 )

( ( 2 8 .9 6 ) 0 < 0
/ ( 0 2) = 0 ) ,
4 . ,
(20, , ),

( 2 8 .9 7 ) , ,
/( * , #, ) 1(> ?> )>
, 8 ) : 0 =
, , 5 = 1 .
^ (I) :
=
1 > 0; /(0 =

/ (10, 0, ).
( 2 8 .5 )
- <, 1 <

:
I
= ^ ( , - ) ^ (> ?1 ) )

+ (-*)

> >

( 2 8 .9 8 )

, , , ^4 = 0.
, ( 2 8 .9 8 )
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) 0 .
,
(^> $0, ) = ^!>'
, , ^ = 0 , 1 5 # 0 . 1 ( 1 10) ,
-
( 2 8 .8 1 ) , :
0

(2*)

1 .

( 2 8 .9 9 )

28]

377

==

1,

( 2 8 .1 0 0 )

~1 '

( 2 8 .1 0 1 )
, ,
( 2 8 .1 0 0 ) , 5 : 1; . . . , 3,

( 2 8 .1 0 2 )

( ( 0, $ 0, ) ,

= ( , . . . , 4),
( 1,
) 5 ,

( 2 8 .8 4 ) .
, (*0, , ) 5 - ,
I I I .
. I I I , 17
-
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,
* = /(*,$,)
, 5 = 0 .
$ 1 , I I.
: 0 < 5 < 1.
&1 /
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,
< I < .
, ( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) .
I I I , 0, 0 ^ 8 ( ,
0 6 (*0, $ 0, ).
)
2 , :
20

( 2 8 .1 0 3 )

< ,

.

( 2 8 .1 0 3 ) :
2 0 ~ <(1() < ).

( 2 8 .1 0 4 )


( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) 8 ^ , 2 ^ 7 0- ( , )
3 1.

378

[ . V I

8 ( ( 1, ()
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) , ( , ) 1 = 11
8 I. , { 1 0, 1) $ 10,
{ 9 (^,

)*

I I I :

~ / (*1 , 8,

|= I

/ (1 , 8> 8) I< _ ('1-(0) I

/ (0 . #. 8)

( 2 8 .1 0 4 )

I ~ / (1 , 8, ) I = \ - / (*, &, ) I < 20 - (*1 -<) < ],


)
* = /& ,$,*)

( 2 8 .1 0 5 )

, ( , ) ^ 8 (1 ( 2 8 .1 0 5 ) ,

( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) .
.
1. , ,

!/> / _ ! # | = 0

( 2 8 .1 0 6 )

, = / (I, , )
,
,
5( ^>? )> ( ^ 0, 0, ) ,
.
, ,

& = / ( * , 8, 8)>
.
( 2 8 .1 0 6 )
, , ,
:
\ - 1 { 1 , 8 1 , * ) \ < \ 1 - 1 { 1 , 81 , ) \ - < \ ^ \ .

2.
^

= 6 ( ) + ( 1 , 1, { , )

,
(* 8 , ) = (*, 8 1 , / (*, 8 1 , ) , )*
:
= 0 () + (!, 8 , ) + (I, 8 1 , , ) - (*. 81 >/ (*, 8 1 . ), ),

( 2 8 .1 0 7 )
( 2 7 .1 0 5 )

29]

379

( 1 , , , )
( . . 3 5 3 ), :

(, ) > 0 > 0 , > 0 , ,


( 2 8 .1 0 7 ) , :
*- - ( , ) - ( ! , * ) I < ( , ) - - , - / ( < ,

. ) |.

( 2 8 .1 0 8 )

29.


,
.

( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) ,

( 2 7 .1 ) .
,

( 2 7 .1 0 5 )
( 2 7 .1 ) , ,
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) &1> I.
,
.
.
. ( 1 , ) ,
( 2 9 .1 )
:
)
(2 9 .2 )

( 2 9 .3 )
%= $0.
)
( 2 9 .4 )

( 2 9 .5 )

| = $ 0, .

380

1. V I

) -
$0,
( 1 , ) I,
$ , 9.
) ( 1 , )

< * < , ^- ' , 0, 1


( 0 < 1 < ) , < '
:
1. ( 2 9 .1 ) = * ( ( ) ,
( , ),

| * ( ) $0 ! < , < * < .


2 . * (I)

( 1 , ) .
3.
,

(29.6)

8(),

1*(0-51 <8(),

<* <.

( 2 9 .7 )

4 . ( 1 ) ( 2 9 .1 ) ,
* ( 1 ) , I = 1
1(*) *1 < -

( 2 9 -8 >

,
( 2 9 .4 )
,
\{1) *(1) \
I > ,
| (I) * (I) | < -

( 2 9 .9 )

.

( 2 9 .4 ) ,
> 10, ,

( 2 9 .1 0 )
5 ,
, 0-
5 -
,


\ { 1 ) $0 |,

( I > )

% (*) ? 5(
( 2 9 .1 0 ) .
.
1. , 4 ) * (I)
, ,
( 2 9 .4 )
.

29]

381


( 2 9 .4 ) , * (I)
.
2.

I
X (I , ) I ,
.
, , :

= |$ ( ) .

X (I, )
2

, ),
* (I) %.
I. I
.
, ( 2 9 .1 )
^
= ^ + ,

( 2 9 .1 1 )

= + ( 1, )

( 2 9 .1 2 )

= + ( ? ( 1 , , )

( 2 9 .1 3 )

(I, , )
, . 353, , ,
( 2 9 .1 3 ) = ( 1 )
, .
,

I 1 ).
I I ( 1 ) I.
( 2 7 .7 3 ) , * ((,<?', ') ,
( 1 , ) , I
( 1 , ) , , ( 1 , , )
I
. ( 2 9 .1 1 ) ( 2 9 .1 2 ) , : (2)
I X (I, ),
.
3) I,

( ) = ( ) + ( ) ^

) ,

( )

( 2 9 .1 4 )
> 0 -^ > 0

382

[. VI

( . ( 2 7 .7 5 ) ) , , , ()
> 0 , () *-0.
4)
| (I ) -

X * ( 0 | < | ( I ) - 1 ( 1 , ) | + | V ( I , ) -

V ( I , / ) | < (1 +

) \ {I) - / ( I , ) | ,
( 2 9 .1 5 )

(I)

( 2 9 .1 3 ) , 17

III,
. ,
.

,
.
:
I I .
% = *(1,)

( 2 9 .1 6 )

:
)
= 0 ($ ),

(2 9 .1 7 )


5 = 5(<); * ( ? + 2 ) = 6 ( ? ) .
) ( 1 )* )

^

( 2 9 .1 8 )

(* ( > * )) ,

( 2 9 .1 9 )

( 2 9 .1 8 ) , ,
( , 0 ) 0 ( . ( 2 7 .4 6 ) ) .
) - [7
, ( 1 , )
+ 1 -
:

< 4 < , % 1 7 9.
) ( { , ) I
.

0, 1 ( 0 <
< < ), < '
:
1.
( 2 9 .1 6 )
3 ( , I I I 9.
*) ,
.

|29]

2 .

383

= / (I, 0).

( 2 9 .2 0 )

* ) / ( , ) I, 0,
2
I
X (I, ) .
8 ( ),
,
| / ( * , ) - 5 ( 0 ) | < 8 ().
/ ( * , )
- .
3 . 8 ( ( 2 9 .1 6 )
^ = * * ,0 ) ,

( 2 9 .2 1 )

(I, 0) I, 0,
0 2

I 0
X (I, ); ( 1, 0)
0 - .
, :

|^(/,0)-()|<& *();

(29.22)

| { 1 , ' ) (I, 0) | < * ( ) | 0 ' - 0 ' | ,

( 2 9 .2 3 )

8* ( ), )* () . ,
( 2 9 .1 6 ) , 3 ( ,

* = /( * , 0 ( 0 ) ,

(29.24)

0 = 0 (* ) ( 2 9 .2 4 ) , , ,
( 2 9 .2 4 ) , 0 = 0 ( 0 ( 2 9 .2 1 ) ,
( 2 9 .1 6 ) ,
8
4 . 1
, 8 (
.
, = ( 1 ) ( 2 9 .1 6 ) ,
I 10 - [ / :

%(*^ ^ *7 I > 10 :
| (0 -

(*, 0 ( 0 ) I

< () - (*-/.),

( 2 9 .2 5 )
* ((, ( 0 )

*) / (1, 0)
.

384

5.


> 10,

>

[ .

)-

VI

( 2 9 .2 7 )

6. ,
1 , 17, -
*0 ,
* (*)

I > ,

( 2 9 .2 5 )

( * ) # 0, (10) 1 0,

( 2 9 .2 8 )

( 2 9 .2 7 ) 1 > 10.
,
,
8 ( .
( 1 ) , ( 1 0) 17,

,
^7 ( > 0).

,
, / ( ^ , 0) ( 1, 0)
I ( 0)
.
.

II.
8
, , :
* = (?)+
< = + ( 1 , , ) ,

5
6

{ ( ? ) + * (? ) 6 *},

( 2 9 .2 9 )

= + ( , 8 , ,

( 2 9 .3 0 )


X = $ (0 + ) +

{ (0 + ) ( + ) + * ( + ) {* + * ) } = / ( I , 0 ),

( 2 9 .3 1 )

, I, I I I
, ( , 0,
( 2 9 .2 1 ) ) . , ,

( 9)6 + * ( 9 ) 6*| <

6 = / + ,

| < &,

:
^ I (0 + ) ( + ) + * (0 + ) (* + *) | < ,

( 2 9 .3 2 )


V ( 2 9 .3 1 )


= } ( 1 , 0),

8 29]

385

1 (1, 0) = 5(0 + (, 0 ,/( , 0, ))) +


+ ~2 ~{ (6 +
+

(^, 6, / ((, 6, ))) ( / (^, 0, ) + (^, 0, / (2, 0, ))) +

* (0 + ( , 0, / ( * , 9, ) ) ) ( / *

(I, 6, ) +

( , 9 , / ( , 0, , ) ) ) } .

, $ ( 9 ), -4 ( 9 )

2 , , / ( 2 ) = / ( , 0 ( 2 )), ( 1 , 0, / ( 2 , 0, )), ( 2 , 0, / (, 0, )), ( . . 3 4 5 ) ,


0 2 , ,

= 1,

0)

0 2 .
I , / = / ( , , )
- .
$ (9 ) (9 )
- , ( 2 9 .3 1 ) , 1( 1, )

- .
, (),
,
|/(*,0)-(0)|<& ().

( 2 9 .3 3 )

3)
I , ( 2 8 .5 1 )

0.
, 8
,
1 ,
. . ,
| ( - / ( ; (

) | <

(I) ( 2 9 .1 6 ) ,
I 1 - II .
, ( 2 9 .3 1 ) , ( 2 8 .1 0 7 ) :
(1) - 1 ( 1 ,

( 1) ) \ = \

(0

+ (* ,

0,

, ) ) + {

(0

+ 8 (* 9 . )) (/ +

+ (, 0, [ ) ) + * (0 + ( 1 , 0, /,)) (*{ + * (I, 0, /,))} $ (0 + ( ( ,

0,

/ ) ) ----- 2 ~{

(6

(I, , / ) ) ( / (I, 9, ) + (I, 9, / ) ) +

+ * (0 + (I, 0, / ) ) (/* (I, , ) + * ((, 0, /))} | <


< ( , 0) | , - / ( * , 1 ) ) \ < \ - 1 ( { 0, 0 ( ) | - < - >.

386

,
17, :
I

(0

/ (*,

(*)) I <

()

/ ( 0, 0 ( ( ))

[ . V I

_81 ((_().

( 2 8 .9 6 )
2 I I I ( 2 8 .1 0 8 ) ,
0.
5 6 II I
2 .
, .
,
,

^

= *(,,),

( 2 9 .3 4 )

,
( 2 9 .3 4 ) ,

0 ( $ ) = 11 ^
-

\ ( 1 , , 0 ) &1.

( 2 9 .3 5 )

, , ( 1 , ),
( 1 , , & )
0 < < '.
, ( 2 9 .3 4 )
( 2 7 .1 0 5 )
.
30.

,
( 2 9 .2 0 ) 1( 1, 0 ) ( ( , )
I (
0 ) .
2 ) 3) I I 2 9
, , X ( I , )
I .
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) :
% = ( * ) + ( 1 , , ,*),'
( 3 0 .1 )
% = + ( ,8,,*),

| + ( . , * . * )

( 3 0 .2 )

= * + ( . . * - * ) !
( 2 9 .2 2 ) I I :
<2

() = .

( 3 0 .3 )

$ 30]


, ( 2 7 .4 7 )

/(2,9)

(I, )

387

( 3 0 .4 )

I V ((, 9 , ), (I,
( 2 7 .1 0 3 ) , . .

, ),

. 351,

( 3 0 .5 )

(I, 9 , ), (I, 9 , ) I



( 3 0 .1 )
( 2 7 .1 0 4 ) :

( 3 0 .6 )


.
( 2 9 .2 2 ) I I :
( 3 0 .7 )
/ ( , ) ( 1 ,
, ,
, ,
, 8 .
.
:
( 3 0 .8 )
(I)
10, 0 == 0 (*) 1 1:

( * ) = + ( * - * , *, -

( 3 0 .9 )

, '
( 3 0 .8 ) , . . (I, 0) I 0
2, ( , ( 0, 0)
10, 60 2 .

,
10 - \ - , :

( 3 0 .9 )

I 10 ?0 4 - ( + 1 )

0*1 = 0 + ( ? \ 10 + , )

388

[ . V I

,
( 0 ) = ( 7 \ 10, 0 )
, ( , 10, ) I ,
:
< =

+ (

( . )

(0) 0 2 .
, II 29 = 2, ( 0)
.
, ( 3 0 .8 ) , ( 2 9 .2 3 ) :
| , ') - ( 1 , ")|<71*()|0'-0"|,
,
+1

-----

* . . .
<71

(*) I +1

|
I

, ( 3 0 .1 0 ) , :
| / ()|<()|
($) > 0 * > 0 .
,

( 3 0 .1 1 )

() < 1 ,
( 3 0 .1 1 ) :
1 + ' ( 0 ) > .

( 3 0 .1 2 )

() = 0 + (0 )

(3 0 .1 3 )

( 3 0 .1 2 )
:

( 0 + 2) = () + 2.

-^()

( 3 0 .1 4 )


.
( 3 0 .1 0 ) ,
( 3 0 .8 ) 1 = 10 - \ -
( 3 0 .1 4 ) , 0.
, ( 3 0 .8 )
( 3 0 .1 0 )
.
,
* ),
:
1)
0 ( 3 0 .1 0 ) , . .
( 3 0 .1 3 )
=

( 3 0 .1 5 )

*) . ^ , 8 1 1 ^^8 (111 1
! , ^ . <1 1., 11 (1932).

I 30]

389


7 =
-.

( 3 0 .1 6 )

0 .

2) V ,
( 3 0 .1 5 )
= 2 + + 22 ( 2 - \ - ),

( 3 0 .1 7 )

, ( ?)
2. 9 + 2 2 ( 9 )
, ,
.
3) V :

, , 5 ,
( 3 0 .1 5 ) ,
:

+- 0 =

*,

( 3 0 .1 8 )


.
, 0 -
( 3 0 .1 5 ) , 0,
( 0 , 2 -),
, :
> .

?>>

+ < 27.

( 3 0 .1 9 )

2 ," ;' <

( 3 0 .2 0 )

- <

.

6 3

V.
( 3 0 .1 9 ) 10 10 - \ -
^ ( ' 1

> )

*> :
( 1) = + ( 1 - 0 - , 0, 0),

( 3 0 .1 7 ) :
6 (I) = 2 + + ( 2 + ) + (I 10 , 10, 2 +
+ + 22 ( 2 - \ - )).
:
-

+ (

) + ( - ^ = - , ,

+ ( ? ) ) = / ( , ?) .

, ( 3 0 .2 1 )
*
, - 1 10
$ = 2 ------ ^ ------- ,

( 3 0 .2 1 )

390

[ . V I

:
8 ( 0 = 21^ ~ * ) + + / ( 2 ^

1- < - , 2 + ) ,

( 3 0 .2 2 )

= %+

2.

, , / ( $ , 9 )
9 2 , ( ) (, 10, 0 )
9 0 2 ~ .
, ( 3 0 .2 2 ) ,
:

2 , 2 + + 2 ^ =

'(

= ] ( 2 '1

, 2 + ^ .

( 3 0 .2 3 )

I . I

1 1 = - ^ .
( 3 0 .2 3 ) , ,

/ ( 2 , 2-{- + 2) = / ( , 2 + ) .

(3 0 .2 4 )

2 , ( 3 0 .2 4 ) ,
9
/(

+ 2 ) = / ( ,

).

( 3 0 .2 5 )

( 1 0 ? - 27 ( ! 0 ) = 7( ?)>

( )

(-26>

2 ,
= 2 ( ) , , ,
/ ( , 9 )
9 , 2 , , ,
( 3 0 .2 5 )

( ^

^ .

( 3 0 .2 2 ) :

( 3 0 .2 2 ) , ( 3 0 .2 6 ) ,
:
6

(I) = 2 * = * + + / (

*=* + V

( 3 0 .2 7 )

| 30]

391

( 2 9 .2 0 )
* = / ( * , 0 (* )),

( 3 0 .2 8 )

V :
( ) = ( *, < + )

( = ^ - , = ^ ,

= ^) ,

( 3 0 .2 9 )

( ? , &)



<
9 2 .
,

( 2 9 .1 6 ) ,

8
2
=
=

, ( 3 0 .2 7 )

1 = ^
111
- 1
1

( 2 9 .2 2 ) ( 3 0 .8 ) :

| - ( ) | < * ( ) .
,

( 3 0 .3 0 )

V 2 ()

= ~ .

, V :

5 .





( 3 0 .8 ) ', ,
8 (,

I > .
, , ,
2
,
2 _

2 -

~ ~ ~ ~ ~
, V

( 2 9 .1 6 )
( ,

392

[ . V I

;5<)
, .
,
8 (, , 1

.
,
( 2 9 .1 6 ) , 1 = 10 - ,

1 >

, . .

V.
, ( 2 9 .2 5 ) , ( 2 9 .2 6 ) ,
I * (I) -

/ (I, 0 ( 0 ) I < () - * -' ),

^ - ^ ( , (

)[<

() (*-*),

, -
6(1) (( 0, )
( 2 9 .2 6 ) ,
6 (2) - 9 ( * ) - 0 ,
( 3 0 .3 2 )

1-+

( 2)
= ( ( , ? ).

( 3 0 .3 3 )


, 0 ,
16 + 1 - (0 ) I <

( )

= ,

( 3 0 .3 4 )

- < - > 0,
71

( 3 0 .3 5 )

<
? +1 = ()"

( 3 0 .3 6 )

,

( 2 9 .1 6 ) ,
I = 20 - 6 ,
0 ,
( 3 0 .3 4 ) ,
( 3 0 .3 5 ) .
.
:

^+1 + -^( +1) _ { + - ^ ) ^ ^ - () +


+ - * ( - * + ) ,
6 + 1

- -^+1) - ( -

- ) = 6 + 1 -

(0 ) -

(3 ' 3 ? )

- ^ ( - ^ '),
. ,
.

30]

393

( 3 0 .1 1 ) ( 3 0 .1 3 ) :
^ ( 0 ) = 1 + ' ( 6 ),
| ' ( ) | < (),
:

1 - ( ) < / ( 0 ) < 1 + ().


, ( 3 0 .3 8 )
( 3 0 .3 7 ) :
+ 1

+ ~ * ^ 1) <

+1

(30.38)

( 3 0 .3 4 ) ,

(0 + ~ * 1 ) +
() ~ ^
- ^ ( 1 __ ( ) _ - ) )

-
>(+\) > (0

-^) _

(30.39)

() - 0

+ - ^ (1 () - - ^ ) .
0 ,
0 :
1

- (8) - > 0 .

, ,

~ ---------^
1

()

( 3 0 .4 0 )

(3 0 .4 1 )


" = 0 + ~ ^ , $ = 9 - <>,

( 3 0 .4 2 )

( 3 0 .3 9 ) :
+ 1 " ( ),
( 3 0 .4 3 )
+1 > ( ).

9, , 9, ,


( 3 0 .3 6 ) :

(3 0 .4 4 )

9, 1 = ( 9 )

9, =

+ -^ = ^

( = 4
( 3 0 .4 3 ) ,
(0), ,

( = , + 1 ,
^ ,

+ 2, . . . ) . |
)

<4 5>

( 3 0 .4 6 )

394

[ . V?

( 3 0 .4 5 ) :
= - ^ - ^ )
6 = + - * ,
, ( 3 0 .4 6 ) , :

9 , + . ~ 8'1' <

< , ~" .

( 3 0 .4 7 )


V.
( . 3 8 9 ) 9, <,
( 3 0 .3 6 )
:
9, = 2 + + ( 2 + $), 1
9, = 2 + ] + ( 2 + ]), ^
$ ) .
( 3 0 .4 7 ) ( , <, < 9, )
, 9 + (9 ) ,
,
, ( 3 0 .4 8 ) ? 1

( 3 0 .4 9 )
( 3 0 .4 7 ) = + 1 ( 3 0 .4 5 ) , :
9 ; + 1 . > 6 +1 + ^ - ^ ( + 1 ) ==(;
? ; + 1. <

0 + 1

+1

- ^ - ^ ( + 1) = ^ + 1 , + 1 . I

( 3 0 .5 0 ) ( 3 0 .4 8 ) , :

+ (2' (-\ - ) 4 $) > $+1 + (2 (-\- ) - ^+1),


' + (2 ( + V) + ]) < )+1 4 - (2 ( 4 - V) 4 - ^+1),
- \ - ( 9 ) ,
+1 ^
1< )
71 + > 71- I

( 3 0 .5 1 )

, ( 3 0 .4 8 ) ( 3 0 .4 5 ) :
%+ (2 4 -%) \ ( 2

- ) ) = 2 ~ ^ > 0 ,
-

~>

00

( 3 0 .5 2 )

( 3 0 .4 9 ) , ( 3 0 .5 1 ) ,
, $ ) , ,
, .

, ( 3 0 .4 7 )
. - ( 3 0 .4 8 ) , :
2 4 -$ 4 - 2 ? ( 2 4 -$ ) > 0 > 2

0 { ( 2%

- )

- 7] + ( 2 4 - ] ),

> :
- ( 2 . 4 - )} > 0 ,

( 3 0 .5 2 )

( 3 0 .5 3 )

30]

395

- ? ~ > 0 ~ - > ,

( 3 0 .5 4 )

V:

* =

( 3 0 .5 5 )

5 .
,
:

5-

1 (>) = ( . . . ( < ) . . . ) - 2 ,

( 3 0 .5 6 )

, <.
(? )
2 , , ,
?)-?

( 3 0 .5 7 )

?.

,
3 ), ,
( 3 0 .3 6 )

(<)


? ? = 2-.

( 3 0 .5 8 )


+ = ( . . .

( (?))...),

( 3 0 .5 6 )
+ - 2 = ! (?)>
, ( 3 0 .5 8 )
? 8

( 3 0 .5 9 )

= , :

= (? )-

, ' ? 0

, = 1 ((),

( 3 0 .6 0 )

( 3 0 .3 6 ) ? ,
<0, ( 3 0 .5 8 )

= + 2/.

(30.61)

:
? +1 - ^ (

0

= 0.

( 3 0 .6 2 )

( 3 0 .3 4 ) :

8+1- ^ ( 6 8 ) >

->.

( 3 0 .6 3 )

396

V

- < - > .
,

[ . V I

6 - ' 8 - > 0 > ~ >

( 3 0 .6 4 )

, ( 3 0 .6 2 ) ( 3 0 .6 3 ) ,
8 +1 - < 5 +1 - > 0 >

, ,
0 +&

9$+& "

^ 00,

= 0, 1 , 2 , . . ., 5 - 1 .
( 3 0 .6 1 ) , ( 3 0 .6 4 )
2 - > 9 0>

> 00,

( 3 0 .6 5 )

0 ( 3 0 .6 0 ) .


( 2 9 .1 6 ) , ( = 10
-

, V
( 3 0 .6 5 ) .
, ( 3 0 .6 5 ) .
- < ( 3 0 .3 6 ) ,
%,
( 0 , 2%).
, ( 3 0 .6 1 )
% = ? - 2^ ,

2-

9 = ?.
( . . 3 8 9 ), :

3 ),

- < 9 < .

(30.66)

> > > 0> + < 2 , ( 3 0 .1 9 ) ( 3 0 .5 9 )


? * 1 = '+ -

2 ~ 2 * = ( 9 . ) ~ 2 ^


9 8

, ,
:

+ 2 ^ ,

(9 ) ,

9+1

= 1 ( 9 ),

( 3 0 .6 7 )

(<) ,
( 3 0 .3 6 ) 1
. ,

30]

397

.,

? , ? 1 , ?>
, ,
, ( 3 0 .6 0 ) .
.
).
9( = 0 >

2 )

- ( 3 0 .6 0 )

? = 1 ( 9 ),
. . 0,
<0 <

< ?*+ 1

(3 0 .6 8 )

9 > ? 0 > ? 0+1-

( 3 0 .6 9 )

?0

. , ( 3 0 .6 8 ) .
(9 ) :
1

(?) <

, ( 3 0 .6 7 ) , :
9+1 <
( 3 0 .6 8 ) .
( 3 0 .6 9 ) .
).
9,~?( = 0 , 1 , 2 , . . . ) ,

( 3 0 .7 0 )

( 3 0 .3 6 ) ,
( 3 0 .6 0 ) ,
9 > 9
, , ( 3 0 .6 0 ) .
.
,
, : 1 )

2 ) , .
. ,
,
?>?

,

( 3 0 .6 0 ) , , ,
9 >

9-

398

'

" ( 3 0 .6 0 ) ,

9 ,


, :

1. V I

",
(3 0 .7 1 )

9
9 ", :

(3 0 .7 2 )

? > ? '
(3 0 .7 1 ) (3 0 .7 2 ) :
9

? |


.

( 3 0 .7 0 ) .
( 3 0 .7 0 ) ,
.
:
?

+1

9 =

9+4 9 =

( 9 ) ? ,
(9 )

9,

,
).
( 3 0 .6 0 )

(9 ) - 9 =
, ,
[9 , 9 ]
, ) .
( 3 0 .4 7 ) :
9

, - - 1 <

< ; _ - ^ 0 ( = , +

, + 2 ........... ).


9,

9 ,

2' = 9 , ,
2

= 9 , ,

( 3 0 .7 3 )

711, = ,

( 3 0 .4 7 )
2 - , :
~ ^ < < 9 , - -*
{=, + 1 , + 2 , . ..),

9, +

( 3 0 .7 4 ) .

, ( 3 0 .4 5 ) = ( 3 0 .7 3 ) , :
(3 0 .7 5 )

? 30]|

399

- > &
9

. ,

( 3 0 .7 6 )

<0 ( 3 0 .6 0 ) , ( 3 0 .7 4 )
,
0

9 0

~ *

00

( 3 0 .7 3 ) , :
~ - 2 ^ ~ ^ ?>

.
, , ( 3 0 .7 6 ) >
( 3 0 .6 0 ) ,
)
[^ [9

, , ( 3 0 .6 0 ) .
, ,

_
_
_
1+ = [+&, +&,

+&]

[9> > 9 . ]

.
,
:
9 +&,

+&

9 + . + ^ 9. ^ 9>

( 3 0 .7 7 )

9+. +
+
9 , ' 9 ,
,
( 3 0 .7 4 ) = - \ - , :
+, -

10 < " + 8 > 0+ >

( 3 0 ,7 7 ) .

+, + --<0 <"+*>.

( 3 0 .7 8 )
,

( 3 0 .7 9 )

( 3 0 .7 5 ) , :
0 + +

0 < "+ * > =

'+, + ,

( 3 0 .7 7 ) ( 3 0 .7 8 ) :
9

+&, ^ +, +& ^

9 +&,

+
1 + = [ 9 + , +, '+, +

9 ,

( 3 0 .6 0 ) ,

( 3 0 .8 0 )

( 3 0 .8 0 )

.%+

?+, > <*+ >


, ,
~~

~~I

? + 1 , *+2 , 7 >

~~

( 3 0 .6 0 ) , ) .
( 3 0 .7 8 ) .
,
^+ ^

400

[ . V I

. , , ( 3 0 .7 5 )
1 2 - ^

( 3 0 .6 0 ) ,

, >

- ? ,

90

( 3 0 .6 0 ) ,

0$ -

( 3 0 .7 3 )

2 % ~ 0, - > ,

V.

.
I I I .
~

= (1,)

( 3 0 .8 1 )

) ) I I 2 9 ( . . 3 8 2 ) ,
) = 2 .
, :
) X ( 2, ) 2
^ [ /
) ( 3 0 .4 ) (I, <, ), ( 2 , 9 , ) :
7 (*>?. ) = \

),

( { , < , ) = ( 1 , ' ? + { , ) ,
I V ( 2 , 9 , ), ( 1, <, ) 2
9 , .
'
0 ( 0 < ), < 5 '
( 3 0 .8 1 ) 8
2 17,
2 ) 3 ) I I , = 2 .

X = / ( 2 , 0 ),


! - = * (<, )

/(2,9)

( 2, 0)

0 ),

( 2 ) = ( 2 , { + ), = ,

),

. ^ -

( 9 , )

),

, 2.

, V , (0 ,
8 (, 2 ; V
, 8 (
,
, 8 (,
2 > .

30)

401

)
| > | <

(),

()

)
| -

V ) | < ( ) ,

()

0.

1

.
( 3 0 .8 1 ) , 1 10
- [ / , , 1 ~ >
(
V
V).
I, II, III
.
,
( 1 . 1 ):
2

\ \
\ , ~

.

( 1 .2 4 ) :

- ' , ( ) ,
( 1 .2 7 )
274
() =

2^

^ / ( ,

) .

, I
,
, I
.
( 1 .1 ) :
= ,
% =

- .

:
^ - / ( ,

) ,
( 3 0 .8 2 )

= ^ / ( ,

) ,

/ ( , > ) <1>

402

, VI

, ( 2 6 .1 ) .
( 2 6 .2 ) :
2

2 ^

^/(,

) ,

. .


( ) = 0

0,

0 -

, / ( , ' ) (, ' )


( 3 0 .8 4 )

@ ( 3 0 .8 3 )

= 0 ()

2,


( 3 0 .8 5 )

( 3 0 .8 6 )
.

( 3 0 .8 2 ) , , ( 1 .1 )
, '
, ( 3 0 .8 4 ) . ( 3 0 .8 5 )
, ( 3 0 .8 4 ) .
,
.
,
( 1 3 .1 ) :

30]

403

, .
:
- (,),

( 3 0 .8 7 )

5 - = - , (.*).

( 1 3 .1 4 ) , ( 1 4 .2 3 ) :
V

, &) =

( 3 0 .8 8 )

2 (I

( >)

1~

/ ( , ^ - ^ + & ) ( - ^ + &).

,
( 1 3 .1 ) :
X = $ VI + 7] VI,

0.1

N8111 ^ + 7] V V* ,

( 3 0 .8 9 )

:
( 3 0 .9 0 )

< .> .

. (, $, )) . VI
{*.

(I,

(I, $, 7)) VI
7 ( 1 , 5 , 7 ] ) = ---------------------

- ) = ---------------- =--------
9

") = / V*, $

71 V I ,

V 31 ^ + 71 V V*"*)

I;

( 3 0 .8 7 )

V* +

] 3111

V? ^ .

I
, ,
( 3 0 .9 0 ) :
2-

= 2^

= ^

<('

2 <2

< ' * ) .

404

[ .

V I

( 3 0 .8 7 )
$ = & ,

] = & .

, ( 3 0 .8 7 )
= 0 ,

&=

( 3 0 .9 1 )

&0


( 3 0 .9 2 )

/ ( I , , ' )
, .
, , ,
( 3 0 .8 1 ) ,
.
, , I .
,
, ,
( 1 3 .1 )


08(

^ + ? ) -

,
( 3 0 .9 2 ) ,
* > + .

,
, / ( , , ')

, ' .
I I I I I ( ) )
.
, ,

, :
.
, .
,
, . , ,
, ( 1 3 .1 ) ,
- 10
^(1) = (I)
4 '
' '

^ 1 ,

^
) (I) = ( { ) 1 +



I > + .

30]

= ^(),

405

+ ( ),

( 3 0 .9 3 )

( ) 1 ( ) ( 1 3 .1 5 ) , ( 1 3 .3 5 ) :
2- 2
()=

~ 4 , ^

> ) 0 ,

2 2

() =

^ ^ / (9, ,

) 0 .

I I , I I I (1 3 .1 )
:
{ + <),

(1

<).

:
~

= ^ 1 , ^ + < , ) ,

= ( 1 , + , ) ,

(3 0 .9 4 )

(0, , ) =

/ ( 9 , ,

(0, , ) == / (0, ,

) ,

) .

, , I V.
, :

2 27

^ ,4 (, 1 + <, ) 6,1 =

^ (0, , ) 0 = ( ) ,

2 2

- ^ 2? (V*, * +
->

61

( 3 0 .9 5 )

^ (0 , , ) 0 = ( ) . I

, (
.
, , ,
/ (1, , ' )

III,

N
2

( , ) ,

-
/ (, ' ) X, ' .
,

, ( 3 0 .9 5 ) .
.

406

( 3 0 .9 3 )
( ) ( 3 0 .9 4 ) .
,

[ . V I

( ) = 0
:

; ()

, / ( 6, , ' )
, ' *

, , II
I I I ( ) ) ).
, ,
( 1 3 .1 )
, 0, I
.

1 ( 0)

,
( ) <
.
, ,
II, II I, ,
( 1 3 .4 6 ) ,
, * ).

.
, ,
.
, ,
.

.
29,.
,
-
.
( 2 7 .1 0 5 ) , ,

+ 1 , , ,
.
,

,
,
.
*) - 2 ( + >)2.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

. ., , . , 1956.

. . . ., , , 1937.

. ., , ., 1943.
- - ., , , 1935.
. ., , , 1932.
. ., , 30 , ,
1950.
. .,
, . , 1945.
. ., 1 1 , !
9, . IX , 1 6 (1950).

. ., ,
14 (1950).
. . . .,

, , V II (1955).

. ., , , ., 1954.
1- (,
), , 1933.
- , , , 1942.
I ., 8 \ 1 1,
8'1, 1918.
. ., -- ,
, X I (1947).
, IV, . I (1934) (
).
. . . .,
! , . , 1934.
. . . .,
, . I, ,
1934.
. . . II.,
,
., , 1934.
. . . ., !
, . , 1934.
. . . .,
, . , 1934.
. . . ., ,
. , 1937.
. . . ., <1 1 [ 1 111 <1 1 1
^ 11 (
1 1), , 1935.
I 8 ., 1:1 , . .,
1946.
{ I 2 8 ., ! : 1 , , 1957.
1 ., 1 11, . . <1. (1928).
. ., , , 1935.
. ., ,
, 1956.

408

29. . ., , . , 1948 1952.


30. 1 N .. 111 1 - , . , ., 1947.
31. . .,
, . , 1955.
32. , . . . ,
, 1939.
33. . . . .,
, , 1950.
34. . , . . , , 1954.
35.
. ., , . , 1948.
36. . .,
, . , 1955.
37. ., , ,
, 194738. 1 ., <1 1 11, ,
, 1. I (1892); 1. II (1893); 1. III (1899).
39. . ., , , 1956.
40. .,
, , 1953.
41. . ., , 1934.
42. . ., , , 1952.
43. . .,
, . . 22 (64), 193204 (1948).
44. X . ., , , 1954.
45. . ., , , 1946.
46.
. . , 0 ,
, , . V III, 1937.
47. . .,
; , 12 (1940).
48. . 3 ., ,
, . ., ,
. 19, . 2 (1946).
49. X , , ,
1957.


........................................................, .........................
..........................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
I.

. . .

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

........................................................
, ..................................
.............................................................................
.............................................................................
...........................................
................................................................

.............................................................................................................................
8.
.......................................................................................................

II.

9.
10.
.
12.

7
36
36
49
60
68
76
86
93
107

..............................................................................

116

. ..............................
.......................................................................................................
...............................................
. . -- . . . .

116
133
144
148

III.

....................................................

155

. . . .
......................................................................................
. .


,
.............................................................................................................................
17. .............................................................................
18. . .
19.
...................................................

155
170
185

232

IV .
......................................................................................

247

13.
14.
15.
16.

20.
...........................................................................................
21.
,
.........................................................................
22.
..............................
23.

..........................................................................................

198
209
221

247
259
270
281

V. . ................................................................................ ...... 297


24.
297
2 5 ., ............................................................ .......315

VI. .......................................... ......327


26. ............................................................................327
27. ............................................. 332
28.

.......355
5 29.
...... 379

30. .............................. ...... 386
......................................................................................................................................... ...... 407

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