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Compressibility Z-factor of natural gases by A.K.

Coker

Compressiblity ( Z) -factor

The equation used gives a compressibility Z factor to within 5% for natural hydrocarbon gases
with specific gravities between 0.5 and 0.8 and for pressures up to 5000 psia. The Z factor can
be expressed by:

Z F1

A P 10

1.785S g

T 3.825

F2 F 3 F4 F5

0.5
0.4
0.3

0.0054 T 460

0.2
0.1

F3 A1 P A2 P A3 P A4 P A5 P
3.18Sg 1.0 0.5 P
4

F4 0.154 0.152Sg P

F5 0.35

0.6 Sg

0.02

1.039 P 1.8 2

0
100

Using the molecular weight or density of gas to molecular weight or density of air.

Sg

molecular weight of gas


molecular weight of air

Constants
A1=
A2=
A3=
A4=
A5=
A6=

0.001946
-0.027635
0.136315
-0.238489
0.105168
344000000

0.8

0.6

F1 P 0.251Sg 0.15 0.202Sg 1.106

0.9

0.7

where:

F2 1.4 e

or

Sg

density of gas
density of air

Specific Gravity of gases

Gas Temperature

Sg=
Sg=
Sg=
Sg=
Sg=
Sg=
Sg=

Temp=
Abs Temp=

0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.5

60 oF
520 oR

F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.00092872
0.020356481
0.027309391
0.026802342
0.023192448
0.018371706
0.013277786
0.00838438
0.003917789
-3.2329E-005
-0.0034518

F5
0.001738
0.006046
0.018
0.031876
0.033575
0.021036
0.00784
0.001738
0.000229
1.8E-005
8.4E-007

Press, psia
100
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000

Z-factor
1.0009
0.9757
0.9054
0.8452
0.8063
0.79
0.7997
0.8282
0.8611
0.8929
0.9353

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.55

F1
0.993705
0.988925
0.98295
0.976975
0.971
0.965025
0.95905
0.953075
0.9471
0.941125
0.93515

F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.00806402
0.012623276
0.022699758
0.02505512
0.023526089
0.020064675
0.015768008
0.011265421
0.006910801
0.002891078
-0.00070854

F5
0.000869
0.003023
0.009
0.015938
0.016788
0.010518
0.00392
0.000869
0.000115
9.0E-006
4.2E-007

Press, psia
100
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000

Z-factor
0.9817
0.9503
0.8748
0.8093
0.7716
0.7639
0.7834
0.8196
0.859
0.8977
0.9485

Compressibility (Z) factor

F1
1.00255
0.99275
0.9805
0.96825
0.956
0.94375
0.9315
0.91925
0.907
0.89475
0.8825

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.0126168
0.006064583
0.018090125
0.022867647
0.023351128
0.021344817
0.017996537
0.014037534
0.009925482
0.005936658
0.002227376

F5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Press, psia
100
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000

Z-factor
0.9646
0.9241
0.8406
0.7684
0.7309
0.7315
0.761
0.8048
0.8508
0.8962
0.9551

0.8

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

Compressibility (Z) factor

F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

0.9

0.7

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.60

F1
0.98486
0.9851
0.9854
0.9857
0.986
0.9863
0.9866
0.9869
0.9872
0.9875
0.9878

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.65

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

Com

0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5

F1
0.976015
0.981275
0.98785
0.994425
1.001
1.007575
1.01415
1.020725
1.0273
1.033875
1.04045

F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.01549988
0.000519485
0.013480492
0.020189036
0.022544517
0.022040993
0.01977276
0.016512733
0.012790506
0.008957045
0.005235032

F5
Press, psia
-0.000869
100
-0.003023
500
-0.009
1000
-0.015938
1500
-0.016788
2000
-0.010518
2500
-0.00392
3000
-0.000869
3500
-0.000115
4000
-9E-006
4500
-4E-007
5000

Z-factor
0.9488
0.8966
0.8027
0.7221
0.684
0.6928
0.7324
0.7841
0.8367
0.8888
0.9559

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.70
F1
0.96717
0.97745
0.9903
1.00315
1.016
1.02885
1.0417
1.05455
1.0674
1.08025
1.0931

F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.01730913
-0.00415214
0.008870859
0.016963576
0.020961443
0.021938539
0.020842836
0.018425456
0.015248735
0.011716329
0.008106578

F5
Press, psia
-0.001738
100
-0.006046
500
-0.018
1000
-0.031876
1500
-0.033575
2000
-0.021036
2500
-0.00784
3000
-0.001738
3500
-0.000229
4000
-2E-005
4500
-8E-007
5000

Z-factor
0.9333
0.8673
0.7607
0.6703
0.6309
0.6478
0.6978
0.7579
0.8172
0.8762
0.9515

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.75
F1
0.958325
0.973625
0.99275
1.011875
1.031
1.050125
1.06925
1.088375
1.1075
1.126625
1.14575

F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.018432
-0.00807221
0.004261226
0.013130312
0.018431917
0.020769821
0.0208725
0.0194075
0.016925307
0.013852967
0.010506841

F5
Press, psia
-0.002607
100
-0.009069
500
-0.027
1000
-0.047813
1500
-0.050363
2000
-0.031554
2500
-0.011759
3000
-0.002607
3500
-0.000344
4000
-3E-005
4500
-1E-006
5000

Z-factor
0.9177
0.8357
0.7144
0.613
0.5717
0.5968
0.6577
0.7264
0.7929
0.8591
0.9427

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

Calculations of Z compressibility factor of natural gases at @ 60oF and Specific gravity = 0.80
F2
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503
1.0125503

F3
0.008265
0.008335
-0.022695
-0.04391
-0.032988
0.012832
0.084051
0.166202
0.247152
0.324398
0.412365

F4
-0.0191193
-0.01134671
-0.00034841
0.008622598
0.014756885
0.018202896
0.019425618
0.018955674
0.017285217
0.014829124
0.011916738

F5
Press, psia
-0.003476
100
-0.012092
500
-0.036001
1000
-0.063751
1500
-0.06715
2000
-0.042072
2500
-0.015679
3000
-0.003476
3500
-0.000458
4000
-4E-005
4500
-2E-006
5000

Z-factor
0.9015
0.8016
0.6639
0.5506
0.5069
0.5402
0.6125
0.6903
0.7644
0.838
0.9304

Compressibilit y (Z) factor

F1
0.94948
0.9698
0.9952
1.0206
1.046
1.0714
1.0968
1.1222
1.1476
1.173
1.1984

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

Compressiblity ( Z) -factor

Compressibility factor of natural gases @60oF, and at specific gravity of 0.5

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

3100

3600

4100

4600

Compressibility (Z) factor

Pressure, psia.

Compressibility fact or of natural gases @60oF and at specific gravity of 0.55

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

P ressure, psia

3100

3600

4100

4600

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

3100

3600

4100

4600

Compressibility (Z) factor

P ressure, psia

Compressibility factor of natural gases @60oF , and at specific gravity of 0.60


1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

3100

3600

4100

Compressibility (Z) factor

Pressure, psia

Compressibility fact or of natural gases @60oF, and at specific gravity of 0.65

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

4600

Com

0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

3100

3600

4100

4600

Compressibility (Z) factor

P ressure, psia.

Compressibility factor of natural gases @60oF, and at specific gravity of 0.7

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

3100

3600

4100

Compressibility (Z) factor

Pressure, psia.

Compressibility fact or of natural gases @60oF, and at specific gravity of 0.75

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5

4600

Compressibility (Z) fact

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

3100

3600

4100

4600

Compressibilit y (Z) factor

Pressure, psia.

Compressibility factor of natural gases @60 oF, and at specific gravity of 0.8

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100

600

1100

1600

2100

2600

P ressure, psia.

3100

3600

4100

4600

A plot of Compressibility Z factor of natural gases at 60oF, and Specific gravities between 0.5 to 0.8 by A.K. Coker

Compressibility (Z) factor

SpGr=0.5 SpGr=0.55 SpGr=0.60 SpGr=0.65 SpGr=0.70 SpGr=0.75 SpGr=0.8


Press, psia Z-factor Z-Factor
Z-Factor
Z-Factor
Z-Factor
Z-Factor
Z-Factor
100
1.009
0.9817
0.9646
0.9488
0.9333
0.9177
0.9015
500
0.9757
0.9503
0.9241
0.8966
0.8673
0.8357
0.8016
1000
0.9054
0.8748
0.8406
0.8027
0.7607
0.7144
0.6639
1500
0.8452
0.8093
0.7684
0.7221
0.6703
0.613
0.5506
2000
0.8063
0.7716
0.7309
0.684
0.6309
0.5717
0.5069
2500
0.79
0.7639
0.7315
0.6928
0.6478
0.5968
0.5402
3000
0.7997
0.7834
0.761
0.7324
0.6978
0.6577
0.6125
3500
0.8282
0.8196
0.8048
0.7841
0.7579
0.7264
0.6903
4000
0.8611
0.859
0.8508
0.8367
0.8172
0.7929
0.7644
4500
0.8929
0.8977
0.8962
0.8888
0.8762
0.8591
0.838
5000
0.9353
0.9485
0.9551
0.9559
0.9515
0.9427
0.9304

Figure 3-23 P lots of Compressibility factor of natural gas at 60oF, and specific gravities of bet ween 0.5 t o 0.8

1
0.9
0.8
0.7

Colum
nB
Colum
nC
Colum
nD
Colum
nE
Colum
nF

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

1000

2000

3000
P ressure, psia.

4000

5000

6000

en 0.5 to 0.8 by A.K. Coker

en 0.5 t o 0.8

Colum
nB
Colum
nC
Colum
nD
Colum
nE
Colum
nF

6000