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Table of Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ix

Alexander Kondakov. Making a Queer Archive for Sexuality Studies . . . . . . . . .

xi

Nationalist Grounds of Discrimination


Laurie Essig. Bury Their Hearts: Some Thoughts on the Spectre of Homosexuality Haunting in Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Olya Reznikova. The Role of Gender and Race in Researching Postcolonialism
in Russia: Grief and Chechen Feminism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lusine Saghumyan. Fear of Loss: Stigmatization of Homosexuals in Armenia . .

3
24
42

What the Law Says


Dan Healey. What is Traditional Sex? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Marianna Muravyeva. (Non-)Traditional Sexual Relationships as a Legal
Category: A Historical Legal Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Nikolai Gorbachov. Normativity Production in the Discourse around the Ban
on Homosexual Propaganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Anna Alimpieva, Maria Kohanovskaya. The Most Western Homophobia:
AnAnalysis of Public Discourse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Ruslan Shulga. Possible Strategies for the LGBT Movement in Russia under
aRepressive Official Policy Regime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Strategies of Political Resistance
Alexander Bard, Jan Sderqvist. Socioanalytical Ethics and the Collapse of the
Capitalist Left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anna Kurowicka. Constructing a Stable Identity in a Queer World: The Case
of Asexuality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Veronika Lapina. The Networking of Russian LGBT Organizations under
Political Heterosexism: Principles for Categorizing Activists . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zillah Eisenstein. Nationalism and Homophobia in Contemporary Russia . . . .

133
155
166
183

Word Order and Representations of Experience


Kevin Moss. Celebrating Embodied Homosexuality in Evgeny Kharitonov and
Gennady Trifonov . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Elena Nekrasova. Homosexuality as an Expedient: The Gender Specificity of
Russian Fanfic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
Liza Korolyova. Content Analysis of the Journal Ostrov and Its Literary
Supplements: The Semantic Space of Lesbian Life in Russia from 1999
until 2013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
vii

Table of Contents

A Daily Life That Is Denied


Francesca Stella. Researching the Lives of Lesbians during the Soviet Period:
AGenerational Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Katja Sarajeva. Wordplay: Flexibility in Normative Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alisa Zhabenko. Contemporary Reproductive Choices in Lesbian Families
inRussia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dmitry Vorontsov. The Attractiveness of Homosexual Masculinity as a Symptom of the Transformation of Womens Gender Expectations in Russian
Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theoretically, Everyone Is Free
Dmitry Isaev. The Concept of Queer as a Positive Direction in Societal Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Olgerta Kharitonova. The Traps of Queer Theory and How Feminism Negotiates Them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anna Gizullina. The Evolutionary Basis of Homosexuality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alla Mitrofanova. Queer Feminism as a Construction of Mediatic Worlds . . . .
Anastasia Sheveleva. The Concept of Identity in Queer Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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293
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319
335
352

Education without Prejudices


Olga Plakhotnik. Queer Pedagogy and Post-Soviet Education: What Is the Way
Out of the Epistemological and Political Impasse? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Patrick Wielowiejski, Katharina Debus, Bernard Knnecke, Klaus Schwerma,
Olaf Stuve. Gender-Sensitive Work with Boys in School: Conceptual
Elements and Some Outcomes from Teacher Trainings in Germany . . . . . . 379
Psychology of the Sexual Self
Maxim Kasianczuk. The Internal Homophobia of Bisexual Men . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Olesia Shokalyuk. Attitudes toward Motherhood amongst Childless Homosexual Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alexander Kim, Elena Shumakova. Dominant Behavioral Patterns in the Social
Adaptation of Individuals with Different Sexual Orientations . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tatiana Zborovskaya. The Socio-Cultural Specifics of Worldview Formation
amongst Transgenders: A Study of Associative Norms in Russian and
English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

391
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430
438

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Grey et al. 2013 Grey J.A., Robinson B.E., Coleman E., Bockting W.O. ASystematic
review of instruments that measure attitudes toward homosexual men// Journal of
Sex Research. 2013. N50 (34). P.329352.
Fort 2011 Fort Z. Out in the open or on the down-low: the implication of an identity crisis among bisexual men: athesis for the degree of Master of Arts. Michigan:
Central Michigan University, 2011.
Stokes et al. 1996 Stokes J.P., McKirnan D.J., Doll L., Burzette R.G.Female partners
of bisexual men: What they dont know might hurt them// Psychology of Women
Quarterly. 1996. N20. P.267284.


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428

Goldberg, Sayer 2006 Goldberg A. E., Sayer A. Lesbian couples relationship quality
across the transition to parenthood // Journal of marriage and family. 2006. N68(1).
P.87100.
Parsons, Forster 1978 Parsons A., Forster J. Lesbian couples: Should help extend to
AID? //Journal of Medical Ethics. 1978. N4(2). P. 9195.
Patterson 2006 Patterson C. J. Children of lesbian and gay parents // Current
directions in Psychological science. 2006. N15(5). P. 241244.
Tasker, Golombok 1997 Tasker F. L., Golombok S. Growing up in alesbian family:
effects on child development. London: Guilford Press, 1997. P. 194.




, *
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1997 . . : Port-Royal, 1997.


, 1993 .., .. . --, 1993.
1988 .. . ., 1988.
Barnhouse 1977 Barnhouse R. Homosexuality: a Symbolic onfusion. New York:
Seabury press, 1977.
Bayer 1981 Bayer R. V. Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of
Diagnosis. New York: Basic Books, 1981.
436

Rosenzweig 1945 Rosenzweig S. The picture-association method and its application


in astudy of reaction to frustration// Journal of Personality. 1945. Vol.14. P. 323.
Shields 2007 Shields A. Access to health care for LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan Retrieved
for open society foundation. Public health program. 2007.
Yumatov 2008 Yumatov R. Sexual orientation, gender roles and suicidal ideation
among young adult men. Bishkek: American University-Central Asia, Psychology
Department. 2008.



:


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Kiss G. R., Armstrong C., Milroy R. An associative thesaurus of English. 1972.


URL: http://www.eat.rl.ac.uk/ ( : 22.10.2013).
EAT .
2
Nelson D. L., McEvoy C. L., Schreiber T. A. The University of South Florida
word association, rhyme, and word fragment norms. 1998. URL: http://www.usf.edu/
FreeAssociation/ ( : 22.10.2013).
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Bodies poem by Denice Frohman, autonomy, prison,
struggle, transition, modify, size, hard, present, health,
lies, shop, mine, odor, light, core, dysmorphic, pain,
form, nude

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USF ( ,
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human),
447

(happy, ugly),
(boobs).
5
man EAT

Man

hole, human, alive, ape, beauty, child, creation, dane, eater,


fat, father, film, girl, horse, lollipop, lung, mankind, me,
men, nonsense, species, trap

EAT

woman, strong, boy, male, power, sex

binary, myself, strength, Meu, tough, sexual, , boobs, stan,


something that will forever be me amale human, happy,
am, drake, ideal, ugly, love, gender, yes, husband, trans,
shoulders

:
(flat chest, facial hair), -
(identity, patriarchy).
6
man USF

Man

USF

boy, lady, moon, muscle, wife


woman, strong, human

448

male, flat chest, mean, person, strength, rough, different,


me, special sort, whole, Parker, broad, danger, powerful,
guy, girl, man, identity, chile, bear, patriarchy, person, ahead,
facial hair, lyman, ideal

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, (trans, body, something Ill


never be afemale human),
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womyn, past,
power. (human,
person), USF
(girl, lady, mother).
8
woman EAT

Woman

EAT

sex, child, beauty, bed, blouse, clothes, curves, dress, earth,


fine, girlfriend, great, hater, hell, her, hides, legs, lovely,
naked, pig, warmth, wear
man, female, skirt, soft, people, girl, beautiful

450

feminine, disadvantaged, wife, , yell, fair, strength,


something Ill never be afemale human, society, am, me,
gender, professional, body, trans, frolic

9
woman USF

Woman

mother, love

USF

man, female, girl, lady, beautiful

hello, curves, human, sexy, person, birth, feminine, ideal,


, self, me, dress, Mum, boobs, laughing, my, not me, who,
power, child, past, womyn, hood, attractive


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hurt, hurtful, liars. ,

: diversity diverse,
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look
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watcher, watching.
452

1 1
people EAT

People

men, fun, me, crowds, folk, fools, all, bad, bodies,


communism, community, company, conditioned, eat, eaters,
English, everywhere, feel, feet, foreign, friend, gather, girls,
group, hampden, help, here, interesting, lady, life, living,
London, love, many, mass, masses, matter, meeting, mob,
name, need, objects, paper, party, patch, piper, place, players,
pope, race, say, shops, talk, theatre, them, things, us, war,
women, world

EAT

population, crowd, stupid, friends, society, noise, places

hurt, crowded, person, liars, humans, diverse, earth, are,


hurtful, friendly, horde, diversity, look, most

,
,
, : dangerous,
scary, fear, funk, abomination, mean, are fucking people.
1 2
people USF

People

USF

friend, different, human, family, animal, city, nice,


population, associate, mix, strange
group, place, crowd, person, many, like, world

dangerous, thoughts, folk, scary, politics, diversity, clan,


persons, are fucking people, help, masses, insects, crowds,
united, judge, color, we the people, here, fear, dead, warm,
abomination, watcher, lots, animals, , company, mean,
overwhelming, exist, funk, watching, a, friends
453

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impaired.
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spunk (.; .

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1 4
sick EAT

Sick

EAT

joke, tired, well, of, puke, bay, bowl, dead, death, doctor, dog,
drink, drunk, duty, grapes, healthy, heath, honk, humour,
leave, man, ness, no, pain, pathology, person, pill, poorly,
spew, stomach, suffering, toast, weak, welfare
ill, vomit, bed, illness, patient

unwell, , flu, note, toilet, insect, bile, impaired, worry,


fight, always, help, ailing, medicine, spunk
455

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sick of it all,
!.
1 5
sick USF

Sick

hospital, doctor, illness, fever, hurt, medicine, nausea

USF

well, ill, bed, cold, vomit, flu

green, yuck, malade, days, chronic, kitten, disturbed, nurse,


medication, of it all, bastard, home, thermometer, germs, to
death, multiple sclerosis, day, and tired, puppy, still, strep
throat, , dying, thin, death, soup, sad, mom, sea

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1 6
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1 7
doctor EAT

Doctor

medicine, ill, dentist, patient, dolittle, illness, medic, sick,


surgery, man, me, smith, accident, apple, bird, brown,
coat, dr., dull, evans, exam, family, Faustus, Findlay, finlay,
flying, fosterfraud, friend, healing, ills, kildare, law, lawyer,
murderer, no, pain, profession, professor, quack, safe, spock,
stethoscope, surgeon, white, wife

EAT

nurse, physician, medics, death, heal, hospital, house

medical, wise, health, Doctor Who, lab coat, waiting-room,


dolittle, pratt, Who, aperson who works with illnesses, help,
beat, lady

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gatekeeper.
1 8
doctor USF

Doctor

help, dentist, hospital, illness, shot, cure, dead, ill, office


USF
health, nurse, surgeon, M.D., patient, physician, lawyer,
healer, medicine, sick

458

coat, practice, thesis, time lord, upsetting, appointments,


hospital, physical, Who, money, expensive, specialist, pain,
Doctor Who, called, transition, is in, sadist, boring, white,
gatekeeper, visit, heal, quack, stethoscope,

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1 9
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(wrong, prison, made out of organs
and what not, hate, ugly),
(dysmorphia, dysphoria), ,
(modification, improvement, image).
,
: work Of Work Bodies Of Work, .
459

2 0
body EAT

Body

soul, odour, dead, beautiful, head, mind, sex, anatomy,


arm, build, guard, leg, people, woman, bath, bawdy, beauty,
blow, brain, builder, building, cancer, clean, clothes, curves,
exercise, form, good, hand, heat, hod, human, legs, life, line,
liner, lotion, lust, mist, muscles, nice, nude, person, politic,
punch, same, sin, smooth, stocking, sun-tan, sweat, tang,
tanned, thorax, torso, warm, warmth, weight, whole, wink

EAT

flesh, machine, naked, skin

wrong, image, shape, and soul, structure, prison, language,


fat, work, made out of organs and what not, Of Work,
modification, improvement, clock, hate, ugly, dysmorphia,
mass, suit, slim, dysphoria, dancing

: image, wrong, prison, modification +


+ modify, dysmorphia + dysmorphic, dysphoria.
, chassis ( , ), betrayed, ew, uncomfortable,
2 1
body USF

Body

USF

muscle, arm, person, soul, build, excercise, healthy, gym,


nice, part, sexy, shape, strong, builder, corpse, figure, fitness,
head, leg, motion, skinny, sweat, thin, workout
fat, skin, human, mind, beautiful, self, sex

image, glove, irrelevant, chassis, wrong, modification,


betrayed, dysphoria, aligned, dysmorphia, ew, unknown,
talk, disfigured, other, uncomfortable, language, mass,
Bodies poem by Denice Frohman, autonomy, prison,

struggle, transition, modify, size, hard, present, health, lies,


shop, mine, odor, light, core, dysmorphic

460

struggle, hard, lies, irrelevant autonomy.


aligned, transition present ( ).
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(taboo, uncomfortable, asexual), , (change!, trap),


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gender,
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2 3
sex EAT

Sex

EAT

women, woman, bed, girl, good, yes, love, maniac,


marriage, men, life, lovely, mad, abound, appeal, bee,
bird, carnal, cold, cool, death, fields, fury, games, great,
health, journey, joy, kind, marvelous, mix, nice, o. k.,
pleasant, pot, sad, single, six, soft, wet, wow, yes please,
you
gender, male, fun, female

taboo, act, change!, sticky, boy, naked, horny, happy,


appeal, the act of reproduction or the genitals of
humans, different, fingers touching back, binary, trap,
uncomfortable, intercourse, determinant, fascinating,
rare, assign, asexual, bum

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, consentual, pain, trauma, bother,
complicated, scary, asexual; ,
change, dysphoric;
, physiological, biology. ,
.
462

2 4
sex USF

Sex

female, male, fun, appeal, good, intercourse, girl, personal,


reproduce, safe, woman

USF

love, gender, pleasure, passion

education, please, yes, virgin, yes please, consentual, often,


rape, orgasm, awesome!, exhilarating, play, dysphoric,
intimate, physical, change, is overrated, machine,
masturbation, object, orientation, bed, pain, bad, horny,
birth, hot, trauma, game, partner, great, worker, penis,
physiological, bother, biology, asexual, complicated, sexy,
scary, sex, cunt, joy, drugs, act

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2 5
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463

, (me, sometimes, to not be


visible), (closeted), , ,
(never, nothing).
2 6
hide EAT

Hide

conceal, cow, leather, skin, shame, attic, bark, bird, can,


chair, country, cower, cry, fear, find, horse, hush, outside,
park, retreat, secret, wall, wide

EAT

seek, and seek, away, out

bury, shame, closeted, hidden, deer, elephant, never, to not


be visible, armour, sometimes, me, nothing, bush, cave,
hug

:
no, no more. ,
, ( past, binding, myself, self), ( safety). closet,
,
- () ( ).
2 7
hide USF

Hide

USF

scare, out, game, fear, unseen


seek, find, run, away

464

no, armour, past, sneak, secret, and seek, father, safety, all,
exist, hidden, behind, and reveal, binding, myself, sheets,
leather, try, secretive, no more, self, truth, something, closet,
stay, darkness, and go seek, rawhide, shelter, conceal

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2007 . / .
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1984 ., . / .
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2006 / . . .. . .: , 2006.
Gates 2011 Gates G.J. How many people are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender?//
Williams Institute. 2011. URL: http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/
uploads/Gates-How-Many-People-LGBT-Apr-2011.pdf
(
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