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EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

Name:Class:

1.Baseyouranswertothefollowingquestiononthe

layersareindicated. fossilsareshownandtheirlocationswithintherock RocklayersAthroughEhavebeenlabeled.Twoindex geologiccrosssectionbelowofaregionofEarth'scrust.

geologiccrosssectionbelowofaregionofEarth'scrust. B)collisionofcrustalplateboundariesintherock

B)collisionofcrustalplateboundariesintherock

A)faultingandmovementoftherocklayers

providedbythe

Evidenceoftectonicactivityinthiscrosssectionis

layers

D)foldingandtiltingoftherocklayers

C)igneousintrusionintotherocklayers

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

2.Baseyouranswertothefollowingquestionon

typesoforganismspresentintherocklayers.

layerformedisshown.Thesymbols(star

outcrops,1,2,and3,foundseveralkilometersapart.Thegeologictimeperiodwheneachsedimentaryrock

thecrosssectionsbelowandonyourknowledgeofEarthscience.Thecrosssectionsrepresentthreebedrock

,circle,cross,square,andtriangle)representfossilsofdifferent

circle,cross,square,andtriangle)representfossilsofdifferent Explainwhythegeologicageoftheserocklayerscould not

Explainwhythegeologicageoftheserocklayerscouldnotbeaccuratelydatedusingcarbon-14.

3.WhatpercentageofEarth'shistoryrepresentshuman

C)23.5%D)morethan98.6%

A)lessthan1.0%B)1.8%

existence?

4.WhichindexfossilhasbeenfoundinOrdovician-agebedrock?

4.WhichindexfossilhasbeenfoundinOrdovician-agebedrock? A) B) C)D) 5.Theaccumulationofwatervapor,carbondioxide,and
4.WhichindexfossilhasbeenfoundinOrdovician-agebedrock? A) B) C)D) 5.Theaccumulationofwatervapor,carbondioxide,and
4.WhichindexfossilhasbeenfoundinOrdovician-agebedrock? A) B) C)D) 5.Theaccumulationofwatervapor,carbondioxide,and

A)B)C)D)

A) B) C)D) 5.Theaccumulationofwatervapor,carbondioxide,and

5.Theaccumulationofwatervapor,carbondioxide,and

D)radioactivedecay

C)outgassingfromEarth’sinterior

B)photosynthesisbytheearliestlandplants

A)convectioncurrentsinEarth’soutercore

billionyearsagoresultedmainlyfrom

nitrogeninEarth’searlyatmosphereapproximately4

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

6.Thediagrambelowrepresentsageologiccrosssectionof

aportionofEarth'scrust.

aportionofEarth'scrust. D)Eriecoal,butbeforeformationofFreeport C)Gayleshale

D)Eriecoal,butbeforeformationofFreeport

C)Gayleshale

B)Dunbarlimestone,butbeforeformationofEriecoal

A)Freeportsandstone

Foldinganderosionoccurredaftertheformationofthe

sandstone

7.WhichgasbecamepartofEarth'satmospheremainlyas

C)heliumD)nitrogen

A)hydrogenB)oxygen

aresultoftheevolutionoflife-forms?

8.ThepresenceofcoalinAntarcticaindicatesthat

D)Antarctica’sclimatewasoncewarmer

C)Antarcticacurrentlyhasareasoftropicalclimate

B)forestscangrowoncontinentalglaciers

A)coalcanformincoldclimates

9.Averylarge,circular,impactcraterunderthecoastof

D)advanceandretreatofthelastcontinentalicesheet

C)extinctionofthedinosaurs

B)formationofPangea

A)appearanceoftheearliesttrilobites

old.Thisimpacteventisinferredtoberelatedtothe

Mexicoisbelievedtobeapproximately65millionyears

10.ThegasesinEarth'searlyatmosphereareinferredto

D)evaporationofseawater

C)volcaniceruptions

B)meltingofglacialice

A)meteorshowers

havecomeprimarilyfrom

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

sameletterarethesameage. separatedoutcrops.Allrocklayersaresedimentary.Nooverturninghasoccurred.Layerslabeledwiththe

Baseyouranswerstoquestions11and12ontheblockdiagramsbelow,whichrepresentthreewidely

11 and 12 ontheblockdiagramsbelow,whichrepresentthreewidely

11.WhichmethodwouldprovidethemostreliableevidencefortheideathatlayerJwasdepositedatthesame

D)comparingthemineralcompositionofeachJlayer

C)comparingthefossilsineachJlayer

B)measuringthethicknessofeachJlayer

A)measuringthepercentageofthemineralcementineachJlayer

timeineachlocation?

12.ThefaultintheEvansburgOutcropisyoungerthan

C)G,onlyD)J,only

A)F,G,H,I,andJB)GandJ,only

13.Whichradioactiveisotopeismostoftenusedwhen

C)potassium-40D)rubidium-87

A)carbon-14B)uranium-238

depositedduringtheHoloceneEpoch? determiningtheageoffossilbonesfoundinsediments

14.ThedivisionofEarth'sgeologichistoryintounitsof

D)seismicdata

C)fossilevidence

B)absolutedatingtechniques

A)climaticchanges

timecalledeons,eras,periods,andepochsisbasedon

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

15.Thediagrambelowrepresentsageologiccrosssection.

15.Thediagrambelowrepresentsageologiccrosssection. B)rocksareolderthantheigneousintrusionsthat

B)rocksareolderthantheigneousintrusionsthat

A)inplaces,thesandstoneisabovethebasalt

thanthesandstonebecause

Inthecrosssection,thebasaltisknowntobeyounger

cutthroughthem

D)igneousrocksareusuallyyoungerthan

C)thesandstoneismadeofweatheredbasalt

sedimentaryrocks

16.Muchoftheevidencefortheevolutionoflifeformson

D)studyingthelifespansofpresent-dayanimals

C)correlatingwidespreadigneousashdeposits

B)examiningfossilspreservedintherockrecord

A)radioactivedatingofmetamorphicrock

Earthhasbeenobtainedby

17.TheindexfossilshownbelowhasbeenfoundinNew

YorkStatesedimentarybedrock.

YorkStatesedimentarybedrock. A) YorkStatebedrockofthesameage?

A)

YorkStatebedrockofthesameage?

WhichotherindexfossilcouldalsobefoundinNew

YorkStatesedimentarybedrock. A) YorkStatebedrockofthesameage? WhichotherindexfossilcouldalsobefoundinNew B) C) D) Page5

B)

C)

D)

YorkStatesedimentarybedrock. A) YorkStatebedrockofthesameage? WhichotherindexfossilcouldalsobefoundinNew B) C) D) Page5
YorkStatesedimentarybedrock. A) YorkStatebedrockofthesameage? WhichotherindexfossilcouldalsobefoundinNew B) C) D) Page5
YorkStatesedimentarybedrock. A) YorkStatebedrockofthesameage? WhichotherindexfossilcouldalsobefoundinNew B) C) D) Page5

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

thegeologicpast. thesamepartoftheEarth'scrustatdifferenttimesin

18.Thediagramsbelowshowgeologiccrosssectionsof

18.Thediagramsbelowshowgeologiccrosssectionsof C) CADB D) ACBD A) ABCD B) CDAB thecrustprobablyformed?

C)CADBD)ACBD

A)ABCDB)CDAB

thecrustprobablyformed?

Whichsequenceshowstheorderinwhichthispartof

19.ThediagrambelowshowsacrosssectionoftheEarth's

crust.LineXYisafault.

crust.Line XY isafault. A) occurredinthisoutcrop?

A)

occurredinthisoutcrop?

Whichsequenceofevents,fromoldesttoyoungest,has

crust.Line XY isafault. A) occurredinthisoutcrop? Whichsequenceofevents,fromoldesttoyoungest,has B) C) D) Page6

B)

C)

D)

crust.Line XY isafault. A) occurredinthisoutcrop? Whichsequenceofevents,fromoldesttoyoungest,has B) C) D) Page6
crust.Line XY isafault. A) occurredinthisoutcrop? Whichsequenceofevents,fromoldesttoyoungest,has B) C) D) Page6
crust.Line XY isafault. A) occurredinthisoutcrop? Whichsequenceofevents,fromoldesttoyoungest,has B) C) D) Page6

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

20.Baseyouranswertothefollowingquestiononthepartialgeologicmapbelowandonyourknowledgeof

inNewYorkState. EarthScience.ThemapshowsthegeographicaldistributionofmostoftheDevonian-agesurfacebedrock

bedrock. Onthemap,placean X

bedrock.

Onthemap,placeanXatalocationwherethegastropodfossilPlatycerasmightbefoundinthesurface

21.Approximately2.2billionyearsago,whichgaswas

C)oxygenD)nitrogen

A)carbondioxideB)watervapor

life-formsthatevolvedintheoceans? firstaddedinlargeamountstoEarth’satmospherefrom

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

fossilisshowninoneoftherockunits. notbeenoverturned.PointAislocatedinthezoneofcontactmetamorphism.ANewYorkStateindex

22.Baseyouranswertothefollowingquestionontheblockdiagrambelow,whichshowsrockunitsthathave

rhyolite.

rhyolite.

Statetheevidenceshownbytheblockdiagramthatsupportstheinferencethatthefaultisolderthanthe

24.Whichgeologiceventmostlikelycausedthe

D)beforetheearliestmammals

C)attheendoftheCambrianPeriod

B)attheendoftheCretaceousPeriod

A)beforetheearliestbirds

23.Whendiddinosaursbecomeextinct?

A)themassiveerosionanddepositionofMesozoic

AppalachianMountainstoform?

rocks

D)themeltingofasubductedoceanicplate

C)theeruptionofanancientvolcanicmountainchain

B)thecollisionofNorthAmericaandAfrica

25.Inorderforanorganismtobeusedasanindexfossil,

D)livedinshallowwater

C)beenpreservedbyvolcanicash

B)livedonland

A)existedforageologicallyshorttime

widespreadandmusthave theorganismmusthavebeengeographically

26.Accordingtothefossilrecord,whichsequence

A)fishsoft-bodiedorganismsmammals

correctlyrepresentstheevolutionoflifeonEarth?

amphibians

B)soft-bodiedorganismsfishamphibians

amphibians B)soft-bodiedorganismsfishamphibians mammals C)soft-bodiedorganismsamphibiansfish mammals

mammals

C)soft-bodiedorganismsamphibiansfish

mammals

D)fishamphibiansmammalssoft-bodied

organisms

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

unconformityexistsbetweenrockunits5and6.

through7thathavenotbeenoverturned.SomeoftherockunitscontainNewYorkStateindexfossils.An

27.Baseyouranswertothefollowingquestiononthegeologiccrosssectionbelow,whichshowsrockunits1

timemarkers. Describe one

timemarkers.

Describeonecharacteristicofvolcanicashlayersandindexfossilsthatmakesbothofthemgoodgeologic

28.Baseyouranswertothefollowingquestiononthecrosssectionsbelow,whichrepresenttwobedrock

indexfossilremainsshown.

outcrops15kilometersapart.Therocklayershavebeennumberedforidentificationandsomecontainthe

C)containindexfossilsofthesameage

C)containindexfossilsofthesameageD)arecomposedofglacialsediments

A)containthesameindexfossilB)arefoundinthesamearea

bothlayers

Evidencebestindicatesthatrocklayers4and8weredepositedduringthesamegeologicperiodbecause

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

29.Thinlayersofvolcanicashactasexcellenttime

B)iseasilyerodedandlastsonlyashorttimeon

A)isdepositedovermillionsofyears

ash markersinthecorrelationofbedrockbecausevolcanic

Earth'ssurface

C)fallstoEarthoveralargeareainashortperiod

oftime

D)staysintheatmosphereformillionsofyears

30.Whichradioactiveelementisusedtodeterminethe

C)rubidium-87D)potassium-40

A)carbon-14B)uranium-238

absoluteageoflatePleistoceneanimalremains?

31.Thediagrambelowshowsanindexfossilfoundin

surfacebedrockinsomepartsofNewYorkState.

surfacebedrockinsomepartsofNewYorkState. D)TugHillPlateau C)AlleghenyPlateau B)AdirondackMountains

D)TugHillPlateau

C)AlleghenyPlateau

B)AdirondackMountains

A)NewarkLowlands

bedrock?

gastropodfossilmostlikelyfoundinthesurface

InwhichNewYorkStatelandscaperegionisthis

33.WhichgeologiceventoccurredinNewYorkStateat

D)gastropodsandeurypterids

C)coralsandvascularplants

B)placodermfishandgraptolites

A)trilobitesandnautiloids

Period? extinctionthatoccurredattheendofthePermian

32.Whichtwotypesoforganismsbothsurvivedthemass

B)depositionofthesandsandclaysunderlying

A)initialopeningoftheAtlanticOcean

dinosaursandammonoids? approximatelythesametimeastheextinctionof

LongIsland

D)formationoftheQueenstonDelta

C)advanceandretreatofthelastcontinentalicesheet

34.Afossilformed11,400yearsago.Whichpercentageof

C)25%D)12.5%

A)100%B)50%

theoriginalamountofcarbon-14remainsinthefossil?

35.Whichfossilsequenceisinorderfromoldestto

A)

youngest?

35.Whichfossilsequenceisinorderfromoldestto A) youngest? B) C) D) 36.Radioactivecarbon(C l4

B)

C)

D)

A) youngest? B) C) D) 36.Radioactivecarbon(C l4 )wouldbeespeciallyusefulin
A) youngest? B) C) D) 36.Radioactivecarbon(C l4 )wouldbeespeciallyusefulin
A) youngest? B) C) D) 36.Radioactivecarbon(C l4 )wouldbeespeciallyusefulin

36.Radioactivecarbon(C

l4

)wouldbeespeciallyusefulin

D)Precambrianigneousrocks

C)geologicallyyounginorganicremains

B)geologicallyyoungorganicremains

A)extremelysmallamountsofmaterial

determiningtheageof

EarthHistoryTameHomeExam

37.Thediagrambelowrepresentsacrosssectionofa

portionoftheEarth'scrust.

portionoftheEarth'scrust. D)faultingalongline XY C)depositionofrocklayer C

D)faultingalonglineXY

C)depositionofrocklayerC

B)foldingofrocklayerB

A)erosionofthesurfaceofrocklayerA

Whichgeologiceventisthemostrecent?

38.TrilobitefossilswererecentlydiscoveredinHimalayan

C)TriassicD)Cretaceous

A)NeogeneB)Cambrian

theseorganismshavelived? Mountainbedrock.Duringwhichgeologicperiodcould

39.WhichgeologiceventoccurredmostrecentlyinNew

D)ThePalisadesSillintruded.

C)AcontinentalglaciercoveredmostoftheState.

B)TheTaconicMountainsformed.

A)TheentireStatewasupliftedfrombelowsealevel.

YorkState?

40.WhendidtheJurassicPeriodend?

D)163millionyearsago

C)66millionyearsago

B)144millionyearsago

A)190millionyearsago

1.D

2.–Carbon-14hasa

remainsintherock. –Noorganicmaterial daterecentremains.

–Carbon-14isusedto

carbon-14.

tocontainmeasurable rocklayersaretooold shorthalf-life.–These

3.A

4.B

5.C

6.D

7.B

8.D

9.C

10.C

11.C

12.A

13.A

14.C

15.B

16.B

17.D

18.C

19.A

20.–

Xiswithinthe

YorkCity.

northwestofNew

zonelocated

MiddleDevonian

zoneortheEarlyand

MiddleDevonian

21.C

22.—Theintrusionhas

thefault. rhyolitecutsacross offset.—Theigneous notbeenbrokenand

23.B

EarthHistory

AnswerKey

24.B

25.A

26.B

27.—Theyareformed

widespread. geographically time.—Theyare overashortperiodof

28.C

29.C

30.A

31.D

32.C

33.B

34.C

35.A

36.B

37.A

38.B

39.C

40.B