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# SLAB DESIGNER

ver 2.00
Name of author:Mofiz Ahmed

An Example

## Now finding the ratio of ly and lx, ly/lx=1.33

Since the ratio (ly/lx)=1.33 is less than 2 so it is a Two way type of slab

## Taking the value to nearest multiple of 5 or 10 then d=100 mm

Providing a nominal cover of 30 mm,therefor overall depth D=130 mm

Self weight per square unit=Volume*Unit weight of concrete=1*1*D*U where U is the unit weight of
concrete and is assumed as U=25 KN/m2

## Total load acting on the slab W=7.90 KN/m2

Total factored load acting on the slab Wu=Factor of safety * W=1.50*7.90=11.85 KN/m2

## Since d is less than support width so the effective spans are...............................................

Lefx=lx+d=3100 mm

Lefy=ly+d=4100 mm

## Ratio of effective spans in X and Y direction i.e Lefx/Lefy=1.32

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get -ve alpha x i.e -ve ax=0.07

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get -ve alpha y i.e -ve ay=0.05

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get +ve alpha x i.e +ve ax=0.05

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get +ve alpha y i.e +ve ay=0.03

As per ANNEX D of IS-456 Moment is calculated as : alpha value * load * square of effective length

Positive moment in X direction(shorter span) for alpha positive i.e +ve ax M1=5.68 KN-m

Negitive moment for alpha x negitive in X direction i.e -ve ax M2=7.56 KN-m

Positive moment in Y direction (longer span) for alpha positive i.e +ve ay M3=3.99 KN-m

Negitive moment in Y direction (longer span) for alpha negitive i.e -ve ay M4=5.35 KN-m

## As per IS-456 for Fy=415 N/mm2 we have Xu=0.48*d=48.00

//////////// AREA OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT /////////////

## From IS-456 we have ultimate moment as Mu=0.36*fck*1000*Xu*(d-(0.42*Xu))

Putting all the respective values in the above equation we get Mu=34.49 KN-m

Since Mu is less than M therfor we can design the slab as singly reinforced

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## (area of each bar*b)/total area of steel

Spacing calculated or required spacing=361.74 mm

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## Spacing required for minimum steel reinforcement =418.88 mm

Spacing provided for minimum steel reinforcemen =300 mm since it was greater than 300mm and 5d is
also more than 300 mm

## converting it into nearest multiple of 5 or 10 =300 mm

For moment M2=7.56 KN-m we have reinforcement steel 112.49<120 Calculated steel area is less than
minimum steel required so providing minimum steel value and its spacing

## Dimension of torsional area are................................

In X direction =Lefx/5=620 mm

In Y direction =Lefy/5=820 mm

## Spacing provided between torsional bars =300 mm

//////////CHECK FOR SHEAR/////////////

## Percentage of steel=(Pi*diameter of main steel bar*100)/(spacing between main bars*effective depth)

=(3.141592654*dia*dia*100)/(spacing*d*4)

=0.26

From Table 19 of IS-456 for Pt=0.26 and Fck = 25 N/mm2 we get Tc=0.37 N/mm2

## From Table 20 of IS-456 for Fck-25 we get Tcmax=3.10 N/mm2

Since Tv is less than Tc and Tcmax,therefor the slab is safe against shear

## From IS 456-2000,clause 23.2.1 we have fs=0.58*fy*(Area of steel required/area of steel provided)

In case of this slab we have........ Area of main mid steel required/Area of main mid steel provided=0.62

## We have percentage of steel as Pt=0.26

Now for the above value of Pt and fs we get modification factor F1 from Fig 4 of IS 456-2000 as F1=1.99

Now Maximum L/d ratio allowed = F1*basic L/d ratio as given in clause 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000

## Provided L/d = effective length in shorter direction*effective depth=Lefx/d=31

Since Max L/d ratio is greater than provided L/d ratio so Deflection criteria for this Slab is satisfied
///////////////RESULT/////////////////

Moment=7.56 KN.m

## Ultimate moment=34.49 KN.m

shear force=13.84 KN

Pt=0.26 %

Tv=0.14 N/mm2

Tc=0.48 N/mm2

Tcmax=4.03 N/mm2

k=1.30

d=100 mm

D=130 mm

## Check for Deflection=Satisfied

***********END***********