Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

# SLAB DESIGNER

ver 2.00
Name of author:Mofiz Ahmed

An Example

## Now finding the ratio of ly and lx, ly/lx=1.33

Since the ratio (ly/lx)=1.33 is less than 2 so it is a Two way type of slab

## Taking the value to nearest multiple of 5 or 10 then d=100 mm

Providing a nominal cover of 30 mm,therefor overall depth D=130 mm

## /////////////// LOAD CALCULATION ///////////////

Self weight per square unit=Volume*Unit weight of concrete=1*1*D*U where U is the unit weight of
concrete and is assumed as U=25 KN/m2

## Total load acting on the slab W=7.90 KN/m2

Total factored load acting on the slab Wu=Factor of safety * W=1.50*7.90=11.85 KN/m2

## Since d is less than support width so the effective spans are...............................................

Lefx=lx+d=3100 mm

Lefy=ly+d=4100 mm

## Ratio of effective spans in X and Y direction i.e Lefx/Lefy=1.32

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get -ve alpha x i.e -ve ax=0.07

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get -ve alpha y i.e -ve ay=0.05

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get +ve alpha x i.e +ve ax=0.05

For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get +ve alpha y i.e +ve ay=0.03

As per ANNEX D of IS-456 Moment is calculated as : alpha value * load * square of effective length

Positive moment in X direction(shorter span) for alpha positive i.e +ve ax M1=5.68 KN-m

Negitive moment for alpha x negitive in X direction i.e -ve ax M2=7.56 KN-m

Positive moment in Y direction (longer span) for alpha positive i.e +ve ay M3=3.99 KN-m

Negitive moment in Y direction (longer span) for alpha negitive i.e -ve ay M4=5.35 KN-m

## As per IS-456 for Fy=415 N/mm2 we have Xu=0.48*d=48.00

//////////// AREA OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT /////////////

## From IS-456 we have ultimate moment as Mu=0.36*fck*1000*Xu*(d-(0.42*Xu))

Putting all the respective values in the above equation we get Mu=34.49 KN-m

Since Mu is less than M therfor we can design the slab as singly reinforced

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## (area of each bar*b)/total area of steel

Spacing calculated or required spacing=361.74 mm

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## Converting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10

Spacing provided=300 mm

## Spacing required for minimum steel reinforcement =418.88 mm

Spacing provided for minimum steel reinforcemen =300 mm since it was greater than 300mm and 5d is
also more than 300 mm

## converting it into nearest multiple of 5 or 10 =300 mm

For moment M2=7.56 KN-m we have reinforcement steel 112.49<120 Calculated steel area is less than
minimum steel required so providing minimum steel value and its spacing

## Dimension of torsional area are................................

In X direction =Lefx/5=620 mm

In Y direction =Lefy/5=820 mm

## Spacing provided between torsional bars =300 mm

//////////CHECK FOR SHEAR/////////////

## Percentage of steel=(Pi*diameter of main steel bar*100)/(spacing between main bars*effective depth)

=(3.141592654*dia*dia*100)/(spacing*d*4)

=0.26

From Table 19 of IS-456 for Pt=0.26 and Fck = 25 N/mm2 we get Tc=0.37 N/mm2

## From Table 20 of IS-456 for Fck-25 we get Tcmax=3.10 N/mm2

Since Tv is less than Tc and Tcmax,therefor the slab is safe against shear

## From IS 456-2000,clause 23.2.1 we have fs=0.58*fy*(Area of steel required/area of steel provided)

In case of this slab we have........ Area of main mid steel required/Area of main mid steel provided=0.62

## We have percentage of steel as Pt=0.26

Now for the above value of Pt and fs we get modification factor F1 from Fig 4 of IS 456-2000 as F1=1.99

Now Maximum L/d ratio allowed = F1*basic L/d ratio as given in clause 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000

## Provided L/d = effective length in shorter direction*effective depth=Lefx/d=31

Since Max L/d ratio is greater than provided L/d ratio so Deflection criteria for this Slab is satisfied
///////////////RESULT/////////////////

Moment=7.56 KN.m

## Ultimate moment=34.49 KN.m

shear force=13.84 KN

Pt=0.26 %

Tv=0.14 N/mm2

Tc=0.48 N/mm2

Tcmax=4.03 N/mm2

k=1.30

d=100 mm

D=130 mm

## Check for Deflection=Satisfied

***********END***********

## © Mofiz Ahmed 2009

www.mofizahmed.webs.com

his design of slab is done by using SLAB DESIGNER ver 2.00 Though thorough analysis has
been done while designing the software and the output produce,the user are highly recommended to
follow manual designing procedure and to use this software for checking purpose only.Ther author takes
“NO RESPONSIBILITY” if any type of damage is caused by using the software or by using or reading or
following this manual or example.