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Activity 2.2.

2 Engine Simulator
Introduction
Turbine engines have predictable performance based altering several parameters.
This predictability allows an engine to be designed with the assistance of a software
simulator. This reduces design cost and improves safety and performance.
In this activity you will learn how to use a software simulator to design a turbine
engine.

Equipment

Engineering notebook
Pencil
PC
Internet access

Procedure
In this project, your teacher may have you work alone or with a partner. If you work
with a partner, it would be best for you to divide the responsibilities. However, you
will need to be sure you understand what your partner did and you will need to
explain to your partner what you did as each of you will be responsible for all of the
work of your team.
You may access the EngineSim version 1.7a software at the NASA-Glenn
Research Center Beginners Guide to Propulsion,
http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bgp.html, after reading and learning
about the four main propulsion systems as described in the guide. If access to the
software is not readily available, your teacher may have a version already for you to
use on your PC.

2011 Project Lead The Way, Inc.


Aerospace Engineering Activity 2.2.2 Engine Simulator Page 1

1. Set the following conditions in EngineSim:

Design Mode
English Units (Imperial)
Turbojet (above the animated graphic)
Input speed + altitude

2. Set the flight conditions for the following: Airspeed = 0, and altitude = 0, and
throttle = 100.
3. Record the net thrust (FN) 6824 lbs_and the Fuel Flow 5688 lb/hr__________.
4. Change the altitude to 10,000 ft. and the Airspeed to 350.
5. Did the thrust increase or decrease? Decrease
6. Did the fuel flow increase or decrease? Decrease
7. What are the Thrust 4896 lbs and fuel Flow_4692 lb/hr?
8. What happens when you choose a different engine? Explain.
The thrust and the fuel flow increase and the image o the engine changes to different
shapes it also changes the engines calculations on everything
9. Choose a jet with afterburner and record the thrust 8114 lbs and the fuel flow
8332 lb/hr
10. Choose a turbofan engine and record the thrust 7784 lbs and the fuel flow 6329
lb/hr.
11. What can you conclude about the effect of an increase in altitude and airspeed
on thrust? The more increase of altitude and airspeed on thrust will increase
net thrust____ and on fuel flow? The fuel flow will also decrease from low
aluidude or speed
12. Based on your findings, which engine is more fuel-efficient? Turbo Fan

Conclusion
1 Explain how this tool could help aircraft designers?
This tool could help aircraft designers by allowing the part to be more fuel
efficient and better for the environment due to the comparison of how
much it takes in fuel per hour and how far it takes it.
2 What factors made the largest impact on thrust and fuel flow?
The factor that made he largest impact on thrust and fuel flow is the effect
of airspeed and increase of altitude
2011 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Aerospace Engineering Activity 2.2.2 Engine Simulator Page 2

2011 Project Lead The Way, Inc.


Aerospace Engineering Activity 2.2.2 Engine Simulator Page 3