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The North

vs.
The South

Content & Language


objective
Content Objective: Through a class lecture and
study guide, students can identify at least one
difference in social, political, geographic, and
economic conditions between the North and
South.

Language Objective: Through a letter, students


can compare four differences between both
regions and share a law they have learned and
their views towards the law.

Vocabulary
Abolitionism Bleeding Kansas-

Popular
Sovereignty-

Compromise of
1850-

Republicans-

Fugitive Slave Act Industrial Revolution Kansas Nebraska


Act-

Scott vs. Sanford


(1857) Sectionalism Urbanization-

Geography
THE NORTH
Cold winters/humid summers
Urbanization- the growth of
cities
Harbors were vital
Shipbuilding is big

Rocky soil in the inland


Difficult to farm

THE SOUTH
Mild winters/humid
summers
Agriculture
Swamps & marshes
Rice is a popular food to
grow

Inland is fertile
Able to grow tobacco and
cotton

Sectionalism
Definition: Devoted to
the interests of the
region you live in
Occurs in the early
1800s
After the War of 1812
Result: the nation is
divided
How do you see
sectionalism today?

social
THE NORTH
White Northerners
European immigration
Black Northerners
Free but not equal
(segregation)
Laborers & servants
Abolition Movementdesire to end slavery
More schooling
opportunities

THE SOUTH
White Southerners
Wealth is measured by
number of slaves & land
African Americans
Freed wear special badges
Slaves worked mainly in the
fields

Question

What social
media will you
use to create
awareness
against
slavery? Why?

economic
THE NORTH
Industrial
Revolution- change
from farm industry to
machine based
Factories
Less skilled laborers
Low wage, long hours

THE SOUTH
Plantations
Cotton is King
Slaves provided labor

Question

Why werent
Native
Americans used
as slaves?

POLITICAL
THE NORTH
Republicansbelieved no man
can own another
Want free states
THE SOUTH
Democrats/Whigs
Want slave states

Compromise of 1850
California admitted as a
free state
Slave trade abolished in
D.C.
Boundary created for
Texas and New Mexico
Fugitive Slave Law
revised

Question:
Have you ever
had to
compromise with
someone? What
did you have to
compromise on?
Did the
resolution work
out?

Fugitive slave act


Escaped slaves must
be returned to their
Master
Slave is not entitled
to a trial by jury
If someone helps an
escaped slave:
Subject to a fine or
jail time

Kansas nebraska act


Creates the territories of Kansas & Nebraska
People of the two territories decide whether they
want to be a free or slave state
Popular Sovereignty

Bleeding Kansas
Supporters from the North and South move to new
territories
Violent, deadly encounters
Election fraud

Scott v. sanford (1857)


Slave from Missouri
Taken to Illinois and other free
territories
Returned to Missouri
Scott sues Missouri because he
views himself as a free man since he
lived in the free territories
Supreme Court rules against Scott
Are not or ever will be citizens
Scott could not even file a lawsuit

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