Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

For Teachers: Basic Tips For When You Have

a Visually Impaired Student in Your Class


Track This Blog By E-mail
Posted on 8/15/2013 at 1:22 PM
by AFB Staff

[Editors Note: The following post is excerpted from When You Have a Visually Impaired
Student in Your Classroom: A Guide for Teachers, edited by Susan J. Spungin and available
via AFB Press. Further details available at the end of this post.]

Will you have a child with a visual impairment in your classroom this year? Individuals working
with children with visual impairments, whether or not they have other disabilities, will find the
following basic guidelines helpful in interacting with students:

Consider the child as more like other children than different from them. Talk with the
child about his or her interests and experiences and expect the child to follow rules that
are appropriate to his or her developmental level.
Always let a visually impaired child know when you are approaching or leaving. Identify
yourself by name, especially if the child doesnt know you well. Never make a game of
having a child guess who you are. To do so can be confusing, frightening, or frustrating
to a child.
Briefly describe aspects of the environment that might be of importance or interest to the
child that he or she cannot see.
Always ask before providing physical assistance. If the child cannot understand words,
offer your hand or arm for assistance. If the child does not know you well, touch him or
her only on the hands or forearms, as you might touch another person in a social
situation. Reserve hugging and close physical contact for children who know you well,
especially if the child is older than preschool age.
Use words like blind or visually impaired in normal conversation with the child, but
only when they are important to the topic being discussed. Feel free to use words like
look and see, just as you would with any other child.
When walking with a child, encourage him or her to hold your arm near or above the
elbow and to use a cane, if he or she has one. A young child might hold your wrist or
forefinger. Discourage hand holding as a means of providing travel assistance; help the
child understand that it is a way of expressing affection and is different from travel
assistance.

For more information, consult the "When You Have" series from AFB Press, including When
You Have a Visually Impaired Student in Your Classroom: A Guide for Teachers, When
You Have a Visually Impaired Student with Multiple Disabilities in Your Classroom: A
Guide for Teachers, and When You Have a Visually Impaired Student in Your Classroom:
A Guide for Paraeducators, available as a set or individually at afb.org/store.