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GracePansze
SaraPrice
ModelUnitedNations
222015
ChinaPolicyPaper
EventhoughChinaisNorthKoreasmostsubstantialally,ChinabelievesthattheKorean
Peninsulashouldbedenuclearizedbecausethistechnologycausesdisruptiontothe
modernization,stability,andsafetyofnortheastasia.
EversincetheKoreanWarin1945,ChinaandNorthKoreahavebeencloseallies,and
developedalargeeconomicboostintradeexportingfood,fuel,andmilitaryresources.North
KorealargelyreliesonChinaforfundamentalresources.ThistradingpartnershipexpandsNorth
KoreaseconomyandgivesChinaleverageandinfluenceovertheKoreans.Annually,Chinaand
NorthKoreaspend$6.5billionintrade,plusChinaprovidesmorethan60%ofNorthKoreas
totaltrade.(Xu)ProvidingNorthKoreawiththenecessitiesgivesonlyChinainfluence,not
control,andevenastheirfriendlistally,theChineseareposedwithnuclearbombingthreats
fromtheirneighboringcountry.Asaresult,theChinesehavejoinedwiththeUnitedStates,
SouthKorea,andJapansmissiontodenuclearizethepeninsula.(Bodeen)Although,asa
memberoftheUnitedNationsSecurityCouncil,Chinahasbeenknowntovetoorwaterdown
resolutionsandsanctionstoprotectNorthKorea.(Bosco)
ThisiscausedbyChinasprimaryprioritydrivetomaintainstabilityandavoidconflict,
aswellasmodernizeitself.AftertheKoreanWar,ChinaagreedtoaTreatyofFriendship,
CooperationandMutualAssistancethatrequiresChinato"rendermilitaryandotherassistance

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byallmeansatitsdisposal"intheeventNorthKoreacomesunder"armedattackbyanystate".
(Rasca)ThistreatyhasamajorroleinthisconflictbecauseitinfluencesChinatopeacefullyand
strategicallyresolvethisemulation.Ifthisissueistobesolved,Chinawilldosopeacefully,asto
nothaveamajorimpactonitsprioritiesbydeployingresourcesandtroops.TheChinesewere
frustratedwhenNorthKoreadevelopedanuclearprogramandriskingthestabilityofnortheast
asiawithoutconsultingwiththemfirst.ChinacantrypersuadePyongyangtogiveupitsnuclear
program,butthatmayresultinchaosattheChineseKoreanborder,somethingChinaactively
avoids.ThegeneralstateofrelationsbetweenNorthKoreaandChinaishard,saidZheng
Jiyong,anassociateprofessorfromFudanUniversity.IfChinapressesD.P.R.K.[Democratic
PeoplesRepublicofKorea]tooharditcouldcollapse,butifitdoesntpresshardenoughitwill
becomeuncontrolledanddomorethingslikenucleartests.NorthKoreasbehaviorhasbeen
deemedunacceptablebytheChinese,andmustbediminishedimmediatelytopreventfurther
threats.(Perlez)OnesolutionistostopexportinggoodstoNorthKorea.AsSeniorFellowAdam
SegalfromtheCouncilofForeignRelations(CFR)states,TheideathattheChinesewouldturn
theirbacksontheNorthKoreansisclearlywrong.AndhiscollegeScottSnyderagrees,saying,
ThereisnoreasontothinkthatpoliticalrisksemanatingfromNorthKoreawillleadChinato
withdrawitseconomicsafetynetforNorthKoreaanytimesoon.(Xu)Onethingisclear,the
ChinesewontstopprovidingNorthKoreawithtradebecausecuttingthemoffmayresultina
nuclearattackthus,instabilityinnortheastasia.Foritspart,BeijingresentsPyongyangs
continuedprovocations,whichitfearswilldestabilizeandraisetheriskofconflictintheregion
driveSouthKoreaandtheUnitedStatestostrengthentheiralliance,andmilitarycapabilities,

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whichalsocouldbeusedtothreatenChinaandprompttheinternationalcommunitytocriticize
ChinaforitsroleasNorthKoreasprimarysupporter.(Gert)
TheUnitedNationshasplacedsanctionsonNorthKorea,butasperusual,Pyongyang
hasdisregardedtheinternationallawenforcement,andhastestedmissilesandnuclear
weaponsonlytohavethesanctionstightened.ForPyongyang,thesanctionsdontseemtodo
morethanirritateKimJongUn.Asstatedbefore,ChinahasalliedwiththeUnitedStates,South
Korea,andJapantodenuclearizetheNorthKorea.BecauseBeijingandPyongyang
communicatefrequentlyandtheissuehasyettoberesolved,ChinafeelsthatWashingtonneeds
tomakeamendswithPyongyang,andshouldhostameetingtoresolvethis,butWashington
pressuresBeijingtosolvethisindependentlybecausetheyhaveleverageovertheKoreans.
However,ChristopherBodeenfromtheHuffingtonPostsarticle,
China,NorthKoreaHold
TalksinBeijing
,says,
"NorthKoreawilltrytostrategicallyuseitsrelationshipwithChinato
facilitatedialoguewithWashington.ItwilltrytotalktotheU.S.throughChina."Although,with
Chinaasamessenger,tensionsarestillhighbetweenPyongyangandWashington.
Chinaneedsaresolutionthatispeaceful,effective,andwithminimalrepercussionsto
meetitsnationspriorities.Asasmallisolatedcountry,NorthKoreastandsvirtuallydefenseless
withoutnuclearweapons,allies,orfriendlyinternationalrelations.WhatNorthKoreaneedsis
internationalsupporttomaintainitself.Chinasresolutiontothisconflictissimplyoffering
NorthKoreamoreandfinergoodstotrade,andencouragingothercountriestodothesame.This
maycauseNorthKoreastrusttogrowbetweennations,gainallies,andhavefinergoods.By
gainingNorthKoreastrust,overtime,theinternationalcommunitycangetcloserPyongyang,
andprovideopinionsoroptionstosolvethis.IfNorthKoreafeelssafeandsupported,then

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Pyongyangcangiveupitsnuclearprogram,oratleaststopthreateningtousenuclearwarfareon
itssupporters.ThissolutionprovidesmanybenefitstoChinaandNorthKorea.TheNorth
Koreanscanhavemoresuppliestosupportitspeople,developfriendlyinternationalrelations,
andbecomesaferbecausepowerfulforcesarealliedwiththem.Chinasbenefitsareitsgoalsand
priorities,byavoidingconflictandinstability,Chinaisabletosafelyandefficientlymodernise
itself.(Xu)