Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 34

8

:
. . .

2015

...........................................................................................................................4
1. ............................................................................................5
1.1. ....................................................................................................5
1.2. ...................................................................................5
1.2.1. ..............................................................................................................5
1.2.2. ..................................................................................................................6
1.2.3. .....................................................................................................................7
1.2.4. .....................................................................................................................7
1.2.5. ................................................................................................................8
1.2.6. .................................................................................................................9
1.2.7. ......................................................................................................................9
1.2.8. ...............................................................................................................10
1.3. ............................................................................11
1.3.1. .........................................................................................................11
1.3.2. ..............................................................................................................12
1.3.3. ....................................................................................13
1.4. ............................................................................................15
1.4.1. ............................................15
1.4.2. ..................................................................15
1.5. .........................................................................17
1.5.1. ................................................................................17
1.5.2. , .........................................................17
1.5.3. ...................................................................................18
1.5.4. , .........................................................18
1.5.5. , ......................................................19
1.5.6. ............................................................................................19
1.5.7. ................................................................19
2. .............................................................................................21
2.1. -....................................................................................................21
2.2. ...................................................................................................23
2.3. ........................................................24
2.4. ..................................................................................................24
..................................................................................................................26
..................................................................................................27
..................................................................................................................28
1...........................................................................................................28

3
.............................................................................................................28
2...........................................................................................................31
...............................................................................31
3...........................................................................................................32
.....................................................................................................................32

- ,
.
.
, .
, .
,
,
.
, , ,
, .
:
.
:
1. ;
2. ;
3. ;
(4 ).

: .
,
.

http://solnsystem.weebly.com, - 4
.

1.
1.1.

. : , 8 ,
, ,
, , .
,
5 . . ,
,
. , 1-2%
. ,
. ,
, - .
, .
[19]

1.2.
:
1) ( ): , ,
. .
- .
2) - ( ): , , .
-
: , ,
, . - .
. [24]

1.2.1.
- , (.1.).
, ,
. 3
, . :
-180oC +430 oC (
) ( 1). [19]

.1. [19]
.1.

57909175

3,3022 * 10 23 (0,055 )

58,65

-173 +427oC

1.2.2.
, (.2.).
( - ).
, 80% . ,
, ,
( 2). [19]

.2. [19]

7
.2.

108208930

4,8685 * 1024 (0,815 )

243

462oC

1.2.3.
-
(.3.). ,
.
,
( 3). [19]

.3. [19]
.3.

149597890

5,9737 * 1024

23,934

-88/58oC

1.2.4.
- ()
(.4).
.

8
, (
- ) ( 4). [19]

.4. [19]
.4.

227936640

0,107

24,62

-87oC...-5oC

1.2.5.
-
(.5). .
317 , 2.5
, . ,
1300 , .
2.5 , . - 100
, 250 ( 5). [19]

.5. [19]

.5.

778340817

1,899 * 1027 (317,83 )

9,925

-148oC

1.2.6.
-
(.6). , ..
, .
, , , .
, , .
,
. ,
, , ,
( 6). [19]

.6. [19]
.6.

1426666414

5,6832 * 1026 (95,16 )

10,656

-178oC

1.2.7.
- ,
(.7). 1781

10
,
( ) , , .
, .
,
.
. ,
( 7).
: .
, ,
, . [19]

.7. [19]
.7.

2870972200

14,371

17,24

-216oC

1.2.8.
- ,
, (.8).
, , , .
, ,
: , .
30 , , y
, .
,
, ,

( 8). [19]
.8. [19]

11

.8.

4498252900

17,147

16,11

-214oC

1.3.
1.3.1.
,
. [24]
,
, ,
. [1]
, .
- , (.9).

.9. [17]
,
. 20 . ,
,
. , ,

12
2008 - . . ,
( ).
- - ,
- . ,
10- .
2006 ,
()
.
, ""
- , ,
,
, , ,
. [24]

1.3.2.
- , ,
.
. [14]

. ;
(.10). [25]

.10. [2]
:

,
. ,
.

, ,
. , 1910 ,

,

, , -

13
. ,
, ,
65
, . ,
, ,

.

, ,
, 4,5
.

, .
,
, ,
, .

,
.

,
. ,
,
. [7]

1.3.3.
, ,
(.11) .
11 72 /.
. (
) ,
, ,
. , ,
25 / , .

.

. [12]

14

.11. [11]
, ;
. ,
. [26]
:


. 1,9 .
.

1920 60 ,
.
, .

,
, . ,
,
30 1908 .
40-50
, !
, ,
. 120
.

12 13 1833 .
10 .
240 . .

, , .
. ,
, .

15
- ;
- .
- .

1.4.

.
,
.

1.4.1.
60 .
(4 1957 .), (1959),
(1966), (1975) .
1974 . [5]
, , 1
1958 (-1). , ,
1962, 1962, 1964 . [6]
-1,

( 8 /)
. [5]
, , 150200 .
.

.

.
.
. ,
, .
,
, .
, , , ,
, .
,
,
. [8]

1.4.2.
12 1961 .
.
-1 (.12).

16

. 12. [16]
,
. ,
.

, .
,
,
.
.
.
10 .
4730 , 2400 , 2,3 .
-
181
327 . 108 .

, ,
, . [16]
21 1969 (. )
-11. [14]
, ,
,

. 2.5 .
, ,
,
20 . 24 1969 -11
.
: . 1969
. .
. [13]

17

1.5.

.

1.5.1.
,
ESTCube-1 6 2013 . 23:06
(.14).

, , ,
, . ESTCube-1 , .

.
. 100
, 70 . [27]
17 2015 ESTCube-1
, .
23 . [4]

.14. [21]

1.5.2. ,
. 1969
, 1984
- .

.
(ESA),
1177 .
VIP- ESA.
- Vega, ,
. , .

18
, ,
Virgin Galactic. 200
( ).

100 .
10 .
. -
, . ,
.
- ,
. [23]

1.5.3.
- ,
.
observation . [15]
, observatoorium
thetorn ( " ").
Thetorn, Observatoorium.

- Thetorn ,
( 1910 ) .
1959
.

, , , ,
. 1993
.

-
, 1810 . 1964
: ( 20 ).
1814 .
. 1974 1.5-
-12 .
2005
,
. [23]

1.5.4. ,
.
Thesaju () Thetorni ( ).
() . .
,
, , ,
. .

19
.
(), (), (),
(). - ,
. [23]

1.5.5. ,
2012 ,
-2. 1986
-2 1,5 " ", ,
. , -2
, - 17,7 . .
, , , .
1997 -.
PanSTARSS. [23]

1.5.6.
540 7 .
,
. - 7, - 300-400 .
3 . .
4 , 450 .
150 . .
. .
1.5
. 80 ,
.
10000 . .
. ,
. 38-40 , . 10000 .
.
.
13 . , , ,
1937 . :
. .
50 . .
. 1 , 10000 .
1980- , . [28]

1.5.7.
2011 Felix 50-
, .

.
50 , ,
, , , , , , .

20
.
35-36 000 .
-
. (
, ) -
. [23]

21

2.
-
, ,
- .

2.1. -
- .
,
.
( 1).
, , ,
? ?.

, .
-
, .
, (. 15). [3]

.15.
, ,
.
, [9].
6 ,
(. 15) -.

22

.16.
(. 17),
, ( 2).
, ,
. [20]

.17.
, ,
( 3). ,
.
Colarapp, ,
3D . [18]

23

.18. 3D
.

2.2.
, 3
. 23 .
100%. Excel .
.
? , 4-
, , .

100%

. 19. ?
- ? , 83%
- , 17%
.

24

- ?

17%

83%

. 20. - ?
? , 100% ,
.

100%

. 21. ?

2.3.
-
http://solnsystem.weebly.com , ,
,
[22].
- ,
- , .

2.4.
,
, . ,
, .
, - 83% - .
17% , . ,

25
4-
.
. -
?, : . ., : ..
?, : , 100 000 000 .
, ,
,
, .
-,
!.

26

,
. ,
. , .

.

, .
- - 4-
.
,
. ,

.
-
!.
-, , ,

?.
,
.

27


[1]
[2]
[3]

. https://clck.ru/9SM6R
. http://astro-azbuka.ru/index.php?id=119]

,
.
1995. 200
. ,
.
[file:///K:/Downloads/200exp%20(1).pdf]
[4] ESTCube-1. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ESTCube-1
[5] . https://clck.ru/9S6wy
[6] . https://clck.ru/9S6xG
[7] . http://infodoz.ru/interesnye-fakty-o-kometax/
[8] . http://bibliotekar.ru/enc-Tehnika/98.htm
[9]

.
http://www.purposegames.com/game/d181d0bed0bbd0bdd0b5d187d0bdd0b0d18fd181d0b8d181d182d0b5d0bcd0b0-game
[10] .
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BC
%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B0
[11] . http://earth-chronicles.ru/Publications_2/40/2/1900014.jpg
[12] . https://clck.ru/9SWNJ
[13] (1930 2012)
http://loveopium.ru/news/nil-armstrong.html
[14] . https://clck.ru/9SWNC
[15] . https://clck.ru/9SWNE
[16] . http://rutracker.org/forum/viewtopic.php?
t=1750099
[17]
.
http://kosmos-gid.ru/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/poyasasteroidov2.jpg
[18] Colarapp http://colarapp.com/
[19] . http://ax-online.ru/Misc/SolarSystem/
[20] . http://cross.highcat.org/ru_RU/
[21] .
http://cosmoamator.do.am/news/sputnik_ehstonii_verojatno_stolknjotsja_s_kosmich
eskim_musorom/2013-08-01-283
[22] . http://solnsystem.weebly.com
[23]

.
http://www.mke.ee/sobytija/top-interesnykh-faktov-o-svyazi-estonii-s-kosmosom
[24]

?
http://allforchildren.ru/why/whatis63.php
[25]
.

http://www.krugosvet.ru/enc/nauka_i_tehnika/astronomiya/KOMETA.html
[26]
.

http://www.krugosvet.ru/enc/nauka_i_tehnika/astronomiya/METEORIT.html
[27] . http://lenta.ru/news/2013/05/07/sattl/
[28] . 2006. . .

28

: , .
: , , , , .
: , , ,
- .
? , ,
, , -
.
, , ,
. , .
() ,
.
, .
, ,
.

: , .
: , .

29
: .
. .
: , .
.
? , -
. , ,
: .
. ,
,
. ,
.

: , .
: - ,
.
: .
. .
, . ,
. ,
. .
.
: , . ,
,
.
? , , ,
. .
, . ,
- , -

, .
,
. , ,
.

30

: , .
: , , .
: .
.
. .
. , .
: "" ,
,
"". "", ,
.
?
. ,
,
28 ,
.

31
1

32

1. , ,
.
2. -
, .
3. , .
4. .
5. .
6.
, ,
2100 /.
7. :
.
8. ,
,
.
9. .

33

34

Оценить