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A. Alikin. Persian Gulf States as Importers of highly Qualified Labour (based on the
experience of Saudi Arabia and UAE)
Summary: The article discusses the reasons attractiveness Gulf countries for highly
qualified migrants on the example of Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Such issues are
analyzed as exporting countries highly qualified migrant workers, the scope of their
activities, the approximate size and the growth rate of highly skilled migrants.
Keywords:
:

highly skilled migrant workers, Saudi


, , .
Arabia, the UAE.


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K. Ananina, International legal framework for the protection of migrant workers


Summary: The article examines the main challenges of protecting the human
rights of international migrant workers by analyzing the situation in Russia. The
author dwells upon a comprehensive study of the international legal framework for
the protection of migrant workers.

, ,
,

Keywords
Russia, international migrant workers,
protection of the rights of migrant
workers, international legal framework
for the protection of migrant workers.


1. .. ,
http://www.kapital-rus.ru/index.php/articles/article/177355 [23.11.12].
2. . . : ,
http://www.demographia.ru/articles_N/index.html?idR=44&idArt=1485 [23.11.12].
3. . : ,
. 1/2010. .66-86,
http://my-shop.ru/shop/books/1076482.html [23.11.12].
4. . ,
http://www.strana-oz.ru/2004/4/trudovaya-migraciya-v-rossii [23.11.12].
5. International Organization for Migration (2011): Communicating effectively about migration,
http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/free/WMR2011_English.pdf [23.11.12].
6. The World Bank (2011): Migration and Remittance Fact book 2011,
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLAC/Resources/Factbook2011-Ebook.pdf [23.11.12].

30

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(. Hexagone - ) -

17
Stphane Kovacs, France: 12 millions d'immigrs et d'enfants d'immigrs, Le Figaro, 10/10/2012
http://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2012/10/10/01016-20121010ARTFIG00262-immigration-les-chiffres-de-linsee.php

31

,
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1. (1960-2005)

: http://www.rusnauka.com/12.APSN_2007/Politologia/20647.doc.htm

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: http://www.polit.ru/article/2006/04/28/demoscope243/

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, Cit nationale de lhistoire de limmigration -,


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: http://lexpansion.lexpress.fr/economie/protection-sociale-etimmigration-les-chiffres-contre-les-cliches_360187.html

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http://www.globalaffairs.ru/number/n_7418
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E.Averina. Immigration Impact on Countries of Destination Evidence from


France.
Summary:In this article the author considers the consequences of immigration for
receving countries on the basis of the French case and the immigration policy with
26

.., -I : , , .: ()
, 2003, . 63.

38

regards to migrants from Africa. The author offers a brief excursion into the
history of the problem, landmarks major changes in the French immigration policy
focusing on results of changes, in particular: a growth of economic, social and
political tension,erosion of the image of France, Muslim extremism and the
contribution to the economy.

, ,
, ,

,
,

Keywords
France,
immigration,
receiving
countries, consequences of immigration,
immigration
policy,
assimilation,
xenophobia

39

.
III , ()

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. - :
/ . . .. . -.: , 2005. . 159-169. : :
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29
: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek // www.cbs.nl
30
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; . 14 //

41

. 4%
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The Netherlands: Discrimination in the Name of Integration. Migrants' Rights under the Integration Abroad Act //
Human Rights Watch. 2008. May. N 1. P. 9.

43

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N.Kabanova. Immigration to the Netherlands from the former Dutch colonies


Summary: In many aspects an advanced country of the European Union, the
Netherlands, has a great experience in addressing the issue of immigrant
integration. Russia might find these practices effective and useful as well.

Keywords
, , , immigration, the Netherlands, colonies,
.
immigrant integration

44

.
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,

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() 5 2010 . -

,
, ,
32.
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, 108 .

http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/smk/aktuelt/taler_og_artikler/statsministeren/statsminister_jens_stoltenberg/201

0/Innvandring-og-integrering.html?id=603905 , -
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: (www.ssb.no)


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.
35
http://hvorhenderdet.nupi.no/Artikler/2010-2011/Diasporaer-i-Norge/(part)/2
,

47

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http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article1443964.ece ,
120.000 .

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http://www.ssb.no/vis/magasinet/norge_verden/art-2004-04-15-01.html

49

,
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64

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http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/rapp_200729/rapp_200729.pdf ,

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http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/bld/dok/nouer/2011/nou-2011-14/5/1.html?id=650786

, , .

51

40.
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, 2013 .,

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.
I. Kozhedub. Expat Communities and Their Role in Receiving Countries by the
Example of Norway.
Summary: In the article the author attempts to define the three biggest foreign
expat communities in Norway, find out the reasons for their formation and
development and also to analyze their role in the contemporary Norwegian society
with due consideration of the political, economic, cultural impact on the
Scandinavian country the respective expat communities have. Besides, the author
gives some general characteristic regarding the immigration policy of Norway and
makes suppositions about possible changes in the corresponding agenda in the
mid-term in the light of current events.

, ,
, ,
,
,
,

,

.

40

Keywords
Norway, the population of Norway,
immigration to Norway, expat
communities, the Polish expat
community in Norway, the Swedish
expat community in Norway, the
Pakistani expat community in Norway,
the immigration policy of the Norwegian
government, immigration and
integration in Norway.

http://www.vg.no/nyheter/innenriks/22-juli/artikkel.php?artid=10032105 VG,
22 .

52


1. Mangfold og muligheter integreringspolitisk dokument (10.april 2011)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

( 10 2011
.)
http://www.ssb.no/innvandring/ ,

http://hvorhenderdet.nupi.no/Artikler/2010-2011/Diasporaer-i-Norge/(part)/2

http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article1443964.ece

http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/01/10/innvbef/tab-2012-04-26-04.html
,
1 2012 .
http://hvorhenderdet.nupi.no/Artikler/2010-2011/Diasporaer-i-Norge/(part)/1

http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/bld/dok/nouer/2011/nou-201114/5/1.html?id=650786 ,

53

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, ,
620, .

R.Gabdrakhmanov. Comparative analysis of Russia and China as exporters of


highly qualified labour.
Summary: This article addresses the difficult issue of identifying effective
measures to stop highly skilled labor emigration from Russia. It analyzes the

60

measures having been employed so far by the Russian government, and compares
them with similar measures being used by the Chinese Government. Particular
attention is paid to Decree 620 of August 1, 2012 of State Council of China
aiming at retaining highly qualified professionals in China.

,
,

, ,

Keywords
emigration from Russia, emigration
from China, a highly skilled workforce,
"brain drain", the creation of barriers to
the emigration of highly skilled labor
force

61

.
c III , ()

( )

. ,
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62


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69


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(

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2030,
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15%,
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. 15
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71


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-. ,
-

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.

A. Tyulyandina. Migrants' Influence on Social and Economic Model o


Receiving countries (based of the EU countries experience)
Summary: The article attempts to identify the migrants impact of the socioeconomic model of receiving countries. The problem, although seeming to be a
field of ethics or cultural studies has a deep economic implication, as national
economy, mode of production, relations between society and the state and the
extent of its intervention into social life and the national economy are the integral

72

parts of the national culture in its broad sense. Besides, the item key words show
the correlation of culture, mentality and economic situation in the country.

,
-
(-
), ,

Keywords
immigration, national social and
economic model, EU countries,
immigration model

.
1. . http://www.scb.se/
2.

.
http://www.statistique-publique.fr/
http://www.insee.fr/
3. .. : .
.: , 2007
4. .. . .: , 2008
5. .. :
?//:
. , 27
2007 .
6. ..
: //:
. , 27 2007 .
7. ..
//: .
, 27 2007 .
8. 2030. . ..
/ . .: , 2011.

-:
http://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.de/ru/society/main-content-08/immigrationand-integration.html

73

.
c III , ()


( )


,
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-.

.
, 100
.
, ,
.

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,

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,
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, .
. 1941

74


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430
(22-23 % )50.

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, ,

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.

,
.
,
,
.
,
,
,
. 50-

- - () . 1954 ,
, ,
. ,

50

. // 14 (748), 11 2011

75

50- ,
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. 1973
, -
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-
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- 1975
,

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, ,
,
,
,
,
,
51.
.
1889 , 49 -
, 52.
() .
51
52

Bat YeOr. Eurabia: The Euro-Arab Axis. Madison-Teaneck: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2005
Moslims in Nederland 2012. Utrecht: FORUM Instituut voor Multiculturele Vraagstukken, 2012, p. 5

76

,
, 1951 , ,
4000 .
,
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( ). (
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77

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verzuiling ,
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54

Ibid.
(). . .: , 2009, . 504-505

78

, , , , .
,
( 1991

55).

1.

5,5 %
920 56. 2/3
: , , ,
. , 50
. 2012 450 ( 300
,
.)57.

. ,
,
55

De Volkskrant, 12 september 1991


Muslim Population in the World // www.muslimpopulation.com
57
Nieuwe moskee is zeldzaamheid in Nederland // Metro, 4 januari 2011.
, Donatus, 75 %
.
56

79

.
, , .
1980- 19-
( ),
7 - . 1997
.

. 1. ,


. .
. ,
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, 1956
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(Saadet).
Kaplancilar,
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80

Milli Gr (
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.

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81

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58.
,

.
11 2001
. 70 ,
. 2010 50 %
, 19 %
78 % 200359.

enfants

terribles

, .
, ,
-
.

.
:
60.

, 20 . 2004
,
.

2005

,

58

. (). . ., . 507
. //
4, 2011, . 10
60
. . .: , 2008, c. 231
59

82

. 2004 26
. 2005
. - -
- ,
,
61.


2011 ,

62. 1 2013
,
-.
: ?
27 130 , 19 %
63. ,
(

). ,
, , .

, , .
,

. 2012
61

. (). . ., 516
Integratienota Integratie, binding, burgerschap // Rijksoverheid van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, 16 juni
2011 // www.rijksoverheid.nl
63
Muslim Population in the World // www.muslimpopulation.com
62

83

,
.
, -
- 12 :
64.
,
, ,
.

: ,
,
,
.

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,
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).
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64

. // , 11 2012

84

.
.

P. Oskolkov. Development and Activity of Islamic Expat Communities in


Western Europe (Evidence from the Netherlands)
Summary:Regarding the persistent stream of Islamic immigration to Western
Europe, respective growth of expat communities and development of far-right
sentiments in the European society, it would be very interesting to study the
process of development of such expat communities and their activity in host
countries.

Keywords
,
,
,

, Islam, Islamism, immigration,


Netherlands, expat community

the

85

., .
c III , ()
. ?

,
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.
,
?
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:

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60-, 80-, ..
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,

86

, ,
.
, (
) , ,
.
.
:
12.11.2009.


, .
31.12.2009.

,
.
19.06.2010. , (

) : , -
Intel, ,
, .
28.09.2010.

,
, .[1]
,


:
1. ,
2. , , ,
. 4

87

) ( )
) ( )
) (
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) ( )
3. (),
MIT65 .
?

:
1. ,

2.
, - 19
2011

2500 500 .
[3]
.

[4], 600
,
.
, ,
"" :
,
.

: ,
,
65

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, http://web.mit.edu/

88

, ,
-
[5]. ,

Imperial College ,
,
, , [6]. ,
,
.

""
(SkTech),
MIT. ,
MIT .
(
..) ,
,

.
,
.
, , .
.
50 50
[7].
300 . , ,
.

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89

1. ,

2. 14% (
30%)
3.


.

3 .
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91

,
, .
, .
, ,
. , (
) .
- ,
. ,
, .
T. Mironova, E. Sergeev. (MGIMO-University) Skolkovo. Will the scientists
come?
Summary: The article focuses on the search for the ways to attract foreign experts
to participate in the project "Skolkovo" which is currently an urgent task of
national importance. The different approaches to the problem give the opportunity
to study the current situation. Should the government intervene in the natural
course of events, and how? Is it possible by financial pledges to address the luck of
scientists? It may be that the experience of other countries, will help to answer
these questions, without which Russia has little chance to overcome the scientific
crisis.

, ,
,

Keywords
Skolkovo, Russian center for scientific
and research, brain drain, migration of
highly skilled personnel.


1. : , http://www.crn.ru/numbers/regnumbers/detail.php?ID=62362
2. http://lenta.ru/news2/2011/12/19/skolkovo/
3. http://www.ruvek.info/?module=articles&action=view&id=6663
4. http://www.timetolive.ru/p/04_2012/v_skolkovo/
5. http://www.timetolive.ru/p/04_2012/v_skolkovo/
6. - ,
http://www.gazeta.ru/skolkovo/2012/09/24_a_4786141.shtml
7. http://www.km.ru/front-projects/skolkovo-proryv-v-budushchee-ili-grandioznyiraspil/vkhod-v-skolkovo-tolko-s-inostran
1. http://www.ruvek.info/?module=articles&action=view&id=6663
2. http://www.gazeta.ru/skolkovo/2012/09/24_a_4786141.shtml

92

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

http://www.crn.ru/numbers/reg-numbers/detail.php?ID=62362
http://www.sk.ru/ru-RU/Model.aspx
http://www.demographia.ru/articles_N/index.html?idR=44&idArt=1286
http://www.sk.ru/ru-RU.aspx
http://skolkovotech.ru/
http://www.timetolive.ru/p/04_2012/v_skolkovo/
http://www.km.ru/front-projects/skolkovo-proryv-v-budushchee-ili-grandioznyiraspil/vkhod-v-skolkovo-tolko-s-inostran
10. http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/12/20/skolkovo/
11. http://lenta.ru/news2/2011/12/19/skolkovo/

93

.
I , ()
. ,
, , .
. .
, .
( -
, 1982 .)


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(,

diaspora

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94

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66.
,
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.

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66

. . .: . 2009. 207 . (. ,
. ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6
67
/ . .. , . .. , . .. , . ..
, . .. , . .. , . .. , . .. , . ..
, . .. , . .. , . .. , . .. . - 2- . .
. - : , 1991.

95

?
, (.) ,
.
,
. 8 . .
(1 130 .,
, 2 ., ,), (
1,2 .), ( 450 .), (248 .
, 350 . ), ( 130
.), , , , , ( 80 .).
,
, 68.
IIIIV .,

II,

,
, .
.
, ,
, ( XI . )
,
, .

,
(8671057 .).
, ,
, . I, II

, .

68

2003; 2004; Ter Minassian 1989; Boudjikanian-Keuroghlian 1982

96

18261828 ., ,


, 150 .
.
( 18771878 .)
. ,
, ,
.


(, , .),
.
,
, .

1878 .,

.

,
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.
, 300 . . .

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1915 ., ,

97

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69.
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70.
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72.
69

1991; 1989; 1982; Dadrian 1995; Ternon 1977


. . .: . 2009. 207 . (. ,
. ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6
71
. . ... , 2009
72
. . .: . 2009. 207 . (. ,
. ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6
70

98

,

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( , , , ),
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73

. . .: . 2009. 207 . (. ,
. ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6

100

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. / / : 2007 ().
Hagopian 1961; : 2000, . 216225

101

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102



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-. 2007 .
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76

1988

105

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. ,
. 1989 .
,
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.
280 77.
.

()- 1906
.
.
, ,
,

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(19531989)
,
, ,
- , .

.
2009 .
(Armenian Virtual College - www.agbu-avc.org).
77

. . .: . 2009. 207 . (. ,
. ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6

106

,

.
: , . ,
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.

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1910 . .

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107

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78

. . .: . 2009. 207 . (. ,
. ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6

108

, , .



.
, ,
, ,
.
,
,
,

,
. ,
, XXI .

M. Tavrizyan. Armenian diaspora


Summary: The article focuses on the origin and mechanism of adaptation and
self-preservation of Armenian diasporas.

, , ,
, ,
,
,

Keywords
Armenians, diaspora, adaptation, selfpreservation, genocide, forced
migration, voluntary migration,
traditional family

.
1. . . .: .
2009. 207 . (. , . ). ISBN 978-99941-2-321-6 .
2. / . .. , . .. , . ..
, . .. , . .. , . .. , . ..
, . .. , . .. , . .. , . ..
, . .. , . .. . - 2- . . . -
: , 1991.
3. 2003; 2004; Ter Minassian 1989; Boudjikanian-

109

Keuroghlian 1982. .
4. . . ... , 2009.
5. 1991; 1989; 1982; Dadrian 1995; Ternon
1977
6. . . : 2007
().
7. . , , Hagopian 1961; :
2000, . 216225.
8. - . , . : .
2008. ISBN: 978-5-91152-013-7

110

.
c III , ()

,
,
,
.


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111

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.

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, ,
,
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,

: , , .
,
, ,
,

112

, ,
.
,
,
, .
(Office des Tunisiens lEtranger)
-
. (Agence
Tunisienne de Coopration Technique)
,
,
.
.

(Ministry of Manpower and Emigration)
- ,
.
-
,
.

(National Agency for the Promotion of Employment and
Competence - NAAPEC)

113

. ,
,
-


, , ,
;
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;
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. ,
, ,
, . , 1994 .
2000 .
,
. 2002 .
,


. 2004 .

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.

114

,
.
,
, . ,
, .
,
, .

, .
, ,
. ,

II
(Amicale des travailleurs et commerants Marocains en France).

,
.


.

, .
, ,

.
,
27 ,

115

, ,
-
. 2009 .

. 2008 .
.

, 2013 20%,
.

;
.
2009 . (15
1 , 267
.). -
-,
,
.
, (1 .) ,
300 . ,

, ,
, . 2009 .

( ), (kafeel
guarantee) .

.
,
(Labour Market Regulatory Authority),

116


.

,
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,
XVII- . .

70-
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118

,
, .

,

.

, ,
. ,
,

() .

.
,
.

. Kotov. State regulation of migration in Persian Gulf and North African


countries under conditions of world economic crisis
Summary: The article reviews institutional arrangements regulating migration in
some of the Persian Gulf and North African countries, as well as recent
institutional changes introduced in response to the current world economic crisis.

,

(),
, ,
, ,

Keywords
Persian Gulf states, foreign labour
sponsorship (kafala system), ILO,
Islamic Bank, League of Arab States,
UN, migrants support system, Sharia
Laws, System of wage protection

119

.
II , ()


,
-,
.
.
,
, ,
.

, .
, 2018 4
, 2030 - 11-12 79.
,
XXI , ,
. ,

,
, .

.


,
.

79

2030 . - . , 2010

120


,
,
.

(MigrationandRemittancesFactbook 2011)

.
, , 12,27
, 8,7% .
: - (3,6 . ), -
(2,6 . ), - (1,0 . ) - (0,9
. ). - ,
-, 11,6 . .

(.

1),

.80

,
,


-.
,
25%
2011 81. , 2000-
-
5%
,

80

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPROSPECTS/Resources/334934-

1110315015165/Factbook2011Russian.pdf, . 3
81

http://ria.ru/society/20121122/911813318.html

121

-
,
17,6

8,7

13,7
16,3
2,1

1,3
14,8
10,3
6,3

8,9

. 1. : 2010 : .
. .: , 2010

, 37%
, 30% , 10% , 7%
, 5% , 10% - , 11% -
. , 2011 .

3,4%, 16% (. 2).

- .
, 20%
.
,
82.

82

http://www.ng.ru/economics/2008-03-21/6_migranty.html

122

, ,
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83

http://www.fms.gov.ru/upload/iblock/bbd/prot4.pdf
http://www.hrw.org/world-report-2009/russia
85
J.P. Haisken-DeNew and K.F. Zimmerman, Wage and mobility effects of trade and migration, CEPR Discussion
Paper 1318, London 1995; Herbert Brcker, The Employment Impact of Immigration: a Survey of European Studies,
2002.
84

125


86.

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Rodrik, D. Feasible Globalizations, Kennedy School of Government, Working Paper Series RWPO 2029, July. 2002
: World Migration: Costs and Benefits of International Migration. IOM. 2005, p. 164.
87
.. ,

- 1415 2006
88
http://www.mk.ru/editions/daily/article/2006/11/06/175640-valeriy-tishkov-teper-myi-znaem-chto-oznachayutslova-lider-natsii.html
89
http://art.thelib.ru/computers/raz/demograficheskaya_bomba_rossii_mozhet_bit_obezvrezhena_s_pomoschyu
_immigracii.html

126

, ,
.

T. Stanovoy. Structure of employment of migrants in Russia


Summary: The article focuses on various aspects of employment of migrants on
Russias territory, main issues of Russias migration policy as one of the major
recipient countries and Russias place in the international migrationlabor market.


,
, ,
,

Keywords
qualified and no-qualified labour,
abuse, exploitation, informal
employment, migrant remittances

1) Migration and Remittances Fact book 2011 Annual Report


(http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPROSPECTS/Resources/3349341110315015165/Factbook2011Russian.pdf)
2) ., ., ., .
: // weekly, 2010. - 431-432
3) . // weekly, 2008. - 315316
4)
http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/demo/migr1.xls
5) http://expert.ru/2012/11/22/migratsiya-i-deputatyi
6) http://www.kapital-rus.ru/index.php/articles/article/50308

127

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.
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N. Zholudeva and Zinovieva L. Chinatown: a State in the State?


Summary: The article analyzes factors pushing out Chinese labour and the
process and results of adaptation of Chinese migrants to the conditions of
receiving countries

, ,
, 100,

Keywords
China, diaspora network, soft power,
Committee of 100, the Celestial
Empire

131

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,

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2008 .94 ,

1931 . ,
90

Switzerland Faces Common European Challenges //


http://www.migrationinformation.org/USfocus/display.cfm?ID=284
(). ( : 12.01.2012).
91
Switzerland's Non-EU Immigrants: Their Integration and Swiss Attitudes //
http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?ID=731 -
(). ( : 21.01.2012).
92
Diaspora und Migranten Gemeinschaften aus der Trkei in der Schweiz. S. 9.
93
Bestand der stndigen auslndischen Wohnbevlkerung nach Staatsangehrigkeit Ende Dezember 2009 und
2010 //
http://www.bfm.admin.ch/content/dam/data/migration/statistik/auslaenderstatistik/aktuelle/ausl-nachstaat/ts8-bevoelkerung-staat-2010-12-d.pdf - . (
: 26.01.2012).
94
Auslndergesetz // http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/1/142.20.de.pdf - .
( : 22.01.2012).

133

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Auslndergesetz // http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/1/142.20.de.pdf - .
( : 22.01.2012).
96
Wichtige Neuerungen im Bundesgesetz ber die Auslnderinnen und Auslnder (AuG) vom 16.12.2005 //
http://www.bfm.admin.ch/content/dam/data/migration/buergerrecht/auslaendergesetz/abstimmungen/rohstoff
_aug_d.pdf - . ( : 22.01.2012).

134

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Bundesgesetz vom 29. September 1952 ber Erwerb und Verlust des Schweizer Brgerrechts
(Brgerrechtsgesetz, BG) // http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/c141_0.html -
. ( : 23.01.2012).
98
Ibid.
99
nderung vom 25. September 2009 // http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/as/2011/347.pdf -
. ( : 24.01.2012).

135

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100.
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101.
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102,

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100

Verfahrensdauer. Schweizer Brgerrecht / Einbrgerung //


http://www.bfm.admin.ch/content/bfm/de/home/themen/buergerrecht/einbuergerung/verfahren.html -
. ( : 25.01.2012).
101
nderung des Asylgesetzes // http://www.vimentis.ch/d/content/docs/abstimmung_06_09_Asylgesetz.pdf . ( : 25.01.2012).
102

.
.
, . .
103
Vereinbarkeit migrationsrechtlicher Differenzierungen zwischen verschiedenen Auslnderkategorien mit dem
Diskriminierungsverbot // http://ius.unibas.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/fe/file/Mahlstein_Text_Seminararbeit.pdf .( : 26.01.2012).

136

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Dolezar M., Helbling M., Hutter S. Debating islam in Austria, Germany and Switzerland: Ethnic Citizenship,
Church-State Relations and Right-Wing Populism // West European Politics. Vol. 33. 2010. P. 171.

137

L. Zogorulko. Migration regime of Switzerland


Summary:The article considers the Swiss model of migration regime. In
particular, it highlights institutional and organizational aspects of the Swiss
migration regime and,as well, mechanisms of search and selection of qualified
migrants.

,
,
,

Keywords
Switzerland,model of migration regime,
institutional arrangements, mechanism
of selection

138

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: 2005 .
http://esa.un.org/migration/index.asp?panel=1.
109
. . , : 24 . . .
2003, .3.

140

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110

http://novosti-es.ru/naselenie-evrosoyuza/
http://expert.ru/expert/2002/37/37ex-migrat_36045/
112

111

141

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http://statline.cbs.nl/StatWeb/publication/?VW=T&DM=SLEN&PA=37943eng&D1=0-3,5-7&D2=a,!0169,!173,!177,!181,!185,!190&HD=110511-1943&LA=EN&HDR=T&STB=G1
114
http://tours-service.ru/country_info/160/1811/1814
115
. : . Forum index //www.expert.ru/forums.
116
Reconnaissance et discrimination: prsence de lislam en Europe occidentale et en Amrique
du Nord / Sous la direction de Ural Mano. LHarmattan, 2004. .15.

142

. ,
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, ,
-
, 2011 .
2010 :
(a slight increase in fertility),
(growth is fuelled mainly by immigration)117.
-,

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118.
, 2010

(An "ageing" population structure).
,
Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU):

- .
,
,
.
, 1950 65
8,2% , 1970- - 10,5%, 2001- -
16,2%. , 2025 21%, 2050 - 27,6% 119. CEPS, ,

117

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KE-ET-10-001/EN/KE-ET-10-001-EN.PDF
MigrationsberichtdesBundesamtesfrMigrationundFlchtlingeimAuftragderBundesregierung 2006.
. 2006
.http://www.bpb.de/system/files/pdf/UT32YA.pdf
119
http://expert.ru/expert/2002/37/37ex-migrat_36045/
118

143

,
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http://expert.ru/expert/2002/37/37ex-migrat_36045/

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http://www.rg.ru/2012/11/22/perevodi-site.html
http://www.km.ru/zhiteli-lampeduzy-zablokirovali-port-dlya-pribytiya-migrantov
126
http://www.m-economy.ru/art.php?nArtId=2242
125

146

(., ., .)
127,
,

,
- 128,
,

129, -
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-
, - 130
, ,
,

A. Bobrov. Factors of immigration to Europe


Summary: The article attempts to provide an explanation of the attractiveness of
Europe for migrans and to identify factors, which has furthered the growth of the
migrants proportion in the native population of European countries.

, ,
,
, ,
-

127

Keywords
Europe, native population, migrants
proportion, unemployment benefits,
multiculturism, anti-immigration
centiments

http://www.rbc.ru/rbcfreenews/20101017070445.shtml, http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/02/05/multicult/,
http://lenta.ru/news/2011/02/11/fail/
128
http://www.dw.de/-----/a-5962517-1
129
http://newsru.com/world/24jul2011/br1.html
130
http://expert.ru/expert/2002/37/37ex-migrat_36045/

147

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150


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151

,
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1998 , , 65
H-1B ( 1-6 )

.
1998 , ,
115 1999 2000 ,
2000 .
, 195
.
IT- ,
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,
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131

.. . 37 2003.

152

.
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.
, ,
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, , ,
140
IT 2010 132.
, IT ,
.
,

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133.
IT
2003 1,7 134.
2010 135.

132

U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Technology Policy. Americas New Deficit. U.S. Department of
Commerce, Washington, S.C., January 1998.
133
U.S. Department of Education. Digest of Educational Statistics 1997. U.S. Department of Education,
Washington, D.C., 1997.
134
Rhoads, C. Germany faces storm over tech staffing Labor groups are enraged by proposal to import badly
needed workers. Wall Street Journal (Mar.7, 2000), A23.
135
Porter, M. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. The Free Press, NY. 1998.

153



, , ,
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, (outsourcing
, )
,
8090- .
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.
, ,
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,

154

136.
.
, 160
. Forrester Research
: 2015 3,4
.

National Science
Foundation.
,

, ,
.


. (),
, IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, Sun, . Intel 2004-

,

137.

,
IT-.
550 ,

. 55%

136

Becker, G. Give me your yearning high-skilled professionals. Business-Week (Apr. 24, 2000), 30
. . . - 2004. - .2, 4.- .152161.
137

155

, 22%
.
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: , ,
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,

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138

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156

,
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139.

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1015 . (
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139

http://vz.ru/economy/2012/7/24/590059.html

157

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.

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Porter, M. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. The Free Press, NY. 1998

160

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.

G. Sokolov. The role of IT sector in the world labour migration.


Summary:The article analyzes the current situation in the world migration of IT
specialists. It considers factors pushing out Russian IT specialists, emerging
trends in the Russian education system and science, and the long-term
consequences of the declining role of Russia as a world producer of highly
141

.. . . - 2008. -
1.- . 65-75.

161

qualified IT specialist from the perspective of Russias economic development and


her international competitiveness.

,
, ,
,

Keywords
IT sector, offshore programming,
brain drain, IT specialists training,
competitiveness


1. U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Technology Policy. Americas New Deficit.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, S.C., January 1998.
2. U.S. Department of Education. Digest of Educational Statistics 1997. U.S. Department of
Education, Washington, D.C., 1997.
3. Rhoads, C. Germany faces storm over tech staffing Labor groups are enraged by
proposal to import badly needed workers. Wall Street Journal (Mar.7, 2000), A23.
4. Porter, M. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. The Free Press, NY. 1998.
5. .. .
. - 2008. - 1.- . 65-75.
6. Becker, G. Give me your yearning high-skilled professionals. Business-Week (Apr. 24,
2000), 30.
7. . . . 2004. - .2, 4.- .152-161.
8. http://www.ewdn.com/2011/06/14/3-in-4-russians-seeking-it-jobs-see-better-prospectsabroad/
9. http://vz.ru/economy/2012/7/24/590059.html
10. .. .
37 2003.

162

.
c I , ()
,

,
.

-
. 2-3% .

.
1.
-10
, (2010)

12,930

-10

,
(2010)

42,810

11,810

12,270

11,260

10,760

8,440

6,480

7,200

6,450

6,680

5,740

6,450

5,010

6,380

4,630

5,440

4,480

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7,290

163

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171

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.
L. Kharebova. Ways and means of regulation of migration
Summary:The article reviews ways and means of regulation of migration on the
national and international levels. It highlights the existing international
instruments and multilateral organizations concerned with the protection of rights
of migrant workers.


,

Keywords
The International Organization for
Migration, labour migration, level of
regulation, methods of regulation


1. http://www.topknowledge.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3491:20
12-06-16-19-22-16&catid=153:2012-06-16-19-18-55&Itemid=23
2. http://www.epr-magazine.ru/vlast/opinion/migrant/
3. http://slon.ru/economics/okhota_k_peremene_mest_3_1_dobrovolnyy_krest763059.xhtml
4. http://www.trudzr.ru/2011/05/yuliana-aleksenceva-problemy-zakonodatel-nogoregulirovaniya-trudovoj-migracii-v-stranax-soyuznogo-g.html
5. http://www.unrussia.ru/ru/agencies/mezhdunarodnaya-organizatsiya-po-migratsii-mom
6. http://www.grandars.ru/student/mirovaya-ekonomika/mezhdunarodnoe-razdelenietruda.html
7. http://uchebnik-besplatno.com/mirovaya-ekonomika-uchebnik/regulirovaniemejdunarodnoy-trudovoy.html
8. .. - //
. 1.2007. 0,3..

172

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)
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, 1,5

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3. ,
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: 60 ,
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.
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.

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Peugeot.

176


. 250
.
3. . 1978-1979
600 .

.

P. Nikitenko, Z. Timurzieva. Iran in international labour migration


Summary: The article provides a review of the history of Iranians migration and
identifies factors restraining Iranian labour migration.

, ,
-, ,
,

Keywords
Iran, the Iranian labour force, countrydonor, receiving country, social
protection, competitive prices

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

.. 20 , +, 2004
.. , ., , 1977
http://www.nationmaster.com/country/ir-iran/imm-immigration
http://www.iimes.ru/rus/stat/2012/14-03-12.htm
http://dalniestrany.ru/iran-tseny
https://www.cia.gov/

177

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( ), . 2003
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. : 1,5 15
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180

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150
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187

20-25%155.
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.

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156

http://www.nr2.ru/economy/412755.html -
http://www.nr2.ru/economy/412755.html -

188

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2025 157.
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158

http://www.rg.ru/2012/06/14/romadonovskiy.html -

189


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.

A. Ivanova, O. Mozgovenko.Distinct characteristics of immigration to Russia


Summary:The rticle analyzes immigration to Russia and identifies its qualitative
and quantative parameters. In particular, it emphasizes its specific characteristics
which differentiate the immigration to Russia and also factors responsible for their
formation. The article draws attention to the shortcomings of the Russian
migration policy, which, in the opinion of the authors, prevent the fulfillment of its
main function the supplying the economy with qualified labour.

, ,
,
,
160

Keywords
Russia, parameters of migration,
distinct characteristics, policy
shortcomings, policy effectiveness,

http://www.bbc.co.uk/russian/russia/2012/11/121116_rus_press.shtml

191

,
,
,
()

illegal migration, informal employment,


human trafficking

:
1. .. :
// . - ., 2002. 17 c.
2. .. // 2006. 11.
3. ., . .
. ., 2005. 416 .
4. ., . . ., 2009.
33 c.
5. .
// . ., 2004. 4. 170 c.
6. ., . . . ., 2009.
117 c.
7. ., . . ., 2004. 35 c.
8. . -1200 // . 2 . 3
c.
9. . // . ., 2006. 5. 22-24 c.
10. . . /
- . ., 2005. 351 .;
11. http://www.rg.ru/2012/06/14/romadonovskiy.html -
12. , 2002 . 31 ; 2003 . 26 .; 2004 . 21
.; 2005 . 14 .
13. http://www.nr2.ru/economy/412755.html -
14. . ? ( ) // .
. ., 2008. 190. 29 . 4 c.
15. ., . : : .
. ., 2005. 240 .
16. .
: /
. . .. . . :
(., 19-21 . 2008 .) / .-.: .. , .. . .,
2008. 464 c.
17. . , : . . .,
2007. - 29 c.
18.
2025 (http://grajdanstva.net/docs/konc_2025.pdf)

192

.
III


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. " ",
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http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2002/071/tema01.php

193

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. - 1948-1949.
. 1948.
70,000 .
. 1970.
, " ",
150,000 ,

.162 ,
.

()
2003 407,743
, 3% ,
10,5% .163

162

FMO research guide: Palestinian refugees in Syria. [ ]. :


http://repository.forcedmigration.org/show_metadata.jsp?pid=fmo:5130
163
.

194

2005 432,000 . ,
,

125,000

. 10
,

28%

. 4
,
(General Administration for Palestine Arab Refugees
(GARAP)): , , , --.
, ,
150,000 .

(), 2011 550,000


.
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. 164
1957., ,
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.165 ,

164

Palestinian refugees in Syria: Human capital, economic resources and living conditions./ed. Age A. Tiltnes.
Norway: Allkopi AS. 2006. 250p.
165
. [ ]. :
http://www.iimes.ru/?p=15637

195

,
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. , ,
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.
(2003-2011.)
, .
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2 : - -.166
.
. 2007
.
2010. -,

1300

.167 , ,
, .
, -.
2011. ,

, .

166

Denselow James. No-man's land: palestinian refugees in Syria [ ]. :

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/james-denselow/nomans-land-palestinian-r_b_91048.html?
167

- .[ ].
: http://www.newsru.com/arch/world/11feb2010/refugecamp.html

196

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.
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. ,

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168

. [ ]. :
http://www.iimes.ru/?p=15637
169
. [ ].
: http://stringer-news.com/publication.mhtml?Part=37&PubID=16606
170
. [ ]. :
http://www.iimes.ru/?p=15637

197

,
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171

2012.

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171

Syria slams Hamas leader as rifts with former ally widen [ ]. :


http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/03/us-syria-crisis-hamas-idUSBRE8910WX20121003
172
"". [ ]/ : http://newsyria.ru/formainpage/analytics/--/
173
. [ ].
: http://ria.ru/arab_sy/20120804/716320534.html

198

. ,
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".174

. The Jerusalem Post,
2011. 2012. 300
900 .175
,
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".176

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,
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174

PA fears for Palestinians caught in Syria violence. [ ]. :

http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=278236
175
176

.:
UN voices concern over 500.000 Palestinian refugees in Syria [ .] :

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=42532&Cr=Syria&Cr1=#.UIgl_sU3aPQ

199

. 177

Human Rights Watch 4 2012. ,
, ,

,
- .178
16 1966.
.179

,
.
.
2,000,000

, .

.
,
,
.
,
. ,
,
. ,

177

- . [ ]. :

http://www.ansar.ru/analytics/2012/09/17/33514
178

Jordan: Bias at the Syrian border. [ ]. :


http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/07/04/jordan-bias-syrian-border
179
. [ ]. :
http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pactpol.shtml

200

,
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),
, .180 ,
, ,
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(),
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,
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.
,
. ,
, . ,
90%
180

- . [ ]. :
http://www.ansar.ru/analytics/2012/09/17/33514
181
Emergency Palestine refugees in Syria need your help. [ ]. :
http://www.wesupportunrwa.org/

201

.
750,000 1949. 5 2012.,
.182
, ,
,
. ,

,
.183 ,
" "
,
.

(The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)).


, , "
2012. 550
13,000 ".184

. 2012.
16
.
,
.185

. ,

182

Pipes Daniel. Lessening UNRWA's damage. [ ]. :


http://www.danielpipes.org/11583/unrwa-damage
183
.
184
Despite insecurity, logistical obstacles, aid effort in Syria makes some progress. [ ].
: http://www.unhcr.org/50927b5c9.html
185
. [ ].
: http://news.bcm.ru/world/2012/8/06/533352/1

202


,
.
, . ,
2011. ,
,
,
.186
(), 2011.
.
,
-
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.
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,

. ,
,
.
. , ,

. , 2012. 1000 . 188 ,
186

. [ ]. : http://www.iimes.ru/?p=12645#more-12645
187

. [ ]. :
http://www.info-islam.ru/publ/novosti/mir/liga_arabskikh_gosudarstv_vvela_sankcii_protiv_sirii/3-1-0-4423
188
Syria's Palestinians seeking help in Beirut's camps. [ ]. :
http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=280312

203

,
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.
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.
, ,
. ,
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.
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,
.
,
.
D. Marshuk. Military conflict in Syria and the problem of Palestinian refugies

204

Summary: The author of the article reviews the problem of Palestinian refugies
within the framework of the current situation in Syria. The author attempts to
highlight the legal status of Palestinian in Syria and to evaluate the degree of their
participation in the political, social and economic life of the country. The article
also attempts to evaluate the involvement of the international community in the
Syrian conflict settlement and resolution of the question of the Palestinian refugies.

, , ,
,
,

Keywords
Syria, Palestinians, refugies, legal
status, conflict settlement, resolution

205

., .
II , ()


.
, .
15
30000 .
(2010 33578, 2011 36774).

1992 2011 . 1992 ,
8 1991 ,

(),
.
:
1992 1999189
- 1992 1993, 1993 -
- 1993 1996 1996 2000 ..
2000 2008 ,
.
, .
2008 2011 ,
.

189

* 90- . ,
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206

, 2000
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, 65,2 . - , 2009
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.

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http://romir.ru/studies/312_1330459200/

209

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195

. [ ] // :
- . 01.2011. 1(160). URL:
http://noev-kovcheg.ru/mag/2011-01/2323.html

213

XVIII . ,
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. XIX XX ,
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198

.
. /Charles Aznavours avisit le Parlament
Suisse [
] // : .
-.
30.09.2010 URL:
http://www.nashagazeta.ch/node/10563
200
. [ ] // :
- . 01.2011. 1(160). URL:
http://noev-kovcheg.ru/mag/2011-01/2323.html
201
.
202
. [
] // : . 16.02.2011 URL:
http://www.armedia.am/?action=Interview&what=show&id=1225427812&lang=rus
199

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(70 .),
.

203

. [ ] // :
- . 01.2011. 1(160). URL:
http://noev-kovcheg.ru/mag/2011-01/2323.html
204
. /Charles Aznavours avisit le Parlament
Suisse [
] // : .
-.
30.09.2010 URL:
http://www.nashagazeta.ch/node/10563
205
. [ ] // :
- . 01.2011. 1(160). URL:
http://noev-kovcheg.ru/mag/2011-01/2323.html

216

NEWS.am: ,
,
! , ,
, ,
.
. , ,
. , ,
, 206.
, 16 2003
,
1915-1923 . , ,
45 000
. 23 2012 .

, .
,
.
. ,
, , 60 .
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, 207.

, 30
2009
.
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206

, : [ ] // NEWS.am:
-

21.10.2010
URL:
http://news.am/rus/news/35407.html
207
.

217

. Armavia
: , ,
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, , 208.

,
. Armavia ,
209.

2003-2011 ., 2007 2011.
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30 2011
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. 2005 , ,
1915
.

, ,
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; ,

, .
,
, -.
, 100
. - / Vol direct Zurich-Erevan
[
]
//

:
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URL:
http://www.nashagazeta.ch/node/7293.
209
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23 2013 ,

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,
-211.

XVIIXVIII . XIX XX
.

1915 . 6 .
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(70

.),

Azat Khasanov, Armenian Diasporas in Switzerland


Summary: In this article the author dvotes attention to the history of formation
and evolution of Armenian Diaspora in Switzerland. It also highlights its present
status and activity in this country.

210

Keywords

. / Des rverbres rappeleront le genocide


armenin aux Genevois [ ] // : . -. 31.03.2011 URL:
http://www.nashagazeta.ch/news/11547.
211
. ?/ Pas de monument aux victime
du gnocide armnien Genve? [ ] // : . -. 21.02.2012 URL:
http://www.nashagazeta.ch/news/13017

219

,
,
Armenians,
Spiurk,
Armenian
, , Diaspora in Switzerland, Switzerland,
,
Armenia, Armenian Genocide in
1915-1923, Ottoman Empery 1915-1923 , Charles

Aznavour

220

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()

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213
(EdMichaels) McKinsey&Company .
10
. 2001 32
McKinsey&Company.

221


. 1900 . 17%
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.

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214

. , : . ?,
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215
newsru.com 18.05.2006
http://www.iraqwar.mirror-world.ru/article/88580
216
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218

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(OrganisationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopment) . " "?
ravda 12.11.2012http://
www.pravda.ru/world/europe/european/12-11-2012/1134270-kingdom-0/
219

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K. Golubev, A. Fetisova. Talant Hunters.
Summary: The article addresses the problems associated with the migration of
highly educated specialists in different countries and specifics of this process in
present. Special attention is paid to the importance of the migration of talented and
educated people to the economy of both sending and receiving country and to the
consequences of the loss of the scientific potential. New forms of migration
processes, such as: circulation of brains and outsourcing are defined. The
main reasons of 'brain drain' from Russia are given.

248

Keywords

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Migration process, emigration, highly


educated
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.: Observatoiredesinegalites. 28.09.2010 (http://www.inegalites.fr/spip.php?article13728&id_mot=76).
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minuses.
Summary: The author of the articale attempts to comprehend the way immigration
affects French economy and social sphere and to find out if the immigration
regime of France remains effective under new realities.

,
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Keywords
France, immigration regime, Muslims,
Islam, clashes, rebellion, seggregation,
permit, residency

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K. Valieva, E. Konina. Immigration to Canada. Major immigration


programmes
Summary: The article provides a review of immigration programmes of Canada
and attempts to identify main factors attracting migrants to this country.

, ,
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Keywords
Canada, immigration programmes,
standards
of
living,
Human
Development Index, free health-care

261


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China's Total Population and Structural Changes in 2011 [ ]. URL:


http://www.stats.gov.cn/was40/gjtjj_en_detail.jsp?searchword=migration&channelid=9528&record=1
267

,
2011
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[
].
URL:
http://www.un.org/ru/development/surveys/docs/population2011.pdf
268
Cai, Fang and Wang, Dewan. Migration as marketization: What can we learn from Chinas 2000 census data?
China Review, 3(2). p. 81.
269

http://www.kommersant.ru/authors/285?page=3&hc=0

].

URL:

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See: Liu Guofu. The right to Leave and Return and Chinese Migration Law. Sydney, 2005.;
C. Cindy Fan China on the Move. Migration, the state, and the household. Abingdon.2008.
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