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- 61-11

,


61 - 11
25.10.2011 .
1442/Q-PK 25.10.2011 .

. - 2011
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- 61-11

_________
____________ 2011 .

_________
____ ________2011 .



__________
______________2011 .

61 - 11




,


( 61-09)

. .
:

. .

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- 61-11

61-11


,


:

.

. .

. .

. .

..

. .

. .

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- 61-11

1.



1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.
1.5.
1.6.
1.7.
1.8.
1.9.
1.10.
1.11.
1.12.
1.13.
1.14.
1.15.
1.16.
1.17.
1.18.
1.19.
1.20.
1.21.
1.22.
1.23.
1.24.
1.25.
1.26.
1.27.
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.
3.1.
3.2.


()
()
()

()
()

- ()

()


()
(NaHCO3)
(NaOH)
(Na2CO3)
(KCl)
()
(CaCl2)
()


()
(3)

()
2.




3. ,

,

,

Bn dch ting Vit

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7
9
12
13
15
16
17
20
21
23
28
29
31
32
33
34
35
37
38
39
40
41
43
43
44
44
45
47
48
49
49

50
50
52

- 61-11


, ,

,
.
()
61-09

02.02.2009 .
,
90-08
, ,
,
26.09.2008 .
:
-

_____________

_____________

..

_____________

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- 61-11

,
API ()- ;
()-;
()- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
-;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
-;
- ;
- ;
Gel1/10- 1 10 ;
- ;
- .
-;
(FCL)-;
(CFI)-, ;
- .


-

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- 61-11

1.



1.1. ()
(FCL)
(FI)
FCL
- ()
. (CFL)
.

,
.
8,5-9,5.
, Borresol FCl, Spersen
.
:

.
.

--

,
() 5 %

()

25 5 ,

*
( ):
- (V)
- YP


-
10

--

4-5

0,5

.
/
100 2

13-25
14-30

3
4

- Gel1/10

** ( ):
- (V)
- YP
- Gel1/10
()
3%- ,

20-35 / 25-39

.
/
100 2

5-10
2-5
0-3/0-7

100

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- 61-11

:
- ( )
.

.5.
*: 400
28 5
- 11000
300 /, ,
15 ; 24 . 25 5 ;
5 .
V = R600 / 2, YP = R300 PV (PV = R600 R300)
.6.
**: .5 3 0,4
NaOH, 5 -
11000 300 /,
, 15 ;
2 . 25 5 ; 5 .
V = R600 / 2, YP = R300 PV (PV = R600 R300)
. 7.
:
3%-
, (NaOH) =8-9 (6 + 0,6 NaOH
200 ).
- 11000 300 / 5
. -
1000 3 5 ,
(V) (
) V 3. ()
(V) (V) 3
5 :
= V-V (3)

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- 61-11

1.2. - ()

,
.
:
-LV () Gabrosa LV-TECH CMC-HV ()
CMC-EHV (FINNFIX-HC),
.
CMC-HV
.
CMC-HV CMC-EHV :

.
.

,
%
25 5

-
(6,3 CMC-HV + 1 .
),

(7,7 CMC-HV + 1 .
*),

(7,15 CMC-HV + 1 .
. **),

()
2

3/
(9,0 CMC-HV 1 30
1),

3
4
5
6

--


10,0

15
15
15

10,0

,
1 :

/
1
2
3



,
(),
()

10

3/30

60

--

8+1

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- 61-11

:
- *: 1 + 40 NaCl;
- **: 1 + 400 NaCl;
- 1 (): 350 + 1
NaHCO3 +35 *** (
1-8 61-11);
- 2 ():
350 1 + 3,15 CMC-HV (CMC-EHV).
1
Multimixer (11000 300 /) 5 ,
15 ,
25 5 .

..4,5,6 Multimixer (11000 300
/) - 5 ,
15 16 25 5 .
Multimixer 5 .
25 5
.7 Multimixer (11000 300 /) - 5 ,
15 ,
2 25 5 .
Multimixer 5 .
() 3 :
= 2 1
3
1 ( ), 7,5 30
.

0,5 3 .
II. CMC-LV :

/
1
2
3
4



25 5

,

(10,5 CMC-LV + 350
),
()
2
(9,0 CMC-LV +1
1),

.
--%
.
3/30

10
45

10,0

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- 61-11

,
* :

/
1
2
3

(),
()

.
.
3/30
--

10
60
8+1

:
- : 1 + 400 NaCl;
- 1 (): 350 + 1
NaHCO3 + 35 *** (
1-8 61-11);
- 2 ( ): 350 1 +
3,15 CMC-LV.
1
Multimixer (11000 300 /) 5 ,
15 ,
25 5 .
25 5
.4 Multimixer (11000
300 /) - 5 ,
15 , 2 25 5 .
Multimixer 5 .

.5 Multimixer
(11000 300 /) - 5 ,
15 , 2 25 5 .
Multimixer 5
.
() 3 :
= 2 1, 3
1 (3 ), 7,5
30 .

0,5 3 .

.

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- 61-11

1.3. (PAC)
- ,

. : -LV -R - .
-LV -R ,
,
.
:

.

.
PAC-LV
PAC-R

1

-

25 5

2
-

() 3
3
-%-
7,5 - 9,5
7,0 - 9,0

4
* (10

40
55 - 80
+ 1 ),
5
,
%
8
8
()
3 /
6
**,
8,0
8,0
30

:
- : 1 + 50 () + 70
KCl.

30 .
- **:1 + 10 (LV
R).
** *
Multimixer (11000 300 /) 20 .
( )
* Multimixer (11000 300 /)
20 2 25 5 .
Multimixer(11000 300 /) 5
.

**
Multimixer (11000 300 /) 20
, 2 25 5 .
Multimixer 5 .
() 3 :
= 2 1, 3
1 (3) , 7,5 30 .

0,5 3 .

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- 61-11

1.4.
()- -
3.10 4
6.106. .
2 :
() ( 25-35 %) ().
,
,
.
,
-

. .
.
:

/
1

--

,
%
20


3
-
( )
(
) 1 %
4 ,

135 5

- 25
60 5
- 100
50 5
- 125
(
) 1 %

5 ,

145 5

- 25
60 5
- 100
40 5
- 125
:
- Multimixer (11000
300 /) 20 . 16
.
Multimixer 5 .
3 .
()

( .).
2

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- 61-11

/
1
2
3
4



25 5

Gel 1/10 (-35)
*
Gel 1/10 (-35)
**,


() 1 %-
* (
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter USA),

. .
---

/
100 2

5 - 8 / 10 - 14

/
100 2

3-5 / 6-10

70

:
.3. *: 60 + 120 .
24 , 940 ,
30 .
Gel 1/10 * Multimixer (11000
300 /) - 5 .
.4. **: 1 * + 3
30 .
Gel1/10 Multimixer (11000
300 /) - 5 .
A
( -1, -15, , ncoin .).
.5. 1 %- *: 3
+ 300 11000 300
/ 5 ,
15 . 25 5

16 . 5 .
- 15 , (R600 = 26 4,
YP/PV = 1,2 0,4 = 12,4 1,9 3 ) COMPACTOR 6000 PSI
60 .
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter 140 5 F (60 2 ) 15 .
Dinamic
Linear Swell Meter

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- 61-11

1.5.
() ,

.
(xanvis, ncovis, -, kelzan XCD,
newvis, duovis .)


.

,
- .
, .
, ,
,
, .
:

/
1
2
3

. .

--

--


25 5

*
( ),
- 25 5
-
(PV)
* (),
- 25 5
-

(YP) * (),

- 25 5
- **
Gel 1/10, * (),

- 25 5
- **

/
100 2
/
100 2

40
30
8
6

20
20
6/7
6/7

6
:
- *- 2 %- (l) + 5,7 /
;
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

- ** 120 0 (3 );
15 .
- * PV, YP,
Gel1/10, () ( ) .. 3-6 *, 1 ,
(3000 300 /) 1
. * 5 ,
30 .
1.6. ()

(,
). : R-[-CH2-CH2-O-]n H.

.
,
.
,
.
ANCO-208,
.
:

,
()
(50
+ 50 )

(),
Gel ( 10 )
** 25


*,

3
4
5

. .

/3


1,05

--

6,0 - 7,0

--

7
20

. 5:
- *: 1 + 80 ().
*
(3000 300 /) 30 .
24 Multimixer
(11000 300 /) 5 Gel .
- **: 1 + 30 .
Multimixer (11000 300 /) 15
Gel .
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

1.7. ()

.


.

, , , ( 160 ),

.
2 : 1 (KR-22, Stocopol-35 .) 2- (3, -2, -03 .).
:

.

.
1
2

1
2 ,

()
3
,

o
4 25 5 C
*

*** 25
5 oC
**, :
-
-
-
Gel ( 10 )
***
150
3 ,

+ ,


()
* (20 /
2,5 / )
( Dinamic Linear Swell
Meter USA),

-/3
---


1,05
1,13
9,0

%
15
15
20
%

25

2,5

60

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- 61-11

:
. 4
- *: 1 + 40 NaCl;
.. 5-6
- **: 1 + 80 ();
- ***: +
.
: 1- 2,0 %, 20,3-0,5 %.

(30 ). 24 25
5 oC. 15
(3000 300 /).
, ,
30
(3000 300 /), .
.. 7
()

1.
1.1.
()
().
500-700 ( )
0,25 .
1.2.
.
1.2.1. 10 .1.1. ,
0,01 .
1.2.2.
. 1-2
100-105 0
5-6 .
1.2.3. ;
; ,
, , 30-40 .
, 2
.
1.2.4. -- ,

0,02.
1.2.5. :
W= (q1-q2) 100/ (q2-q0), %,
: q1- , ;
q2 - , ;
q0 - , .
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- 61-11

1.3. ,
.1.1.,
, 20 %.
1.4.
.1.3
.
1.5. , ,
.
2.

2.1. .1.5. 20
-,
,
.
2.2. API COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH TESTER () 4207
.
2.3. - ,
40,0 5 .
-
30-40 .
2.4.
-, (
), 2 .
2.5. , ,
(, , -,
) , 20 32 .
2.6. .

.
3.
3.1.
()- ,
:
1 + 50-80 ( 30
24 ) + 3-4 CMC-V + 10 + 4 (
= 9) + 5 . 2
,
.
, .
: 1- 2,0 %,
2- 0,3-0,5 %. + 30
.
3.2. .2
,
. 4 .
30 0.
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

3.3.

.
3.4.
:
Vt =

(P2-P1)*K1
P1* t

* 100 /

P2 ,
P1 ,
t , ( -4 )
K1- , - ( 1).
.8. *: 10
( ) 2,5 ( ) + 500
(3000 300 /) 5 ,
- 15 , (R600 = 26 4,
YP/PV = 1,2 0,4 = 12,4 1,9 3 ) COMPACTOR 6000 PSI
60 .
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter 140 5 F (60 2 ) 15 .
Dinamic
Linear Swell Meter
7.
1.8. ()


.

.
.
Protex Sta, ...
:

.


/
.
1
-
3
2
/
1,05-1,10
() 1%3
-7-8


()
4 * (
%
60
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter USA),

.4.
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

()
.4. *: 10
+ 500 5
.
,
.5 (. 14).
- 15 , (R600 = 26 4,
YP/PV = 1,2 0,4 = 12,4 1,9 3 ) COMPACTOR 6000 PSI
60 .
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter 140 5 F (60 2 ) 15 .
1.9. - ()
-
,
.

(, , ),
. .
,
, .


,
.

:
VIETPAV,
SULFOTEX-PAW,
SUPER-PAC,
NEONOL,
.
:
.


, 1%
2
%
50
,

0,5 %-

, :
3
-
/
5,0
-
150 0 (3 )
8,0
4 0,5 %-
/
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11


, :
- 255
-
150 0 (3 )
() 0,5 %-
255 ,

8,0
10,0
%

50


. 2.
1.
, : 500
+ 150 ( 30 ,
24 ) + 500 ( 30 )
10 : 5 -V + 10
+ 5 + 7,5 ( =90,5).
2 1000 3000
/.
2.
.1. 1,0 % , 3
(30 ) 1000 3000
/.
3. ()
, TVT2
LAUDA () .
-
(0)
-
(, 1 %) ( t)
(S%) :
S%=

0 t
0

100

.3, .4
TVT2
LAUDA
. 5
1. () ()
:
- 200 3 (V.)
MULTIMIXER 1,0 3 ()
11000300 /. 5 .

1000 3 (
) (V) (V) ( ) 3.
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- 61-11

0,5 %- () 3
(V)
( ) V :
=V V, 3
2. () 0,5 %-
:

= V

100 ( V=2003)

1.10.
() ,
.
,
.

, ,
, ,
.
:

/

. .

,
1
-
2
-

()
3
-6-8

-
4
%
3,5
, 150 0
24 . ,


5
%
4,5

150 0 24 ,


6
API
-1,
75
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

-2 %:
- 255 ,
%
-

0
, 150
3 ,

-1,
-2% (20 /),

7 255 :
- (),

-Gel 10 (FANN),
/100 2
- (API),
3/30
5
%-

8
3

, 255 ,

5%-

9 255 ,
%

10

125125m,

70

5
5
0,5
5,0

40,0
30

:
.. 8-9
5%- .

.1. .
.2.

-
:
(-) ,
- .
.3.
-.
. 4 ,5
4.1. 1 (-1):
1 (-1)

: = 1,10 0,02 / 3, = 50-60 , = 9 0,5,
:
400 + 150 ( 30
24 ) + 600 ,
15 10 : 10
CMC-LV + 10 + 7,5 + 5 ( = 9).

2
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

24 . -1
30 .
4.2. (
-600
=220 14,510) 1002
. mo,()
0,001. Vo(cm3) Positive Displacement
Hand Pumps HAT Series 0,001cm3
4.3. :
.
1 (-1), (
-1 . 4.1. 5% (.) ,
(11000300 /) 5 .
4.4. : 2
500 3 1500
24 Roller Oven (FANN),
:
7:00 11:30, 13:20 16:50.
,
350 3 -1,
350 3 .
,
,
mt (g), Vt (cm3) .2
5.
5.1. (%) -
, 1500 24.
- (%)
:
W i=

mt m 0
m0

100

- (%) -
, 1500 24:
W=Wlub-Wm
:
Wlub- (%)

Wm- (%)
-1
5.2. (%) -
, 1500 24.
- (%)
:
i=

Vt

V0
100
V0

- (%) -
, 1500 24:
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

=lub-m
: lub- (%)

m- (%)
-1
. 6
6.1. ( .)
/ /LUBRICITY TESTER" ( 212)
Fann Instrument Company,
API (
5 150 / 2
- 60 /) .
6.2.
(-1) .4.1. K 0
.6.1
6.3. -1 2% (.) ,
(11000300 /) 5 ,
(1.) .
6.4. . 6.3,
3- ( )
150 . 4.4.
6.5. 30-40 0
MULTIMIXER 5 .
(2)
6.6.
- A -1,
-2 %, 2550:
=

K 0 K1
K0

100

- A -1,
-2 % ,
150 0 3 :
t=

K0 K2
K0

100

.7
7.1. -1 (
. 4.1). : , 10,
7.2. -1
.4.1. 2 %- (20 /) ,
30 (3000 300
/). , 10 .
. 8
()
:
- 190 3
MULTIMIXER 10 3 11000300
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

/ 5 .

3
500 10
5%-
,
, 3.
. 9
9.1. () () 5 % :
- 190 3
MULTIMIXER 10 3 () (V = 200 3)
11000300 / 5 .
(1 )
10 (
) (V) 3.
() 5 %- 3
(V )
(V) 10 :
= V V, 3
9.2. () 5%-
:
= /V100, % (V = 200 3)
. 10
10.1. 300 150 5
Fann Multimixer.
10 ., 1111.5 4 12 10 %- KOH (10 /100
). 15 ,
80-90
1 .
10.2. ,
CaCl2 50 (1 CaCl2, 50 )
5 . 8090 1 . 5 255 0.
, 5 .
10.3. 125125 m 5
. 100 - 105 3 .
0,01 .

1.11
()

.
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

, ,
: -21, ANTIFORMIN DMT .
:

1
2

4
5
6

** 14 255
*,
:
- (API)
- ()
-
- Gel 10
- (),
() 0,15 %-

255 ,
,
7 ,

.
.

--

--

35
10
10
7
8

%
%

20
15


. 3:
- *: 1 + 0,5 Na2CO3 + 10
(API) + 4,0 ( Flovis,
) + 8,0 CMC-HV + 50 .
2
(3000 300 /) 24 25 5 oC.
2
: (API),
(), (API).
- **: * + 0,15 % ,
30 (3000 300 /),
255 14
. , 15
, (API),
(), (API)
. 4
1. () ()
:
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

- 200 (V.)
MULTIMIXER 0,3
11000300 /. 5 .

1000 3 (
) (V) ( ) .
0,15 %-
()
(V) ( ) V :
=V V, 3
2. () 0,15 %-
:

= V

100 ( V=2003)

.5.

.

. 6
: 100
100 ,
7 . 255 (%)
.

1.12. ()

, , ,
.
:
-
, c

;
-


.
:
PIPE LAX-W, MIL-SPOT-2, Radiagreen EBL, SMAD-150 M .
:
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

255
()


PI *,
5 %- ,
**, :
- 255 .
- 150 (6 )

(
.4) 255 ,
API
***, 2%- ,
255 ,
( PI),
:
- 255
- 150 (6 )


, 255 ,

.7
150 24 ,

5
6

.
.

/3

0,84-0,98

--

6-8

--

%
85
80
%
%

10,0
50

180
150

2,0

5,0


. 4:
*- (*): 1 + 80
() + 100 + 10 + 1,5 +
50 KCl ( 2 ,
24 );
**- . 100 : 20 + 80
.
***- 400
(*) + 100
. 5:

( .4) (%).
. 6

___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

1. ( .) /
*** /LUBRICITY TESTER
. 6 (. 24 ).
2. (***)
,
.4.1 ( 1.9. ),
(K1)
3. *** 2%
,
(11000300 /) 5
(K2)
(C, %) :
C=

K1 K 2 100
K1

. 7
: 110 + 10 + 80 .
(11000300 /) 5
.
. 8, 9
,
1.9. .
1.13.
()
,
- .

.

: , DEFOAM-X, ANTIFOAM -3 .
:

. .

--

--




5 - 10


()
0,5%
255 ,

90

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- 61-11

. 3
(): 70
300 , 255
2 , 700 0,5 Na2CO3, 15
5 :
CMC HV 5 , CMC LV 15 , FCL 25 , 50 ,
5 , KOH 10 .
2 . 350
(11 000300 /) 5
(Vo) .
, 1,75 (0,5 %)
5 . (V1)
. ()
:
, % = [( Vo V1 ) / ( Vo 350 )] 100

1.14. ()
= 474,39
(-)
l(SO4)2.12H2O - ( +)
(l+++) ,
.
.
:
.


.

1


-

2
(
),

96,0
%

()
3
5 100
-3,0 6,0
,

4
%
0,02
22 ,
(
).
1. :
- ;
- ( = 6);
- 0,1%- xilen;

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- 61-11

- ZnSO4 0,05;
- 0,05
2.
0,72 0,001 ,
( ) 250 , 50
,
. 35 ,
, 15
. 3-4 .
0,5 xilen.
ZnSO 4 0,05 ,
.
3.
(%) :
1 = (V-V1) 0,02372 100/G
: 1- , %;
V - 0,05 , (V = 35 );
V1- 0,05 ZnSO4,
;
G- (G = 0,72 );
0,02372 - ( 0,05 ).
1.15. (NaHCO3)
= 84,17
( )
,
.
:

/
1
2
3



,

pH 8% (80 /)

.
.

--

% (.)

95,0

7,5-8,5

(NaHCO3)
1. :
- ;
- 0,1%- (0,1 50
96%, 100 ) ;
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- 61-11

-0,1 l (8,6 HCl + 991,4


)
- 0,05%
- 8,4 NaHCO3 0,001
1,
NaHCO3 -
2.
20 ,
3-5 .
l 0,1 (pH=8,3).
3-5
l 0,1 ,
- (pH=4,5)
3.
(%) (NaHCO3 ) ;
X

V1 2 V2 0,0084 1000 100


m 20

: V1 - 0,1N HCl (
) pH =4,) ;
V2- 0,1N HCl (
) pH=8,3 ()
m =8,4 - NaHCO3;
0,0084 - NaHCO3 1 HCl 0,1.

1.16. (NaOH)
= 40
( , , ,
)
, .
NaOH :
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- .
:
/

. .
--

% (.)

95,0

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- 61-11

pH 1%
,

13

.2:
1. :
- ;
-0,1 l (8,6 HCl + 991,4
)
- 0,05%
- 4,0 NaOH 0,001
1,
NaOH - .
2.
250 10
3-5
l 0,1 , (pH=4,5)
3.
(%) aOH :
X

V 0,004
1000 100
m 10

: - NaOH (%);
V - 0,1N HCl ();
= 4,0 - NaOH, ()
0,004 - NaOH 1 HCl 0,1.
.3: pH 1%

100 + 1 NaOH,
.
1.17. (Na2CO3)
=105,993
( )

(, ) ,
, , .
,
,
.

/
1
2

:
.


.

, %(.)
95

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- 61-11

pH 5%
3 ,
11


1. :
- ;
- 0,1%- (0,1 50
96%, 100) ;
-0,1 l (8,6 HCl + 991,4
)
- 0,05%
- 10,6 Na2CO3 0,001
1 ,
Na 2CO3
2.
20 ,
3-5 .
l 0,1 (pH=8,3).
3-5
l 0,1 ,
- (pH=4,5)
3.
a) V1=2xV2 V1> 2xV2, c (%) (Na2CO3 )
;
X

2 V 2
0,0053 1000 100
m 20

) V1< 2xV2, c (%) (Na2CO3 )


;
X

2 V 1 V 2
0,0053 1000 100
m 20

:
- - Na2CO3 (%)
- V1 - 0,1N HCl (
) pH =4,3) ();
- V2- 0,1N HCl (
) pH=8,3 ()
- m =10,6 - Na2CO3;
- 0,0053 - Na2CO3 1 HCl 0,1.
1.18. (Cl)
= 74,5

-
.
,
, .
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- 61-11

, -,
- .
:


KCl
( ),

.
.

/3

-
1,98-2,00

95

--

.2. (KCL)
1. :
- ;
- ;
- Na2Co(NO2)6 ( ); 30
Co(NO3)2 . 6 H2O 60 ,
50 (NaNO2) 100
. 10
, .
- KCl; 10 () KCl
0,001, , 100
, KC1
(100 /)
- KCl; 10 KCl
0,001, , 100

KCL.
- .
2.
5 KCl 5 Na2Co(NO2)6
, 5
KCl 5 Na2Co(NO2)6. 2-3
. 5 .

, 3
( ~ 1800 /.) .
3.
KCl
X=

V1
100
V2

: - (1), %;
V1 - ( KCl), ;
V2 - ( KCl), ;
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- 61-11

1.19. ()
=56
( , )
.
, ,
(, .).
:

/
1

K+,



90

pH 1%
,

12

.
.
--

.2. (OH)
1. :
- ;
- ;
- Na2Co(NO2)6 ( ); 30 .
(Co(NO3)2 . 6 H2O 60 ,
50 . (NaNO2) 100 .
. 10 .
, .
- KCl: 7,45 KCl
0,001 , , 100
KCL
- KOH: 5,6 KOH
0,001, , 100
KOH
- .
2.
5 KOH 5 Na3Co(NO2)6
, 5
KCl 5 Na2Co(NO2)6.
2-3 . 5 .
, 3
( ~ 1800 /.) .
3.
KOH

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- 61-11

X=

V1
100
V2

: - (OH), %;
V1 - ( KOH), ;
V2 - ( KCl), .
.3: pH 1%
100 + 1 OH,
.
1.20.
(CaCl2)
( )
,
,
- .
1,39 / 3
( 20 ).
CaCl2 :

,
() 10% ,


(CaCl2),

10 CaCl2 100
25 ,

3
4
5

/3

2,5

--

8,5

94

--

.4. CaCl2
1. :
- 5 ; 28 KOH ,
100
- 0,01 ; 1,86 200-300
,
1.
- ; 1 + 99 KCl( NaCl),
.
- ; 5 CaCl2 200
, 1.
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- 61-11

2.
1
250 , 100 ,
5 5. KOH 10-20 ,
; (0,01)
.
3.
CaCl2
%X=

V N 1000 20 M CaCl2
m v M Ca 2

100

;
V- , ()
N- (0,01)
M CaCl - CaCl2 ( M CaCl =111)
M Ca - Ca2+ ( M Ca =40)
m CaCl2
(m=5)
v- , ( v=1)
2

1.21. ()
(C3H12NO9P3)

.
:

1
2
3
4

--

()
1%-
-

() ,
%

,

1-2
97,0
2,0

1.22.
()
( ) , c
- 70 %.
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- 61-11




.
:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9


25 (-1) 37 (
),

* 600 /
(R600),

* 6 /
(R6),
YP/PV
(),
,

(
75 ),

,
-LV,

3/

15

30,0

10

- /30

1-3
15

90

4,0

10,0

3/30

10


.1:
3 1,5 . . 100
2
24 25 . 30
. 25 (-1) 37 (
).
. 2-5: * (22,5 + 350
) Multimixer (11000 300
/). 5 ,
15 16 25

.
Multimixer 5 .
R600, R300, R6, (PV)
(YP) * 5
. ()
3 :
= 2 1, 3
3
1 ( ), 7,5 30 .
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

.6: .
1- 295 . ;
2- 15 ;
3- 5 .
4- ,
10 ;
5- 24 . 25 ;
6- 5 .
;
7- 250 : 10
2 ,
;
8- 15 3 %- 22 0,5 5 N
2SO4;
9- 10 . ;
10- 50 , 25 ;
11- () 0,5 (
5 ), 20 .,
.
;
12- 2 .
,
.11.
13- ():
= 14 ( ), %
.7:
10 350 0,2 (NaPO3)6,
30 .
75 2 .
100 5 3
.
0,001 .
.8:
10 0,001
100 5 3 .

:
= ( 1 2 ) : 1 100, %
: 1, 2 .
.9:
CMC LV 5. . 10. CMC LV
61-11.

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- 61-11

1.23.
( )

(BaSO 4),
.
:

,

,
( ),

75 ,

6 ,
,

/3

4,20

250

3,0

30,0

1,5

2
3
4
5

1.24.
(CaCO3)

.

( 1,35 / 3)
.
:

.
.

--

/3


( )
2,7 - 2,8

95,0

3
4

(
90 %)

0,3 - 3,0
0,30,9
0,91,25
1,252,0
2,03,0

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- 61-11

,

.

CaCO3 Fine :
6-9
CaCO3 Medium : 35-45
CaCO3 Coarse: 100-125

6:
40 mesh
200 mesh
325 mesh

Fine
1%

Medium
20-30 %
-

Coarse
1 %
80 %
-

1.25.
,
.
:

/
1
2

3,0

,
:
-
-

6-10
1-2

1.26.

, .

.


.
:

.
.

2
3
4

,
% (.)

/3
,
%

,
%

300 ,
%

5
6



-
80
2,09 2,23
0,30
1,0
10

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1.27.
().
,
, -- .
-,
,
.
.
,
.

() 0,75-0,85
/3.
:

/
1
2
3



,



90 ,



(15 ),




(30 .),

--

/3

0,35 0,49

% (.)

2,0

% (.)

3,0

10,0


.2.
-
0. 8
0,01 . (V)
3 () :
= 8 / V, /3
.3.
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

10 0,01
90 . 10 .
()
() :
= 10 , %
.4.
10 100
100 (V.).
25 0 15
(V.) .
() :
= V. / V. x 100, %
.5.
5.1. : 1000 + 40
() + 10 CMC-LV
2 24 . () c
1 .
5.2. .5.1. 200
30 .
(o),
, -3
(
) 25 30 .
, -3
(1)
. ()
:
= (1 o) / o x 100, %

2.
2.1. ()

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- 61-11


,
.
:


2550.

.
.
--

--

()
0,5%
-
( )
%
255 0,
*

0,5%
(
)
,
c.
- 2550
- 150 0 (2
)

0,5%
(
)
,
c.
0
- 255
- 150 0 (2 )
0,5 %-

, :
/
0
- 255
- 150 0 (2 )
0,5 %-

, :
/
0
- 255
- 150 0 (2 )
(pH) 0,5% -
-( )
.

500

300
300

280
280

10
10

10
10
6-8,5

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- 61-11

*: .5,6. 0,5% ( )
300 .5 280 .6 500 %
( ).

. 4.
200 ( ), 1
, 11000300 / 5 ,.
2000
(V).
() 0,5% - ( )
2550, ;
=

V
100
100

. 5.
- 2550.; .4,
- 150 0 (2 ): 200 1
5 ,
FANN.

.
2 150 0. ,

11000300 / 5 ,
2000
.6. . 5.
.7. 8; TVT2 LAUDA
2.2. CH3COOH
CH3COOH
Al(OH)3, Fe(OH)3

.
:

/
1
2
3



CH3COOH,

20oC .

.
.

99

/3

1.048 1.051

2.3. ( HCl)
(HCl)
,
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

CaCO3, CaMg(CO3)2, .

H2SiO3, Al(OH)3
,
..
:

.
.

31

2.4. (HF)
HF
,
, ,
, ,
, ..
HF .
:

/
1
2

HF,

.
.
%

50

3. ,

___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

3.1. ,

3.1.1.

.
, ,
.
3.1.2. ,
.

2.1. 90-08
, ,
,
26.09.2008 .
3.1.3.
() 0,3 .
,
1) , ,
, ,
1/2 .
2) 2 %
, , . ,
, ,
, .
3) .
, ( ),
4
( ,
). .
,
.
3.2. ,
3.2.1. ,
.
3.2.2. 2 : , ()
, ()-
()
.
3.2.3.
0,5 .

___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

1)

,
.
2)
10 % ,
, .
.
( )
.
3)


: - 20
, - - 15
.
:
, ,
.

MC LC
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

GII THIU
1. YU CU K THUT V PHNG PHP KIM TRA HA
PHM KHOAN
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.
1.5.
1.6.
1.7.
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.27
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.

CC CHT HU C
Lignosulphonate ()
Carboxymethylcellulose ()
Polyanionic cellulose ()
Polyacrylamide
Biopolymer
Polyalkylene Glycol ()
Silic hu c ()
Polymer hu c v cc cht c ch khc
Cht hot tnh b mt ()
Cht bi trn
Cht dit khun
Cht cu kt ()
Cht kh bt
CHT V C
Phn nhm kali ()
Bicarbonate Natri (NaHCO3)
Xt Natri (NaOH)
Carbonate Natri (Na2CO3)
Clorua kali (KCl)
Xt kali ()
Clorua canxi (CaCl2)
Nitril trimetyl-photphoric axit
VT LIU KHOAN
St bt
Bt barite ()
Bt vi (3)
V tru
Graphite
Bt thy tinh ()
2. HA PHM X L VNG CN Y GING KHOAN
Cht to bt
Axit axetic
Axit clohydric
Axit Flohydric
3. QUY TC LY MU, TO MU TRUNG BNH
V BO QUN MU

GII THIU
___________________________________________________________________________________
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.
53

55
57
61
62
65
66
67
69
69
71
73
75
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
86
86
89
94
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103

- 61-11

Vic son tho yu cu k thut ln ny l cn thit nhm tng mc khoa hc


ca cng tc th nghim, hon thin phng php xc nh cc ch tiu, a thm vo
v chnh xc ho cc gi tr ca mt s ch tiu v cht lng ho phm v vt liu
khoan sa ging, k c vic lin quan n cng tc i mi thit b kim tra.
Vi vic a vo p dng tiu chun RD- ny th tiu chun - 61-09 ngy
02.02.2009 s khng cn hiu lc. Trnh t nhn mu, phn tch v lp bin bn kt
qu c trnh by chi tit trong 90-08 Quy ch kim tra cht lng ho
phm, vt t, cc h dung dch khoan v cc cht lng cng ngh khoan, sa ging v
khai thc du ti cc m ca XNLD Vit Nga Vietsovpetro ngy 26.09.2008
Tham gia son tho:
Trng phng dung dch XNKvSG

Hong Hng Lnh

CVC phng dung dch XNKvSG

A. N. Derevianco

CVC phng dung dch XNKvSG

Trn Mnh Tng

CC CH VIT TT TRONG RD
___________________________________________________________________________________
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- 61-11

API ()-Vin du M;
()-Carboxymethylcellulose;
()-Polyanionic cellulose;
, NKT-Nc k thut;
, NC-Nc ct;
, NB-Nc bin;
R-Silic hu c;
-Polyalkylen glycol;
, BT-Bi trn;
-Phn nhm kali;
DDK-Dung dch khoan;
DDN-Dung dch nn;
-Cht cu kt;
(PAA)-Polyacrilamide kh;
(PHPA)-Polyacrilamid thy phn;
Gel1/10- bn Gel sau 1 v 10 pht;
(YP) -ng lc ng;
PV- nht do
-Ch s thm t.
-Lignosulphonate;
(FCL)-Ferrochromlignosulphonate;
(CFL)- Cromfree lignosulphonate;
- Nitril trimetyl-photphoric axit
Cht lng cng ngh t trng thp
Bt thy tinh nhn to
X l vng cn y ging
TL- trng lng, TT- th tch
c- giy
g- gam
T- nht biu kin
Va- nht hiu dng
1.YU CU K THUT V PHNG PHP
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- 61-11

KIM TRA HA PHM, VT LIU KHOAN


HA PHM HU C
1.1.

LIGNOSULPHONATE:FERROCHROMLIGNOSULPHONATE (FCL)
V CROMFREE LIGNOSULPHONATE (CFL)

Ferrochromlignosulphnate (FCL) l sn phm gia sulphite lignosulphonate cha


sulphat st (FeSO4) v Bichrommate natri. Cromfree lignosulphonate (CFL) khng
cha crome.
Lignosulphonate (FCL v CFL) c dng gim nht v lc ct tnh dung
dch khoan, ng thi c th c ch nh i vi st. S dng Lignosulphonate hiu
qu khi pH dung dch t 8,5-9,5. XNLD Vit Nga cc sn phm ny c tn gi l
FCL (), CFL ().
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4
5

6
7

Thng s k thut
c tnh vt l
m
pH ca dung dch 5% (trng lng) FCL trong
nc ct (5g FCL/100ml nc ct)
Lng cht khng tan trong NKT 25 5
Cc thng s ca dung dch nn *
- nht hiu dng Va o trn my Fann
- YP
- Gel 1/10
Cc thng s ca dung dch x l **
- nht hiu dng Va o trn my Fann
- YP
- Gel 1/10
Kh nng to bt ca dung dch 3 % (TL) FCL
trong nc k thut

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
bt mn , mu nu ti
Max 10

4-5

%(TL)

Max 0,5

cP
Lbs/100ft2
Lbs/100ft2

13-25
14-30
20-35/ 25-39

cP
Lbs/100ft2
Lbs/100ft2

5-10
2-5
0-3 / 0-7

cm3

Max. 100

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-c tnh vt l: xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2- m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v ha phm FCL ( khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng trc
khi nung a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit 25 5 , cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c

( a b)
100 , % trng lng
a

Mc 3-pH ca dung dch 5% FCl trong nc ct :


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- 61-11

Cn chnh xc 5 g FCL cho vo cc c sn 100 ml nc ct, khuy cho tan ht sau


o pH ca dung dch o bng giy chuyn dng hoc bng my o pH.
Mc 4-Kh nng tan trong nc k thut nhit 25 5
-Cn chnh xc 5 g FCL, cho vo cc c sn 200 ml nc k thut, khuy 10 pht
bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan. tnh 16 gi ,
gn b 90% dung dch pha trn, cn li s lc qua giy lc.
-Xy giy lc n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC, lc qua giy lc trn phu
thy tinh, ra bng nc k thut c vi bp, ra i ra li nhiu ln, ri xy giy lc
vi cn n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC. Hm lng cn tnh theo cng
thc:
x

mc
100 , % trng lng
M

mc = m giy+cn m giy (hm lng cht khng tan).


M : l trng lng mu (g)
m giy : l trng lng giy sau khi xy n trng lng khng i (g)
m giy+cn : l trng lng giy v cn sau khi xy n trng lng khng i (g)
Mc 5-Thnh phn v cch iu ch DDN*
400 ml NKT+ 28 g st bt (API) vi hiu sut khng nh hn 15 m 3/T. Khuy bng
my Multimixer c tc 11000 300 v/p trong 5 pht, ly cc ra, vt sch st bm
trn thnh, khuy tip 15 pht. tnh 24 gi 25 5 . Trc khi o cc thng s
khuy li 5 pht.
-c cc ch s R600 v R300 khi quay tc 600 v 300 v/p, ta c:
Va = R600 / 2, PV = R600 R300, YP = R300 PV
- bn Gel (Gel 1/10 ) [(Lb/100ft2) hoc (/100 2)
+Quay tc 600 v/p vi thi gian khong 1 pht ph cu trc dung dch, tt my
tnh , khi thi gian tnh c 1 pht th bt my nc tc 3 v/p, c kt qu
trn my ta c (Gel1) sau tip tc quay tc 600 v/p vi thi gian khong 1
pht, tt my tnh , khi thi gian tnh c 10 pht th bt my nc tc 3
v/p, c kt qu trn my ta c (Gel10 )
Mc 6-Dung dch x l**
DDN* (mc 5) + 3 g FCL + 0,4 g NaOH trong khi khuy, khuy trn bng my
Multimixer c tc 11000 300 v/p trong 5 pht, ly cc ra, vt sch cn bm trn
thnh, khuy tip 15 pht. tnh 2 gi 25 5 oC. Trc khi o cc thng s khuy
li 5 pht. Cch o nh mc 5.
Mc 7-Xc nh kh nng sinh bt nh sau:
Ly 200 ml NKT + 6 g FCL+ 0,6 g NaOH pH=8-9, khuy bng my Multimixer
c tc 11000 300 v/p trong 5 pht. Ly cc ra rt lun vo ng o thy tinh loi
1000 ml, tnh 5 pht, c th tch ton b phn nc FCL v phn bt (V ) v th
tch phn nc FCL (V). Kh nng sinh bt l:
= V-V (cm3)

1.2.

CARBONMETHYLCELLULOSE (CMC)

___________________________________________________________________________________
F-DK-005
.: 0
: 01-10-2002
.: 56/103

- 61-11

CMC l hp cht ca Natri v axt cellulose nhn c khi cho phn ng cellulose
c tnh kim vi monocloaxetat natri hoc vi monoclorua.
C hai loi CMC: CMC-LV v CMC-HV gim thi nc ca dung dch
khoan. CMC-HV cn c tc dng tng nht ca dung dch khoan khi khoan a
tng t st hoc to nht cho Tampon chng mt dung dch.
A/ CMC-HV hoc CMC-EHV
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

Hnh dng bn ngoi

2
3

m
Kh nng tan trong NKT nhit 25 5
nht hiu dng Va ca dung dch 6,3 g
CMC-HV trong 1 lt NKT (o trn my Fann
35SA)
nht hiu dng Va ca dung dch 7,7 g
CMC-HV trong 1 lt nc mui (o trn my
Fann 35SA)
nht hiu dng Va ca dung dch 7,15 g
CMC-HV trong 1 lt nc mui bo ha (o trn
my Fann 35SA)
thi nc ca dung dch st vi 9 gam CMCHV trong mi trng nc mui bo ha

4
5
6
7

n v
%(TL)
-

Yu cu
bt mn,hoc si, mu
trng ng hoc trng
Max 10
Tan hon ton

cP

Min 15

cP

Min 15

cP

Min 15

cm3

Max 10

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-c tnh vt l : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2- m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v ha phm CMC ( khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng
trc khi nung a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit 25 5 oC, cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c

( a b)
100 , % trng lng
a

Mc 3- Kh nng tan trong NKT nhit 25 5 oC


-Cn 5 g CMC cho vo cc c sn 500 ml nc k thut, khuy 20 pht bng my
khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan. tnh 16 gi , gn b 90%
dung dch pha trn, cn li lc qua giy lc.
-Xy giy lc n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC, lc qua giy lc trn phu
thy tinh, ra bng nc k thut c vi bp, ra i ra li nhiu ln, ri xy giy lc
vi cn n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC
Trng lng giy trc v sau lc dung dch CMC phi bng nhau.
Mc 4- nht hiu dng Va ca dung dch CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) trong
NKT o trn my Fann 35SA.
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: 01-10-2002
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- 61-11

Rt vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p: 3505


ml nc ct , bt my khuy, sau cho vo cc khuy 2,2 0,01 g CMC HV (Cho
vo rt t t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln
thnh bnh xung di dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th dng, y kn, tnh
16 gi, khuy li 5 pht ri o trn my fann: quay tc 600 v/p , c kt qu trn
my.
Va = R 600 /2
Trong ; Va : nht hiu dng (cP)
R 600 : kt qu c trn my tc 600 v/p.
Mc 5- nht hiu dng Va ca dung dch CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) trong
nc mui (o trn my Fann)
Chun b nc mui: 1 lt nc ct + 40 g mui khuy tan ht, tnh 2 gi gn ly
phn dung dch mui trong pha trn, hoc lc qua giy lc.
Cho vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p: 350 ml
nc mui, bt my khuy sau cho vo cc khuy 2,7 g CMC HV (Cho vo rt t
t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh
bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th dng, y kn, tnh 16
gi, khuy li 5 pht ri o trn my Fann 35SA : tc 600 v/p , c kt qu trn
my.
Va = R600 /2
Trong ;
Va : nht hiu dng (cP)
R600 : kt qu c trn my Fann 35SA tc 600 v/p.
Mc 6- nht Va ca dung dch CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) trong nc mui
bo ho (o trn my Fann 35SA)
Chun b nc mui bo ha: 1 lt nc ct + 400 g mui khuy 30 p cho tan ht ,
tnh 2 gi gn ly phn dung dch mui trong pha trn, hoc lc qua giy lc.
Tin hnh xc nh nht Va ; Cho vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi
tc 11000 300 v/p: 350 ml nc mui bo ha, bt my khuy sau cho vo cc
khuy 2,5 g CMC HV (Cho vo rt t t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht
tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy tip cho
20 pht th dng, y kn, tnh 16 gi, khuy li 5 pht ri o trn my fann :tc
600 v/p , c kt qu trn my.
Va = R600 /2, trong ;
Va : nht hiu dng (cP)
R600 : kt qu c trn my Fann 35SA tc 600 v/p.
Mc 7- thi nc ca dung dch st vi CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) trong
mi trng nc mui bo ha
Chun b nc mui bo ha : Nh mc 6.
Chun b dung dch st CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) trong nc mui bo ha: Cho
vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p: 350 ml nc
mui bo ha, bt my khuy sau cho vo cc khuy 1 g NaHCO3 khuy 1 pht +
35 g st API khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung
dch, khuy tip cho 20 pht + 3,15 g CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) (cho vo rt t
t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh
bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th dng, y kn, tnh 2
gi.
___________________________________________________________________________________
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.: 0
: 01-10-2002
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- 61-11

Tin hnh o thi nc; Khuy li dung dch trn trong 5 pht ri o thi nc
trn my Fann 35SA (API) , giy lc API, vi p sut 7 atm (100 Psi). c lng
nc lc trong 7 pht 30 giy (B1) v lng nc lc trong 30 pht (B2). thi
nc nh gi (B) tnh theo cng thc:
B=2 x (B2B1), cm3
Yu cu ca dung dch nn kim tra thi nc:
Stt
1
2
3

Thng s k thut
nht hiu dng Va ca DDN khi cha c CMCHV (o trn my Fann 35SA)
thi nc (B) ca DDN khi cha c CMC-HV
pH ca DDN

n v

Yu cu

cP

Max 10

cm3
-

Min 60
8 1

DDN c chun b nh sau: Cho vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi


tc 11000 300 v/p : 350 ml nc mui bo ha , bt my khuy sau cho vo
cc khuy 1 g NaHCO3 , khuy 1 pht + 35 g st API , khuy 5 pht tt my, gt
nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung dch, khuy tip cho 20 pht th
dng, y kn, tnh 2 gi.
Tin hnh o: khuy li DDN 5 pht ri o thi nc trn my Filter press (API) ,
giy lc API, vi p sut 7 atm (100 Psi). c lng nc lc trong 7 pht 30 giy
(B1) v lng nc lc trong 30 pht (B 2). thi nc nh gi (B) tnh theo
cng thc:
B=2x (B2B1), cm3
B/ CMC-LV
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

c tnh vt l

2
3

Kh nng tan trong NKT nhit 25 oC


m
nht hiu dng Va ca dung dch 10,5 g
CMC-LV trong 350 ml nc ct (o trn
my Fann)
thi nc ca dung dch st vi CMCLV trong mi trng nc mui bo ha

4
5

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
Bt mn,hoc si, mu
trng ng hoc trng
Tan hon ton
Max 10

cP

Max 45

cm3

Max 10

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-c tnh vt l : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2-Kh nng tan trong nc k thut nhit 25 5
-Cn 10 g CMC-LV cho vo cc c sn 500 ml NKT (2%) khuy 20 pht bng
my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan, tnh 16 gi , gn b
90% dung dch pha trn, cn li lc qua giy lc.
-Xy giy lc n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC, lc qua giy lc trn phu
thy tinh, ra bng nc k thut c vi bp, ra i ra li nhiu ln, ri xy giy lc
vi cn n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC
Trng lng giy trc v sau lc CMC phi bng nhau.
Mc 3- m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
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- 61-11

-Cn c cc ng mu v ha phm CMC ( khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng


trc khi nung a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit phng, cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c

( a b)
100 , % trng lng
a

Mc 4- nht biu kin (Va) ca dung dch CMC-LV trong nc ct (o trn


my Fann 35SA)
Cho vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p: 350 ml
nc ct , bt my khuy sau cho vo cc khuy 10,5 g CMC LV (Cho vo rt t
t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh
bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th dng, y kn, tnh 2
gi, khuy li 5 pht ri o trn my fann 35SA: tc 600 v/p , c kt qu trn
my.
Va = R600 /2
Trong ;
Va : nht biu kin (cP)
R600 : kt qu c trn my tc 600 v/p
Mc 5- thi nc ca dung dch st vi CMC-LV trong mi trng nc mui
bo ha
Chun b nc mui bo ha: 1 lt nc ct + 400 g mui, khuy 30 pht bng my
khuy tc chm (3000 300 v/p), tnh 2 gi gn ly phn dung dch trong pha
trn, hoc lc qua giy lc API bng dng c o thi nc Filter press.
Chun b dung dch st CMC-LV trong nc mui bo ha: Cho vo cc khuy ca
my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p: 350 ml nc mui bo ha, bt
my khuy sau cho vo cc khuy 1 g NaHCO3 , khuy 1 pht + 35 g st API
khuy 5 pht, tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy
tip cho 20 pht + 3,15 g CMC-LV (cho vo rt t t trnh trng hp b vn cc)
khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy
tip cho 20 pht th dng, y kn, tnh 2 gi,
Tin hnh o thi nc; Khuy li dung dch trn trong 5 pht ri o thi nc
trn my Filter press (API), giy lc API, vi p sut 7 atm (100 Psi). c lng nc
lc trong 7 pht 30 giy (B1) v lng nc lc trong 30 pht (B2). thi nc
nh gi (B) tnh theo cng thc:
B=2x (B2B1), cm3
c- Yu cu ca dung dch nn kim tra thi nc:
Stt
1
2
3

Thng s k thut
nht hiu dng Va ca DDN khi cha c
CMC-LV (o trn my Fann 35SA)
thi nc ca DDN khi cha c CMC-LV
pH ca DDN

n v

Yu cu

cP

Max 10

cm3 / 30 p
-

Min 60
8 1

DDN c chun b nh sau: Cho vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi


tc 11000 300 v/p : 350 ml nc mui bo ha , bt my khuy sau cho vo
cc khuy 1 g NaHCO3 , khuy 1 pht + 35 g st API , khuy 5 pht tt my, gt
nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung dch, khuy tip cho 20 pht th
dng ri o thi nc trn my Filter press (API), giy lc API, vi p sut 7 atm
___________________________________________________________________________________
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.: 0
: 01-10-2002
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- 61-11

(100 Psi). c lng nc lc trong 7 pht 30 giy (B1) v lng nc lc trong 30


pht (B2). thi nc nh gi (B) tnh theo cng thc:
B=2x (B2B1), cm3

1.3.

POLIANIONIC CELLULOSE (PAC)

PAC dng gim thi nc v tng nht ca dung dch khoan. PAC gm
hai loi. PAC-LV c nht thp v PAC-R c nht cao.
PAC dng iu ch dung dch khoan c st, t st hoc phi st, ngoi ra cn c th
iu ch Tampon.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4
5
6

Thng s k thut
c tnh vt l
Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v trong
nc bin nhit 25 5
pH ca dung dch 3% (TL) PAC trong nc ct
(3 g PAC/100ml nc ct)
nht biu kin ca dung dch 1% (TL) PAC
trong nc ct (o trn phu Baroid-M)
m
thi nc ca dung dch x l

n v
-

Yu cu k thut
PAC-LV
PAC-R
bt mn, hoc si, mu
trng, trng ng
Tan hon ton, khng b
lng cn

7,5-9,5

7-9

Max 40

55 80

%(TL)
cm3

Max 8
Max 8

Max 8
Max 8

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-c tnh vt l : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2-Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v trong nc bin nhit phng
-Cn 5 g PAC-R (hoc 10 g PAC-LV) cho vo cc c sn 500 ml nc k thut,
khuy 20 pht bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan.
tnh 16 gi , gn b 90% dung dch pha trn, cn li lc qua giy lc.
-Xy giy lc n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC, lc qua giy lc trn phu
thy tinh, ra bng nc k thut c vi bp, ra i ra li nhiu ln, ri xy giy lc
vi cn n trng lng khng i nhit 105 oC.
Trng lng giy trc v sau lc dung dch PAC phi bng nhau.
Mc3- pH ca dung dch 3% trong nc ct
Ly 3 g Pac +100 ml nc ct khuy cho tan ht sau o pH ca dung dch o
bng giy chuyn dng hoc bng my o pH.
Mc 4- nht biu kin ca dung dch 1% (TL) PAC trong nc ct (o trn
phu Baroid-M )
Ly 3 cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p, cho vo
mi cc 500 ml NKT, bt my khuy sau cho vo mi cc khuy 5,0 g PAC (Cho
vo rt t t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht bn ln
thnh bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th dng, y kn,
tnh 2 gi, khuy li 5 pht bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p
ri 3 cc vo bnh loi 2 lt, khuy li 5 pht bng my khuy chm vi tc 3000
300 v/p ri o trn phu BAROID-M.
___________________________________________________________________________________
F-DK-005
.: 0
: 01-10-2002
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- 61-11

Mc 5- m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v ha phm PAC ( khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng trc
khi nung a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit phng, cn mu, ghi trng lng cc c mu, ri li cho vo xy tip
30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng i
th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c

( a b)
100 , % trng lng
a

Mc 6- thi nc ca dung dch x l


-Chun b dung dch nn: 1 lt nc bin + 50 g st API +70 g KCl khuy 30 pht
bng my khuy tc chm (3000 300 v /p).
Cho vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p 0,5 lt
dung dch nn, bt my khuy Multimixer,sau cho vo cc khuy 5,0 g PAC
(Cho vo rt t t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt nhng ht
bn ln thnh bnh xung phn dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th dng, y
kn, tnh 2 gi, khuy li 5 pht bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000
300 v/p, ri o thi nc trn my Filter press dng giy lc API, vi p sut 7
atm (100 Psi). c lng nc lc trong 7 pht 30 giy u v lng nc lc trong
30 pht.
B=2x (B2B1), cm3, trong
B- thi nc
B2 l lng nc lc trong 30 pht
B1 l lng nc lc trong 7pht 30 giy u

1.4.

POLYACRILAMIDE

Polyacrilamide l polimer mch di cao phn t, trng lng phn t t 3.10 4


6.10 , c dng ht nh. Lin doanh Vit Nga Vietsovpetro s dng Polyacrilamide
hai dng; Dng ht kh (PAA) v thu ho tng phn 25-30% (PHPA).
-PAA kt tp st, tng nht ca dung dch khoan v iu ch Tampon chng mt
nc hoc cht lng dp ging.
-PHPA c tc dng c ch st, gim thi nc, iu chnh tnh cht lu bin,
nht dung dch khoan gc nc ngt hoc nc khong yu.
6

Thng s k thut ca PAA


a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4

Thng s k thut
c tnh vt l
m
Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v nc bin
nhit 25 5 oC
nht biu kin (o trn phu Baroid-M) ca
dung dch PAA 1,5 % (TL) trong nc ct sau khi
nung 3 gi tnh t lc mu nung t nhit :

-25 5

n v
%(TL)
-

Yu cu
Ht nh mu trng
Max. 20
Tan ht , khng c
cn

135 5

___________________________________________________________________________________
F-DK-005
.: 0
: 01-10-2002
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- 61-11

-100
-125
nht biu kin (o trn phu Baroid-M) ca
dung dch PAA 1,5 % (TL) trong nc bin sau khi
nung 3 gi tnh t lc mu nung t nhit :

-25 5

60 5
50 5

150 5
60 5
40 5

-100
-125

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-c tnh vt l : Xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2- m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v ha phm PAA ( khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng trc
khi nung a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit phng, cn mu, ghi trng lng cc c mu, ri li cho vo xy tip
30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng i
th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c

( a b)
100 , % trng lng
a

Mc 3-Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v trong nc bin nhit 25 5


-Cn 2 mu, mi mu 1,5 g ho cht, chun b 02 cc, cc th nht c sn 300 ml
nc k thut, cc th 2 c 300 ml nc bin, bt my khuy (my khuy
Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p), cho ho cht t t vo tng cc, khuy tip
20 pht cho ho cht tan ht.
vo tng ng ong thu tinh loi 500 ml ring bit, tnh trong 3 gi, xem c cn
y hay khng, nu y c cn th mu khng t tiu chun.
Mc 4- Xc nh nht biu kin (o trn phu Baroid-M) ca dung dch PAA
1,5%(TL) trong nc ct nhit 25 5 v sau khi nung 3 gi tnh t lc
mu nung t nhit 100 v 125 oC
Cho vo 3 cc ca my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p, mi cc
0,5 lt nc ct, bt my khuy Multimixer, sau cho vo mi cc 7,5 gam PAA
(1,5% TL) (Cho vo rt t t trnh trng hp b vn cc) khuy 5 pht tt my, gt
nhng ht bn ln thnh bnh xung di dung dch), khuy tip cho 20 pht th
dng, y kn, tnh 16 gi trong nhit 25 5 , trc khi o nht biu kin
25 5 khuy li 5 pht bng my khuy Multimixer ri ha chung vo bnh loi
2 lt, khuy thm 5 pht bng my khuy c tc 3000 300 v/p. Sau nung dung
dch 100 oC trong 3 gi (thi gian c tnh t lc mu nung t 100 oC), lm mt,
dung dch ra bnh loi 2 lt, trn li 5 pht bng my khuy c tc 3000 300 v/p
trc khi o nht biu kin (o trn phu Baroid-M). o nht biu kin
125 oC, iu ch dung dch mi vi cc bc nh trn, ch khc ch nung mu 125
o
C.
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: 01-10-2002
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- 61-11

Mc 5- Xc nh nht biu kin (o trn phu Baroid-M) ca dung dch PAA


1,5%(TL) trong nc bin nhit 25 5 v sau khi nung 3 gi tnh t lc
mu nung t nhit 100 v 125 oC
Cch lm nh mc 4, thay nc ct bng nc bin.
Thng s k thut ca PHPA
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4
5

Thng s k thut
Hnh dng
Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v nc bin
nhit 25 5 oC.
bn Gel 1/10 (Fann-35) ca DDN*
bn Gel 1/10 (Fann-35) ca DDT**
Ch s gim s trng n st API ca dung
dch 1 %(TL) ha phm* (o bng thit b
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter USA), khng ln
hn

n v
-

Yu cu
bt mn mu trng

%(TL)

Tan ht , khng c cn

lb/100 ft2
lb/100 ft2

5 8 / 10 14
3 5 / 6 10

%(TL)

70

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-Hnh dng: xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2-Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v trong nc bin nhit phng
-Cn 1,5 gam ho cht (PHPA)
cho vo cc c sn 300 ml nc k thut (hoc nc bin) khuy bng my khuy
Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan.
vo ng ong thu tinh loi 500 ml, tnh trong 3 gi, xem c cn y hay
khng , nu y c cn th mu khng t tiu chun.
Mc 3- Xc nh bn Gel1/10 ca DDN*
Dung dch nn DDN* : 60 ml nc ct +120 gam st bt trn u tnh trong 24 gi
+ 940 ml nc bin, khuy 30 pht bng my khuy tc chm (3000 300 v /p),
sau khuy 5 pht bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p ri o
bn Gel 1/10 trn my Fann 35SA
Mc 4- Xc nh bn Gel1/10 ca DDT**
1lt DDN* + 3 g ho cht (PHPA) , khuy 30 pht bng my khuy tc chm
(3000 300 v /p), sau khuy 5 pht bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc
11000 300 v/p ri o bn Gel 1/10 trn my Fann 35SA
Mc 5- Cch iu ch dung dch 1 % (TL) ha phm*: Ly 300 ml NKT vo cc
my khuy Multimixer tc 11000 300 v/p, cho 3 g PHPA vo trong khi khuy
(Cho t t trnh vn cc), khuy 5 pht, vt ht bt ha phm bm trn thnh cc
xung dung dch, trn tip 15 pht, y kn tnh 16 gi 25 5 , trc khi o
trng n st khuy trn li 5 pht.
Phng php p mu: Cn 15 g st t tiu chun API (R 600 = 24 4, YP/PV = 1,2
0,4 v = 12,4 1,9 3 ), p bng my p mu COMPACTOR (theo b vi thit
b o trng n st Dinamic Linear Swell Meter) vi p sut 6000 PSI trong 60 pht.
o trng n ca st trong dung dch 1 % PHPA bng my Dinamic Linear Swell
Meter nhit 140 5 oF (60 3 oC) trong thi gian 15 gi theo tiu chun o ca
API.
Tiu ch ny ch thc hin khi c my Dinamic Linear Swell Meter ti phng TN DDK
Vin NCTK hoc phng DDK XNKvSG v s thay th ch tiu 4.
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1.5 BIOPOLYMER (Xanthangum)


Biopolymer l cht to cu trc cao phn t, c sn xut t Hydrocarbon bng
phng php tng hp vi sinh. Biopolymer c cc tn gi thng mi khc nhau nh;
Xanvis, Ancovis, XC-polymer, Kelzan XCD, Newvis, Duovis, Flovis v.v.
Biopolymer s dng to tnh chy ti u, tng kh nng nng mn khoan ca dung
dch. Biopolymer khc vi cc polymer gc Polysacarit ch c thi nc tc thi
cao, c nht gi do nht tng khi tc chy chm, ngc li nht gim
khi tc chy cao. Biopolymer b phn hu bi vi sinh ln men. Biopolymer c s
dng hiu qu khi tng nht dung dch khoan phi st, cht lng dp ging v
Tampon chng mt nc.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3

Thng s k thut
c tnh vt l
Kh nng tan trong NKT v NB 25 5 oC
nht biu kin ca DDN* (phu Baroid-M)
- nhit 25 5 oC
-Sau khi nung T=1200C trong 3 gi (thi gian
c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t T=1200C)
nht do (PV) ca DDN* o trn my Fann 35SA
- nhit 25 5 oC
-Sau khi nung T=1200C trong 3 gi (thi gian
c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t T=1200C)
ng lc trt ng (YP) ca DDN* o trn my
Fann 35SA
- nhit 25 5 oC
-Sau khi nung T=1200C trong 3 gi (thi gian
c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t T=1200C)
bn Gel 1/10 ca DDN*
- nhit 25 5 oC
-Sau khi nung T=1200C trong 3 gi (thi gian
c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t T=1200C)

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
bt mn mu
vng sng
Tan ht , khng
c cn

giy

Min 40
Min 30

cPs

Max 8
Max 6

Lb/100ft
2

Lb/100ft
2

Min 20
Min 20
6/7
6/7

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-Nhn dng : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2-Kh nng tan trong NKT v trong nc bin nhit 25 5 oC.
-Cn 1,5 gam ho cht cho vo cc c sn 300 ml nc k thut (hoc nc bin)
khuy bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan. vo
ng ong thu tinh loi 500 ml, tnh trong 3 gi, xem c cn y hay khng , nu
y c cn th mu khng t tiu chun.
Mc 3,4,5,6 - c tin hnh nh sau;
DDN*: 2 lt NKT+ 40 g KCl khuy cho tan ht + 11,4 g Biopolymer , khuy bng my
khuy tc chm (3000 300 v /p) trong thi gian 1 gi, tnh 5 gi 25 5 ,
trc khi o cc thng s khuy li 30 pht bng my khuy chm. o mu sau khi
nung, nung mu nhit 120 oC trong 3 gi (thi gian c bt u tnh t lc mu
nung t T=1200C) , ngui ly ra khuy bng my khuy tc chm (3000 300
v /p) trong thi gian 15 pht , ri o cc thng s.
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1.6 POLYALKILEN GLYCOL (PAG)


Polyalkilen Glycol l hn hp Poliethylen glycol, c cng thc ho hc R- (CH2CH2-O-)nH. PAG c s dng iu ch dung dch khoan phi st khi khoan qua a
tng st. Polyalkilen glycol c ch st, lm long v tng tnh bi trn cho dung dch,
tng bn v st.
Polyalkilen glycol cn c tn thng mi l Anco 208 v cc tn khc
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

Nhn dng

2
3

T trng
pH ca dung dch: 50ml ha cht + 50ml nc ct
nht hiu dng ca ha cht o trn my Fann
(Va)
Kh nng gim bn Gel sau 10 pht ca dung
dch x ** l nhit 25 5 oC

4
5

n v
g/cm3
-

Yu cu
dng lng,mu nu
ti
Min 1,05
6-7

cPs

Min 20

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-Nhn dng : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2-T trng: o bng t trng k, trc khi o phi chun li dng c bng nc
ct.
Mc 2-pH ca dung dch: ly 50 ml ha phm cho vo cc c sn 50 ml nc ct
khuy cho tan u sau o pH bng giy chuyn dng hoc my o pH.
Mc 2;4- nht hiu dng ca ha cht o trn my Fann (Va)
Ly khong 400 ml ha cht sau khuy 5 pht bng my khuy chm (3000 300 v
/p), ri vo cc o ca my Fann cho va chm vch chun. nht hiu dng o
trn my Fann Va bng cch: c ch s khi quay tc 600 v/p chia cho 2.
Mc 5-Kh nng gim bn Gel sau 10 pht ca dung dch x l nhit 25
5oC.
+Dung dch nn*: 1 lt nc ct + 80 gam st API khuy 30 pht bng my khuy
chm (3000 300 v/p), tnh 24 gi sau khuy 5 pht bng my khuy
Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p, sau o bn Gel 10 pht trn my
Fann (Gel 10)
+Dung dch x l **: 1lt dung dch nn * + 30 ml ha phm: khuy 15 pht bng my
khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p, sau o bn Gel trn my
Fann Gel10
Kh nng gim bn Gel sau 10 pht ca dung dch x l nhit 25 5 oC c
tnh theo cng thc sau;
x=

G0 G1
G0

100 , % trng lng

Trong ;
x- gim bn Gel sau 10 pht
G0- bn Gel sau 10 pht ca dung dch nn
G1- bn Gel sau 10 pht ca dung dch x l

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1.7.

SILIC HU C (KOR)

Ho phm Silic hu c l dung dch nc ca siliconat nhm natri v cc ph gia


bin tnh. KOP c s dng iu ch v x l dung dch khoan c ch k nc v
dung dch sa ging.
Trong dung dch khoan, KOR c chc nng c ch st, lm long, to tnh k nc
cho st, tng bn nhit (ti 1600C) v gp phn bo ton thm t nhin ca tng
sn phm.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4

6
7
8

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
T trng
pH ca ha cht
Kh nng tan 25 5 oC:
+trong nc k thut
+ trong nc bin (*)
Kh nng lm gim cc thng s dung dch x l
*** 25 5 oC so vi dung dch nn **:
-Nht biu kin (T) (o bng phu Baroid-M)
-Nht do (PV)
-ng lc trt ng YP
Kh nng lm gim bn Gel sau 10 pht ca
dung dch x l gia nhit 150 oC trong 3 gi
Kh nng thm nc
Kh nng gim s trng n ca st API trong
dung dch nc ha phm (20 ml/l i vi nhm 1
v 2,5 ml/l i vi nhm 2) o bng thit b
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter USA

n v
g/cm3
-

Yu cu
dng lng
1,05-1,13
Min 9
Tan ht
C cn dng nh

Min 15
Min 15
Min 20

Min 25

cm/gi

Max 2,5

Max 60

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1-Nhn dng : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2-T trng: o bng t trng k (t trng k khng lm t vt liu nhm), trc
khi o phi chun li dng c bng nc ct.
Mc 3-pH ca dung dch: ly 50 ml ha phm ,sau o pH bng giy chuyn dng
hoc my o pH.
Mc 4-Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v trong nc bin* 25 5 :
+Nc bin* :1lt nc ct + 40 g NaCl
+Ly 10 ml ho cht KOP cho vo cc c sn 100 ml NKT (hoc nc bin) khuy
5 pht bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000 300 v/p cho tan.
vo ng ong thu tinh loi 250 ml, tnh trong 3 gi, xem c cn y hay
khng, vi NKT m y c cn th mu khng t tiu chun, (yu cu l khng c
cn ), vi nc bin * nu c cn th phi l bng nh tng mi t yu cu.
Mc 5-Kh nng lm gim cc thng s dung dch x l *** 25 5
+Dung dch nn ** : 1,5 lt NKT +120 g st Bentonit API khuy 30 pht bng my
khuy tc thp (3000 300 v/p), tnh 24 gi 25 5 . Sau khuy 15 pht
bng my khuy tc thp (3000 300 v/p), ri tin hnh o cc thng s: T, PV, YP
,
i vi cc ho phm KP-22, Stokopol-35th dung dch x l *** l: 1 lt dung
dch nn** + 20 ml ha cht, khuy 30 pht bng my khuy tc thp (3000 300
v/p), ri tin hnh xc nh cc thng s: T, PV, YP.
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-i vi cc ho phm AMCP-3, Petrocil 2M, KP-03 th dung dch x l *** l: 1


lt dung dch nn** + 3 n 5 ml ha cht, khuy 30 pht bng my khuy chm
(3000 300 v /p), ri tin hnh o cc thng s: T, PV, YP.
PV ( nht do) = ch s tc 600 v/p - ch s tc 300 v/ph (my Fann
35SA)
YP
= ch s tc 300 v/p - PV
Mc 6-Kh nng lm gim bn Gel sau 10 pht
Sau khi o xong dung dch x l *** nhit thng , cho vo nung nhit 150
o
C trong 3 gi ( thi gian c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t nhit 150 oC) , lm
ngui, dung dch ra khuy 30 pht bng my khuy chm (3000 300 v/p), ri tin
hnh o bn Gel sau 10 pht .
Mc 7-Kh nng thm nc .
7.1- Chun b st v to mu
Chun b st: Nghin st Di Linh cha hot ha v sng qua li 0.25 mm. Xc nh
m W ca st nghin tng t cch xc nh m ca cc vt liu khc nh
nu trn. Tnh lng nc thm vo m st ti 20 % v cn thn trn u, y
kn. Cn 20 g st lm m, cho vo khun bi m chng dnh, p mu 35 5 KN
trong 5 pht (tng t t lc p ti 35 KN trong 1 pht u, duy tr lc nn 35 5 KN
trong 4 pht sau) bng my nn mu xi mng Streng Tester. X lc p, ly mu ra (sau
khi p, mu c kch thc chun vi ng knh 20 mm, cao 32 mm) nhng 2 u
mu ngp khong 2 mm trong nn nng chy. Cn mu p trc ngm (mo).
7.2- Xc nh kh nng thm nc
Dung dch nn l dung dch phn nhm kali t trng nh: 1 lt NKT + 50 80 g st
API, trn bng my khuy chm 30 pht, tnh 24 gi (25 5 ) + 3 g CMC-HV +
10 g FCL + 7,5 g KOH + 5 g AKK (pH = 9 0,5).
Dung dch s l: 1 lt DDN + 20 ml KOP (nhm 1) hoc 3 5 ml KOP (nhm 2).
Ngm mu st vo DDN v Dung dch s l trong 4 gi 25 oC. Ly mu ra dng
giy thm lau kh (ch : bc nh ht lp v bn t dung dch bm vo mu nu c).
Cn mu sau ngm (m). thm t (Y) mu tnh theo % c tnh nh sau:
Y = (m mo) / mo x 100 , trng lng mu tnh bng gam.
Tc thm t Vt (cm / gi) tnh theo cng thc:
Vt = Y x K1 / t, cm/gi
Trong : K1 l h s ly bng 1, n v cm; t l thi gian ngm mu, bng 4 gi (ch
: tng chnh xc, mi loi dung dch thng ngm ng thi ti thiu 3 mu
ly trung bnh).
Mc 8
Thnh phn dung dch nc ha phm: 500 ml NKT + 20 ml KOP (nhm 1) hoc
2,5 ml (nhm 2). Trn 5 pht bng my khuy chm vi tc 3000300 v/p .
Phng php xc nh tng t nh vi PHPA.
Ch tiu ny c p dng v thay th ch tiu 7 khi c thit b Dinamic Linear
Swell Meter USA ti PTN Vin hoc PDD XNKvSG.

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1.8.

POLYMER HU C (P) V CC CHT C CH KHC

Polymer hu c l dung dch nc ca polymer vi ph gia l cht hot tnh b mt


v cht to nh. Ha phm polymer hu c v cc cht c ch khc c s dng
c ch, hn ch s phn tn ca st v n nh dung dch st hoc polymer.
Polymer hu c thng c tn thng mi nh Protex Sta, v.v.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
T trng
pH ca ha cht
Kh nng gim s trng n ca st API trong
dung dch nc ha phm o bng thit b
Dinamic Linear Swell Meter USA

n v
g/cm3
%

Yu cu
dng lng
1,05-1,10
7-8
60, max.

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1 -Nhn dng : xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2 -T trng: o bng t trng k (t trng k khng lm t vt liu nhm), trc
khi o phi chun li dng c bng nc ct.
Mc 3 -pH ca dung dch: ly 50 ml ha phm ,sau o pH bng giy chuyn dng
hoc my o pH.
Mc 4 - Thnh phn dung dch nc ha phm: 500 ml NKT + 10 ml ho phm, trn
5 pht bng my khuy chm vi tc 3000300 v/p.
3- Phng php xc nh tng t nh vi PHPA .
Ghi ch: Kim tra cc cht c ch khc theo tnh cht l ha do nh sn xut a ra
v ch tiu 4 ca RD 61 11.

1.9. CHT HOT TNH B MT (PAV)


Cht hot ng b mt (PAV) y l sn phm ho hc v cng nghip du kh,
c s dng b xung vo dung dch khoan hay cht lng cng ngh vi mc ch
lm tng tnh hot ng b mt
Cht hot ng b mt c dng lm gim sc cng b mt ti ranh gii gia
hai pha (lng-kh, lng rn) hay gia hai cht lng khng ho trn nhau.
Trong qu trnh thi cng ging khoan, cht hot ng b mt c dng x l
dung dch khoan khi khoan vo tng sn phm vi mc ch bo v tnh thm ca va
du cng nh lm tng tnh c ch v kh nng bi trn ca dung dch.
a- Thng s k thut
St
t

Thng s k thut

Nhn dng ( xc dnh bng mt thng)

Mc gim sc cng b mt gia nc lc ca dung dch


c b sung 1% (th tch) ho phm PAV v du ha,
khng nh hn:
Gii hn sc cng b mt ca dung dch 0,5% (th tch)

n v

Yu cu

dng lng,
chy c

50

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ho phm PAV trong nc ct (5ml/lt) vi du ha, khng


ln hn :
- 2550C
-Sau khi nung mu nhit 150 oC trong 3 gi (thi gian
c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t T=150 oC)
Gii hn sc cng b mt ca dung dch 0,5% (th tch)
trong nc bin (5ml/lt) vi du ha, khng ln hn :
- 2550C
-Sau khi nung mu nhit 150 oC trong 3 gi (thi gian
c bt u tnh t lc mu nung t T=150 oC)
Kh nng sinh bt ca dung dch 0,5% (th tch) trong NKT
(5ml/lt) 255

mH/m

mH/m

5
8

8
10
Max. 50

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2
Dung dch nn c chun b theo n pha ch nh sau: 500ml NKT+150 st API
trn u ri ngm 24h. Sau qu trnh ngm, cho vo tip 500ml nc bin ri khuy
u trong thi gian 30 pht, ri tip tc cho cc ho phm cn thit gm : 5g CMC
HV+ 10g FCL+5g AKK +7,5g KOH( c pH=90,5) vi thi gian cho ha phm
cch nhau 10 pht. Hn hp c c khuy tip thm 2h bng my khuy chm vi s
vng quay 3000 300 v/p.
Dung dch th nghim c c bng cch b sung 10ml (1% th tch) PAV vo 1 lt
dung dch nn trn ri khuy u trong khong 30 pht bng my khuy chm vi s
vng quay 3000 300 v/p.
Vic xc nh sc cng b mt c thc hin bi thit b TVT2 LAUDA (c) trn
c s ti liu hng dn x dng.
-Xc nh sc cng b mt gia nc lc ca dung dch nn v du ho (0)
-Xc nh sc cng b mt gia nc lc ca dung dch th nghim v du ho
(t)
Mc gim sc cng b mt (S%) c tnh theo cng thc sau:
S%=

0 t
0

100 , %

Mc 3, 4
Xc nh sc cng b mt bng my TVT2 LAUDA
Mc 5- Kh nng sinh bt ca dung dch 0,5% (th tch) PAV 2550C :
Cho 200ml NKTvo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer + 1 ml PAV ri
khuy vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht , ra ng ong loi 1000ml
c th tch tng th V1 (l th tch c bt v c cht c cht lng), th tch cht lng
(V2)
Th tch bt Vb = V1 - V2 (cm3)
Phn trm to bt ca dung dch 0,5% (th tch) PAV 2550C :
X % =

Vb
100 (trong V0=200 cm3)
V0

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1.10 CHT BI TRN


ht bi trn c sn xut trn c s du khong, du tng hp hay l du thc
vt. Du bi trn phi tng thch vi cc ho phm dng trong iu ch v x l
dung dch khoan v c bit khng c hi, khng gy nguy him cho con ngi cng
nh mi trng t nhin.
Cht bi trn c s dng lm tng kh nng bi trn cng nh chng kt dnh
ca dung dch khoan, lm gim s mi mn ca chong khoan, ng c y, cn
khoan cng nh ngn cn s b chong, kt dnh cn khoan.
a- Thng s k thut
Stt
1
2

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
An ton sinh thi

3
4

8
9
10

pH ca sn phm
tng trng lng ca mu cao su, b nh
hng bi cht bi trn c trong dung dch
khoan trong iu kin: t trong l quay
nhit 150 oC trong thi gian 3 ngy lin tc,
mi ngy 8 gi nung
trng n th tch ca mu cao su, b nh
hng bi cht bi trn c trong dung dch
khoan trong iu kin: t trong l quay
nhit 150 oC trong thi gian 3 ngy, mi
ngy nung 8 gi.
Kh nng lm gim moment ca dung dch
nn vi 2% cht bi trn
- nhit 255oC
- nhit 150 oC trong 3h (thi gian c
bt u tnh t lc mu nung t 150 oC)
Gii hn thay i cc thng s : trc v sau
khi x l 2% ha phm bi trn nhit
255oC:
- nht biu kin (phu M)
-Gel10 ca dung dch x l nhit 255oC
- thi nc (API)
Th tch lp khng tan ca dung dch nh (5%
(th tch) cht bi trn trong NKT) ni bn trn
nhit 255oC, khng ln hn
Kh nng sinh bt ca dung dch (10ml cht
bi trn trong 190ml NKT) nhit 255oC
Phn cn li trn sng 125x125m, khng ln
hn

n v
-

Yu cu
Dng lng, linh ng
Phi c chng nhn v
an ton mi trng
6-8

Max. 3,5

Max. 4,5

%
%

Min 75
Min 70

Giy
Lb/100ft2
cm3/30pht

5
5
Max. 0,5

cm3

%(TT)

Max. 40

30

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 1 - Xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2 - Kim tra h s phi c pasport nguyn bn hoc bn sao c du cng chng
Mc 3 - o bng giy chuyn dng hoc bng my o pH (pHmetr)
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Mc 4, 5 :
1. Chun b dung dch nn (DDN): Dung dch nn l dung dch c ch phen nhm kali
nh c thng s: 1,1 = g /cm3 0,02, T=55-65 giy (phu M) , pH=9 0,5, c
pha ch theo n: 400ml nc k thut + 150g st trn u, tnh 24 gi + 600ml
nc bin khuy bng my khuy tc chm (3000 300 v/p) 15 pht, sau cho
tip cc ho phm gm 10 g CMC-LV +10 g FCL + 7,5 g KOH ( pH =9) +5g AKK(
cho cch nhau 10 pht), nu pH cha t th cho tip KOH pH=9 (cho t mt rt t
t). Trong qu trnh chun b dung dch nn khuy bng my khuy chm (3000 300
v/p), trong thi gian 2 gi , tnh 24 gi , khuy li 30 pht bng my khuy chm
ri o cc thng s dung dch.
2.Chun b mu cao su: l loi vng m cao su (Vit nam sn xut), ng knh
D=220mm, tit din 14,5x10 mm ca my bm khoan -600. Ct dy di khong
100 2 mm , lau kh, cn chnh xc n 0,001g xc nh trng lng ban u
mo(g), v xc inh th tch ban u V o(cm3) bng my Positive Displacement Hand
Pumps HAT Series vi chnh xc n 0,001 cm3.
3.Chun b dung dch th nghim: Chun b hai mu, mu mt l dung dch nn, mu
hai l dung dch nn +5% (th tch) cht bi trn (dung dch th nghim) , khuy bng
my khuy tc cao (11000300 v/p) trong thi gian 5 pht
4.Tin hnh th nghim: Tin hnh nung ng thi hai bnh nung trong l khi quay,
trong thi gian 3 ngy lin tc, mi ngy nung 8 gi, nhit t=150 0C vi chu k
nung hng ngy nh sau; 7 gi sng bt in l nung, 11h 30 ngt in, bui chiu
13h30 bt in l nung v 16h50 ngt in. Trong , bnh mt cha dung dch nn
v mu cao su, bnh hai cha dung dch th nghim v mu cao su. Sau khi lm ngui
ly mu cao su ra ra sch , lau kh ri n v o li trng lng m t (g), th tch Vt
(cm3) ca mu cao su.
5.Tnh ton kt qu
5.1. tng (%) trng lng ca mu cao su b nh hng bi du bi trn
- tng (%) trng lng ca mu cao su sau khi nung so vi ban u :
W i=

mt m 0
m0

100

- tng (%) trng lng ca mu cao su b nh hng bi du bi trn trong iu


kin nung l quay nhit 150oC, trong thi 3 ngy., mi ngy nung 8 gi, nhit
t=150 0C:
W=Wlub-Wm
trong : Wlub- tng (%) trng lng ca mu cao su trong dung dch th nghim
Wm- tng (%) trng lng ca mu cao su trong dung dch nn
5.2. tng (%) th tch ca mu cao su b nh hng bi du bi trn
- tng (%) th tch ca mu cao su sau khi nung so vi ban u :
i=

Vt

V0
100
V0

- tng (%) th tch ca mu cao su b nh hng bi du bi trn trong iu kin


nung l quay nhit 150oC, trong thi 3 ngy lin tc., mi ngy nung 8 gi,
nhit t=150 0C:
=lub-m
trong : lub- tng (%) th tch ca mu cao su trong dung dch th nghim
m- tng (%) th tch ca mu cao su trong dung dch nn

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Mc 6
6.1. Dng my EP/Lubricity tester xc nh h s ma st (K ms) gia kim loi/kim
loi theo ti liu hng dn s dng ca my: c h s ma st sau 5 pht my chy n
nh vi ng lc 150 lb/in2 v tc 60 v/p,
6.2. Dung dch nn c chun b theo n pha ch nh mc 5, 6., ri tin hnh
h s ma st (Ko)
6.3. Dung dch th nghim: Dung dch nn + 2% (th tch) cht bi trn., khuy bng
my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht, ri tin
hnh o h s ma st (K1)
6.4. Cho dung dch th nghim (mc 7.3) vo bnh nung v nung trong l nung quay
nhit 150 oC trong vng 3 gi ( khng tnh thi gian t nng mu t 150 oC v
thi gian lm ngui sau khi nung trong l quy)
6.5. Dung dch th nghim sau khi nung v lm ngui n 30-40 0C c khuy li
bng my khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht mi
tin hnh o h s (K2)
6.6. Tnh ton kt qu
- gim (%) h s ma st ca dung dch th nghim (dung dch nn +2% th tch
cht bi trn) 255:
=

K 0 K1
K0

100

- gim (%) h s ma st ca dung dch th nghim (dung dch nn +2% th tch


cht bi trn) sau khi nung 1500C trong 3gi:
t=

K0 K2
K0

100

Mc 7
7.1.Dung dch nn: Chun b nh mc 4,5 sau tin hnh o cc thng s: nht
biu kin, Gel10 v thi nc
7.2.Dung dch th nghim: Dung dch nn + 2% (th tch) cht bi trn ri khuy
bng my khuy chm (3000 300 v/p), trong thi gian 30 pht, sau tin hnh o
cc thng s nh trn
Mc 8
Cho vo cc khuy 190 ml nc k thut bt my khuy Multimixer vi tc
11000300v/p, cho vo cc khuy 10 ml cht bi trn , khuy tip trong 5 pht.
vo ng ong thu tinh loi 500ml, tnh trong 10 pht, ri c th tch (cm 3) ca
phn cha nh ha pha trn, c gii hn bi mu khc bit vi phn b nh
ha pha di.
Mc 9
Cho vo cc khuy 190ml nc k thut bt my khuy Multimixer vi tc
11000300v/p, cho vo cc khuy 10 ml cht bi trn, khuy tip trong 5 pht.
vo ng ong thu tinh loi 1lt, tnh trong 10 pht , c th tch tng th V1 (l th
tch c bt v c cht lng), th tch cht lng (V2)
Th tch bt Vb = V1 - V2 (cm3)
Phn trm to bt ca dung dch (10ml cht bi trn trong 190ml NKT) nhit
2550C :
X % =

Vb
100 (trong V0=200 cm3)
V0

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Mc 10
10.1.Cho 150 g barite vo 300 ml NKT ri khuy bng my khuy Multimixer tc
cao trong vng 5 pht. Sau cho tip vo cc thm 10ml cht bi trn v 4-12 ml
(ph thuc vo cht bi trn) dung dch 10% KOH (10g KOH /100ml nc) pH ca
hn hp t n 11-11,5. Hn hp c tip tc khuy bng my khuy Multimixer
thm 15 pht ri cho vo l nung nhit 80-90 0C trong vng 1 gi.
10.2. Sau khi nung mt gi, hn hp tip tc c khuy bng my Multimixer v
ng thi cho t t 50 ml dung dch CaCl 2 2% (1g CaCl2/50 ml nc) vo hn hp
(thi gian khuy 5 pht). Sau li cho hn hp trn vo l nung nhit 80-90 0C
trong vng 1 gi. Sau khi kt thc qu trnh nung, hn hp c khuy trn bng my
Multimixer trong khong thi gian 5 pht, ri tnh n nhit 255 oC.
10.3. Sau khi nhit hn hp t n nhit 255 oC, khuy 5 pht bng my
Multimixer v tin hnh lc hn hp qua li 125x125 m bng vi nc ra trong
thi gian 5 pht. Cn cn li trn sn s c sy nhit 100-105 oC trong thi
gian 3 gi, sau em cn vi chnh xc 0,1g.

1.11. CHT DIT KHUN


Cht dit khun dng ngn cn qu trnh phn hu cc cht hu c c trong
dung dch khoan di tc dng ca cc vi sinh vt.
Cht dit khun c dung trong XNLD Vietsovpetro thng c tn: Vietbac-21,
ANTIFORMIN DMT v nhng cht khc.
a- Thng s k thut
Stt
1
2

4
5
6

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
Kh nng tan trong nc k thut v trong
nc bin
Gii hn thay i cc thng s ca dung dch
nn x l 0,15% (th tch) cht dit khun
sau 14 ngy, nhit 255oC so vi dung
dch nn ban u:
- nht biu kin (o bng phu M)
-Nht do (PV)
-ng lc trt ng (YP)
-Gel sau 10 pht (Gel10)
- thi nc (API), khng ln hn
Kh nng sinh bt ca dung dch 0,15% (th
tch) cht dit khun trong NKT nhit
255oC, khng ln hn
Hm lng Formalin, khng ln hn
Hm lng cn sau 7 ngy tnh, khng ln
hn

n v
-

Yu cu
Dng lng ng nht ,
linh ng
Tan hon ton

35
10
10
7
8

20

% (TT)

15

% (TT)

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b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 3
Dung dch nn*: 1 lt nc bin [bt my khuy chm (3000 300 v/p] + 0,5 g
Na2CO3 + 10 g st API + 4 g polimer sinh hc ( ngoi tr Flovis- bn vng i vi vi
sinh vt) +8 g CMC-HV (hoc CMC-EHV) + 50g barit (chnh pH=9 bng NaOH).
Trong qu trnh chun b dung dch nn khuy bng my khuy chm (3000 300
v/p), trong thi gian 2 gi, tnh 24 gi nhit 255 0C, khuy li 15 pht ,sau
tin hnh o cc thng s:
-Nht biu kin (Nht phu T)
-Nht do P (PV = ch s tc 600 - ch s tc 300 , o bng my Fann
35A)
-ng lc trt ng YP = ch s tc 300 - PV ( o bng my Fann 35A)
- bn Gel sau 10 pht (Gel /10 ) ch s c 3 v/p (max) , trn my Fann 35A
- thi nc (API)
*Dung dch th nghim: Dung dch nn +0,15%(th tch) cht dit khun, khuy bng
my khuy chm (3000 300 v/p), trong thi gian 30 pht, tt my cho dung dch th
nghim vo l kh sch , y kn nt , sau 14 ngy ra khuy bng my khuy chm
(3000 300 v/p) 15 pht, ri tin hnh o cc thng s:
-Nht biu kin (Nht phu T)
-Nht do (PV)cP
- bn Gel sau 10 pht (Gel /10 - Lb/100ft2)
-YP ng lc trt ng : Lb/100ft2
- thi nc (API)
Mc 4
Cho 200 ml NKTvo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer + 0,3 ml cht dit
khun ri khuy vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht , ra ng ong
loi 1000 ml c th tch tng th V1 (l th tch c bt v c cht lng), th tch cht
lng (V2)
Th tch bt Vb = V1 - V2 (cm3)
Phn trm to bt ca dung dch 0,15% cht dit khun 255 :
X % =

Vb
100 (trong V0=200 cm3)
V0

Mc 5
Thng s ny o phng TN phn tch kh- Vin NCKH &TK- VSP.
Mc 6
Lc u chai mu, ly 100ml mu cht dit khun cho vo ng ong loi 100ml , y
kn tnh 7 ngy nhit 255 oC . sau c lng cn lng ng (ml), ri qui ra
% th tch.
1.12. HA PHM CHNG KT MT
Ho phm chng kt mt l mt cht lng hu c khng tan trong nc, c cha
nhng cht hot ng b mt khc nhau.
Trong thi cng ging khoan, ho phm chng kt mt c s dng:
-To nt dung dch nh (khng c du th) vi mc ch loi b s kt dnh cn khoan
hay ng chng di tc dng ca chnh p.
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-Nh ph gia bi trn x l dung dch khoan gc nc vi mc ch tng tnh cht


bi trn cho dung dch v phng nga kt dnh.
Ho phm chng kt mt gm nhiu loi nh; PIPE LAX-W, MIL-SPOT-2,
Radiagreen EBL, SMAD-150 M v mt s khc.
a- Thng s k thut;
Stt
1
2
3

5
6
7
8

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
T trng nhit 255 oC
pH ca sn phm
Kh nng gim kt mt cn khoan theo tiu chun (API)
trong dung dch nn c x l 5%(th tch) cht chng
kt mt dng dung dch trong du diezen :
- nhit 255 oC
-Sau khi nung 6 gi nhit 150 oC
Mc gim thi nc dung dch nn sau khi x l
ho phm chng kt mt (mc 4)., nhit 255 oC
Kh nng lm gim moment ca dung dch nn vi 2%
(TT) cht chng kt mt nhit 255 oC
bn in ca nh:
- nhit 255 oC
-Sau khi nung nhit 150 oC trong 6 gi
Kh nng lm tng trng lng ca mu cao su ngm
trong cht chng kt trong thi gian 24 gi, nhit
255 oC, khng ln hn
Kh nng lm tng trng lng ca mu cao su ngm
trong dung dch nh ( mc 7) sau khi nung nhit
150 oC , trong thi gian 24 gi, khng ln hn .

n v
g/cm3
-

Yu cu
Dng lng nht
0,84 0,98
68

%
%

Min. 85
Min. 80

Min.10

Min. 50

Min. 180
Min. 150

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 4
-Dung dch nn: 1000ml nc k thut + 80g st API + 100 g st cha hot ha + 10g
FCL + 1,5 g KOH + 50 g KCl, khuy bng my khuy chm (3000 300 v/p), trong
thi gian 2 gi, tnh 24 gi .
-Dung dch ho phm chng kt mt trong du diezen (100ml dung dch): 20ml ho
phm chng kt mt + 80ml du diezen (100ml dung dch)
-Dung dch th nghim; 400ml dung dch nn + 100ml dung dch ho phm chng kt
mt trong du diezen
Tin hnh o kt mt ca dung dch nn v dung dch th nghim bng my
Sticking tester ri tnh % thay i
Mc 5.
o thi nc ca dung dch nn v dung dch th nghim mc 4 ( nhit
255 oC), ri tnh % thay i
Mc 6
-Dung dch nn: Thnh phn v phng php iu ch tng t dung dch nn i vi
cht bi trn, (mc 4, 5 trong phn 1.9. Cht bi trn), sau tin hnh o h s ma
st (K1)
Dung dch th nghim: Dung dch nn + 2% (th tch) ho phm chng kt mt (0,5lt
dung dch nn + 10 ml cht chng kt mt), khuy bng my khuy Multimixer vi
tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht , ri o h s ma st (K2)
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Kh nng lm gim moment (%)


C=

K1 K 2 100
K1

Mc 7
-Ly 110 ml du diezen +10ml cht chng kt + 80 ml NKT khuy bng my
khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht , ri o trn
my bn in ca nh.
Mc 8, 9
-Loi cao su, cch to mu cao su, phng php xc nh trng n ca mu cao
su lm tng t i vi cht bi trn
1.13. CHT KH BT
Cht kh bt dng kh bt dung dch khoan, sinh ra do s tc ng c hc hoc
tng tc l ho.
Cht kh bt thng c iu ch t cn hoc cc ho cht khc.
LD Vit Nga Vietsovpetro thng dng mt s cht kh bt sau; DEFOAM-X,
ANTIFOAM -3 v.v.
a- Thng s k thut
Stt
1

Hnh dng , th

pH ca sn phm
Kh nng dp bt ca dung dch x
l 0,5% (TT) ht kh bt nhit
2550,

Yu cu
dng lng trong
ng nht
5 10

% (TT)

Min 90

Thng s k thut

n v

b- Phng php xc nh thng s


Mc 3;
Chun b dung dch nn; 300ml nc k thut + 70g st DMC trn u, tnh 2
gi + 700ml nc bin + 0.5 g Na2CO3, khuy bng my khuy tc chm (3000
300 v/p) 15 pht, sau cho tip cc ho phm gm 5 g CMC-HV +15g CMC-LV
+25g FCL + 50ml cht bi trn + 5ml cht dit khun + 10 g KOH ( cho cch nhau 5
pht). Sau khi cho ho phm, khuy tip thm 2h bng my khuy chm (3000 300
v/p).
Dung dch x l; Ly 350ml dch nn cho vo cc khuy ri khuy bng my
khuy Multimixer vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht, vo ng
ong thy tinh o c th tch Vo, DDN tr li cc khuy, cho vo 1,75 ml cht
kh bt ri khuy tip thm 5 pht bng my khuy trn, sau vo ng o thy
tinh c th tch V1. Kh nng dp bt ca cht kh bt c tnh nh sau:
Kh nng dp bt, % = [( Vo V1 ) / ( Vo 350 )] x 100

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HO PHM V C
1.14. PHN NHM KALI (AKK) KAl(SO4)2.12H2O
Phn nhm kali c cng thc ho hc: l(SO 4)2.12H2O , trong cng thc phn
t c cha 2 ion kim loi ( +) v (l3+), chnh hai ion kim loi ny lm tng kh nng
c ch st ca Phn nhm kali.
Phen nhm kali dng to dung dch c ch trong thi cng ging khoan.
a- Thng s k thut
Stt

Thng s k thut

Nhn dng

Hm lng cht tinh, khng nh hn


pH ca dung dch 5g AKK trong 100ml
nc ct
Hm lng cn khng tan trong nc
k thut

3
4

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
bt nghin , mu
trng, tan trong nc
96

3-6

% (TL)

Max.0,02

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2- Phng php xc nh hm lng cht tinh phn nhm kali
1. Chun b ho cht phn tch:
+Nc ct
+Dung dch m acetat pH=5,5-6; Ho tan 55g natri axetat (NaCH 3COO.3H2O) vo
nc ct, thm nc ct n 100ml v thm 10ml dung dch axit axetic 1N.
+Cht ch th xylenol da cam; Ho tan 1g xylenol da cam (C 13H30N2O13S) vo nc ct,
thm nc ct vo va 100ml. Dung dch dng tt trong 14 ngy, c gi trong l
kn, thu tinh mu.
+Dung dch chun ZnSO4 0,05M; 14,38 g km sunfat ZnSO 4.7H2O ho tan bng
nc ct trong bnh nh mc 1lt, thm 1 ml dung dch axit sunfuric c v thm nc
ct n vch lc k.
+Dung dch chun Trilon B 0,05M; 18,61 g Trilon B ho tan bng nc ct trong
bnh nh mc 1lt, thm nc ct n vch lc k.
2.Tin hnh phn tch :
Cn 0,72 g AKK trn cn c chnh xc 0,001g cho vo bnh tam gic c dung
tch 250ml, cho 50 ml nc ct , lc cho AKK tan ht , rt 40 ml dung dch chun
0,05N Trilon B , t ln bp mc nhit thp , sau rt 15 ml m acetat vo
bnh , lc u , t tip ln bp mu si nh (ln tm) trong khong thi gian 3-4
pht., tt bp a nhanh l mu ra lm lnh bng nc (cho vi nc chy u bn
ngoi v bnh), sau rt vo bnh 0,5ml dung dch ch th xylenol da cam v chun
bng dung dch ZnSO4 0,05N cho n khi mu dung dch chuyn t vng sang
mu hng.
3. Tnh ton kt qu
X1 = (V-V1) x 0,02372 x 100/G, % trng lng
Trong ;
X1 l hm lng cht tinh AKK %(TL)
V: th tch dung dch chun 0,05N Trilon B (V=35ml)
V1: Th tch dung dch chun 0,05N ZnSO4 tiu tn trung ho dung dch Trilon B
d
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G- trng lng mu AKK (0,72g)


-0,02372 l trng lng AKK (g) (chun 0,05 N dung dch Trilon B)
Mc 3;
10g ho cht + 200ml nc ct khuy tan, ri o pH bng giy o chuyn dng
hoc bng my o pH
Mc 4;
Ho tan 25g KAl(SO4)2.12H2O trong 500ml nc k thut un nng n 50-60 0C,
khuy lc cho tan, tnh 1 gi gn b 90% dung dch pha trn, phn cn li lc qua
giy lc, ra bng nc ct nhiu ln ri xy 105oC n trng lng khng i.
Hm lng cn c tinh theo cng thc sau;
C=b/a x 100, % trng lng
trong ;
C- Hm lng cn %
b- trng lng mu ban u (b=25g)
a- trng lng cn

1.15.BICACBONAT NATRI (NaHCO3)


M=84,17
Bicacbonat natri (NaHCO3) dng iu ch, x l dung dich khi khoan cc xi
mng, hoc va nhim mn c khong ho cao vi mc ch trung ho cc ion Ca 2+
v Mg2+
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3

Thng s k thut
Hnh dng , th (xc nh bng mt thng)
Hm lng cht tinh NaHCO3
pH ca dung dch 8%(TL) NaHCO3 trong
nc ct

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
bt nghin mu trng
Min. 95

7,5-8,5

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2;- Phng php xc nh hm lng cht tinh
1.Chun b ho cht phn tch v dung dch mu:
- Nc ct
- Phenolphtalein 0,5% : 0,5 g phenolphtalein pha tan trong 50ml cn etanol (96% )
sau cho nc ct vo cho 100ml.
- Dung dch chun 0,1N HCL; 8,6 ml HCL c +nc ct cho thnh 1lt
- Metyl da cam 0,05%: ly 100ml nc ct un nng 90oC + 0,05 g metyldacam
khuy cho tan ht ri lc qua giy lc
- Cn chnh xc 8,4 g NaHCO3 cho vo bnh chun loi 1lt, cho nc ct khong
1/2 n 2/3 bnh, khuy cho tan ht, dung dch c nhit mi trng ri cho
tip nc ct va n chm vch dung dch mu
2.Tin hnh phn tch :
Ly 20 ml dung dch mu cho vo l tam gic (loi 250ml) + 3-5 git ch th
phenolphtalein , dung dch xut hin mu hng. Chun bng HCL 0,1N cho n khi
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va mt mu hng (pH=8,3). Mu trn sau khi chun mt mu hng (ht kim t


do) cho thm 3-5 git metyldacam ri chun tip bng HCL 0,1N cho ti khi chuyn
t mu vng sang mu da cam (mu v hnh) (pH=4,5).
3. Tnh ton kt qu
Hm lng cht tinh NaHCO3 c tnh nh sau:
X

V1 2 V2
m 20

0,0084 1000 100 , % trng lng

trong :
Hm lng cht tinh NaHCO3 (%TL)
V1- l th tch (ml) axit chun tiu tn t khi bt u chun n khi pH=4,5
V2- l th tch (ml) axit chun tiu tn t khi bt u chun n khi pH=8,3
m= 8,4g, trng lng NaHCO3 dng d chun b dung dch mu
0,0084 - trng lng NaHCO3 (g) tng ng vi 1ml dung dch chun HCl 0,1N
Mc 3;
16g ho cht +200ml nc ct khuy tan ri o pH bng giy chuyn dng hoc my
o pH
1.16. HYRXYT NATRI (NaOH)
Trng lng phn t = 40 g
Hyrxyt natri (xt) l tinh th khng trong xut mu trng, tan tt trong nc.
Hyrxyt natri c dng :
- Tng pH ca dung dch khoan;
- Phn tn st;
- Chun b cc ho cht kim;
- Hn ch tan ca vi trong dung dch;
- Gim hm lng Ca2+ v Mg2+ trong nc bin.
a- Thng s k thut ca NaOH

1
2
3

Thng s k thut
Hnh dng, th (xc nh bng mt
thng)
Hm lng cht tinh NaOH
pH ca dung dch 1%(TL) NaOH trong
nc ct

n v

Yu cu

--

Tinh th mu trng

%(TL)

Min. 95,0

Min.13

b- Phng php xc nh thng s


Mc 2;Phng php xc nh hm lng cht tinh (NaOH)
1. Chun b ho cht v dung dch mu:
- Nc ct
- Dung dch l 0,1N (8,6 ml HCl c + nc ct cho thnh 1lt)
- Metyl da cam 0,05%: ly 100ml nc ct un nng 90oC + 0,05 g metyldacam
khuy cho tan ht ri lc qua giy lc
- Cn chnh xc 4,0 g NaOH cho vo bnh chun loi 1lt, cho nc ct khong 1/2
n 2/3 bnh, khuy cho tan ht, dung dch c nhit mi trng ri cho tip
nc ct va n chm vch dung dch mu
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2. Tin hnh phn tch


Ly 10 ml dung dch mu cho vo l tam gic (loi 250ml) + 3-5 git
metyldacam ri chun tip bng HCl 0,1N cho ti khi chuyn t mu vng sang mu
da cam (mu v hnh) (pH=4,5).
3. Tnh ton kt qu
Hm lng cht tinh aOH c tnh theo cng thc sau:
X

V 0,004
1000 100 , % trng lng
m 10

Trong :
- Hm lng cht tinh aOH
V - Th tch dung dch HCl 0,1N tiu tn;
m=4,0 - trng lng aOH, g;
0,004 - trng lng aOH (g) c tnh theo 1ml dung dch chun HCl 0,1N.
Mc 3; pH ca dung dch 1%(TL) NaOH trong nc ct
Cn 1g NaOH cho vo l chun (loi 100ml) +50 ml nc ct lc cho tan, ngui+
nc ct cho 100ml, ra cc khuy u ri o pH ca dung dch bng giy
chuyn dng hoc my o pH

1.17. CACBONAT NATRI (Na2CO3)


Trng lng phn t =105,993
Chc nng chnh ca Cacbonat natri l kt ta cc ion Ca 2+ v Mg2+ trong dung dch
khoan b nhim bi nc bin, thch cao, CaSO4 v xi mng.
Ngoi ra, cn c dng nh cht phn tn st vi mc ch lm tng hiu sut
cng nh lm gim nng ca nc v iu chnh pH ca dung dch khoan.
a- Thng s k thut ca Na2CO3

1
2
3

Thng s k thut
Hnh dng, th
Hm lng cht tinh Na2CO3
pH ca dung dch 5% (TL) Na2CO3 trong
nc ct

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
Tinh th bt mu trng
Min. 95

Min.11

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2; Phng php xc nh hm lng cht tinh
1.Chun b ho cht phn tch v dung dch mu:
- Nc ct
- Phenolphtalein 0,5% : 0,5 g phenolphtalein pha tan trong 50ml cn etanol (96% )
sau cho nc ct vo cho 100ml.
- Dung dch chun 0,1N HCl; 8,6 ml HCl c +nc ct cho thnh 1lt
- Metyl da cam 0,05%: ly 100ml nc ct un nng 90oC + 0,05 g metyldacam
khuy cho tan ht ri lc qua giy lc
- Cn chnh xc 10,6 g Na2CO3 cho vo bnh chun loi 1lt, cho nc ct khong
1/2 n 2/3 bnh, khuy cho tan ht, dung dch c nhit mi trng ri cho
tip nc ct va n chm vch dung dch mu
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2.Tin hnh phn tch :


Ly 20 ml dung dch mu cho vo l tam gic (loi 250ml) + 3-5 git ch th
phenolphtalein , dung dch xut hin mu hng. Chun bng HCl 0,1N cho n khi
va mt mu hng (pH=8,3). Mu trn sau khi chun mt mu hng (ht kim t
do) cho thm 3-5 git metyldacam ri chun tip bng HCl 0,1N cho ti khi chuyn t
mu vng sang mu da cam (mu v hnh) (pH=4,5).
3. Tnh ton kt qu
a) Nu V1=2xV2 hay V1> 2xV2, th hm lng cht tinh Na2CO3 c tnh nh sau:
X

2 V 2
0,0053 1000 100 , % trng lng
m 20

a) Nu V1< 2xV2, th hm lng cht tinh Na2CO3 c tnh nh sau:


X

2 V 1 V 2
0,0053 1000 100 , % trng lng
m 20

trong :
- Hm lng cht tinh Na2CO3 (% TL)
- V1- l th tch (ml) axit chun tiu tn t khi bt u chun n khi pH=4,3
- V2- l th tch (ml) axit chun tiu tn t khi bt u chun n khi pH=8,3
- m= 10,6g, trng lng Na2CO3 dng chun b dung dch mu
- 0,0053 - trng lng Na2CO3 (g) tng ng vi 1ml dung dch chun HCl 0,1N
Mc 3;
10g ho cht +200ml nc ct khuy tan, ri o pH bng giy chuyn dng hoc my
o pH
1.18. MUI CLORUA KALI (KCl)
Mui clorua kali l dng bt tinh th mu sng bc, c dng nh cht c ch
s hydrat, trng n v phn ly ca st v argilit m c xu hng gy sp v st thnh
ging khoan. Ho phm ny c dng nh cht c ch trong cc h dung dch clorua
kali, thch cao-kali, vi-kali,v.v....
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
Thng s k thut
1

Hnh dng , th

2
3

T trng
Hm lng cht tinh KCl

n v
g/cm3
%(TL)

Yu cu
Tinh th nghin , hoc ht
mu trng
1,98-2,00
Min. 95

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2; Xc nh t trng
Cho du diezel sch vo bnh chuyn dng , khi va chm vch chun th dng li.
- Cn khong 10 1g mu , cho t t vo bnh chun ( c du diezen)
-c th tch (cm3 ) trong bnh dng ln
-T trng ca ha cht : (g/cm3 ) = m /V
+ V l th tch tng thm sau khi cho mu (ml)
+ m l trng lng ca mu (gam)
Mc.3. Xc nh hm lng cht tinh KCl
1. Chun b ho cht v dung dch phn tch:
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- Nc ct
- Axit axetic m c (CH3COOH)
- Dung dch Na2Co(NO2)6 ; L th nht pha 30 g Co(NO 3)2 . 6 H2O + 60 ml nc ct
lc cho tan ht. L th 2: 50g NaNO 2 + 100ml nc ct lc cho tan, sau 2 l
chung vo 1 l + 10 ml axt axetic c , y h kh cn thot ra, t trong t ht ,
sau 1 m mang lc.
- Dung dch chun KCl; 7,45g KCl chun tinh khit +60ml nc ct ri khuy cho tan
ht, tnh nhit mi trng ri cho tip nc ct va n chm vch chun
100ml. (100 g/lt)
- Dung dch th nghim; 7,45g KCl mu th nghim + 60ml nc ct ri khuy cho
tan ht, tnh nhit mi trng ri cho tip nc ct va n chm vch chun
100ml.
- My li tm (quay tay) .
2. Tin hnh phn tch;
ng th nht cho 5ml dung dch th nghim KCl, ng th 2 cho 5ml dung dch
chun tinh khit KCl, mi ng cho thm 2-3 git axit axetic c , 5ml dung dch
Na3Co(NO2)6 , tnh 5 pht ri quay li tm 3 pht, sau o th tch phn kt ta .
3. Tnh ton kt qu;
Hm lng cht tinh KCl c tnh theo cng thc sau;
X=

V1
100 , % trng lng
V2

trong : - Hm lng cht tinh 1, % trng lng;


V1 - Th tch phn kt ta ng th nht (Dung dch th nghim KCl), ml;
V2 - Th tch phn kt ta ng th hai (Dung dch chun KCl), ml;
1.19. HYDROXYT KALI (KOH)
Hydroxit kali l khi tinh th mu trng dng vy. Ho phm ny, ch yu c
dng iu chnh pH ca cc h dung dch c ch kali (kali, phn kp nhm
kali,v.v.....)
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

Hnh dng , th

Hm lng cht tinh KOH


pH ca dung dch 1%(TL) KOH
trong nc ct

n v
%(TL)

Yu cu
Dng ht hoc dng vy mu
trng c n trng sng
Min. 90

Min. 12

b- Phng php xc nh thng s


Mc.2: Xc nh hm lng KOH
1. Chun b ho cht v dung dch phn tch:
- Nc ct
- Axit axetic m c (CH3COOH)
-Phenolphtalein 0,5%; 0,5 g phenolphtalein ho tan trong 50 ml cn etanol (96%) sau
cho nc ct vo va 100ml.
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- Dung dch Na2Co(NO2)6 ; L th nht pha 30 g Co(NO 3)2 .6 H2O + 60 ml nc ct


lc cho tan ht. L th 2: 50g NaNO 2 + 100ml nc ct lc cho tan, sau 2 l
chung vo 1 l + 10 ml axt axetic c , y h kh cn thot ra, t trong t ht ,
sau 1 m mang lc.
- Dung dch chun KCl; 7,45g KCl chun tinh khit +60ml nc ct ri khuy cho tan
ht, tnh nhit mi trng ri cho tip nc ct va n chm vch chun
100ml.
- Dung dch th nghim; 5,6g KOH mu th nghim + 60ml nc ct ri khuy cho
tan ht, ngui ri trung ho dung dch trng l bng axit acetic pH=6,5-7, cch
lm nh sau: nh 2-3 git ch th phenolphtalein vo l (dung dch xut hin mu ri
ht ngay) sau dung pipt ht axt acetic m c nh t t vo trong dung dch c
cha mu cho n khi xut hin mu hng, nh tip axt cho n khi mt mu hng,
nh thm 1-2 git axt, cho thm nc ct va n chm vch chun 100ml.
- My li tm (quay tay) .
2. Tin hnh phn tch;
ng th nht cho 5ml dung dch th nghim KOH, ng th 2 cho 5ml dung dch
chun KCl, mi ng cho thm 2-3 git axit axetic c , 5ml dung dch Na 2Co(NO2)6 ,
tnh 5 pht ri quay li tm 3 pht, sau o th tch phn kt ta.
3. Tnh ton kt qu;
Hm lng cht tinh K+ c tnh theo cng thc sau;
X=

V1
100 , % trng lng
V2

trong : - Hm lng cht tinh KOH, %;


V1 - Th tch phn kt ta ng th nht (Dung dch th nghim KOH), ml;
V2 - Th tch phn kt ta ng th hai (Dung dch chun KCl), ml;
Mc 3; pH ca dung dch 1%(TL) KOH trong nc ct
Cn 1g KOH cho vo l chun (loi 100ml) +50 ml nc ct lc cho tan, ngui+
nc ct cho 100ml, ra cc khuy u ri o pH ca dung dch bng giy
chuyn dng hoc my o pH

1.20. CLORUA CANXI (CaCl2)


Clorua canxi c dng iu ch dung dch c t trng cao, cc dung dch c
ch clorua canxi, thm ch dng iu chnh hot tnh thm nc ca dung dch nh
tng k nc. Khi sa ging clorua canxi dng iu ch cht lng dp ging c t
trng n 1,39g/cm3 ( 20oC).
a- Thng s k thut
Stt

Thng s k thut

Hnh dng , th

T trng
pH ca dung dch 10% ha cht (20g/200ml
dung dch)

n v
g/cm3

Yu cu
Tinh th hoc bt
mu trng
Min. 2,5

Min. 8,5

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Hm lng cht tinh CaCl2


Phn khng tan khi pha 10 gam CaCl2 trong
100ml nc ct nhit 255 0.

%(TL)

Min. 94

%(TL)

Max.1

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1- Hnh ging , th: xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2- T trng - Cho du diezel sch vo bnh chuyn dng , khi va chm vch
chun th dng li.
- Cn khong 10 1g mu , cho t t vo bnh chun ( c du diezen)
-c th tch (cm3 ) trong bnh dng ln
-T trng ca ha cht : (g/cm3 ) = m /V
+ V l th tch tng thm sau khi cho mu (ml)
+ m l trng lng ca mu (gam)
Mc 3- pH ca dung dch 10% trong nc
20g ha cht + 100ml nc ct khuy tan, dung dch c nhit mi trng ri cho
tip nc ct va n vch chun 200ml, o pH bng giy chuyn dng hoc my
o pH.
Mc 4- Xc nh hm lng cht tinh CaCl2
1.Chun b ho cht v dung dch phn tch
-Dung dch KOH 5N; 28 g KOH +60 ml nc ct lc cho tan ht, dung dch c
nhit mi trng ri cho tip nc ct va n vch chun 100ml.
-Trilon B 0,01N ; 1,86 g Trilon B +600-700 ml nc ct, lc cho tan ht, lc v
ngui ri cho nc ct vo n vch chun 1lt.
- Ch th murexit; 1 g murexit+ 99 g KCl tinh khit (hoc NaCl tinh khit), hn c
trn u v cho vo l.
-Dung dch th nghim; 5 g CaCl 2 mu +600 ml nc ct, lc cho tan ht, dung
dch c nhit mi trng ri cho tip nc ct va n vch chun 1 lt.
2. Tin hnh th nghim
Cho 1ml dung dch th nghim +100 ml nc ct +5 ml dung dch KOH 5N v 1020mg cht ch th murexit, lc cho cht ch th tan ht, sau chun bng dung dch
trilon B n khi dung dch chuyn sang mu tm.
3. Tnh ton kt qu
Hm lng cht tinh CaCl2 c tnh theo cng thc sau;
%X=

V N 1000 20 M CaCl2
m v M Ca 2

100 , % trng lng

trong ;
V-th tch trilon B, tiu tn chun cho n khi dung dch chuyn mu (ml)
N- Nng ng lng ca trilon B (0,01)
M CaCl - Trng lng phn t CaCl2 ( M CaCl =111)
M Ca -Nguyn t lng ca i-on Ca2+ ( M Ca =40)
m trng lng mu KCl c ly chun b dung dch th nghim (m=5 g)
v- Th tch dung dch th nghim c ly xc nh hm lng ( v=1 ml)
2

Mc 5- Phn khng tan : khi pha 10g CaCl 2 trong 100ml nc ct nhit
phng
- Cn 10g CaCl2 ( M1) cho vo cc (loi 500ml) c cha 100ml nc ct, khuy cho
tan, qua 2 gi
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- Giy lc sy 105 oC n trng lng khng i, cn ghi kt qu, gp giy lc theo


hnh phu vo trong phu thy tinh, phu lc trn l tam gic lc qua giy lc.,
trng ra giy lc nhiu ln bng nc ct, cho cc mui tan b ra tri ht. Sau
mang giy lc cng cn trn giy sy 105 oC n trng lng khng i, cn tr
trng lng giy lc , ta c trng lng cn (M2)
m = M2 / M1 x100, % trng lng

1.21. NTF
NITRIL TRIMETYL - PHOTPHORIC AXIT
Axit Nitrilotrimetilphosphoric (C3H12NO9P3) dng gim tc ng cng ca
dung dch ximng v gim nht dung dch khoan.
Thng s k thut
Stt

Thng s k thut

n v

Hnh dng , th

2
3
4

pH ca dung dch 1% ha cht trong nc ct


Hm lng cht tinh, khng nh hn
Tng hm lng Cl-, khng ln hn

%
%

Yu cu
Tinh th hoc bt
mu trng
1-2
97
2

(Phn tch Phng TN gia c & kt thc ging khoan Vin NCKH &TK)

VT LIU KHOAN
1.22. ST BT
St bt bentonit l st t nhin hoc hot ha sy kh v nghin nh c cha
thnh phn khong montmorilonit hn 70%.
Ch s cht lng chnh ca bentonit iu ch dung dch khoan l kh nng
to h phn tn c cu trc trong nc ngt, nc t khong vi hm lng pha rn ti
thiu.
a/ Thng s k thut:
Stt
Thng s k thut
1 Hiu sut ca st
Ch s c trn my FAN (R600) ca
2
dung dch nn*
Ch s c trn my FAN (R6) ca
3
dung dch nn*
4 T s YP/PV
5 thi nc
6 Hm lng pha keo
7 Hm lng ht ln hn 75
8 Hm lng m
9 thi nc khi kim tra CMC-LV

n v
m3/t

Yu cu
Min 15

Min 30

Min 10

cm /30 p
%(TL)
%(TL)
%(TL)
cm3/30 p

1-3
Max 15
Min 90
Max 4
Max 10
Max 10

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(loi CMC-LV t RD 61-11).

b/ Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1- Hiu sut ca st
Ly 1,5 lt NKT vo bnh dung tch 3 lt. Cho 100 g st bt t t vo trong khi trn
bng my khuy chm (3000300 v/p), trn 2 gi, tnh 24 gi 255 oC. Trc khi
o nht trn li 30 pht bng my khuy chm (3000300 v/p). nht dung dch
o bng phu Nga khng c nh hn 25 giy hoc 37 giy (phu M). Nu mun
bit c th hiu sut ca st ta cho thm nc vo ti khi nht bng 25 giy (phu
Nga) hoc 37 giy (phu M).
Hiu sut ca st (m3/t) = 15 + (10 x S lt nc thm vo)
Mc 2, 3 - Ch s c trn my FANN R600 v R6 (V6) ca dung dch nn*:
Ly 350 5 ml nc ct cho vo cc khuy , sau cn 22,5 0,01g st bt . Bt
my khuy "Multimixer" 11000 300 v/p, cho t t st vo cc khuy, khuy 10 pht,
y kn tnh 16 gi nhit phng, sau khuy li 5 pht bng my
"Multimixer" 11000 300 v/p. Sau c ch s trn my Fann tc 600 v/p v 6
v/p ta c R600 v R6.
Mc 4 - T s YP/PV
o dung dch mc 2 trn my Fan, c ch s tc 600, 300 v/p,
+ PV ( nht do; cP) = Ch s tc 600 - ch s tc 300
+ YP (ng lc trt ng ; lb/100f t2) = Ch s tc 300 - PV
Mc 5 - thi nc
Sau khi o xong cc thng s mc 2 ta ly dung dch trn li 1 pht o
thi nc trn my Filter press (API) , giy lc API vi p sut 7 atm (100Psi).
c lng nc lc (filtrat) thu c trong 7 pht 30 giy u v lng nc lc
(filtrat) thu c trong 30 pht .
B = 2 x (B2 B1) m3
B - thi nc
B2 - l lng nc lc trong thi gian 30 pht
B1 - l lng nc lc trong thi gian 7 pht 30 giy
Mc 6 - Hm lng pha keo ca st bt bentonit
a) Chun b ho cht
-Dung dch xanh methylen (1ml=0.01ME); 3,74 g xanh methylen/lt nc ct
-Dung dch H2O2 3%
-Dung dch Axit H2SO4 5N
-Nc ct
b) Tin hnh th nghim
1- Rt 295ml NKT vo cc khuy ca my khuy multimixer
2- Trong khi khuy cho vo 15g st bt bentonit (50kg/m3 dung dch)
3- Trn bng Multimixer 5pht
4- Dng trn, gt nhng ht st bm trn thnh cc xung, quy trn tip 10 pht
5- Gi dung dch trng thi tnh, trong vng 24 gi nhit 25+5oC.
6- Trc khi xc nh pha keo, quy trn li 5 pht trn my multimixer
7- Cho vo bnh tam gic c th tch 250 ml : 10 ml nc ct v 2 ml dung dch st
trn, lc nh bnh cho n khi DD st phn tn hon ton trong nc.
8- Cho 15 ml dung dch nc xy gi nng 3% v 0,5 ml dung dch axit H2SO4 5N
9- un si nh khong 10 pht.
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10- Cho thm nc ct n 50 ml, lm mt n 25+5oC


11- Chun bng dung dch xanh methylen (MC), c mi 0,5 ml (ban u c th cho
ngay 5 ml), lc nh 20 giy, dng a thy tinh chm v nh git ln giy thm. Khi
xut hin vng trn mu xanh lam xung quanh git dung dch th ngng chun .
12- Khi xut hin vng trn mu xanh lam, lc dung dch thm 2 pht, dng a thy
tinh chm v nh git ln giy thm, nu vng trn mu xanh lam bin mt th lp li
thao tc bc 11.
13- Tnh ton hm lng pha keo () :
=

( ml MC) 14
100 , % trng lng
2 50

Mc 7- Hm lng ht ln hn 75
- Chun b dung dch nc ra: 1 lt nc ct + 0,57g hexa-meta-photspht natri,
khuy cho tan ht
- Sng 75 m ra sch sy kh, cn xc nh trng lng
- Cn 10 0,1g st kh ( sy 105 oC) cho vo cc c 350 5 ml dung dch
nc ra, khuy bng my "Multimixer" 11000 300 v/p; khuy 5 pht ri ra trn
li 75 m bng dung dch nc ra (bnh bp vi tia, p lc khong 1,7 at). Sau
sy kh nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
W = n / m x 100, % trng lng
W - l hm lng ht ln hn 75
m - l trng lng mu ban du
n - l trng lng mu sau khi ra ri xy n trng lng khng i
Mc 8 - Hm lng m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v st bt (khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng trc khi nung
a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit 25 5 , cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c= ( a-b ) / a x 100, % trng lng
Mc 9- thi nc khi kim tra CMC-LV
S dng CMC-LV t RD 61-11 kim tra vi phng php nh mc 5: Kim tra
thi nc CMC-LV trong nc mui bo ha.

1.23. BT BARITE

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Cht lm nng barit l bt khong vt sunphat bari (BaSO 4) nghin nh mu


nu hoc vng nht, c dng iu ch dung dch khoan t trng cao.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

Hnh dng bn ngoi

T trng
Hm lng kim loi kim th tan (quy i ra
ion Ca++ )
Hm lng ht ln hn 75 m
Hm lng ht nh hn 6 m
Hm lng m

3
4
5
6

n v
g/cm3

Yu cu
T trng n
vng nu
Min 4.20

mg/kg

Max 250

% (TL)
%(TL)
%(TL)

Max 3
Max 30
Max 1,5

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1 - Hnh dng bn ngoi; Xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2 - T trng:
- Cho du diezel sch vo bnh chuyn dng , khi va chm vch chun th dng li.
- Cn khong 80 0,1g mu bart, cho t t vo bnh chun ( c du diezen)
- c th tch (cm3 ) trong bnh dng ln
- T trng ca bt barit ( g/cm3 ) = m / V
+ V l th tch tng thm sau khi cho mu (ml)
+ m l trng lng ca mu (g)
Mc 3 - Hm lng kim loi kim th tan (quy i ra ion Ca++ )
- Cn 100 0,1g barit ( sy) + 100 0,1ml nc ct, khuy ca my khuy
"Multimixer" vi tc 11000 300 v/p, khuy 5 pht tt my, tnh 1 gi, ri lc
qua giy lc API [trn my o thi Fann (API)], ta c dung dch mu (*) [1 lt dung
dch (*) ng vi 1 kg mu barit]
* Phn tch tng ng lng mol ca kim loi kim th (can xi v manh) ) sau
nhn vi ng lng gam ca canxi.
dlg(N) ca Ca+2 = 20 g,
mdlg(N) ca Ca+2 =20 mg
* Ha cht:
- Dung dch m amoni: 20 gam NH4 Cl cho vo trong bnh chun loi 1000 ml, cho
khong 200 ml nc ct lc cho tan ht + 100 ml NH 3 (25%) sau cho thm nc
ct n vch chun .
-Cht ch th : 1g bt chrm - en + 99g NaCl tinh khit hoc KCl nghin mn, trn
u cho vo l dng dn
- Trilon B 0,05N : cn 9,3g trilon B ( sy 105 oC), cho vo bnh chun loi 1lt +
khong 500ml nc ct, lc cho tan ht, sau cho thm nc ct va chm vch
chun 1lt
- Trilon B 0,01N : ly 100 ml dung dch Trilon B 0,05N cho vo l chun (loi 500ml)
sau cho thm nc ct n vch chun (pha long 5 ln)
* Tin hnh phn tch:
Cho vo l tam gic loi 250ml : 10 ml dung dch mu (*) + 50ml nc ct + 5ml
dung dch m amoni + 1 cht hn hp ch th bt chrm - en (vi lng ch th
tng ng vi 1 vi ht go), lc cho cht ch th tan ht, sau chun bng trilon B
(c nng 0,01N), cho n khi bt u chuyn mu.
Tnh ton:
Y (mdg/l) Ca+2 , Mg+2 = (a.k.n.1000)/V
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.: 0
: 01-10-2002
.: 89/103

- 61-11

Sau chuyn i ra hm lng caxi:


m (mg/l) Ca+2 = (a.k.n.20 .1000)/V
a - l th tch (ml) trilonB chun tiu tn t khi bt u chun n khi bt u i mu
k - l h s ca dung dch chun , v d dung dch chun ban u l 0,1N , nhng sau
thi gian , xc nh li thy dung dch chun ch cn 98% so vi ban u --- h
s k = 0,98 . Hoc nh ban u l pha dung dch 0,1N nhng khi chun li thc li
l 0.11N , lc ny h s k = 1,1
n - l nng dng lng ca trilonB chun
V-l th tch dung dch mu (ml)
dlg(N) ca Ca+2 = 20 g, mdlg(N) ca Ca+2 =20 mg
Mc 4 - Hm lng ht ln hn 71 m
- Dung dch ra : 1000 ml nc ct + 0,57g hexa-meta-photspht natri, khuy cho tan
- Sng 75 m :ra sch, sy 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
- Cho vo cc khuy : 350 ml nc ct + 0,2g hexa-meta-photspht natri, khuy cho
tan + 50g bart bt ( sy 105oC), khuy bng my "Multimixer" 11000 300 v/p,
khuy 5 pht ri ra trn li 75 m bng dung dch nc ra (bnh bp vi tia, p lc
khong 1,7 atm); sau sy kh nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
W = n / m x 100, % trng lng
W - l hm lng ht ln hn 71m
m - trng lng mu ban du
n - trng lng mu sau khi ra ri xy n trng lng khng i
Mc 5 - Hm lng ht nh hn 6 m
- Hydrometer ASTM 151H
- Dung c khuy tay: a inox 4 mm, di 70 cm, c tin ren vn c 1 u, u
ren c cnh khuy bng nha hoc cao su (c dy khong 1 mm, ng knh nh
hn ng knh ng ong loi 1000 ml) c c vt v long en cho chc.
- Chun b dung dch nh: cho vo bnh nh mc loi (1000 ml) khong 600 ml nc
ct + 40 g hexa-meta-photspht natri + 3,6 g Na 2CO3 khuy cho tan ht, sau cho
nc ct n vch chun (pH = 9)
- Sy kh khong 100 g barit 105 oC ,
- Ly 125 ml dung dch nh vo cc khuy + 80 g bt bart, khuy khong 1pht bng
my "Multimixer" 11000 300 v/p, tt c vo ng ong, sau cho thm dung dch
nh tng th tch l 400 ml, li ra cc khuy, khuy 5 pht bng my
"Multimixer" 11000 300 v/p, sau tt c ra ng ong loi 1000 ml, sau cho
nc ct n vch 1000 ml, dng dng c khuy tay ko ln ko xung n y ng
ong, trong thi gian khong 1 pht, b dung c khuy tay ra khi ng ong, t ng
ong vo thng nc (hoc phng c nhit khng i) sau tnh thi gian, t
nhit k vo trong dung dch.
- c t trng ti cc thi im 10, 20, 30, 40 pht hoc ti khi t gi tr di 6 .
c t trng ta cn cn thn v th t t t trng k (hydrometer ASTM 151H) vo
dung dch ti gn vch 1.02 mi bung ra, sau khi t trng k n nh c ngn trn
ti thi im o. Cn thn, t t ly t trng k ra, ra sch bng nc ct, lau kh sau
mi ln o. T trng k cn c ly ra ngay sau mi ln o, trnh barit bm ln t
trng k lm sai kt qu o, mi ln o cn gim ti a s khuy ng dung dch,
gi nh n nh
- Ghi thi gian bng pht (T), nhit oF hoc oC (t), s c trn t trng k ( H) vo
bng
Ghi ch: Nhit c th c bng oF hoc oC , min l cc php o v tnh ton ph
hp v n v, bao gm c hiu chnh ca t trng k.
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- 61-11

- Vi mi khong thi gian, xc nh su hiu dng ca t trng k (L) v nht


ca nc (V)
Bng s 1: bng mu ghi chp khi th nghi m v tnh ton
Thi gian
(T)

nhit
o
F (t)

s c
hydrometer
(H)

nht
H2O
(V)

.....
c
ch s trn
hydrometer

....
c bng
s 3

.....
.....
c
c nhit k
ng h ri chuyn i
th.gian
theo bng s 3

su hiu
dng ca
Hydrometer
(L cm)

ng knh
ht tng
ng
(mkm)

% ht theo
ng knh
ht tng
ng

.....
.....
.....
c bng s Theo cng thc Theo cng thc
2
mc (c)
mc (d)

% ht
6mkm

.....
Theo cng
thc mc
(e)

Bng 2: su hiu dng ca Hydrometer No 151H ph thuc


vo s c trn Hydrometer
S c trn
Hydrometer (H)

su hiu dng ca
Hydrometer (L cm)

s c trn
Hydrometer (H)

su hiu dng ca
Hydrometer (L cm)

1.000
1.001
1.002
1.003
1.004
1.005
1.006
1.007
1.008
1.009
1.010
1.011
1.012
1.013
1.014
1.015
1.016
1.017
1.018
1.019

16.3
16.0
15.8
15.5
15.2
15.0
14.7
14.4
14.2
13.9
13.7
13.4
13.1
12.9
12.6
12.3
12.1
11.8
11.5
11.3

1.020
1.021
1.022
1.023
1.024
1.025
1.026
1.027
1.028
1.029
1.030
1.031
1.032
1.033
1.034
1.035
1.036
1.037
1.038

11.0
10.7
10.5
10.2
10.0
9.7
9.4
9.2
8.9
8.6
8.4
8.1
7.8
7.6
7.3
7.0
6.8
6.5
6.2

Bng 3: nht ca nc ph thuc vo nhit


Nhit oF

Nhit oG

nht cP

Nhit oF

Nhit oG

nht cP

60
61
62
63
64
65
66

15,6
16,1
16,7
17,2
17,8
18,3
18,9

1,1211
1,1050
1,0893
1.0739
1,0589
1.0442
1.0298

72
73
74
75
76
77
78

22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9
24.4
25.0
25.6

0.9498
0.9374
0.9253
0.9134
0.9018
0.8904
0.8792

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- 61-11

67
68
69
70
71

19,4
20,0
20,6
21,1
21,7

1.0158
1.0020
0.9885
0.9753
0.9624

79
80
81
82
83

26.1
26.7
27.2
27.8
28.3

0.8683
0.8576
0.8470
0.8367
0.8266

*Tnh ton:
a-T s hiu chnh ca t trong k (phn 12.6- sch " Specification for Drilling
Fluid Materials" trang 37) ghi sai s chnh xc ca t trong k (Mc) v gii hn (Bc)
vo bng . V d hydrometer Serial # XXXXX : Mc =0.144, Bc =13.08,
b-Tnh hng s mu (Ks) theo cng thc: Ks = 100xD / W(D-1) (hoc xc nh bng
bng s 4) ,
Trong : Ks l hng s mu, D l t trng mu (g/cm3), W l trng lng mu.
Bng 4: Hng s mu ph thuc vo t trng ca mu
T trng ca mu

Hng s mu

T trng ca mu

Hng s mu

4,20
4,21
4,22
4,23
4,24
4,25
4,26
4,27
4,28
4,29
4,30

1,641
1,640
1,639
1,637
1,636
1,635
1,634
1,633
1,631
1,630
1,629

4,31
4,32
4,33
4,34
4,35
4,36
4,37
4,38
4,39
4,40

1,628
1,627
1,625
1,624
1,623
1,622
1,621
1,620
1,619
1,618

c- Tnh ton v ghi kt qu vo bng ng knh ht tng ng (de) cho mi ln


o theo cng thc:
VL
de = 17,5 ------------(D -1) T
Trong :
- de : l ng knh ht tng ng (m)
- V : nht ca nc , (cPz)
- D : t trng mu (g/cm3)
- T: Thi gian (pht)
- L: su hiu dng (cm)
d- Tnh % ly tch mn cho mi ng knh ht tng ng (de) ln hn ngay st
6 m (SH) v ng knh ht tng ng nh hn ngay st di 6m (SL) theo
cng thc:
S = Ks . [( Mc . t ) Bc + ( H - 1) . 1000 ]
Trong
- S l % ly tch
- Ks l hng s mu
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- 61-11

- Mc l sai s t trng k
- t l nhit mi trng khi o (oF,oC)
- Bc l gii hn chnh xc ca t trng k
- H l s c t trng k
e- Tnh % ht nh hn 6 m (S6)
S6 = {[( SH - SL) / (dH - dL)] . (6 - dL)} + SL
Trong :
- S6 l : % ht nh hn 6m
- SH l % ht ln hn 6 m
- SL l % ht ti im nh hn 6m
- dH l ng knh ht tng ng ln hn 6m
- dL l ng knh ht tng ng nh hn 6m
V d:
- lng mu :80g, t trng l 4.3g/cm 3, Hyrdometer Serial # XXXXX c sai s Mc =
0.144, gii hn chnh xc ca t trng k l Bc = 13.08
c kt qu o v tnh ton nh sau:
Thi
gian
(T)

nhit
o
F (t)

s c
hydrometer
(H)

nht
H2O
(V)

su hiu
dng ca
Hydrometer
(L cm)

ng knh
ht tng
ng [ de
(mkm) ]

% ht theo
ng knh
ht tng
ng

10
20
30
40

78
78
78
78

1.0280
1.0210
1.0170
1.0140

0.8792
0.8792
0.8792
0.8792

8.9
10.7
11.8
12.6

8.5
6.6
5.7
5.1

42.6
31.2
24.7
9.8

c
ng h
th.gian

c nhit k
o
C ri chuyn
i ra oF theo
bng s 3

c
c bng
ch s
s 3
trn hydrometer

c bng s 2 Theo cng thc Theo cng thc


mc (c)
mc (d)

- H s mu:
Ks = 100. 4,3 / [80 .(4,3 -1)] = 1,629
- ng knh ht trn gn 6m nht:
0.8792 . 10.7
de = 17,5 -----------------(4,3 - 1) . 20

= 6.6 mkm

(ng knh ht trn gn nht)

- ng knh ht di gn 6 m nht, tng t ta tnh c l 5,7m


- Tnh % ly tch cho ng knh ht tng ng (de) ln hn ngay st 6 m
S = 1.629 . [(0,1444 . 78) -13,08 + (1.021-1) . 1000 = 31,2 %
- Tnh % ly tch cho ng knh ht tng ng (de) nh hn ngay st 6 m
Tng t ta tnh c bng S = 24,7%
- Tnh % ly tch cho ng knh ht tng ng (de) nh hn 6 m
S6 = {[( 31,2 24,7) / (6,6 5,7)] . (6 5,7)} + 24,7 = 26,9 %
Mc 5 - Hm lng m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
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% ht
6mkm

26.9
Theo cng
thc mc
(e)

- 61-11

-Cn c cc ng mu v bt barite (khong 10 g mu ) c trng lng trc khi


nung a (g). Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit 25 5 , cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (%) tnh theo cng
thc:
c= ( a-b ) / a x 100
Cacbonat canxi t nhin (phn) dng iu ch tampon chng mt dung dch
trong qu trnh khoan v sa ging.
i khi c dng nh vt liu lm nng tan trong axit iu ch dung dch
khoan t trng thp (n 1,35 g/m3)

1.24. BT (CaCO3)
Cacbonat canxi t nhin (phn) dng iu ch tampon chng mt dung dch
trong qu trnh khoan v sa ging.
i khi c dng nh vt liu lm nng tan trong axit iu ch dung dch
khoan t trng thp (n 1,35 g/m3).
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

Nhn dng

2
3
4

T trng
Hm lng cht tinh
Kch thc gii hn theo yu cu

n v
g/cm3%(TL)
mm

Hm lng ca loi c cng kch thc yu


cu: 90 %, Min.

mm

Kch thc ht phn loi theo F, M, C

Yu cu
bt nghin mu trng
(khng tan trong nc)
2,7-2,8
Min 95
0,3-3,0

<0,3
0,30,9
0,91,25
1,252,0
2,03,0
aCO3 F :
6-9
aCO3 M : 35-45
aCO3 C : 100-125

( Ghi ch; Tiu ch 5 kim tra cht lng aCO3 c x dng cho chng mt
dung dch, tiu ch 6 kim tra cht lng aCO3 c x dng tng cht lng
v bn, lm nng dung dch khoan v chng mt nc).
b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1 - Nhn dng: xc nh bng mt thng
Mc 2 - T trng - Cho du diezel sch vo bnh chuyn dng, khi va chm vch
chun th dng li.
- Cn khong 10 1g mu, cho t t vo bnh chun ( c du diezen)
- c th tch (cm3 ) trong bnh dng ln
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- 61-11

- T trng ca bt :( g/cm3 ) = m / V
+ V l th tch tng thm sau khi cho mu (ml)
+ m l trng lng ca mu (g)
Mc 3 - Hm lng cht tinh
* Phn tch hm lng Ca+2
- Cn 5g CaCO3 cho t t vo cc thu tinh (loi 500 ml) c cha 100 ml HCL 10%,
y cc bng giy qua 24 gi, trung ha bng dung dch NaOH 10% pH = 7.
sang bnh chun th tch (loi 500 ml c vch chun), trng cc bng nc ct vo
bnh, sau thm nc ct cho n va vch chun (*). 1lt dung dch ny tng
ng vi 10 gam CaCO3
Ht 10 ml dung dch (*). Cho vo l chun loi 100 ml, ri cho thm nc ct n
va chm vch chun ta c dung dch pha long (**) (pha long 10 ln )
Phn tch hm lng canxi (mg/lt) trong dung dch pha long (lm 4 mu ly kt qu
trung bnh)
* Ha cht:
- NaOH 10%: 22,2 g NaOH + 150 ml nc lc cho tan ht, ngui dung dch vo
bnh chun (loi 200 ml), cho tip nc ct thnh 200 ml dung dch.
[dung dch NaOH 10% 20 oC c: t trng 1,109 g/cm3, 110,89 g/lt dung dch ,
2,772 mol/lt] .
- Ch th murexit: 1g bt murexit + 99 g NaCl tinh khit hoc KCl nghin mn, trn
u cho vo l dng dn.
- Trilon B 0,05N: cn 9,3 g trilon B sy 105 oC), cho vo bnh chun loi 1lt +
khong 500 ml nc ct, lc cho tan ht, sau cho thm nc ct va chm vch
chun 1lt.
- Trilon B 0,01N : ly 50 ml dung dch Trilon B 0,05N cho vo l chun (loi 500 ml)
sau cho thm nc ct n vch chun (pha long 5 ln).
* Tin hnh phn tch:
Ht 1-2 ml dung dch mu (**) + 100 ml nc ct + 2 ml NaOH 10% + 1 cht hn
hp ch th murexit (vi lng ch th tng ng vi 1 vi ht go), lc cho cht ch
th tan ht, sau chun bng trilon B (c nng 0,01N), cho n khi bt u chuyn
mu.
Tnh ton:
Y (mdg/l) Ca+2 = (a.k.n.1000 ) /V
m (mg/l) Ca+2 = (a.k.n.20 .1000)/V
a- l th tch (ml) trilon B chun tiu tn t khi bt u chun n khi xut hin mu.
k- l h s ca dung dch chun, v d dung dch chun ban u l 0,1N, nhng sau
thi gian, xc nh li thy dung dch chun ch cn 98% so vi ban u h s k =
0,98. Hoc nh ban u l pha dung dch 0,1N nhng khi chun li thc li l
0.11N, lc ny h s k = 1,1
n- l nng dng lng ca trilonB chun
V- l th tch dung dch mu (ml)
dlg(N) ca Ca+2 = 20g, mdlg (N) ca Ca+2 = 20 mg
b (g Ca+)/lt dung dch mu(*) = m (mg/l) Ca+2 x 10(h s pha long) /1000(mg)
Theo l thuyt 100g CaCO3, ta c 40g Ca ,
vy 10 g CaCO3/lit, ta c 4g (4000 mg/l) Ca+2 /lt tng ng vi 100%
b (mg/l) tng ng vi X %
% Ca = (b.100) / 4000
Mc 4, 5 - Hm lng ca loi c cng kch thc yu cu.
V d:
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- 61-11

Yu cu l hng c kch thc ht < 0,3 mm, th mu ly t l hng ny phi c t nht


90% trng lng chui qua li 0,3 mm
- Cn 10 g mu (M1), sng trn sng 0,3 mm, sau cn li phn trn sng (M2)
% chui qua sng = ( M1-M2 ) / M1 x 100
Tng t nh i vi cc l hng bt c kch thc khc: 0.3 0.9 mm; 0.9 1.25
mm; v.v.
Mc 6- Kch thc ht xc nh trn sng tng ng:
Cn li trn sng 40 mesh
Cn li trn sng 200 mesh
Cn li trn sng 325 mesh

Fine
Max, 1%

Medium
20-30 %
-

Coarse
Max 1 %
Min 80 %
-

1.25. V TRU
V tru dng gia cng chng mt dung dch khoan.
a/ Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2

Thng s k thut
Hm lng m
Kch c :
- di
- rng

n v
%(TL)
mm

Yu cu
Max 3
6-10
1-2

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1 - Hm lng m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v 10 g mu v tru c trng lng trc khi nung a (g).
Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit 25 5 , cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (%) tnh theo cng
thc:
c= ( a-b ) / a x 100
Mc 2 - Kch c :
o i din bng thc mm

1.26. BT GRAPHIT
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- 61-11

Graphit l bt tinh th mu en c nh bc, khng tan trong nc. Nhn c


bng cch tuyn ni qung grapht t nhin v x l cao. Graphit c dng gia
cng DDK nhm gim ma st gia cn khoan, ng chng vi thnh ging khoan.
a/ Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3
4
5

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
Hm lng cc bon
T trng
Hm lng m
Phn cn li trn sng 300 m

n v
%(TL)
g/cm3% (TL)
%(TL)

Yu cu
Bt mu en c nh bc
Min 80
2,09-2,23
Max 1
Max 10

b/ Cch xc nh cc thng s:
Mc 1- Nhn dng: Xc nh bng mt thng.
Mc 2 - Hm lng cc bon
- Sy cc dng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i, cn cc dng mu
(cc ng mu l chn s chu nhit)
- Cn c cc ng mu v mu (khong 10 1g mu) nung nhit 1200 oC. Sau 2
gi tt l nung ngui, mang mu ra, t trong bnh ht m, mang i cn, ghi trng
lng mu v cc ng mu,
C = ( a-b ) / a x 100% trng lng
C - l % cc bon (cht chy)
a - trng lng ca cc ng mu v mu ban du
b - trng lng cn li ca cc ng mu v mu sau khi nung
Mc 3 - T trng : Cho du diezel sch vo bnh chuyn dng, khi va chm vch
chun th dng li.
- Cn khong 10 1g mu, cho t t vo bnh chun ( c du diezen)
- c th tch (cm3 ) trong bnh dng ln
- T trng ca ha cht
(g/cm3 ) = m / V
+ V l th tch tng thm sau khi cho mu (ml)
+ m l trng lng ca mu (g)
Mc 4 - Hm lng m
-Xy cc ng mu nhit 105 oC n trng lng khng i.
-Cn c cc ng mu v 10 g mu grapht c trng lng trc khi nung a (g).
Xy mu nhit 105 oC.
-Sau 3 gi mang mu ra ngoi t nung, t mu trong bnh ht m cho nhit mu
gim ti nhit 25 5 , cn mu , ghi trng lng cc c mu , ri li cho vo xy
tip 30 pht, ri li ly ra cn, c lm i lm li n khi no mu c trng lng khng
i th dng v c trng lng sau nung b (g). m c (% TL) tnh theo cng
thc:
c= ( a-b ) / a x 100%, trng lng
Mc 5 - Phn cn li trn sng 300 m
- Cn 10 g mu (M1) cho vo sng 300 m v ra bng vi nc khong 1 pht, sau
sy kh v cn li phn trn sng (M 2): % mu cn li trn sng = M 2 / M1 x 100 %
trng lng

1.27. BT THY TINH ()


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Bt thy tinh nhn to l nhng ht hnh cu mn, khng ha tan trong nc v


du, c to ra t thy tinh natri-canxi-borosilicat. Bt thy tinh c s dng rng
ri lm vt liu cch nhit, cch m v ph gia lm nh trong cng nghip xy dng,
ha hc v cc lnh vc khc. Trong khoan v sa cha ging ngi ta dng bt thy
tinh lm ph gia gim t trng dung dch khoan v tam pon.
Trong cng nghip s dng mt s mc thy tinh bt, c phn bit bi t trng
v bn nn. khoan v sa ging trong iu kin ca Lin doanh Vit Nga
Vietsovpetro c th s dng iu ch cc cht lng cng ngh c t trng thp
() t 0.75 0.85g/cm3.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2
3

Thng s k thut
Hnh dng ngoi
T trng thc ca bt thy tinh, ph thuc
vo tng mac c th
S lng bt thy tinh cn li trn sng c
kch thc mt li 90 m, khi sng kh,
khng ln hn
Hm lng bt thy tinh khng ng qui cch
dng cn sau thi gian tnh ca dung
dch huyn ph bt thy tinh (15 gi), khng
ln hn
Mc tng t trng ca do s ph
hy mt phn bt thy tinh p sut tng
tc ti hn (30 pht), khng ln hn

n v
-g/cm3

Yu cu
Bt mn mu trng
0,35 0,49

% (TL)

2,0

%
(th tch)

3,0

% (TL)

10,0

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2.
Ngi ta rt vo th tch k Le-satele nc ct n vch 0. Sau cn 8g bt
thy tinh trn cn c chnh xc ti 0,01g v cn thn vo bnh. Ta nhn c th
tch bt thy tinh (V) - cm3 v tnh t trng bt thy tinh () theo cng thc :
= 8 / V, g / cm3
Mc 3.
Cn 10g bng cn c chnh xc ti 0,01g v l n sng c kch thc
mt li 90 m. Lc sng trn my rung trong vng 10 pht. Sau cn cn (M) cn
trn sng v tnh hm lng % ca n (O) theo cng thc:
O=

M
100 , %
10

Mc 4.
Cn 10 g bt thy tinh, cho vo ng ong 100 ml v rt nc ngt vo cho n
vch 100 ml (V.) ri quy u. Sau khi tnh huyn ph 25 5 oC trong vng
15 pht o th tch lng cn (Vc.) phn di ng ong. Hm lng bt thy tinh sai
qui cch (H) c tnh theo cng thc :
H = Vc. / V. x 100, %
Mc 5.
5.1. Dung dch khoan model ban u () c iu ch theo n v phng php
sau : 1000 ml nc ngt + 40 g st bt API + 10 g CMC-LV; khuy trn bng my
khuy tc thp trong vng 2 gi v yn tnh 24 gi. Trc khi o t trng
() bng dnng c pikrnometr, dung dch c quy trn 1 gi.
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5.2. Cht lng cng ngh t trng thp nhn c bng cch cho vo
bc 5.1. 200 g v tip tc quy trn 30 pht. Sau ta xc nh nh
picnometer t trng ban u ca (o), rt vo b chia cao su chuyn
dung, t vo trong cc ca my th nghim dung dch ximng -3 v gi p
sut tiu chun (i vi bt thy tinh mc ny) v nhit 25 5 oC trong 30 pht.
Sau x p sut ra, ly mu ra v dng picknometr xc nh t trng cui
cng ca n (1) sau tc ng ca p sut. Mc tng t trng ca () tnh
ra phn trm theo cng thc sau:
= (1 - o) / o

100, %

2. HA PHM X L VNG CN Y GING


2.1. CHT TO BT
Cht to bt c dng to ra h dung dch bt trong mi trng nc vi
mc ch lm gim p xut y ging thp hn p xut va.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Thng s k thut

n v

Hnh dng bn ngoi

--

2
3
4

An ton mi trng
Tnh tan ca sn phm trong mi trng
nc ngt v nc bin nhit 2550
to bt ca dung dch 0,5% cht to bt
trong nc ngt v trong nc bin nhit
2550.
bn vng ca dung dch 0,5% cht to
bt trong nc ngt;
- 2550 (trc khi nung)
-Sau khi nung 150 0 trong 3 h.
bn vng ca dung dch 0,5% ( trng
lng) cht to bt trong nc bin;
- 2550 (trc khi nung)
-Sau khi nung mu 2 h nhit 150 oC
Gii hn sc cng b mt ca dung dch
0,5% ho phm to bt trong nc ngt
vi du ha:
- 2550C (trc khi nung)
-Sau khi nung mu 2 h nhit 150 oC
Gii hn sc cng b mt ca dung dch
0,5% ho phm to bt trong nc bin
vi du ha:
- 2550C (trc khi nung)
-Sau khi nung mu 2 h nhit 150 oC
pH ca dung dch 0,5% cht to bt
trong nc ngt v trong nc bin

-%
(th tch)
c

Yu cu
Cht lng ng nht,
khng tp cht, chy c
Phi c chng nhn v an
ton mi trng
Tan hon ton, khng c
cn
Min. 500

Min. 300
Min. 300
Min. 280
Min. 280

/
Max. 10
Max. 10
/
Max. 10
Max. 10
--

6-8,5

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Ghi ch: bn vng ca bt l thi gian th tch bt to ra (mc 5,6) khng nh


hn 500 % so vi th tch nc cha c cht to bt.
- Nu ho phm l cht lng, ta dng % th tch, cn ho phm l cht rn ta
dng % trng lng
b- Phng php xc nh cc thng s
Mc 4
Cho 200ml nc k thut vo cc khuy ca my khuy Multimixer + 1 ml
( hoc g) cht to bt ri khuy vi tc 11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht ,
ra ng ong loi 2000ml c th tch tng th V1
Phn trm to bt ca dung dch 0,5% PAV 2550C :
X % =

V1
100 , % th tch
200

Mc 5.
- nhit 2550.; Tin hnh nh Mc 4, ri sau xc nh bn vng ca
bt
0
-Sau khi nung nhit 150 trong 2 h; Cho 200ml nc k thut vo cc + 1 ml
( hoc 1 g) cht to bt ri khuy nh trong thi gian 5 pht, sau cho vo bnh
nung nhit 1500C trong vng 2h (thi gian c tnh t lc mu nung t 150 0C).
Sau qu trnh nung v lm ngui, dung dch c cho vo cc v khuy li vi tc
11000300 v/p trong thi gian 5 pht ri rt vo ng thu tinh c th tch 2000 ml
xc nh bn vng ca bt.
Mc 6; Tin hnh nh Mc 5, thay nc ngt bng nc bin
Mc 7, 8; Tin hnh o sc cng b mt ca dung dch 0,5% ho phm to bt trong
nc ngt v trong nc bin so vi du ho bng my o TVT2 LAUDA
2.2. AXT AXTIC, CH3COOH
Axt axtic c dng ngn nga s kt ta ca hydroxit nhm Al(OH) 3,
hydroxit st Fe(OH)3 khi x l axit vng cn y ging.
a- Thng s k thut;
Stt

Cc ch tiu k thut

Hnh dng bn ngoi

2
3

Hm lng % ca axit acetic CH3COOH


T trng 20oC.

n v
%
/3

Yu cu
Cht lng khng mu,
c mi c trng
Min. 99
1.048 1.051

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s;
Mc 2
1. Dung dch v thuc th
- Nc ct
- Dung dch NaOH 0,1 N
- Ch th phenolphtalein 1%
2. Tin hnh th
Cho 25 ml nc ct vo bnh chun dung tch 250 ml cn c nt chnh xc n
0,001g, cho vo khong 0,2 ml mu, y bnh li v cn bnh mu vi chnh xc
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trn, thm 3-5 git ch th phenolphtalein, chun ngay mu bng dung dch NaOH 0,1
N n khi xut hin mu hng nht
3. Tnh ton kt qu
Hm lng axit axetic (X) tnh bng % theo cng thc:
X=

V 0,006005
100
m

Trong :
m- lng mu cn, tnh bng g
V- th tch dung dch NaOH, chnh xc 0,1N tiu tn trong php chun tnh
bng ml
0,006005 - lng axit axetic, tng ng vi 1 ml dung dch NaOH chnh xc
0,1 N tnh bng g /ml

2.3. AXIT CLOHYDRIC, HCl


Axt Clohydric c dng phc hi hoc tng thm ca t vng cn y
ging khoan, gm phc hp cc vi CaCO 3, lmid CaMg(CO3)2 v ct kt vi
ximng cacbonat. N thm ch c a vo thnh phn ca dung dch st axt
ngn nga s kt ta ca gel axt silic H 2SiO3, hydroxit nhm Al(OH)3 khi x l st
axit ct kt v t , to nn t cc khong vt silic v thch anh, ....
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt

Cc ch tiu k thut

n v o

Hnh dng bn ngoi

Hm lng HCl.

Yu cu
Cht lng,
khng mu
Min. 31

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s;
Mc 2
1. Dung dch v thuc th
- Nc ct
- Dung dch NaOH 0,1 N
- Ch th phenolphtalein 1%
2. Tin hnh th
Cho 25 ml nc ct vo bnh chun dung tch 250 ml cn c nt chnh xc n
0,001g, cho vo khong 0,2 ml mu, y bnh li v cn bnh mu vi chnh xc
trn, thm 3-5 git ch th phenolphtalein, chun ngay mu bng dung dch NaOH 0,1
N n khi xut hin mu hng nht
3. Tnh ton kt qu
Hm lng axit clohydric HCl (X) tnh bng % theo cng thc:
X=

V 0,00365
100
m

Trong :
m- lng mu cn, tnh bng g
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V- th tch dung dch NaOH, chnh xc 0,1N tiu tn trong php chun tnh
bng ml
0,00365 - lng axit clohydric HCl, tng ng vi 1 ml dung dch NaOH
chnh xc 0,1 N tnh bng g /ml

2.4 AXIT FLOHYDRIC HF


Axit flohydric HF l mt thnh phn ca dung dch axit glin phc hi hoc
tng thm ca ct kt v to ra t khong vt silic ct, thch anh, ng thi
cn ha tan lp v xi mng, silic ct nhm, st ca dung dch st xm nhp vo cc
knh dn ca va khi khoan v sa ging. Axit flohydric HF dng khi s l vng cn
y ging.
a- Thng s k thut:
Stt
1
2

Thng s k thut
Nhn dng
Hm lng HF

n v
%

Yu cu
Cht lng
Min. 50

b- Cch xc nh cc thng s
Mc 2
1. Dung dch v thuc th
- Nc ct
- Dung dch NaOH 0,1 N
- Ch th phenolphtalein 1%
2. Tin hnh th
Cho 25 ml nc ct vo bnh chun dung tch 250 ml cn c nt chnh xc n
0,001g, cho vo khong 0,2 ml mu, y bnh li v cn bnh mu vi chnh xc
trn, thm 3-5 git ch th phenolphtalein, chun ngay mu bng dung dch NaOH 0,1
N n khi xut hin mu hng nht
3. Tnh ton kt qu
Hm lng axit flohydric HF (X) tnh bng % theo cng thc:
X=

V 0,002
100
m

Trong :
m- lng mu cn, tnh bng g
V- th tch dung dch NaOH, chnh xc 0,1N tiu tn trong php chun tnh
bng ml
0,002 - lng axit flohydric HF, tng ng vi 1 ml dung dch NaOH chnh
xc 0,1 N tnh bng g /ml.

3. QUY TC LY MU, TO MU TRUNG BNH V BO QUN MU


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nhn c kt qu th nghim chnh xc, vic ly mu ng v to


mu trung bnh c ngha rt quan trng. Mu trung bnh l mu th nghim c khi
lng c quy nh trong quy ch, thnh phn v tnh cht ging thnh phn v tnh
cht l hng.
Mu trung bnh c to t cc mu ly cc v tr khc nhau. Trng
lng mu trung bnh ph thuc vo lng tiu hao cn thit lm th nghim v
c quy nh trong quy ch RD C 90-08 Quy ch kim tra cht lng ho phm
khoan, cc h Dung dch khoan v cc cht lng cng ngh khc khi khoan, sa ging
v khai thc du kh ti cc m ca LD Vit Nga Vietsovpetro ngy 26.09.2008. Mc
2.1: Dung dch khoan: 1,5 lt; Ho phm kh: 300 g; ho phm dng lng: 0,5 lt; st
bt, barite, cc mui v c ti thiu 1kg; axt: 0,5 lt.
I/ Quy tc ly mu ho phm ng bao:
1/ Ly mu ho phm kh ng bao bng ng ly mu c xuyn vo su 1/2 bao
ho phm chy ra.
2/ S lng mu cn ly bng 2% tng s bao ca l hng nhng khng nh hn 3
mu. Mu ly theo quy tt hnh phong b, theo phng mt phng nm ngang v thng
ng.
3/ Sau khi ly, cc mu c cho vo l trn u ri ra bao ni lng, gom thnh hnh
vung v chia thnh 4 phn nh nhau theo ng cho. Sau 2 phn i din c
dn thnh 1 mu. Nh vy ta to c mu kim tra th nghim v gi kn bng
ti ni lng.
II/ Quy tc ly mu dng lng:
1/ Mu trung bnh c to t cc mu ly cc v tr phi cha khc nhau.
2/ Mu trung bnh c chia lm 2; Mt phn th nghim, phn cn li bo qun
trong thi gian quy nh, phng khi cn kim tra li.
3/ Trng lng ti thiu mt mu trung bnh l 0,5 lt.
III/ Quy tc ly mu t phi;
-i vi cht lng khng phn lp, nht thp, dng gy sch khuy u, sau
ly mu qua l rt ca phi (can).
-S mu cn ly bng 10% s phi (can) ca l hng nhng khng nh hn 3. Cc
mu c dn vo bnh v trn u c mu trung bnh. Mu trung bnh chia lm
hai phn cho vo l kh sch, y kn v mang v phng th nghim.
-Trong trng hp gp cht lng phn lp, mu c ly bng dng c chuyn
dng t 3 lp ca phi (can): lp trn, lp di cch ming phi, y phi ln lt l 20
cm v 15 cm, lp gia l chnh gia phi (theo chiu cao). C 3 mu c nhn ghi tn
ho phm, ngy ly mu, l hng v cao lp (trn, gia, di).

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