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economics ().

economy ( , , ,
), .
stock exchange .
commodity exchange .
currency exchange .
exchange rate .
interest rate .
share ( ).
shareholder , .
initial public offering (IPO)
, .
bond .
banking , .
account ( ).
current account , .
deposit , .
transfer .
SWIFT transfer
SWIFT.
TT (telegraph transfer)
( SWIFT.
SWIFT).
accounting , .
in the red ( .

, ).
in the black , (. ).
balance sheet ( ).
profit and loss statement (
-).
employment .
unemployment .
unemployment rate .
inflation .
inflation rate .
devaluation .
savings .
investment .
GDP, gross domestic product , .
GNP, gross national product , .
nominal GDP .
real GDP (
).

1 Mother
2 Passion
3 Smile
4 Love
5 Eternity
6 Fantastic
7 Destiny
8 Freedom
9 Liberty
10 Tranquillity
11 Peace
12 Blossom
13 Sunshine , ,
14 Sweetheart
15 Gorgeous
16 Cherish
17 Enthusiasm
18 Hope
19 Grace
20 Rainbow
21 Blue
22 Sunflower
23 Twinkle
24 Serendipity
25 Bliss
26 Lullaby
27 Sophisticated

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Renaissance
Cute
Cosy
Butterfly
Galaxy
Hilarious ,
Moment
Extravaganza
Aqua
Sentiment ,
Cosmopolitan
Bubble
Pumpkin
Banana
Lollipop
If
Bumblebee
Giggle
Paradox
Delicacy
Peekaboo
Umbrella
Kangaroo

microeconomics .
production decision of a firm .
TC total costs (
).
AC average costs .
MC marginal costs (
).
alternative costs (
,
).
TR total revenue ( ,
, ,
).
MR marginal revenue (
, ,
).
profit ( , , , ,
).

long-run costs (

).
LTC long-run total costs ,
.
LAC long-run average costs ,
.
LMC long-run marginal costs
, .
short-run costs (

.
).
STC short-run total costs .
SFC short-run fixed costs
.
SVC short-run variable costs
.
SATC short-run average total costs
.
SAFC short-run average fixed costs
.
SAVC short-run average variable costs
.
SMC short-run marginal costs
( STC ,
SVC, SFC ).
marginal principle (
, ,
).
optimal quantity, optimal output
.
market structure .
perfect competition (
, .
,
,
).
pure monopoly ( ,
. ,
).
monopolistic competition
( ,
, ).
oligopoly - - ( ,
).

monopsony ( ,
).

.
At any price - .
Be in for it - .
Be that as it may - .
Be too much for smb - .
Be well of - .
Can't do anything with - - .
Carry / gain one's point - .
Do well - .
Down and out - .
Get a grip on smth - .
Get into trouble - .
Get nowhere / not get anywhere - - .
Get the worst of it / have the worst of it - .
Give way to - , .
Go / get far - , .
Go to waste - .
Go up in smoke - .
Golden opportunity - .
Good for nothing - .

Good fortune - .
Good job! - , !
I shall never get over it - .
In trouble with - , .
In vain - .
It could have been worse - .
It didn't work out - .
It is in the bag - .
It leaves much to be desired - .
It serves you right - .
It was a failure - .
It was a great fun - .
It was a success - .
It was no fun - .
It was quite a job - .
It's no go - .
It's no good - .
It's not up to the mark - .
Let smb down - .
Make a fortune - .
Make good - -.
Make headaway - .
Make one's way - .
Make the grade - .
Make use of - .
Next time lucky - .
On the nose - .
On the right track - .
Shit happens - .
Sink or swim - .
Stand a chance - .
Take a chance that - , .
Take advantage of - , .
Take one's chance - .
Take one's chances - , .
That'll do - .
That's the way to do it - .
Things happen - .
What a pity! - !
What's done is done - .
Within a hair's breadth - .
Without a hitch - .

!
it's high time - ( " ")
take your time - ( " ")
help yourself - ( " ")
to make a decision - ( "")
to achieve results -
pay attention - ( "") ()
draw (smb's) attention - (-)
to take a chance -
to have a rest -
to take ofence -
to take a nap -
shadow cabinet -
to hit the target -
golden share -
to put an end to - ,
to play with fire -
the root of the trouble -
to read between lines -
to take into account -
to make a point -
to jump at conclusions -
moment of silence -
ups-and-downs -
trouble shooter -
at the world's end -
think tank -
token strike -
in accordance with -
on account of -
in addition to -
at any rate -
on behalf of -
on the basis of -
for the benefit of -
by and large -
in charge of -
in connection with -
in contrast to/with -
in the course of -
as early as -
with the exception of -
at the expense of -
It's fine. - .
It's a good idea. - .
I mean it. - .

Not bad. - .
Most likely. - .
By the way. - .
That's right. - .
Time after time. - .
It's not serious. .
In other words. - .
It's not important. - .
In short. - .
As soon as possible - .
May I ask you a question? - ?
That explains it. - .
As to... - ...
As for... - .
It's enough. - .
It's not worth it. - .
Same to you! - !
You wanna talk about it? - ?
I don't want to do this. - .
I figure it's the least I can do. - , ,
.
A drop in the bucket. - .
And so on and so forth - .. ..
I've got to go. - .
As I said before. - .
As innocent as a babe unborn - .
As sure as eggs is eggs. - , .
Believe it or not, but ... - , ..
Did I get you right? - ?
Don't mention it. - .
Don't take it to heart. - .
Forgive me, please, I meant well. - , ,
.
He is not a man to be trifled with. - .
I am afraid you are wrong. - , .
I didn't catch the last word. - .
I was not attending. - .
If I am not mistaken. - .
If I remember rightly. - .
It does you credit. - .
It doesn't matter. - .
It is new to me. - .
Let us hope for the best. - .
Mind your own business. - .
Neither here nor there. - , .
Next time lucky. - .
Nothing much. - .

On the one hand. - .


On the other hand. - .
Say it again, please. - , .
That's where the trouble lies! - !
Things happen. - .
What do you mean by saying it? - , ?
What is the matter? - ?
Where were we? - ?
You were saying? - - ?
:
, .
I am being chased, can you hide me in your Presidential Suite?
- .
I can not eat mushrooms - I've promised them.
.
This old lady has been dead for two stations already.
, .
Sorry, I do not speak barbarian.
- .
I am a handy-man in a philharmonic. I'm setting tile on the music.
- !
How many times should I say this is not a scale!
, ?
Can I divide by zero in your country?
.
These pickles are confusing.
?
Where is the souvenir shop at your crematory?
(, ) .
This magnificent cathedral (temple, palace) looks like a swimming kangaroo.
, .
I have no idea how this dead whore got into my room.
, !
Let me go, I have a right to call my avocado!

.
I've promised my family I'd bring them the heart of the infidel.
?
Where I can find a self-service dentist office?

?
Does your primitive language have any words of gratitude?

1. As far as I know. - .
2. If I am not mistaken. - .
3. As far as I can see. - .
4. If my memory doesn't fail me. - .
5. As a matter of fact. - .
6. It should be underlined that. - .
7. Frankly speaking. - .
8. To begin with. - -
9. Much has been said & written about. - .
10. You have a point there. - . .
11 . I mean it. - .
12. Strange as it may seem. - , .
13. Reputedly[ri'pju:tidly]. - .
14. In my view. - .
15. As is know (as is know far & wide). - .
16. It is important to say (to observed) that. - (),
.
17. There's no doubt that. - , .
18. It seems essential to emphasize that. -

, .
19. It should be said that. - , .
20. It is worth mentioning that... - , .
21. I dare say that. - , .
22. In my opinion. - - .
23. To my regret. - .
24. To put it briefly [bri:fli]. - .
25. As it is known. - .
26. To the best of my knowledge. - .
27. I suppose so. - () .
28. I suppose not. - .
29. I wouldn't say that. - , .
30. I quite agree that - , .
31. I agree entirely that - , .
32. I agree completely that - () , .
33. I'm (quite) convinced that - ()
, .
34. I'm (quite) positive that - , .
35. I'm (quite) certain that. - , .
36. I'm afraid I don't agree - , .
37. I am afraid I don't think so - , .
38. I believe that - , .
39. It's true. - .
40. Yes, I think so too. - , .

41. Yes, definitely ['definitli] - , ; .


42. Yes, exactly. - , .
43. To begin with it is necessary to say that. - ,
, .
44. In order to understand. we must turn to. - , .
.
45. To demonstrate. it is necessary to say that. - .
, .
46. It was overestimated (underestimated). -
().
47. To sum up, it should be said that... - ( ),
, .
48. It is a well-established fact that. - ()
, .
49. There is no (every) reason to suppose that. -
, .
50. It can (not) be explained in terms of. -
. (-)..

as sound as a bell -
at odds with -
at the expense of - -
at the mercy of smb -
at worst -
be a law unto oneself -
be as good as one's word -
be one's own man again -
be one's own master -
be quits -
be set in one's ways -
by oneself - ,
come true -
cross someone's path -
dead drunk -
Dear me! - !
Easy come, easy go. - ,
find oneself -

fresh eye -
get a life -
get one's -
go astray -
here and there -
high sign -
hit the road -
hold the keys -
in this way -
keep one's distance -

lay aside - ,
lead astray -
leave somebody alone -
let somebody go -
make a bundle -
make a date -
make friends -
man of his word -
money to burn -
name of the game -
No kidding. - .
no ofence -
No shit - ? ?
none other than - ,
odds and ends -
out of touch -
point of honor -
run in one's blood -
safe and sound - -
Shame on you! - !
side by side - ,
so be it -
So much the better -
so so -
stumbling block - ,
take a picture -
take cover -
take place - ,
That is nothing to him -
this and that -
to and fro - -
turn upside down -
walk of life -
.
Oh, my God! - , !

What a good chance! - !


I don't know what to say! - !
Oh, damn! - !
Alas! - !
Really? - ?
What a pity! - !
I can't believe it! !
I hope so. - , .
I feel ill (sad, disgusted). - (, ).
I feel good. - .
Vice versa! (Just the opposite!) - !
Not a bit! (Nothing of the kind!) !
That's nice (sound, all right, fine) (with me). - ().
No way! - !
With (great) pleasure. - () .
It is none of your business! - .
That's too much! - !
Wonderful! - !
That's wonderful (superb, marvellous)! - (,
)!
My feelings are hurt. - .
My hope is betrayed. - .
Absolutely! - !
Exactly so! - !
Who knows! -

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