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OTC000003

WDM
1.1

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

...............................................................................................................................................1
.....................................................................................................................................1
..........................................................................................................................1
..................................................................................................................................1
........................................................................................................................................1
1 WDM ............................................................................................3
WDM ............................................................................3
1.1.1 WDM ........................................................................................................3
1.1.2 WDM .........................................................................................3
DWDM .....................................................................................................5
WDM ..............................................................................6
1.3.1 WDM .........................................................................................6
1.3.2 WDM ...........................................................................................7
...............................................................................8
WDM :.........................................................................................................8
WDM............................................................................................................9
CWDM ................................................................................................. 10
............................................................................................................................. 11
2 WDM .................................................................................................... 12
................................................................................... 12
................................................................................................. 13
................................................................................. 14
2.3.1 ( ) ................................................ 14
2.3.2 ........................................................................................ 15
2.3.3 ....................................................................................... 15
............................................................................................................................. 16
3 DWDM ...................................................................................... 17
........................................................................................................ 17
3.1.1 ...................................................................................... 18
3.1.2 ..................................................................... 20
........................................................................................... 22
3.2.1 PIN ....................................................................................................... 22
3.2.2 (APD) .................................................................................. 22
...................................................................................................... 23
3.3.1 ......................................................................... 23
3.3.2 , (EDF) .......................................................... 24
3.3.3 EDFA ...................................................... 25
3.3.4 EDFA ........................................................................... 26
3.3.5 EDFA ...................................................................... 27
3.3.6 .................................................................................................. 28
3.3.7 ................................................................................. 29
............................................................ 29
3.4.2 ............................................................... 30
3.4.3 ............................................................. 32
3.4.4 .................................... 33
3.4.5 ........................................ 33
3.4.6 34
3.4.7 ............ 34
....................................................................................... 35
3.5.1 (OSC) ...................................... 35
3.5.2 ................................................... 36
i

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

3.5.3 .................................................................. 37
: .................................................................................................................................. 37
4 DWDM ......... 38
ITU-T WDM ........................................................................................ 38
.......................................................... 39
..................................................................... 39
: .................................................................................................................................. 41
...................................................................................................................... 42

Huawei.

ii

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM,
DWDM.
WDM
.


:
1 WDM
, WDM, , ,
DWDM. ,
WDM.
2 WDM
,
, , ..
3 DWDM
, DWDM ?
,
DWDM, ,
..
4 DWDM
ITU-T DWDM,
ITU-T WDM.


1)
2)
3)
4)

, , WDM;
, ;
DWDM
.
DWDM .

(1)
(2) DWDM
(3) DWDM
(4) ITU-T
1

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

(5) -
(6) TA052401 DWDM ISSUE 1.0
(7) TC000001 ISSUE1.0
(8) TC000001 ISSUE1.0

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

1 WDM
:
WDM
, WDM
DWDM .

WDM
1.1.1 WDM
.
,
FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing/ ), TDM (Time
Division Multiplexing/ ), WDM (Wavelength Division
Multiplexing/ ) SDM (Space Division Multiplexing/
). FDM, TDM, WDM SDM
, , .
, .
, . , WDM
,
. .
WDM - . ,
,

.
.
(OFDM),

. - ,
. DWDM (Dense Wavelength
Division Multiplexing/ ) WDM
CWDM (Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing/
)
.
TDM .

. DWDM
,
.

1.1.2 WDM
,
.
. ,
WDM.
,
. .
3

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

1. SDM (Space Division Multiplexing/


)
SDM ,
.
,
,
,
.
,

.

. ,
, .
, .
SDM .

2. TDM (Time Division Multiplexing/ )


TDM , ,
PDH
STM-1, STM-4, STM-16 STM-64 SDH. TDM

.
,
.

.
, TDM . -, .
,
.
. -, . SDH,
155M/
155M/, 622M/,
2 155M/ .
, TDM
TDM 40/
.
10/,

.
TDM
.
, ,
.
, SDM TDM,
PDH SDH, ..
.

, ,
, .
, .

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3. WDM ( Wavelength Division Multiplexing/


)
WDM
. ,
,
.
. WDM
2.5/,
.
.
WDM ,
.

4. TDM WDM
TDM WDM.
TDM .
, WDM ,
.
, ,
.

DWDM
,
, DWDM
.
, WDM (DWDM)

, ,
,
.
, (FDM)

.
.
.
, - ,
, .

. ,
-
.
( )

.
-
( , ),
.


.
(
)
5

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

(WDM),
(DWDM).
,
.
,
. ,
8, 16, 32
DWDM. G.692 ITU-T 193.1 (
1552.52) ,
100 (
0.8).
- DWDM . 1-1.

D
M

O TU

O TU

OTU

Optical
spectrum

Optical line
amplifier

Optical booster
amplifier

Single
channel

Optical line
amplifier

Optical
spectrum

Optical pre-amplifier

OTU

Wavelength

Wavelength

. 1-1 DWDM

, ,
,
,
EDFA (Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier/
) (EDFA
),
,
(
), (
),
.

WDM
1.3.1 WDM
. 1-2, WDM .
,
.
Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

Detector
1

Optical source

1

WDM

Optical source
N

N+1

WDM

Detector
N

1 - - N

Detector
1

Optical source

1

WDM

Detector
N

WDM
1 - - N

N+1

- -

- -

2N

- -

- -

Optical source
N

2N

. 1-1 WDM

WDM
.
, , ,
, . ,
,
2,5/ ,
.

1.3.2 WDM
. 1-3, WDM
. .
.


.

FWM (Four-Wave Mixing/ ),
FWM , .
, ,
(
).
, ,
,
.

Optical source
N

Detector
1

N+1

Detector
2N

Detector
N

WDM

WDM

1 N
-

N+1 2N
-

Optical source
N+1

N+1

- -

- -

2N

Detector
N+1

A single optical fiber

- -

Optical source
1

- -

Optical source
2N

Huawei.

2N

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

. 1-1 WDM

G.692 ITU-T,
WDM
.
WDM
.


DWDM :

DWDM
DWDM

DWDM
, ,
, ITU-T.
DWDM
.
,
ITU-T, .
DWDM
, ,
DWDM

ITU-T, ,
.

.
DWDM.

WDM :
WDM N
,
(OMT)
(OLA). , :

(OTU)
:
/ (ODU/OMU)
( BA/LA/PA)
( OSC)

ITU-T. / /
(O/E/O), ..

,
.

.
. .
.
.
Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

.
,
.
,
, ,
, .
. EDFA (Erbium-Doped Fiber
Amplifier/ ), SOA (Semiconductor Optical
Amplifier/ ) FRA (Fiber Raman Amplifier/
) ..
,
EDFA .

WDM. 1510
2/. ( 50).
EDFA .

WDM
. , -
, ,
.

,
WDM (DWDM).
DWDM :

1.
,
. DWDM

, .
1,6/.

2.
DWDM
,
. WDM ,
ATM, IP , . WDM
. ,
WDM "" .

3.

, ,
,
(CATV, HDTV B-ISDN ..)
,
.

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

4. ,
TDM ,
WDM
.
.
,
, , .

5.
,
/ -
. WDM
. ,
WDM .
WDM
.

CWDM
DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing/
)
, , .
WDM ? CWDM
(Coarse wavelength division multiplexing/
).
, CWDM DWDM. : (1)
CWDM ,
2 16 .
; (2) CWDM ,
DWDM ,
, . CWDM
. DFB CWDM ,
. CWDM
30% DWDM.
, CWDM
.

DWDM CWDM. CWDM
1270 1610, 20,
16 .
DWDM, CWDM ,

100. . CWDM
. , CWDM

, , Ethernet, SONET .
,
, ,
.
CWDM ,
.
CWDM: (1)
Huawei.

10

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

; (2)
,
. DWDM;
(3) CWDM .
, 1990-, ,
WDM . DWDM
, CWDM
Ethernet, . ,

, .

1)
2)
3)
4)

11

WDM, DWDM CWDM?


WDM .
?
WDM .

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

2 WDM

:
.
.


, ,
.
. .
. 2-1.

Coat i ng

Cl addi ng

n2

Cor e

n1

. 2-1

Huawei.

12

n2
n1

WDM

2b
2a

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

2b
2a

n2
n1

2b
2a

n2
n( r )

. 2-2


, . . 2-2
. ,
. ,

.
. ,
.
, .
. ,
n1 n2.
.
,
.
,
,
.
. 2-2.
, .

. .
, 10,
50.
.
1.


,
, , ,

DWDM . ITU-T
13

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

G.652, G.653, G.654


G.655.
G.652 ,
1310
.

: .
.
,
.
G.653
1550.
, 1550,
.
.
G.654 .
1550.
1310. 1550 , 18/( ).
.
G.654
.
G.655 ,
G.653 1550
DWDM . DWDM
.
,
,
. 1510
72 . ,
DWDM 10/.

:
?


2.3.1

( )
8~9 ,
1.3~1.6. -
. ,
LP01 ,

.

Huawei.

14

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

G.652 1310
8.6~9.5 10%.
G.655 1550
8~11 10%.
125.

2.3.2


:
, .
.
.
OH -.

(
, SiO2, GeO2 P2O5 ).

.
,
.
.
1310
1550, , 0.3~0.4/(1310) 0.17~0.25/ (1550).

G.652 ITU-T, 1310 1550


, , 0.5/ 0.4/.

2.3.3


,

.
.
1) :
.
2) : ,
,
. .
3) :
, .
. G.652 ITU-T
1300~1324
- 0.093/(2.).
1525~1575
20/(.). G.653 ITUT 1550
0.085/(2.) 1525~1575,
3.5/(.). G.655
0.1~6.0 /(2.) 1530~1565.

15

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM


.
G.655 fiber with positive
dispersion coefficient

G.653 fiber

Dispersion coefficient
(ps/nm
km)

17

G.652 fiber
G.655 fiber with negative
dispersion coefficient

1310

1550

Wavelength
(nm)

1)
2)

?
?

Huawei.

16

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3 DWDM
:
DWDM
DWDM.
/ DWDM
DWDM


.
. LD (Laser Diode/ )
LED (Light Emitting Diode/ ),
- , .
, .
LD LED , LD , LED
. LED
;
,
, .
LD
PDH SDH.

: MLM SLM .
, , .
MLM , ,
. SLM 0.1 ,
. SLM ,
MLM .
DWDM .
.
,
. , DWDM
50~60 500~600
SDH . DWDM

,
( , (SBS),
(SRS), (SPM),
(XPM), (FWM)).
, DWDM
:

3)
4)

17

;
.

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3.1.1
-
.
: .

1.
, ..

. LED LD,
PDH SDH 2.5/,
.
,
. : ,
.
,
. , -
(chirp), () ,
. (chirp) ,

. G.652,
100 2.5/.
DWDM ,
.

2.
: ,
.. ,
. .
. 3-1.
,
.
,
(chirp) .
,
, .
, ,
.
,
, .
2.5/ 300.
DWDM ,
.

Huawei.

18

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

. 3-1

,
.

.
.
, ,
.
.

.
,
.
(Ti) LiNbO 2
,
. : , .
, ,
:
.
,
DWDM. , ,
,
.
- , ,
. ,
.
, .
,
.
, . 3-2.

19

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

Biased
Unbiased
Absorption
region

Absorption
region


1 is the absorption side wavelength of unbiased modulator

2 is the absorption side wavelength of biased modulator

0 is the operating wavelength of the constant light source

. 3-2 -

- ,
. , ,
. . ,
InGaAsP
- ,
(TEC).
- (EML).
2.5/ 600,
. OFB
20 .
(CW +
LiNbO3) -, . 3-3.

LD
. 3-3 M-Z external modulator

,
. - ,

.
.
,
.

. (chirp)
. , , .

3.1.2
DWDM .
,
.
( 0.8), DWDM
. ,
Huawei.

20

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

0.5 .
0.2.
, ..
, .
.
-

0.008/C. 25C.
15C 35C, EML
1.6.

.
,
(DFB)
, . DFB
1.5 ,
0.02/C
15C-35C.
DFB . , MWQDFB DWDM
(20 ).
, .
0.008 /, , .
, .
(,
).
, .

. ,
.
.
. 3-4.

.
Optical output
LD

LD control circuit

Wavelength sensitive
component

For wavelength control

Signal
processing
For wavelength monitoring

. 3-1

? :
DWDM ?

21

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

. ,
, .

5)
6)
7)
8)
9)

.
, ,
.
,
, .
,
.
.

,
: PIN .

3.2.1 PIN
PIN , (
) P N .
, (
),
.
PIN , ,
.

3.2.2 (APD)
- ,
,
. ,
. PIN ,
.
,
. , ,
-
. PIN ,
APD , . APD

. ,
, P-N
.
,

.
. .
PIN
, .

Huawei.

22

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM


, .
.
.
. ,
. -,
.
. -,
, .
.
.

3.3.1
, . 3-5:

optical signal
Amplified signal
. 3-1

,
. , 2
. -,
, .
,
. -,
, ,
.
, ,
. WDM
, EDFA. EDFA
.
, .
2 :
SOA FOA. SOA
. ,

.
FOA SOA, ( ) FOA
, .
. FOA
,
. SOA,
.
.
EDFA .
23

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

, EDFA (
, ) ,
, , ,
, ,
.
DWDM .
DWDM, EDFA
BA, LA
PA.

. ,
.
, .
EDFA,
.

3.3.2 , (EDF)
EDF .
, Er3+ .
Er.
Er 3- (1, 2 3
. 3-6), 1 , 2
, 3 .
E3 excited state
Decay
Pump
light
1550nm
signal light

E2 metastable state

1550nm
signal light
E1 ground state

. 3-1 EDFA

EDF,
3.
, ,
2, ( ).
2 ,
. ,
.
. 1550 ,
,
,
.
, ,
EDF.

Huawei.

24

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3.3.3 EDFA
D c DWDM .
.
.
, EDFA
1549 1561 ,
12 . 1530 1542
, 8 . DWDM
, 1540
, .
DWDM,
EDFA , .

.
1 , (1525-1560 ),
EDFA. . 2-7
EDFA , , .
, 1525-1540 EDFA
, 1540-1564 . ,
40 \.

1525nm-1565nm
non-aluminum-doped EDFA
Gain

1525nm-1565nm
aluminum-doped EDFA
Gain

Wavelength

Wavelength

. 3-1 EDFA

:
EDFA
. 3-8.

25

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

Cascading amplification of amplifier gain unflatness

-{}-

Cascading amplification of amplifier gain flatness

. 3-2 EDFA

3.3.4 EDFA
EDFA , WDM
.
,
, .
.
, 7-8 ,
, 17 .
,
.
EDFA .
.
EDFA
. ,
, , ,
- .
, , EDFA
. , EDFA , ,
. 3-9.
INPUT

OUTPUT

TAP

PUMP

PIN

TAP
PIN

Non-linear
control
. 3-1

, . ,
8 , 1
. .
,
Huawei.

26

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM


EDFA . ,
.
,
, .
:
EDFA
. 3-10 3-11.

falling
wavelength

>1dB

adding
wavelength
>1dB

. 3-2 EDFA

<0.5dB

Falling
wavelength

adding
wavelength

<0.5dB

-{} . 3-3 EDFA

3.3.5 EDFA
1. EDFA:
10)
.

11) . ,
.

12) . EDF
, , EDF
, .
Er,
EDF
.
27

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

13) , , ,
.

14) : EDFA
.

15) .
DWDM .

2. EDFA:
16) :
Er EDFA
1550 .
. , ,
1310 .
17) : EDFA ,
. EDFA
WDM .
18) : EDFA
. ,
, ,
.
EDFA. ,
-
.

3.3.6
,
, .
,
( )
.
.
.
.
, .
. ,
, (
10 m).

, .
,
,
, .
, SRS,
13 , .
,

, . SRS
.
.
.
3 :

19) .
,
Huawei.

28

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

, . 3-12,
3- .

, EDFA.
EDFA (
, EDFA 80 ).

(1270-1670 ) .
GAIN
PUMP1 PUMP2 PUMP3

30nm
70~100nm

. 3-1

20) .
,
,
. ,
, .
,
,
, FWM.
21) . EDFA,

.

3.3.7


+17 +20 .
.
,
. ,

EDFA .
( )
300.000 .


,
,
. ,
. . 3-13.

;
.
WDM WDM.
29

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

: , ,
, .
, .
.
1

2

WDM

1
2 n


- n

(a) Multiplexer

2 n
1

1

2

WDM

- n

(b) De-multiplexer
. 3-1 DWDM

,
WDM,
ITU-T G.671.
4 .
: ,
, , (AWG).

3.4.2

.
.

.
.
.

. . 314.
,
, .

0.5 . ,
,
,
.
131 0.5 .
1 , 55 .
, 3-8 . ,
,
Huawei.

30

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

. ,

. ,
. ,
0.012 /C.
, 0.0004 /C.
, .

1
2 3
4
5 noutput (in)

Diffraction
grating


1 2
-
n input (out)

. 3-1


.
.
,
.
,
.
10.000 , .

.
.
, ( 150 /,
50 ).
.
/ .
DWDM.
Ultraviole light interference


1
2 3

Periodic variation of the refractive index (grating)

. 3-2


, .

, .

31

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3.4.3

.
- DTF. DTF
, ,
.
. 1/4 .

. ,
. , ,
180. 1/4
(90), ,
360, ,
.
.
, ,
. ,

, .
.
:
, ,
,
.
. .
, ,
,
. ,
0.0005 /C. ,
,
.
,
.
, 4 16
, .

1-4

1 filter

Self-focusing lens
1
3 filter
2

3
4

Glass

. 3-1
Huawei.

32

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3.4.4
2 . ,
, ,
,
.
,

.
,
. 2 ,
,
. 2
.

.

3.4.5

,
.
, .

. ,
/
(OADM). ,
.

(AWG) /, NTT,
. ,
, , ,

.
. 3-17.

Wavegui de
gr at i ng

- -

Fr ee space
Fan- l i ke
wavegui de

Fan- l i ke
wavegui de

. 3-1 AWG

33

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3.4.6

Table 3-1

()

()

0.5~10

131

-30

()
3~6

1~100

2~32

-25

2~6

10~100

2~6

-(10~45)

0.2~1.5

1~5

4~32

-25

6~11

3.4.7

. ,
:
, , ,
, ,
, .

1. (OMU)
WDM
. 2 16- 32 :
.
, . 3-2.
Table 3-1

..

16-
<10
>40
1548-1561

32-
<12
>40
1530-1561

<0.5

<0.5

>22

>22

>25

>25

<2

<3

Huawei.

34

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

2. (ODU)
WDM
. 3 16-
WDM: ,

. ,
. 3-3.
Table 3-1

-1
-20

..

16-
100

32-
100

<8
40
>25

<10
40
>25

>25

>25

0.5

0.5

<2

<3

>0.2
*

>0.2
*


SDH
, SDH
(, E1, E2, D1-D12), (TM, ADM
REG). SDH, DWDM
.
/,
OA . ,
SDH, SDH
.
. DWDM
.
(OSC). ,
(EDFA), 1530-1565 , OSC
EDFA (OSC ),
1510 .
(CMI).

3.5.1 (OSC)
DWDM:

35


;

2- ;
1310 ;

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

1)

2)
3)

4)

980
1480 EDFA,
,
~1480 .
1310 ,
1310 ,
.

.
OSC
. , ,

.

OA,
. ,
(EDFA), 1528-1610 . ,
.
: 1510 1625
.

ITU-T, DWDM
.
. OTM,

;
.
OLA.
,
, .
.
.

3.5.2


. 3-4.
Table 3-1

1510

2 /

CMI

(0~-7 )

MLM LD

*
-48

Huawei.

36

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

3.5.3
2 /
G.703,
G.704. . 3-18.
0

........

16

17

.......

29

30

31

. 3-1

0: .
2 ,
.

;

WDM.
1 ,
( ),
.
4 ,
DCC , 8 DCC
.
WDM. 2
, .
,
.

:
22) - , M-Z.
23) ?
?
?
EDFA.
25)
DWDM?

24)

37

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

4
DWDM
:
ITU-T WDM.

ITU-T WDM
( , ITU-T)
WDM.
:
ITU-T G.652(1993)
Characteristics of single-mode fiber cable
-
ITU-T G0.653(1993)
Characteristics of dispersion shifted
single-mode fiber cable -

ITU-T G.655(1996)
Characteristics of a non-zero dispersion
shifted single-mode optical fiber cable

ITU-T G.661(1993)
Definition and test methods for the
relevant generic parameters of optical fiber amplifiers

ITU-T G.662(1994)
Main characteristics of optical amplifier
equipment and sub-systems

ITU-T G.663(1996)
Optical amplifier related transmission
problems ,
ITU-T G.671(1996)
Requirements
for
passive
components

optical

ITU-T G.681(1997)
Functional characteristics of interoffice
and long-haul line systems using optical amplifiers, including optical multiplexing

,

ITU-T G.691(1997)
Optical interface for single channel
systems with optical amplifier SDH and STM-64 systems
SDH STM-64
ITU-T G.692(1998)
Optical interface for multi-channel
systems with optical amplifier

Huawei.

38

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM


, ITU-T G.692
WDM.
. Tx 1, Tx 2 TxN
. (
)
.

.
.

. 4-1

WDM

WDM :
S1Sn:
1n;
R1RMn:
OM/OA 1n;
MPI-S: OM/OA;
S':
;
R':
;
MPI-R:
OA/OD;
SD1SDn: OA/OD;
R1Rn:
.

39

2 : 1310
1550 .
,
192.1-196.1 .

Huawei.

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

WDM

192.1196.1 .

.
G.692
193.1 100
50 .
WDM 2 :
.
4- .
WDM, G.652 G.655 ,
G.692
, . 4-1.
Table 4-1


()
50
196.05
196.00
195.95
195.90
195.85
195.80
195.75
195.70
195.65
195.60
195.55
195.50
195.45
195.40
195.35
195.30
195.25
195.20
195.15
195.10
195.05
195.00
194.95
194.90
194.85
194.80
194.75
194.70
194.65
194.60
194.55
194.50
194.45
194.40
194.35
194.30
194.25
194.20
194.15
194.10
194.05
194.00


()
100

196.00

195.90

195.80

195.70

195.60

195.50

195.40

195.30

195.20

195.10

195.00

194.90

194.80

194.70

194.60

194.50

194.40

194.30

194.20

194.10

194.00



()
1529.16
1529.55
1529.94
1530.33
1530.72
1531.12
1531.51
1531.90
1532.29
1532.68
1533.07
1533.47
1533.86
1534.25
1534.64
1535.04
1535.43
1535.82
1536.22
1536.61
1537.00
1537.40
1537.79
1538.19
1538.58
1538.98
1539.37
1539.77
1540.16
1540.56
1540.95
1541.35
1541.75
1542.14
1542.54
1542.94
1543.33
1543.73
1544.13
1544.53
1544.92
1545.32

Huawei.

40

OTC000003 WDM 1.1



()
50
193.95
193.90
193.85
193.80
193.75
193.70
193.65
193.60
193.55
193.50
193.45
193.40
193.35
193.30
193.25
193.20
193.15
193.10
193.05
193.00
192.95
192.90
192.85
192.80
192.75
192.70
192.65
192.60
192.55
192.50
192.45
192.40
192.35
192.30
192.25
192.20
192.15
192.10

WDM

()
100

193.90

193.80

193.70

193.60

193.50

193.40

193.30

193.20

193.10

193.00

192.90

192.80

192.70

192.60

192.50

192.40

192.30

192.20

192.10



()
1545.72
1546.12
1546.52
1546.92
1547.32
1547.72
1548.11
1548.51
1548.91
1549.32
1549.72
1550.12
1550.52
1550.92
1551.32
1551.72
1552.12
1552.52
1552.93
1553.33
1553.73
1554.13
1554.54
1554.94
1555.34
1555.75
1556.15
1556.55
1556.96
1557.36
1557.77
1558.17
1558.58
1558.98
1559.39
1559.79
1560.20
1560.61

:
1)
2)

41

ITU-T WDM?

?
?

Huawei.

WDM

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

ADM
AGC
ALC
ALS
APD
APR
ASE
AWG
BA
BER
CLNS

Add and Drop Multiplexer


Automatic Gain Control
Automatic Level Control
Automatic Laser Shutdown
Avalanche Photo Diode
Automatic Power Reduction
Amplified Spontaneous Emission
Arrayed Waveguide Grating
Booster Amplifier
Bit Error Ratio
Connectionless Network Layer Service

CMI
CRC

Coded Mark Inversion


Cyclical Redundancy Check

CSES
CWDM

Continuous Severely Errored Second


Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplex

DCC
DCF
DCM
DCN
DDN
DFB
DSP
DWDM

Data Communication Channel


Dispersion Compensation Fibre
Dispersion Compensation Module
Data Communication Network
Digital Data Network
Distributed Feedback
Digital Signal Processing
Dense Wavelength Division
Multiplexing
Embedded Control Channel
Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier
European Telecommunication
Standards Institute
Forward Error Correction
First In First Out

ECC
EDFA
ETSI
FEC
FIFO
GE
GUI
IEEE

LA
LAN
LCN
LCT
LD
MCF
MD
MPI-R

Gigabit Ethernet
Graphic User Interface
Institute of Electrical and Electronic
Engineers
International Telecommunications
Union - Telecommunications sector
Line Amplifier
Local Area Network
Local Communication Network
Local Craft Terminal
Laser Diode
Message Communication Function
Mediation Device
Main Path Interface at the Receiver

MPI-S

Main Path Interface at the Transmitter

ITU-T

NE
NF
NRZ

Network Element
Noise Figure
Non Return to Zero

Gigabit Ethernet

Huawei.

42

OTC000003 WDM 1.1

OA
OADM
OD
ODF
Overhead
Processor
Unit
OLA
OM
OS
OSC
OSI
OSNR
OTM
OTU
PA
PDH
PIN
PON
SCC
SDH
SNCP
STM
TCP/IP
TMN
TTL
WDM
WS

43

WDM

Optical Amplifier
Optical Add and Drop Multiplexer
Optical Demultiplexing
Optical Distribution Frame
Overhead Processing

Optical Line Amplifier

Optical Multiplexing
Operations System
Optical Supervisory Channel
Open Systems Interconnection
Optical Signal/Noise Ratio
Optical Terminal Multiplexer
Optical Transponder Unit
Pre-amplifier
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
Positive Intrinsic Negative
Passive Optical Network
System Control & Communication
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
Subnetwork Connection Protection
Synchronous Transport Module
Transport Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol
Telecommunication Management
Network
Transistor-Transistor Logic
Wavelength Division Multiplexing
Work Station

Huawei.