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AETECEIUETBBU E IIOTPOMBil
trA YICPAAEB 1917-1918 rr.

Becs'rgcrrrfi
fl,oxoA,or ae[ania trocryuaer
B tronbBJr trocTpa[aatltEx or EorpoMoB

, E,/?2't

HCTOPIfl

uorPoMHArO
HA'ITKPAIIII{B

ilB'rdlKEHrfl
lgl7 -192t tr,.

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rgu ugpnnrfi
nEpron 4EHTpAJrbHoii regn

fi IETI{AHA:

AHTIICEMETEBM II IIOIPOM6r lgt7-19l8

rn.

EEPJII,TH
19 23

I4S,qAHIE,,OSTJIIDTSCITES
HTSTORTSCHES
ARCrrrV.,

H. qEPLTKOBEP

AHTHCEMI4TIIT3M

norPoMbl

HA ITKPAI4Hts

I9I7 -1918 rr.


otnomnnrfil
(rcrrcropln vripArlucno-nnpgficrcux

CO BCTYIII{TEJIbHOI{ CTATbEfl

c. M. AyBEOBA

BEPJI!IH
1923
ARCHIV"
HTSTORTSCHES
I,I3AAHIE,,OSTJUDTSCTTES

llcxurosnrenrroe rpaBo trepeooga ua gpyrie


EBErHrr
trpzrr4qnemuro6qocrry
(llcrgpnrecfiift apxrB BosroqEarp enpeftcraar
Alle Rechte, insbesondere dae dor tlborsotzung,
vorbehalten
Copyright 1923 bei the
,,Ostjtidisches Ilistorisches Archiv, e. V..o
Berlin

DerReinertragaliesor
Ausgabewird einerHilfsaktion
ttr ilie Opferiler Pogronezqgewiesen
$erden

IIo nopyueniro,,Ostjiidischesllistorisches Archiv(l


uaneqaraEoIIBIatenbcTBoM

Verlag"a Bepaunt
,,JtilischerLiterariseher

Co4epncauie
Or ,,Ostjiidisches ttistorisches
TPenr rafiAaMaqnna
C. [y6uon,

Archiv6'

0rp.
I
I

BBEAEHIE
- Mex4y fln;bnpor'r r fimbcrpou' norpoMoa.
Enrb
tr4cropnvecxas
Vrpalrra,RaftcTpasa[orpoMoB._VxpalrncxoeHpecTbflIIcTBoAopeBo.
orctaJlocrb RpecrbffHcrBa' moqiu. - Pyccralpnxaqia n xynrrJplrafi
ue?r(Eyropo[oM rr AepeBAsraronuau
rrorpoMoB.
Morrlerr
Oxonolru.recnie
- Po;rr enpeen a ropogt' nefi. - Seuemur,rfi ronog rnroBapsbrit roJrog.
- Potn KpecTbsrrcrBa. - Mipoaar noftna n rpeAIIocbIJIHI{ anapxiu n
- Pocr aBaIIrIo'
norpoMoB. - Peeonoqia l9l7 r. u rpa'IrAaEcKaR noftna,
- Anapxia n cu;bna Bnacrefi' VHpaura.
Boopyxeuxan
pHBMa.
-86*"
l7
,torpotoa na Vxpaust 1917-1918 rr' "
TJIABA I
Ilocrr!tpenparrrcnofipenouroqir;aIITItceMIITcI{anarnraqig'*flep.
- Auapxin. - Bopr6a aa naqionalrEoe coMo'
BHE rrouLrrr(rr gRCqeCcOB.
I{enrpanrras PaAa' - VHpanncxin rpe6o'
oupegbnenie Vxpaunu.
t poccirtcHia naptiu. - Astouolris u ipegepauin' Ha'Iaro xon- IIep'
""oi"
Vnnnepcan'
flepnuit
(f.ntrxra rlexr4y iletporpaAoM lr ]tieeo[t,
*
qacr[;
Cortaurenie
c';ba4rr.
BoiicgoBge
soiicxoe'rfi
i"r, y*p""raxis
ll FtiesoM u Eosr,rfi xou$lrarrr. - <cauocriitnnxo.
ou*gy [*rpo.p"go*
- Eopr6a *.*gy 6onlnrenucrcxoil nlracrrro ll Pagofi; ynrtuuaryu 6o:rr'
rueBr{HoBu Bof,Ea. - Tperifi u uernepruft vnlrnepeaun; rpoBosrJlalllesie neaanucul,Iocru VHpanur'r. - Ilo66ga 6onr'uresuHoB rr pacnafi yHpa""""
uncHoftapuit.
IJIABA

29

II

Beasaacrie._PaanarrpyccKoftapruiu._Carrrogelro6llulraaqia.Anapxia xa (ppour:b u na utcrax' - flpuHaa KoMaHAyIonIaro xl"s'


- Maccoshre ancqeccul
(pponroru. - Ilepaufi Banpoc s Patrb o [orpoMax'
r-npuQponroerrx ry6epnirx. - finu npMapor u 6aaapon' Congarcxie
MrbcrEblx
floneAenie
vcruupenie aHcqeccoB,
rr (rr6ErrBreD[orpoMbr.
rr
norpoMll.
yfipaMqaull
U
_
6onrnresnra}r[
Eopr6a Mer{qy
Bnacrefi.
49
- gncqeccn s axnaPt t918 r-

vII

IJIABA

III
orp.

Vnpauncxoe uaqionaruuoe 4nuxenie noc*6 peooaloqir r enpeficrin naprir. - Bcrynnexie uaqionaurulrx Merbrtrr{Ecrn s Paxy n lesepanbslrft Cexperapiar. -Vxparrncxo-enpeficHia
Bsa[MoorEomesis. Enpeficxiil Buqe-cefiperapiar - eBpeficroe MrrarrcrepcrBo, - flonopor n
<<cauocrifisnqecrByD.* Vrpauucnan Hapognaa Pecuy6auxa n eBpeftcxie npe4craBrrreJrri. - Ornomesie enpeficnofi uponnnqir. - Paapwn c
Pocciet n noauqin eBpeficxilx uapdfi. - Sarion o uaqiouausuo-uepconanraofi anronolrir. - flepenou s orsouenisx ynpansrleB x eBpesu. Mupuue neperoBopr,rn Epecrt; 6opr6a Mel*{AyfiByMfl Eerreraqiauu. nageuin ltiesa. - Vrpauncxie
Haxanyut
Boerrrlre lrpyflr. - Asruceuarcr{as arnraqin r Hies:F. - V6ificrso npe4ctgareln Coroea enpeen-

64

BONEOB,

TJIABA IV
Pocr asrnceurrrnaMa r.r Poccin. - Orsourenie qentpanbabrx opranoB
Costros
r Bpeuenuaro [paB[rer6crBa. - Otsomenie ynpanucxofi
Blracrrr. - Boaasauis A. Illy,rlrnna,
Buunn'reuxo n flernropu. - Bdaanauie eapeitcnaro rex, ceHperapff. - Iloulrccig uo 6opr6t c anapxiefi,
- <Oaauc tropsAxar). - Eeaoraie n Heftrpafisrer yxpaltncnofi BJIacrn, Bonpoc o cauoo6opon:b. - EnpeftcHie coagaru aa {ponrt R norpourl ltoir{epeuqir Coroaa eepeeB-BorrrroB.- flpoext o eBpeiicrfx Borlrrcnux
orpxgax. - Ornolresie eBpef,icnaror(uEucrepcrBa; EaAexrALrua <sir6rrr{x HoeafioB>.- Bonpoc o canoo6opont s eapetcrou National-Rat'rb.
* Sarqurnuxu rr Bparrr noopyxeuuofi calroo6oponn. - Erpeilcxix [pyKnrrbr. - Ponr enpeitcxaro Mr{trrlcrepcrna n 6opr6:b c norpouaus. - HaAc?nAbrnponunqianrnaro erpeficrra ... ..

79

f JIABA V
Vxparaursaqin aplrilr u rrcxrroqesie eBpeeB.- flepnr're yrpauacnie
noiicHosBre Aagpbr; Jrarepb Parurar n leplrauiu. - EoryrcHifi rloJrt{. Bocnuxnoeesie <Biursoro xoealirBaD;llcsnroqeuie eBpeeB.- Ponr <gilt'Ef,rx HosaHoB))B rrorpomax. - IIo66Aa 6orgruenuxos tl 6trcrso Pagrr n
Xtnrouip. - Boenpaqenie yHpanncxoii apuin s ltiee E rlorpouuoe Eacrpoerie. - Haqiouanruaff TIoJILITHI{a6o;rsuresrxoB Ira Vrpaunt, <rflnraxonrquaar>.- Paenna 6ofir,uresrrana. - Orsouenie erpeftcxnx uap.
rifi n 6ourrseBrrftau; Paga uru 6onrmenncrcxas ncacrr,? - Brbrctso
Pa4u r (Eeiirparlrrer MerI6ruIrEcrB)).- Enpeftcrift o6rilsarefir I,r yxpat{Hqenrpam{Bu Lr acclrMuuaqia. - <}Ialrtsa
cr(aa lrAefl. - Pyccn{nxaqir,
eBpeeB)).- Cnunronrr orpannveuir pasnonpaoia. - Hacrlnrgtgesraa
98
yfipansrrBaqiE. - Pacryrlift tJroBI{IrtrBI\r

vnr

TJIABA VI

crp.
Boaspaqeuie s Kiee u trorpoMubleslicqeccblynpannenoii apuiu' ltieBcris co6utix; IopoAcras,{yrvra; yRp. coqialucruuecnin{paxqiu.
- grcqeccu s }tieucx. ry6epuiu, <VnofisoMo'Ienuue
Pagu>. - 9ncqeceu
na rxeu;bsnsx Aoporax; ct. fpe6enxa lt Fouogan; Barrpocbrs PaAt. Sxcqeccu s florras:b u B. ItoporelrKo. - florpourr, yquseunbleHpeerr,srrauu. - Co6nris n Megern;b u ry6epucrift fioMnccap.- trilsrsasie
HpecTbflsaMu eBpeeBI{3 AepeBeEr; trpuloBopbl ceJlbcttltx CxoAoB,- <<}Its'
AoBeHaE uaxr,r{ecraqio. - Vxpauucxafi npecca I{ riorpoubl. - AnrnceMsrcxis crarbl{ <Hosofi Pagso. - HanaAHn Ila eBpeeBr Pa4rb; pa,u- <<SaeoelaEieullu yr!clfuxaqin Epecrcnaro AoroBopa.. Aoa rrarepx.
nesie?D- Paaopyxexie enp. orpEAoB caMoo6opoirlt; Ogeccnan Apyxiusa.
-Koueq ((BoJrororo
t{9
........
nepiogo yHpaI{IIcHarognnxenin

IJIABA

!'II

Hacryuuenie n:Bueqr<o-ynpauscnux Boftcm. - Ha c:bnept 9epnlrronborarueBucrcRitx qacreft I{ uorpoMul;re gficqeccLltrItrtthl. - Otcryuenie


- Co6r,min s Mrauut n Cypamt. - Ptass a l.uyxonrb. - florpounaa
O4ucces, - flepnoe IrorpoMuoe 6txrencrso, - Pfsns e Honropo4-Ctnepcnrb. - B paftonf. - florpomu !r CosttcHatl Brlacrb. - Or;ltnrnr,re
,l.43
.....
oxcldeccbrSofirtrresucrcrtilxqacieil

IJIABA

VIII

Ilpuanauie stMrIeD. - Paenos PaAsr. - letuanl4nua. -- H'blreqnaa


oxrynaqie. - <fenepanrcrian peaxqia rra Vnpar.rn6>.- Hfnrqr* r.r pecrarpaqin. - lties u 6ypxyaano-Monapxuqecxafi Holrqeurparlin. - floenqin espeircrioil 6ypxyaairr. - floxuqesie A. ,[o6palo. - Hacrpoenin
eBpeficxofi uporurqilr. - Pexnri rerMalriqfiIrbl n eBpeftcftan o6qecrBenIrocrb. - Jh{xsrrtraqis naqiouanbHux eanoesauiii; orpaunvenifi B rlpaBax. - floxo4 ua BpeeBo orli{uq. npecct. - VxpaltucHaa 4elroxpatia ra
Copa, - Orsorirenie y$pauneBper; Vnp. Haqiouauluo-[epxasrrrft
u'bctax. - Anruceunrctis
Agltnnltc'rparopbl
Ea
cxoft n:Fsoft flpeccbr.
xouangonanir na Vnpanu6. - <Enpen caubre
soaasauis utneqraro
BJroBpegnrre arrrraropu rrporrrB utuqee>. - trftpu npornB eapeeB. .. tStL
Htuqu u enpeircnie rlorpoMlr

IJIABA

IX

Ilorpolru, yqnuerrurrg rcrMascHI4MI{ cotr[araulr u <aaprofi>. - Co6nris s fopognancxon yrbagt, 9epurrorenofr ry6. - Co6srriq s ltieacxoft ry6. - Semeursaq IIoJMT[Ra Pagu; aerraenr'sasa rrpogoBonbcrnesEafi troJrrrr[Ha utnrqeu ua Vxparan'b. - Htuqrr n nourbqanu. - Itrlbueqxin fiapareJrbrrllff ancne4uqiu. - Boscrasie Hpecrban. - Ilonctan-

IX

crp.
qecfioe gruxeaie n enpefcxie rrorpourr. - Co6urir u Sueaxropogcxou
ytag6; Jlsrcaura; Tapaulancxifi n Cnnrpcnift yfa4u. - <Enpen npnBenrr
urbu4en>. - Meruopaugyu ltiencxofi o6rquun r! Mrruncrp lI. Kxcrsxoscni[. - ltauyn por{oBoro roAa .
169

Orgta rarepiaroB

E [orcyuenroB

1. Coo6qeuirr a Aoaecenir o uorpouax.


I) Cnexynaqiau rorpour,r,II) Con4atcHienorpouu, III) florpou n
Cxnup;b,IV) Ilorpon n laftcun;b, V) Bnxunr4a,VI) florpou n Jlururb,
VII) (II Bce rafts)),VIII) lt rorpoMy a Vnanr, IX) Ilorpou n Arnonont,
X)florpor.r n ltotenrnrb, XI) lt co6urisu s MRsrrooxt, XII) It co6utisu
a Kauent, XIII) B m. Cygunrxono, XIV) lt co6rrrigu r [y6uo, XV) IIorpoM B ?Ita6onprurb,XVI) florpou r Oapy.r'b,XVII) lt co6ntisu n MaHapont, XYIII) florporu a Paurxon;b,XIX) Cuucon rorpounerrrrbrxrryunr o Bl 9 l 7 r . . . . . .
r85
II. Peaomoqin, rrporecrrr, B&trpcobrg goa8ganis o rrorpouax.
I) Bpeueunoe flpanureurcrBo n rorpoMr,r,II) Ilepruft ncepoccificxift
c'tag Cootron o6 antuceruutusurb, III) q. U. It. CosGroB rr rrorpoMbl,
IV) Sanpoc s Mauof Paglb o6 anapxilr n 6es.ruxcrsax, V) llepnufi esp.
ealrpoc s M. Pagt o uorpouax, VI) Bropotr eBp. Banpoc o norpoMax,
VII) Boaanauie A. Illy.urrrrna rrporrrB rrorpoMoB, VIII) I{upnyrsp EpornB norpounoft aruraqilr, IX) Boaaoanie C. flerrrcpn npornB rrorpouoB,
X) Boaaaanie eBp. renepan6Halo cexperapiara, XI) flporecrlr eBp
coJrAar rrporrrB norpolroB, XII) Pyccnix o6nleapueficxia opralrusaqin
r r p o r r r Bn o r p o M o B
...... 207
III.

Caruoo6opoua, n eapeftcrcia Boxncri,r qasrs.


apmir u eBpen-conAerbr.

Vrpar.urzearf,r

l) Ilpoerr eBp. Boopy)iieanbrx orpnAon, II) Ilepnaa nou(pepeuqia


III) Bropae xon(pepeuqia Corcaa enpeeB-BonuoB:
Corcaa eepeeB-BorrnoB,
L peeoanqia o eap. orpfiAax canoodopoubr, 2. flpoexr nofiorxesin o
Bor4rrcnr{xorpflAax erp, calroo6oponn, IV) National-Rat o caMoo6opott,
V) flocrpagaerriiii or norpoMa lr Borrpoc o cauoo6opon6, VI) Enpeftcxic
coJIAarLru cauoodopoua, VII) Eepeficnoe Mr{ErrcrepcrBon cauoo6opoaa,
VIII) Aurucesrurr.{BMts yfipalrrrcxoli apuiu, IX) Vrparunaaqir apntiu lr
e n p e x - c o J r A a rX
u ,) < B i a r n e r { o a a r l r B oi r e B p e u
.....,...
l2:,
IV, Srcqecobr yrpaaacriofi apuia, y$pauncrca,F BJr&crb
r o6qecrneruocra.
I) Saupoc o norpoMnonraacrpoeuiu e Hies6, II) flopaxenie Pa,4u r,r
uaqiouanr,nrrfi rrerrrrrrrrrucrna,III) l{eneraqin ltieacxoft lopogcxofi ,{yrurr
X

crp.

r( yxp. apMin (as or.rera M. Pa{eca), IY) Co6urin n Kient, V) <Eopeuu


JrHp.Boficr{oD(cr. A. HnxoscHaro), VI) 3anpoc s PaAt o co6uriror B
Bepgnvenrb,YII) <tlevamrrre Asn n BopognnxtD, VIII) 9neqeccn ua
xerrfgsnx Aoporax: 1. Barpoc s Mafiofi PaA!, 2. n co6urisM aa cr.
Poxo4an, 3. x codllrisu Ea cr. Ipe6euxa, IX) tt co6uriau a Kpeuervyrf, X) 3aupoc s PaAB o sacrlrisx M:bcrsoftBJracrr{,XI) It co6uriru
B EpyctrrroBt; XII) Ilorpou n M. foro:reso, XIII) MeAunncniftuorpou rr
alunnrrcrpaqix....
244
V. Ilorpousr oorbneasc"crcsx .racrefi.
l) Co6ntin s Mruuut n Cypaxr:b,II) florpou n fayxonrb, I[) IIon
crpaxou rrorpoua, ffl llorpou a Honropog-C6eepcrrb,
V) Paaopyxexie
eBp. Apy'I{nE
284
VI.

trepiog lerrlrau& u nfueqrcofi

onrcynaqin.

l) leruaacnie aAMnsucrparopr,rEa utcrax, II) Anruceuuruau otpCorcBa,


tplrqianruoli npeccbr, III) Boaanauie Haqiouanrno-{epxasxaro
IV) Jltsaa ynp. rrpecca Iir rrorpoMlr, V) IepnarcHoe HoMaHAoBaniesa
Iy'npaurtr: {.. aaupoc MtrE. uyrefi coo6u1esiff, 2. o6'snnenie ntu. r<oMes(diororpalp. cuuruox), 3. ntv, KoMerrAaurJrpa
AaErJrpEr n Btroft-I{epnen
n erp. o6rqnna n Etnoft-I{epxen, 4. utue4xoe soeaeasie n Cutnt (r[ororp. cEr{MoK),VI) Aecrpiliuioe Houangooanie na Vxpauurb: 1. qnpHyn4p K paBBrrnau,2, rporecr flpocHyponcnoft o6uqunu, 3. <trilagtuareurcrno Enrr roro xyt$e?)t, VII) AnrlrceuurnBu B s1bur.liorosisx ra VHpanr:b,
YIII) I{arnauie enpeen uB AepeBeub HpecrbssaMr, IX) Ilonerarqecxoe
gaumeuie ftpecrbffE r{ norp{JM6r:l-2. norpoM n Jlucrnxt, 3. n co6urism
n lltamxont, 4. orcqeccbr n Bo,logapx6, X) <[peeo rriraqa)), XI) Me$ o p a u g y r l H i e s c x o f to 6 r q a u u
......303--335

XI

B coeras pe4ax\roxuofi

rouneris

sa,croaqero

aenaria

EKoAar:

Eaaa-MaxmoBoc, EeE-ArEp, C. M. ,{y6nos,


B. E. Jlaqntfi. z n. M.geparorep.

Vxe s 6numaitruie ABa roAa nocn'L penonroqira,s LSLT_


1918 rr., uo VxpalrnrE nponecmrcb Aecrrrxr{or4;brruEilx erpeftcxr,rx rrorpoMoBr{ oxcrleccoB. O4naxo, HrrKoMyrorga He upu_
ruJroB roJroBy'qro 3To rpegntorHrrxn MaccoBorotrorpoMEaro
gnrauteuin. C uepnr,rx rre gueft lgtg r. aro craJro cpaay otreBr{AHo. Iloqru oAHoBpeMeHuo
c no6tgofi yrrparlncnoft flzpex_
ropirr rr ea aplrilr BcnhrxHv,rr
ro?fiap norpoMoBn enpeftcnoftptanu
- n Onpyu.b,FepglrueelF,)ItnroMip6 u e
&ec.ErnaxApyrux enpeftcfir'rx ropoAor z utcre
Ha rrpor.Elnenilr rcero ntcHonrnux
ne4tffi. ouacnoc$ erqe 6onrue yBeJ[{rmJracb,HorAa
JmpaffHcxafi
apuia 6nrna ruuy?r{AeHa,r aneapt-maprt 19lg r., rro4 }raropou
coatrcliux noficri, oqrrcnlTb rroqrrr acrc VHpanHy r4 HorAa rraqaJrcfipaBBaJrrr AeMopaJrrraaqin
arol"rapuilr. florpounr cXopo rprrrrffJrn xapaxrep orpolrHaro rr AirrrrenbuaroHapoAHaro66gcrnin.
B nonq:b flrrBapfl 1919 r. s ltienf o6paeonarcn{eurpanrnnrft
Itouurer rroMorqu[ocrpaAaBrurrMor rrorpoMoB,Bonpyr noroparo
B ro BpeMfio6'e4raunrucrscf erpefictia uapriu. B aagauur(oMrrTera BxoArrJroroJr6r(og6.no nomoqu, Ho yffie c rrepBr,rvm:bcnqen
B ero apxr{nax co6patcs ranoft 6orarufi {anruvecrift uarepian
o [orpoMrrbrx co6lrri.sx, AocraBJleHnnrft
ynofinoMorreHHbrMu
c u:bcr,
lr uarepia.r oror npor{BBoArrJr
ranoe rrorpflcarorqeeauevart:buie,
rrro BoBHnKJraMr,rcJrbo HeMeAJIeHHoM
ero ony6maronauiu. IIo
IrpeAJro?fienin<<Jiid.volksverlag> s }tieBf l{eurpa*runrft ltounrer
Ilorpouu ra Vxpanut t9f 7-t918.

upr{HffJr B aflprbfl'b rlocrauoBJleHienpucry[Itrb [i raagauiroxHHfii


c orr{ilrr uatepianarau. O nepiogt rorpouHblx co6rrrift, npegmecrBoBaBrrrnxo6paaoranilo roulttera, AoBoJIbHosxaqureurnrrft
y HaqiouaJlbuaroCexperapiara (ucuomruuarepiar HaxoArIJrcR
reJrbrraroopraua eepeficHarosaqiosanrxaro co6pauir, upolraorxeArtraroe Kies6 n uon6pf 1.9{8 r.), rioropnrfi o6paralca B
Houuret c upegtoxenieu o csoefi roroBrlocrll
{enrpalrurul
rpucoegr{Hlrrbctr x ueganiroI upegnomeuie 6ruo npl{Hsro. }t
r{oroarouy 6ur npunreqeu rafizne I{ ytrouffIryruft <<Volksverlag>,
pufi naxr na ce6q rexunqecxyroqacrb raagaiiix.
lls arux rpex cropon u o6paeoBairacbs rionqf uas 1919 r.
< P e A a H q i o H l I a r xr o n n e r i s r o c o 6 u p a u i l o r 4 o n y 6 a u H o sanim uarepiaroB o rorpoMax Ha Vxpaunt>. B xoauerip
Bomnn ror;ia r B. Jlaqxiil, H. Ilitu{ (ncnopt rllctyulu) n 'M. 9epns Ha.IecrsrbrllreparopoB, II nplic. rIoB. l'{. fo$gmrefir, a rcxopt snlbcro Hero A-p O. Jlangep, - Kafi lrpeAcraBureJrr.{or {eurpamsaro }toltnreta. Pe4anqiounas xou:rerin
He crpeMlrJraclx rouy, .rto6br crarb lluSopuaqionnr'ru 6ropo o
fiorpoMax, xo'rrl. HeconHtnno.ralioe Sropo Suno rorAa Becbua
a xortira Aarb { -vug a u eur a nr,s uft o6tenrsssrd
cBoeBpeD{eHxo,
rioBep

xapaHTepa, c cllcTeMaTllsrlpoBaHlrLlMr{
AOKyMeETafi bfl rriMrl AaHHhrluI4,6 eg uonr,rrra'reclu{x teugeuqif; u na?rie
6ea aapaute nocraBJleusof,i q*ma BbIBBarL qyBcrBo ,fiaJlocrIi I{
rplA,

IiIcToplIqecKaro

co6oyrbesosanis.

Ho gna rarsofi rlcropnqecrofi

aa4a'fl{ riylnuo 6uro

paubme ncero co6parb Aocraronuo rtcnin AonyMerrranbubrff AaHnoerouy u o6paruJla c cauaro HaqaJIa cBoe rJIaEsus. Koueris
H o e B H H M a H i eu a c o 6 l r p a n i e u a r e p i a t o r r a c o a g a n i e
Konneris

apxuBa.

crpeMtrJracb x ranoMy marepia.ny, noropnit gaa 6rr ne

roirbxo rlloronoJrbnoe omacanie ilo{pouulrx


utift ([or u noJrlrIrl{qecnyro o6cranonxy

6tgcrnift,

uo u o6-

amrx co6rrrifi.

Ilocst [oJrrl{x u*caqen pa6ornr, nocu'b roro, HaK pegaxqioxHa.fl KoJlJretia onpocnra corxn o6qecrrensnx gfareteft lr uocrpaIaBrrrr{x rr ilociraJra na utcra
c)

cueqianrilo

yrroflHoMoqenfiblx ero

AJrfl yroro Jrr{q, efi ygarocb co6parb Becbua o6nrupnrrft uare_


piair. He menrme ena.renir ra*tn ror orpounrrfi uarepiar, r*oropnri,i' HaxoAr,urc.flB paailr,rqHbrxenpeiicrnx u o6qrax yspefi(Ienisx u noropnrft fiocrerrelrHorax?r(e fiepemeJrB apxuB penarqiu.
Pegarqionnaa xonneris qrb.nnrou nacnrbgoaara apxunrr IlenrpaJrbHaro r(omurera fioilorqrr [orpoMJrer{Hnu u HaqioHaJrbr{aro
Cexperapiara, a sartM raxrne apxr{B}r cu*gyrcr4rax yvpemgenifi
u o6qecra: Kpacxaro Hpecra s Kiest (orgtna rrouoqr{ rolpoM;reuRrru),eepeficrraroManmcrepcrBa
Ha Vxpauu* (nepioga I}LT{918 rr. r nepio4a 19tg u orqacrlr lg20 rr.), Kiescxaro I(OIIE,
l\{ocxo;cxaroE}tOtIO, psAa o6nI'H - oco6enno}fieacxoft, Ogeocxoii u Xaplnoncnoii, llcropl'rxo-uuipopuaqionnoft rtounccilr u
O6'eguHennaro costra ciourcrcnux opramaaqift (OCCO) B
Ogecc;[, Jlunr 6opr6br c aHTrrceMr{rr{BMou
(cyuecrronaaa s Kiest
npr{ AeHnnunqax), cn:fgcrneuurrx xonmccift u ropugnvecrulx 6ropo
no g6;ry o rorpoMax (r ?I&irouip6 n }tiest). Hpou6 nepesr{cJreHHLrx,
y peganqin oxaBaJrucbBHarMTeJrbHbre
uarepiannr
rarifire rr3 apxr{Ba Co6eea (coqialruaro o6egnesenis, org:bna
nouorqu), Ero6rqecrxorua (enp. o6qecrnexraro Houtrrera) lr gpyrr,rx costrcnrax yvpexrgeuiii, MerfiEy rlrrMlr - HonnexqiR Heony6;ruxonanurrx uarepia.ron rig oS![uqiarlnbrx ncrolrurrrioBo
rroBcraHqecnou4nuxeniu ripecrbflH rr 6au4,nrusu*. Vme Bo
BpeMfinpe6uaanin n Eepmruf apxxn oyqecfBeuHo o6orarulcR
rroBbrutruarepianauu [B Barpannqxrilx ucroqrfiHoB: or noMr{TeTOBIIOMOqr{rroT?oMJreffHrrM,
qmpanHcnr{x noMrrTeToB))
r{ 9Mr4_
rpaqiouirrrx 6rcpo r Bapmar*, Jfrnort, Ifu{mnuest rr Apyr.
u:Fcrax, or enpeficxaro National-Rat n Bapuant, Jrfipatrrrcnrrx
AnrriloMaruqecrnx ulrccifi, <Houzrera eupeficxux generaqib> r
Ilapuxrf n or Joint Distribution Conmittee n Hrro-Iopxt.
B apxurf HanorrrrJrcflrarutM rryreu orporauufi crrpofi uarepiaa: ntcxonbxo rhrcflq npororioJroBr.r rrofiagaHifi nocrpagarItrtrrx,orqeros o6qecrseHHbrx46areneft tr ynoJrHouoqeuulrx,Ionecenift r,rs o6n$nr, MeMopaHAyMoa
n o{fuuianrnrrx
4r

ornoueuifi;

ulbcfiorbxo cor BoBBBaHiii uorponnubrx araMaHoB I{ rrp}rftaaoB BJracrefi s noAJrrruHranax; cBbrme qerhrpexcor (pororpaiprvecnr{x cHrrMnon y6nrrrx,

pauenrrbrx, fiorponrJrenHhrxmtcreuen, a ranme n;bIroTopbrx uorpoMrrbrx aTaMarroBr4rqreHoB erpeftcxlrx cauoo6opou;


lrMeunbre cflracnrr ntcno.nrHrdx
o6mupumft narepial,

AecflTHoB Tbrcflu y6nrr,rx ;


xapanrepuayrorqiti [oiluruqecnyro cropouy

fipecrr'flHcftoe uoBcrauqecxoe gwrxtenie,

co6rrrift,

)mpauucnoenpeftcxia ornoruenia I MHoro (<.reiloBlb.recnrax Aor(yMeHToB)>


qacrubrx rrtrceM r.r oulrcasiii, AHeBHrdKoB,((rrr{Irnocbr>>
o6qnn r{ T. rr.
Itpou6

aroro cbrporo marepiara, B apxrrr;F co6pana rar{}ne BcE


fi p e c c a Ba roAbr [orpoMoB - KoMrIJreKTbI enp eiicxrax, yHpaI,IHcxrrx r4 pyccxrrx raaer r( or4tmno

raaernrl.a arrprbaxu. B apxrat

un:[rorc;r ran]ne Hr[rre Mar oF p a rfu u e c rcia ([u.nr u rl n:bcno;rrrurx


trorpoMoB.
CBLIIIIe

ulrrH.

B uacroaqiii

TLIC;IqU

Apxnn

rrrouenr AaHrrbrfi apxr{Ba oxBaTbrBaroT

IIOIpO]IOB

I{

craJr, rarir{M

MHOrO

o6paaou,

pog6 ucroplr.recnoft nounexqiefi,


rurx 6;F4crnifi 1918-{921

COTH

paBpyIIIeHH}'IX

O6-

e4rancrsenuofi B oBoem

BoBABI4rHyrofi B fiaMflrb BeJm-

roloe ua Vnparurt.

PegaxqioHuas xon;rerifi nepBoHaqailbuo Bce cnoe rnnuanie


cocpeAororrrrira roJrbno Ha co6lrpaniu
BaHntrrarbc-rroulrcanieu

uarepianoe.

Cuonoftno

co6nrift,. cr{creMarr,Iaaqieft u r{cropl4qe-

cnoft o6pa6orrioft 6r,rno s ro BpeMfl coBeprueHllo HeBoBMolItHo.


Itor;reris

pa6ora;ra e oruf crpaluur,rx co6r.rtir"r,s xonrqt

trorpoM-

Hbrx BBpbrBoB. Ocnosa;racr ona noc.n:bToro, IiaH ynpar.rucnoe eBpeftcrso

rrepemr{Jro y?xe [orposlHoe

saurecrsie

rIerJIIopoBcnux

apniifi !r flepBbrx ((ararraHoB)),Ha BaBTpanoc"rf crpauruoft <rpuropbeBtr{lrHbD>,B

paarap6

rrepBaro IroBcrauqecnaro

4nuxenin

yltparanc$oft [epeBHrr riporrlB coetrcHoft BJIacrIlt I4 rlorpoMrraro


rroxoAa trporr4B eBpeeB. floxog aror oxBarrrJr Bcro teppllropiro erpeficxaro nocerenis ua VHpauu:F n ocrasfin uocn:b ce6R 4ecntHu
Tbrcfls y6lrtmx. R anrycry L9t9 r. Bro ABr{ixeHientcnourno crtrxaer, -

Id BApyr uoilurl4qecnafi cqeHa rreoxtuAango Mlbuflercg:

e Vxparruy

Brojlraercfl

apuin

,{enr.rnnna, [reAlnafl (paxruuecHu c

JroayHroM MoHapxr4qecxofi pecraBpaqfur, fipbJfi,rBuraff pl!rur enp eftcnoft xporu [oqrr{ Ha BceM uporameuiu vftpanurr rr BbrpBaBrrras
c KopHeM MHOrO[eoJrrnoB enpeftcnux o6rqran. flepiog AeHrrnt4Hrrlr{Hbr erqe ne ycnrb.n BaHoHqr.rrbcff,HaH c Haqafia tg20 r. BcrrbrxHyJro
HoBoe floBcral1rlecHoefipecrb_aHcxoe gnnrxenie, no rras:b c ara_
MaEaMrr- ilpeABoAr4TeJI.fiMr{
uorpouur,rx 6ang, y, iloruJra HoBa,a
BOJTHaenpeficrtux IlorpoMoB, ]roropa.s BpeMeHaMr.rocnadrbnara,
BpeMerraMrrycr{JrrrBaJracb,Ho KOTOpagqfuuxolr IIe npeHparrrJracb
lr n 1921 rogy. O4nonpemeuno c arr{M Haqarocb cepbearroe rrorpoMHoegnumeuie s coc64uefi Btnopyccilr,
rgt uepBouaqarbuo
noJr.flnrru BynaH-6aJraxoBr{q, a aartnr fipecrbsHe-fioBcraHrlbr yrrr,rHI4JII{ PflA

IIOIPOMOB,

T.EHYBIUI4XCE BIJIOTb

AO OCEHIT 1921

IONA.

Sanqrrcg

rircropr4rrecnrulmonr.icanisura !r crrcreMarrrBLrporanieu
uarepiana s raHoft aruoc{eplb 6rrilo HesoaMornHo,xorfi peAaK_
qionnaa xorneris nrFcnonrxo pa' rr'rraJracb Haqarr, pa6ory.
Erqe
*
((npa"q6rolr 1919 r. e ltiest o6paeonauca cneqia*nuft
oprau
Br-regieD fis rrpeAcraBrrrenefi {enrpaJrbgaro Romnrera noerorqrr
rrorpoMirerrHhrM, HaqioHansuaro

Cenperapiara,

Volksverlag.a

peganqiouuoft rsoilnerin -

[Jrff odqaro aAMr{rlrrcrparr4Buar-opynoBoAcrBa pa6orofi no rra4auiro.

B ua.rart 1920 roga, Fiorxa ycJrosi_fl?HnsHlrua VHpauut erqe


6o;rte yx-vArrrlr,Tr,1cb,
craJo coBeplreHHo oqeBtrrAHbIM,
qro r{BAarb
arrr HHurr{ n npe46;rax Vnparrur,r, u poccilr soo6ue, HeBoBMo}nHo.
Itporut cyqecrBeHHbrx rex'uqec*lrx

flpe[.flrcrnift, 6r,uo e'Ie oAno


pegaHqionuan no;ueriR,'{aHrr_

utnraroulee o6croqre;lrcrso:
rrecKfi JrtrrrreHHa.fl
BOBMO]nHOCTTC
n pocciiicrtrax

ycnoeinx pa6orarr
ua co6paunr,rfi ero marepial, HaK Ha enpeft_
cnoe o6qecrneHHoe
gocroauie, u cqr{raJra BpeAHrilM,.rro6r,r

JreraJrbHo,cuorpfra

ouy6rurHonanie arrrx uarepia;ror [epertrJro n oip{lrqianbHbrfl pJrnr.r


E rrptrHflJro ptaro-nomzrnqec(ift
rn napriitnrrfi xapanrep. Orn
coo6paxenifi rrpr.rBeJrr{
n MLrcJtr4o ueo6xognMocrr4 rrepeHecra r{agauie ea rpaHr4qy. C 6ourrnnua rpyAgocrfiMrr r{ c pr{c}rom
r{oJroccamnrrft apxrrB 6rrn nureeeu ua VnpatrHbr I/r s nonuofi coxpau_

rrocrrr AocraBJrerrn 'Bepman, noropnft 6rur ue6pau u.Bcrou


uaAauis.
Eqe 6ygfru n Kienf craJrofioHo, rrro ranoe uaganie He Morfter
Srrrr grFnoruneSotrmofi rpyffrrr u;bcmrrrx 4tareneft r,r .rro Heo6xoAEMotrpuBrerrbK HeMy 6orfe muponie o6qecrnennbreKpyru,
a $IaBrrrrrMo6paaorvrOpranuaaqiu IloMorqu, HaH B Poccilr, TaK fi
sa-rpannqet. C aroft q:barro rpeAcraBrrreJrrrpeAaxqionsofi xolreriu, upra6nn n MocNuy, BsqrlrrJrrr n cuouenie c rtuu erpeftcrr{Mrr o6rqecrnexubrur{opranrraaqixrma,Horopbur n roMy BpeMeHrr
yqtuBru n Pocciu. [IocaB nepe;[agau Eeprun errr npe[craBr.rremr o6paurJrrrcbramrfie K eBp. opraauaaqiflM uoMoutrun Eapou;f
u Arvrepunrbo ilpegJroffieuienupncoeArrHrrrbcffx r.ragauirou AeJrerr{poBarb cBosrx rpeAsraBr{Tereft B npannenie. Ocenrro 1921,r.
Ha aro npegJro?fieuieorxmmnyJrr{cb r,r [pncoeAr{HrrJrricbcttg,vlorqin aarparnsHbrfl opranr.raaqilr:Peoples Reiief Committee s Hr,nIopxf - n ep Ba fi opranuaaqiff, onasaBmanuaganiro marepiamuyro
rrogAepxny u 4aBmafi BouMolnHoorr,Eaqarb pa6ory; National X'ederation of Ukrainian Jews s Hrro-Iopx6, Comit6 Ex6cutif de la
conf6rence universellejuive de secoursn llapuxf.
Brqe 4o aroro
r nparleuie BorrrJrrlr
ufxoroprre 6runruieaxrnBuhregtaretu ,noMrtreroBtroMoqr{s Pocciu u Vxpalrn6, K ToMyBpeMeHuHaxonrrBruiecs n Eepmru'[, Taxr,ruo6paaou,pyfioBoAcrBouoganienrro,ryquto 6ou*e mnponyro o6rqecmennyrc6aay. B coors.brcreill c
arlru namfur{Jracbr{ Honcrpynqia npaureuis s robr cmucl:b, uro
rrpeAcraBr,rrerr{rracrxlro ysperfi,AeHir (uagarearcrsa Volksverlag)
rlJrr{ rroJrr{ruqecxarooprana (I.IaqionantHaro Cenperapiara) ne
MorJIu B nem ocrarbcfl. H.bxoropnn uautneuis lr uonomrenis
npor{aorrrJr}r
ranme u B cosraBt pegaHqiu, uoAroroBJrnroqefiuagauie n reqaru. B Eep.uint <PeAariqiouuar{Honreris> 6rrua orf$uqianuro Baperr{crpr.rpoBaga,
(Ostnart o6ulecrBo,rroE HaBBaHieM
jiidisches Ilistorisches ArchivD (llcroplrueorrifi apxlrn Bocrorruaro
enpeftcma).
Bcs ara opranuaaqiounafi pa6ora, KaE Ir rrpr4rort rroBbrx l,{a6

TepianoB, Ha BpeMfi BaAeplriaJlu rlonroroBr(y u rIBAaHie fi.H!{r.


nacroqqifi

MoMeHr pa6ora rro cocraBJlenin eroro MlronoroMlraro

naganin nplr6rnrxtaercfl n Konqy.


Crpemacr K roMy, qro6u $sunl He flBJIsJII{cb Irpocro co6paniervr
cr,rpbrx AoKyMeIrroB, Ho AaJIrr 6rr nparuaruqecnylo racropiro n xoA
paaenrin co6rrrift Ha ocnonaniu AonymerrraJlblraro uarepiaaa,
xamArrfi rolr
peganqiounas xornerifi rrarrrJla Hy?riurilM paa4tnutr
na qn;b qacrrr: s neprofi Aaercn ucropuqecEift o6aop co6rrrift na
u Mareno ntopoft-AoxyMeHrbr
o6rqeu rroJrurrrqecxorrl {out,
pianrr B crroreMarrlal{poBanHomrlrgt.
Bce uaganie pacrranaercff Ha pn4 c;lrb4yrou{rIx r{HI{r' ilpI{HaAJreffiaq,rrx uepy orgtabnblx

aBropoB:

Tou repBbrl-r: AnrraceunruBMrr florpourr ua Vnpanu'b s t9L7


.
-1918 rr. (nepiog l{enrpanurofi Patn u retmaua) - [I. 9epxr { o Be p a .
Ilorpomu t9t9 r. (nepiog fleunprr
aBropa.
cranis lpnropr,eaa) - toro-ixe
Tonr rpetir"r: florpouu [o6poronruecnofi apuin -I'
Tom

rropoii:

BoB-

IIIexr-

MAHA.

floscrau.recHienorpourr ((1920 roA Ha


VHpaunf-rpalnAancxag sofisa 14rIoFpoMHt)- H. Illruipa.
ToM.rerneprrrfi:

Peey.nr,rarr,rrrorpoMoB (maulcruno-axolromrlTon usrnrl:


qecnoe {acntAosauie)- fl. Jleulrancxaro.
Tou mectofi: Itparnoe onrrcanierctx eaperucrpl{poBalrnhlx
rIyEHToB,uuennoii crrllcoH
rlorpoMoB, crrrrcori rrorpoMJIeHHblx
y6lrrux-

H. lepre;ra.
Tou cegruoii: MarepiaJlrrK lrctopiu enpeftcxoiicaxoo6opoxu.
I(poub arrrx rnaBHLIx rI 6otfe o6mnpuux nHlrr, npoel{Tl1l-

pyercfl Tafirfie r,tagauieu:bHoropru rvronorpa{iii Menblur{x paBufpor - ([urrxocr,r)) utHoropr:x o6rqran(r no4nuxuom lrnlr o6pa6oranuou nug:b), c6opnuxu 6ol;be xapanrepHbrx II o6ctosTeJrbriblKuonasauifi r4 T. rr., a rarx(e, eoJrlloxa?fiercg Aocraroqno
fftrurn shluarepiara,-H orlucauienorpouone Eflropyccilt.

xogflr

Ha eBpeficfioM

(idisch) rr pyccfioM

ffBbrxax oAHoBpe-

MeHHO; rroBrr(e IlpeAfloJraraerc_fflrBAaTb rrx Tar(Ere Ha oAHOMrr3


enponeiicnrax flBbrr(oB,B coxpaqeHnou wrg6. Itpomt rencra 6ygyr
ganrr rpororpaSuuecrtie cHr{Mrur y6ram,rx rr [ocrpaAaBrrrux, cur4Mr(rr
nau6on6e Ba?firrbrx Aor{yMerrroB, crarrrcrr{qecnis ra6,ruqu r,r giarpaMMbr. Bce uaganie paacqrlraHo na 150-160 ue.rarnlrx JrncroB,
r. e. 2400-2600 crpauut1' Ha na.crcAo.il,fl,abtnh.

B aar,nro.renienrrr Brrpax{aeMrty6oHyro 6narogapuocrl ncfu


opraunaaqi.stvr,onaaaBrtrr{MrraM cog;bftcrniee co6npanin vrarepiaron n rax ouy6rrafionauin, a rafi?r{ecuf4yroqraru JrrrrtraM,
oxagaBmnlr atoft pa6or:b cyrqecrBer{HbrffycJryrrd: npegcrbgarerro xiescnaro IdeurpaJlbHaroKonrnrera rrouotrpr ilorpoMJrennrrM- nprrc.
nos. C. E. Paruepy, npeAcraBr{rerrcEnpeiicnaro HaqiorraJrbnaro
Cenperapiara - I. tr{.lpuu{enb4y, rrpeAcraBrrreJrro
orgtla rroMorqr{
npn Itpacuou Hpecrt s ltieef - r-py O. E. JlanRepy,npeAcraBrrreJrro
Volksverlag - n. I. ,{y6nucrronty, rpeAcraBrrreJrroPeoples
Relief Committee- E. Ilynepr{auy, npeAcraBrrrenro
Joint Distribution Committee - I-py (Dpennv Poaerr6;rary, npegctgarenro
Federation of Ukrainian Jeu-sa Anepunf - I-py I. Itprrucnouy,
rrpeAcraBrrrerro((Ftourrreraenpeficrirrx AeJreraqiiir>
n llapraxtqJeHv
roirbciiaro Ceiilra I4. Iprau6ayuy r4 MHor.
JI. MoqrruuJr,
cntgyloqull
Ap. Mnr rupaxaeM raH?fierry6oxyrc dr-raroflapHocrr
jrrrqaM - rramrrMcorpyAur.rnaM,oftaaaBrrrxnrqfuurra ycJryrlr co6npaniro uatepia;ra: B. Becry, I4. ftrrepnaauy, X. Ioipuauy, Iz1.
Itnunony, V. ItoparrrHrrny, M. Jlefiaepoar.ruy,
III. Henounaqeuy,
M. Pexucy, B. CnyunoMy, Paxrur @afireri6epr,P. H. 9epuKoBep, a ranlxe ynorHoMorreHHbrM
}tieecxaro Idenrpanuraro Hor{rrrera noMorqrrilorpoMJrenurrulr orgtna rroMotrlrrnpu }tpacuou
I[pecr6: I. BpayAe, E. Eparuucrouy, C. ]tarauy, f. Taro, IuI.
I{ui[pononr.rvylr nctu yqacruaxaM us4anin.
Eepmn, ([enpam 1923.
O s tj i i d i s c h e s H i s t o r i s c h e s A r c h i v .
8

Tperrs raft4aruawma.
t r ' [ c r o p n u e c f oi e B c r y n l e n i e '
MnOrie HapOAbr BtrrrcaJrrr CBOrr IlMeIIa s rblCsqeJllbrnift wrapTrrpoJror eepefiCrra, HO Jrrirtrb HeunOrie eafiuyr TaM TaHOe BI{IIIOe
-trtr, xoHeqgo, HeaaBnlgoe-lcrbcro,
nar rrapoA yrparancnifi' Co
rIoJII4rIIqecHoftcuytrr
B
MoMeHrbI
cepeAr{Hbrt7-ro stHa aror HapoA
ncrpe6.neuin enpeftcrna c 66nrurnu pnenieu,
<<uncciro>>
rrooo""",
.rLm ero upeAIIIecrBeHHI4ItI4s efna (pecroBblx IoXOAOB. CarvIuft
noc,n*guift flo[Brrr ero Ha aroM rloupr4Iq:b,conepurusmiftcs Ha Harrrr{x rJra8ax, npeBsorueJr rro cBotlM paautparu rc6 uorpouu lr
6nrrux s6nos. Mnccis VHpauurr r ucropiu eepeftctna,
<<prbauu>
r:bpoarno, eqe He Ba$oHqeHa,Eo retrepb y?fie Mo?nHonogeecru eft
,rfXOrOpne rrTOrI{ II ilOCTaBuTbee B Onpeg;bnennnranCtOplrueCXin
pamHul).
To, vro npouaoffJro na Vrpattut s 1918-{920 rr., nocrar sclF
rrprrBEaKr{ ucroprrqecEaro sarliouanlno-,vHpairr{cHaro 4enrHeuin,
Ir.nasHblft IIpIIBHaTt
uaslbcrnarO rrOA rrMerrelr raiigamaqrrHr,I.
rafiAauavranbr BaHilroqaeTc.s B roM, qTo oHa BceIlAa cotryTcrByer
npI4BI'{cy r4 B cBor{x pfarurx
riaxouy-ulr6y[b rroJlr{T[qecfioMy
r) Bo ua66xtaaie negopaayrutnift, ueodxognuo c4rbnam ogtcs oAsy

((BCryo6qxro oroBopHy fi r4crop[qecHoMy Te3ItCy, paSBIlTOMyB EaCTOETqeM


aaqionanrnou
tllllatlEon
$afi
ratgauavuut,
roBopnM
o
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Tpygno )maaarr, n ucropiu raxoit nplrutp BbrAeprfiaxrrocrr{tr
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10

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11

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natrnauiu 1881-82 rr., opArrHapuuft norpoM - paBpymeuie AoMoB c rpa6emou Hr\ryulecrBa- cocraBJr.EJr[paBr{Jro,
a y6ificrno rrrrr <<prbaua))-r.rcriirroqenie (l(iee, Barra).
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KpecJrax yJIoBtrJr ary ocoSeuHocrb ynpauucnoft Ayrurr: efl rryrnocrr, H enpeftcHorvryrorpoMy. Penerlrqia l(raurunescHoft pbarm
( 1903), r{crroJrHer{HasctrfmannbrM JrHparrHc}to-MoJrAaBaHCr{r{M
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12

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qTo
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13

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aaJrfiaa VHparuy eBpeficnoir npoB6to.

74

KHHra, noropoft ilpetrtrochrJIaPTcfl arrr rtpar-'


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OT ApyIIlX

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6rrrr nrbrouucqaMrl, a npocro Bocfipor.raBoguilfl silfltnlroe 14JIr{qHo
rrepeneceuuoe eM6crt c AymeBHbrrr coctosnieM nepemnraro DrorHeHTa. Cucretrarlrer,rposaxumft a4;bcr I'larepia.rr Aaer npeffAe
Bcero flcHyro ltaprr{Hy crparuHblx co6mtifi rIaM calmM' coBpeMeHXaOCa ne UOrrul CrrbHfiEaM' ItOTOpI'IeB ATII IOIbI IIOJrI'ITI{qOCHaIO
Ar{rb Ba r,rx HpoBaBon qtnrm Ha orpoMHoM rlpocrpaucrr;b Pocciu,
<<npe4annoliMeqaM ri rloxiapall)). 3ar;bu oH trocJlyx(Irr ruepAolo
ouopoft 6ygyueuy Llcropl{xy, xoroprrfi 6yger ncuurblBarb rJIy6oHylo 6oar s npo4ecct uao6paxenin noultapublx co6brrifi, uo
6yget ras6aBreu or onacerriq ea gocrontpnocrb l{croqnrrnoB cBoero
rpyAa.
qyfi(Aa MbIcJrb ApeBnsro pllucxaro flosra:
flyxy erpeficrra
<<Moxier 5utr, lla IIailIrIx rtocrefi BoBcraner utxorga McrfiTeJIbD.
Egnncreennaff HaItra Mecrb -- ynrbHonrFveHiealog;bftcrBa B Hcropiu. Hapo4, npoHecmifi cnBosb crpoft rprrgllarl'{ stHos cBor.rcBffrqeHHbrfiaanontgrr: <ue y6ir"r, He KpaAr{, ue rpa6r,, ue npegaaaiicn
paBBparyD,- rpocro Baperrlcrpi'Ipyer syAoButrlHoeHapyrueuie nc:bx
arux BarroBlE4efir iioJoccaJrbuux paautpax MHonIMlr rrlc.Eqalfi{
;rrogefi Cogoua. A nonacrs Ha rlepHylo [ocxy enpeftcnofi rcropiu
- 9ro caMoe rfl?nnoe MopairbHoe naHaaaHie. B'bgr, ara qepHaff
Aoclta gana lripy HpaBcrBelrHyrc xapal{.reprrcrrrny trpeAIIIeorBeHHI'{Hoe nrrulbmnrrx [orpoMIqIrKoB, or ApeBurrx emrrerc]irrx rfapaonoa
ll rrepctrAcnux lauanoe Ao HoJIJIe$TrlBHbrxlaManoe cpeguen;bnoBbfi u 6nurxaitmllx K HaM arlox'
Eepruur, 28-ro $enpanq 1923 r.

C.,{y6nos.
t6

BseAeHie.

llcroplluecran nnrl norpoMoB.- Mexgy fiutupou u [ntcrpou.


- Vxpauna, HaI{ crpalra norpoMon. - VrpauncHoe fipecrbsltcrBo
Ii nyrbrypsafl
orcraJlocrb
Ao peBoJlloqiu. - Pyccurfuxaqil
RpecrbagcrBa.- Dxonouraqecxie irorusu norpoMoB.- AntaroHrBM Me)fiAy ropoAor{ rr gepenneft. - SeMenr,sblttroJIoA tr roBapsbrit roroA. - Ponr eBpeeBu ropogt. - Pons fipecrbascrBa. Miponan BoftEa lr npeAnocblnnn anapxilr Ir norpouoB. - Pesouroqin 1917 r. rr rpa;$Aancnaff Bofiua. - Poct aBaIrrIopIIBMa.Boopymennaa Vnpar.rna. - Anapxia n cmtua snacteft. - Bfxn
uorpouoB ua VHpalluib 1917-1918 rr.

Ouenngeq co6lrrift s 3acnannt, Ea Borr,rnlr, rro Koropoft npoRarlrJracb Becnofi 1919 r. BoJIHa IIorpoMoB, JntItHeHHbrx<([erJIIopoBcftoftl) apuieft, otM:bsas B cBoeMgnennuH:b nepemnnaritr eBpeficnaro
rraceJreHiff, rrr.rmer: <<,{r:Lcrn ceMbAecffTonI4H rol ToMy HaBaA B
p. Haranl) ra
MoeMpoAuou ropognrF Sacnar.n;b,Ha Bofibu{u, cI,IAtbJr
BeJrJr:brofirrcr rtx yfi{acnlrx AIreft * IHeft BorAaHa X*rthnrnraqfiato,
ontrcLrBarr6tgcteia, Horopblff nperepu;br Ham HapoA. flpunno-nu
euy TorAa B roiroB)" qro qepeB Mnoro nonontnifi, gntcrra ceilIbAecffT
ogr.ru roA crrycrs, uoc.nt q6.uhrx orrox qeJloB6.recHaronporpecca,
BbICOHITX

HAYIIHbIX

IICTI1H

II

COqiAJIbHIJX

I,IAEft,

NOPAsI{TEJIbHbIX

ornpbrrift rr nBo6ptrenift,n rolr me caMoMropogt 6yAer cngtrr nlrmyrqin arrr crporiu, xoropnft HocI{TTo }KeI{Mff,qro Ir oH, p. Haran,
aarop <<JewejnMezulat, u noroprrft fiBJIflercfl BHyKoMero B nfiroM
nononrErir,- n fipoBblocepAIIa6yAet necrn raxylo-He nrbronucr
crpaganift cBoeroHapoAa,necsacrift Ir yrfiacoB,an;bpcrru nacunift,
noroprre npntruntrJrr{eBpeffMgunir [oJlqlrqa fletnropnr, HpoBaBhre
r) Harar laruonep, anrop rase;bctnoii rcropt{qecrofi xponuHn <Jelvejn
Mezula'> - o enpeficrnx norpoMax npu ooectaHilt Xmtarnnqnaro.
florponr,r nl l'rtpattnd 19'li -. 1(rl 8.

L7

rrorounrr BeJrtrfiatoXu'btrarqnaro . . . Pr.rcosaaocr-au erry aro


xorga-xu6ygr? . .r
Tar ulrnrer coBpeMenurfi sarrrflx co6urifi, trorouon aBropa
afiaD{eur.rroft
crapofi xpoutrrilf, ubrraffcbsaqytrarb ry r.rcroplrvecxyro
nlrrr erpeficnlrx 6tgcrsifi sa Vnpaunrb, fioropafi r.flueroff co Bpeues Xutnrnr,rqfiaro vepea rafigauarrrrry BtrJrorbAo Earilux Aueft.
ll n$ficrrureJrLHo, nn.fl r.rcropnxa fiaprr{Ea enpeftcnux flepexilrBauift sa Vxpalurf s L7-u lr t8-u e&x:b r B uarrtr AHrrtrpeAcraBJrffer
tropaarrrenbuoecxoAcrBo. flpn cntrf peronrcqiounaro 65rora r
npoBrrcoBpeMesxaroynpar.rscnaroHpecrbnnnna aan 6y4ro BcnpoHyJrr[rpanuqin nponrnaro. ]IB rretrJra,troxplrBrrrarotrcropfiqecnyK)
Vxpauny, BoapoArrJrr{cr
upieurr }caaaqecrBa,
Batropoxrcfiotctsu u
Borbltoft, Ho ,fiecror{ofi raftgauaulrnrr. <<lopure crenu [offiapauu!
Ilpuurna nopa u:bnarb xorryx Ha?fiytran))-c au{Mr{trpnMr{TT4BEETME
noaynraMr{ HaqaJrca s cpegrarf {"8-ro slbna 65mr <nouiuBqr{rrbr>,
r(orAafipecrb.EHe-rafi4auaxutrogu.EJrrlcb,
rroApyKoBoAcrBoM
?Ilentar{Hria,[porr{B troJrffnoB-rroufqnHoe.A na gtaf coqianruoe guumeuie cBenocbtrper.ruyrqecrBetno
K roMy, qro BoacraBuriepaeomnrcr
no Vxpaurirb <gsorfioM y xorari Bugis rinvarrD, aaft uoer B cBoet
uoanaf o raftpauaqxoM BoBcraninIIIen.reHHo,rrJrrr<ffiufiia ura6nguu
xpacru?r{)),tro Bbrparfieuiro yxpalrncnalo HapoAuaroanoca.
Itax rorga, rax rr retrepb Bc[brxrryBrrraflB crpau'b rpaxgancras sofiHa nprrBenaft HpecrbffHcnoMy
rroBcra-HqecrBy,
Hocflqeuy
e ocuost coqiauruufi xapalctep, K neo6rrvaftnouy paannriro
(araManaMu) u <<6atrtraprrraantrrrrHbr,c eff Mlroroqr{cJrenubrMr{
fiaMl{D,K My?ftuqHoMy
arrapxl{BMy,rr oAHoBpeMeHHo
c aTr{u
cronoMy paaryJry naqionalrnbrx crpacrefi u cnfuoit, xrryveft uerraBr{crr{n eBpeflM. }ipecrrnncxoe troBcranqecrBotroqru Bcro4yrra
Vnpar.ru6 BbrporfiAaercflB rrorpounnfi uoxol trporrrn erpeficrcaro
naceneriR,xoropuft He ycrynaer rro cBor{Mpaeutpau caMbruapyrtn6ru ncropl{qecfiuM6tgmainu, [epernr{rbrMerpeftcnuu saponou
B trpomJroM. flo rlcsucleniro r{cropr{noB,aa 10 afr xu:b&ruusfiHhr
norn6uo ua Vxpaanrb go verneprr{ MnnJriona eapees,Ao 700
enpeficxrar6fir\us. BO rpeueua noa4ntftrueft raftgauavrrgbr- B
18 stnt - noru6ro or 50.000Ao 60.000 eBpeeB.Erqe ne nprmrro
Bpeurr larb roqHbrfi nogcver r'br xeprn, aoropbrfi uorfi6nu so
BpeMfl rrorpouoB aa nocalbpgie roAbr ua Vxpaun:b. Ho uo sctu
AaHIISTM MO?I{HO yTBepAr{TeJrbHo CfiaBaTb, qTo srrcJro aTo uoqTtr IIe

18

ycrynaer trepioAy xMtJlbrrEquEu n qpe8BbrlaaHo trpeBocxoInT


crparrrnbreroglr rafiAauarlnurr n yMasbcltoft ptBntr. llcroprauecxin
xpour.rrrr,- ueMHoroqncJlelrnnrff,[paBAa, - ocrasmincg or r;bx
rreqaJrbHElx
allox, Aalor pfiA llolpgcaloqux ApaMaTulrecKllxMoMeIr'
ToB rrepeffir.rsauifiyxpar,Iucxaro eBpeftcrBa' oxpyrfienuaro orueEcoHbrMnoJrbrloMrlorpoMoB. Ho tor, ftto aHaHoMo noHyMeIrraMIiI,
qro
coBpeMeuuoctl,6utr
6pannu*run nrnrtunrtolo ouoxy, y6;bgurcr,
Molrier, erqe 6orave ranltMtr trorpflcaroqltMrr MolfenTauu. lI tat,
xan B 6rrunr.ffBpeMeHa,co6urilr paablrpaJllrcr n rtx-xe repp[ropiamnux paMnax: [perrMyqecrBeHnoB upaBo6epemuoft
Vxpauu6. Ftonm6emroerpeftcxarotrorpoMa6nua n ocraJlacblroprbxauu Vxparanrr- Metngy Aslb'
JrocaMeE(AyAByMffrJIaBrIbrMIt
npoM lr ,{ntcrpou.
fiaano ua VrpalrH'b oranyua.iruHaaaqnien rafigauaqrde 6yrrnr.
Crpana eu{e B t8 stxt ofioHqarerbrrorrorepsJla cBorcEeaaBtrcuMocrb n 6nna BKJrnqeHaB cocraB Poccificxofi lluuepin. VHpalnra
B psA odrrxnosennux ry6epnift xa rcrb Poccin. Ho
rrpeBparr,rJracb
MaccoBblx anrueBpeficnuxuocnoJrbnos Pocci[ ELr BoBHITHaJIo
<rorPocciul. Ilonyga
rpoMoB,reppnropieft I{x BcergaoKaBbIBaJIcfl
(xaMeuuou
B
o6uopoxlbu,
uo nupamenirclep{eua,
Poccis JrerfiaJra,
rroxa Befl crpaua u nc:[ sacru 6uru Harnyxo oxyrarlbl oggnM uo'
r(poBoMo6ulepoccificaaroruera, reorpa$necnaro nocrofiEcrBaB lro'
rpoMHoMlrrameuiu ne 6uno saM'bruo.Itorqa il(e pesonnqis t9t7 r.
eror tronpoBcopBaJla,r Haqa&acbgui[a[epeuqiaqi.sPocciftcxofi ]Iunepilr, rrrgf.'reuie uaqionanrnnx vacreft, e rou'IncnlF u VHparaurr,
reorpaftnvecriin paunu guumeuin flcuo orlpeAtaltlucr. Enpeu xtIJIIr
6omruuuR uaccaMlrrt Ha Jluts;b, n s Etb.nopyccin,orqacrn s JIat'
sir u s nfxotopmx n)ruFiraxqeHrparbsof Poccir'r- c uepioga<66'
xrer{crBat,- Ho BctrHxrlBaJroMaecoBoeauurenpeftcnoegnnmeuie
ua Vnpaunt. 0ror {ant 6ut ncroprqec}tn sHaMeEaHeraeu'buno
TCJICH.

MaccoBbre
B naqarrb 80-x roAon e Poccin BIrepBbIeBoBITI{nJIII
roga.
Ilepaufi
anruenpeftcxie norpouu, I(oropHe rtruynr{cb [o!Irr{ 3
rrorpou nporrBoruen15-ro aup6as t88t roAa B Emrcanerrpagtl
4rnxenie oxBarlrJloaar*u Xepcoucryro, Kiescxyto, ExarepznoolaBcxylo, gepunroacryro, Boarurcxyro, flonrancxyrc r flogolrcxyro
Bce aro, Ba MaJrrilMu
trc'
ry6epniu, Bcero oHoJIo150 uynxroB, -[
xalosenisuu, B ynpauncnfix ry6eprirr; r oguofi allnn ]ties2.

19

cftofi ry6eprilr uocrpagann 48 ropogoB r.r M;Fcreqen. Ilocn'b nepepbrBaB 23 roga, B Arrn oxra6pn 1905, cuosa BcrrbrxuyJrnuaccoBbre
trorpoubr,uocuaude ua aror pae ropaaAo6orte urr,rpoHifin mecroxifi
xapaxrep. B reserie 4-b weft BoJraanorpoMoB oxsaruna 690
trJrHKroB.IlpucuarpuBaff cb n r{x reorpai[uvecxouy pacnpeg'bneniro,
Mbr orrflTb BrrIrrM ro ,fie - r,fiaBuoftreppuropieft rrx flBfiflercfi Bce
ra rfie Vnpauua: n ognot uunn 9epHuroscrofi ry6epniz trpouaorrrJro
329 norpouon, r Xepcoucfiofi-82, Iloarascxoft -52, Enarepunocuascnoftn ltiescnofi no 41, Ilogoarcnoft -37. B upraneraroqeft
n Vnpaunt Beccapa6cxofiry6epnira 6nno 7i.. B cpanneuirr c arpru
qucJro norpoMoBB [pyrnx ry6epuiax coBepruenuoHeBuaqr4reJrbuo,
a na Jlurs'b ras floarmlb, rgt eupeer xuuo 6onr,me,utu B yftpar,rrcrux ry6eprirx, norpoMoBrorga rroqrr{ ne 6rrno. B co6urisx
80-x ro4on yuacrie nepeBrrr ne 6pocanocb B rJraoa,rJraBuyropoJrb
rrrpaJra ropogcr(afl qepnb, rrogcrpenaemaxrcgoi[o6cxoft arnrarlieft
noJrr{qeftcnoft
pyHoft. lopogcnan-xretrepnbB ro}nu uanpaBilEeMafi
nrlx ry6epuiffx, oco6eHuoB ftpynubrxtrJrHnrax,He ffBJrffercfiroJrr,Ho
ynpauncnofi, a trpeAcraBJrfler
co6ofi AenJraccuposanuuft
aJreMeHT:
cutcs yftpanuqeB n trpnureJrbqeBr.rspyccfiux ry6epnift nJrr.{pyccntfuquponaunxx u;bcrnrrx utrqan. B onra6prcxrrx ?ae co6rrrisx
1905rola HapffAyc ropogcxoftqepu6ro,a u:bcraur,rrr BrrepeArr
rre.ff,
yxpauncxofi
y*(e
crapolr{riJr
ruen
Hpec?bsul,ru,
06 orpouAepeBHr{.
nou yvacrilr HpecrbflHlrolr{Hocy4rrrb no roMy, rrro r,rB690 onra6prcxux trorporuos626 traAaerHa lrbcreqHnrr AepeBHr{.Pyccnan rroJrrlqeficxas pyxa JrernorroAH.EJra
rrporr{BeBpeeBxpecrbfiH, utqan r,r
gJreMeHTbr
naceneris
r4MeHHo
B ynpar4ucnrrxryAenJraccnpoBaHHble
6epninx, sero eftneyAaJrocbAo6urrcs B Apyrrrx paftouax nocenenis
eBpeeB.
r rt rogr,r
Vxparancxoenaqionamnoe ABrrmeuie,xan MaccoBoe,
gauurenieynpar.rucriaroKpecrbflHcrBa
Ho coqiaJrbuoe
eqe gpeMaJro,
yme rlJro [oJrEbrMxoAoM. Ha.ranoyvacria mupofiaro HapoAHaro
aJrelrenTan poccificHoft peronnqilr noo6rqe Molnfio B cyrqxocrr{
narnpoBarb MaccoBblMrrKpecrbflHcr{r{MrrBoBcrauiRur.l,Bcnr.rynyBrrrnurrsecuoft1902 roga s flomaecxoft n Xaprnoscxoft r'y6eprinx,
r. e. Ha Vxparant. Peuonrcqiouuoegauxteniefloilynufio oco6enno
ruupoftoepaanurie na <rorb Poccir,o. Vnpauncxan gepeana o6napyfirrrJra orpoMHbreBallacbr6ypnoft penonrcqionnoft aueprin. Itan
6y4ro B efi coqianruo-uoJrrirrr4qecnr.{x
HorrByJrbcisx cnuruaJrr.rcb

20

orBBynr4BoBcraBmefiBatropofircr(ofic*slr u BaJrbuaroKaBaqecrBa.
B nepiog repBaro penonroqionnarouog'eMa, B 1902-1907 rr.,
KpecrbflHcnoe[Brrrfieuie ne aarnrnano ce6s enpeficxoftKpoBrro;
npr.r4arnoMpeanqiu r.rno;ruqeftcnaro
rrorpoM6r,rn o6gaareJrbnbru
pelr$rMa. Ho r peronroqiu t9t7 rola u rroaxe cruxis 6yura
Bcr{oJrlrxuyrraAepeBHroua Vnpaunt go gua u n aruoctfep& paanuraemoft rpa?fiAaucnoftnofrsbr Heor$rrAaHuoAaJraa(plpenreepeftcnaro paarpoMar{ ptanra.
nau6onte rpucyqr4M yrcpannCruxiiisoe 6yurapcrno oftaBaJrocb
cnoMyKpecrr.sucrByHe croJrbnono csoftcrsaMer.oxapanrepa, BbrnoBanuaro r xaaaqHoftr.r Barroponrcxofisomuuqf 1.6-18 n:broa,
xorfi rr gro rrecoMn'bnnocurpafio Buaq[TeJrbHyropoJrb, or(oJrbxo
ycrosixu, B noropbrx
6narogapa rtu coqianbHo-axor{omrrqecxrru
yHparaucxiftKpecrbflHr4H
HaxoAnJrcflAo uocufnnux utr.
Hlrr4f
s Pocci[ He 6nrnoranrrx orpoMHbrxu 6orarrrx uoutrqravrrax nnag&rrift, naH ua Vnpazut (nourbwprqbu((anonouirD,uocecciu), u nurg'[,
yr'bcueuir cpeArr
c Apyrofi cropoHbr,ue 6nno ranoro BeMeJrbraro
qyBcrBoBaJrocb
ripecrbsn. ManoaeMenre
r.r6esaeMerbe
ag'bcrocrprbe,
stilr rg6-6hrro rur 6u.:ro. flo gaHnrrMceJrbcno-xoarftcrseuuoft
uepeuucu {916 r. noutqlrHaM B yriparrucnr.rxry6epuiax rpr{Ha4Jrerr(aJra
rlu aceft.nocrbsHoftrrJroqa4rr,B ro BpeMfi HaK AJrsnceft Enponeftcxofi Pocciraara AoJrrrpaBr{aroJrbno1/roiB cpeAHeM
Ha oIHo nou6cs'].,72 gec arun. B peaynrrqrlrrrb
e xoasficrso ua Vnp auut rprrxoAr.rJro
rarb 6orarna xrrb6opognbrffyxpauucnia ry6epniu, Hopruzruia
Pocciro u orqacrn Enpony, AaBaJrra
ua6rrroH fipecrb.sHcnaroHacenenis n orpounuft ilpoqenr rrepeceJrexrlea.
Vxpauncxifi xpecrraurur
yxo4nJr trB cBoeroHpafl, B rroucxax geMJrr{,
n Cu6upr, B cpeAuroro
Aairo, oruacrrr Ha ,[ou, na ctnep ]tasHaaa.flo Aasuuu <<Crarlrcrurrecxvrxcsfgtsifi no aeMeirbHoMy
Borrpocyn EnponeftcnoftPocqerBepryro
qacrb Bceroflepececiro aa 20 ntr, c 1885r. no 1904r.,
nenis n Aaiarcxyro Pocciro Narrumpu yxpauncnia ry6epnin - IIouraBcnaff,9epnzrorcHaxu XapsnoBcxarr,norepnruin oxoJro5 senoslbx Ha HalnAyro1000 gym ceJrbcnarosacereuiff, Me'fiAy rbu xar
o6urifi trpoqenr no 50 ry6eprdsruPoccill paBufirrcflacero1,4 na 1000.
Orpomroe nepecenerrie,xorff rr B Mesbmux paau'bpax, rruto n rre
nparo6epexubrx yxparrucrrrx ry6epnifi. Pesonroqia eror omprrfi
seuenrnnft roJroAygoBJrerBopuaa.Ho ncntg aa orr4MHaqaficff erqe
6onfe cepreauuft, rauemift otracrrrfl uocn;b1crriff,-roJto1 ronapnnt.

2L

llecarbgorareaa yxparucxot rfiIralrn yraablBalor ranrae Ea


Apyroe Rauenie,fioropoe necouulbuso oblrpano poJlb B anogtanixx
uocrtgurx r:br: ua xpaiiutolo nynbrypuylo orcraJlocrb yKpaIrEcfiaro fipecrbfiHcrBa.Tan, nanpru;bp, rpauornocrb cpeAlrlracerenis
ynpar4ncnux ry6epnia Bnaqurerbuo Meubme paeBltra' u:Fu cpegu
rpoqaro nacenenis Pocciul). flo gannrlru acepoccificxoftnepeuucu 1897 r. cpe4nia [poIIeHr rpaMoruocrlr opeglr aceeola.ace,nerin
Pocciu cocraBJIffJI23,3%, trpllqeu r n;bxotopnx BeJlfinopyccxrtx
ry6epuiax rpoqenr eror rloBhllrancs Ao 36,1. Ipauotnoctr-me
Bf,rmel'6,4% (9epnnrorynpauvcnaaonaceaesis Ee rIoAEuMaJIacb
M;[cruocr.Ex
cnan ry6.), trorr{rr(affcbr otgrbmnrrx
[o 10,5/o (IIory6.), Ro9,4/o (Boruscnan ry6.) u AatneAo 6,3/o (OnpyrAorrbcnarr
cxin ytag). Xapanrepuo flpr.rarou ro o6ctosrenrcrBo,qro uocntgnifi gnt ry6epuin c rralrMelrbllreftrpauoruocrblo sBJrslorcs qerlrpoM
npaao6epexHoft Vnpatrnrr. Orcranocrr yxpalrucfiaro Haceyxareris s BnaqfiTefibrloftcreuenu flBJlffercff, tro c[paBeAJILIBoMy
sariro ynparrucxux uacatgoaateneft, peByJlbrarou unorontrneft
noJrrrrrrnr,r qapcftaro rrpaBurerbctBa, troJIITTHKI{naqiouanruaro
rrrera, ruurnstrrefi nacenegie mKoJIbIga pognoM sarrrrb It Etecrono
scsrie npo6tecxn naqionanrnoft xymrypbr. Ao
npeonrFgonasrueft
(pespara1905 roga 4ame Enanrede 6uvro sa ynpauncrou sarrHt
crporo BarrpeqeuoI Or aroft troJItrrIrKIt crpaAaJla 6oJrrrne scero
AepeBuff,He trogaBaBrlrascffpycou{uxaqin.
,{tficmonar-Jrtr B uoxogt ynpanucHoft lepeBlru [porl.{B eBpeeB rJraBrrrruo6paaou MoMeIrrucropuvecnift- <uau.srb HpoBrt
o Bpeueuax Xu'b;rrnnqxalo tr Rpunonoca, lontn u V*ranrcroft
prbsuu, rrJrr{upr{rrrruaKpoercfl ncnfiroqurerbuo B coBpeMennbrxcoqianruo-aHoaoMrdqecnux
ycuoainx xpaff, B neuacEilruofiHelraBlrcru
AepeBHr$ ropogy, rgt rranuyn, axruBxylo ponb B roproBo-trpounnrnennofi rnuBHrrr{r'paror eBpelr,- cl{aBarb c goc'roetpHocrblo
rroxa eqe rpygrro. 9ro6u orn:brutr Ha aror Botrpoc c uo.lruofi
oupen;[rennocrbro, HyrfiEa xorr sfxoropan [epcnenTrrBa,xorb
ne6ourmoeorgareuie or rrameftatroxn,aroxrr penolroqiounnx 6ypr
u norpncenift. Memgy rtu, aru 6ypu u uotpncenin eule AaJIeftorre
BAHOEIIITJIII

CBOETO HPYTA,

6YPNUN

BOAbI EE BOIIIJIIT B CBOII 6CPETA,

t) Cn., uaupuutp, c6. rVrpauncrifi noupocr, uag. III, 1917r.,crp. 1,54.


C6oparn Eror RaAaEytrpauucnr{uu[tnrenaur Bo Bpeua Bofiru na pyccrou
sagr6.

22

r Mbr caMu erqe flBnffeMcn xrrrBrrulr JruacrrraxaMr.rco6brrift. Mrr


croru Burornyn r( ooBpeMennocrrr. Crporir onpegfreuifi n Aeifunuqin BpfiA-nn npr( raKnx yctoeinx BoaMor{rnLr.CyAn, onnaro,
rto MuoroqrlcJreuEbru
orpamenie n co6pannnx
AarrELrM,Harrre4rrrrrM
nonaaanisx n uarepiarax, auarrrrreJrbuyro
poJrb B ucr.rxonoriurpecrBnncrBa,B ero [oxoA'b uporlrn eBpeeB,cbrrpaJrnoxonoMusecnie
MorrBbr. ?Ituanr, norpe6nocrn u upieun yAoBJrerBopesincra;rr.r
npr{Mr,rTr{Brrbr
Ao nepBo6nrnocrr. Boftna u peeonroqionurrn 6ypn
coegaJrr.rp&gnit n lrcropin rorapxrrfi roJro[ y AepeBrrn. Conr,
ftepocmr, caxap, uany(fanrypa, rBoo[r{, a nnaqanrFu Mennafi paaan;bnnasMoHera crauoBqrc.ff p;f4vafirunura, He4ocfiraerubrMrr
AJrfi
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B ropolax u utcreqnax, Jrex(rlrrB pyfiax l{cxourrbrxroproBrlen Vxpauubr - eBpeeB. Bo rpeua sofirlrr
rr paBpyxnroproBJr.fl
rpunr{Maerxapar$ep cnenynrqiu, qacroBJrocrnoft. Boftna u penonnqifl cnecJrr{rcf npexuie ycrorr coqiatrnofi
MopaJrr{ln paBBrraaJrr{
nroAcnyroa.ro6y. I(asanocr - Bce crano AoBBoJrerrnbrM.Bc:F aru npr,rqunbreM6crt cogrbftcrroaaJrr{roMy, qro
rroxoAB ropoA aa uany{anrypoft r{Jrr{coJrbro{aHruuecnn npeBpaTrrJrcflB uoxog Ba roBapoMu go6pou eBpefl,a nocutgnee Heox(r(Aarruo npr.rBeiroft noxo4y aa gymoft eBpeff, r xaxgrb fipoBr.r. 9rn
rryrcrBa B BaryMarrerruoMMyrfinqr{ou Moary Heo6nr.rafiHo o6o- g
crplrJlr,rcb fipotrarau4oft npruurrnnofi rpam4aacxoft s9ft1151
o4aoft croponbr, a trpolaraHgofi naqiouaJrbuaro uroBqsuaMa- c
Apyroii.
Bparxge6uoeornourenie ynpar{Hcrioftgepennu fi ropogy rrotrarr Karr,rrcfl6rlcrpte, 6naro4apr rouy,
naer na Raqioua.:rrnlrepeJrbcf,r
vro ropona na VHpalln:b ssJrsrorcfl B BHaqr4renr,noft
crenenu seyxpauucnuMtr, qro crr.nrnorl ropogcxofi yxparancxoft 6yprxyaaiu
agtcr ntr. <I4cropiquau HeAanaraxoit 6ypxryaaim,nranrerraentcrHnft ynpauncxifi nucareJrb n [oJrrlrrrrqecxift 4fnrenr, B. Blrsuuqeur{o,B cBoeiircropill peaomo4irara Vxpar.nrt. <locnogcrryloqie
r(Jraccnrna Vnpaunt - ueynparluqbD). <B gannrrft MoMesrntr sa
VxpanHrb6ypxryaaiu,Koropafi rpnBsaBara 6nr ce6.synpauucxofi>,
nrrcaJrarafirfie genyraqin or Ideurpanruot Paqar B cBoeMMeMopangylrf Bperuenxouyflparr.rrenbcrBy,B ua'b 1917 ro4a. B arou
yraepmgenirl ecrb necountnuo nrbxoropoetrpeyBenr,rseuie,
u6o ga.
6rrra ra np:bunax cenbcr{an6ypxyaair, Roropyro yftpar{rrcxarrAe-

23

noropble opra'
peBurr[aBHo BblA:brura,rf cpegrie <<x.n66opo6m),
suaoBafiucba <VnpaincrHy,{euonpaurvuo-Xri6opo6rcry uapriro>
u a aupt.n6-rvrat 1918 roAa trpIrHfiJIuraxoe gtnreurroe y'racrie e
coagauiraretuancnoft <Vnparncxofi ,{epmann>),conutcruo co <Bce'
Jrbur4xrnacuurds)),ratt uctranuo-yKpaIrHyxp aincsrlnl coIoBoMBeMe
onie <nypHynlo (nyrarir,r), upornn xoropbrx arnraropbr rpa?r(Aau6tgnoe r{ MeJIKoeHpecrbfiHcrBo. Ho s orcnofi softHbrtroAHIrMaJIrr
MrbcresxaMaro yrBepxrgenieB. Bunnonrenin ft ropo4amIr MeJIHIIIM
(on-rre,
BceMy
BlIAHo,
Ir aBTopytroMflHyraroMeMopaHrro
Hrrqenno
nruaHu,oconyMa) a o6qem ntpuo. B roprono'trpoMbllllJleulroft
Ir npoAaBeq6enno menxoii r cpegneii,r4;b noxyuateJlb-Hpecrb.fiIrrtn
rocnoAcrBoBaJIII
eBperr. IoBtrJIorHyIo,
ropo?fiauuucraJrnr{Barorcff
HapoAa, a rtu 6onte n;bcres$u na VnpauarF npenrvryqecrBeHuo
upano6epemnnx
ntpno
aro
ceJrenbreBpeffMrr. Oco6euno
IJrff
ry6epuift. Ecru cygnrb no AaHHIIMrlepenlrcu1897r., npouopltrir
go uocl'b4nux ltr, ro n upano6epemHoefts o6qeu coxpaHI,IJII4cr
nrrx rydepniqx - e ltiescHofi, flo4omcxofi, Bonr,rucnofi,otvacru
Xepcoucnofi cpe4nifi rpoqeHr enpeftcnaronaceresis no ry6epnin,
r. e. csurafi u [epeBlrlr,paBeu L2-13. B ropolax-ffie upoqenr
eror 6un paBelr: s }tiescnoft ry6., a rafilne r Xepconcnoft-31,
n flo4onrcrtoir-4L, a s Borbrucnoft-51. Ilpoqeut aror IIo orrroAHIrgtni,urrnn ropoAam n oco6euno n:bcresHaMBHaqIITeJIbrro
Maercs. Ecrr uyunrrr, rg:b eBperrcocraBJlfiIorneptgno 90-95, a n
utxoropnx an;bcraxroqrrr 100 npouenros Hacenenis. llurepecno
npocntgurr trpoIIeHTeupeficnaronacererris B rllrufiTax, flepeffiIrBurnx nau6on;beocrprra 66gctnin ilorpoMoBu pfanu. Tax, uanplroAEIr
urbp, r BonuncHoftry6epuiu: n u. fplrqes;b, rAt IrpotIaoIIIeJr
Ira repBlrx trorpoMoBa cenrn6pt 19L7r., eBper4cocrannaror98/o;
oceHbrot920r.
B }tauenr-Kamupcnt, ngt Byrax-Ea,'IaxonusJ IrrHrrJI
xecroxifi norpoM,99/o enpeen; n ?Iftirontipt upoqeur eBpeeBAoxoAr{r xo 47. B ltiescHoft ry6epnin: r Bepguuenrbeapeen78o,(; z
pfiA rorpoMoB,eBpeeB69lo;s Vuanr Pagourrcut, nepe?fir{BlueM
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eBpeeB 58/o; n (Dacrosrb,rg6 npoueoltrJraBHaMeHLIraff
yqllneunaq Aerrrrnr{rrl{auw,52o/o; B M. tr{rnatoant, nnn:b troqru
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yxtacrryn pteuro r uaprt 1920 r., eBpeeB95/o. B IIo,r{r,rBmeM
goarcnofi ry6epniu: a llpocnyposlb-eBpeeB 49/o, BepmaAlr85o/o,sTpocrrnqt -55%, s (DenrmrunL-95%; Bct rocrflrie
24'l

rryH[rTbr[epeHecJlrryrnaclrElenorpoMbl, a EtltoTopbre u MaccoBylo


p;bBHro(Tpoornneq, Oelrrurun)'
C gpyrofi cropoubl, nurg:b HpecrbfirrcrBoHe Balrlluaer ranoro
utcra B anol{oMllqecHoficracremrbcrpaubl' xan a4:bcr' Vnpazna
flBJrflercfi,nrbponrno,nau6ol;be Hpecrbnrrcxoftcrpanoft n Enpont'
IIo sontftmeft nepeuncu 1920-t92Lr', s t2 sbnrtuturlx yfipalruEux
cxraxry6epriflx HactllrrblBaercnoKoJIo26'000'000 *rurenefi' uB
tarie
or6pocurr
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$PJnrILIx
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D
6ePeu
Mu
utrcu.

26

Tanosbr 6unn ooqiaJrbHbr.E


Bgarruooruoruenis na Vxpauat x
MoMerrrypeeoaroqiu. 9ernpexatrsss soltHa eqe Ao ororo roAroroBuJra nct npe4uochrnr[ BBphrBa,paBpyxu crparrbr ll anaprful
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ncuxouoriro. Jlroln BomJraB ro <lrETr{MEoe ornorrrenie H nyruHaM)>,
fi opyxdro, noropoe oxaaaJrocrTafir.rM
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uorpouubreHaJrerbr
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aJreueur norponnofi ucuxo;rorin, aro-ueo6rrsaftsoe paenurie
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c qfurro cnopofi saxruBf,r; roxogbr [aBaJrr orpourryrc, 6orarylo
26

([aarom,6un paanur
rI rIoAraKI{M'}r(e
go6uvyl). Taxoft aBarrrropr{BM,
r Enpont eqe co BpeMeEnpecroBErxtroxoAoBrr B cyqeors'b csoeu
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17-rO
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u:[cregno.
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noseuit, HenpepuBrrblx
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qUCrrO nepeBoBarOT rrJrTb-fiI( He AO 25; nO MHOTIIX MeJIItux tryHKTax

poroB eqe 6onrure. Ha arou MeqyqeMoflxopa6n;b,r aruoctfept


IIotrpeCTyIIJIeHIfi
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r
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r nrbca. . . THcswr nroAeftru6lu 6eacarbga>.
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t) Cp.H. Bacutesxo, <OrepHn
lo uctopiu3auaguofPycllr Vnpauuru'
Hiea,1916r.

27

rpoMbr yqaneubr orrJlaur{, uyrngblMr VnpaIaut u rpamge6nrrur,r


ynpar4rcnouy r{ fipecrb.sr{croMygnumenircl Eac-HreB ernufirrepBbrx- roMax rrrrrepecyror ucropir u ugeonoria ilorpoMoB,
YIII'IHEHHbIX YH P AUE OIttr MIT OIIJIAMII.

Ilocrxqar orgrbnrnnfi roM rrorpoMau 1917-1918 rogon, urr


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u EecJrlrxarrunfi no csoefi firecronocrr{
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r{oropoft uoagntfiruift norpouurrft BapbrBcraJr Boouo?nen.floarouy
ran ueo6xoAr.rMo
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(nbflHblM}r
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AByx KpyrlHtfiruux BoeHubrx(ppoxron rr paarpoMa BrrrrubrxcnJlaAoB Ha r{rm. B arrax rpa6emax [pr,rurfMaror yuacrie ran?r(e u
HpecrbffHe.Itorga ara BoJrHaHaquuaerBarr{xarb, Boarrufiaernosbrft
pfiA trorpoMoB,B cBrrarrc sofiHoft Me'fiAyynparruqaMlru 6omuresufiaMr.r;Ha cqeuy Br{cryflaer nosbrftyqacrHun axcqeccoB- yftparrucnax naqiouaJrbHaffapuir. Boennrrs cronxnosenis c6usaror Ha
aoporxoe BpeMfl ua ror lne tryrb trorpoMa r.r ntnoropnfl Kpacrrbrs
qacrr!. focuo4crno reruaua, onxynaqia slbMqes !r rroJrurr.rftapecrarpaqilr BbrabrBaer
nrbrou 1918 r. troBcraHqecxoe
nnunreniecpeAu
Hpecrb.flH,ra sMfcrt c orrru HaquHaercfiHosuft p.EA,necroaax troIpoMoB, yqr4HeHHErx HpecTbfl HaMll-noBcTaHrdaMrr.

TaHosbr rnasutfinie n;bxrnpaonurin uorpouuaro [Bnrfieuir xa


Vxpaun6 Ba arrr ABaroAa.

28

I.
Ilocnf (leupaurcrofi penonroqin; allrMertrrcran aruraqia. -IIep'
- Anapxia. - Bopr6a sa raqionaarnoe
BEratronLITHMficIIeccoB,
cauoonpeptnenieVrparann,- {enrpanrnas Pala. - Vrpalrncxia
rpe6onanir u pocciftcria napriu. - Asroxouia lr ifegepaqia.Haqano xor([unrra Mexgy flerporpagou r Hiesou. - Ilepnufi
sacru; BoficfioBEIe
Vur.rnepcal.- flepnux yxpauncHinBoficHoBEIff
c"baAr.'.- CornauresieMet*rAyllerporpagou u Hiesou Ir EoBEItr
- Bopr6a Me}fiAy6onrmenucrcHofi
Hoa(pmrnt.- <Cauocrifiul{Rl{D'
BJlacrbtou PaAofi; yJIbu,IMaryM6onrmenuxonn BofiEa.- Tpe'
cifi u rerreprrrft Vnlrnepcann; npoBoaraamenieEegaBltclrMocrl!
Vnpanurr. - Ilo6tga 6oarmesunosri pacIIaAynpar'Incrot apniu.
A-nruceuurcfias an4Taqin r yxpamrcftIrx ry6epnisx saqauacr
roqu[ HeMeAJIeHEoBclbg 3a rferpaarcxoft penolroqieft. B prg& ro'
poAoB BaMlbrraercfl yrfie B Mapr'b-anptrrf 1917 roAa lrorpoMnoe uacrpoellie, nofiBJlffIorc.ff garne orA:lnbErilfl rIonbITHIr gficqeccoB' 060crpffercfi BJro6uoe orHoluel{ie K eBpeftcftoMy IraceJleldrc. 3ro 6rrnu
MI'IrryBBcxo4br c:buenu, 6pomennaro B pyccftylo o6rreatenrqltHy
m&M pelnrrMoM, ueperruraruie penolroqiro. Ha uoss& o6ocrpsocrparo
Ioqeficfi anapxilr - upoAoBorbcrBesHblx aatpyprenift,
noJrrlruooqefi
roBaprrarc roJroAa, 6ncrpo pacryqefi AoporoBlIBHbI,
trecHofiHepBoBHocrI4-c6uroe c roJlr{y ropoAcnoe u;lqancrno craJro,
rro crapoMy, trcKarb BrrHoBHrrKanc6x 66g r espet. B erpet-roplou4'b, n erpe;b-cnerynxnrt, a erpe&-peaouroqionuou grbaren;b, r
erpe6, roroprrft craJl BaHrIMarb nocrbr B ropogcnoM caMo)rtrpaBJlenin rnlr unnnrtrira, MlrlrrrcrepcrBax rr nourtccapiarax. Boo6qe - n
o6brBarelR, 6oubme
eapet, noropnft, no r,rs6rilo xpucriancxaro
ac'bx ruurpaJr or peBoJlloqitr u IToJIJTnJIncrb upana, BcIo BJIacrb a
nnagrber sctuu BallacaMrt roBapon ,I npoAoBoJlrcrsin. AHrusnyro

29

ponb B arofi arnraqlu trepBoeBpeMs urpanr.r eqe crapbre qspEocoreHrrbreofleuesTLr,troTepffBruieuotrBy uoA sorautr u cuotplbBllrie
co Bno6ofi Ha soBbre tropffAKu.
Ilepnnn cstgtuis o6 asruceur{rcnrx aucrynneninx uocnt perorroqin trpxmntrua Kiescfioft n lloarancHoft ry6epnifi. B savarB uapra fa crpanr.rqax <llaB'bcrift Ilourancxaro Cos;[ra pa6oqrx r{ coJrgarcr(uxAenyraroB>(}li 7, 1917 r.) nornunocb uepBoe
nsstcrie o [orpourrot aruraqiu qepuocorenuLrxaJreMenroas IIouraa6; ara arnraqia o6paruna rorAa Ha ce6s esuMauie B. ItopoJreufto, xoropnft s M+crHoft reqaru (<flonrarcxit {enr>) aanuefiMlrn aru nncryuueuinl). Anrnnuaq aurraqia n ltiescfiofi ry6epniu
BeJrac6,
rlraBrrbnfi
o6paaou,n Bacuarnost n oco6eHnor Epyclrroa;b.
B Epycnnos6 6buragaxe cgtnana - BtrepBbre
nocnrbperotnqilr norLrrfta ycrpor{rb rrorpou, Ho HaqaBmificarpa6em eapeficr(r{x JraBor(6rra ceftsao fi(e fipefipaqen uunuqietz). B nasa&1b
Mas B ruyxoft uponlrnqiu Kiescftofi ry6eprdlr, s c. Cslbrnxr.r,Taparqaucxaro y;[aga, 6nra cg;buasa uorrbrrxa coaAarb pr,rryaJrbnoe
Arbuo: fipecrbfiHe flycrr.rJrr.rcJryx, qro oAEa r{B utbcrnrrx eBpeefi
ercroqr{Jra HpoBb} c puyranbsrrun qr[tsulr y xpncriancxoft g6novxus). B cauou Kies.b oqeHbpauo narrafiacbnorpoMrrafiarutaqin, r{oropaff rrpr{Hffnaycunennnfi xapanrep r irosro. B xonqt
inun enpeficnoeuacenesie, oco6esuo Ha flogon;b, trepeffir{Jroagtcr
n'bcxonrxo rpeBorfinbrx gueft, a BnAy roroBrrBmaroca trorpoMa;
ToJrla HalaJra Ha eBpeeB,BoBnBrrruxroBapbr, nrbnoropnx crJrblro
ug6r,rra, ua6rls uprr arou rafirne sacrytruBmaxcff MuJrrrqioueponeBpeeB. 24-ro irons 6rmn coaeanlr ancrpesnnn aactganiff noMrrreror naprift r.r Mrbcrubrxo6qecraennrrx oprasfiBaqift (naprift c.-p.,
c.-n. u Vrpanncxofi PagH), B BtrAy rpeBornuaro trorpoMraro Eacrpoerin n ropog&.
I{apunuee s }tiescxou pafionf nacrpoeuie BLrBBanos Easaflt
anprbna oco6oe sossnarie x uaceaeuilo EaqaJrbr{lrxa Hiescxaro
BoeHnaroonpyra, rer. XogopoBr{qa,rro troBoly oxslaeubrx norpouoB, B noropon roBoptrJrocb:<Pacrpocrpalrflrorcff cJryxu o
Boauorr{trocrueapeficxnx [orpoMoB. Pasounanrcs oco6rrr trpofiJrar) Santrna B. Hopoaeuxo uspetretrar.n aEup. HeAfntr
$lt 1&-15, or 15-ro anptaf 1917r.
r) Tax-xe.
8) Tan-xe, J\i 24, or 18-roipus l9l7 r., xpoxf,Ha.

30

(flerporpal)

Maqiu, trpnabrBaroqisK rar{oBf,ru. . . Bcsxis tronrrrr{n EapyrunTb


tropsAor rr5neu nacsnis u rpa6exa AonrftElr 6urr npectraeubr.
B cryvat rprrBbrBasoftcx gux 6opr6rr o nacurieu naqanrnr,rxu softcroBbrx qacreft Aonlfiubr[pr{HrrMarb ac* ufpnr K rrsAonyqeuiro ranonoro>1).Cayxu o BoaMoxrHou
uorpouf oqenb pano Boarr[KJrrr
B
ApyroM qeurpf ganueft qepnocoreuuoftaruraqin - s Ogecc6. Arraraqin HauaJracberqe r uapr:F. B anptnt rcouuccap Bpeuenraro
flparrarearcrBa.B OAecct, JI. Be.nuxoB,saflBr4JrrrpeAcraBnreJrffM
fieqaTrr,qTo(onacHocTbrrorpoMaEa BpeMffycTpaHeEa,
Eo aKcqeccBr
na oroft uornrb, upu uautnunurefics o6cranosn.b, nno.nn:broauoxnro2). Xora go oxcqeccoBe Ogecc6He gorrrJro,
so fiorpoMuarr
araraqix s reqenieMrromxMtcsqes raM He fipexparqaJracb,
npuufiB
x oceur.r79L7* AoBoJrbHo
yrpomarcqift xapaxrep. Arnraqis BeJracb
raxrrie n pag6 rryunroBHa rorb, r paftout rpnnerarouleur Ogeccf.
B nruy rorpouHaro 6poxenia n Eanr6, n uapr6, Contr conAarcxux AetrJnaroB orrrpaBr,rJrryAa 100 congar c nyleuerauus). B
Tupacnonf 6nrna pacrplrra trotrrrrxa K ycrpoftcray trorpoMa: Ha
vepgarrb oAnoro goua 6rrro nxcrlenrrpoBaHoprrryanrnoe y6ificroo,
uo ropoAy 6rran pacHneenbrJrncrnu, npuarrnarorqieH uorpoiuyr).
O culrnofi qepuocoreuuoftarlrraqilr ua noqn'bAoporoBrlsnbr
rr npoBarpyperift coo6qanocbr{BpflAa utcr: us }IftrroAoBoJrbcrBenubrx
uipa, rg'L ronna ,r(euqnu fiponaBoAr{nao6rrcxu trpoAoBoJrbcrgiss
enpeficrux goMax; us Err.rcaserrpaga,rg;broJrtrapaspbrnautcnotmo
Aecfirr(oBerpeftcnux MorrrJr,r{qa trpofiynToB;tra AueHcangponcna,
EHareprurocrascfioftry6., r4t ToJrtraHatranana erpetcHis naBr{r(
u Haqarra r{x rpoMr,rrb. }t co6nrisu aroro po4a c.ntgyer orIrecrtr u trorpourryroBcrrbrmxyn *r. Ifarep6ypr6, B9sr,rws66ft
1yS.,
nponcureArrryrc2-ro innn. Vuornouosennlrfi Hounrera IIOIIE
(Itiencxaro O6ulecrra rroMoqr{ eBp. uaceneniro, uocrpaAaBmeMy
or BoesHrrxAfftcrBift) rax coo6qa;ro6 arou co6rmiu: <B }tpeueueqxou y6a46 r nocatgnee BpeMflBeJracb
aruraqir trporrrBroproBrleBeBpeen.Oco6enuog:bnrensuoeyuacrie n aroft rpaant rpr.runJrcoJrIar, Koropbrftnpi6xa.n n ltarep6ypr B ortrycft r{ Horopuft paa'rbaxaa
uo AepeBHfiM,trporrBHocuuptuu u [pr{BbrBaJrxpecrbrrn n pacr) Tau-xe,
r) Tax-xe,
r) Tau-xe,
') Tau-xe,

J\l 14-15, or l5-ro auptnn l9l7r.


J\l 17, or 30-ro auptar l9l7 r.
J , , l1! 2 - 1 3 , o r 2 4 - r ou a p r a 1 9 1 7 r .
lii 14-15, or l5-ro anp'blr l9l7r.

31

r{ x pacx}rqeEiro truJnqecrBaIr
rpaB6 rraA roproBrlaMrr-eBpesMrr
ro""po". 2-ro iroun, Bo BpeMffspyapnu r }tarep6yprrb, SpouauSnnft
uM' qro roJrbno oAEn eBpel[
coJrnaTco6npau fipecrbsrr' AoriaBbIBaJI
BuEoB&TbIBo BBgopo?anginxuasn>. B pesynrrarB 6rrnu paBrpa6teun roBapbr s slbcnonrfinx enpefteHr.rxMaIaB[I{ax. Ho ua ltpeapueftCraro Coalbta,
npu6rrur trpeAcraBl{Tenr.r
MeHqarreMeAJreErro
r[CIrOJrEt{TeJIbUAIO fiOUtrTeTa U HATTaJIbHIII( uraRrliu,

u nOrpOU 6ltl

npiocraxornenll).
BbI'
SacnyxnnaroqrrMu snuMAFig trBnfiroT0fl aETUCeMnTCItlg
uerep6ypr'
repBaro
crynrerin Xpycraaera- Hocapn, trpegc+Aaren.E
cHaro conrbra pa6ovrx AerqmaroB r orra6prcnie 4nu L905 r.,
BecbMaB cBoeBpeMfilrorlyJlffpsarogtareln. Xpycraner-Hocapr
ptano uaurbnranc roro BpeMelrncron y6'bmgerin u nocn;b penoircqi" t9t7 r. o6paeoaany ce6n na pogrant, r flepeaenas;b,IIourascxofi ry6., raH uaa. <Ilepe.EcJlaBcnytopecuy6altny>, rAt nelr
ornpbrrylo anluceMl{rcayxl atnraqiro, flptlabrBaff apecrbflIr K
6opr66 c enpeauuz).
eqe
Bcrb aru 6eBuuucrna,rpa6extu rr BotrhrmKrraIITfiCeUnTIIEMa
trO'
MaCcosaIO
TOrAarpeBomnoft urrcnu O uapoll{Aesira
rre BnyuraJrrd
rpoMHaro gnnrneria. Bcn Poceiq 6Hila oxsaqeEa I(oHByJIrCinrnn
sno6rl n o6qeft anapxilr. Paasarltsanacr apuin' ConAarn ca'
6pocaml rfponr u AeMo6unfiaoBaJilrcb.Epogrrnrie uo
MOBOJrbrro
crpaurb Aeaeprlrplrrpa6nnu ropoAa r'r oco6enuoMtcreqfir' B xepern* crzxiftuo troAHIrMaJIocbKpecrbffEcrBo rr craJlo rpoMlrrb
uoMtqu.rru lrutnia, a qacro lr coctAuie ropoAa. B iopogax cnup'Fno6rrsatenrcxie <<cauocyAlD.B trOfll,IrllqecftOfiatuOC(peptr
cTBOBaJrrr
neO6nr.rafiHOEaKaJIflJII4CbCTpacTI!. B Crpan:b HaTIIIHaJIaCbOCTpaff
rpatfiAarcxafl BoftEa, u B oroM r.ry6x6 BaauMrroft alo6rr u o6qepOccitcxot auapxiu TepflJracb trorpOMIIO-afiTIIceMIIrCHaFIIIIrb. Ho
ua VHparan:b ara nrarr cnopo sbl6rnacl na o6qaro rny6na'
"*a*r"o
rr HaE erpeftcxuu uacerelrieM 6rrn gaBsaas yBeJI rlorpouoB'
IIo Bouurrcrofiry6epEi['
r) Apxun KotIE, [ogecenieytroJIIIoMoqeIIEaIto
or 15-ro irous 1917r.
3) CM.etfieneA.
<PascBrbr>J\l l, or 9 irons 1917r'

3?

o6rqis norurr4qecftin neypr4nrlbr, rocnoActaonauis s Poccin,


na vxpaunrb o6ocrpnrr.rcr ocobrrurr [prrqI4EaMI(:rfl]neJILIMtrpo'
yxparncnof,
<<co6upanin
qeccoMuaqiosanruaro caMoofipeg;b.irenin,
qto
Vnpauua
xouifnrafiraulr.
oTcroAa
rr uporrcTeKarorqtrrMrr
:|eMJrrr)),
OTHOilIeHiH,
r{ HyirbTypHOM
se 6Hna, e coqiaffiHo-rroJrrrTrrqecKoM

O6rrnnOeeHHOfitracTbro crpaHbl, IIpOOTO (IoroM POCciI{)> OTO


cTaro OqeBralnOCeft.rac-xreuOCn:btferpanr,cnOft perOnroqir. Pegonrcqis cKJIaAbIBaJIacr
ag'bcr coBeplueHHorlHaqe, 'I6M s ocrallnofi
qacril Pocciu. Ha apeny rroJrr4rr{qecHoii6opr6rr Heot}lIIlaHHo BbIcryrltlJra cr{Jra,ona3aB[raflcfi oqeub ctofiHofi r{ axTyaJrbHoft' Haq i o n a n s n n r ? y x p a u n c H i i t a l e l r e r r r ' I { a r u M I I o B I I M( p a H r o p o l t
onpeg'bnuncs Becb xoA peBoJlloqionnrrx co6urift a rpa;b' Vme s
nraprt, cefi.rac uoclrb penonroqira, yHpanHcKI,IMlrAtqrensun o6pa,o"""" s }tieet I{entpalr,nan Paga (Cortt), ucxop'b cA;bnanruarcr
II3
penolroqiounmu naqiouaJrbHLrMrrapJraMeHrou.Paga cocTaBI{JIaCb
ornpeA0raBt{relefi VnpauHc}rux coqialraCtr.r.recfiI,Ixuapriit sC;bx
r:bnnon, fipecrbt{Hcnrax I[ softcftoBblx opraHuaarlifi, HyilbrypHblx'
(paA)'
uporfeccionaJrbHblx rr fiooneparlrBHblx o6ulectr u ]r:bctHblx
l{enrpanr'nar
oglronpeuerffi o c o6ute-penolrcqioHHr,rMtrJrosYHtaMII
flepnoHauanbuo efl
PaAa sblctaerlna HaIIioHaJIbHLrflrpe6orauin'
naqioualrnbre JroayHrr{ 6rrnlr cparurrTeJrbHo cKpoMHhI OHa AO[roraJracb upuaHania asToHoMiu vHpaunrr, no sMlbcrt c DTIIM oIIa
rpe6oeanie, HoBoe AJIrI pyccrtl4x noiluTuqecxl4x KpyroB
Br,rABI{IryJIa
Poccil'r (<<gocrnmerrie
- o {egeparl'IBHoM nepeycrpoiicret
arrouoniu e Poccirlruupoxofi naqioHanruofi u reppuropiallnoii
roqn:b aptnin n o6aroii
Ha
crrofi Oeqepatr,tsnoft Peouy6nun6>).
Bce[IeM ocraBailcfl u coasauHnrrtPagoit s Hiesf 6--8 auptnn
yripalrncniii uaqioHa;rlubli'r HoHrpecc. Ilonrpecc, co6panruifi 4o
?00 4eneratoa, c4'bla:r nepBble ilpaHruqecHie utarlr AiIfl ooyqenotpe6nocTblo opracrn.nenis anronouiu, [prrsHaB ((HeoT.lO?r{Hol"I
-VHpallnCrlrxo6nuaaqirO IipaeBOrO cOstra uB npeAcTaButener:i
racTefi, ropoAoB, uaqiouatrnocrefi u o6qecrnennux cnoes)). PaAa,
TaHI{MO6paaou, cTaJraFionclpyrrpoBaTbo-n,HaK nlfcrnan naqiosanr'Hafl BJIacrb. B uat oua BnepBble xonliperuo ipopmylupoBaJla repeg Bperrreuuuu flpaeureJrbcrBoM cnon rpe6osasis: uptlananie ee
HaceJIerpaenoii BJIacrbIo n npegt.nax 12 ry6epuifr c yHpaI'rHcKI4M
qt6 ona cqrlTaJra' oqeBI'IAHo,oco6enso BatRIrhIM' -Hieu n, HeMeAJreHHoeAorryqeHie oprauuaaqilr na (ppourb u B rblily oco'
f l o r p o u uu a l ' H P a u u t t g t T - 1 9 1 8 . 3

ts3

6Hr yfipatrEcnex noficxoebrx sacreft s cocraulb o6rqepyccxofi


apuiu.
P5rccxax geuoxparia, fiaK 6ypxryaaua.E, rar( u coqianucu_
qecHafi' B flepBbreutcxqrr peaonnqin or]rocr{JracbcAepffiarrHo,
a
a'bxoropux naprir BecbMaorprrrlareJrrrroAalne R rrprmqrrtry ruupoxoft naqionamnoft asrououir,rlr oco6enuon MbrcJrrr
o {egeparrarnou
nepeycrpoftcrs:b Pocciu, r{ Bo BcflKoMc.nyva'b orxJraAbrBaJrn
gTor
Botrpoc 4o Vupe4ureJrbnaroCo6pania. Oco6enuo prbaHo_orpraqaTeJTLHO
n yHpalrHcnr.rurpe60narriflM orHecJrr4cbc caMaro llaqara
o6u1e'geuoHparrmecnie
u peBoJrroqionurreoprarr'r B caMoMKienrb,
so raant noroplrx cro.EJrtr,HpOUt pyocnrix troilurr{qecfinx 4tareaeft, ranme u eBper{,trprrMbrnaroqiex o6qe-pyccfirrMuapriau. Harauynrb coobrBayxparrucfia-ro uaqioxanbrraro xourpecca pynoBoAr{reJrr{xiescxaro cosfra pa60uur II coJr[arcHrrxAerryraroBrr Apyrux o6qe-penouroqioanbrxopraur{Baqift, ua o6'egnnenuouaacfgarriu
4-ro anp:bar, norpe6onaJrr{or ynparurqeB.Ecnaroors*ra no roBoAy (cetraparr.rcrcxr.rxreugexqifi>. Crapuft yHpauncxifi BornAb,
npo{. M. Ipyruencxiii, ror,qa BaAairco6paarurucs Bfiaue'areyrrnrrft
Botrpoc: <C n*u Mbr,yxparruqrr, agtcr ncrplbrrauncb- c npyabfflrr.r
r'rJrrrBparaMu?>.os lrareropfiqecKaorBepr o6suseHies ffienarill orgrbnr.mrcaor Pocciul). Ognano, ror ffe rpotl. M. Ipyureacxifi,
troqrrr B ro rfie BpeMfl,rrrrcans raa. (HoBa pagu: <Bnaus caMocriftnoft Vxpauuu 'fiAer,u paeBepuercfioHo rorAa, r(orAaBcepoccificnie qerrrpaJrrrcrbrBaxornr BrrpBarb uB aarrrrrx pyn
{nar
uruporoft ynpauncnoft asroromiu r {regeparunsoft u Aexofipar{qecxoft poccificxoft pecuy6auxtDr) . . .
B llerporpa46, r pynoBogffqnx trofiurnqecnux qerrrpax, Eacrpoenie 6rmo 6olte yu'bpennoe, utu y pyccfiax uaprift r Kieat, ao
u a4*cr ono 6nno HeB troJrboyEeMeAJreHHaro
ocyrqecrBaenisruupoxofi uaqiouanrnoft asronouir,r. Halr6onBeEerprrMr{puuylouoauqin
B ATOMnoupoc:bBaElrMaJrrr
xaAerlr, noropbre, nax crporie troxJroHurrfir{ rocyAapcrBeHHaloeAr.rHcrBa,6nau noooule uporrrB scsxoft
anrononriu,nocnulefi naqiona$Hnft xapanrep. 9ro-me Hacaercn
coqiaaucruqecnux uaprift, ro n reopin ourr oqenb Aanexo mJru B
upuasauiu npar naqin Ha cauoorrpe4rbaenie,
no rpe6onanu o6saar) fI. Xpncrror, <Saxirxri narepiannqo icropiiyxp.peooln4iiD,
lg2l,
rou I, crp.3l.
r) Tau-me,r. I, crp.124.
34

ltenbEofi caEKqiu BcepoccificfiaroyspetrureJrbrraFoco6panin. Tan,


ueparrft Bcepocciftcrift c':bs[ Cos;bros pa6ounx s con[arcxtrx netrJrraroB(irour-ircns L9L7r.), pyxonoguurrftc. A. <MeEbrueBI{HaMI{D'
rrpfirfln raJreao rrgyrqyn peaolnqiro uo saqiouaJlbuouy Botrpooy'
corJracHoxoropoit Bpeueunoe flpanurelrcrno AoJIII$o C{BAarb
gexnapaqiro o upraonaninsa rc:buu HapoAaunPocciu rpaBa Ira
Ha
Ho, <<uacralrBafi
cauoonpe4tueuie,BrJrorb go otg6aenio.
Bpeuennaro
6on6e anepruuuoft, v:bu Ao cnx nop, A:bareJrbHocTlr
Ilpanr.rrenrcrBa Anf, ygoBnerBopeninuorpe6socreit naq!ft, c'tag
IIpgTIIB trotrLlrolt paaptruenix raqiOnaurnar6 BOBbrcnagbrBaercff
[OpfiAI(oM, IIyreDr
npoca no vqpegureJrbrraro co6pauin .EBOqHbrM
'Iacreft).
Ilapria coq'-peeR
o6oco6leris or Pocciu orgtlrnr'rx
B Toupn6nmureJlbHo
noaroqionepoB,Ha rperbeM cBoeMc'taAib,
iD"Re<n npr{Hrlun;bgnn Poccill aa ifopuy
,r(e BpeMfl,BI{cHaBaJracb
pecuy6nraxu, c repputopiaJlbnoparlrrnoft
AeMonparlerlecHoft
IIpaB saqiOuaarHlilx
c
o6eeueseHieM
naqionansEOft asrOuOMieftD,
lrpoBecTlr
[porpaMMy
oTy
MeHbrrilrlrcTB,Ito Ir oHa corJlallraJlacb
ronbno vepes VvpegnreJlbHoeCo6pauie. CoeepnrennoEa npyrofi
uoauqiu cro.flJlr{6orluresuxu. B peeoloqir' upeAJlortennofi uulr
Ha rrepBoMc'rbagt Coa6ron, roBopllnocb: <Ba sclbldu uaqinuu,
6xrr upuanano trpaBosa cBo'
Bxo4flrrllrMrrB cocraBPoccin, AoJrlnEO
rocyAap6oAuoe org;bneuieu na o6paaosaniecauocroffTeJrbllaro
crB$). Ho y 6OnrureBnKoBaro 6bln TOJI6IIOranruqecxift E artr'
raqiounrrft luar, KaK yBI4EI{MAanbme. Bpeuexnoe llpaartenrqro u 6omcrBo craJlo B aroM ronpoot na ry-ffie rotlny eptuin,
mtrrrcrBo pyccKlrx uapdfr, n 6r'rro p:bururenruo llporlrB notrlf,ron
ocyrqecrBlrrr asrosouiro fiBoqHbIMrlopffAnou, KaK aro [euoucrparuBuo Atnaarl ynpauucrde grbnreln s Hiest. Oco6eu$o orprlqaTeJrbEooHo rrepBoe BpeMs orHecnocb x sbrn;bfieHirosaqionanrH6rx yrparscaux sacrefi a pyccnoit apuiu.
Bce aro BeJIon o6ocrpeuirc onrouenifi Me,r{Iy Ilerporpagou n
ItiesoM. flonaaarenurbrM rr ;1ax gaurnrbfimeft ltctopin arux orno'
O6paaOrarnaorpOenieCaMOTIIIHIIO
rrBJrrreTon
nrenift cyu{eCrBeHELrM
ynpaungoftcxonlrx
6ylYuteft
uacteft, n4pa
rtrRxcff ynpauucxrrx
goftcxonou
c';be4:b,
cxot apnrira. Vme Ha nepBou Bceyfipauncxon
700
co6paaureu
u
neaet9t7r.
uas
Ao
5-ro
a
rtiest
co.roo"-."cfi
rrporl{B
nacrpoexie
roa6yxgennoe
raroB coJrgar, trpoflBr{Jlocb
Ilerporpaga. Ho n tor nepiog ynpallucnie Bo,rinr 6uau eule na3.

36

cTpoeHbrMI4pHO
rr ubrTaJrr4cb
c[eprfiaTb tuoBr.rHr,IcTr{qecfioe
BoB6y?ngenie.Brrcryuunruifiua c';[a4tB. BuunnseHnoroBoprrJr
ynpauncnr,rM
coJrAaraM:<<PyccrangeruonparincoaAaJra
peaonrcqircrl laJra rraM
cno6ogy- ne 6yAeu-?fieorBopaqr{Barbc.fi
or HarrrrrxcaMoorBep?fierrHbrx coroaur{KoB
. . . He cfitgyer apryMeHrr{poBarbrrrrf,rnaMrd.He
rurbrftaMrrco6npaeucn MbrBarquqarb Harny cao6ogy>. Vnpauncxie
Borngr{,HecMorpflHa pacryqee pacxo}fiAerriec pyccnoft geuonpa_
rieft, 6arnnrorAa oqexb laJrex]r or MtrrcJrr{
nopBarb c Ilerporpagom.
B xonq6 uan Paga rocJraJraa llerporpag, x BpenneHrroMy
llpanureJrbcrByu Corfry pa6o.rux AeflyraroB, cneqianuryro genyraqiro,
so rrarf c B. BznnuqeHr{o,noropafl r o6rulrpnofiaanncH:bosfianoMrrJrapyHorogxrqie rrerporpagcHiexpyrrr co cBorlMnrpe6onanisnnn. Cxpounun AJrffr{crr4nnaroHacrpoeHinyxpauncnnx gtareneft, arrz rpe60nanin yua.nvlrBaJrr4
Aarfie o neo6xogun'locrrat[egeparr4BHarouepeycrpoftcrsaPocciu r{ cBoAr4Jrr{cb
qeprax
B rJraBHbrx
x ueo6xogaMocrrr
upuauarlinaa vHpaunoft ruraponofiuaqiouanrnot
asroHoMi[ 14<(npoBeAeniR
s ,npraHrnrr4ttenir yfiparrnr{eB B oco6am noficxoBbrffqacrrr, ftafi B rbrJry,TaH,tIocxoJrbr(y Mo]r{Ho, rr
ua {pourb>. Ho pyccnaff [eMonparin 6r,rua?orAar{erroporoBrreua
H arrrM n4efllr, oua erqe cuorp;bna na Vnpallny, HaHHa o6nnuonenHyro qacrb Poccin, ra rpe6onania ynpauucxoft 4eueraqiu 6arru orBe p r H y r L r .
gror ruar BbrBBaJr
B pffAax yxpar{HcnuxgrbareteftorpoMHoeBoB6yxtgenie. oco6enno crrJrbuopasgpamenie6ar.iroB yxpar{r{cnraxsoftcroBbrx fipyrax. KaH paa fi Drouy BpeMeHr,r
PaRoft6rrn Haauaseu
nropoft eoftcnonbrftc'tag. SaMt.ras pacryqee cpeAr,rynpar.rHrleB
HeAoBoJrbcrno,
A. Itepeucnifi, 6rrsudft rorAa BoeHHbrM
Mrlur{crpou,
aanperr4Jrc'tag. HecnnorpaHa Barrpeqerie, uoc.ntgnift, oguano,
cocroflJrcfi(4-ro irona). Vnpalrucxie noxtgran agtcr He AaJrrdpaaroptrrca qyBcrBau BparfiArrrl anrrlBuanoconporrlBnenis. <Ilyrr
soacrauis An.aHac HeBoBMolneH)),
cKaBaJr
na c'tag'b Bunuuseuno. <(B
rrarur4xpyxax rpoMaAuafictrJra,MbrMo?fieM
paapyrur4rbrcro Vnpauny,
Ho Mbrrre xorr{M6nrr cn;bnrruuCaucosaun>. tr{cropunarofi afioxtr,
orrrrcbiBarr
nacrpoenie, roctrogcrBoB
aBrrre
e Ha cttagt, coo6ulaer,uro
(BolngflMynpar{Hcxaro geurxeuin trprrruJrocbynorpe6r,rm 6orr,ruis
ycra,nir,qro6rr crr.rxifinnrftnporecr rarnts ynpar{HcnarocoJrgaraHe
neperxeJrHyrnubrx rpaHrrrl . . . Ha c'fag'b paBAaBaJrrrcb
Aarr(e
ronoca ea ueo6xoguMocrb uo.unaro r[ rreMeAJrenuafoorg'bnenin
36

ntt cuycra nocut arnx


Vxpaunrr or Pocciu>>. . .r). Htcxolrxo
co6urifi, orrrcblBafl aac'bflauie PaAnr, B cBtrErI c AofiJIaAoM 6agnn'
ureft s Ilerporpa4 ynpauucxoft gen;naqiu, Bzunlrqenxo B ranrrx
ptanux anrpaxeuinx xapanrepr4aoBaJlrorAaltrHee rracrpoenie : <[oranylo 6ypno, rITo oga [epeJIIlJIacb uepea npafi lr aaHJran Br,rBBaJr
xBarrrJra game l{eurpanr,nyro Pagy. ,{nR vero, saqlbMoHa rrocbIJIaJIa
genyraqiro Bbrrrpaur{Barb MuJlocrb y arl{x srbnoat'Iublx BparoB naHe npocr6aMl4, He [eperoBopaMtrr, He gonbgauu
ruero napoga?
cnpaBegJrr4Bocrr{HaAo rra Hrrx rniRrr, - c HTIMLIHaAo paBroBapr,IBarb nyJraftoM))') . . . Itorga noflyrlr,IJlcfi ornaB Bpenaeuuaro
flpanurenrcrna, upenctgareJlb PaArr, npo iF.M. lpyurencxift , cHaaan
Ha BceyHpaIrHcHoMceJI.flHcI{oMc'6ag;b: <<Cstrropenonroqii cxinqrrJroc.fl))- <<flpaagruln peBoJlloqiu nou.Iilncs ! Hacrynaer rpoanrrft
qac . . . Vnparaua AoJI?fiHacopranllsoBarrcn !0.
flcnxoilorra.Iec!(rr B aror MoMeHT poArrJracb l4Aefl rIoJIHoft uePtrurareurHblM luaI{ BaxBara BJIacrIr ua vxparaut.
BaBr/rcrrMocrrr
roM rra arou IyTLI flBIrJIocb ony6nr.*toranie Panoft tO'ro irons
<<nyHparlHcr(oMyHapoAy, Ha
rrepBaro Vnrarepcana (rvraurarfecra)
Vxpauut ra sHt npegtnon Vnpannrr HaxoAffuleMyc.fl)).<Bpe*reus Vuusepcanrb, soe PocciftcHoe flpautreJrbcrBo, -roBoprrJlocr
orBepuro Bcrb HaIilu rpe6onauia, orroJIHI{yJIo rlporflHyrylo pyny
yfiparrucnaro rrapo4a>. <<flpanure.nrcrBo He r cocrosrin coa4arb
AJrfi Hac npaBonopflAon)),<(orubJsrb un canrlr 6yAeM TBopIrTb
Harrry rrrrraHb)). Vuunepcar onontulal gatlbe, 'rro Paga [pr4ul'rMaer Ha ce6s sct SynHqiz ynparnenia fipae:,i,nprIHIaIIraJIuacenenie
HytfiAaM o6parqatrca n
no sc'bM aAMIrHrIcrparI{BHo-[oJIIdrtrqecHuM
nefi, upeAnrdcbrBaJl<<uepeua6parbaAMl4rrl{crpaqiro>rau, rg:b B IrHoco6oe
Tepecax yliparrncnaro grbna aro rroHaAolnrcn, Lr BBoALTJT
PaAa,
Ifenrpalruas
<<Mnr,
Vnpal{Hcnat{
{unauconoe o6nomeuie.
I'r
ceJI
roporpalnAaHaM
rrpeArrr4cbrsaeM ectM opraHr4BoBarrHbrM
AoB r,r ncfru yHparaHcrir{Mo6IrlecrseuHhlMy[paBaM lt yvperqeniau
ycrauoBr.rrb c 1-ro cero ircns o6noxeuie nacenenin rloAarblo Ha
HapoAHoe gtno>. OgnorpemeHHo c 9rI4M Paga ua6paJla I,IorroJIHI{'
relrrunfi opraH - Ienepanrnrrft CeHperapiar, rarpanrnift poJlb ftpae1) I1. Xpucrrcfi, qrtr. coq., r. I, crp. 70.
2) B. Br4EnIrqeHRo, <Bigpoqxexnn naqiir>, lla[. s BtE;b,, 1920, r. I,
rpe6a a
crp,tTt* (<He npoxanlraMlt, Ee rleperoBopaMlr,Ee cflpaBeAJrrrBocrrc
n u u n 6 a n a H a t a ,a x y u a n o u l > ) .

87

UIlEtrCrepCrBa,xyAa BOruntr5 sneEoB yKpaLrHBOrOyXpAm{CKATO


cfioft coqian-Aeuonparuqecnotnaprin (cpegu HIrx ABoenau6onte
- B. Busnuqesfto r.rC. Ilerrrcpa), 2 yfipalrHcnuxcoqiannBrrgHbrx
n 2 6onte ymtpeuno Eacrpoeurbrx sJIeIla.
cra-peBoJrroqiouepa
geraapaqir
snoBr
o6paaoaanuarolenepamuaro Cerperapiara,
B
ef , B. Bnnnuqemxo,2Tilo r na aac*orlrameurrofiupegcrFgareJleM
ganiu Pagrr, roBopr{Jrocb:yxpanncnaff geuonparia <rre nr{raer
BparfiAbrx Ilerporpagy, rro trpoffBJrfferfi HeMy rIoJIHoe 6eapaanusie, r,16oona uurber cBorl co6crseHHyrc BJIacrb)>. Ilepnnfi
Vnraeepcan,Reuamiftcfl rIoBoporHLrMtrylrrrou a 6opr66 ynpaurrropcxux g:bnreneft aa BJracrb,6rrn upoaoaruIallleuc BoaMo?nnoft
ctrepBaHa BTopoMsoficxosot'tc':bagt,a garlbMsce,r(ecrBeuuocrbro,
napo4rro, na Co$ificxofi nnoqanu, trepe4 rIaMffrHI{r(oMEorgana
XM'bnruuqxaro. Bropoft soficxosofi c':b84, co6parmift, conracuo
yfipanucnr{M EcroquunoM, 2.300 AeJreraroB, clpeAcraBrrtereft
1.600.000)rnpar{srleB-corrnar(fpoxra rr rbfira), fiBItJIcflrax 6n rofi
peanruoft cuJroft, Koropan Aon'fiHa 6nua uogxptnurr rpe6onanin Vnurepcana.
C arnMr (farraruu rr Eacrpoeui.aulr na VxpaunE flerporpa4y
flpl{xogr{nocb crrurarlcfi. Panrme BceronprrnJlocb B troJlorr(nreJlbrroM cM[ilcnf paspfmurb Bonpoc o rpopunpoaanilr ynpalncnrrx
qacrefi e upe4tnax pyccxoft apuin. Bnepnue aro 6uno Aorryqeno,
naa aro Hrr Harfiercff crpaurrhrM,caMbrunpaBbru qJIeHoMBpeueuMrru!{crpou A. Iyvxonnna, paapf naro IlpanureJrbcrBa- BoeHrrErM
mnBrrrnMB sacrrrou cnynat {opuupoaarie yxpaurcHrx noftcHl).
B nosq& auprFrn coJrnarbr-yxparrurlbrcauoqtrHuo o6pasoaanu n
Hies$ ynpalrncnifi orpnA, saasannErftraun <<flepnnutroJrr{ourrMeurr
Eorgana Xu:bnrruqxarol. Bcnrbn Ba arl.ru Haqaracb caMoqr,rxnafl
opranuaaqin n Apyrux troJrr(oB. Boeanllu BJracrffM,B Brrgy orrrx
(popur.rponarie3 yxpauntpanroo, trprrm;rocbpaaptmurr JreraJrbnoe
cnr{x fioptrycoB. Vnparlriqaun 6un o6paeorau n ]tiest ran sasbrsaeubrft<Boftcrosoft reueparbsrrfi ronnrer>, so rrast Horoparo c
cauaro Eaqara crar C. flernropa, roroprrft pyr(oBognJr orrrMn
o6paaou,
lfopurporarisulr. Tannu rryreu 6rrn coa4an- rJraBHbrM
caurrur{ connaraMrr- pEA lroB}tx troJrnoB: Ifonn uMenn rerMaEa
Ilouy6ouno, floar uueutr lostrr, flonn uuesu Carafigamaro,
t) II. Muanroa,

38

<rllcropianropofi pycct{ot peBoJrprlirD.


r. I, crp. 157.

flonx nuenu ,{opourenxo n Apyr. sIIineM nig yfipaiucbauu npa'


noA ynpar'IscHnx @aroM))' xplrqaJlrl congarrd.
nopoM) - <<uoit4ern
Cn6gyer yxaBarb, qro arfi {opunponauit flpoucxoAlrJllr, rJIaB'
Huu o6paaou, B TEIJIyI,I coBrraJMftaK paB c nepiogoll MaccoBaro
Ieseprr,rpcrBaB psAax aprvrinl). Oco6enno Muoro raxlrx AeaepTr,rpoBBoIrIJros flonfi rIMeHIrrerMaga llouy6orrxo, orflusas[dfics
He MaJIOXJIOIIOT
nOne4exieMu 11pnq14guslxift
BbrAbrBaIouII{u
CBOIrM
On cqurarcfl Bropbru yxpauscaurrM ynpauucnrru gtatelnu.
cxrrM [oJrl{orvr (nocn;b roJrxa IrMeHIr Borgana Xmtnruuqnaro) I
cocraBerO 6rrn ranoft necrpufi, qro Aa?fiePaga n BOftcxonoftrenepa.nnrrrft HoMrrrer orI{ocI{JII'IcbK ueMy c otracxofi. firaxgn <nony6orrxoaqbD) 6blrlr Haauaqeubrx otnpanxt ua tpponr, Ho orBbrcrylllTb, a n Rasaillb ironR, xax pag ftOrAa 6O;rr1reXa3brBaJrr,rcb
BlrHrrB flerporpagt cAtnanr.rflepBylo uorblrlty uoAHflrb aoacrauie,
Ho ruorusbrrrx BbrOryrIJIe<uony6orrHoBqbDBbrorynrrnrrs rtest.
nran;b rrx BoBcrasis 6b[nu coBeprxerrHo
Apyne. B nepexraueHHoM
r(oropble co6panlrcr r
uix ronopnnocr: <<Mrr,yHpaI{HIIbI-fiaBaHIr'
na
6yuarb uJrr{ tronyroJrbxo
cro6oAnr
nutrt
He
xorllm
Itient,
(nroporo
Vuunepcala
nepnaro
cso6ogrr. Iloc.lrt [poBoornaluerin
Ha
rropfiAxa
Mbr Ire trpllsuaeM) nnrr nplrcrynaeM r nane4enin
Vxpanut. ,{ua aroro rctx poccirn I{ peseraroB'Horopbleu'buator
pa6ort yKpaI4HIIeB,un cu;bqaeM c rlx flocroB cI4JIoIo'He cqlrrafi cb c Pocciftcnnru IIpanI,IreJrbcrBom). <floly6orrnoBqbD)
yspex(rr [paBrrTeJrbcTBerrELlff
ycn;bnu 8aHflT6nrbxoroprrn BoeHEhrff
Aerifr, uo s gt.no sMtrranacr PaAa, u npr rIoMoIrIRflonxa Eorgana
Xu:bnuruqxaro oIrR 6nnu odeaopymenus).
Pycoxaa geuoxparin 6rlna noctaBJlenanepe4 rfanrou Haponoftrr
cranulefi na Vxpar.lrt naqionarbHofi cIInbI - I{ corJIaCI{JIacb
Ha ycrynfirr. Tax, nanpuurbp,neperrfi Bcepoccificnific'tag Cost'
r) Cp. Hn. K. O6epylera
(Hiencxaro BoenEaroHoMuccapanpn Bpeuennou flpaautelrcta;b) tB gnu peaolroqirar, Hrn-IopH, 1919 r', crp' 97-98'
Ft. O6epyler uplrBoAlrr s csoefi xnnrt (pant, Koropblft uu xmgt B Apyrou
utcr:b xe ncrprbrnuu n Horopufi Ralgercs EaM nenpaBgonoAo6nrru: 6y4ro xa
(Xaft
u'broropux yfipalrlrcxnx guaMelrax yx(e B to rpeur rlutaacr saAnucu
99.
crp.
i
Cu'
xtilse ninrsa Vxpaina 6ea ntugin ncisDt
2) fI. Mualoxon, <tr{cropia nropotr pyccnofi penoaroqiuu, r.Il, crp' ?9
lo g3. Itnnra Munroxosa soo6qe Aaer oqeEb tesAenqioasoe r uerbproo
Bo oroT anEBoA
onncasie penonroqiu, B qacrEocTE s orsomesiu vrpauau,
ero
orryAa.
EaI.rMcrByeM
n
MbI
onncaE uo of$uqiamublM AaITEI;IM,

39

roB padoqrx n conAarcrrrx AerrvraroB (ircHb-ironr 1917r.) n peaornqiu no ynparrucnoMy Boflpocy <<o6tqan penolroqioxuofi gouonpariu VxpauHrr cBorc rroAAeplnr(yB ocyqecrBirenin geuonparu.{ecHofi asroHor.rin Vnpalurrr, c o6eane.reuieu npar narliouamunx
MegbrrrrrncrB))rr Bblcriaaarcfl Ba corJramenie c PaAofi. HacNomxo
cepbeaHo n flerporpagt ornec.rucb ri Borpocy o ripeAornparqeniu
nou(pnuHra c Pagoit, Brr4rrotrrBroro, .rro Bpeuennoe flpanr.mejrbcrBo
AeJrerrrpoBanos lties ranr.rx rpex Brr4HhrxcBorrx npe4cranrareteft,
naH HepeucHiii, I{epereJrrrr rr TeperqeHHo. B peoy.irrrar.b ux neperoBopoB c Pagor,i 6n.no gocrrrrxyro 3-ro ircln cor;raruenie; ropx{ecrBenrro ony6nnxonanuoe, c ogHori cropoHbr, n cneqialtnou anrrb
Bpeueunaro flparrrrem,crBa, a c gpyroii - Bo Bropolr Vunnepca.lr6
Pagrr. <<BpemeHuoe
flpaaure;rrcrBo rrporflrrrBaer pyny npe4craBrrreJr-fl
r\{ vripauucnoi'i geuonparilr -- I{enrpanr,noii Pa46>, onon:brqa.jrocb B Vunnepcart.
leuepa"nsrrrrfi Cenperapiar, no cornaureuiro
3-ro iron;r, flBJrflJrcfiornnrn'b ((HocrITeJreM
slrcmeii ripaenofi BJracrrl
Bpeueuuaro llpanure;rrcrBa rra lrnparrHt>. O.reur Ba?riHbrMnyHliroM rlB;-rflercfi nprrHr{roe Pa4oft npeA;roxeuie lJpelreHnaro flpaanTeJbcrBa o efl uononsenin [pe4craBr.rreJr.flMr4
rr Apyrux Haponnocreii, ErrrByrrllrx na Vxpalrut (pyccrilrx, eBpeeB u Ap.), B paitnrtpt 309; cocraBa Pagn. Ii"larogapn aroMy, Pa4a go.nmna 6u,rra
rrpeBparrrrbcrr tra oprana naqiorra.rbHaro B repprrropia.irr,nr,rii. 9ro
riacaercrr yriparrHrraarlitrnoiicx, To corr'r&urrie.orneprHyB trJIaH
HerleAJer{Haro rxr'rporiaro flepexo:Ia n crrcrenr.breppr,rropiantuaro
liotrrrr,rreFiroBaHia.
see ranrr irasp'l;uir;-ro (rFio[rnfiexrosauie org6nrHhIX qACTE I"I ITC}IJ IOT]IITC.'Ib]{ O YIiP AI,IHUA[III).

CornaureHie 3-ro irc"tr.qflBrrJrocbMoMeHToMnar,r6onrrnaro c6;urmenis Me?fiAy pocciiicxofi rr ynpar,rucnoii genaonpariert. B cauou


pocciiicnou ilpaBr.rreirbcrst aro cornaruerde npr.rBeJroli BHyrpeHneMy liiprlBr'rcy: HeAoBoJrr,HEre
vcTyflriaMtr, c46lanHuvr{ yHpar{rla M, Irrrr{rrcrpbr-HaAerhrBbrrrrJrrr
nB cocra Ba Bp eneuuaro flpaelrrem crBa. Pocciftcnan 4euoriparin, oAHario, rceq6,ro noAgep?fiaJraaro
cor.rraueuie c ltienolr. Ho s rt AHrr paarapa [oJrrrrr{qecnrrx r,r Ha11iol ra;muux crpacreii rr rrlaraniq BJa(.TrrMlrpHbIfl BBalrMoorHornesig
Ao.rrro He MorJrlr upoAo.nffiarr,cff. Ftou{;runr aaapta ytrre natcrq
cnycrr{. BupaSorannslfi Pagofi <<CraryrBbrcrtraroynpan.neuia VHpanHbr)) Hocr{Jr yme cntgrr Marcr,rMa.rTbHaro
roJrnoBauin npaa npaenoii enacrrr. Ilpegcrae;rennr,rii vepea oco6yrc 4enerarlim BpeueH4t)

He 0I{JIOHIIbIMTenepb
rloMy IIpaBuTeJrbcTBy, oII 6brfl IIOCJITAIII,IM,
BHOBr Bepuofiru ," ytrytrr,", 6larogapa ycr{JII{BIIIeMyCanninnirc
upuHyBml{xcfl KaAeroB, orBeprHyr, u rurbcro Hero I{B fletporpa4a
r{oropafl
aBrycra)'
4+o
cJraHa TaH HaBbIBaeMaR<<HHcrpynqia
6onte OIpaHI,IqI,ITelrnuft xapaHTep: TaK, I{aHocr{Jra BHaqr.rTeilbHo
npuu6p, s Heii pturltrenruo 6rrlo orBeprHyro pacruuperde Vnpa5 ry6epr""r tn" 12 ry6epnifi' u reppl4ropin er 6una orpanuqeua
celenepaJlbHalro
r{oMleTeHqia
taxme
ninuul OrpaHuqeHa 6rrna
coo6ulesig'
nyreft
noeunnx'
nperapiara, [yreM ucrnroseHiq A;b;r
TeJIeMe?fiAyHapoAHbrxcHoruenifi, upogoBoJlbcrBeHHblx' Iloqrbl I{
6unlt 6nrl nogn;b4ouctnenrr o6uleuMneprparpa, Koropbre AoJITnHbI
na xpaftuee nOa6yntgenie'I{OTopOe
HecuoTpa
CKr{MOpraHaMBJracTrr.
ynparlsclutx
prAax
At;rteneft' ona Pa4oft
<uncrpyxqifl)) BbIBBaJIaB
ue
4alru;biiuee paBBI{Tieo6Bce raHr{ 6una upraHflTa, tr ecnr,r 6rr
noprqux cO6r,rrift s POccilr, [O0JIyE(]IJIa6rr, rtpotlrHo' IIpaBonOft
<<3ro
Moii eo Baar{Moornoutenisx Me}r{Ay Ilerporpagoru r'r }tiesou'
ftoHcrlln
EtiicrnyrcilIafi
Bce raKr{ 6r,rna nepnan 4;biicrnr.rreJlbHafl
srofi
ryqin vrparrHbr)>, nr{rrreT oAurl rr3 p;banux [poTI{BHIIItoS
u
fletporpagou
Ornoruerds Me?fiAy
r.rnctpyHqin uo cyrqecrnyl).
6ruro'
I$esoM crairrr o6ocrpnrrn eule rorAa' Hor4a B ilIanofi PaAt
yripaIlHcHaro
<<cynepeHHaro
coBbIBt
o
r oxra6p6, nocraHoBJleHo
HeBanucrlMaroot ncepocciiicxaro' Bpeynp.4rnrurruuaro co6paaiR>>,
oeo6elluo rronaaa*a""ot flpaanrenrcrno ynu4tno B aroM {amt
npaiiunrO CelapaTI{BMalt AoMOraHinuelre4nenrenrnrrfi CTTMnTOM
Aame o
naro org;b,;renin or Pocciu, rr B CBflBnc aTIIM SOIOBOpI{J-II{
erapiara'
Cexp
lenepanrnaro
ll
?nHblxpenpecciax ilporI'IB Pagr,r
BoBMo
Itla llerporp"n" 6utno orAauo pacropnTfieuie Hiencnofi npoxyparypt
cn.bgcrnie no [oBoAy sroro ulafa, n flerpoHaqaTb HeMeAJreHHoe
.rneHbIlenepalrnaro ceHperarpa4 6rrnlr BbrsBaHbtAilff o6'flcHerdfl
piur", a rroKa 6rrno ptrneao npiocranoBl{rb accl{rHoBaHHbleceFiperapiary fipeAllrbl.
fle3ro 6rurn, oAHaHo, roJlblto yrposbl' [o paapruna uextgy
rporpaAoM n ltiesolt erqe 6nlo AaJIeHo' Hecuorpn na noapocurin
resAenqira, r'rger'r o6ulepoccificHaro penontoqiou."rrup"r"ar"ris
naro drpoura eqe dr,rnu gocraToqno cIIJIbHbI CpeAII yHpaIIHcHI{x
JIIIITIbrlpll 6onruregtsrefiefi. cronriHoseHie II paapbrB BOBHI{KJIIT
Brrxax, nocnt oHrn6prcxaro uepeBopoTa. 3ro ctoflltrOnenie opasy
naqii>,r'I, crp' 338'
t) B' Ur*EuqeitIio, B cnoelt<RiApoAmesna

4L

npunsiro BoopylrieHHbrft
rapaKTep n fip]'To noBepHyJrorracrpoenix yrpauuoxur gtnreneft, ptuue Bonpoo o <cauocrifiHocrrr)t
Vnpannrr.
llAer.r <ca*rocrifiuocrul rr paBpbrBa[epBoHarranbHoIIoqTI.I Ho
r,rutna [prrBeprfienr{eBB pynoBoAnqrrx yxpaaHcnfix rpyrax. Tax,
na xon{eperqiu yxpanncnofi coqian-geuoxparurrecnoft
uapriu, n
anptrt L9LTr.,Borpoc o cauocriftnocrn BbrBBaJr
uoqrrr egr.rnoAyr[rroe orpr{qareJrBuoe
ornorueniel). EAlnrcrseurrafinapria, croffBruas
c cauaro HaqaJraHa rosxlb aptnia paapbrBac Poccieftrl coBeprueuuo
- Tafi HaBbrBaeMaff
CaMoCTOfiTeJIbHOft
TOCyAapCTBeITHOCTIT,
naprin
<<coqiauucroe-caMocriftHr{r{oB))
6rrna oqeub MaJroqrtcJrefiHa
u He
rroJrbgoBaJracb
rrrrr(anlrMsnisuieM. Ea xpaftxin rrroryuneuifl BLrsbrBaJrrrB Pagf ue paa y;ul6xy. flepnonavanbrro(caMocriftnuxur
He BxoAnJrrlr
n I{eurpalrnyro Pagy; ua uarlionaJrbHoM
Aa?r.(e
noErpecc'b (r auptnt) our{ He uutnu cBoero o{{u4iamnaro rpeAcraBlrreJrfi. floaxe, Ha trepBomBceyxparrucxousoftcxonou o'fagt
Har{Ar{Aarr npeaugiyu or <cauocriftsunos} 6uu aa6anrornpoBaH;
c':bagnaureJlHy?nHbrM
Aaffie orropogr,rrrcfi or Hr{x n neuarus). B
o{{uqianrnbrx ar(rax u ptvax rrAescauocriftnocruVnpalrnrr troqrr
orcyrcrBoBaJra.B neprou Vnnnepcant onpegrbrenrroroBoprrJrocb,
sro ynpauucxifi uapo4 nurber rpaBo na cnoeit aeun'BcaM ycrpanBarb cBorr nopfiIxr{, <ue ogginnrovucr oig vciai Pocii, He poBpr{BaroqrrI gep?fiaBoro
pociftcbnoro))."flcnte aro 6nrnotroAqepnHyro
Bo BropoMVnunepcant, no nacronxiro npitalnaomr{x trpegcraBr.rrenefi Bpeuenuaro flpanzrenrcrna: <Mrr, I{enrpanrnar Pa4a,
BcerAaBa ro, rrrodbrne orgtnarr Vxpauxy or Pocciz>,rr AaJrbrrre:
<<Mn pfuureJrbrro or6pacrrraeu rronbrrxr{ caMoquruaro ocyqecrafierds asroHoMinVHpaunx 4o ncepoccificxaroyqpeAurefibnaro
co6panio. Ho s reserie rtra rr4efl sra c4tuata 6ncrprre ycntxu.
B auptaf 1917r. Blrtrnllseufioxa aacf4anin contra o6'eAuueuHf,rx
o6ulecraennbrxopranrrBaqiftsannuJr,qro (cena.parucrxoeresenie
Morrinocqurarb yMepufi,tuD.Htcronrno utcxqen ctrycrfl oH Ear) B. Bnnxr,rqesxo,a cBoefi<Bigpo4xeana
uaqiil,r. I, crp.43.
2) Hrbcxoarxo
rtr cnycrauocatanaxco6urifrBuxnuqesxo,xapafi?ep[Byfl
uaprirc cauoctifinuxoB, IrncaJI: <Ero 6un, raaanur o6paaou, Boerrgllt, (arauarreHiil> oneueur, 6ea onpegtreuEofi coqiaarrofi trporpaMxrr.6ea scararo norsrraqecnaro odpaaonania, Eo c rrpnuu raqioralrcruqecxnu
TeMtrepaMeEToM,
cnytfiuBmnr [u E trporpaLuot, !r raHruxot, E apryuenraMuD. B. Bsnu!q6EHo, rdnr, co!r. r. I, crp. 250.

42

xolr{Jr yffie, qTo aTo ABntr{eEie (HacToirbKo BbrpocJroBa noJITOpa


A so
utcsqa, qro c lrrrM npllxoglrrcf, Becrl{ cepbmuyro 6opr6p'
BpeME o6cymgeuin s Manoft Pag6 noupoca o cyBepexHou yxpallucr(oM yqpeAureilbHoM co6paniu, ror-rxe BnsuuseHHo cHaBaJI:
<<Vxpanna HrrHorAa He AaBaJraO66qardfi He BbIxOAItrb IIB coCTaBA
PocciiicHaro focygapcrn$r) ... 16-ro gexa6px oH BaffBIIJI ytfie B
I{enrpanrnoit Pagt, no4 rpou a[rJroArrcuelrroB yfipalrucxoft uy<fl ue 6oncr ciroBa <<cauocriiinocrb', ecJrl{ ue 6yAer
6nuxu:
B
r4goro Br,rxOIa). ItOrAa ua <CttA4rb HapOAOB)),COCTOSBIIISMCg
coqianucruuoJrbcnofi
Itieat n cenra6p6 L9L7 r., rpeAcraBr,lreJrb
qecHoit uaprilr npnatrCrnoBaJr yfipaI,IHcROeABl{;fieuie, Kafi crpeMfiupeAcrbgarenr Pa4nr
CaMoCTOflTeJIbHOcTII,
rqeecff H rOCyAapcrBeHHOft
aro BaflBITJI:(Mbr'
Ha
r
otn:bt
lpyurencnift,
M.
rr c'1FBAa,upoS.
gTor Jlextur
yKparrHllbr, Ee crpeMI{McR K caMocriiiuocrr, - rlyrb
Mrr 6rmn
rlpolrrJroMy.
yffie noBaAI{ Hac, oH trplfiragneffiIrT
rocyAapCTBOull go6pOBOnbEOC6eAgHII"{IIcBOIo
CaMOcroflreJIbIIbIM
Teuepr, HorAa Poccis
cygr6y c pocciftcrlru rocyAapcrBoM.
m'l ocrapecny6nuHoft,
flBJrfiercfl cno6o4noff IeMoHparuqecHofi
ipegeparunnoft
pocciftcnofi
HeMcfi cso6oluoti aBrosoMsoit saqiefr B
pecuy6nlrx6>s). A u;bcnolrxo u:bcrqea crycrff' n gera6pf, aar-(pbrBanBocbMyro ceceirc Pagr,r, ilpo(b. M. Ipyruercrdfi yxe BaflBIIJI:
<<Mrr 6rrnu crporLIMII {egepanuctaMlr' uo yc'norir cA:blaln ran,
qro Mbr craJrl{ cauocriiilloii, HeBaBI{cIlIMoiipecuy6lsnoft>'
<<cauoctiftnrxoB)' a cauoft u4en
3ro 6r,rna no6'bga re naprill
6laro4apa nonorxt.renix or Pocciu, uo6.bna, cTaBmaEBoBMOrr{Hoft
Hapogurrx HoCoslbrou
Me]firy
ftonifnnxr
{nunry c llerporpagoru.
u cftopo
xapaHlep
ocrpuft
lr PaAofi cpaay TpITHEJIOrlerrb
Mr4rccapoB
npr,rBeJrn Offiecrorrenfioft softHt. Tanan OcTpaff Bpaln[a Merir[y
gtnrornun
r.r 6o.tlrureBrr6aMrr fiBJIffeTCfi stcXonrHo
y11par{Hc6r11,ru
BIiIIMarrie, qro yxparruqu no no6tnn
Bo
rplrHnrb
crpar{Hoft, ecJrl{
6onrmesuxoB nuraJllr Ii HIIM uaetcruus cnunatir, u Aa?fieB trepTIyBCTBOBaJIOCb
IIerrrn ne4f.nn nooyrt Onra6prcraro fiepeBopOTaEe
upinaxenaaro ornomenifl It IIIIM B Hpyrax PaArr, Hecuorpfl Ea or'
plrrlareJrblryrc peaonroqin noelrbguefi no uosoAy aroro [epeBopora'
Erqe go cnoeft no6;bgr,rn onrR6p6 6orrrmeu{nr{ BaHRManlrnpaftnrorc
1) II. Xpnctlox, qnr. coq.' r' II, crp. t9.
t) IInr. no Hiescrofi eBp.raB. <iDerTelegraf> l{t 26, or 2l [eli' 1917,
cr. H.Cupxaua-

4&

noarrrlin B paap+ilrenin yxparaucxaro Bonpoca (nax u Ha4ioRanrnoreppuropiaJrbuaro noo6rqe) n rniln Aafibrue MaxcrdMaJrbnrrxrpe6osauift calirofi Pa4rr n ror nepiog. tr{cxo4n HB cauaro paAr,rnaJrbHaro
ronxoeaHis npaBa Harliu Ha caMoorrpegtnenie, 6ofiruresranrr, Hanpnu'bp, Ha rrepBoMncepocciftcnou c'6agt Costroe ocyArrJrrrnoJrnrury Bperuenuaro flpanrlremcrBa [porr4B VHpalrnrr, ((KaH Kor{rppeno,lrcqiouHyro n aHrr.r-[eMo!(parr4qnyrc), rr flpeA"-roxrr.rJrr{
npuBuarb Ba Vxpaltroii npaBo Ha noJruyro rocynapcrBeHHyro HeBaBr{cr4Mocrbu ua orqtnenie. 9ro era uoauqin 6nrna roffino rafiTrlqcnr{MllraroM, Br/rAHoraanoneAenin 6onruresr,rxon s lties'b, rIt oxu
nenlr 6opr,6y c yfipar,rucrir{MABrrxreHieu,o6suHNs Pagy r.r yfipar{HcHr,rxg:brre.neit a <HaqiouaJrbHoMruonranraau:b>>.
A xan roJrbxo oHr{
craJrr,ry BJracrr4,To HeMeAJrenHo
ptaHo croJrnnyJrr,rcbc pynoBoAflnlrrMr{opranaMrr yHpanncxoft anronouira. Ognu raajrrrAepoByxparrncnofi c.-A., lil.'fHa.reHHo, cr{aaaJrua aactganir Idenrpanrnofi pa4rr
B nepBbre gnn o6ocrpeuia xon{nrrHTa c 6otrruennHaura: <<,[enRrr
lrtcnqer Mrr costrlbcrHo c 6onrrnewrHaulr 6oponzcr nporlrn HepeHcr{aro lr 6ypnryaeiu, a renepb Mbr Aorrrirr,r4o roftnrr. gro nre
cnywurocr?>> B r.B-me guu (uauano gexa6px) Blrnnr.rseurior Ma;roi,l
Pa4t cHaaan: <<BonrrueBr.rnrlcBor{M cafloroM [blTarorcfl Barortrarb
)rfipar.rHcHoegBlrrxeHie rr saTflHyTb Hac B cBOe rHr{JrOeneTporpaAcnoe 6onoro>>1).
ItoH{nnxr naaptra.n rresexie rcero noa6prr, a H geHa6proCostr
Hapo4nrrx }tomlrccapon o6parn.rcn x Pagt c yJrbrr4MarnrHoi,inorofi. B aroii sort 6onruresr,rnr{,rpaBAa, r,ran:brqanr,r,
qro (([pr.raHaror
VHpalrncH-vro Hapoqnym Pecny6.rurny Ir efl rrpaBo na no.rnoe orgtJ-reldeor Poccir,r>>,
no nufcrt c rtm o6'snunu Pagt <<uenneAJreHHyro
Boiiny>, AaB cpoli n 48 qacos. Oopnranrurrs o6nlrreni.s, npeg'RnnenHLrf B yJrbrrrMaryMt, cno4r.rnncb n roMy, uro paga ((Aeaopranrrsyer {poHr, orabrBaff cnor.rsoftcHa)),trro oHa o6eaopyxrrrJraB ttiee:b
nepeme4uria Ha cropony 6onrureeuHon softcnosbrfl qacrr4 (ro npeMfl croJrnnoseui.Ec noficHaun Bpelrennaro llpanure.nrcrna), lr rrarHoe, qro oua nprraHana ,{oucxyro lr Fliy6ancHyroo6nacru, o6'Rrr4Bruis ce6s HeBaBr{criMrrur,r,,r nporycrrurJra lrgyrqix c {poura 4oucnia
u xy6ancxifl qacrlr, Ho B ro ?fie BpeMff ornaaaJracb rrpoilycrrrrb
costrcHis eoficHa na .{on AJrff [oAaBjreniq aaronopa, uoAuffTaro
r ) I I . X p l r c r r o r i r r l n r . c o q . ,r . I I , c r p . ? 2 . - 8 3 .

44

Ha yJlbrlilmaryu Paga
B csoem otstrt
araMauo[r ltaneglrunu.
Ha cBoe [paBo ueftrpanratera I,r Ha ro, qro <<flpaamenrccbrJraJracb
crso Benr.rfiopyccxofi Pecuy6lnxu>> ue rru:her rpaBa slrlburrnarlcs
n ea 4tua. <Cros na nossrE crporaro nefirpanurera, Mbr ue 6ygeu
uporycnarb 6onlnresl,rcrcrir,rxnoiicx g;rn 6paroy6ifi crseHHoft noftnrr
Ha ,{ouyr>, c}iaBaJIBuHuu.IeHHo e Manofl Pag'b. Bcn:bR Ba strrM Ir
Haqancr{ uoxoA 6ofirrrteerrtoB Ha Vxpauny u aapunanie yHpaI{Hcxof{ BJracrr{ r4BHyrpI{ s canofi ctpaut. Pa6otanurie na Vnpalrulb
6onrruesnHn uorpe6onaJllr coBhIBac':baga couttoe, ua4'fncl 'repes
coslbrrr BaxBaTIITLBnacrb. B uepnrrx ql{cilax peHa6px cocrosJlcrl
s lfiee* eror nepBbrii Bce-vxpaltrcnift c"bag ConfroB HpecrbflHcliinx, ooirAarcr{rlx rr pa60vux AerIYTaroB, oHaeaeuriiictl oqeHb
Ho rrB 2500 generaroe 6o.tIlmeBrIHoBol{a3aJlocb
MHOrOqUCJreHHbrM,
ecero 60 .{enos:brt. <Ha VHpeurH;beule ne 6r,rnoHtt oAgoro c':bBga,
- rrrlueT I{CTOp}rHatoft anoxu, - Iioropr'Ifi 6n c raril'IM HefoAonanieu. orrreccn H 6onruresl{HaMr HaH 3Tor, coaBauur,tf,t6o.nrmeBtrtriaMlr,ctfag!>> Eonr,ruenr.rHaMHe AaBaJIII roBopl{Tb, -IrI4IrJer oI{
AaJrbilre,- a yrpoBa eoiiHrr ilpornB Pagrr co cropoHbl Cos'bra Ha6ypro BoaMyil{ellifl1).
poAubrx l(orulrccapon BLIBBaira nactonqyn
Eour'nrenuHlr org:bnlr,rucb rorAa tr coBBaJII{n Xaprxoa;h org'[nlnuit Bceyxpar,rHcHii:rc'6ag Contron, rn6pa;rra ceofi tr'{cuonnnrenssrrii ltolrlrrer - opralr coe;brcnoft BJIacru ua Vxpatlnib, o6'aennr'r
Ideurpanrnyro Pagy pacnyqeHlroii u cra.Tu{ aKrrIBHo noMorarb
eofiHt nporrrB Pagr'r.
Eonrureeuxu c ctnepa aBToMarIIqecKIrrlor.flHyirllcb Ha Ior AJIfl
BaxBara BJIacrIt. 0ror uonrenr cr,Irpa.rlpfnraroulylo poilb B rlepePaa;rus 6o;mureeuaua
nout uactpoeuin yripal4Hcr(I{x qtnreneii.
rpoal{Jr BaxBarrlrt, n VHpauHy, u onr'r p:burur-ur,orA:Lil},Ho or pyccnoii
geuoHparilr, onorlarbcfl Ira cBoeii repplltopiu, BbIcraBIlB u rugf
nJrorrrnbr lrlerc noJrHoii uaqionanr'nofi caMocroflTeJlbuocrl{ I{ aKT
paopbrBa c Poccief,i. Onu c.rlrranl{, qro onrn6prcnlrM llepeBoporou
u nor egeuieu <<llparuteJrbcrBaBenunopyccHoft Pecuy6Jrl{fiI{))o 6qepocciftcnifi penorrcqiounufi {pout rpopBau r{ rocy4apcrBeulrafl
csqa6 c Pocciefi {aHruvecHu pacropruyra. Toqso ral{, KaK llocryEte
[r{Jra re[epr
PaAa, [ocryrII{"TI I{Ba ro4a crrycrn, e r6x
qfanx orpaxgeuin or 6onruresl4ama,prg MeJIKITX
uaqiouanrnocteft
1) fI. Xpncrtofi,

rg.tr. cotr , r. II, ctp. 69 R ganaure.

46

6nsmefi pocciftcxofi llunepiu (Ocroxin, Jlaraia, Jlurna, Ipyain r


[p.). Ilepeufi raxofi ounr 6nn cgrbnanVnparaucnofiPagofi.
Tperifi Vnranepcan,o6napogonauunft9-ro uoa6px, (fanruuecxu
{opuyrlrpoBan pactraA Pocciu: <Ornust Vxpanna crarroBr{rcrr
Vnpanucnofi HapoguoftPecny6.nlrxoii.. . Io coarrBayr{parrncKaro
yqpeAlrenbnaro co6paris scs BJracrbrBoprarbnoprrAonna nameft
pr [paBHTb rrp[r{aAJrerfirrr
seMnt, rrBAaBarbBaHoHbr
HaM, Vxpalrucnofi I{eurpanrnoft Pag6, u [paBrrrenbcrBy Hauemy, IenepaarnouyCenperapiaryl. OAnano,sror VnusepcanB upnuqunrb eqe
crorJl na no.rst ipegepaqiu- ([egepaqill <pannnx r{ BoJrbHLrx
Hapo4oB Pocciro, <ne orgfnarcb or Pecny6nnrurPocciiicnofi u coxpanflfi eAr{EcrBoen>.ConepureuHo
unaqegryqan ylxe qerBeprrrft
Vanrepcan, o6napogonannnft11-ro aunaps 1918r., r. e. r paarap;b
aoftnr,rc 6onrmesuna!{u, naxanyn:b aaxBara rrMlr ftiesa. Sgtcr
yxte rporJraurrpoBancflnonunii u onoHqarerurrfi paaprrec Poccieft.
<<OrnnrntVxpanncxan Hapognax Pecuy6rurxa cranoBnrc.flcaMocrifrsoft, Hn or Koro ueeaBr{c.Enqeft,
cao6oguofi,cynepenuot ,{epxranoft !'xpalrHcr{aro rlapoAa>).Vxpanna HaxoAr{Jracb
B otracuocru,
fiaK c ctaepa, co cTopoHbrOonsruesaxoB,TaK u c aauaAa,rAf
pyccxo-n'fueqnin ([pour croflJr o6uaxennrru. Eguxcrnenunft srrxoA I{e noroxenin yxpaHucniegrbnre.nuysptan s aHrlForgt.uenin.
9erneprr,lfi ltlrunepcar AonlKeH 6rrn, no fix MbIcJrr{,yxprbulrtl
crrny Buyrpeusefi naqionanurofi conpornBJrfleuocrur c gpyroft
__ paBnfiBarbpyrtll
croponbr,- sr6 olru cquraru oco6enuoBarftHbru
Afis Haqanaceraparnbrx reperoBopor o uupt c lepuaniefi. Htgroro aHta,
cKoJIbKonfr cnycrn oARHrrs rJraBHLrx
BAoxxoBrrreneft
B. BnnHu.reHlio,[rrcaJr o6 arou Vnueepcant rorga, fiorAa oE yx{e
OTKpbrTo
cqrlrTaJl
ce6n xouu;tHrrcroM:<<llporoarrarueniearOft {opMynbrHarueftrocygapcrBeuxocrr.r
(cauocrifiuocru Vxpannrr) euanrBaJIocbscefr Eeo6xoArrMocrbro
u neua6txurocrbro roit clnyaqin,
xar{aff cfinantrBaJracb.Panrure Bcero, o6'nsfierie Poccieft soiiubr
Vxpaunf caMo roJrftaJrorra paopr,rB{egeparurnrrx otnomenift.
Vxpaltrcnoe npaBureJrscrnour.r:bnon rlopuairbrroe,rr MopaJrbuoe
trpaBoHe cqurarb ce6s a cBnavc rbu rocy[apcrBoM,HoropoeHaxoAnnocb s cocrosniu sofinbr c Vxpaunoft. OaHrrasecHlr,fie caMocriftnocrr yrrrecyqecrBoBaJra. . . A qro 6oirbureBcero AoBepruaJro
cauocro.ETenbr{yro
{opuy yxpar.rncnofirocyAapmBeuuocrn,rarc aro
To, qro u (Dpauqir, u Axrria, u gpyrin AeplriaBhr,Iraxoueq,
46

npr{cJrantrcBorrx oif{uqianrurlx lrpeAcrasfirereft npu VHpallucHofi


Hapognofi Pecuy6auHtrl).
fleproxauanrno 6onrnreBl{xnse au6.nu ycntxa B cBoeMrroxogrFna Vnparany. Ho, xax Bcerga,onr 6onrrue gtftcrnonaml nenpLrBbIBaMI{
o6ncaiino auepruvHofi arraraqieit rr BalKIIrareJIE,IIbrMH
n 6ynry, [yrIeEHbIMI{ B pflAbr npaxge6noft cropolrbr, vfu upie6poxerdeu u
MaMr{BoeHnoft crpareriu. Onra socuoJIbBoBaJII{cb
ua Vxpann:E,u nrttan?Icbpacxonorb
anapxiefi, rocrrogcrBoBasureft
npafi rpax4aucxoft noftnoft. 3rn uonrrrnl{ oxaaaJlrrcbAnfi EI{x
oqeHb yAasHbrur4. I{4eu 6otrmeBIIBMa,B ero rorAaurneit uepuocrraxifinaro paapynrexin v npuulrrunnofi
naqalrnofi {opu6
<encnpoupiaqiu>, xpacuoft nyraqeBrrlnrrbrv. xnaccosoii Mecrrl,
na Vnpaunf vpeanarvaftuo6naronpiaruvn rroqBy
HaruJrrrr4MeHHo
y
ylipaurrcKaro
fipecrbflHrrHan coJlIara rly6oxift cr6g
rr ocraBlrirr.r
HaAoJrro. C upo4nuxesieu 6onuueBr{KoBIt HIIM [epexoArrr ry6epuin aa ry6epuiefi,- cuasaaa Xaprxoncfiaa, aattm EHateplrHocnaBcxan,flonrascfiatr, a ft cpe4uu;b,{IiBapff 1918r. oHI{ yffie
crorrJrny Bopor Hiena, cepAIIaVxpaunr,r. Halr6o;rte aaMtsaremRrrMssreHieMtrpH arou 6uto ro, qro tofi pealrnoft clilu, ua fioropyrc Paga onupa;racr, pibmrlBlrrrlcbtrpoBoailIaclrrbcBoI{ MaEI{(ynueepca.rrr),
teuepr y Eefl rroqrlr He
{ecrrr o HeBaBrrcr{Mocrl{
or(aBaJrocb. Kan roJIbHoHaqaracbsofiHac 6omuresunauu,noftcxa Pagrr r rltrou pxgf utcr nepexoAsr ua lrx cropony. Tan,
nanprrutp, [epexoA IroJIHarIMeIrI.IOpluna r Enarepunocnae;b
a B ltierf ua ux cropony neptruun rau no66gy 6o;rrmesr.IxoB,
[oJIn uueuu rerMalra Aopoyxparucxie
[oJIHn
pemnr{ ayrmie
rrrennr{, rroJrx r{MeHnCarafi4avlraro u Aatne [epBnfi ynpanucniii
qacrb 6onrurenoirx trMeHrrEorgana Xrt'bmnnqnarot). <<Bonbrtrafl
IrrBHaIIuIx-xe coJlAari),uuuter B.
Bl{crcnaroroiicNa cnilatrbrBaJracb
paBI{bIxreruaHoB,r(ou rar coSnareJlbBnnHuseuno. <floaxlr I{&IeHI/t
Eo, ran crpoiiuo, ran ptmureJlbl{o Bcryllanlr B croJILIqyVnpalrnn
gnn o6oponH,Koropblerafi BeceJIltJIlr
nct yxparancxjncep[qa csoefi
naqioaamnofi coauatenl'HocrblorI lrcxpeunocrblo,cBorrutr?rieJrror ) B . B u x r u i l e E H o , q M . c o q . ,r . I I , c r p . 2 3 1 .
t) TaM-xe, qlrr. coq., ronl II, crp. 255. Cu. raxxte c6opnnx <lVIalas
Pycr>, run. II, 1918 (tties), rIoA peg. B, Illy"rrrnna, cr. <Bofina yHpaI{HqeBc
6OnSmeSfixaunr. flo CStAtItisU raBeT!{ fOnsrleenraM IIepeIneJITaI{*(e 11OJII{
nuesIa Ileaqes$o.

47

roJIy6LIMt! SHaMeHaMI,IE yHparIHcKIIMI4 n:bcHffMI,I, ttoTopble ralt


SByIIHOKpUqaJItr (cJIaBy> yltpal{Hcltoft BJIacrI{, - BoT aIII-To troJII{U
qepea Hafinx Hrr6yAb n'bcHonrxo negtur HerroHsrrIEIM[yreM cIIepBa
TepflJrlr BCrocBolo ctofittoctl, gar:Bn'IBnaAaJIrIn anarirc, n <<neittpaJrr{rer)) ri 6o,nrtuenuNam, a aartil,L . . [oBopaquBa&[ slr'bcr6 c
6onrurennriaMrl cBor4lynpar.rucrde mrbIKIr rrporlrB Hac> . . .1). OuucbrBaflnacrpoenie PaAnr n gnu uprr6nuineHis 6omrueauxon r ltieny,
oqeBr.rAer{atnx co6rrriit nlrurer: <<Bourure Bcero yAIrBJIfler, qro
He pearupylor Ha aro. Enle reganno, nanix
ynpalurcnie co.TIAarbI
Hu6ygr gaA HeA;bru roMy I{aBaA,HtIKro n agaHilr Pa4n ne uocutn
6rr ran ornpbrro rloAgep?fiar[,5o.lt'uerlrnon>2).
316or Mbr BrIepBbIenctptuaeucfi c flBJreHiem,crour xapanrepHbrM AJrn linpanHu: uaranieu yHpalnrcnor:i AepeBHI{ lr e.E BbIxonqeB - coJrAar, naprr{Barr, rroBcraHIIeB- or oAHofi sracru H
Apyrofi, ot naqiouansuaro 6ouuueBuBMa n 6onlurenuaNly coqraJrbnoMy rr o6paruo, n cocrogrdu crnxiftnaro 6yurapcrna. C errau snlenienn lrrr rroBlfte He pao ncrpbrumcn. Oiro cbrrpaJlo ponoBylo poJII)
a paannrt rpalr{Aancnofi sofiHbr ra naqionanbHblx croJlltHoseuifi Ha
Vnpalrn'b, rrcronlr Koropafo MLI xorl{M a4tct npocn'bqlrrl.
r) B. Bl,rnuuqerl(o, r. II, crp. 156.
2) <Naie Zait>, or 17 aurapa 1918 r. !,nx xapaxtepllcrlrl{fi roro' KaI(
soodqe paedtranlrcr rorAa coJrparn, I{Hrepecfio yrtaaanie yxpal{Ecl{aro MIr'
Hrrcrpa lloprua s Manofi Paqt 3 flHBaps 1918r., xor4a o6cyrngancf Bonpoc o
peopraulreaqinapuiu, qro or ntnotopttx FiopnycoB ocraJlocbBceto rro...
70 .reilostg r{ qro Bce BoeHHoelliryltlecrBo pacxllqaerca conAaraull rlplr canoqrrrrgofi Aelro6nnlteaqifl.

48

II.
Beasracrie. Pagsafl pyccHofi apuill. Calroqelro6lrrueaqin. - Axapxia na (pponrt n ua lr:bctax. - Ilpuxaa r{oMarrAyrlqaro ro.-a.(pponrorr.-flepane Banpocrrr Paqt o norpoMax.Maccosbrearicqecclr n npll(pponroutrx ry6epniax. - finlr nplrapox u 6aaapoB.- Congarcxie rr <<nrrrueDrrorpotrrhr.-- Vcuupeuie ancrleccoB. - flonegenie M'bcr3r,rx B;racreft. - 6opr6a
Melr(Ay bonrruesuraMr{ rr yHpar.ruqa}rrrrr [orpour,r. - Sxcqeccrr
B nHBap;b1918 r.
flonurnsecnafl

rrrlft6a,

a BarrbM Boopyx{euHafi

6opb6a

Me}r(Ay

Ifienou u flerporpaAoM ycrrJrrrJrr,raHapxirc rra Mlbcrax r{ noBeJrrr K


geoennacrirc, a qailIe Bcero ft noJrHoMy 6easfiacrrrc. Orcyrcrnie-xe

BJracrlr 6rmo r6m 6yaronou, B xoropoM paeBr{Jrcflnorpounr,rft


MEHpo6.Itorga n non6pt I9L7 r. n ltauen6, I$escnoft ry6., nporaaorneJrtrorpoM, rr npoKvpop oKpyrr{HofocyAa ptruun trporrBBecrrr
cyAebnoepaacJrfAoBanie,
ou r negoyutnir{ ocrauoBr.rJrcrr
repeA orcyrcraieu BJracrr/r
Ha M;bcrax.B o{{uqianbnoM o6paqenir,rn nlrqecexperaprono eBpeficnr.rM
o raxoM paacn.bgoAtilaM, fipocr,rBmeMy
Bariu, rponypop rr,rcadr:<<IlpomyHeMeAJreHHo
yr:bgourrm uexa,
ftTO JlBJr.fl
er0rr B HaCrOflrrlee BpeMff rrpeAcTaBr4reJreM
aAMr{Hr4crpaTr{Bnort snacrrl a r. Kauest, ecJrr{TanoBofrrn:bercR, r! Tan?fienopyrr[Tb
eMy coo6qurb unf
6eaorrararenruo o gtficraureilbsoft
cnrf
aaHonnofi rlacrn>>r).
Han6onte HpynHyro poJrr B rroJrnrfiqecxoft geaopranuaaqiu
crpanr;r n ror nepio4 cbrrparr naracrpo(fusecHift paaBaJr pyccnoft
apuilr. Ha 4ouro VHpannrr Bo BpeMfl uiponofi noftnr,r flpr{rxJrr4cb
1 ) A p x u n M n n u c r p c r B a r r o e B p e f t c f i E M g t t a r u ( 1 9 1 7 - 1 9 1 8r . ) ,
orsonenie rpoxypopa 9epxaccHaro ofipy*ruoro cy[a H nlrqe-cexperapiary
no erpellcxnu g;buau, or 20-ro Hoa6pa 1917r,, ga N! 3645.

florpouu ua Vxpalrrrt{9r 7 --1918. 4

49

ABa Batlurbrx {ponra - roro-Baua4nrrft s pyurrucxift. Jltrou


t9t7 r. rearp BoeHnux gtftcrnifi uepegnuHyncnnrry6b crpanbros 6brr nepeueceuraalannqiu s Bonuucxyrc u llogoJrbcnyrory6epniu. C aroro MoMeHra,nocu6 nopaxeuin npr Taprionolrb
atrolr 1917r., neo6rrsaftuoycnnrrsaercffpaBBaJr
apuilr, uoerexruift
aa co6orc croJrb cepbeanbrrrfloJrur[qecnin nocntgcrnia. Arraraqir
<6omuresr,roMat,
B ero nepBouasausuoft[pr{Mr{rraBr{ofirpopru6,g6ycutxu. Cueprenrao ycranbrer{ o[unaer cpeAu congar orpoMnr,re
sasflrie or aofiubr, coJrgarrrcaMoBoJrbuo
6pocaror ![ponr. Boanuyxog B
Raer caMoqrruuafrgeuo6r.ruusaqin,ornpnrroe AeaeprrrpcrBo,
rbrJr. IIo nyru conAarbrrpoMffr nolrbcrrn ra Mbcresxu. Paarpou
rr cHJraAoB
BurrrrbrxBaBoAoB
rrpunrrMaeruacconr,rftxapanTep. Cruxir
6ynra u ecrecrBenuaro nporecra BpeMeHaMrrBbrpoffi[aercff B
ubtrHbrenorpoubr,r guxia as:bpcrea,nogo6Hor:bu, xania orcrynaxlrrlafl rra laruqiu pyccnafi apuin yquur.{flaa Tapnonott raKanyqt.
Pasrpourangrl.rropoga, coJrAarbrcraJrrdrpa6nrs, HacrrJroBarb
n y6uBarb, trpu aro![ flocrpagaJrorJraBHbrM
oOpaaou enpeficxoenaceneuie. Itoanangyroqift apuieft rro cfiytraIo arux 6eaquncrBrrucaJr:
<fl orgau npfiftaB paacrprbnarb Brr.rx Hero[fleB 6ea cyga. Oco6o
uaBnaqeHHbrur{nnff aroro ftoMaHAaMRpaecrptrruro t4 nero4ner
na u;bcr:b npecrynneriol).
TapnorroJrbr,r}tanyul rrBrrJrrrcb
BHaMecuMrrloMoM,- paBJraranqaficn corAaTquHa flcuxoJrouaTeJrbHhIM
nrqecftrr yxe otrycnanacb Ao fiorpoMa. Cntgyer, oAHaKo,ynasarb,
reppnropieft, rg:b aro [orpoMrroe ABuvro Vxpauna flBnJracbJrr.rrub
xeuie uor;rsufio cBoe Kperqeniel yuacrunftaMn-rne flBrrJrrrcbHe
ynpanncHie BbrxoArlbr,Bo Bc.sKoMcnyvarbrre roJrbno ourr, a pyccnifi
conAar roo6rqe, TaK xan Bonrrss z llogo.ris 6u.un rearpoM BoeH
nxx g:bftcraift gua acepoccificxofi apuia.
Pncya fiaprr{Hy auapxiu r ror nepioA B rbrJry u ua {ponr:b,
B. Brannuseunoran xapaarepr'rayercrlnbr,cnoco6crnosasnin aroft
arapxiu: <<HpecrrRncrBo,
rrBmyqeunoe
softsoft, ranonuorauHoeperonroqiefi, y6oroe n gyxonnoft E$rarru,6tgnoe paaaneveninMrr,fitrrrryJrocbB aJIKoronnBM,
uqa s HeMaa6brrbrrr.[ paaBJre.regi.E.
Bo sclbx
ceJrax pacflJroAr{nlrcbB ]roJroccaJrbuoM
nofllrsecrrt cauogtnrnrre
BcAorrrrbre
aaBo4br,r(oropbreHypnJrlrBoAKy- <cauoronnyt . . . Cero
HanuBaJrocb,
u cu&carocb aroii
Afp.blo, orpaBnfinocb,uBBoAIrJIocb
t) IIsr. no ex(eneg.<Paecn;brl, (Ilerporpag) l(i 4-5, or 6 anr. 1917r

irl

(cauorounofi'. Cenrcnas (ga u ropo4cnan) uuuuqin 6rrta rnoxo


opraHr4BoBarra,
Hr{r(Toee Ee yBaHaJr,He 6osrcn eff . . . Cyg ue
s ce66
lpynxqionnporan. Hapog r{cr{aJrBbrxo[au crpaBeAJrnBocrrd
caMoM. flourna snugeruis caMocyAoB).tr{ nanoseq: <<Crpponra
qrBrnuu MaccaMr{
Aeaeprrrpu. llauyuennue n o6oeneuABr.ruyJrr{cb
Irbre cBorrMr{ctpaganiaur{ B aAy uo6ouul oHrr crparunofi rentrofi
cuuoft [oruJrrr tro Kparo,aa6usauu sct rxeutaHbrsAoporu, yBeJrrrqrrBarrr 6eauopn4oHrr qacro r{aJrrrBaJrr,I
Ha lreBrrunbrxcBoloaro6y r.r
caoe orvannier>r). Ha c'rbag'bry6epncxux u ytagnrrx r(oMr{ccapoB
artosoruuoftVHparanrr,rponcxoAr{BrrreM
B na.ran'bceuta6pa L9l7r.
ry6eprdt 6una gaua Kaprr{Ha
n [tien:F, sc6Mu rpeAcraBr.{reJrrrMn
coodqnn
nonuoft auapxiu r xpa6. <IIo ry6epuilr ngyr caMocyAED,
ry6epuira.
lrgyr
r(oMrrccapflonrascxoft
<<IIory6epniu
xpyunrre 6eacoJIAaTaMr{,
lopflAlrrr r{ norpoMbr,qrrHr{Mbre
a TaK?fie
MaccoBoe
Eapyurenie upaBa na nosslb BeueJrbHbrx
lr n:bcnrrx ornorueuirb>,coo6rqnJl noMrrccapBounnlr. O nacnniflx, qrrurrMbrxcouAaraurrororynaroqefi c lppoHra pyccxoft apuilr, coo6rqan raxrr(e n KoMnccap
Ilogoniu2).
Begsuncrsa coJrAarBr,raBaJrrr
cneqiamnnft upuxae fioMaHAyloqaro rcro-BanaAHbrM
or
t-ro oxra6pa 1917r., B KoropoM
{poHrou,
IITo <<VmlrqHift,Morznencxifi, Jh.rrlrncnifi, JlernqesroBopr4rJrocb,
cHiit, CrapononcraHrrrnoacnift,I,lascuascnift,Omponcrdftu apyr.
y6a4n crouyr rro4 Harrrecrnierupaarpau{errnbrxarraraqiefi 6aup3).
Bct arn yfagu trprrHa[JrerfiaJrrr
fi sucfiy enpeficHux paftoHoB.
Jluuin {ponra u nyrr{ gemo6umaayroqeiicx
conAarquubrrpoxoAnJrr.r
rycro
rro
nonpnrBrur,rM
uparo6epexuyro Vxpanny eepeftcxrrMropoAaMrr MtcresxaM. H sct nocntgcraia crr,rxiftHoftgenro6nnuaaqin
n HeyAaqHofisoi:rHhro6pyunr.rncbparrbrrreBceroua enpeftcxoenaceneuieupu{ponronor"rrroirocLr.Bor xanyrc HaprnHyuepexurnanifi
enpeftcxaroMrbcre.rHa
n tt grur p[cyror coo6qenin c u6cr: <<Anapxis ace 6ovrteu 6onte oxBarbrBaer
HaruKpaft,- rurrnyr ue Bonbrnu.
B oco6enuorrrrr(eJroM
uo.:roxenilror(aabrBaercn
erpeiicxoeHaceJreflie.
Iltqa a co&AarcrioiiQopuf rpa6ar, rpoMflr r{ roArfirrrarcr. IlepexurBaeMr,re
yrilaobr HeonrrcyeMrr. Congarrr, pacnoJrornerrHbre
s arofi
1 ) B . B l r u n u q e H H o , r { r r r .c o t l . , r . l I , c r p . 5 0 .
1 1f I . X p u c r r o H , q r { r . c o q . , r . I l , c r p . 1 4 ,
3) *Hiercxas Mucrr> or 10-ro oxra6pa 191?r., npRKaBor 1-ro oxrn6pa
ili
1021.
sa

4'

bI

oHrrrBopnr arrr yffiacbr


MrbcrHocrr,rrMeHyrorce6fl (6onbmeBufiaMr{0,
- Bor
rr ycrrJruBaroranapxirc, <0ro rre salre, MbrHe yKpar{HqED,
qro rrMrr pyxorogr.rt>r). tr{a gpyroro ufcra Riescxoft ry6epnin
Hparxo coo6qarcr: <<Bu. Xa6no paarpa6nesoraufnie nourbqraxal
ctrupr pacxrrulaercfl; trbflHbrff6angu reppopl{al4pyIornacereuie.
Enpeftcxift norpoM neua6txen, roMorqn Hrrorxygaufr>2).
Hecuorpn Ha axrrrBuoeyvacrie coJr4arB grrrx axcrleccax, aro
lrorpoMhr,- Toro,nanpru'bp, Tlrrra,Har{Itne 6unu lrlrcro BoeHHbIe
pyccxas apuin c I{oHIIa 1914 r. a llourmlb u
Mr{ trpocJraBl{Jracb
lanuqilr, lr n iron;F-onra6pf 1915 r. e lpo4neucxoft, RoreucHoit,
Bnuencxoft,MrancxoftraBornscnoft ry6., r. e. ro ncefi npu$ponrogoft no.nocrb. Teneps Hap.flAyc coJrgaroM Bbrcryflaet gpyrofi
yqacrnr.rnrlorpoMa,eABaJrrrtre caMblftanrunubrfi,- KpecrbflHrrH.
o6paaompyccxit coJr4ar,6rrn arenrenroMrrocroCor4ar, rJraBHbrM
[onyAa
poHHrrMr xpa'b, [prrIIrJreI{oM,on AfftcrBoBaJIHaJreraMtrr,
AJrr{Jrcfluepiog pyccno-utueqnaro {ponra a AeMo6lrnlrsaqin.
ato 6uu
MtcrnuM, crapoAaBHI4M,
I(pecrraHraH-nre6un aJreMeuroM
npecrbflHr{Hynpalrucnifi, r{ ero sosneseHieB florpoMHblftxpyr
6onte rrocroflHHbrM
u BHaqnrefibno6orte yrpoffialoqlru.
onaaaJrocb
Ocrpoe 6pomenie,oxBarrrBrrree
AepeBurouocnrbpenorrcqilru uMteuree rny6oxin coqia,nrnrr.s oorosardff, BhrJrI{JIocrn (foprrly paBpySaxsar nou'FrulrreJrbHaro6ynra 6omnre Bcero Ha Vxpalrnt.
y6iitcrna
nta4;blrra
paaopenierr noAfirorraufnift
rquqbux BeMeJrb,
(([pfiqer
qen, ano6a H ropoAy, noropuft
roBapbl))rI suqero He Aaer
gepeen6,- qnilerds 6or6e xapanlepHbrfl[JIa ynparrlrcHofi gepeBurr,ufn.t gna scRnoft gpyroft. Cruxis coqiansnaro 6yHra, pasrfir{raeuaflrpau{AaacnoftsoftHoii,HaqnuaerBblpo?rqarbcsB cruxiro
anruenpeftcxaro trorpolra. B HapocraloqeMuorpoMuou gnurxeniu
ropoAcxoe ufrqaxcrao, noropoe B rrepBbrentcHonrHo lt'Ecnqen
poJlb,cnopo orxoAl4r
nocrf pero,nroqiur{rpaJrorrepBencrBylouivro
na aaftrifi rraH.
28-ro uoa6ps. L9L7r. n Maryrc Pagy 6un BHeceHor uuenu cionracrcHori{paxqiu I. IllexruanoM rrepBbrft aanpoc o norpoMHblx
1) Apxun MrrrrtrcrepcrBa rro erpeftcrlru gtlrau,
c o o 6 r q e s i eo r
eBpeficfiaro o6qecrsa ur,CyAuunora, Bonnucx. ry6., or 13-ro gera6pa 1917r.

(nxos. Ni 293).
z ) T a n - x r e , T e J r e r p a M lra
M aXa6ao, ot 10-ro gexa6pa 1917 r. (nxog.
Ni 243).

62

aftcrleccax. Fonrure s:bu ot 30 nynxron flogonrcxofi, Bonrmcnofi


u ftiescxoft ry6.,-ror oplrJlocb n aanpoc6,- nofl yqeHbl TeJIerpaMMLr
o ilorpoMax. <<BrenerpaMMax ynaahlBaerca Ha 6eaaatql{TlloerIoJIomenie erpeficHaro uacereniR, organnaro sa noron u paarpa6,nerie
rrbr{Hbrx norpounrrx 6an4. Iopnr ropoAa, paBrpoMJIeHbIJIaBKIT,
yur4rrro?fiaercn goMallnift cxap6; nocnrbAneeIrMyIrIecrBoreppopfiauponanuoii enpeftcrcofttpygonoft Maccbr 6eauoqagno u 6eaqtnrno
lltusnr 6eeaaqutuaro nacenenin
ry6urcn oaa'bptnureft toluoft.
Br{crrr ua sorocn;b . . . M;bcrnrrs BJIacrrI 6eaclrnrnnr . . . Vxac uonoxeui.s ycyry6rnercR T:bu, qro Bce BAopoBoeI{ BapocJroeeapeftcfioe Myrncfioe HaceJreHienaxogutcn e apnriu. Oruopa rpoMrIJIaM
Aarb HeHoMy; ocraJrncb oAHI'Icrapl{xn, g*ru u 6eanouorqHbrrrHtelrrrlrrHrtr; xtIrBHr4 rr qecTI{ I{X yrpo}fiaeT cMepTeJlbEarr oIIacHocrb)>.
19-ro geHa6pn LQLTr. n Pagy 6uulr nropl{suo BneceubrABa 3atrpoca o uorpoMax: or I4MeHI{cionucrcnoft {panqiu H. Cnpxnurru
qro
rr or r{MeHrr<<Bynga>>
[. Jluueqou, B noropblx yxaablBaJlocb,
(GoJrHarrorpoMoB ua Vnpaunt ue rofirHo He crra1aer, Ho Bce Boa'
pacTaer>.
BHocusruie Banpoc roBopIrJII4 s HtcHorrHo clrJlbHblx Bblpamenisx o <<norpolrrofi nomrib>; B ro BpeM.aMorJIa 6urr pfvr He o
[orpoMax B rurrponoilI currcn:b, a roJlbr{o o6 ux ga'Iarosnoii tpopmf
- ancrleccax, 6eavuuctrax, rpa6errax, colpoBoln4aeMblx Jrrrllrb B
6onte ptgxux cflyqaffx qeroslbsecxlrMl,r meprBaMu. firn xapaxreplrcrr{r(r{ roro, HaH fipeyBerusenno enpeficHie gfarenu rpeAcraBJrflJrrr rorAa paaMtp norpolrHaro ABIIIt(euiR, upranegeu cntgyrcurie {anrn: npeAcraBltre;rl <<Eyutri-'),
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He Meute rrpeyBerLIqeHHbrM 6r,rno gaqsneuie [peAcraBInreJIff
ciosr,rcrcnofi {paxqiu, H. Cnpxraua, Bo BpeMfi Broporo Banpoca
n Ma.:rofi Pagt 19 4eHa6pn L9l7 v, qro ((rorpoMbl IrcqucJlfiIorcfl
yx{e e}fieErreBHo He AecfiTI{aMIr, a corlrfiMI{,)1).
Orgtnrnr,re ancrleccbr flpor4cxoAllJrlr yxe B [epBLre utcnqrr
peno,lnqin, Ho oHrr HocnJrrr, HaH rIbI nu4:bllr, cnyvafinnrit xapanTep n 6i,rnra ebrssauLr arrrrallieii utcrrrux qepuocoreuHblx oJreaBrycra s VMaHu npouBoIIIJIIr6eauoprgnu ua nosslb
yr"rr1'{-ro
1) Crona Jlnneqacu. <NaieZait> Ne80, tgtT r., a CupHlrua- so 2-fi qacrn
Hacrofiulell riHlrnr -

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oo

B ltolopbrx npl{HflJra yqacrie ropoAcRat roJIIra I{


EOpOrOBrrBHbr,
B rpaHlioaHbrft
noTopbre, no cJIoBaMraBeT, <eABa He BbIJTIIJII{Cb
prg rlorpoMHr;Ix anclleccoB
norpoM>l). Ho cucreuatflsecfiift
HaquHaercfi co cpeAI{HbI cenrn6px 1917 r. Ilepnne ntcxonrno
M;bcqqen axcqeccbr HocflT xapanTep conAarcltux il <<rrbffrrblx))no'
c nonosnuoft uibcnqee, lo xonqa {917
rpoMoB. B resenie
"pex
ro4a, ABu?fiexie oxnarrrBaer oKoJIo 60 nynnron, - ecJIrI cqr{Tarb
Torbxo rt, Horoprre ygaJlocb BaperlrcrpllpoBarb, - Iroqrr{ rrcKJIIoqnreJrbrro s ltiencnofi, BonrrncHoft rr flogonrcnoft ry6. Ogxaxo,
rronbrrnrr Ii [orpoMy u rrorpouuas aruraqis aaMrb'ralorcsB ropaago
6olrmelr .rucn;b nyHfiroB. tl cenrx6pn 19L7 r. tryrb Ee [poI'IBoffeJI
eepeficHift rrorpoM B caMoM Ftien6; ylKe Bcnbrxuynr orgtJlbnbre
gxcqeccbr, trprr arou ogna enpeftxa 6rrna y6ura, Ho lrorllrrna bbIJIa
fipenparqeua. <<Mornno6rrrr yo'bpenlrf,Iu, - [IrcaJIa rro orouy troBoAy r. <Naie Zait>, - qro vtu xyxe 6yaer upogoBoJlr'crBeHuoer'r
noo6ule axoHoMrlqecnoe floJlofitenie crpanu, r;[u 'raqe u onacnfe
6yuyr tanie ancqeccrr. 3ro oilacuocrb, noropofi HaIo cMorp'brr npnMo B rJraaa r.r H rioropofi nago 6rrrr rorosuwa). flpu6lr'IaureJrbHo
B a?o BpeMfl s ltiesf nafigenr,r 6urnn auruceultrcxis nporuauaqin,
IIo noropbrM gcno 6rrno BI4AHo,qro MoHapxrrcrbrroroBsrcfl K norporrry: <Ilpocuucr, pyccrdfi napo4, - roBopuJlocb B nporiJla*rar1inx.He4anno cs:brnfio coJIHbrIIrKo,e lties npi;bamau pyccnifi qapr,
a rerrepb BcrcAy ?nI{AbI. C6pocunn oro flpMo, Mbr He Mo?fieMEroro
reputrr.
Oura noregyt poAIIHy [o ru6e,nlr. ,[olofi ]KIrAoB! Coenu'
Hr4cb,pyccxiii napog. flafire nanaqapn!>>3)
Han enpeftcxuu Eacenenier'{ Vnpannrr yxie qepea troJlro[a
uocr6 penorroqiu u yparuenifl B npaBax HaBrrcJIa ra cnequQlrqecnaff aruoc{epa florpoMHlrx orpaxoB LI TpeBor, Horopafl qacro
xyme caMoro rpa6exa ll ancqecca. B ntxoropblx nyHl{rax rlorpouHbre ancqeccbl roro nepioga npr.IHnJIII AoBoJIbIro cepbeBHblfl
i[opmu nacr.r.nift, conpoBo?fiAaBruuxcs Aa]He qeroB;FsecnrtMl'I ffi eprsaMn. B Oorpor6, Borrntcxoft ry6., rorpoM, trpouclxeAruift30 cesra6pa, 6un yvunen pacrBaprlrpoBalrHblM raru 266 troJrnoM. Bct
enpeficxie AoMa Ir JIaBKII 6unra paarpa6aennr, x;Lnoroprre coxt?fieubl,
slbcnomxo enpeftcxux xuretefi 6rrao upu erou y6nro, n:bcxolrxo
r1 <Paecr;brr>,
J\! 9, ot 6 cesr. 1917.
r1 G.Iaie Zait>, Jl{i9, or 15 cenr.1917r., cr. <ArRraqinuponrn eBpeeBD,
t) IInt. no eE{eIreA,
<Paecntra, J\! 9, ot 6 cest. 1917r.

64

parreno: paBrpouy tro[Beprcfl ropog roo6nler). Cepreanrrn ArIfi roro


lloAonrcxofi ry6.,r4t
BpeMesu co6rrris npoueoluJm n s fIl{nont,
Marpoca, IIonoA
IrpeABoAr'rTeJibcrBoM
TOJrrracoJIAaTrr fipecrbfiH,
AolnrJra 6-ro nor6pn erpeficnie AoMa' paarpa6una ux n y6una
4 enpeee. O6paulancr 3a rloMolqblo It HoMaHAyIoqeMysoilcxaufi
Kieecnaro oxpyra, Bnqe-cexperapi.ar uo eapeficxr'r*r g;bnau coo6qaer o uoryuenuoft c urbcra re;rerpauu6: <fluuonr paBrpoMnen.
trIa ToiuarunotR, flogonrcxoii ry6., uepe4alor' qro JraBa rpoMI{JI
sroro flMnorb Broflunou;r lBll]fiercfl na Tomarunonuz). Iloclt
purrHo rrepeffirlJl norpoMlrble cTpaxr{, no ropoly pac[pocrpaEelrbr
6rrnu nporuauaqilr, npr,lar,rnaroqin n pfaxt rl ilorpoMy. Cepreaflogonrnrrit xapanrep HocIrJIIrrafilrte axcqeccbl s M. Paurfios6,
HaBaKoB
corutr
orALIx
gena6pn
Ha
crcga upu6lrJla
cnoii ry6. 30
gonecenin
?I(uTeJII{
(K Beqepy,
uuurvT B cBOeM
4-oit ap*riu.
uibcreuxa, - qacrb arrrx fiaBaHoB, BoopyrfieHHLrx BITHToBHaMI{'
nofiBrriracb Ha rJIaBHbIx yJILIqax Mtcresra n ornpblna crptnr6y
uO 6eAaaqnrHrrM O6HsaTeilffM,IIaBOAfi naHUI(y Ea BCe M:bCretrfiO,
B aro BpeMfi Apyrafi'Iacrr oqtnr'rJra lrarpyilfiMrr ooKoBbrfi yJrI{qbI Ir
fiepeyJlnu, orp'baan 66rKaeIxHM rIB cBol4x [oMoB ]ItIrreJIflM [yrb B
6onte 6eaonacnrr.su;bcra. V6lrr gnyx eBpeeBHa cMeprb' oHH rrprrrrgJtlrcb rp6lrr.trb MaraBI{IIbI E qaCTHbIr HBapTI{pbI, paarpa6ngr nc'b
ABepI'r rr oliHa AoMOB I'r
TOBapbr, yHnqToxtuilu Me6eJIr" BBJTOMaJIIT
olycroIIII{JII{ Bce Ha cBoeu tryrl{. Teunas Macca Kpecrbnlr' trpncoegrrrrr{Bmlrcbn HRM, clloco6crsosaila rpa6ertpe). B Onpyvt'
Bonrrncnoii ry6., norpoM Irpolraolrea t6 4exa6pn <<nacrapnft pyccHift mauep co sctror arrpu6yraur4))' ftaK trI'Iluer orIeBI{AeII. Cornarbr BcIo nour crp'bufl.iln u rpa6rnu JIaBKu; yrpoM onaaaJlocb,
rrTo CBbrtrre60 enpeftcrir{x JraBoHpaarpa6leunr. <Itor4a un 6pocllJrr{cb B urra6 pacKnapTrrpoBaHHaroy IIao 265 nonHa rr B aapayJll'HyIo KoMaEAy, To oKaBaJlocb,'Iro sct arlf crpaxirr 6u'nu eauxrn y
JraBoH, r{Er,re rrB xux rpa6unlr, a 4pFie cTofiJr}t rr SarryrqaJrrr I'por) Apxua ItOIIE, qoaecenieo6 Ocrport ysonnouoqenuaro
ro Bonwacr'
ntcrsaq
6rraa
o6paaosasa
geHa6pn
flocut
norpoua
r.
191?
ry6., or 4-ro
catlcrgesgas Honuccis.
s) Apxun Mr{IrMrepcrBaIro eBpeIcrru ntuau (1917-1918
r')'
ua
flunons.
reaerpattua
sxoA. JS 160,
s) Tan-xe,4oueceaie mllrerefi Paruxoua,nxo[. $& 603nuonyl. 10 ns'
napa 1918r.
oo

ocraHoBr{Tb
r.rx. . .
MI,II,crptr'If B BoBAyxu HeAaBasnocTopoHHr{M
Tonapnr 6r,rnu eblseBeHbrHpecrbflHaMrr,cttxasnmiullofl rra carxx
[brraor,rBoKpecTHbrxAepeBeHu. ogun ua espeficHrlx}r{r{TeJrefi,
urifics nou;burarr rpa6exy, 6nr y6lrt1). Ilourrutrn paarponaa
6rrnu
cgtnaurr ra n coctgnrax m:bcreqnax,B Hopuucnt, Cnosequo u
Apyr. B )Ita6onpuv:[, Bonnncnoftry6., rorua KpecrbffHHarraJra
MHorI{xpaulrJrarr orpa22 onrnSpn Ha eBpeeB,craJrar{x raa6raaatr,
6ura Mrbcresxo. B CHnup6, I(iencxoft ry6., roaua corAar yrrrrHr{fiaBo BpeMflfipMapfirr23 oxrn6pn rorpoM. B Cnrupy srillbax{ara
rocnrb aroro r{B }tiesa cneqiaurnaa crtgcrneHuarr lroMrlcciff,noMar{ArrpoBaHnar
leuepaJrbulrMCeHperapiatoM,c JruacriemnpegcraBr4reJrfieBpeftcnaroBl{qe-cexperapiara. IlocrtRnifi B cBoeM
or.rerB gan crrLgyroqyn Haprr.try co6urifi: <<Touna,cocro.flBrua.E
rpa6nna enpeiicrda iraBxrr rr
r{B coJrAaru mrbulan,xJraAHonpoBuo
qacrubreAoMalr an;EpcHlr
r.ra6usaraeBpeeB. B rornt Haxolr{Jrrrob
uuauqionepbr u Boerrubrfiuaprym, noropbre cnonofino cuorptnlr
a ufnoroprre rrB HIrx name [pI{HrrMaJ]r{
Ha Bce npoucxogr{Brnee,
cryx, qro enpeu crptyvacrie n norpout. . . PacnpocrpanrrJrcff
JrrrrorB roJrny, rr rorAa 6nrnaornpnra crp6nr6a uo enpeftcnrrm
Aouau. B peaylrrrart paarpa6neno6our,uroetrr{cJroenpeficxuxJraBon
rI ftBapTrlp, 6 eepees IOIyIII{JIII

TgtfieJlblg uOpanenin,

a 4-nerxis>.

cosMtcruo c nponyparypoft npouaBeJra


Vnounuyras Honr*tcciq
Aoasauie u apecroBaJraMrrorux yvacuurHon.z) Ilorpom c qenoalbqecr{r4Mrr
Tafi}fies l\{onacru?fieprBaMr,r
6rrn yuuneu coJrAaraMr{
pnq6, ItiencHoftry6., rgrbL9 uon6pn 6uno y6nro 3 enpex. Ceprearrpor{BorrrJrrr
HbreAJrsroro BpeMeHrr
axcr{ecchr
u a Egunq;b, flogonrcxoft ry6., 146 c nonqa uon6pa, s resenie HeglbJrr{,
cor4arrr nurbpaorpoMr,rJrrr
ect
crlb c urbcrnrrur.r<(Kaqarraun))
erpeftcnir nasnu,
co?firJrr/r
MHoro enpeftcnux AoMoBra gtcxo.nrfirax .{enos6x paHr.rJrr.r.
Ilpr.r6unurifi sapffA coJrAarycMr.rprrrrnorpou3).
He rcngy, o4sano, 6eaquucrea [porrrB eBpeeB corrpoBo]r{fi(eprBaMlr. O6HsIio aftcl{eccbrBhrpa?KaJrr.rcb
laJrrrcb qeroBabsecnrrMr{
1 ) A p x u n M r { E r r c r e p c r B a n o e B p e i t c f i r r M g : F n a n r( 1 9 1 7 - { 9 1 8 r . ) ,
goneceaie oqeBr.rAqalra Orpyua or 17 gesa6ps 1917 r., BxoA. J{! 483.
3) <Naie Zait> or 28 oHrn6pr 1917 r. Cu. tanxe apxnn enpeficfiaro MrrrrtrcrepcTBa.
8) <tDer Tclegraf> (Hiencr.rag.), J\i 20, or 11 ger. 1917r.
ot)

B rranageairrEa eBpeftcxiRvrasxfi Ir AoMa,paarpa6neninux, rruorAa


a ua6ieHisx. Ho serlsMtuno, so sctx cryqasx, IraA eBpefiMlrEaBHcaJraaruocr[epa florpoMlrrrx yrpoB Ir crpax nacranifi,- Aarr{e
Ha uoporf Hpononponurir. Ora
rau, rA;b florpoM ocraHaBJILrBaJIcr
pucyercf ro nc6x couacrpoenift
[orpoMHbrx
TurturrHaffftaprrrga
qtnufi prA rrorpoMo6qeuiax c urbcr. Corracno aruu noc.ntAHI{M,
Hbrx Blrcrynnenifi, c o4nofi croporbr, I{ rrorpoMlrblxcrpaxoB- c
gpyroft cBffBaHbr
c AHeM .apMapftI{, rrJII{ c 6aaapurruu AH.EMII,
r{orAa ctrbBxarorcfi ToJrnbr oKpecTEbIx r(pecTbflIr, cfionJIRIoTcfl
coJrAarbr,n cruxiq paBryJrau ano6brpaBpan(aercaenpeficxuu norpoMou. Csnsr MerfiAyKpecrbsscfiofi apuapnot, lrnorAa B coeAlru erpeiicnlrM [orpoMoM- flBJre'
rrpaBAHIrnoM,
neniu c xpaMoBbrM
IrcropfiqecnoftVnpar,rnt eqe co BpeMerr
uie crapoe, cBoficrBeHnoe
rrorpoMulrxBBpbrBoB
npu Xu:bnrnl{qr(ou u raiigalraHax. TaH 6rtno,
nanpramrbp,B BuaMenarenrnrrft Aelib ((ocBnlqeninuoffieft) s 9urnero
puu;b, ftorga )I(entassx [oAHtrJIraftpamaqrift 6ynr IiI BaKoHqLrfi
Vnranrcxoit ptaneft. Kan rorga, TaH Ir retrepb, ora qepra xapanTepna roJrbxo AJrs rrepBaronepioga florpoMnaro4rutterdR, KorAa
norpoM erqelrrrtrernnrbmsmo roJlqr{a,rlogxonfiqaro crlruyJra, RorAa
on cnoco6en poArrrbcff roJrblto B rlbrltoM fipMapoqnoMpaaryl6.
<<6-roxos6pq, n AeHb ffpMapnl{, r M:bcresfio ltauenHy I{B
or{pecrubrxceJr craJra npra6rrsatr Macca HapoAy,cpeAlt l{oropblx
coo6nlaer HaqailbHlrn
6nrno unoro coJrAarr,rJIIrq nonoBpLrTeJIbEbIxD,
mlnnqilr ry6epucHouyKoMrlccapy.Tonna ocaArrJlatrprrcyrcrBoBaBlrryn uunraqirc u craJla rlpucryllarb K paBrpoMy nanox; 6rrrlr
6poueurr rrB roJItrlI rpoMLrJIn unnuqirc 8 pyvnrrx 6ona6,unnuqiu
uprrruJrocbgame crptJl.srb B ronny 6oesbrlt{unarpouaMlr' B pe2 y6utux u 7 panexrrxl).
aynrrarF co cropouhl rpoMIrJIonaBaJlocb
Erpeftcxie npeAcraBr,rreJllr
AoHocflTLIB M. Kotenrult, BovrrrncHoft
nacenerrieorfipblto roBoprttr,qro He roJrbno
ry6., uro ((HpecrsffHcnoe
r{MyqecrBo Mo?fierrr AoJIxtHo6rrtr y eBpeeBoro6pano, Ho caMa
cg:bnatr,qro yroAuo>,
eBpeuHaxogffTcfirnf sanoHaI{ c HrIMrrMo?nuo
rr qro trorpoMa?fiAyr B geur npuapHn2). IlpegnoguteJlbABopflrtro erpeftcma Ocrpora o6parqaerctrreJlerpa{no s Ml{HrrcrepcrBo
1 ) A p x u r M r l n H c r e p c r B an o e o p .g ; b n a n , H o u i so t n o r n e s i R
ua'ranrsrlra Omrouonbcxofiy6agn.uunnrliu flo4oarcrouy ry6. xouuccapy,or 22'ro
noa6px 1917r., aa J\l 6191.
2 ) T a u - m e , e x o g . \ i 8 1 , o r 1 5 u o a 6 p a1 9 1 7r ,
DI

cftnM ltnaM c npocb6oftxo[araficrBoBarb 06 yAareHin rorpoMEoHacrpoeHHbrxcoJrAarrr8 M. JLrxoBqbr,BonbrHcKofiry6., fi.rHase,trI,IrrreroH, - rpoBrrr ru6efib M:bcreqRy,rg6 1.5-rosHBapn trpeAcronT
rrpMapfta})l). <<Hacenerie
firrrBerBce BpeMfir nauunt, oco6esnos
ffpuapotrnoeBpeME, AoHocrrrflpegclbgarefibM:bcreqfionoft
ynpaarr
u. I4nnunqnr,Itiencxofi ry6., 1.1-ronor6pn. B Mscrnosxt, flogonrcfioft ry6., 30-ro oxrs6pfi trponaorueJr
norpoM, Bo BpeMrrKoroparo
cBbrrile50 enpeftcxlrxJraBonu 30 gouon 6rmu paarpa6fienbr,Aodpo
aa6pano r.rfir.rJmurrro?fierro:(fia?fiAyrone4'bnlo, B AeHb6aoapa, uar
rrorpoMa,a fi&r3lrbse BTepne'fi>,trumyr ?nrrreJrr{ufcrevxaz).
?r(AeM
B u. Ta;tnou, I(ieacnoft ry6., B AeHbffpMapnrr,t2 gena6px, 6rran
pagrpou"{egbrrIoqrrt nct erpeficxia uanxu, npuqeu y.racrie n norponn:BnprrusJr n mtcrurrft rapnr{Borr. Enpelr-cougarrd coprarrrrooBaJrrrcbra xortm.r nora:burarr [orpoMy, Ho rapurrBorr orxaaaJr B
rrrgavt un opymins). Anaflorrassrrn coo6qerin o6 oxu4aeMf,rx
trJrr.rnporrcileJlruux anclleccax B ffpuapowrbre Inu 6nan notytenr,r
r{B rltJraro prrga Apyrux utcr (Annononr, BopognuHa, Taranqa,
Touamnonr, Itanes rr Apyr.). XapaHrepna B EroM cuuc.nf nopoTenbfiasreJrerpaMuarla Tpex cJroB,rprrcJranHasltopocrumeacnoft
o6rqnnofiB MrrHr,rcrepcrBo
tro erpeficnuu grbrau: <.flpuapxatrpouura
6narouorywrot; oro oanaqaro: fiorpoM urbcreqnoMr{HoBaJr.
fleno rnrpamenurrft con4arcrifi xapaftrep, KaR BcerAac ytracriem xpecrbrrH, norpourr Hocr.rJrrr
HaH B npu{ponronofi notocf,
raft r{ B rbrJry. lla Onpyucriaro yrbaga coo6qaror,qro congarLr
cxJlanbr,rlelbrpe Arrfl rpoMrlJrr enpeilil KpecTbflHe,paa6uBBr,rIIHHe
cnoe HacerreHie.<B 5 upu([poxroBbrxytagax otreprpyror Boopy6anArr, 6angu yrpox(aror EaxBarr{Tbscro BofirrHb}, IIII?r(eHrrtrre
rrrer rioppecuounerrrr.rartx uBcr a). <B naureu utcre.rx:b, - coo6rw. fiepamnn, IloAomcxoi.l ry6., or L-ro
rqarcr rrpegcraBrrreJrrd
geHa6pnt9t7r.,-nporcxo4aJro n uocntquie gnu ua6ierdeMrrpuLrx
Erzrereft, florpou r.r trogrfior erpeficxux JraBoK. Irasnoe ysacrie
B Mtcresxt u ero paftonb 267 Batracnpuur.MaJrrrpacroJrorfienrrbre
narft n:bxorunft uoutr, 288 flepucxarr ApyffifiHa u npoxo4an$.arracrt
1 ) A p x l l a M r { B r r c r e p c r B ag o e a p . 4 : b a a u , r e J r e r p a u uR
as u, JIaxoBqbr,nxog, Ni 762, noryv. 16 sss. 1918rola.
r) Tau-xe, goneceuieus Mncrrosxn, or 28 noadpa 1917r.
3i <Naie Zait>, Jft 80, or 18 gexa6pa1917r.
' ) T a u - x e , J l i 7 7 . o r 1 4 g e x a 6 p n1 9 i ? r .

58

34 xopnyca. . . Ceffqacoracarclcff o6rqefrptann co cropoHrrr;bx


?Itesoficftonrrx qacrefi. ]Iftlanr e u;bcresxlbBaMepJra.IpaffigaEcrdn
H BoeHHbrflBJracrIrI6eag6ftcreyrco1). <Cnnnre lryx utcaIIB,
aan
nnrrrer KoppecilolrAelrrrIB M. fIo.lronHoe, Bo;ruucnoftry6.,
concenrx6pa
r
nonq;F
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rlorpoMubrM
oxBaqeu
ropog
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6egquH6eauopngnur.r rpa6exu; t7 oHrn6pfl cHoBa nporrBoflrJrtr
s
uocnlbfi
cTpaxoMtfirlno Mtcre'IKo
cTBacoJrlaT;IIOAuOrpoMIrr,IM
gyroqie utcnquz). B non6p6 s reseuie ognoft negrbnuABalngbr
nponaolueJltrorpoMs PbI6Huqt, flogofficxoft ry6., yvactie B HoeM
trprmsJr284 aanaurrrft nonn. <Ecnu ue npu6ygyt urbpnnn BoIrEcxis qactu, ro u:bcteqxo npeBparllTcfl B [pax))' nl{Irrer KoppecoJlAarbr'naxogaqieca ua
cuor4enrs). 23 onrn6pa s laficnuf
uan;b.re}Iiue 180 u 15 neuepuuecKrrxrocuuraJrflx, paarpa6zar'rro'
26 sostrpouaoruJlr{
poA4).Ceprearrre AJIEroro BpeMeEtrExcqeccbr
rererpauu;b
r
rapullBoua
yMaubcxaro
6pt Vuann. Ha.Ianrnur
"
K renepaJlbuoMycexpetapiary no softcxosrru g;buaunrauret: <CouAarbr paerpa6znu opymefinne MaraBI'IHbI.,(oua ropnr. Congaru
rpa6nt ropoA. B ropogf crp;bnl6a. lla oxpecrnoctefi npr'r6blBalor
nasOK. flO.nomenie
HpecrbfiHerr trprrHEMaloryuacrie n paarpa6.neHiu
cauoro IIOIpOMa,
Mnorie rryHnTbr,He rrepe'firrBnrie
rparuvecxoe>>6).
oAHaxo,Bce BpeMtrIIoA BsaHoMIIOrpoMa.
,r(rrJrr{,
M*ctax, rg;Froaru'rHafiusncqeccrr,utcrnxs goennrbnoropux
B
rrEIfi rrJrr{ rpaX4anoHiff BJIaCru u uunnqiA 1pI{HIIMaJIIIu;bpnr n
Jrerxo rpeAorBpalqarllttrorpoM. Tan 6nno e ftaMesxt, flog' ry6',
Cxnlrpt u Hanen6, ItiescHofi ry6., o ,{y6xo, Ocrpor6, Bo;rrrncNofi
ry6. B ltaHes;b,nanpumfp, coJIAarbI'rpouururie eBpeeB,rryrb He
c Mibruasmuguu yfugurtu ITOMI{coa<(caMocyAop)
pacrpaBrrJrrrcb
pom; B ltaueux'b, KaIi MbIru4rFllr, rpoMrlnbrgaxe 6pocanu6om6rrs
u uocntgnan crp;bnaaa.B funon'b ycMrrpl'rJllrnorpoMBbrMr{Jrr{qim,
rycapbr,[pr{ groMunorie trorpoMua Morr,r,nera-flogourcna
BBaHHbre
1 ) A p x u n e B p e l l c x a r o M E E n c r e p c r B a 'B x o n .d \ i 9 5 0 'o r 1 0 g e x a 6 p a
1917roAa.
t) <Naie Zait>, !917r., Ni 15, raHxe Ni 41.
a ) T a u - * t e , N i 5 8 , o r 2 1 n o a 6 P a1 9 1 7r .
r ) T a u - x e , J \ t 3 9 , o t 2 7 o r r a 6 P n 1 9 1 7r .
t) IIur. tro raB. <Der Telegrafu J$ 10, or 28 non6pa 1917r. Cu. raxxe
J\! 15.

59

u4lrfiH6b,rJrr{
apecroBarrbr,a Htnoroprre r,ro6rrrLr.B Tupacnon;FconB
oxra6pt,
craJrr{rpa6urr MaraBr.rulrr.ryrporr{aJrunorpouou;
Aarrr,
ror4a u:lcrnnft Costr pa6ovr,rx rr coJrAarcr{rrxAenyraroB BbrBBaJr
na Beugep Bor.rucr(ynqacrb, r{oropafl ornplrJra crptar6y ro rpoMr{JraM,
oAr.rur{Brpomr,rJr6rru upr,raronny6ur, rrlbcnourno paneuo rr
75 qeuostn 6rrnlr apecronanr,rl). Boo6u1e,n rtx urbcrax,rg'b 6nrna
fiyuleHa B xoA Boopy]fieHHaflcrrJra,norpoM HeMenJreHHo
npeKpaulaJrc.s.Tan 6rrlro,uanpraurbp,
s Touailnourb, Bepxonnrb,Kopocrnrmer:b, Jlurunib, Eorycrant, (Dacront, lltaurnont, llnaunonlb, floJroHrroM
rr Apyr.2). <<,{ocrarovno
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nocrrb o6cu'F4orauisco6nrrifina utcrax. Oguano,qaqe Bcero,Han
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p.EAbrrrorpoMrrlunoB.B Hasant 4exa6px tfpaxqieft <<Fyngu 6n.ir
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Hr{Haxrrxutp uporraarrorpoMa,mnorienpe4cTaBr{TeJrrr
BJracTrrAarftecoqyBcTBoBaJrr{
norpoMtrIr,rHaM))3).
B HtHoropbrx rynxrax rrpeAorBparr4rbrrorpoM yAaBaJrocbmfcrnuu
rpylnau erpeftcnoftcanroo6oponbr,
rra qeMnau npiftgercr orgrb.nrno
OCTAHOBI4TbC'I.

C nouqa uon6pn rroflBJrfirorcfi


trorpourr, cBflaaulrbre
co croJrnuoseuinM[ Me]nny 6ommesuxaurr rt ynpar{HqaMrr. Xapanrepnrru
AJrE aroro rr{[a rrorpoMoB flBJrrrerc.flflorpoM, paarrrpaauriftca
n [y6no,
Botuncxoft r.y6. Vnoffrouosennr,rft HOilE B cBoeu
gaer
crb4yroqyrc Kaprrlrry co6rrrifi: <B ropo4rb oxrr4oxecenira
,.. B
AaJrocboroJrnHoBenieuex4y 6ofirmesulraur{ rr yftpar{sr{aMr,r
qro lrarloMrduaJro
ropogf a6conrorHo HrbrHr,r.rero,
6nrsnacrr. OlHoBpeMeurro
4'bficmyror * prJrrn:Lpnte 6ea46ftcrnyror- HoMrrccapiar, Paga, 6omuresficrcrdft soeuao-penonroqionnrrftr{oMrrrer u
ulrnlrqix, 6ee sc.Enaro KorrrafiTa a cor,nacis. Teunue aJreMeurbr,
nan 6ourmenracrcnie,
ran r{ yxp ar.rHcrde,
nocnorbBoBaJrr{cb
MoMeHToM
') I{rrr. uo raa. <Naie Zait>, Nl 40, or 28 oxra6pn 1917r.
t\

A p x l l e e B p e f c n a r o M r l u r r c r e p c r n a ,c o o 6 u q e uui ag a r u x u t c t .

") <rDerTelegraf>, .),i117, or 7 Aefi,1917r.

60

[pecTynHbrx rltneft. Bntcr noJrlroe nepeMl,IpreII eAI,lHoAJrRCBOTTX


yqacrgymie Melr{Ay Bpa?fiAyloqwr?I' n r erpeftutou norpout
ynpauncroft
Byror rr o6eaopyzneunrre 6olsrueBrlntrr, Ir cOnAaTEIna
xoMarrAbr,r.IApyne ... Boenuo-penorrcqioHrnfi rolluter nuaran 6poHeBna r{ nyJreMerbr,HaqaJracbcrp6nt6a IIo yJrRqaM,r{ rpoMrIJIbIpaB6txanncr'. Hacenesie oxBaqeuo flanuqecnfiM yrfiacoM. Cerogua rpoMnJrbrBepHyJrrrcbB ropoA co cBor{Mopyxieu, rr r.rAeTtrepeIIaJII(a...
OpraunoonaJracb caMoo6opona, Ho oHa He B cI'IJrax vro ultSyAs
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t ) A p x l r o e B p e f t c x a r o M I T E l I c r e p c r n a , g o u e c e a i eu a M a r a p o n a , n x o g '
J\! 1?3, rofiyrl. L nexaOps 1917r.

61

cBfl8rr C pacTyrrilrMaHrrrceMrrrnsMoM
B pflAax yxpafirrcxofi apldu.
encqeccon
1917
r.
o6nsubrDt
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ToBapbrD, qTo ((oHr.rBI{HoBaTErB AOpOTO-

(ry Hrrx Bceecrb)>,


nuBn:b>,uro
a traqe BcerouorpoMLrnpoxoArrnra
6ea
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paa6uramaenpeficxin JraBXr{,6panu roBap, 6eg.rnHcrsonaJrr{,
r{ uM
B sroM gfnrelruo troMoraJrr{yxparaucnie onpecruue Hpecrb.fiHe,
HrrnorAane aa6rrsasruieupitxarr r enpeftcHoeu:bcreqno Ha flpMapny r{Jrr,rHa 6aaap c nycrbru uturnou, fiyAa Morr{HoyJrofitr{rb
narpa6nennoeenpeftcxoego6po . . .
Ilepnoe utcro rro qucny rorpoMJreuHbrx
nyu]rron n nepiog or
cenra6pa Ao nonrla 1917rola BaHrrMaer
}tiescxas ry6epuia (noJroBuHa
rctx uyuHror), aa neft cnrbgyerBonr,urcnaR,
Barrbuflogour,cxafl. B flotrancxofi lxe, Xepconcxoftu t{epuuroacxofi sucno aro
nuuroxrxol).
Bonna axcqeccoBrre ocrauoBr{Jracb
u s 1918 roAy. Becr snBapb trporrcxoAffT
nacra.ni.a
HaAeBpeffMr.r
raxoro-rnexapar{repa,r(an
r uunyaruie urbcaqrr. B Bo;ruucnoft ry6epuiu uau6ol:be cepbeaHbre cfiyqau npor'rBomnr4
r u. Jlyrznu u Jlnxoaqrr. 2-ro nnnapn
coJrAarbr-rryfieMerquxuHaqafir4 6egslrHcrsosarb B M. Jlyrranrr lr
paarpa6unuoct enpeficnis uasxfi. Hrbcxonrxo gueft cnycrff coJrgarrr cgfnanu rronbrrny noBropr{rb norpoM, Ho oroMy uoufmana
opranr.raoBaBruafic.fl
n lr'bcresmlbenpeficnan cauoo6opoual nfcxoJrbnoqfieuoB cauoobopourr6rnro trprr aroM y6uro, Hrbcroasxo
paneuo. Congaraulr ufcrnaro rapar4Bouau qepHbro6un yvraueu
ror1a-xre rpa6ex r Jlxxorqax. Psn ilorpoMubrxoncqeccoBrrpoucxoArrr r s I(ieecHofi ry6epuir.r: a ir{. Hono-Ilpr.rtynu, Eepguvencxaro yfaga, Bcrrbrxrrynu 10 sHBapfl 6esvuncrna, ofionsusmiscs
nrbcxo.nrxrauuerpeftcxaMrr rxeprBaMlr. B u. FtauenHa 5 ,rr{Bapfi,
troA Br.rAoM
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rpoAynroB B Aouax; o6ncnu arrc trpeAupr{H.ETf,r
6rrlrn coagarcnoft
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:y_
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r) Cu.nepevenl
-(Marepiaasr
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no2-fi.]actrsacroarqeft
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2 ) A p x u a e B p e f t c n a r o M q s u e t e p c r n a , g o a e c e n i eu B M .
Haueuxn,uoiryqennoe 14 aunapx 1918r,, nxog. Nl 702, Cu, rarxte OgeccH.sxeneg.<<Enpefi-

62

trparunu lKanoBarbcffB BoJrocrb,rrM orBtTaJIu, qro co6paHiecofi[ocrarloBneuie o6 arofi pexeuauAar or{pyrrffiBrxAepeBenbBErHecJIo


qiral ranrue y eBpeeBroBapbr6ygyr pacnpegtneubrno fiooreparuHarIaAeBau arrrx AepeBeHb.B Haraplnn:b npecrrnue npol{aBeJll{
nie na enpeftcxoenrag6uqe rr coBeprueHuoero paapyurutn. B
oxcqeccbr,[porrarrorpoMubre
Ilogonrcnoft ry6epniu ragslbcrHbr
BeAeHrrbre
n Tynrvun:b, a Rnnap6, Ity6aucxllu ro.rxoM: enpeftn:bcnonrxo
cHis naBnn 6n"tru paarpa6ueuu, AoMa rroAornxtelrbr,
eBpeeBpanenol). Trbu xe }ty6aucxlru troJInoMyrlrrneHErncn;bgaa
aruu ancqeccbrrr r Bpaquant.
flo croeuy runy ac'b oru aftcqeccbrrprrubrnalor eqe H rlepntrou 1917
BoMy nepiogy [orpoMHaro4ulrxeriR, BapoAuBrrreMyca
roAa. Ilorpounun co6rrria, Koropbrff paabrrpaJlrrcra uocn;bgymqifi uepio4, yrr(e He rautnu cBor{MneuocpeAcrBerrHbrM
r{crotrnt4nou
paoBan pyccxoft apuill. Orur r:bcuo cBffBaubrc EoBbrMr4
araraMlr
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a erpeficno-yftpar{rrcnnxoruoureniRx, c BoeuHbrMrr
Me?fiAyyfiparruqaun lr 6o.'rrrueBr{riatrrr,
a rar(ffie c HoBLIMUnoBcraHqecKHMu
Eacrpoenisuu B ynpar{Ecnoftgepenn'b.
ry6. (9urup. vtgna) ;
cran Mrrcm>, },li 9, 1918 r. 9ta ltanenxa-l(iescHoii
ynorrrrnyras nr,rue Kauenxa (norpou 6 uor6.) - flogo;rrcH. ry6.
r) IIo gplrrM cstA'bnisM rlorpoM ytlnseg 6un co.ngaraun 132 n'bxotxaro
<Enpeiicuaa MucJtsr), j\! 9, 1918 r. Horga r,r;LcrtroJIHa,cM.oAeccn,ex(erreA.
<pag'b>
HaE AyMa o6paruuacr u
132 nrbxornaro rroJII{aBa rIoMo]IbIo,corAarl'r
orntrnau. qro He *{eJralor ((aauluilIars ?l(r{AoBD.

63

ru.
Vxpauncxoe xaqiouanrnoe A.uxeuie nocn;b penolroqin lr
BcrynJrexie uaqiouansxbrx uesbllrrllrcrB
erpeftcHia napriu. rr Pagy u lenepa:rrnufi CeHperapiar. - Vrpanacxo-enpeitcrin
BaarruoorHoruesis.- EnpeftcHiii Br{rle-cexperapiar- enpeficHoe
floropor H *cauocriilulqecrByD. -VxpalluMrrnr{crepcrBo.cxar Hapolnaa Pecny6;u{fia Ir eapeftcxie upeAcraBrlTenlr. Otnomeuie espeftcHoil uponuuqiu. - Paapr,rr c Pocciefi u noenrlir erpeficxux uaprifi. - $as6g o naqiouaaruo-nepcoxaJlbIlepenou n otsorreuiu yHpaI{EqeB H eBEoil aBrorroMilr. pefiM. - Mlrpnne nepenoBopr,rB Bpecr6; 6opr6a Me*(Ay AByME
generaqimru. VHpauneriie
Haxanyr;b nagenin l(iesa. -AnuIceMI{TckaE
aruraqin s Hien6. -V6iftcrao
BoesuErexp1'ru.
npeAc:bAarerfi Corcaa erpeen-BoltltoB.

Itor4a yxpauucnin rapriu HaqaJIn, trocJllb tferpanrcroft peBoJrroqiu, crpor,rrb sAaHie aBrouoMHofi Vxpauurr, llx AoMorar{ifl,
oco6euuo lrie rrJrarrblo {egeparuBHoM repeycrpoficrBf Poccilr, sblHeAoyMtFie
BBaJrrrB CpeA6 pyccHoii AeMoRparir, xar( MLI Bt{[1b.:1ff,
I{ Aarr(epaagpameuie. Mo,nogoftVnpalluf trprrmJlocbHaqarb cepbesnyrc u4efiHyro 6opr6y Ba cBolr JIoByIru. B ranofi MoMeHr eBpeftcHafl o6rqecrBeHrrocrbHa ynpauH:b, - nocxoJlbKy o6qecrBeHl{ocrb
BLrpaxaercs B troJlrrruqecfiIrx uapTi.sx u B pyltoBoAfiIqIrx
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erpeilcrde rpeAcraBrlreJllr BIIcryIII{JIII o npranrbrcrnianrr. Opatop
or Coglbra o6'eguneuurlx eBpeftcxl{x opranl,Iaaqift aaHonqr4ir cBoe
IlpntcJroBo npoBoBrJralrenieu <<cnaBbrJrxpalrucr(oMy HapoAy).
coqiaJlllcrlrn:brcrsonauu yfi panucnoe ABIrxeEie raxlxe xtroropnr
qecnis eBpeftcnifi uapril,r Id cionucru.
Covyncrnie erpeficxux
64

[aprifi 6rr.,ro rtnn 6onrbe Ba]riuo, uro pyccriie Aemonparlr.recnie


opraHbr s ltiest BeJIr.rrepBoe BpeMff aHrrBHyIo 6opr6y nporrrB
ynparrHcr{aro g:Bra. TaH, nanpuutp, <<I4cnornnre,nrHrrftl(olrnrer
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{aHrlluecxoft penonroqionnoft BJracrbro s ltieef nocnt {erparr,
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nourerl). O4naxo, ornourenie enper:icHraxuapriii H HapocraroqeMy
ynpar4ucr{oMy AuumeHirc AoJrro ocraBaJrocb r npegtnax MopaJrbHoft uoggepmxlr. tr4ronr,no rorAa, Horga Paga craJra HoucrpyfipoBarbc.E, r{an HpaeBar{ BJracrb, r,r Hor4a yripar4uc}ioe gwrnreHie o6Hapy?HrrJrocepbeBHyrocrrJry, Boapoc 4tiicrneunlrii lrnrepec K Helry
co cropoHbr enpei,rcxr,rxnapriii.
B nepnr,re nfcnqn cyulecrBoBaHin Pagrr Borrpoc o6 ynpauncHoeepeiicHr,rxorHoureHisx He craBr'rJrcflr{oHxperHo. IIpan4a, Ha BceyKpauHcnoM liourpecc'b 6nna uplrurta peeo.nrcqia o Tobr, rrTo
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cg'B.nauo. C 4pyrolT cropol{br, u erpeftcxin uapril,r eu1e crosirrr B
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I,rAerocoabrBa reppr,rropia,;rsuaro c'rbaga,
AoroBoplIrbcn a5
ocHoBax asrotroirilr Ir ilpaBax MeHbIlIrHcrB. Ho npanrl,rqeolil4 Bonpoc o6 v.racriu Mer'rbrullHcrnB opranax anronoldn 5r,rn paap6lreH ;rrrrrrb cor;raruerdelr lj irc;rq [re?{iAy Bpelteuuuu flpantrrenrcrBoM u PaAoii, Houlr.ro6"v*c;roaJreHo
nono;[resie Pailrr l.r feHepalr,Haro Ceriperapiara npeAcraBrrreirrrMn Apyrrrx trarliouamxocreft
Vnpaunu. Onos'brqan o6 aroM, BTopoii Vuunepcair rlrlcaJr,qro nonoilHeHHafl Pa;qa annrcn otur,rnib <(eAlrHbrM
BbrclrlrdMopraHoM peBoJrrotlionHoir gelroxparin Vxpaunrr u 6y4er rpegcraB,'rflrb I{Hrepechr
BCero IIaceJ-reIIifl Harxero Hpafi)). 3ro aeyuano yH{e coBeprueHHo
uua.re, .rabprneparrft Vnunepcan, rgt ronoprdJrocbo <<geprxaeuoft
1) Cu. 6poru.H" Cupxuna, <Haruanoelrqiaa Vnpatlucxoltllenrpatlbsoii
PaA;br,Ftiee.1917r.
florpolru na YHpalru:L
1917-1918. 5

65

Eaqin Ha ynpannlbt. flo coruamenirc, 30 trpoqenroB utcr s PaAt


(enpexu, renu6Hro upegocraBJrenonaqiouanrnf,Iu MesBumEcrBaM
6uun
Cenperapiara
B
cocraB
lenepanrnaro
Ir
fiopoccaM,norarau),
n
IlenHeynpalrnrlbr. Enpen nofiyqrfitr 50 u6cr
raft'ne BftJrroqeHBI
rpamnoft Palf s 5 *rtcr s Manoii Pagt; ntcra 6unn pacupeg'bJrenbrMerr(Ayrcfuu eupeficruauunaprinuu. Taxzu o6paaou,rnepenpeftcnoena4iouanrnoe [pegcrarurearcrno.l)
sne 6nao coBAaHo
[t erouy BpbMeHtrornocltrotr Eaqa"ro nau6on;be gpyrfiecrBelrrrf,rx oruorneniit uex4y yxpal{EcfiIrun n enpeficfiI,Iuu g;bnrenaacr.
Ha nepeou aacrFgagiuManofi Pagrr (oprana, eErgfrenuaro ua l{eucocraBoMu 6o,nteru6xaro), 11-roircnr,
rpaarnoft PaAu, c MeIrbIrMM
Bblcryrrrlrrr, yffie ftaK paBuonpaBsbre
npuntrcraiflMl4
c ropffrrurm
yqacrur{nfl, nct erpeftcxin rapriu, roBoplrBlllia o <<noapo}fiAalorrleucs ynpauncxolu uapogrL>,o cilpaBe4Jrnarrxrpe6osarisx asnepeyctpoftcrnrb
tonouin, a ntnoroplle Aarfie o ([re4eparuBnoM
Pocciu. <Ero 6rr:r oArrnI{BcaMbrxl{pacrrBrrxMotrelrroBB co}KIITeJIbcrn'b uaqionainHocrefi ua Vnparzntt), - rlldmer B. Bunnrnseuxo B
6rllo mecBoeMo6aopt ouoxu. <<6unalrcripeHuocrrB rlplrMrrpenira,
aanie gpy,fiHaro corpyguuqecrBa u o6ularo Arbna, 6rr.ro xe.ilanie
aa6rrrr crapbrfl uegopaayufnir. tr'In go.nrHencuoBa nogrleprinyrb:
ara ucxpeurloerb oco6enno [porrBJlsJlacby upegcrasurenefi
I{enrpanruyn
erpeftcxux oprauuaaqift. Oxu yme ocoBHaJIrI
PaAy, nax csofi oprar, Ir Bblcr)ml{nlr B rIeM' KaK paBHbIeero qreHBI'
rr naqioua.rtnrruu>s), Ionopn
o paBubrunnpaBaMI{norI,IrI,IqecxI4MI,I
uaqionanblrblxMesborsouresiu
B Apyrou rra6mtroro-tae o6aopao6
rrrr{HcrB r( yxpauHcxofr sfiacru, Br,nrruvenno trIrilrer o eBpeflx:
peftcrin noffrrusecnix naprin ornecJrl{cbp aacylnrensuo, a ulrbltr
<<En
uB Hr{x u crrMlrarnBupyloqe x uge:b yHpauuonoft rocyAapcrBennocrlr . . . PaacyglrB,trro yfipalluqbl rle cerogHfl-BaBrpaHeMIIHyeMo
snt;bcusr roclrogcrBo pyccnnx, oHLrEe rauGmlElrftanux ocuosauift
6oporrcn c yfipal,IsqaMl,Ipaglr rocnogcrBa pyccnl{x. Orur upurrfiJrr{K csfntsin rrAeloyftpal{ncHoftrocy4apcrBeulrocrl(, nan (panr,
ran utsro ecrecrBeHnoelr neua66xnoe... E coBepluennoconoqyBcrBoBalu ce6.s
Bsarerbxo, p'bururenrno n nocu'bgoBareJrbno
rpa?nAanauuVrpauncxoft gepxaBu)a). Bea sux, 6es Eaqionafirl) Enpear, uo npouopqir.r,[oJlaralrocb6onrme u:bcr, no osll ocranlrrrlrcedt
raxra rorrbno 50 n 5.
rroJrr{Tuqecnaro
2 ) B . B u a n u q e u r o , q u r . c o q . ,r . I , c t p . 2 9 7 . 3 ) T a u - x e , c r p . 2 8 6 "

66

- Mbr He MorJIIt C!II{- COAHaeTCff


OE AaJIbIUe,
E}IX MeHbmUI{CTB,
Tarbcff BJracrbroBcero HaceJlenifiVHparurr, He Morntl uoryrlurb
goufpia cpeArrnace.nesisropoAoB,He Mourl{ noryqurr npLranardx
Bpeuennaro flparr,rtenrcrBa, He MorJrI{noryrlurb neo6xoAlrurrx
ifunancorrrx cpeAcrB. . .
Erru nr,rato, ItftcrerrreJlrHo, cotoalro paactlery,rlJrrrcolo3,ocBlmnraseHno
coqyBcrrira,Hax yKaBbrBaJI
nosanHbritHa I{cHpeIrHeM
panbrrre,uo erpeficHie [peAcraBrrreirll,BcrytlItr e Pa4y, EBI4JII{oI
ornpbrrr{Mrraar{rrrlrlrnauu yrpal{Honaro A'bua. Itorga BoBHrrKItoH'
tprr.rxr ilo roBol{y <<llucrpyxqiu 4 anrycra}, orpaHlrql{garculeftnpaBa
npegcraBllrenr enpeficruaxnapriii
r! paMnrr ynpauncnofi BJIacrI4I,
BbrpaBrrJrr{
cnoii nporecr nporl{B Ilerporpaga napasnf c ynpar{HqaMu. ,{ame rpegcraBnreur<<Eyuga>>,
moropuft[ep?fiaJlcflB yKpaIrHclroMBonpoct ue raHoft nocl;bgorarenr,noftI{ ucnpennefiuoalrqilr,
xan gpyrix erpeftcHin napriu, M. Pa{ec, 6usuift rporI4BHIrKoM
ngeu {egeparr{Buaro nepeyctpoilcrna PoccilL u roABeprmifi uepsuir ynunepcan p6axofi nplrrrIHt, B oroM xon([;utu;b rome cran
sa cropony ynpanriqeel). Cei'r.Iacnocl6 cornauresis 3 iIo;rs
It{. Pa{ec BorueJIB cocraBfeuepaalnaro Cenperapiara,n rta'Ieerst
(ceuepaJrbHaro
Ir Aall{eB cocraB 4eueraqiu or Pagrr,
HoHTpoJIepaD,
ta4uerueii n Honq;birofls s flerporpag, c qtnrro orcroflrb pacurltperde anronouHr,rxnpan VHpauHbII( KourrerenqiraPagrr. floaffie olr
u Ha ero u'bcro Bcrynan
yrrreJro rrocra reuepaJlbuaroHoHrpoJlepa,
<<Bynga> A. Solorapen. C upYraxlne o[rrr r.rBrrpegcraBlrreuefi
rofi cTopoHbr,I,r yKpal{Hqbil,IrecMorpfl Ha BcIo [oAoBprrTeJIbHOCTb'
sacro flpoflBJrfieMyloI{Mrr B OrSOmeEiItX <nar{ionaJlbHblMMeEbornocufiI'rcb
T. e. fi eBpeFM,r tor uepioA BHItMareJIbso
rurrncrBaM)),
nocr
yupemAelr
ircns
6u,n
i.5
rpe6onauixtu.
x nx HaqiouaJrbnbnll
Brrqe-cefiperapffrro g6nau eapeftcnoiiuaqiouaurnocrtr,tr Ea aror
nocr HaBuaqeu,rro cornauresircc eepeiicnuuu coqianucr[qecxuMu
uapriruu, upeAcraBl{renrnau6ol6e 6.lrilarofifi ynpanHcr(oMyrlpaBr4reJrbcrBy<,o6'egunenuoftenp. coqiaaucrusecHofiuapriul, g-p
M. Sum6epi[ap6. B uoa6pf Buqe-cexperapiar6r,rnupeo6pasoBalt
B reuepaJrruufi cexperapiar, a s Hasan* flHBapfi 1918 r. - B MIr'
rrtrcrepcrBouo enpeftcHraug;Bnau. 0ro 6run uepnrrfi a ncropiu
Eule 6oa:besaxMr.IHncrepcrna>.
cayvaft yupexrgeuia <<eapeftcnaro
1) Cp., aaupuu:bp,cr. s (lonoclb Eyxgal, 1917r., J\! 3.
5t

67

Eoe BuarreHieuutr r.ra4anubrftPagor?n rusapt Banou o uaqiouanrnotrepconaJrbHoft asronoMiu.


Ilony4a yHpauncnie gtxreulr ocraBaJrr4cbna noqeG aeroHoMir.r
u tfegepaqilr c Poccieft, Aeprr(aJrrrcb
e[rruaro penorrcqioHnaro {poHra
c pocciftcHofi geuonparieft lr se pBaJrr{c Poccieft rocyAapcrBeHHoupanoroli cBrravr,enpeftcHir naprilr oxorHo ruJrtrdc Hr.rMrr. Itor4a
L9L7 v, B yr{paur{cxoru gorarxeHiu
,fie, HasuHaa c oxrn6pn-Hon6px
rrpolraorueJr ptanift repeJroM B cropoHy <<calrocriitnocrr4))r{ paapbrBa c Poccieft, eepeftcHir naprin ocrar{oBr4Jrrrcr.flepeuu rprrBnaHoM groro [epeJroMa, riari ngntcrHo, flBr{Jrcff rperift VHlreepcan
(9 uon6pr). Ho erqeAo aroro, n oxrn6pt, ynpauncHia naprin nocraBr{JrrrBo[poc o coahrsabcyBepeHHaro ynparrucnaro yqpeAlrreJrbHaro co6palda (Vcrauouun 36opi). N{ufuie enpeficnr,rx gtnreneii uo aroMy Bonpocy paaorxJrrrcb: eepeficHir napriu roJrocoBaJrr{
sMtcrt c yxpar.rHrlaMr.r
aa cyBepeHHocrb,rr roJrbno <<Byng>(rutcrt
c <(MegbrrreBraHaura>>)
BbrcnaBaJrcflpfaHo fiporrrB. <<EcnuBbr [porr,rB
paagrFnaPocciu, - criaBaJrM. Pa{ec, o6paulancr K yr{parrurlaM, ro He Morfiere roBopr{rb o cyBepeHHocrrr. . . Paapnn c poccificnunr
yxrpeArareflbHbrMro6pauierrr Mbr cqr{raeM r(oHrp-peBonrcqionnnu
asrerdeM
afiToM n 6ygem flporr{B uero 6oporrcs>. SnannelrareJrbHbrM
BbrcryrraB6rrlo ro, qro rr Bcrblpyrie nporlrBHr{r(fi ((cyBepeHHocrrr)),
urie n Pagf or rrMeHrr pocciitcnur napdft,6n.ru enpelr: <<NIrr6yxeu
flyctr'
6oporrca nporr.rB Bc.flnrrx ceflaparrrcrcnrrx reugenqifi.
ynpar.rHqr,rne uepeoq'bnrrBalor cBolrx cl,rJr)),BaflBrrJI[pegcraBrrreJlb
c.-[. ((Meubrxgsg4s6s;-[ana6asor. <<EcnuBhr xorr{re orgtnutrca or
Pocciu, To BhrgBr{raitre noayur cyBepeuuocrrr)), BaflBLTJInpeAcra...
BrrreJrbpocciftcHnx c.-p.-Cxroscxift
Tpedii lhranepca.r flBr{Jrcfi 4anlu*finrr.rM rorrrnoM B aroM paccoxontgeuiu. Os 6ur npegJlolr(eHPagt ynpanncnlrMlr Bo?nAflMI,r
gna
BeprueHuorreoffirrAaHno
erpefi cxux naprift , norophrM rIprrIrIJIocb
n arnoc{ept nogoaptHift ra paaroparcil$4xc.EnaqionanucrnqecKux
HaqioHa.nrubrMMeHbrxr{ucrnau 6nno
mpacreit [arb Ha nero orstr.
ycrpoeHo ntqro npo4t aHBaMeHana nfpnocrb yriparrHcxoruy l6;ry.
Ba Vnunepcan, Ba rIpoRJIaMLrtrI erpeftcHia naprilr Bct FoJrocoBaJrr,r
ponauie VHpauncnofi Hapognofi Pecny6,iurHu. Ho nplr groM ourr
Ao6uilI4cb, sto66r 6rrno flcHo rtoAqepnHyro, tlro ynparrHcnoe
rocyAapcrBo coaAaercfi, <<ueorg:bnflflcb or poccificHofi pecny6;rltur
rr coxpaurrfi eAr{HcrBo efl>>,n crpeMficb n roMy, .rrodril pocciftcxag
68

pecny6ruHa oraJra ({eAepaqieft paBHbrx rd cBo6oAHbrx HapoAoB>.


EnpeiicHrax npe4craBr{Teneit cr.rnrno uodynqaJro roJrocoBarb Ba
VHunepca;r ro o6cTofiTeilbcrBo, qro B rrero BnJrroqeno 6nrno
o6tulanie orHocr4reJrbno naqiouaJrbuo-nepcouanruoft aeroHoMi[:
<<VnparancHiftuapo4, - rJracr4Jraror rryr{Kr, - caM go.nrie ro4r,r
6oponruiftca sa cBoro uarlionanrnyro cro6ogy u sun'b ee go6ueruifics, 6y4et rnepgo oxpauflru cao6ogy naqioua.nruaro paanr.rria
actx uapogoB, Ha Vxpannt fi{r.rByrr-lux.A uorouy o6tflnrReM, .rro
HapoAaM BeJrrrHopyccnoMy, eBpeftcKoMy, rroJrbcnoMy r{
r 4 H b r MH a V n p a u n t
npeAocraBJrfleM uaqioua,rrHo-rrepc o H a J r b H y r oa B r o H o u i r o > > .
EnpeficHie npeAcraBrrreJrr{ nplrntrcrnoea.irlr VHranepcan, Ho
He cxphrBaJrr4,qro cMyrrleHbr HoBbrM naqioHalrno-nofiurnqecnr.rM
r{ypcoM. <<Mrrc rpenoroii noAxoArrM n DToMyar{ry)), BarrBrrJr[pe4craBrrreJrb <<O6tegr,ruenHoft
enpeftcxoii coqiarncru.recHoft napriu>>,
M. Jfuraanoa, na aac:bganin Manoft PaRu 7 Hon6pn: <<flponnaulrpoeaHie yxpazucxofi pecny6,nraHra
Morfier 6urr aocnprruflro ran, 6y4ro
MbrpBeMHa qacrr4 ,nrrBoer6no Poccilr>>.
B rou rxe 4yxt Bbrcna3aJrr{cr,
rr rrpeAcraBnreJrrr<<Eyuga>ra <<lloanefi-I{ion>. C 4pyrofi rpeeoroft
nogorrreJrnpeAcraBrzrem, cionr.rcrcHofi QpaHqiu, H. Cuprutr: <<Oguo
Hac ocraHaBJrldBaerB groM aHr6, -- a qro, ecJrr{ rrprrH-rrriearoro
VHnrepca.ra BbraoBerenle 6o.rr,nre auapxiu? 9ro 6yAer, ecJrrr ora
auapxia, or noropoft o6rrxnonesHo crpaAator B nepByro roJroBy
eBper.r,Terrepb eqe 6o;rr,ureyorrurcn?>1). HecuorpR, o[Hano, Ha
TpeBory, ocf enpeficHie upegcraBr{reJrrr BbrcHa3aJrrrcr,
aa VxpauncHyro Pecny6.rumiy. Ilpegcranlrrens <<Byuga>,A. SonorapeB, nprr
Mbr Br4ArrM,.rro ocso6offiAenurni yxparaHcxifi
aroM cHaBaJr:<<F(orAa
HapoA Aaer rr HarrreMy HapoAy cro6ogy, nnr,r6epeu na ce6s
qacrb otstrcrneHHocrrr Ba aror aHT rr or Bcero cepAqa
rrogrrrrchrBaeMcsrroA VHueepcanoM))2).
Ba.fls Ha ce6fl qacrb oretrcrneHHocrr'r, enpeiicnie uo.lrnru.recHie
gtRrenlr craJrlr Ha Barqary {aHruuecHu <<cauocrilinoii>>pecrty6xmxm. <<Morxuo nn tpe6onarb or yHpar{HIIeB, .rroShr oHrr or1) <Naie Zait>, lft 49, or 10 uoa6pa 1917 r.
2) Tanr-me, B ron-E(e noruep:b. I4nrepecno orn:brurr, ttro nporr{B
III Vur.raepcanaHr.rrro He roJrocoBaJr,
a BoaAepxiaJrncr4 .ren.: pyccHie c.-A. r,r
pyccxie e.-p. He nognucar roJrrro flpegcraBr'rreJrr(noirbcnaro qerlTpaJrbnaro o6'e[ngenisr>"

69

II HaqioEarbHLrxcrpeMJrerritBo uMff
or cBot{xuHTepecoB
KaBaJrucb
(a
pyccnofi
penorroqiu),
xoropoft y nux ufr ? . . Vxpauns'bpn cr{nf,r
cr{aff pecly6nuna o6'senena or uMeHr4rr [Jrfi Bcero nacenenin
TaH r{ yxpar4ucxaro,pyccxaro u noJrbVxpauuu, ran enpeftcr(aro,
cxaro. . . [a agpancrnyer cno6oAnaff Vxpanrla, nepnuft vnen
{egeparunuoft pocciftcxoft pecny6Jrtrrxlr), raft rrncaJrn rt guu
<<NaieZalt>t). Ornorneuie erpeficxoft npoopraE <<O6'egunennrrx>>
fioJlrdrrrqecr(r{x
opranuoaqiii, H Vuranepcary
sfinqin, ntpnte-eff
6nao s oqeub Mnorrrx utcrax paryrnnoe. Tart, nanpuu;bp, n u.
Iopogurq;b, Itiescxoft ry6., na 6orrurom enpeficxonnMaccoBoucoo roM, qro <<Vnunepcanocy6pauilr 6nra npunflra peaoJrrcItris
nlecrBJrqer He roJrbl{o caMbrflaas:brHu.Ecrpeurenia ryqurnx crrnon VrpauHrJ, no rafirne ra crpeuneuin enpeiicroft geuonparin u
HarurrflpaBa ua naqionaJrbuyrcanronouiro>.Oprannaaqia<<O6'egnrreuHbrx enpeftcxnx coqiannctoa>>n flpocxypont, npranttcrnyn
VsnnepcaJla BhrBBaHa
noPagy, naxoArrJla,qro <<neo6xoguuocrr,
iltrTuqecftIlM nouoxrenieu, cograBllrr,rMcflB Poccilr a nocn:bquee
rpeun>2). PaiionsarrHou{epenqis roft xre uapriu s VMaHu rar{}Re
npunrbrcrnoBaJratro EToMycfiyqaro Pagy, nrrpaar.rBHaAerfiAy,sro
(rorpoMbr 6ylyr HeMeAJreEHo
npexpauleuno3). B rou xe gyxt
lr 4pyria enpeficdn opranuaaqilr. Coetqauie o6BbrcnaaaJrr{cr
quu Xepconcxoii ry6epniu, trpoucxoAlrBmeeB Emacaserrpagrb,
nplrnflJro peeonrcqirc o rol{, rrro <enffircrseuHoftnparomovnofi
BJracrbrona Vnpar.rnt gsfirrercs l{enrparsuan Paga, Koropafl otrrapaercfi na gortpie yHpanrcHoft geuonparilr rr Heynpar{Hcxnx
uaprift, Tan}r{elr enpeficnnn>.Contqasie sartu
AeMonparuqecnr{x
aa BxrroqerdeXepcoucxofiry6epnirr B cocraBynpar,ruBbrcxaaaJrocb
yffie
cxofi pecuy6,rurura).Taxis npuetrcrni-a u peao,irrcqinBbrxogr4Jrr.r
qucro
rrilaroufiqeo$aro otnoureris n ynparrucnoMy
aa upegtnnr
A'brly.
r) <Naio Zait>>, j\! 48, or 9 nonSpn 1917r.
2) Tau-xre, NJ\! 56 ra 55, or 17 u 16 Hoa6pn 1917r.
3) Tau-me, J\! 78, or 15 gexa6pn 1917r. Pesolroqia c onpe4trennoii
aaqr.rroil y$parlHcnaro gnnmexia flpr{Hfira raxxe Hou(pepenqiefi yxpar{rrcnnx
ciosncroe.
.) Tau-rHe, j\! 88, or 30 gena6pn 1917 r. Cu. ry ;rte raaery Jl{lNi 67
n'13. B nocr:bgneu uouep:E orrllcuBaerca, Rafi rop*(ecraenRo 66rn ornpaaguonan rperifi Vnunepcan n Bnnnwqt, rgt on 6nn npounran ran?$e rr no
eBpeficxn. To xe npolraorrrJroB Kpeuenv.yrt u Apyr. ropoAax.

7A

Ha rperbeluVnnrepcaat,
Ho ynpauncxoegtno Ee ocralroBlrJlocb
gna soBaro Kypca.
rouxoft
nocnt4nift uocJly?firrJlJIIIIITrucxognofi
arIiIMrpa]I{AaHcnanroftua 4anu,
Iloxo[ 6onuuerranoBIl BbIBBaHHafl
crpaolffM n fioreurian Mbrrlr4:bru, orpounrrft ToJIqeHTarIBIrrI,IMcfl
qiau cauocrifiumecrsa, r. . paapblBac Poccieft. Buepnsre orr{pbrro Bro cxaBaJlocbHa aac;bgalrinl\{aloii Pa4u 22-ro noa6pr
tro Bonpocy o ceraparuolu ul'Ip6. B ator MoMeHryxpauncnie r
B cBol4xHacrpoeenpeftcniegtaterr BnepBbreptsno paBoIIIJII'Icb
sa trpunsrie npeguisx. Bct yrpanncniq napriu BbIcKaBaJItrcb
unpt c lepuaniefi, sc& erpeftonia egu'
aomenis o cenaparlrorvr
HOAyIIIHO BbICnaBaJIIICb IpOTI.IB'

lI H HI{M npIICOAI'IHI'IJII4CbpOC-

Ir coq.-peeonrcqiouepu. Ho
cificnis naptira - c.-4. ((MeHbrueBaKrID
orrfirb: trpeAcraBlrreJlffMl4 or arr{x o6utrepyccxllx uaprift BhrcryMeublrrr{rrcrB o roM,
rrr{Jrr{ espeu . . . Peaonrcqis Haqionalrnbrx
qexrpalruofi
uMeHu
HyffiIro
oT
o
lurpb
BecTrlr
fleperoBopbr
sro
o coroanr.rcorJraureniro
rr
rro
n.lracrr
pocCiftcnofi ({e4eparuruofi)
B ropnvux
ffaurr, 6nna yxpalrurlaMlr p;bururelsuo orBeprnyra.
<Brr sce
ge6arax AByx cropou cnaaafiI{cl grt roqxu apfnir.
<<O6'
cnux
e4uenpefi
rlpeAcraBlrrenr
roBopItJI
yrBep]fiAaillr,
BpeMs
yfiparruqau,
n
o6paqaffcb
HeHrrbrx coqianucros>, I{. IIIa4-Annn,
- qro xorr{re coBAarr' cno6o4nyro Vnpauuy s o6'elnneuuoft Poc]tan xre Mo]Ker uactr ([e4epaqilt Becrrr orciftcHoft rfegepaqir.
gturnnre Mr.IpHbIe fleperoBopbr, KorAa 9To Mo?fier nou:burars rnTepecaMr{6naro ? He oenasaer JIIr 9To, tITo Bbr xorl{Te or Poccia orqeMy npxramca?11).
Atm.rrucs? Torga cfia?fiI{Tearo rIptlMo, H
getneprrrii Vuunepcat rlpfilvlo oro rr cHaaaJI. Boupoc o6 otgtueuin or Pocciu 6rrr sapante p:brueu B pflAax yrpar'Iucnux
gtnre.neft, u enpeiicHtlM [peAcraBIrreJltrM IIplIIrrJIocb cqr'ITarbctr c
HnM, ftaK c ([aHrou. Byuyvu prbruurenrnllMl{ rrporl4BlrlrfiaMl'I paBpbrBa rocyAapcrBerrlro-[panonoft cBflBI{ c Poccieft, anta, cannqioHnpyrcqarc pacraA Poccira u paapr,IBalorqaro poccificxoe enpeficrBo Ha gsr[ uacru, opienrupyacr sa o6'eguseunrrfi peronnqionnuft
(pponr, enpeficHin napriu, oAIraKo, ne p;bmunlrcb roJlocoBarb IrpoOnu no'
rlla Var.rsepcaJla, uanlrifecta HeaaBrrcttMoft VHpallurr.
orKpbrro trporllB roJIocoBaJIToJrblto
aroMy BoB[epfiiaJrtrob;
<EynA>, sMtcrB c pocciftcxuulr ((MeIrblIIeBuEaMID;Boagep?fiaJllrcl'
r) Naie

Zaitv , Ni.T\i59 N 60, ot 22 n 28 ltofi6pa l9l7 r.

71

Butcrt c eBpeftcxr,rMr{
[apriffMn (xpout ciour,rcror, HorophreB
arou roJrocoranilrnoo6qe He yqacrBoraru), Tan?fien Apyrin naqio- pocciftcxie coq.-penonrcqioHeprr
HaJrbHbrfl
Mer{brrrr{HcrBa
rr (([oJrbcxoe r{euTparbuoeo6'e4nuenie>t).<Mu [ocraBr4Jr]rce66 upe46n,
AAJIbIUE KOTOPATO MbI I4ATII SMIbCTT CO CBOI{MI{ YXPAI,IHCI{I,IMI{ TOBAPI4-

rqaMrr He cMorJrlr 6u, aror upeA'bn- eAr.rlrcrBopoccir,r>>,


cHaBaJr
eqe rrpu rorocosaHiu rperbflro VHnnepcanarpeAcraBr,rrenr<<Byn_
Aa)> A. Sonorapeo. <<O6'ssreuiecauocriftsocrfi, - nrrcaJroprag
cioructon, - 6nr.nootru6o.rHblMrI JrerHoMbIcJIeHHbrM
ruaroM. KoTopbrr'ieu1eoraoBercfi B HeAaJrer{oM
6ygyqeM. HaH c enorroMr{secxoft cropolrbr,TaH r4 c noJrtrrrrsecHofi
((caMocriftnocrr>>
Torrblro
ycrrJrrrrr;F nperpa4hr,Koropbrrrr[ ran utnrarcr cno6o4nonay
paasuriro ynparmcHofiuapognofipecny6nnHn>z).
Onroureqieenpeftcnlrxnapriii n HoBoMynypcy BbrBBaJro
B pfl_
Aax yxpar,rHcHnx
4:bnreleii, a oco6enHocpeAlrpflAoBlrxynpar.rnrleB,
neo6u'raiiHoeoeno6;reuie. trIx pas4pamaJraHeBaBrlcrrMocrb
noJrrrTIrRueapeficxuxnaprift B Borrpocaxcrpor{reJrbcrnavxparaurr. Ha
aac'bgaHiuNlarofr Pagbr 6 flHBap.ff1gt8 r., nor4a o6cyl$AaJrc.ff
Borrpoo o xacrynlerdn 6onrurerlu{oBr,r o6 yHpauucHoiirulrpuoftgeneraqin, AeMoHcrparrrBHo
cxaaaJrocbaro uacrpoeuie. Korga err_
cry.rlrJr rrpeAcraBrrrenr<<Byn4a>,
M. Pa{ec, eMy c xop fipurrarr.r
((BCr{Harory!>>
u ue AaBaJrr,r
roBoprrrb. vxparaHqrrcraJrr4yrrpeHarb
naqionamnbr.EMeHbrur,rHcrBa
B rorr, qro onr.r<<mtruarcrocsodofi(4eHiroVnpalrun>. Eule 6ol.be ruoBrrHrrcruqecxarr
armoc{epa qaprrJra B Pagf, Horna roJrocoBaJrcfl
uerneprrrii Vxlraepca.n. Bo
BpeMfip:bvraoparopa <<Bynga>,
M. Jln6epa,cpeAr{ynparancxofiuy_
6mrHlr cJrbrrrraJrrdcb
cBrrcrnrr u pyraHb. Brrcryr.neuie 4arHe noaAeplftaBrxrrxcfior ronocoeaHi.ffenpeftcHrrxfipeAcraBrrreneft6rrro
ecrp:bueno a.tro6urrmlrBbrnprrnaMrr.
g Rurapn 1gl8 r.,pa3a gna AHffAo rorocosaHisVnraaepca;ra,
6rr.lr
eArrnorJracHo
rrpr,rnflT
Aoii
BarioHo naqioua,nbgo-[epcoHamnort
anronomiu, nnecenurrii eepeftcHru reHepaJrbHbrM
ceKperapiarorrl.
O6 orpomnoft BarfiHocrrdaroro aanoHa MolKHocyAr.rrb no ?oMy
anryaiaalry,c noropbrMou 6burncrptueH npeAcraBr{reJr.flMr{
eBpeeB,
r) Bonpoc o IV Vuurepcaaf ronocona;rca
n Manoil pag6 11 aHnapr 191gr.
1{ npo[rJr 39 ronocalur ynpar,rurleBnporrrB 4, nplr 6 BoBAeprfiaBurnxcfl.
r) <Der Telegraf>,.M 15, or
I j s u - l . .1 g 1 8 r . , e r . l I " M a n H a 6 l r .< O 6 ' s saeuie calrocrifinocrrr>.

72

Koropbrx tfaxurvecxu oH 6onrme Bcero HacaJlcfl. <flpunntnft


HaMrr aanon cpaBrrI,IM JII{rur, c anraMrr BeJrI{Koft lppanqyacnofi pe'
eo,nrcqilr; ror4a 6nulr [poBoBrJIaneHbI rlpaBa qeroB.bxa, cero4Hfixte rrpoxJraMrrpoBaHbIrrpaBa naqifi >, cHaBaJIreuepaJlbl{blft ceHperapr
uo enpeftcxuu 4:bnau (uoame uunncrp) M. Suns6ep([ap6. IIptRM. Pa$ec, upnetrcrnoBaJr ero, HaK <rtpyrrcraBrrreJrb <<Eyuga>>,
Hanoro eule He Snaer HrI oAHa crpana B
aKT,
Ba?fiHocrl4
u'bfiureft
gyxt
BbIcHaBaJII{cbran?*(e rr npeAcraBr{reJllrt
Enpou'b>. B rou me
cioHlrcroe r.rApyrux naprifi. Jlragep ciottltcros, H. CrrpHuu, pa4bctHo rrr{caJrrorga: <<CrapanMeqra ocyqecrBJr-ffercx>1).Enpeficrde gtnTeJrr{paBocJraJII{TeJIerpaMMbIc nanrbulenieMLr rloBApagreHi.flMuuo
loBoAy rpr.rxflraro 3afioua B pasrrltlHble enpeitcHie qeHrpbl - B
Sanon o nar{iosalbHo-rep'
flerporpag, r AuepuHy, n Ancrpin.
conanrsoii aaroHo[.dn 6nrn upltrxr ror4a, HorAa ynpanncHie gtaTeJrrr alrroM upuunria qerBepraro Vnnaepcana nopBaJIrI ngefino
Mrr narlionanrnblx MeHbIIIrIHcrB. 3ro s aHa'Iurerrrc fipegcraBr4TeJrff
uoft crenerrl JII{IIaJI0 BaHoH ero anaqenis. SaMrbsatensuo to o6cro.flTeJrbcrBo,qro IiaH pag uepiog, HorAa Hour{perxo onpeg:bnr'rnacr
HoBaff ugeonorin yxpal{Hcr(Irx 4tareneft u 6un BBrr Hypc Ha ((caMo'
criftuocrr>>,T. e. BpeMff Melrqy noadpeu I{ flHBapeM,flBJIflercfl TaH?He
nepiogou nalrSonte 6naronpinrnaro AJIff eBpeeBBal{ouoAareJrbcrBa
n o6racru uaqionanrublx rlpaB. B ronpoc;b o fipaBax uaqionanrHbrx MeHbrrrr{rrcrB ynpalrucnie gtRrenra, g;bftcrnurelbuo, ITIJIT{Aa'
Jrexo. Ho o6qyro floruruqecnyrc nnHito I{ rrpoqecc rocygapcrBelrrrpoBoAIlITb, He
Haro crpolrreJlbcrua VHpaIrHbr oHu pturulllcr
c Hacrpoeninnnn enperlcHoft o6qecrBeHlrocrlr Ir Hacqurascb
rlioHanrnrrx MeHburIIHcrn eoo6u1e.
Enpeiicrde [peAcraBl4renlr 6suru [porLIB Vuanepcala, Ho r{orAa
Vulrnepcan 6ru uplrnar rt ynpal4ucnaff HeBaBI{cIrMocrt,o6'ffoilena,
onr{ ornecJlucr rofisnruo It HoBoMy nypcy. <<Haqiase nnoxer 6rrrl
e onnoauqirr)), nrrcaJla <Naie Zait> B rlepeAoBofi crarrt <<Cnepruunuriftcs lpann>. laaeta, oAlIaHo, He cnpbleaer, qro <<co6nritr,
Horopbrfi Moryr corlyrcrBoBarb npoqeccy cauoctiiitloctlr, Moryr
rrocraBlrrr s oco6o ofiacuoe nonorxerde erpeitcHin MaccbD)s). Vme
qro oTu cJroBatrBJIflrcTcfiB Bgaqlr6nnmafiruin co6nrin TIoKaBaJII{,
1) <Der Telegraf>, J$ 2, or 16 norfipa 1917 r., ct. <Der guter onheib>
(<An alter cholem wert m'kujerm).
r) <u\aie Zait>, J\i 10, or 13 rrrrBapfi1918 roAa.

73

tr'Iuenxo e aru illbc.flqhl B prrlax


TeJrbnoft crertenrr ilpopoqecfiuutr.
yftparrncnr.rx ronrgeft BoBHr{Kaer ro lloAoBprlrenbxog u negonr[punMeHbIIrItHcmam>), HoBoe ornorrrenie n enpenu (x <<naqiolraJrbHbrM
ropoe cpeAr{ pffAoBLIx yxpalruqeB, Ha xopax Pagnr r B rlmponrlx
xp)'rax [pr{Mr{TrrBuo Boctrprrul{Maerctr, Haft aHTlteeur.rrcxifi uutryrrbc. Ha aactgauiu Ilentpa,nruofr Pagnr, 16 gexa6px, $IaBa npaB.Buunll.renno, BblcrylrrrtJlc fgxoft pfurrc [porrrB lraBrrTeJrbcrBa,
qiouamnnx MeubrxrrucrB. <Mrr ux mrniro xopouro BHaeM>,cHaBaJr
on. <Korga MrI Ao6rasanracrrzu;Frs Hoft-raxyrc paAy c ltoul{ccapoM
na llerporpaAa, MeubrulrficrBa ltpuqaru nau: <Bar uaqionauuctr,r,
Br.r [roBr{rrr{crbr, BBI ctere poarr> . . . Ho upomlu Mr,I DTor orafl il
Ousrr MeHbITII{HcrBaBaxpilqatr.r: <<BrrnarorrrJrr.r 4o arronoldu.
rlionanucrrr, Bbr IIIoBrrrrI{crbI,BbI ctere poaur> . . . 11 nasann xsaJrr{TEHarrr npegngyrqifi aran. Ho otuaxnyJll,rcb MbI or anronouin
u fiorrrJrrr Aairbrrre - r{ AoITIJTI{go apegepaqifi. On.atr MeHbIITI{HcrBa
Banpr.rsaru{:<<BlruaqiouaJlacrbl, BbI IrIoBnIrI{cmp>.Tenepb ollu xBaHo un
;nrur 6x Hac, ecJILt 6n urr ocrarroBtrJll{cb Ha asrouomiu.
caMI{ BHaeM. MenrmuncrBau xonofiAeu eu{e AaJrblrre,a HyAa
qercfl, .rro6br y nac 6nura ogua rrania -ua
Ilerporpa4lt).
Bce aro
corpoBo?fiAarocr 6ypnrrMl{ auIrJIoAI{cMeHraMrrn cutxou ynpar{rrgrbarenr, raft]Ke
criofi ny6nuHu.
flpyroft nngnrrft yxpauncxift
rrJreHyKpar.rucfioft coq.-AeMoltparrasecKoft uapriu, crogstrIift Ha efl
,ntsoM $ponr6, Hepononuu, KorAa o6cyxqalcn u PagB Borrpoc
o cenaparuo*r uup!, cnaaair orltphlro: <<.flnuxorga ne ntpuu naqionamnrru MeHbffIrHcrBaM, Koropblx Bce Bpeug senlr raMnaldlo
rrporrrB Pa4rr, rr Aa?fierefiepb, fiorga MeHbIIIaHcraa rpe6yror, vto6rr
BJracrb rreperrrJraroJlbno H PaA6, MbrI{M ro?fie Ee o:bpum>z). Taxoso
6rrno rRxrnoe o6snueuie, 6ponrennoe rre-yxparlHcxlrM, T. e., rJtaBnrru o6paaou, enpeficrnM rrpeAcraBureJlffM, Jlro6ounruo, qro aror
cauuft vren Pagr'r Hepouonuu nopornoe BpeMff ctrycrn,"fiorga 6onrn ltieny, oAIrI[M uB trepBblx rreperrleJl
rrreBrrnr.rcraJru upu6uuxarrcr
Ha rrx cropony Ir craJl rpou.IB Pans . . .3).
Kpyroft repeBol crprb.nxn Ea (caMocriftuocrr> [ocraBI{JI BcIo
r) <HiercxaR Mucar>, or 19 AeHa6pa1917r., Otuer o aact4anin
{exrpamuot Pagn.
z ) T a u - x e , o r 2 2 t 2 3 n o a 6 p a1 9 1 7 r .
8) floaxe, n nnrapt, ox 6ur y6ur. Ero 6aaa Mecrb<rearaantry>.

74

[oJrr.rrrrr(y ll uAeororirc yxpal{Hcnaro g6fla Ira HoBLIff peJr6cbl. Hanrecrsie 6oflrnresuron, pteHo ocy'fiAeHuoe sctMfi pocciftoxrmlr traptiRuu, lrao6paxranocr s ftieslL I{cKJIIoqI{TeJrbfio,fiaH naurecrsie
(BeJrr.{Hopoccon>>.
Cau rJIaBa [paBl4lreJrbcrBaornpbrro aro BbIcHaBbrBeAyr c IraMIit 6onrmesuxrr, ecrb 6opr6a
Koropyrc
aaJr. <Eopr6a,
BonruresraHu 6opnrca c HaMI{, r(an BeJlrlfionaqionaurnas.
pocchD),cHaBaJIB. Bunun.Ieuno Ha Bceyxparancxou c'tagt Cogtros.
Mexqy r:blr, eto oano6neHie rrporlrB (BeJrrrnopoccoB))HeoE(I{AaEHr,rMr{rryrflMl{ npLIBeJIon oglo6neniro uporuu eBpeeB. ,{peuanruis s ruy6raHt yHpauncHofi o6ulecrnennocrllt aurllceunrcHin vyncrra 6uru BHeBanHosbl6urbr Hapyxry.
qro a o6ocrpeuill arl{x nactpoenift cBorl poJlb
Hecoltrtnso,
crrrpaJru MIrpHbIe reperoBophl a Epecrt u non{,ruHr, uoannxmifi
Me?r{Ay 6onruresfictcHofi r yxpauucHofi MrrpnbrMrr geleraqiauu.
Ceuaparuue treperoBopbl c urbuqauz, fiorophle BeJIa AeJleraqin or
Pagbr, u Baxfiroqenunfi erc ceuaparHrrfi ullp otryraJllr sct nnaHbl 6onryxyAIIII{.lII{ IIx IIOBI{IIirc.fnaea 6OnruresucrrueBrrnoBu BHaTILITeJIrIIO
gereraqiu,
nnrnyrHgen6rrn, c ognoft croponrr' rrpraJI.Tpoqxift,
cHofi
aHarb B Bpecrt HeaaBnclrMocrrVnpauncxoft Pecny6uunn r es trpaBo
Ha rreperoBopbr,a c Ap)'roft cropoHLl - on sctMr'r u:bpauu llblraJrcs
noutruam ynpauucHoii 4e.teraqir.roanflIoqarb org:bnrro MI{p; RorAalr(e Mr.rp c Pa4ofi 6rur nce raKI{ BanJlloueu (9 ([eapanr t9t8 r., no
uon. cr.), oH BbrpaBrrJlo$suqiatrno pfanin nporecr. Eqe Ro aroro'
Ha aacrbganiu nou{epesqin I lpenpaaa, rpol'BoIIrJIo, Ha rJIaBax y
rrpegcraBr.rreneiiqenrpaJlbublx Aep?fiaB,6ypnoe cronxnoselde Me?rtgy
Tpoqnin crapaJlcfi sctMu
Tpoqnurrr u yxpalrHcnoft generaqiefi"
I{eurpanrnoft Pagn n
rpaBrrreilbcrno
utpa*rra $,rcnpeAlrrl,IpoBarb
qJreHoB
xon{epeuqitt, orpl{qafi Ba HrIM npaBo roBopltrb or
rJraBax
rrMerrr{Vnparanu. B orstr na 3ro ynpaIIHIIbI o6pyurulrcb IrporI{B
6onsmenraHos. (IorocJloBubrff aassneuis 6onrruesuxoB, - cIiaBaJI
qJreu yr(par{scroit generaqiu M. Jho6llucxift, - o nounoii cro6ogf
HapoAoB Poccin - roJIbKo rpy6nft Aeuarorlr.lecrcifi npieu. IIpaBrrleJrbcrBo 6onrurertrxoe, Horopoe paBornaJlo Vvpegratelruoe
Co6pauie r omrpaercff roJIbHo Ha mrblrtr naeunoft npacnoit rnapxir,
HnnorAa ue pBnurrcfl npoBecrl{ s Pocciu clpaBeAJrrrBble rrplmqrrmr rpaBa Ira cauooupegt,lleuie . . . TourHo nB crpaxa repeg
paennrieu naqiOuanrn1lx peBOJIXlqifi 6OmmeB1tt(l1 BBIABIIIIyJIII, co
apomgeunofi uu geuarorieft' Ka$ s Pocciu, rax r agtcr, na uuproft
(o

_- B peKou{epenr{irr,rearrc rpaBa Harlifi Ha caMoonpeg;Lnerie>.


ayarrarlb aroro c[opa rpatp Vepuun cgttan or r{MeHrrr
rleHTpaJrbHbrx Aep?fiaraasnneHie,qro oHr4(([prraHarorVHpauncHyroHapoguyro Pecny6nnxy rerrepb cauocriliurrM, cBo6oAHbrM,
cyBepeHrrr,rM
rocyAapcrBoM,ftoropoe nupart Bafirroqarb caMocroaTeJrbuo
r{Hgoronopu>1).
repnaqionaJrr,Hr,re
Mnpnufi AoroBop,BanrrotreHubrft
B ((rbrJryy 6onrvHparanqaMr,r
rrreBrrlroB)>,
.EBr{Jrcfi
yAapoM4;ra uoc.ntgHr{x Ir BbIHyAr{JI
r4x I,rATrIHa
6orte ramHis ycnoria. fiatrntfiIuiq
co6Hri.E onaaaJrrrcbAJrfl
Hrrx eu1e6onfe yrpofi(arourrMr,r:
c npr{xogoruutuqer ua Vnpauuy u
r ltpr,rm, n oco6enno c rrx ilpoABuxeHienn
na ,{on, 6ofisruesuHr.r
yolrg'bnu ilepeg co6ofi onacnrrft n'bueqHiii $pour, oxearuaudft nx
c rpex cropoH- c Bana4aAo Pocrona. Htr comutnin, qro sc;b
arra o6crosreJrbcrBacbrrpailrr r ganrutfirxeu cBorc poJrb B orxoruenisx 6onrnreszcrclrofrBJracryr,vr B qacrnocrr.rrJraBbrttpacnofi Apuir.r, H ynparrucnofiHeaaBucuMocrrr
r{ crrJrbaonni.slrr Ha rdx
arpeccr{BHyro
nporrrBynparrHqeBnoJrrrrr{ny.C gpyrofi cropoHnr,He
MaJrocnoco6crnoaara4a.nru'bftureuyoa;ro6neuiroynpauncnr{x Haqiouanurrrx gtnreneft aurr,ryxpanncr{arrroBr{rlis6oilsuresucrcxoit
generarlir,re Epecr:b, r{oropafl BoarJraBJrffJracb
AByM.EeBpeannr4
JI. TpoqHurvru A. Io{Se.
O4norpennenuoc arr.ruu co6urisnru nponcxoAnr nepeutnnr e
cocrast yh'.parrHcr{aro
npaBr.rreJrbcra.Hosuft Hypc [ocraBr4Jry
BJracrrrHoBbreEJreMeHrr,r.
IIocnt qerBepraro Vurlrepcaaa [porrcxo4rrr clrfna na6nnera: 6onte yutpennue -B cMbrcJr;B
canrocriftHuqecrBa- yHpaltrcHie coq.-neMoxparbr,c B. Blrnuuqeuxo Bo
raan:b, yxoAflT, r,r rax urbcro BaHrrMaernau6on{e MHoroqr{cjrenHafi
uaprin - ynpauHcHie coq.-peeonrcqiouepbr,
c B. lory6onuvenn,
s Haqecrs:bnpegcfgarers xa6unera MrrHr4rcrpoB.
Brubcr:bc arrru
xptnner gyx peanqionno-rroBr.rurrcrrrqecxifi.C rrpognumenieu
6onr,ruesuxos6nume n ttiery, ycrrJrr{Baercq
sniqHie Ha ynpar.rHcxyto floJrr4rnr{yBoeHnoii naprir.r. }touenganromropo4a, o6,fl BJreHHaro
Ha ocaAHorlr
noroxenir.r, HaaHaqaercfl
HarraJrburrx
ltieeoxaro ((BoJrbuaro
HaaaqecrBa)),
M. I(osenxo, {urypa oqerib BuAHafl
I4 aHTIIBHafl B rrrOBrrHr,rCTCKI{HacTpoeIrHhIX BoeHHbIX npyrax,

LrIpaB-

mt,txponoByropoJrbB rrorpoMHorn
gauxeuin ororo rr uoc.nt4yrcrqllx
r) IInr. no rin. II. Xpucrrcxa, r. II, crp. i08-112"

76

trepioAoBr). M. Sunr6ep$ap6, 6uuaxo na6nmgarruifi rorga, B KaqecrslL enpeftcHaro Ml,IHrrcrpar{ qJIeHara6nnera, ynpauncnia A:bna,
trrlrrrer: <B ltiest rocrloAcrBoBaJrarorAa BoeHHaffBJracrb, Horopafl
Hr,rxorAaue 6nna cro6o4ua or aHTr{ceMlrrllaua. Paurrne, HorAa B
ropogt 6rrno o6tseneuo BoeHHoe nonomenie, BoeHlrafl BJracrb
rr3AaJra [pI,rHaB, no HoropoMy lra Kena BbrcEIJIaIorcnsclb ?nI4ITeJII'r'
noropbre [oceJII{JIrrcb nocrrb 1-ro nnnapq 1915 r. Srot nplrHaa
rrBrrJrcfloco6eunr,ru ygapoM gnn enpeficnaro HaceJreHia,nonyvrarn rOpO4;b;rrrmr nocnlb
ITOCeJIIITbCfl
Iuaro JreraJrLHyIoBoBMOtr(HOCTb
BaHoHao paBuorrpaein 22-ro Mapra 1917 rola. llosru 3/4rdencnaro
Espeftenpeficnaro nacenenitr rorIaJIIr rtoA yrpoBy suceneuis.
y,qaJlocb,oAHaHo,aroT [prrHaB upiocrauonutr. Ho
cnoMy Mr.rHr.rcrpy
rroglne craJro eqe xyme)). Horga 6rrno o6tsereuo ocaAuoe nonoxteuie
I{ Bcro BJIacrb rroilyrllrJlrr BoeHHbIeHpyrrr, Haqarr,rcb roneuin; rct
He-ynpar.rHllbr,a eBpelI g oco6ennocwt,6rtrra B3flTbruog uo4oap'Lnie.
Bea cyfla n cn'bAcrria paactpt.nlrBaJlr{cb Aecffr}tlt nraq. <<Erqegonnxf ne ycraHoBJIeHogtficrrnreJlbHoe quciro uoru6urnx n rb gulr;
Ileuas'bcruo KyAa Lrx rpyrlEl Arbnallrcr. OrA'bnrnrrs, orIeHI' qacrblfl
nauageuin flpolrcxoArlJln u Ha eBpeeB. Bnrno ne MaJro rrMnpoBl4[orpouu6lx alrcrynneuifi na
BrrpoBauHbrx,a ro 14opraHI,rBoBaHHbIx,
yJrrrqax }tiesa. Eapeftcxifi Mnnrlcrp He r,ru:br BJIacrIr ocrauoBl4rb
... u 16 flHBapnt9tS r. oH Bpyrrl4ilPaA;bceorc
aur glrHie EHcI{eccbI
2).
orcranny>
Antraceurtcnafl arr{Taqin s Kiesf 6u;ra ran cIaJIbHa,qro Ha
aac;bgairin Pansr 20-ro ffHBapfl eionucrcHas (fpanqia sHecila o6
aroM Bafipoc, flpe4narax Pagt o6parutscx x nacelenin co cneqia.rruuu soaasaldeM o lreAorlycrlrMocru naqionanrnofi rpaanlr.
Xapartepno to o6ctosreJlbcrBo, tITo oAIrH lre nonrgeft yxpauHcnoft
1) 1\(.ltoaenno, HaHI{ C. fleuropa u B. BnnufiqerHo, 6rra qJIeHoMyfipauu'
crofi coq.-AeMoHparuqecnofinaprilL
, ) A - p M . S n n r 6 e p f a p 6 , < E n p . u N n u c t e p c r B or r e B p ' a B r o H o u i ss a
crp. 60-61' llaetctno, vto
VHpanut> (na eep. aauHt), tlag. <@olrnc$epirar>.
roJrbr{o
IIa aa alrrl{ceMurclitlx
He
nocra
M. Srm6epQap6 orxaaaucfl or cBoero
Me}I{Ay
aHcrleccoRxo ncntgctnie o6glaro uoupaatuia Eypca, BbIpaBI{BIIIarocfi
npoqlrM n apect:b 7 g:renos Pafirr, I'Hp. ntbsl,tx c.-p.' [pIrMHIryBuI'Ix ti 6onr'
rueBr{HaM.M. Suur6ep{ap6 6u;r npornB apecra qJIeHoBnapilauesra.
1918 r.) rpl4BoAl{rcff aa[poc' BHeceHHbIIl
B <Enp. Mrrcrtt> (JS 7-8'
H. CupxuHrrM or Irr{eHI,l cionuctcxolt Qpaxqiu erqe 6 aIlBapE 1918 r"
oruocrrreJrbHonprlxaBa o upant x(I4TeJIbcrBa.
'(I

c.-A., B. Maproc, BrrcfiaBaJrcfl


rrporuB ranoro aoaBaarriR,
y[peKEyB
craqionanruBrff Mesbllr{HcrBa))B ToM,qro ottu He4ocrarorrrroaneprr{rfiro flo,q[epffirrBamrPagy n ex 6opr6'F c 6ourureBrrxaMrr. Oco6enuo pfaHo oE Bbrcrynr{JrnporlrB <<Bynga>,noroprrft, rro ero
cJroBaM,(BeAer nByrurruyro [oJrrrrrrny s oruomenilr Pagrr>l). B
peay;rrrart 6rrso trpuH.flro rrocraHoBJrenie,vro6rr soaasauie n
nace;resirc Bbr[ycrr.rnficoqia.urcruqecnis {p anqiu. Tanoe s oasnsrrie
6uro ouy6irr,rxoBarro:c o4noii cropoHhr ouo upnabrBaJroEacenenie uo4gep?fiarbPaly B 6opr56 c 6onr,urenunaMr{,
a c 4pyrofi fipeAocreperaJro
or naqionam,rcrn.recxof,i
TpaBJrr.r.B rt gnraoano6neuis u traHr{nr{,RorAaropon Haxo4uJrcffrto4 uetrpepusnbrDl
o6crptnou 6omuresucrorr.rxflyilrex, Bo Bpeus noroparo uorra6roH6cxoJrbxocor .renoplbnMr,rpuaronace.leniR,norpouHoe uacrpoenie
crrJrbuooSocrprarocs; 6rrru cg'blaurr [affie nonhrrr,irrpaarpoMa
enpeiicxux JraBoK. It arouy BpeueurroruocflrcJrnepBbrsrrorpoMHbrfl Bbrcrynnenis <<sirbnux xoBaHoB>[toaexno. Ilpoucxoglrr oprarrtrBoBar{Hoe
uauagenie na noutrqenie Coroaa eBpeeB-Bor4rroB
rr
paBrpoMCorosa. flsr.rntuiiic.sgna o6'acueuin npe4c{AareJrbtrcronsnrelbgaro lroMr;rreraCoroBa,Ioua loronr, 6rln s crbnax fiouesAarypbr erBpcrun y6nr (20 nusapa).
r) Cu. <'.DerTolegrafr, J{! 16, or 24 sr.s,1918r.

?8

IV.
Pocr axruceru[TuBMan Poccin. - Otsomegie qeHTpanbg6rxop'
ranos Cos:bron n Bperuennaro flpaunrenlcrBa' - Otsomeuie
yxparlacltoft BJIacrIr' - Boaaeatriq A. Illy.nrrraua' Brruuuenno u
Iletnopw. - Boaasasie enpeficxaro reu. cexperaps. - Kounccis
- Eeaculie n Eeftno 6opl6t c auapxiefi. - soaslrc uopEAHaD.
Tpatnrrer yxpanucxoil BJIacrIl. - Bonpoc o cauoo6opont.
Iton{epenqin
rorpollrr.
Enpeftcnie conAarbl ua Sponrt tr
- flpoexr eBpeftcfillx BoIrHcHlIx orpffAoB'
Coroaaenpeen-Bol,IxoB.
-Orsouresie enpeficHaro Ml{ffrlcrepcrBa; IraAe*rAI;I na <<sinbullx
- Bonpoc o camoo6opon;bB eBpeficrou National-Rat'';b'
HoBaKoBD.
- Sarqr.rruurl4 n Bparrr noopyxeunofi calroo6oponr'r' - Erpeft'
cxia gpyxunrr. - Polr eBpeftcxaro MlrlrlrcrepcrBa I 6opr66 c
rrorpoMaMu.- HanexAu upoouxqialruaro eBpefcrBa'

nocrenesuo
Allrrceuurcfia.E arurarlia u uorpouHoeHacTpoeEie,
Poccill,
qtnoM
pflAf
MBcr
B
I4
Eo
rrapocraff He ronbfio Ha lor:b,
rlro
ce6fr
Ha
o6parl'IJlr'r
rrpr{Hsnr{ rafioii yrpoHaloulifi xapaxrep,
Brrr.rlrarnepeBonroqioHHbrxopraFoB Bnacrrl. Iogofo6cHafi T"t"qis mJIa ranlne cpeAn coJl[ar' conyrcrByr paaBany apmru tr
Hapocraloqeft AeMopaJrr,raaqilr.Era an'rraqin upunnua s Hlbxoropux ufcrax raxie cepreaurrepaanatpbl'qro' HaflprrMfp' o6uacruoft {pouronuft c'rbag e OAecc6, s ircut t9t7 roga, trocraaruTallilr gln pyccftOft
arrTrrCeMr{TCKOii
<B BIrAy OnaCHOCTTI
rrOBr4Jr,
<(npl{HffrbM;bpbl
flpaaurelrcrBo
Bpeuennoe
penolroqin>, npoctrrb
qenrpaJlblrble
opraubr
Ho
Barrllrrbr rrporl{B yrnererrifl eBpeeBtl).
BJracrrrytKe caMr{o6paruau BHr{Marriesa oflacHocrl anrneepeficnofi
p
aflrrarlin. B xouq6 iroun uepnnft Bcepocciftcrift c'rbagCoslbros
Ilerporpagt rrplrnflJr egrrnornacuop;fururefibryn peBonroqircupot) <Esp. )Itftanb)) (exeue4., MocHna) Jii 23, ot 25 inss

1917r'

79

Tr{B auTr,rceMr.rTrioMa,
B r{oTopoti uprrabrBaJrBct MlbcrunreCortrrt
<sopno crtgrarr Ba Bcflnr{Mr.r
npoucnaMr4arrrrrceMnrcnuxrpyntr u
arrrTaropoB)),Beerrr npocnttr.rreJr*,Hyro
pa6ory cpeAr.rHapoAa l{
o66rqan erpeficnuu HapoAHbrM
MaccaM((crarb rpyAbro Ha rrx Barrlr{Tyor Bcrrnrrx[orrbrron Haxr{x nlr6o nacunbcrBenubrxg'bficruifi
rrporr,rB
enpeer>>1).
floante,n oHrR6pro,KorAanorpounoenacrpoenie
euie 6onfe ycr,rJrrrJrocr,,
I{eurpanruuii llcnomrureJrbHr,lx ltoulrrer
Costros rpr{HflJr,nocnt AoHJraAa
rrpeAcraBrrrela<<Byuga>,
P. A6paMoBrrqa,ptuurenr,nyrc peaoJrroqiro
o 6opl6f c uorpoMur,rMABnxtenieu. <<BpaarnuHnrx ntcrnocrsx Pocciu,- rJracuJrapeaoJrro{ix, -. ToJlrrnr oBilo6ileHHblx, TeMHLrx, a qacro r4 oryMaHeHHbIx
c[r,rproM .trcgefi . . . rpoMflr, rpa6Rr, coBeprxaror 6eavnucrna, uaurtin u y6iftcrna>. Peaolmr\is ara ranrre penoMeH4yer aopno cn6Arrrb Ba npor{cr(aMr4rrorpoMHbrx arr,rTaropoB rr paaBrrrb auaraqin
nporr4B norpoMoB. Itan nonnperHyro utpy U. U. H. Costroe
npeAJlolnr4Jrcoagauie oco6brx Houraccift c y.racdeu uaprin, pa6ourx
oprauuaaqift, [pegcraBr{reneft enacrlr, n qibnRx <<ragefinoft
6ops6rr
rrporr,rB norpounoft aruraqiu u opraHr,raaqiu aaquru rpaxrAap) 2).
Ilorpouuur
co6uris o6parunn Ha ce6s nsrauanie rarur{e ra BpeMeHHaro flparlrrenrcrua.
27-ro ceuraGpn oHo o6cy4nro aror
Borrpoc r,r ptrunno nprrHflrb ancrperrHbrfl ru'bpu. <<Bqtlorvr pngf
ropo4oB, -Hracr{T ero nocraHonneHie,-ilporrcxognr Hpynnrre 6eatrop.flAnr.ru rrorpourr Ha noqst [perdMyrqecrBeuHo rrpoAoBoJrbc r s e u u o r i H e y p n A r r r l b r ,r r p l t H r r M a r c q i e q a c r o , o c o 6 e u n o H a
rcr:b, autueepeitcnift
xapanrep).
Bu4n npnvuuy auapxin r
orcyrcrnira sa utcrax rnepAoft BJracrrr,[paBr4TeJrbcrBorrocraHoBr{Jro
coaAarb raM <<oco6rre rioMr.rrerbr BpeueHuaro flpannrett,crra,
c yuacrieu rpe4craBr.rreleft u*crnux o6ulecrrerrHr,rx yvpem4eniii,
rJraBHbrMnaaua.reuierr Horopbrx rrBr.rrcrruo4anrenie 6eauopa4non>.
flpanurenrcrBenubrM noMrrccapaM rrpegocraBJrflercfl B qfnxx uoganneHia u flpeAyrpemgerdn 6eanopxgHor <<upnlrtnrrrb Bcro [o.Truory nnacrro3).
Hecuorpa Ha caMbrfl 6;raris nau6peuia arux
rlocraHoBJreuift, oun Ha gtnt ue 6rrlrn ocyulecrBJreHbr. II. il. lt.
Coslbros lr Bpeuenuoe flpaalrrenbcrBo Aame He croBoprrJrrrcbMe?fiAy
co6oft rro Borpoc)' o coagauiu <<Hounccif,p>
rr <(noMr4reron>
uo 6opr6t

') I{ut. no <Paacrtry>, J\} 1, or 9 i r c r s 1 9 1 7 r .


3)

80

T a u - x e , J G 1 4 ,o r 1 1 o x r n 6 p a 19i7 n.
Talr-me. J\! 13, or 4 onra6pn 1917r.

c norpoMaMrr, rd xaxrAbrii IIB nr.rx oTAtJrbHo BbIpaoaTbIBaJIoBon


M6pbr.
HO n qenrpa.nsnOfi POCCin,HeCMOTpffHa CrrJrbEOeaHTIICeMIITcfioe HacTpoeuie, auruerpeficxoe ABrrrfiegreHe IIpI4HSJIOaHTI{BHaro
xapaKrepa IIorpoMoB; r.ran;bcrnurToJrbr{ocepbeBrrbreaftclleccbl, BoBHrrftruie o cermn6p'b n TaM6ost. X{exrgy rtu na mrib, Ha Vxpann'b,
rurrpofioe
B 9TOBpeMfl saquHarocb ylfie, Kari ur,r nug:bulr, AOBOJTEFTO
ncxopf MHoro AecflrKoB IIyHHrrorpoMHoegelrxeuie, saxBaTr4Bruee
TOB. flOCran6snenin nerpOrpaACI{IIXOpraHOBBJIaCTII,eCl1r-6rr Oslr
n 6rrnu peaJIbHbI,ne lrutau-6bl Boo6qe crlJrbr Ha Vnpann6, 146
BJIacr6.
{aHruuecnu g;[ftcrnonana cBo.s, HallioHarbnatr
na4 eepeftcnuu
nacrariqu
n
BJlacrrr
ynpauncnofi,
Orsonreuie
- OHaIIbITasuOng:b
Onpe46nennoe
ueproHaqailbg6
nagelenielr 6rrnO
nacb c nnun 6oporbcrr Bc:bMuuurbrclqrauracfly Hefl cpeAcrBaMII,Kalt
lbrraJracb Boo6IIIe ocTarroBr{Tbanapxiro r xpa6. 3a utcnq cJrrr[InoM Ao nepBaro Barlpocar Pagt o florpoMax reHepaJrbnbrftcexpetapr
A. Illytrrun, r prburnre,rrnrrx
no rbnan naqiouanrHbrx MeHbrrrrrHCrB,
sosBsaHilr aurraenpeftCnyrc
cneqialrnou
nrrpameuiax ocyAr{Jr n
arlrraqirc. 0ro sogasaHie cn'bgyer crMrarb rrepBbrM nncrynneniem
yxpanncHOfi BJracrr{B Borpocf o [olpoMax. <tr{e paa.rurlHblx l{abct
neqa1bgblfl cnfgfnia, utO
Vxparannr, -rlJraglrr OIIO,-[pIIxOAfiT
II
T. II. BaMlbqalorofl Tar1fite
IIOA?I1OIOB
rrOMrrMOO6rrsgblx rpa6exeii,
rorbrrnrr ycrpoftcrna eBpeiicHIIx uorpoMoB r'I rpa6exa eBpeftcKaFo Ao6pa. Ilpecryunble arltraropbr' rloJlbsyt{cbreMHOrOftHapo[Hoft Maccbl, rlbrralorcfl paeAyrb qyBcrBo naqionanrnoft BpaErALI" '
Bcf COsuareJrbnbreynparruqbr AOJI?IHLICO BCefi CBOeftAuepriefi
CeHperapiary ll u'bcrnoft aAMl'runcrpaqirr
troMoqb lenepanlnouy
a llx 6opt66 npornn ororo upoHlaria, Koropoe [epeIIIJIO I{ HaM B
nacrtgcrro or rlapcxaro pelxuuo>1). Bcl6R Ba arr{M renepalrnrrft
ceKperapb no BHyrpel{ruru A:bnau,B. Br'runuseHKo'raH?r{eo6patuncn
x ry6epHcnuu n y'bagllblM yRpaI'IEcltlIMKoMlrccapaMc ancrpeuubrM
BeneTCg
qrrpfiyJrfipOM nO roMy-Eie BOIIpOCy.(<Teunrrlrlr9JIeMeHTAMI4
norpoMHafi arttraqin cpeAu roJIrIbI' oco6enno B AHII flpMapofi r'I
6asapon, na 6aaapax I,I B Apyrrrx utctax cnonJleHiffHapoAa, rpl{qeu
6rrnu cnyuar{, HorAa ara aruraqis [prrBoArrJraH paBrpoMy JIaBoKI{
qacrubrx AOMOB)). Ilupnynxp rpeAnrrcbrBaer BJracrfiM na urbcrax
t) I{nr. no <Naie Zait>>, or 20 onrrdpx 1917roga.
florporrr,r Ha Vxpannt 1917-1918.

81

lpr{EzMarb p;bmurefibsblf Ml[pu 60pr6u rporr4B ranofi arrmaqir.rr.r


6esquncrs r upucbrJrarb Boopyrfiennyrc oxpaxyl). Xor.a a qrap_
nyaxpt 6nru uoveuy-ro o6oftgenBolpoc o rou, nporrrB xoro 6rro6rrnnonenuoIIorpoMHErs6easfiHcrea,uo 6nrno
.BaK)rlranpaBJrelrbr
flcrro, qro p:bur nger o eBpeflx. gru utprr 6rr:rn upuuRrn, 6naro_
4apa rninniro Brrrle-ceKperapiara
no enpeficKnlr4lb;ralr. Hfcnonrxo
rroBtr{e'a xon6p'[, c soagsaHieM
n conAarasrIIo [oBoAy rrorpoMoB
o6paruncn r'r c. rleruropa, ren. cenperapb no eoftcnosuu rtnau.
<<Hegouycnafire uorpo*oB r4 6eauopngxoB,
- rJracn,Jro
sosseaHie,
- n6o ecJrr{Aonycrr{Te trrx, Bbr nogopoM tronpoere
cJraBgoerrMfl
yKpar'rHcftaro eoficra.
Hlrxanie florpoMbr rre AoJrrnHbrlrurfrn
ufcra ua naureft aerun*>>2).
coo6nlan o mtpoupinriax, npnnnuaeMErxnpaBrrreJrbcrBoM,
os([lrqios eBp.Brrrtre-cenperapiara
(mrruuteru
B BuAy raa. (Naie Zaib, opran <<O6'e4nneunux
eapeficxuxcoqianu_
cror>) rrncan: <<Ho
nago 6rrrr na crpaxrb n cat4urr, rrcrroJrnuJru-nn
irafcruEre noMr.rccapH gror npur(a3, gtficrnurenbHo -Jrr{ BoficKa
onaaaJrncogtficrnie HoMr.rccapaM,
Be4er-Jrr,rtrpoxyparypa cntg_
crnie uporun ruuonur,rx>3).
Boupoc o norpoMaxHe MaJroBoJrHoBaJr
rorga eapeftcHinuaprir.r
a o6cyxgatcfl Ha aactgariax National-Rat'a (<<Enpeftcnan
lrapoA_
uaa pago) - naqioua;Guaro cos6ra, o6paaoraBrrraroc.E
rrprr cexperapiart ro enpeiicxnugfrau rrBnpeAcraBr{reJrer'r
naprit. Ha aac6garira 5-ro non6pn 6rrno coo6qeHo,qro renepanrnrru cexperapiarou, conu:bcrHoc enpeftcruu cenperapiaroM,rrpuHnMarorcssct
utpu n raxasa'iro BrHoBHbrx,qro unorie arrrrarop'r Ir yqacrHuntr
rrorpoMayffie apecroBaHbr.cor.nacso uocraHoBJrerriro
aroro eact4arin, renepanbulrft cenperapr no enpeffcnr,rug.[naM, M. Bnnr_
6ep$ap6, BbrnycrnJrenerlianrnoe aoaanasiex erpeftcnoMy r{ace;reniro. vxaaurar, qro BofiHa [orpoMoB, SaxJrecrrryBruafl
pfiA
enpeficxnx ropoAoB lr MtbcreseH,flBJrffercspeaynbrarou o6qeii
auaprir.r,oxsarusmeftcrpauy, soaasanieroBopr,rr
: <B g6fi crrr.rrenr_
Hocrrr,oEHaHo,ouaceuienorpouoBr.ruter B ynpar{Hcr(uxry6epuiax
MeHbrrreoenonarix, s6u rls-6u ro Hr{ 6rrno . . . Ecnn so nclbx
r) Apxnr eBpeftcRaro
M l r s l l c r e p c r B a , q r r p n y J r s pr e u . c e x p e r a p f f
BrryrpeEEux cnpaB r{ rydepnianrnnM r{ noBlrroBhrM
r{oMr{ccapaM,
or 20 0rra6pn
1 9 L 7r , , a a N ! 1 6 7 9 .
,) IIur. no ras. <<DerTelograf>,
J\i 1, or 15 non6pa 1g17r.
3) d{aie Zaitr>, J\! 85, or 23
onrn6pa 1917r.

82

ocraJrbnbrx o6nacr.sx Poccilt nrbr s tracronqift MoMeIrr rrepgofi


rocyAapcrBennofi snacrv u Bo MHorIlx nltcrax [poJrr{Baercn He
M a J r oK p o B r { r, o H a V H p a l t n l b B J I a c r b r B e p A a u n p o q H a . A a r a
BJracrb crpeMrrrcff a4ter sc;bil{n cIrJIaMrl rapaurt{poBatr, u o6eafleqr.rrb rropfiAon lr cnoHof,rcrnie gnn nctx Hapo4nocreii, naceleuepanrnnit
Cexpetapiar rnepgo p;buull
Jrflroulnx VHpanny.
Ee Aorrycxarb Ha reppldropiu Vnpauubr Hunanrax 6easuucrs u 6earroprAr(oB . . . He repnftre roJlbno My?r(ecrBa,rparr{Aalre-enpeml)'
Tan ouruurrcrlrqecnu 6rrnu rorga HacrpoeHbr eepeficnie g'barenu'
Cpegu u;bp, npe4upl,IHflrbrx yxpar{HcrirrM rlpaBrrreJlbcrBoM [JIfi
no4annenin 6eauopngxor, otm:btrau fipoenr <<Oco6arocon'blqauin>
(<uapag>) gnn 6opr6rr c auapxieft na Vnpar.rurb, Horopoe AoJrlr{Ho
6rruo cocraBrrrbcfi trl upe4cranrare,lleft cerpetapiara BHyrpelruux gtn, BoeHHaro, naqiona;u'nblx Bllqe-cexperapiaron u rrpe4cranurerefi o6rqecmeHnnrx opranuaaqifi. <<PaapocrarculascHIra
Vnpamt anapxia, - roBoplrrcfl B rILIpKyJIapt, paaocuarruoMB arrr
afgoucrna ilo rroBoAy rrpoexra, - rIoMI{Mo fioApblBa aBToprlTera
BJracrrr, fl BJIflerctr rar{}Ke $aHtopolr, paapyilanqlrM MIrpHoe co?I{I{reirbcrBo lraceJlsmqrrx Vxpauny EapoAuocrefi il so MHorrIx cJryqasx npuql,rut{er lreflonpaBlrMnrii npeg lrHrepeca[l uaqioHallnnrx
Tanaa xoulrccis (<Oco6oecontrqanie>>)uo 6opl66
MeHbrxrrHcrn>>2).
c aHapxieii 6una gtitcrBrlreJlbuo yqpex{AeHa,Ho oHa n o6n1eu oHaBaJracb6eag:LarenrHoft n Hu s xaxoii uipt ne noeilisra ua cygl6y
rrorpour{aro gnlrmenin n Hpa6. B noa6pt u 4exa6pt 1917 r. gnu:nenie nprrnflJlo eqe 6on6e rur,Ipoxili, utu npexrge, xapanrep. [aBarr Ha aactAauin 14 gena6pn, Bo BpeMfl socrlrofi ceccirr ldeurpanruoft PaArr, orqer o qfnre.rtuoctit enpeiicHaro ren. cenperapiara,
M. Snlr6epi[ap6 ynaaail, HaFi rluoro cII"u Ir eueprilr 6u.no ceHpetapiaron norpaqeHo ua 6opr6y c rorpoMaMlt lr o6parr.urcn H Pagt
c rrpnBbrBoMflprrcoeAlrnl{rbct{ fi arofi 6opr6t.
Ho yHpauncnoe npaBrrreJlbcrBo, oqeBuAuo, ne s cfiirax 6brno
c arr,rMgruntenieu 6oporr,ca, rama 6oponocb c HIIM HeAocraroqrro
BneprutlHo. B cantr.rii paarap aHapxiu n Hpa'b rl 6es'rtlucrB HaA
eBpeffMlr B. BlInnuseHlio BasBIrJr na aac'bgarrin rofi-nte socbMofi
flBJlaercfirerlepb oallrrcoM uopflAKa).
ceccirrPagr,r,uro <<VnpalrHa
1 ) A p x n n e n p e f t c x a r o M n E r { c r e p c r n a ( o 1 4 6 ; ro u o r p o u a x ) . H a n e q .
TaHE(eB <Naie Zait>, J\i 50, 1 O 1 1 F
s ) T a n - E r e , a x o g .J \ ! 3 1 , noniR npoexra (EapaAaDgur 6opr6rt c arapxiefi.
6f

83

Korga-xe enpeftcxrauunpelcraBr{reJrsMrreuy 6rr.no yraaarro Ha


BoJrEyerpeficnr.rxnorpoMoB,oH orpanr4qlrrcsors:broM,qro (rrnor4a
uaelbcris o norpoMax flBJrflrorc.fiupeyBeruqeHHlrMtrr,
u nycrofi cnyvaft rngaerc.fi Ba rrorpom). B oretr Ha Bropuquuft aaupoc s Manofi Paxt o trorpoMax,B. Bnunu'{euno cxaaan: <<lenepanrnufiCeHperapiar, r(oHeqHo,orHroAbrre [prrMr{pnJrctrc arr.ru nonirorquu
ssnelrieM. . . Ho rBop.src.fl,r cornaltniro, eule 6oururie rrorpoubr,
rr ecnr{ upiftgyr na Vrpauuy 6onuuenraxr{,ro cryqnrcfi rceo6qift
rlorpoM. Orlru u o6tscnrrercrrHeBoBMornnocrb
trprruflTixp'bruurenrnnrx utp. C u;bcr 6epercn Bce caMoecprJrbuoe
rr ilocbrJraercqHa
ynparrucno-pyccniftlfponr AJrffBarqr{rbrVxparzuu>. B uastcrnor{
currcn6 arbpno6r,rnoyxaaauie,uro paautpu rrorpoMuarogelrrxeuin
rrnorAafipeyBefiuqr4BaJnrcb,
r{ax Mbraro eugtnr. Ho r raxoM orn;br:b rnasEr [paBvrTenbcrBaeBpesMqyAuilocb npoan,reuie paaHoAyrxHaroornonrenis K rrorpoMubrM
oncr{eccaM.Ftorga 6rrn nnecen nepnrrfiaaupoco ilorpoMax,28nor6pn,reuepaJrbHlrft
cexperapb
uo roftcnosulr gtnau (r. e. noennnft unulrcrp) C. Ilertropa cHaBaJr:
<<florpourrnaAaror na upra{ponroByronoJrocy, rg& upearrrsaftHo
Mlloro paBnbrxBa[acnbrx Borrncnrrxqacreft. 9rn .racru u gtnaror
rrorpoMbr. . . PaarpyaHa rlrJra or [paBAHErx Bafiacrrbrx qacreft
ncrptvana npenarcrria 6rcponparuuecxaroxapaxrepa, Ho ara
pe{opnaancxop6 6yger rpousBeAerra.CeHperapiar6yger acHopt
Tanrfie uu'brs AocraroqHosoeHnoft crrJrbr,[prr rroMonlrrnoropofi
Morr(Ho
6yger pfruureJrbr{o6oporrcn c anapxieft>l). Tanoft crlJrbry
yxpauucxofi Biracrrr, oArrano,He or{aaaJrocb. Bnocs n cpegrant
gena6pa ntoplruurrft Banpoc a Pagy o rorpoMax, npeAcraBr.rreJrr,
ciouuctcnofi {panqilr, H. Cnrpnun,cKaBaJr
: <<lenepatrnr,rfiCenperapiar n nocl64uee BpeMffHan 6ygro repecraJr rpoflBJrffrb
npemuroro qyrnocrb r{ BonJr.flM
?neprBr{ HaH6ygro {aranucrraqecnn npIrMIrpLrJIcfl c Hl{Mu)).B crarrt <<VxparaRa,
ncrroJrur,{
AoJrr
cnofi!>>Tor-?r{enpeAcraBrrrenrcioHr.rcroBnr{caJr: <<flpemge,npr.r
nepBlrx cnfg;buiax o norpout r.rJrrrAalne roJrbno o6 onacsocur
rrorpoMa,Ieneparrnnri Cexperapiar 6nnano H{lrBopearrrpyer. . .
Tenepr-xe oH BhrcJryrilrrBaer
AoHecenieo rorpoMax r npocr6rr o
noMor\u, Hax upitnuryncn ntceHfiy. . . u uuxaHis upaxrrauecHia
utpn rre rrpnnr.rMarorcn>2).
Ha rou caMou aact4aniu PaAr,r,r4t
r.
I -E"p. lf ncarl ilt 3, 1917

g) (Der Telegrafr,

J.ll 27, or 22 teH. J9i7 r.

84

EaaBaJrVrpalrny (oaarrcoMrropffAfiat, flpegcraBurenb


Br.rnnu.reurco
<Eyngal BrrecfipegJroxenieo uplrunrilr rrpaBnrenbcrBoM
aueprnqunrx utp AJrfl noAaBJIeHiaanapxiu n Hpat rr JrrrKBrrAaIIiunorpouHaro ABr4lneuin.Itorga n Tapanq;b,Ifiescnofi ry6., uavancfl norpoM,
erpeftcxie o6rqecrrennrregtareru s ltieets o6parraaucr, L7 AeHa6pn,H ry6epucnoMyKoMr.rccapy
ror
CanunoBcxouyBarroMorrlbro;
ornibrlrr, qro ((e?fiegueBHo
floryqaer MaccyreJrerpaMM
o florpomax,
Ho [oMoqb He Moxter,TaK Ka]cy nero Htr Heo6xoglruoftsonucxoft
cr{Jrbr)).To xte caMoe orslbran rr Haqarbnrln yxparrHcnoft gacrrl,
reuapaJrBoryc;raacnifi,n noropouy eupeftcHie
npegcrarureJrrrrorAa
o6paru,rlrcrl).
rr HeAocraroqHocrbrrpaBureJrbcrrennarxutbp
Eeacrarie BJracrr4r
vacrr
[pr,rBeJrrr
enpeftcHnxgtarereft n MlrcJrrro BoopyrfieHnoficauoo6opou6. Ho B aroMnoupoc:bcpe4r,r
eapeftcnuxuaprifi He66rJro
egr,rnogyruin.Bnocs s Honqt non6pr or lrMexrrr
ciosr.rcrcnoft{pa*qiu aanpoc o [orpoMax, I. IIIexruaH rprl arou BaflBr4n:<<Co
sclbx
cropou flocrynaror ff HaM HacroftqnBbr.fl
rpe6osauix enpeftcnrax
coJrAar,.rto6u nlr paaptureno 6rrno oprarrnaoBarscfiB cneqiansHbrrr Apy?lrrIHbI AJIflSanIrrTbI?r{r{anrIlI qecTrl cBorlx oTIIoB, uarepefi
lr cecrep . . . He uaxogrrr alr leuepanrunrit CeHperapb BoBMolnHbrM
paaptururr eBpe.aMBor.ruaM o pralrrBoBarr, cueqia.nrurrfl Apyfirrrubr
AJrfi oxpaubr enpeficxaro nace;renis?> C. flernrcpa, B cBoeM orB:brrF, nnrcnalalrcfr B rrpr4urlr.r[6 aa eapeftcitin gppnurlr,
o66ulafi
Hponrt roro B sar.r6onte yrpo?r{aeMtrx utcrax paautularr cron
((HaAe?r(Hr,rfl
souxcnis qacrr.r>. OguaHo, nporr{B trpeAJro?r{eniscioHrrcroB Bbrcryflr{Jrrrryr-rfie e Palt Jrr{AepEreapeitcnlrx coqianncrnqecrirrx uapriii.
flpegcranlrre"trr <<Bvuga>,NI. Pa$ec, HarueJr,qro
oco6uq enpeiicrdn eorrucliis vacrlr 6;*tryr roirbno cuoco6crnosarr,
trorpoMaM, a il{. Illaq-Aurru, or rr}reHrr <<06'e4lruenuLrx)),
BasBtrrJr,
qacrrr
((nporrrB
sro ranirr oco6rn
rrurepecoB rr BoJrr4HapoAa). B
Tou-rfle cur,rc,nt Blrcliaaar'rcfi Aa?ne ilpeAcraBureJrb 6onte yutpeunoft <Volksparteb. Bonpoc aror B Pagf 6o.rrrre He rroAur{MaJrcfi.
I(orqa n gexadpt 6rlr sHeceHuropoii Barrpoco trorpomax, B. BunnuqeHno coo6rqun, rro <<feuepalrnrrft Cexperapiar rrpr{ErrMaer ecl[
rvr;bpuH au46ueniro BorrHctwrx.racreir AJrfl npenpaqeuia fiorpoMoB).
Ho o66qardfl Err{ Hrr n qeMy He rrprrBeJrrr.llpucnannrue ynpar.rucrde
orp.EALr qacro caMrr crarroBrrJrr{cb B p.aAhr rpoMrrJr. Oco6enno
1 ) T a u - r r e , J $ 2 5 , o r 1 9g e n .1 9 1 ?r .

85

rorAa Ha M&crax
HenpowroftrapaHriefi oKaBaJMcbo6paBoBaHHLre
oxpauubreorpflALrran HaB.<<BomnaroKaaaqecrBa>.
Hena4emnocrbynparrHcnux qacrefi npunera rorna opraunaaqiro CoroaaeBpeeB-BorrHoB
K MbrcJrrr
o caMocroflreJlbuou
{opruuponanilr erpeftcxr,rxBorrucnlrxApylrfl{H. Vqacrus[isc.a uacuuis nporr,rB
eBpeeB,scnrrxnynurin cpaBy n pngt u:bcr, artenaJlr{orpoMnoe
noa6yrxgeuiecpeAu enpeficxlrx coJrAarpyccxoft apuira, HaxoAr4Erur4xcffna ([pour6. Xapanrepuoft B aroM currcr:b .flBJrffercrrpeBo{roqis nporecra, npr.rHsranua co6pania trpeAcraBureneftcoJrAar- rorna, fior4a gnumenie roJrr,Ho
eBpeeB10 ntxoruoft Ausuaird,
HaqrdHarocb. <<KarnguftAenr, - roBopaJlocbB peBorroqira,
qrrraemo antpcrrax, qr{Irl4Mbrx
nag espeftcHuu
c 6onrrc u cJreBaMr{
a floAqacrr opraHI{BoBaI{6eaors;brcrseHrrbrMl/t,
EapoAoMTeMHbIMrlr,
rrbrMr{cr{JraMs.Benunarrpyccnafl peno,rrcqia,Boas:hcruscrpanrbn
rctu napogaM efl saprc ucrr,ruuoftcso6ogr'r,oxaaaJracr6escnusnofi, sro6r,r ocrarroBrrrb BJryroaruraqiro u npoauenie efl rlporlrB
trrrcaJlrr:<<Tpe6yeu,
eBpeeB). Bnpaxan fiporecr, coJrAarbr-eBperr
qro6rr rroBcroAyutctnne npeAcraBr{reJrrr
BJIacrr{u nrr6opunrnopsc;bMum;FpaulrBcflnr,rMaHTrrceMr{Tranueaqiu BocnpenffTcrBoBaJrrr
cr{r{MBbrcrynnenis*r. Tpe6yeu npraunrin ptmr.rrensnarx mrbp,ga6rr
ntpnue cno6ogt lr peBoJlroqiu,naorrracuonoftno
coJrAarbr-eBpelr,
rrcrroJruffrbcsou o6saauuocuor). C auanoruqnblMrrpeaoJlroqinun
BbrcryrurJrr{rr opraHLrBaIIiuer peer-conxar 22 4-ro utxorn aro IOxnoscxaro rroJrHa,5-ro Cn6lrpcxaroapueftcfiarofioptrycau nplr.2). gro
u o6u4u,w
pyKoBoAfftrIIrM
rrepeAaJrocs
opuacrpoenie eBpeeB-coJr4ar
raHampyccHofiapruiu. TaH, uanpranttp,Anatraionnuftxounret tofi
npe4crasurenefi
lxe {0 ntxornoit Ausuaiuflpr{rrflJr,rro npeAJloxtenirc
coJrAar-eBpeeB,
aurr{norpoMHyropeaonrcqin, n roropofi oH (Bblpa,fiaer nporecr rro noBoAytroaopHbrxarrenifi, MaccoBLIxnorpouoB,
u Hacrar{BaerHa nprrHflrin canux aHeprutlublxutp Aua ilpenorBparqenis u npectveuin nogo6anx nnnerdb>3).
r) Apxlro Coroaa eBpeeB-Bor{xon, Houia flporoxoJla co6pauin eBpeficxrx npeAcraBurenetr 10 n;bxorn. guar.rBiu,or 9 onra6pn 1917r. tr{e Ap}Toro
AoKyMeHra n apxrn:b BrlrAEo,.rto r 10 ntxorsoft gunuaiu raxo4ulocr 500
eBpeeB-coJrAaT.
2)Tau-xe.
3) Talr-xe,
ronis nunucrl{ I{B Irporolioaa aactAasia 4uars. HoM[Tera
10 ntxorn. qlrnnaiu, or 14 orra6ps l9l7 r. Ho 6uaaatl u o6patuue cJlyqau,
xor4a o6uleapueficria opraRuaaqin orlrecJlllcr paBuogytuno H enpeftcntlu 669-

86

Bonpoc o ru&pax6opr6u c rorpouaMrrcepbeBuo


aauffJrBlrr{Manre
uepuoft ronipepeuqir Corosa eBpeeB-BorrHoB,
nporrcxogr.rBrueit
s
ltient t0-13 onra6pn L9L7r. <<BPoccilr B HacrofirqeeBpeMffrootrogcrByer roJrna)),cnagaJrAoxilagrrun uo Borrpocy o 6opr66 c
trorpoMaMr{.<6ncrpo paoBrrBaroqificqs HacrofrrrleeBpeMfiarrrr'rceMr.rrrrBM
ecrb ficrrxoaroJrnbD).<<I{enrpallruar Paga n 6opr6t c uorpouaMr{6eacuflrHa.FtpacnaamapRir rar{fireHerapasrnpyer 96ficrBr'rreJrbrrocrbBatrIr{Tbr,n6o lr n Itpacuoft rrap4iu pasBr{Baercff
<Heo6xognMa
opraurraaqix enpeitc}rofi caMoaHrr{ceMrrrr{am>.
p
B
caMbrx
rxrrponr{x
paeutpax,
camoo6oponhr
arro 6 o o n rr
opraHnBoB
Hofi, Buyruarcqefix ce66 cepbeeHoe
ornoruerde>1).B erou currcnrb
u 6rrno rpurrflro non{epeuqiefi nocranosnexie. Ilpoexr aror He
pas o6cyxgaJrcflB pflAax Coroaa. Ha utcrax-rfie B aro BpeMflyrne
rroprrAnoMenpeficxin Apyfirr.rxrr.
Haqailr o6paaonrrnarbcarrBorrrrbrM
Bonpoc o Boopylr(ennoitcauoo6opout crar oco6esRo ocrpo
uocnf orcrn6pr,cxaro[epeBopora, riorAa Maocbr<<BbrpBanrrcb
rrarroA
Bce
KaKroBopr{rcrrB MarepiaraxComaa.Bonna ancr{eccoB
HaABopa)),
Ir o enpeficnuxApyrfirrnaxcnoBa
6omrne u 6ournre paapocraJracb,
saroBoprrJrr{,
}ro Ha aror pa3 6onBe rioHKperHo. Tan, Ha o6rqenr
t9 ntxoruofi graruain,croaBmefts Hosoco6paniu eBpeeB-coJrAar
ceJrrrqax,6nna uprannrapeaonroqir,rracnqafl: (M6r, eBper{,ononHbrecoirAaru, rpe6velr, riafi or l{enrpanrroft Pa4u, rax a or qeurpamnoit poccificnoft BJracr[, opranuaaqin RB TbrJIoBErxsacrefi
u Apyrrrx uaqift, cotryBcrByroqux ugef
Apy?firrnr{a coJrAar-eBpeeB
o6oponu 6eaaarqururrxenpeficnnx Macc or norpomoB. Err gpynrrsbr AoJnrinbr 6urr eoopyxterrbr rr HaxoAr4lLcfl B lrocroflHHoM
cexperapiara no enpeftcxnu gfnau
pacropfl?fieuilrreHepa.nbHaro
qeHrpaJrbHoft
Pocciu -- y Aemonparr,rqecnu
trana Vriparaurb,a r
6panuux o6rqnn, a aarfM BcepoccificxaroEnpeficnaro c'rbsga>2).
flpolraouregruiii npra6nrrotrreJrrr{oB aro BpeMfi rperifi apueficrift
rlo trpegc'tag XI apuirr, rax?r(ecrossurertna Vnpalrnf, BbrpaBrrJrr
;roxenirc AeJreraraor enpeficxofisoennoft opranuaaqir, n oco6ofi
crsisn: tan, uanplrlrbli, na c'tagf pyMbIIIcHaro{poura upegaoxeuie npoTecroBarr rrporrrB fiorpouoB 6rruo ncrptveuo floltsblu uorqauieu. Cu. rDor
l'elegraf>, l9l2 r., Ni 26, or 2t gexa6pn, nl{c6uo B peA. A-pa llluuruxa.
1) Talr-;He, nporonorrbrxonrpeperqiuCoroaa,eaerbgauie
12 oxrn6pn 1917r
9to6lr.rraxon{repeirr1irreBp.coJI[aTroro.sa[aAIraro{ponra.
2) Tau-xte, peaoarcuia eBpetrcfiax corrEar 12-oit ntxorxoft lusnsiu. or
7 gexa6pa 1977 r.

87

(CBfirbrlIAOJIpeBonroqiucBoftnpoTecrnpoTIrBrlorpoMoB,npr{BHaB
geuonparir
yuacrie
cauoo6opout,
r
nplrHnrb
peBoJrroqionnoft
roM
opraurrByeMofteeperulr)),HaxoAfi Tafi?fietfieJrareJlbubluo6paaonarde
orgtnrnrrx eupeficnuxvacreitl). Itopnycrufi nounrer 5-ro Cu6llp: <<rrrg:bcnaro apMeficHaroHoplyca rafilxe [prrHtrir nocraHoBJlenie
rr.rrs oco6ne orpflAbrlra eBpeeBrI oxorHI{HoBAJIfl oxpaHbl eapefi'
e).
cnaro HaceJreuin>
Ho Aus nnanou;bpnol'topranraaaqiuorpa4or cauoodoponbrrpe'
6oeailacr otf{uqia,nsuas canHr{is. Iapnuaonnoe co6panie eBpeeBBor{HoB
e ltiest urbcxonrnopas [pEHI4Manoo6 aroMrrocraHosfieHie
(r nonqt onra6pa r r gexa6pf). Ha co6paniu 2L'ro gena6pn
rroItiescnarorapuuaoHaocy[I{JII{<nep;brurarenbHyrc
eBperr-coJrAarH
nrrrr4ny enpeftcxarocexperapiara (uunncrepcrna) s ntnt cuoco6crronanis npoaegeniroB ?fiItau!,rlocraHoBJleniso6 o6paaonardlr
erpeftcxux Borrucnrrxsacrefi))u uorpe6onaJlllor Hero HeMeAJreHnoft opranrmaqir ranrrx orpnAoB n rrrpa6otxtl coeMrbcruoc
6opr6u c
pfrurarenruux ufp HeorJlornHoft
CoroaoMeBpeeB-BorrHos
eupeftcxult cenperapiarom
<<Bcryva:! HeyAoBJIerBopenin
trorpoMaMrr.
s resenie rpex gneft HacroflIrlarorpe6oraniar>,opraul'IsallisCorcaa
ocraBJlnetaa co6on cro6ogy gtftcrnifi, r. e. upaBo
eBpeeB-BorduoB
caMocroflreJrbHaro
{oprruponaHin orpngor3). I'I n6ficrenreJrbuo,
ncnopf, 30-ro geHa6pn,n }tien;b ornpblJracbBropaff xon([epenqin
Coroaa,na xoropofi 6rr.irnrrpa6orau ycraB o coagarir enpeficxux
Apyfiil.rH.Vcras aror, IIoA naaaarieu <Ilpoeitr nonomeuis o BorrupacfioJlorfienublx
Ira reppucfir.rxorpffAax enpeficxoficauoo6opoubr,
ropilr VHparrucnoftHapognoii Pecny6nuHo, 6ul aat;bmrpeAcraceHperapiaruo softcnonnugflau, a uocnrb4nifi
BJrerr
B reuepaJIbHbIft
trepeAaJrero B cexperapiar no enpeftcHlntgtlau. I{6ml ra xapaftonpegtlffIorcs cutgyroquu
rep orpfiAoB, corJlacrro<<nonomeriro>,
qecrrl
u Aocror,IucrBa,E{rrBrrI{tr IrMyIrIecrBa
o6paaou: <<Oxpana
BLIero or aHapxurlecl(n-rrorpoMHblx
erpeftcnaro nace;renigIr BaIqI,ITa
cryn,renift,c.rreft 6nrro nr 6rr.lo ctoponbl, Ha reppuropin Vnpalurcxofi Hapoguoft Pecny6JIrIHI{. Otpngrr He IrpItHI{Marcryuacria nu
r) Tau-xe, narepiaarr AnE raa. <Iouoc eBpea-BolrsaD.
!) Tau-xe, Honin nporoxouaaactg. fioptr. HoMMera 5 Clr6npcxaro apMeftcnaro Hoprryca,or 20 AeHa6ps 1917r.
8) Apxun eBpeftcfiaro MrrBI,Icrepcrua, xonin peaonrcqiu eBpeeBDoEEoBHiencxaro rapfinsosa. sxor. JY!363, nolyu. 22 gexa6pn 1917r.

BE

B r(anux BrIAax floJrldrlrqecfiofi lr Me]fiIraqiouanrnofi 6opr6u, nocxoJrbfty rar(OBarrHe yrpoxaeT ?fiuaur{n 6narocOcro.grirc erpeftcHarO
nacenenis>>. Orpnqb,I cocroflr LrBHagpa' KyAa BxoAflr oonAarn [titcrBrrreJlbr{ofi clym6rr, Ho HeroAHbIeK crpolo' u rra peaepBa-AobpoAgalrig. B OrnOUregill BbICIuaI6 HOMaIIBOJrbrIeB,irrrq He-BOeHHarO
gonauin orprAhr AoJIlItHbrHaxo4rrrbcfl ra o6qux ocHosaHisx c [poqnMn qacrflun noficH I rlplr BbIcIleM xoMaEAHoivrcoctae:b oHpyroB
AoJrrnr{brno g6nam orpsAoB eepeftcxoft calroooopoubl HaxoAl4rbcff
rpe4craBr.rrenu Corcaa eBpeeB-BoI{HoB;Boopy}xenie, AoBofllcreie,
o6nrynglrponanie enpeftcxie orpngu troryqalor ua o6rqux ocHoBaui.sx c gpyurMlr BolrHcrillMrr vacrnuul).
c ATIIMIIIIJIaEnpeficxOe Mr{HrroreporBofiBHOne 6rrnO C0IJIaCHO
cexperapiar
uo
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Apyttrruax.
eBpeeB-Bor'rHoB'
Coroga
r
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gtlau,
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enpeficxnu
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osepeAb trpegJlorfiItrr r nlr4;b KoMrpoMI'Icca o6paaonblBarb <<Binilre
rioBaqrBo)),nnfs 40 enpeficru'rx llrrcrpyHTopoB))2).CoIoB c 9rI4M He
I{ I{a CBOIOOrglbrCrneuuocrb rrpOIOJI]KaJIOprannsaqiro
COfJraCrrJICf
orprrAoB. Ornouenie enpeftcHaro Mlrallcrepcrnas) n Botrpocy o
AaJIbIue,
enperlcHrrx orp-EAax 6rrlo ue c;ryvaitngnr: ogo' HaK yBI'IAITM
orpa?fiaJro uactpoenie eepelicnltx ;rfsbrx napriii, pyHoBoArrreJrl{
-BOIIUOB.
Hor4rxBbrCrynranupf urureJlbIIOrrpOrI{BuilaIIOBCOnAaeBpeeB
npOsBIIJIOcb
OrsOmenie
OcO6enno oupegtnexuo aro orpllqareJlbHoe
co croporrbl National-Rat'a. Ha aacrbgauirx i'5 u t8 uox6pn n
4 geriadpn o6cymgancn Borlpoc o utpax 6opr6n c rorpoMaMlr. [IpucyrcrBoBaBlxiit upu aroM o6cyffigeniu npe4cfAarenr Corosa eBpeeBBouHoB, I. foronr, yHaBbrBaJIna ueo6xoglruocrb {opunpoeanir
erpeftcxux BoIIHcKItxorpri:loB: <<Erorooupe46nenuo rpe6yrcr colgarrr {poura>>. <<}Iu EiAarb }ie }torirll, - cKaBaJIoH, - rr opraHlrBor ) A p x r a C o r c a a e B p e e B - B o I { I r o B 'n p o c r T n o n o x t e n i so 6 o r p a g a x e a p .
cauoo6oponu.
,) Tau-xte, uarepia:ru AJIffraB, <<foroceBpes-Bo[sa))(aau. <CoroardcaMoo6opona>).
s) ltafi nar:bcrno, <\Ilruucrepcrno no enpeilcxllu Etnau> TaH crano rlueaBroHosoBaTbcarErrrB B xnsapt 918 r. (nocnt BaHoEao Harl.-nepcoEaJlbHoft
g
no
<<Bllqe-cexperapiat
HasblBanocl
otro
uox6pa-gera6pa
aneapa). [o
uin
eBpeltcxrrx g;braur>,a n gena6p:b <leuepaurxufi ceriperapiar no eBpeftcxnM
gtralr>. I,In qacto gua ygo6crna nosltvasin sagblBaeMero fiparno: (eBpeuCKOE MIIBIICTEDCTBO)).

89

BaJrrrIJrfl rpe[orBparqeHirr trorpoMa B rtieBt eBpeficxyro BouHqro ranie orpn4br Aon?fiHbr


cxyro caMoo6opony;MbrrroJraraem,
oprannaoBarbcRno scefi Vnpanu6. Mnr crorautrepeAotracuocrbro,qro
gousofi uocnopo nporuer {pour r{ BaJrberocrc Vnpar.ruyr{poBaBoft
rpoMoB)>
. . . flporun ororo ilpeAJromerisp6mlrrensuo BErcHaBaJrEcb
sct nxo4lraruir rorAa B National-Rat enpeficxia naprir (ciouncm,r
n napriu npaete lrx B aror nepiog s National-Iiat, ue nxognau).
flpegcraurreur <B5mga>sameJr,qro (orpflAbrcauoo6opoubrotracnlr
jIJrfl caMfix eBpeeB,rra urrx co3AacTcff
noBarrBoeHHasKacTaI,I qTo
BbraoByr
aHrrrceMrrrcxyro
ourr
rpaBnro). llpegcranurenb (IloaJreftrrro
I{ioo HarueJr,
onr{ Moryr Aarrie (trpoBorlupoBarb trorpoMbrt r!
rrro Hy?nubrnrurr o6qie cmturauune souncfiie orpffAhr c npeo6nagaHiem eBpeeB. B rou-xe Ayxt BbrcnaBaJrucb
r[ trpeAcraBrrreJrr{
<<O6'eAnseHHbrx
eBp. coqianncror> u <Volksparteil>. A npegcraBrrrenbMrrfirrcrepcrBatro erp. 4ttau, ?I. Xyprulr, HameJr,qro
< < x y A r u i iut a n a n i a r r { B o B B 6 o p t 6 6 c r o r p o M a M r ( B r o B b r g 6 u eni e o c o 6 brx en p e fi c x lr x o r p rrAo 8. . . Cntgyer o6paaonarr
rpax4ancxiff Apyilrr.rHbr
rr AJrrrororo Molnno rrcuonbBoBarb r{rrcrr.rryr BinrHoro rioBaqrBaD... B coorn:brcmino orura6rrra
rrpr{Hflra peaolroqia, qro <ipopullponaHieoco6nx
egr,ruorJraoHo
enpeftcHux Bor,rHcnuxqacreft [Jrr BanlrrTbrerpeficnaro saceaenis
epeAno,HaH c fioflr{rlrqecxoficroponnr,raft n B rrr{repecax{poxra))l), lr prbnreno,sro6u npu erpeficnoMMrrnltcrepcrnt 6rrna o6pa'-'aoBaua cueqianruan fiourrccifi rro Borpocy o rufpax 6opr6ur c
rrorpoMaurr. H cnfgyrcqeuy aacfgarin Houuccis npeAcraBrrna
csoil nnan: rrprrreHepaJrbrroM
ceHperapiart no nnyrpexrrrrug:b;rarvr
rrrrar
opraulrayercfl
r 200 nncrpyxropoB <4ln 6opr6rr c anapxieftl,
nB Hr4x50 enpeiicxnx, Irorophre6ylyr AocraBJrelrbr
CorcaoueBpeeBnonroe2).
PaanoruaciecpeArrerpeficnnx uapriit n nonpoo'bo cauoo6oponrb
HaxoArrTcflB cBsBrrc o6qnnalrpaonorracinlrrro roM, Hyrnuo JrrrBoo6qe eepenrr-coirAaraMua Vxpannt (populrpoBarbcrrs oco6tr,a
qaunu. B ror nepiog rrrira aHepruqnaffynpar.lnlraaqia
- eowncni"s,
roi.icn, rr eBperroqyrurucb n 6eanrrxognoM
[oJroxreriu: ynparauqn
rrx lIB cBorlx qacrefi I{cnrrcqarn. <Cpeglr eapeficnrax coJr[ar, r) flporoHotsr National-Il,at'a, eactgauie 6-oe,or f8 nox6pn 191?.
O xotr6 ge6aron cM.rar{?fte<Naie Z ait>, }&}{i 53 w 5'), or 15 u 20 ron6pr 191?r.
2) Ilporoxonn
National.Rat'a,
7 - o e a a c ' b g a n i eo, r 4 4 e x . 1 9 1 7r .

90

nuruer raa. (Naie Zait>, - pacilpocrpallffercn trooroMy fioaylrr oo


o6paaonaniz erpeftcxzx 6atauronos, noJIKoB u Ansnaifi, I'I Tor[a
(roropnr congatrr) nepecrauyr 6pocatrcn HaMrI or ynpar'firlleB n
pyccnrru r uao6opor, a rJlaBrroe- TorAa MbI cMo?rteMcoocrBelrrrbrMrlrcuJla*rn 6oporrcq [poTLrB [OTpOMOB)).HO'- BOSpaffiaeTrasera, orpaffiaff BBTJIITAIIilrbsr.rx naprifi - ((oro npltnecer 6onrme
BpeAa, .r:bu nonrau, u6o eneoser crrJlbHblfftpenia MetfiAy enpeficnrrMrr coJIAaraMII II l\IefiiAy ueenpefiCnurtn lr O6Iquu nacenerriemll).
flpe4cranurenlt il:bsrilx re'Ienift croxJII{ Ha rofi rosn& aptnin, vro
rrorpoMhr ecrr 6tgcrnie ne tonrxo espeftcHoe' a floroMy Bcfl Aen a4tcr n;br utcra cneqianrno
monparia AoJItr{Ha6opotscn c HtrlMlrt,
2).
Peao.lroqin coqia.ilucrrasecxoftifpaftI{iu
erpefi cHoit cauoo6opou6
aa Hou{epenqin corcaa eBpeeB-Bol'ruosKiescHaro oxpJma lraBblBaer
u4ero eepeftcxux naqionaJrBubrx BoeHHbIx Sopruuponanift <mosunuqTOATOTrrfiarr
aateuntsieM yMOB))
CTlrrreCHrrM
I peaOnroqin HaxOAIIT,
BJIacrb Be4er
Horopyrc
<rrcfiyccrBeHublM rlyreM rlprrAaer 6opr6t,
rrporr{B yroJIoBrIbIx ilpecrylHI,IHoB' xapal{rep Me?nHaqiona;rlnofi
roftum>3).
crossude ea erpeftnpyryo roqny ep6nin Ban{ulqafiI'I ciouucrrr,
pr
oco6enno n qflax 6opr6u
crdn sor.rncriir {opuupoaauir noo6qe
nporrrB rrorpouoB. <<Bnacronqift mecroxift MoMeHr y nc:bx ogna
enpeftcnan naqionanrnas
MbrCJrb,OArrHJrOAyHr:cauoo6opofia,
[orpoMnaro gnramenia.
e
paerapt
H.
flrrcaJr
Cupnlru
caMosatrIrrTa)),
Cornacro ero nJIaHy cauoo6opoua [oJr]nua orfipuqiamno 6rrrr npuSHaHa r.r floryqaTb or trpaBI'ITeJIbcrBaopyx'iea). B rom-xe opran;L
cionuoros nAerr caMoo6opourr nojlysltila gal6nrbfiuree paannrie.
<Eapeiicxan cauoo6opoua AoJr?fiHaB I{aue BpeMfl Hocurb xapanrep
roJrbxo coJIAarcHoii cauoo6oponu. B pngax pocciftcxoft apuilr
r; <Naie Zait>, l(i Jli 54 n 55, 191?r. <Boupocn eBp. BoficHoBbrxo6paaoranifi>, ct, M, Har1a.
2) Cp., uanpirutp,peaolroqip na c'6sA1beBpeeB'conAar7 aprvrir'r,23
noa6pn
rla66gcrair
norpoMoB
uro
nxltuaEie,
ro
<<flpnnunraa
1917, n flpccxypont:
qaCTIIHageJlenia,C'rbAg
EaXOAIIT'qTO
HO
It
Ha
TOJTbHO
Ba
eBpeeB.
rre
lpyrix
IaIOT
u6pn 6opr6u npoTr4Bsroro noBopHaro ssreujs AoJr*(Hbr6rrrr upegnprnuarrr
cosMtcrro co Bceit poccificrofi geuoriparieft>. Cru. <Naie Zait>, JG 66, or
30 xoa6pn 19t7r.
3) Tant-;re. J\! 6, 1918. Cu. rarxe r N! 8, 1918r'., crarLq A-pa B.Cerana
<Hymna rlrr HaM eBpeitcxaff apuia?>.
r ) < D e r T e l e g r a f > , . | f t 1 1 , o r 2 9 a o n 6 p a 1 9 1 7r .

91

rraxoAr.rrcrr
Ee Menbrrre
400 rucs*eBpeeB, raenpeftcrro nupar:b rpe6osarr or cgoux cr,lnosefiBarqtrTrrt,rrr{caJrrnagnlrft aaqurnun arofi
uler{ B crarrrb <Heornornnar uorpe6nocrb). Anrop ncxop.bpacmrrpfier cBoerrpeAJromenie
14BbrcryrraerB Barqr,rryrageu<<enpeftcxux
rronnoB]Boo6qe. <<Bpocciftcxoftaprvriulr4er 6eaocranorovnnftnpoqecc naqiouaJrrrBa4ir{,arrgtueuia ua apmiu 'racrefi uo naqionamHoMy cocraBy'. <<Enpeftcnouy
uapogy yrpoil{aer, rrro oH 6yger
ua apuilr ucxJrroqen r{ TaHrrM tryreM Jrrrrues BoaMornHocrrrBbrtroJlHrlrTbCaUrrfi aJreMeaTapHsrfi
ll saffiHrrfi Ao.nr'- (AoJrr HpOBr{}.
A norouy ueo6xograuo(fopuuponauieor46.rrrnnrxenpeftcHr{xtronfioB, HraBrrbru-xeobpaaoM-EJrr Barqr.rrbr
or trolpoMoe>l).flpyroft
uo6opunn eroft ra4ezeule 6o;r6e Bor,rEcrBeEHo
rpe6onan erpefiutux
(fopuuponaniii:<Tenepbnopa rpoMxo cr(aaarb:enpeficxie ootA a r b r- e r p e f t c n i e n o ; r n r . E n p e f t c H i e t r o J r r n- a e n p e f t cnis urbcresHr4D2).It arolt rosxf aptnir, HaKMbrrr,rg*alr,upuMbrfiaJru CoroaeBpeeB-BorrnoB.
<<Bcaapuin n Poccin naqiosamlBrrpyercff,- roBoprrJrnpe4c.bgarenrCorcaa,I.foronr, na aactgarir
National-Ra 'a. - floqeuy troJrffnuIr MycyJrLMarre
Moryr uMfru csou
souncnis qacrr4,a Mbr,eBpetr,ntr ? . . ?Ituanr roJrnaer Hac ft arouy.
Ilepeg HaMr{trorpoMrraffonacnocrbt.
O6cronre,nrcrsancnopt uanntnranracb,
u HaAerr{AEr
Ha rroMorqbco
cropoHbryHparrucnarosoftcra coBepfierruoucqeBrr.{.Bucrynanmift
Ha HoHtfepenqirr
CorcaaeBpeeB-Bor{Hon
4 nunaps 1918npeAcraBr{TeJrbeBp.MrrHrrcrepcrBa
criaaa.'r:<<Panrrue
6rr;ta soail{orr{Hocrb
rroJroxrrrrbc.flra eouRcxi.sqacrrr, Korophta [peAHaoHaqanrrcb
B,]racrbro
norpouoB, Ho re[epb . . . 6urs Mo]r(erHacrynuJro
AJrflrro4aBJrenia
ylne BpeMflobpaBoBarbeapeitcxieBoopylr{euHbre
o?pflAbreauoo6opoHLrtB).EnpeficHoeMllurlcrepcrBo,orrrecrrreecfl
paHbmecroJrborpr{IlareJrbnon lr4ef enpeficxux orpffAoB, Terrepb Hpyro uibnqer
csoe MH:bHie.B o(p{raqianbHoM
ornorueniuua rrM.flnoMaHAyroqaro
soi,icnaMu ftiescnaro BoenHaro oxpyra, t5-ro flEBap.fl, ror ?fie
trI.Xypurn (renepr roBaprrq Mrrnacrparro eBp.gtuau), noroprrfi na
aactlanili l{ational-Rat'a rax ptdno Bhrcr{aaaJrcfl
rporrrB orpffAoB,
renepb, ((r{cxoAflr{B orcyrcrBin y Holulcciu uo 6opr66 c aNapxiefi
1) <Der Telegraf>, cr. Haxropa o cauoo6opon;bs Jl! 14, or 4
4en.
1917 r., n ero-?fiecra?6f <Enpeitcxie rrorrxr{) s J$J\i 26 rl 27.
r) Tau-xe, flucruo n pegarqiro g-pa Illuuxuna, r Nl 26 or 21 gen. 191?r.
3) <Naie Zait>, ,li! 4, 1918, eannneuie II. XypruHa.

92

peaJrbgofi

BOeHHOIIi CI{JIIiID, HacraHBaJI Ha ((cpOqHOM yrBep}nAeHil't

rpoeHra (nofioE(euinnonifepeHrliu eBpeeB-BorrrrpeAcraBJrfeMaro


HoB), Kaft eAI4HcrBeHI{of{ Arfi

IIpaBr{TeJIbcrBeIrHof

BJracrI{

p e a J r r , H o friu t p u 6 o p r 6 r r c n o r p o M H o f t B o r H o f t B A a H r r b r f i
MoMeHr) (<flH oglllroHoi Ailfl ypflAoBoi BJIaAT{peaJlbrroi lripr'r n
6oporr6i c norpoMuolo xBIrJIeIo B cyqacHufi MoMeHr))l).Enpeficxoe
oseBuAHO,paBoqapoBaJrocbrr B HoMucciu uo 6opr66
Mr{Hr4crepcTBo,
c anapxieft, ra e unaulb o6 uncrpyxropax' rrB Koroparo Hllqero He
Bf,rruJro, r,r B [OMOIItrrI CO CTOpOII6I<<Binruoro ftogaqTBa))' ]toropoe
cfiopo [oHaBaJro cBoe I{acToflIqee JIIrqo.
Hacrynltnuris co6rrris AaJIeHooroABrrnyJrl'r,oAHaKo, HaAerfi[br
Ha of{I,rlriaJlbrryrc canxqiro enpeftcxnx orpflAoB cauoo6opolln. Bcn
uraHiq pyKoBoAflqeft llorr.rruHu IIa yHpanHt IIoIIlJ]a ro coBepIIIeHHo
tryTrrM.CuyCrn stCrOyrrnO nHeft noCJIt orHolueHifl eBpeficHaro
r.rHbrM
Mlrgr.rgrepgTnaO enpeftcftux OTpflAax yKpaIIECfiIIMI{ Boitc6aMu 6LryI
reJlby6ur ero npeAc;bAareJrb,
Aabfl
paSrpoMJreHcoroa enpeeB-Bor{HOB,
rpyul
ilpexparlrJlacb, Il o6paBoBauie
Hocrb Coroaa {axrltvecxn
eBpeiicuofi caMoo6opoHErHa MabcraxrorrrJroyE(e cIysafiHo, 6eBopraHrrByarqaro qelrrpa, IrHOrAa npll [apriftHblx opraHr{saqinx. fIpE
ofir{cauHoM oruoilreuilr K uAeA erpeftcxux orpfiAoB, Itoropafi
He HaxoAHJIaBatrII{rLrAa?fieB enpeftcnou MllHltcrepcrnt, camoo6opoHa He Mor.{a cHrparb cepbeBHoiipoJlrr B npeAorBpalqeEiu uorpoygaBaJlocr o6pauon. OguaHo, n pn46 lrfcr Corcay eBpeeB-BorIHoB
Tax, uanpuutp,
nacenenie.
aosauieM orpfAoB BatrIlrrlrrb eapeficnoe
n Onpyv;b, Boruncnofi ry6., org;bl Corosa, roryquB or BJracreft
qeopyxde, rpaBAa nocn'b norpolta, cifopur'rponaJl orpflA lra 120
rontx, xotopult ot6lrl EoBoe nauagerie 6augrr, oleplrpoBaBnreft s
or{pecrHocrflx-B ClonevHo, Hopnucxt u gp. B.:rarogapfl orpflAy
coroaa, Bbr3Barrgorly uB FfieBa, 6rr,nn upegoTBparqer{braKcIIegcLI
e Taparq6, ItiencHofi ry6. B ,{uuep6, Hiencxoft ry6., axcrpexno
npu6nnmifi orpfi[ eapeftcHlrx coJIAar upiocranoeun cueprnrrft upnuf cruOmy E{IITeJIIo-eBpeIoLIMtrpOBIISIIpOBAIIrOBOp, Br,rHeCeHELIfr
HbrM(HapoAHbIMoyAoM)),lr rrpeAorBparlrJrrlorpom s r{6cretrHf'). Bo
MHorrrx nyHKrax o6paaoaa.nucb IIo csoeii uHfiqiaruef enpeftcxie
orp.flAbr cauoo6oponrr. Tax, nauplrutp, uae'bcrua espeftcrafl ApyeBpeficxaro Mt{BtrcrepcrBa' orsomeuie x xouaxg' Hies'
cfiaro Boelrnaroonpyra' ot 15 anoapa 1918 r., ucx. N! 702.
2) <rDer Telegrafir, J{! 9, or 10 fiIIB. i918r.
1) Apxua

93

ilrtrrraB Ogecct, Ha xoropofi MbrnoBlr{eerqe ocrauoBnMcfl.B Enarepranocnarrb cyqecrBoBaJron:bcxonrHo ApyE(r{H- rtpu rpex
enpeficru.rxcoqianncruvecxr{xuapriax z nplr Corca'benpeen-nonuon.
B u. Jlyrunrr, Boarnrcxoft ry6., rpfi rroBropuoMuorpou:b, 8 aunapa 1918 r., copranrraoBaJracb
erpeiicxan cauoo6opoua,Horopan
ornpbrJracrpfnl6y rro rpoMrrJraM,
rrprr atolr u:bcxorrno .reuosabx
6uno y6nro, u:bcnonrno paueno. Idtnuft pflA MeJrHuxenpeftcnlrx
ApyEruH,uo t0 .rerostx o gpyxuaarb,coprannaoBaJlcflAJItraaxILIrhI
or rrorpouoBg Saclasflrctou yta46, Bonuncxoi.iry6.1). Erpeftcnaa
Ipyx{r{Ha ocnoBaJracb,a Honqt L977r., rafi?fie s lononanescftab,
flogourcxoft ry6., - utcreunrb, nnocntgcrnilr, n 1919 r., rpocJraBr{BrueMc.s
csoefi caMoo6oponoft,rra qeM eule upiii4ercrr B AaJrbn'bftureuocraHoBr{rbcs.Bo BpeMrrrrorpoMaa Honorpag-Bonnucxrb,
20-23 rrHBap.E,
Bbrcryrr4rJra
enpeficHaaApy'fiuua, so rnas:b c uoMOrrIHr,rKOM r(OMeHAaHra, Xpr{CTiarrrrHoM, vr

yCMIrpI{JIa

IIOrpOM,

y6us 2 yqacrur.rnoBuorpouaz). Bo rpemn flHBaplcnr{x co6brrift B


eepeftcHifi
Epaqnaaf, flogolrcxoft ry6., rannrorr{ecopraslrBoBancn
orpflA. A-sanorlr.rnbrfiorpng cifopuuponaJrcflrorga me n coc'bgrrorpoMBo BpeMfi
ueu HeuupoBlbrr, gtftcrnnrerbno, upeAorBparrrJr
spMapnr,r19 annapa, paBorraB aucrp*nalru sJroyMbrruJreuHrrnoB,
nprr aroM oArH qilefi orpnga 6u;r paneus). B N{axapon6,ItiencHofi
ry6,, xorga roJruaxpecrbnn Bo BpeMflspMapfinHaraJIa,21,non1px
L9L7t., Ha enpeficHiffJraBr{rrrr craJraux rpa6nrr, oHa BcrptrllJra
ortrop co cropoHbr rpy[trbr u:bcrnr.rx.eBpeeB, flpu aroM n6cnoJrbnoeBpeeB6rmo rsme.ro paneuoa). Taxnx orgtnrnnx cnysaes 6rmo rre MaJro,Ho rflrrponaropacrpocrpaHeuincauoo6opoxa
xapanHe nofiyqura rr He rrocrlJrannanomtpuaro, oprar{rraoBaHnaro
repa. C nacrynuenieM noshrx co6rrrir:iua Vnpannt, oco6enr:oc
6rrnlt paaopytfieHbI;
[plrxoAoM urbnaqen,
urrorin enpeficxia ApyE(LrHbI
n'bnoropua-?fieApyxtltHbr,fiaH yrrrArrmrrrrxre,6n;rn paaopyrfienbl
6offi ruenucrcnlrMIr qacr.flMr.
poirb B upournogtftcrnir,rnorpouau uyrelt o6paOsenr,Ba?fiEyro
1) Cu. <<NaieZatt>>,or 21 gera6pa 1917 r,
t) Apxus peAaxqiu (i919 r.) coo6n{.o Honorpafl-Bornncrrb O. Catprnna"
3) Tan-xe, orqer o Bpaqrant (lra naarepiaroBeBpeftcnaroMtrIrlrcrepcrBa
n Hanreueq-flo4oarcrt 1919- 1920r.).
') Apxun eBpeftcHaro Mrrnucrepctra
( 1 9 1 7 - t g t 8 ) , A o u e c e u i eu B
Manapona, norvq. q4-ro uon6pa tgt7, ,l& 126.

94

n1euifl n BJracr.sMcbrrpaJroeBpeftcKoe Mr.rHrrcrepcrBo. Co


cpegunBroxra6pa 1917 rona B Br.rqe-cenperapiar
no erpeftcnlru
g'bnau craJrrrrcrexarbcfi co sctx BaxBaqeurrbrxancqeccauu urrw
yrpoffiaeMbrxrryuxroB xano6rr, npocr6rr rr Aa?fierpe6oaauin o aacrynunqecrst. 9ucilo o6parlenift n non6pf r 4ena6pdBHaqrlreJrbuo
Boopocno.,{'bnremnocrr eapeftcnaroMuHucrepcrBa
B gfnt 6ops6rr
c norpoMaMrrBbrpaonJracb
B o6paqerdax H paoruqHhrMopranau
BJIacrr{rrnr{ B cyne6Hbrrrnncrauqilr o upunnrir lrFp: x qenrpanruoft
- o trpr{Hfiriu o6qrax u6p n nocu,nHf oxpaHlr, ft flpoxyBJracrr.r
popy cyge6uofi nanarn (n:ra aoenno-onpy?fiEorocy4a) - o <<rreMeAJTeHHoM
naanaqenincnrbgcminn rrpnBreqenirlsuHosubrxn Baxoguoft orstrcrseHHocrrr', n ry6epncnoMynoMrrccapyrrJrrrHarraJrbHlrfiy MnJrr{qin- o sbrcrilnx'bBorlucxaro orpfl[a r{Jrrro paacntgonarrira;s Htcnonrxnx cryqaffx ono o6paqaJrocbaa co4:bftcrrieu
Taxffieu x Contry pa6ovux AenyraroB. Xorn enpeficxoeMrdur,rcrepcrro gtficrBoBaJros xasecrslb flpaBr.rreJrbcrBenHaro
oprana, oHo
poJrr{
flBr{Jrocb
B
BacryrrHrrfta,
r{
ero
o6paqeuir
ue
tfanrnuecnu
BcerAa1n'bnvlrnanucsycn'bxou. Oguano, no ero rpe6oBauiroB
png utcr 6nnr,rnocnanrr eouucHieorpflAbr(n Vmanl, s KaneecHift
ytag n Ap)tr.). B ntbnotoparerynnrbr 6rrnn nocnannrcneqiaururrn
ca'bgcraenunsxomprcciu,c yuacrieMero upe4craBureJrff.Tan 6nno
n Cnnupt u s Kaneslb; B arr.rx utcrax, Tafilne n 9epnaccax rd B
n'bxoroprrx Apyrr4x rryHftrax rponyparypoii, 6.naroAapfiarrrM r{oulrcciaM, Haqaro 6rrno cltgcrnie. Ornomenie opranoB utcrnoft
BJIacrr{x o6paqeuiru enpeftcfiaroMrrrrncrepcrBa6rrao ne BcerAa
qaqe neero 6nnra rirvqau norHaro uruopllponauix.
oilr.rHar{oBoe.
Itorga eBp. ]rilnrrcrepcrBo(cenperapiar)o6paurnocbH niencHouy
rybepncHouy rrncnexropy ulrruqiu c npocr6oii cr,r:bcrurrHaqaJrbrurxa uunnqiu a Marapont, noxnepmrlBarotrIaro
s MfcresHlb[orpoMHyro aruraqirc, to ronyqr,rfio or rrucfierTopa MrrJrrrqilrnoporrifi _
ornaB: <<Henumy BaHoHHhrx
ocnoaardiignn cutqenia c gonxrnocruHaqaJrrHuxamunuqin n MaHapont>1).Tanoe 6rril orefr ry6epncnofi r,runuqinua rpe6osanie opraua, urparcqaro poJrbMrrHrrcrepcrna! Eepeficxoe Mr.rHr{crepcrBo
rrbnaJrocr rrprrnr{Marr n 4pyrin
n'[prr: ono arrpa6orbrBa.Tro
BanouorrpoeHro soaM:buleninBa cqer
r) A p xu n e np eft cn ar.o Mr.rEr{ cr ep crB a, orHorrrenierancnexropa Mr.rJr[qiu Hiescx. ny6. or 22 s,on6. 1917 r. Orn'Fr enp. Mr4rrrcrepcrByrroArrrrcaE
Aalr(e
Ee ltEctteliTopou lnt;rrnlil, a efo rroMotual{rioM- . -

95

rocyAapcTBa y6brTrioB, npuquEesHr,rx Bo BpeMfl norpoMrrbrx aHcqeccoB, Ho MbrcJIb ora [Br.r]fieHiff ne roryrllrna.
Pom uunrcrepcTBa He orpaHr4qrrBaJracb,oAHaHo, oTrrMu o{{lrqiamubrMr{ rJr,rcTyn.nenisun lr ofi{onreEiflMrr; He rtente Ba}fiHo 6uuo ,tr,wnoesosAtftcrsie cross[rux Bo r.[as'b ero Jrrru Ir JIr,rAepoBeepeftcnlrx coqiaJrrrcrrrqecnrlxnapriit roo6ule Ha pynoBo4urereJi yHparancxoii rroJrrrTunrr B g;bnt aarqrlrnr enpeficnaro HaceneHia. Tan, rro BceMy BrrAHo,
qro Mrrcflb o6 <<oco6oucontqauiu no 6opr66 c anapxiefi> 6naa
r{Hc[uprrpoBaHa lrMrr, Hari r{ naan o6 ltncrnrytt I{HcTpyHropoB trprr
Mr{Hrrcrepcrnt nuyrpeunux grbn gln 6opr6nr c auapxieft. BupoqeM, Hafi <<oco6oe
TaK I{ rrl{crr{Tyr r.rHcrpynropoB Eu,x
con'bnlanie>>,
xafirrM peBynbTaTaMHe npr.rBeJII{.
Oruoilrenie npornnqianrnaro enpeitcrBa, BaxBaqerrnaro aHcIIeccaMrd, K enpeftcxouy MI{HrIcrepcTBy 6blro, B o6[IeM, gontp.runoe.
lluorga [oxoAnJro Ao l{ypbeaoB. Tax, nanpnutp, xtrrreJrrru. MaxapoBa, ,fiaJlyffcb Ha cBoero EaqaJrbHuxa unirnqiu, nrlilryr, rITo ((oE
Aorrr.rMaerM'bcre.rxo no6opaulr; paubllre AJrflHero u t0 py6reft 6uan
Mouerofi, reflepb [olaBafi euy 100 py6., lr 0roro eMy MaJro)).<<Benaxift rocnogrrH, - o6paqanrcrl oHrI x enpeitcnoMy MLIEIrcrpy, cslhrosr ?Iapaura, y6epu ero IdBrrarrlero M:bcre.rfia Ir [purlrJrr.r HaM
xorq 611 6onfe genreearo>...1). Ho ue ec:b rax HauBI.IopearlrpoErpeficnifi o6qltnnrrft HoMI{rer u. MRcrxorxlr,
BaJrrrHa nacuris.
flogonrcHoir ry6., nepexrdB paa rlorpoM I{ ornr4Aaflnonropenin, o6paqaercfl n eupeftcHoe MlrlrllcrepcrBo c npocr'6oft I BbIcJIarbI{eMeIJreHHoBoopy'fieHnyro oxpany lra 20 qeflostn, aartu (ynaBarb rrau,
rgt uu Mornrr 6rr na HaIxH Aeubrlt upio6ptcrn neo6xo4uuoe qucfio
opyrHia, .Iro6H paegtnurr Me?r{Ayrrbltlr, rro cnoco6es Hocrrrb
ero)), a rar{me nprrcJrarE,ilponypopa nJIff rIporIBBoAcrBacn'bgcraia
u o6rrcxa y rpour{Jr uarpa6ueuunrx nerqeftz). B o6pauleniax H
enpefi crrouy MrrHr.rcrepcrnyncrprb.ralorcfl Ir nupaxeuiR ptanaro ueAoBoJrbcrBaorpr.rrlareJrblrblMorHolxeuiena n {opuzpoaanin enpeftenpeficnifi nopruoft ue
cxrrx orprr4oB. F(arioii ro <<orpa6leHHbll"r
Onpyua> B odilprpuoM l{ o.reHb xapaxreplrorn uucru:b clpaurlrBaer:
<fgt me nam National-Rat, xotopufi AoJIrfieHBaIrIIlIrIarbnaqionanrr) Tanr-xe, nrlcbMo 1\{axaponcxuxxureaefi or 21 oHra6pa t9t7 r. (xa
eBpelicfioM aauxrE).
,) Tau-xe, u.rc6Mona Mncrxosxu, flogoarcr. ry6., or 28 Eos6pa 1917r.
na.).
(ua gpenne-enpeftcn.

96

rrbre rrnrepecbr Ha VHpaunt ? . . 9ro onu ce6:b nyMaror, cHAt ):


ce6n s na6uuerax, B To BpeMfl,xax enpeficfioeHacenenierepnnt
rpa6exr n rm4rBsrelrrcrBaor 6aug geaeprrrpoB-uorpouqlrnon?
Itro ryume Mo?fierBatrIrrrr{rborlroB, uarepeft, 6parren r{ cecrep,
stM CoroaeBpeeB-Bor{Hos
? . . . lI ecnu-6rr Mbr tftAaJlrrtroMonllror
PaArr, ru:lcro roro, uro6br opraur,raoBarrcauoo6opony, rrorpou
rrpogoJr?fiaJrcs-6nr
eule, Rafi gto 6rrro B ocranbrrbrx urbcrevxar>1).
MuHr{crepcrBo,
V o6rrnaren.sr{prrJracberqearFpa,vro enpeficHoe
National-Rat n enpeficnin pyxonoRsqis uaprir uoenu-6w, upw
npaaranr,uoilnauir uore4eniR, noegfficrroBarb Ha uaupannenie
yHpanucxoitrroJmrr{Hrr
s oruorueuiuerpeficnaroBotrpoca.Ho ganrseocuoB
stfiurift aran enpeftcro-ynpar{rrcnr{xornomesisx troKaBaJI
BaTeJrbrrocTb
ETr.rxHaAeE{[.
1 ) A p x u n e B p e f t c x a r o M n u r r c r e p c t B a , trr{crMo <Orpa6neunaroenpeftcxaro rIopruoro ra Onpyuar, or 17 gexa6pr 1917r. (ua eapeficr.autlnt).

Ilorpour,rna Vxpannt tgtT --1918. 7

97

v.
Vxpannuaaqia aprrrin ll lrcxnroseuie eBpeeB. - Ilepnue yrrpauEcnie goftcxosxe lranpEr; Jrarepr Pamrar n leplrauiu.
Eoryncxiit nolx.
Boenfifinosenie <Bi:rrsoro $oaarlraaD:
ucrtrroqeuie enpeeB. - Pour *nirsgbrx r{oBar{oBDts norpoMax.
- Ilo6t4a 6omruesuxos tr 6;brcrBo Pa4u o ?Ituronnip. - Boanpen{enie yripaxllcxofi apuir n Kies u norpoMHoe nacrpoenie.
Haqionanruan rroJrrrrlrria 6o"'rtrueslrHos ra ynpalrslb. eflsraxoBullrsaD. - Paarue 6oabrues&aMa.- Orrroueuie enpelicxrrx napriii u 6oarmeruxau ; Paga ran 6oarruesficrcxas
saacrl ? - B:brcrso Pa1r,l lr (Hefirpairrrrer MenrrrrnncrBD. Erpeficxifi o6nsarenr r yrpar{rcfiaa ngeff. - Pyccu(puxaqia,
qerrrpannau rr accuMr{nffqis. - <llau*xa eBpeeBr.- Cuuurouu
orpanuuerrirr paBnonpaBis. - HaeranbcrBeunarryrpauuuaaqia.
- Pacryruilt moBurrr{s}r.

C npu6nuxenien no66Au 6onrruesraua ynpar{Hr{Lr Bct r.rage}ftABr


BO3.rrOtKufiI4
Ha aKTr{BEOeEaqioHafibHoe ConpoTrrBJrerde
rr Ha oCTaBmiffcfl rru BtpnbrMn saerr,r )mpafiHcnoft apuiu. ItaH ncerga Bo BpeM.E
BoftIrf,r Ir BoeHHo-EaqioHafi[crr4qecKaroHypca, Jrerfio potnAaJrucb
uogoapfuin s yilpenu e (rlaMtulb>>.
B sror uepiog uaVxpaunt ouep'rmaxe
Bbre no.rrBrrJrrrcb
r1F ABa o6BllHexin nporun eBpeeB, noropbrfl
cLrrpaJrHTaKyro por{oByro poJrb, Haft rroBoA6rx [orpoMa![: (EBpen
- Bparu Vxpanurn, <eBperr- Ha croponrb 6ourureBr{noB)). }torga
B cpeAr.rH;b
suBapfl 1918 r., Bo BpeMfl AeBflroft ceccin I{eurpa.nruofi
Pagu, eBpeficfitrMn trpegcraBr.rrenffMrr 6rrn crona troAusr Bonpoc 06
axcrleccax, eBpeeB B orBlbr o6Bnntrfix B yxJrorreuir.r or yqacrifi B
apuiu. Or erpeen [orpe6oBaJru, 111066roHR (AoHaBaJrr cBoro rrpelanHocrb yxparscKoft pectry6nmrlbD a (orMerfieBaJrtrcb or 6onbmeBunoBD,saflBrrB o6 arou n cneqianrnoM aoassardn. Jllr4ep <cordanucroa cauocrifunroBr
Crerarrenno ogrra?fiAEr6pocnJr s PaI6

98

ytrpen eBpesM,rrro oEn cTofiI B cTopoHt B To Bperfi, r(orAaEyrrmo


Baquqarb Vxpalruy.
(Dopmanrnoyrpex Mor KaBarbcfltrpaBr.rJrbubrM.
B yxpauncnoft
apuiu eBpeeB,gtftcrnurenbno, rre 6rmo, rar ue 6rruo, BrtpoqeM,
Eufioro us Har{iosarbubrx MenbrunrrcrB.Ho aro eBpno ronrno !popMaJrbEo. Vxparaucnan aprvrincrporrJracbrlcnrrorrrrreJrbuo,r(aft aplrin uaqiouaJrbuaf , 6narogapn yclrrinu caMux-xreyxparrucnrrx
grbnrenefi. Itorga ara apuir BrrepBlre crana rpopunpoBarbcs,
rr5rreMyftpar4rrrraaqiu
noennrrxuacteft,ro eBpen 6rrrra trpr4 aroM
rrcnJrroqerrbr. Msoroqncaennue(faHrrr rloArnep?fiAaror
arol). B
nasant nox6pr, uanpuu;bp, eBperr-coJrAarar
1.3-roBanacsarotroJrna
?KaJroBaJrr{cb
troJrraB BuAyero Jn{parrur.raaqir,r2).
Ha r{cnfiroqeuier.rxr4rB
Ha arn cfiyqan 'r{nBo pea.rtrpoBanr.r
rorga enpeficHis noenurrff opraHr.raaqiu. Tax, erpeftcxaff oprauuaaqis 5-ro Cu6npcnaro apueftcr(aro Hopnyca BErHecJra
peaouroqiro,qro ((cqnraeraror (panr anrnAeMonparnrrecfirrur{ [porrrBop:buaqrau nprruqrrnaM naqionanruot
reprrnMocrrr,HeogHonparHorrpoBmrJrarrreuubrm
Vxpanucxofi PaEqe
ptaue
Ha
ynpauHrreaqin
oroaBaJrr{cb
eBper{-conAarbr
Aofi)3).
12-oft ntxornoil glralrailr. Ilpustrcreya <yxpauncxifi uapog n ero
gwrnteniu n l{eurpanrnyn Pagy,
uaqionamnou ocro6ogr4reJrbuoM
trpoBoafJracrrBruyrc
uaqionanuro-trepcoaanbnyro
aBrouomiro>,
eBpericongarbr Haxo[flr, oAHaHo,qro (yftpatrnr.rsaqifiifpoura ue ecrb
ufpa yHpfnreni.s penorrcqiu>>.<B cryraib, - I'Jracurpeaonrcqin
eBpetrAaJrbme,- ecJrr{qacrrl AaBrrailr6ygyr ynpar.rnr,rBr4poBarbcfl,
coJrAarrr,,nrrreJrr{Vrpaunrr, o6gaann ocrarbcf B cBor,rxqacr.fix, Ho
Ha[our{Hafl, qro urr B Kariyxl 6paroy6iftcrBerlnyro, rpafi{Aascxyro
1) Xapaxrepubru B aroM cuucaf EBJrEercrIcnyqait c eBpeeM,yurep-o(pnrlepoMraftAaMarlxaronoJrxar{MenrrrerMana Caraitgavnaro, f,anngou ftarlesnM.
Ilocn;b pac{opuuponanin ero gr.rruaiu xa Qpoutt oE, HaH xure.nb Vrpaunu,
6ua or,rucnen B yromflHyruft rafigauaqxiii uoux s Hies. Ho oQurlepu n
coJIAarLI-yr(parrErlbr yrpoBaMn cMeprtr EacraB[JIr4 ero B6rfiTI4 r|a rronKa.
A. ltaqes o6patnlcn sa coAtilctsieM B eBp. reu. cexperapiat, Cn. o6 aroM s
rNaie Zait>, or 13 ger. 1917r., <Arruceuurfiau B yxp. apniur, rarxe <rDer
T e l e g r a f r > , J $ 2 2 , o r 1 3 A e x . 1 9 1 7r .
t ) < ! i i e a c r a E M s r c , { b > ,o r 9 - r o n o a 6 p n 1 9 1 7r .
3 ) A p x u r C o r o a a e B p e e B - B o r . r u o n( F l i e n ) ,p e a o , r r c q i aH o p r r y c n .H o M n Tera eBp, soenuoft opranueaqin 5-ro Cu6upcxaro apueficxaro Hopnyca, or
12-ro non6pa 19.1.tr.
.lt

99

BoftHy, trporr,rBop'bqaqynrrnrepecau peBonroqirr,Ee Bcrynfirll).


Orltnuuynncb na gro u ntnoroprrs o6u4ia Boerrulrfi opraxuaaqir.
Tperin c'Bsl XI apuiu Bhmec cneqianrnyro peaoJrroqiro,vro ou
cquraer ucfiflroserie eBpeeBr.ra ynparrHrraupyeMlrxsacreft anrou
asrtr[eMoxparr{qecxrrM I{ HaxoAr{TcrrpaBeAJrrBrru,vro6n nB ucarrcqeuHbrx npu uaqionanuaaqin apmiu eBpeeB((cocraBJrffrb,ilptr
ux xteaasilr, org:Bnrnnn erpeftcrdayacru>2).
Boupoc o6 ncxurosenilr enpeennB ynpar{Hrrar,rpyeMbrx
sacrefi
o6cymgancn rr Ea sacfgardnx National-Rat'a, uo unuqiarusf
rrpeAcraBrrrereft
B cBffBrlc BonpocoMo t[opCorcaaeBpeeB-Bor{uoB,
uzporarrira eapeftcxax orpflAoB cauoo6oponn. Ha 6-u aactgaaix
6nna npunsra peBonroqincn:bgyrcqarocoAepxrarris:<<Enpeftcnan
geuorparin Aonrr{Ha6oporrcn [porr{B roro, qro6u apnaia rra
Ha naqionanrnoM rrpuHrlr4tr;b,
Vxpar.rnt opranr,raoBanacb
u rpe6yer
or Vnp. PaArr, qro6u crporo co6.nrogancr[pr4Hqr,rnrepprrropiaurnaro crpoenir. . . Vxpauncrift renepanrnnft cenperapbtro
soficHosbru g;b;rau AoJrrfienrrBAarb cueqianruufi rrpnnaa o rou,
rrro HeAouycrrrMbr
urHanis rronlmKr{ ucxnrcqeuis rarux-6rr ro
nra 6rruo ynpamcfir.rx rparfiAas r{B ynpar.rucHofiapuin r noa6ymgenie congar-yftpanuqeBnpornB conAar-Heyxpauuqen>8).
O6paooBaHFaflupu eapeficxoureuepaJrbuoM
cenperapiart, uo upegrorHenin National-Rat'a, cneqianrnas rour,rccisno aroMy BonpocyrpeAcraBuJrar cn;bgynqemy aactganiro, 4-ro gena6pn 1917, cnou nocranosneHis, coBnaAaroqin c [prrBegerrubrun (<<uegaercflrrpur(aa
no VHpauut, vto yfipar4ucr(asapmin AoJufiHa6urr reppnropiansHofi, a se Har{ionanrnoft>). Bapefcxifi reHepaJrbHbrft
ceHperapiar
Banpocr{JrC. Ilernnpy, naxofi npnHr{En troJroffierrB ocuoBy
yxpannuaaqin softcn - reppr{ropia;rrnr,rftunz naqionaJrbno-uepconanrnuft, uo onpeg'breuuaroorslbra or Hero He noryttr{n. }tacascb ororo Borrpoca,<Naie ZaiD trncaJra,qro eBpen coJrAarbil
n
qr.rcroIoHnepa HaxoAflTcfln 6earuxo4uou rroJrolseuiu:<<yftrnB
pyccxie troJlr(u rrx yAepffinBaer npocrofi uorurr.rqecrdft ranr, ran
HaK aro osnasaro-6u AeMoncrpr{poBarrcBoeHenpinaxeuHoeorHor ) A p x n a C o r c a a e B p e e B - B o r r s o B , p e a o n r c q i ae n p e e r - c o n 4 a 1
t 2 ntx.
gunuailr, or 7 4exa6pa 1917 r.
!) Tau-xe,
peaorroqin 3-ro c'taga XI apuin o trorpoMax I4 eBp. tlacrfix.
3) Ilporoxoalr
lrTational-Rat'a, aactgauie 6-oe, 18-ro aoa6pn 1917

100

ilreHio K Vxpann:b>, a EB yxpar{Ecxux rroJrnoB nx au6pacnaarorl).


Tanosbr 6nm.r o6rqin ycnooia {opuuponanifl yr{parrHcxoftapnriu.
Enn eqe MoMeHrficr{xoJroilrqecxift.Crpourenr naqionamnofi apuiu nc:Fuuntpaura rrhrraJrncbBoapoAurbnoennuft poMaHTr,rBM
r,rcTopuqecfiaro trpotrrJraro Vxpannnr, - Ayx raft4auavnnbr, Barropo]Kcxofi crb'ru n paaryJrbuaroHaaaqecrBa. lluesa Xutnrnlrr{naro,
Ionrn, a fioa?neHa.nunaftno,B rraMflTbxolrx 6nrnzo6paaonaurrcneqianrnrre rroJrnn,yAoBnerBopfinr{oroMy rryBcrByynpar4ncxaropoMaHTUqeCKarO
naqionamlBMa,
rro arr4r
rrMeHapaBrroroBopr{Jru
rrcroprrqecnr{MBocfiomr.ruaHiann
ravyncrBau yxpardrrrleB
rr eBpeer. . . Ity,trrr.tBupyeMrrfts arofi raqionatrnoft apndra Ayx ffoBr{Hr4sMaHerrs66xno BeJrK rogo{o6ir.rn AaJr[oqyBcrBoBarbeBpe.EM,
uro 6rr,run
rpagraqin eomxofi rHecroxoft naitgauauuubr BonJrorqarorcsHrrnrb
B lru4BHrr.}I(lrsonucuE^rfi
<raftgauanD,(crdHe-fi(y[aHHr4n)
n <<ctqeeun)
(ruJrbrnoM))
c KpacHbrM
cxopo craJrrrB coBpeMenuofi
Vnpauut yrpoBofi Arff enpeftcxaroHaceJrenifl,HaK oro 6uuo na Vxpaunf 17-ro
uilu 18-ro stna.
Hasaro yHparaucHoftapnriz cttqyer ornecrr n roMy nepiogy,
HorAa,xar( Mhrnugttz, ua pyccrofi apmiu craJrr.rcaMocroffTeJrbuLru
ryreu nng'bnarler ynpauncrin qacrr.r u HorAa B ltiea6 o6paBoBaJrcffena.railt <<flepnrrftfloJrn r.rMenr{Forgana Xuttrrurqxaro>,
a BartM n pqg Apyrrrx rroJrnoB.Ienepanrnnfi soficnosofi nour,rrer
(no rnan:b Koroparo crofiJrC. Iler.nropa)npragaranaroMy npoqeccy
nnanoutpnnrfi xaparirep. C{opuuponaxHbreroJrnfi no donrrueft
qacrr,rorruqailrlcB cBor.tM
neycroftulrabrMHacrpoenieu.H aqionaJrbuo
BooAyrrreBJreHHLre,
nep64no 6ypno tuoBr{Hucrtrve&rie,unorie na
arr{x rroJrHoBB caMyrorpyArlyrc AJrfl yr(parrHrleBMr{Hyry [eperrrJrrr
rra cropouy 6onrlreslrxos. Brrrue urr nra46nn, cr{oJrbxoxJrorror
troJrHuMeur.rrerMaHaIlony6orrno npntruur4r rrpaBrlreJrbcrBy,
orKagrrBaflcbr{Arr{ Ha {pour rr roroBflcb BaxBarr{TB
BJracrb. Ilocut
rperbalo Vannepcana,n uoa6p'bt9t7 r., 6nrnoupucrynJreuon o6paaosaniro coBeprxelrHocauocroffTenrnofiynpar.rucroftapuilr, neaaBr.rcr{Mofi
or pyccxofi. B HasanlbflHBapnPaloft 6rrn npuunrr aaxou
o6 o6paaonaHir{ynpasncroft napo4noft apndr. Ho nog HarropoM
nu'brorqircs yrparruoris sacru roqrrr pacnanucb.
9o"lT9llTor
r) <NaieZaitu, J\! 54, tgLT r., yrneqtrr. cr. <Bonpocu
eop,oofrcxonux
o6paaorauiit>.

101

Ilocn6 aaHnro.reuiRMrrpa c qegTpaJrrrrbrurrAepffiaBanu,a rferpa.nt


rrprrcryrlrrJron {opuupo1918 roga, yftparrncfioerrpaBrlreJrbcrBo
rasin nosofi perynnpuofi apnair,r..flgpolt arofi aprvriutrocJrylrurJro
(<ciuorlrx crprlrqin>), cifopstcxonrno troJrKoB <<cibseBuxoB>
yxpar{Hcnrlx
noennona:bnurrx B
Mr4poBanHbrxa lepmaniu IrB
uarepf Paurrar (Baaeu). Haqano noenuoft opranuaaqira<<c'bseBr,rnoB>
B DroMuarept ornocr{rcfl errle K 1916 rogy, xor4a 6nu
Tapaca IIIesseHHo).
o6paaonau<<flepuuftoanopomudfi uonx trMeHIr
co6paHBI
Boenlrotrn;bnnue
pyc6rruu
B narept Panrrar n:bmqaura
cHofi apuir.r, [por4rcxoAueiliena yftpalrucxlrx ry6epuiii, n aAtcr
cneqiaffinoft ynpauncxoft nponarall4t r qyx&
oHr,rnoABepraJrr/rcb
flpepuaaHaqaffcbgna 6opr6rr uporuB
rrerraBr{crrrn <<Mocxosir4)),
c
JroByHroM
orAtreuiq
Vnpaunn. B uarepf 6rura o6paPoccira,
ciul, xoropaR roBoBarracneqianrnafl opraur{Baqin<<Sanopo}Itcbr(a
roBr4Jrararde orpagrr. <<Irasuoesuaserie aroft opranrnaaqira,
qro
rrr{mer IlcroptrR PaurrarcHaro Jlarepff, BanaloqaJlocbB ToM,
gtro Ha fiorlBycauocrifinocrur>.<<Ecnu
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Mbrxorr{M nlrgrbrr uepnnft o6paaeqctsesofi oprauuaaqilr,coBAaIrnofi noarxena VHpaunib,ro urr ero uuteu e Parurart. Oru <cisn)
coB4aHHbrfi
na Vxpauut n 4nn peronrcqir r
u <<ninrneKoBarITBo)),
t9t7 rogy, He orrrdqarcrcnB ocuoB;bnn.rtM or pamrarcnofi <<ciun>1).
- pynoBoAcrBoynparlncxofi rporaIlpone4erie nGueqHlrxtrJIaHoB
flpnorangoft n narept u (fopuuponarie orpx4oB- rrprrrraAJre?fiaJlo
BItBBoJreHHff
Vxpaiuu>, c ero
cauocrifiurErrecxoMy
o6qecrny <<Coroay
qenrpoMn Eepnunt. AnanorusubreJrarep[ e feprrraniucneqianrRo
Airfl yxparrHr{eBrr c rfuu me q;bnsmu uu$rRcr, xorfl B MeI{bmux paalr&pax,ranrfie n Beqrnpt il Sanrrleege,nt. Eqe s Haqail&
nrbHoroprru
cyulecrBoBauin{enrpanrnoft PaAn ntruqn rrpeAJloxrrrilra
ynparrncnr.rM4tnrenam arrr fiaApbr,xax 6oenytocIrJIytrporrre Pocciu,
Ho rorAa ero 6rrnoorrJrouerro.Teueps-me,uocrt MI{pHaroAoroBopa
n Epecrt, arr{ yxpar,rncnissacru ue ntueqnux flarepefi, ogtrrrr
xynaur,r>), nplrrrrJlr{
B fipacoqrrbreaaqionarsuhre KocrroMn(n <<cuuie
na Vnpauny conu6cruo o u6uqauu. lla Paurara orlpaBrrJluob
1) O. T ep n eq r xi t . <I4cropiayxpaincrroi rpomaglrs Pamrarir>,
JIefiuqrr,
rrc6onrrtsnft(paxr,xapaftrepl{Byr,1919r", crp. 205.Ftcraru,aBroprrpr{BoAur
qifi nonnruuecliyxlnprrpogyyfipauucrofi<ciqi>g;rarept:<<ciqr
rutla s 191?r.
T. IllenqenHolr.. . a Aesb
ntcronrro Boerrrrbrx
napagoB- B AeRbupaBIIIILrHa
reaoIlMenurcrBa
BunsreuruaIL CU, crp.312,
r.rutreparopa

102

rorAa EBarroJrfta;[epBbru nomeJrtroJrHrruenu Boryna. <9eaoBtr


800, - onr{cbrBaerETor cryqaft ucropux Jrarepff,-sagsaarl ce6s
roJrKoMuMenu Eoryna u i7 rpenpans1918 r. sbrBxarr ra Partrrara na Vxparnp. Bcntp Ba rrr{Mnocnfgonan nropofi norxl).
Bepuynumcr ua VHparrny, arrr qacrrr flBrrJrr{cbnbrJIHI{uHEeHacBorrMnaqionaurBrrcrHrlrfi
aMrl <<MocHosir,rD
r roodrqe orJrr{qaJrr{cb
nacrpoenieu. Ans Hac qpeaBbrrlafisoqtHno
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ynaaarie o nepBouatraJrbnoM
rrpoucxo?aAerin<Boryncnaro uoJlr{a>.
rroJrnou))
rraMHeoAHoHparHo
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C <<BoryucrrrM
uoaffie,npu o6aopt co6urift s i.919r. flonx oror ffBrrJrcflB nepBbre
utcsqn 1919r. orJroroM confrcxoit aprrrinna Vxpaun:b, 6opaor
rr Ba coe;FrcxyroBJracrb.Ho oguoupeMenno
npor?rBcrerJrropoBqeB))
rpoaofi erpeficnux ropoAoBr urbcreuex,
c arrrM<6oryuqro flBrrJlr{cb
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qionanrnux ynpaurrcxrrx rroirxax, rre MorJrr{flpuBfieqb n ur{MeBpeffucxfiIoqeu,n rte
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gun
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rr r. rr.:
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AegeprrrpoB
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cxofi peno.rrrcqiu;orcro[a gnnmenie roruJro r n gpyrin ry6epuilr.
gatrbMlr e
uepe6pocr.rnocr
Hasaemucr B ceJrax,<<BinrneKoBarIrBo))
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ara opranr,raaqinne roJrbnone 6una oif$uqiansuo nprrBuaua,Eo
4axre ncrptrnJra nporlrno4;bitcruieco croporrbryfiparrucnarotrpaBnreJrbcrBalceurn6prcxifi c'ta4 yxpafiscnr4x Kour{ccapoBAa?ne
r) Tau-;re, crp.360.
r) fI. Xpuctxlx, qnr. coq.,?. II, ctp. 187{npnn.),raxxe 15.

103

((HeMeAJreHHo
ytfie cyqecrBynqie orptlu
rtocraHoBrrJr
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Bimsoro HosaqrBa).Ho sartu opranuaaqixo{tfuqianrno canxqior4BxrrcrraercffB cocraByxparrucnrrx
uupydrcn, Mr{Jruraprrarrpyercfi
Bor{Hcxrrxsacreft. B oxrn6pt 1917 r. 6rrra rrrpa6oraua nJrs rren
oco6as <<nncrpyrcqir>,couracno noropoft oHa coBgaercs(IJrf,
o6'e4aHeniancrbx rpaxgar, 6 ea p aar r.ruin n a qi o Han r Ho crrD>;
<siflbul{ fioBaftrr-roBoprrJrocb B Lrrrcrpynqiu- gonffirrbrflpr.rxrruarb
rc6 urbprr, qro6rr se [onycrurb r{rrnanrrxrrorpoMoBr.rrpa6exeb>.
flpaerarelrcrBo, B nuqrb lenepaJrbHaroCenperapiara, craJro BoBHaK Ha oprannaaqio, Iroropafl
Jrararb Ha Hee 6orsuris lraAelKAbr,
uo6tgrtr anapxiro ua Vrpaun;b. MerH4y r:bu, <einrrrr rioeaftrr))
sce 6ofl;be u 6ou:be trpourrnarorcflAyxoM <cauocrifinrqecrBa))r{
[roBrrHrrBMa
rr He AonycKaroT B cBou pfiAbr
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KoBaKr{))
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nuqo. <Binblrtr Hoaanrr>npio6pfralor perryraqiro y.racrnrrnoBr{
norpoMurrxancqeccoB.Eaper r. ICanesa}fi&nyAa*re BaqtrHutrur{oB
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s Bimnoe fioaaqecrBo))r{ qro rrx rJraBubrfirpe6orarin - (trepexoA
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eBpeeur, Parulrcrponnu, c 192 trogrurcnMn,oxog, Ni 240, or 8 4er. 1917 r,
3l Cu. <Naie Zaib>, or 14orra6pa 1917r., cr. o <Botsnou HaaaqecrB6).

104

y*oga rJIaBHarorpouulp>l). }Italo6n na


u;lruru HaqanbHl{Korw
trocrytrItJruTax]fteua Tapaqu, Ka6eas[ucrsa <rinruux KoBaKoBD
r{
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sbr.rafiHo[oHagareJIbHbIM
na m'bcrax flBJIflJIIIcblruorAa Jlrlqa' rnocarbgKoBaKoB))
<<siflbHbrx
caMblxottfiglessbtx uocrnir,rnpocnanuBmieca,KaK pyKoBoAI{TeJII,I
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u n ntxoropblx Apyrrlx rvr;bcrax2).
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<<HoIIIu>)
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rUHa BitrnOIO

I(OBaIITBa IIOHaB6IBaJIa, qTO OHO npITBJIeRaJIO AJIS-

MeHTpaBBrrroft,penonroqionuou naqioranbHo-coBnarenrnnfi.Eun
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Kalrescroto6quxut,
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arog. Ji! 200, uonyr. 4 gena6pa1917r'
,) Aprun peAanrlilr (1919r.), orqe?o co6utiax n Moxpoltltannropxt
(na uarepiaaor [iOfIE, gocr. Xepconcxnu).
3 ) B . B l l s s r a q e r r ( o , q I I r . @ q . ,t . I I , c r p . 5 2 .
a) XplrcuoH 6nu taxmo MtrEEcrpoM
un. gtl s fia6nrett fony6oanva.

106

BrlftaMrrr{ 'rtM ycnlFrrrute rrrJroHacrynfierie trocrrb4rrrrx,TIFMdonsme


o6ocrpn.nucr naqionanficrz.rec]ds crpacrr{ ne ?oJrbr{o B prrlax
yxpa4ucnoft apuin, Hor{ B pffAaxyxpar{Hcnuxgrbrreneft.Etrcrso raa
Itiena n Efiaroruip rrplr Hacrynrenin 6omureBr{r(oBcnrpaJro B aroM
ornourenirapoxoByro porrb. B cpegr,tr! .EHBapfl1918r. 6otrmeBrrnfi rroAcrylrrJrr.rx Rieny u [ogBeprJrnero conpyrnurearnofi n 6esnorqaguofitt-ur guernoft 6o,n6aplnponnt. 26-ro aHaaps ltiea 6rrr
Bsflr. Itor4a qJreubryxpar.rncnaro npaBrrreJrbcrBar{ uacm Pa4rr
6tmamr n llturouip, cpegrrHrrx se oxaBaJrocb
rrrr oAnoro rrpeAc r a Brrr eJrff n a qi o n a n r Hr,rx MeHb trrr/rucr B - Hrr BeJrr{HopoccoB,
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Hau'brrasiliftcrr yx{e paubrue uepeJromn nacrpoenir{, retrepb, B
cugtniu>, ptaHo o6ocrpnaca. B r[enpallL tg18
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p o J r b- , y r i p a r r H c r { a na p u i a .
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Ao
aToro MLr BcroAy IepE(anr{cb craparo,

106

pacnpaBlrMcs,Ir pacrpaBllucff 6eanoqa$ro>>.<<flogun nuprbmy ue


Bctx
50 espeen>,Hpr4uarriro-To I{3 coJrnar. <<flonropoga,
"u""*a HaAorlepep:baarr!>>,
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xBarr.rrbB cBorl pyxu. ilftrg TporlHift rr4er BoftHoftna Vnpauny,
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qJrerr
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npoeu>t.. .
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crparry, HaIt BaBOeBareJII{.IlO6tgrareur VHpaunn' TJIaBHoHOMaIIgyrorqifi Bocroql{Llu Sponrou, nas;bcrsnfi troJIrioBIrIlIftMyparren'


saqs Kien, rrBAarI30 nunapa cBoft aHauenutrrfi <flpuxaa J$ t4>, s
9ry Brlacrb (Cor66lliBarlbHo roBoplrJlocb c.nfgyroulee : <<
ry_:ggi
1) M. Pa$ec, <Oif'n Schwel vun der Kontrrewoliitzie>,HieB, 1918r.,
utqer o [eneraqin. crP. 53-96.

10?

r o B ) M b rH e c e Mc n a J r e K a r oc t B e p a H a o c r p i & c B o r r x 1 1 1 1 6 r r(oB, rr rau, rgt Mbree ycranaBJlr.rBaeu,


nceqtlo ee [oAAep]KrrBaeM
cnaoft BTr{xrrrrbrxoBrr Marepiatrsuu aBTopr{Terou
peBoJrroqionnocoqianucruqecnoft apuilllr). <<Itponsrcu orueM Mbr rporuJrrr tro
nparo)),BaflBrrJr
rronnoBHrrnMypamer na aacrFganiultiescnaro Costra . . . Sauss na ntcHonrno neg:blr ltien, 6otrureBr{Hrrr
paapyrur{Jrrr
4o ocnoaaxifl To, qro c raxr{M TpyAoMr{ HaAe}fiAaMu
6rmo coBAaHoynpar{rrcnrru uaqionanrnrru gurznteuieu. Paga Bbrny?ngeHa
6rma 6rbmarb,Mr{HrrcrepcrBa
6nnlr paarpouJrerrrr,
yxpauucxin genrnr aunyJrr,rpoBanbr,
yxpalrncxie naqioualncrr,r 6eanonlagnonpecurb[oBaJrr{cb,naqiouanrnbrfiaaBoeBanisnema.nus o6nounax. Oanruqecnn 6una orutHeua raxlne u naqiouaJrbno-fiepcouaJrbuafl
aBronouis Ailfl MenblrrrHcrB2). Taxyrc Kaprrrny prlcyror Aarfie Jrrrqa,
cronrqiaBacoroac 6onrruesfiHaMrr.
Tan, naupuutp, B. Blrnsn.reuno
gnnx:
s 1920r. urrruero rLx
<<t{roHacaercflHaqionanrnoftyirpalrucnofi xymryprr, ro Bcff oua 6sma uo4negeuatro[ nareropiroftourppenonroqiounoiin 6ea scnxaro uranocep4in[oAaBJrflJracb.Ilpeccy
yxpanncxin rlrnorpa{in Hou(fucnoraJrr{,
aarperr.rJrrr,
nuu}nHbreMaraarrubrBar{pbrJrrr,
mHoJrEr6unr upiocranoBJreHbr
. . . Hau6onte
TeMHhre6omnresucrcnie aneuerrrbrcpbrBaJrrrco crtn noprperrr
Illesqeuxo r{ TonraJrr{nx Eoraur.r;JroBr{Jra
no AepeBrrflM
ynpar,rncnr{x urnoJrbHbrx
yqureileit, ua4taanrrcb Ha[ Hr.rur{rr paecrp;bnraranu
ToJrbr{o
aa ro, sro onu 6unu coaHareJrbHbrMrr
ynparrnqauroB).Taxyrorne Haprr{HypaBrpoua Aaer rr II. Xpucrnn s csoeft ucropiu: <Bo
rceft Vxpanrit 6un [porraBeAeH
mecroxift rorpou yxpauncnoit ranrernrrrenqiu. C'arr.rruporanHoe
r4 o6oaneusoeMocnoBcxoesoficfio
ybuaano HalfiAaro, r{To roBopr,rJrrra ynpar,rucxoMsabrntb)). Anrop
[prrBoAr{TuMeHapaacrpf;rnunnx 6onrmeBrrfi
aMrryr{parrncxr.rxcoqianucrnvecxux gtnreneft. <BurbcroContros ylpaBJrfiJrrrperourcqionnrre HoMrrrerrrr.r paBxhreHoMr.rccapbr.
. . Bcrogy xoasfiH[.rar
rurrrx>a). B eror nepio4 [epBaro cBoeronpnruecrnia Ha yxpanny
r) I{ur. no fin. II. Xpucrrcxa, r. Il, crp. 149,rarffietro 6yu4oncHot
e'fie4u.
raa.<Volkszeitung>
(ltien),or 31 nnnapa1918r.
3) Iloutrqenie eBp.MaErrcrepcrBa,
HaH rr BeJr[Hopyccnaro,
6uao aassro
6onrmegsctfinMnyqpelrtlesiaMtlrr qacrbrl paarpoMJreEo;
troJrbcxoeMusEcrepcrBo ocraJlocbcyqecrBoBarb,Eo trpn neu 6ulr EaBEeqeEFoMnccap,
noasn-6onrmesrlx.
3 ) B . B u a a u q e r x o , q & T .c o s . ,, t . l l , c r p . 2 ? t .
{) fI. Xpncrx}r(, r. II, crp. i49 fi 4arburo.

108

6our,ruesn6r{ ornpbrro IIIJII{, ftafi l{egrpaJrlrcrrr, u {aHruqec6ll' KaIt


pyccrr{rrxaro p bI. Aro 6un nepio g ran HaBbrBaeMblft( fIff raItoBIrII{HbD>'
ATOft IIOJITITI{XH,rJlaBapfi rdeeCxux 6Onrrro rrMer{rr BAOXHOBI,ITeJIfi
Ora CTOpOHa6OnruresuCrcnoft nolruTultrl
flnranOeal).
rrreBr4rr{OB
orqacrrr npnMIrp.EJIa c HIrMI'r Tt o6ulepyccrrin norl'ITnqecKifl
reseHiff B Kpat, Koropbltr Boo6qe 6nnn pfaxlrMl{ IIporI'IBHITKaMlr
6onsuresrrnoB. Itiescrifi ropogcxorl roiloBa Ps5rlos, pyccHift c.-p",
OAHaKO,rrx [prrxoA'
fiprJr"r Bpar 6oJ]bnresnHoB, rrpIrB:bTCTBOBaJI'
fiaH ((Boacranonneuie eAIIIIaro o6lqepocciftcnalo peBolto4iOnuaio
i[poura> (XpucrroH, t. II, ctp. 135).
Vxpalrncnie g;bareml e ri gnu ofta8a"rllrlcboAITHoHI{MII,rr oTl'rfi
6rrno sEraeaHoI{x oBro6fieHie. B csouM oaro6.fieuiu onrr yrBep?fiAaJrrr, rrro ((eBpea na cropourb 6orlruesr,tnoB) rr npeAalor yftpaurrcxoe g'bno. Ho {aHrn uoKaSbIBaIor,qro 6oalmesuaM mlrpoKo BaxBarRJr r yxpanscKie pagrr: so rnast 6onturesucrcHux notcx npoIIre"rI IOpift ltoqro6rascxifi, crrn
tr,rs Pagbr, sMtcr;b c Mypa$enblu,
naslbgrnaro yfi pauIIcKaIo [IIcaTeJIR; no66la 69.nrmesuaMacraJla Boo6qe aosuoxtua, 6natogapn uautaf nyuuiux yHparrl{cKl'rx rIoJInoB
rIoJrKCaraiigavuaro' TIoJIKOpllrna
(nonH EorAaHa Xutnrsurlxaro,
r{ Apyr.). HeAasHift saqIIrHIrH <cauocriiiuocrl4))' qJIeIt Pagu HepoHoBuq, [pIrMr{HyJr x 6ortruesunaM B camylo o[acuyro gln Pagrr
Mrrnyry. 16-ro aunaps 6rulr apecroBaubr 7 sileuos PaArr, yxpalluCr(rrx JrabBBIxC.-p., Ba 6onrnresuCrCxis cl.tunariu. BOnrilresIICTCfiafl
na BcIo crpany noo6qe.
arurarlir BapaBI{reJIbHo gtficrnosala
(Bonr'uresuau rly6oxo npoHLIK ran?rl Ir Ha yftparluy' - cxaBan
trpeAcraBnrenb pyccrlrx c.-p. trplr ronoconanilr IVVnunepcana,
on lrntercs gaxe sgtcr,, n ctrbuax Pagno. Vxpaltncrde A;bsremr ne
MorJIpr6utr game yntpenurrlrll B Hacrpoerira 4eperun - nx rrlaBHaro ollJrora. <.ltorga lrbr ocraBJlfl,nnltien, - [prlalraJrcr ren. flpucoscxift ynouxuyrofi Aeleraqiu or ,{yurr, - nacelenie Hac ran
ocnop6lrte.rbuo paBnoi\ymno or[ycrlrJlo. Ham crptnnnl{
Hpecrbtrl{e n gepernnx>z).
Hac upecrtgoearu

B crII{Hy.

1) Errao gna 6para flgrarosbrx, o6a snAliux 6o.urmesnxa; oAIIE nB Eux'


Jleonag, 6n.n rafino y6nt <,niarnuMll HoBaHaMlI>uaHaryu;b uptlxoga 6olrmeBHKoBn Elien, BTopofi- f . flqraxoB llrpan BI{AIrJrIoponb B poc. HoMMyIrrlCrHqeeKofiuapriu r utroru 1922 roAa 6ua naanaqen npegctgateaeM Bblcrllaro
pen. rpu6yuana s [aa;bcrHolt upoqecc;Bc.-p'on.
s) trI. Pa$ec, ql{r. I{8., crp,78.

109

Paanus 6oilsnresrruaBaxBarrrJryftpar{Hcfioe nacenenie,- Ba:


xBarrrJr oH raxfire u enpeftcnoeaacenerie. Iopoga r Mtcresnu
Vnpaunrr, rgt enpeu cocraBnffror guaqrrreJrbuyloqacrb, a utcraura
rpoMaArroe6onr,muucrno,fiBJrffJracb
rJraBHbrM
orropubru trJTHRToM
6omrueaunos. Eomrue ncero errg*JrfiJurcbBrrgHbre6ofiruresuftr.reBpeua cromaqt Vxpannrr - Itiest (9y4noncHift- nouraccapropoga, Itpeftq6epr- KoMr{ccap(pnnancoa,Paftxurefin - fioMr{ccap
rrpeccrr,Illannpo - noMrrccaprpu apuiu, I{. ItynraH z gpyr.) u n
qncilo
ranr{x roponax,HanOgeccaumr Enarepr.ruoclanl).Izles;bcrnoe
espeficHuxpa6ovnx Bcrynr.rJron Kpacnyrc rnapgim. Bce aro necomnrbnnoynaabrBaJroHa orpoMHyroBapasureJrbuyrocllny 6onrrrreBr{B}ra.Ho cpeglr enpeftcxnxuaprift u pynoBoAffqux opraxoB
eepeftcxoft o6ulecrrenuoorr{ re 6r,rnoHrrnoro,nro 6rrn 6rr c
6onrmesfixaMu. Hao6opor, erpeitcHierpeAcraBrrreJrr4
B PaglFaaHrruaJrnr ornourenin ri 6onr,rueBrrnarrnau6on'Be Henpr.rMl4pr.rMyro
noalrqirc. Tax, naupuurbp,ceft.racnoc.rr:6
oHrn6prcnaronepeBopora
rrpelcr aBr.rre.nr
<106'egrHeHHrrx
eepeiicnux coqianncron>>,
M. Jlursanon,uorpe6oBaJr
or Marofi Pagrr,r{oropafl,BrrIr4Mo,
eqe Hone6atacr
e csoeft uoBr,rqiu,<cHorr pteHo BbrcnaBarbcfi
rrporuB aBauTropbr
6onrruesfiKoB>.Korga 6omuresunu o6'snutu PagB noftny, upegcraBtrreJrb<<Eyngal,A. 3o;rorapeB,nprrabrBans Manofi Pag6, cosMtcfiro c trpegcraBrrreJrrrMr{
pocciftcnux coqianr,rcruvecfirrxnaprift ,
(He ocTaHaBJrr{BaTbcs
Ha IIoJrn]Tnn IoBecTI{Ao IioEIIa nofiny Uporr{B Morr{JrbnlrrnoB
penornqilo2). flpegcraBrrreJrb<,O6'eAr.rnegrrbrx},
vnen Pagrr I\{. Iliaq-AnlrH, BaffBrrJrna c'ts[;b Coetros s ltieslb,
qro ((B xon$nnnr:F Me'fiAyyHpauucHoftperourcqioHnoftgeuoxparieft n nyuxoft yByptraroponerpeficnarrAeMoxpariscrour Ha cropout yHpauucr{aroHapoga>3).
ilr{caJr,fiorAa
Oprail <rO6'en[HegHbrx)
6o;rruresnnu of'flannw noftny Pa4t, vro Paga <creAonycrr{JraHa
Ynpauurb anapxin, qaparqeit n Benr.rxopoccirr,
n rrMeHHoBa aro
(rpecrynJreuie>enpeftcnarrAeMonparinVxparur6r AoJr?nHa
troA4epl) A. Ioar4euBeftBep B cBonx socnoMuxanisx o Hiee$ cooilqaer, vro
so rrast
6otrrnenucrcnfix aoficfi, cosxtcruo c noirr{. Mypanreerru, ruen
na lties raxme <ltpoururagcnift Marpoc Porraar> (cn. <Apxran Pyccroii Peroatoqiro, r. VI, Eepnlrx 1922). Poruam, Han r4gsrbcrno,6nn eBpeeM-cryfienrou. Mu, oAHaHo,urcgt 6onrure se sauJrr{ nogrBep}HAexino porn Pomarn
n noxog:b Ha yxparrnqeB.
r) Cnr.<Naie Zait> or 27 u28 oxra6pa- raxxe 7 gexa6pa 191?r.
r') Tau-ixe, or 6
4 e x a 6 p a 1 9 1 7r ,

110

,r(arb Palp)r). Cpannnran r ognofi uB cBo!(x ptvefi nonoxesie n


Poccir u na Vnpann6. M. Pa([eo c yAoBrlerBopenieucnaaafi: <y
Hac, cJraBa6ory, ecm I{enrpanruas Pana>(cu. II. Xpuctnn, r. II,
crp. 46). Mnorie yxpauucHie gtatenlr 6nnu ne4onoJlbnbrrretrpuornoureuieMenpeftcxux naprift x 6orsmesucrcxoft BJIacrrI
Mr{prrMErM
u Ilerporpa46. Itorga Manas Paga npunnrra orpr{IlareJrbuyropeaoruliro [porr4B onrR6prcnaro nepeBopota6onrureBlrxoB,opran
laaera' - opran troqrrr trpaBllreJlbcrseusbrft
ynp. c.-4. <<Po6irHusa
- trr{caJr,rrro peBofiIoqin ata 6rrna <rrruysegat y Pagrr <<6yngorqaMrr))u <Melr6lrleBurcaulr>e).
II.Xplrcrrcx e caoeftlrcropilr pesonroqir't
o6pacxaaarb,qro, rJIaBHbIlrt
rou'b: <<Mornno
trurrrerB HeAoBonbHoM
gou, 6aaroAapff (MeEbmr[HcrBaw l{eurpanrnasPaAaHe ocrarroBuJracbcepbeaxo Ha MblcJrrro lpopuanruotu rpr{Bnanilr Contra
Hapo4nnx Kouuccapoe trpaBrrreJlbcrsollBerurtopoccin. A raxoe
,..
npnananiecauo Iratrpamnaanocr>3)
Ho nau6or:be noxagareJlbublusBJlflercfi otuoruexie enpeftcHnx
uaprift x 6onruresuxaMrorga, RorAaoHI{oxaBanucsno6fgureJltIMrr"
cpeltr Muorr{x yxparrnxoropufi BbIBbIBaJI
flpegcrannrear <<EyuAa>,
qeB ranoe nporl,rBce6s oa,irodreuie,KaK Bpar Vnpalrur,r, M. PaPa4y u Ha[aIaJI na 6oarIuesrutoBy?nenocurb
Qec,ornpnro xBaJrr{JI
aausris nMlr }tiesa: <<gymgaxKpalo BJIacrbIrpr{IxJIas Kies. OxHyuaqioruaa apuin. Oua paaoruaJlaBcIogenronparirc,BclbMctna ua
crrmry- [ xoqer roclo4crBoBarbt. Anrop npoBogur nogpo6nyro
rapaJreJrrMeil{[y 6oxrureeucrcnofi snacrrrc u Pa4oft lr pa4oru(paxrapenonrcqionnte6rr.:ra
EacxoJlbxoAeMoxparusHlbe
roB AoxaabrBaer,
naractpo{a> ror
BeiIuHa
n
<[taH
Pagaa). B crarrsx <Illrr,rHoHparim
rne aBTopcIIoBagaer ptenyro xapar$epucrl{Ky 6onrmesunoB,}torryrunaMrlBbrII o JIHrrJII{ p a Topbre(cBoIrMn<<coqianrrctsqecrirlMl,I))
paactpttnnu scf uaqioxanrubls aai
6ory Illyrr,rnna-oHlrt
soenaHispenolrcqiu xa VHpaunt>5). OpraHApyroft naprin-<06'e[r{Heunbrxt - Tanrfie rIrIoaJI,qro 6onruernau <lfanruqecnu Hecer
roJrbxopaapyrnenieu cueprbt (churboinesun korbones). <<Bxoulr) rrNaie Zait>, or 9 gexa6pr 1917r.
2) t6yao BIrMyqeEosiA Maaoi PaAn').
3) II. Xpracrxlfi, r. II, crp.53.
') <Volkszeitung> (oprax Eynga), ot 30 f l H B a p E i 9 1 8 r . , c r . < I c h w e l
pruwen varglaich.l,
5 1 T a u - x e , o r 3 1 n u n a p n r 1 t P e n P a l n ,r 9 1 8 .

r11

MapHLreAHrr rocnoAcTBaooJrbrrreBnc1cnaro
MeqaDraBeTaSBaJran
ffAeaJraM,
KoropbrepeBonroqissa yfipauut nepronauatrno ce6t
noctanuJral). He uenrnds oruuadu yfipar{Ecr{oegruxenie EarrrJro
rr B prrlax uaprilr <<Iloareft-Ifiou>. Htnoroprre trpegcraBr{reJrrr
aroft naprin, Kaft rraflpnrr,r:bp
C. lomgenruax, 6truu rrBubrMurr AaJrer{orrAyrqr.rMn
rplrBepmesr{aMr yxpauncxofi rreaaBr{cr{Mocrrr.Heqero r{ roBoprrTb,uro napriu uecoqia:rracrlrvecnir,xax nanpuutp
cioulrctrr, crofiJrrr eqe AaJrbrrreor 6onr,ureBrt(oBr[ erqe p;bouenncryfianlr rrporr{BHrrx, Bbrpailraaornplrro cBor crrMnariu yrepazncnoMy ganrxeniru,rioropoe cpe4r{cionucros na Vnpaun'b 6rrtro eoo6uqenonynapno. Ho uac a4rbcrrrr{repecyeruacrpoenierJraBEbrM
o6paaoucorlianucruqecKux enpeftcxuxnaprifi,rax Kaftyr(pauncxie mosuarrcrbr rrMeHHoux tro4oap:bnanus 6ontmesusMrbu no
npaxge6uocrlr Vnpar.ru'[.
ynpauncxaro ABrrffieniantpa
V rasux enpeficxlrx[onJroHHrrKoB
n Vnpauuy w B efi pynoBoArrrenefieaxogura oqeHbganexo. Xapaxrepnoii B aroM cuucnrbflBJrfiercrr
crarbfl, rroffBnBmascs
Ea crpaIraqax oprana <O6'eguneHuLrx' <<NaieZaib>- otrflrr ranr{ B Arrr{
roctroAcrBa6o.nrruesufiosu ronerift na yHpanucnoenrbno. Crarrs
rroclrr MuoroanaqureJrbHoe
sarrasie : <florpounr,rfl r{HcrrHyaqiro>
zncnnyaqir Ha yftpauur{eB,[oBr{Hxbrx6ygro B norpoMax,fiaH rruIuer aBrop, - I{HcrrHyaqilr,uynqensbrs sapowrro 6onrnresnxauu.
<Hago, Brrgure Jrr{, trpr.rBrrrrenpeficxouy nacenenirocrpax fiepeA
BoaMornubril
rosnpaulenieMx BJracrrryr{pannqeB,r{oropue sxo6n
Eecyr <(HafiorrqrrnrbMesaDeBpefM HpoBaBLre
trorpoMbr,- r{ Torga
6yxyr 6aarocnosnffTbBJracrb6onrmesucrcftyro>. <Mrr ne orpnqaeM,- upoAonnraeraBrop, - rrro Aalr{eB pffAax yxpauucxoft gemoxparin uu;[nrcn ranie, fioropbreeqe ne ocno6ogunracror rprbxa
anTr.rceMurrrBMa
. . . {axe B pffAax ynparrucr{[x coqiamacrrasecxfix
uaprifi uu'berc.aHe uano rpucocaBrrruxcffn HuM qepnocoreuubrx
aneMeHToB).Ho <VnpatrHcnaflPaga, yxpar{Ecna.Epenonroqionnaa
geuoxparia u en opranlr - oHrrqucrrl or rp6xa, onu gnohroii
rrrplr B oroM Botrpoct ue ne.nu>.. .2).
Ilorga Pa4a nepnyaacr n Bnacrn, oua 6una enpeftcrrrMntraprisuu acrptvena upuntrcrniaun. Opran <O6'eguneuHbrx)),
a crarrlb
r) <Naie Zait>, or 31 nuaapr 1918r., cr. <rrlro-rreganrme?rr rflosas
BJracrE)).
Cu. ran-xe rafiE(e cr. <3a qro?>.
2) Tau-rHe, or 19 {enpaaq 1918r., cr. M. Epenepa<Pogrom-rechilessr.

112

<Ha craprrx nosraqinx>, uucair: <<NIur.-rpa?nAaHeVxpauncxoft HapognoftPecny6mrxu,Irr Mbr 6ygem Batrrrrqarb rct coqianr'Hllff Ir lraqionanruun 4ocurrenin cno6ogHoft penonrcqionuoft VnpauHbol).
EIqe c 6or6e onpeg&.reuuoii aaqlrroii yripauncHoft I{AeI{ Br;IcryrrI{JILr
ciosucru. Tax, naupuu;bp, .nugep cionucros H. Crrpnun, Kacat{cb
Borpoca o Xonuquut, RnnRnruarocfinpeAMeroMcropa MelfiAy flourrueft ra Vnparanofi, lrrrcaJl e Mat 1918 r., y?fie rorAa, Horga ynpar{Hcnoft HeBaBrrcr.rMocru6r,r,n utilrr{aun Halrecerl coxpynrare.nrnnii
yAap paarorromPagrr: <<Bonctx Houtpauxtax, Koropble upouaoftgyr
Ao Mr4pnaro r{ourpecca Me?fiAyflolrureft u Vnparanoii o florpauuqHbrx BeuJrffx,Mbr,eBpel{, AoJr}IrHbIcrogrb na cropourb nnono4oftgeMoxparuqecnoii yHparancnoft napognoft pecny6Jlrrnn . . . Saxo.ret
6uroft Jlrc6mancnofi
ura flonrura pac[rrdpr4TbcBoro BJracrr,Ha BeMJITI
ynin, eaxnaurB rpaurrl{brVHpaunu, JInrBbr rr Btnopyccir.r, Mbr,eBperr,
yuotpe6uu Bce cBoe srigHie, qto6rr aroro He AolycrllTb. . . Toqno
rar{Hre, HaK B 6opr66 Me}r(Ay qeurpaJlrlcrcxofi Poccieft r,r cno6ogHbrMrrprlnrllrnou {egepaqiu urr croriJrlr ua croport* cuo6oglroft anronoMHofi VxpalrnrDs).
Ho ynpauru{eB He yAoBJIerBopflJIoranoe flfiaroul{qecnoe co'
xyscrrie. PegaHrop raa. <<HosaPaAau, A. Hranoscxift, orHporenno
BbrpaarrJraro s csoeil ctatlt, HorAa rllrcaJr: <<floxaurna ronano 6yMa?fiHarr6opr6a Me?fiAynarueft BJracrblo n 6ofitrneslrxaMrl, eupeftnporl{B 6onrruesncHin o6qecrBeHHbrflopranuaaqiu Bbrcr(aeblBaJILrcb
qro
croJllrqy
VHpauurr,
Balquqarb
upifigercfi
Hoe. Itaaanocb,
Horga
Becb ropoA 6yAer ua ctopont aaqrrrnlrltoB }fiesa Ir lroMolxer uM
Mopanbuo u ![usuuecxu ... Ho qro-E(e onasanoct?> fl,6ftcrnr,rreJlbno,
eBper{ He npoflBJrflJr[ aKrIltBHocrI'I B saqutf yHpaI'IHcKaroA;b.ua.
PaHrure ncero 6pocaerctr B rJIaBaror Muoroauaqurefibubrit (paHr, uro
espeu H,eexo7u",taa ynpawucnitr norxumuuecnianapmiu. O6tscnsetcq
Jrn aro t:bu, vto ynpauncHia naprira, 4a;*te coqiautlctl'tuecxiR, HaH
<V^p. c.-A.))rr <<Vnp.c.-p.) c caMaro Haqara peuonrcqir.rcrporrJlrlcb,
naprilr, rIJIrr [pyruMlr [pnqrrHaMlrr, Ho
HaR flpxo-Harlionanrnr,rx
r) <d{aie Zai.tt>, ot 2 uapra 1918r., nepeg. cr.
e) Emene4. <Oif cler \\:*ch>, Lties, }{i 4, 1918r. cr. <Lltueqxo-yHpanncxo-troJrbcr{oe>.EIqe r anp;bn;b 1917 r., B caMoM uaqa:rt yxpal{rrcraro [BiIxeuir, H. CrrpHuu fiepBufi Bhlcryrlnn B llelrrparlbuou oprau:b ciosrctos s
flerporpagt <Erp. ?I(llenrr>c s;bcxonu{E}1[ crarbaulr <rHaVxpar'tnt>, rrt
fopfitto BatrITIIIIaJyl{panscxoe A{;ao; clr. i\!iY, 17 ll 18, 19J7 r.
llot'polrr,ruu !'rparru'L l{tl ?

1918, S

| 1:l

tpanr6un ror, qlo B EEx ne 6uao xs oAuoroenpenl). B ro-rxe Bpeurr


eBpeacro.EJrueo raast nc6x o6qepoccificxux uaprift s Hient u
uoo6ule na VHpauHt (<<uenrmeBuxoB)>,
s Menrmeftcre[eur{ yc.-p'oa
n 6onruennxor). Eapea orcJrrcrBoBaJrr{
ranrr(e,Kar{ MLrnlrgtnu,
B yxpar{Hcnoftapuin, fioropa.flflBJrrrJracb
apuieft naqiouansnofiu ne
AorrycnanaB cBorrpsA6reBpeen.Enpeftcxietpegcransrefir,rrfanrugecxrrEe HecJrr{
orstrcrnenuocrrr aa HanpaBnenie
yxpalrucxoft nouuTuxr{, xorff yrracrBoBaJrr{
gua ce6a syfirubru
a Pal6. Ouu ue HalrJrr4r
nocutgonarr aa Pagoft Bo BpeMEnacrynnenis 6onsmesuxoBu Re
yrracrBoBaru p <<?Ifilrouipcxouuarnaniral. O6crosrenscrBa rar
cJlofirrrJrl{eb,qTo eBpeElre MorurRlrpoffBrrTbaHT'rBHocTIt
B yHparrHcxou naqioHaJrbnoM
crporrreJrbcrsf.lI r Pagt su:Lmnenoryqr.urocb
otracuoenolomenie, rro cyrqecrByuer:bpnoe:rporrcxogr{uane 6opr6a naprift Bofipyr rarifix sa]fiufftruux BonpocoB,Kax Borpoc o6 or4taeuiu or Poccin, rnu ceuaparnou ulrpt c lepuardeft, a 6opr6a
uaqiii-enpeficxofi u ynpauncfioft, oAEoftuaqionanruoft Honrlenrpaqin trporr,tBApyroft.
(Danr eror, ecrecrBHrro,
6pocancaB rnaaa yftparrucxr4Mgtnreanu. I{croprrft yfiparrucHofipenonroqiu,xacaRcr6eeuagexuoftaarquqro qacrb pyccnoft
rnr ltiena nprr Hacrynaeuia6otanreBr4r{oB,
nrrcaJr,
r.renpeficxoftpa6oveftMaccbr,uog ndnuieu aruraqiu 6onlrnennxor,
rroguffnasoacranie B cauoM ltienf; npaBaff-]He,anru6omureBr.rcrcfiafl qacrb, noropaff runa Ba <MeHbrrreBr{KaMr.r),
c.-ptauu r.rEyngou,
(npocro ne saxorfla BbrcryrrrrbB Barr{Hry}tieno. <<Palpecrr,
Bana6alrorrr,Cnuoscxie2)- erNuau6onruie Bparr 6onrnresunoaa I{eurpamrolt Pagt - rerrepb crosJrr{r cropont . , . 0ror <<neftrpauuTer MeHbrurrncrBl[por{BBoAnn oqeub rff}r{eJroeanesarrlbHie Ha
yxpanucnyrc neMoxpariro>.B I-{eurpanruofiPa46, B rrepBbreAHr{
ocaAlr }fiera, 6rru uaetcrnbrM ynp. c.-g. gtareneM H Mr.rur.rcrpoM
M. Ilopurou, npeg'RnneuBarrpoc((Meubtrrr4xcrBaM)
rro uoBogy ux
<ueftrpaaurera),Honocnrbguinyfinonr{Jrncbor [pJrMoroorstra. (Ha
$Iaoax y uctx trporraorrrJro
paag6neuie pa6ovlrx u unre.nnnrenqiu
Kiesa Ha ABaJrarepr, He croJrbnotro KnaccoBo-coqiannroMy
rrpuBIraRy,cxonbxo uo uaqionaarnofi npr.rnaAnerfiHocrr.r:
ua ognofi cro1) Eguxcrnennaa yfipauacxax uaprix, n noropoft nntnrcr
eBpe[, Aa
E ro B cauou Bearraq[Tenbnou .urcJr6, 6rraa yutpeuuaa uaprix <coqiaaucron-tpegepaaucroa>{c.-ip.).
t) Jkgepu <<6yn4a>,pyccnnx ((MeubrtreBrrxoB))
rr pyccxux c.-p. a Pagt.

114

pont o6paBoBaJrcraurnyxpar.rucnifipyccxo-eBpeficnifirarepb, ua
lpyrolt - Bce 6oute rrBonr{poBaJrrrcbrr yueabrrrairrrcb cprJr}r
yxpauucxoft penonrcqionnoftgeuonpariu>. A HorAayr{parmllbryrrrJrrr
a ?Ituronnip,- (Hrrr{ro rra ((MeEbmrrEcrBD
rre uorbxar ryAa rmrbcrb
c rpaBr{reJrbcrBoM
. . .1)
Vxpauucxofi Hapoguofi Pecuy6.nuxuD
Hago coenarbcfl, qro yxparrucfiafl r{Aes, HecMorpn Ha rrogAepxixy enpeficHux naprift. He npoHrrnna B ronqy enpeftcxaro
nacenenis. flolruuo napriii cyrqecrBoBanerqe rpocro o6Hrarenr,
xoroprrft nr{raJrH yfipar{Hcr{ouygtny oupegfneunoe negoafpie, r
ryqureMcryvaf paruoqyuie. 0ro oruorueuienupamaJrocb
HeroJrbro
o nogcutunaniraHagynparrncxnMfiBbrHoM
ll ebreBcxoft;Hay]rpauul{aaqirc on orstsafl rraccr{BHbrM
couporr.rurenien. EnpeiicHift o6uBareJrb6o.srcs ynparrncrBa,oRo 6uro eny qyxrgo, B To BpeMffHaH
B pyccKoerocyAapcrBor{ B pycc}iyro riyJrbrypy oH, HecMorpfirra
acrbnocnfgrin norpncenia, efpuu. Cutgyer rau'brr B Bnny ror
orpounofi Balftrrocrrl (parir,uro ropoAa ua VHpann'b floqrI{ Ire flBJrflrorcfi yfiparrucxr{Ma,Bce yfiparrucftoe ABn?xerdeulrranocB, rJIaBunu o6paeoM,AepeBHeft, MailoBeMeJIbHbrM
rI cpeAIrI,IM
fipecrr,flucrBoM.Bn6oprr a ropo4cxia AyMBr,lrM6elde u6cto u'bromt9l7 r.,
rronaaaJrrr,xax cna6o snissie yxpalrucxaro aJIeMeHra.Bo sctx
noqrrr ropoAax 6uon yrpar{Hcxttx napdft flonyqr4fi ua ru6opax
BrraqrrreJrbnoe
MenrmnHcrBo,BcroAyuo66xtAamr pyccnin uaprin.
n
ltien6,
n qeurpt ynparrHcrBa,rArb rouocoBaJlIr yKpaI,IH,{arne
cxifi rapnnBou, ynpar{HqbruonyqrrJrrrJrr{rrroHoJIo20o/oronocor.
Ioropn o6 aron'r uopanrenilr yxparrulleB Ir poJIII B IreM eupeitcHaro naceneuia, B. Blrnun.reHno trrrfirer: <<Enpeficrro,cocraBJrflrorqee
Aocraroqno shrcoHifi rrpoqenr nacereuis B ropogax, B
nepio4 nu6opoe B Aylrbr BcaAy erqe Aep'fiaJrocbpyccnofi opienraqir, oHo erqe He ntpu;ro e no66gy yxparrHcrBa,a rlorouy Ire
nufro Hrrnaxux ouroeauift roJrocoBarbaa neror>2).
llAeororis rleHrpaJruaMa
u pyccn{r.rxaqiu, BcnoeHuatrcrapblM
pefi{rrMoM,
6nrilaoqeHrcrrnbHarre roJrbnocpeArrpyccxaro nacereni.s
Hpafl,Ho u erpeficxaro, a y enpeftcHoft6ypmyaaiuu nnte.lr,irrarenqiu
1) II. XpncrroH, qr{r. coq., r, II, crp. 126 n 727. Cn. taxxe allaJlorrtqnoe
A. [. Itfaproyxaaanie y pbfirroro Barrli.rrnuxafleurroponcxaro trpaBlIre,rlbcrna,
Jrulra, B ero xnnrb <Vxpaura lr noJllrrlrxa Axtagtn>. 6epaun, 1922 r., crp. 52
lt 55.
2) B, Buxxuqesxo,
r { R T ,c o q . , t . I I , c r p . 4 4 ,
8r

115

erqe I4 qyBcTBa accllMar qacTu paooqlrx K aToMy IIpncoeAI,IHLrJIUCb


nfiqioHHLrF.
Enpeitcnia naprin, rpIrMKHyB K yfipar{Hcxouy g'bly, B Dror MoMeHr HecoMstnso paBoIxJII{cbc enpeftcxofi o6nsarenruquuofi. I'1 ne
roJrbno o6rrnarenrrquuofi. Cpenll erpeftcHoft pa6oleft Maccbl, or
I{MeHr{ xoropofi enp. coqianucru.recxis naptin roBopl{Jllr e Pagt,
HoropblM ynpal{Hcl{an t4Aetr
6rrno raxxe Mnoro rar(ux aJreMeHToB,
ocraBaJracb coBeplueHno qy?KAa. ,[ar lrontcrnoe qacJlo oxorur{HoB
n ltpacHylo ruapnro, erpeftcxie pa6o.rie He AaJIITurl oAnoro go6poBoJrbrlayxpal{HqaM. ,[axe B prAax qfieHoBnaprifi xypc, ranruft
nr{AepaMr{n Kiest, He BcerAa,oqeBlIA}Io,ncrp'buan covyncrrie, ecur
n*purr noagntfturu npltauaHiru. Jlugepn <<06'eAltHenHuxenpeficxux coqiaJll4croBD, naprilt B cBoe BpeME 6.luaHo ctonsueft H
JmpalrucnoMy Atny, trpltBlraJlucbB aroM troa?fie,ftor[a [pI'IMKHyJII4n
noMMyHr,rcraurl HpIrrI{HoBaJII{cBolo rrpe?xulolo raxrl{ry: <<Pa6ouin
Macchl,opraHrraoBanHblfl
, HaH 06tegltnenHoft enpeftcxoft coqialrac'tnsecHoft naprieft, ran Ir B ByHg6, Bce BpeMfl orHocI'rJIIIcb,xafi fi Pag'b,
TaH r{ fi MeroAaM6opr6u sa saqionanbHylo aBronolrirc rpafiue cAep,fiaHHo I{ xoJIo[Ho. Bce aro 6rrra <sblconas rroJll{rr4na>uapriitnnx
BepxoB)).<B [ties'B, a paapfa o m.uriefi II. H., pa6ovie, qneubl raprira (<O6'egllnennnx)), BanuebrBaJrl{cba ltpacnyro rnap4iro; B
Enarepnuocnart opranuaaqia seila ruHilo eornaurenis c 6o.nrmeaurauror).
Taxas onnoar,rqin cyutrecrBoBaJta,I B psgax <Eyula> u
<Iloaaefi-I{ioHt, B uocntgneft napriu uutnocr Aarfie orpeA'bnenaoe
6onsmesucrcnoe HpbrJlo.
Ho nocxonr,ny enpeficnan o6uqecrBeulrocrb6ula opraHtrEoBaHa rr flocnoJrbxy o6rqecrrennocrr noo6tqe Bblpa]aaercfl B rlapriRx, yfipar.rnclroe eapefictno 6uno na ctopon;b yKpaI,rHIIeBI{ or{aHo ynpaunqau,
Bf,rBaJrorrM cepbeanyro Mopanbuylo roA4epx$ty.
oqeBr{Auo,aroro 6nno uato. 11 fiafi oHrI notpe6ona,lu or enpeftcxlrx
naBoqHuxoB Irepefiucarb n Hparuafturift cpox sc6 sblstcnlr c pycr) Epour.<Ha nonoport>, uag.II.H. O6'eAns.
eBp.corl.naprill,MocHaa,
rlo cnyqalonepexoAa6orlurEncrsa naptir na
rrrafi1920r. BporurcpaL{8Aasa
qro
xapaliTepqoro o6ctoareJlbcrBo'
Ypeanr,tvafiHo
noanqirc I{oMMyHI{croB.
naptift s PaA'b'BbrcrynaBnoqtu sct nI{AepbIeopeitcxuxcorlia.nracru'recxllx
yxpaMcrBa' ltoB?fie
mie ranultrr nporlrBulrxarlu 6ontueguHoB I{ BaulIrrHI4fiaMII
nepeilnrr B pqgbr pyccn. rioMMyslactuqecroftnaprilr (M. Pa{ec' A. Solotaper'
A. Jluueq - ue <Eyuga>; M. Jlnrnaxoo, IO. Hosaroscxift, tr{. Xyprlrn u gp'
- ua naprirr <O6'epllneuqen>).
I lt)

IIocfiaro Ha yHpallHclrift, raK oHLrIr oT eBpeficHllx npeAcTaBl4reJrefi


Bcero
enpefiupeonorill
cpox
B
rparqaftruift
nepeAtJIHLI
rpe6oBafiu
criaro HaceJreria VHparaubr, c xpyroroii nopynoft, npeg'Renaa rc
HeMenJrenrrofionnavb cqer Ba uaqionanr,Ho-trepcoHanbfiylo aBTonouiro u aa erpeftcroe Ml4uplcrepcrBo.Enpeficxir uaptin He MorJrrI
u xe xortnu 6patr na ce6s tarofi Hpyroaofi nopyrlr. Vxpauucrde
g*arerlr c DTr{MHe cqlrrailr.rcbId yupexaJrtr eBpeeBs <uBMtHlb}. Ha
aac'bganin Manofi Pagnr, t9-ro mapra t9t8r., nIIAep <corlia&ucroscauocriilnuxon>>,CrenarreHxo,flpowrran AexJlapaqiro,n noropofi rpega ro'
6osan perrpeccllBunx u'bp nporr.IBnaqionalrnblx MeHbIIIIrtIrcrB
TITO OHI1I I'IAYT trPOTIIB

YHPAUI1CKIIX

ITHTEPECOB, II B qACTHOCTI4 TPC'

6osan s nuAf Kapbl aaxpblrir eapeftcHIroMr{}IlrcrepcrBa (a raHxe


Mr{HrrcrepcrBatro BeJIuKopyccI{I4M
46.uarvr).<Erpeu u pyconie rnHJru
x Mocrnrb - cHaBaJI oir oIHatfiAH, - o noroMy oHIr He AoJrlnlrbr
6rrrr gouyqenbr Hu x HaHrrMorntrctseuublM trocrau Ir He gautrMarb
M:bcr s rocynapcrBeHlroM annapart Vxpaunrr>. Sg6cr yfi(e peftoMeH[oBaJrocsuonyruenie Ea noJllrrtrqecxoe pannonp arie naqionaarH6rx MeHbrurlrHcrB. B 16 grur noflBrrJllrob CI{MIITOMbIOtfsllqianrnaro
Hapyrueuin naqionanrsblx npaB MeHbIu?IHcrB. B 6rrurocrr csoro
n )Iftirouipt Manoft Panofi 6rrnr,r npuufrbr ABa Baxou&, flBHo trIoBI{Hrrcrr{qecxaro xapanTepa. OAun lra HIrx, BecbMa cyrqecrrennnft, o
noggancrnt, rJlacrrJr,rITo<<rpa?fi
AaHIrHoMVxpann nraBJlgercff Tor, K T o
s Heft poAu JIcfl lr ttcno c rrelo cBflBaH)); ara i[oprtrynupoBna
sBHo ocraBusna utcro [poIrBBoJIy. Apyroft uenxift, so xapanrepHuft; aro ((BaHoHo errslbcfiax>: sot sns;bcrm AoJIII{rrhIn Hparvafturift
cpoH 6rrrr nepenrrcaubl tro ynparrucnra. It aroMy-x{e BpeMeHI4oruocr{rcfl rr aHnyJrl,IpoBanie4enenrublx BHar{oB- (100 xap6onanqiar
(py6neir) c HaAuI{cflMu,xpout yxpalrHcnaro, Tafitfie lr na enpeftcHou,
pyccnoM r{ noJrbcxou flablxax. Ssanu atlr 6ntu roJlbr(o HeBaAoJIro
nplduql{r pannonpanin naAo aroro BbrrryqeHlr Ir AeMoHcrpl{poBaJrrr
qiouamuocref,r ua VHpaunt.
Vnr.rsromeuie Irx renepb tlBlrrJlocb
yAapoM rro arolrly npI4HIIuny. IIo noaapaqeniu s Kiee unnucrp
BHyrpeHHrrx 4tn uagar [prIKaB o rou, sto sbln:bcnl.I,ffaAnrrcu u
6urs ro;rlno Ha ynpal4rrcnonaqaux6; aHaflornqo6tnereHiq AoJr?r{H6r
Hbre nprrnaarr 6rrnu I4BAaHrITaxln,' MIIHrrcrpoMrloqr I{ telerpa{on
(cyAoBnx cupaB))(rocruqill). B Haqant Mapra o6 erou
rr Mr.rHrrcrpoM
suecen napriefi <<[Ioa.nefi-I{iou))sanpoc. Ananorusn
Pagy
6uno
nrrft eaupoc 6nrn cAtnaH Taxlfie lr npegctgarento Confra MI{HII-

TL7

crpoB rr noAnlrcax <Volksparteb, <O6'e4uHeHrIaMrr))


u {paxqieft
pocciftcnux c.-p'on.
Bce aro 6unu culruroMbr,noropbreroBoptrJrra
o pacryrqemo6qecrBeuuoMrr rocynapcrBenHoM
urosuuuaMt. Tax <uarrrft naqiono onpeg'bneniroM. Ipymenexaro, nocreneHuorrpeBpaHaJrr{BM)),
((6ofiblrofi
naqioranrmu>>.Ilepaoe sogasagienportrB noulaJrcffs
rpouoB, BbrfiyqeuHoereuepaJrblrbrM
cenperapeMno Rarlionamxrtu
46uau A. Illymrlrur,ru a oxrn6pb L9L7r.,y?fierorAa upeAytrpelfiAaJro
nporrrB Tanoro ruoBLrHIrBMa:
<<HacyrrreraJrr(,-roBopr.rJroc B BoByruerarb. Itaxgrrft yxpauuer{
Mtrr
Hr.rfioro
BBaEiu, Eo
Re AoJrrnnbr
tITo
HaI[a cno6oga e111e
Ee trpoqga, MbI IryE(AoJrmeEtroMulrrb,
Aaeucff B cr{JraxuarepianrnLrx rr AyxoBHbrx. Ecnn urr Aonycrrru
paanurie uaqiouanrnofi npaxgnr u erpeftcnraxrrorpoMoB,M6rarrru
orroJrxueMor ce6.sq'brnft Hapon. Mrr aruu rraJro[rrrMTeMrroerrsrrro
Ea Hamy con:bcrr,r{ Becbuip uac 6yAer cuurarb rrapoAoM,
negocrofiurrm cno6ogbrD.
. .1).
Ha ouucasnou i[ont naqiouaurnbrx oruomenift, n arruoc{epf
paBApaffierrifl
trporuB eBpeeB,((moBuHr.rcrrrqecnafi
axctrancr,rBHocrb)),
fiax oro 6uno nagsanon npecct, Jrerfionpr.rBena
ynparrHcnyroapuiro
fi rrorpoMEbrM
anoqeccaM.
t) He cutgyer, paayutetca, cuiulunarb aBropaaroForyMarruaroBoBBBauia, yxpar.rRcfiaroMlrsucrpa uo naqiouaJrrrrbru4tnanr A. Illynrrlrna, c peasruceMsrc$fi-peaxqioxuaro<rfliesnfisfirrar>
u nantcrsrru MorrapxlrAaHTopoM
qecnuu gtare.neu - B. IIIyurruBbrM, Horoplrfi ao;rgercsraxrr{eEp6rMBparoM
yBparrEr{3M4.

118

VI.
Boaaparqenie s Kies rI norpoMubreaficlleccblyxpalrrcnot apruit.
- Kiescnin co6rrrin; lopogcxaa ,{;'ua; yxp. coqiarurcruuecxia
Spanrlin. - BHcqeccr,rs Kiescnoii rv6.; <Vno:rnououeuuuerlPaErr.
- Oxcqeccu na ;rrentsxLlx Aoporax; cr. Ipe6euxa r Po'lro4an;
Batrpocbrs Pagt. - Oxcqecctr n flo,'rras:b u B. ftoponenxo. florpourr, yql{HeH}rbleKpecrrfffiaMu. - Co6trris n Megnunt u ry6epncnifi Houuccap. - tr{arnanie ftpecrbtlnaMfi eBpeeBnB AepeBerrt'; flpxroBopr,I cerlbcxnx cxo4oB. - <?Itugoncxaauaxlr(pecta4ia>. - Vxpanncxaff rlpecca rr florpostbl. - Antnceuurcxis crarrr
<Hosoii Pagn>. - Hanagxn Ha eBpeeB u Pa46; parr.ri[lrraqia
EpectcHaro AoroBopa.- Isa narepfi. - <SasoeBauieurru yrtcsenie?> - Paaopyntenie enp. orpsgots eaMoo6opolrbl;OAeccHaE
npyffiIrna. - Houeq ((Botororo uepioga> yrpauucl(aro qnuxeRia.
Ilorpouuun

iloxotri4eHifl

yxpalrlrcnoit

apMiH

uaaIaJII,Icb rra

BoeHrr[,rx croJrKHoBeHiii c 6onruieBlrft aMI4. flepnrre, orA;bfl bHbre aKcqeccbr BoaHrrr{Jrrrenle B fHBapt 1918 (HonorpaA-BonblHcK),
Iro rJraBrrafl BoJIrra flpomJra B cBESIr c HacTyrIJIeHieM yxpauHc]tolyrJlx

ntueqxux

Boftcri Ha 6oJlbllreBrrfioB B ipespaut-uaptt

ro

ryrlr

IrB

llturomipa s ftiea. {7-ro {eapaJls rafiAaManlr HarraJlrr Ha }n. [. crauqiax Capnu u }topocrenb
roqno
Ha eBpeeB Ir MHorrrx y6llllr;
florpounne
crioJrbKo 6ruro y6lrrbrx, AoHbII{t ue ycrauoBJrel{o.

ranxte u B EepAuqen:b,no lryrl{ B }tiea, n


artcqeccbrtrpor{BoruJrrr
Hoxqt {enpann. 3-ro uapta n Manyn Pagy, aactAaBlllytororAa
n ?Iftironipt, 6uu BrreceuBanpoco 6epAuveacfiuxco6blriflx. B
Barrpocfcoo6ilIarocb,qro ftorga yxpar{HlrblnoAomJIItH Eepgu.reny,
n HrrM BbrrrlJrac nplmtrcrrieu 4eneraqin ue [peAcraBlrreJleii
Cos6ra pa6ovnx AeryraroB, lopogcxofi Ayr'rrrn Seuctoft Vnpanu
BAtcb B pynax enpeen), no
(nct ern rprr oprana HaxoAITJII{cb
[eneraqis sra 6brJlao6crptnnna. B uepauft genr BcryrneHifl
y$paurrcHaroBoftcltaB ropoA 6uno 20 ffieprB; ua Hacenenie6una

119

HaJro?fieua
Hourpr{6yqifl B 5 Muflrionor py6nefi1). 23-ro {erpann
raftgalranu BarrflJrrr
cr. Eopognnny (no roff me nunilr ltopocrenrItien), y6um.t 2 enpeear4 craJrr{rpe6orarr or enpeftcnaroHaceaenir nngauu opyxrin. B }tnasgieso, 6nna Eopognnxr,r,uun 6rrno
y6lrro 7 enpeen.Koppecnongenr <<NaieZaitr uepegaer Haprrrny
co6rrriii n Eopognnx;b: laitgauaHn uorpe6orann, vro6u eBpeu
(cflpflTaHrrbrey [rr4x 2 nynenrerau 70 pymefiD,Impolr{a.fi,B
BbrgaJrrr
uporr.rBuoMcny.ra.b,[orpouoM. Enpeu riirfiJrrrcb,sro y rrr{x rrrrxaxoro opyxtifi s:br, rro aro He norroraJro.Tor4a nct enpeuM&cresfia
- g;blo 6ruo n flyplru - ogrbnu <(rairecbr))
u <<re{rnnun)),
BBffJrrI
cBr4Tlirrr
Topu lr oo nc;bx MoJreJreHb
co6panlrcr Ha cr.rHaroranrnoft
trJronlagrr,qr6 6rua mocce. floqreuubre rrpe4craBurenno6uprunr,
tra4afi Er{q, BgAbrMaJrrr
py}ru BBepx, [pyrie nogHr{MaJrr(cBr{Tnrrt
Toprr u aJrflJrncb.<0ro 6una crparrruan Haprrrnil). Ho nusro
He rroMoraJro,rrona o6qr.ruaHe AoraAaJracb
ornyflurbcfi Aenbra!{n
or raftgauaHon. <<Cn6gyer
orMtrnrl,, - coo6qaer Hoppecnor[eur
gatrbe,-rrro eclb arfl [Hrr Ea nongalrf cr. Bopogaunu HaxoArrrJrcfiIlernropa u ero rroMouluurSaropogcxifi. Haceuenie
Eopo4nnrlr [ocJraJrorc Heruygeuyraqirc, cocroflBruyn ua 8 xpucrian u 2 enpeer. Ho Ilernropa, co6uparnrificnytarnarb, orocJraJr
genyraqiro R cBoeuv rroMorrlur.rny.A nocu;bgHiftorrtrrirJr, qro
raftgauaHra(paBgpanrerrrr>,rrr orr r{r4qeroHe Mo?$er nogtlarr>.r)
Oxcqeccu, 6ea sefiostqecfir{x ffieprB, [poucxogr,rJrr{B cpe4unrb
(peepara r }topocrunrent, flo4onrcxoft ry6., rgt raftgauaHauu
6rr,rlr suctareHbrB fioMen4aryp6 25 enpeeB,n B Etnofi-f{epnnu,
rAB <<sifibHuHoaafir4))6ea.mHcrsosaJrrrB clruarorb, tro[ Br{AoM
rrorrcxoBcnpflranHaro eBpeflMr{opyndn 8).
r) Saupoc6uu snecesyt{parrrcnnMrr
coqian-geuonparaMu,
Haocnosaniu
un(fopua4iu, AocraBnegxofi rrpeAcraBr.rreJreu
<Eyn4a>,{, Jluneqou, noropufi cneqialrno npi:bxan AnE aroro n )Iturorrip, HaH qren Pagu. floca6gHss Baupoc eAlrsornacEo npnsffna, A. Jluneq 6r.r;r s ]I[nro[rip:b eglrncraeNHrlM rrJrerrouPagu neyHparrgrleM. Ho on uuraHoro yuacrix n pa6orax pagr,r
He flprrrrEn rI [a}Ite 3aEBrril, rITo (B BrrAy BHOBbCOsAaBrrIarOCE
nOtOrfienis on
ctlr.rraer IreBoaMo)nELrM
BLIcryrrarb, Hafi noaHoIrpaBHLIitUpencrannreirr <Byn4a>
tr lraxoA{rcg roirbr{o c nn(popuaqiorrghrMrrqtnrunr>. Cu. <Naie Zaitt> or
8 uapra 1918. Ero aassaenie eule 6ourrue uoAqepi{Hyno[Bonr.rpoBarrxoe
.tronoxrenie yHpar{Hcnrrxg;barenefi.
r) <Naio Zaib>, or 19-ro ruapra lg18 r.
8) Iafigauaralru 6r,rnn yquHesH TorAa
AoBoJrbEocepbeaxbre ancqeccbr
Tafirr{eB ?ofi qacrr.rEttopyccira,
HoropaEno BpecrcHouyAoroBopyorourua

120

n cepbeBnbrMl{
sBJlffrorcnco6rrnn,
Ho nas6onBe EJrtrTeJrbubrMn
paBbrrpaBmiscss Kies6, no BosBparqeriiuryga yHparanqenl.-ro
![apra. B reqeHie noqrld rpex ne4;bnr lties crarroBrrrcfi apenofi
HaceJlenieu.I(orga
EecJrbrxaulrbrx
Ao roro uacnlift nag enpeftcnrrM
ynpauncnix soficxa rro4xoArrJlr{ri ropo[y, lopogcHoft fiyuoft
6nna nocnana, xpou;b yuouanyrofi BbIIIreAeneraqilr,cueqiaJlbHafi
leneraqis u n C. f,Ieurop;b, meAmeuy so ruas;b raft4auanor.
Csrrascr c npocr6oft Ayrut rr BHafi naorpoenie cBoux coJIAar,
C. Ilerrrcpa troBeJI rrx B ropog Ee rlepea saceneuublfi eBpefiMr{
pafiou, a gpyrofi goporofi. Ero, oAnaHo,Ee [oMorJIo. ]tan roJIbKo
raftgauann BcryrrrrJrr,In ltien, Haqaflacb crlJlblrafi rlorpoMnafi arIIapecrbr lr paacrptnrr. faftgauanu
raqin u trorrrJrucaMoBoJrbnble
tr orpaAbr <<Birsuoro EoaaqrBa)),c fiprrnaMl[ <<scbx?fiI,IAoBrlepep;bmeul, xBaraJrrr uoope$.r yJIr{qbI Mrlplrbrx xuteneft-erpeee,
IIo[ trpeAJroroMapecra ((]Kr{AoBcfirlxHoMrrccapoB),yBoAuJIrrlrx a
HaaapMbru qarqe Bcero paBorp;bnuaaru. O{uqepn paa'Gaxrann
tro ropogy r,r naraftnauu na6urauu eBpeeB. Ilocutguie [oupflraJrtrcbr crpax;b rro [oMaM. C yrpa Ao Hoqr crenaJllrcbx lopo4croft flyut neqaJrbubrflcs$Atuis o rpolraBeAenHbrxHaA eBpeflMr,I
Eacr.rnisx. Mtcrolr raftnofi pacnpaBbrcral MlrxafinoseHifi MoHacrlrpb, rgt naxograncs mra6 raftAamaqHaroorpsAa (ognoro
tra <t{ypeseftcueptu>). <<Taunpolrcxo[flT y]fiacubrfl,noluMapubrf,
<<NaieZait>, - orryAa Br4nro ne BIJxoAITIT
cqerrbl,
?nrrBbrM.flepegaror rarlne, qro y?$acnrrn ydificma upolrcxogflr
Ha B,naquuipcHoft ropn6, Mnoro rpyroB c6pacrrnarot orry[a
n [utupr>. 1) TonrHo Ba ogrr]r AeHb 6-ro uapra, - coo6rqaer
raaera, - 6mnu na B;ragnuiputofi ropxf uaft4eun 3 y6ntnx
eBpefl, Me?fiAyHuMr{ oAr4HrruBaJrrr[(Eopyx 3aH). Ha Bnanaruipcxoft ropn:b upouaoluJlo rarlne antpcroe y6iftcruo rlrturraOco6enuo trocrpaAano
Br{croB6parren Maitaenr, t6 u L7 ntt.
eopeftcnoenacereuie Ea onparruax ropoAa - Ha flo4ont r AeuienHt. flo gannuu Horuucciuuplr lopogcHofi [yrrrt, roJIbKo aa
L72 cryqafi HaBpeurr or I go 8 rrrapra6ruo aaperrrcrprrpoBaHo
H Vrpalrnt: n qtnolr pn4t rue,nxnxnyrrxToBs pafior;b Moaupa npoBo rnan:b
r.raoruJru
norpoMrl,ntHoropne Aa'fiec gerostqecruru[ il{eprBaMr.r.
ETou.racrr4rafiAaunuoscroxx oAeccnifiyrp. gtnrelr, ulrgep <cauocriftsrlr(oBD,[-p Jlyqeuxo.
1) <Naio Zait>>,or 7-nouapra 1918r.

121

cunif sa4 eBpeffMrr,


cpe4r.rtrvxi 22 crycafi y6ificrr, lt ncrnaanifi,
3 lranacuroranin, 19 cayuaer yrpoB paacrptrou, 28 apecronanxbrx,
.rrn cytr6a uenggrbcrna,t6 - 6ea afcru uporraBrrruxrr r. tr. floaxe
rmcJroSKcqeccoByMerrbmaeTcfi,rro orgfnrnrre cilyqatr upoAoJrrfiarorcs Ao 20 uapra. Vnouanyras rounccis 6una o6paaoBauB.
rpu
conurbcrso c o6rqunoft, Anfi Barqrrrbr
Ayorlb eapeficnu*rnrJracHbrMrr,
enpeftcxaronacelenin or sacutifi, rro HoMrrccinocrananocbroJlbfto perrrcrprrpoBarbarr,r cJryqarr,ocrauoBuTb,fie r{x ne 6uno s eg
BJracrrr. He uouormr ran?riecrapauia Htroroprrx rJracHbrxAyun
yxpar{sqeB-coqiam.rcror. Ilocnfgnie rprrnflJru caMlrfi anepruqrrbrff
u6pu fi [perparqeuiro excqeccor,o6':baxanuapecrubrRu:bcra,nrrra.Ecbocao6ognrr HeBrrHHo
apecroBaHrrhrx
eBpeeB.Vnpallncnie getryrarbr Ayun o6parulllcs fi RaBaEaMco cueqianuruu BoBaaanieu, B KoropoM nrrcaJrr{:<He aannrnafire Vxpalrny cauocysaclrnismlr ua4 uelontqecnuMu upaeauu. Mnr
EaMrrrr MaccoBlrMrr
nibplru, rrro congarbr-yxparrurlbrxpaHflT aas'br cBor{x 4;bgou-naaanoa: Oeaopyrr$Ia"ro
ne 6rror. Mn ufplllr, qro Bbr He [onycruTe
rpa6enreft u nacurifi rraA HeBr4HHbrMr{
?KrrreJrflMrr,r naxofi 6u
ouu naqiu sll npnua[fie]Kanrr)>.
ItiescHas lopogcHan fiyrrra crrrpaJra B rt gnu oqenb Br.rgsyrc
ponb B 46rb aacrytrHr{qecrBaBa reppopuarrpoBanuoeeapeficxoe
lracenenie.fopogcnofi roJroBa,E. fI. Ps6qoe,o6paruncs H <lonosrb
BonbrrarofiaaaqecrBa
ltieno, araMarryflauvenno,c ropsrrrrMfiprrBbroou npiocraHoBlrrbnacuniq: <<IlpouryBac, - rJracrrJroaro o6paq,euie,ory6mrxonannoeB upeccrb,-Bo r{Mfl6ynyqaro ynpar.rncrofi
napoguofi pecny6nnnra,ocrarroBrrreHaar{rr6ea cyAa, cauotrurrrrbre
apecrbr rrerroBrrnHlrxrparfiAarr. . . Ocrauosure npecntgoranie
fiaaaxaur.reBpeeB,npec;rtgyeubrx roJrbxo rroroMy, trro B cpe46
6omnrenrnos 6nru eBpen. Erper 6rrnrau ecrb rr s qucnt 6opormr{xcr rrporuB 6oururewrHoB,KaK 6rr.luru yxparrHqbropeglr 6onrmeBr{KoB. flpomy Bac, nperparnre r(poBaBoeuuleuie>1). C
auaJrourqubrM
rrpnabrBoM
obparu,ncnorr raft]ne u $ yxpanucrcoMy
BoerruoMyMr.rnrrcrpy?ItyHoacxouy r{ KoMerrganryIlplrconcxouy.
B oretr Ha arrr o6parqenin6rrnn organhr rrpfir(aabrftaBaKaMrrper(parrrrbsaculis. fienyraqin or sctx {paxqit eapeficxofto6rqunar
uoctrura upeubep-MrrHncrpaB. fony6oenqa, noropouy EpeI1 ) C u . r a a . < K i e s c x a n M u c : r r > o r 3 - r o u a p r a 1 9 1 8r .

t22

craBsJra MeMopaHAyMo co6ruisx. Ilpnre4n Aarrrrbltro MaccoBrrx


nacunixx, ycrauoBnelrHbrx KoMncciefi npn Aytt6' MeMopaHAyM
nag rpa?firauaulr trpoucxogfiT <rro
ynaBlrBaJr, qro aru naurtis
[pI{BHaKy). <<PaacrptuuBalor noqru I'Icxnnrrrrnaqionanrnouy
TeJrbHoeBpeeB,I[ florpoMHaff BoJIrra,HoTopafi BcerAa noATaqtrBaeT
ocHoBbr rocyAapcrB !l HapoAoB, scKrlorlrrTeJlblro HarlpaBJrelra
nporrrB eBpeeB)). Meuopangyu tpe6oaan, 'rlo6w eru olo4tnnin
rocyAapcrBelrrraro arr[a<<nceft crlofi
6nr;rrr npiocranoenenn
para)). B. fony6onus n ots:br aartpr,rn genyraqiro, qro Kypc
IrpaBr{TeJrbcrnenuoft noJIIITI,TKI{soo6qe, a s uaqionaJlbuou Boupoct B qacrrrocrlr, ocraercfi upe;rnift, H npocl'IJr nepeAarb enpeiicKoMy nacereniro, tITo n;br ocHosanifi gnn rpeBom Il onaceuili. flepnonauanbHo BJIacrI{ orsecilucb [oBonbrro r'ur4lripepenruo
H co6rrrisu, cql{Tafi, qro ylracbl trpeyBeJlnw{BanTcfl enpeftcnlru
Ho $orAa fipyroM BaroBopIUIn o6 ycunnnarcuryIxcf
naceresieu.
6esquHcrsax raftgauaxoB, fiorga B BaII$'ITy BLIcryIIIrna lopogcnan fyua, Kor[a o6 erotrl, saltoneq, BaroBopIrJI npegc;bgarelr
BJIacrI{ rra[aJII4 s;bcnonmo [pIlHaBoB'
Pa4n M. IpyuercHift,
caMoquHllble aKTbr paotrpaBbl.
llpefiparl'ITb
rrprrssrBaBmux HaBar{oB
Hu o Hanlrx utpax H,anagavifl,BItsoBHbIx He MorJIo 6ntr torga
pfvlr: Haaafirr BepHynl{cb a Kier, fiax <fia6aatrrenu ot 6olr,meBrrrioBt, fiaH ollopa naqiona6naro
ABllffiegis, u 6r,ruu ocblnaeMbr
r
Hacxolsxo
npuefrctniaulr.
1&ficrnnteilbsocru glactn 6rmu
nauBpeun cepbeano 6oporrcn ilporllB rrorpoMnbrx naculifi, Mott$ro
cyArrrb ro rouy tfaHry. qro KorAa yqpe?IiAeua 6r,lna o{Q}rqiHiescrux co6ntifi, To
aJrbuafi rouuccis
AJrn paacntgonanin
or tryuut (Vlrr'
npeAcraBl4reJlb
ryga
nepBouaqaflbuo BxogMurifi
IITO
((liogllcCig
aannuaerCg
nuqrriii) CKOpOIIB IIeE B6IIIIeJI,BaSBIIB,
BoBce He paacntgoaaHieu uaproBcrr{x co6urift (uaculinuu nag
erpenun), a paac;rtgosaHieM ntficrsift 6onrmesrroB). . .
Heaagorro Ao roro lla6panuafi rra neMonparllqecftux Eaqanax ltiencnan erpeftcnan o6uglua B cBoeM soaasauir K Hace;renirc IIo rrOBoAy co6urift yfiaBbrBaJra,uro O{{nUiaJlbHLIg BnacTIl
r{ flpeAcraBlrreJllr yKpaI{IrcKI{x uaprifi ornocfiTctl orpuqarerbuo
nucaJla
fi rrponcxoAffIqllM nofpoMHBIM Bxcqeccau: <Epatr,n, qro
yxpa'
HoBoe
alogtsuisx
troBopnrrx
B arrrx
BHaltte,
ona,
tITo
ropoA'
ne
B
BeplryBltreecf,
IrrrcKoe rrpaBnTenbcTBo,ToJIbKo
rroBrruuo. Bct ors;brcrBesnue pynoaoAltrenn ynpallncnltx rro-

123

Jnrrrrqecr{Ex traprifi craparorcff BctMrl rutpauu troAaBrrrb troo6rqr'rna,


rpoMuoenacrpoenie>. <0ro rfi'fieJloeBpeuff,
rpe6yer oco6aro rrorururrecfiaro raxra r.I ocropofiurocrrl)). <<He
4rbnaftre neo6gyuanurrx uraroe>l). OtuMu npegynpeffi4eninur.r
na lrutsmie utcro ipaxrn, Korga Bo
enpeftcHaro6u$auaHaMeriaJla
BpeMff Hiescnux oxrleccoB urbnotopue erpeficnie 06nreaterfi
xor:bnr o6parrarrcR e n:bueqnylo fioMel{Aarypy c upocr6ot o
nutruarenrcret. ErrILI Aaxe cs;bgtuiR, vto eupeftcxaro6rrsarentcxaa Aeryrarlis raa oxpaus noctrula c orofi qfnsrc ntueqxia
BoeHHbIffBJracTu. O6ulrna cquraila rarde uraru 6estarmbrMlr uo
oruomeniro fi yxpalrrqau tr [peAvrlpeffiAaJla o6 arou erpeficxltx
rrurenefi. flosrn s rtx-ffie aupaxeninx, qro npe4craBure.nuo6rrlr{Hbr,roBoprrJlM noeegeniu oipifraqia.trnblx Hp)noB B cBoeMBo3esaHiu ra erpeficnie rrracHBlelopogcxoft Ayuu. Ho a erpeficnoft
npecc:h 6r,rna urbcxonmo [pyran oqtnHa aroro uone4euia.
Zait>, s cratrlb <floveuy ouu Mon.Iar?l
<flparga, - rrt{caJra<<Naie
B nanageninx na
ynpauHcfioe rIpaBIIteJIbcrBoIrerIoBI{IrHo
eBpeeB.Ono necous;bnuone saycbnr{BaJloua sfix ynpal4ncnrIx
coJrgar. . . Ho - rr oro HaAo rIpIrBIIarb- oHo rlofia orHoclrrcff
<neftrparuuo))K yrr(acunruco6urinu>!).
ator <ueiirpaJlrlrer}
Vxpauncroe soficro yJIoBI{JIo,oqeBI,IAHo,
no[ycTlrreJlbcTBaB ronpoc;b o norpoMax- u
BJracrrr,rroJrr.rrrrr{y
BJracrI{
Ho uuorie [peAcraBLITeJIII
cBorr ltficrgis.
rrpoAoJr?fiaJro
ga u:bcrax, ra oco6ennoHaqarbHIlKL{
vacreft,
orA;bnurux BoI{HcHI{x
rI orHpblToAaBaJItr
ue co6trogaJrnAa?fierr aroro <<HeftrpalureTaD
anclleccaM, IzI apeuenaMllrqyBcrBoBaJlacb
BoJrrcauTr{ceMrrrcr(r{M
qbrr-ro pyfia, noropan HanpaBJrflJlaEa tryrb pacnpaBbl o eBpeflMrraa gtnnin 6onruresilHoB. . .
Bonna rorpoMoB, HaqaBluancr c BoaBpaqenieuyrpanucfiIrx
noficn n Aocrr{ruafl B[,rcuaro nponnneHin a Hieecxux co6rrrinx,
He ocrasoBrrJlacbe ltaprt-anpt.lt u BarpoHyJlapsA flysfiroB B
HiescHoft ry6epHiu. t-ro uapra e u. ltopcyHl,rBl,lJrcsorpng
ynpar4HqeB,so rnaef c ntxillu ltnpltuerno. Haasas ce6s <<noMr{ccapoM{eurpanrnoft Pa4u>>,otr pasopyfitlrJt mtctevxonyn
r) flo qannuM apxl{Ba l{iescHofi o6ultnru BIrAIro, ttro aBropaMl{ aroro
uosanauiR, aanruqaBruaro ylrparracuylo RJIacrb,6unn: H. CarpHlrn (cioultcr),
l-p lap6ep (<Iloa.refi-Iliou>) u M. Jlestrtar (<O6'ellrneueq>).
2) <d{aie Zait>>, or 6-ro Mapra i.918 r., [epeAonan.

r24

oxpaHHyro ApyxtrlHy 14 rro[ yrposofi ((BLIptBarb Bclbx Etr4AoBD


2-ro uapra
norpe6oBail or eBpeficnaro HaceJlenia nonrplr6yuiul).
c
HaqaflbHunoM
rnant
trBrrrrctrorpJl[ raftgalranor o Pa4oIumcnr, no
yta4no fi uurnqin Mnaepnr,lqnuu. Vrpoxras p aclp aBofi, MlraepunqMtcsr\ cnycrs ror-?r{e
Hiii sanomrrJl Ha eBpeeB nourpn6yuirc.
Muaepuuqnift snntcs c orpfl[oM n u. Epycnnos, PaAoMbIcJIbcKaro
ytaga, BbrBBafl x ce6f npe4craBl4Te"'reiienpeficraro nacenanis ra
nu 6yreamHo cutgyroulee: ((f[ yroilrlouoqen I{eHrpalruoft
BarrBr'rJI
Pagofi ctvr,6llrr, pascrl,*iluBarr,, qa6u BBecrrr rropflAont' I4 rlorpe60nan, nog ppoaoii pacilpaBbr, nnecenis noutpn6yuir'rs). Eepeficnoe
Mrlur{crepcrno o6pautlo rorga oco6oe snltManie ry6epucnaro KoMIIcMltaepunqnaroB). 9epea n:bcHonlxo gneit uocnt
capa Ha gtiicuin
eep. coqialr4cruqecxafi naprim> BrrecJla B
aroro ((O6teAr4HeHHa-fl
Manyro Pagy aanpoc, rgt Met$Ay rpoltrMl4 al{cqeccaMrl rrepeqr4crfifla lr gtfictnin Mltaepnuqnaro, HaBbIBaBIrIaroce6a <<ynoluoMoqerrHbrM){eurpanr,nofi Pagbla). florpourre anclleccbl flporrcxoArrJur raxtfie, s Ha.raut Mapra, Ha cr. Eyua, s locroMer:b, noaxte
M. Xa6noe, Bponapu r loroneso. Hau6ol6e cepreanxfi
23 mapra a
xapanrep co6utis flpplrtflJll{ s uocrbl'Heu uynnrt.
r ) A p x n n e s p e l t c x a r o I T I T E I { c r e p c r r a , g o n e c e n i eo e o 6 u t i s x n [ t o p BorrocrBoroaeMcrBa,rxo4. N! 1165, ot 9-ro auptaa 19{8.
cyHrr eBpeeB-rJracHLrx
i) Tau-xe,
goneceuie npeAcraBurefieii Epycuaoecrofi floceJrxoBofi
y[paBlr, rxog. J,i! 1080, or 5-ro anptla 1918.
s) Tau-rxe, otnouresie eBpeftcxaro Mlrul4crepcrBaor 5-ro anptnn 1918 r.'
ncx. Nl 928.
{) Tau-xe,

rouia eaupocaa Malyro Pagy or 11-ro aup;bna1918 r. Jlto6onrrTHa Aanbrlbftnras Hapbepa aroro Mllaeprulll6ar6: noa)+{e oH CTaHOBIITCn
<6oporr,6rrctolu - qJreHoM napriu ;-xp' n;bnr,rx c.-p. <Bopots6o, rue4urefi
n Hient,
C 6OlrruenrrxaMr{,- n BOBpeMnuae*,CrHarOtrpgqegca((l{eHbIIIeBItHOn>
n lraprt 1920 r., 6ut saanaqerr qr'reHoMcyArlBilIaIO nX (spesBblqafiHaro
Or <6Opotr6nctost). oa
penonrcqiouRaro rpu6ynaJra)), HaH IrpeAcTaBrlTeJIb
cocroffn rantfie q,'reHolr pyHoBo4fltrlefi xonnerilr no HapoAHoMy obpaaonaniro (<Hapo6paa>) e ltiealb' Bcxopt socrlb atoro oH Bcrylraer B pnArt
Itorruynyctlt.recxoit naprin Vxpalrnu, sagllMas BIIAH6Ie noctu (on 6rrn
lioilrrccilpoM npocni;qenia - <ocairHr - uo flontascHoit ry6.). B anptltt
1g20 r. ntnoroprre esperlcriie coqiatlrcuruecHie Atqrern npeAcraBIUIntrpeActgarenrc Ftiescxaro <rly6trcnonxona> (llcn' xounrer cos;btos uo ry6epllorpoMrroit 16nte6uocrIt MtlaepHi4IIHarOB
nilr) trilnaHon),AORaBaTenbcTBa
gror cnyqait' Ho r'I3 aroro sI{'
paacntgoaarr,
IIpoIIInoli. I{eaHos o6tulan
qero He B6rrrrJro,
nCt;bgcreie cntursOft aeanyaqin ltiesa 6oulneBIIHaMII nepeg HacrynJleHien no;rsxos.

12Fr

lororeso (utcreuro 6nua Hieaa) soruen orpffil rafi4auaror, noropnfi HanaJr na eapeftcnin naaprupbr E Bacrp;bnltn gryx eBpeeB. Oguun na y6lrrnx 6nr upe4craBrrreJrb
utcuroii o6uqrenu,
E. ltaranon. <<BoftgxB ero fiBaprrrpy,- roBopr{rcflr goneceuiu,
- rafigauaxn rrprrnaaanr{ eMy Jreqb rra rroJr, r{ npu orqarruubrx
ftprrfiax u uotr6ax ero crapyrrrxrr Mareprr, xrerrbrH ruecrepbrx
Rtreft B Hero 6nno upouoBeAeuo
4ra nucrptuaa. <Or4aa flpr{Kag
HeMeAJreHHo
orBeorrrrpy[br y6lrrux ua ruag6luqe, rafi4auanrr[prrHflJrr{cbpaBbrcnr{Barb
Apyrlrx, nau6onte BrrAr{Lrxrr noqerubrx eBpeeB,rro nocn;bguieycutml crpbrrbcn, Ho.rbroraligauarlt craJrrr
o6xo4rmr enpeficnin KBaprrrpEru rpe6onarr, r nng:bBLrHyla,Aerrer
r.r Bogfirl). Iafi4amaxlr nprr4yManrrce66 raxxe oco6yro nor&xy:
o4r{oMyufcrnouy eBpero,- coobqaercfi B Apyrou 4oneceuin o6
arrrx co6ntiRx,-onrr og;btn So.reHoH
Ha roiroBy, AaJr[ flaJrnrl B
pynr{ rr rroBeJrr{
uo 6aaapy: <<Xafirpae, qo5 4invara rar{qroBaJrr{))1).
Cpeglr KpoBaBbrxaxcrleccoBororo nepioAa AoJrlnur,r6rrrr orco6uris na xeaBar{oAopo}nHrrx cranqixx. Sncqeccrr
u;bqeflr,r
arrr [porrcxoAr{Jrrrrro ulrRinnr Hies-Ilomaea u }ties-Eaxuaq. IIo
nuuiu }tier-flonrasa co6nriq flpr{HflJrr{oco6enuoxecronifi xapaxrep rra cranqisx fpe6enra lr Por'logan. Bor qro loHocflr o cr.
Ipe6enHa y[onuoMoqeHubrerpex enpeficxux coqiam.rcrraqecftux
(Haqusan c nepuaprifi flnpnrnua n enpeftcxoeMr.rHrrcrepcrso:
ErrrceJr
Bbrx
Mapra BrrJrorbgo uoct64n.flro Bper\{eHu
(cpegluraanp6nn), na crauqiu ilporrBBoAflrcnnacrtltiq nag npo'bamarotrIrrMr{
rraccalnrrpaMrr,corrpoBo?fiAarcqincnorpa6neuinulr,uag:bnareJrbcrBaMr{,
a ulrorAa y6iiicrnaun,>. <Ha repplrtopilr BofiBaJIaBce BpeMffnoA6nparor rpyrbr y6rrrux naccaffirrpoB... B Illrparunt noxoponeun
t0 y6urnx n lpe6ennrb eBpeeB,rpout roro 8 senostx orpa6nennr
n y6urrr B Hoqbsa t0-oe anprbloa). Eule 6onte xecroriift xapaxrep
rrpr.rn.EJrr{
6eaqrticrsa Hag npo;ba}Karoulr.rurr
eBpe.flMr{na cr. Pouo4au: or 30-ro Mapra Ao cpeArrHbranpfnn agtcr 6nto y6uro
rafigauaxaur,rgo 40 eBpeeB. B cnparHt geuapraueura o6qux
gt:r erpeftcnaro MrrnrlcrepcrBarrpr{BoAflTcsc:rtgynrqin xparxir
cstgtHis: <Ha cr. Pouogau BoficnoBaflr(oMaHAareppopr4Bupyer
laccaxilrpoB - apecToBbrBaror,
6rnr, rpa6nT Aexbrr{, a rafitne
r) Apxnn eBpeiicHaro Hr{nrcrepcrBa,
A o x e c e x i en p e g c r a n u r e u e f i
u. foroaeua, nxog. il! 1085 (<flyctr Hrpaer, .rro6u gtnyruru raaqonanu>).
g) TaM-xe,
axog. }.(! 1263.

r26

y6nBann). flaate npnBoAfirca ifaxrn: 31.-ro uapra paacrptJrsnn AByx npo:bsmnx eBpeeB,6-ro anptufi lrcr.ffBaJrrrrperbflro,
9-ro anptns us6lreaull H paur{Jrrreqe oAuoro eBpefi-raccaxrupa,
lr,a1uttwranlne 60 ltrusro crapr{$a r{ ero BRr.n,nrrc:bHrr.rnaraftftaurr Apyroro rraccaxrrpal). AHanornqubrfico6r,rria,xorfi B uen6e
,r(ecronnx {opuax, fiporlcxoAsr rr Ha cr. Eaxma.r: <<IaftgauaHu
rrarraAarorna espeiicnux raccaxrlrpon, 6eanoqaguo ux ua6uBaror
n rpa6ar. Onn stcxoJrbxo paa orupaBnfinr{cr s cambrfiropoA rr
paacrp:bunuraslbcxonrrr.rx eBpeeB,aa6pan Aenbrrr. Htnneqnift
KoMeH[aHTorrtrun, qro oH nnqtM noMoqbHe Mo?r{er,a ynpauucHis BJracrrrHr{fianrlx rrrfp ue npltnuuam>z).
Eea.{[Hcrsa KaBaHoBBbrBBaJrr{
TorAa ABa Banpocae Maroft
- ogrrr{ ciosucraMra,a gpyroft
PaR{ 16-ro auprbnx, BnecenuLre
<O6'e4uuenxbl{H enpeficruun coqiauracrauu>. Ilepanfi saspoo
KacaJrcflcneqia;rrHo orcqeccoBna xea:banolopo?r{Hbrx
cranqinx.
<IIo coo6ulenirc utcrrrrrx xureleft, - rJracr4JrB&upoc,- s
paftout cr. Pouogau r{ rro ceft geur o6napymlrnarorcfl rpyrbr
y6urr,rx Ir yAyruenubrx, rJraBur,ruo6pasou, eBpeeB,. . . Ilpoucxogfir rpa6exu u ua6ieuix, [puqeM, fiaR xoMeHganrcranqilr, rax
u gpyrix uaqanbcrByroulinauqa He npunrrMarorHrrr(axlrx utp n
aaqurf nacenenis>. Itacascr co6rrrifi na cr. lpe6enn6 <aroporoqeurpa nauruifi u y6iftcrn>-aBropu Banpocacoo6rqalu,
.rro <rirbutr xoaaxrl) apecroBaJrrag;bct g naccarHlrpoB,Horopbrx
troroM o6napyxunn y6urrrmrr. <Tax HaabrBaeMbre
<sinburl fio- coo6qaerc.EB sanpocrbgan'be- sbrc.brnu Br,raBaHsaro
BaKr.rD
B KoMengarypyAnn o6'sureuifi uGcrnaro paBBrrua,60-rlr nfrnsro
crapr{Ka. . . Cranqilr Pouogan lr lpe6erma o6'.ssresrr xax 6ar
ouacuoft aouoft. . . floc.rrb [poxoAa Bor.rHcxaro
[olbaga, BbrrrreAlraro rra Ftiesa 2-ro anp'btfi, Me?r{Aycrauqinuu Eapunrennoii ra
EepeaaHuo6nau o6napy?fieubr
2 rpyua, a Merr(Ayflepexctancnnu
paa'rbegonu cr. flrornrr - 3 rpyua. 4-ro anpt;rfl Ha cr. EapuIIIEBKA

NPU6TTI

BAIOE,

B KOTOPOM, KAK

UOTOM BIiflCHIIJIOCb,

IIA.

xogrrJrocb5 rpyuon eBpeeB,yAyrrrenubrxpeMusurl rr BepeBr(aMr4,


crpamsg HaypoAoBarruLrx
rl, oqeBnAuo,parrblrJenm6poureuubrxr{a
BaroHarra [oJrorHoxentanoft Aoporfi,TaK KaHy oAHOTO
OnaBaflrlob
r ) T a r - x e , o r o g . ili t087 (cupanna).
2 ) T a u - x e , n x o g .il! 1364,or {9-ro anptaa
1918 r.

L27

orpbaannbrur4066 somt. Pacnparrr, upoficxo[flrrlin upn [orvcrure.nrcrslb auacrefi. BaHaHqr4Baer


Balpoc, npnrrffJrrr raHoft
xapanTep,rrro @osBparqaroreBpeficxoeuace,nesiex 6eaupannuu
BpeMerraMqapr.raMaDl).Bropoft Barrpoc, ocRosauHbrfiua rtprBeAeHHbrxylr{e rraMrlrgoueeeninx r enpeficHoeMqHucTepcTBo,
xacaJroff aficqeccoB s loroaes;b, Epycllnon6, Itopcynr fr
Pagourrcn;b,a ran?r(esa cr. Poruoganu lpe6enxa.2) O6a arn
Barpoca 6unra Pagoft rprruflrbr (ua aact4aniu 20-ro anptra). Ho
upu aroM ntnoropue npeAcraBrrreJrr,r
yxpalrucnilx naprifi B
renpinanenuou rou;b yrpensyJrrr eBpeeBB paaAyBaninnas6crifi
o sHo6rr norpomfieufirrx u:bcrax: (TaM conctu He raft crparrrHo,
HaK roBopr{JII{r4HTeprreJrJlsrlTbr),
BarrBrrJrnpeAcTaBr4reJrb
Hpecrbsncnofi rpy4onoft uapriu ltprrxanoacrifi, a rpe[craBr4reJrb
ynparrucnrx o.-p. IplrropbeB rrpflMo HaBBaJrenpeftonux unrep(rreqecrnofionnoauqiefu>.
rreJrJrfirrroB
B to cauoe BpeMfl, xan eapeftcnrrru[peAcraBr4TeJrffM
nocbrJraJrrrcbarl4 ynpenr{, BoJrrrauacnnifi, xorfl rr rrrfia yme Ha y6nlr,,
oHouqareflbrro eille He trpenparlrJracb. Oncqeecr,rrrpoucxogr4Jrr,l
a q;b.noupngt nyHHroB,u oco6errnoqacro na men;bagoAopo?nubrx
cranqiRx, xar(, Harrpr4u;bp:
no nltriu Capuu-Jlyrr{Hbr,Ha cr. OntmaHnqbr,Tapaqa, Cranuqe - Itiencnoft ry6., Ha cr. Jloaosof,is
Pounn - flonrascxoft ry6. 06 ognou uB ranr,rxancr{eccoB
e pafion;bTapaqu coo6qaercR(a gonecenirrrra M. Xaqenaroe) cn:bgyrcqee: <<23-ro
auptnn eBperrM;bcreqna6uma cpegn uouu paa6yffierrbr
crptnr6oft Kanoro-ToBoopy?r{eurraro
orpfiAa, Horopr,ri&
c fiprrnaMrr
<<6efire
ffirr[oB))HarraJrsa AoMa,paopyilr{Jrux, orpa6ur u 9 eepeer
paHfiJr, rrB Hr{x 4 menqlur. ,{tru, Berrqnrrbr u gfnyrnnn aannJrrrcbrra ymlqrb, MoJrflo noMotrryr,
lro rroMoqrrrEr.rornygaue 6nnor>3).
r) Saupoc 6ur sneces or r.rMenrrcionrcrcxoil
Spaxqilr M, fpoclraxou.
Ilurxpyeu aatrpoc no e*(exeA. <Eopeftcxar Mucura or 26-ro anp:bna 1918 r.
lt coxautuiro, aanpoc, AaB prrg Bax(r{brx cstgtuift o uaclraiax, ne coo6rqu:r
trptr oroM Toqxo trcroqxrrr, orxyAa arlr cr:bg;buin gauMcrBoBarrx. 3anpoc
6lIa saneqaran a <<ltiescfi.Mncau> n B HparBoM nu4rb raxxe B elKeEeA.
<<PasestrDil! f6-17, 1918 r.
2) Sanpoc 6rru sHeceu <<O6'eAruenqaMr{)),
rroAAepxrrBaJrero or r{Mear4
Illarl-Anlur,
M.
Cu.
nonirc
Banpoca
a apxurrb eBpeltcHaro
Qpaxqiu
Mrrsr4crepcrra (11-ro auptla 1918 r.).
3 ) A p x u n e B p e f i c $ a r o M s s r l c r e p c r n a , g o n e c e u i eu B M . X a q e u a r o e
(na 4peare-eopetcfiou aar.rn'b),nxog. J\l 1675.

lztl

Bnuuanie o6rqecrna B ro BpeMfl rIpInBJIefiJIr[,6uarogapn nutmareJrbcrBy B. Kopoueuno, uacuniR, np ol{BBegennrrr rafi 4aMafiaMfi
e ilortast.
C nepnrrx gneft cnoero rprlxo4a n flo;rrany rafieBpeeB. 29-ro rvrapta ouu
ns6ueatr na yluqt
craJIR
AaMaKrr
orBeJlrr r aganie Bulenr(oropbrx
apecroBaJrrrnrbcxonutux eBpeeB,
gaqaJrr{
fiiecrono ctqs u ua6rtearb
cxaro Boeuuaro ytll{Jrrrqa u
rrroMloJraMr{,ua4tsan[cb HaA ]rrrMtrl,BacraBllirrr npogtnnearr <cr6Meqxyro rrrMlraerl4nyr>,6lrrl Apyr Ap]-la rro Jrlrny; n o6u1eu naxtgnrfi
rra apecroBauublx rloilyqrrJl Ao 200 ynapoe; ne6uaaerr'tuxBacraBI{JIII
npn DroM fipr4rlarl <<Xaft mlrse ninrua Vnpaiua>>. ilpomn erux
uaclruift BbrcryrrlrJl n m6ctuoii coqianucmqecrioit raaert <<Hanra
<<Jhogeft
Mnc,nr>> B. Koponeuno co crarlefi <<Clrrg lr rptn.
BacraBIrJrlI u;bcHonlHo paa
ctrttn uroMnoJraMrr- nucaJl oH, lraqrbrallrcr
nepelKrrrb ymac trpe[ctontqeft KaBIl.![,flplr STOMHTIBKO
(ypu)
yfipal4HBo
CIaBy
Ha[ IIx AocrolIHcTBoM,BacraBJIfifiHpIrqarIJ
(ffiauauaM)'
((fiurgauD I'I
<rfloc.n6 zctseanis
crBa r,r upoxnntix
Bcibx I'lcrrgyeMblx orrlycrrrJlll, noroMy ttro oHI{ oHaBaJIIrcbflBHo
llx ucrsaann
HeflprrqacrubrMr,rK 6o.;nrueeucrcxoit 6opr66. . .
cl4JrtHoe BrIe[porIBBeJIa
roirbno ca Haqionanruocru>1). <<Ctarss
rr BbrBBaira
uarn:l;uie,
coo6qaer yrloJluoMoqeuntrfi EltOfIO'
orstrbr vHparlflct(ilx o{uqepon, oilpaBAbrBaBlxl'IxcfirI orMe?r(eBaBurr{xcfl or na;raqefi aacrbnna . . . Monea r ropog6 flplrtrrlcblBaila
pyaoB o4crBo r a6ieui-snrr ro;lnoBnrlny IIIanon airy,)2). Ilporur ltopoJTeHHO
B garqury yfipalfiIcna1o eOiicxa B1'IcTyIIIIJI C BaIIaJIbqIIBbIM
ore;bto*r u;reu Pa4rr N'{ariapeuHo. Hecruorpr ria ony6auHonanie
rrprrBeAer{rrbrx{laHror, r.rcrsganis apecroBanl{hlx eBpeeB n nrbHoropr,rx pyccxrrx o{xrqelioa npogoil?r(an1lcl,. xortr gacr:bnon nari
6ygto rrepecraJr c.vrqecrBoBarb. Strariie Br;reucHaro Boerrnaro
ytlrrJlr,Iiqa rali II [pocJblJo n ropo16 rror rI[IeHeM <<Bunescnaro
coo6rqa;ra <<Hiescnas
sacribnnar>. <3a eeoe suctvn.teHie>, *
1 ) < F t i e s c n a s l { r t c : r r > . o r t 9 a n p ' 6 a a 1 9 1 8r . , o c o i r r t r i s x s i l o f i r a s t
u o cr. B. F(opo",renxo.
'r Apxtra pegaxqin (1919),orver )-irorrH.
EI{OnO fl. Fiaaarosa o llo;irarf. Ptvr, oqeBnAno,IIJer He o M. Illanoeant, nt;1nou c.-p., a o6 A. I{Ianonplrfiur{aBrlre}txtRreeruoe yvacTie R BoefiRart, <coqia"lrrcrb-caltocriiinrrrr'b>,
e Paflrrat{; !r [pr{uux soprrrrposanisx cpelrr yriparrnrleB-Boerrnon:r6nsl,rx
rracrrrolr rrogrtie H pFIy Hpaitsnx uroBunrrcrrrnecnlix nrrctyn;reaiil; $Ie?+rAy
Ilpoqll$r, eu"v rrpuulrcblna,rn 1'6iftcrno qfiexa Pa:Iu HeposoBuqa Ba nel)exo]I
H 6o.ig,tfieaittia:1.
Ilorpolrar na Vrpauu'b 1917-- 1918.

12!t

Mncarr - B. Itoponenro crar troryqarb rrpenynpexgenin, .rro


eMy rpoaur ua6ienie r{ Aa}fiey6iftcrno>r}.
AnanorusHofi aHaenyrdn, Kan B flonraat, 6ura rogneprxyrbr
Mr{pHbrertr4Tenrr-eBperr
r.r B Koncrasrnnorpagt. IlpnrancHoft ry6.
faftgauaHar.rn 6nrml a4;bcry6urm 3 enpen. B aup6rt 6rrmr ywrHenbr xaoanaMrr nacunis n ltpeuenuyrt.
faftgauaxr cranrr
xBararb eBpeeB,o6r,mnoseHnoroproBlrer, o6ncxnr&firr llx, rrcrf,BaJrrr,a x;lnoropr,rx rafino paacrptuuaanul orpnqepbrronbro rrooqpflnr4 nacudn s). Bonpoc o6 grtrx nacr,rninx o6cyxgarcn
ua cueqianrsoM Bac;bganiu Hperueuuyrcrofi lopogctoit Ayntr.
flpepcranurenr erpeficrofi o6r4trbr cnasafi rrprr aroM: <flepnnu
ar,rcrynnenieMrrpeAcraBrrreJrfi
o6rryrnrr n ,{yuf cyrfiAeno 6urs BarrlrrraBaupocao nacrmisx HaE eBpeflMu.Bn;bcro uaqionanrnorrepconaJrbnoftaBTouoMilrux nuteu uaqionanrno-[epcorraJrbHoe
y6iftcrro, na6ienin, orpa6renin, ueA:bsareJrbcrBa
N myulenia.
BoflHa Ernx Eacr{Jriiinarurcs no scefi Vnpalrut c neprnx gnefi
aogaopeninyrpauucxoft BJracrr{nocnt lrarsauiR 6omneruron, r
rra AEflx BoJrEaoTa[orarnJracb r{ Ao nac>. B peaynsrar;bo6cyxgeuin ,{yrtroii 6una rprruflra peaonrcqin o6 o6paaooauir cu;bg(napcrsesuofi nourrccilrI peaorroqin rpe6oraaa rax?r{etrpr{cbrirnrr
JlaMeHTcno-c;rtgcrreuuoit
noMlcccirr)r{B rlerrrpa r,r upeganin cygy
sc;bx suuosubrxsaqailbcrBynqrrx $uq. Bct arn p;brnenis,oAHaKo,
Hlr H fiafiuM peBynbraraMEe npnBenrr. IlpucyrcrnoBaBmaffrrpu
oraaureniu a fiymt rfaxror rnacuan-xpficriaHxa cxaaana npu
srou: (flocl;b nuclymaHuaro sgtcr, rlro Mory s cHaaarr? - tl
pyccnarr,N xn;b crbrAHo5tmr, cpegn erpeer>E).
floqrn 3 urbcsqa- ifenpanr, uapr u anprbnr 1918r.
nepiog rrorpoMuLrxaficrleccoB,srrr{rlMbrxynparrncr$rMrrBor{Fcnr{Mtr
orpffAaMrr. 3ro 6naa rrepBafi rcrpfva uaqiouam,uoft apuin
VHpaunu c eapeiicrnlr nacenenien. IIoBrHe,c flpnxo[oM [raperropiu, flpol4cxoArrrBroprrqHasrcrpfva arnx [Byx BJIeMerrroB
rrapoAoHaceJrenin
xpax - yxparrHcriaroaaaafta u ffirrreJrn eapeftr) <Ftieacxan Mucrr>, or 19-ro anptrrn 1918 r.
2) flporoxonrr ftpeueHvyrcxofi fopogcxoil
aac'i;ganie
Iyurr,
(o Ftpeueu.ryrt); rari*re
16 anpt:rn 1918 r., N! t5; cu. apxr4B pelanqin
noraaasis JI. Ctpuxrencnaro.
3) Talr- Hie; cJroBa grrr upuuannerfiar rJracnofi [ylrrr B. flaueparqenoll.

130

cftaro u'bcTeqfia, - I{ peBynbTar oxaBblBaeTcqTor xe, ToJIbfio HenBMlLpr.ruo6orte anoorbqaro xapatirepa.


Ilapanne;nuo c Bncqeccalrlt ynpauncxofi apuiu ilpoucxoAltr
ffBJlnnrcfi
ps4 Apyrux rrorpouoB, rIIt rnasHLIMu yqacrurtnaltrl
KpecrbrHe.
9ro - Bropafi, lr 6orbe cepbeaHarr,arirrlBrras cIrJIa
B rorpousoM Asux(esiu. B onncnnaeurdt uauu nepior rolrpoubl,
yrll{Herrgbre KpecrbfrHaMl{, rcrp:brarorcR, oAIraKo, cpaBurlTeJlbrro
r(pecrbnr Bblpaxaercn
AnrnceunrnBu
Mano rr ctropaAlrrrecftlr.
s 6orfe flaccr{Brrbrx i[oprrrax. I{ rourxo uoaxte, o ircu;b-anrycrb
1918 ro4a, Hor4a, B cBflBrr c o6ocrpunmrrMcn peronroqiounrru
6poxenieu, BcrrbrxlrBaer r(pecrbsucniti 6ynr [porLIB ErblueqxorerMaucraro
rocrloAcrBa, gBr{ilteuie xpecrrnn B rloBcrauqecfttrx
pafionax o6pyrulmaercr Ma
eBpeeB. Cracreuarn.Iecfiifi-xe
rroxog AepeBrrr{ trporrrB eBpeeB ornocrrrcfi n 1919 r., Hor4a noBcrauqecroe gelrxrenie nplrHl{Maer neo6rr.raftHo mllponie u orracnr,re paautprr.
XapaHrepnbrM AJIfl nacrpoeniR AepeBHII, a rafitr{e AiIfi orlroHaA eBperMI{ fiBJIflercfl
urenis agunnnctpauiu
K nacl'trisu
ry6.
B goHeceuisx ufcrnux
rrorpoM n u. Megnlru;[, ]tieecnofi
xnrenefi co6rrris plrcylorcfi rafirrM o6paaou: <<22'ro suBaptr
Hpecrbsrre c. Megnraua, flBrrBurlrcb orpomuoft Toiltrofi, c nyJIeMelr 6om6anu, B IIeHTp utcteuxa, HaaIaJIIIrpoD{I{Tb
TaMrr, BrrHToBHaMrr
sc;b erpeftcrie
Brnur paarpa6leurr
erpeftcrnx
xnreneii . . .
JraBfir4 rr AoMa. Bct tonapu fipecrbfiHe HaJIotKIrJIrrHa nogBoAbr I{
orBeaJrn n ce6t gouofi; ran ?fie oHI{ flocrynlrJlla co scefi gouaurneft
o6cranosHoii, [Blr?fir{Mocrbro u ogex4ofr Me[BrrHcKI{x eBpeeB.
IIo paarpa6renin scero ABrI?tiIIMaronMylqecrBa rpoMrrxbl rIpLIHflJlr{cb aa segBrl?tirrMoe:onn Harlailr{ fioA?rillrarb crpoeuin; crop6no
MHoro flocrpoex. florpou trpoAoJl?r(ancqrr:bcHonlxo gnefiI ocobenno
antpcHin Qopun fiprrnrrMaJl oH rlo BeqepaM I.{ EoqaM . . . Ennu
y6urrre u paHeubre(t y6urruft r.r 2 panennx)>. I(orga uoctpagaemie
ytagnoit MI{JII{eBpeu o6parumrcr aa contficreieu x EarIaJIbI{r,r}(y
qro
qirr, noc.n;bgnifi orBtrlrir,
<6ea u;bueqnaro orpflAa on 6eacuuen
6oporrcn c raxoit Boopy'fieuuoft ronnoii, 116o s c. IVlegeranf nacrrurlrBaercg 6orte rpex rLrcfiq BITHToBoH,Mgoro rIyJIetIeroB tr
Macca pysHbrx 6om6>. . . flocn;b AoJIrr{x xoAaraficte uaqaJlburrlt
gna u6cnqa uocl6 rorpoua, sBtrJIcs
yteguoft uunnqiu, crvcrn
s uabcreqno; y564unruucb B tloJrnon paarpou'b enpeficHaro nace9.

131

reuiff, oH ptffur Haqarb paacfi*[oBauie cpe[u fipecrbflH, Eo


noc.ntgnie ero nporHaJrrr. <Itpecrr,nncrioeHaceJreniena o6u1eu
qro B norpo,lrt yuacrnona:rrrqt.nnrn o6qecrna.
co6pauiu aaflBuJro,
lr Hr4narlrrxpascntgoaasift n 4oauaHifiorrn no gtny o norpom.b
He Aonycrrrr), rax coo6ulaerr o{{nqiarbuoM fipororront o cBoeM
noctuleHiu Megwrua Hatrarbur4nmunuqiur). He go6unrutrcbpaBc.nt4onaHiana natcrt, paaopenHoeeapeficroenaceaenieactcre.rna
IrocJraJrogeuyraqiro n enpeftcxoe MrrnrrcrepcrBo,a uocntgnee
fiarrpaBr{Jroee x xiescxouy ry6epncroily KoMr{ccapy. Bor .rro
genyraqin o rou, KaK oua 6una ry6epuonrrM
coo6ulaerMeABr{HcRafl
noMr,rccapounprrn.Era: <flocrt roro, Kar( oH [oJrro Hpuqafi Ea
Eac, TolaJI HOTaMITII{ JnpotfiaJr I(yJIaHaMrr, Hpuqa, rrTo <<sct
erpen-6oruueBr{n!{t u qro <<90npoqeuroB eBpeeB yrracrBoBaJrrr
s 6omuesncrcr(oM 6yur;b>, uocnf Toro, fiafi oH BbrHrtMaJIraaery
lr qrlTar rrMena erpeea-6onrmeBrdnoB,- oH orn:brut, qro Hr4qefo
He Molr(er no4:Fnarr, TaH Kafi BJracrr.rna utcrt utr, a rdBr{apMaua
oH Aarb BJracrr{ ne momer>l). llcnur:asin MeABr{HcnrrxeBpeeB
arrrM He fionrrrlJrrrcb. 9epea n6noropoe BpeMff n Megarau 6rrna nce
Taxr.ruocJrarra Bor4Hcfiarrqacrb (clbrreBunoB)AJrfi oxpagbr. Ho sor
vro coo6ulaer ogr.rurra qJreHoBgenyraqin o uonegeuiu c:bsesunos:
<<Itan ro;rrHo ogrr BorrrJrrr n Mrhcre.rHo, t9-ro anpt.nn, orrr4 craJrrl
flpor,raBogrrm o6rrcrua n enpeitcxnx AoMax, BpbrBaflcb Horrbro B
HBaprrrpbr; HtHoroprrn fiBaprr{pbr onu orpa6uulr.
Oun cranr
rpe6oram y eBpeeB BbrAaquopltmin, urbcnolr,nrax eBpeeB apecroBaJIr{, oAuoro sbrc;bNnrr, nprrrxegrrry}o Aenyraqin or enpeficxaro
nacenenis syrb He ua6lrru sarafiHamlr>. <<Orpng aror He roJrbxo
He npr4rrec HaM Hr,rxaxoft rroirbabr, Ho erqe yxyAmrrJr r{aile rroJrornesie, rax ftaH r{pecrbflHe pa4yrcrcfl Teflepb Ha Harrrn HeyAaqu
n 6tAcrnim').
f,lrHin uacluig rrag eBperrMrrco cropoHr;r Kpecrbrrn
[por{BorlrJrr{ B aro BpeMfl rar{}fie B M. Carpanr, flogo.nrcnoft
r) Apxnn erpeitcraro
Mr.rErrcrepcrBa, BxoA, N! 1195, or 10-ro
auptra l9t8 r.
t ) A p x u n e n p e f t c x a r o t r u E r r c r e p c r n a , g o n e c e n i eq r e E a M e g r u n c x o f i
geuyraqilr, uxo4. J,,M210, or l1-ro anptta 19(8 r. ltiencxnu ry6epncrnu
liolrficcapou cocroaJr rorga oArrrr ua BlrIIHLrx yxp. gtare:reil u .ruagepor
napriu <c.-(p.>- A. Carunoscriit. Boo6qe os ne 6r,rl Hu paHbrue,nu uocrt
etoro aalr;Lqeu, HaH alrrnceilltr, n gago rloJrararb, vro agtbcr 6rraa c;r1'qaildocrl, Eo cryqafiEocrb ara xapaxTepxa, .
3) Talr-xe, axog N! 15t0.

1e2

ry6.

Hauaeffie na urbcteqHoHpecrbnuepaarpa6unnnet enpeft-

o6lfir'J1l{.
AByX 8!rAllbIXnltegCraattte.reii
Criq naeKu, qaCtt nrtCreq11a
crotrB[Iaro Bo r.[aB;b caMooHleftHa'
naceleuin,
eBpeitcHaro
A-pa
an'bpcrrtru ltcrnaanor,Bepr,lll
6oporn, rI ero recrfl, ltrpxuepa.
MHoro
Al)yrllx pan'
nisu: nepBoMy orptaann pyHI4 n HallecJlll
[aJiKaMIl,
rHaJIIt 11OrOpOAy u 6unu ?fiey1:bAHbIMI4
TaK AOJTTO
BTOpOTO
IITO OH CrOnValCRl).

Orsoruenie [epeBlrlr H erpeflM Bhlpa]*anocb He roJrbto n ipoput


ipnauuecnaro Hacilrirl n npra6unuraro norpouuaro rpa6e?Ha. AnluceMlrrr.raMrrycrtrJl agtcr soo6qe rny6oxie HopHIr. Hecmorpn rta
panHonparie, fipecrbfne B }rtKoropeBoJrrouin r{ npoBoBrJrarueHHoe
pblx utctax BblHoctrr rlpl{roBopbl o6 raarnanitr ?r{I4BytrlllxB AepeB'
Hsx eBpeeB. B ntcnoJlbt(rlx ceJlax IlpocHyponcraro yts4a (IIog,olrcHofi ry6.) 6rmlt yx(e oqerlb paHo cflyqal{' r{orga KpecrbflHe
orr{a3blBaJrr{eBpeflM, AaBHo }nI4ByIqIrMn Iepeont, n Aauru;bfineu
uafitrt nonrtlleuifi, r4 eBpefrM npr{ruJrocbBbrceJrrrTbcfiz).Ha.rnnan
c oceun 1917 r. cJryqau uarsagis KpecrbflHaMr! eBpeeB y'Iaularorcfi, oco6erlno B Jluuurcnou ll Epaqnancxou ytagax, floAolrclrofi ry6., n Taparqancnon ;rbaqt, Kiencxoft ry6. OAun na sbl'
ceJrfleubrx e xaro6t n enpeftcnoe Ml{Hllcrepcrno coo6qaer: <}tpe'
crbflHe onpegtnenHo BaflBJIflIor'tlro {HlI tpe6a HaM }nlrAie e
cuni, Hlrxaii aoulr igyr co6i y ropoll)). <fioeomy to crt4tlrin,
oE, - qTo Bblcereuin npollanoAflTcg so sctx ceJlax
Jluruucxaro ytaga).3) C nasaila t9t8 r. qlIcJIo ranlrx cryqaeB
eule 6olrnre yBeJruql4Baercfl. B apxnef enpeftcHaro MlrHltcrep'
crna (n orqt.nt <<flpanoooe nonoxenie>) trmtercn Ba aror uepiog
qtluit
png rHa;06 Ea BbIceJIeHieno nplrroBopaM ceJIbcKI{x cxo'
gaxe
AOB eBpeeB, uprrrreM TaHIIx, KOrOpbIeErlIByT s cent no 30 u
no 60 n;bt').
1) Cru.erp. e,+ieHen.<Oif der Wachr, N! 3, 1918 rt) <Esp. Hegf nn'>, )i! 21, ot 28-ro Man L9LT r.
3) Apxlrn eBp. MnEIIcrepcrBa (orgtn <flparonoe nqrst*stlisD), goueceRie lra c. Ceuxu, Jllnltscxaro ytaga, nxo4' i\i 138' or 8-ro neH.1917 r.
{) Clr., naup., TaM-?fie, xano6y ra c. Jlyxrxuountt, 6nlta u. ltaurenaroe,
qro
Ftiescx. ry6., uonyu. 15-ro auptna (<Hpecrrane coopalncr R sasBI4JtLt, IIe
(
ot4tr
r
I
l
r
H
l
r
c
r
e
p
c
l
a
a
n
a
p
x
r
a
6
e
B
p
e
i
t
c
H
a
r
o
x o r a r e n p e n r ) .C u . r a x x e
norponou) orsouresis MlrHucrepcrBano noBoxy aEaJIonIrqHExcJryqaeB: H
6paq:rancxovy noriroeouy Holtnccapy, ol 28-ro lroadpn, i{ HoBorpail-BoJIbIHcrouy y'bagxoMy rioul,rccapy, or 29-ro noa6pa l9l'i r.

133

Oco6enno clrirbubr6r,rnu aurraceulrrcxis nacrpoenir HpecrbffE


n Taparqancxorrryfag6, Itiescnoft ry6., - B roM cauom ytag&,
noax{eflBr{JrcfloqaroMnoBcrauqecxaroABr{xexoroprrit u6cHo"'rsHo
n
lr
nin
Hienqnurb o4uau na natnntftmux rrynnroB Kpecrbflncnofi
peronroqilr na VHparau;b. Erpen ceta Cnouopomnrr,Tapaqaricnaro ytega, Itiescxofi ry6., o6paqancr n anptnt t9t8 r. s
eBp. Mr4nrrcrepcrBo
c upocr6oft o aacryflHrruecrnt,coo6rqaror,rrro
Hpecrrflrrer anrap;b BhruecJrr{
na cxogt trocrauoBJreHie
o6 y4aJleniu ua npe4;blon AepeBHr{L5 muryrUux raM erpeftcnlrx ceuefi.
B nonqt Mapra HpecrbflHecxoBana cxogt rtoprburunlrHeMe[Jrerruo
yAaJrrrrbcJryxraqr{xHa caxapnom eaaog;beBpeeBc rrx ceMbffMz
(urc6onuruo, qro BaBoA rrpr.rr{aAJre}fiaJr
eBperc, aAMr4rrrrcrpaqix 6rua ran)fie enpeficnan). Ha cxog;b RpecrbflHe roo6rle
BbrcriaBaJrrrcr
sa Heo6xotrr{Mocrbgutnarr ncrbx uocefir,rBruuxcfl
agtcr, <<xu4on>1).O6 anarorlrlrHr,rxHacrpoenisx xpecruu coo6rrlaJrocbn upecc6 ran?r(era r.ran:bcxoJrbxrrxMtcruocrefi flogotr'rr pr{AaAepeBeHb
cnoft ry6.: lra "Tlagr,rmr{Ha
B ero paftou6. ErpeiicxoMy MrruncrepcrBylpr{rllJrocb Aa?fiecneqianrno o6parlruca r
ry6epncxouy r{oMr{ccapy c npocr6ofi upurrflrb u&pu nporrlB
sbrcerenis KpecrbffHaMrreBpeeBB Jlurrlncnou yta4tz). Bonocrr{ble fioMrrrerr,I u;bcraur nplrurrMaror nocranosneuig o coBAasiu oco6ofi ((qeprbrrAJrrreBpeeB,Bbrrorrflfirrx r{B upegfnon cenrcnaro uoce"rreHiq.
Oco6errHo
HeApyxretrc6noorHocsrcrr Hpecrbflrre
H aansrirc eBpeeBaelr;re1t;rieu. Orur se roJrbnoBrroBbHe Ao[ycnaror rrx ft BeMn6, Ho rrhrrarorcfl rrBrHarb eBpeeB-[oceJlenqeB
ua eepeficrurxnoronirt. Tan, ua 9esaurcliofi xononilr 6nraaOacrosa
(ItieecHoft ry6.) coo6rqaJrrl,qro (cpe4rl HpecrbflrrrrAer cr4Jrbuan
aruraqis o6 usrHauiu eBpeeBua Hononiu, c q:bnrro or6lrrr y Er{x
Bcfinyrcoxorv n eeu;reg:bniro>t).B upecct coo6qa;rocr ranxre o6
oficqeccaxco cropoubrKpecrbflHn enpeficxlx no;rosisx Xepconcxoit ry6., - Hosono.:rrann'b,
EQitrrapn u Apyr.
Anrncemarcxar crpyn, lioropyrc nptrHecJrao co6oro yftpar,Iucxan apuin, BJrrrJracb
B AepeBHrorHafi Bo[a Ha MeJrbu]rqy,AaB
1 ) A p x u n e B p .M t r E u c r e p c r B a ,e x o g J. \ !1 2 3 2 o
, r 1 5 - r oa n p t t r t g t S r .
r) Tarr-xe, oruouenie x Holrrccapya Bllunuqy, ncxog, Ni 174, ot
5-ro gexa6pa1.917r.
3)Tau-xe, gouecenie
r,rstlesanscrofixonoaiu,axoq.843,or 1.5-ro
uapra
l9t8 r.

L34

r{oBLrftr4urrynbo u r(afi 6r'r o{ipraqiaJlbHylocannqirc norpoMnblM


rryBcrBaM.[onocx o nacr,rnisx rafiAa]rafioss u. foroneno, 9eps[roscrofi ry6., trpeAcraBnreJlrrD{tcruaro naceleni.s gtlarcr
oqer6 xapanreplroe no6anreuie: <<TpenoracpeAl{ eBpeeB elqe
qTo TeMHbIrnpeCrrancHin
ycr.IJrnBaercsrbU o6ctOsrenrCTBOM,
lr 6eAHaHaAaIIHoctbIorafigaUaxlr
MaCCLr,BrrAE C HarOft JISTKOCT6IS
rrprtpac[paBrrJlrrcb c eBpesull, ynbpoeaJrrl, qro rafi4auaxrr
Vrpaunrr
[Jrfi pacrrpaBbr c
cJralrbr BepxoBHofi sracrrrc
eBpef Mrr, rI C ATIIX flop llaqailI,I cuorp;brr ua uocn;bAnrrx, KaK Ha
gaxonuoit Ba'
rrpecrynulrfioB, rraxoAflIllrlxcfi sut
Hreiiuensnx
K rro'
aocupirruwBa
qurrol).
flepennn onaBaJlacb Heo6brrlafiHo
rpoMurnM rrAeflM rr BcerAa oxorHo urua ncntg aa 6yficrnylotrIrrM
raftgauanou c [ycrbrM u*rutou aa6uparr enpeficnoe go6po. Ho
Ba ro ona sacro ocraBaJlacb[oBonbuo paBuogymnofi R rroroxtlrTeJrbHbrM MOMeITTaMyKparrlrcHaro uaqioHaJrbHaro gsramenin.
OAull ua na6lngarnrrlx Hacrpoenie rpecrrnn a uynnr6, roroprdl
rnocn;b4cruin upocnawrJlcfl pfl[ou florpouoB' - B M. llnanHont,
;rro6otrbrrnylo cqeny: (B
H.iescHofi ry6., nepegaet clfgyrcuyro
g,tntenu
ycrpolrJllr upaBAyxpallncHie
t9t8 r. u;bcrsue
arpt;rt
rrecTBOB nagflTb IIIesseHrO II [pI{rnaCI4JIII TaI(Xe eBpeeB flpffi.flTb
yuacrie.
Enperr corJlacrlJrlrc!,, II B ycrpoeuuoli uanuipecraqir
yvacrie nprruflinl enpeiicnie o6r,rsarer[ (baalebatim), ao rnarib c
paBBrrrroM;rpout IrIIx Iuiro Bcero qeJloBtH t0 ynpalrnqeB. I{pecrr.aue orHecJlrrob no Bceii otofi uanr,'r{ectaqiu c sacu;bnfitof,
v HaBBaJII{ <<mugoacHort MasfiocBr{cra.rrrr , rtagtsanr.rcr
. .2).
Secraqiefi>>.
Vripauncriafl npecca n o6qeu BbrcxaaaJlacbrIporIIB norpoMlrblx
oxcqeccoB. Oprau vlipaIIHcIiIIx c.-p. <Eoporr6a>>no rpeur }tien'
cxlrx co6urift nttca;r, qto Heo6xoglrna c;itx,crBelrgas fioyrrccig
o6 atgx onclleccax, II qro HoMlrccis Aonxna 6rrtr, rIoA norITpoJIeM
nacenenis. OAnaxo, oH He yKaBaJI, KTo gBJlgerct{ yqacruunoM
ancqeccoB. Eo;rfe orlipblro BbIcry[I{Jr rorla oprau yfip' c.-4. (Po'
ona' - qro 6eaom;br6irnlrsa laaerar>: <Mrr anaeM
cTBeHHbrMrrJITIIIaMI{gt.rarOrCn nOrrLITIII CpeAII 6eaCOanatelrnOfi
r) Tau-xe, gorecenie o co6urisx n loroneno, or 5-ro anpt:ra t9l8 r.'
sxon. Ji! 1085.
!) Apxlra pegaxqiu (1919r.), AonrIaAo co6urisx n ltluaunont, Bail. no
eoo6rq. cefiperaps o6qnxlt A, Harasa.

136

Maccrr trpeAcraBrlTr 6omnresncrcxis co6urin, KaH BJracrb eBpeeB,


caMbrMaHeprrrrrubrMo6paaou
Han enpeficnyro rrHrpr{ry. Mrr AoJr?nHr,r
nporecroBarb rrporrrB Tanrrx c"lyxoB rr rrprraBarb n egnneniro u corpy[Huqecmy c enpeiicxofi geuoHpariefi. Mrr AoJr]KHbrHarroMrrrrrb
arnlr 6eaorstrcreeaHbrn Jrr{qaM,qro orno[reuie enpeiicnux naprifi
H 6ofir,rueeuauy 6n;ro Bce BpeMfl ptano-orpuqareJrbuoe)). IIpomn
norpouots BbrcryrrrJla ranrre <<HoeaPa4a> (opran c.-{.), Ho oHa
oHpblJra I{cTr{HIrhIx BrrHoBHrrHOB,
xOTr{ He MOrJraO }rrrx He 3I{aTb:
flraHyro fiorpoMrryrc aruraqiro, - rprcaJla oua, -_ BeAyr raftnne
qepuocoTeHrlbr r.r xyJlrrraubl, Tanlr(e coMHIITeJIrnrre <<6ourureBrrnl{)),
.Iro6rr Bauecrrr cn'Lgrr, r4 rrpocro o6brsarenrl. <Mr,ryntpeHbr,-Ao6asnnna raaera,
rrorpolvroBlr naclrlift ne 6y4er, qro yfipauucHan apuin ue noftger, He Mo?ner noftul uo rryrl4 6onrnresucrcxux
rpa6ureueb>1). Ilporruo ntcHomHo gnefi, BoJrHbraurrrceMrrrr{BMa
cr4Jrbno floAHflJrrrcb, lr <<HosaPa[o> caMa Bbrcry[r,rJra c pflAoM
orripbrro aHTrrceMnrcrinx crarerl.
Ha crpaur4qax arofi raeerrr
e paarapf raii4auaqxux
oncrdeccoB B }tien.b 6rrna noiutqeua
crarbfi, e noropoii aBTop rrrrcair, rrbrrancb rrepe[arb apryMeHTbr
HaBaFioB: <<Hau c'rptnanr.l B crnruy . . . lirpelr soclrJrrr nlruly
6o;rr,urenuxalr, coo6ula.trlr rrM o trarrrrrx narpyJlnx, c Hpacr{brur4
rroBflBriaMr{ Ha pynaBax npon'baanu, .rto6r,r onaaarb I4M rroMorrlb. A rior4a 6o.:mmeeulrn no664u,utr, Bctr eepeftcHan MoiroAe?nb rreperrlJra B prrAbr r(pacnornapAefiUen>. <<ErpeficHoe Eacenenie Hac ne .rrc6r'lr, He coqyBcrByer HaM. . . Mn BHaeM,yro rrplr
HoBoM c.'ryua* eBpeir Hirc c'i{oBa rrpeAaAyr,6ygyr
crp6Jr.srb B rrac, Aouocr{Tbr{a rlac . . . Mr,r - coJrAarbr,u na crptnr6y
Mrr orstsaelr crp;bnr,6oit, Ha y4ap - ygapom). flepeganan eru
apryMenrbr, arrop go6aBirr{er: <<rornqecnif,rxo[ MbrcJrefty HaaanoB BoBce He ran Arrr{)). <<EepeuAoJl?$}rbrnprrHrrrb rvrtpu H roMy,
.Iro6br rro4aBrrrb sro6y nporrrB rrrlx, oHrI AoJrH{Hr,Iorpeqbcs or
9yguoocrurx, Par,ixurrefiHoe r'r lllaunpo. Onr na gtnt
AoJrlKHbr
yripar.rHcKoMy
cBorc
IIpeAaHHOcrb
rocyAapcrBy,
a
[oKa3aft,
noro4t>>z).
rre Aellrrarb nypc ilo ilo.irrrrrrqeclioir
Bc.'rtg Ba arrrlr c
aHaJrorirqnoft crarr,eit (<Eapen n VripalrucHoe sortclio>>)lr c rfmra
rrte apryr{enraMrr ornprrrro Bbrcryrrr{Jr peAanrop raaerbr, nugnui,i
1) I{rat. no <Naie Zait> }{i 31, ot 6-ro Mapra {918.
r) Cr. fpr.rnoBr{qaB raa. <<Hoea Para,>. J\i 28, 1918 r. FtarruesbcrHo,
flprauoarv - n(etsJunuilrpe;daH'rop:r
raie16r r\. Hlrnoscfiaro.

136

yxparncHift A6srem !I roBapr{q rrpe4c;bgarens Pa4rr, A. Huflprr Hacrynleniu


KoecHifi. Pucyn nonomeuie HaBar{oBr }tiert
rlpofipa[brBaJlacb
c
rIr4caJI:
<<It
6onr,nreBrrnau
olr
6onrmeauron,
eepeftcHan MoJroHapyHaBHbrMr{ BflaKaMr.I <<Itpacnaro ltpecru
Aelnb, Koropas aattM Boopy?fiaJlacbBI{IrroB}taMIr[porI,IB ynpalrnonrrx r{aBaHoB. VHpauxcltix soficHa rlorraJlrr nax-6rr B MbrrueJroBny, BcroAy orut 6nnu onpy?neubr BparaMr{. Korga, Halioueq,
rru B crfi.rrry
crptran
yfiparrrrqbr BbIHy?I{AeHbr6rrma yitrn, <<Itien>>
go uocnrb4nflro crpoeuin uog CssromrlublM. flpr.rcuarpllBaflcb ]t
eAlrHr{gHbrM Ir rpy[noBblM BparaM cBoI4M, yfiparrHllbr oTruquo
paarrngtma, qro aro 6rr.uaucxfirciIIITeflbHo eBpeficHas uoJIoAelKb, - CTyAeHrbI' II{MIIaB'C'U, pa6ouie>>. <}taaaxu C'noBa
rrprrmJrrr s lties. Ky4a me IrMeI{uo npuur,nn ouu? He 6onte lr
ue menBe, fiaH Bo npaxrecHift ropo4 . . . Our.r (eepelr) uo.lruar o
rrameM npraxog;b, ourl Mofiqar o sc;bx 6eaquncrsax flporl{B Hac
ux po4nueft u cnnonefi, Ho sa ro IIJyMflr rlo rIoBoAy caMoqLIHribrx apecroB, Bclb y6iitcrra BaJIJrrolru Ha HaI[y roJIoBy, arlrrlrpylor
nporrlB yHpauucnoft BJracrrr, a r:'bu BpeMeIreM oHLI He orHaBbI<<KaBanlt,- trpoBarorcfr oT aapa6orHa oHoJIo Etr.lqes)). . .
Aoir?riaer A. Hnnoscnifi, - B flap,'raMenrf ne 6nnaror . . . raM
ciroBa, a na BacumHorcnoit ynuqf (enpeitcHifi paiioH) rani.s Atna,
qro rra Ha?r{[osrmary or.'IflAr,rBal'Icfl,.Ito6u .rero go6paro re6s ne
<Eepeftcpaor{Jranyfi fl , tryilIeHHafl naqi oualrublu MeHbIurrHcrBoMD.
crBo flpfrrercfi Ba ny*y, Ba npeccy, Ho se[ocpeAcrBerruo oHo
A stRr y niencnaro enpeficrra uutetcn
Huqero He cnaaaJlo...
cBr,r[re 40 paam.ruunx o6qecrBeHlrblx opraruraaqifi. . . flouelry
onlr He nporecrvlor (nporne 6onrmeennon)? Ilovelry oHIr, eBpel{,
Ao clnx rrop He BaflBJrrrror,qro oHII Tax?fie rpa?fiAaHeVHpar.*rcxoft
Pecny6nnrtlr?>... lI AaJrbrIIe,orrflrb : <<ltpaurornapgefturr,cocroalqie
fiper,rMyrqecrBeunoIIa eBpeeB, paacrptlnraJll4 yxparrnqeB aa ro,
qro oHra ynparluqbr, a rrx orrlbr u 6parra yI{aBbrBaJIu,rg;b u Hro
rra vnparluqeB rlpflsercfl, KTo ntu 6nr,n Bo Bperlfi ((rocnogcrBa
n conu4nrrft
yripannqen>>1). TaH nucan sau6onfe yutpennuii
yxpauncxirt opraH r paaraprb raftAauaqHnx nacrt;rirl, AaBafl troJIHoe
1) He uutn nog pyHoft aroro rroMepa<Iloeoft Pa4rt> (cr. noMtulesa 9-ro
rro ex(eueA.<Eap, I{ucnrr,}'1i 16, l9l8 r., (<flepaoe
napra), MH rlr.rrrrpyeM
rrpegocrepex{erie>),rp:b crarlfi rlepe4ana uoqru noJtsocrblo. Cu. laHxe
< ] r T a i eZ a i t > . o r l { - r o u a p r a 1 9 1 8 r .

13?

E ncfixoJlorntrecxoeo[paBgaHiesrnm HaclrJrinul).IIosMopaJrbnoe
?n, npaBAa, aTH yxpauucrie opraHbl rleqaTn ocuorptrllcr n
rrepeMtHrrnfi cBoft ToH, rro trpotracTb MetriAy yr(parrHcKrrMr{r{
g;bntennun Bce 6onbffe u 6onrme pacurrpflnacb.
eBpeficxr.rMl{
Oato6rennoe Eacrpoesie yrpanncxux g;bareuefi nporua naqioualrnnx MeHbmIdHcrB
oco6er{Hoocrpo flpoffBr{Jrocbna aaclLnaniu Manofi Pagu 17-ro uapta, npu o6cyxgeniu uupxaro AoroBopa
BarrrcqeuEaro yxpar4r{cxoftgeuec qeHrpanbubrurrAep?{aBaMrr,
- rrocrrJroxaraqiefi r Bpecr6. 3ac64anie- coo6qaer orreBuAeq
paHrep ornpr,rraro criaHAaJraII flpeBparrrnocbB p.EA 9KcqeccoB
nporrrB ((Merrblurrucrs>.IIM u;buranraroBopr.rrb[a]xe qfleubl Pagrr,
Hprrfirrrr pyraub. Bonpoc ffe.Tro rou, paruifuqrrpoa c xop trecJrrrcb
Barb-Jrr{Mrrp r{Jrrrn:br, npr.r eroM scf yrtpauucriix, a rafi}r(e u gcf
erpeficnin napriu - npont <Eyuga>- BbrcraaaJrr4cb
Ba pa(Eysg)),
(MeHbrrreBrrrro
pocciiicxie
rnQllHaqiro, a
rr coqianumupenonroqioneprr6nrlr rporr{n. Oparopauu nocn&gnuxrpex uaprift
6:nnn eapeu (Pa{ec, Blrcn n Cirtoncrifi). Bct oxr ornrosffrn
aror Mrrp ornrlAb He r[B aa Kanr{x .rtl6o erpeficnnx uaq,iouanrurrx coo6paxenill. flaxte npeAcraBrrrenr<Bynga))ue orr{M apr.yMeurrrpoBan;oH roBoprrJrynparraqaM:<<Barurau
Mrlpou Bbr npo[airr4 pyccnifi napog rr oxparrHnbrenapoAbrPocciu.>>II uecuorpn
Ha ro, uro npovin rrerbrpeerpeficHin naprin roJrocoBaJru
sMtcrrb
BoB6yxgenienporraBeBpeeB,oco6ennoa ny6lrant,
c y$par{HqaMr{,
6lr o rax BeJrrHo,uro npegc;bgareJrb
Pagrr, M. Ipyruencrcift,sent;r
crpamt ormcrrrrbxopbr. <VxpannqeBBbrrouflror,a tril{Abrocrarorcfl
xoBflfiHurrarr,)),npr{qaJrrrc xop. <Vnpaltrqrr ocrarorcg ag'bcr>orstrnn lpynrencxiit, fioriaBrrBastra ce6s.2) Hecuorpfi sa rafioe
o6ompeuie crpacreft, erpefterie npe4craBrrreJrr{
rpil Arrn crrycrfi
nprrrrsJrnyuacrie cosmlbcrHo
c ynpaaurlaMlrB roprfiecrnrbnpaa4nonaniR rogonqrrubrPalw. <<flocrt Bcero,vro Vrpauua nepeffirrJra,
MbrcraJrr.ryntpenu, qro ona Molfier u 6yler lrilrrb, - BaEBuJrrrpe[craBrrreJrb<O6'eguaeuqer>,IO. HosaHoscrift. C raHuuu xe trpu1) C anauoruqnbruuo6slrsexislrR npornB eBpeeBBbrcrlrur{Jr
torna ra$lxe
yxpauxcxill c.-X. Caoro6ovxrrfi(lp. lerruaneq) n cneqiaurxoft 6pomrcpt
<,I(ocrpaurnuxluin y ttiisia.
r) (Naie Zail>, or 19-rouapra 1918r. Mr.rp6u.uparrQuqnponaxnc;bnn
roJrocaunnporr{B ? (<uenrmenuror>,<6ynga,t, pocc. c.-p. E noJrrcxa.ro
<genrpala>).

138

elhrcrnisMnBr,rcrynrrJrr{
r 4pyrir enpeilctin uaptin. flpegcranarenr
<Eynga>, M. Pa{ec, rpr! arou cKaBaJI:<flporun naqionalsnux
!{esbrrrrrucrBEaqaracb namnanis. Erlru xoponar peBoJlnqin. !I
ecJrrrMbrc BaMrrne narlgeu nyrlr c6ruxreuir, mrt o6a 6ygeu noxopoHenbr)). C gpyroft croporrbr, oparop <coq.-ifegepanltcroB]
llyurnup BaflBr{Jr:<<r[ora MeubrlrrrrrcrBaHe uofigyr c rIaMIr, Mtr
. .t)
6ygem rlloBrrur4cramur>.
B arux cJroBaxrrpeAcraBrrreneft
4ryx naqionanrnocrefi VrpaBBTJTRAa
sa
ptaxo
nporrrByrloJlo]r(Hblx
rrHbr aaxJrrorraJrr{cb
[Ba
HIrMrr.
HeuopualrcorpyAnr,rtrecrBo.
To.rno crtna crorJla Me?Itgy
r{oe noJrofirenie,r r{axoe [onaJra enpeitcxaRo6rqecrrennocrbrlpu
uaqiouamnoii uorurrunrb yxpauHrleB, BblaBaJroy utroropux
enpeitcxux g;bnreneircoun&nie n grFficrrutem,nofinrrro4t cauaro
rrncruryra naqionanruoft asrouoMiu. B ctats:b <3asoeBalrier{irrr
yrtcneuie?,>ogrrrrrraJrr.rgepoB
M. Jllrrraxon, nrrcaJl:
<<O6teguueuqer>>,
<<Vxpanuql,rflocrerrenrro [peBparr{Jlrr aror InEcrnryr B r(ar{yrc-To
yro qepry oc;bgrocm>. <<OnnroBopflT
rocy4apcrBenxo-noJrr4rrrqecfi
eBpeflM:aa6epurey Hac xpyr Barurrxcneqianrnrrx A:br, 4tlaftre
Kafi eamefi Ryrut
TaM,qro xorr{re, paaptrnaftrece6t cBolrBotrpocbr,
yro[rro, Ho yKparrHcKoe
rocyAapcTBo- 9To Bac He KacaeTctr,aTo
npegocraBbrerrau)). Anrop yfiaabrBaerAan$e,sto sc;bnax*r;bfrmie
anrr,r B Pal6 - nct, Haruuafl c rperbsro VsuaepcaJla,- 6r,rnn
ptnreurr 6eertgona rr Boirrrnaqioxanr'HblxMeublullncrn.<<f[panga,
um uocrt Bcero paaptruanu ilposurblBarr cBolr geraapaqilr, no
caMoeqresie arr{x AenJrapaqifi[peBparnJlocbB pog anaaMeuaHa
ntpnocrr ynpar.rrrcnoMyrocyAapcrBy. A anaaMeu6rl.n crporift,
6eauoqagxrrfi n npucrpacrnr,ril>.. .2)
Or;raguaaacb HaBaA Ha Becb aror uepiog trorpouublx axcqeccoB, c;rtqyer orutrnrr, vro enpeftcnoenacenenie n qtnou
n B oror nepiog Ee qyBcrByer ce6s eqe reppopl{BupoBal{Irblu
muportift u uerrorpoMubrunco6urisuu. Hecuorpx Ha AoBoJIbHo
npepnrnnnriixapanrep rorpoMoB, upooltrqialsnoe enpeftcrBonpoflBJrfiernantcrxyro anepriro n 6opr6t c Er.IMIr. BarrIreMbrtrpIrBeJItr
pn4 i[anror o 4tarenrrrocrrr Boopy?fieHrrbrx
orpn4oB cauoo6oponu,
noropbrMHe paa y4aBaJrocborcralrBarb n;bcre.rno. Ho 6narogapa
r) <Naie Zai6, ot 22-ro uapra 1 9 1 8r .
a) Tan-xe, or 25-rouapra 1918r. (<A gewins oder a gseire?u).

139

ycrrJleninpeaHqioHHo-ruoBI{Hr{crl{qecfi
aro fi ypca, He
Bce6oJrbrrreMy
o{{uqianruoe [pI4IBHaHie
erpeftcxlrx
ToJrbKocraJroHeBoaMor{tnbrM
paaopyxenie
orpflAoB,no B ntnoropux utcrax HaaraJrocb
Aa?r{e
camoo6oponu.TaH. nanplrutp, eBpeuM. Io;roeaueecra, flopoflbcxoft ry6., r{bfl npyfi{uga norysl4la snocn;b[crnira,n 1919r.,6ourc flpocbmyro cJraBy,o6parulrcbre[epb r erpeftcHoeMr4ur{crepcrBo
6oft ucxogaraficrsoearr noarpaulenie oruflraro y Hrrx opy:nin;
s Mtcresx;b uut;racs (<6oenas
[pynilrna rlprr r{oMrrretf o6qectneupaaopy?Kenaytognnnn HoMeIrHoropafl
6rrna
noft 6eaonacsocrr{)),
6oesas
[auror\r. O6urefiyqacru [oABeplJracbran?Keu <<Enpeftcxan
uo unnqiarna'b
[pyr$rrua>s OAecc6.OAeccnasApyilursaBoBHItHJra,
enpeficNuxo6ulecrnennnxgtnrenefi, r anrycrt tgtT r., e paarap;F
(nbflHbrx6eanopagxoB),rr cnopo ilpeBparrrJlacb
B cepbeanrrfteouHcnift orpng, crrrpannrifi 6omnryro poJrb r oxpaut ropoga or
rorpoMoB. ,{pymuna npocyqecrBoBaJra,
c_[epepbrBauu,npu nctx
nocrosnnrrft onna.IuraeMbrft
BJracrrrx,cBbrlue4nyx ntr. Ona ram'bna
Ha cpegcrBa erpeficocraB ras 6rrsmrrx coJrgar rr co4epfi(aJracb
gaxte
cy6cn4rrpoBaJracb
cnaro EaceJrenir,a oAHoBpeMfl
lopogcxofi
npecutgys ronbno
fiynofi. fipyuruua 6una crporo anoilr4rrdrrua,
q6fiu earqr,rrrrerpeficNa-roEaceJrenisn noo6qe oxpaubr ropoAa.
6rrno es anaseHies nepiog 6opr6u uemgy 6olrrOco6ennoBeJrrrfio
rrreBrrr{aMr{
rr ynpar4HrlaMr4,
a rroa}Ren:bMqaMu,r(orga eft g;bftcrwrreJrbrroy4aJrocLy6epeur Ogeccy or rrorpoMa.Hananyut ilpr4xoga
ntuqen na Vnparauy gpyxfl{Ha }racqrrrbrBaJrago 600 flocroflHHbrx qJreuoa (Hpouf peaepeon),pacroJro?fieuHbrx
B L2 naaapuax,
6r,rna xoporxo BoopyxreHarr rru'bna nyJreMernbrR
Houangrr. flo
upuxo46 ntuqee ApyE$rHa6r,rra uuu paBopy?r{eualc4an 6omrrryloqacrb opyxdn (22 nyneuera,1000BrHroBoKrr Maccyuarponoa),
Apyrfir{rrauprr6nlranreJlbrrorperb opynrix rafino sanonana. C
yxogoM n:burles,a nouq6 1918 r., [pyfi{rrua 6rr,ra eoacranoBJreHa,
Ho Bropuqxo paBopyxresa6onrmeBr{fiaMrn anptnt t9t9 r. BoacrarroBJlerruarr
fi npr4xo[y AeHr.IKrrHrIeB,
B aBrycrf 1919r., ona 6una
r.rMus rperifi pae u onouqarerbnopactfopnanponaual).Boopymeu1)Crrr.nogpo6no o6 oAeccHoligpyxnnt Barscxrr u BocrroMr{Eanis
C. fl x o 6 n,
es opraanBaropa u pyxoBoArrreJrff,n apxlro;b pe4axqiu.
Ftpolrt arofi
[py?fir4uhr,lrntsileit cneqia;rrnrrR q;bru caltoo6opoHbr,e OAecct cyqecrBoBana eule enpeitcxaa Borrncnafi qacrb, r. n. <Erpeftcrift 6aranron>, o6paaosanuifrcs c paapturenia feuepamuaro Cenpetapiara ra pac(popur,rponauuufi
c nprrxoAoM url;uqen.

140

so
rrafi caMoo6oponacyqecrBoBana rant$e a Enarepranocnasab,
egtcr ne 6uno o6qaro orpnga, a fia?fiAanIrB rpex enpeficxux
coqianracruqecxuxnaptifi umtna cBolo Apy?ltr{HyI,r xpotrl'Btoro
rau;bncsorps4 CorcaaeBpeeB-BoIltHoB.
,{pyrnlrnn 6rrnu xopomo
Boopyrfieubr,u 6narogaprl arouy lrorpoMuafi arutaqin n ropo46
rre rrprrusJlaaHrrIBHbIx{op*. Ho s Houq;bMapra 1918 r. sct arn
6r,rnunacnnbcrBeuxopaBopyxerrbrfipacHorBapAefi{auuApy?rfl4nbr
I{ auapxncraMu(cru.o6 stou parlrue). B 6ol6e
6o.nrmesrxaMr.r
caa6ofi {opuf orpngbr Boopy}r{eunoftcauoo6opotru cylqecrBo'
Bafir{ rr r pnq-b Apyrlrx ropo4oB (nanpurwtp, n Xaplnont), uo
sc'L oun BbruyffiAerrbl6unu npu ntuqax n reruan'b JII'THBIIAI{po'
BaTbcfi.

flouulto u&p cauoaarqlrrbr, rlo flpetfiHelly' KaI{ n r upegugyrqift


nepiog, 6rrnu uyuerrbr B xog rutpu rroJrl{rllqecfiaro nos4tficrnin
Ha rrpaBrrreJlbcrBoI{ upocr6u o troMou$(. Kax u panbme' aTy Bagauy noagtficrsoearr Ha BJIacrb BaffJIo na ce6s eepeficHoe MlrI{I{crepcrBo, Hy[a npoAoJIrfiaJII{crer(arbcfl ac$ gonecesis c rrrtcr o
uacuuisx. Ho s arnx goneceniax yxe 6onrme rxano6lr, utu tpe6osauis, nar 6rreailo Epe?fige. gyscreyetcs, qro npoaranqiaur,noe
cl{Jry
enpeficrno trocrefleHuo reprer ntpy r gbftctnntenruyn
HpfnuycMylqerro
I(
rlpaB
cBordx naqiouantuo-rocyAapcrBenl{brx
qlrM IIIoBI{Hrrcrltqec$I{M HypcoM. Vcu6x o6paulenift enpeftcHaro
MrdnrrcrepcrBa ft BJracru 6rrlr rafiE(e HeoAuHaRoBe paanrre nepi0A6I. [,o anrapn t9t8 o6paqeuin npr'rnocnr rastcruble peByJIbKoeTarbr-BJracrbro rlocblJlaercg Ha lrbcra oxpaua' HaBHaqaerc.FI
ancqecc
6opr66
rgt cnrFgctaie, o6paaoBhlBalorcfl xolunccir,r uo
caMrr. Hasnuafi c flHBapfl ril AaJrblrre HIl o HoMlrIccisx, nu o
cr;bgcrriax, sn t:btl mente o nocunnA orpffAoB glx 6opr6rr c
orcqeccaMrr He cJIbImHo, - nibgs aHTITBHbIMLIyqacrHuxaMlt oxcqeccoB sBJIflIorcfl qacro caMll yHpalancHie souucHie orpflAbr.
Itpyr norpoMHblx gncqeccoB, cBEBaHHbIxc (aoJIorbIM nepiogoru>
BaBepIuIIJIcflI( lvlalg
yHpanHCKarO naqiOnalbHalg CTpOuTeJIbcTBa,
t9t8 r. flocntguie ufcsqu aroro uepioAa xapanrepllsylorcs rroupaefuieu fiypca n Arrxrarypofi <naqionaJlbnaro 6onsureallauat.
B our urbcaqr,r pe;rseQlro nau'brumlcr rrb gna HarraJla' qepeB fio'
ropbre ua Vxpaun:b naxontsnacb rr rer{Jra uorpoMuafl al{eprlfi uaqionanruas ynpaxncnan apuin, peeraBpnpoBaltuafl n gyxt raftgaMarrr{Hbr,u yKpaugcKat{ AoMoBllTo-aHapxusecHaflAepeBHfl' eqe

141

Ee pacrrycrrBmafl cEoRorpo]rsur noBcrauqecxis uoreuqiu. C uas


u gaJrbme rrpoucxogur prbaxoe uau;bsenie B rocygapcrBerrnoM
ycrpoficret uono4oft Vrpanxr,r, Hacryrraer nepio4 r;bueqnoii
oxnyuaqir, rermanqr{Hbr n JrtrKBrrgaqinpenonnqionnr,rx BaBoesauift. florpounnx co6rrris B aror nonnft nepiog [porexaror yri(e
B gpyrr{x ycroaiRx, xorfl rrpeeucrBeuHocBflBarrbr
c (gonorbru rregruxenin.
piogou> yxparrucnaro

142

\TI.
Hacrynnexientueqro-yxparru(rx soficx, - Ha ctnept rlepEuroBtrIrrHbl- Orcrynaenie doarmeancrcxrx .racreft rr ttorpoMrrhreaxctleccLr.- Co6uris s Mrrraxrb u Cypax6. - P;boss n
Ilyxon:b, - florporuxar O4xccea.- flepsoe norpounoe 6t,(excrBo. - Ptaus r Honropog-Ctnepcxt. - B trrafon:b.florpouu n Coetrcnaq BJracrr',- Org;bmnue arcqeccu 6onr[reBrrcrcngx sacrefi.
IIpu uepexoAt uB onucanuaro trepioga B HoBbrfi, B Mapr:banp1bn1b,Ha rpaur{q;b VHpauux BcnbrxrryJroHfcrionbno rrorpoMoB,
noropble rr uo cBoeMy xapaHrepy n IIo cBorrM yqacrHr4fiaM pf8Ko
Bbr[tnflrorcn r.rB rryyra o6brqHbrx aftcqeccoB roro BpeMeEr,r. Onu
martrynu Bnepe[ r.rBpsAa, BbrraJrr{ us o6qefi qtnlr co6rrrifi {917i.918 rr., xax-6H npegnfqan rrb xposarbrff co6brrifi, Koropbrrr
6olrme xapar(repulr nnn uocr;b4yroqaro rnecronaro roga. Tenepb
orrs BaxBarr.rnr{ Heoonbmyro reppuropilo n crbaepo-socroqHoM yfJry
9epnnroncHofi ry6epni[ rr Ee trpusqnu mnpoxaro rr AJnrrenbuaro
xapaxrepa.
Inyxon, Honropox-C;brepcn, Cepe4una Ey4a u nx pafionbr
crauoBflrcfl rra BpeMfl rleHrpoM HecJrbrxanrrblxsn;[pcrn - eBpeftcxoft ptBHu.
Harucurifi fiorpolrnrfr crpax rour,rr enpeftcHoe
sacenenie c MfcTa Ha M:bcro, r{B MeJIr{Irx ilyrrKToB B ropoAa, B tror{cfiax 6egonacuocru. !,rn roro trepioAa gro 6brno
EoBoe Rmenie, Reoxuganuufi sarer uorpounoft BoJrHbr. B grux
co6urigx Bbrcrytralor coBeprIIeHHoHoBrre yqacrnurr,r, a rtMeHHo
qacrn.
souncxis
Aeaopraur;rgoBarrarln6orruresrlcrcxis
Co6uris He cBffBaubrc upemneft nnniet trorpouuaro gwrmenia na
c ero rJraBrrbrurr afiTrrBulrurr cr{Jraurr * yrpauucnofi
Vxpaun6,
apuieft u KpecrbnscrBoM. llx npnuecJra crrJra, syrfiAan Kparo, -

143

flprllreAmie c c;BBepaKpacHorBapAeftUhr
E MarpocEr,crrpffTaBmie nog 6onrmesncrcnrrMr4JroayuraMrr[or coqiaurno-anapxn.recrifi paaryJr, Horoprrft gemo6lrnnavrctrIaflcff
coJrAar!&rHa
n*r,ou
Ir oceubroL9L7t. [porBrrJra B nb-fflrbrxnorpoMax, n rpa6emax u
oftcrleccaxs M:bcresfiaxBonnslr u flogoliu. I(aH r.r rorga, ran
rr relepb na 9epnlrronulunt, arr4 coJrAarbrB cBor4xnanagenirx
Ha eBpeeB
rrrr4poxo
rroJrbBoBaJrrrcb
rrogAepx(Hofr
lr co4tftcreieu u;bcrrraro fipecrbflrlcnaronace;renix.
KaH uoqru ac;b uorpourr na VHpalrnrb, naulrnaa c 1918 r.,
r4 arrr Haxognrcn s rlbcHoft cBflBytc BoeunbrMrrgtftcrainura. 0ro
6rrnra aur.raolhrB BoeuHbrxcroJrnuosenisx MelHAy6ofirnresuH.alr[
,I sacryflarcqrrMn n:bnqauu, r{oropbre rroMoraJrnyfipar.{HqaMoqficrrarr c:bsepnueytagn 9epnuroscHoft ry6epnill u rorrnns florfcrq or 6onbmesrrcrcnr{x.racrefi lr ffie;r:bsnoftpyroii npoBeJrr4
norpaunqnyp nusiro Me?fiAyVnpanuofi n Poociefi. florpouu aru
6rrrlt ca.uoqrrurrhrM46uonn obogneunlrx orcrynarcqrrx fipacrrbrx
softcx r4 ruJrrr s paspfta co nceft rroJrr4rrrnofiqesrpaJrbuoft coe;brcHofi snacru. Ho e ror nepiog (noneq <flerporpagcxarouepioga>
coelbrcnoftntacru) 6onr,mesuxn r qenrpf eqe caMr4flpouarauMacc},Hpacnhrffsoftcna erqerre rrog[rlpoBaJrr{<<cauon;bnreJrbuocrb
BeprJrr4cb[r{cqrrflJrr{H;bu sauya4aniro, lr rrportrB AoBoJrbHoeuJrbrbrx auTr{ceMr{rcruxnacrpoenift B pflAax arllx softcr erqe He BeJracbcrrcreMarrdqecnas
6ops6a, HaK aro craJro troB?fie.
Png ua6nrcAeniftcsu[frenscrryer, qro B qacrflx costrcHr.rx
Boftcfi, onepi,rpoBaBrrrrrx
B lorpaufiquoM pafiouf flottcrs n QeprrlrroBrrlrrHbr,auTr{ceMr.rrcninuacrpoeuiq 6nnu oqeub crlJrbubr. B
upecc'bB To BpeMJrcoo6qanocr, qro B foruen6, co croporrbrKoroparo n;bnaqbrHacryrraJrr{Ha aror pafion, qacrrr Kpacubrx eoiicx
trepeJlrtnir, rtax coa:brcnasBJracrborryAa oBanyrrpoBaJracb,
116rTaJrncbyquHurb rrorpolr, Ho BoopyxreHrraflcar\tooxpaEaEe Ao[ycrrrJra, ilpr{ EToMnocrpagaJronfononrxo rrorpoMrqrrr{oB.
Paaqacrrr
6tffiasmiecff tro onpecrnrru paftonaM [eBoprasnBoBarrrrbrff
fipacuoapuefiqesctarn sartM paclpocrparflrb cJryx, rrro ((rfir4gbr
paactp;b.nraaaror
ltpacnyro apuilo>. B r. Mrnuut, 9epxrroncnor-r
rv6., anrnenpeficHoenacrpoeuie cpeArrn;bHoroprrx 6onrmeslrcrqro qJren rutcrnaro CoBtra,
cltrrx EJreuenros6brro ran cr4Jrbrro,
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144

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tlo;u,rueslrcrcno-ntueqnaro {ponra.
florpounrrx nrrcrynlenir
r{pacubrx qacseii noo6qe Haxogr4Jrrr
oqerrb pfanoe ocyxr4euie r
pr{ltraxpynoBoArrreJreiii
cosfrcnoft Biracru. O4nano, asrrrceurrrcriin nr,rcryn;reni.aarv Biracrb rrnTepecoBaJrn
lrcnJrroqureJrbuo
o
rorrnn aptuin croHrp-peBonrcqiu>. Bcnopt nocnB con&rmtoii rcJrerpauMbr
o <<go6,irecrxolr
aannnmeuInyPocnasnbcnoMorpn4;br>,
xoB, noflBtrrJrocb
B <<tr{aetcrifix>>
coo6rqeuieo rnyxoBcnou norpout.
Oco6oecoo6ulenie6miro s Mocne'b ouv6nnHosaHorarune rioulrcf -it, Iletporpag 1918. Bo.rr;beuparHo o co6r,r'risxu Honropo4-Ctnepcxrbcrlr.rafi?fieB apx!rBt enp. lr!rErrcrepcrBa, orqer paBBr{ga,
nxo4. J\i10115,
<lt 21 uan
19t8 r., a ral{l*reraa. <Togblat)) or g Mafi, <PaacB:br> J\! 16-17, 1918 r.
B <Nai e Za,ibt> o'r 19 anprbrq 1918 r. Eareq. crurcoli 63 y6utux n Host'opog-C6nepcx'b,cpe4u slrx 20 tr{eHIrII{H, C'lr. tanrne e?r{eEeA.
<rErp. uucar,>
j\i 36, aarnncrBonasroena raB. <Hajnt> onucasie III. Illueft{aua o norpout.
1 ) A p x l r n e B p e r t c H a r o n a q i o n . - c e H p e r a p i a r a , n o n e c e s i el l g ! t o uorouoHoft o6rqnnn o co6ntiax, rrEBapb 1919 r.
. .:

150

Li oBpeiiic}tl{lll{OlrlloLrapiaTOMrr0 Ilaqioua,ltbl{I'1}lA'liIaM OOBMIIOTHo


yHaBaHo' trro ((u
ilpeyBeJrrlqeEr{o
6rmo
B
Horopor{
uapiaroM,
Aame
f,lryxOnf Bo BpeMfr norpotra 6una nrrpbaana 6c.s eBpeiicltafl ullHO B o6oux o9o61qegiflx yMailqll3ailocb' frnl1 fIBI{JIcg
reriruregqip.
ycrporrreirerl cTot-I pt3Hu. Eo.tlburesuKlr COBBaJIIIB ilerporpaA'b
ynpauHt tl apltnu
ulrrr,Iurlr flporeor,t uporllB (ptsnl{ eBpeeB Ha
Iri_\ItaBriaBt> lr (rerlia,rrbHoe sacfAaHie flerporpagcKaro coBlbra.
Ilo rrplr aroM ontrrb yMorqaiu{ o iloBeAeHiI'I HpacHbrx Boitcrt B
ftryxoB'b r,r B Apyrflx IIyrlKTax, a roBopr{Jflr l,Icfi,nroqilTeirbrl0 f)
nOppOMaXe rifx COpOAax II ;1epeBgnx, IiOTOpbIe O6IJIII saIIfIrLI
' ' . flpaaJla' fioMllccapiar rlo
vHparrHr{aMrl, H:bMIIaMEII pyMr,rHaMrr>>
ItOMlIcCapiarOMslrc
eBpefiCHllM
naU,iOHaJIbHbIM
EtJIaM COBM60THO
padorarfi prrA M'bp 6ops6nr flporrlB IlorporloB, [ocraHoBrrB: Becrrl
lpoilaraHAy opeArr pa6oqux, ((yrrI4E{Tr'Ha[aop Ba arllTaqieit no1OB)), ilpeAJIOrfir{Tb ((Ito[[rcciII flaepmuncnalo>> (nnool8Acreiu
(tIEIiA)) 6oporrca ilporlilB IIoIpoMoB rt r'. u.1) Ho mr co6rutin rr
HE co6blrifl B HoBropoA-Cfsepcn'b He 6burll costtcrioii
lnyxont,
BiIaCTb1q;paaCy1tg,Onallbl,BIIIIOBHIIIiII He IIOHSCJIIInItHaKOfO HaliAilarrifl, lI Bceiuy aroMy <(DrII{iloAy))11e 6bulo' TI6BIIAI{M6My'[pI{AaIlo
ugfiaHoro Anaseuit{. }Ia atO paBHolyuie vriaS},lBaJlo0bTOrAa Ir
eapeftcrtoii ileqarl,I. Ha enpeiicnie o6rqecreeuHlle fipyrn co6urrirr
r Inyxon{; u HorropoA-C-bsepmif IIpoIIBBeJIII rorga orpoMnoo
BflesarrbHie. 9ro crtagtulocb. IlallpnMtp, Ha BactAaEiu coBfirit
Iliencnoi,i o6tqunm, r aupt.,rf 1918 rola, riorga IIoilyqI'uIoLlL l{orrecenie o HoBropoA-Ctsepcnou norpoM'b.
Ctnepo-rocroquble yta4u 9epullroucnofi r,v6.
Mlbcro, rgt ripacurtr Boiitcfia BLrcryIrl{JIIr, riari -vqacrHlrrill florpoIIo ot;16.trlllble' cJlyqaiiulre
NroB oqeIIb cepbeBHafo rapalirella.
1) B ro BpeMHn Cos'lircrioii Poccilt qapuJio noo6qe rpeBoffiHoenorpolras?lt1oe rragTpOenie. B paanr,rx I1OHIIaI PoCCin BCIIH;I{BaJIII OTAB;16HBI9
Hpecrbs'
naceneuieu,
ropoAcrull
Ir
rrorpo]rtl,
cclgltonie oltcqeccl;I
)'rquueaubre
ralru trJrIrcoJrAaranrr,no oHII IIe [pIIIlfiJM tuIIpoHI{x paeutpos. florpouu aa\[nucxyto, Bute6cnyro
xBarrrJrrl l'ot4a rrraBrlbru o6paootr Etropyccilo rr orqacrl Mouurencnyro 11'6., cntg, rrylllirr'r: ]tafgauol, PagaruHosrault,
Cro;rdqn, PaHon, Iopo4on, FiaeqIt, Boroxtru rI 1p. Ilporport [poIIBoIIreJr
rr B caMotr Bure6cHrb. B trIoruaencrtofi ry6. rofporlbl yqIIHeHN 6urt'r nonr,Enpeiicrie rlorpoubl rIpoIIaoIrIJItr
cHuuu .,rer.ioueparuu(<nepuoro ropnyco).
ir TaurHerrtt rr 6nnu yrInEeHIi Mtcrfir,rul't ((c1iIrraxrfie rr a Aalerioii Epapt
Ta!!trr) g p)rccr{r{ltu coJIAaTaMi{.

151

ilorpoMEbreoncqeccbl,HarrpaBJrelrqbre
rlport{B eBpeeBrrJlu (Fatrrrrqecnlr nocrryBrrriecfl
fi B npyflrx urborax, B
eBpeeB,rrpor4aomJrr{
taqayr:bt9t8 r. e Cuu$eponot;b orpngoM MarpocoB-6omnresnHon
vquxena 6nna yrxacuaa prbann cpe4r[ rutcruoi,l unrellrareuqilr
n 6yprnyaaira,ro Bpe\rn noropofi rocrpagaJrlr rJraBHbrM
o6paaoll
eBper,r.Orpflg <<clruQepouoJrbrleB))
nocrt Droro, r {enpant, npu6ur n O4eccy, 146 coe4r,rnrrJrcfl
c cortrcnrnrn Boitcnalnr rrorrri.
NI.vparr,ena,flopbrBarrobrr a4'bcr yqunlrrb raryro Ere ptsnro,
rro 6narogapx cryuafiuocru ropo4 ue6fr oroii yvacrul). Ha eac'hganirr}tpemenuyrcnofifopogcHoii [vuu, n aup{;l'I; 1918. rrpegcraBureJrbenp. o6nluubr cHaBaJr:<<HanpeuenqyrcnoMeBpeiicliom
rtla46nqt cs61fia errle MorrrJrat7 enpeen,anfpcHn paacrpfuinnrrbrx Ir r{crepaanrrbrxn fa;requn& (cr. 5;rua }tpeneuvyra) aa
<<ruuionaxt>>
B rroJrboyynparrucno-ntueqHofi apuiut2). Org*nr,Hbrrranrr{celrurcHis uponerenix 6nruanurt s uBfioropnx [p]rmx
nynfirax na Vnpauu'b, nnpoveu 6ea cepresnbrxpeaynr,raron. 'lari,
rranpuurFp,e EHarepr,ruocran:b,
n rionqt Mapra, orprrn <(auapxlroroB-MariclrMaJrr40ToB>,
cosMtcrno c r{pacuorBap[eiirlaMrd,
rreotfirrlaHrlo HarraJrna uoufqeuie enpeftcnrrx Apyfirr,rH,oxpaurrBurux
lopoA o'r nacurifi, u paaopy*urir rrx. [pylHlrnrr npuua[Jre]fiaJrr.r
espeficHuu coqianr,rcruqecnnurapriru u Coroay eBpeeB-BorlnoB.
llanas rra aganie, 116 HaxogllJracbnpy?fir{Ha <O6'eAunenuoit
eap. coqianncrrr.recfioiiuaprin>, orprrA orapbrJruo nefi crpfnrdy
lra ryneMeros rr aartM aa6pa;ropyurie; o4rru lra enpeiicHrrxApy?Kr{HHrrnoB
6rrr npu arolr v6rlr; HatralaBmienplruanrr,qro <(?*ilrlbr
-- norrp-peronnqioneprr u 6frorsapleiiuroa). t{ro n ps[ax
Hpacubrx softcn He Bce o6crosro 6rarouotyuHo B orHourexirr
anrr{oeMr{TrrBuanor(asbrBaer cn64yrcqifi {anr, o6napo4oraunui,i
(qeurp. opras c.-9. uapriu, MocHna,uafi t9t8 r.):
raa. <<Bnepeg>
Boennnrlr nolurccapiarou 6nuo uo&yqeuo or cBoero omtrcrrensaro rrncrpyr{ropaOouusa coo6qenie o (mpegareJrbctrou
noregenin
1) Cu. yuouaayrarrraarscru C. flro6u o6 ogecorot 6oesofi
npyiwru'b,
n apxus'b poganqiu.
3 ) f l p o r o r o n u l t p e r a e n s y r c r { o i ir o p o g o x o t I y } r b r , a a c t A .1 6 a n p6na 1918 (ronia a apxnst pe4axqiu).flo rexcry ptuR nrgro, qro opatop
cqsraer ato y6itcrao 4!nou pyr Hpacr*ry notcr, o4aaxouu nrrg! 6onsme
Ee EaEllE rrog'rBplftIeniao c;ryvaf s fafleulust.
t) rNaie Zait>>,or t2-ro aupttn 1918 r., rafirre or 9.ro arrptur 1916r,

162

B ltypcn6, crp'blnnureii s o'ro'rynaxlqilt


cBpeitcnoficaMoo6opoubD)
cos;brcnis soiicxa. KypcHiii Coe6r rt enpeficHiftnounccapiat n
lfocrts'b onpoBeprJrlrato coo6qenie, yHaaan,qro B ltypctt nonce
n.br cneqianruo-erpeiicxofrcauoo6oporlbr,a ecrb o6rqift orpflA IIo
xaoxpant ropoga, II rrro Bce coo6rqenierIocIIr <<uponoHaqionsuit
pantep>.1)
Hacrynr.mureeooHop&BpeueHnoesarurulre ts Boerrllr'lxn'bitctna Vripa<<rurtenqifi>>
ninx oc,na6nnoroo6rqe ocuoBy rrorpoMHhrx
qac'refi.
qacrHocrll
Autuce*rurB prr[ax 6o.'rr,urenlrcrcHux
r.ur;b,r
cnin uyncrBa aulx qacreii (cpegu rioropblx 6r,rnonnoro ran-Hal'
c.-p.t) cfiopo rIarIJIrI ce66 6ol6e MIIpHoenpuu6uenie. R
<<;r'Bnrtx
rrorpasurlublxnysftrax, rrplr rlepexogt lra Be"'runopoccinua Vrtparruy, rtrom {.918 r. crorlJrl[ nopAor{br6onsrueerlnoBr{ rlplr o6ucnax oco6etrxo crIJIbHonogBepraJrrrrpa6erny [accamr[poB-eBpeeB.
Cro 6rrno BpeMfirlaccoBoroorJrrrBa6laxyaain lt rntelrnrlresqirr
c c;BsepaHa ror, rJIaBHbIrlIo6paaou, Ha VHpar,luy, rA.b ntnqr,r
uacto
(voraHoBI{JII{trops[on)). llog nugorrr qucrltll <<6ypmyea>
rro[BepraJllrrpa6exy ulleurlo eBpeeB.
Vcrasosus rpautrqy MeffiAyPoccieii lr Vnpallnoii, u'bnnqncnopo
oraJurrlcrrrrlnbtMlrxosneBal\trrHpafl. Iepronavanblro ocraBuJll{B
un4t ruuptrlLrBilacrb Pagu, a iar'*lr illlpunr or6pocunlt, uoca4uJrll
reruaHa I{ BBa;Ir[{axtttveclttl tscroBJIacrbB cBorl pyHI{. Ilepiog
reruauorio-Hfneqriiit, r. e. uepiog or Matr Ao Itosqa i.918 rona
uepio4olr ilepexoAHIIM. floc;rt broro Hacrylaer Ho,lBJrrrercfl
II florpolIHbIx
nnri'r$aar.rce paarraritt noruruqecr{t{x riaral{JII'IBMoB
r:o6uriii ua VHpaun'b.
1) Cp.<Naie Zaitn J\i 84, or l5-ro uas 1918.

163

\'1lL
Ilpuananie n'l;rrqeu. Paurou Pagw,
fenrauurura. I'Itlrerlxan oxHynaqin. - (feEepairbcxaa peaxqia ua Vxparrut>.
H6uqu rr pecranpaqin.
Ities rr 6yp;+ryaauo-nrogapxurrec$afi xoxqeurparlix. floalrlis eBpeficroft 6yp;Hyaaiu. Iloxrrrqenie A. ,[o6paro. - Hacrpoenic enpeiicrioii nponnnqirr,
-- Pemllr rertragulr.rrrbr rr enpeiicnax o6ulecruennocrr,. -- Jlurirrr;1ar1ilrrraqionarr,nux aauoenauil'i; orpaunvcuifl B npaBax. Iloxoit du etspeeRr o0rlruq. [pecc6. *
Vrpalrxcfiarr iicrroriparia rr enpen; Vnp. Haqiouaurno-[ep*iasubrfi Coroir. * Oruomeriio ylrpaltronoii .ntnofi upecc6y.d;qrrrrurrcrparoprr ua
ntcrax. * Agrltcermtcrifi noagnauitr n'b,rreqnarouolran4onauirr
xa Vnpatrut. - (EBpe[ caMbre3roBpcArrne a-rtrraropu upornu
ntluen>.
ll;[pr,r nporuB eBpeeB.
Htrrqr,r rr espoficHic
rtorporrbr.
28-ro anptnfl H6ilrtaurr rrpclulBeilen 5rr;r ui-r VripauHt looy,qap(.1rBegHbri,inepeBopor.
Paga 6n;ra paaoftraHa, pecqr6JrunalJoxoe
MtrllrrorepcrBo
rrocJrbAHtro

yrrpasAfieHo.

feuepa;r

reTMaHa l'Hpar,rnrr

qapcKoii

r.r 6rrsuift

<BiJrbrnrx HoBaHoB)), [I. Cnoponagcnirl,

cJry?H6hr, noroM0ti

HeAaBHii,i opralrrr3arop

craJr rrpr,r noAAepE{ri.b }r6M-

r{eBferMauoM yfipaurrcxoii Aepr(aBbr. Butcrt c a?trrr ycr{.jnrBaeTcRfi Biracrb H'FMqets,


riati $arirurrecrrrrxoHriy[arrroB cTpaHril.
Ilepiog ceutr c rroJroBriuoiilrtcaqen rermarrqtrHrr r rr.bnreqxoii
L}HIiY[AqiII

flBJIflETCfl

CPABIIIITEJIb}IO

CATTbIM CrIOKOftHI,III B CilIbICJI'b

lrorpoMHbrx nrrcryuterriit.
o6tncnrie,rcrr 0T0, paHbure Bcero, T:bMr,r
cTpou{Mrr nop"sAKar\ru,HoTopbreutlrqlr Boo6IIIe cTapa.rrr{cE,
vcraHoBlrrrr, a rJraBHoe-orcyrcrnierr
tsoeHHbrx ;1.biicrniii. B oro
Bperrfi 5u",ro "rurItnrrAr4poBaHo
npe?nHee naqioHa.nrHo-yHpar4Hcnoc
Boi,icno lr <<Bilrse Hoaa4TBo)l ocra;-rocb ro.n6r{o storto.:nrio ynpa-

rlHcnux uoill{oB, nrpaBlrltlx por'rb reTllaH0noii r'tsap[ill, a TaK?6e


(Aep?$aBHa Bapra)), r. e., rooy[apcrBeunatr MI.{JIIlqifi[JIn oxpaubl.
Ognano, [ax{e u oror uepiog Barl'Irubt{ rarioBblM fiBJIflercfl ToJlbrio
Hllrr norpoMoB rra Vnpaunt slr Ha olny MtloruocrrreJrbllo.
uyry ut;rlrnol\I He o6pnraercn.
Bannro.nrB [rl{p c ntnrlaiun, Vripauua opaBy trolaJla u op6lrrl'
Hfueqxaro ulrnepian1ranaa. flpegcranurem Pa4ur r Epecr:b catrtl'r
He rrpegBr.r[tru orpounbrx II olacnblx uocxtgcrrii'i otoro uara
gnr cy4r6u peso;rroqir !I Hpafi. flonorneuie yftpal{Hcfiaro rrpaBtlreJrbcrBa 6r,rno H MoMelrry uoguncauin AQroBopa [;Bficrsllteflsrlo
rslr{eJroe. flpanltrenrcrno u Paga cugb.rru BaIreprbIMI{r }Itr'rrouipt,
rre uu'[s softcn: Ba HITMTInocnf[oeana JITIilL ropcrorlfia ynpar{Hcrr4x coJrlar - Boelro 2.000 'IeiloetH. <<lfonomenie 6rmo 6easbrrloropr,rK perolroqiu na VHpaltu;b. <<flonroccc,
xo4rroe),
I( FepnltueBy rro[cryl]anlr 6oll6onureBlrrilr.
r Porat, 6r,rmr
rresucrcnis softcna ue ltasaruua-(Dacrosa, a H ltopocrnllreBy * I{3
A H romy-me, Ao6asfirer oH, <<rocrr0[crBylou{arl[eMonpaKiesu.
ris> Eturouipa rctp6runa [eurparlbny]o Pagy u rpaBtrrerbcrBo
oqerrb nenpuefrnnBo, I{aMefiafl I{a ro, 'Iro6bl oun y6panllcb r13
ropo[a. Torga Pa4a o6patrlJlacb H H6urlan c npocr6oft flpelocraorptrIIIaI railuqau-c:l]qeBrlnor u
BETL, [Jrrr noMorqlr yrpanncnie
csoprunporaultble B repMalrcltux Jlarepfl x orps[br soeHso[nlbuubrxy$pa11grleB. Ho ntuqu npe[Jlo]fiegie Orseprnrl fi sDItCro arOro
csofi nnau*noMoqb n rbu e qn lr uu peryJlsprbrul4 BoiiBbrABr{HyJIrI
6rrnu ABgIIyrbI me;rtaHeMeAJIensO
cnaMrr, Pala cOrlaol{Jlacb-n
BTOpr.fiIIcb
cTpeMI{reJIbI{O
fiOTOpbIe
Ancrpir,r,
u
fepnaniu
lrbre rroJrlwl
gn6-rpu
ee
or 6o''tsoqucrfiilId
ueg6.'rn
r
s rrye4tnrr crpaubl,
VHpanncrall
rrreBrrr(oB r{ craJIII rBep[ofi HoroI"I na Vnpaun;b.
Mlrpna-fl 4eneraqix n Bpectt nocnt nprlrJlaueuin utnrqer o6paruJracb c noaanalrieu <<Itn6uerlnoMy HapoAy)). fonopa o noxogt
SonrureelrnoB Ha Vxpauuv, [eneraqis [I{caJIa o HI'Ix: <<Bparuaurel:i ceo6oAbrBroprcfi B Ham pognoft xpaft, uto6rr CIIOBa'naH 251r
roga roMy saBaA, orueM rr Meqeu uopa6oruts yHpanucrdfi Hapo1))'
<<Boroft rnffieJloii 6opr6B Ba Hatrre cylqecrBoBauie ur'r IruIeM noMorr$d. Mu rny6oxo n:bpun, qro nn6sqiii cuonoftcrrie u nopngort
n6uerrHit Hapog He ocranercfl paBHoAymIrbIM, norla yBuaer o
H;bmeqHoe roftoHo, fioropoe crollr
namefi rmoctnofi cygr6t.
He[piflTeJlfl
cfnepnaro
,. r'ru'Eer cu;ry, uro6r,r uogoqb
saluero
c6ony
Lo0

lrart ti cBouM 8[rtualeJlbctBoM oxpaHr,rl.bHarrr]I c,bBepHLlfir.palrur{hr or [a,rrbH:bfiruaro


Brop]nenix nparul).
Tan npouaorruronpo'aBanieutuqer. coqiarrcru.recxie y*panlrqtlr onn BarrJrarrrJrrr
criie gtrTear{ cHopo norrflJrr4,
Ba ary rroMotrIb,
r{o nArrr rrasa4 6r,r;rouoa4no. VHpauua 6rrla yme sceqfro no11
Firacrbro ntrueqnoii soeHuofi ofinynaqiu. paga It yxpalrucnir
coqianrrcruqecnis napriu on&BaJrrrcb
B poJrrr ((Hecyqrrx ulreiitir
reFrepa"lrbcnoii
peanqiu ua vnpanu&)), Han lluruer BlrHnirqeHHo.
Ilpae;a, (<rogp&rr
corjrarrraJrcrr,
urodr,r urnefi{ orot 6nr.lr?fieJIToG;rartrrriraroqnbra> (rxenro-rony6oi.i,uaqiouarmnuit
{nar vxpauHr'r),-- Htr'lqrr npr{HpHBaJrrr
Ery orrHyna4ircmr{pMa}rrr<<camocrifirrocrrr lirpaunnu.
Ho una Hylr{Ha 6r,rna crpaHa BaMr4peHHafr
r.r
rroc.il)rurrafi,npeo40atBrlajr peBonroqixr,a EarrrJrr{oHr{ crpaHy,
rroJrrryn peaonrcqiouubrxcrpacrefi, lr ao rnas6 ynpanneuia _
Cy4r.rpyroulianaqioua.nruo-coqiarlrcrr,r.recxis
naprirr ri pngrrr"""_
rrljre opraHbr BJlacl'tl. TOrga rprrmeir ufueqnift nefirenasr rra
aactgaxie Pa4rr, 28-ro a'p'[nfl, rI paaorr{aJree, ntcxonrnnx y^pallrlcnllx Ml{IurcrpoBapecroBaJl,- rr arrrM J[InBrrArrpoBanqrbnuii
rrepio4 ynpanncxoii penonroqir, norsnrii aaxBarbrBaroqeii6opr6rr
rr ilpeHpacHbr-x
Ha[eEr[.
Hacrynnnuiii uocr6 0roro pe*ilr* .EBtrrJrcrr
pe,,i'u\ro*{arirrnnecrioii pecranpaqiu, no4 uaqiouajrbubru[enopyMom rerMaHrqurrhr.
Pecraepaqirr B [epBoe BpeMff rre rlporrB,,rsJracb
croJrr, o*rp'rro,
oco6euno s o6nacru uaqionanruor-r,Ho r o6nacrlr nonzrlr.recrtoit
rr oco6enso coqianrxoii ,nunnraAaqigaasoepagiftpenonroqiu mna
6o;rte ornpoBe'rro. Bcnopf noc,r6 cBoeronprlxo[a rJraBHoHoMaH;1yrcqiii utueqruura soitcliaMn Ha VHpar,rurb,rer. Ofixropn,
risAaJrrrprrHaBo6 06saareJrr,r{oM
aac6s:Fuonefi u ouast xu66a
ntuqau <rro cxo[rrbru qfuam>. B opegnnt mas 6rrnu r{Bfiaubr
<<Bpeueuurrfi
rrpaBr{Jra
o aeMeJrb'blxltomnccisx>,B nor{x ,,ptrHa'blBairocbGepEyrb r.nagfnrqau ux xoasftcrean uo6y4nrs sacexesie
ri go6pononbsoMynoaepaqenimoro6panuarogo6palr noautqenin
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n qerrrpoM 66urennoit cuenynarlir.
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lrfprr BoocranoBJlenis Pcccificnoit lzluuepir,r e ctapblx lpaHlrrtrax,
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n Co{iiicxou
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o6paaonaaureMcff B }tiest e Mat 1918 r. c qtlr'Io o6'e4unenin
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pyccnofi rrnoJrbr, no nMfsureu g6iictentenr'nofi aagauefi 6opl6v
sa <<negtnnnryroPocciro)) rI uporlrB yfipalrllclraro 46na n xpa*.
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or KaAeroB Ao napoAHblx coqianncroB, BxoI{ITJII,IAarlie nibrioro'
prra orgtnbHr,rfi JIIrqa I{B cpeALI flpaBblx c.-p.-oB rI (Meur,IileBIIT(OB)).

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JrcraHoBrrrb
rrop.fl[on' ona nnonn:b coqyBcrBoBafia. 3ro nonegenieenpeiicxoii
6ypamyaain r{a'aJrocb yfipar{HcnoMy naceneqiro
"urr"r"uroolrr*n.
ljxoxgenie B cocraB rrepBaro rer*alrcliaro Ha6nsera
fipyn'aro
oAecexaro{nnaucucra-eBpeflc. lyruuna Hojlojrorjrasa ynpaunqaM,
xors C. lyrunH nprrHr4Majrgtnrenruoe yuacrie e nuner,rfiardu
eepeficHnxnauionanrubrx BaBoeBanifiu B rrepByroroJroBynaqio_
rrairr'rro-fiepconanluoiiasroHoMiu. Eule 60rfe pasgpaffiaroqee
rne'rarrtnie Ha yfipafincnie ripyrr{ ilpor4sBoAlrJra
g.brrensnocrr,
ilpyroro Kpyruaro 6annupa-enpen,A. ,{o6paro, e }tiee6, xoroparo ynpar{ncxir?rrcropr{KHaabrBaer<<upanoft
pyxoii utmqea n ux
alrrurocyAapcrBefirrbrx
aaMbr0Jrax)).
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upu6trnyn n rroMorqrropranr.raaqiu<coros BiasoneHuqvnpaiuu>,
noroparr raiino (<rroxr{rr{jra)>
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u;Elreqnlrx B0eHHo_
il0iIeBI'Ix cyflOB.
EnpeftcHoe nace;resie B rreJrrirri 'opo;Iax u y.EeAax orr{cJr.crr
ri q'bmqau r{e rari Bocrop}r{eHno, rian 6ypmyaain }ipvnrrhrx ropo_
iloB, Iro e o6lqel,l 4ourbpunno, oco6en'o e neprr,rii nepiog. paurure
1) O noxrtqeuitt arofi rrarliouanrtctrrrtccfioit
ylipruriclioli r.rprarnrtaqieii
j{rl6paro c[r. rr]rrepBr,roc ]rrrll r'] <<Naie Zait>
or 6-ro r.r?-ro,lias iglg r. B
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[o6paro.
lJa cHausrbrroAcyltur\rrrxcrrg6;ro rrterio.rrro DrrAfir-rxnpeAcraBurejreii
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cyAlr;r rrx
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}.rrparlqcr{rrx g;Bxretell
orpouuoe paogpameuie flporrlB u'bilrqea. pirxoruerolr pao4pai+reirie
uepeilecefio 6lrno lt ira eBppeB, Tati riari npuqrruofi rroBopsaro npo4eccR
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BCro Ha H',bMr{eBcl{orptJll{, riaH Ha lrllotlHyro BauI',ITy {ir aHapxirr u ilorpollllblx anctleccoB. llo ripoltt r0ro: npII nfrrqax orBoBltoll{Hocru il.irfi ToproBJllr n cttenynRqitt.
ripr,rBaJrncb6oitrrrir
FIe o6xopt.;rocb rrplt arorl rI 6ce 6esranrHblr l[ar-oB, rior4a ntmqr,r
(oco6enuo B qacru. t)Iir{vnl'IpoBannoii ascrpiiicnuuu noi'iicnauu)
lrcrroJrbaoBbrBailI{cb s qtntrs nail\Irrbl cueHy"lnqin. Bnnu rarixtc
nflteqliin xaparenbubrn anccJryqarr, Horla eBpeII conpoBo?fiAa"tur
ueguqilr B [epeBrlrl, oco6enno n Ilogonr,cnofi ry6epninl). Ho cHopo r enpeficnoll Mtcre.In'b uaqlrllaer rr-vBLrrBoBarbct{oxuantgeuie
C oAsoii cropollbl __ rryr,.ir1r ilpIrBHafiIl HacamgaeMoii
rt ntuqalr.
rtnnr peanqirl, rITraJa t,Ix ?Hecroltafl IIoJTIITIII'IaB AepeBH'b,nrt3uB&Brrlafl noec'ranie fipecrbtrll, Spocarurtrxc-a panbure Bcero McrI{Tb
enpeiicHouy mtcreurty, c gpyroii - u6uqnr caMll, Rari Mbr yBIIAInI'
rrpoflBirJrr oflpeAexelllrblfl allrllcerrutcxin fiaxJrolrsocru tr u png'b
:utcr crann upec;r*goeatb eBpeeB. Er,r"trI'rc,lyqall' HorAa oHIr rlopo.rrrr eBpeee, nlio6r,r Ba <(cileltyfisr{iro>>,u cfiyqarl fiapareflbllbrx
<<noge:bunrraniib>u ncrneauifi2). V enpeiicnaro o6usareJln Hilcryfiaer paaoqapoBanie rt gante paa4paxenie nporIIB n*mqee.
Oruoruenie opraruraonaunoiii erpeiicnoii o5tqectncnlrocrll,
no;rr{rlrqecfinx gtnrenefi rt EenoHpargqecnux odquu H peH$IMy
rerrraurqrrnr,r n n;bmeqnof,r onxynaqiu 6rrno c ca[laro Haqafia orpl{rl,arefiLnoe. O6qan peanqin, HaIi ll'ro Bcerga Sunaer, IIeMeAJIeHEo
orocBairacb ita eupeiicHolt eonpoct. flpaaa, go6nrr,rx erpeiicnuu
naceaenieu n npournnit uepiog, fipaBa, c ]toropblul{ 6rrro cexeano
cro,nblio Ha[e?fig, 6rrml renepr, JIIITiBII[trpoBaHLI. 9-ro ironn orn'brerr natoH o saqionairbHo-flepcosanr,uofi antouolritI,
6ulo vnpaa[He]Io enpeiicxoe ilIllHrlcrcpcrBo, ltoropoe ytie c Mol{ellTa
cyqecrBoBanie3). Sattrn 6t'r;r
noqapenin ferNlal{a Biraqluro Hia.ilt']ioe
1) Cn, C. lonr,ge;rr,rrau,<Tn Goles bei tli lrl<rainer>, B'Bua, 1921 r.' crp- 4'?.
3) Cp., uanprrrrbp, onucatrir: l'I. It.rrtrsosa o M;bcre'rrttbloaosaReecn'h,
llorOp;ti:tnt'Wo<fn der Tl<ufe vun RervOluzierr>,
I'[OgO,rr,CXOii
ry6., n r:6t-ilrHttii'l;
(ua
na.),
enp.
Eep;tuti.
!-erlag>
Literarischor
n
lrB[.
<Jiid.
Itnr
r) flocn;l; Br,rxo,1aii orcraBxy M. Snnr6eptltap6a nocr Pnpeiicltaro ltililncrpa H'Fxotopoe Bpe\Irr ocraBancn neaautuleunrrnr; noo:r'l; rll)nxoga Irbuqen
riopornoe Bpeurr nocr aror BaHItMa;r npeAcraBllTe,rr, <\:olksparteil B' ilaq'
riifr, xotoparo rloAgep**IBantt enpelicnin ;r'l;euta iraptitl. B xaqarl; rerMaIIcriato rocnogcrea B. ilarlriiii RrIIIIeT B ororaBliy. Ilocr ;lnpetitopa ;IeuapTaMeIITao6rqrtx;1'bn aautt*tar It [I]IHllcl'epcri:'i;.eqe c lioHrla 1917 r., ]I.
rtttHrtct'epetnH.
lepne.ls. n.'oropltltocran:r.'1r'H;1.r.tltt{BtIAal{irt

169

coBAaHpfijl orpaHlrrreHiijifliln eBpeficHa_ro


o6qrrHHar0 crporrTeJrbcrBal). B nparrurax ((o BpeMeHHoM
rocyl{apcrBer{HoM
ycrpoiicru.h
ynparlxcnofr l{epffiatsbD)vcrauaB.;nrBa.rro0b,
qro <(flepBerrcrByronlar]
r Vrpaurrcroft fdepxraaf ecrr ntpa xpiacriancras, rpaBocJraBrrarr);
He-[paBocJraBHLrM
rrpegocraB
JrerroroJrbrio<<ceo
6o;1rro
e ornp anneuie
lrx stprr n 6orocnyxlenis>. Bcnopt Haqnr{arorcrrorpauuvenia
rr B rpalKAar{cfir.IxupaBax; eBperrMBaKpr,rTAocTyrI Ha rocyAapcrBerruyroc;ryxr6ye).Erpeu rprrBireriarorcrr
H vrrirart Hourpn6vrliu.
uanaraeuoffHa AepeBnrr
yuacrie B'alpapHbrx6eanopagnax)),
<<aa
xo:ra erpeficrroeuace.qenie,paayufetcrr, Htrrnaroroyuacrin B Kpecrb,sllcnrlx norneni.ax He rrpr,rsrrMaJro;
nprr aroM eBper.ro6nararorcn
Bo muoro pae Br,mreneenpertcnaronacenenin. TaH 6rr.tro,Harrpr,rm'Fp,n O6yxon'b,Itiescfioft ry6., r4,L ua M:bcre.{}io
6rrla r{aJro*reua
uonrpr,l6ylin n paau;bprbcebrure2 ururnionon py6leii n aoam*qerrie sa noueceurrbreuontulnrtonr y6r,rrxlr (nplr orou Ha AoJrro
enpeitcnoficerrbrrupr{ruJocbB cpeAHerrorio.ro2.000py6., a fipecrbflucnofi-400)3).
Taxnre o6loxreuo 6nrno nourpn6yqieit erpeiicnoe HaceJrenien. Jlmgeunonn, ((AJrfinoautuleuin y6nnior, norreceunll\ ofipecrubruunourbrquriaturB rrepexogHoeBpella>).((Horr'r'plr6y4ia BBbrcnrrBaJracb
c cypoBocrbronenlrvairrreib>a).Ana;rornqllbre {aHrr,r umbnu ufcro r.re pngt Ap_vruxnyHHroB.
B o{r{uqialrnoft rr o{{ruqioanoi,i npecct BeJracbqacro atlrr{ceurrrcriaflaruraqin. OcoSermoorirrrqaJracbrae. <<BigpoAi:rieunrr)),
o(p{uqioa Boer{HaroMr.rnrrcrepcrBa.B nouqt Mafi raoera Brncr_ynEJra c cepiefi crareii o naqioxanbHr,rxtrenbrrrr.rHcrBax,
ilpflqeu
oOpaBoMo6pvruluracbr{a eBpeeB.<<SHcnanclrsrrbre,
[oJlT"""=r
t) B ntxoropbrx ropoAax 6srar.rapecroranl,r npegctAareJrn o6qnH (lopognrqe, Crapo-Cnnaaa), e gpyurx Barrpetqerr,raac:bgania o6qlrx (fllrno.rit,
(DenrruruR), r{irrr Bar{pLrrbrr{x $arrqenflpill (florpe6nnle). Crr. <Die jidische
Autonomie un der Nationaler Sekretariat in Ukrainer (enp.), ttien 1920,
crp. 218 r gp.
1) Tax, naupulr:l;p, n Onpyv:b, Bo;rmllclioit r.y6., 6r,rnrroryirefi ua }flnronipa
raiirnii
rpnnas xe 6parr eBpeea Ha rocyAapcrBerru)-b ctym6y, a pante
rrpr.rnfirbrx
rrocreneEnoyBoJrErrETb,
Ctr. apxnn peganqilr (lglg r.), J(orrnal{
A. lurlepcoxa o6 Orpyut.
s) Apxua KiescHolt enp. o 6rquxbr,
AorirraAuaaBanr{cnacon:bra o6rr{lrnbr rra ri[rrr Mnur{erpa Bsyrpernnx g'b:r, or 27-ro aBrycra 1918 r., tarxe
gpyrio uarepiansr o nacu.'risx HaA enpesMu npn rerman;b, en6;14rin o6
O6yroat.
') Tarr-aie.

161)

81.1?$Irhre,
EtanHbre, c ,{I{xopaAoq}Iblul{ pyfia}Il{ r,1riraSaMII)), (HapoA,
It0roAy BbrBbrBarorqifi nporlrs ce6s geuarrlcTb)), fiiaffiiloMy BJracrr)
nuyqeMy BalJrn[LrBanrqiii n rJraBa)>-* rarrona xapanreprrcrltr{a
eBpen, Horopylo Aaer r.asera. <<Bltieu"b eBper{ 6arnrr neprwuu r
pynoBollcrBf soacrauienr 6o;rruresprrioBr{ B rrapruaaHcnoff softH'ii.
floerouy Bro6a uporlrnuoii cropoHbr rr o6pyurlrlacb rJraBnbrrlr
o6paaolr rra r{x roJroBy; HeuaBr{crb }i rrtrM crparuHo BoapocJra,r,rx
paactptnuna;rfi
deanoulagno, JlaE{e coqiamtcrlr.recHie oJreMesrbr
BapaBrrJrrrcbaHTtrceMr.rrHBMoM>.
<<'fau, rgt crpotrrcs yrparlucrarr
rocyAapcrBeHHocTb, -- TaM eBpeeB, fiali aHTlrBHtrx pa6ornr,rxoe,
ntrl
rau-xre, rg* ona paspyuaercrr, --- raM eBper{ pa6oraror
oqeHb ycepAHo... onlr Ao.rr?$rrbr
craTb coBeprueHHoHeitTparbHbrtrr,l,
ne eM:btrrr.rearl,crrB amauclruaqirc yxpar{Hcnaro Hapoga; ec.rurane oHrr ariTuBlro EbrcTylaloT rrpoTltB,
oHII IIox(gyT
To, qro noc:bs"trur>. <<Enpeu, --- aal{auqllBaer crarbg, - S51;1s
IIa cTopoH'b rloJr.flrtoB,HOrAa lrrr c [oc;r:bArrI,IMI{ BoeBaJrlr,I{ Ba aTo
rrJrJrl<)Aoporo floni]arrlJrrlcb. llcropin Aaer orouy 6uecrnqia
ctpaqira.
Tenepr VHpalrua dopercn c Mocxorullrnoii, u espeficrBo crroBa reperxJro B Jrarepb rralrr,rx BparoB. Saunatnr
ouo ]r
ea ato>>1)... B rarioM flBao vfpor*iarorleu ronf rurcana oi[r{rrqiogHafl rrpecca. Ha vripauucliolr rinr{fiurou pr,rnH;b craJrr,rornpbrro
rroflBJrrrrbc.flaurr{ce}.rrrrcltin rratrauin, npogf BbrnyilIenuoii ue4areJrbortsolr <<Haqiona.rsur,rr,lflpanop> 6pourroprr <<Han,{rr{ir yripar{HcHiit xapog)>, rgt xocraercn <(MocriaJrflM))
rr ((irffxaM)>rt rg6 cueuitrnrnufi resrlc o eBpenx uracr{T: <<}Itngr,rBcerga 6r,r.nrr rtaurnun
Bparaurr, rr rprr riarfiAou cJryqx'6 ofilr ilpeAanr rraur\r {epmaa-.v>.
flogsniulcb rar.i?Iie "-rv5or{rtarRfiaprr{I{br o ro}r, Hafi (<Maxcrrn
Savrisusri ra corHlri IsaH fonra BBF,rrrr
Vuanr i rarlnalraxu cBr{qeInIMTI Ho?fianrlrnrrpiau.lr ecix xnlin ra Jsxis)).
Ho ropaago 6o;rte crrmrrroMarr{rrrr}rnr,.rtM MHtHie cy6clrgr,rpyeuoft oiftplrqioanoii raaerr,r, rrJrrr cnyuaftnru 6pourrop, 6ruro
o r s o u r e n i e y H p a r r H c r i o f i 4 e l r o H p a r i u x e B p e i A c n o u yB o n p o c l r .
r{peanrrvafiHo xaparirepubrr\[ B arou cubrcJrF flsnserca ornouenie
o6paeonanurarocn s r\rat VHpauncnaro Haqionanruo-fiepxanuaro Corcaa. flognie. n anrycr:b, nocnt ufxoroparo
uau;bneni4
oBoero cocraBa, oH 5r,ur nepelrMexoBaH n Haqioxalrunft
Corca;
1) He lrrutx no[ pyfiori raa. (BiApoErr(eEsED,
qnrnpyeM rro raa. <,Naie
Zaitt, or 1-ro iross 1918 r., rtr! crarbn notnr qtnRxoM trpnBoAtrrca.
-trtt.
lorpomr,rna Yrpauu.b11r17

7l

161

(lgni,l tt,rgttn,iLr tror6p'l; tgltJ uoac'rarti+'rpt,t'rtrr I'fl'rstaHit!


l)'I'oT-T0
llar\ioHallrto-,{epntaBllr'tii
lt" tr.B eIo cpcAln Bhrllfilit l(npeittopirr.
(c.-t[.-tt>),
<<cotlia;rnctrw-caMocriiiHl'lnll))'
Coroa, riy4a BxoI{rIJnr
- x;r'b6opo6ar>>,<<Paganie.,r'baroAopo]fiI{afl lI roqroro<<
[enoriparrr
'r'elerpaduan)),ilplr cBoet\Iocttonaltitr, B Nla'b1918, o6parlrilcrl c 06urlrplrbrrr soeasagielr <li rt'l;rteqtioNl,vHapoAv,) (Taliifi soaasaHin
6rmlrrorga u nog'b) o to..,ronienit'rVnpartrtu. ll a'rou sossnauirr
MerriA)' rrpoqnM rotsoprl,roLrt,: <<Enper:icriiiiuapo4, 6ypmyaain rioroparo vxte rl'bnr,triotr accrll\(It"lllpoBaJIacItuo t{3IJri.v o pycc}il'rM.
errAr,rr n orgtnettitt Vnpat'tHrr reppuroltiairbr{oP r:ortpaulenie
cruoeii ToproBo-llpo*tttu.,teunoit 1'I;nre;ruuocrll, a B ttatliorra;rr,norryJrbrl,pnoilr noaporxgeuirl lIipalJHcnaro Npecl'bflHI'IHa BI'InIl'l'
l1pr{luy() Yrpo3y cBoeMy noromettilo AatsHflro roproBafo I1orrapi;1 IIpafI.Ie (ntaxtger) eAr{I{oi
cpeAflnrra. il(lrgirorrtiii
lleuaruql )rHpaI'IlIPocii i ueuaurrnr.rrb car'tocriiiriocrs>.
((BI,tilur
t',soe cnaceltie
It
IroJIrIIitl
pyccriie
criift napoil, eBpen,
q
T
0
6
h
l
yHpalrIIcniii ila1io;1 lIoccopI{Tb o
T O i l b l i O B T O l \,I
flpegctanltteirll o'f
utlreurirru>> (uo4vepHrlyro B nog;runttttrit).
eBpeeB r'I pyoclillx a Pag'i' paBiIyBa.llI scnHic rleBIIatIIITeJIbHr,Ie
rrpocr-yfifiIt n'l;ueqriaro Boi{cna, 11 ((cllcreuar}Ir{ecfill II coSllaTe;rbno rrpoBourpoBaJrI{ yrpaurtcrio-uifiueqriin o't'nourenifl>, a (]
qro
Ipyroii cropoHbr -- rIo[roBapllBaJIII yHparlncrtux lipecrbtlu'
<<Pai1ailpogaJra Vnpatruv utltqalt, qro rtlbmqr,r IIllrIIIrJrl'I c q'bnr'ro
Bepiryrb Ben;rlo troulbtqtrtiau>>1).Tali. tl curl'b lBlraro [ouoca.
rucair (,lorr:1,o6paqalcr' ti n'bMetltiouY llapo4y, a c I'bt:icmnre'rr'Irocrrr r onnyuaqionnoii BJ-Iacru, rlprlllo yfiaabrBan lla (MeHblrI{HorBa>, Har{ }Ia BIIHoBTI;Ixa 66gcreiax VripanHr,r. 3r'or gonoc 6rut
oco6ertro o6rrgen B vcrax npegcraBl,Ireneii ynparurcrtoii 4emonpatiu.
Korna u'bmeqriiii ;Iei&reuarlr Borue.n28-ro aupt;rt{ B sail aactgaHirr
Palor. arro66r palornarb ee, lla rpuSyn'b crot{x locn'btrprii,i oparo}}
Pa4w - npegcraBtrre;rr erpeiicnoii uapritr (ljynga), l{' Pa{ec, Ha VnpauH4;
lr [prrBhrBair <<pa6outrr sc'bx naqionanlnocteit
Pecuv6JrI'IKII
or
rl3.{r{{{lrb cyBepeunocrr' }'-tipaltucrioi'r Hapognoii
ntllerlriaro raunepiannaMa)). . .e)
IIparga, B BTo-fiieBperlfl e il'ltnblx yfipalrncriilx ltpyrax' llalrbllre
XOlnTariilrc 0nr-rolrHblxn 6opr'6t c iro;1'IuentlliaMll TIo,irbBoB&TI'Ctr
1)f[. Xpuctton,qnr. coq.??. Ill, crp. 6G-67.
,) {nr. ero c.nonano ria. II. Xpnctroxa, t. II, ctp. 1713.
162

turl,rrt aItl'{.rueMlrrLrrir{[Ir.1
apl'y$reHTaMu,.Tau.6qaerorrFiari riy4r,o o,t,peanreuic. T'art, en\e n uocrrfgniii nepio;l paIrr raaera ilpaBi,rre,,rbr:rseunoii uaprin (ynp. c.-p.) <<llopollSar> tshrcryrrr,r,rac p,Elrn_
tenr,nor? cranleft [porrlB rrorporroB - <<FIa4oocrauoBi,rrbcR>>.<<He
ltibcrax, __ r'oBopllJra ra3era, - rte rroufriru. qro oBnaqaer <<TBepJIafi BiracTr,)>,H liOTOIlOiinpannre;rr,cTBo cTpeDrirTcri. 'Ialr gy*rarcr.
qro arO OsHarraer<<6r,lrrrr p'l;earu. rr ary rBepl{yrl) BJracrb par,rbrrc
Bcero llclrr,Ira,irrl lra ce6'b enpeiicxig r4,nr,lrrrr>.<<Heygunr,ireJrbl{o,
--rlpolo;:rlHaer raBera, - qro opraHr,t rtx eepei,icnlrx rrapriii rr HpyroB' rioropbre BcerAa rrrJrrrc lrailrrr pvna o6 pyri1, Haqr,rHarororJrglbrBarbcrr r{a Hac c uegouGpieu. 'l-an ganr'me rrArrr He }ro?rier)). (T.ir,
or r{oro ETo SaEIrcI{T'AoJIlliHI'rrIeMeAJreHHo,
Ire orHJaAbIBatI! ocraHOBrrrb ((oxory)), IraqaBrxyrccr{ B upoBr,rEqirr na eepeiicr-ioe uace"rienie>1). B ma.b, iiolAa rraqailrrcb paeroBopbr oii oru*n6 Banorra o
rraqiorra;bHoii aBTolroMiu,c ropRueir crarr,eii ts 3arrlrrr] lrrlTcpecoB
(MeHbrrrrrHcr8) Br,rcryrul;ra <<Hosa Pagu - oprarr naprirr ((c.-6.),
qbfl uoAilrrcb crorrira rrog
Aonocolr u'blrequoMv HapoAy na enpefi_
(riyto rlrrrprrrv. <HaqioHa.rrbHoc
panuonllanie, - nllcaJroprarr crol-l
uap'riu, *-- 6lr;lo oAnrrrr 1rBcarrbrx ripacr,rBbrxeasoeeauifi peeo;noqin
tta Vxpauut>.
<<Xorna {enr,pamnoft pagt n 6rrearr.r n,bnoroprrn
negopasyu'buin MelHAy ylipar4r{cr{r{Mrr uapriavlr rr rari HaBbrBaeMr'rMrr(<Merr!,[rr,rHcrBalrrr)),
Ho yripa],rHcriiii peoonrcqionur,rii napnaMeHTo CaMaroHaqaila rBepAo craJr Ha iloqBy naqiona,rruaro paBuoupaniR>. faeera Br,rpa.fiiaer uoarolry yntpeunocu,, ..rro uarlioHaJrr,HbrrrMr{rrrrcrepcrBaBHoBr, roapo4arcnz).,yapanreprrrJ
orrr
rtore6asin B lariolr cepr,eauoMnonpoc.b, nan enpeiicxiii, v ora,I;rcrBeHHLr-\ \'ripar{Hcrirlx opraHoB Ha llp0TfEtenirr ctoll, }rotlorliaro
nepio4a.
Bnpo'lem, Br'r oprarrbr rreqarrr rr cronuli' aa lrrrMr{ naprir,r fin;'.t
rellepb ue yBiracrrr. ltsJracr[ npr{ruJrr'rRpyrin crr.]Thr-rr c eDperrMrr
3aroBopllirr{ ooBeprrreHlloHOBbIMflSblrio}r. oco6eurr0 orr{lloBe}rr{o
oro g'Ena;rocb B rrpoBr.rnqig. <<Saxnm.reuiec;itgc,rneuuoii iiourrccirr
rto 1t"-iv o rorpoMax n iKlrtonript>, e nueapihu mapr6 lglg r.,4tnan
o 5eop r p eArnecrBosaslreit co6r,rrisr,l ouoxt, coo6qaer', .rro ((BoflbrHcniit ry6epncHifi crapocra (r. e. flaqarrbruln ry6epnirr), C. B. Au4po,
lrprfJracr,rrrn ce66 n non6pt 1918r. qJreHCBupealrgiyma ]Itr,rrouip1) Cr. uanev.r: rae. <6oporr6a> lj.-ro irmr
12-ro anp6;rnlgtg r.
2) (lr. Harre.r.
B rair. ((Ilona Pa;1a>22-roturr 23-roMaqlglg r.
ll*

163

cnoft eBpeiicnoit o6u1rurhlI{, fipldltfB nx Hpallue rpy6o' cfiaBaJI B


npracytorniu MEorI{x cs$[treneft 6ynra,nrro cnfgynqee: <<BEellgrauenrbcBoJrorluafi enp eftoHar MoJro[e?Itr p aacrptrun aer oSlt{epon po6pono.nrqen, 6oproqllxcr c 6o,:rsruesnHarulr(nogpaayutnaerc:t
flepec fiupextopiefi, uogunsruefi soecranie nporue retlraua).
qro
aa
uanbfiHe
floreprlJrlo
EToro
s
6onture
I
i{aftre naceneniro,
ruee 6onrureBrlcrcnoe sblcrvuJreHie eBpeeB fl SaJIbIo ?Ituroruip
erpeftcnofi nporlro>. . .1)
Arcrpo-repmancHis Boenirblfl BJracrII ranrllr ornpoBenubrlvl uorpoMEbrM fl sblnoM se roBopl{Jrrr, oAIraHo, cBofiMI{ HeoIIHOnpaTIrErMI'I
anrr4ceMr{TcnrrMll BbloryrrJlenism lt on;b ne i\{aJlocrroco6crnona;ln aoa6ymqeniro rporr{B eBpeeB. Vme ncropf nocnrb cBoero
flpuxoAa e lties n6uqrr sblsibcunll na sonaanf prloM ABa nJIanara: (<Warnung vor Taschendieben)) r1 <<Warnung vor jiidischerl
n <<Ocreperafi.recrenpeiiGetrdwechslern>(<<Ocreperafttecr BopoB>>
crulx urbunn>). 3ro yxe 6ruro nonaaareJlbuo. Enpeficxie npegcraBr{reJlrr BHecJII{o6 arolr n Pagy, 20-ro anptus, cnerrianrunfn
3a[poc. Vnpaulrqr,r, Horopbre orlrocl{Jll{cb rorAa r{. npraxogy u'huqen go6pomeilareJlbHo, ynng6lu e aaupoct roJlbno (MeJloqsocrl)
2). Stlr asrrtu npugupslrBocrb)>, fiart BaflBlrir oAI{H rra oparopon
B rvrapr:b
ceunrcnie BbrrlaAbr n*Mrles ne 6rrnlr cnyuafiuocrlro.
ynpar{Hcnoe rIBAareJIbcrBo Bbrflycrr{no 6pourropy, noA naasauier'I
ntuqnr ilpulnJlrr ua Vnpauuy?>>, cogepmaBllryrc paa o{{lr<<3a.r;FM
qianr,nux [onyMeuroB, orsr[.Iarcurl{x Ha gror Bonpoc. B 6porunpt
6nm ouy6nunoBan ranffie la orrrbt, Aannnft [peAoraBI{TeJIflMI{ repMancnaro urta6a r }tiea6, B KoropoM, MetfiAy ilpotlr{M,roBopl{Jrocb:
<<Bour,nrasqacrl eBpeen e'bplrr, qto HtlrqEI uoBpeAaJII4rrx rmrepeB AHII rocnogctaa 6onr'caM, u6o, onrr, eBperr,umtmt BoBMo?I{Hocrb
rrleBrrr(oBroproBarr, rrar'pa6,lerinbryrl BerILaMlp>'$to o6sl4flegie 6bmo
TaK oryJlblro, qro y$paflHcr{oe IlBAarefibcTBo' Bbrtrycrtrnmee 6poiluopy, HarrrJroHyIKI{IIM npu6aurtr or ce6n: <<Mune conctu paar) Apxnn pegaHqiu (1919r.), gannrc'Iesiecn;Bgcrrenuoii nouncciu o
rorpoMax n llturor1ripl! ; raqffie trofta3asie II. ,{aenanroncHaro, f[. Poaen$rata
lr E. Snssc6epra (or4tn tratepia:roa o )I{urouipt).
s) Sanpoc 6rrn saeceu or I{MeIrlr ciosucron M. Ipocuanou.
Me*tgy
nporr[Dr, arIaJIOrRqEhIeflnafiaTbl UtrUqaUr.r6Hnn nrrstnlegbl tr B ntXOtOprrx
Apyrtrx ropogax: naM lIgsrbcten, nanpuutp' raxorr c"lyqaft a Arencangpitt,
Xepcoxcx. ry6.

164

I('bilEeM oro IuHfHie o poirrl 6orlrur,nrctsa eBpeeB so npenaR6onrrrreBrrcrcr(aro roacranin> 1).


Ho s uoregeniu gtrrrrles 6blnu rr rre croilr' HeBr{HI{blecrysau.
Anctpo-repMancnllrl $or{au[oBaHien s paBruqnBlx mtctax 6r,ur
Bbrrryqeu ps[ BoBBBaniftlr pacnopnxenifi, cneqianrno rrarrpaBJIeIIrrhrx rrporl{B eBpeeB. flpunogllru ntxotopnn rrB r{I'rx. Iepuancxan
onpy?$Hatr r{oMeu4aHrypa n CnfnB, }tiescHof,i ry6., nuuycrlrJla' Ba
no4rrr{cbro rrogrroJ]KoBnuna Illepepa, o6tflBreHie n naceneniro, n
]toropoM roBoprrrctr: <<VcranosJleuo'rlro ueupinrenrcxie aretrrrr'
6onrmefi qacr6Io eBpeI{, B ropo[ax lr celeuisx pacrpocrpaufloHIr xorJrr arI{M
ror Jro?nubrerr paa[pa?*(atorqie cJlyxn o ntuqax;
rroAopBarb vecrr lepuaHcraro locygapcma lt Bac JIIrrIr(rb gontpin
n ntmqau, noropble oxpauflror Bac nporlre paa6ofinltxon lr 6ang>>.
3a pacupocrpanenie no4o6urrx cJryxoB o6'Reneuie rpoaur saroqerrienr lr Aaxte cueprnofi naar,nro2). r{epea ntHotopoe BpeMn rtu-xre
rro[rroJrnoBuuHOuIllepepou 6rrno BbllyqeHo HoBoeo6'nnnenie (na
6ang
utmeqHou, ynpariucriorlt u pyccnoM Ra.) o rorrn,qro (<noll{anaur'r
tr a-reHTaMr{pacnpocTpaHflIoTcfi CJIyXII O npeACTOguleUOrOananir.l
s'bMeqr$rx Boiicn LIa yfipaunbr)), Ir Bar:bM - orpoMlrblM ?nlrpubrM
crroBa eBpe14paasocqr tariie clyxlt> (Hauptrupusrou: <<Oco6enno
siichlich sind es wiederum Jud.en, s'elche dieses Geriicht unter die
Leute tragen). Od'nsrenie rlpe4yripelr.Aaer ((Ml{pHbIxrr rpyAo.rrc6ttBLrx rpa?rqaH rI fipecrr,gH))rIpoTIrB eBpeeB'paSrrocfilllrrx ranie clyxrr, r[ Jtrpo]naer noct;Lgunu rtull-me, qro paHbilre, fiapaMl43). t8-ro
ircns s B6noft-I{epnnr,r 6rrno pacr{Jleel{oo6'ssJTeHie,noArlr{calrHoe
M, IIOJII(OBHn6OUHraxlrnrOU QOn
OItpy?ItH6III tio MSHAaI{TO
re p MarrCHr.rM
PoaeseH, B noropoM roBoprrJrocr,: (,Ao ce64'Bnia ltoruengaurypr'r
A O I I T J I rOr r, o 6 0 i r b I I 1 a f l n a c r b e n p e i i c n a r o H a c e J r e H i R , r o c o 6ennocru 6o.lr,rurrncrBo eBpertcrltx roproBqeB, na pnran{;
r,r B cBol{x nota4riax no AepeBHflMoaMbIMnoaoputftuu'IM o6paBoM
flpawrreJlbcrBa u s;bueqnoit
rlporlrB Vripalrucnaro
arnrupyror
yta4nrrx crapocr I4 BoJIocrHbIx cTapIuI{H
BJracrr{)>. llprrlauran
o6'fl6eaornararetruo coo6ularb rrMelra ETrrx Bpe4ublx oJIeMeHToB,
1) Epourrcpa sa yfip. aa. <<[rn 'loro niuqi rrplrlu.rlIrua Vripaiuy?>' BBrrlIJIa
n ueqauiu <Bigpogxennn>.
e) Apxue pegarqiu
(orgtn goxylrenror), <Bekarrntmachung>, nourb'
qeHrroe Cutnoit, 6 oxra6Pa 1918 r.
3) Tau-xe,
<Gekanntmachung), or t7-ro oHta6pa 1918 r., Cutla.

166

BJreHierpoBr,IT STrn\,r((eBpei,icrurm
lrapyurnrerrnlr lu,rpuor,ltritsru{.)>
(Jiidische Friedenssttjrer) cananrurcyp oBbrur{u aHaeanirr}rn1). }torga
generaqin or mtcr:uoi,tropo4croit yrpaBbr n espeficHorto6qlluu
nBrrJracb
e u'bueqHyroHoMeHAaETypy
xogaraftcrBoBarr,
o roM, .rro6sr
aro o6tssreuie ue 6r,rnopacH,reeuo,npegcraBr{TeJrb
norreugauTypbr
qro aro o6tssreuie 6yger,uao6opo'r,
p'bruurenrno ornaaaJr,BaHBrrB,
pacflpocrpaHer.ro
B 6olrmou xoruqectnlb gnaeMnJrflpon,
r,160<<enp e r r c a M b r eB J r o B p e A u b raer r , r r a r o p b r r p o r r 4 Bu t u q e n > > z ) C
. oatr enpeftcHoi.i
o6qltrrr s orsfr ua aro Ha oncrpennolr eacfgauin
npr{HnJrpeaonrcqircilporecra rrporr4eo6nrrueHin,((BoBBp
arqamnlaro
eBpeeBr{ flpefirrrr{M
BperleuaM),u pturu;r onosrbcrurr o6 arou c;ryua"bqeurpaJrbubre
opraHr,rr,ro6qecrrennoe uufnies). Erqe AaJrbrrre
noile,tr npeAcraBrlreJrbarcrpii'icnaro HoMaHgorasiRa Bepxnegu6nponcH.F,Eriarepr.urocnascnol:i
ry6., runtclrsIrriii oatgyrcu{iii
nprrnaa: <<f aanperqaron:ficrur,rMx{rrreJrrlMiy4eiicHaro n'bpoucnoe'b4auin Bcrylarb n rtaltin-tra6o cuomenis c nrolrun coJrAaraMrr,
paBroBapr,rBarb
c Hnr{rr, ryJrfiTr, r,r r. n.)>. Hapyrueuie npnfiaBa
r{apaercs e nepnrrit paa uopxoii, so nropoii -.- paacrprbnou.
t{peanrrvaiiHoxapanreprrbrMgJrrrnclrxonorir,ru'bueqnoft oxriiyuaqiounoit BJracrlrB efi orrro[renin rt eBpefiMflBJrflercrrqfipnyJrrrp,
pacocJraur{hrft
c aerycrt t9t8r. ancrpii.icrir,rM
KoMauAoBanienn
x paaBpruar\{
u n o6qllntr flo4o;rcxoi,i, flonraecHofi u Xepcoucroft ry6.,
_-rjrao <<BninniuenpeiicxaroHacenenisHa coJrgar)).<<f{oxaaano,
Llrr aror qrrpnyirnp,
eJlrrur4qHbrfi
{Jreubr erpeiicnoii Haqiu
[brTaroTcrrctiJroHr,rrb
r{a[lrrx conAaTft [pocryflKarr n flpecTylljre_
Hir{M s: a) uonnu{qecno}r rranpaa.uenirrrr - 6) xoaaitcrBenuoll
ornoruenin (x eoponcrnv, rpa6exty, Barrperlennoi,iroproe.n.b,roprosnf opyxrieu n Ap.)). <<trllan'bcruo,
c naxoii corrrrgapuocrbro
Aep?nrlrrcrr
rr gtr,lcrnyer nce espeftcTBo)),
B BrrAyaroro uEmeqltoeHoMalrfi orslbrcrneHnocrrr
Bce eBpeiicrso)) rr rrprrf"*:j3rrBJrerraer
1) Tau-irie, ((Br.l<ruulturachung>,
uolrhq. 18 irols iglS r., na rr.l;ueqnon
rr pyccHoilr sBI,IHax (e B6noii-{eprinr.r). Cu. so 2-ii lracrn rracroflu{eii rrHurn
<<f,Iarepia,lrrr
rr AoHytrcHTlrD.
e) O6 etou noeasaHirrlr rrepel,otsul)ilx
Ljll. apxIrB ire4axqiu
(ntareliiann 1917-1918 rr.), xonirr coo6uqeHislr eBp. nr.rrrncrep(lrno
rra ]ltnoi{{epxnn.
3) Apxuu pe;1axr-iiu (otg.l;n
4ori;uenror), xonin rllqiHyaapa <Einflul3
cler Judenschaft auf die Manngchaft>, ira AaeHcangpin (xepconcnoir ry6.),
25-ro arrycra 1918 r,, or rrilrenr4<Ii. u, l(, 11. I{av.-Brjg.-Iimclor>.

166

((BcJIrIcBolli! Ayptll'IM DJIeMeHTaM.


ilullaeT cfo IloollpeIIflTCTllOBaTb
?Heor{o aToro He cA'bnaeT,To rrBrlTcfrux coyqacTHl.IltoMIl [oJI?ItH0
Ir e c r tr B c,b n 0 c rb g c r B i r{ a r or o. l1oc;r.bgcrnifi cyrb : Hourpn6y{ifl
rla enpeiiCnOe llace"[euie, trtCItJtIo{IITeJIbItbIfm'bpr,r rrpOTIIB HSIO))
(Ttrt sie d.as niclrt, rnacht sie sicir mitschnlclig uncl rnufi daln die
!.olgen tragen. Die Folgen .*incl: I(ontribution auf tlie Judenschaft,
SondennaBnahmen gegeu dieselbe). flpegcrannreun anctpiftcnoii
rJoeHrrofr B.rracTrrr{a Mtcrax [pr,rHrr.]1rrSTOTqUpfiyilflp fi pyltoBoA'
(,rBy, rr! }lallp.. rulall-lt0llellganr IlpocnypoBa o6parulcn n M:bcTuomy enpeiicliorly o6qnrrnouy contry c tpe6oaanieM Ha o*ronaniu
ylrolrfr]ryraro u[pHy.nflpa (GbIAarb 16 aneuenrbr ua cpeAr,I eBpeets,
lra ylipAuH"b),
r{OTopbreBeAyT arr{rarlilo rrpoTt{Bsrrnturueii B.TIaCTII
B rrporlrBBotr cJryqat 6yger ycuorpfuo co cropoHDr o6n1rrllu <<nar{ Ha H.eeoyAeT HaJIorrpecTyrrHr{lroB)>,
Irtpennoe yHpbrBaTeJrbcTB0
coe6r BhItIec B
o6uFsIrHi'i
Ilpocnyporcniit
?fierra fioHrpu6yuia.
rITO
((o6u+Irlnrrft
cOs'bt rt'Jyr{a3brBarl,
o,rn,br pe3O;rroqircilpOTCcTa,
erO
uaqiona.tl'6pau enpei,icrrrril[rraceJreHienr4nn lAoBJrerB0penis
rrbr1 tloTpe6nOcreit, IIO HII B fiOeM cnyua;b AJIfl B6IIIOJIuesiRnOil rleiicnr,rx {ryHnrlif,rDl). llpll6mlarlreJllHo B aro-ffie BpeMrIancrpiiioliirt riotreH]lallt B EnarepunocfiaBt BbIBBann ce66 ntcrnlrx parulrUOBrr llpeg3TaBltte,rrefiO6rqlUrt II' CTpOIOilpIIIIRB I{X' IpOqIITAJT
l1o Barrrroli'b ilepeqeHb eBpeiicnllx rrpocrynltoB: rlro ((Bceuipnwl
eupel-rCrtifi coIoB)) SaIII,IMAeTCfIurniOnaXenn B IIOJIrBy Arrnill r't
opanqilr, qTo <(eBperl fBirflroTcf{ Bo}fiaHaMr{ ripaffi II MOIIIeI{lrlrqecrB rra yfipauHb>. [toueugar{r nolpe6oB0.Jr, r116fi6robllurHa
BbrAaJrag.rracrr{il[OTI{5 [tl]iO$OB r,r npegTy1rult1t6ts,a ra6'/fie IIpIIHsJra pe3oirroqir.l o cBoeit opiesraqirr Ha UeurpaJIbIIIrIuAeplnaBbl,
IITO eBpeII orHocfll'crl HeAp-Y11(eJrIo6no
lt u'brrr((Tafi ltali IISBrbCTIIO,
oseBIIIIHo,
BpeMr,
qarr)). Eepciicnie rloJlllrllqecKic 46nrentr B To
rre dyBcrBona,uu ce6n salryranl{brilll{ ranr{Ml{ yrpoBaMII' r'r {rpanqin EnareprrEociraBcnaro o6rqussaro coetra ilprrHnJrr,rs ors'br
peaonloqin, qTo ((o6rrQilrac EeroAorauielr [poxoArrT l\rr{Mo Bcrbx
pe3orloqilo
,"nr* ,roarnoryaqilt>lr rle HaxoAIIT lI)"ttHbIM BLIHOCI'IT6
o ceoer:i opienraqiuz).
r1 'l'au-;tio (rtrrei;,ia;rr'rl9l7-1918 i'r"), riortifl pe:ro;txl4illllpoctiyponcraro o6r\nuuaro coDrbTa,ot 2{j-ro aBfycra 1918 r.
2i <Naic Zaitt>, or t3-ro oertrn6pr 1918 r'., c'r'.<choisili oder erger'?>

16?

Cru orrpnrhrrr Bhrcr,yuneninHfueqriaro $omalr4onarrixrrporlrB eBpeen[por{cxoguJrrae crpaxrF, trpofirrraruoii anr&ceuurorof,r


uro6oft, rg& rpedonaJracbcyry6an ocropornuocrb. I{a upanrunt
.raoro 6uBafio, qro n:bnreqldecongarbr Bo BpeMRuacuniii, qunr{qacrflMrr rrJrr,r(Baproft> (ruunr4iefi)
ublx yfipar{Hcr(RMt{BoriIuo}irrMrl
Irajl eBpefirlrlr,ocraBaJlrrcr,ueftrpanbnbrMtrr,rrHorAa-fi{eAep}$aJnlcb
rlBuo Bo Bpe[ eBpeflMr{ [ax{e rrouoraJrr rracrrJrbnrrnaru.Ho 6rrsatrlr
qacro u o6paturre cryrrau, -_ oco6egnon paftonax Hpecrbrrgcrl4x
roacranii,i,
H.buqr,rrpenparqaJrunacr,r.rrinHaA eBpeffMnr
pylioBoArcb nonr,rrranoiiycraHoBireuix nopagra. Dra rroJrrrrrrna,
rr BocfiperrnrcrBoBaJra
rouy, uro6lil rrorpombr
B aror
ilrbftcrnr.lre;rbrro,
lepio4 rrpr{rrrrJrr.r
oco6enno urupoxift xapaxrep. Ceprear*ari.ilr
mecroHiiixapalrrep rrprruflJrrt
rb norpoiurr,fioropbre6rulr ycrpoeuu
KpecrbrlHar\rrr, r{o oHrI BoBnnfiirr{,
fiaft peByJlbrarpenonmqionrlaro ABr,rnrexingepengrr [pornB BJracrrl'- rrporr{B rcruana lr
rtibntleo,r{ He Mor1n6r,rrr.ornece}IbrHa rrx ctrer.

168

IX.
florpo:rtu,

ytIIlgeEHSIe rerlla$cfiIrMlr

coJIAaraMIt

tt <<ralttoiirr'

Co6rrris n lopogurxcHott y'bagt, Yepxmorcxoit ry6. - Co6r'rris


n ltiencHofi ry6. - Selrelruan rroJllrrrlfia Pagsl; oeue;rLlraa I{
TrpoAoBotlbcrBerrHarrloJrrlrttxa utltqeB na VHpauxt. - Htuqrr
u nolrtrqlrnr. - H'bueqxin xapare:nnblx axcrleAl'lqilr. - Boacrauie npecttur. - flosctau'Iecuoe gnuxteuie u enpeftcnie uo'
rpoMLI. - Co6ntin n Snetnropogction yrba4t; Jlucanna; Tapanlancniii rr Cttnupcniii y6o4u. - <Enpelr npIrBeJIr{ n:buqer>. *Meuopaugyrr Ftiescfioll odqllnu Ir DII{HMIp lI. FtlrcrsHoscHit:t-Itanyn poltoBoro roAa'
l{a

norpomllbrx

sncqeccoB'

yrlr(Henrr,rx

rerMaHoKnMIr

qacrrlml'r,

s luat
oco6o Aoir?nubr 6brrb orM'brIeHLI co6rrtia, paabrrpaBluigcfi
gepnltrorcxoii
Ha'Iailucb
ry6.
y6agt,
L9t8 r. B f opoluflHcltoM

co6urin c NI.Cro6oAaPagyls ({-ro nnan),co croJrnuoaeniruerrgy


rerMarrcKl{Ml{ KaSafiaMlt II nprt6unilrllM rrfMeqr(I{M OTpgAOM,nPtrrJrarrreHr{brMrrcll]'raBlueiictr eBpeficHoft gGnyrunofi. B peByJ-Ibrart,
norga o6a orpnga noMrlprrill4cb, ynpal4uqr,r p;bluu;ru oroMcrl{rb
eBpenrr. Kouau4llp rermaHcriaro orpt{Aa' ytsgublii r(oMeu[alrr
fl pourencxiii, upr,lltaea"l corrlarb Bce eBpeiicnoe nacenesie Mtcte'Ira
.- 27 nyntulur rr 28 ?r\euullru - B yilpaBy rI raM rloABepr rrx lrcrsaauisn. 3at'blr oH Br,IcrporIJIBc6x ua6llrr.rx u cr{aBaJI: <<Htrueqnifi
C[tilarb c BaMr{Bce, qro Baxoqy;
HoMerr[ariT4al un6 BOBMO]KHOCTb
Hacefier{ie [peAJraraer Bac rlepe6rirb, Ho rI Bac MI{JIylo, uo tpe6yrc
n re.reHie t0 unuyr BbIAaTbBce Opylnie>>.Erpeu craJIII nJIaItaTbII
nirrrcrbcrl, qro y ullx rltr Hnnaxoro opynda, Ho rtlr ue nontplmn.
Torga oAI{E rIB eBpeeB rrolueil rr railuo ItynIrJI y xpltcdanuna peBoJrbBeprr ilprrueo ItolIeHAaHry . . . B peaynltarb arlrx co6brrii'i
yfloMflrryrafl eBpeiicfiafi gtryurHa oHasaJlacby6[tofi, y MHornx I{3
rrogBeprHyrrlx n yupanG ucrgaanim or(aBaJloch no /10-50 pa-

169

rreniii, lruor.ieAoJrroue MoriutBcrarb c uocrc;utl). Tor-me J*r{pailrrcr,riiiorpan, so rnasib c f{poruencfir,rM,


ornpaBr.rJrcfi
nocn'b aroro B
cocrbgnee*t'bcrc.utol[o6pnnny (na rparurqt Morl.rnescHoii
rv6.) u,
((Bre.rerrie5 iluruog':bxar n culraror:b,norpe6orair or ilroxrrlr1nxcx
rryr)) cAarb cce rrlrtronleecflv eBpeeBopyiriie, yrpolriafi B nporrrnHou cnyrlx'[ penpeccinmlr.Paseuu Baoure;rHa ailrBoHrt Banirr{Ha;]r
eBpeeB,umtrcqnx y ce6a naHoe-ur6ygl opy;xie, cAarb liaaafiarr.
FltHoropne orr,rcnaJrrr
y ce6n opyrnie rr c4ajnr ero. flocn'b aroro orl)rrAnoABepreupeitcrroeuace;renie6eanorlaguouyra6ienim; 6ntrr
rulneJrona6lrrr,r4o 20 .le;roa*fi2).23-ro rrarr ror xe flpouencrifi co
cBor4MynparrHcrirrMsoiicnostrlr orprrAorlryqrrHrrir nacnnir uag
eBperrMr{Iopolun. ItaaaHu AoMoraJrr,.rcb
npnauauia n ycrpoiiernt enpeauu <<raf,.rnaro
co6panin n cnnaror':b)),
Ira lioroponnnno6u
obcymgarcr Borrpoc<<oufpax u cnoco6ax yHrqroxienin ynpauncxaro soiicrroBoroorpfiAa>. <<Tar:isoe
co6pauie>or"iaaatocr,o6brIirroBenlrbrM
rrroirrrrBrrHbrru
cobpanieu, r4t o6cymganca Borrpoco
peruourlbclruaroru. Hecmorpn r{a aro 6rrnu apecroBaur,r
iu'bcrnuii
paBBr.rrr
rr enle ntcxolr,No enpeiicrulxntrrenef,i,rr nx rraSr,rnrr
naraiiliaMr,rr,r[pnfiiraAar\trr.!,ouocn o co6uliRx B MnHr,rcrepcrBo,
Err{TeJrr,l
f opognn rrrrrrryr: <<Erper"rcrioe
uace;rer,ric
reppollr{BrrpoBauo
nocrorrrrnrJMrryrpoaaMr{uoro;ronnol:iptanrr, Bneaanr{Llmrr
o6nasauu r,r
o6r,rcnaunno Hoqalr. . . Vrre gra rrbca4a enpeiicnoeuace,reuie
rnnBer n crpax'l;, rra[yra]rr{oe '.lnfpcnnun ua6ienisulr u paacrp*,rrallrrB Pagylt rr [o6pnnrt'l;>3).
Haclrnis co cropor{brrerlrar{cnrlr nrlBarioBrriur \trr;urUirinpol{BourJrrr,
xpout a'roro paiioua tlepur,rlorenoi,iry6., Tanifie n u;frtoropbrx rlyHrirax I{ieecfiori ry6.
B natcr. llnncxono Borrre.ir
t2-ro ltan orpfl;I riagar.ioB.paBcraBrur ny..ireN{erbr
rro vJrr.rrdam
rr
rrpncry[lrx n rpa6exau; [orralaBrurrxcrruaBcrpfuy enpeer Kaaarur
lriecroriotta6nnanrr,He rrIaAI,IJrr{
tr 6otr,Irrtx, noropblx crac}tIiIBaJIrI
c
rioen rr ug6ltBaJrrruaraiiHftmu4).B nr. Pvmnnt npr,r6r,rnrurrlr
<<grur
1) :\pxlrn oBp. uulnrcrepcrra,
goueceuie o codr,rrinx n C;ro6oA.b
I'aly;rl, axog, N! 1892, or 24-ro lraa 1918 r,
,) <C[aie Zait>>, or 30-r.orran 1918 r.
3) Apxnn eBp. MrlrrlrcrcpcrBa, loniR;oueceuit rrl fopo4nu ftiescxoi.i
o6rquat, axog. J(i 4.956, or 3L-ro ,lran 1918 r.
a) Apxuu [tiescftoii o6rquusr,
/IonnafiEarl Banr{crii.lo6rqlrnr,r}rftnrrcrlr]'
uu. ;qtn, ot 27-ro aBrycra 1918 r.

1?0

ro11Bopenifi nopfiflHa] dapateflbHbrM oTprrAoM 6u;rn tpor,raBeJlenr,r


B aBrycrf r{acr{Jrin rrag eBpeHMu; nfcxonrno .lenostfi 6uno uaSuro;7 eBpeeB, c paBBrruo\{ ro rrant, orprrg sa6pa;r c co6on,
BaBeJrB au6ap il ro[Bepr lrx rrcrflBauiRu, lra6r'm Ao rroreprr cosnanis. flpyrofi npu6uaruifr orpflI{ rafix{e cra;r rpa6r,lrr rr nagtBarbcrr HaA erpeficnuu nace;renieu; rroJrnoBnrrr{, pynoBoAr,reuriii
oTpsAoM, rraTpaBJlrrBaJrfipecTbfir{ Ha eBpeeB, penoMerrAyJ{IlepeJrofirrrrb Ha eBpeeB noJroBrrlry roii cyllrurr ronrpu6yqir{, noropafl
6rura uaroxrena r{a fipecrban r: ooaurbqenie v6nrHon, rrofiecefiur,rx noufrqurioM Bo BpeMrr arpapnbrx 6eanopngnorl).
B u'bnoTopbrx utcrax rJIaBHbrMyqacrrrr,rnoM naclr;riit rrBJrflercrr (apra))
rocyAapcrBeuuarr mr,rnraqia,nprraBarrHas ri oxpaut ropf{Afia.
'faH,
lrB M. B'bru;rosxu, Itiencnoit ry6., renerpa$npyror qro <,Aepco cBonM Haqailbur.rnoM,Teppoprrar{pyer
EiaBrrafi Bapra, so r.Traeall
enpeitcnoe Eacelenie, apecroBbrBaer HeBrrlrnbrx, uB6unaer, 6epel
npynubrfl Bafrrxrr))s). B gpyroii renerpaumt coo6rqaercn, rrro (7-ro
ircnx orpflg peaepnuoft uunuqin rpoMrrr, ua6Ileaer enpeiicnoc
uace,'renie u. Ityaruuua (Bonr,rucriorli ry6.). Haceneuie, gtru cnacarorcfr 66rcrsoM. 20 eapeen yBeaerrbr,cygr6a ux nelrestcrna>3).
TaH oprauu BJracrr,rna uibcrax caMr{ cBortMlt g;bi,icrnirurr ilporr{lj
qacru Hacefienin pacruarLrBa,rrrr
ocrroBbrroro iloprrAria, rtoropr,ri,ioHr.r
rrplraBarrbr 6r,rnlr Hacaxtgarl.
B nponunqir,r so Mxorux rryHfiTax
roJryqrra
o{{lrqianruyro
casrrqirc [oJrr{rtrna oco6r,rx }ionrptrdyuiit Ha eBpeeB Ba flpecryrr,renin. ffBHo BLrMblurenur,rs. Camu
n'buqrr, fiari llrr rr,rgt;ur, HeoAHoHpatHoB cBor{x noaanauiax yr.po:rnairr.rcfieqia.''mno eBpeflM Honrpr.r6yqiflr\rr rr Ap]-rrrMr,tnapaMr{ Ba
((IIpocrynHrrrr ilpecryn,rreHi'I>. 3rn npnlrtpbr sapaifiaJrr{. Ha erpeer
craJrlr cuorpftr,
lrari Ha eurc(r'fBelrHbriio6'erir BbrtrorareJrbcrBarr
lpa6enta. <<Enlteiicrioe
Hace;leuie,- rotsoprrrcr B [onJra4noit aanlr crt con f r a F[i eecrio r'r o 6 ulltr rr, -_ rep p op r{Br,rpoBaHHoe Ha6.bramlr,
HaJreTaMrrrr pasnpoMaMr,rnepexo[Hafo BpeMeHr{,rrcnbrTbrBaeTHa
ce66, rpourb roro, rrefiocr,ri]bHyrorsxtecrb 6eenpeprrnno Ha.TraraeMblx Ha Hero AeHe?r(HbrxlioHrpu6yqir:t, . . . He Haxo[firrlrrx Hrrr) 'lalr-;*te.
:) Apxnn eBp. MrrurlcreIrcrtsan
, x o g . ; \ 2860, o'r 15-r'oionn 1918 r.
r) T a lr - iri e TeJlerparrlra or coe;hra o6rqnnr,t CrapoHoncraHrnuoBa,BxoA.
,
i\i 2638. ot 9-ro ironn 1918 t'.

171

HaKOroo[paBnaHif Aamer0 BaHoHaM


fiepeffr,rBaeMaro
rrbrHt rpyorHaro nepexonllaro Bper{errn)).
Ilorpouur,rx nacranin co cropoubr soitcH r{Jrr{(Gaprr,r>r rrepiog
rerMalrqr{Hlr rre lrocr{Jrr,{xapanTepa crrcreMbru 6rmn }reMuorormcJTeHHr.r
n cnyuafiunr. Forte cep6e3nbrMr{,
fiaH ynaaar{o, 6nnu
norpoMbrBTopororrrra, BoBunnuie n cBflBrrco Bc[brxuyrrrrurlrABr(meniemAepeBHrr
rrporrrBrocrroAcrBautuqer r{ reTMalra. Oro 6rmo
r r e p B o en o B c r a H q e c H o e I B r { } K e u i e r p e c r b f f n H a V H p a l l u . b
noc;rf penonrouiu, rroAroroBrrBuree
nageHiererlraHtrIr{Hrtrr
rr vxoE
u:bu4eextcxonrno utcnqee crrycrrr.
Bonneuifl n yHpalrnoHoft gepern6 BoBnrrnJrrrn;[ronr r{ }i
aBrycry fipr{rrffJrrrcepr,eenrrrl,yrpoxraroulifi xapaxrep. Htrwqrr rr
rermau, BepnyBirrrrI{ BJracrr.{uoufuglHoe rr [onyuraflc[, rra BeMJrro,
uepemelmyn ylrie ([arirrnvecxlrB pynrr fipecrbfiH, ne yunn rtx
orpoMrrbrxBarracoBpeeolroqionnoft oneprir4,AaJreKoerrle He r4rapacxojloBauxoi,i,HoropLrMrrAepeBHno6nagara. B npe4ugyrqiii
nepiog Paga, onnpaBIrrafic.ff,
rJraBHbrru
o6paaolr, Ha ynparrncnyro
pam.rnaJrbrraro
paaptruenia BeMeJrbrraro
AepeBuro,BeJrarroJrr{Tr4ny
Botrpoca B rroJrbay fipeorbflH. 9eraeprr,rfi Vuunepcan oupe46JreurrorroArBepArrJr
uonoxrenieo <<nepe4a.rf
BeMJrrr
rpyAoBoMyEapogy 6ea Bbrfiytr$),upnHfiB Ba ocrroBy<<orutny co6c:rsennocruu
coqialuaaqin aeMrn)). Srnu uocranonnenieu Pa4a n cyqHocrr{
roJrbno canrqionupoBaJra {anruuecHiii BaxBar BeMirrrHpecrr,rrHaMr{.Orionqarelrnr,rii gaHon o coqiamtaaqiu aeilrnlr6nr lragau
Pagoit y?$eB nnaprf i.918 r,, npu ntnqax, rr or{-ro 6o;rsile scero
no6ygu;r fipyrrnbrx eeunenna4tJrbrleBH roMy, .rro6n aannagtrr,,
uprr [oMorqu ntnrqen, BJracrbro,xo4r Paga rroB?rie
u orcryrrrrJra
or [epBosaqarbHaroflprrHqtrua, flprrrrflBnocrauoBJrenieo coxparreniu seMeirbnbrxyqacrnoB Ro 30-ru Aeoflrr,InBa lrx co6crseuHrrr{aMlr. letman, nuranurificn sHaqan* oneperbcrr Ha MeJIrirrx r( cpeAurrx <<x;r66opo6ax)),
rroB?fieornpr,iro craJr sa cropoFiyripynnbrx BeMJreBJra4f;mqer.
Boa6yrHgenien pepenuG6uro
ran?fie BbraB
auo npoAoBo"rbcreenuoi,i
nonlrrufiof,i ntlreqrto-ancrpif cttrlx Boenrrrrxsflacreii, flblTantrrrrxcflBblxaqarb rIB AepeBHrrIIo6omrne [po4ynroB, ]re ocraHaBJrrrBarrcb
fiepeJl caMbn{r4}fiecroxulru ufpann. Fltuqu fiprrrrrJrrr
na Vrpauny aa xn66om lr 6pann
ro, fiafi Morirrl. <<BgeperilF g*;ralocr arro-TocrpamEoe)),
rrrer rrcroprdnarof,i afioxrr. <<I(aaa,irocn,
ne 6y[er rpaHr{q nagtsa172

orqa6pauo BpeMeEaME
reJrbcrBalrrIaE ripecrbt{HaMll). <<Jlrogei'i
(coron)
npu6rreanu
ssie. B I{.Ii. BceyrpanncnoiiCensncHoiicninnu
ileneraqin, coruffMt4 upu6rraa,lu rrpl{roBopbl ce,]rbcnl{x o6qecrs
co sctx -vta4or Vnpaunu c upocr6aml ocuo6ognrr HpecrbrrucrBo or 6'bgu, ((nanyrc cauble craprre illoltr He BatroMrrtlT)).
<PaacrpbnnBaflrtpecrlfiH, .* rII4IIIeraBTop B npyroM n'ttcr6, -B6r?rflrrafiq;bnmn ceJraaprl{il.ilepieit, n;bmeqHieregepaJlbrBbrgBaJllr
orparrruyroHellaBr{crbco cropoubr ripecrbfu' Htnrqu u uontrqltnu _- arrr ABa snneniq cJIr{JrIIcbB rrpelcraB",'reninfipecrbt{ll
n eguurrft o6paa flIoraro rpara>>l).
Ilepiog urbrrteuxo-rerMaucKir:i[pllrrflro cqurarr, cfloKoftHbrM.
Ounr6oqsocrbBroro yrnepx*genifl rrporlcrenaer orroro, rITo rrpueo sHur{auieroJtb}tono.iloxrenieB ropoAax. B ropogax,
Hr{rraJrocb
np{inHar BJIacrb'melfanan pyna
46ii.craurenbuo,tlyBcrBoBaJlacb
'ro
n'5uqen, ycraHoBrrBtrr[xsutuluift uopagox lr cnofioficteie. He
6uno e gepeau6. flepenua He upinna arofi silacru rr Bo Mrrorlrx
cJryqafix oRaBbBaJIaeft roopyrnerlsoe couporunnenie. flrn xapaftreprrcrrrfirll{acrpoeuin gepeeuu s tB ubcnqu rprIBeAeMcBIIg;brearcrnoragerbl, ro cyulecrBy ptano npanrge6noitpenouroqiortr{a[aBaeMofi
rroMy rI Hpecrbflscfiou-v[Blr2r(euiro,_- raa. <<Poccis))'
B. IIIynrrnHbrM B EHarepnuogapt; t6lr naxnte errr nonaaauirr.
6r,rtr xapaxtepuCoctosnie Vripanr{r,r,-- rrltuer raaera'
u Haquuaroonnytraqin
<(repN{aucnafl
aoBauoAByMtruo;romenisull:
BpeMfi
necouyncreie
rrlaflottHapolua-E soiinil)... <B nacronlqee
uplrueu nocnfguee
n ntruqau [peBpalqaercsB ornpblroe ABrI'd{eHie,
gce 6onte u 6onfe upio6p6raet naqionallnuii xapaHteplz). <<BuBafird Ciryqa!{, HOr[a stuqrr

c 6Ongulrull

KapaTeJIbHbIMlI gftCnelll-

\-6s;I or noEIIa Ao HoHI{a rr orHelt r{ Meqeu


BOABOpfrJrrrIIopfl Aori)). <<I{o-- upogoJl}fi aer 1n3s'rn-HlbMqbr yxoAlIJIu,
OCTaBJIeIIHbIfi BJIarr CHOBa IIOSB"TS;IIICb 1IOBCTaH46I, ua6lrsanilie
sect

rlirlru

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crrr).

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6onturie

nfMIII'I onr{yilIlpynr

roJIbKo

ropOAa, B IIOTOpIJx OHI4Aep?fiaT sHarII{TeJIbHbIerapIIIIsoHI'L

rioropr,rit 'racto
Bcs octa.rrurafl crpana upe$r,rnaerHa ByJrKaH:b,
}tocuyeufilcb roro-lrte nn,nesinB [pyueo6r,rgexuoBcnblxr{Baer>3)'
CtOnnnOeeniii
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cHOBa
raBeTa
rou uOUep;b,
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') Tarr-rne, J\i 4, ct. <Erqe o Eapoguofi rofinrb na VHpauut>,

t73

Irer$il)r fepMilrrqaililr It ril.)coTbrrlralrll)). ((cMepfHar{ r{aii}rr,, HOHd}lrcriardirr, rraragarrio r{&rr,rx ceileHiii, *- Bor yb rutprr, flocpelcrrot{
riorollbrx Aocrrrraercri ua vnpalrH:b orsocr.rrenrsr,riii uopa4on>>1).
B. Br,rHHlmeHHoB cnoeii xsnrrb onncrinaer Hacrpoenie, Horopoe
era lroJrrrrtrriaBbrBBaJra
B AepeBr{fix:<<Iloguuua;rncr r1t;rrrfi l{epeBHrr,
BblnalrhrBaiu,tBapxiaBilerrnnrfl, nplrHeceHrrlJn c
{poura, py;fiba rr
BbICTYIIAJIII

IIPOTI{B

NOUTTqITUT,UX II

NI)ABI,ITEJIbCTBEHHI,IX

COTEH,

nunlr nom'bcrbrr rr yca4s6r,r ilpr.lBepmeuqen re'ruana>>2).


Boacranie AocrtrlJro narr6o;rllrux paau'Bpoe n T{ienqr,lut, ri1*
no rnasf Anlrnrenin cror{J yrip. ;r'ber,rii c.-p. Illuuriapr, 6unuriii
npu Pag* nouarrAtrllol\r ynpal,rncnoii apuiu; 6oponureficn c cos6r_
ijnllMrr noiicnalur, u uaqarbHuHoM Kiescfiaro BoerrHaro oxpyra.
csoe ua'rairo noacrasie lrin:6no r Bnenr.ropoAcrro*ry6sg6. <Buiopt
rroc;rt paarona ceJlflHctiaro c'.baga, - lrtrrca"rroprarr ylip. o.-p.
<Boporr6a,> (N 2, ceHra6pr, 1918 r'.) -- s Bneunropogcnou y6agt
Haqafiocb rrepBoe noacranie. criopo oHo oxBarrlJro Ilorrrlt BecI)
y'bag l.r ilocrerreHlro ileperirrr{yJrocb Ha ncn }tienqr{Hy rr Vuanrlr$rHy)). oprannaorarlHbllr qeHrpoM BoscraHin s paiionrb 6rr;ra
ilrrcnsxa.
<<I4aJlbrcflsrirr or{o ueperrlJro n BnenuropogHy, EoryOnas, Itopcyr{b 14 AaJrbrrre,e rocn64nee BpeMrr oxB&Trrr-rorafi?fie
'fapautrancniri
ytag, aaxBarr.rBaarrLu Eepguvencriiii il Bacnnrnoscrtiii par"'ron>. K onrn6pro gnraxrenie, oqeBuAuo, u.hcxonr,Ho crr.rxaer, rro o cpe4raut uon6pn Boapo'fiAaercfr c orpon$roii cruroli
lloqrrr uo Bceii Teppnropir,r vHpar.rur,r,r.{An[Ja npr.rsbrBalrrrrroA]rf{Bluefi aoacranie,I{lrpexropir,r, r,r cueraer
IleffirrM rerxrarril{r,rnr,r.
Ha6nrogan pocr r{ xaparirep rroBcra'qec^aro nBrr}fienig, nr,r
ecrp;buaeucr{ co a}raMeHareJrbHLIM
Rnneuielt, I{oropoe u nocnlbgyroqie gBa roAa oco6euno 6pocaercn B rJraaa: rrepaapbrBHan.
Ilorrrll opraltnrrecKarr cBffBb MerfiAy [oBcraHrrecrBo[,1ila vnpalrrif
rr enpeficnuMrr rrorpoMaruu.oAnonpeMerrEo c rrepBb$rrrBcnHrrrr{aMrl
rtpecrbrrHcKux noacrauiii poni4aercfr rr flpocrHoe 4nUincnic
AepeBrrr.r
nporuB enpeftcnaro nace.rreHin. cer{er MeffAy gByMrr STr,rNrrr
rrBjreHinuu Br{nua xorn 6rr IrB Toro, qro 6o;rr,nrafl rracrb enDetlcrrrrr nor) 'f alr-;+re, ;\t 29, ct. <Ha Vxparrut;.
r) B. BrruHlrlrerrlio, qtrr. corr., r.
:J, crp. 71. -'. OipQlrqialrsnoc,renerpaSuoe arerrrcrBo vrA raxme coo6ulano o cr,rlrrrrofiroacranrrecfiofi rpynn,i;
n pafron;Il i]neunropolrin, Aoxo:Urnrneii;1o 12 000 qenon,Fl c ilyjreuerAlrur tr
garxe opvginur.r.
1-4

L,+

'fa1rat'poMor' 3'rofo rrepioAa uf/r&,{a Mtcro B ocilax tt }{tcrerlliax


rqartcn&ro ll SrenilropoAcnaro yfagoe, Hiencnoii ry6., noropue
flBJrflrorcrr fiali paB ttoarrde,nrro ripecrr'ntlcrioit pesonroqin fi
napTr{BaHlltrrrHbr.
OSrrrnan Haprrlra rtorpouoB aroro rrrlla rarioBa: ]Iailer olipecrIibrx rraprrraancnrrx rpyilfi rIB AepeBlrn na nrtcte.rno, nnrutnlexie
rra eBperrx gro6r,r nporrrB urbMqes rr rerltaHcr{oii sracrtl, ilorpourrr,rirtteppop s re.IeHie ueg6;tr', rinolAa p1'[g,sqen,aracrbrecilyqau
;{iecronrrx y6iiicrs, oxora }Ia cnacanil{r,Ixcfl no onpecrlrblu Aoporalr eBpeeB, orpa6;renie rr BbrlrorareJlbcrBo rtourpu6yrlilt flotr{
vrpoaoii cr{eprrr. floc;rbgn.iit npieu upnu'Bnnercs c ocoOesnoii
nacroiiqrrgocrbro rr nJ-lauo\{:bpIlocrbIo, rt $antu.lecntr coBAaerctl
ro.rroxteuie, qro lroBcraurlecHoe ripecrbrrlrrrlioe gnuineuie arlrx
paitouoe flrrraercrr aa6pauHr,rrrrr y BpeeB Aesbrarru.
fp)tttn"
nepBbrx noBcranqecnux rlorpoMoB 6nrna l{eMlroro,rl,rcJreuua rr r,rMtna csoe rntago Ha rpaur{rl* Taparqancl{aro,
yfegor KiercHort ry6.;
Breunropogcnaro rr rracrbro (iuupcnaro
nepiog arr,rx florpo&roB rrrr{ercrr or itoslr no cenrx6pr t9t8 r.
Ognrau r,IBtrepBblx rrocrpaAaBurrlx [vnnroB rBJrrrercfl M. JIbrcfiHKa,
Sneu,uropo4cmaroy'baga. JlsrcRsria - 11'[slss11oc rrcropr{rlecntrn{
rrporlrJrhrr\r;erue Bo Bpcrrelra rai:iganauurrrr ilten'banrm BrlepBble
ncrptru.'rcn aAtcr,, e 1768 r., c fosroii .* rr ycrporrJr auauertr{rylo
p'I;enro eBpeeB.C aroro lrtcreqria Haqa;rocb rr rerrepr,. <rBecr pafiou,
n coc'bguie ytagn, -- Aonocrrr
Sreanropogcniii, Tapaqascniii
groro
_.
[pelcraBltreJrr,I
u:bcrevna,
E{r{Byr fiar{ Ha eynHaa:b, xotopuii roroe e?fieMrruyrr{oBsopBarbcn>1). <<Hanoqe;b Heyprr[r{q np]r
paap'I;;r'b Belurrr u HeAoBo.lrbcrnarltnrqaMrr, -- roBoprrrca B Apyroill
nonecenirr. -- n cpelt ripecrbr{H Sneunropogcriaro ytaga HaqaJlrlcb
do,nrluitr Bor-rHenirr. 5 innn llnororbrcflrrHar{ ToJIna fipecrbnH Itil
olipyl$aroqux AepeBeHbBopBaJacb B ilr. ,Tlucnuny rr [peAaira pacrpouy r,r paaopeuircrrc'b enpeiicnie lona rr MaraBrrrrrr. 3a paarporiou nocn:bgoBala ripoBaBaff pacupaBa c eBper"rcnr{MHaceJreuieM)).
<'feppopuaupoBar{Hoeenpeiicxoe nacenesie yfipbr.rrocb e norpe6a,
llo rrecqacrrrbrrr ffieprBrr B oAurrx cnyqaflx Ou,,rrr rran,neqeHbru
v6ntu, [prrrreM HaApyraJr[c], HaA Tpyna\rrr, B [pynrx__r{x fioxopo6pocan 6on6rr n norpeSa. Tan saiHuno
1tl,r11 ""A_paaBaJrrrnalrrr,
1)Apxur eBp.[rtrnlrcrepcrna, gouecauie
no.qyq.
1-r'oiro.rn
o ,ilt,rcrrnil;,
1.918r., aa liq 1429.

fir,

rroxoponerrn6lrnrr s oArloMnorpedt 7 uetosrbn>>1).


Bcero y6llro
6n.no ono.no40 enpeen(rtpomt 6'brnerlor,y6urnx tro onpecrrrnrr{
,iloporau),50 erpeee [o.[vq]rJtrrrrrfi{erbrspauenin. rlpeHparznrunor,
co BcryrrJrerrielrs Mfc'rc.{no lltuqen, norpoM rpror(AbrBoao6noBJrfiJrcsnocnrb ux yxoga. Paneuu JlucsuHu coo6rqaer prrg rrorpflcaroulrx anrdao[oBflorpoMHbrxfiepetnrdBa]riiiMtcreqxa, Ba]KaTaro MerfiAyfloAngBrrrrrMr{cfl
HpecrrsHaMrl14nrbmeqxlruraKapareJrbHbrMnorprrAaurr. <<flocu6roro, fiaH xpecrbflHe, BopBaBrrrrrcb
B
m:bcreuxo,yquuu;ru pfaHro erpeftcnaro uaceneuia,na inn;b JrerJra
o6gsauuocrr ;baglrrs orbrcnr4lBarb
B oxpecrnocrfix rpynbr y6llrrrx
eBpeeB, qro6br upe4arb nx eenr:b)). <<Sartnrr o6paruucn n
cocfpuia enpeiicHix o6qnnrr c [pr[Br,rBo]ro rroMor{tl, r rroJryrrlrJr
or Hr{x ranyro oduurHyro rog4ep?rffiy rrpoAynraMr,r,
"rro mtcRq uor
coAeprnarbnce erpeiicrioegaceJrerrie"IlnrcssHu. fl ne orfiaabrBaJr
ranrfie xpr.rcrianann
(rpecrunau), o6parqanIrrnMcs
xo nnnb Ba rrollorqbro'. . . Ilporuan ntuqer r,r BanpbrBecf rmxogr,rrra ropoga,
fipecrbflHe rrporraBeJrr{
eqe pflA yditcrr eBpeeB. Oco6esnuu
aarbpcrnou orJrr{qaJrocby6ificrno aABofiara 0pnrrxmana, noroparo Haruirrr c BbIKoJroTbrMr{
fJraBaMrlr,orprbaannnrlru yruaMl( r{
usprbaaxnrw Ha qacrr4. 3ar.bu upu6ut 6otruroii orpflA s6urler,
s stbcfi.omfio rhrc.rrrr.renosabn. <Ha noxopouax Epnuxmana,
- coo6qaer paBBrrH,- fl flporrarrec[oMr4EaJr6Eoe
cJroBo. . . tr
npr{ arolr rrprcyrcrBoBa;r n'bueqniii HoMeHAaEr;sclb ftp}To}r
flJra]iaJrrr,r{ [a?fie fioMeE[aHTflJrafiaJlr{ CTaJrytrpel{aTb fipecTbnrr
a anrbpcrnf. 3ro, oqeBtrAHo,upeenrrvafiuo oeno6r4nofipecrbflH
rrpornB Meuff. Sartu ndrurlu HaBr{aqrrJrrr
soenubrfi cyg, cygr{Jrr{
y6imq u 40 .reilosrbHnpuroroprrJrrr fi paacrptty. OHn aacrasrlrr.r
eBpeeBBbrcryfirrrb cnragtrenauw u uso1nwvarr 6au4lrroB, rr orrrlr
aos6ygramlnas:bxlr alo6y rporr{B eBpeeB. , }torga nfcnonrxo
gneft cnycrn ntlrqrr ytxamr, ocraBrrBnac 6ea oxpanbr, 6ar4rartl
orrflTb BopBaJrr{cbn u.bcreqrio u onflrb ytiltsrultr ptarno>2).
flaprraeancroe ABrr?fieHie
npecrraH Hanailocb rr r cocfgnem
M'bcreqnrb
Bruorpag, roro ?fieSnenuropogcnaroy6aga. <Vxre3 utr) Apxnn ltiescxoit o6nIlrnu, Aonecesie
or eBp.xacenenisJfucnxxn,
nonyq. ?-ro ircns 1918. Cu, Taxxe yloM. Bhrrrre
Barrncr{yo6r4lsbr
AoxJraAsyro
Mnsrcrpy BEyrpeEEExgrba, or 27-ro anrycra.
, ) A p x n r l t i e s c x a r o I { e n r p , K o u n r e r a n o M o u l nt r o r p o M J r e E E D r M ,
org;bn ropogcnoro Hol\rr{rera,rrr{cbuo Jlucnscnaro paBBrrna,nonyv. B0-ro

L76

cfirla' __ m{mer ynoJrEoMorelrEr.rfrM1bcreqr{a


B rrr{cbMt or L ceErfl6ps' _- Mlr r$flBeu 6ee ncrr*oft Bfiacrrr, B Br![y soacranis fipec,,,nn. Itamnuft paa 'pi:baxaror 6anAu n 30-b0 senoslb*
".pio""r*,
rprr troJrHofi60esot aalynuqiu, co6upaor ncrbx erpeeBxn
cuuamry, onpyrfiaror ogauie tr rrog yrpoaoft paacrpfra rpe6yrci B apar_
ftoBpeMeHrrbrft
cpoH nourpu6yuitr, a uoHa nM yfiraqnBaror oHlr
xonrrr rro [oMaMu rpa6nr>r). Iloacranqaun 6nno uo goport y6r,rro
7 erpeer I xorla fiie'hr u*noropux y6r.rrnrxno:[xarur * arrro *"rnpocrrrb cBoux uyrnefi>, rrx rorfie y6nnu. Itpoufjarux 6rmo rrafiAeHoMsoro Apyrllx y6urux rro oxpecrsnrrl goporall. B ru. prurtanonx,iB,roro-E(e y:baga,troBcranqbry6nnu Z enpeeo.
I(pec*ancnoe grumenie BcrbrxrryJrooAnoBpe*errnor[ r Tapaulancnou ytag6 !r roqno raxlne o6pyrurauocbua eBpeeB. IIo_
BoranuErn:bcxonrrnx AepeBerrbsBr4firtcbB cpenHrrx .rEcuax ilosn
B Aep. Topwrqu u v6ranu t8 enpeer: I olnoM gou* y6nnn orqa
r,rgoqb, B [p]'rou -Marb r{ [Byx ;1ouepeft,
B TperbeM_-4 venoa;bn,
s roM sncfit 10 n:brnmo pe6euxa. paHe'Hrrx saaarlbrBafiu]mr{BbeM.
Enpelr s nasunlb 6poclrnlrcr 66xarr, so rrx Hacr'raru lr na u6cr;b
npuliaEquBam,r2).
B cocrbguefigep.crpnxennrb mpec*nnauu 6rmo
pasrpoMJreHO
n'bcHonrno rrMtsrurxcrr ran eapeftcHlrx ceMeiicra
u 2 enpen y6rrro. B nr. C'rasrrulenrbcnotb^o pa' Bpbt'aJnrcb,,o_
BCTaHTIH.
flepnonauaub'o o'pr orpauuquBaJrrrcb
roJrbnonourpu6yIdieft; B cpegun6 iro;rn npolrcxolrrr s Mlbcresnt 6ot nreffgy no_
BcranqaMlr u nrbueqnlru orpffnou; uocn6 yxola uocrtgrsro
IIOBCTAEqEI, AACTS MCfiKIIMII IIAPTI{SAHCAUMITrPY''trAMII

IIO AOPOTAM

u n a'bcax, craJrrrBhr'eqarb croro aao6y na upotam"* *Jpa"r.


<<Exegrerno,- coo6ularorB cBoelr goxeceuin fi$ITeJIrr
crarr,rula,
- rIpuBoB.HT
H HaMotrHoforlnrr ilByx rrfinrtrx B ogpecrgocTfixeBanptna 1919 r., axog. Nl IBB (na Ipegne-egp. na.). B nncrlrG
fiaercs rpevBeiluqeunafi qHQpa y6lrrnx _ g0 qenostr.
B gpyro*r 4oxynrenr'l o
"r]ucriHcHux co6nrisx coo6qaercr raroii enuaog:
ri'rAa tr'Bcrasq''
[potna' a'Luqen s8 patosa, ptruuar oro'crr{Tb eBpeAM
3a ro' qro ((o'r{ trprrae"rruntuqer>, 14ycrpo!{rL ptarro,
To pyHoBoAETeJrbrroscraHIIeB' Aprauerxo, BaflBr{Jr,rrro on Jlacr Jryqrue ce6n y6irrr,
u:brreupoanra
Iipoab rreBr{trEf,rx
eBpeeB. Clr. Apxnn peAanqin, orqer y[oraouoq. ]tOfIE:
<Jlucqgna s 1gt8-1920 m.D.
r) Apxrra Itieacrofi
o6rqnutr,4oaeceuie na rr. Bunorpa4a,Bxo[. .l(! E?,
or 27-ro ora6pa t9l8 r'.
2) Talr-xie, gonecenie
o Topvnq:b.

Tlorpomnra VnpanH* tg71-tglg.

,tz

77"i

?I{usur Mtcretliia
peen. tlunro rre p*ruaetcfi nycfirrbcrl B rtltl.
ocrasoBuracb, . . Tperrrro AHRuarrrJrlly Eep.?I(ugoscrasfpe6.rn
I enpeiicxr,rx
rpynor, rrBHr,rx4 xrenrqunu>l). llogpo6no o co6rrdnx
y ce6n s m'bcre.utt rI Bo Bcerr ofirrcr,rBaeMoM
rJaMItpaiiout coo6ulaer enpei'rcrdr:io6qnHllni:r cos;Fr n ?tiaurHont. <<Vxtecnopo
Haulelr:bcresrtou coctg3 mtcn4a,-roBopr{Tcrr s 111196114b,-}ian
lrin - "TrrcRrrHa,l1erp, Cranuule, Bnnorpa;I u Ap. upe6unaror B
donrurofi onacuocrrr)). <<[o Bac non?rrnr'rSrrnrr goiimr cJlyxrr o
nocntgHux ylnacur,rxco6nrisx a'laparqancxou ytagrb, o6 ornprrrr,rx uegtrarefibcrBax HaA Tpynamn vdlrrr'rx, Aouecrlrcb BorI.IrII
:{ie}rrqr,rxlr ['b'reit>. <.lh,r He ycn'bnaeu npegarb norpe6eniro ogtut
rpyrr, fiari y?fie rprrBoaar mopoit rr tpcrifi; rraBeprr{nagtearoren
rofioBaMrl,
rr0g rpynaMu, dpocarotux rro Aoporall c otpy6"rennr,Irltl.I
(.,,1r0[raufir,mrr
pyHasrrr,Bcfloporrrilrri?HrIBoraMrI.?I{r,tarrlcoBeprueH}Io
3al\lepJra.
. . l'Iu 6pogrrlr, rtAri ,nuBtIrI t'l;nrr>. B nllctut npltBoitr.rrcrrgar:blr [epeqeub ntcnonr,nux .Iedoettt, y6ntr,rx neprnaaqacro ilpoxognrqieuepea:lt,l;rrtrsurB cauolr ?Itarurioa6.<<Fltmqr'r,
(r.teqrro,Toirbno rroAntrBarorMacira B noniap, oxsarnsffiit pafiofl:
I{orna Mhr n uuu obpaqaertcn 3a flouorrlbK),orrrl orroBaplrBarorcfl, qro y Hrrx ufr o6 aroM rrprrnaaasiil csrrrue>s).l{'[cre.Ili\
lrprru"rrocbuocrrb aroro eule fle uaJro[epe?Iurrb: ynoilEoilIo{Hrrr,rii
ItOnE coo6u{aer,uro rcntg Ba arl{ilrll co6r,rriflun e Tliaillxon'l;
(o.resn4no,6o;rsruesncrcfiiii
rron&BaJrcrr
orpa4 (npacrroaprteiiqeu>>
lrap?rraaucfiiiiorpng), ro rnas'b c I'pebenro. <jloeyuroNlorprl;Iir
6uno: rrpornr ynpanucrioii nnacru, rporr,IB rentaHfl It y6nsa'rl'
6orarux. Otpaport 6nao y6rtto lo 10 eBpeeB)(x coo6tqeuitrr
rtpltJloinellcflrlcort vSlttr'rxa).
O Criarrpcxorvr-v*sgf rrn'bercnloneceHierta M. Bono;Iaplirt.
lla eBpeeariorrn&prr,rBanbr,
HariJIa;InIBanIr
B n'bcreqnoBpbrBaJrrrcb
,rpn6yqin rr rpa6ruru; 6.iuteutcte,Ixa 6u;ro y6trto, 3-ro aarycra.
I eapeer, no onpecrubrsrnoporarr y6utu 2t .teaos'brt. Bo Bpelttl
no[oluiM ri aetrcriorl60nscBoero-fraireraua lrtcre.lno napTrrBaHe
y Bpaqa Br{/IaqIIlregobrrlr,txn .;r;tr;cv
eBpcet;
nrrq'I; lr norpe6ora,,:rrr
1) Tan-.xre, AoxeceHicua Cranuula, or 10 o;tyna (cpeAlrnaaerycra), 1918.
:) 'l'am-me, 4oxeceuie iltauuiorcrraro odulrrrrnaro con'bra, nxog. l$ 31,
or !9-ro aBrycra 1918 r.
3) Apxun pegaxqin (11,){9
r.), ;{or{iraA}'trorinouorr.
tiOIIE, X. fo{lrara,
o lf.amnou'b.

1?S

c qtJrbro retrepb c Hr'rMrrrro$oEqlrrb;0 oorburuMrpy[oM yAaJrocb


6onr'Rrw cnacrur).
npegJrorou._ rrorpouoB aroro nepBaro reJloayurou
pioga uonmasqecrBaffBJrRercE
MecrbeBpeauaa xoagftHr.rqarrbe
Ha
utuqenD, npuqarfi xpecrbflrre
Vxpalrut n;buqeg. <EnpeutrprrBeJnr
BoBper!flrrorpoMas Jlbrcsnnt. B Bonogapxf norctanqn naHanyu{:
rrorpoua pacxJlerrirrrsoaasaniec [prtBbrBou((BbrrHarb
Hturlen, nepe6rrtr' noutrquHon !r eBpeeB)). Auanornqnoe fiBilenie ua6"uroga,noobr&fi?fie n s Pu?aanonn;bn q{nolt pnp;b 4pyrux rryunroB. B
;1ep.Topuuq:bnpecrrnre ptnnrnu nepe6url eBpeeBBa ro, rrro oulr
(fipuBeirrrntr,lqes rr orxaBbrBarorcrr
or yuacrin a noxoAlb,opraHnSoBarrrroM
npoTlrBu;bMqesu yKparrHcKaroIIpaBr,rTefibfipecTr,ffHaMr{
crBals). C gpyrofi cropoun, n'buqn o6nlurnun eBpeeBn o6parnorr.
O6oapbnare.ilrco6nrifi n ttopcynr coo6rlaet, qro Bofipyr ropoAa
npolrcxogr{Jrrrvnopnbre 6orr xpecrrsu-floBcrauqeB c nrbuqaur'r;
oAlra?fifibrutuqau npnllrJrocbocraBrrrb ropoA. <<Horgaourr rrr
saBrpa BepuyJrr{cbo6parno (r uavarb inln), our p'buurrrrr{sJrr{r6
cuoro ano6y H& eBpeeB,fioropbre sxodrr rerrfio nprruuMaJrrr
<<6olruteBlrnoB)),
rialr utuqu IIaBbIBaJrr{
troBcrarrleB. Hfuqu stabxarrlu
ropog ua 6pouenrrn'bu nrrcrpt;rnnu npflrro B rpyffry eBpeeB,
Mrrpflo
croflBurrrxrra 6aeap'b;utnoropne 6uau rprr srolr v6nrbr, n'hrioropbrepaHenbrrr ocralrrcb Ha;IoJrroriartrianrts). fepuaucHoe
HoMaHAoBaEie
o{{nqia.rrbHo BarrBJrnno(n Btnofi l{epnarr), .rro
(eBperr caMbreBr-roBpe[Hbre
arrrraTopHtrpoTrrBu6uqen>>.A noactanurie [porrrB ntuqee rpecrbrrse rpoMrrilrr eBpeeBBa ro, qro
(erpelr ilpuBenr{ Htuqen>. Drrr ABa BBarr}rrror'rcriJrroqaroqrrx
yrnepmgeuifi AoJI?nHLr
6u;ru cnymlrrb nprlripbrrielr ucrrrrrtroirnprrrllrshr rlorpoMfibrxqyBcra, o6ocrpenHbrxAo noc.'r6puuxnpeg'b;ron
n aruoei[ep;b 6esnou{aguofirpaxgaHcxoir aoiixlr rr anapxiu n
fipecrbfiHcnoli Vnp arurt.
29-ro aarycra npeAcraBltre.{rr}tiescfiofr enpeiicnoft oSuprur,r
noAann AofinalHvro Batrucriy o norpoMHbrxaKcr{ecqaxMuHr{cTpy
Blryrpelruux gt.rr, llropro Ftncrxnoncxomy. lloc;r64riifr, eule r{cr) Apruu I{ieacrioii oSrquHrr, gonecenienu Bologaprilr, uxog. Nl 27,
or 23-ro aBr)'cra l9t8 r.
e) Tan-i+ie,
).nolr. Aeseceuieo Topvl.rqt.
0) ^{pxun pegariqin {1919 r.),:lor{.lrago l{opcynn, coc?anrr.A. logn4tif,M.

r2.

l?9

raBuo Br{AubrftAtflrefiL Ka4etcnofi fiaprilr, reilepb o6'ssilsmiii ce6n


pbflrrbrMrtonrousrlnoM yfipar4lrcrtoft4epmaruocrrl' s orstt Ea HoIrr{pernlrfi, i[aHrlruecnitr AaHIrbIfio [orpouax cHaBa.rI,qro' corJlaouo
no&yqaeMLrmor ry6epncntrx I4 yBagurrx crapocr coo6qenisu,
Hurg;b na Vnpaun;b ue aaMlb.raercscneqiaJrbl{aro4rI'rxenix npoycrronourenbHo
TrrB eBpeeB. <<HaVnpalrnt n:bt anrnceMl{TI{BM$),
cfiasaJros Ae[yralliu . . . <<flpaaga,r utxoropr,rx utcrax urntrrr
lrtcro gacranis HaA eBpefiMrl,rro oTo o6'ncnsercs soo6qe xaocolt
ilepexo[Eoro BpeMelru,4a npou;b roro - sct sfl{ y6iiicrna I( rpa6effiu Rsnsrorcfl peByJlbrarorl6orsruesnsMa'B HoeMeBpelryqacr'
rro IIx qI{CJIy
6onrme, qtM arO IIOJIaIaeTCfI
ByroTnpO[OpUiOnaUrnO
na VHpaunt>. Ou BceraHI{ o66rqan rrprlufirb prbnrrrrellnun u;bprt
nporrlB oncqeccoB. B upe4ctannenuoft eMy [or(JlaAuofi sarutcn:b
o6qrrna firrcaJla: <florpouuaa BoJIIrarpoBl{r paanlrrbcn r(poBaBbIM
rrorolrou no scefi l(iesqgn;b,9epnraronqun;bn Bouunrqun;E>.<Bo
l\rrrorrrxropoAax r,rMlbcre.rxaxerpeftcrno uaxoAn1'cfiB trocroffHsoM
crpax;h aa rrirlBlrbtr lruyqecrBo>. finn npegornparqeuin Aanrs:bfturrrx ancqeccos ltiescrtax o6qrrua rrpeAilarafia [paBltreJlbcrBy:
n nacenenirclporun norpoMoB,o6paaoo6napogorarb BoBsBaHie
Houucciro,((c rrpnBfleqenieu no BoBMolItHocrIl
narr cn;bgcrBerrnylo
rpegcranr,rteueft enpeftcnoft o6rqectseHEocrlt))'IIBAarb Sanononpoerr o soaMflqerriu nparureJrbcrBoMy6urnon norepn;barne,uy
uaceneniro,accr{ruoBarb300.000py6. 4nn ancrpennoft[oMoIqI{ II
npr{EfirbApyrifl coorrfrcmyrcqin rvrtpul). Bcf aru upe4noxeuin,
rlrl
oArraKo,Hu ft seMy He npIrBeJIIr;reTMalrcKoenpaBIITeJIbcTBo
sc;b
u&p nporur [orpoMoB, lill u;bp floMolr{use nplrl{ffilo. floqrfi
y?r(e no cat
norpoMbl Broro nepioga paapaal'rJlrrcb
orrr4carrubre
rtoAaquAoHlaAuofiBalI4cKr{.[a n upr4-nl{ rerMancnoenpaBl{Tefibcrso soo6nle ltorJro roegtficreoBarb rla As[?fienie,Apyrofi nonel{
nporlrB Hero caMaro.
o6paaonn
Koroparo 6un naupanfieu TJIaBI{Lru
craJl [puEIIMarb
Euie n na.Iar;b aBrycra, norga aHTIlceMIrrI'IBM
cepr,eanbln{oprtlu, 6rraa, no lrnuqiarnsrbItiescitoft o6rqunn, coa'
aAMIrHPIcrparlIBgana cneqiaJrbHafi<<ItouuccisAJrrrrcpl'rAlrvecftofi,
B nepexoAuoe
IIOCTpaAaBIIII{M
eBpe.EM,
nofi rr lrarepialrnOft nOmOU1lr
BpeMrrna VHparur6>>.B noltltcciro, npou;b ltiencHoft o6rqusrr,
BxoArlrb ran?fierrpencraBlmennrralr6on6e xpynnmx
IgjIII
-gyrllr
li Apxns ltiescHoit .o6rqltnlr,
27-ro anrycta 1918.

180

Aolina1uafi 3anucna IlIuII.Bg. g;b:r,or

eBpeficnr{xo6nu.rn. Itouraooix na6pana 6rcpo u upltcryllnJla }t pa6o16, uo eft ue yga:rocb ooyqecrBlrrb cnoll mllpordx Ba1aqtr'rI oua
rJraBHoeanuuanie EanpaBI{JIaHa yorrJllrBmiecanorpoltluble axcrleccbr. Ho n agtcr er pa6ora- cBeJlaobrlpellMylqecrBeuHoIt
co6upauiro uarepianou r{ H perlrcrpaqilr rorpoMnblx co6rrritt, sriflrr rra Irx [peHpaIIIeHie oua ne 6r'rna B cIrJIax.
Onucaunue uorpolrbr, yquuerrubre HpecrbssaMlr, BanJrloqalor
s ce66 cragntftmis rlluraseonis qeprbr rtoBcranqecnl{x[orpoMoB, noJlyqllBmrrx rroaxte, a 1919- {920 rr., Tanoe MaccoBoe
pacnpocrpaueHie. Teuepr, ua aap;b nororanir, 4wtmenie 4epeBrrrrrporrlB eBpeeBBaxBarIrJIone6ousmofi pafiorr 2-3 yta4on
Itierrqraurr, lro uoame ono pacmlrpflercn Ha BcIo npano6epemuyxt
Vnpauuy, rrepexo4rlrr{a Bocron,oa flnfup, n paftonu flonrascrtoii
r gepnuronctofi ry6,, olycrasob r{ Iory, no 9epuaro Mops, rr rrprrHrrMaerueo6r,r.raftuoailostqifi xapanrep rroqru nosanrnofi otrIrAerrlir.rcpe4r yHpanxoHoii [epeBrrlt. Pogu.lacr Era otrIr4eMisnufctE
c fipecrbsucxofi peaonroqieftu lra po[I4nt amii penontoqiu. Bogorasie [epeBsl{ cnopo oqucrufio Vrparauy or rerMalrlqusbr rl H:BMqeB, ycrauoBrrJloHoBbreuomrllqecnie uopngru. Ho 6ulo rparuqecluM HalprraoMlrcropiu: To, qro AJIficrpaHbrs q*nom gBr(Jlocb
gnR en espeficHaroHaceJIeItiRssllnocr
pacurupenieMpeBoJrrcqirr,
anoatqnu [pr4apanoMxMtnurlrqfiHrl l,r VMaErcHoftp&arnr. . .
O6parqancr <(or I{MeEII crpa4aloqeli nporr.ruqiu, neeprnyroii
TbIcEqeBpeeB,muByqux B cMepreJlbB rrorpourlbrftymac, or I{MeHIII
noft ouacsocrr{)),$ }tiescnofi o6rqnnf, rrparmeft Tor[a poJlbqelrrpa.:nuoit, oAHaLtBrrorpouJlel{Enxo6qraq nI{caJIa: <<Hegyuaihe,
qro Bce, ouucaHlroeEaMrd,cny.raftnrrr anleninl utr, tyr 4tft'
paa6ofiulrvectno,I{ Hac ?fiAereqe enpeficrByer opraxr.rBoBauuoe
cHan p6ann, rr HTo Bnaer, Hari [oJlro rafioe coctosnie 6yget tr'
nyrrcn>>1).
upopoueoftrlMrd,
u {anrrr crpaurnaro t9t9
Cnosa arrr onaBaJrlrcb
roxa aTo [ofia3aJrl{.
1 ) A p x u r [ t i e s c H o f i o 6 I q u E u , o6panlenie ?ItamHoscrofio6quun u
ltiencxyro, trorr] r. 29-ro aurycta 1918 r. (aa gpenxe-enp.nauxt).

181

Marepia.nrr H Aor{yluenTbr
r rclopin

s noFpoxoB ra Vrpaunl'
aEltceilrrsSua
s 1917-1918 r'r.

I. Coo6qesis s Ioneceni,s o norporax


( 1 9 1 7r . ) .
flpuno4uu uau6o.ir[e xapanrepsun coo6qeuitr o norportHbrx gxcqeocax, [po]rBoIIreAIIrIrxn nepiog or oenrn6pff [o nouua
gexa6pa 79L7 r., rro raaerlrbru catg;LniaM rr Iro ueorry6r-IlrnoBaHrrHM apxltBrrbrlt AaHHrIM. Crtl.irr rroJ{.nrrrlnltroBrlaMu no BoBMo?}tHOCrUBCrOlycoxpaHeH.
I.
<Cueryraqia E trorpolubrt.
xarnrcn rpnsnatl BoJIHa ilIaccoBr'H rpa6excii n
norpouoB. He rtponaaatr Borua rlora, ft cqacrblo, Eo rpfiBrtatl,
TaH fiar uauageniro [o[Beprae?cr He ?KI{aHb,a rtuyrqecrBo, td He
rlMyulecrBo, Iro I{Myqectso aoo6qe, Bcflrtoc
ToJrbr(o erpeftcxoe
utcro, rAf uu:brorct roBaphl, ltoropile Mo?ItHopaarpa6utr.
. . . He rrago or ce6x cnprrrarb, qro J^racrEI{KaMIr rlorpoi{os
lr rpa6emefi nBJlflrorcfl n 6omrrlrncrs;b He coBflareJrblrbre Kourppeaonrcqiouepbl, a sro Muorie IIB orM J laorHr.Ir(oB,6rrrr Mo?Her,
oHlI lrctroiltrffIor
rrcftpeHHe a:bpnr, qro aricqeccaMrr rr rpa6exaw
gotr.
o6uturoffBJlfiercs,
penorroqiouunfi
Ilpegtolou
Haxofi-ro
Besso, npem:bgonauie cnerynflHroB.
. . . Bopr6a rrporrlB cnenynnqilr, Eeo6xo$rMarr rI Banolruafl,
qacro [epexogrdr n 6opr6y lrrtqno lrporIrB oTIeKyJIEHToB Ir [porsB Bclbx, uaxolgrqtaxcg uo[ nogoaptuieu, qro oulr nufrcr Kaxoe.qn6o racareJrbTBo n cnexynnqiu.
... HaAo saqarb p'burnrenrnyn, 6eauoqaAEylo, opraul{BoBasuyro H ctrcreMarr{rrecnyro
6opr6y EporIrB cuenyunqiu.
I{6o cneHyrnqin upogynra!ffi uaranis saqnsaer rpeBpalrlarbcn
<<flo crpan't

186

B cue$yJrnqip rnnarrro rpair4&H, cyrqecrBosarrieuperonuqin u


cyqecf BoBanieu crpaxr,rt>.
<<NaieZait>,.1(i 18, or.!-ro ori'rn6pn19t7 r,, pei{. crarrrl.

II.
<Congarcrie uorpoilbn.

<Itarx;truiiXer{b rrl)rrxo;1nrnantcris o nonux eupeiicnux uol'pouax. ltanrAnii Aerrb MLr rroryqaem HoBbrrrfleqarr,Hbrrrcoo6rqeuin o 6egqrrncrsax.I,I ogno 6pocaercrrrrprl arotr B rflaaa: Bcrop_v
rrorpo[tbr HaqrrllaroT0floAr.rHanoBo
rt BcroAv orlrr rrpoxoArrTtrpn
oAHrIx rI .rlbx-rfieobctoRre;rrcrBax; Bcro[y [peAJroror\rRrJrstorcrr
fi clrItyirnqin: ncngv notpolrt,r rraqrlgarorcoJrnarbr,
AoporoBIrBHa
o6unrronenxorb, rioroplre ynilousrorcn or Sponra, BcroAyMrtirrreMtbulteaercgc ronuoi,i rpouufi ._ c
4in ue nuturlrnaercfr,n",rrd-lr(e
fi tcrurllrrr mtrqauaulr u ofipeorlllrMrl fipecrr,ffEautr,nprrxoAgrllr{Mu
0 rycrbilNrrrM'burxauu,qro6n yHecrr,rxarpa6,trenxoe
nouoli. I{ erqe
olno: nr*crnbreAeuoxparrrsecxieopraHbrHe B cocrorrnir,renoraulr
npauyunrbuin upiocrarronrrrb florporrrr,rl]ruriro lrx He cJry[racr,
a rluorAa nx [peAcTaBrITeJreii
Aaffie r4B6nBaroT,r{arii sarqr{Tr{rr}roB
(fi$IAOB)).
Ctapax, Buauouafl liaprr.rHtr,--- Ha Jrrrqo u crapafi, BHaHoMarr
qepra: norporrxarr arntaqis BeAercrr ornpbrrc), y Bcfx Ha r.r-Iaaax;
lragflaqaercn aapan.be AeHb rrorpoua, a uoc,nf rrorpoua rpadltrenn
SegHaxagauflo paBr)'.rIIIBaIoTIt rtpoAoili.ItaloT yrpomatb.
trI o[te
o1r{a cTaparr qepTa: cTorr'r l'oillio ccpbesrro, c opyi*rielr B pynax
EbICT1lrrIIlrb
TIpoTIIBnorpoMlrlrrHoB, rian paaHlraAar{Harr6au;1a r"pa6rrtereit paa6trae'rca.
tr{ rari Bcron--v.Kart rlyA,ro sallat'Ae cloBoplriurLlb. Hari 6yi1ro
rctuu
BTr{Mrr aHapxuqecK}n\{rr rr paa6or:inrrsbuMr{ Br,rcrrvnneninMlr pyrioBogu;ra-6u oJ,Ha pyfia> . . .
eNa,icZaitrr,JS41,or 30.roorux6pnlgll r., peA.cl'arbrr,

186

III.
Ilorpou r Cnaup!.
(ltieacHanry6 ).
(yilpaBuuou,liii 4'b.rraun erpeiicxal'o BIIue-cexperaPial'a,'JroB.
14. Xyprr,tr, qJIeH oco6oft nouuccin leuepanrnaro C,eriperapiara,
nocnasnort n Cnnlrpy gnn o6cntgosauifi lrpolloffe[trrllx rau co6r,rriii, coo6rqaer cafAyroqis uogpo6uocrlr o norpo*tt.
<<Ilorpou r Cxsltpt rrallaJlcfi 23-ro oHrn6px, s 3 rlaca AHrl, I1
nlroAoJr?fiaJrcflAo HorIr,I. Os nocltn ucnilIoqrrTerbHo arlrrleBpeiicniii
xapafirep lr so nctx cBorrx [eraJlflx Iloxot$ ua norpoul; 1905 rola.
Torua, cocrofiBllratr nB coJIAar u lr:bu{an, x,'IaguonpoBuo lpa6r'ma
erpeficxia JTaBKI{r{ qacruble AoMe rr antpclu'r lra6nsaila eBpceB. B
rosn;b HaxoAIrJIIrcb mltllrqiouepbr rI BoesHnii uarpynl, Horopble
cnonoftno cmorptllr rra Bce [polrcxoAsll{ee, a n:bnoropble lra gIIx
Aa?fie rrpuxrruaJlr4 yracrie n norpou;b. Mlrnlrqiouepbl ocraHaBJII{BaJIr.rsa ynuUf eBpeeB u odr,rcfissaJrlr I,{x, 'rro6br y6rbglrrcx, ue
Pacnpoctpanl{Jlcfl cJlyx' qro
HocffT-Jrr[ osu rprl ce6'b opymin.
B roJrry, rr rorAa 6nra orHpmra crp:bnr6a uo
eBper{ crptrnmr
erpeficnnu AoMaM. B pesynrrarb paarpa6neno Oonlruoe qIIcJIo
enpefionux JraBon r{ KBaprnp; 6 enpeen rtoryqunu rrr]Ireilbls peseuiR, a 4-neruis.
O soaMornnocrrl florponla B lopoA'F roaopnnocb elrle oa gu'b
ne4tln Ao Hero, Ro AJrn ero [peAorspaqenin ue 6rrlo nplIIIRro
ruutaxnx n;bp. Korga norpoM rlarlaJlcn, n ropogf He Halrrilocb
rlllnoro, rtro-6rr noaa6orltncfi o ero trperpau1enir't, xotn 6ur:o-6n
AocraroqHo oA,HororoJlblto n rrcrp t;ra, .Iro6bl ToJIla npo{recciona;rr'Irbm rr crysaiinbrx norpoltu{ultor paa6tma,rrael.
V'LaRnuit nor\rlccap 6ygto HII o qeM He snail . . .
unasaHurrit
Certpetapia'ra ll
leuepa;rrnaro
. . . Koulrcoig
uoc.,-I'blHuMroBaprlrq flpoiiypopa npol{3Berl{ crporoe goauaHie o
rrporrcilre4rrmx coSrrrisx. Apecroeauo llnoro [orpoulr$IrioB, rrporraBoAlrrcs crporoe paacrtgoaanie, n BIIIroBIrbIe rcHopf 6ynyt
ilpuBreqeEbr r{ cyA}").
<,NoieZait>n J\! 1r0,or' 28-ro oxtaOpn 1917r.

187

IV.
Ilorpou s lafiouuf.
(flogonir).
. " . <B Boofipecenbe,22-tooHrn6pn, onoJro3 sacos 4r{r, roflrra
coirlar rro4omJra rt ra6asuot ([a6pnnt Balrquaxa, Bf,rJroMaJra
EBepr{14oraJrarpa6rn'r,. It con4ara*r [prrcoe4rrur.rtocr unoro u:bcrr{Lrx HpeorbflE, }roropr{e trouorJrrr rdM r rpa6emt.
B ropolt
pac[p ocrparrrrJracb[orp ounarr narrr{Ka,n Jrroru{oraJrnp aa6:brarrcn,
caurr He auaf HyAa. B aror MoMerrrrroflBrrJrocbnrbononrno repxoBnrxriaaanoB,noropr{e paaorHaJrunrogeftrro AoMaM.OHono6-tl.r
qacoB, KorAa nace;reniecugtno BatrepurtcbB HBaprllpax, floflBrrnacr 6au4a congar-rpa6ureleii, noropbre.cKpr,rHoM
nycrrrJuob rro
6aaapy rr BarrrJlr{cHaqara e opymeftubrft MaraBr4g,Ho raM El,rqero
He HarrrJrr{.Torga onr{ craJrrrrBBJIaMbrBarb
JraBoH
ABepupaBiudrrrrbrx
u nrr6pacnBarb roBapbr rra yrr,rqy. ]tpecrrnae r4 npecrbflrinrr
no46upanu roBapbr, yuocrrJrr.rc co6oft, u Er{Hro aroMy Ire [perrfiTcrBoBair. trIa [oMoB 6osnlrcr BErxoAr{Tb,rroroMy qro fiaaanfi
paBrorrrrJrrrn crptnnrur BBepx. IlorpourrylnaM orrr{, oseBr{luo,
se M:buraru. Jlnmr uepee 3 qaca, Kor4a yme 6nno paarpa6teuo
43 xason, Haaafit{trorrpocrrJrrr
coJr4ar:<(AoBoJr6Ho,
6parqut>.
B ary Eo!r!,rrufiro He crraJr. Mnorie norpflraJrrrorno norpe6am
a oxra4anin uorpouqrrnoB.
Crpax o6'sr secr ropo[, rr eBperl saqaru opraur{BoBbrnarbc.E.
Bnna coegana<rrpacrraff
rrap4ia>, Ho y ueff He 6brfioopy*dr. Torga
o6parnnuor K BorrncnoMyHatrarbnr,rfiy ga BrrrrroBaaurr,so coirB ropogt Ee onaRarbrHe paaptmraau s; lxrlIarb, a peBoJrbBepoB
SaJIOCb.

Mu uepemusaeM ceftsao orparmrue Arrrr rr He Brraem, qro rrac


'$Aer aaBTpa)).
<Naie Zait>, J,{i 41, or 30-ro oxrr6pr /!.917r,,
coo6qerie noppecnouAeura.

V.
Busss[a.
(Ilosoda).
<<Hacrpoeaie agtcr

oqerrb uogaBflessoe.

Tonrxo

rr roBopsr,

.rro o rpa6exraxu uorpoMax. [tarcronrHo 6rllrlr nonyreurr cu:b4t188

uin ua JlutuncHaro y6aga o co6nrisx' aoropbltr ram npollcxognr'


rrailr ucnoJrsrrretsnrut ltoMl{Ter pa6ouux ilelyraroB ocHoBaJIrio'
Ba
lurcciro no oxpau;BropoAaor rlorpomos.ParrrureBceroBBffJrlIcb
B
BaBoAax
na
utctnr,rx
lru:bercs
noroprrii
Jruruqro?fieuiecuupra,
g;bficrBoBarb
upn
atolr
orpoMHouxoiluqecrst. . . Hyx.no 6nrno
TaIi fiali CpeAIIu6mnarO IapHESOsa;6onrruenncr'oqeub OCTOpOESIO,
cfir{ rracrpoenr{aro, BeJIac}, ornpbrrafl aruraqis sa paarpa6"treHie
riaBoAa. IrIe oripecrnnrx m:bcreqefi ?I AepeBerrb lrpr4xogflr Ao crlr
lla M. fssnua tenerpa{npylor' qro rarr
uop lleBecenns cst[6uis.
pagriJreenbrIIOTpOyHLISnpOKJIaMaIIitt,lt uto gftpeCTIIbIeI(peCTbsIIe
I4a Aplrl{x mtcreqex rpocfir o
roBopflr orxprrro o norpou6.
iloMorqr,I)).
<Naio Zait>, JVe37, or 25-ro orox6pa 19tl r.,
coo6qeaieHoppectrosAeura.

VI.
Ilorpou g Jlnrnn!'
(IIonoltis).
' . . <<24-rooHrR6pn, yTpoM codpanacr roJlfia coilAar' Itan lla
qrrcJra riBaprl{pyloqlrx B ropo4t, ra1 I[ r{B AeMofilrJII.IaoBaHHbIx,
rnr4Byrqtffi B OHpecrHbrx AepeBHflx' a raHlne fipecrbsHe il fipecrbsunr'r c mfurxaug Ir HarIaJIrl Ha eBpeficnis nasxr{' C aaneprnx ;rasor,l 6u.nlr copBarlH 3aMHu. Ctauu nrr6pacunarb' JIoMarb' pBarb I{
gtm,rrr' Me?rtgy co6orc paBirltvflbre roBapbr; B AoMax paa6nrarur
CTEHJIA . . .

ItorAa rIprIrxJIIIrycapbr, roJtrla paa6fxranacb. . .


25-ro 6srra o6paaoranacnrbgcrrenuannouu0cin' Koropatrfiqer
arrrroBHbrxa 6eanopngltax; yqpexrAaercspenoamqiounrrft clA.
u B*xoroEcrr ranxe crtgtuin o rorpoMax n Xutlrrunrt
pbrx oHpecTHllxAepeBuflx)).
<Naie Zait>, JYi 1r1, or :10'ro ortrdpa
coo6rqeuie i{oppecIroEAeHTa.

l9'l'7 t.,

189

\rII.
(II Bce r&nE).....
(cr. H. Cnprilnla).

*B Ocrpolb, -FlMnol.I;,I{anes'I} rr eu1err eu1e-_ yxe rpolrBorrrjrr.r


ilorpo[rbr. B Tauaurnon,b,Taranqt rr r. A.- x(llyr norpoua. B
Cxnupt rr uoqrn uo Bceii Botrrucxoit ry6epuilt - roroBsrcn n
fiorpoMam. B Taparqf rr B Apyrux mtcrax - npeAorBparq.rrrr
rorpou, a lra AecflTfioBApyrrrx ropollor rr lr.bcreqenMoJrffTo noM0ildrl nporrlB norpor{oB.
. . . Bcn lilnarrb B EarrleMripat ao Bnacrr,ryrfiacoBrr norpolrrrhrxcrpaxor. fpxanan BoJrHa
rpa6exeff, Arlnocrr{,peBHys[aHHocrrr
paairlrJracb,xari 6o.uoro,uo ncefi crpaut.
. . . ?Is AepeBefibHerrpecrauxo nplr6rrnamr tra flpMaprn B
eapeftcxin Mtcre.{ru.rcorrru ilycrrrx BoBoB,c uau.bpeuieu neplryrbcri rro;rHbrMtrr,
HarpyrfieEsrruu enpeficfir{r!firroBapaMn, erpefrcuun go6polr,- etgr riantgnit eapeit 6ora.r.
. . . !I sce raru.r lltbr npuBbrBaeM
eapeficHirrHapoA rre repfrh
nymecrBa, ilprrBbrBaeM
r.i crroHofittoiipa6ort r{, rJr&BHoe,
r afiTuBnof,i 6opr6'L ilpn crporrrenrcrs'b nonoii lfirrorrr{.
Bct nrtpu aarqlrrbror rpa6ema rr y6iitcrta nprlulrrrarlrcfl, rr
B orom orrrourenirrsam ncfuu cr{naulr rroMoraeryrpalrncxiit ferrepanruufi CexpeTapiar ncefi no"'rsorortBJracrrl,uaxognrqefica r
ero pacnopsxenilr. Hunro He 11oJr?rteH
conutsarrcn s go6poi,i
ron* IeuepaJrr,HaroCerrperapiara. On g.biicraurejrruolranpmaer
sct soamornnocrrr.ga6r,ro6eaonacnrbcrpany or Arrnocrrl tr rpa6erxa>>.
<I)er Te legraf>, $i-i'3, or 1,7-rouonCpnlgl7 r.,
cr. qljn vundestwegen. ..>.

uil.
It norpouyI Vuanx.
iliiercnaary6.i
feuepanrHnfi Cexperapr no soiicrioarru g*naM iloryrrrrJr or
u&qailbuuria !-uaurcnaro rapntraoua cnfgyroqyro renerpaMsry:
<,8 7 qacoa Beqepa HaqaJrcflrrorpom. Congarn paarpa6nnn
opvr*efrHueMaraa!{rrbr.,{oua ropm. Con;1arurpa6nr ropot{. R
190

nopo4t rrnet ctp'bilb6a. I'Ia olipec'rHoctnnpudr,rnalortipecrbnlle


fl nprrnrruaror yuacrie r paorpa6nenilr nasort. floloriexie tpalrplrcJlarb
luqecrioe. H;br turxanoit oxpanr'r. llpocnr HeMeAJIeEHo
ifiAe]I
3aBanrpa
lIbI
orpn;t.
solmcxiii
AucrlsrrJrlrulrponauuufi
xBara 6anria rr xaana.IeficrBa)>.
'1917r.
<,I)cr Telegr:af>, .}i 10, ot 28-r'o IroR6pn

IX.
Ilorpou s AxsonorL.
(Bo;rr,rur).
<<B.rernepr, 30-ro Hon6pfi, y uao 6rrna 6o"rruuafl t{pllaprta. }'nie
u'heronr,Ho Mtct{qen, fiaK Holl IIAIIIII*I lrlbcreqfiorl BpIcIlT crpa{
ttol'poua; HanyrftHuoe HaceJlel{ie n xant;1oit npuapri'l; BLl36TBae1)
MlrJrlrqiro 1r conAar.
BoIlJIa a .ri}Bli}'
. . . OHoro qacy AlIfi l{ytlltc ltpecrlflll
---lIAilOqUrtfiA II CTaJIA TOpfOBaTL UIArII{II, tt UtCrtOjrtfiO lIrIlI]T
(rnycrJl ylne BosrIIIIiJIa ccopa. ctlrnan 6ur gan' Ilonrrra;l ro.TIrIa
fipecTbrlH BopBailaclr Ii ilrarlorlHllliy II paSrpa6ll;-Il B JaBI{'li BCe' aITO
6nno . . . BcntR aa arrll\t rblctrqnafl Macca 6pocllnacl Ii 1pvl'ltll
,ltaBHaM,Iioropbrn \o3fleBa ycn*;rtl )'?rie SaIipbITb' ifie;r'I;afir'llttr
irolllaMrr TO;II& CiIOIIaJIaBaMEIt, lt B ttCrIeHiC[Onytlng{I BC'b itaBIiU
6unn onycrcJilIellbl
Itasaril,r ABaffiAbrcrp'brn;ut B Boally-{, Ho aro Ha rofiny }Ie iloitfrtcrBoBa.fio. ltan rloro\r oliaBa,rlocb,rtaBaHIIcaMn IIoIlroBapl{8a'ilft
lipe0Tbftll VqItlilITI' n0rpOrl.
. . . FIa aaBrpa upn5rr.ltr rla Oc,r'pora rpeAcraBllrenlt CoB'hTr
padoultx rr co"ilgarcltlrx AenyraroB. Bnna ocuoBalla cirlb1crBenrlarr fioMKccifl. Co6Ilparotcn nolhxarb n0 oKpecTHlrllltilepcBiltrrt
lrcriaTb uarpadJleuuoe, llo I(pecTIII{e OTIiptITO rpoStlT ytlIIIlIITb
<rtactontrlir:i))notp oll t.
i\! 20,ot 1l-ro letta6pn1:ll? r.'
<<Der'I'elegrafrr,
cor:6u\etrie
r,ioppecrlolli(ertra.

r91

X.
Ilorporu a td. ltoreJrr,Ro.
(Bo.;rnn;).
flonyveno cexp. no erp. g.l;ran l5-ro
uordpa 1917r., ${i 81.
<<fcirnognuy lelrepa.lr,Houy Ceriperapm uo eBpeiicnllm ;1'Ii;rilu.

/dortropy M. Brur6epQap6y.
VnonuoMo.reHHbrx
eopeftcnaro uacenenin
M. Horeilr,Hlr,llturotripcnaro yrbega, llepxo
Monrxosr4qaTpoxuana rr IIL'reun locuipoBilqa fvruaxa
IIp oIueni e.
ila locnrb4uee Bperrrr s n. Itoremxt, *(uroMrpcnaro yfa4a,
crlnblro paBBrtJrocb
rrbfrlcTBorr BoaoylnAenieutbcrubrx KpecrlffH
n yurrrrenilororpoMoBuag enpeficruu nacenenieu. IIIaftnu MoJroAbrx ripecrbffucfiux uapneit nocpegu 6rbtaro Arrff xoAffT rro MaHyt[anrypnrru u [p]TrrM enpeftcHuu JraBKailrn rpa6nr roBapbr, a
u'bcrrran uunnqin, rryBcrByrrce6n uporuB DTr{xrpa6lrrenefi 6eacltJtsttoii,6eagrbitcrnyer. ,{omno }r}ne Ao roro, qro apecrbffHcfioe
uace.nenieorr(pbrro roBoprrr, qro He roJrbno trMyrrlecrBoeBpeeB
Moifier rr [o.rr]rtuo6rrrr or uux oro6pano, Ho rrro rr caMrlour.rEaxoARTctrsn'b aaxoua, rr c nrrMu tuolnno cgrbnarr, qro yroAuo, Tarr
trro trorpo${c y6iftcrnanrr npelBrr4urcfl ua Aurrx.
Mu o6paqaJrrircbH lltnronripcnomy Vfaguouy Kouuccapy, tt
rar{H{eH Bonr,rncnomyly6epucnouy }tolruccapy, npocfi o aaqur6,
uo V*agurrft ItonrraccaproJrbno paa rrpr{cJrannoftcHa Anff upegyupexgeuia norpoMaB ffpMapoqHrrftAeE6,a ua cnlbgyrcrqiftgeur
coJIAaTbI
yruJrrl,rr MbrorrfTb ocTaJrr,rcb
6egaaqr4tnbffu. lIasuErM
o6paaou rrJroxoro, qro fiporlrB cr{JrbuopaaBr{raroy nac rrbfiHcrna
uag;rexraqin u'bprr He rrpuurrMarorc.s,
a paa nbffrrcrBoEe r{cftoperrefio, 1.o rrorporvrbr
lr rpa6exu rIeMrlHyeMrJ.
A uorouy urr o6paqaeMcfi c Hacrorrulercncenonoputftruem
npocr,6ofin Bau, nan n lenepatrrnouy Cexperaprcl{enrpafibnoft
Pagn, noJrbByroryeficn
donrurrrMaBropr{reroruy RpecrbflHHameft
urbcrfiocrrr, o rtpnnnrin urbp ri npexparqeHirorpademeit naumx
192

uMyIl{ecIB U O trpeAyl]perfiAerrfur
foToBrrrqaro0Eresepa,1lbHa-ro,
co
Bc$ME arpu6yraurr, eBpelicriaro trorpoua. Kanis rlripu, npunnrb
Mlr' HoHegIIo,Jr$a8blBarblre t[o]fieM,Ho IIpB]IMcpencrBoM,
no IIaruenryuntniro, 6r,rao 6rr npegnucanie IdeHrpaar,uoflrpaIr,r
xa sus
BOJTOCTHOTO
ftpec'bffrrc*afo EaqailbcrBa o rreAorryqeuiu unHarqx
uacrlrifi trporrB eBpeeBn rrx uuyrqecrBa rr o npaRadra
orporux
m;bpn ncxopenenironbflucrna B Harueur.ltcre.rrlb).

flo4rulcu: Bepxo TporuaH,


III. lyruau.
lla aprnna Munlrcrepct'Bano eBp. ntuaru, tgl,j *
t9l8 m. (orn6u o rrorpouax).

XI.
It co6rrdau a Masrrcorft[.
([oAorin).
flotyueno cefip. tro eop. qtaau
r-ro ;lera5pn l9l? r.
(ueP.c nP.'enpeftcnaro).
<,{ocrorruu'ru
pa4rr r ltieaf
pyrioBoAuren'M ldeurpanluoft
lr
aacrbgarorqeMycpeAu nep'orr'6pa'sr,rx, rosrou'o*y Cenperapiary,

Iocuognny ronropy Buar6ep([ap6y.


VsaxaeMue focnoga !
Ha'r nonnb, BotrJrbr{crepsa}rubrx,yxre nepeAau 6rr.n Baru
ABarxAbrtro reJrerpaily, n cBflErU
co crpamsbrMnorpoMoDr,uutrueu utcro B sameMropogf MscrHosHt, IloAoarcnoft ry6., 30_ro
flporuJraroutbcnqa onra6pn, ftorAa cBrrrrrerrflTtrAecfirEMaraBr.IHoB,
onoiro rprrgr{ara AolroB 6rrnu yuuvrorfierrf,r, olrycromeabr rr paapyrrreHbrBapBapauu, ffialriAyqaMu npoBr! r qyfi(oro RMyrqecrBa.
Bce, vro 6rrro a Ao!{ax, HaqEEaEc cy66orrefi oAerr(nbr,
Brlu,,tro rr
n'brRsro trJrarrff, nerqet Aouamnmo o6nxo4a r,r paaJrrlquon rto_
cyALI'- 6nuo ea6pauo,paorpa$regg,
]'BeBeEo.OCrarnu-me6ou6e
rpouoBAr{arouMyqec?Barpa6urenu paa6Rml, pacrofiraJrr{ HoraMn,
f l o r p o r r l ru a V x p a n u t 1 9 1 ?- l g t g . t l

ls3

tie$siaroc'rHopaoctHnrr rofiopasut, rlplr$e,xn B rIoJlxyro uefo]lrrocrb :lepnaira, oHoNHEIFotoltra, Titli rITo o6 lrcnpannexirr rt.x
flrrxorga He Mo?lner6n'rr gaxte p'bulr. tr4rart Kari MbI6unrt xpaiiue
lrsylrJrerrbr,qTo fie [oJIyrrrIJrrInrtnafiofi [oMOrqrIH yAoBJreTBoprtTenr'ri Ba.lr
naro orntra or l{enrparrbnoii Pagrr, Mbr l{oMauArrpoBaJrr{
Ha rporrrJrofi segtvrt cneqiansHaro rocirarr{a-AeJlerara, IIo;IareJIrr
oero, r. OnieaepaBeitrluaHa,.rT06r,IoH B aror rsmesrrii AJIr sac
MoMerrrrrprloBaJrlla nouou{b. B BIIAy rpoanrqeii o[acxoorrf. U
ror Baur orr*r, c HoropbrsloH Bepllyilctr:rlro cefi.rac-meo6parnrc;t
r Bunnnq,y, rpllaoBvr rclbx y*agublx ltomllccapoBrI nepeAagyr
Boopyrr(erlurlxcoJl[ar B ltaxirru paonopnrneniepacnBaprr'IpoBarl'
gou ropog6, syr$[arcrqenctr B oco6oft oxpan:b, ga6r,r ontt croflJrll Ha crpam'b. 6y4et raltxte paaptureH o?nycfi pait.tllquaro
opymin IJrs opraHnaaqin n liax{[on ropogt ca]rooxpafi]r, AaSr'r
Molrino 6n;ro aaquu{arb x{IrBHbII o}iaBarb conporl{nnenie norpoMam, oroii nsnrb, paaBltuaxllqel"rct{B qac vffiacnorl cyuntuqu
lt rposrqeii paBrrrrbcfrrr AaJlbure.It uarueuy ropto, oArtafio,Mbr
B ToM,qro Baureo6tutanie 6yger ucnonseso, rt6o nona
orrraffJrr.rcb
J{ Harre$aua Haxyn-6br ro Hr,r6rrro nououlr sfr. A unr, nocrpaB coAporasie atltnr
;lanruie or norpouon, paa6lrrr,rrI npIIBeAeHhr
6'bruexnrru yparartou, rrponecmr{McflHa Haulux rilaaax B {eHb
rorpoua, HorAa lrbr ocyrurrruI Ao AHa orpaBJlelrlrbrtrqalurl. Haura
Bllcnr na so,{ocxf, n 6yxnanlnolr cur,rcnrharoro cnoea. no
?nr,r3rIb
yrpeHuer:i3apII, a AI{eMMbilcqlttaetr
Hoqau MhrlriAe$rr{e Ao}nAelucn
qacbr,noropr'reHarl ocTaJrocbAorflr{yrb Ao c;rfAypqaro AHR. IIo
cy66oralr --Hailra eixeneqtnruafl fipMaplia,AeHb,upiypoueuuui.tri
ano4tnxinu norpoMrrlnlioB,fiorga 6yxnanuro reMHo crauoBl{rcrl
roirnbr, co6nparoqeiicnna onpecrublx ;1eor paaHyaAanno-Aunoii
pBerrb. Xtrranr HaM rle B lnrrau6. B Bu[y aroro MbI Broputll{o
cpoqno lrocbrJraeMrlogareJra cero, BblrueynoMflIryraro r, Befiq6onte nocnfuuro
MaEa,c npoct6oil: t) uto6u Hau 6nnlr Boatdolnuo
co,IIAar,
xoropue-dnr
nocronHuo
Boopyrfieulrbrx
I rocJrauhr
ABaArdarb
2)
ynaaarb
rpoaa
alrapxiu;
croflJn{ ua crpamt, rrona npouecercff
genun
Heo6uam netcro rr r{crosgr{}i,rA6 5rr Aocrarb Ha Ealrru
xogrrMoe HoilnqecrBo opyrHir, AJ{n pacflpeA'blexin ero Merruy
,riureJrnuu ropoAa Harrrero,cnoco6ummnEocnrb opyxie; 3) ror{anAr{poBarlxa n;bxoropoeBpeun rpo$ypopa-o6nurumenR,Koropuft, npn nouorrln co.rAar, BarrffJrcn6r'r noncxaMl{ cnpgraHnaro
194

EarpaorreHuarofiilrylllecrBa y rpa6llrereit !1 Jrlrq, noAoEptBael,rbrx


B ysacriu F rpadefirt, Aa6br ny6rnsno Bcripuru, ux rp"bs lr
rroBop.. .
. . . Hacroxup{MnoArrr.rcbrBaetrcrr,
BTopHrIr{,
28-ro sos6t.rr lglT t,.,
Mnetxonta>
(15 nonnrrceii).
lleqarr,: <Mscrnorcxift Enpeiicniii
O6rllrnnnft Kounrer>.
lIa apxura Mtruncrepcraa tro eBp. g.blarr, lglT_
{918 rr. (orgt.'r o norpomax).

XII.
lC co6rnisu e ltanes!.
(FtieacHan
ry6.;
Iloay.renocerip,flo enp.gtaalt
4-rogexa6pnt9l7 r., j\! 200.
<<f[oxnagAeJreraroB]tauencxoft eBpeitcrofto6rqnnr,r,
rJracrrrrx Kanescnoit lopo4cxofi ,{yunr,
X. 9yRuorcxaro rr l{. Brrlluepa.
lirpellcnoe Hacenenie l. HaHena roc.r'b nepefifl{Tarorrlr tt.lpoua npoAonffiaer oc?aBarbcR n 6eanoxottuo_TpeBolnuot{
co_
cnoRnin, uo cntgyrcquM npnqflsau:
1) rpouunr,r, unulrnurienorporlr,r{orop're B
Aenbnorponaa6lrrlr
n qlrcnlb BoCbMrr
veron:brt,ocrarorcrr6rrrr ua soa,b rt, 2) on;ragtr
ua rropoir AeHr, opyrfiieu ropogcrtofi ur.rulrqin, oHtrrBooplrlnaror
noAoSpnTeiIbHbIX
Jtnq, IroAIoTOBJrfifl,
IIo cjryxaM, s 6Jrrtxraf.rmin
noult prbaun erpeficriaro HaceJrenir,npiypovnB
AJrfi aroro Boc_
fipeceHbe,19'ro c. M., rI rroHegrbmHUx,KaK .flpMopoqHble
IIHrr.
3) Bnacrr, o6lagax clrJroro(npucnauHux AJrfiycrrrperri"; yfiparrrr_
IIeB, B qucnt 75 .reros*x, rtoA (oMagAorocorcnaro, ocraercr{
uac_
crrsxoft uo ornoruenin n rpouuJrau, KoropLre,rroA pynoBoAcrBoM
nenastcrxaro npeABo[r'rreJr-fl,
neperrMeHoBaJrlr
ce6s. n <<Binrnoe
fio'aqecrBo))'xorrr oflrr !r He 'r{aror nporpa*Mbr ero. 4) fuaaunra
rpedorauin <<Binlnoro Ho'asecrB&)):yfir'qro?fienie rpamgau*roii
r 3,r

195

BJracrrr r{ trepexoA BCeft Bra0fi.r, Hari l'opoAcltoil' raK u y'bBlsoit B


nx pynrl, I,I OIIrI saMtrl4rll sasaJlbEunoM y6BlarraBEaro rpoMI{JIy.
5) EeauaHaaaur{ocrb rpoMIUr Ir noJIEoe orcytcrnie cyge6naro paacn;lgonauir cilyril{Bmarocfl rlaBoffrr Hpecrbrllrcnyro u n'rtqalrcnylo
BJIaCTII'IrI 3To I{x
cpeAy Ha MbIcJIb,rrTorpoMuTb eBpeeB'ReJIaTeJIbHO
rla
eBpeeBHaBoAuT
a
H
IpOMUJIaM'
npeirlqaeT AJItr npr4coegrrueuir
6) fopogcxoft ronora orcyrcrByer, lopoguanlr.recxifi crpax.
cHan ,{yrrra IIe coBblBaercr, erpeitcxoe HaceJleHies cesnoMoIIIHOM

uouoxeniu.
Hac e l{eutpaur'Enpeiicnoenacenenier. Kauesa AeJIentpoBaJIo
a) cuapngurr
rpocrrrb:
nyro Pa4y u lenepanuruft Cenpetapiar
cyge6noe cn:b[crsie, TaH fiaR u;bcrnrrft crtAosarens 6eagtftBJIacrII,n 6) upucrByer, MorrrBlrpyflaro HerapauTl{poBanlrocrba
BrrHoBIrbIx)).
Ir
apecry
nnm ufpu
(nognrtcu).
Eo erp. Atlau' 7g['l*
l{a apxnaaMartrcrePcroa
1918rr. (otgfuro norPourax).

XIII.
H eo6utisu a u. CYgxaroso'
(Bonunr).
flonYuexo ceHP.I1o enP.4tlalr
13-rogeHa6pa1917r.' nxoA.J\l 293.
<ll lnannuii: Cenpetapiat uo eapeftcnuu g*lalt.
VnoruotuoqeHHrII-I eBpeI"IcHaro o6uIecrBa
ru. CyAumtoBa, I4BficJIaBJIbcr(aroyrba4a, BoJrbructt. ry6., rnacnxft BoJlocruoro calloyupannenin, Cauyurt C)r,rnHenrmreftn.
B oco6euuo
furapxin sce 6or1be BaxBarblBaer naru npafi.
Jlurla
naceneuie.
erpeftcHoe
oltaBblBaoTca
rfl?fieiroM uOnoxenirt
flepextunogrfiuralor'
Ir
B coirAarcnofi i[opru:b rpa6m s rpoMsr,
BaeMf,re yffiacbl Heonl{oyeMbr. Co;rgarx, pacrroJlonteHlrble B aroft

196

TBopfll' orr{ y1tacbr n


r\rforgocrrl, r4Me6yr{oe6n (6oJlbureBIlfiaMl{)),
He Hame,MLIHe JmpaxsyBeJr4rMBaroT
alrapxilo u rpa6ex{q. <(ATO
rIbD)- BOTqro IIMrl pyHoBoAlrr. Ilpocunr iloMotlb. Ecnu soaMoErEolrooJrarbxorff 6br {0 co,ngat,JIIoAeitu:bpnrtx, ro y[aJlocb
6rr nogaopnrb rloptrgon.
Pacxogrr Ans 1.0-ru se.lrostH enpeftctoe o6u{ectso nsnno-6rr
ua ce6s. Itpouf roro Drrr coirAarbl uornu-6rr floMoqbu'bcruouy
('aMoytrpaBJlexirc
u yMenbml{rbauapxiro.
npllHrrb rutpu'
HeMeA,IeHIro
Heo6xo4uuo
I'.rracnrriirCyplnHor cnaro BoJIocrrroro caMoynparn eui lr
Catrynt (Dusxenrnrteliu)).
13-ro Aexa6pn1917 r.
lls apxrsa MrialicrePcrBa rro enp. nibJ'rau' 1'91719t8 rr. (ornttr o uorPouax).

Xff.
IC co6rrlisx a [Y6xo.
(Bo;rnss).

{y6no, t4-ro genadPx1917 r.


<<BKounrer flouorqlt,
Iti es.
tr4aMoqx reJlerpaMu n Bau r'r s (ltieBcnyro Mrrc.lb)) BaM IIBs;bcrgOo cO6grisx n [y6uo. Vrne ntcnoJrbneArreft,nax n lopog'b
II yHpaI'lHqaMI{.
uexgy 6OnsuresltHaMl4
ornl[aJrrtcb gTOJIKI{OBeHig
qacru
6rrnr o6eaopymelrbr
HtHoroprrn uenxiq 6onrnresucrcHis
yfiparrEqaMrl,

rIO B rOpO4t

TaK HaSbrBaeMafl {GJracTb)) Bce-ffe 6LIJIa

B pyr(ax Boesno-peBonloqionnaro fioMurera, B r(oropou npeo6ragaror 6omrueBr{nrr. 3ro upnneno H ToMy, rlro B ropog6 a6coJrrorgo gtr nrt.Iero ranoro, qro HalloMl{nano-6rr o BJIacrI4. flpocro
OgnoupeMelrHo g*ficrnyror, rrJIIl Blbpne K HoMy o6paqarrcn.
Hte 6eentftcrBylor, nouuccapiar, Paga, BoeHlro-peBoJlloqioHrllrii
KOMnrer rr MnJrr4qifi, 6ea scgHaro norrTafiTa 14 corJlaciff. Buonut

t97

flctlo, lrro TelrH[ieairerlteBTbr,


riaH doirbtrleBuctcFie,
ItaH n yriparrH[roMeHToM
crric BocnoJrbaoBaJlrrcb
ttrJrrrcBonx rrpecrynubrx{t;reii.
3g'bcr rroJrsoeuepennapier,r eguHol{yuie uem4y Bpaxrnylon1uu}t,rd
r espeiicxonnnorpourbyqacrByror n o6eaopyxrenrrrre
6onrure'srllrlt,
u ooJr4arlr r,raynparfficxoi,i xouan;1rr, n gpyrie. Buepa rpoMrrJraMr{
6r,rna o6eaopyrfieuantunlrqia n Htnoropbre ca[epbr, BbrBBaHEbre
[Jrrr oxparrbr ropoga. Boenuo-penonrcqiounufixourtrer BHBBaJT
6pouenuH rr nyileuetbr, riaqairacb crptnr6a rro yJrrrqaM,u rpoilr{.r-rbrpaa6'bmanncr.
FlacenenieoxBaqeuonalrrrqecxrrllyrfiacol{. Cerogur rpounJrbl
BeplryJ-rr{cbB ropoA co cBor4tilopyxienr, rr nAeT [epen&irna,
ecm ufcroflblio paHeHHLrx,
aax co croponbr Boelruo-peBo.rroqiouHaro r(oMr{Tera,Tafi rI cpeAr{rpoMrrJr. OprannaoaaJracb
Ir cauoo6opona, Ho ona r{e B cr{Jraxuro-Hn6ygr, cqfnarr 6ea opymir.
rourrrer orr{aabrB&ercfiBoopy}Knrb HaBoeHuo-penonrorlionuarit
cenerrie rra-Ba rroJrr4Tr{qecnnx
coo6paxeuift, a lremgy rtm ueurtoroqucfiennbre [arpyJrrr nourlTera ro]fie ne ailongrb HaAe]fiHbr.
Boauonruo,qro ceroAufiBbrgagyrnau opyxie rrs oAuoro Boes$aro
}fiu8ar, u rntyutecrBo
crriJla/1a,Torga BoBuoxrno 6yger BaITII{TrITb
ran ftaE r ropogt uutercs cBuure
rpalnAauco6crseHsbrMr{
cr4JraM[,
200 enpeficxrrxcoJrAar,Horoplre cefi.racB or[ycfiy, I{ onr{ sMlbcrt
c ocrairblloii uoarogembrcB cocrosuilr cocraBrdrlorrnqnylo caMoo6oponl'.
PaarpounenoAo crrx nop t5 M&raBrrlroB,
.v6urxu oltoJro200.000
py6neii. Ho HecqacrbeB ToM,qro rrorpoMerlle He JILtltBIrAupoBaH,
rrocrrrcfi cambreHen'bnrre c.rryxrI, n saurpamniii IeHb norpbrr
Mpaliorr Heugstcruocnt.
C. Beprreiiru.
IIa apxura ttOIlE (ttienclraro Roulrrera trouolr1rl
gfftcrniii}, uaeBpeEM,uocrpa{aBrufiMot BoeEIIEtrx
'iepia;rlt 19{? r'., ;Ionecenieyflonrroiroqexnaro.

198

x\;.
Ilorporr a llGa6orpxu!.
(tlogoein).
i*ia6oxpurcnaa
l)npeiirr,ranObn1nua.
llo;ryuexo cenp. no erp. jt'l;.lau,
27-ropexaCpr1917r., ,M {43.
<filo Rncoriodtaropogin l"ocnoAtru-v leuepalr,noltl'
Cenperapro no eBpeilcrillm iI;biIaM.
grenou

eBpellcnoii o6qusu rt. ilia6oriplrqa. Onr,rono.'Ircnaro y;[BAa, flogotrcn.


ry6., lllnemrr l;,rexMaua lt leplnxn Fpeiir'Iralla,
llpoureuie.
16-ro .ulcna cefo Hotl6pn, Mbr, llnexnraH n lipeiiruall, J{errrlponaHlrhre enpeiicxnrr.rnaceneuieu Hailrero Mtcte.{na x(adoxprrva,
rrm'bnll qecrb roBpurr c Bamu Jtuquo no lroBoilv norpollrtoit BoJrHItt,
oxBarlrtsmeii nau rtpari, n rou qI'rc,,t* II tlalue n:bcteqxo ]Ita6oripuq, ilorpoMrro-lraOrpoenrloe Hpecrlfilr(ij{oe llacereHic tro'roparo
Bo Muoro paa flpeBocxoArrr enperlcnoe naceJlexie, xoropoMy rpoaxr
ur6enlnlrs nocnrbgcrnifl, - trrflpocrlJllt Barueli noMon{r. Epontenie
cpeArr rpecrbfiIlcfiaro fiacefiel{ifi sce pacre?, u Bqepa, 22-ro uuena
cero uon6pn M:bcrII{a,B [eHr, <rregeHin Bo xpau flpecanrun Forop ogl.rl-(br)),
fi pecTlr{Hctti e napxl t. orpll t\aTe,.tbuoI{acTpoeHIIbIe,BotlIJI}I
B M'bcreqlio -_ enpeficHylo qeliry -- rI cra,IrII IIB6ItBarL rcrprbuxux
eBpeeB rre;rtguulrn npyrrflMIIi Bopranllcb B oAHv rte lrtcrHux crrOrJIaruafi BosAyx
rla-ror !1 lrs6rrs TaIl ABvx eBpeeB, yAa.TIl,IJU{Cb.
rro6tgonocnblMrr rtpIIIiarIlI, a eBpell, 6eacrutnue, 6eaaarqrtrurte,
rrprrraJrtr{cb,Toqno BarpaB..llel{ilbre.Ilo Baurelty con:bry, Mf,I Bqepa,
22-ro cero iK uuc.it&, o6paru.rrucl rIIIclLMe]IHori Hartleuy ytagnorvr--v
rioMrrccapy (r. Our,rono;rr, flogo;n'cxoit ry6.), c npocr6ofi riouaHAupoBarb B Rarne Mtcre.Ixo ?Ita6ortprlr Aocraroqsoe qncfio coJIAar,
ueo6xoguuoe AJIn orpaxgeuia nac or sacrtnifi norpomuo-Ha9,ilel{eHTaI{pecTIrRHCTBa'
CTpOeHHaTO

1f)9

o6parqaHu Baure sxuri'anie Ha Harre xpaiiue rfl?fieJroerroilorxeuie, Ha ro, qro elneuuHyrxo ptrcliyeu cgtnarrcn xreprnoii lrc_
ItJrlollareJlbuaroupol{BBoJlar{ norpoMrraropaBryjra, - qecrb nu*enr
noqrrrerbH*finre npocrtTbBarueBucoNo6naropogienolAeprfiarb c
cnoeft croporlbr Hame xoAaraftcrno rtepeg Onrrouotrcxuru y;bog_
HLru HoMuccapoM,pacnopfiAr.rBnrncr,
o6 ycnopennoft npucunH;b
HaM,eBperrMu. Eta6oHprrq,HaAerKrroii
nouorqll n nuqt coBHareirr,HbDryKpal4rrcfiuxqacreii, nprr3BaHHbrx
croflTr,na crpamt nopfillr{a
n cnonoftcrBin.

Hon6lrx 23-ro gxn, L9L7r.

lll.neua B;rexuau,
fepru 6peiiruaH).

lla apxnaa nnnllcrepcfoa [o eBp. g,hnau, lgl7 *


l9{8 rr.

XVI.
Ilorpou r Oapy.r[.
{Bo,;runr,},

,.#TJ"-"ffi
frfi ffdil' Atuaun
(nep.c erpefrcxaro).

Onpy.r, t7-ro geHa6px1917 r.


<<BEnpeiicnift Haqioqanrswfi C,ontr ua Vrpaun*, Ities.
Tonaplrrqr, apoBbrord cJreaaMuorpa6rennHx truruy s Bau arrr
crponu. Ilorpounan BoJrEa,rraxJrhrrryBmasceftsac na ncrb utc:ra,
rg* enpera cocraBJrflrlr 6oarurr.rucrBo rraceJrenix, gorarr,uracb r,r
Ao Hac. B uaruu4y uorrbroua sclbx yJrurlax uatraracb crp6nr6a.
HuHro, rrouflTrro,rre Mor nnfitlt Ha yJruqy. Vrpolr yBnailu, rrro
noA axnoMfiaurruerrr nncrptnon 6rlr nporaanegercaurrft sacroflrqiit rorpou Ha crapwfi pyccHif Manep. Paarpa6teuo cBbrme60 es,
peftcxnx JraBon. O6parunucr n mra6 (y nac cronr 26b nonn), r
ftapayJrbnyro ftouauAy, xo nct Hapayru 6r,rru aassrEr y JraBon:
ogru rpa6uJnr, a Ap]-rie Ha yirrrqax Barqrlqana norpouqunoB,
crp;bnra B BoBAyxrr se AaBafir{x Bafiep}Krnarr. Crptnr6a upogot?fiaJracbc qacy Horrl{ Ao 8 uacon yrpa. Torapu 6unta sf,rBeaeurr
2@

ilpilbxaBrtrnME Ira callsx l{pecrbnl{aMlf oHpecrHblx J{epeBellb.


t{acosoro Macrepa Jlefi5y BeHcnepa,ol{agaBluarocouporunueuie,
y6unu. {ro ne ycn;bnu aa6part, 6uao ynuvro}Keso * (xopolrro
oroMcruJln'. V6r,rrHoB cBbIIre nmnuiona py6neft (uepeg [paBARr,rnarrHaBeerraIIEoro rorapy). Paarpa6nenogo6po - peByJIb'
rar y[opnaro enpeftcraro rpyAa Aecstros n1br. Cocrosreusrure
npeBparr4Jnrcru 6rbguarioBtt IoJITIIHHnpu6trnyrr H noctopouneii
uoMoqr.{. Mareurnis enpeftcrin JIaBqosKI{,rgt naxognfiocl Boe
cocrosnie ux nnagrbtblleB,ynuqrolriel{bl. Hactpoenie oqeub noA,aBreuuoe. TorerpaifupoBaJlrr r Pagy, n llcnopocrr (Itopocreur),
Itien, ?IturoMrrp,Ho rloMorqbAo cl{x trop tre uplr6nua. Tenerpa(ffiLre npoBoga 6rmu nopBaubr. Opranuaorailacb caMoo6opoHautl
tropsAori lr nutcrrb c
enpeftcnux coJIAar, noropble BoBcraHoBI{JIIr
pyccffrluu coJr4araMrrl1'bnyrc Hotlt' oxpanflJllt ropo[ rr paBToFRJII{
Kpecrbfirr, tagunmnx fi BocfipeceubroHa aptmlule. Teuepr, r
ropoA BorrrJlr[aaBar(Ir,rt flpulrfiTblcoorntrcrryroqin mBpnr. . .
<Orpa6nennrrft enpeftcHifi uoptnofi rta
Oopyuo.
(Bropyro TIoJIoBI(Hyaroro flllcMa' riacalon{arocfl Bollpoca o cauoo6opon;bu uoaraqiu
National-Rat'a r eBp. MlrHncrepcrBa,LrM.
IlaJrbure,n ur. III).
He apxrtaa Mlrur{crepctBa no enp. ;1'b.rlau,
1 9 1 7- 1 9 1 8 r r .

XVII.
It co6srrisu r Marapoat.
fKieacxaat'y6.).
llotyueno I'es.-cexlt. nu eap' ;i{idan'
1S-rogera6pa 7917r., i\ {r00.
{nep. c eapeftcraro}.

<<IotruonnnySunr6eplpap6y,
Ieuepamnouy Cenpetapro.
flonoputiiruan npocr6a xrr.rrenefinn.IVlaxapoua.
Benlmift focnoguu no llapaurt, or noero 3 rr,rcfi.rnceueiicrn
Hamero*rtcresHa Martapona?IrAyTcllacenis, a oco6ensono gf;ry,

?01

o rioroporr Bu Aanlr rtall c.lloBooBnroen u:bcxo;rrfiopaa o6trqaan


- o traureu Ha.larsnun$ MrlJrr{qi[, Horopnii npoAoJr?fiaere]fiena.nrnarnl,xoltrru on rpa6nr MtcresHo.
nHeBHo
loxrmlarb r{accnoailu,I
repntrr
rltr
crr;r,
ft
Bonrure
orr Bce rrpo4oJrrfiae,r
6rml Harrtr-rr,urrnou, 6es ncnfiaro ocHonauis. . . Orr roirbno trro aa6par v ropoAa
500 py6., a qro crour llasr oArroero nbrrncrBorr ero unnnrlioxepos,
ri rouy ?rienpu senr uu'brorcn.reiros'bH
5 enpeer,rls caMr,rxnogonrioB,..
C rbx rop, rtan l3u o6'Lrqa;urHirrreMypaBBr{nyX{axnuuy, .rro
lSrr cutnnre ero (HaqaJrbrrnna
un.ruqiu), a BceocraJrocb,HaH6ulo,
on eu1e6onr,urejlor{rruaer lr'llcreqr(o. PaHrme y ]rero u Jlecrrntpydnenna6nna nonera, Tefiepberry 11100 py6neii ilraJro,]r oH xBacraer, qro rrorpou n iufcretrrtlbHemr{Hyetr.Torga ilt'bcreqxooxsarblBaer crrepreJrbxbrii
c?pax, co6npaercncot'hrqauie,rr emy Bnocflt
500 py6neii. filrn uepea3-1r --* crroBaAeHbrr{. BaulrniiirfocnoIutr, cntrour tr{sparrnn.nouorrr Hailr. V6epn ero IIB naurero u;Lga6rr uamnerre nepeoTesliarl rrprnuirrrItaMxorb 6orte AerileBaro,
Hecrrr 6nrro. Korga senuxiii locno4ur y6eper ero uB l{axapona,
il!ilr Tblcflqrl .Ie;ros'bli, naAIrM fiolta3anifl. IianIrM oH BaRToqIruItoM
6n:r tt xax oH yrpoll{aJl ytllr}rltrl rlorpor{. floltortt uairr. rrolrortr !
Ilpocurenu u. Manapora (nognucll)>.
lla apxnna urrurrcreFcroa
uo enp. Atsan, 1917:
I ilt 8 rr.
\\rllt.
Ilorporr a Pourros!.
(Ilononis).
Ilo;r;,'leuo Mlu. tro oop. g"baarr,
10-ro rrunapn1918r. i\i 603.
<,fesepa.'lruolry CeHperapiar.y'-rtu erpeiicrtrtn ;1*;'ram Ha ViiparrH'l;.
l'p a:xgau-eepeeB!'IilrteJreit lrhcre'nia Paurriona. flogonrcrtoii rv6.
Or rnrenlt ncelo enperiLrnatouacelenil uauero lrtc're.ura: rrepcrrecttraro B rroql rra 31-oe gexa6pa rrrruyBuraro rona nct y?$acbl
Boopyrfiennaro rpa6erta, o6paqaeM l{ailrrr BBopbrc ropnveii Mo;-rb6oi;i o rreMeA.neurlor'l
rrornoqu ri Bau. r. feuepa.nruuii Ceriperapr,

242

rrpeAcrablireJrloHaluero Eapoga r VxpalrncHtli;i ]{apognoii Per:ny6nrartt. Ilogpo6nocrfi npoldctueAurarotrorpona rafioBbt:


B cy66oty, 30-ro gena6ptr,yrpoM cro4a upn6una 1I3r. Copon
$aBaHoB4-oit ap*riu, HanpaBllollancnB r. 6anty,
corun cJlrrurfio$I
flogo;rrcroil ry6., n pacrroJlo]nllnacrag;bcl sa orAblx. It nexeltv
TOrO 'Ke AItfI rlacTb aTIIx fia3afioB, Boopy?fier{Han BITHTOBKaMIi,
nORBrrJraCbHa TJIABIIbIX y.rig{qax MlbCreqHa rI OTItpbIJIa Ctpfnt6.V
uo 6eagaqrarnrnt o6r,rsareJlsu, uaBoAtI uaullliy ua Bce utcreuxo;
B Bro cauoe BpeMfl Apyrafi sacrb fiaBaron oqtntlJla narpyJIflMII
6oxosbre yJrrrqu rI nepeyJlnlt, orptaar 6tmasuruM ItB cBollx IoMoB
rfinTeJrfiMrlyrb B 6orrte 6eaonacnrrR u'bcra. V6nr gryx eBpeer
IIa CMepTb, oHrr npIrHflJILtCb rpoMlrTb lral'aBlrHbl u qacTIIbIn xBaprllpbl' paarpa6unu nc;b rorapn, Jrgllqrolril'lnr{ lte6enr' BBJIoMaJIU
;lBepn Ir ofiHa AoMoB Ir o[ycroIIrIlJIlI Bce Ha cBoeu tryrll' Teugan
rpAnacca ripecTlflH, npICOeAIIIIIIBIIIICb Ii III{M, cuOCO6CtsOSaJIA
go6po
Semy rr cailra roll{e llacxuqaila norom Ir HpoBbro ro6utoe
6esga[$rrnrrx eBpeeB, Horopl'Ie cttAt:rn B cBollx r,oMax II e?fieMlluyrEo noABepraJrl{ol o6crptay ftaBar{oB,ilallpaJlnBrlrllx aucrp'b;tu
J] Baneprbln ABepIr. ifuurr, oItoJIo rroilysoqu rrrctp'bnrr [pexparlr.IIICL,trIHASaISII'OCraBilrIICb6ea cnapngoB, YlIrr'II\Ha HBaprltpr'l' Itaprr,Ina, rlpeAcraBrrBllraflcg riraaall noc"trt paBrpolta, He lloAgaercn
onrtcauiro: ABa pgAa paarpoM.TeHIIbI-\l{a.ragllgoB, B oynnanrHorr
qfiCJIOO1yCTOIIISI{HIIX
[OcU6tCl'b Orpa6neunu1, It AIIaqIITeJIbHOe
OIIOHIIbIMU
MoB co BgfioMausblMn ABepI'MII lI BEIBOpoIIeEUbIMII
2 rpyna HeBIIH}IoilocrpaAa'BIITIIx MuppaMaur{; Tyr ?fie B&JIffJII,{cb
rrbrx FrrrTeJrefimtbCreqna. IIO cgOeft ffiecT6ltocTll paBrpOM aTOTHarroltuxaer y?*racHblesa6frtl AuriIIx paa6oiiunnor. Bct nauru o6parqenia li nOIIaHAI{pv }iaBaI{OBII HaqaiIbHlIHv yqagTliosOit mtm1qin
o lrollorrllr 6unu 6eapeayJrbrarnl'l: nepnuit ccblraJrcn Ha caoe 6eacunie octanoBllrb pasblrpaBllrypctr crllxiro, a nropoli rro reJlet}orr-v ornrbtuil, qro BaBrpa yrpoM npi64et.
fl*fictnurenbHo' HarraJrbltuH y.raCrxorOit utlJlltqill upitxan II3 M. I(altenntt B Bocr{peceube, s tt qacos vrpa, fiorAa fiaBaltbfi cornfl yrl{e ot6brJra nB
lrtcresna r Eanry, rI xorfl lrpltBea c co6oro 8 roopymeuxf,lx coJItrar, r{rrqero se cAtna.'r e clrElcnt o6napymeHiff orpa6JreHHbrxroBapoB y Elbxoropbrx ufcrunx fipecrlflB. Ma;ro toro, oll Aame se
Mor ocraBlrrl uaM aror ilaJleltrnift otpng sa ntcHonrr{o ABeff nJIfi
oxparrbr or Aaflbu'bflruux ancqeccon' noropne IIo cJIyxaM roro-

203

BnJrucbna crtAyrou+ie [Hrn: coJrAarhrHaorp*s olHaBa.nr4c6


ocfarsLTr
AarfieHa oArIEAeEbu B roT ?KeAerrboTdhuurBMtcTf c yqacTHoBr,rilr
notrnccapoMooparHo B M. ItaMesny.
Jlerfio ce66 npegcraBr(rb, nafioBo rrame rroJrorneuiercrrepb,
norga raniff lipoBaBbrrrpacnpaBbrnpoxoAflT 6eanaHaaanHoItrrr
rpa6lrreneft, HorAa utcrnax BJracrr,6eacn,nrnallacroilbno, trro
6or.rrc.sAa?necJroBouroagrbftcrBoBarb
Ha xr,IulH[rrecxr{HacrpoerrHyrc qacTb fipecTbfrr, HorIa BoeHrraflBarrlr{TaHarrJa- coJrAaTrir,
ftouarArlpyeMbre ililfl uogarnenir [orpoua, Kareropnqeofiu orr{aBbrBarorc.B
or cBor.rxodsaaHnocreft. Ilpra ranorw uonomeuirr
neqert utcrnoe enpeficroe nacenesie trepe?fiuBaerrnyrHie gulr
no4 nrbwtrru crpaxou Jrr{mrrrbcfiHe roJrbno cBoerorruytr{ecrBa,Ho
u cauoit ?nnarrr{. Mu nogrouy o6paqaeuca ri Bau, r. lellepansurrit Cerperapb, c rcenoHopn;bftureii
npocr6ofi oxaaarr rranrxeo6xoflrruyro u HeMeAJreHHyro
rroMorqr, ga6rr orpaAr4Tr,rrac B AaJr6H:biiureu or rpo3uaro (omuapa, irrruarcqaro Hac Bcfifiaro rronor{
rr rpoaffrqaro e?r{egrreBrro
rrpeBparrrrbcfiB ?fiecronyrcg;FitcrnnrenrHocrb. Ilycrr roJroc ocuporrbsrulrxceueft ra o6uuqanur.Ix mrrreaeit-enpeenrre ocrarrercffrJracou ronircqaro r uycrrrn;b. flouon4Te-xe IraM B lralrem crpeunenirr H caMoaarqrrrfnpucrmrion Heo6xognuaronau opvmin. Ilporxnure pyfiy roMorr{rr. He ganaiire
Harlr[acrb ]fieprBoro6earpemenrn. Ilycrr paaAacrcflBam sflacrgrrii ro.r:oc B Barqury Hac, o6eagoJrelrntrrx
6parses Barur.Ix, rn4arqax e4urrcrBenHoe
cBoe cnaceuie s Bameft log4epmHt, Koroparr
Aacr rraM (fuauvecryn rI MopaJrb]ryncr.{JryrrepeHecrrrEarrrr[crpagauin. Treplo y[oBaff, qro Hacrofluliii naur rrprrar,rB
nocJryfi{rlrna
rroJrb3yHe roJrbno IIaM, rro r.r sclblt 6pamxu uaunrM, upoxrrrBaroIr[lM B Haruerryrbagrb,upocr4Morslbrnrr IraMHenocpeAcrBenuo,
rrro
I{MeuIronpe[flpr{Hr{MaercsBaun gm o6eaneveninenpeeBor rrorpoMoBsoo6qe n Hac B qacrnocrtr.
M. ParuxoB, Ilo4olrcnofi ry6epuilr.
.fluaapn 2-r'o gux 1918 roga,).
Ilpegcfgarenr tr:Lcre'rxoearollcnonHareJrbHaroFrounrera
(uognlrcl ).
tluexn ltouurera (uogrmcu).
Inacnne rra eBpeeBPamHoscnofisonocru (nognucu).
Jlturenn (nognncll).
tr{aapxuna Nrrrur{crepcrBa
rro eBp.4;b;ralr.lg17-tgt8

w4

rr.

XIX.
Cusco$ rrolpoluJtelrrrbf,E trYnri?oB
(cenra6Pr - geradPr f91? r).

Bor uepeuenr,'rtx rIyIrKroB-_oHoJIo60, - B I{oux Baperurro


apxl{Ba MI(HI.{CTepClBa
oTprrpoBaHbr rlpeccoft rr no AaITEbIM
enpeftcrurugtnanr notpounble aT(ol\eccblor cepe4rrun cenrn6pn
jto lioHqa gexa6pn l9L7 t.
Itieecnas ry6epnin.
BnHorpa4(13-r'onon6pn).
Bono4aprta(oceurrc).
flaruen (28-ro uon6pa).
iKarunos (20-ro oxtn6pa).
}I(apunqa (L4+o xon6pn).
?Itrrsoroe (7-ro uox6pn).
I{saaHos (4-ro u 12-ro noa6pn).
I,Iuurneq (uauaro uon6pn).
Kanes (6-ro uon6pn).
Itopuun (16-ro nox6pn).
I{artapoe (21-ro noa6pn).
lloxacrupnrqe (19-ro non6pn).
florpe6rrule(17-ro oxta6pn).
Panurrro (14-ro gena6pn).
CHanpa (23-ro onrn6pa).
cr. Cro6ogna (13-ro gexa6pn),
Crasurde (17-ro onra6pa).
'farrr,noe (12-ro gexa6pa).
Taparqa (1"7-rogexa6pn).
Toproneq (10-ro r{ 18-ro ;Iena6pn).
l-nanr (25-ro non6pn).
B o . ' r n n c x a nr y S e p n i n .
Aunorrom (30-ronox6px).
Bapxonuvrr(9-ro nexa6pn).
Be.'regnllx(12-ro qefia6pr).
BnurropogoH (2-ro geria6pa).

Ipur4en (21-ro ceura6pn).


l[y6uo (12-ro sena6pn).
Sacuasnr (30-ro non6pn).
Korenrno (na.ra.lo non6pn).
Itpeueueq (15-ro geHa6pn).
Hynenr (5-ro u t0-ro gena6pr).
Mnpononr (t-ro gexa6pn).
Onpy.r (16-ro gexa6pn).
Ornrna (27-ro uon6pn).
Ocrpor (30-ro uon6pn).
floronuoe (26-ro uon6pn).
Cangounp (19-ro gena6pn).
Cylu.rxon (cpegrrnagera6pn).
Teo{nuonr (L1-ro u 17-ro gena6pn).
flogorrcHan ry6epttirr.
I'aficus (20-ro onra6pn).
IoilosanescH(18-ro qena6pn).
flepaxna (1-ro rena6pn).
,{erronxa (nauanogena6pn).
Egrrueq (29-ro non6pn).
il(a6onpnu (22-ro onrn6pn).
FtanenHa(6-ro noa6pa).
Jlrrrun (HoIlerluoa6pr).
Me4mu6orn(18-ro ontn6pa).
Mscrnogxa (30-ro oxtn6pn).
Paurxos (30-ro gena6pn).
Pn6suqa (uon6pr).
(2.3-ronon6pn).
Co.'ro6fiosrtbr

206

fhmo;u, (6.r:ouondps rr 19-r'o tlepHlrroacliar r.v6epHin.


,r1era6pn)'
Iiopon ({0-ro rr Lg-ro uon6px).
Ilon'rascxanlv6epui r.
I4rannrlu (13-ro xon6pn).
Ilplrn.'yxlr (23-ro orirndpn).

XepcoHcxar ry6epnirr.
Tupacnonr (oHrn6pr).

B ator flepeqenbBr{JrrogertLl
Tan]fiel .rt nSmnru, rg6 arrcqeccrl
lle Ilplrlt.sJrl{cepbeB}Iaro
xapar{Tepa}r BbrpaSrrJl}Icb
ro"rrbrioB traccoeou orpa6,ueninerpeiicKr,rx,lraBorirutrr ;{or\{oB. l{m*ercn rafi}r(e
pn4 [ocrpagaBrfil.IxrryHri?oa,o noropnrx Hrbt ro'rrrhrx cnt46uir.i,
nar'Iouaruuotr (Boruncnoi,i ry6.), tr{namopoA(Ilogonrcnofi ry6.).
;.{arrroaxa(Ilogonrcnofi ry6.) u gpyrie. Ho nomumorepewrcrrer{nblx uu'bncs png u:[cr:, HaxoArrBrrrrrxcfl
rra caMorlruopor:b llorponra
rr ilepe?$lrBrunxBecb y]r(ac ero oinngauia, Hafi flanprrnrtp Bnrrnurla, C;rasyta, Tapaqa. B nocutgueu uyunrt rorpoM yme 6u.lo
llatlaJrcfi,uo gaaru'bfiuriii pocr ero 6nn rpeAorBpaqeu, 6tarogapn
eapeftcroli Xpyxllut. Cpegu nvgriroB, ?nrrBrrrrlx
rtoA crpaxom rrotpoMa,6unu garneraxie nlynrrbreqeHrpbr,xari Ogecca,Xapnioa,
Kpeuenuyr rr npyrie.
Cnucon aror IaJIer{one nonur,rii,ran Ha}i ue sc* nyurirbr yAa. rocb saPerr{cTprrpoBaTB.

906

il.

Pesoarcqis, [porecrbt,

B&tlpoobr r goaanasifi o trorporax.


I.

Bpeuexnoe llpanxrearcrBo

rr norpouar.

29-ro cenrn6pn L9L7roAa cocron;rocL'lro1 npegc'Lxa'reJlbc?Bolt


.\. l't. Kortosanona, ;:ac'bAagieBpeueHxaro Ilparutee;crBa, rlo'
o6cyili,qeuircrpeBo}rulblxcoo6n{euiirc lt'I;ct. l{a aac'bcBflu{eHnoe
;1anin uprrnnro cntgyroilIee nocrauoereuie:
<,AuapxispaBpocraercg. B q*lon pnl'b ropo4oB upollcxoilgl'
npvnulre 6eanopngritr1r rlorponr,I na no'Islb npelrMylqecTDenno
seypt{AItIIbI,rrpllnlll{arcrqieqacto' r ocodenlrpoAoBoJll'crnennoii
Hocrrr tta rcrt, antnenper:tcxiiixapaxtep. Bn4nyrc polb 8 pynoe H'brioroprrxutcttlocrttx Irpalor ltnrenu
eolcrnf Seanopagnaurr
llpoliilauaqitt c uplt'
Consa pvccliaro HapoAa.Ilacnpocrpausrcurie
BbIBOlt K eRl)el-rCIiItlItlorpoltall

tt B0acTaHOn,netrimltollapxgqe0ltarg

crpon.
Mtctnr,rn BJIacTIIHe B cuJlax rIoAaBIrrLLlToiIbIlrllpotto pl.BBlrBmyrocfiauapxilo I'Is-BaorcJrrcrrin 'rnepnoilBfiacrll. OAuoii nlt
[pIIqIIH rrOc;r'bnUnrOIBJ-Ifle'tcfl cyIqeCTBOBAnieBO lllOOCHOBHT;Ix
rl'bnaro pgAa Iio1IIITeroE' 11pere]IA,vIotlulx lItl
rrrx ntctgoclqx
Bilacrb Ir BBallMHoroprloattqllx rybrte.nbHocrb Apyr Apyra. IIpaBllTeirbcrBeHllbrii liouuccap npI'IHy?fiAeHJIaBIIpoBarL lre?fiIly ilpoIIocraI{osneHisMn paBirI{qHblx rioMIITeroB. 1I 1)ftlltnoptvuauMlr
iiora ero lroaroMy cIIiIbI{o BarpyAnerla.
Taxofi nopffAoli npIIsHaII Bpeuenuuu llpanlrte"rllcrBol]I HeAo'
nycTllMbrlr r.I, B BIIAax VcTaHOBiIeHiaeglmCraa EJIacTII' p*urerfo
o6paaoearr tra utctax oco6rre rioMlxTerblBpe*rennaro llparutenl(rrBa, c vqacriem npeAcraBlrrenefi ntcturrx o6ulecrsexrlbrx yqpeai;enii.i, riraBHhIH naaxaqeHiey noroph{x rIB[ITcfl nogarnenie 6egnopnArioB. I{cuorlure.;Il'Hatr B..rracrl'a :-lrIIX oirvqaffx Bpy.raercfi npa-

207

BlrTeflbcTBnrroMy
r{oMr{ccapy,a B MlbcTnocTffX,
r[:b BBelenoBoeH* npelcraBr(TeJrflM
r{oe uoiro}Henie,
Boenrrofir;racrrt. Kounocapan
npegocrasJlflercn npru'funtr BoK] noJrrrory Hracrrr He roJrbno t{
nogarneniro 6eanopngroB,rro trr [nrr npeitynpelrqenir. rrory4rx
rporraoitru aorureniii.
B nepsyro oqepeAbrrpegroJroixenorrpr{Hflrb Becbua onepruqur,rx u'Lpn rro ornorrreuim x ir,rfcruocrfiM,yme oxBarreurrbrunorporrrnunr gnrtxeuieu.
Ocyulecmuenie sc6x naMt.reunErxufponpirrit
no 6opr6t c
auapxief,r ptueuo npoBecrrr HeMeAJreHrro
reuerpa{num nyrem)>.
I{ur. no ffieue4.
<iPaacatr,>,
JS L3, or 4-ro
onta6pn1917r.

II.
IlepnrrE

acepoccificrifi o'[al
(ircm-inur

CoafroB 06 &xrucurrsoxf
191? r.).

lleprnrii ncepocciiicnift c'6a[ Coslbronpa6ovlrx tr cofiAarcnux


AerryraroB, cocrogsudl'icn r flerporpagf r xouq:b irouR s saqalt:b
innfi L9t7 r., ilpr{EfiJrcn:bgyrcqyropeao;rmqiroo6 anruceuurnaut:
<<t)Mnoronrbnosoe6eaupanie eBpeeBs Poccin rr aFrnceMurcfiafl TpaBJrfiIIpoTuBHnx, cJtylnr4Bmaffo[rrrrM I[s rilaBHLtx cpencrB
IdapqaMan ero 6opr66 aa BJracrb,npunflBrrrafioco6eqno Runin
xapaxTepBo BpeMflnofiErr,- Bce aro ycurbnouycrr{rb ng ueton:bxorlenaBr{crrrrrqecrBa,
Bpa?nAbr
u uegonfpifl n eBpesMn ruuponix
IlapoAu6rfl

MaCCbr.

2) Beacunruar go6lrrrcfl BoaBpara craparo ropngr{a B orrtprnoft 6opr6'b, r{onrp-peBonrcqin crpeutrrcff ucnoJrbaoBarbarr{
reMrrbre[peApaBcyAr{uMacc, orBJreqbllx nsnMauie or rrogJrr4rrr{brx
npusuu Hprrar{ca,nepe}fiuBaeMarocrpanoft, tr Aarb BbrxoAcruxifiuouy rregoBoJrbcrBy
rt rnyxoMy 6poxenirc Hapo[HhrxMacc B ABrr,fiegirI, HarrpaBJregrlourrporr{B eBpeeB.
3) 3ra auurenpeficfiafi arrrrarliR, uacHupynqaflcff qacro no)I
paAuHairbHbrME
floByExaMr{,trpeAcTaBJrReT
orpoMrrylo otracaocTbtr
grx enpeiicxaro EapoAa r{ An.a Bcero peBonnqionnaro Isnffieuir
a crpant, u6o rpoanr floronnrb n dparcxoft npoBrrnoe gtbno ocno6orygeuin Hapoga u noxpbrrb penonrcqionuoerrapo[Hoegnnmeuie
HecMbrBaeMbrM
nosopoM.
908

4) lloatouy npniltbre lrs'i'epechr rur{pofi?rx Hapoflrrrrx Mucr:.i,r


gtro vecru peno;rrcqilr rpe6yror or rceft pero.nrcqionuoii;1eucnparin cauoft aueprr,r.aloii6opr,6nrco Bcflr{rrilu [orrbrrr{a}rrr arirrrenpeficrioftrpaBJrrrrl uolaBiresix r aapogrlmrhncsHnx anruenpeiicxtrx Bbrcryunesifi.
5) BcepocciiicHiitc'*ap ConrLronpaOovnx rd coJr4arctrrxAenyraroB rrprrabrBaer
sclb Mtcrnbre Coafrbr Bopno cu*gurr Ba Bcr{I{iIMrr IIpOItCfiaMrI aHTr{ceMr4TCKr{Xrpyn[

4 alr{Ta.Topots, BecTr{ He-

ycraurryn aruraqiounyp rr npocBlbrurenurviopa6ory cpe[E caMbrx


mupolfi{x HapoAHbrxMacc B r16nax 6opr,6rrc aurneBpeficnoitrpaafieft, a cBoeMyldenrpaurnolry ltouurery ilopyqaer osa6orsrr,cfl
usganienncoornfrcrnynqeft Jrr{reparypbrno enpeficnoMyBorpocy.
6) Ilocuran ceoft 6parcHift npnrtr 6oproqeuycrr B o6qlrx
peaonrcqiouubrxps[ax eepeftcxou-rr
pa6o.reruyr{Jraccy,c'6a4 upn3T-rRaeT
ero BceJrurbr enpel'icHinHapoxHbrnMaucbrrrepAyro ye+peusocrb e rou, qro Bcrr opraHr{BoBaHnan
gelropeBoJrroqionnan
nparin crpaEbr BcraHer rpyltr6roHa rrx Balqr4ryor BcrrRr{xTrorrr,rroii
xaxnx-nE6o HacuJrbcrBeunrrxgtficrnift nporltn eBpeeB)).
Peeoaroqi-nrrprrHqMaercr{egr4uorJracso.
{nr. rro exeH. <Paar:s;brr. M.

or 9.fo iro.-rn{9ll r

IU.
I{enrpatrnrrfr

ficsolsnrelrrnrrii ltouurer Coi:t?os s norpom6r


(cenra6pr-orradpr 1917r..).

B aac'Egauifi I-1. 11. lt. Cosfros pa6o.riix 1r cc).r.{ar(.ririxAerri'raroB B flerporpa4t no nritouepegHolr nopngri* o6cvxtxa;rrcnnorrpoo o 6opr66 c norporrnbru ;nlraieuiex. C Aon;ragou no arolr]'
Borrpocy BbrcrynnJr npeAcraBrlTe;rl <livuga>, P. A6oanoBrrq, vnauasmift Ha ry ofracuocrb, rioropyro norpoMHoe neu;iir.xie noo6nle
1r anTr.IeBpeftcnoeB aracruocrli Hecer AJrrr;16na peeo;rrrqir. n upeg.lox$rsffifi clf4yrcrqyrc peaolroqim:
<<Bpae;nr.nrmx lttcrnocrax Poccir,r roJrrrhr oe,no6nenur,rx,TeMnbt-\, a qacro u oryMaHerlHr,rx currproM ;rrogefi, pyKoBo[TiMbrrr!r
rlarpaBxrrBaeMbrr{ TMHhrur,IruqnocrflMLI. 6rusuurMlr ropoAoBbItIl,I
rr yroJroBnbrmr{npecryrrErrr{aMr{,rpo}rflr, rpa6ar, conepmarcr 6eorIuHrjTBA.ilaClUrin lr l6iiierea. . Slri ucrr'ltoiyrlroeAEltifienie. rrnpoIlorpoul

n a V n p a l r a t 1 9 1 7 - -1 9 1 8 . l l t

209

lioit Bo.nsofi paarl,rBarolqeeoflrlo Poccilt, rar{T R ce6'b sefln.Iaitriryr-r


o[acnocrb AJrfi Bceto g;b;ra peronrcqill, npuro[fi ri nonnoft auapxilr, n coBeprueurroMypaBJlo?fienin rocylapcrBa, HpoBaBrJn croJrliuoneniRM, arrbpcxnu nacuniRlr rtag MIIpTI;IMTIIt Hrr B qeM HeuoButrH$iMrr xtrlTeJ-rflMr.1.iuano roro, He rrol(Jre,tilrt collufsiro r.r MoEier
cqfiTarbcfi ToqHo ycTagoBJreIrHbIM,qTO BO BCeM 9TOMflOTpOMIIOM
qerrntenilr yqacrByer ylrbnan rr orlbrruafl pyra qepuoft nourp-pesonmrli{.
florpounan n B rlacruocrll aHTI'IceMI{TcHafiarutaqin,o
upouon'bgr Bpalr{Abr,uacrurin rI EeuaBlrcrrr }i IIHopo[qa]I rI eBpefiIll
rrBJrflercfl, Kafi rronaBa,rr otrbrr 1905 r'o[a, nar.ur;rnuefi no.IBoff [;rt
ropmecrBa rrourp-peBonroqiounr,rx uacrpoeniit n u4ef,r. Bclb perorroqiounr,re pa6ouie, Hpecrbtrue rr coJrgarbr Ao.nffirlbr rloarouy
rrponr{rirryrbcs coguanieM Be,'runoii onacnocru, noropofi rpogsr
;1'I;ny cno6oAr,ruorpoMbr, Ir Hanpeqr ect cBolr cltJrbr glra 6opr6rr
c Hrrlrrr. II. I{. K. npltnblBaer urbctnr,re Cos6rbr pa6ouiax r{ coJIAar(:rirrx AenyraroB Bopno cntgntr Ba Irpor{cHaMIIrlorpoMrrbrx aturaTopoB,riorrrp-peBo;rnqiouepon.paBBIrBarbcaMylo Bueprrquylo arIIraqiro [porrrB rorpor\IHaro gurineuil n p{inutrelr,no upecibriaro n
oamoM aapogrrrnt, lre ocraHaBJItBancb nepeA npnlt6neuiell Boop]'xengofi crIJIbr, scgnit{ rlotpo\IHLrt{ norIbITtiII, Iiati fIBHo Iio]ITpp eno,nroqioHHbreaxTbr).
Peaonoqir ara npr'rnlrllaelca. Il gonomrenie x uerl iI. il. H.
nrrpafiora;r prrA riounperur,tx rttp g,;rn 6opr6rr c uorpoMaulr, fiot'opbrfr B oco6oi,i LurpriY.-rnpHoiire.rerpaunt lienoueHAvlorctl BHII'
rranin Costros. IJ qat'rtroctII peliotlen;I,yercrt{lo3naltie ot,o6r,rr
r.iolrncciit, c yracrien rrapriii. lra5ovrrx oplaruraaqiii, upeAcraglrre,refr eoeunoft rr rpalriAaHcnoii snacru, u rtr'bnrx r,lgefinoii
6opr'6r,r uporRB norpounoli arraraqirt II opraHnaarlirt 33II1II1'l{
IpaffiAarr.
<Pascnlbrt. }1 1{, or l{-ro
I-{ur'.no er+{eue;I.
o r l r f i p n { 0 1 7t ' .

I \-.
Sanpoc s MaJrofi Pag! o6 auapxiu u 6eaqsscrsax.

Ha :ract;lanin Ma.noiiPa;1n. 21r-roorrs6pn L9L7r., 5lr;u nrttleil

2ln

Sanpoc o 6e3.tttrt(,Ttl\

ri IIofl)orIi-lx 1ll l'ripirtttt;ll.

flpegcranurenr' <<flonrcralo neMoHparflqecxaror{enrpa)> B.


Py4uuqniii:
<Ha Vnpalru* sce 6onrme rr So,irsruepacryr anapxir rr trorpoMbr. Ban4u AeBeprrlpoBlr rpa6nreteft, a .racro r,r nrtcttrsre
Iipecrb.flHerpa6ar Mr[cre.rnnr,r AepeBHr{.Cuosa nadpocunncr na
noirflnoB r{ eBpeeB. . . 9ro upeguprrur4Maer
ynpalrncnafi BJracm,,
.Ito6r,r Bagyrulrrb rrorpoMr{oegenmeuie?
Jloroqxiii (ren. nrrcapbr4 BpeM.reHepaJrbHbrt
cexperapl trc)
Buyrpelrur4M4*nau); IeHepanrnomy Cenperapiary Bce aro rrenrbcruo, tlo oH Hr4qeroEe Mor cg*narr. Brrnu roJrbno opranflaoBaubrcn*4crneunhr.flnoMr4cciu,nrrtxaeurin s Cuaavryt) u a
Cnnupy.
B. Pyguraqxift ore*qaer, qro o6'ncneuis Jloroqnaro ero He
yAoB"rIeTBOpRrOT)).
<rr\aie Zait>, ${i 38, or 26-ro oHrn6pn 19'1,7r.,
orqer o eaclbAasiu M. Paru.

V.
flepnufi

eapeficcifi Berrpoc s Marofi Pag[ o norpoMox

(ruecex 28-ro uoaSpa 1917r. or rrnrenuciouucrcxof.rQpanqiu I. IIIexr,lranou).

<<Hecuorpr Ha ABynparnun o6paulenin leuepaJrbnaro Cenpetapiara x nace.neniro Vnpaunr,r c lprdabrBoM rrpenparr4rr, rrogopfiulie peroarcqilo u cno6o4uylo Vnpalruy [orpoMubre oncrleccbr, 06paqeuin, coflpoBolfiAaerniscs riareropnsecHr,nr Barre",renieilr,uro
rctlr uogo6Hr,rMnpecryirrenirlr 5-vner rnepgoii pJtioii roJloErerr
upe4tn, norpoMnafl BoJHa Ha Vnpalrut He rorr,no He cnaJra, go
Bce rur{pr.rrcfi rr pacrer, yrpoxran no;rnof,r auapxieit n pasopeuieu
ropoAaM u M;bcreqrianr Vxpaltru.
IzIaqfnaro pflAa nvHriroB, cBbrrrre30, Ilogonrcriofi, Bo;:rrucnoit
u ltieecfioii ry6epniii rraur,r e?fie4HeBrroilo,ryqarorcfl or rpegcrannrerefi enpeitcnaro uacenenin yuonarcqin
reirerpaMMbr o
IlaqaBrur{xcrr rrnrr yrpo?fiarorqux rrorpoMax. B renerpaMMax yftaBbrBaercflHa rparnqecnoe ilo,nox{esie 6eseaqqruaro erperlcfiaro Ha1) flpegcrarureJrr,
noJrar{oB
cBorll\'r
Barrpocou
lrufr sBEoB rngy r.raatcruoe
tr{ecroxoey6ificrso ceMbrrHpynuarouontrqlrna Hu. Canrynrxoa Cnaryrt,
IIpOI{BBeXenHOe
CoJ;IaTAMlt1I IipeCri,fifialtrl.
I,I. q.
lr*

211

ceJrerriff,oTAarrHaroHa noTofi r.r pa3rpa6JreEiefibrrtrbrx norpoMHbrx6aH[. Iopnr ropo4a, paar.pa6,narorcfl


JraBKrr,
[o)rrrr,rrrro?fiaercfl
uamsift oxap6I nocrtgnee rrMyqecrBoreppopr{Brrponanuoft
erpeftcnoft rpyAonofi maccrr6eanoqapro ra 6earltnr,nory6nrcn oautpfrrueft ronnoft. lltuaHr 6eaaaqraruaronacelesis Brrcr4T
na sorocHlb.
Mtcrsrrs BJracrrr6eaclrlrnrr. Oxpaurr ntr nnnaHoit. To o6cronreJrbcrBo,qro, Eecuorp.EHa rrpllllrrrbrr leHepanrunrnrCeriperapiarou u:bpr,r,ilorpoMHafl BoJrsaBce pacrer, nonaBbrBaer,qro
uunuqis u co4rbftcrryrcqin eit softcxonErnqacrr.rSaHrlruecn{ ue
clpaBirfirorcs co csoeft ea4aueft.
Vrxac uonoxeHiRycpy6naercR r:bm,qro BceBAopoBoe
r[ Bapocnoe enpeitcxoeMylncnoeHaceJreuieuaxogtrcn e apmir.r. Ornopa
IrpoMrrJraM
Aarb HeKoMy. OcraaracsoAHr[ crapr{xlr, g:bur u 6eetroMou{HlrJr}r{eurrg{Hbr.}I(nanlt tr qecru r4x Jrrpo}flaercMepreJrbuafl
onacxocrb. 0ro anaror r4 rryBcrByroreBper4-Borrgbr.
Onn ue Moryr
ocraBarbcficnonoitubrMr,r
B cBor(xqacrfix, rraccr4BlrblMr{
BprrreJrflMrr
coBepffaroquxcn uacrrnifi. Co sc.bx cropou rrocrynaror ft HaM
nacrofisnsbrflrpe6onania enpeftcnltxcoJrAar,qro6rr nu paeptmeno
6n.lo opraunBoBarbcfi r cneqia,rrurrrR Apyxrr{Hbr Anfi Barrlr{Tbr
?nlraurrr,rqecru cBorrxorqoB, uarepefi lr cecrep. Orrrl cnpanegJrrrBo
cqrrraror,rrro Bau{trranx o6ealoreuu6rx cenreft-rlx ecrecrBennoe
upaBo rr o6s3annocrs.
Ocrasnss orripbrrbrlr npnuqrrniansurrfr nonpoc o rngf;resin
BorrnoBB orA6.'rbHbrrr
HarlioHa;rbHbifl
BorIHCriineguunql,r,ilIbrcqIITaetrt,qro eBpeflIr-BorrHaM
He rroirier 6nrn orriaaano B npant
coagauia Apy?riuuco cneqianruofi q6nr.rc oxpaur,renpeficnarouacenenis or rlorpoMoe. CaMoco6ofi paayrutercn,rrro arr{ espeficxia
Apylarrubr 6ylyr HaxoArrr!,crrfla o6nlelr nonomeuilr, B no"rrIoM pacfiopqffieHiureu. cenperapiara no soitcnosrrnrAtlau.
Mlr y6mgenr,r,qro reHepaJrbHrJr1
cexperapiar npuuer repor'r.recHin rufpn Ii roMy, sro6lr BiracrHo rroJoxrrrrb noneq onycroruarouleilnorpomnoft sanxananin, !r qro rautrcqin o6paeoearrca
eapetcnia sor4HcniqApylnuur,r,pvHa o6 pyny c [ucrlr4rrJrnurrpo.
qacrflMrrpenonrcqionnoftynpauncxoft apnrilr, 6ygyt euy
BaHHhrMn
B aroM Ha[emuoit onopoft.
rrofiresnaro,ciouncrctas ([panqin, rny6ono
I4cxo4a rrB Bbrruena
BBBoJrHoBasnan
ri sefi momSamu enpeficnaro Hao6paqaeMbrMr{
2L2

ceHpeTapffM
ceJreHirlo cflaoeHlu,oopaqaercrr K reHepaJrbHr'rM
no
14BoftcnoBbrM
c
salrpocoMi
BEyrpeErrrrM
AlbraM
1) Kanin peaJrbrrlrflruBprr npe4lrplru.srbrft HeMeAJreErroMy
rrpenpaqenin uorpouor?
renepaJrbnbrft
cenperapiar paa2) He saxo[r4r-iru BoaMo?nrrbrM
prbmnrl eBpesM-BorrnaM
opranrraoBarb cneqianrurm Apylnsubr
AJifl oxpaHbrenpeficHaronacenenis?>
B o6'scnenie n aroruy BarrpocyrenepaJrburrftcexperapr uo
eoftonosbruAtnau, C. fler;rropa, npI{BIraJr{aHr muponaro pactrpocrparreuir norpouoB r{ He[ocrarotrlrocrbtrpegrprrrrrrMaeMbrx
B
erou oruomeuiu ufp. Covyncrrenuo oruecflcr x u4e:bnug6nenir
e oco6us souucHiR qacrr4 4rr 6opr6u c trorpoeBpeeB-coJrAar
MaMr{,C. lleurcpa B ro ?fie BpeMffHareropuqecfi\LBaffBr4Jr,
rmo
cerperapiaroM upnsflrbr 6ygyt ptrulrrenrurrn u6pn nporr,rBnorpoMoB u s Han6onfe ppoxraeMbrx ufcrax 6y4yr paautnlenr,r
ua[e?nHbrssougcnis sacrr,r.
Apxiru pegaxqilr, uarepianrr
191.7-1918rr.,
xoni;r rrcpnaro Banpoca, Aoct. I. IIIexrnaEoM.

]\{xc,rs> orstr C.
Cor.[acuo o[eccriou)r e]fiegeA.<<Enpeftcxan
Ilernropnr rJracrrJ ran: <<florporrrr naAaror Ha npn{ponroayro
rroJrocy,rn6 upeanrisartno MHoro paBHbrx BarractrhrxBorlnonr{x
sacreii. 0rrr qacrrr rr 46;ranr [orpo]Ibr. B tnny ran Maoro
DTrrx qacrer"r,.rro ont 4arHe He orBtsanr rpe6onauianr{ponra,
PaarpyanarrrJra or rrpaagubrxBanacHrrx.Iacreii ncrpfuala Muoro
npenxrctnift 6mporparucrecnalo xapanrepa, Ho ara pe{opua
6y4er ncHop;bnporrBBeAena;
ncHopf ceHperapiar6yger ranxie
Itu:brr [ocraroqHo csoeii soeuuoii curr,r, trj]rr uo]roqu Horopoff
Molr{Ho6y4er ptmrrre.rrbHo6oporrcn c anapxieft. l. flernrcpa
noJraraer,qro He ncrptrnrcn npenqrcrniir u n c{opruraponauirc
eBperlonlrx ApylxIIE).

< E u p . M u c u r > >J \ ! 3 , 1 9 1 7r ,

VI.
Bropofi eapeficrcifiBarrpoco norpoMax r Mauofi Pag[
(euecen19 trexaOpa
1917r. ot nueru cioEucr*roft{paxqin H. CuprnxHu).
<<C6onrmun coxantnieu ,r [oJr?fien or]ttrarb, sro lenepaflbnnft Cenpetapiar aa uoontgnee BpeMfi rrepecraJrtrpoxBJrsrb rrper*-

213

rr EHeprin r 6opr66 c florpoMaMtrr,


Hloro tryTnOCTr,
HAri 6Heailo
qro [orpoMbrHepaubrue. Ou, Han 6ygro, npr4Mr{pr.rJrcs
c MbrcJrbro,
ua66xsrr. Bce yHpalrucnoeBoftcnoBar{flrore[epb aofiuoft c 6oatrrreBr{HaMr{;
ouo oxpanr{er rpaHuqbr Vxpar,run. Ho crpaua caua,
oco6ennoea enpeftcHoe
Haceneuie,crpaAaeror rpa6exa u paa6on.
Hr.rnanoeqecrnoe rrpaBrdreJrbcrBo
Ee Molr{er Aorlycrlrrb, 'rto6t,r
MrrpHoenacenenie craJro ffieprroft rpaSexielt,- n fenepam,nrrii
CeHperapiar o6.aaaHrrplrr{firb aueprr4qnlrrrlrtpu.
B uporlrruolr
cnyua AoJrlnerr6yger nutmarrcs yHpalrucHiii nap,taueur, u6o
rrorpoMbr.EBJrflrorcrr
orpouxoft onacHocrbrognn acef,rVHpanurr.
VHparur*tan Pecny6nuna AepmrrrcflroJrbno gonfpiem Eapo4nbrx
Maco. Ec.'ru-xrerpa6earrrr{ rorpoMbr 6yRyt npo4o.E}fiar6crr,
MoJrogar Vxpalrucnarr Pecny6nranar,r efi rrpaBrrreJrbcrBo
rrorep.ffrorBce
goefpie sapoAa.
f rpe6ylo: t) lla sctx sonHcHux .racteii [oJrriex 6r,rrr sbrg'bnen onpegfneunrrii npoqeur coJrAar,co cneqianrubrMHaBHaqenieu eaqnrqarb HaceJreuieor rpa6emefi rr paa6oee 2) s enpeftcnrrx ropoAax lr lrfcreqnax AoilErHm6r,rrr ycr4Jreubr
rapurrsouLru
yBerr,rqeH6rBoiicria>.
C orstroM Bbrcryrraerlpe4ct4arenr l'enepantuaro Cenperapiara, B. Br,rsnmqeuKo:
<<Mnrue ycrrot(olrJlrdcbrr ue ycttoHollltfcfl Ira MErcJIu,qro HI[rero cgf;rarrr seJbilrr. Bpenrn rerepb rfl?fieJroe,Ho Mbr npr{Mem
ncf ufpu, xa6n saqur[rb crpauv rr enpeftcnoe
nace,nenie.Ilepnoe
Tpe6onannier. CupHrrHavxie nprrHflroHalrtrr,qro fiacaercrrBToporo, ro fl ero nelieAanfenepa;rbr{o}rv
Cenperapiary. Bo seqno}r
cnylat ncf utprr Bau{r,rrbr
or rrorpoMon6yRvr rprrrrsrbr)).
<Der Telegrafr>, J\i 27, or 22-ro geHa6pnlgl2 r.
Cornacso <ttieecnofl llncru>> Bcr;rus.1'g;ruHaflqacrb aarrpoca
r. CupHriua fJ:rcrr.-Ia:
<Borua lorllolloB He roJIbHo He crraAaer,Ho Bce Bo3pacraer, rI
rlorpollhl l,Ioq[c;IFrroTcrrvffie e]fieArieB]rorle AecgTriaMr{,a coTHfrMl4.
I,I e orsourenirr rrx yirie seAocraroqno orArbnlurrx, paBpoaHerrHbrx
pacilopsnieuift u u6poupiarift.
Hvxillu o6rqis u;bpn, ueo6xognua
unanolrfpnafl rr eHeprrrunaa 6opr6a c norpoMaMr,r.
lenepa;murrfi Cerperapiar s iloc.rtAHee BpeMff, n contarlbuiro,
itax 6yAro rrepecraJr npo.flBJlarb trpe?r{Hrororryrnocrb K BorrJrflM

2r4

xrellre rI ttati 6y;1to tlara;rncrrrtecxl{ Ilprrllr'Ipnncfl ct IIII}II1. fI uc


coMH'IiBaIocbB Ao6pblx Eautpeuitlx lenepa"'il,Haro CenperapiaT a,
Ho 6yAyrru saHflr Baqr.rrofi rpaHrrrtr Vxpallurr y Baxuava u ?Itmepr{Hnr{, leuepanrnrrfi Cexperapiar na.IrrHaeT oTfiOCIlTr,Cn{tataJrlrcrrrsecHrl n pacryuxei,i norpolruoit BorH'b)).
Ors;br B. Bunul1rrel{lio rJIacI4JI, eorJracHo 3Toft raBerll' Tali:
Jrcs
<<Ienepangrrrfi Cenperapiar, xo6eugo, org,o4b He IIpLIMIdllIf
-c DrnM souipiltruu nB;IeHieM rlorpollaMrl' Mlr c 6o;rlunM cmyarI,I coo6iltrenis. FIo --ue B Ha?[iAoMc'rnqat
ulenieu BbrcJr-ylxllBaeM
.rro,nu6o
CfltilOrb. TnOpRtcn, Ii co?fiaJltuim, erqe 6Onr'urie
l\ro?fiso
rrol,poMbr,!r ec.rrrr[piii[yT ua ynpansy 6oilbmeBulil{, r0 cilyqnTcfi
npl(IlflTiu
Bce66qiii [o4)OrI. SrAu lt ofi'sggsercs IISBOBM6]I1HOCTr
pturureirbllu_x utp. c nn6cr 6eperca sce 6on6e cr4Jrbrloe1I lloc6lHo
saIqIIrbI Vnpalrnu.
"rraercs sa yHpauHcxo-pyccnifi ippont [ng
n
err46neuirc
Bc:b
ntprr
I'euepa;rrnrrft CeHpetapiar npltutluaer
BOrIHCrirrxalacTeil AJIfl flpenparqenin ilOrpOMOB. 3rO ne OrOBOpHa,
aro ylrre nplllrsroe pfureuie Certperapiata>'
Saupoc o ilorpoMax 6nrlt noplep?fiaH raFi?rie flpegcraBt'Ire'Ieu
<<Eyuga>A. SororapeBblu.
rr , riollrH
Apxnn peganqiu, uatepia;ru1917---1918
:]itllpocll,

TIaIL B <'Ftien. Mrrr:ltr'r

?1 rt'llr

22 ler'

{917'

Vil,
Bosasasie rPolEB. trorpomoa
(I4BBneqeEre).

<<I4apaar:uunux utcr Vxpauurr npuxoAt{r rleqaJlbublfl crbil'bHin o roM, qro nouIIMo o6rrqnr'rx rpa6erxeii, noArfioroB r{ r. Ir. 3arrorpoMoB
Mfsarorcfl Tarime lrolblrnl{ yctpoircrra erpeltcnlrx
rIoJIbBvscL'
arllrarop5l'
flpectynurte
rr rpa6effia erpeficnaro Ao6pa.
qyBcrB
a llaqlorlaJlb UapOFIOI"I\tac cbl, [r,ITaIoTcfIp aanyTb
TeMHOTOft
uorl npamgn. . . Bcrt coanareJlbubre yHpaI4HIIbII{oJI}KBbrco Bcei'i
cBoeft orepriei,i uoltos feuepanruouy Cefiperapiary lt M'bcruoi'i
xoropoe ileaAMlruucrpaqiu r 6ops66 rporIIB ororo nponlsrin,
qapcftaro
.
.
pefinMa.
pemxo K rIaM B sacrfAie or
...Hac )DEeraJrI{, Ho Mbr Hlr}toto Ire Aox}nubr yr}Ierarb. Hamgrtit
yHpar4rreq Ao.rrfi(el1IloMHIlTb, tITO HaIIra CBO6oAaelrle He npoqga,
Mbr lly?riAaeMciflB cll;ras MaTepiaiu,Hr,Ix It AyxoBlrblx' Be.nu urr

215

i{oilyor}rM pagBurie HaqioHailblloft BparliA}r r,r,eBpeficHr,rxuorpo}roB ,


Mhr ortrM orroJrfiHer\,ror ce6fi qt,nuft Hapo[,
Mr,r arniu Ha,ro]K(M
reMsoe nsruo Ha Harily coBlbcrb, rr Becb mip 6y4er sac cqr4rarl
r{apo4or\r, ue4ocrofinrru cao6ogr,r.

fenepauurrfr ceriperapbuo gtnau uaqionanrnmx


Menbrrrrrncrs-A. Illynr,nlro.
I{ur. no <Naio Zait>, or 20-ro oxrs6pr

lgl,l r.

YIII.
I{apryaap

trporsa norpouuofi

arnra4iR.

f eaep arr,ur,rii Cenp erap i ar


Ynpauuu.

floayveuo Brlrle-cefip. rro eBp. 4tnan,


27-ro oHrn6ps 1977 r., axog. J\t 82.

feuepanuuHii ceHperapiat rnl rpeuxux gtu,

(nep. c vxpanncxaro).

Agulrnucrp.-uouuruvecnift
i\i 1679.

Cpo'rno.
[{npnynnpno,

org6.r.

20-ro oHra6ps l9l7 r.


r. ltier.

I'r. fv6epncnr{M rr yte4nnu

l{ourccaparr.

B nocnfguee BpeMfl e ceriperapiar no BnyrllerrnrrM 4tlan rocTy[aroT Cntgtuia o ToM, lno reMHbrilIu oJreMeHTaMr{
Be[eTcs rrorpoMrrafr aruraqia cpe[I{ TojrrrEr, ocooeEHo B AHrr rrpMapon r4
6aaapor, Ha 6aaapax rr B Apyrnx u:bcrax cnorrJreni.E Eapola,
rpuqeM 6rrnn cnyvarr, fiorga ara arr4raqifi rrputso4rura K paBrpouy
.TIABOK, qACTHbIX

IOMOB,

IIOABAJIOB tr T. tI.

Oprauau utcrHoft BJracrrr,n ",ruq6ry6epucHrrxu yrbaguux HolurlcoapoB,flpeAiraraeTcacgEnarl pacfiopfl?neuie,.rro66r B 6a3ap_


H6IE U NPA3AHITSHI{E

AHii,

A TAIiE(E

B AHII

fiPMAPOH

YOI'JII4BAJII{Cb

HapflAr,r nfrueii rd HorrEoit ulrnrqira n BhrabrBaJrrtcb


Ha rroMotr{b
uunlrqionepaMso[scnie narpyirrr. HasamHr,rrau unnr,rqilr,n nBil*Hiu xor,rx umderc.aropoAcnafl r{ y*aguaa urlnl.rqia,*npllstrtb
u;bpnr, 4o nprurbuenia opyxtis exJrro.rr{roJrbrro,
trporrre uapyuteuia noprgHa ll onoxoftcrsix HaceJxeuir.

2t6

JIu4, Horopm 6yg1"r'Beem norpoMnyro anrrarriro, BoflrplnrnBarb rE npetrpoBor$narbB pacnop.flrr{euiecyge6uoft BJraorrr.


I'euepatmund cefiperapbnpyrpeuuux gfu
B. BruuuseuHo.
al{M.-roJrtrruqecrraro
orgtua (noguucr).
,{upenrop
I'. Tonapurqy rexepaJlrlraro
cexporapff rro eBp. 4;bnau.
24-ro oHrn6ps {917 r.
trIa apxuna MnslrcrelrcrBa
rro crp, gtnau, 1!t7-t!18

rr

IX.
Boaseasie C. flernroprr

trporuB norpouos

(<.FI,r Kasecrn'b reuepa;rbrraro

cenperapfl

r anapria.

tro soiicHonbrM 46.irau

r Vnpauucnofi Hapoguoft Pecnydnr.rH6, npuanrsaro scfx Bac, Morr


roBapr4rr$t il [pyabJ{, B uacroflulee Bpeus n obuieii [pyffruoft pa- nclb Ba oAuoro u
6or.b. Bygrre opranusoBanrr u o'6'eguHerrbr
o4rlra aa sclbx. Haure sor"rcirouo;ro4o, orro roJrbno cra]roBlllcfi Ea
lloftr{, trr sbl cuoeri Arlcqr'rrurr'rur{lloBaHHocrblo
Aona?Here,qro gBJr.fle?ecb cJraBHbIMrlrroTollHaMrl Harn{x Beflrlrilx tlpeAr(oB.
i , Bc6, rian oArrH, crar:rbre Bonpyr I{eurpanruofi Pa4rr n e-a feHepaJrbuaro CeHperapiara.
He 4ouycnafire uorpoMoB r{ 6eanopfl[KoB, u6o ecmt Bbi [olycrr.rre rdx, Bbr rroB0poM noKpoeTe cJraBHoe rruff ynpauucftaro eoftcfia. HlrHanie norporrrbrue 4onxturr 6r,rrr
EorryrqeHbrua uarueii eeun6. f y;ne Br,raBairyi-:parrucnie rroJrnr{rr
4lrrnain, .{to6br oxparrflrL, ropr{Aori ua Vriparrnt. O4uorpeMeHHo o
aTIIM fi yKparrHrrSrrpvrcpaSiulrrHbrflqacTir B TbIJiy: SanacHblelroJlrir4
ntxornr n Hana.'repirr, aprrr"rurepiitcHin ApyxrrrHbr, ca[epoB n [pyrie 6aranrosrr, c qt;rrrc ulr:brr Boamotngo 6onrrue cBonx sactefi.
BoftcHa 6ygyr paantqeHu no scefi VHpaun6, uo sctn menrbauogopornubrM nlrsi.flD{ lr roporau, 4a6u norouqrrrb c 6eaqrsotsaDfu $
I]olpoMa]rI{.
Ssaitre, qro Bce sro a 96,;raro tro yrroJruoMosirc Harrrero trpaBrlrenbcrBa, rrpaBureJrbcrsa VnpanscHot Hapoguoft Pecuy6unxlr.
-fI uecy orstrcrsesuocrb trepeu L{exrpanrsofi Pagofi, uepeg feueparbslru Cerperapiarolr
n rope[ ac6M saceaesies{ sa csoxofi-

2i7

crBie B HaureMfipat, Ho ,r ary orBtTcrBer{Hocrb Mory Hecrtl ToJrbKo


rorAa, ecJrr.tJr 6yuy onrtparbcfl rra Bac, yfipauncHie congarrr>.
I{ur. no ras, (d)er Telegraf>, J\i 1, or l5-ro
uoa6pr 1917r.

X.
Bogagauie espefionaro renep&lbn&ro

< < f te r p e i i o l i o M y

cexperapiara.
(rep. c enpoiicHaro).

nacelreniro.

lpaxr4are eBperr,
toc;r:bgnee
Ba
BpeMrrHa[ MHor]IMrreBpetcfirrMr,r
fopolautr r,r
trtcre.rnamu rrpogeccflgnniii yparau rrorpouoB,ocrarunmii,inoctlb
ce6s cnrbArrylnaclrbrx paapymenift. MorHer KaBarbc.E,qtro BoBBparqarorcficrapbrfl BpeMeHa,ftorAa uag HatrJrrMuroJroBaMnnuctr
ueq Hr4xotafi, norAa MbI Bclb, rlama ?ar3ub Ir r.rMyrrlecrBoMonrrr
AtftcrsurenbEo crarb 6eauanaaansoAo6brseiiBcflfiaro u (a?r{Aaro.
He ontgyer, oArrano,Ba6blBarb,qro Bcff Poccis uepeffillBaer
qTo B fitr,rBHr4
TenepbTrr?fieJrbrfi
BpeMerJa,
Bc:bx EapoAoBHacTytrrrJra
6onrmas cyMflTrlrla, cBflaalrwaflc nec.racrisMr{ rI otrycrouresiflMrr.
Boftsa, noropan Kocr{r HanpaBolr naufno; AoporoBr{aua,[peAntctunqa roJroArraroyniaca; cnerynnqia, eIrle cqfirute o6ocrparorqafl rrrrfieJryroHyrfiAy 66guorrr, - Bce aro J{BJrsercfltrpr{sHHoft axclleocoB,nauagenift, rpa6einefi, anapxiu u rrorpoMoB
soo6qe.
IIpa ranoit alrapxilr n crpan'b, fiorAa HacenesieBbrBe[euor{B
qro BJraflpyxa Moxier
ce6s u ran roa6yxAeuo, FeyAuBr(reJrbuo,
HarrpaBrrrbMaccbrna enpeiicxie goua r'r Maraauubr,r peaynrrar:L
qero BoaurrnarcrcneqiaJrbuoerpeiicnie rrorpoMbr.
lloxa-xe eBper4?rulByr B nocroflHHol:i6osanu norpouon, .116
yflie caMo no ce6t trpeAcraB.rfletco6olo seilu.rafitrreenpoxnarie.
B 4tiicrwrreJrbuocrrl, oAnario, ouaceuie rrorpoMoBuuter r
ynparrucrinx ry6epuinx MerrbrrreocnonaniR, ufu rg6-6u ro HrI
6rrno. Bo scfx rydepuinx Vnparrurr Bcfl rocygaporBerruafiBJracrb
nepemJrax {enrpanrnofi Pagt c es co6crser{Eofirrcnonstrrefisaoit
Biracrbx),n ;ruqt fenepanr,naro CeHperapiara. lI eaxu ao sctx
21E

ocrairbubrx o6fiaerfix Poccilt ntr s nacronqiii Momenrrrepgoii


rocy4apcrBeuuofi BJIacrI{, rr Bo Muornx utcrax trpoJllrBaerctr Ee
A ora
Mairo HpoBrr, ro Ha Vrtpaun:b BJIacrb rBep[a lr rporlna.
BJlacrb crpeMrrrcti antcr nctun clliraMu rapaurl4poBatr u o6eartequrb uopsAort r.l cuoxoiicrnie gnn nctx napo4socteit, saceJlnr]qnx Vnpanny.
Ieuepa;rr'nnfi: Cenperapiar rnepAo pturrn lle A,orrycxarb rra repplrropilr VnpauHH HrrKaHlIx 6easuucrs u 6esrropflAnoB. l1 rrnaupltrarn sc'b lrtpu AJrnroro, 'Iro6br ua Vxpalrut
se 6rrro nrtcra enpeftcnnu florpoMam. Ecaq-txe onu rgb mt6o sosHrrltrryr, ro n nopuf 6ygyt irI{nBItAI{poBaEbr.
Ipaxgane
eBpeu, BbI He goillriHlJ Ba6brBarb, qro B cocrasf
Vnpalrucraro f enepatlnaro Cenperapiata lru;bercs rarune Eopeii'
cHift renepanruuft cexpetapiar, B noMrleresqiro aoroparo Bxo[ffr
ncf enpeftcrin 4f;ra. ?I enpeirctiii renepanrunrft cenperapb crollr
ua crpa;nt nctx nutepecos eepeficxaro saoeJlenia Vnpaunw'
leuepanlnuu Cenperapiarou uagau rpltfiaB u:bcrnrrlt BJIacrfiM
nceft VHparIHbr IIu B fioeM cnyua;b He Aorlycfiarb IIorpoMoB. M
Korla nlr y66gltrecb, qro flBHo roroBlmcn eepeftcHift norpona, o6paulafttecr, n ufcrnoii BJIacrI{ r.t tpe6yiite npuufuenin HaAJIeffiaB neo6xoptMbrx cJlyqanx coo6qaftre o6 aroM rafi'Ke
iryrx utp,
uut, r'enepaJrbHoMycenperaplo uo enpeiionltu Atnau. B uoc;t{;gHeM cJyqat 1'euepa;rr,nr,tiiCeitpetapiar y;xe uoaa6ornrcff o rom,
.rro6br naturr cnpaBeAillrBun rpeSonania 6u;rn y[oBJIerBopeHbI:
qro6n rrorpoM 6ur npexpatqeu, IIJIIT.Iro6hr orl B cauoM aapognrm'b
6lrn nraxsugllpoBaH.
He repnftte roJlbno My?fiecrBa, rpalnl{aue eBpet,t! l.euepalr'uufi CeHperapiat Vnpauuu npl,rHl{rlaer nc6 neo6xoAlrMlilrr ufpn
n n6.ngx aalurrrbl saueli I+iIIBHITtt 6eeouacuocrll BaIEero IlM\,-rqecrBa u Aoctoqnis.

gttau
fenepam,uniicenperapbuo enpeficxlrm
M.
Bnnr6epipap6>.
x-p
tr{aapxrraalrrlur4crepcrrano eBp.[tran,

1917*1918 rr.

219

XI.
Ilporecru eapefiorux coag&r rporrB rrorpouoB
(ua apxuna Corcuaerpeen-aoruoa).

T.
I I p o r o x o ; r c o 6 p a Hi a r r pe A c r a B r l r e J r e ici o J r A a r- e B pe e B t 0 - f i
u:bxornoft4unnain, 9-ro orrx6pn {g17 ro4a.
<<Haco6pauin npucyrcrBoBaJrot8 generaroB or Bc6x qacrefi
g{Braiu. Ilpegctgarelr co6pauifl-roB. IIIrepu, cenperapb codpanir -r08. Jfefi6nn.
O6rqeeco6pauie, o6cylun Borpoc o npoucxonsqr4x BbrcryureHiax, s6lpxrnarcqrrxofir $oput norpoMoBz rpa6emeft,rJraBuhn{
o6paaou [porr4B eBpeeB,BrruecJrocntgyroqyro peaonrorlin:
<KanrgmfiAerrbrrpr4gocnrrraMuaetcris o r{oBbrx,MnoroqucilerrHbrx HeBrrurrbrxHeprBax enpeftcHaroHapoga. Itanqnft neub c
6o.nsrcIr cJreaaMr4
rrrrraeMo artpctrax, r[4Hr4Mhrx
nap enpeftcnunr
Eapo[oM TeMHbrMtr,
6eaors.brcreeHuhrMr4,
a rrogqac u oprasuBoBaHHbrMrrcr{JraMr{. BennHas PyccHax Penonroqix, soastcru n
crpaut ra sctM Hapo[aM e.EBaproncrnnnoft cno6oArr,onaaaJracb
6eaounrsoft, uro6rr ocrauoBr4r6BJryroarrrraqirc u nponrnenir ex
rlporrrB eBpeeB.
floronn HeBlrEHoftr{poBrr rrqeruo BabrBarorn ctrpaBeAJrtrrBocrlr
r paByMv. llrr, co.u[arbr-eBper,
uaxognqieca ua ifpourt, HeMoE(eM
cnonofiuo orHocr4Tbc-fr
H arnM npone,reuinu a;roft Boirrltr,r MbrcJrrr.
Btpnne cbrubrpeBoirrcqiounofiapuilr roqeprr{yBrrie e canroftpesorrcqir HoBr,rffcrdJrbr
r! rraAer*i4hr,
Mbrc yaiacoM cltorprrMHa Eacroflrr{eeu 6ynyrueelr, o6eanoxoenshre
n BoauyrrleHr{bre,
Mrir,rrpe[oraBrrreJrr.f
eBpeeB-coJrAar
10-ft utxoruoft guewaim,Ba-frBJrfl
eMIDOMriiii nporecr [porrB uacu;rift u anrbpcrr, qrirruMhrx
aaor"r*r"
"r4
HartrrdMrr
rt Harrrrdx6rlrBr{ux, trporrrB .rro}nuLrxuncunyaqiii,
rpurucbrBaeubrxHarrrr4ue4lrnon*pqaiu. O6paqaencr c npocr6oft Ho
rceft pyccnoft geuoliparirr, rt coauareJrbrrbrM
ilraccaMpyccxaro Eapo4a 6oporuc.ssc6li{u lrtpaulr nporlrB 6eayuuoii rpaBJrlr.
Tpe6yeu, 'rro6nr noBcroAyMtcrubre npegoraBrrreJur
BJracrrru
nnr6opuua opranuaaqiraBoctrperrflrcrBoBaJrrl
rctulr utpaun acrHrrMarrrr,rceMr.rroRrrlr
nucryu.neuianr.Tpe6yelrnpuunrix ptmuretrHr.rr rcabp,ga6rr cougarbr-eBpen,etpurue ceo6ogt r peaonroqiu,
MorJrlrouoxoftso qcrroJtHflTbcnolr o6saanHoorr,r.Cwtas, sro Jrrrmb

,rn

6eeo6rqin ycunia o6'egnneunoftgenroHpadurworyt 6rmr, aa,noroM


orracgaro cyqecrgoBanis naqionamuocteft, HaceJlrrrolq4x
Pocciro,
K rIoJIo6paqaeucr c npocr6oft xo sc6n'rcoJrAaraM-roBaplllqam,
noBbrM,porrrlrM I{ fioMaugrrrrMcos:brau noggepmarbHaru crrpane4;rrarrrfinporecr n rpe6orauin>>.
creosarr repe4 4r,rrnaionurru
Co6pauierocrauoBnJro: <<Xogarafi
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[eJleraroBor gr,rnueilr,AJrflogganouleui.nHa Mtctax, xaxin rrrtpn
rlprrnrrMarorcgr Atut opraunaaqitr 6eeonacnocuteupeitcnarosacerettiq . " .t>
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').
Pesoilloqifl coJIlat- enpen 5-ro Cu 6up cnulo ap ueii ct aru
fiopnyca.
<llaetcrifl o6 yullnneubrx rIaA eBpeHMtI norponax tsce qau{e
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rpenorofi Ba ?fir{Bub ocraB"reHnbrx Harfirl B Thr"qy poAHbIx u 6finsnrlx, MLr He Molr(err cnoiroftno rrcnorgflTb csofi eonucHift go;rr.
Itopnycunft fioMlrrer erpeficnoft opranueaqin 5-ro Cn6upcxaro
apueficxaro fiopryca BarrBJrfler, qro nufcrf
c eBpeflull J{p}THX
.racteft apnrilr 6yger rneplo u p'bnrntenrno 6oporbcrr IrpornB IIoIIursrueit roxoBy rsvcsoii 6aHglr npecrvrrHlliioB, rlocflralorqflx Ha
?nr{aubu cro6ogy eBpeeB.
l,Ill npnerrsaeu Fi 6eanonla;uoir 6opl6f c qepuocorelrl{aMrr lI
poeciitcityro geuoxparin.
llopa trpenparurL IIoBopIrbIfl gnfl cBo6ognoft crpaubr nacr.rais u BapBapcrRo. ,{ono:nuo npoJIIrBarL
HeBrurnyro xpoar !>.
IIpegc&gare;rl (nognucl).
CeHpetapr (nogntrcr).

(M.n.)

221

a.

P ea o ; rr o q i a .
<<NIw,
erpen-Borrnbr224-ro ntxoruaro l0xnoecHaro noJrxa,rra
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rrolrbrTonTeMHhrxMacc opranr4BoBarbnorpoMhr. CsuraeM rryfirr{brM
arro KorAa lrama Kp086 irbercrr Ha
orutrurr,
![pourt, Mbr
6rrrr
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I{ountet n ltienf ony6nuHorarb Hatu rrporecrD.
{'bficrnyrorqan apuin, {4-ro non6pa tg{7 ro4a.
llpegct4arenn eapeficxaro r(omnrera npn 224-rr
ni;xornonr noJray (uogul.tcr).
Cenperapr (nognr,rcr').

xu.
Pyccxia o6rqeapueficria opr:anaeaqiuuporrs trorpouoa,
B n r n R c H a r 4 B{ r p o r o r i o " u a e a c 6 4 a n i n g r t e l r e i o u u a r o f i o M r I ,
r e r a t 0 - o i i u * x o r u o f i A n s r a i l r , o r 1 . 4 - r oo n r n 6 p n 1 9 1 7r o g a .
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To6o,'rscnaro noMurera:
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rioMrrrer Bbrpaffiaer
rlporecr rro rroBogy orrlx noBopHbrx qnaeHiii tr Hacrar{B a e r H a n p u n n r i u c a u L r x g H e p f r 4 u u r r x i w t p A . r r f ir p e A orBpauleHin u npec.hqenin nogoSnrrx ssJreriiii)).
IJocrauosueuo: <<Vgonleraopr,rrr, xoAarafrcrBo coirAar-eBpeeB
10-ofi ntxoruofi grralrain o paaptureuirt rilr KoMan4r4poBarb B
ropoAa Poccilr AByx AeJreraroB A.'rrr oananoMireuis ua m:bcrax,
rraxin ll'bpnr nptrHrrMaroren n ;1t..r6 oprannsaqilr 6eaonacsocrlr

enpeftcxaroRaeeneRinr>.

222

IIpe4c;bgarear(rognrrcr,).
Cenperapr (uognrcr).
I,IeapxuaaCoroaaenpeen-nor.rron,
Hien

IIL Oauoo6opona n erpeficnia nosscri$ nacrr.


Vrcpanuzaaqia apuin s eBpeE-conAarbr.
I.
Ilpoerr

r. Ilien

erpeflcxnx

9-ro rlntR6nR 191? r'.

Boopyrfiennbrx orpagoB.
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6.
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<llpc;lctaelrrerrltr enpeficHaro uace.rreHirr


e Pa44;.
Vqg1,111g11i1,1rrr
s 1otr.-l'];Auee
BIltlIIrr llo ilt,fx rraLirflx Poccilr
6eanripn;1ririrrl)urrrrlraror nce 6o.ate it 6o;r'l;e tulruerpeiicniii xapartrep. IIe n4auancr, B oq'bHli-y ilpl.rquH u ycronii'i, Br,raBatsrurlxnerrairL,Hbl
rr co6rr?ia, ilpouBorilenruin e llen,qepax,'frlpacnoJl'b, Ocrp o rb, Xapr'riont rr gp. lrbcrar, rr, Kari cBpeii, rioMy lloporo Bce, qro
F i a r a e r ( ' i le B l r c i i c r i O l 'H
o a p o . { 4 .| l l i i t r r o { r r u e p . c q r r ' f i l r Uc B o i l ] \ ri 1 0 . r l'o1r rrpeAcraBltrr, lra paBclrorptuie eBpcirclirtx o6rrlectneilur,rx
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f:[ rrroro ua roii 'roqii'b eptHin. qro Ao BoccrarroBJreningncqnIL-IrrHr,rrr Morqrt Bceii Poccir"rcnofi apuirr rr Ao oprauneaqin MI{.IIRqiri. erpeiicfioe Hace;ieuie. u c.nvqat sncqeccoB co croporrbr reMIIOII qepIIII'

IIe CMOII{eT paBCqIITbIBATL IIA SaKOHHVIO. TAI{ CIia3aTb'

3aulrlr)-, Ha }ioropvrc orio rruter llpaBo. u 6yqer: npeAocraBniHo


r,arrorrv ce66. B gonaaare.rr6cTBoAocTal,oargoBctlouHr{TL,co6nriq
uoc;.tgnrix llrrer"rrr Sanr, saperucrprrpoBaHnmii ncturl raeera$rr.r,
qro ts ropo;Ia.r, rAt rrn:b..rrtu;bcro 6eauopn;1nu, Mn;Iuqifl, s 6orl'rrurrrtL'gi; i..r1'r11ns.oriaB6lEil.-iacr,
6egr:ll;rr,uoiirrporrrr pan:flpegnoii

!?3

TOJrnbl,a BotcHa uJn{ caMr4 rrpr,rHr4MaJru


yqafjTie B 6eonopfiA$ar,
unE }Ite Ile SLUIIdB cOCTOfiHiU
OCTaHOBUTb
r4x.
Moft n,'ran oprauueaqiu eaMooanlrrbr BanJrroqaercnn cnt;lynqeu:
Bo sctx ropo4ax n Mtcresnax, rgrb Haxo4flTcff Bpeuesnbre ujrrl
rlocroflEHbre rapur{Borrnr, enpeitcxie co;rAarbr ra o{rrrqeprr, rrpunagnemaqie n orr1Mrapur{Bonau, nr.r/{rFrnrorclrs oco6brr{ rpyrrilr,r,
rroA Haqairr,crBou crapruaro s oiltu.b eupefl, u Aeprfiarcff uaroronB
trlJ]fl rreMeAJrerrHaro sil,rabruareJrbcrBa B CilVqalb eoasr{nHoaeHiR
aHrnenpeftctrnx 6eanop.sAnoB. Srll rpynnn ne ocso6oxAarorcrr.
fiolreqHo, or ooqeit cnvm6rr u o6rqnx BoeHHErxodagalrnocrefi lr,
s cuyuat yxoAa noftcn raprrr4aor{a ua
{pour, eaerEHrrroroflcoor,
atrcrnynqrrMlr rpvlnaMi,r Apyrrrx BoftcH, llpnxo4flrql{x na u:bc'ro
rlepBhrx.
. . . IIo nnnqiaruat
erpeficnlrx o6qecrrenul;rx opraulraaqii,i
n c paaptrueuifi Bpeueuuaro flpannrenr,crra, Mo?nuo 6u:ro-6r.r
Ilpldcrvmtrb 6eaor;rarare.r-rbuoK opranuaaqiu arux rpytr[ rryreu
onoerbqenin rc'br Ha.{aJlbrnnoB rapnnaonoB. Euno-6rr trpn arou
roJre3Ho rr paByMHouprrriracrlrb surx uoc;rA;1{rlx paatRcHurr sctnl
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Hrrqeto ocliopOrare.nbuaro[nn ocraJrbgbrx coJrgar u qro aro ;1'h;IaTcfl TOirbHo c qtnrrc sHeceHis unauottBpiroorit u opraHr,rSoBaHnocrlr n g'L;ro Barr{rlri)'renpeitcnaro rraceteniR. Bupoueu, cyrqecrsoeanie rp\'ntrf,t eeDeiicnrrr co,-rgar,paayu'ber:rln,He ocso6oxga;ro 6lr ocra.-ii,rirnflsor'lcria ;l ril;;rrruilo or o6neanuocrrr Banpltr{arb
?tlI,IBHr,!r lrlryqerlrB0 eBpeeB. Enpeiicxin rpyililL,r qsaRfiI{Cb 6ar
1'oJIbHoR{eitrol"l, qeHTpoM oroft eaulrrrn.
Coagauie BlrrxeoBnaqeurrbrx rpvnil Bxec,rro-dril ycrronoeHie B
cpegy enpeitcnaro uace;reHin r: B&craBrrJro-6rreag-vnrarbcrr rmI{yIo, TpycJrqByro qepHb, noropafl, BHafl, rrro ga eBIjefrcHlIM Hacenenieu crofl? opraHIIBoBairHrn.Fr
rp\-ilrri,i coJrAa.T,roroBbIfi rrpr
nepBoM cnrnan.I; BofiTri n g.bflcrnie. rie nocu'I.iln 6n, rtan aTo 6brtsaeTTenepb, AaTb BoJrio cBorrir
cTpacTsM.
]lasHysAaHr{brrvr
. . . Ilon cos6cm eBpen rr orbrtilepa lrnd ronoplrr, tu,o qr,oun6yxa uago cg:h.'raru.

Ilopywrx I. f,

jlauga>.

llu apxrrea triuncrepcraa rro elp. gtnau, 191?


l 9 JB r i '

lt24

II.
Ilepra,a rcou{epenqi.r Coroea oBpeoB-aossoe a l[ieafr).
(Bonpoc o tronpoMax n cauoo6opont).

Sactganie 12-ro ontfi6pfl L9IT r. IlpegcfgarerrbcrByer I.


pyunenrgop.
<<CaosorrpeAocraBnflercfiAonilaArrrlxy uo Bo[pocy o ilo{pom a x ,H r a p e u 6 e p r y :
B Poccirr B r{acrofluleeBpeMflpoctroAcrByrroJrrra,n rtoropoii
of
80 <rrraproBcrfi{x>
coqiauucron,.- JrK)Aefi
, }ioropbre[o MaproBcnaro
nepeBopoTa,6nrl Mo?fier,cnonofiuo r{crflBaJrE-6rrerpeficxoe uacenesie. Enrcrpo paeeranaroqifr.cfi
s EacroflrqeeBpeMfiasrrrceMurdBM ecrb rrcr,rxoaTonrrbrtr rrcxolr4T oH rre rar{rdx cqpep,ornyga
sroro olnrr4arb rreJrbBfi6rruo. T:[ u;bpu, fioropbrr rrpr,rur4Maro?cn
B oroM uaupanlenir.toprarraMtrpoccificnofi penonroqionnoft4euonparirr, rrufianrrx peaJrbubrxpegyJrbraroBHe Aaror. Buacm 6eacIrJIbrIa!r Htrnafinx rapaurift e saqllrt enpeficrurx npaB rI ?rir4aHr4
Aarb Hs Mo?r(er.Ideurpansuaa Faga n 6opr66 c rorpoMauu 6esorrJrbHa. Itpacuan rnaplia He rapar{rr{pyer gtitcrBrrreJrbuocrrr
Barqr{Tbr,
u6o u n npacuofi ruap4ilr paBBrrBaercr{
ar{TnceMr,rrrraM.
Heo6xognuo pearrrpoBarbHa uonyurenia ri uoupaniro naureft naqionanrnofi qecrr,r. 1905-brmroA Hac Hayrru.r. Erpeu-nonnr,r
ocraBr{rb {pour He }roryr, naqioRa.iruaupoEarE,
erpeficnoe soficno
rrenoaMolr{Ho.Heo6xoguua opranr{Baqir erpeficnoft canoo6opour,r
B caur-ry mrrponrrx paeurbpax, cauoo6opouu odysegsoft, opranraaosasuofir{ Buyrrraroqeftn ce66 cepbeBxoeoruoureuie. NIo6uJrrraoBarbcs
neo6xo4uuoAJrsBarqnrbruaqiouatruofi .recru. IBftcrsis cal{oo6oponu neo6xoglruo KoopAnarlpoBarbc gtficrnia*rlr
peaouroqionxol:iAelroHparfur. llur.rqiarnny opra:ruaaqirzenpeftcnoft cauoobopouu Aor-r?riHbr
Ba.arbr{a ce6a orgtnenis C. E. B.
(Corca eBpeeB-Borruon),
Heo6xoAlrMoo6parnrscn x Bpeuenuouy
flpanuretscrBy c [porecroM rro troBo[y rrorpomoBn yxaaanielr ua
Heo6xo4urr,rocrr
eapeficxoft cauoo6opourr.
fIoaualrcHit.
Opy, uaqionatrunrft noar, roBopr4rJr:
<<PaAocrb rianJreft,rope qarueii, aro AoJrrrrrrr{BgrrHauefi)). trI raxona
Bcff rlirrBHbeapeficnaro Hapo[a. Ilorporurr craparo BpeMeHr{c
re[eperrrurrMr{cpaBrrrdrbHeJrbB.fl.Ilorpoltn penonroqiounarorre'f

1) Oro 6rua Hontpepeuqin


esp. corrAarroro-Batragnaro {poura; ro
i{ro r{ BTopafixou{epeaqin, cocrofiBrrra_Ecs
n ltient n geHa6p;F
{cll. gaurme;.
Ilorpouu na Vxpaunt 4.917-1918. L5

226

pioAa yffiaclrJriy& o'I'Hoxretlieri HlIu {aorrr xpr{criagcxaro nar:e"{er{iff rcrlr{{epenrno. Peson}oqiouuar{geMonparin 6eacunsua.
fit4pa ftonrp-peBonroqiunoAurruaer oBororoJrooy. Fleo6xo4uua
.rleraJlrlaoBarruafi,
Morytrarf,[epeABrl]r(Har.tan apuin, eepeftcrarr
camoo6opoua.
flono4onr ri sosnldnuoseuirorrorpoMoB.r'ilaBCnenrop.
Boflpoc. B oTuoureumr o6paaoM,cJryxrrlr npoAoBoJrbcrnesunrft
uirt upogoroJrbcrBelruaro
Bolpoca neo6xo4lrlrrrnu'bpu rlprrur{MaroTcrr,rr Botrpoc aror 6o.{6[rer,1.rac$ro rexHuqecKlxHeBoSMo?r{Ho
paaprbmrtr. Ho pannuu o6paaoMnorpoubr Haql4uarorcrr,Horga
roJr[a flepenberc,n. Heo6xo;1umo
rpe6onarb ynuqTomenis cnrrpra,
?rHaqe6opr6a c trorpoMaMlr6yner BeobMaBarpynne[a.
.Tpyuue.:rrgop. florpouuoe uacrpoeHierlycrrlJro nry6onie
r(opurrr xpacriaucnolr racenenirr. ,{axte g'btn, lr rrb, xacnyuranrurcb trorpouunrx prbueft pogurenefi, uuorga g6.nanr nonbrrny h-.
ycrpoiicrny trorpoMoB(yvacrnonarr e uorpouax). fltftctnia enpeficHoiicauoo6oponr{[oJrxilIbr6nrr snonsf cornacosaumc gtftcrsisur ncefi peronroqionnofigenoHpariu. Fle.rero6onruca oprauuaaqilr enpeficnoiicauoo6oponu. flogunr Borrpoco peoprarlrlBaqilr apnafur
lrpnnql4ny. C. E. B.
rro reppr4ropianruo-naqionanr,uo*ry
sclLMu
uprtntrcrnoBarb
ary
lr
MBrcJrb
ufpalul cogrbficrnoAoJrrfierr
Barb nouonneniro uaqiouannuoii apruilt Ao6pononnqecfirlM,i,neTIeHTOM.

Ha coforo;rl.
Bnpelictro lroffer suonut paaclrrlTbrBarl'
.{actlr
apnnirr,
[orl]ouarfrr
coBnare.-IrRoii
uo
r
5opl6t
o
tr'bitcrnie
gaHe,llaq upeAocraBJrsTr
opraurlBoBarrcnerpeftcrBo,{or-rir{Ho.
rrprry cBoeroflapoAa ApyrqM.
IIIu;rrlran.
llantpr,teuucr, n peno,nmrlin, reMtarr Macca
Mo?fierfiBrrrbcr{ orrJroroM}iorrrp-peBorroqilr, r,r nepnoii ilacrorrroiil
Kolrrp-peBonnqirrSygyt erpeiicHie rorpoMbl. He ronrno erpeiirlTBo BarluTepecoBaHo
B HeAolyqeHiu norpoMoB,Ho u peBoJrroqiouuaa Poccis, 6osularcfl KoHrp-peBonnqin,Aorrycrr4rbrrx Ee
ifieJraer,r{ ecJrrlopra}rlrBoBannoe
eapeftcrBoBr,rcrytrrrrc lrsuqiarunoii uo Borrpocyo aarqntf caoeituaqiosatrnoft qecru u 6opr6r'r
c Kor{rp-peBo.r-rroqiefi,
ro orJo acrpfrur caMyro cepbeBrryn troApero.nnqionunrxaJreuerrros.ltouAepffiny co croponbrnepeAoBbrx
o6parumcn
H opraHaM penonoqionnofi gelpepeuqin AoJr?r{Ea
c
nroxparirr npeAJrolnenieuo6 oSpaeorauilr 6oernx Apyi{urH He
226

TOJrbr{.O
[flfl 6opb6br c] r{otponlilMlI, flo i{ c0 Bctl}ilrllll BbICTy[fie]IrtrMII
fioHrp-peBoJrroqfuI.
Tari
Hao 6u,rr4,6r,rrlr: lr 6y4yr 6urr,
Itrrurnneroliiit.
6nno n talt 6yger, l,I rrouollb oroMy oqenb rpy4lro. Panrue ncero
Hyrnno rroJlararbcr ua cauoro ce5.s. Erpeitcnan calroo6opona
6r,rtr rr AoJIrfiHa no .rro-6br ro HI( craJro JreraJrltSoBarbcfl rI
AoJr?fi11a
Cnec penounrliouuoit geuonparieft.
Afftcrnosarb B fiourafirf
iicreinlru
qialr,nrrr orpvxir{blff nomuccilr [oJr]ttur,I pynoBoAIITb 4f
enpeftcfiofi caMoo6opoubr Bo BceM orpyrf II HaIIpaBJIfirb ee Ky[a
norpe6yercx>>.
IlpnHara cntg. peaorroqia uo Borlpocy o ilorpoMax: <<3acJlyuraB goriJra4 u upeuin rro Botrpocy'o ilorpoMaou reseuil4, non$epenqin p6nraer opraxr4soBarb enpeficnyrc cauoo6opolty trIJrt{
6opr6r,r c ycl4J'rrlBaloqeftcs uorponauoft aorsoft r4 nopysaer fiolrlrcciu Bbrpa6orny cneqianlHaro vcraBa enpeitcnoi;i calroo6oporl6D).
I{a apxnaa ColoaaeapeeB'Bo!{Iron.Ilpototoru
nepBoftnou{eperqin, n oHra6pt l9l7 t.

III.
Bropax roaseperqia Coroaa erpeea'BoltrroB a.l0ieg[
(leHa6Pr 1,917- flnBapb 1918 r.).

t.
O e r p e f i c n l t x o r p r 4 a x c a u o o 6 o p o r 6l r .
Ha oAnou ns nocn:bgnnxeactgauitt rion{epenqiu 6rua uplrunra cnrbgyrcqaflpeao.rrcuir o eBpeI'IcHtIxtrorpoMaxu o lrtpax
6opr6rr c srruu:
(<Csqrafl,qro eAIIHcTBeHHrIM
cpeAcrBot\I6opl6u co Bce Boapaoprarlus0BaHoraroulefi BoJruoft enpeficriut ilorpoMoB .FIBJIfieTcfl
ruan enpeficna.sBol4ncriaficIIJIa,non{epeuqifl HaxoAI{r ueo6xoglrrrnr'r: l) @opnr,rporanieenpeficHnxcBoAublxBol{Hcnllx orpfiAoBB
q'hrnx 6opr6rr c ilorpoMaMu,IIpI,r ycnoniu, qro6m HaEJIe?fiaIrIar{
Biracrb rrpeAocraBl{.na
enpeftcxrrMBorIHaMilpaBo nug:bnRrlcx rra
o6qnx Bouncril{x eacret. 2) Hapagy c arrrM non{epenuifl cquraer ueo6xoAr.rMr'ru
cyqecrBoBar{ier ropogax n M:bcresnaxrpan{s.iIeMeHToB'C eroft qtlrrc
gancnoir carroo6oponbluB Hai{effiHhIX
15,r,

227

AoJrrrtubr6r,rrr, nrrgtJlerrlr cneqianrabre uIIcrpyKTopLI rIB pnAoB


enpeftcnux Bor4rrcnrrxsacreft. Enpeft*tie cBogtrbrenouscriie orpffAbr,a paBuo lr cauoo6oponarra u:bcrax,Ao.rrrnurrgtftornorarr
s fi oura$rt c peronrcqiouHo-AeMoxparuqecnllMrl
opraur4aaqinlru>.
I{nr. no <iDer Telegrafr>, J\} 7, or 8-ro ErrBapE19{? r.

4.

Ilpoexr uororxeniR o Borlsclrrlx orpnAax enpefiolioii


c a u o o 6 o p o Hb r , p a c u o J I o l $ e E H b r xI i a r e p p u r o p i n V n p a l r Hcroii HapognoftPecuy6nunra
(upuuarna nropot noulpepexqilr
Corcea
enpeen-aouuon).
< 1 )I { 6 l l r r r x a p a r i r e p o r p f f A o B .
u uMyx{ecrna enpeila) Oxpaua qecrr4u AocrouucrBa,firrrarrr4
ero or agapxusecnlr-norpoMnbrxBbrcrycxaro Haceireuig r,r Banlr4Ta
unesift, c .meii-66rro rrrr 6u.lro cropoHnr,Ha reppuropfurVHpauncxoft Hapoguoft Pecny6nr.tHr{.
6) Orpngn He [pr'tHlrMarcryuacrifl HIr B r(aftI{x BItAax noJlrrru.recHoft u rrremuaqionansuoli6opr,6u, rrocxoJrbxyraftoB&rr se
yrpoffiaer ?nr{Brrurt 6.narococrosuitoeapeftcxaronaoelerin.
n) Orpngu gGftcrayror Bcerga e xouraxtlb c AeMonpaurqecKrrMr{opraHlraaqinun.
2) CocraBorpflroB.
Otpngnrcocroflr rta: a) ria;Ipalr 6)-peaepra.
Cocras Kagpa oupegf;rxetc.rr B rioJrl{.recrsf: rioMauAlrpaorpxga, aartAbrBaroqaroxoasftcrsou, AByx apaveft, 13 o(pnqepoe,
gtronportaaogureJrfi,fiaarraqesu 1000 coJIAar. B o6saannocrr
fiaApoBaro cocraBa Bxo4r{r: uecesie nnyrpeuuefi cnyx6rr, ooI'JracHoycraBa, uoueqeuieo6 unrvurecrr6 orpnga, xoaRffctreuuaa
pa6ota AJrfl nyr*rA orpflAoB, o6v.reuie pesepBa n pynoBoAcrBo
nocrrb4nuu.
Ita4p cocrorrr r,Ia coirAar,Herolublx n crpolo, cocronulrlx Ha
soeuxoft crym66 B paaHbrx qacrflx soficn, pacnoJio?r{euablx
Ea
repplrropir.r Vxpauucnoft Hapoguoft Pecny6nuxrr n paftouax
$ponra r{ rbrJra.
Peaepn cocrour r(B Jrlrq He-BoeHuaroBBauiR, n soapactt or
18 go 45 n6r, go6poBoJrbuo
Bcryrrarculr4x B arr{ orpr{nbr. Jlnqa.
q,9.9,

;1o6poBoilbno Bcryflarcqia u peeepn, pefioMer{Avlorcn Iro[ MopaJIr,r{yn u uatepianruym ornfrctBenHocrb rrortlrnqecliuiulr uaptinuu
lrnn o6rqecrBeHHlIMI{oprauuaaqinun.
orptrAoB.
3),{6nre.rbroorb
Orpagrr {opurrpyrcrcfl u pacnBaprrrpoB},rBaloTcflBo nctx ryropoAax Vnparrucxoit Flapognoft Pecny6eprcnux lt yte4nux
6nuru c npaBoM cno6oguaro repeABr,Ill(euifi no csoeuy yfagy. OtpflAaM rrprccBarrBaerotrHarlrleuorauie trJnrltroB, B noropr,IX oEIl
$opuupytotcn.
B ornourenia sbrcmaro l{oMaHnoBanix orpngr,r HaxoA,srcfi Ea
o6qrax c ilporruufi qacrfiMrl soficH ocnonauisx. IIpt BbIcmeMHoB cocraB VnpaMaEArroMcocrae* BoeHHbIXonpyroB, Bxo[rqux
r*rcnofi Hapogroii Pecuy6mtnu, no gtnanr BoI{EcHIIx orpfiAoB
enpeiicHofi cauoo6opontr cocronr rpe4craBl[reJIrr Bpeueuuaro
Kouureta Bcepoccificxaro Conaa Erpeen-Bonnon
L{errrpa;waro
(BTIELOBCBB).
flepe4rurxenie orpn4oB nporlcxoAl(r rIo corJIaIIIeElto MetfiAy
aTlrMri rrpeAcraBl{TeJrfinu{u BblcIlItM xoMangosagieu [auuaro
ycn'rotpforipyra, & B Cnytlngx, He repflfiIl$x flpoMeAleuix, -uo
riin nonan4rrpa orpflAa II cocrotrqaro npil HeM rIpeAcraBI{TeJIfi
BUIIIiOBCEB'a, o rreM HeMeA.rreIrHo
Aonoclrrcrl no HaqarbcrBy.
coupoBcfixan qacrr, orpnra. Bhrcrvflarcn{afl tr.-rs [fficreift,
gilfl
noopEI4HI{poBaBI{EIiOBCEB'a,
BoffiAaercfl rrpexcraBrrre"rlelr
rrin 4tftcrnift c ufcrnumlr BoI{EcriI{Mr{ u rpaffi[ancnlluu BJIacrfiMu,
ftouu fipeAocraBJlflerc.E trpaBo IIocbIJI]ur cBordx npeAcraBl'ITefift B
mra6 4aHuofi .Iacru orpfl[a.
4) XoeaficrBeHHatI qacrb orpsAoB.
Itagprr orpfl;IoB rIoJbBylorcrl IIB IiaBeHHLIXcyMl\I sotula srIaMrr AoBoJrrctniq (tr;rn ;rrogeir II JoIIratreI"I),cor;racno pacHJIa[KIr,
vcraHoBJrerruofi;;ra ocraxE'Hbrx BoIIHcKTIxqacrel'i AaHHaroonpyra.
Peaepnr,r rxe orpfl;ioB ;toBo"-IbcrBylorcfi I{B cyuu BI{B}(OBCEB'a.
,{ororrcrnie uat,vp oii [o"Ilyqaercfl rIB cKJIaAoBturbcrgaroITHTeH;IaHTCTBan rrpoAoBoirbcrBeHHr,rxylpaB.
Boopyxenie (nyneirreru u JreErbI r( HrIM, rpexnrtueiinblfl BIrIrr{ rraTOBrirl COruTbrHaMI{fi [aTpOHbI K Htr{M,ruamH.rl,peBOJIbBepbI
rpoHbr r( Hr.rMIl pyqnbrq rpauarrr), cuaprrxeuie lr o6nyuguponanie
oTpflAoB rrpolrcxo[rrr na o6qlrx c ApyfIrMI{ BoI{HcKnMtrqacrflMlt
ocroeaHisx. Cpe4crna r.flr'rrrI cBsaq (noruaglr, ctgna, c6pyu, uoq9a

BOBI{U,aBTOMO6r,rJrlr.
11 uly3oBr,rfir,r)ilpeAo0faBJrrlroTcnHil 06u]ux (1
Itrpyrr{MrI rracrrlMrl Boi,icK ocEoBaHisx)).
(Ilocnt4uifi -b-srii-fiyunr
r{acaercfi grbnonporaaolcrBa orpn4or)."
tr{aapxnna Coroaaenpeea-BorlroB
(ltien).

IV.
National-Bat

o cauoo6oporf

z eepeflcresx orpfiAax.

6-e uactgauie Erpeiicnaro HaqionaJrbHaro Contra, 18-ro iror6pl 1,917 roga.. IlpenctgarerrbcrByer r. IOArrn.
O6cyxrgaercfi Borpoc o eBpefix-coJr4arax.
Ilpegcrarurenr Coroaa eBpeeB-Bor{Hos,
I. f oroJrb, c.oo6u{aet
o 6esnrrxoglroM [oJro]ueuilr enpeftcnlrx coJrAar. cllcreuarnqecnlr
BblTaJlr{rdBaeMbrx
rra yfipal4l{ualrpyeMbrx Borrucr(r4xqacreii. Xyxre
Bcero rroJrox{enie enpefic}rrrx rounepoB. <<Bxarr, na fiou A,rr.flrrr4x
rreBoarlolnuo, TaH Hafi gro oaua.railo-6EI [arb ce6n ucnonbaoBarr,
AJrEHelneJrareJrbnbrxrroJrrdrrdqecfiuxq'bnei;t. Bxaru urny6r Pocciu ueqfnecoo6paaHo, rar{ Haft Beilr{Hopyccxis sorlHcnin varrt, ltoroprJfr carfr{ crpeMflTcs Harlionanrrer4poBarbcfl,He npr4,Mvrrrx B Ka.recrst o{lrqepor. Brrxoga He BI{AHo. ,{rr,lxenie uocr{r crnxiftnrdi
xaparirep, u 6oporrcn c Hrlr\r lyreM paclopflrfienift u upr4ftaBoB
ileBoSIroiIrHoD.
Opatop [epexogrrr ri Borrpoc.v o lrorpoMax. <O6rqis solrxcnirr
qacrrf, --roBoprrr oH, -nocblirae\,Inrq AJrr uo4annenin ilorpoMor,
rrBJrflrorcfl ueuagexuroii Barrlr4Toit; Airfl aroro AoJrrnHbr6rrrr llcrroJrbBoBaHbrenpeffcnie coJrlarbrD.
flpegcraeurenn uaprift, Bxogflrl{r4x e National-Il,at, nucrraar,rBarorcfl nporr,rB npe[iro]fieHiq Corcaa eBpeeB-Bor.rrroB.
B a f t o e n 6 ; r r o u ( < E - v s l > :) . . . < < C o a g a n i e o c o 6 u x e n p e E c H n x
Bolrucnlrx orpJ{Aon. ria}i cpelcrBo or rrorpotloB, coBepilreuno 6esno.reaHo 11 Aa,fie BpeAHo. Bo npeun 4euo6u.nuaaqira eapeficxie
oTpflAbI BCe paBHo He LjMorVT.v*AeptfiaTbIIOTpOMHyI0TOJItry, a I,I3
rfx corgar-eBpeeB,riorollbre BoBbM_vT
ua ce6a ary BaAaqv, Mo?ner
o6paaoearlca erpeftcnafl coirAarcnarr apr(crortparin>>.
(<<Iloalei,ildiou>): . . . <<Congarbr-eBpelr,
rioropbre
liopnrorr'4
6ylyr opraur4BoBaHbrco cneqianruoit qttsro oxpaur,r rropffAr{a,
elqe Moryr npoBorlr4poBarbrrorlloMbl. Ilono;xurbcrr Ha o6qin vacr.ri

230

'l.olne }I0.rlb3rrj ]!yililro

rrosTobly 06paaouarr'

oTpnAbr c {)0.i1bruI4H-

cTRoIIItseBpeeB.ooIAaT,Hol{oliallAaBi]TllxoTpjrAaxAo"ltH(Hallpll.
Ha[Jre]liarb geeBpeflM>.

(<Eyn4>): ... <<Bnc'rynneuie enpertcxtrx coJr[ar


i{yrnHau
orl ilcuo. Nloryr lponaoi'irtt crofi Hnosenifl D'
<<Bnugy yltparIHIlsal{itl loemnur 5u'lr' crfopmlrpoloro,tr,:
raurr enpeiicnie orpaglr ;1;rn 6opr6u c rorpoMaMlr' D'roro onpeg'L.lrelrHorpe6yror Aarre coilAarrr c i[ponta'>'
(rtpegcranutenr enpei'icnaro reuepaJlbnalo cenpeXyprrru
.rapia'ra) : <<B ornourenitt uOrpOMOs nCt rr1-re4lometrifl fIBJIttI3TCTI
rratrniaU,r3OM,a XVAIIII,IM1IB ranliatr'rnOB lB.iltrelgf{ rrrg;l;letlic
ocodr,rx enpeiicnrrx orptrl{oB. IJoo6ure rpyAHo ot46nnrr erpeiieniii norpoM or lreeBpeiicxa.r'o. Heo6xoguuo o6paaonau'] rpa'fisoo6qe Ire nofigyr'
;1arrcfiia Apy?fi?IHbr'116ocolgarl'I [porrlB coJIAar
qnctriryt
lJi;rr'no1o
Mr,r uomeu r,Icuo.rrbS6Barbllirrl aror-:t r1:b.'rn
rioSaqTBa).
BHocI'Ir c'n'l;4ytottlvx'rpclJorllo(<<Volksparteir>)
,dy6lluoltiii
r.1ilo, xoropafl fipuulrMaercff:
<<Brrcnyruar Aonira[ rpegcraBlrrenn Curoaa eBpeeB-Bolluor od
rracTefl, a raH;fie o neO6xognMOOTI/t
OpIa],ripar,rurr3arliusOuIIcKnx
nO,National-Rat
llorl]OMoB,
enpeitCnllx
[pOTrIB
trrgloBarb oxpaHv
CTAiIOBJflET:

r{roI. Enpeiicriafi Aelloriparia ;loninna 6oporr'ca llporllB Toro,


rpI{H6r,r apuia ua vfipalrxt opraruraoBaJracblo uaqionaJlbHoMy
,1nny, n rpedyet or Vnparancnoit PaAu, 'rro6rt crporo co6nrc;1ancn
rprrultrItil reppuropiaJlbHaro crpoenin apruirr'
IL VripaUnCniii reuepa.lrHur"l ceKpeTapl nu eoiitlionrrnr gtlan
qro Iregorycrl/tMbI
ilgir?KeI{ lrBAarL crteqiaeltrrtii ilpruiae t) T0M,
nuriaHiq trOrlrTlilt ttcH.-rto.Ieuis tiatittx-Oi.t TO HII 6UnO yHpauUcfir1x rpalKAar{ rrB viiparrHu6Oii apuirr tt nOe6vxtpeUin cOJIAATaI'rHqeB'
vKpaI,IHIIeBIrllorIIB COx;Iar-rIe]'Hp
III. Coa[airie oco6r,t\ enpeitcnux BoI'IHcHrlx orllrlAoB r qtnax
tsau{r{rbr eapeficxaro sace;renin National-Ra't, HaxoAltr Bpe[HbIM,
riaFi (r rroirtrITn.Iecnoiicropolrbr, TaK I{ c npaxuruecrioii'
B i1'b;rnx cxopti'iurei'i oprarutaaqill oxpaHll erpeiicuaro nace.-regi,q gBpeitcHiii reHepaJrbrrr,ri,iceuperapiar 4olineu o6paeonatt,
ocoSyro Ho!,rrrccir0,rioTopafl nnpadoraer Ityr{tHLIfI rU6pr,l Il IIpeAoraBnr a Nntiona,l-Rat o6 ilroil{ i{oHJIaI. lirpeitcxift renepam,xrtii

231

cer(perapiarAoJrlfteuBsrlrb na ceSnuunqiarr{By eoBAauinxounccinr


ngi trpe[craBr.rreJreft
National-R at' a, CoroB
a eBpeeB-BorrnoB 14[pyrux
erpeftctrx coJr4arcr{rrxopraunaaqifi, c q*urro peryJrr[poBarbBBa,rMooruoffeninnlemgyenpeftcxuuacoJrnarauara neenpefteKnMn
Ee
Vnparau'[>>.
7 - e a a c f g a n i e , 4 - r o 4 e n a 6 p sL. 9 I 7 r .
Ilpegct4areirbcrByer M. .llrrranos.
,Xypruu coo6rqaer o rrocrarroBreniax,noropbrg nrrpa6ora"ra
xounccia o [oJro?fieuin congar-eBpeeB,couracuo p*menirc npoxrJraro aacrbfiauir.
ilprano4uu r{B srrrx rocraxoBJreniftsau6oilte cyrqecrre}rHirrr
l
<<Izlagarr
rprrlraa no Vnpalrn:b o rom, qro ynpar4ncxaa apuia
a ne uaqiouanrxoit, ga r(cnJrroJloJrlfiHa6xlr meppumopiaottttoit.,
qesieu gByx noJrnoB- (moJrnarrMerrr4Borgalra Xiufnrunqriaro>r
ir <{rroirnarrMeun rerMaua flo.uy6orrno)), B oruorilenilr xoropnx
rrpnur{MarcTcfi
Bo BHrrmanieycnonifi, rrpu noropbrx oun 6bra]rcosrI
our{
coxpanrrior caoft uat4ionantnutfr,
rpnHqun t[opruu
Aarrbr,
ponaninr (uynnr 1).
<<ftrpeguaraercn
org.bny oxpaHlr rrpr reuepaJrbHoMceriperepiart no soitcfioerru 4.F.nauoptar{rraoBarbKypcbr ynparrucr(aro
flBhrr{a4ta eepeftcxuxroHftepoB,
HaxogsrrgxcffB yxparrficr{r{xBoeHHr,rxrunoJraxe HieB6>(n. 2).
<Enpeficxiii renepaJrbubrfi
ceNper-apiaruocrrnaer cBoux noMuccapoB B BoeuHhreriomuccapiartr l:riparruc;toit Hapoglrorl pecuyOalnrri, noropbre Aoir?nubrrrolroqb rtonuccapiaran B Borrpooax,
fiacarcrqr4xcxenpeficnlrx coJrAar)>
(u. 5).
<<tr{ap1arr,
paa'acueniet sro rpaffiAane, frBJrnroqiecnrrocror{uHr,rMrr?Ki{Tennur}kpalubr, cyrb yr(pauuqbD)(r. 6).
X-vpruu coo6rqaerearfm o uocrauoBnenisx Apyl'oii xoulrccill
--- ro 6opr66 c rorpoMaMrr: cpegu 200 sncrpyriropoB,r(oroIlbre rerepb vqpe?fiAarorcflrrpri reuepaJrbnoucexperapiart uo
BHyrpeHHrrM
46nau g;ia 6opn6u c anapxiet,6yger 50 erpeftcnnx.
CorosespeeB-BorrrroB
6eper na ce6n gocraauTbarr4xr4ucrpyxTopoB.
Apxue Nationa!-Raf'a (Ities), flporonoatr 6-10 ll ?-ro
sacrbqaaia,l8-ro non6pn n 4-ro lexa6ps {9{7 r,

232

\r.
Iloorpagarmif or norpoua n Botrpoco cauoo6oponf
inaraouenie ne o6paueuia B Mrrnrrcrepcrnorro eop. Etnalr.).
(nepeB.c eopeilcxaroi.

Orpyv, 17-ro xena6pr tg17 r.


. . . <,{anre n cannnii xpullruecnifi uouenr HarrrJrrrcby Hac, B OBpy.It, tr3 tML'JIacoJIIr[EbIxo6rrenlsrs6 uaVolkspartei rarie, r(oToprre
yrBepHnairr{, rrro otracHo [aBarb eBpeflM opyxie, Ho Ap]rroro Bhrxo4a n6r . . . Iope 6nlo-6rr HaM, ecilu-6br Mbnlx rrocJrymaJru.
llorpourqRrn rreperuJrr{-6Hua JraBoK R AoMa, rrony4a rpumfia-6br
IIOMOIry:UA YHPAI4IIbI, OTBIbTIIA TEJIETPAMMLI
...
Cnpaur.rnaercr, r4:b-me rratrr National-Rat, noroprrft Barquqaer
ranrE naqiouaJrbuhre r4urepecbr Ha ynpamn6? . . . Hro onu ce6:b
AyMaror, crrg.E y ce6a e Ha6querax, B To BpeMrr HaH enpeftcnoe
uacenesie repnrrr rpa6e?r${ ra zagteareJrbcrBa or 6ang [eBeprrlpoBnorpoungaHon? ltro ",ryuure Moffier Barr[rrr4rb orqoB, uarepefi,
6parsen r{ cecrep, stu Corca enpeen-aorruon? flpanga, aro BaAaqa lte JrerKa.s, n xoropofi uago uo[ofiTr4 ocTopoH{r{o,Ho Ha,qo
roirlno 6urr xoporuo opraHr4aoBanrrhrM.
!In'b npr,rnoMnuaercrl neprnd Mrrrr{Hr vFipariHqeB. Muorie
ri3 trpucvrcTByroqrrx cTaBrl.trl op arop.v-o Quqepy lroBr{Hr{cTr{qecxis
rpe6onauin o6 ynpauncHoii eoeHrior'r calroaang.rrrb. I,I on uuar\reuuo orslbrun: ttonsaerca yx(acrrafl nofina, Toirnbr nrcgeft 6yRyt
ortryqenbr rro goMaM roJroAHbre, o6oatennne, oHr{ npofigyr uo
Vxpar.rut, -nro
BatrplTrrrEarurr ((xarDr)),Eartre Ao6po rr rrMyrr{ecrBo.
ecJrrl He lra[rrr co,nAarbr-xoafleBa,rioropbrilr Aoporo uarue go6po?
'lo:raxo
orur y6epervr or paaopenia ! A nnr cuorp:bnu lrpour{rrecHlr Ha ororo ruoBrr][rcra. ilu at'.H.nrr,r
-vcoBCpllreuctsoeanie[r
mipa, uau-Ae Hy?*ruo Becrrr riJraccoByro 6opr6-_v c 6ypxryaaieii,
Hto-6u oHa Hr{ 6nra, Soporrcn c l(ol-Isroel-Politik.
Mu, coqia,rlrrcrbl,vrBepffi[airr{, ,rro nAr naqifi, a ecrb aJraccbr. lI nax 6rrsaro
roBoprlJn, vro enpeficha_s xpoBb cMaabrBaer rtoneca pero;rrcqin,
rax-fiorpoMbr
Begyr ]i coqia;ruaaqilr raulrrana; norpoMbr rpordcroAflr nt;1r ne roJrbfio rrporr{B eBpeeB,Ho rrporr,rBdorarrrx noo6qe.
Ecau rari, uoseMy-I$e nocrpagafirr roirbno eepeil,cnin JraBriu u
Aallie Meirlii.s ;rras.reuxr{, xaBfleBa r(oEx crajrll Terrepb HIrIr{IrMr]I,
roseMv ro.qbno eepeiicnie noprHr,re: rracoBue Mecrepa. v Horrx

?33

vHrlrrroi{rr.rinr
Mar[!r]rhr,paBrpaoJreHbr
rrHrrTpyMexTr,r?
cBOdOAa
oc.jltltEJIaHarI tJraEA,rrpr4TVnnna
fiarrflf rryBcrBa. PaactsErr MI'I CTA.JITT
ilo paBHLrMnapriru, BarrMcrBoBaJru
rrprdHqrr[f,r,Horopbrene umrbror
mibcra,r,rogontro uac (6r6neficHoe)npoxunrie: nyAa nn npiitgere,
6yger noaruro,tr BcroAyrm 6yAerenocrt4nr,rulr. Mnr paacynrgaeu
-BonIroB,Moir{er-Jrrr
r'rcflopr{M,Hynrga-inIopraulraaqifleBpeeB
ra$arr
0l4nanpOTI{BOcTOfl
TL IleOpraEIIsoBaIIHbttr
KpecTr'flIta
M, _- a eBpei,icHoe 4o6po (uona) paar.pa6naercfl,paBaopflrorcfferpeiicxin utcreqnr . . , U Ayrra paapbrBaercfl
or 6o"nu:pyna o6 pyxy Mbrurirr.r,
a renepb He I{a Koro rroJro}rirrrbcfl. l,{br Tarrg{MHantur{Arfi qyfiurx
trocrpoeli, a o ce6& coBepureHuoaa6r,rraeu! Ha nporunoii sentnt npifxair rr rraMgenerar or ltienonaro CorcaaeBpeeB-BonrroB,
roBoprrJro neo6xognMocrr'renpeiicHoii cauoo6oponrr-_ noeuHoii
'fori{a
caMoaalllrrrr,r.
MH, coqianucrrr, pae6rrnrr (Bbr[yMrry))
r:iosflcros, MbrAoJrrnHbr
r,r;1rr,r
conurbcrHoc rraur,r(c ue-enpeftcnunnn
naprinntlr). Ax, ec.'rt{6n 1' nae 6rrna raxas cauoo6opoua,fia6afl
copraHlraoBaJracb
uocn* uorpoua! flna gecnrna Boopy]fterrubrx
erpeiicnux co.Trl{arcvvrtun-6sr paBorHarb npu6nnurlrx Kpecrbsn
II yAepx(arb qepub, BarqrlrrlBeepeficHoego6po, noropoe reuepb
rrorlJrorlpaxoM. Ho urr orroaga.Trr{.
Bcero Ha ntcnontno 4uert . . .
l{ ec.nr-6r.rMbrrrtgaJlrrrroMotrIrl'orPagrr, nu*cro roro, uro6rr opraHI{BoBarr,camooSopoHy,rrorpoM flpoAon?fiaJrcs-6rr
eutre,Hax aro
On;ro s ocrairbnr,rxM'bcre.rnax, Bcero ntcnoJrbno guefi. - A .rro
;1t"uaerB sro BpeMasaur liirtional-Rat? . . . Ha relerpaMMy He or(nouorqlr). I{artyro noarrqirc
stqarcr, caMrrroi*ie He oprar{rrtsoBaJrn
on aaslruaer? l)ro ltcroprrqecnoenpecrvfi;reHie,noropoe 6yger
Sanr{caHor{poBbror cJreBaMr'r
orpa6neuurrx. I4 uycrr 9Ta HeBrrHHag fipoBb dpnaxter Ha rrirarbertx, notoprre He r{qyr rr He yxaabrBaIOTrryTr{, r{an ocTaHourrr,erpeitcnie norpomu. ,{aiire cor6r,
Ilonaftre nouorysI
Orpa6reHHuii eepei,icniiirroprHofi rra Oupyua>.
(Hauano BToro rrr.rob]{a.fiacarcqeecs cauaro trorpoMa
n Oepvr'I;. clr. e l-i,i rnas'b upunomenia).
-IIa apxnra Mnrrr{crepcrBarro eBp, gtualt, '1.91't
1918tr.

234

vl .
n caruoo6opoua.
Eepefioxie ooJtg,a,rbr

.SttH
:
J:"i:X:
,r.fffi{.'3Hi"""f1,
P e a o . i r r c q i ro c a M o o 6 o P o n r b '
Kiescliaro r.apnrrnprfirnTan rra oSuleu co6paniraeBpeeB-BorrHos
gerta6Pn
roqa'
1917
eosa, 2t-ro
<<Ilpranuuarso nnuuasie: 1) nenpeHparqanrqiectl,a, Haodopo'r,
uOrpoubl II IIacI4JIin nag enpeiicrlru
rcc 6Onte yCr{JrrrBarolqieca
naceneniem;2) 6eanouoqgocrb snacrefi n 6opr6t c HIIMI{'nclt;1crnie qapaqeit ua Vnpaun* anapxin, r'I orcyrcrBie uuauoutprrocrr4 aroit 6opl6br; 3) neptruurenbEyr0 uoJlr{ruxy EnpeiicKaro
Cexperapiata s 16.'16 cnoco6crsosasis upoeegenirc B r$IdBHb
or 29-ro
rrocrarroBJlenixrapnlraol{Haro co6palrin eBpeeB-BoIIEos,
onra6pn cero roAa, o6 O6paaonaninenpei'icHrrxBollHcnltx qacteft,
- o6qee co6pauie eBpeeBBoIIHoBrpe6yer or EnpeftcHaroCeHpeorpfiAoB
oprauuaaqiraenpeficHuxB0IIIH0HI'IX
rapiara seMeAfieEEoft
utanourbpu rrrpa6orHy conu:bcrnaroc coroaoMeBpeeB-Bor{HoB
naro o6paaa gtficrsift r prFmurenrnoft neuelnennofi 6opr66 c
rrorpoMaMr{.
Enpel:icHlru CeHperapiarou B
B cnyuai' He-vAoB;rerBopeuin
re.renierpex gnefi Hacroflqarorpe6Osauin,CoroaeBpeeBBOIISOB
n ruqt ero lzlcnonnltrenrsaro }toulrrera ocraBJltler sa co6on
cso6oAy fifrtcrsifi).
(ilt. il.)
Ilpegc'b;1are;rr(nognrrcr).
(-lexperapl(nognucr).
i1:-; apxuna Corcsa erpeeB-Botlnon (lties).

VII.
Enpeficxoe MrrltuctepcrBo ! caMoo6opox'1'

1.
Ila nropoft rioHQepenqin Comaa eBpeeB'Bo14Hots.
C rort;ragolr o [orpoMax tr ueo6xo4rrMocrl'I lamoo6oponbl BbIcrylraer ilpanolttIIlIn \Inx,,ilttt (ueul,ulesliii) :

235

<Izlcnonnr,rre.lr,Hr,rft
}tomnrer Coroaa eBpeeB-Bor{HoBBce'Aa cqrrTair cBornl AoirroM scrbMu crrJraMrr6oporrcn o trorpoMaMll r[ anapxieii.
Ilpllxogr B qaoroe corpr{Hocuonenie c BJraorbr), un y66Auirrrcb, sro peBorroqionuan geuoHparia 6eaeuas'sa c4tnaru gla
Hac qTo nra6o pea,nrnoe. Mru go,nnrurr 6nrlr cqrarar6cfi c neqaJIBurm ipaNrou, qro B 6opr6 c rrorpouaur/r Mbr roJr?nHbr rroJrararboff
rrcKJrrorlureJlbHoHa co6crBennr,rfl crrJrLr.MnorowcneHHHfi poEOJIIOrliu enpeficnnx tsor{Hcnnx qaerefi nclb sncnaaaJrncb Ba opranr4aa4im eupeiicnnx orpflAoB. Mrr rpucryilr{Jrr1r}i ocyqecrBJreniro arofi
$If,rcJrrr;rrpn aro]r Mbr, rrouflTuo, EyMaJrrrflpoAoJr?r(ars6opr6y na
o6qeru rlponrt
nporr{B o6qux
BparoB pyccxoit penonrcqiu,
nuBcrrb c ocraJrbubrMr{rpa?fiAaHaMrr. 6opr6v-xre c enpeftcxr4un
florpoMaMrr Mbr paacMarplrBa.rrr,t,
Kari Haru co6crseuHbilt erpeftcnift

rbporr.
floc;r* npoAoJr?nr4reJrbuaro
o6urbna MHtHift, Harrr ltourrrer
orr{Jourr"r}.rbroJrb
o rpa}fiAaHcHoftcanroo6opox*. I4a ounra g.nn
irac cra,ro flcHo, qro aoopvxreuierparr{AaHcr{aro
nacerenis onacEo
u beanoreano,rr Mbrnprrrrfiirlrptnreuie o soeuuoit cauoo6opon;[.
V H p a u n c n o e n j l a B r r r e i r b c r B o n p l r n q r . r n i a J r b r r ot r p u r r . E J r o
HarurrrrpoeKT],rB aroM currc;r'b. Mm euy npeAcraBnJrlr
<<flpoexr
erpeficHoiicauoo6oponnrs HiescHoMBoerrHoM
onpyrtr>. Cornacro
nocn'bgnenry,orprrAbrcal,roo6oponbr
HaxoArdrr,cfi
n n64tAoJrnrflbr
trilr odqeeoeHuoiiBJracrul,Koropafl goJrxffiar{aBHasarbnouaugnwfi
cocraBno vnaaaniruCon,3aeBpeeB-BorrnoB.
VHpalrucHoerrpaBrTeJrr,crBonpuuqnuia;rbHo cornacrr.rrocb
c Harur.IMnpoeKToM;or{o
irr{rub [orpe6osaro, .rro6br eepeficHift reHepairrHbri.lceHperapiar
;Ia"-rrra DTocBoe cor.'racie.
Ho co cropoubrenpeficnarotexperapiara unr rcrptrr{Jrn yropHoe colporrrsnenie. 'Iani csnra,nlrenpeltcxliMlrro,'rbnoranie norpoMrrr,Iroropr,reHocrrJrrrrrpHo BbrpameuHrriiIIo cyqecrBy, qucro
auTrrceMrrrcnift
xapanrep. Bo;murrrncrBo-x{e[orpoMoB 6uno aacqr4ranon o6qyrc nareropiro <<6eanopn4ror>.
Cron na raxofi ro.rxf aptuin, enpeficnifi reuepanbrrbrftceHpetapiar cqrrrar, qro aro ecTbBaAaqarcefi penonrcqiouuoit
AeMoHpatilr rr s rracrHocrl,I<<Bi,,rlnoroltoeaqrBa)),B pflAbr fioero reuepb
(nan oxaaa.'rocr)enpeeBrre Aouycfiaror. Hanr I{cnornrrrerbubrft
ttomlrrer BbrHeco6 arotr peao,rrcqin B ToM cur,rcn:b,.rro (Birbne
riogardrBo))
lI Er,rrrojrrlfier
cBoeroHaana'renjs,Bce-E(eMbrrrpnrrfl,rrrf
?3tj

bry Mfpy, fiaK BpeMeHHyio. Hau 6rmo rpegJromeso ua o6qaro


quc"{a 250 uucrpynropoB atr6parr nums 50 eBpeeB. llo erpeftcxiii
renepaJrrnbrii cenperapiar: conparlrn aartu aro qucro go 20-,ru.
IrIa .nrcna arrtx 20-rn 6rrno sarfM norpe6onauo nn6parr ncero
rrflTr, ((caMbrx lfieJrareJrbHblx), r,r c rrbu ycnooieu, qro6br 6rr,na gaxa
ux Jruquarr n o6n{ectnennafi xapanrepr,rcrr(Ha. 0ro rpe6onauie ur,r
npusuaru 4ur ce6n ne4ocrofturru rr ornJroHrrJruero.
Hnuf enpeiicxift reuepairbubrft cexperapiar, nonraqnuoMy, y?fie
paaorrapoBaJrcflB <<Bi'lr,rrou Hoaaqrnt> u nnrpa6orau nonnrft ganoHotrpoefir o6 oprauNaaqiu o6utrl.rxorp.flAoB4rn 6opr6rr c ilorpoMaMlr.
Ilpoerir aroM ecrb [oAJrr4HHa.Fr
xonis Hamero [poefiTa, so cJroBo
<erpeficrrifr> Bcrogy Bbrrrepxrlyro. Taxuu o6pasorvr uoJryqaerur,
qro Bc.Euaura pa6ora r 6opr6A c rorpoMaMr,r cBeJracbco6crBenuo
x 6opr66 c enpeftcHllM reuepaJrbHbrMcenperapiarom. Tenepr rrru
o6paqaeuca n c'ta4y Ba roggepffixofi r aroft 6opn66.
Onr,rr yvlrr Hac, qro gta 6opr6nr c fiorpoMaurr [p]rrogu],r roJrbxo
oxparrubrfi noilIar{Ar,rrra coJrAar, cueqia.xsuo grn eroft qtuu noMalll{r4poBanrrhrx. Cltburannux vacreii, noropbrM Moinno 6rrno-6n
gortpnrrcn,
He cyrqecrByer. BnpeficHoe Mtcre.rno gna cnrtmanHbrx oTp.fiAoBraK ;iKeco6raeur4reJrbHo,IiaH 1rcHJanbrcnt4pTa.ilnrur,
qacrfi MoH{Eo 6rrrr, yntpeurrlrM}I, sro ouu He [pr4aa eapefr,cnilfl
coeAnnrrrcfl r{ rrorpourrlr.rFiaru. lltr ripoBHo BarruTepecoBaurl B
eoa4aniu oco6lx enpeficrulx orp.sAoB g.rn 6opr,6u c rorpoMaMr.r.>
<Der Telegrafu, J\i 7. or 8-ro flrrBapff1918r.

').
( ) 6 p a u l e ui e e np e l t c x a r o M r rH u c r e p c r B a H r i o M a r r I y r c u { e u y
I t i e s c n a r o ! l o e H H a r oo H p v r a .
l5-ro aunapr1918r., ,\t 702.
(uepenc yxpauucHaro).
<<ltouangvrorqeuy
notcxaulr ltiencxaro Boenr{aroo$pyra.
Ccurancr Ha r{ailrr iluqubre [eperoBopbr,uprrJrararoflpu ceu
npexcraBJreusnftmn'b I{cuonur,rreflrulru ltorenrerou Comaa eBpeeB-BouHoB
}tiescHaro BoerrHaroonp)'ra npoenr nonoxresin o
coegaHillApynruubrno 5opr66 c norpoMasrs,noropafl {optrnpyerca

2B?

)'riaBalIH[IMCgroaolr, o rtaMflleuinnrtr n Ttx nyuntax, Koropbltl


orrrocflTos!i nopfl[Hy Boenlraro nogwneuir. Vnaeanunii upoerr,
fiaK fl Bau yme coo6qldr r nil,quoft6ec:64*,tr noAAeplftuBaro.
qro Ha nontfepeuqill eBpeeB-BouEoB
BrrrBcrt c tibraynrbgomnnro,
ra
IOro-aanaAualo{poura' cocrofiBItiescxaro Boeurlaro onpyra
geHa6pn
uporuJlaroqoga rlo 7-oe nnnapr
urefics s }tiest c 30-ro
c'eroroAa, 6rr.ntrupnuarrr ptmeuin, nonir.r r{oropbrx trpu ceu IIpuJraparo,r4 B l{ctloJlnenie noroprrx ua6pauuhrft Ha xon([epenqim
Hiencnaro Boeuuaro
llcuonnrtenrnufi ltouurer eBpeeB-Bor4EoB
oxpyra r4 Irptrcryraer n (popullponaniro npyffitrsbl.
B BIIAy, Bo-rlepBblx, orcyrcrain B HacroflIr{ee BpeMtr y
Ha
riounccin uo 6opr6f o anapxieft peamnoit soficxosoft ctr{Jlbr,
qlo ?Icuonnuterlxoropyrc oua MorJIa6rr onrdparroff,Ir Bo-BTopbrx'
urrfi Kouurer cocrolrlTrra JIIrq, Mnt uestcrublx rI 6eecoMurFugo
- fl, HaH TOBap4II{MIrHrIoTpa
no enpeftcnuug6lau u
JrorrJrbghrx
Kax qJIeExouncciu no 6opr66 c anapxieft, IroaBoJltloce6rbnacraraBarb Ha cpoqxou ytnepxrgeuilr ilpe[craBJlfieMaroupoenra' r(am
eAtrEcrBeulroiiAns trpaBl4reJlbctseuuoftBJIacrI{ peanlnofi urbprr r
6opr6:b c florpourroit sorsoit e AauHbIftltoMel{r.

'l'os.

HapognaroMnnucrpaIIo enpeficnlru46lau,
11.XyPruu.>
lla apxrBa MItEIIctepcrBano eBp. gtuau, 191?-1918 rr.

VIII.
AntscouslRalr

B y$pa,tlxcrofi

apruiu'

1.
B reuepa.nrrrnir ceHpetapiar lto enpeficxtllt g6;rau nocryrrl4Jlo
sa-flnnenieeBpefl yntep-o{uqepa, {anuga HaqeBa, xoropuft cJlyfi$tr
B yr(pallncltou rafigauaqnoM noJrlty rluerrll rerMaua Carafigaunaro'
B csoeu [onecesin ltaqer coo6qlrn c.nrbgyroqee:
<<Vxe Asa roga, Kaft fi I{axo?riycb r gffiornyrcrqeft apuill. Bcrtoplb
uocnrL penomoqiu s 6rtn ua6pan npe4c;bgareJleMtroJrltoBoro ftoMlrrera 699-ro Caponcxaro rIoJIHa. Ftorga Eaqaracb yxparunaaqix
apuirl, fl, fiaft ?rulreJlb Vxpaunrr, sMlbert c ApyrI'rMIt yKpaI4EqaMIl,
Irontt, rg'b lrena onpegt6u;r ornpanJleH B Kies s ralfialtaqxiii
938

;ilnJrrrB rroinrc)tsyioi{aur{ednpi&). 26-r'ouoll6pr{, tior',q,aliaqes 6n"rr


Ie?Iiyprrr,ru tro lrauqeJrnpirr, ryAa Bouerr 4emypnrdi oifuqep lr,
yBHaBs Itaqent cBperr, cnpocrn ero: <<floqeuyBhr rjodcrsesgo
rlaxo4r{recbts sarueu uonxy?>>Ha oro Haqen BoapaortJr:
<<Ecnlr
6rr
c raHHMBorrpocoMno nm:bodparztcn coJr[ar, a 6nr erqe ga[reJr,
qro slbrurr, Ho c Bavrr, coarrareJrbubuu
otpuqepou, fi cqr,ITaK)
nrlrunr(t{o6 arou paaroBapl{Barr,.))IIa arou paaroBop6rrn xosqes.
Ho 1-ro gena6pa r(ouaugr4p rafigauaqxaro [oJrr(a uoj]J^rrur
patropr c rpeAJro,fieuieuucxllo.rurr, Itar{esauB rroJrxaaa arnraqiro,
rioropyrc orl rrno6brBeIIercpelr coJr[ar. Ha panoprf fioMau4rxp
roirotlurJr peaonroqirc: (c{criirroqrrrr,)).
Karler o6pa.rlrnca c ma.no6oft B r(oulrrer nonxosoft ((pagbr),
noropuii [ocraHoBrdJr
ocraBurb Har{eeaB noJrny lr paactlbgonarr,,
Hacno;rbnorrpaBrurbnoBoBBoArrMoe
Ha r{ero o6suneuie. Vauar o
ra(oM pfurexirr paAbr,nouauAr4pcoBBaJr
nctx o{nr1epoe,norophre
clroBa rrocrauoBrrJlr{
rrc}iJlroqrlrrHaqesa rrB rroJrr(arreqegie 24-x
qacoB.
Iloca'b aroro ft ltaqery 6rrn upucnau coJrAarc ynlrr{MarnBxbry
tpe6onanieu neMnJreuuo
ocraBrrrbnoJrn. B cty.ralb, ec.rutltaqee
caMoBoJrbno
ue yfiger, BaffBrrJr
coJrgar,rrptrgyr coJrllarlrH BacraBRT
ero yfirrr, r{e ro - oH 6v;1et rr}rn BarioJror.
liaqee odpaqaercn B reHeparbunir cexperapiar: c npocr6oii
rtouoqbeMy rrepeBecrucr,
B xp]'ryrc ynpar4ucnyroe&crr,. BaseneHie
BarraEqEBaerca
c;rt4yrcrqltMrrcJroBaMrr
: <<Bonsrue
sclbx Mbr,eBpeiicxie con4arbr,crpaganr4or craparo pe?fiaua. Hauru crrrrnbrelqe
rr uoHr,rn:brre Morlrr paaorHvrbcfl or norrlveuHlrx Ealtr lo6oes.
Tenepr,aroro 5rrrr, He AoJ,+iHo. !{o.,loiipadcrno! l[a a4pancrByer
unorocrpaAarbHrdi enpeficriiii lrapoA! ;]a a,CpaBcrByer
ficrunsoe
paBencrBo
sctx HapoIoB!>
<,Der'l'elr,graf,r, "Nl:22, or t3-ro ;1eria6pHlglT r.

2.
(lr lr,rrenurpyluhr coJrAar-eBpees
33 n'bxoruaro BarracHaro
rroJlr{a
coirAar l{spannl Maxuerr (HaxueH?) coo6rqae'rc,n64yroqie
lfanrn:
<<14
inns Hac (7 oorrAarenpeen)n ,rrrcr.blp],rlrx 8b qenontn
orr(ollarrArrpoBalrrlr3 ij,i n:bxoruaro sarra(]Ha1.o
rroJrfia,oroflrqaro
239

s Cnu{eponol:b, n Ogeccy s aanacr}ilil ny;reuenrr,rft6aranrox,


IIo npn6rrrin sa Mfcro naana'renisHacrropaar{Jr
/{yx aurr(ceMr{Bma,
qaprnmit n 6aramout.
;ryumie
trcglr
6araJrboua
,{arne
6aramonubrft nomurer - Ha oAHoMr{B cBor4x aac:bgarrii,iBbrrrec
.rucro rogolpo6cnyrc
peaonroqiro,ca6gcrnieu xoropofi flBrrJrocbBbrceaeuie rrac r{B 6aranroua, KaK eBpeeB,B cBon npeurnia qacru.
Ocranrgnre-Ererra 85 qeroslBx: uoJrflnr(,Bejrr4nopoccu,
ynp&rlsr{br
,{ Ap" ocraJrutcbcJryrRr(TbB rryJreMe.rsoM
6aranroulb. Y nac, ilpr.r
Br-rxs4i[co ABopaHaBapM
6araaroua,s yruax arentlu rt uorponnnrrx
u ro4o(po6crianocHnurlania,noropbrfl He paB HaM npr4xogrJrocbo
6orrro n 4yurt Br,rcJrymrrBarr,
or Mnoildx r4 Muorrrx ronaplrnleft uo
cuyrn6t ue-eBpeeB.Mrr cnparur.rBaeM:
roqeMy Mbr,eBperr-coJrgarr,r,
uecuie u necyude nct .rsrorrr, nan r{ ocraJrbHbre
rpa}fiAaHe,He
lr*rfeu Toro-HretrpaBa Haxogrrbcfi B rry.[eueruom6aranr,ou.bHaparnt co ncfulr?>
Bncnannrre ras 6araJroHa eBper.ro6parunucr c nlrcbMoMHa
r,rMfiBoeullaro Mrrrrr{crpa,B Koropou coo6rqaror eMy o6 grolr
ipanrf lr flprrJrararcrrrpororiofi 6aranronuaro noMrrrera.
Iloutqas Eacroflrrleecoo6utrenie,<tr{aBtcrifl I{. U. H. Ilerporpa[c$aro COslbrapa6ouux r{ coJrlarcnrrx Ae[yraroB))rr,rrxyr:
<,{o cux rrop Mbr BI{aJrr.r
roJrbno o6 asrraceunrcnrfx BbroTyrrJreniax qapcnr,rxoxpaHHrIKoB
rr qepnoeorerrrleB,
AareMubrxo6uanyrux
IIME Macc. Bnepnue MbrvBHaeMo rar{oManmynnenir.reu6opuoii
roficxosoft opranlraaqirro.
cPaacetT>, "lii 8, or 30-ro anrycra L9LTt.

IX.
Yxpaunzaaqiaaplria u eapea-conA&rbr.
(!Is apxaaaCorcea
enpeee-noranon.
ltier).
7.
Peoonrcqin,nprrnrrrafl o6qnlr co6paxieu eBpeeB-coJrlarl2-ofi
rtxornoit rusnaira.
<Bcectopoune o6cy4un Borrpoc o6 yxpaunusaqilr gussaiu,
o6qee co6panie rocrasoBuilo:
1) Mu, eBperr,noropbrerepntnlt or rnera caMogep?fiaBin
6onrure
rc:bx uaqirl s Poccill, rrtrr[reuubre
rpa;fiAaircnoiilr naqiona.:rsuoii
940

cBo6oAbr,
Mbrlr[er{ B uepBr,rxpflAax peBoJrnqionuofiAeuonparin u
6opeucnBarpa?ftAaucxoe
!r uaqiouanrnoepaBnolpasie sclFx uaqiit,
.Irtcnt
B ToM
lt enpeftcnoft,uouufl, rrro or ycn,bxa r.l yxptn;reirin
peao;rroqin Banr{crrrHarrrarparrrgaucfiafi lr uaqiona;rrna-n ceo6oga.
Mrr nrrconogepffir{MHpacuoeBgaMfl,rra r{oropoMna.reprano6parcrBo rr paBerrcrBolrapo4oB, uaqiouanruoe caMoorpegtneni.er,r
6parcHift ynparrn{e4eparunnan peouy6nrHa. Mnr npunrFrcrByeM
cnifi napog r ero naqiouailbsou oceo6ogra,reJrbroM
gnumexi.uI mrr
nplrsrbrcrryelr I{enrp a;rrnyro Pa4y, rrpoBoar.TracrrB
rxyro u aqional r Ho-[epcouarbltyro asrogoMiro A.nfi nc6x naqiouanrur,rx MeHbmI4HcrB,?nr{Byrrryxra Vxpaln-rf. Ho npuHlrruafiBo BHrr[IaHie,.11g
ynpar4nnaarlir {poura He ecrb utpa yxptuneni.s perotroqira, i:t
irao6opor - 19s11s11)i
paapbrBco ncepocciftcHoftgeuonpariefi. rtoropaff crpeur.rrcflri clroptbfiueMyAeMoxparuqecxoMy
Mupy, a ra.Htrre
rrpr{rruManBo BHr{MaHienpogoronrcrseuubrft npr(BrrcB ropoAax
r,r e aplrin, B cBffBrtc rroJrubrM
paampoficrnonaffientsnbrx Aopor,
rax HaK yr{pannrraarlinaplrin BbrBoBerycrrJrenuyrotrepe6pocxy
noftcn, noropaff enle 6onsme paBcrporrr rpaHcrropr, yclrJrrrr rrpoxpusuc 14anor{oMr4qecftyro
paapyxy, .116nnreoner
Jotso.nbcrBeHnrrft
qro
Co;mruyrcanapxiro n c.rpan6,-. MEtr,
eBpert-coJrAarrJ,
Haxo]Irdlrvr,
n{pa 1'HpalrnnaaqilrSpoura ecrl nr.hpa,nporuroptuarqarr nnrepeca\I peao"rrcqinri rre cBoeBpe${eHua
no rexur.rqecnuucoo6pa;*euigm.
2) B cnyuarb,ectu qacrr4ArlBrraiu6-r'gyr yxparrnrrar4poBarlo,q,
eBpen'coJr4arr,r,
rrtr4reJrlrVnparinrr. o6s.Banbrocrarbcrr B ctsor.rx
qacrflx, IranoMrlfiarr, qro IiI{ B Harivto 6paror'5ir,lc.,Ttserlu\:Io,
rp a?rigancriyro
nof,ruy,upornaopf uaull'to rrrrrepecaM peeo;rrcrqin,
ne
rlcTyrrgT.
3) Mn, eBpeu oltollHbre corAarbr, qlrrarr err(eAgeBgoc rpeeoroii
B cepAIIt o enpeficnux norpoMax, r:pe6yeu, KaH or l{enrpa;rsnoi.l
Pa4u, ran u qenrpaJrbHori Pocciiicrioit nnacrrd, plbmnrcnrHuix m.bp
u 6opr,66 c enpeficxlrurr norporralrrr.
Brrfcrt
c r f m l u r r r p e 6 y e l r o p r . a H r r a a q i r rJ r B r b r l o B b r x
qacreii:py;rrr{H rrB coJrIar-eBpeeB r4[fyrrrx
naqirt, co(ryBcrByrcrqlrx lrge'h o6oponar Seaaarqurnnx erpeiicrtux
Macc or rlorpolroB.
ilur qpyrxnHbi AoJr?+rHri
5rr.rr, noopylxerlrl
HaxoArrrbcfl
r{
E rrocrofirrnou pacnopfiir{euiu reuepanbHaro ce}rperapiata uo enpei,rcxrrrr narliolra.:tbubrnrx6.rrarr na. Vnpannt, a B
llorlrouu ntrl'itpaur'h l9l;--t918.

lil

241

l{enrpa,nr,nofi Pocciu *' IeMoFiparrlqecriur.ra6parrur,rxo6quH,


aartu Bcopoccif,rcxaroEnpeitcnaro C':ba4ar>.

(1\1.
n.)
7-ro 4exa6pst9t7 roxa.

(noguncr).
l-lpet1c6,qateru'
(iroglrrrr:r,).
Cenpe'rapr,

Hoeocenrtqa.

2.
C'6a4

Ll-oin apnain o rorpoMan

tr eBpeitcHux orptIAax.

Ha 3-iit apueftcxifi c'*ag Xf-ofi apufur or enpeficxofr noennoii


oprarusaqin 5-ro Cr.r6upcnaro apueiicHaro Hopnyca 6r'rn re;reHa gqolu c'6ag;b 6rulr npnuRrtt c.,t'l;rtlpoBau g-p Kaulrucriifi.
gyrcrqin peaoffoqiu, npeAfio?r(eHnrrs uoc.ntAHIIM :
t) Tperifi apiueitcxifi c'6aR Xl-ofi apuirr cquraer qIrHIILllrfl IIaA
erpetcHnm HapoAo\I uactuin troBopHLIMrlrrHoll lle;rtrnofi Pyccxoii
Pesonrcqin. C'6ag o6pau{aercn ro eclbM roBapI'IuIaM c rprIBI'rBo}I
6oporr,ca nporI4B gouyqenin enpeftcnttx norpoMoB rI cqrrraer
yuacrie e
cBflrbrhr AoJIroM peronroqionHoft geuonpatiu upunrrl
'rero
Boengo-PenocauoodopoH6, oprannayeuotl enpexMl{,-flJrfl
sct nn;bpr,r'
nroqiouuolr_-vliomtrerr. r:r"l;ax npegnaraer npllurtr
2) Tperiii apneircriiii c"bag XI-oii apnrill ctllrraer IIcFiJIro'Ieuie
e B p e e B I r B y R p a I { H r I 3 I I p y e } I 6 I X ' I a c r e i i a H T o Ma H r I l A e M o K p e Tr{qecxrtrM r,r [porl,rBop:b.rauryt]t [pnHrllrnaM Haqiouanlnofi repnlrMocrn. floarouy c'6a4 ropnvo rporecryer nporllB no4o6Hux anroB.
nB lrpunlrMaeMbrx Ha
Butcrf
c rfu ctfgF c,rnraeT cnpaBeJlJrrrBbru
uacreii
rpII
narlioganuaarliu
It
IIcHJIIoqaeMbIx
Boeusyro cnyx6-rr
eepeeB cocraBJIffTL,,[pII ]IX iHe.tranitr,or4'bnr,nux erpeficHin qacrr't
e paaptureuin Bepxonnaro l;rasnoxoMaHAvloqaro (nocltgnir
6ontrueeltHom).
c.rroBa6rur rp eguoE(eItEIAe;reraronnH
eAIJ
orJracHo.
upunntbl
O6t peaonroqiu

?42

X.
(Bi.trbnol0oaaqrao>s oopes.
Ilouyvero cerp. rro osp. 4tnau,
8-ro gexa6pn7977r,, Ni 240.
1 1 po r o x o ; r .
Poruncrporna, HieBcnofi ry6epnin, 9epHaccxaro y,ba4a.
<<Mu, lr*ureilr PorMr4crpoBnu, sacJryrrraB ua o6u{enr co6panin
n cy66ory, 2-ro gena6pn L9L7 r., coo6rqeHin EpnnaHa, ,{y6rrxcnaro
n ,{pona o roM, rrro opraur4ooBaBrueecflPoruncrponcxoe <<Bour,uoe
naBaqe0TBo))
rdcfifiroquilo r.tacnoefi cpe4br Bc:bx cBor,rxqileHoB-eBpeeB,
o6cygr.rnu oror Bonpoc lr nprtrlrJrr.rn crtgyrcqeMy gaxnoqesirc:
{.. Izlcnnroqegie ue cpeAbr utcrnaro <<Borsnaro HaBaqecrBaD
y)fie Ballncaorrrrtxcn a llero eBpeeBI{ocnr o'rnpurnit auurceMurcnifi
xapanrep, yriaBbrBaerHa aHTr4ceMrrrcfioe
uacrpoenie opranr1BaropoB
1I nporunoptvlrr
rperr,eMy vuueepcany rI BceMy oruonreHiro
Idenrpanuroft Pagri x uaqionalbnoMy Bonpocy.
2. Opranuaaqia cueqiaJrbrro erpeitcnaro <<Bonrsaro HasaqecrBa> AJrn BarrlrrTbr ufcruux
murereii, rrx E$rBHrr rr rrMyrr{ecrBa
H
npircHop6iro,
upoucxoAflr y rrac n ropog'L,
or oxcqeccoB,Koropbre,
- xeqtnecoo6paauo, ran liari oro lro?fier BbraBarbuaqiouanrunn
Tpeuin u o6ocrplttb BBallNloornoureuis.
rpaffi 4an I ocu{a
r(oMMaHAIIpoBarb
Mnr e[ltHorfi acHo rrocraHoBr{JIrc
leuepamHoruy
Cexperapro tro
ItornnpcHaro rr locltQa [poria H
eopeftcHrtu 46,nau co c:tfgyroulrdu HaHaBoM:
1) Sneprrrvno rrporecroBarr,nporrlB ror0. rlro eBpeeBltaoJrrrpylor
II Apyulx oprauuaaqifi
[pr4 opraHueaqirr <<Bo;rrnaro FiaBaqecrBa)>
.rto6rr
EapeiicHiit Cenperapiar npIIBfl"rI
oxpaHr,r, u rpe6onarr,
cpoqllLrfl 14 cartbrfr DHeprrlqHbrflrrlGpn It roMy, qro6}[ noupoc 6u;t
paaptrueu n 6naronpiarHon clrrrcnt.
2) Tpe6oearr, .rro6hr fenepa"rrunit Cenperapiar Vnpannbr ltoFIaHAupoBafi cBoeFo rIJIeHa, noroprrir na urbcrt npouanel-6Ll Aoananie o upoucruegureu HoulfnrtHt:b Ir nocrapaJlen 6rr ero yJIaAUrb>.
C;rtgyrot

192 rro;1nncrr"

rro eBp.gtaam, 1917-1918 rr,


I,Iaapxuna-unur{crepcrBa

l6*

243

IV.

gmcqeccbr ylcpauscrcofi apuia, yltpaaEerfaa Bna,crE


a o6qecrresnocrb
(anraps-anptat

t9t8 r.).

L.
Saupoca lleutpatrrofi Pag'Lo uorpoMaouuaolpoeria s ltiesl
(ErrBapbJ.

B trsu ocaAbrn 6ou6apgnpoBnllltiesa 6onruresuftaMllB ropogf


HacrytrrrJlorpeBorfiHoeuacrpoenie. Ha ntHoropblx yJII{qax(Bonr'
mas Bacunbr{oBcrafflr na flogon;b) uatancn yxe rpa6em JIaBoK.
20-ro nnnaps 6uu BHeceHn l{eurpanruyro Pagy Barlpocno IIoBoAy
olnlrAaeMlrxantueapeiicnlrx anclleccoB.
<<Sac6gauieHatlllHaercfl c lturepne"rrsqiu ciorurcrcHoft i[panqilr
rro troBoAy aHTlrceMr4TcnaroHacrpoeHis s ropog'b, B cBsarr c rro-

cu64unuuco6urisuu.
I. IIIexruan BllcrJrnaerc rlogAeptxxofiranrepnensqiu:B
cBflau c rtu {aHrona, rITo cpeArt apecroBaHubrx 6onrmesuftos
r4rrrbrorcnrafi?I{e I{ eBpeI,I,a ropo4rb coBAaJlocboqeHb rpeBo}rsoe
roBopI{T
nacrpoeuie, HanpaBJrenroe rlporlrB eBpeeB. Tonna, tITo
eBpelr
Toto,
[plIBI{aH
Ha}i
aror
r{croJlnoBblBaer
oparop,
ipant,
(paxt,
uro
rloMoralor 6onsnresuHalt. ltosctatnpyn o6qeuaelbcrubfil
6onsruesuaM ssrenie o6qee, a ne cneqialrno enpetcxoe, IIIextuaH
rpe6yer, .Iro6bl l{enrpanrnan Pa4a BEIIlycruJIa Or cBoero I{MenI{
roBBnaRie, r{orpoe ycnoxolrJlo-6nr noa6yxrAenHoe nace.nenie.
,{. Maproc (yHp. c.-9.) BbrcxaBblBaercfitrporr4B ranoro tsoa'
gnanis. Maproc o6eflnser rarliona;nnbrfl MeubIuI4EcrBa B ToM'
qro ouu HeAocraroqno aueprltquo uoAgepffiIrnaulr Papy n ea 6opr'-

244

6t c 6onrmeBunaMr4. Oco6enso pfeno Bbrcrylraer oH [port{B


<Byu4a>>,noropnrit, rro ero cJIoBaDt,Bener AByJrxtIHyIorroJllrrltlty
rro orrrouregirc H Pant.
CrenarreHxo (ynp. c.-p.) roaoput, tlro 6nrvro6ll ropaalo
qrbrecoo6paaute, sro6rr naqionanrrrrrfl MeHblrrtrEcrBaBlrtrycrrlJlu
JryqIunMorstroM na
soagsaaieo noAgepffinf Pagu. 0ro 6r'r.no-6br
ncrb rpenornnbre cJryxrr. Haqionamnblrl MeIIBIIME0TBa[oJI]ItHLr
ficr{o BarrBr{rr, c x:bm onr4 n4yr.
<Eyug>Bcergaoqexb
M. JIn6ep (<BysAD),
osenbBBBoJIHoBaHno:
oxeprrlquo6oponcac 6oflrmes[auou. HauporllB, KaHpaa yHparIHcHie coqianrcrbr trrJrrcpanbrrrepyHa o6 pyxy o pycoHruu 6otrrrJeBr4HaMr{.
Br,rnycrrarr oco6oe soggaHie allawfno-dbl flonaBarb,
qTo Mbrr.rcnjlTaJrrrcb.
Co cnaueft ynparrrcnr{x naprift paa[aercfi qtnrrft pfl[ BbItraHoB
...
no a[pecy naqionanrubrx MeHbrrruucrB
paBHbIx
Ilpolrcxogur ptanir 4ianor Merr([y npe4craBlrreJlsMlr
naprifi.
TaH, uauprau;bp,npeAcraBr4rerrb<Iloaneft-Iliop> ylocmontpaer, rrro B llonrart, s Costrf pa6orrrx AenyraroB, oH
rroggepffirlBan
Pa4y, a ynparancniec.-p. 6rrnr uporaB Heff.
pyccnrrMr[Hapo4tr{nrepnennqis ciouucroB tro4Aepx(rrBaercfi
pyccfirrx
uuun coqiaJrqcraMn(pfur r. fannrasa). Ipe4craBr.rreJrb
qro
c.-p. Plrxrep rax?rieHaxo4rrr,
BoaBBaHie
n uacenenircgonmno
6urr, rrrnyqeao.
I. Illexruau oratrsaer ynpar{Hcrflntrcoqiarncrau. Enpeftcnoe nace.nenie fr. ciouracrcxas {panqia - roBopr4r
uufnlr trpaBo Hpdrr4rrecnuornecrr4c6x orgtnraum anTarr Paxn.
B o6qeu-me onrr n 6opr66 PaAu c 6om,meauxarvtr6unu Bcer4a
na ctopout PaAu. Asrucenurcrioe Eacrpoenie gomrxo 6rrrr
scfMr4 rutpannlrtro4aBJreHo.
Vnpar.rucniec.-p. Brrocflr trpeAJromenie,
mo6rr soaasasie6lilro
Bbrnyn{euoco qi a.n4crr{ q ecxr,rMrt napriamn.
Ilpe4nomeaie aro uptrHrrMaercfl>.
<DerTolegraf>, J{!16,or 24-rosEBapE
1918r.

246

tI.
Ilopar*euieVrpazucrofr Panrr a aaqioua,marraNef,brltlsorB&.
(flepioguacryn;renixdonrnresurios
Ha ]tieB,
EnBapb
1918r.).
r4 eBpeiicftie pa6osie, c'arraruponauHr,re
<<PyccHie
6onrrnesnHaMr.I,rroAriflnr4soacrasie B caMoMHiest, qtM oseEr BarpyAHEJrlI
qacrb pyco6opony croJrrrr{br.flpanar-me, anrr{6oJrbmeBrrcrcr{a.fi
pa6ouet Maccbr,Koropafl rrrJraBa pocciftcnlruu c.-A.
cno-eBpeficnoft
npaBErMr{coq.-peBoJrroqioEepaMr{
<MeHbtrreBr{naMrr),
rt Ba <ByHAoM)),rpocro He BaxortJra Bbrcrytrr4rbB BaIrII,rry}tiera. Pa![ecn,
Fana6asonrr, CxiloscHie- orr4 naltSourmie Bparr{ 6o*ruesunon
n cropout, cosctu ue Ayr I{eurpaltrnoft Pagt - rerrepbcrorrJrr4
nouoqb ynpauxcxoft BJracrr{
Mafi npo 19, uro6n xorb sibM-Hra6yRr
MeHbrrrr4rcrB))
npor{Bn gtnt o6opouu ltieea. Sror <<nefirpaJrr4rer
geuoHpariro.
BoAr.rJr
oqeub r.flIneJroennesatrtHie rra yxparlHcnyro
Ha aanpoc M. llopura (ynp. c.-n.) r l]eurpanruofi Pagt (cgtnannrrft s repBbreAHI{ocagbr}tiena), noqeMypoccificHiecoq.-peBorrroqionepri u 6yugonqrr He Aaror 4ra o6oponrr }tiesa cBoux 6oesux
(napriftuux) npyx'*rs, <(MeHbmrlucrsa))
!rro1 MoJr, rdx
orB:bT14v114,
[py]nrrHbrne nurbror opymia. A xor4a s orntr rra aro 6rrro yraBaHo, qro B BoeHrroMurlnltcrepcrnf Mox$ro [octarb cnoJrbxo
yroAno opyxia, ((MeHbrrrr4HcrBa)
Huqero ne orstrlrnrt. Ha rJraaax
y nctx ilporraoruJropaagtnenie pa6ovrtx r{ r4HreJrJrrfleuqiu
ltiesa
He croJrbnono riJraccoBo-coqianrHoMy
trprraHafiy,
Ha ABa Jrarep.rr,
cxoJrbnouo uaqiouanrnofi [prrHaAnexruocTr{:ua oguoft croponrF
pyccfio-eBpeficniftnarepb, rra Apyo6paaonancsaHrr4yr(palrucHifi
roii - nce 6orfe uBoJrr.rpoBaJrr{cb
rt yMeHbmaJrrrcb
crrJrbry}ipar{HcHoft perornrliouuofi 4euonparirr.
. . . ltorga npaBlrreJbcrno66inalo rrocnf safiriq ltiena s ?Itutouip, Htr{r(To
rIB ((Meubrur{HcrB)
Ba rrpaBr{TeJrbctnou
Vnpaugcnoft
Hapognoft Pecuy6nrrriuHe rrocJrabgoBaJr)).
fI. XpucrroH s cuoeftHs. (SaMirur i uarepinrr go
ucropii yxp. peBonroqiiD,
1921, r, II, crp. 126.

III.
,[euorar$.altiescroff lopogcrofi ,{yxar rc yrcpanxcroffapuir
(rasorueraM. Pa$eca).
B noc;rtgnie ;1HIl {reeparr 1918 roga, KorAa, nocl'b no6tgrr
H I{ieny craJII{
rutlreqHo-yxparlncnrrxBoiicn naA 6onr,ureBllnaMu,
.Iacru,
lopogcxan
KieecHan
npu6nuxarbcrr ynpal(Ecxin
Ay*a
qacrnnr oco6yru[e,neraqin, c
1r'Euruna[ocJrarr, uancrprbvy arI{M
4&nr,ro osxariomr{Tbe nonomeuiemB ropoAt lr npoclrrr, BoBAep?fiarbcr{ or ilorprruqecfioi,i Mecrr,I, B BrIAy AoIueAIxI{xcJIyxoB o
r:.no6nouuacrpoeniu yxpar{Hcnr{xcoJIAar'oco6eHnono otnouesiro
li cBperrm. ,{eneranin cocroflJraI4B npeAcrasllreneii roJlr'xo corlia;urcrNvecxrrx{rpanqifi [yuu. B uee BxoAll'rrrcn*4yror1ie gylrH. flyxruucHif,r
cnie rnacurre: trtLAlertcfes -- c.-4. (MeHbrlreBrrri)>;
-- yxp. c.-{.; JI. Qnna-- pyccHiit c.-p.; tr{. @eulenxo-9onoecHifi
<Bynga>.
,xeur{o- ynp. c.-A. Ir }I. Pa{ec - npeAcraBl{rcJrb
e oOruupnomo'retoii notagltl{ IIilJIox(IrJI
I\{. Patpecpea}rJrbrarhl
,rer6, ornyAa Mbr SaI,IMcrByelI
cyuecrBegHnrxu'bcta cr
Harn6on'be
HacrpoeHin)'ItpatrHcltaronoftcxa'

B or.Ierb ornrcbrBaruTcaMhITaIJcrBa.IlLlllblraunau ge;reraqieft


ts nyrrl, noria eii, Harioueu, yAa.nocb 1-ro uapra solirn B corrpr{rtocxosesie c uepeAoBbrM yKpaIIHcliIrM orpffAoM reuepaJla flprtcoBcnaro.
Korga coJrAarbr uo nyrrl ycJrbrxairrd, {To {rlerdlliH upi'bxa;ra
rrpocrru, o Hegortyu{euirr aricqeccor n ropog6, oHr{ craJlq Kpllqarb:
- <<H:br.lrbr pacnpaBlrlrcrr. rr lracrrpaBrtucn 6eauorqaAno)>.
-- <<flocmorpr{-Ka, ,{yua irocra"Tla o4Hrrx roJIbKo ntugour> (u
;lcneraqiu, npo*r'b Patleca, eBpeeB6oasure ne 6nno).
Ieneraqis nocrtAoBara Aarbrre. Anrop coo6qaer':
<<Hacenogar B Aorr n c. PoMaHosH{i. 3a cro.;rolr crl$rr o{nqep.
ltonnara noJrua coirAar. ,{ucqttununbr Hrdnanof,rHe Br.IAHo.Co;r4atrr
nu:bnwlnarotc.E B paaroBop, BcraBirnlor r{AoBr{rr'tR, anobubrfi aaMtsarlia.
3g*cr MErran?fie BLrABr,IraeM
ua nepenii nJraH Harlr{x yKpaI4HqeB. 9qxaresHo trpe4craBJrrrer qJreHoBPagrr r.r ilofiyrlaer cep[rrrbrfi ors6r oibuqepa:

217

- Ilouemy BTraqire'hr Pagrr ne conpoBolnAaJu4


trpaBrnreJrbcr'o,
rror.Aaono yfamano r lffuronrip?
3ro aaMtsanie, xoropoe 6uno saMerroMna ualrtny, Br,rBe.r-ro
9rana.nenHo
ua ce6n,rr orr B p'baxoftdlopuf ors.brr4n:
-- A noqeuy Bbr ran Br{eaannonc6 norirruynlr
}tiee, se coo6_
rqflB Aa?fieo BameMor':ba46 rr pacrepflB rrrrHr,rcrlloB
e tr(ienB.Msr
nc:b nrpoeu ymJrrr c uoclt4nmo aactgania (paan) nog rpaAorrr
IIyJIb)).

,(e.neraqin ilonaBbrBaer peaonnqiro, rprrnrrryro fopo4cxoft


l{yuoft.
. . . <<Kor4aqrrraerc.flrropoft rryHlir peaonroqiuo6 o6ryeii au_
URCIiTA,

fiOMHATA

OT.IIAUAETCE

AOBOJIbHO IJEABYCMbIC.]:IEIIHSIMII

BOB-

r-'JracaMlr,tro.r-rHbrMrIomecro.leHia, rxaxrAofi Mecrlr.


B nux v5racrByercfl secr ruabe groft rraneur,Hoii Hvsrtr4 coJrAar, ocTaBrurrxcrr
ntpurruu fipaBr{reJrr,orny VHpauncHoft Hapognoft pecny6nunlr u
ran ?fiecrorio ocHop6nensrrx 25-ro flrrBapfi (genr, xor4a paga no-

nrruyrra }tien).
-_ Ia, r fopogcnoii
flymt cr,rAflrroJrbno 6yngonr1r,r.
- fl ogru nrrptxry He Mesrme b0.
- Ilo.inopoga, nctx ffirrAoBHaAo repep6aam,.
l{n ne BcryrraeMB rroJreMr4ny.HacrpoeHiec;-rIamrroM
onpe4tirelrHoet. . .
IIpc upien'rt ge;reraqir re'epaJro* flpracoecHnu B cafiorrsaroul[ nrra6a B ror ?fie AeHb,Ha cranqilr Byu6, reHepan, rpr,r
qrenin nyunra peao;rrcqilro6 aMuucrirr rr
o uocnpeqenir( caMocyAoB, cfiaBaJr:
- , or Bac HrrqeroEe c*poro rr He coB[aMy
Bac r.rJrJrroaift.IIo;romeuie B STOMCUr'rCrl[ upeaer,ruaftnocepbealroe. Mos qacTb
cocror(r rper,ruyrrlecrBeHHo
vrs o{uqepon, aa g0 of xo,roprrx a
PYqAIOCb. IIO ITEIIT*IIIEIIM BPEMEHAMHAC, IIPABAA, CqI,ITAIOTIiOIITP-

penonnqionepaMr4,
Ho y rrac qapur rpeAarruoorr g6ny r{ Arrcqrr_
nrrpraa.fl yrtpeu, qro rrpr4fiaffiy-rr Bce 6y4er e uopn4H6. Hu_
xarir4xa$cqeccoBue 6yfier. B moefiqacr4 EaxoArrrcfi,oArrano,uprr_
ufpno, 10 upoqenroBraxnx, Ba fiorophrx Errnro Be Moffier tropy_
rrrrrBcr. Erqe xyxre aacrpoeuie roro orprrla, xoropnrit BeAer B
Ities rlsrnropa, TaM-rafigauaHu. omecro.rensocrb r4 ,fia'fitra Mecrrr
TaM SpeaBbrraftgocznr,ubr. Msoro llegaBr{crl4 ocHOBaUO
TaM Ha
odsll'eniu eBpee' e yvacriu u doar'reB,norcfioMsoecra'ilt. Drurr

rroilotregieM6nuro oea5oqeHoraHi/+iertpats[lTeJIborBo.ilIur lrnrb;rrr


ilo aromy rtoBogy 6ectgy c upe4ctgareJreucoesra Mrrur4crpoB
r?r
rrcnairrrcuoco6 npe4orBparnrb aricqeccrrn ropo4rB,He[aBHorrepeErnBrleMTaxyro ynracuyro 6ou6ap4nporny>.
. . . <<BoBpeMEpaBroBopoBrra or. Eyvt, trpurrfiBmux xapaxrep rracroflrqaro Murrrura, B noropoM rrpusrlMaJroyuacrie rl se6onrmoe qrrcro menfano4opo?nrrbrxpa6osnx crarqin, aaprrura qapflrrlr{x Eacrpoenift onpegtnr,rnacr snonu:F ffcao: rrta?fi[a pactrpaBbr
u uqenir aa ocnop6.neuieu uoBop, r{crruTarrrrlrenpfi Bbruy]fiAerrHoM ocraBJreniltKiesa, 6nnr y eroft ManenrHoftaysnu coJr4ar
roJrbno oArrrIMr4BMouesror nacrpoeuin. lltamga Mecrfi uprtnfijra
a46cl ognocropouuift xapanrep; oua 6rwa nceqtno EanpatsJreua
nporr{BeBpeeB,Hocr{Jra
.flBnoauruoeultrcnifi xapanTep. Ero
6rrn, oAIraHo, arrrr4ceMrlTrrgmslrcro rroJrr4Tnqecnarotrpoucxomgenin>.. .
. . . (fl ocraxoBJrrucrna napr6onte xapanrepuoM paaronoprb.
Co,ngarrr orr{aBlrBarorcan6puru, qro nct 6onrruesrdnn ytrrJrr{.
*_ Hfr, oHlr ocrajrr{cb rr AyMaior, rrro ne 6ygyr yagaHbr. Mu,
oAHaHo,Bce nepe4aJrrtHarueMy mniouamy. Iihutmrcs ctrronr4
4.000 nnq. I,{ sctx rrx Mbryunqroxruu. To me rporsonuro r B
Eep4uvee6, u ecf 6rrnlr yanaunr.
- floveuy [epBrJe 6onrmeslrcrcriie ulnionrr, Horoprrx Mbr
ncrpfruuu a4tor n Fyv'b, 6rrnrr enpen?
-,{epmur
pysr{be-Cpy.'lr
r,I MomHo: (s _- HpacuorBap!
Aeerl)),MbI ylae lru noHarnenn
- Brr BrIMre, rocrroAnn (ne ronapuq, a rocroguu) Pa([ec,
Bor y MeHfit0 uynr, croJrbnofi orJro*rr{Jr,6onr,ue He xoqy, lr sc
- trpoTr4BeBpeeB.
Aeo.sTb
- Bu BuAr{Te,
- roBoprrr nropoft, - Bor uoft [arpolrralrr,
a46cr 30 ruryr, y MeIrfl etqe ecrb, u sc6 tryJur Jr paacrp:6trlo.
Ec"'nrurr nac acrp:brnu s ropo4rB,MErurBac paacrp*rreul.
IIo iloport rt Ilmnmpt, HyAa qaorb Aeileraqiu naupauuJracb,
M. Pa{ec BaBflBbrBaer
6ec64y o cugflntqMpsgoM c Er4M<aifirswu
HOBaI{OM)).

. . . <fl xoqy yanarb, \rro cJrJrrrrJroob


s Fepgllvent n lffurouipt.
Vxe no ntnoroparnr HalreliaM Mo?Kso6rruo goragarbcs, trro raM
,aecroKopaclpaBr{Jrr4cr.A BepAuveertgr ueurme BceFotroBrrEerr
s 6onsuesucrclrux rptxax.
SepEuveacrcaa,{yua, Ka$ rrepeAa-

249

Bairlr, Aa?fie nplrBtTcTBoBaJra

qeTBepTrii.i yHrrBepcaJr! coqiaJurcTn-

qecxir napris rau Ee BrraJrlro nosxqfur qerrrpoB. Contr pa6ouux


Ien]rraroB rau anru6oJrbrueBdcrcniff,_. [onrrl ep;,rncrBenuufiContr n Pocciu, B KoropoM 6onruerscrcHift rurad [ocanrrJrHoMtrccapa. Fomrueaucrcnafi BJracrr, Hocr{Jra rrBuo ormyuaqioxnuii
xapar{rep. Tyga anuncs rura6 6omuesr{crcxoit .racr{ ra oraJr xosRftuuqarr. Cefisacxe nocn'bgosanopaB'tcxeuie, uro Contr pa6oqr,lx u coJrAarcxrlxAenyraroB ue coors:brcrByerHacrpoeniRtrua6upare.neft,u 6nrmaHaanaqenbrHoBbrerm6oprr, Horopnre,o4rrafio,
ilporrrirn no4 axru6ofibureBrdcrcnllu Jroayrrrou floilyqqrr, B pyru{
BJracrr,. Iopogcnan ,{yua raHme [pr{HrrJrap'baxyro peaolroqin
rrporlrB 6o.irrnresucrcnaroBaxBaraBJracrn. 9ro-xte oBHaqaroBaIrt.raxie KoMen[asra, sro B EepAuuen:b6onr,rueeuxaurrpeuo4HecJrrtnsrr ulrunionos? Itier n:bgr rorne (rrperroArrec)>
Mypanrerv
lecrrrb MnrnioHoB,no aAtcr, nc:Fauaror, KaH DToupouaornno. He
nJroxo-Jrr{ocn:bgourenayripauricxafl BJracrbo6 o6cronreJrbcrBax,
npu lroropbrx 6orlruesunr4 rorytrnru 6ep4uuencniensrr unnnioHoB, eoJrrronrr raxoBbre4tiicrrlrreJrbuo no,nyvurul?
- ,{a, n Bep4uverb unorie 6rrrlt uanaaanrr. CpameHierau
ilporlBorrrJroHa yJrrrqax) . . .
IIo 4oport asroMo6unrogeneraqirr nplrrurocb BaAept{arbcrr.
Bo npeux croflHxr,Inaxo4ururiecn s4tcr coJrgarhr-]inpar4rrrlbr
BeJrr{
rt lxe oaJroOJreHHEre
paBronopbr.
. . . (OAuo rrB cojrAar roBoplrl':
__ ltorga Mbr orcr)maJru rIB Fiiera repea llogoJr, Mbr B l{aarg o m e e p e f i c n o M A o M t u a x o g u i l r { n v J e t r e r , R B t ( o r o p a r oB
xae crpfuixJnu)...
B gplrolr u*cr6:
. . . <<Tltaxgatrecrrr rr aAfcr, 6br;ta r{criJrruqr{TeJtbna
or4lbna.
- ,{ntuagqarr Iseii fi npo6lrpanen utrurou ua Kiena r
?fiutouip. llrr renepr nocqrrraeMc.fl
Ba aro (ronopn,xcon4ar).
fl (coo6ulaer Pa$ec) nbrrarocby66grarr rlx e 6eanoJreanocrrl
arr{x fipoBaBbrxEreprB. Ha Hrrx. o4uano, Dro uano grbficrryer.
- Hy, cnoJrbnoserostn, - cnparullBalofi,
sct sMtbcrt
Morfiereuepe6rlu,s lties:b? Hy, unrr,cor ren6r:Fx, ue 6onrrue,etgr.
- Htr, MaJIo,- fipuqrtT oAuH.
- Hy, Tblcflqy,_. rroAcrtaBblBaro
11.
3ta ruibpa, floBn[r{Mouy,nx 6omrue vfioBJrorBopser)).

260

. . . Ogun Irs coilAar rotsoprtT:


(* Mu ?rttrJILIc eBpetrmn r *nrp'b tr corJlacir{. <rilIxt lrttr <AaJtn})
Ho ru
parnonpanie, naqiosaJrbuo-flepcouaJlbHylo asrouo!'titoBcero gToro MaJIo, olrld xortvrlr ncrc VHpanHy SaxBarrfTb B cBol{
pyxu.
?Itug Tpoqnift uget soiiHoi'i na Vnpauuy, r{ ero nog4epmrrBaror sc6 eBpelr-Ha[Irraillltcrhr. Etugri y;fie ygnrlroi[il(Jllil
paBpyltll4rb
0AHO rocyAapcrBo - pyccHoe, rellepb oHr{ xorflr
Bropoe - yfi par{Hcxoe)).
. . . <<Antltceuutcnie BoBrJracblllpoAoillnalorcFl'
- Bc'b rprr uun.nioua lfilIAoB lraAo rIBrIIarb I{3 VttpauHu.
llycrr ugyr ce6t, KyAa xorflr.
lI, naxoner(, ornpblro ylfie paaAaerefl fiponrlflran dtpaaa nctx
Haqiouanlrcror ncero uipa:
- VHpaltna AJIfiyxpaunqeu!
- He no36p-Jrrraro, qTo e ltiest, r c.ronuq'b Vxpar,rurr, ropoAcnoit ronosa naHoft-ro ((Har{a[)),Pfl6r\oeD<<Hlttto sg;bcr He Bbrcry[IrJr c nporecroM nporIIB Toro' qro
aAibcr, B p.sAax yxpanncnoit apuilr, roroBlrrctr rrorpoi\I Ha eBpeeB'
npout r. 9lttanenno, Horoprrft HlIKorAa eu1e. Harfiercfl' TaH He
rryBcrBoBar oAugoqecrBa ynpalrHcnaro coqiaJlscra' HaIi retrepb.
irbr At;ur,:rlJcr, c IIIllr sne'Iat,]rfrligun.
ttorna mrr or'txanu,
1,1ou uonropfir Bce r6-xe c,rroBa:
.* Oslr Bagyrlar ynpallHcnyro cno6ogy e enpeiicHofi Nponu>.
.{eneraqia HalrpaBrrJracl aartu ft orprAy, roroprrit BeJI B

Kier llerrmpa.
. . . <<MrrrroryqlrJlff BoBMo]I{Hocrr,no6ec6;loaarl c ltllm c r.rlatsy
Ha rnaa. Mr,r euy coo6qrt.'Iu Bce, r{To ett,q6"rlt tI cJIbIuaJIII' II vliaBairri Ha ueo6xonttnocrl upllH':Irb l{Y?r(Hlttsutpu nportrB npoBasoft 6asu Ir norpoMa. N u ronoptl;rlr c HIIM, HaK c qiIeHoDIc.-A' uaptilr.
fler.nrcpa otnrbrlt.tt, qro nyqmuM BhIXoloM IrB noJlox(eHia 6yUpiitUer ero rIJraIr, noropr'rft nu'ber
AeT, ecJrr{ eoeuHlrft MITHTICTp
q;bnu
n cocrol{T r otnparHt softcna aa
rrcriirroqrlTeilbllo BoeHHbIs
g.'ra npecnrbAosaais 6onr,uresuxos. On He Molrier Huqero
futnp
rapaurupoBarb; Hacrpoeuie conAar elty rtantctHo, Ho olr BI{AIrr
aAfcr roJrblio ?ria?fiAyMecru, a He aHTrrceMItrIIBM.Anrnceurtrrlam
OH C}T"IIOHEIIOTPITI{ATb>.

lla Hn. M. Pa{eca <Ojfen schwel vun dor kontrrevolutzie>, Ftien, 1918 r., crp. 53-97.

261

I\r.
Co6rrria g l0iestr
i'.o Bo'Bpaqeuin yHpaunqen,nocnt no6tA' nag 6onrmen'r{ar{r.r,
Harraro
Mapra1918roAa).
'1

<<Hacrpoenie
r ropog*>.
<<Hacrpoenien ropog& oqeub rpeBolnuoe,no oco6exno rro4aBJTeEO
OHOy erpeficnoft qacru Hacenenis. pacnpocrpaHr4JrEob
qro
cJIyxIr'
ynpatrHrlLl rloclrl{Tarorcflc eBpe.flMrd
Ba ro, sro s }fies6
cpegfrt6onrmesunos 6ura Tafi?fie eBpeE. C,ryxu craJrrr pactrpoorpau.flrbcfi r cy66ory, Korga ynpauncfiafl BJracrb Bcrylr,rJra B
ropog. flo nplrxogf ynpanncxr4x noftcn, cpeAr4Hr4x Eaqaracb
ycrrJreHHarl
EorpoMEafiaruraqin. rtiescHas fopogcHan fiyrua upuuana pfmeuie rpe60aarb y rpeAcranureneft ynparaucxoftBJracrr.r
'Iplraaria rufp H HeAorryqeHiroaHcqeccor. ]toueuganr llpr,rcorcxift nepe4aJr,qro oH rrprrMeracf nr6pu, Ee BBrrpafiEa ro, qro
cpeAr4coJrAarr{aprrr npanr4e6uoeuacrpoenie flporuB HtHOrOprrr
qacreft nienoHaroHacenegis.
Vme r cy66ory Haqailr4c6seBanonubreo6rrcnu, apecrbr r{
Aa?$e
paacrp:b,nrr.Crou.noeBperofiorracrbcflcoJrAaraM
Ea rJraaa,Hax na
nero aa6pachrRaJJr'Icb:
<<}I{uA,
Tbr,[oJr?KHo
6rnr, nrrgorcnift Houuocap): III ryr ffie eBpeff apecroBr-rnar-rrr.
Ta6ie cjryrrau [po]rBortrJrtr
xa ,{ynrcxorl unoqa4lr, na (Dya4ynneescnoiiyrr., Ha Colfiftcxof
rrJroqagrr,ua Ilogo;r:6 r{ B npyrnx qacr.sx ropoAa. }t nevepy yme
craro rtestcrHo, qro yHpauncxie KaBaHr{paacrp6.na.ir"g"y* p*6owx-6yn4oBrleB rrpfl BbryoAlbnx ua ruacrepcHoitropoAc$oro
coloBa. Ons 6unr y6urnr, ne ycn:br Bbrgyrb u nonaBarb
AoKy_
MeHrEr,ygocronfpxrcqie nx Jruqnocrb.
Hostn uporraomJroMsoro apecroB u o6rrcros cpegz eBpeeB.
Apecronanubrx qarqe Bcero yBoAnr r EeugepcHia ,,uu"p"r.
B
Bocnpecerrbe
yrpoM grrameuie sa yiu4rlax oqeHb HeaHaqureJrbEo.
VfisqH troqru trycrbr, qaprrr 6omman rasuaa. Ilepe4anr, 6y4ro
ua IIo4on:F nponcxoAr4r enpeftcHift trorpoM.
Cryxu aru, oaaaaBmiecsnuoculgcrufur aoatauulr, E 6oarme

262

BBOyAOpaffiI{BarOT RreBCKrlx eBpeeB, r.1 eBpeffcHoe HaceJleEie npfiqercs B AoMax, ue ptlllaffcb


[oKaBaTbcfl Ha yrflq1b>.

<G{aieZait>, N! 29, ot 4-ro napta 1918r.

2.
<<O6rrcnn,ap ecrbl Il paBcrplbJIbD).
<<Bsgauira lopogcHoft Ayr"n rocroflHnoe Ae?fiypcrBoenpeficnofi HouncciN gnx pascnrbgonaninapecton, o6trcxon u paactprbJroB cpe4rl eBpeeB. Croga nenpepbrBuofipllxogffr gouecenin od
y?fiacrrbrxi[anrax. B 6onrurrascrarbcuyuaeBrrocrpagarluie eapen
- JIIoArd ueIIoBI4HIIbIe,apecroBaHHble JrdIIIb Ha roM ocuonanilr,
qro Ea HI4x ynasaJrtf, qro' oHL{ 6orsmeBur(I,I, sro y HI{x Haxo[l{rrrcr 6onrmeBr,rlwl 11T. II. Ha ytrtUt eBpel4 apecroBblBarorc.fl Jlr4ilrr'
xaH 6onuuesficrcrie rI,I[bI)). (B raaer*
Ba ro, qro oun <(BhrrJItrAflT,
uger aar6m repeqrcreHie prga ([anroe o6 o6rrmiax, apecrax II
Ilpunogurl roJrbno nocatgnie {antrt
6ea e'bcru ilpolraBml{x.
r{B nepeqr{cneunnrx).
<<B.repa,e 12 sacoe AHt{, rpyrrna yfipaufic]tgx coirAar-rafi4annaRoB rrarraJrasa AoM JS 51 no Hlrxuenry Bany lr reppopr{er{poBaJla
Becb AoM. B oguoft xnaprupf onu orpa6nnn 9.000 py6nefi. IIp"c5mcrBoBaBmienpu naner;B uunuqionepbl He npenfircrBoBaJll4rpa6emy. IuIa otoro gorvrao6parl{Jll{cb n flymy c npoclGoft ilprrc,x&rlr
oxpauy, Tan HaH nace;renie ero lrirlBer n crpaxd;.
. . . Ha Nlexturopcxoft yn. HaBaru apecroBaJrr{qJIeHa o6quxar
JI. Haayreqa c Marepbro II ruypnsoM. Itaayneqa orBerII4 e flnoqHifi pafion, rg6 ua6rreaJrll ero Ha rJIaBax y rc;bx I{, BBflB y Hero
50 py6neft Bbrnyra, orrycrlrxr.
Ha Hrrmueu Bany c sacy IHfl paa'tbaxanu Itonubre rafi4auann
rI n pailou6 MelfiAy [oMaMIr J$ 5t lr 63 nanaganr Ha eBpeeB' tr{o6uuas rax uaraftxalrra ra ca6nslrlr. llpr.r arom raftgauaxu Hpuqaflu:
<rllrr sc6x eBpeeBaup;bmem>.
<Naie Zaitr>,"\! 30,ot 5-ronnapta1918r.

263

,f.

I l [ t o u r r c c i n e r p e l i c u r , r xr . n a c ] r h t x .
<O6rrcxu, apecrbr lr paacrpt;rbr cpeAu enpeen s }tieslF ace
errleHe rrpeKpaqarcTcfi,
HecMorpfirra ro, qro yHpauncHoftBJracrblo
re fopogcHoft fyuoft rpr{Hr4MarorcnBc'E utprr Arrn rrpexpaqeuis
uacn;rili. C pairumo yrpa B fioMrrccircno oxpan* ropoga (upn
[ym'b) crairrr rocrynarb crtntuin o nanageniRx, rpa6emax n
apecrax eBpeeB. Taxis ueslbcris rocrynaror rrperlMyqecrBeuHo
c flogona, Koncrannrnoncxoit, flpocnaecxofi, HnxnRro Bana lt
i{pyrux yJrr{q. Exremlruynro B noMuccilr paa4alorcn rene(fonnue
BBoHr(Ec npocr6of,r o troMorrlr{. B uoutrqeuir,r nolrlrcciu, rgf
Hecyr AerfiypcrBoeapeftcniernacubre rt upeAcraBrrreilrrHiescxofi
obulxnrr, flpoucxoAffT y?fiacHbrfl crleubr. flpnxo4nr rfieHrrl[rihl,
i1trr.l, mym.l.rrrbr,coJrAarBr,cryAegTbrMo cJregaMrrna rJragax rrepeAaror 06 yfiiacarcrqnx {afirax.
C paeuux fiorrr{oBropoAa, rJraBHbrM
o6paaoruc floAona, tralrfl^
Iorcfi Aenvrarlirr lt npocrr ropoAcrrororonoBy o nolrotrlu.
<<EcrnBbrAJrJrHac HrrqeroHe cgtnaere, riro-ffie HaMrroMolr{erD,
uJraqercrapr.rxenpeft, o6paqaxcr H ropogcnouy ro;roet. lopogcnorl to;rosa ero yc[onar4Baerr,r yrtpaer npucyrcrByro[u{x eBpeeB, rrro ropoxclian vilpaBa uprrlrrlMaerrc:b axcrpenunrn urFpnr
MbrHaJ{nrrnoAaBJeniRancrleccos.<<Mnr
r6;raerrrBce BoaBotr{Hoe,
A*eucs, qro erqesepeanapy gnel'iece vctronorrrcfl. Bcf apecroBaHHbre6ynyr ocro6orx4enrr. Cneqia".rt,nasxourrccis pa6oraer
2/r 'raca B cyrnr{. Itptumecr !> Sror ornrLr ycfioxar{BaerHa Koporxoe BpeMrr. Cnosa flprrxoAflr ,]rrclrrrr repeAaror o norprrcaroug,rx lfaxrax.
Iopogcxoft roroBa nptrHrrMaer sct enpeiicHin genyraqin,
ycnoxal4Baerscfx uo BoaMoaiHocrri:
<,CeroAHrr,
roBopr{ToH, flo[ofi
6yger aanr noA onexy ropo4cxoft ynpaBbr. Oxpana 6yger crpor.an,
tt uu uagrbeMc.E
uoAaBrttr,sct uanagenin Ha eBpeeBu rpa6emlo.
fopogcnofi roJroBanpoctlr eBpeeBo6paqarr,ca qcrurroqurerbnoK
ropogcnoit RoMrrccir{,ga6n pa6ora cr{oxqeHrprrpoBairacb
B oAHoM
u'bcr*.
3a auepauruifi genr (/r-ro uapra) xouuccia Baperr4crpupoBa.ua
rt'beHonr,xoSaxron eaMoqfiruoii paenpaBbl c HenoBltnHbrMr{
eB!i'i4

llerllrrr, Mr{oro uanaAerilt r,r rreBaHounuxo6r,,rcxosr).(I{ger nepequcreHie (paHroa;nprrBogr{M


ronbfio xtroroprre ue Hnx).
. . . <Cntgyer orutrurt,, rlro Bo BpeMfrHaJrerots{<pa6oraer))
rj
6anloli co.irgar n;Lriifi Mrrnanrescfiiff, riotopnit IraBhrBaerce6n
arananou <<ItyperncMeprrr)). OH orpa6n;l rra fiymcmoii n.n. g. 3
- Suurrelina, AoMa 61, 65, 67 rro A,rericau4poscxoftyn., {; 33
rro MapilrHo-B;raron*lqencxoi,i. IIpn aro,u arauan r.rarracr{JroBaJr
HtcHoxrxo ?fiegrqr{H.
B xouncciro nocryrrrJro cn&gyrcrqeereqaJrbnoecoo6ulenie:
onoJro 2 qacos 3-ro uapra na llogont nlrg'bnn, HaH srbcxonr,xo
coJrAarBenyr eepef,rcxarocoJrAarar 6epery flntnpa.
Coagat
ylroJrrurrorapuqeit orrrycrr{Tr,ero, Tar{ HaK y Hero crapyxa Marr,
r{ rrecrepo Ma,relrbnl'rx6parren. 9ro ne rromor.lro,
rr cnyctr ntrioropoeBpeMflHa 6epery Harrrrrr{
ero rpy[.
Ha Buagumipcxoiiropx;h Harr.ilnrpytrbr 6parlen Nlaiiaenb,o6a
vuauliecx, xoropbre 6u;ru.sn'bpcmry6uru. floaxe rrepeA&rn,qto
ua locnrrranruofr ynurlt .lemr{r rpyn qenoBtxa, noxoxaro tra
eBper. Ha Bonorucnoftyruqtr ;l [oMa 50, aemur rpyn HeuarficrHaro eBpefl. Ba nuepauurifi neHb rar{rIx cntgtnifi nocrynnJro
\IHOTO.

Ha .ilrnoecxoit ynuq'b ri ABopurrnygoua ,Ni I eour;rostcxotrxo


<eiirbrrrlxrioBaKoBD,
vBe.iruero rI ) Co{iencriaroco6opacrparrrxo
ue6ruru. ,{nopxrrn ETor nepeAaer.r{ro apecroBa}rnbrx
yBoAfiTB
oco6oeurbcro,B rtasapMbr,
rr raM noABepraror?fiecronr{M
uyvenin*r.
?l(eprnrrrta6r4Barorcfl
Ao rrorepr{coaHanis. Sstpcrra rau neo6n.IafiHo BeJIrrH?t: orptauearcr pvxr{. Hortr. ro.TroBbr. f{nopunx
rtpocr'rirrioro-Hu6yAbrul rioulrcrirrnprtlrrr ri rreuv. rt ou coo6Iqnr
rrorp.ffcaroulie {axrr,r
. . . I{o*utccin paSorael rrefll)epbrBrr{]rr lprrH}tMaer rcrb t'r'bpu
ri .rrull{BpIAarlin
ancrleccoeo.
,Naie Zait>, l& 3t, or 6-ro lrapra 1918 r.

4.

Axruceunrcxii,i reppop.
(B xouuccin enpelicnuxr.nacHnx).
3a nuepaurnifigenr (6-ro ruapra),no cn.bgtnism nounccin esyMpHrrrrlrflocr,
qrte,iloapeeroB rr
peitctiltr t,:raclrrrrx.nl-,r'^-o.'rr,xo
2it-o

CAMOqIIHHbIX PACNPAB IIAA HEI]OBIIIIHbIMII

EBI]EflITI,r ITiCSA.

BCE.MC

arrrrdceMrrrcxift
reppop n ropo4f erqe He rrpenparrrJrcn.
. . . Onono qacy AHfi B HoMrrccirocoo6udaior,qro MnMo
nyurn
rpoxogr{r troxopounafi upoqeccin y6urux 6p. Mafiaens. Bc6
enpeficHieMaraar4ubr
Baxpbrrbr;6otrmas loJrra HapoA)r,r4gyrrlafl
aa rpo6ou, rpe6yer, qro6rr ue ,{yuu 6rrro npolra*eceHonrbcnolrno
coqyBcrBeHHbrx
cJroB.rracnnre Ayrnru HeHarrrJrr4
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npousuoctrrl pfuli na ,{yuu, u upoqeccia npocn64oaaJra
AaJrbme.
. . . OAna enpeftcnaalxeHrrl?rua,llrpeqHan, c
fleuiernu (]tlr_
'raeBcHarr,/+) nprnecla HalrrlcaHHyrcrro pyccrirt
Barrr{ony,noropyro ona rraruJraHa cBor{xABepflx. BanrrcHactfi4yrcrqaro coAepxanis: <<Hasa''' AoMroroBr4TcflHarraAeHie.
cAfnafiTe Bce, qro6m
crracrr{ HeBrrHrrbrxgtreii or ur6enr.r. He nogpaxraftre 3any,
n*prre uut>. )Iteuqnua Bra paacnaaaila,sro raKyro-meBanrtcn.v
lofiyrrr4JrB cBoe BpeMfienpef,r3an, rnoc.n64crrilr, RaH r4astcruo,
y6uruft. Oua co cJreaaurr
yMoJrflero rroMorrlr4.Boo6rqetrepe4aror,
qro na ,{euieax6 cyu{ecrByer6onsrnas 6au4a xyJrr,rrauoB,
rr eBperl
?finByr B rrorpoMrroucrpaxt. Itonanoci.sxjroilor{er! uro6rr tygtr
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AJrfioxpaubr.
Onono 2 uac. gun s xoMracciro
coo6nlaror,qro ua -vnuq.Fy ,{ylrr.r
croflT ABa O{Uqeparr BeAyr aHTrrceMr4Tcnyrc
ellrrraqiro. Barcrrnarcr
AByx Aerfiypnr,rxoQlrqepoB,noropbre paaror{firorroJrn---v,
no o$li_
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KyAa-ro rlcqeBaroT.
Ha JlyHrauorn*, IiaK rrepegaror. pacxamtrBalor xanie r()
cy6tenrr,r, naarreauqie ce6s <<raft4amanaMra>),
Tr. oadnparot 6er
AeHerB enpeficxuxiraBnax Bce,qro nM yroltruo,roBopff rrpr{ aroM.
vro ecnopf oun er,rp*xryr ecfx eBpeeB.a au'hcr6 c EnMr{r{ r{x
gpyaeft-Hfruqen.
Cropom Bna4rauipcnofi ropHlr coo6rqaer, qro raM paecrp{;nsnn 8 eBpeeB,lr r6.rra rx c6pocunrrc ropxtt nnrra, O4nrr rpr,,ir
vrxe nafigeu, uur[qia r{uler ocraJrbrlbre.B l{apcxom craAyrariffie
rraxonfir rtna y6nrnlx.
B xonrncciroro u gtno ripn)io1r1l' BBBoJrHoBaEHbre
eBper,{}r
rpe6ymr, qro6rr 6unu nplruflrbr Er{eprnvHrrnm6prr rporlrB an?rrceMurcxaroreppopa, qapflnlalo s Kienf. r{nenn xouncciu 4f_
rralor Bce BoaMornuoe.It coixantniro, Hpou6 npocr6 rr xo[a_
'raftcrn rro Bo3MoErrrocrrr
yMeHbrr[ITbnepeH{nsaeiubrft
reppop, osu
Jtl4qefo c;16natl

:56

IIe M0I)'T)).

<,liaie Zait>, ,lil 83, ot g-ro *tapTa l9lgr.

5.
B Hiencnofi fopogcxofi [yut.
<<Baacfi4auiu lopo4cxoft ,{yuu or 6-ro Mapra o6cym4arocr
nororxenie n ropogt; rpr4BoArrMorpbrBnrr ptueft, Hacarcquxcrr
eBpeeB:
I'r. Cnpnr4n: ,{yua AoJrrfiHa
noAHfirb roJrocilporecra rrporr{s 6eaquHcrBrr caMocy4oB. EnpeftcHoenace.teuie, r4acrpagaBrrreecfl Bo BpeMfl oca[br ropo4a r{ Bo BpeMq 6onrilenrrcrcxalo
nr:bua, BoBMynIeHonoBopoM 6eavraHcrr, quHnMbrx cneqianruo
rIaA eBpeflMr4. Mrr rpe6yeM reporqecHux uAp H npenpaqeniro
norpouoB, ornibrcrseuHocrr,Ba Horopbre [aAaer ua yHparancnin
BOEHIII,Ifl

BJIACTI{.

lr, Cyxonrrs (c.-p.): Vmacu nagneit 6ea cy4a He yMenbrrrarorcs. HeaHaqr,rreJrbHoe


HoJrr{qecrBopaacrptnanHbrx rrpr4rragJrefirar
r r:bM, Horo Molnno HaBBarb HpacuorBapgefir{aur.r,s 6ofirrxuucrs'b
,fie cilyqaeB ur,r uuibelr gtno c nnonnt onpeg'bteunrrMlr ssilenisuu. 9enoslbxa ocrauaBJtr{Baror na yrurqt rr oilpaurnBaror: <<Trr
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3ro noanpailIaer Hac ft reMHbrMBpeMeHaMpemrrMa flnene, fi r,Icropnuecxort 4arf 18-ro oHrn6pn 1905 roga. Vntac He roJrbno B roM,
.rto H:bcHoilbno HecoaHareirbHr,rx coJrAar pacrrpaBJlflrorcn c rrefioBrrrrubrMr{eBperrMr(, a rrro sro .sBHo florpomrroe uacrpoenie r
org'b.nrunx qacr-rrx soficH ncrptuaercfi 0 fiorpoMurrM Hacrpoenieu,
noropoe BcerAa 6r,rno B rrepuocoreuHoM Hiesf rr noropoe Ao
6o,rrluesucrcHux gneri He Morno, u:br-ue
clrtuo no4urrrr, roJroBy, a renepb ro"-roByrroAurrMaer. Sror xoruuap [pogoJr]r{aercfi.
Bor, roJrbno cefi.rac coo6rqnnu, qro naftgenn r.(BypoAoBaHHbre
Tpynbr yBegeHnr,rx Brrepa pnoureft Maiiaert.
Hacenesie firlrBer B
raHrrqecnoM crpaxf rorpoMa. Bct naoprr o6paulenrr H
,{yrr,l6, H
HarrrrrAyr 4enyraqiu, y Hac [pocrrr Barrlrrrr,r. Bce aro Mbr AoJrrnrrbr
criaaarb BJracrr,t rrpflMo n qecrno.
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nauiouaurHocrpl>>.
Iila exeue4.<iEnp.Muctr,>, N! i4-15, or 26-ro
ltapra 1918 r.

florpon,rrrria VriparrHt 191?-1918.

17

2ro7

P e a o , ' r r o q i nf o p o A c t t o f t [ y r u u

nporl{B eHcqeccoB.

pe[t xouqy aactgauia 6-ro nrapra rprlurlMaerca clfgyrcqaq


gonrorlis:
<Brrcnyruan coo6uleniq o caMovuusr,Ix pacnpanax, pascrp6nax, rpa6erxax, sacuri-sx rr Heaanosnrrx o6r,rcxax, [polrBBo4rtMbrx
c r;ry6oHralr BoBMyuIepaoxbrMr{ Boopy}r{eHnblMrrrpynnaura,,{yua
qro
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flocryrrfiI{
arr{
nieu xoncrarrtpyer,
qepuflT
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HoBHbrx n
saceneniq [yrrra upuanaet 6eaycJroBuylo Heo6xoAuMoctr, vto6nr
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opyErrrBr{ HaHasaBBrrHoBHr{HoB
AoJr?nHo6rrrr nepegano r;[puoit u cuurnoJi ropo4cnofi nraluqin,
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Bcsxis neaaBcsxofi uarlionamuoii u nollrru.recnoit 6opr6u.
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6.
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Pecny6ruHlr, ocraHoBnre KaBHrr 6ea cy4a, caMoquHnble apecrbr
Barun Haaanr{
rre[oBrrHHbrx rpaE{[aH, rlioropblMrr ufHoropue
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oceo6orHgenia ropoga or naclui.s 6o;t'ruertrHon. flycra BrlHoBHbIx
ilonapaer cyg Pecny6JIIdnIr. Ocranoeure npec"'r64oeanie naaariaMr,reBpeee, npecniBgyeMlrx roJlbr(o rlorouy, qro B cpe4t 6ontmeBrrnoB 6rrrur enpeu. Enpelt 6rurrr u ecrt, rI n qucnrb 6oponuurxca
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ruJrrrrrJrelrolrH flireqy c BaMII na 4t.no ocno6orx4euin or 6orlrueutItoB. Ilpoury Bac pae'ncnllTb Boirbrrblu naBaHaM,qro ecJlr{ oHI{ He
rpefiparflr upecnt4onaHir rpaxr4au 6ea cyga, ro y Hac orycrflrcfl

t58

Bce ocranoBlrrcfl. ?ffnanr


pyxr4 B Haruefi noBce4HeBHofipa6ort.
BaMper. Hageuraercff orrflrb rIpr,IBpaKro.rloAa. Pa6o.rie rr cJIyxaude orrflrb ue 6y4yr nofiyqarb ?fiairoBaubfl, a ceMbrr 6ynyr
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Hocrrd. Ilporuy Bac, npexparr{re KpoBanoe ltuleuie, BoacrauoBrrre
BanoHuocrb, floprr4or{ lr 4aftre rpa?fiAauaM BoaMo}ttHocrborAarbcfl
pa6ort ynpfnrenia
rocyAapcrBenHaro crpofl uonogoft AeMoHparr,rqecnoft Pecuy6ruHu>.
II. It ulruncrpy no softcHoerrl{ 46;rau }KyHoncHouy rr fi ftoMeIIAanry ltiena, reu. flpncoBcnoMy.
. <<Mnriynuriit4eur,, AeHb Bcryrrnenin n ltien ynpallHcltrlx vactefi,
or 6onbmegucrcHlrx HacIrJ]bHLrnoB,
oceo6o[i4errrux sacerenie
oMpaqfiJrc-ffHaBHflMu 6ee cy4a, caMoquHltbrurr apecraMr{ rpa}fiAan,
nperrMyqecrBeuuo eBpeeB. -tI upoury Bac npeHparr4rb aro. Tt,
fiTo [por{BBoAI4Tarrr uacunia, ne nrbpnr, n:bpuo, qro aro ra-fite
auapxiR, ror-?fie reppop, HoropbrM 6onrureeuxrl Aep?fiaJII4Hacenenie s ynracf.
BAgr uenrafl-lr{e He BHarb, qro gro rybrar 46no
vxptu.lreuin lro,ro4oit VHpanncHoit Pecny6nuHu. Ecrn nalt, rpalfiAaHaM, ne 6y[et obeaueseua HenprrnocuoBeHuocrb JrrrqHocrrr r{
?{rrrJrr4lrla,
ecJrrr He BoBcTaHoBIrTcflSaKoHHocTbrr rropflAoK - M6r
onr{Tb, }ia}i nprr 6o,lmruesr.rHr.rx,
ocraHoBr,rMcfle csoeli rpygoeoft
rr{r{BHrr. Onqrr ue 6y4er cnonoiicreiq u 6o4pocrrr, orrflr], xrrraHb
aaMper, u Pecuy6nuxt sHosE rpoBflT norpxceuia or yua4na gfaTeJrbHocrrrnctx mopvecnr{x crrJr crpaHbr. Teuepr, HorAa Hy}nHo
xpaiinee nanpnxenie ctr{Jr,onycnarorcff pyrirl, }rorAa cJrbrrurrrubo
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E. fL Pn6qoe.
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Ha AeMOHp
aTr{qecHrrr I aqaJrax, fl BJrflroTcfll{cTbrMrrnp eAcTaBr{Te
JrflMII
12*

259

Bcero ynpatrucnaro HaceJreHiff Kiesa.


HuulF nrsr upuntrcrByem
Bac, Barrlr{TrrtrKoB
Harurrx flporr{B domruesucrcnaro HyJraKa, oxparurreneft rpaB rr cro6ogrr ynparrucnaro HapoAa.
B re.reuie rpexnegtnr,naro xoasfiHuqaHbfl 6onuuesrHoB B ropogf urr, Hiescnie rparfiAaHe, uepelnr,rrrrlyffiacuoe BpeMfl,- BpeMrr
no4arreuia cao6o4rr, ocxop6.neniit, crpaxa rr rpeBor.
Ho aro
HeCJIbIXaHHOe HeCqaCTbe

IIOCTI{IJIO He OIHI{X

TOJIE,KO HaC, HO, KaK

xu,rre;reit ltiena, ranxre eBpeeB,rroJrflKoBrr BeJrrrnopoccoB. O6rqas


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npnnfrcrnyfl Bac, Mbr rrpocr4MBac oxpaHflrr cro6ogy Vnpauunr,
Ba Horopyrc BaMrr rrpoJrrrro rar{ MHoro HpoBr{. Croftre Ha crpam'h
paBencrBa u 6parcrna, flpoBoarJrarrreHrrarol{eHrpa.nrnoii Paqoft.
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uag ve,noafsecnrrMr{rrpaBaMr{. Mrr nfpuu, qro corAarbr-ynparrxrlbr
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UBA:bBareilbcrBHaA HerroBr{HubrMn*rr{TeJr-rrMtrr,
R xaHoft-6rr naqiu
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HapoAaMrr, HaceJrflrorrlrlurr Vnpalluy,
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,{aitre-me cro;urq6 Vxpaunr,r Mrrp r4 rronoft, Aaiire xiercxonry
nacereniru MrrpHo pa6orarb na 6;raro cno6oquoii VHpar.rucnoft
Pecny6runlr>.
<d{aieZait>, Ni 29, or 4-ro uapra 19tBr.

B.
It eepertcxoMy HaceJrenirc.
I. BoaseaHie eBpeeB-rJracubrxAyunr.
<<fpaaqaue eBperr.
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ycnt;ur repeAoxuyrb or 6oilbrueBucrcnaro rpa6erna u paa6o.E,Kan

260

cHoBa no ropoAy HaquHarcr pacnpocrpaHflTbcfl MparrHhrecJryxr4 o


HoBoft o[acHocrrr, HaBr{cmeii HaA roJroBorc eBpeeB. B ramenoe nepexoArroe Bpeu.rr, n nepiog noJrrrrnqecxrrx cyMepen, HorAa HorrbeM
u MeqeMu:bsnerc"s rocyAapcrBennnrft crpoii r crpant, Korga BJracrb
lepexoF,rT oT oArloro npaBr{reJrbcTBaR ApyroMy, - B rafioe BpeMff
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rpyilIl c Hr{BMeHHbrMrI
r{HcT?rHKTaMr4,
HOTOpbrfln0rroJrbBoBbrBarcT
reMHory HapoAHyro B cBor{x pae6ofinuvr,ux rr rpa6lmenrcnrax
u:brnx.
B aror MoMerrr ur,r o6parqaeMcfl n BaM, Mr,r,eepeiicHie rJracHbre,
lra6pauuue Barnr4Mgontpieu rr BaflBJr-fleM
BaM:
Pyronognrenu sc:bx orntrcrneuHbrx yxpar4Hcnrrx naprifi Begyr
cucreMarurrecnyro 6opr 6y rrporrrB aHrrrceMrrrcnr{xarr{Tal{ifi uepunx
cun. Bc6 rrpe4craBrrreJrr!npaBrrreJrbcrBaVnpauncHoft Pecny6nlrxu,
gnn6 BJracTr{a crpan:[, AaJrr4caMbrff ryvruia aae6eArrrrcTBeHrroft
qro
penin,
ouu He Aonycr.rrr rrorpoMoBu rrro rrprrMyr ec'E ufpu qtn
noganneuia aHTrrceMrrrcr{aroHacrpoesin lt norpounoft arrararlir.r,
KOrOpyrc TeMHbreaJreMeHTbr
cTapanTcrr lroAAep?fiaTb.
Enpeiicrlruu rJracHbrMrd,B ?nr.rBoMHonraxrt
c lopo4cxoft
,{yuoft, ocHoBaua xomraccia, Horopafl crorrr Ha crpantt eapeficHrax
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r.r roMorrb ,rlbilrnosuofi{Ho. NInr rpe6yem or eepeficHaro naceneaiR,
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aJracrxM I,rJrII n BoeHHoMy npencraBrrreJrlo, 4a6rr ne mrburatr
HaM B uaurefr pa6or6. O6parqarrcff HaAo roJrbno vepea Honracciro
v c efr etAotra.
Mrr npuaunaeM HaceJrenie ne yBerr4rrr.rBarbnaHrrr{r{ !r ylrtaca,
nopolfiAaeMrrx neo6ocnoBaHuhrMn cJryxaMr.ru nantcriqlrra.
Bce,
rrro B clrJrax qenostqecHnx, 6y4er HaMr{ c4rLnano,
Enpeftcxie rrracubreltiencxofi fopo4cxoii,{yruu>"
<Naie Zait>, J\! 29, or &-rouapra t9{8 r.
If.' Boeasauie Coetra KiencHol'i eapeiicHorl o6rqlrnrr.
<B rnrne.lruii n ue.ranbnnfi lrouenr o6paulaercfl H BaM Cos'fr
ItiescHofi eepeiicHoir o6rqunr,r, na6panur,rii BaM[, rnr{ponramr(AeMo-

261

Coe1Lr, fioropoMy Bbr


HparuqecHuMr eBpeftcKrlMr{ Maccar{r{, gon'bpuru oxpauy Barurrx enpeftcnux naqiona,nrnbrx r{HrepecoB.
,{rur ocno6onrgeuin or 6onrruesrrcrcr(aro Iila oMpaq[Jlr{cb Hana;leninnr.r ltepHbrx cr{Jr, flAoBr{Tafl alurbs uorpouuoft arlrtarlirr
pacrrorraaercn rro HecqacruoMy ropoAy. B arot Monenr Mbr csuraeu
cBor{M AoJrIoM BaflBrIT[,: 6parrR, BUaftte, rrTo B aTrrx rloBopHbrx
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yxparrncnr.rx ilofiuruqecnrrx naprift craparcrc.Fl sctMlr u'bpamn
noAaBrrrL rrorpor\ruoe uactpoenie.
Bct upe4craBlrreJlr{ yHpaI{IIcxort eoenuoii rr npawrreJrbcrBenuoli snacrrr AarI4 npoqHtls aasdjpenia, qro oHu norpoMoB He Aotrycrsr u rrro or:4rb;nnrre FIeroA.rII4r4HcrIrHItraM,
rpa6nreln u y6ifiqrr, Aaroulie BoJrlocBorrMHTIBMeHHT'INI
6yayr crporo HaHaBaHbI.
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oSrquulrrrfi Coefr na6pan Houlrccito, Horopafl AeHb14Horlb Aexiypur
n ,{yrrr6. O ecfx HecqacrHbrx cryqaflx o}Ia AoBoAI4rgo ce'bgtuin
npeAcraBrrreneit yxpalrucnofi BJIacrIr LI crapaerca uo u:bpt cun
rroMoqb rr o6rerqrrrb rope. K .rireHa].rarori xoru,rccirao6pau{afireo'
c rroJrubrMgontpielr
. . . Mrr rpe6yen, qro6nr enpericnoe uace;renie 6ea ebxor,ra
nonrrccir.r ue o6parqa,rocb Hr{ n KoMy IrB IipeAcrannre,neft BJracri,I.
,{6;rafire Bce rrepea HoMrrcciro rr c efl a6gonaa.
Tqrxeno rr reqairbHo rrepexoAHoe BpeMfi, riorAa M:bnfiIorcn
rocyAapcrBeHHLlfl{opltr rr rDaBllreJrbcrBeHuhreannaparbl. Bo
MHoro paa neqailbstft lr onacn'be oHo A"rR Haluero lrapo4a; 3ro
TrrlneJroeBpeMJrrpe6yer oco6aro [oilnru.recxaro ranra II ocropo?xrrocrlr.
He c*iire rraHrrr{r{, He gf.lraitre neo6gyltannblx rrlaroB,
so ec:bx cJr;rqgs* o6parqar"rrecbs ltoMnccito.
BpemeHunii Cos'bt ltiescnoir enpeiicHoit o6u$nu>'
<Naie Zait'>,J\! 31, ot 6-10Mapra1918r
9.
feuyraqifl

or F(iescxoft eepeiicxoft o6ullurrr 1'npegc6Aarent{ con:bra MrrHIrcrPoB.

<flocntuuiq co6rrriq s Kient, Hocaulia no 6orr,urefi .racru


arrrrrceMr{rcHiftxapaxrep, a ranfi{e cJIyxI{ o roroBflIrleMcff B ltiest

262

rrolpoM:b, rro6yAurl4 ceuioperr-fiouBerrr Hiesciraro o6u{uHuaro


Con6ra rocJrarb genyraqiro x upegctgareJllo ynpautcxaro cos:bra
ur{Hr{crpoB, B. A. lo;ry6oan.ry.
upegcraBtrreJllr Bc:bx Qpanqift
,{euyrarlin, B rioropyrc BoITTJII(
- NI. IIIaq, (,ByttAo - A. Ctpamyn, ciouucrlr (<<O6'eglruenHr,Ie))
A. PenyuHiii, <<OonHcuapreii>H. Cnpxuu, <<lloareit-L{siH) Ionuu) ilpeAcraBrrJracbMI4HrIcrpy B. A. foly6onnvy, npun:brcrBoBaJra Bepg)rBlrleecfl ynpar{Hclioe npaBrireJlbcrBo rr uepeAala c.r'bgymrqiii MeMopaHAyM:
<Pagocrunre AHrr BoaBpaulenis yxpauucHoit BJracrl,rB croJrr'rqy
Vnpalrurr, x rly6onomy upr,rcHop6irc, oMpaquirucb IipoBaBr.IMI4
antp crnannu, calloqrlHublMrr pacnpaBaurr, rpa6elfi aMI'I Id nacnlistuu
nag xiencHun cnpeiicruru nacenenieu. BcA aru naculifl, Boo6ule neAouycrr{Mbrfl B opfaHrIBoBaHHoMrocyAapcrBrb, npolrcxo4nr
noqrr4 r{criJrroqrrreJrbuorlo uaqionanuroMy upr{sHaHy. Paacrp6nneBpeeB, I{ nolpoMHafl BoJrIra, HoToBaIOT [OliTrr I,ICrirIOqnTeJrbHo
pan BcerAa iloAraqr4BaeT ocHoBbr rocyAapcrB I{ I{apoAoB, Hanli0TI{B eBpeeB.
npaB.TreHal{c}rJrroquTeJrbHo
C t-ro iro S-oe Mapra Honlrccis uo oxpaut ropoAa aaperl{crpupoBaJracn64yroulee tlldcJroHacu;riri n caMoquHHbrxpacnpaB: yrpoB
- 19, apecroBalrnrrx, 5ea s:hcrrr upo[aBrx]ix - 28, apecroeannnx,
27, y6urux - 22, lra6irtmx -- tl,
uo sar:bM ocno6ox4eH
5, ttasact{no13, HacrrirbcrBeHuoaa6pan
orpa6;reunrrx BaHHbrx - 3 rr t. l.
3a manrrnn rrcHnro.{eHiguu, ncrb arl{ HeBI{Hrro uocrpaAanuie
npr,rnaAJremarH enpeiicnoMy naceneniro. Cos6r ftiencHofi eapeftcnoit o6rqnnrr, rre6pauuuii, corracHo sanorlarrt VHpalrncHoft I{eurpanlHoii PaArr, Ha ocnosab AeMoxpar[qecnaro ua6uparerbHaro
rrpaBa,lorpflceHHt,Ifi nc6mn arlrMrr antpcrnartu, o6pautraercflK BaM,
u noano.rRee
HaK npeAcraBr{Teirlo Brrcurefi BJracrrr ua Vrpaltnt,
qro
nce enpeiicxoe HaceJleHieoxea'reuo crpaxoM l,i
ce66 yHasarl,
cHop6rrc rr ?fiAeror Bac rreMeAJlelluaro[pIrHaBa o upiocranosrelriu
3rl{x Hacu!-rift n caMo.r[HqrJx pac[paB. ono xqer or Bac caMbIX
pftnmemurrx
u'bp A"rrfl rpexparqeuia r xopHt arnx nouitoulux
gtfiHin lr npeganin Br{HoBHbrxBaKoHHoMycyAy.
Enpeftcnoe nace.nenie uag:berca, qro rlorpouuofi arutarliu, uo4crIJraMlI, BpaAep?fir{BaeMofisc:b}ru BcnoJrbrxnyBlur{Mr{cfiTeMELIMT{
raMr{ He roJlbno eBpeeB, Ho n cBo6o4uoft Vnpal4HbtrI{ nctx go-

263

crr{rrryrbrx ero cBo6o4, - 6yger noJrox(eu HoHerI ncert cunoro rocyAapcrBerruaro aflrapara, ramrbrorqarocaB BarrreM pacnopnxeuiu>.
Ilpe4crannrenu coqiauucru.recxoft {paxqifi K aroMy go6anunu,
sro c roqr{lr apfnin coqiarraaua ranie {aHrbr rre AoJr?nnrr6rrrr
lo[yuleHbr, Tafi KaK oHrr [prrBoAflT r{ r{oHrp-peeonrcqiu u coqiaur_
noft peanqid.
IIpe4c64arenl
cosfra
MrrHrrcrpoB ycroxor4Jr 4e.lreraqim m
3aflBrrJr,sro uMtsruie utcro orgfnblrrre cilyqaE [por.rSorrrJrr4
orroro,
qro B nepBbre AHr,rerr1eHe 6r,rno nanarHerrHaro rocygapcrBeHHaro
alrapara, u qro renepb ranrrx cryqaeB bonrrue ue 6yger; npr.rH_flrbr
ncf ufpu K [oAaBJreHim nacu,nifi. Ou 6.narogapr;r aa npravbrcrsie or r4Merrrrerpeficxaro nacenenis u aanApr.m generaqilo, vro
npaBrlTeJrcrseHHbrfrflorr4rurrecKifi xypc Boo6ule, a uo ornonreHiro
K eBpeflM, B rracrHocrrd,ocraercfi t:bm rHe caMr,rM,n .rro nlFr HIrHaKoro ocuoBania grn rpeBorr,r n onacesift.
<d{aieZait>, Ni 35, or ll-ro uapra 1918r.

V.
<Enpeu rl yrcpasscrcoe soficroD.
(!Ie cr. pe4ahropa <Horoii Pa4n>, A. HnNoscxaro, 9-ro uapra).

. . . <<Ecmt
Ao crrx nop Hr{r(orAau unr4rb, Hrr cpeAuyHpauncHofi
NHTEJIJIITEHqifi,

TTT,ICPEAII IIOJII4TIIqECfiU-AKTI{BHATO

HPECTbffIICTBA,

HH, HaftoHer1,n cpegt Borlcna HeBaM:brHo6uno uraxaxr{x rrpo_


ssnenifi rogo{o6crna, He cyqecrBoBaJrourr uartiiuaro uogoap6uia
o npaxrge6nbrx n HaM qyBcrBax erpeitcxoii naqilr, Heo6xoAuMo
r{oHcTaTr{poBaTb,qTo cefi.rac npanr4e6noe, rr Aarfie orracHoe, Ha_
crpoeuie nporr{B eBpeeB uecolrn:bnuo oyqecrByer fi rrro gro
uacrpoenie Hapocraer rr nprrur{Maer oupegtneHHo ocrpbrrr
lpopurr.
.. . floxa m.na 6ylramuafl sofiHa MelriAv naruert BJracrbrolr 6outrueBrrKaMrr,eep eftcHin o 6ulecrn eHHbtfl opraHl{ Barlill nblCnaBr,r*aJrr{cb
nporr{B 6offiruesraHoe. Taxoir raxrr{Krr Aep?r{aJracbenpeficnaa
npecca t\ IIpecca, pyHoBoAr{Marl IIper4MyrrIecTBeHHOeBpeflMr{.
Bnxo4uno naH-6yAro, qro, r{orAa ilprl4erc_E Baulr,rqarb croJrr{qy
!'xpauHu, BecE,Hapo4 6y4er Ha cropon& Barqr.rrur4nosHieea lr
oHafirer arrrM SaIrIrlrHrrKaMMopaJrbHyrolr uarepia.nbHyro rroMorr{b"
9ro xe oxaaauocs? Boacrasie rroAH.EJrrd
qr4cJror(oropbrx
apceHaJrbr{br,
6rruo xopotrro naelbcruo. He rpy4uo 6nr,ror.raorupoBarb [oBcraHr{eB

264

B apceHaJr*, onfiy)firrrb rrx !r aacraBrrrr, cJroxrrrrbopyffiie. Ho oHaBaJrocb,qTo c Ka?fiAbrMAHeMqrrcJro BpaIoB BoBpacTaJro,rI rJlaBrroe,
rrro Bparr{ ETr{rroflBl4JlrrcbBcIoAy, Ha HaaasecrBo,troropoe Hrrnor[a
Hu.rtM ue o6nrxano Mrrpgaro uacereni.r, ae rpe6ona,no ce6t gaxe
rrpo4oBoJrbcrniR,--ua aro HaBaqecrBo rrocbrrraJrr{cb
lyJrr{ c Bblcry[oB
AoMoB, c 5aflxonos, lreo ncrEx reMHbrx yrJroB. fopo4 [peBparrlJrcn
B crorbrcflqHaro Jlrorafo Bpara.
]Itenqlru"r lt gtur BbrnoJrunJrr{
Bparxecnyro paanfgHy r,r ilpr,rHocr{urrrocat{Aenr{brM apceuaJrbr{aM
rralrly rr 6oesbre uarepianu.
K 6omureu4naM npoxpa[LrBaJracb
c Hapyr(aBubrMr4
BHaHaMu<<I(pacraroKpecra>>enpeficnaa MoJroAe?rG,
Koropafi aarfil{ Boopv}fiaJracb Br{HToBnaMnnporlrB ynparrHcrurx
fiaaanoB. Vxpauncxin softcHa rro[aJrrr xaH-6u B MbrrueJroBny,
Bcro[y onu 6buu{ onpy}fieubr BparaMrr. ItorAa, Hafiouer{, yrparrurlbr
Bbrny?r(Aerrbr6nralr yftrrr, <<Kies))crp6;rn,n rrM B crrrruy Ao caMaro
nocn:F4unro crpoeuix no4 Crnrorur4nbrM. flpucmarpuBaflcb H
eAr4Hr{qHbrM
14lpynnoBbrM BparaM cBor'rM,yr(par4HubroTr[qHo paBrlR4ibnu, qro aro 6una ucHnroqr4TerbHo enper)icxan MoJroAe?fib,
cryAeHrbr, rrrMHaBr{crbl,pa6ovie.
.
HyAa-xe rdMeHHooHrr
Itaaanpr crroBa npr4rnJrr{e l$en.
npnurru? He 6orte lr ne lrenrEe,HaH Bo npamecHiii ropoA.
.
Ilpar4a, u y Hac ecrb CI. I(oqro6nncHifi, Hepononuu lr
Ftacr,nnenxo. Ho n64 urr fiporrlB Hr{x BbrcryrraJrtrr,Mbr c Hr{MIr
BoroeM. A enpen? Onlr naon.rar o HarrreMnplrxogt, oHr4 Morqar
o sctx 6eg.ruscrnax lpornB Hac rrx pogu.reit n crrrroneft, flo aa ro
rxymflr [o rroBoAy caMoq[sHbrx apecroB, ac6 y6iiicrea BaJIffToHrl
Ha Hamy roJroBy, arr.rrrrpyror nporr{B yHpauucHofi BJracrtr{,a 16*r
BpeMeHeMorril He oTHaBr,rBaroTcn
or aapa6oTHa oHoJrouftrqer . . .
. . . Tau (n naprameurt) crona, a Ha BacrrrlHoscHoii yrnqf
raHin grF;ra, qro Ha KarfiAoM rxary orJrflgrreaitcr, vro6rr, vero
go6paro, re6s ue cpaBrrJrafryJrfi, rryrqel{Hafi uarliouanrur,rM Merrbrrrr{HcrBoM.Enpeftcrno [pflqercn aa ,{yrrry, Ba rrpeccy, Ho Herrocpe4crBeHHoouo HuqeroHe cr{aBaJro.Ono ne pearrrpyer Ha rrEo6suHeHis,
Horopbrfl uAyr lra Jrarepfl HaBaKoBrr r(py?nnoB yxpal*rcHofi rrnreJr,lrlrrenqilr. A 164r y rdeacxaro enpeftcrna lrurFerc.s cBLrrre 40 paaJurqrrbrx o6ulecrnennnx oprannaarlir"r. flo.reuy orn oprauuaaqia
Ao cr{x uop MoJrqar? Ilouenay onf ne nporecryror. floueuy oun,
eBperr,Ao clrx rrop He BaflBJrflror,qro oHr4Tan?r{erpa?fiAaHeVxpanucHoil Pecuy6nlrnr.r, u sclbr,rn crrJraMrr rrporecryror rrporIIB roro,

266

qro6H KTo-Hr{6yAbMor Aorrycrr{Tb MbrcJrbo roM, rrTo yripar.{HcKifi


Boftcfia Moryr Becrr{ ce6fi, Hart 6orb[reBrInrf. floueuy onrr Ao crrx
rrop rle BbrcryrrrrJlr{c saqeileuieM, rrro l(peiiq6epra, Paiixrnreftnu
ra 9y4uorcHie -. rpeAareJrrr rocygapcrBa yxpar4Hcxaro n enpeftcliaro HapoAa. A ro y yfiparrucnaro sof,rcxa ocraJrocb nne.rarnabuie,
mo (Horga) Ftieecnas lopo4cHan .{ynna nplrnibrcrnosana upu upuxogf 6onrureBrrrioB<<e4uHlritpeno;rrcqiounnrit SpoHr> r{ B ro BpeM.E,
xor4a }tpefiq6eprlr rraAaBaJrrl{nuaHcourrfl paclop.fl}nenir, nx orqrr
oItOJ-roHa$e Cenaa4eHr{creKyJrr{poBaJrrrHa yKparrHcKr{x AeHbrax.
ltpacnornapAefirlbr, cocroarqie nper4MyrqecrBer{Horra eBpeeB, paacrptnnea.rur ynparrHrleB Ba ro roJrbno, qro onr4 ynpar.tHqbr, a ux
orqhr r{ 6parua ynaabrBaJrrr,rgt Hro r,rayxparrarleB [pflqercrr, KTo
rt6u 6rrr Bo BpeMfl (cocnogcrBa))ynpar4nqes. Borr,rueeuHrarpa6unn
HiencHoeHaceneuie,a aro caMoenaceneuie, r,rHanfiaqeectx eapen,
paloBaJrncb, qTo Bce-Ere aTo He yKparlHrlbD.
I{lrr. no <Enp. Mnctur>, N! 16, or 1-ro auprbna
lgt8 r., cr. <<flepnoe
npe4ocrepexeuier>.

vr.
Saupoc e Marofi PagE o co6urrinx s Bepguven[
(Seapaar1918r.).
<Ha aac'LgaHilr 3-ro Mapra r Nfanoil Pa4t, aactganneft r'orga
n Etr.rrouiprb, upe4cranirre.rrb <<B-vu4a>>,
/{. Jlirueq, uoAHflJr Borrpoc
o noroxesirr n Eeprgrrvee:b.[. "[irnerl \'riaaair, qro B BuAy BHoBb
coBAaBrxarocq uoroxtenis oH cr{rrraer g"la ce6n HeBoBMo}i(Hbr}r
BllcrynfiTb s xa.recrsab fiofirroMorrHaro ilpelcraBrlreJrfl <Byu4a>>r
l'{aror'i Pa4*, u rrro oH rraxoArrrc-rrag6cr Jrr{rubB uu{opnraqionnnx
qtusx. OH orpaurrur,iircfl"-rrrrrrb
nepe4aueii cyrrlHocrr.r46.na - calrnrft
aa[poc BHecrrayripariHcriafi c.-1. nrrprin.
B sanpoct cKaBaHo: <<VriparrucHaflc.-A. QpaHrlia roA4eprnr.rBaer
Ba[poc na ocuoeaniu cntgtuiri, ]roropbrfl rrpeAcraBr4rerr,<<Byngal,r.
iluner1 coo6rqun o penpecciax n BepAi4qeBt, Bbrpaar.rBrrruxcfiB
pa46 crporux npr{r{aaoB, r'poBflrrlux paecrpfJraMn }r cMeprubrurl
nplrroBopaMr{, n, HanoHer{, B urrpa{'b e 5 Muruiouos py6aeft,
HaJrolrieHHouua BepguqeB 3a coqvBcTBeHHoeqxo6rr orsourenie x
6onrnresraHai,r. VrpauucHaa
rpocur coefr sac.-A. {paxqin
pognbrx MrrnncrpoB HeMeAJreHHo
cHapffArrrb pasc.nfgonauie co6u-

266

rifi B Eepgn.rets+ u rpr4nflrb ec! ueo6xo4rrMbrfl utpu n oxpant


ropoAa or penpecciit r1 K Hafiasaniro suHoeHbrx rro crporocTr{
SalioHa)).

flo npe4;romesiruynpar{Ecr{r{xc.-[. BanpoceAr{HorJracno


rrpuSHaH CpOqHbrM,

O6'screnia H 3anpocy AaJr I. .Jllrneq, Horopuft e ceoeft p6vu


yHaBaJrua cn64yrculee: B uepio4 BJracrr{ 6onlruenuxon e BepAu.{es{i rnacHF,relr:bcrsoft fylrrr [pr,rHfrJrr4
ecf utpni, .uo6br oxpagrrrb
qreFroByHp. <{pouronoit Pa4lr>>or r\{ecrrr6o;rrruear'rHos. flrt Ho'rn
6yH4oecHaa Apyxrrrua oxpauff,'ra rrJrenoB<<{poHronoirPa4ru; xorAa
ynpar,rHcnafl BJracrb [oAorrrJra K ropo[y, ltu aaacrptqy c ynpauucr(r{Mrr {uarauir BbnrrJra Aeneraqiq rI3 rrpeAcraBr4TeJrer"r
pa6ouaro
Coer[ra, flynrlr rr SericHoft vilpaBbr. ,{enera4ia no4eepr.nacr o6crptny.
IIpr aroM araMarr rrepeAoBoro orpflAa aafiBrrrr, qro
ou nr,rptmer rroJrropo4a. llepnul:i AeHb rrpoueJr oqeub rpeBolrir{o.
Frrno 20 .renostqecxr.rx rxeprB.
Sartu npn6r,m rJraBHoKoMaHnoropuii
rrprrHaa
rranaJr
Ba lpyrirM; npnnaar,I arrl
oAirH
4yrouliii,
rroJrr{br}TpoB paBcrp'b.naltr, y6ir?crnarnr. llccnfguifi
aHr - 5-ru
uirnuiounas Hourplr6yqin. fuasuonoh{aH4yroqift yrpomaer Babrcnarb KoHTpu6yuiro eoenuofi cruroft. C,nyxlr, qro 6o;r,ureBrrlir4
Ha"qoxrr.uurHa ropo4 rourprr6yuirc, coBellureuHo Jolnrrbr.
Oparop BalioHrrrrJcnoro p-bvr r'.roBarrrr:<<Bep.Irruencnan
,[yua
BcerAaorHocrrJacbcorryBcrBeuHoH Boaporfi.leuircVxpanurr. Bep4nqeBcr{oe uace;renie Err{Ber noA y?r{acHbrMBretrarJrtgieu, liro ono
TaH ?fiecrono upecntgyercfl Jrr{rxb Ba ro, .{ro 6oimurrlHcrBo ero
cocTaBJr.frroT
eBper{>.
< N a i e Z a i t > , , \ ! 3 3 .o r 8 - r ou a n r a1 9 1 8r .

VII.
<fleqa:rr,srregnu n Bopogrsr!>.
( l t i e o c x a nr y a . - t l e n p a m 1 9 1 8 ) .
<<Crpaunrrre,HoruMapur,reArrrr, HarroMrrHaroqie npeueHa cpegnea:br.i
onrR, rrepelfir{JrrleBperr Eop o4nHrilr, 6;rarogapa rafi ganraHam,
npo6r,rnurr,rne ntcreqH'b ntcno;rrno guer?, c cy66orrr 23-ro no
qerBepf 28-ro {enpann.
Bce epenn trx npe6rreanin s }.rlbcre.rx6,
so rrast c araMauotr{, qapr{Jr cMepreirbrrhrr:tctpax; r,r MoMeHTaMr{

267

utcreqxo 6r,rnona BoJrocolror rroBaJrbrroitptawr. Ha.ranocl c roro,


qro Ha soHaail:b ouu y6lrnu AByx eBpeeB n paerpa6u.nu rcrb
erpeficHie gorua. It cvacriro, ErrrreJrrraa6.naronpeMenHoy6rbnranlr
c BoxgaJra, u y6iftcrB 6onrure He rrpor4BorrrJro.
Cr64yer orMlbrurb, sro nc:b arrr AHr{ na BoHaalt cr. Eopo4nuHu
rraxoArrJrcfi fler.nropa rr ero noMorrlHrrx, SaropogcHiit.
3artu rafiqauaHra BorrrJrlrs nribcre.rnon 06)ttsylJru,rrro y eBIJeeB
nutercq 2 nyreruera u 70 pymetr., u ecfiir eBper{ eroro opymia
He Br-rAaAyrHeMeAJreHHo,
oHr4ycrpor{T norpoM. He uouornu nraraHis
nJrflrBbr u aaatpenirr, qro opyxia s l{fcreqxt Htr. Torga
6ruro s llypun - eBper,r o6na.rurr.rcr B <qaJrecbD)lr <<re{urlnr>) z,
sase sc:b um6euriec.s e iu*cre.{Ht cBr.rrnr{Toprr, KJrflJrrrcb[epel
rafigauaHaura. 3ro 6una crpaurnar{ Haprr4na. Bcf eBper{Mrbcre.rxa
6'bmanu B ((TaJrec))u ((Te4r.rflup), Hecfi cBflrrleuHbre cBr4Tnr,r rrs
cBonx MoJreJreHb
n crdHaroranrnofi nJrorqaAr.ry ruocce. Hfnoropue
uB [oqrennblx xrr{TeJreft Mtcre.rHa rraJlrr Hlrrl LI BBAbrMaJIrrpyxrr
ri ne6y, gpyrie rroAbrMaJrr{cnlrrHlr Toprr v eMlbcrlb, scefi o6rrlrrHoii, nJrflJrrrcb rrepe4 raft4amaxauu.
Tax HaH onpe4.btenHoft
$opuynrr AJrfi rauoro poAa nprrcflrlr nfr nra e ognoft lrB ((TexuHor)
(ncraru, raftAaManu flBbrna <<Texrtsor>>
He rronrrMarct), ro xam4uft
eepefi HJrfiJrcEno cBoeMy: <<.flnuauycl,, R 6oxr.vcr>>.Bna.rail.b rafiAaMaHrrHaqaiu.r 6rrno uogruyquBarb nag aroit ToJrnoft B (oaJrec))
r.r <<re(prarltr), Ho Barlbtr rrJrarr trr BorrJrrr lrx nrbcHonbno rpoHyJrrr.
H"'rqrarr arrr Bce ?HeHe cosctlr rrolrrolJrrr,u Heo6xoAumo6r,rro nplr66ruyrr x crapoMy enpeficHony cpeAcrBy. flpr.r;racunu araMaua
B oArln [oM rr coo6Iqr4iln eMy Hoe-qro rro cenpery . . . 0ro nonrorno,
r.1paBApaffieHHLreraf,i4amaHlroTr{a3airl4c},ot opyrxin, r,r}.rbsruarocq
sHo6rr y eBpeeB.
Ho aro eirle He Bce. B vernepr, Bo BpeMfl noxopou 2 eapeen,
y6rarux ua soHaailab,u 7, y6mrstx n Ft.nan4ieBo,Hor4a sce Mlbcresfto
6r,rno sa Htra46uu16, lpr,rrrrJro n:bcHonrno raft4auaxos n ar,rcrp6ira.Mr.rpaSorHaJrr{eBpeeB.
Hago eule upu6anrtrr, lrro HaceJreHieBopo4nnnr,r [ocJraJro Ae;reraqito H flertropt Ha BoHBaJr;4ereraqin cocro.flJralre B xpr.rcrian
u 2 erpeee. Ho flerurcpa yffie co6upalcn ytamara a orocJraJrr4x
fi cBoeuy rroMorrlurrny, Saropo4cHouy. Saropo4cHiii-xre ore:Lrral,
qro raftAaManrr (eaagparreur,r)>,u oH Huqero He Molfter nogt;rarr.

268

Mem4y rrpolruM,rafi gauaHu sbrcabxnr.r


eBpes-rrBBogqr,rna,fiprdBearuaro
Ha
BoHBaJr)).
Aererarlirc
<d{aie Zait>, J\t 42, or 19-ro, uapra l918 r.
coo6q. HoppecrorrAeura.

VIII.
Sxcqeccrr sa ,nceaLar*rx Aoporax
(anp'b;n 1918).
4
Sanpoc

B MaJroft Pag*.

B aactganirrMaroiiPagn or 16-roanptus t9t8r. NI.fpoccuaH,


or r{MeHrrcionncrcHorl {paHqir.r, nnec cnbgyrcqiit eanpoc o Hacr.rniqxHaA eBpeflMrr:
<<Ha.rfiHafi
c 1-ro aup'bnn na ctauqisx ,rnsilr lties-flonrana
6eanpepunuonpoucxonar rpa6emlr, uacliniR u y6iiicrna, Koropble quHflTcrl, Hart BrrreJrogaMll[poxoAflIqllx Bol"IcH,rlMeHylolqrrx
ce6fl raftAaManar\Ir{,TaH !r utcrnnrnra rpynilarlll <<si,ilbHhlxxoaatfiecronocrr{ rlpoltoB)). Beasr,rucrsa r,I HurrabMHe onpaBAbrBaeMbrfl
II3BOAflTCfl,fJraBHbIMO6paaOlr, UaA erpeftcHrrM Haceireuieu, nplrqet'r cfrJrollrbrr pnAoM co"lAarbr, HasbrBaroqie ce6s raiiAaMaHaMu,
BTaCrirrBaIoTB Baror{bl HII B aretl HeIroBrrHHbIxeBpeeB, I4B6[BaIOT
r4x raM Harar"rriaMrrlr nu6pacunaror rr3 BaroHa. ErxegnenHo s lties
nplr6rrnarcr orIeBuAIIbI arr{x KpoBaBr,rx pacnpaB, a rar(xre Jrrlqa,
rrocrpaAaBrxis or Hr'rx, noropbrfl Bo {panqiro cionr'rcros AocraBJIflror narepia.trnr rr (panurvecnia gauurrR o nporrcxoAflIr{r{x co6uriqx.
Coo6ulaerrrre rparirri oAHoBperrenno[o[rBep?Hgarorcfl coo6uleuiaulr, xaH Hieecriofi, Tax lr uponnuqianrnoft rerraru. Tax,
8-ro aupf;rfl Ha craHr{irr PorrrogaH coJrAarbr ny6nu.rro Bbrcrbnilu
pooraMrr [accaffirrpa-eBpefl Ba npor{BHeceHHoerur o6patqenie <<roBaprrrq>).Ha roii-rxe crauqir'r rra6rrr rr orpa6;reu eapeit flxon fonr46epr. 3a uporecr rporr,rB nacunif,r rr rayurenis 6rrnu ue6utbr II
gattv
sbrct.reghr ran?fie raccaxrrrpbr Ba6ynrcxiit na ltiesa ,r
ItoHropep uB ltpeMeH.ryra. flo coo6rqeniro lrfcrurrx mrrreJreft B
par"ron:bcr. Polro4an rr rro ceii 4eur, o6uapyxrr{Barorcfi rpynrr y6uTbIX II yAyrxeHHbrx, rJraBHbrMo6paaou eBpeeB, na xoropr,rx utKoropr,re upeAarorcfl uorpe6eniro craHr{ioHnbrrr cropo}fieu Arp-

269

Aoii. Ha 6nlrxarlrrux Fr Ponao4any cranqinx rpoucxoA.flr rpa6exul


rr ua6ieni-s, rpr{qeM, KaK rioMeHAaHTcr. pouo4an,
,[yeenneruu,
TaH ri npyrin HaqarbcrBvroulin nl,rqa, He rrpr4Hr4MarorHrrHaHr4x
ytp H earqlrrt nacereHin. Broprru rleHrpoM uacu.niii u y6iitcrn
flBJr.Eercflcr. lpe6enna,
Ha Horopoit rocrrogcrByer ruaiiHa conce6n <<ninr,HbrMrr
Aar, HaBbrBarorqr,rx
HoBar{aMr,r)).H6cxonrxo [ueft
ToMy HaBaA uvm 6nutm apecroBaHbrn o4noit rrg rocTrrHurrq 9 .renontH, xoropbrx noroM o6uapymlun y6urrrrur.
Bo eropulrH 9-ro
anptna na aroii-rHe cranqin 6trn aa4epmaFrfraccax{rrp Meep .f[nux,
Brarrleg B HoMerrAaHrclryrc,ua6ur u orpa6neu, a eartnr [pr.IHy?n_
AeH H nO4nracaniro pacnr{cnrr o roM, qro HrIKaHrrX nperenaiit ue
r,ru:ber. 06 orpa6neuiu n na6ieniu coo6rqaer rame Hiencniii 'xlrtenr Haitne.irr. 7-ro tpeeparq, TaK HaBbrBaeMLre
<<nim,urrKoBaKrI))
sLrctHnu BbrBBaHHaroB KorvreHAarypyAJrfl o6'-scneniit n:bcruaro
paBBrIHa,60-rn nfrnsro craprrHa. Bcf aru $aHrrr rrBJr.rrrorcfl
Jrr{rrrb
or4:blrl'ur,rnrlr coo6rqeHiaulr o MHororrr4cJreHHbrx
no4o6aux cJryna-ffx Hacurin u y6iftcrn.
Hacenesie onouqareirbrro reppoprrsr4poBaHo,u cr. ponao4aHl,r
lpe6euHa o6'qsrerirr
HaH- 6r,r onacnoft Bonoft, nepecrynarb
Koropyrc eBpeflIr He penoNreHAyercfl. ,[alAe: nocnf rpoxoAa
BoI{HcKaro no:ba4a, BbrureAruaro na Fiiesa 2-ro anpfnfi, rreifiAy
lfepercrancHlru paa'taAoM r{ .flrourur,rm 6umr o6napy?fieHbrrpr4
rpyra, a Me?r{Aycr. BaprrmesHoit u BepeaaHlro 2 rpyua. 4-ro
aup6.na Ha cr. BaDbrureerianprr6tr"nBaroH, B rioropoM, rian norou
tsblflcHrrJrocb,
HaxoArr,lrocr,5 rpvnoe eBpeeB.-_vA).rrregHbrx
BepeBliaMrl
11 peMHflMrr, cTparuHo rr3ypoAoBaHHhrxtrr, oqeBrlArro, paHbrrre Bbr_
6porueunux r.ra BaroHa Ha loJroruo rHel6auoii Aoporrr, TaK HaK y
oAHoro oHaBarrrrcborptaaunrrnru o6:b uorr,r. ]Itlrre:rrr Baprrureenn
o6parunrr srrrr[,raHieHa ro, qro /+-ro anp6;rn x lrtcrnouy paBBrlay flBnJrc.rrcoJlAar riolrentrarypr,r c [anerot{ or araMaHa fepacllMeHXo. Cogepinanie naxera ocraerc-rr lr uo cert AeHb rafiHofr, Ho
rrepeBABa gna nocr:E roro, Fiari paBBr.ruanoctrr,tn HaqaJrburrrr{Mr.rnuqirr, Hoqbro, HecMorpfl Ha Hacrvnirenie cy66orr,r, t5 eepees 6brnr4
Bausrhr pbrrbeM MorrrJrHa x;rag6lru16. 9epea 2 gna, 7-ro anp:b.na,
e 2 qaca Hoqtr{,Ha enpeiicnolr H;ra46nq6 wr4rbllr cs:br u 4nlmteuie
rpylrrbr ,nrogeli; KaK noroM onaaa,Tocb,rau 6rr:ro eraftuf coBeprxeuo fiorpe6euie 5 rpynoB Helrselbcrubrx eBpeeB, AocraBJreHHbrx
n oco6ou BaroH:b rlg .flrornua. Hfr coun:bnin, qro raiiHoe norpe-

270

6euie, npor.raBeAennoe6ea [pe4Bal]LrreJlbHaro cocran;renin nporoRona, crRrin Sororpa{ifi u npaue6uaro cnu4rFreJrbcrBao cMepr}I,
6u,rro conepilreHo no sacto.sniro uibcrnr'rx uacref,t, fio]fieJlaBllrux
rro r(anr{M nn6o coo6parHeni.su c}iipbrrt' {aHt y6iircrna 5 eBpeeB.
Hacunin, y6ificrna u rpa6erHu, E{eprBaMI{ Koropbrx ,rBJlflerc.s,
rJraBHbrMo6pasonr, enpeiicHoe nacerenie I,I ilponcxo4aqie nplr
xporurvecHiii xapaHrep, HononycrrrreJncrsab nracreft, npr,rH-flJrr,r
ropuft BoaBparqaer eBpeeB H 6eanpasnbrM BpeMeHaM rlaprlalla.
?I(uans BaMrrpaer. ,[oetpie H BJIacrIr c rta]fi[blM AHeM rlaAaer, rI
oAHoBpeMeHHoBo scibx crosx nacerenilr pacrer Hpafinee negoBoirbcrBo n oe;ro6,renie. flpuee4euurre BbIIue {aritu -sBilflIorcfl
He e4rrurrqHbrMrr,a xapaxTeplrayroulrrMrr o6qee nonorHeuie He
roJrbrio n florrascHorl r-v6., Ho 14B 9epulrroncHoit>>.
<Enp. Msrcnr> Ni 18, ot 26-ro anptrn 1918 r.
3anpoc 6r,rnrraneq.rar{*(e B <F(iescHoft Mrrc:rrrt>.

2.
H co6r,rtisM Ha 0T. PouonaH.
no eBp. tr'l;.rau,
flouyveno Mr,rIIrrcrepcrBoM
1 0 - r oa n p t r n 1 9 1 8r . , M 1 9 7 r
{nepen.c eapeficxaro).
<B EnpeiicHoe MunucrepcrBo nprl lJenrpa,tr'noft Pa4'ir.
fpanrgaHlrHa Hoxl'na FioHropepa, rrpoirirrBaroqaro e F.pelreuv.vr6, sa AneHcan4poeri:b, "\! 69.
B nocxpecense, B-ro aup:b;rr, Hoqblo, a nnrbxa,n ua }tpeueuqyra B Ftier vepee Polrogau. B Pomo4an6 q 9-ro auptln [oJr]I{eH
6rr.[ c 5 .{acon yrpa ro 12 qacos Hoqu E{Aar}, norbe4a, xoropufi
uger na Kien. Ha soFieart ilaccaE{r{pbl }ItanoBarlllcb, qro yHparIHcnarr Bjracrl aroit olxHrrirr reppoprraupyer rraccaxtrrpoB: apecroIIo
BbrBaror, raa6ianaror, aa6r,iparor AeHbrrr, a lroroM y6lmarot.
arony noBogy fl Mory gatr crhgyxrrqin noriaaaHis.
B cy66ory, 3t-ro uapra, Ha cr. Ponto4aH aacrp'b:runu gnyx
MoJroAbrxrrogeit, y rioropbrx 6r,rno onono 90.000 py6neft (oura

27L

uB BorycraBa, ItieBcnoft ry6., {alurnia o4Horo rra rrrrx-Iocurf


Ionr46epr). B usrnrauy n cy66ory 6-ro n 7-ro Myqr4iluu na6waanr,rn:bnoero3. M. Hnmsuna (cr. Mupouonna IO.-8. ?It. A.);
y uero aa6palu 1600 py6.neit, r,ranoropbrx eMy Bepr{yJrr{B roue4:brr,uuH1400 py6. B noue46.nbu[n BeqepoMpaacnaBbrBaJrn,
qro Ha craurlin aacrpt,numa 4oyx ue,rontH. B none4:blruux,
9-to, s t0 .racon Beqepa,Hor4a uplr6u.n nota4 na }tiesa, B BaJr
BarrreJrorpfiA ynparrHcnr4xcoJrAar,lr eoure4ruiftc uralur araMaH
norpe6orau, uro6r,r scnniit, Hro rauter uplr ce6f opymie, orAaJr
ero HeMeAJreHHo;
ecJrr{-rneoHa*rerc.rr,qro xro-nu6y[ clpsraJr
opyrHie, roro ryr-?ne 6y4yr roporb. Sartrvr ourr craJrrr rponfpnrr, AoxyMeurbr. Pa4ou co lrnofi cug6;ur gna 6b nibrsrax crapIIHa-eBpefi, y KoTOpr,rx IIacIIopTa oKaBaJrlrcb IIpocpoqeHHr]-rMu.
Ararwau craJr nprlrrarr: <<?Itugr,r,BHaeM Bac, BcbrrreMBaM uo 30
pooor, ror4a 6ygere BHarb, HaH :bxarl co crapbrMrr AoxyMerrraMrr)>.
Tyr n rre BbrAepx(an lr o6parr{Jrcfi n araMauy c rrporecroM: <<Itro
AaJrBaM fipaBo AaBarb poaru?>. Ha aro os un:F ors:brun: <<Monqu
fiyqme, uHaqe re6t nnoxo 6yger>>,u rrorrreJr[aJrbrr]e, a xavrnauis
ETO CTAJIA MEHfl KYAA-TO

TAIIIIITb.

KOrgA

MEHfi BT,ITAIqI{JII{

}IB BAJIA,

MeHfl [Ba paaa yAapr.rJrucsaAfi Haraiixoft, Horopoit lr parurlu nln'E


roiroBy. .f Hpuua.n or 6onu. Ha nrorl xpun c66maJrocb Hlbcxonrno
rraccarfirrpoB, npn66maJr raxlr{e yHpauncHiii KoMeHAaHT, Koropuit uut eerbn aaitrlr B caHrrrapHlrii earou. Taru utnreqHifi {eulgruep or{aaaJr uu:b nne4uqrrHcnyrorroMorrlb, BaAep?fiaBr{poBb, Horopa-s rxJra r,rB panbr. Cwr4'brenanar{ Toro, KaH MeHfl rarrlr{Jrr{ r{B
BaJra rr paHrrJrr(, 6rr;ru: .rneu I{eurpanruoft Pa4rr flplrxoA6ro r4
BoeHHo-cy4e6unft cnrF4onarerb rrprr rura66 4-oft apmira, B. IIpoTorrorroB, lxlreyrlifi Ha cr. Pomogau. Ond rrroryr 4arr noHaaaHia
o6o nceu [por{cxoAflrr{eM Ha cr. Pouo4an eoo6qe rr B qacrrrocrrr
o naua[enirr r{a MeHr.
flo paecHaaaMrracca'ilrlpoB, Ha cr. loro.neso ranlfie 6uno paacrpfnnHo Ha nporrrJroit uegfnt 3 espea. tr{x aa4epmalra, aa6panra
y Hrrx nc:b 4oxyrueurbr, orBeJrrrB rroJre (npn6nuaureJrbgo qerBeprb
Bepcrhr or eoHaaua),rau aacrplbJrrrJrl{
r{ [oxopoHr4Jlr{onoJro KarraBbr.
06 ns6ieirisx Ha cr. Pouogau u eoo6ule o6o ncenn,.rro raM rporlcxoAr,ir, Moryr ran'fie [arb [onaBauia c.n.b4yrou1ieinu;urqiouepu
cr. Pouo4an: crapruift rr.rlrllrqionep CilasHo ra tr{san JIyuuH. C6nyr r{ ua6lrearor y Hr{x Ha rJraBax.

272

Ha cr. Potuo4ax
K gxcu,eccaM
(uapr 1918)

, Q a e n g O a o g e x x o , y 6 r r r a f i g a u a x a v rx a c r . P o v o g a x

Hexsatcrxurf,,
(AocraBneHo

a eapeHcxoe

y 6 n r r a f i 4 a u a x a n nx a c r . P o t u o g a x
MNHNcrepcrBo

MHpropoAcxxM

o6u{NHHblM coBtToM)

K sxcqeccaMHa cr. Poruogan


(uapr 1918)

H a x m a x K p y v e n b q a A x x , y 6 w r a f i 4 a u a x a vnna c r . P o v o g a x

M o p 4 y x l - o a u 4 6 e p r , y 6 m r a f i g a u a R a MHha c r . p o u o g a r
( A o c r a B n e H o B e B p e f , c x o eM r t s y c r e p c r B c M y p r o p o A c x H M o 6 i 4 l x x u u

coBtToM).

B qrbnnx Barrlrtru,rrpalr(Aan u noo6qe upofamaroqux,


BhrHy?fiAeuubrxecn64crnie nepeca4nrr ocranaBJrrtBarbc_E
Ha cr. pouoEnpeftcHaro Mr4Hr4cTpa[puAaH, .E rrpomy, B BrrAy r4BJro,fieHHaro,
HflTb r{cnJrrorrrrreflbHbrfl nn6pu AJrr{ ycrpaHeuia 6angrr Boopy}fteunrrx rpa6ureneft, noropbre florb3yrorc.fl croeft suacrbro Ha cr.
Pomogau rrr cBorIMrr 4fftcrainnrlr Arlcnpe4rrrr.rpyror r,r r4rHopnpyror
cyge6nyro BJracrb Vxpar4ncxoft Pecny6nnnlr.
Hoxeu ltonropep>>.

Itien, 10-roauptrr 1918r.


I{a apxuna Mr{HtrcrepcrBaro eBp. grbnatr, lglT_1glg.

3.
F( co6lrriqM Ha cr, I'pe6eHxa.
flonyueuo MrlsrrcrepcrBoM
tro eBp.[;baau s
anpfat 1918r., Nf 1263.
<<locuognny MlrHlrcrpy no enpeftcxlru gt.naru
VHpauncnoft Hapoguoft Pecny6uunlr.
Mrr ynolnoMorrenbr fllrpnruucxuM Komurerou uapriu floaueft
I{ioH, C. C. lr E. C. lr Eyuga BarrBrrrb o nnixecrrbAyurleM: Ha cr.
lpe6enna, Haxo4flrrler"rcsB 13 Bepcrax or r. fhapxrr{Ha, Haqrrrafl
c rrepBbrx qficer Mapra B[,Trorb go nocn;bgurrro BpeMeHr4,rrporrr3BoAffTcfi Hacunis ua4 uporbsmarcqrMrr [acca]Rr{paMrl, coflpoBox4arcrqinca orpa6.neuinulr, uag:baareJrbcrBorr,no6oalrrr, a rrHor[a
y6irtcrnanut. Tt-;Ne rlrrrrtqioueprr, rioropbre nporrBBoAflTrrpontpry
AoHyMeHroB r o6rrcxrr, yBoAflr rrrrorfia Hacr4Jrbno cBoro
?fiepTBy,rroA rrpeAJroroM((K HoMelrAaHTy)),rr3 EaJra BoHBaJra,[pr{qeM BoBBparqarorcfi He Bct, a BoaBpaqarculiecn fioqrn scf r,ta6nrrr n orpa6,nennr. Ha repplrropin roxaana Bce BpeMa nog6raparorcfl rpynbr y6urux naccaffir.rpoB. tr4s ygocronrbpeuia llllparrrHcriaro o6ulecrnenuaro paBBrlHa or 12-ro noa6pn, aa Ni 74, n
lopo4luqeucnaro BoJrocrHaronpaBJrenin or 23-ro ruapra, sa N! 1b28,
BrrAHo, qro B ropoAf flupnrnnt
noxopouenm l0 y6rlrux (r fpe6enxt) eBpeeB, Hponn* roro, 8 serosabH orpa6nenrr, r,r B Hoqb Ha
10-oe anptnn y6ur rr{nreJrr r. Jly6eu, flonrascHoft ry6., Cnyuxift, craprrx 67 ;rtr, xoporuo uanrbcrsnrft B HarrreMHpat, KaK coflorpoun na VHpaunt 1917-f918.

18

273

croflTeJrbgbrit .renon'bx. IIo uoHaaanism uaccarxl4poB' Ha r;lagax


noropbrx 6r,r.n yneaex C;ryuHift, y6inctny rpeAlrrecrBonalu cntgyroqis o6ctoste,nr,crsa :
Murnqionep, nponrbpanuift goHyMeHr, florpedona,l or C;ryufiaro (Gbr4arr opyxria>>. Hecuorpn Ha SaflBJIeHienoclt4uflto' qro
y Hero opymin n:br u ryr ?fie upor{BBeAeHnaroo6r,rcHa' He 06Eapyxrr{Bruaro HI{I{aHoro opyxdn, on 6trlr noralrlen arI,IM MI4JIrrqioneponn, a Ha aaBrpa yrpoM ero HaIuJIr{ y6urrru soanab ctanqiounoft BoAoKaqKu. B ry-rre no'm 6bilIu raa6rartr u orpa6.neuu
?nr{TeJrbr. flpunyH, .Fls!tq, rI ?nldreJlbr. Hfxllna,
,{o6pyruuH,
ocrr.tgrbrenrctnosaHie fiolrx 6rrno rrpolrBBeAeHo r. ropoAoBbrM
BpaqeM r. fh,rpnrlrua - EepnnBcHLIM.Hace.nenie eceit Mtcruocru
reppopIrEI,rpoBaHo.
Haura upocr6a: HeMeAleHHonpllHflrb mtpm n npenpauleuirc
raa6ienift, y6iiicrn n rpa6exeft lt sil{fcrt c t6u upol{BBecrl{ pa3c.rrLgoaaHie Bcero rrpoIrcIueAIrraro.
,{e.nerlrponannue fllrpnrllucnlrM HoMI{TeroMeBp. coq.
naprift floaneii I-\iou, C. C. ra E. C. u 6yu4a (noguucu)>>.
Kies, 14-ro auptnn

1918 r.
lla apxlrna Muur{crepcrBa rro eBp. gttau,
1 9 1 7* 1 9 1 8 r r .

IX.

It co6sni,su a lCpeuexryr[.
lopogcxof gynru or 16-ro anptun t9l8 roga).
(Sactnanie F(peueuvyncxofi
<<lnacnrriiBa;ra6an or trMeHI4poc. c.-4. naprilr lr <<Eynga>ruorpa?*[aHaurl
crrr Banpoc o HacIIJIiRx, guulluhlx HaA MrIpHhINlIr
ua6ieHift n
cilyqar
npLIBoArIr
nAHoroprre
Inaurnft
n ropo4t.
Tan,
uacuriii, r.rn:bsruux u'bcro Ha cr. Hpeueuvyr u r ropogf.
6ea scqHilx rplrquu 6rrru lts6urr,r ntHie OcrponcHift, Carpancnift
rt Apyr. flporun ua6ienix, TJIaBHrIMo6paaou eBpeeB,ueo6xo4uuo
ripr{Hflrb cnrburnsrR urbpu.
lnacsrrft Ftyunu BaflBJlfler, .Iro uMtercfl pn[ yHaaauifi na
To, rrro uacranis 0TIr HocflT snorHlb opraHl4SoBauuuft xapaneBpeeB rpor4BBognrcn 6au4oft xyJlr4raHoB u, qeprep. <<tr4e6ieHifi
irocoreurleB, uog ifaarou rafiAaManoB. Srra ua6iesiq nocRt, naH

274

aro rrMlhJroMtcro s flonrast, Pouo4an'b ra 4p. utcrax, nuonn:b


opraurraoBauxrrfi xapanTep rr cJryr(ar, [oBtrgrlMoMy, npoanlenienr
nas'bcrHoii cr4creMbr. Ecnn nonalfierc.fl ua cranqira ftpeueuvyr
enpefi, ero 6ea Bcffnr4rxouroeanift lra6nsamr Ao cMeprrd. Bc:Lru
nantcruo, xaxie y rlac fipanTunyrorcs upiertlnr qna aHaeHyqira:
6epyr rrogeft, qro6br rrx Ha noxsanlb (<ocslbxt[rb)) saraftxaulr.
lla6ienis rpouBBoAsrcn raftgamaraMrr . . . Ha ocuosanin pturrareJrbrro sctM uas'bcrnbrx {axroe [a6ieHin eBpeeB, Mbr npocr4M
Vnpany craaarr, uaM, HaHis urbpu oua rprrHrrMaer gua 6opr6rr
c xyJrlrrar{cxlrMr{ Bbrcrynteuiqura n ropo46>.
. . . Or rdMeurr erpeficHoft o6ulusr,r roBoprrr rnaurufi E. H.
Io6nllu.
<,{aeno-ur,r s cr:buax groii aailbr Mhr cJryrnaJru fopffiecrBeHHoe
qrenie III VuunepcaJra Ha qerbrpex .sanxax? Sror racropu.recxift
afir eAr{HoAyruHor{ ropflqo nplmrbrcrnoeaflu rc6. Hamn rrpe4craBtr{TeJrrr,npe4craBr4Temr enpeficrBa, He MorJrtrr, paayutercn, ne
noArrepHHyrb r{cHilroqureJrbHoe aHa.IeHie vnnnepcara AJrrr Hac,
arant uarnanis ycJrbrrrraJrr,r
eBpeeB, Koropbre BrlepBbreHa AJII4HIToM
npo AoJrrofi{AaHHyrouaqionarsno-repcoHaJruryro aeronouiro. 0ro
6uno oAHrrM r.ra BeJrr,rqafiunlxBaBoenauiii penonnqilr AJrrr Hac,
eBpeeB. Pagocrr naura 6rrna rI ilorouy oco6enno BeJrldr{a,qro MbI
ror4a rfpuJrtrr, qro ara aBTououin rre roJrbrio npr{BeAer H Mr{pHoMy coxrrrreJrbcrBy nctx napogon Vnpal,rnbr, n naqionanrsoKyrrbrypxoMy caMoorpe4Aneuiro nc'bx uaqift ra cno6o4noMy copenuonaHirc sc*x ux ua o6rqeu nyrr.{ nyJrbrypbr rr fiporpecca, Ho
r,rutnlr ocnosanie uag:barrcR, qro sror ar{r ilocJryflurr nyrenogrroft
aeta;1olTgnn nc6x crparr. B Fiorrr uaqioHa;rarrnit noupoc Ha oqepeArr. tr{ 6nrno aro raFi HeAaBHo,HorAa nporrcxoArrJrrrnrr6oprr r
enpeficHyro o6qriny, B ror oprau, Horopuit na u6crt AoJrlneH
ocyqecrBJrflrb ary nar{iouanruo-[epcoHaJnuyrc anronouilo.
tr4not, nepBbIM nucryuneuieM rpe4craBr{reJrfl o6qunrr n [yut
cyxiAeHo 6r,rrr,-saqrlTa Banpoca o nacu.[iqx HaAeBpe.ffMlr.Butcro
uaqiouarluo-nepcoHaJmuofi astoHouiu urr lluiheu naqioualrHonepcoHaJrbHoey6iftcrno, ua6ieuiq, orpa6nenin, ua4'beareJrbcrBa,
HaApvrareirbcrBa r{ r,ryunenin. Bonua arr4x HacrrJrifi xarnrc-s no
ncer"r lrHpartrt c [epBbrx gneii no4oopeHin yHpanncnofi BJIacrr{
rroc;rb rrgrnanis 6oruruennnoB, 14Ha AHFX BoJrHaara AorarrlJracb
Ao Hac. Cpegrr 6Ana gun, Ha rJraaax y actx, JrroArrapecroBbr{8*

275

Barorcfl rr r,ra6rrBarorc.fl,trr He Bc:b BoaBpalqarorc.s. . . . Mnr AaJreKr{


6onrbe
or Mbrcnrr uo4oapfnarb BJracrr4B Ilorycrr4Te,rrcrn:b, rtu
nocrrb aan;[penift lr o6lFn{anift, uoryqeHHbrx rpeAcraBr{reJrflMr4
enpeftcnoft o6quurr or ynparrHcnaro ftoMeHAaura. Mrr xotunr
a:bplrrr, .rro sc:b arr4 uacu,nia grbro rroAAoHKoBo6ulecrna, an;bpcHift uHcu4HKr Koroprrx Bcer4a no46epet ce6'[ coors:brcrnensuft
Jroayr{r u !p;rar. Ho urr ranfire xorrrM nrbpnrl, vro 6opl6a c arr{Mrr
qepHocorenqaMr{He croJrb yrxe He[ocrrJrbHa,ecnu-6rr rour,Ho 6ntuo
Iopo4cHoii r(oMr{rer o6llecrseHHoft 6esucxpeHHee me;rasie.
orracHocrr( He4aBrro AoriaaaJr DTo B rflrr{enrrft uepio4 6easnacris
vt Mexsnacrifi.
Mu AoJrnrr{br rroaroMy cr(asarb rlenrpanrnoft
BJracrrr, r rurq:b n:bcrnrrx [peAcraBr{Teueft ra nnfcruofi BJracru, B
nuq;[ ropogcnoro caMoynpanueuia: He cMorpr{re Ha arr{ co6nrrin,
Kari Ha qactnnrfl, xacarouliaca roJrbno Hac, eBpeeB, a nax na o6qerocygapcrBeurrbrfl, u6o qepBrl, uogrovneruie HopeHb Mlroros'bnosa-ro [y6a moryuaro rocyAapcrsa Pocciftcnaro, r;bu ouacu6e
nnfi MonoAoro, xpyuftaro oprarruaMa Boapo?anarculeficsVxpauunr.
ruonunlraM, uaqioHaJrruafi poanb r4
3rn vepnu - uaqioualrntrft
aHTr{ceMrrrr{au.Mrr ynrbpeurr, vro flyrua Bbruecer coorntrcrsennoe
rrocrauoBJreuie, n 6ygyr npr{Hflrr,r nnrLpu r earqntt naruefi Eu,tBHr{,
Rarueft qecru u Haruero Aocrosnin>.
<IIocn'F Bcero Br,rcJryruau. . . Inaurafi B. IIaHeparrIeBa:
14lrst cru4no 6mru
Haro ag'bcr, qro Mory s cnasarr?-pyccr{afl,
rrTo
(Hau,
pyccHrrM,
IIoBopHo,
Mbr elrle Ao crlx
cpeArr eBpeeB>. . .
rrop rre Hayqurucb yBa]r(arb qe,tros:bnas .reroB'bnt).
BoarruuncrBoM roJrocon,{yma [ocraHoBrrJra [pIIHsrb cntAyloqylo peao.nroqiro:
<,Xyvra rpe6yer upuuaria caMbrx auepruarHbrx nafp gnn upenpaulenia xyJrrrraHcr(rrx BbrcryrJreuift lr upegauiq cyRy scrbx HaqarbcrByrcrqux Jrr{q, orslbrctaeuur,rx Ba arl{ Bbrcryrlneuin, g.nR
uero rpe6yer cnopffiruaro uplr6r,rris s r. Itpeueuvyr rapJraMeHrcno-cntgcrnennoft noMr4ccil{, 4o npn6mtia roropofi fopogcriar
,{yrua o6paayer caMocroflreJrbHylo uoJrHoMotlHyto c,r:bgcrnenuyro
norurcciro gna paacr;Fgorauia nc'bx QaHroB, cBflBaHubrx c qepHocoreHHbrMrrBbrcrynlreniqulr alacrHbrx u o{{nqianbHblx Jrr{II II
yvpexgeuiii>.
flporoHoru ltpeueuuyrcHoftlopoqcHoftfiynau
(aacGAauie
16-roanpfna 1918n.), Ni 15, Houinn
lratepiaaax EItOilO lr n apxrat pe4anqiu.

276

X.
Sanpoc s Pag!

o sacnri,sx

ufcrsofi

BJI&crt.

<<Sanpoc MrrHr{crpaM BrryrpeHnux gtn, eoeuuouy &


no eBpeftcfiulr 46;rau tppaxqira O6'eguxennoft enp. coq"
pa6ouefi naprilr>>.
3a nocnrbgHee BpeMn Bce yqanlarcTcfl cJryqalr uacranift, rpa6 elxefi , BbrMorareJrbcrB, grrnl{Mbrx rrp egcr aBltr eJIfiMr{ urLcrsofi a4rlrrrHr.tcrpaqiu uag enpeiicxr4M HaceJlenier,r VHpalrncriofi Hapoguoft
Pecny6rurHlr.
1) B u. Ioro.lree:b, 9epnraroncHoft ry6., orpflA ratgauaxon
23-ro nrapra c. r. 6es BcflHaro rroBoAa pascrptna,n AByx eBpeeBE:brauoncHaro lr Karanona. Hosrrc raft4auaHlt xoAIrJrI{uo enpeftHa gpyroft Aerrb xoAI4JrI,I
cnrirM [oMaM, rpa6lrnlr lr rracurbnl.Iqaru.
rro MaraBrruanr lr rpa6lrJlrr, rrpr{qeM rroABeprJln ucrsaaniflM elqe
AByx eBpeen- Mapronuua 14 Bepnnana.
2) Ha cr. Pomogan u lpe6enna orpflAbl rafi4auaHon cncreMaruqecnil reppoprror{pyror naccaxtupoB. 31-ro uapra 6rrro paa6-ro
crp:bnruo [Ba eBpet{- {amrarin oAHoro I{B HI{x lonrg6epr.
aup'bun r{B6rdBailr4n:bcHonrrlrx [accaxulpoB, B ToM .rucn;b HuxrHr{Ha, y Koroparo aa6paru AeHbrIc. 9-ro auptuq na6neaurl n6clroJrbrirrx rreroBtfi, B roM qircrf trI. ltouropepa.
3) B lr. Bpyclrnont, Pagonucrbcliaro y'baga, ltiencnoii rv6.,
HaqaJrl,Hr{ft uunr.rqilr Muaepnraqnift 4-ro anptna norpe6onal or
enpeftcHaro uaceresis nnecenir go 5-ro anprbnn 50.000 py6neft,
sa.flBirfi-s,rrro oH ((yfloilHoMotlen Ifentpa"urnoii PaAoft ctvr, 6lrtr,,
paacrpt.ruruarr' Anfi nognopeuin [oprIARa)), II yrpotfiafl' B cJry'ra1bsencno;ureui.s ero rpe6onauiR, xectoHofi pacupaaofi.
4) B u. Itopcyur, ItauencHaro y'baga, ItiencHoit ry6., otpng
rari4awraHor, c [paBr{TeJrbcrBelrlrblMr{oMllccapoM B. ltlrpraveufio Bo
rraat,
t-ro napra norpe6onan ot enpeficHaro HaceJlenin 4ocraBnr6 B resenie roilyqaca 2.000 py6., 6 rap caror, qro 6rrno
r4ctroJrHeHo.Ha gpyroii Aesb HaqarbHllfi MI{JIItqilr, }tonavencHifi,
o6parlruca H npegc'bgareJrrc }topcyncnofi utrqaucnoii yrpaBbr,
noJryM. SucHnny, co c.ntgyrcqrrM AoKyMeHroM,sa J\! 366: <<MHoIo
qeuo ycrHoe pacnopflxrenie or r(oMrlccapa l{eurpanr,nofi Pa4rr
B. Hnpuveuxo o rom, qro6rr utctnoe enpeftcxoe nacetenie npl4roroBrrJro ceroAHfl 100 nap roAHbIx H nocH6 cauor, 300 ruanox,

277

30 uutrenefi, {00 py6ax, 100 nap fiarrbcoH, 100 uap uoprflHox


n 7 tvrtxosbrx ruailon c KpacrrbrMrrBepxaMr{).
' llonnlrlro csoeit HeaafionHocrrr, rpe6onanie
aro 6uno {lrsnvecr{r{ HeBbruoJrHrruo.8-r'o uapra ltupr.ruenHo uorpe6onan 3000 py6.
or enpeficxaro naceneuiff rr noJrysrrJrraFioBbre, O6a arlr upaBr,rre.rrbcrBeuHbrx rlrqa, Itona.rescxifi u }trrpnvenno, Teppopr{Br{pyror r{
o6r,rparcr mtcruoe eepeftcnoe nace.neuie.
5) B r. Pagour,rc,nf BbrrueynoMfluyruit Haqarbnr4n unnlrqir,r
MlraepulrqHift Hoqbro c 2 na 3 uapra norpe6onar or eBpeeB
BHecrr{ eMy B re.reHie 24 qacos Honrplr6yuiro n paautpt 100.000
py6., yrpoxtafl pacrpaBoii rr saczrieu.
Ha 4pyroft 4enr enny6uno
BHeceHo50.000 py6., a qepea Aerrb erqe 30.000 py6.
Bo sc'bx arr{x flBJregisx sacurift u sblnlorareJrr,crB,rrrrrrrrMbrx
opraHaMu BJracrr{ uag enpeitcnr4M HaceJreuieu, utr ycMarprrBaeM
HeAonycrrdMyroHrr c xaHoii Torrr(r{ ap.buia, ur6enr,uylo AJrfl rocylapcrBa. crrcreMy no4pueauin ocHoBHbrx ycroeB rpalnAaucnaro
n noJrr4Tr{qecnaroo6rqemlrris.
MuHr,rcrpoB
,{ono4a o6 arrrx anrax uaut"niq Ao cn646uir
BHyrpeHHrrx gAn, enpeficnr,rx g:b.rrrr BoeHuaro, nrtr o6parqaeMcfl K
Hr{M C HaCTOflUIT{M SanpOCOM:

t) ?Ian:bcruo Jrr{ MrrHr,rcrparuo5 Brrrx Hacr{.ri-sx rr nulrorareJrbcrBax HaA eepeficrlrnt nacenenielr Vxparrrrcrtoft Hapoguoii Pecny6nurilr?
2) Ec;iu rrgetcrHo. ro qro Aylraar lrr{Hr{crpbr rrpegnpnHflTb
AJrfl Toro, .rro6br oqrrcrrrrb alwrHrrcrparlrsrrbrii an[apar Pecny6.ulrxn or BlleAHbrx, rroApbrBaroqrix rocyAapcrBeHHocrb, aJreMeHToB rr .rro6rr oxpaHrrrb enpeficnoe nacetenie y. H. P. or cpepnee'bFiosnx roseuir"r rr rtailrbeare;rlcrB?
3anpoc Harrr rpocrrNr rrllrrBrrarbcn:burnurvr,),

flognucr: N[. IIIaq (Aunu).


Kien. {1-ro anpr6;rq{918 r,
l{a apxlrna MrrHrrcrepcrBano eBp. gtaau,
1 9 1 7- 1 9 1 8 r r .

278

XI.
Il co6rrri,sru a Bpycx.uor!.

1.
uo oBP.
flonyueuo MrrlrrlcrepcrBoM
gfnau, 5-ro anp;bln 1918r', Nl 1080.
(uepen.c enPeftcnaro).
<<B Hapoguoe l\{unncrepcrBo ro eBpeiicnuM 4'luam
Ha VHpauH6.
3assireuie.
4-ro aup'Enn {918 r. n EpycnroB, }tieBcnoii ry6., Pa4onnnc.nlr4ucnenrop Mucnaro yrbaga, npi'[xan yrba4nnft HaqaflbHI'IX I4IJIT{
qucfioM
x ce6t
rr
Ilpr{rJracl4Jr
ult,nuqionepoB
rr.rqiu c 6ouruurnn
M:bcre'rnoBylo I{JrIr rrorrpeAcraBure.refi enpeiicnaro Haceneuiq
ceJrnoByroyupaBy. -FlBusurullcfl H HeMy roroslb u qJreHaMyupaBbl
rrHcler{Top Mrrilnqiu, t-H MuaepuuIlHifi, saflBrrJI Cufgymulee:
<f yuonHoMoqeH Ifenrpa.nlnoft PaRofi roporb' 6lrm, paacrptnuBarb rI y6lrnarn AJrfl roro' 'Iro6bl ycraHoBl4rb [opflAon))' 3arfu
oH naTeropuqecKu uotpe6ona;r, vro6r,r BpycunorcHoe eBpeftcHoe
nacereuie npnHecJlo eMy r( 5 'racaM gun 5-ro auptln r.qrbAecflr
oH rIpI{Mer cBolr
rbrcfltl (50.000) py6;refi, B rlporr{BHona clyuaf
utpr,r, Ha Horopblfl orr yloruoMorreH.
Bynyvu Aeirerl{poBauu Bpycl'r"iroscHoft roceJrnoBoft ynpanofi
or espeftcHaro HaceJreuiR, nn6 [pocI'IM rrpnHflTb scf eoauoxtrrbrR
flprrr{aaa BbllrleyfioMflHyraro I4HcneK'
rufpn g.nn rpioctauonnexis
Topa errlJrlrqiu r-na Mnaeputrqriaro. Horopblir ceitqac HaxoAl{rcfl
r Bpycunontt>.
Itien, 5-ro aup:b;rn 1918 r.
(flolnuur).

2.
5-ro anptrq 1918r., J\l928.

(nepeB.c yfipaaHcHarol.

<<focuo4nHy ly6epuutorr'ry -Ftoannccapy.


IlpenponoxtAafl rplr
gurereii BpycllnoecHotl

ceM rrepeBeAeHHoeaansneuie npe11cratrtcre'rHoBo-[oceJlnonofi ynpaBbr o Ha-

279

auJrin, Koropoe co6upaercr yqr.rHurb r4gBtcrHr,rft rrllcllefiTop Mr{fiuqiu, r. Ml{Bepunrlniii, HapoAuoe Mr.rnucrepcrBo rro eBpeftcnrrM
g*nann rpocr,rr npr,rHflrb renerpa(pno cpoqnr,rs rutpu K rrpeqorapaqeniro HeBanoHuaro BbrMorareJrbcrBas ornorrreHirr erpeftcHaro
naceleuis n Bpyclruont. O nocrtAoBaBrueM rrpocrrMHe orxaBarbcfl
uastcrr4Tb Hac)).

Toa. HapoArraroMraaucrpano eBp. 4Gnau (nognrrcr).


Arrpenrop Haurleunpir.r(uognucs).
tr{a apxrana Mr{rrlrcrepcrBa rro eBp, grbtau,
t9l7-t918 rr.

xII.
Ilorpou s M. Ioroaeeo.
{uapr).
flo;ry.reuo Mrrur{crepcrBou
rro eBp.
gtuau 5.ro anptna l9l8 r., Ni 10gS.
<<BCeHperapiar no eupeftcHllu 4,bnau.
Enpeiicnaro naceleni.s u. loro,nena, 9epuuroucxoii ry6.
,[oHecenie.
B cy66ory, 23-ro uapra ro HoBorry crr,r.rro,orpflA rafigauaHor
s 30-40 qefioBtn, c corHrrnoM Laxnesu.ien no rnant, BorrreJrB
M. IororeBo, HaxogrruleMc.s B 40 repcrax or r. Hiesa. Croeuy
ncryuneniro e Mtcre.rHo raft4auaHr,r ilprrAaJrrr xapanTep 6yftnaro
sa66ra r{, yrrre upr,r6nnmaacr, H 6asapy, oHu craJrr{ ua6uBarr, HaraftKaMu rrorraAaBrxr.rxc.srrM nancrptvy
npoxoE{rrx, Teppopr.rBrrpyfi, Tafir4u o6paaou, naceuenie r4 rraBoAfl Ha Hero naHr{ny. BcryrrRB B utcrevfio, raftgauanu sMtcrt co cBorrM corHr4lroM BopBaJrr{c6 B enpeftcxin nBaprr.rpbr, uaxogarqiac.H B r{euTplb, n cralrn
trpor.reBoArrrr a4.bcr, aHu,r 6earpanuqnofi xrecroxocrr4 r.r nacruis
HaA Mr{pubrura eapeiicHr,rurro6brBareJrflMr{. Ogun enpeft, B{pouu
E:!.nanoscxift, 6u.n Bbrrarrleu raitgauariaur{ Ha yJrr,rqy ra, uocaf
[oJrrux Myqr4reJrbrrbrxracr.saaHifi lr rtyuueuifi, 6ul paacrprblau.
Sat6u raftgalraNu HarrpaBr,rJrrrcb
B AoM Bepxlr }tarauosa

280

BtKa, ilorbaoBaBrxarocff Bceo6Ir1uMrroqerorl r4 yBa?fier{ieM, HaK


cpeAr{ eBpeftcHaro, TaK Ir yfipalrucl{aro nacerenis.
Bofign u ero
r{Baprrrpy, rafigauaHra npr,rnaaaJrrreMy ileqb Ha froJr, 14trprr orqanuHbrx Kprrnax ra nnonr6ax ero crapynxrr Mareprr, F(eHbru rtrecrepbrx
g6reft, B Hero 6r,rno upouBBe4eno gna nr,rcrp6Jra, or rioropbrx oH
ceftsac me cnouqaJrcff. Or4an [prrr{aa HeMeAJreHHo
orBeBrr4rpynbr
y6nrrrx eBpeeBna xna46urqe, rafi4auaxr{ rrpr,rr{flJrr{cb
paabrcnrrBarb
Apyrux, uan6on'Fe BuAHbrx lr fioqerHbrx eBpeeB, no nocrf4uie
ycntm.r cxpbrrbcfl. Ho.mrc rafiAaMafiu, rpylrlaMrr s 2-3 .reilor:bxa, craru o6xognrr enpeiicnir HBaprrrpr,r n rpe6ona.nu n nugf
BLrKyna Aerrer ra BoAnrr. TaH, gna raftganaHa BorrrJrrrB AoM Apona
Auencangpona u uorpe6orann AocraBrrrb rrM n teueuie 4eyx
qacoB rbrcfluy py6nefi r.r BoAnrr, yrpolr(afl, n cnyuat Heracnorneui.a
aToro [pr{Ha3a, uepeHoJrorr, ncrbx uaxo4r{Brrrr4xcfl r goua xeHu1r{rr }r gtreii.
Tpe6ouauie aro 6r,rno BbrnoJrrreno,- raftganranlr
sa6panlr rbrcflrry py6.neft, a AocraBruyncrr r{M Bo4ny ryr ?fie rr Bbrrtr{Jrr{. Auanorri.rurrit cnyuaii uutr
nfcro u B 4ouf Mop4yxa
CnurHoncHaro, Bepa Baxclrana, Jlaaapn fa{ra, Mopgyxa llapcyna r{ Ap. Ha cnfgyroqift geus, B Bocr(peceubeyrpoM, eBpe.rrM
roproBrlaM orgau 6rra npuHaa, rroA yrpoaoft cMeprr4, ornpbrrb
HeMeAneHHocBor{ Maragurrbrr{ JraBKr{. Ftorga aro rpe6onasie 6ruo
BbrlroJrHeHo,raiiganaHn Harra.[rr o6xogrrrr eepeficHie MaraarrHbr
u aa6lrparl Bce, rrro rrll HpaBrrJrocb,co[poBorn4an cnoft orxpbrrlrit
rpa6em quuuqgbruu nacmturxauu u lragtnareJrbcrBaMrr. TaH,
uaupuutp, aa6llpan n Maraaun'E Kpnvencnaro y[rr4BaJrbHr4nrr,
oHtrr
rrptr aroM Ao6aBr.rilu,uro cgtnarcT r,rBHrlx (<rrJrernr.r
Err{AoB>.
AJrff
?IteHa y6rrraro HaraHona 6rr;ra gocraB,ileHa s csor:i rraraBrrH rroA
tfiecronr{rrrr }'Aapaltlrr Haraex, rr, HorAa MaraBI{H 6rrn ourprrr, taitnaMaxu aa6pauu orryAa na s:bcxonrfio rbrcsq py6.neft uany{aHrypuaro u 6axanefisaro roBapy. B aror ?fie AeHb 6rrnu nogneprHyrbr MyqilTeJrbubrMlrcrssaHisn rr 6eaqerosfsHsrM rnyuueHinu
4ra 66p,ur,rx eBpefl, I{yHn Mapro.nrrH u Jleii6a Eepuan. Ilepnouy
I{B Hnx o4;brul Ha rrrerc BepeBKy, r.r noA yAapaMrr Ha-r'aefiTaulr{Jrlr
uo y,:uiq:b, BToporo eBpefl Haqaru rla6rrsarb HaraftKaMr.rrro Jrrrqy,
TaH rrTo Bce Jrl,rqouonpbrJrocbnpoBorroATeHaMrr.
B uouegtuur{H yrpoM raft4auaHlr yrrrJrrr rra lororena, Ho eBpeiicxoe uaceyrenie flpo4oJr]fiaer erqe Ao crrx rtop ocraBarbc.s B
crpaxf u ueyn6peuHocrr'rBa cBoe 6narorouyvie. Tpenora eBpeeB

281

ycuJrr{Baercfl errle'rtu o6cro.sreJrbcrBou,qro reuubrfl HpecruncHin


Maccbr,BrrArr, c raxoft Jrerfiocrbro ra 6eanaxaaaHHocrbroraftgavraHra
pac[paBr.rJrrrcbc eBpeffmu, yrbpoaaJrr{, sro raftgauaxu rrpucnautr
aepxonnoft BJracrbro Vnpaunu AJrs pacnpaBhr c eBpeflMr,r,u c
DTr{x rrop HarraJrr{cuorpftr, na nocntgur{x, HaK ua xneftueggrur
npecryflHrrnoB, HaxoArrrqrrxc.aBnrb aaHonnoft aarqrarnr.,{onogn
o6 arou go Bamero crtg'bnin, enpeftcHoe nacenenie npocur Bac
nprrHrrrb BoBMolnHbr.E
nrbprr r{ ToMy, .rro6br paactnrr n:bcnonrxo
crpax u HorrrMap, rroA naBJreHieu Horoparo HaxoArrrcrr rrffTbAecflT
enpeficxnx ceMeiicra [r. foro.resa)).
(noArrcr4).
lla apxnra MnHr{crepcrBa
no eBp.grbnar,
1 9 1 7- 1 9 1 8 r r .

xm.
Me4rnxcrcifi norpou u

eAMRHIICTpAqra.
(nepen. c eapellcxaro)

<<I{Horoveaffiaenr,ui
locno4nu Nlrruucrp.
Bvepa, rior4a Mbr o6parranrrcr H Bau c rxano6oft o norpou6,
Horopsri'rnporraoueJ 2L-24 rHBapfl c. r. B ropo4t Megnuuf, Bu
noconrbrosaJrr,rHarrreil le"reraqir'r oSparrrrtca Ba lomorqbro H ry6epHia.nluoMy noMrlccapy, H rioropolry Bu 4a;rir HaM nrrcbMol).
Homuccap [prrnflJr Hac, Ho coBclbMHenpuntr,;ruso. OH crar npnqarb
Ha Hac, TorraTb HoraMtrr,yrpolflaT!, nyJrar(aMrrr4 yrrpeKaT6 Hac B
Tolr, rrro scrb enperr - So.rsurenrrxrrr{ .rro 900/o eBpeeByqacrBoBarn
n 6o;rr,ruesrrcrcF(oMsoacrauirr. IIrr orBtruJrrr eMy, rrro y Hac He
6rr.no eapees 6onlueslrnoB rr rrro Ao noc,n:b4HnroBpeMenrrMblr(rrJrrt
e uupt c HpecrbflHaMrr. Torga oH HaM HaloMrrr4Jr,uro Tpoqnifi
tr ltauenea, (c.rraBHbrepynoBoArlTerur 6olrureBtrrnoB)),- eBpeLI, a
agtcr, n [tieat, n'bxr:o Jlanngyc, erperl t8 n6r, clrgtn Ha ero,
HoMr.rccapa,crynt.
3artu oH BB.rr.Tr
raaery n upoqeil HaM c[r4con
1) Hiencxrru ry6epucxlru HoMr{ccapoMB ro BpeMfl cocronil A. CanraxoecHiii, nngutrii 1'l;Rtenr, naptilr c.-{r. Cy. saure npuut.r. n I-oft .racru,
r;r. VL o lletrnutlorilrx co6r,rrisx.
TI. q.

282

eBpeeB-6oJrblreBr{KoB. Kor4a oH HeMHoro ycnoxor{Jrc.ff, Mbr paacnaBaJrrrervryo6 yrrtacHoM norpon:b, o rou r{an rpa6lr.ru, xaH crp6JrffJrr{B nrogeft, o roM, vro y6urlr crap!{Ha-eBpes 65 utr r{ paHr{Jrrl
Tpor{x. Mu euy cnaaaJrr.r,uro crptnr,6a r uanageHiq uo HoqaM
[pogoJr]flarorcfl yrfie 2 utcnqa rr HeHoMy Hac Barqr{rrdrb, He r(
lroMy rraM o6patutrcn.
Ha.railr,Hr.rrialurnurlilr, npitxaeuraro K Harr
r.ra Boryc.nana oro6parb BrrnroBnr{ y rpa6rare.ireft,uocnibguie nporrraJrrr, rr oH eJre cnaccq. Itouuccap ors:brur HaM, qro crp'b.rnrcr
He roJrblro y Hac, Ho rr B }tient, qro noMoqb oH HaM nu.Ilbm He
Molfier, TaH Kafi BJracrlr na u:bcrt a:br, a ((r{Br{apMagft, - cK&3&Jr
oH, - fl Aarb BJracrI4He Mory, a raM, y Bac, uens srbrr). . . Ilocnrb
Harrrux HacroftquBbrx npocl6 oH Halr{carr rerrerpaMMy yta4uouy
noMr4ccapy, fioToparo oII rpocrrr rrpr.rHflrb u'bprr H upeHpauleuin
fiorpoMa. Hau-me os cnasaJr, qro oH coun:bnaetca, vro6rr vta4nHit
KoMr{ccap Mor rrau rroMoqb, Tan KaK er\ry He c Hrbnr Bo/lBopr{Tr,
rropflAon.
B eugy r4anorr(euHaroMbr rrpocr{M Bac, focno4r.ru Muuucrp,
flpr'rHr{rb mAprr x oxpaut saureii Err{BHrr.l{r,r exteAueBHoB orracHOCTtrr,
TaH HaH norp0Mrrlr'rHrr,coBeplueuuo orpa6uB Hac, co6npaIoTCfl Terrepl Hac y6url.
Nlorrceir N'hrcqHs.))
l{a apxrrnar{firruclepcrBa
rro eRp.Atfiau,
l 9 t 7 - 1 9 1 8r r .

283

V. Ilorpomrr 6oltruresscrctcux .racrefi


(9epurnoncHanry6.).
I.
Co6srri,gn Mruasf u Cypa.ncL.
. . . <<HorgarrepeA aansrielr lolrerg Cos.frcHas BJracrb orryga
sBaxyrrpoBaJracb, ocrasmiecs r ropo46 HpacHoapMeftqnr nrrraJrr,rcbycrpotrrb florpoM. OpraHuaoBaHHaRErr4reJrflMr{
caMooxpaua,
BoopylaeHHaff Br4HTOBnaMrr
rr nyJreMeTalrrlr,pa36fiila fiolpoMrr{uHon (Hpauroapmeftqer lr M:bcrHrrx xynuranon) r.r He Aorrycrr,rJra
[orpoMrrlrrnos 6brno y6r.rro u
Ao rrorpoMa; rrprr aroM utcxotrno
paHeHo, a ocTaJrbHbrepae6fma;urcr,. H;bxoroprre r{B Hrlx cnp6rJrrrcb B cocBgnlrx AepeBHflx, 4pyrie npr,lcoeArrHrrJrrrcb
r{ oTcTynaBrurrM orpflAarvrltpacnofi apuilr, paBHocrr floBcrcAy 6acuu o ((rnr4Aax,
paacrpftrnnnlrx Kpacryrc apnnirc s foMer6>>. Oru c;ryxu [rrraJr]r
r.r 6ea roro crrJrbHbrflaHTrrceMrrrcriis qyBcrBa, nnrrr,rgaetl]iffcfl To
raM, ro a4fcr n eepeficnie rorpolrEr.
B ropo46 Mrlunf
(9epur.rroncnoii ry6.) a cos:brcnrrx HIryrax anrrreBpeitcHoe nacrpoenie HacroJrbno ycrrJrr{Jrocb,qro oAltn
rrs sJreHoB Costra -- enpefi A. -- nucrylrrJr B clruarort c rprrBbrBoMBarrr,rcbrBarbcnn F(pacuyn aplrirc, na6br peaduJrrrrrrpoBarb
ce6.a or o6slruesis B HoHrp-peBonnqiouuocrr{ rr ctracrr[ eepeiicHoe
nacelenie or rrorpoMa, Borrpoc o KoropoM, nan BBrpaar4Jrcfl
oparop,
,qrme rrocraBJreHHa oqepeAu s CoBArtD. . . ltor4a .lepea nAnoropoe BpeMq s Mrnuul[ paBbrrpaJrrrcb npoBaBbra co6rmiR, Huqero
o6ularo c eBperrMr,rne uMtsurifl tr{ B r{oropbrx eBpeu He rrprrsr{MaJrr{[oqTrr HrrHaHoro yvacria, Aarr{e HaH or4lFnrHrrr nraua (y6iftcrBo rrpeActgarenr Cogtra Illunanoscnaro Ha ytagnom c'fa4:b
fipecrbfiHcnrrx AerryraroB, Ha r{oropoM He 6brfio, nrbpoarHo, nr.r
oAHoro eBperr), ro HapareJrbHafl aHcrreguqin, npprcJraHHaffrura-

284

6ou co cr. Vueua, flontccnrax ?fieJr.Aopor, n cocran:b Tpex orprrloB (Bpancnaro, Mocxoacnaro r.r rperbrrro, HaBBaHix Horoparo
Mr,r He BrraeM),yqnur,ura r ropogf, rroA rrpeAJroroMHaxaaanis suHoBHbrx, enpeiicxift trorpoM; y6nro 6nno 15 eBpeeB, MHoro eBpeeB
raa6rarou paHeHo, paBrpoMJreuo6onr,uroe qucfio enpeftcHux nnaprrrp. Ha gpyroft 4eur uocn:b norpoMa ropoA AoJrlrien 6rrr nnurarr{rb oqeHb 6onrnyrc Hourpn6yqiro.
Orgf.nruun no4po6uocrrr napareJrbuoii axcneglrqilr Ha[oMr{rraror caMbrerfl?HeJrbrerorpoMbr 1905 roga. B gou utcmux
6oraqefi v o6rqecreennnx gtarenefi Htmscxux,
rAB rraxoglrJrocb
ntcnolrlno
AecflTnoB .renos'bft eBpeeB rr pyccnrrx, BoruJrr.rKpac- ocrasaficff)).
norrapgeiiqrr c npunou <pyccxie .- BrJxoAr4,?nr4gbr
BbrrrycrrrJrr4ncrbx uaxogr{Bmrrxcfl u gouf pycoxr,rx (uext4y uuun
ycu6m sblfttu ra 2 eapeftHn), a ocrarlrrdxcrr ceMb qeroBfx aaptBaJrr{. B ux sucat - grbnovxa 2-x rrhr, r.nyxoxtuan
?rieunlr{Ha
ltorga fipacHoapMeftrlu xonvraJrrr cBoe KpoBaBoe gfto n
u [p.
yxogr{Jrr.r rra Aor\ra HtrlrHcHrrx, rroAorueJrHaqarr,Hux ogHoro r{B
orpsloB ltpacnoft apuiu, HpecrbflIrr'rn 3opnu.
Ha nonpoc, uro
sn eg:lcr gi[naau, - ou [oilyqr'rr or xpacnoapuefiqen orn:br:
((lKHAoBp'baanlr>. Soplrn, BoauyrrrBrur{cb, Ha u6crf y6lr.il gnyx
HpacHoapMefirleB, Ho rprrHyrfiner{ 6ur 66rrarb rr cnpbrrbcfl or
coJrAaT cBoero-me orpflAa, He rrpocrrrBuaro cBoeMy HaqafibHuny
sacTytrHrrrrecrBaBa eBpeeB. . ,
Co6uris, paabrrpaBui.scs s cocfgrielr ropo4t Cypaxt6, rAt,
K cqacrbro, qt.no orpanuq[rocb Jrr{rrrb Marepiarlnmu yqep6oM,
6r,rmr eqe 6onte [onaBareJlbHbr [JLff Toro arrrrrceMr'rrcnaro Hacrpoeuia, HoropbrM npoHrrnHyra ltpacuaa apuin.
Eqe npu cJ:rrlecrBoBirsirrcon:brcnofr nnacru n Cypam6, KaK r{
B Apyrux ropo4ax Hpafi, rro uocrar{oBJreniroropo4cHofi gyuu n c
paaptnrenia Contra 6r,rna opraru4aoBaHaropoAcriarr caMooxpana.
flplr anaHyarlin Cortra 6rmo uM ocraBJreuo Anfl caMooxpaHr{
Bnaqure.fibuoe fioiluqecrBo BrrHToBoHIr IrvneMer. Ho yme vepeo
urbcnoru,Ho gueft cpeglr HpacnoapMefiqen, uaxoAr{Btrrr4xc.EHa cr.
Vueva, Haqailocb crrJrbnoe oano6renie ilporrlB CypamcHoii canroB ycr,rJrerruo pacupocrpaHflBrrrrrxcfi nporoxaqionnux
oxpaubr.
cJryxax, ilocJryrrtr,rBrlrnx [purrr{Eoii ganrufiirulrx
co6nrrifi, nuuero
uporr'rBoeBpeficHaro He 6H.lro- sce noauyqeHie HalpaBJrsJrocb
rlporrrB oQuqepoe, og6nmux sHo-6rr rroroutrr, u uoutulranon. Ho

286

HOrAa HaCTpOeHreAocTlrJro Bbrcruaro Ha[pn]neHirr, II II01[3A a


cocraBt 20 saroHos Hpacnoapmefiqen (<<Ilepnaro rroJrna rrrMeHR
Jleurana>) upu6n.n n Cypax AJr.n HafiaBania nonrp-penonroqioHepoB, nca auepria lrx 6rr.na HanpaBJreHart paapyueniro erpeftcxr.rx AoMoB rr KBaprr4p, r,r Jrtrrrrrb 6narogapr My?fiecrBy qfieHa
rioulrccira uo oxpanf ropoAa, roe. B., go nocttgneft uuHyrrr, uecMorpfl Ha yrpoBbr pascrptua, Be4rrraro neperoBopbr c HaqafibHr.rnoMrura6a rro Me]nAyropogneMy rene{ony, rrorpoM o6ouretcs
6es qerostqecr{rlx ?fieprB.
. . . H neuepy rorpoM y[airocb rpexparr4rb, r.r ropoA org*;rancn
gepea genu-gpyroft
rurur 6onsrur{Mr.ruarepianrHr,ruu y6urHaull.
npn6u.n raa r. Mrnuna cneqianrnrrfi xonnuii orpag ltpauroft aplriu, uog HarraJrbcrBoMJlo6anosa, co cnerliaauroii q'btrrc nog4epmanin roprrAna n ropog6. Jlo6anos co6pan na yauq6 y 6aaapa
utqro n po46 yfluqHaro Mrrtunra, o6parlracn H naceneniro c ycloHOratenrnoft pfvrro rr HeofirrrAaHHoBar(oEqr4Jr
)rrpoBoro: ((eBpeH
B Apyrrrx utcrax ncrptvamt ntuqen xnt6ou coJrbro, ecJrrrro ,fie
camoe6yger lr n Cypamt, roD. . .
<<PaacstrD J\i 18, or 26-ro uas lg18r., M. Ioronrrq,
<Ha xpacnou ibou:b>.

II.
Ilorpolr s layxonf,
(paacxa;rnocrpa,faou,raro).

. . . <<flocnt uopamenin Kiescxofi l{eurpanrHoft pagn u.pacnpocrpaHeHis uo vHparant 60nrurenlrcrcHofi snacTlr ruyxorcKie
6onrruesr.rHraTa*?r{e BaxBarrr"'rr.r
BJracrb. Xoasr,rnou n ropogt crarr
Cos'6r pa6o.u,rx, ripecrbflHcnr{x r{ co.irAarcHrrxAenyraroB, so rrant
c ltoMrrccapaMr{, rra Horopbrx oqun, Bnacon, 6un AepeBeHcHrrM
riyJrafiom; Apyroft, fllrnr.renHo, - uetortH
c yroJroBubrM upo_
ur.rrbrM:6rrn ocylr(Aeu, Han Sa.nrrunBoMouerqux. . .
OrHoureHiq Mer(Ay ynpar4rrr_IaMrr
rr eBpeflMrr Bce npeua 6rrln
xoporuia . . .
18-ro $enpann (cr. cr.) n Inyxon:b yauanr,r, qro B ropo[ BoBBparqaerc.rrc SpoHra Earypnncxiit uonx, Horoprilt croflJr raM errle
go nofinr,r. flolx 6un ynpalrHlraupoBaH u crorrJr ua cropont l-[en286

TpaJrbHori PaAr,r, Horopafl [prrriaaaJra oqncrurb hvxoe


or 6onrrrreBr{fion. Sroro 6rr.ro coBeprueHHoAocraroquo IJIfl Toro, qro6u
6olrruresucrcxifi Cogtr co cBorrMrr noMr{ccapaMrr vr l(pauroft
BarypltrcHifi norx, ncero
rnapgiefi cnfunro ocraBr4Jrrrropo4.
.reilos:bx 300, BorneJr B ropoA.
Buacrr' clroEa reperuJra K
yxpar{HcnoMy IeH. CeHpetapiary.
. . . Ho oro rrpoAoJl?ftarrocbHeAoJIro. Vme uepea 4 gna, 21--ro
tfenpann, pac[pocrpanr{Jrctr cryx, tlro ua fnyxoe orrsrl ,rAyr
6orrurenunu - PocrasJrbcr{afl [aprrraancnafl qacrb Kpacroft apuiu-u
c Hr{Mr{Mrroro HpecrbfiH r4Bofipecrnbrx gepeBegb, Koropbre
erqe rr paubrxe 6n.rlr xoporuo Boopy?fieubrIr cHJIoHHrrn 6onrureBrrBMy. B ropo46 BcrpeBo?fir{Jrrrcb;BbrcJranupaaatgHy u noo6ule
craJrr{ roroBr,rrbcn H nofin:b, Hanr4uft rro cBoeMy: eBper,r[oceJrr{Jrrrcb
B noABaJrax.
19-ro rpenpaJrfl,yrpoM, Ba ropo4oM, rIeAaJIeKoor BoHBaJra,HaqaJrcfl sacrosrqift 6oii uextgy rnyxoncnoft uunnqieft u EaryplrucHrrM noJrr(oM,c oAHoii cropoHbr, r'r 6o.[r'ureeilcrcKr{MrrcoJl[araMrrnaprrraauaMrr n HpecrbflHaMlr-c gpyrofi. V nocn'bgnlrx 6unu
Bo}tnyJreuerbr rr Aa?fie [yurnr{, noropbrMu orur 6oru6apArrpoBaJrl,I
BaJr rr ropoA. Bnomlb rroHfITHo, rITo rlporrlB TafiI{x cI{JI aaulr{THlrHu InyxoBa He[oJrro Mor.rrrryAep]fiarbcfl, n roMy-xre coJrAarbl
EarypuHcnaro rroJrxae cpeglrut 6on no6poca.rrrropy;Nie rr [eperrlJrl{
Ha cropouy 6onr,urennnoB,BaflBrrBnprr aroM, trro rfiyxoBcnie enpeu
rrx noAnyrrrrmr, uro6n ourr BoeBaJrr{[porrrB 6onrruesuxos. Oipetr{epbr rroJrxa ocraJrrrcb B p.flAax uunuqiu ra eM'bcrb c uocntgneft
gnepruqno Barrlr4u{aJrr,r
ropog. Ho nyuHa nrcgerl ncnop'b 6una paac;bRHa, n 6orn,uresrrnrr Baurr"TruropoA, HaA HoropbrM errle npoAoJrlKa.rrrpaBphrBarbcff cHapflAbr.
IIo ropo4y paacbrrraJrucbBoopylr{euubre rraprrraaubr rr KpecrbrrHe, cpeArr Horopbrx 6unu eopu, tfieurlr.rnbl r.r 4rbrn; Epecrbfirre
npiAxanlr c rtycrbrMrr rroABoAaMrr. Orgtnruun rpylrnbr cranlr o6xoAnTb AoMa rr cflpalul{BaJrr'r:
- 116 agtcr ?finByr mngn?
. . . Boii4n B noM u He uaftg.fl raM Hrrxoro, oHn rrycnaJrl,Icb
no rrepAanaM, rroABaJraM,capaflM n ApyrIrM cnpbrrblM lrtcrau,
liyAa eBper.rilonpflraJrrrcb. Bo ltrorux AoMax xpIIcriancHafl npl,rciryra yriaabrBa.rra. riyga clpflTaJrrrcb eBperr. Eau4nrrr 6r,rnlr
nbflHbI.

287

Hafigr e no4nant uJrr.rrruoM r,llbcrlb eBpeeB, oull npe4'RBJrsJrr{


r.ru rpe6onanie nu4arr opyx*ie, Koropoe y Hr,rx 6ygro lru:berr:a, r,r
TaK HaK opymin, paayutercn, ue 6r,110,ro trrx apecroBbrBaJrrrrr
BoArrJrrrn Costr.
Ho s Coefr rrx He rrpr{Bo4rrJrr4,a uo gopor*
rur6o paacrprbnrararra, nlrSo y6lrnaru.
Bo mnornx lrbcrax aro
grbnarocr coBctu npocro: BbrBoArrJurqt.irrrur ceMbfiMrr Bo
ABop,
craBr.rJrrr
B psA r paocrp'btr{BaJrrr...
ltorga ntxoropue eBperr, co cMepre.TrbHbrM
crpaxoM B rJraaax,
[brraJrr4cb yaHarb y rrbrrnr,rx 6au4raton, Ba qro y6uraror, B qeM
Btr{Ha,- coJr4arr,rHoporno orstqailu:
- Ham fiprrnaaauo nrrptaam nctx nrngon.
. . . OgHy ceMbro BbrBeJrrrBo ABop r{ AaJrr{no seft aatn. [aoe
cr,rnoeeft uanfi BaMeprBo, uarl 6nla parreHa, ocraurHr,re s6t_
?fiaJrrr B HBaprr{py r{ rronp.rrraJrrrcb. t{epea n:bcHoffiHo Mrruyr
Bomfia [pyrafl 6anga ra paacrpt,nrrJra ocraJrbnnx; npo6oBaJrr{rprr
arom mrbrr{
gtftcrnlrrenbHo-Jrr4 rt ynnepnlr lr crp.bnann nog
xpoBarb na cnyvafi, ecJrr.rryga rmo-Hlr6ygr cnpflraJrc.E. . . Con_
Aarbr xoArrJrrr ran?fie no ana6apau rr BTbrr{aJrrrrrrrbrHrr n c:bno, vto6nr ysuarr,, He crrpffran-Jrrr raM Hro-Hlr6ygs. Mnorie, gtftcrruTeJrbHo,[otrp.frraJrr{ct s ctHo r,I ofiaSaJlrrcbranrrM o6paaoru BaHoJIoTbrMrr. BoBuomao, qro B crorax ctsa Jre?fiHTMnoro lreprnux r6.u.

Org6;rrHufl

crlenbr rrorpoMa.

He scsxift nMlb"'rcsacrre 6urr, ydlrruu cpaay na nltcr*.


Bo
Mrlorr{x cflyqaffx rlaprr{BaHbl IrhrraJrr{ cBorr tt(eprBrr, paurlre .ilbu
lrx y6urr, lr raa4ibrarr,icbHaA Hr{Mr{. B o4nofi ceult cocroflTeJrbHaro, BrrgHaro eBpen coJrAarr,rnepe4 r:bu, HaH y6nu ero, rpe6onanu 6otr,ruyrc cvNrM)' Aeuef. lloc.:rA aroro raM BacraJrrr c.u64yroIr1yrc Kaprr.ruy: oAHa Aorrr,, g:bnyruHa,.rrelr{aJrac paa6urrru
qepefloM, 4nf nr,na4urr{x cro.sJrrr Ha Honrbnrlx c paclpocreprbrMr{
pynaMrr; nx, oqeBugno, y6ll.nlr, HorAa onf ymonn.nn paa6oiiuuxon
noAaplrrb rrM ?nr{BHr,;orerl Jrerr(aJr,6ynnanr,no lrap;baauuufi ua
Hycrirr, a Marb cugtra ua cry.rrf ilporr,rB BepxaJra,m B etr MeprBoM
pry ropsar qntron.. .
V ognoii Marepr{ Ha rJraBax y6unu rporrx eq cuHoseft I eft-xe
[aprr{BaHr,r coBepmenuo cnoHoiino o6'.ssrlrs:
-Te6q He rponeM; MbrK re66 aanrpa o66garr npr{AeM,roroBbcfi.

288

tr4 ouu cAeprfiaJrr{cJroBo: nrbcxonrxo 4neft nogpnA Marb Kop


uura o6t4arun y6iftq cBorrx rpex crruonef.r.
gueii roc.'rf pfauu coJrAarbr rrp{xo4nJrr{
9epea ntcnonlHo
goua,
:bcrr n
rgf ocrasuiecq B ,nrrBbrx yauaBaJrrr B Hnx y6iftq
cBorrx orrloB, marepeft, 6parren, cecrep n gfreii.
Con4aru ero
cfioHoftrro BbrcJryrur{BaJrrr
Lr upoAonrnann :bcrt.
. . . PassuHa (Berele der Row), floqrrr ceMrr4ecnrrlrnrbrnRro
cTaprrHa, fioTarrlrrJrr{Ha ropoAcr(yrc rrJroulaAb, KyAa uprrBeJrr{etrIe
urbcHomHux rutcrnr,rx eapeficHux o6Hearereft, Haxogr,rBrrrrrxcfiB
rropru6.
Ha u,noqagr{ paBBrdHarr Apyrrrx eBpeeB BbrcraBr{Jrr.rB
psA u paacrprbun.rru.
. . . HfiHoropnrn rt;ra uaft4euu c orpBaanubrMrr pynaMr{, HoraMrl rrJrlr Apyfrrurr qacr.ffMu rlbua, c Bblr(oJrorbrMrrrJrasaurr . . .
Paneuurre He MorJrr{[oiryqr.rrb MeAr{r{rrncnoiinonoqu, TaK fian
sbriirfi Ha yJrr.rqy HeJrbBfl6u;ro; TaM xBaraJrr{ eBpeeB lr paacrprbJIIrBaJrr{na mtcrt.
Ecrlr-me Horvry-rur6ygbrr yAaBaJrocb AoBecrlr
paHerrHa.ro Ao ropoAcnoit 6onrullrlbr, ro ryr-ir(e onoJro ero BalepffirrBaJrlr n y6lrnatr.r . . .
Ptans fiporrcxoArrJra rrcxJrrcqr4reJrbrrocpeAr{ eBpeeB. Itpouf
eBpeeB paacrp'bra.ru{ roJrb}ro o{lrqepon EaryplrncHaro [oJrria u
ynparrucnaro KoMrrccapa[poaga. Mnpuoe-me xprrcriancxoe Hacereuie ue uocrpaAairo. Hlrnro rra xprrcrian He xortr Bnycrsrb
H ce6t rr cnphrrb or y6ifiq nrr oAHoro eBpefl, 4a*te 6menaro BHaKoMaro. Bpeuenunii o6ulecrneuuufi panwrn, cnyntarqifi CoeguHerlHaro 6anna, cflpr{raJrcfl c xesofi rr AByMfl g.brlulr n uoutqenilr 6anHal ero coc"rryx(rrBerl-xpr{crianrrnBhrAaJ ero. Passnxa
lorarqrrJrrr <<nCostr) rr rro Aoport sario;ronu, ?r(eHyroNte y6r.r.rr.r1
grbrrr-me ocralrrcb r+irrBl,r. BooSqe y6lruann Mltorux Ha yJlr{qax,
Kor4a r.rx nerur 6y4ro lrox apecr, r,rJrrrKorAa nro-ulr6ygr, [brraJrcrr
6txarr
r{B ropoga.
Fiieno-tr{ocHoBcnar yJrrrqa, rgt naxogurca
Coetr, Bcfi BaJrr4raKpoBbro. B ropogcHoM caAy uaft4eno 40 rpyrroB.
Ha ognofi xe.rrtanogopoxruoft cranqilr noant fnyxona
BbrBeJrrrrra BaroHa B enpeen, r.rap:baanlrHa nycnr{ r.r ryr-}r{e, y rro"'IOTHa AOpOIII,

IOXOpOHIIIJIII.

B uflioropux
clyqafix yAaBaJrocb ornyu.rrbcff Ba Aenbrr{.
. . . Cpe4lr rrbx, xoropr,re rre MorJrrrAar6 Ba ce6n errHyu, ue gtnarur
Hrrnar{rrx paa;uruiit. TaH, y6nnlr stcnonrHux etspeeB- 6nnmxx
coJrfiar, rioropbre B Hacroflrrlym noitny noryqnrx
leoprin.
He
florpouu xa Vxpauut 1917-1918. 19

289

rqaArIJrl{ TaRtfie HII ?fielrnp{s, HI{ CTapI{HOB,HIr A;fTefi, XOTff lrapTugarrbr roBopr{Jrrr, rrTo oHn uqyT MoJroE}D( Jrronefi.
Ptauq AJrr,rnacbBecb AeHb 22-ro t[espaJr.Err Bcro Hoqb Ha 23-re.
Ilorom Jrr{rrrbrro ropony pacrJreuJru sosasanie or Costra:
<I(pacnornap[efiqbr, AoBoJrrHo nponu l>.
Maccosafi prbena rrpexparr,rJ]acE,,tr HaqaJrc.fl florpou, AJrr{Bmifics 2 gna rro4pffA. Orpa6r.rmr Ao qucra ncrb eapeficHia Hnaprupbr rr JraBKrr. B norpourB upuuraruarrE yvamie r{ caMrr 6onrrresucrcxie Houuccapn. ItpecrraHe rrarpyBr4Jrr,rcBorr rroABogrr enpeftcnr.rMr{roBapaMr{ lr enpeficxrau go6pou I{ orBeBJrI{x ce6rbB AepeBHrr.
Itporvrf Toro, Kpecmane o6o6parlr sclb rpynbr, cHflJrtr c Hrrx Bce,
sro uMtno qrbnsocrr, u roJrhrfi MeptBbrfl rt.na 6pocuJrrr rla enpeft[pI4BBaJrrr cJryffiaqrrx uorpe6aurcnoM r{JraA6raqf.
B Cosfr
Ha noxoponax
naro 6parcrBa r,r [punaaaJrrl rroxoponr4Tby6urux.
ne 6nr.no Hr{ o4uoro MyrnqllHbr I{B ocraBrur{xcfl B ,rtr{Bbrx, Tan Raa
Tomno ,fieHtrIr4ubr rlputrrru Ha
ua ynuqf eqe paacrprbnunauu.
nnag6uqe H norpe6enirc.
Bcero roxopourrJrrr upra6auauremno
140 .renostft, Ho HaAo floJrararb, qro He rcrB rpynn naftgeuul).
roro uarrbcrHo, qro B oapecrrrbrx gepeBnffx anrp'baanra
Itpouf
nc*x enpeeB, Ho He xor*mr Br'rl{arb rrx rpyrril. Eepeen, ibxasmux
Ba rpyrraMlr, paacrprbruBaru.
. . . Ilocnlb p*anlr Ha ropog HaJrolnrrrrr{noHrpu6yuiro a 300.000
py6nefi, HecMorpfl Ha ro, '{ro nocnt rorpoMa rcrF o6auqanu.
Ilepe4 flacxoft xoMr{ccap flunrqenno uorpe6orar, vro6rr eBpen
BHecJrr{euy 10.000 py6neft, r{Haqe roBropr4rcrr ptaHx.
,{eurru
6ttnr ngecenr,r.
Bo BpeMfl prbenn 6nrna noBpeffiAerra cr{Harora, paBoApaHEr
cBl4Trtrl Toprr ra HHr4rIr,
Co npeueura p;[ann yffie rrporxJro.T ue4tm, a ]nrrBnb eBpeeB
Iopog HaH 6ygro BbrMep. HnHoro
Bce en1e Brrcrrr Ha sorocxt.
..
.
Bce
He Bbrnycnaror.
erpeftcroe uacenenie vyncrryer ce6n
fipr4roBopenrrbrM]r cMeprrr; ouo o4r.ruoHo, 6eBuouorrlHo ra orp;bBaHo or Apyrr4x enpeflcxlrx o6ulru.
... B eaxuro.reniu-oAr4H lranenrnift rrrrpr,rx.
t) IIuSpa y6nrrrx ag;bcr n:bcronrno npeyBernqeua; cM. B uepBofr
.racrrl rr. VII.

290

llapruaau, traBrur{xg 6o10 c uuauqieft, ropxiecrBeuuo troxopoxrrnu n qenrpt ropoAa r{ rra Morunax BoApyorrJrnrpacnoe
BHaMfi C EAAnr{CbK):

<,{a agpasmnyer llnrepnaqionanl>.


<<IJnser Togblat>
anprbtn l9l8 r.

(tletporpag) ${! 48, or 19-ro

m.
Ifog crpaxou uorpoua,,
<flrcruo>.
<flncruo Harucauo 1"0-ro (23-ro) anptan 1918 r. n gepenn'b
Inunnas ratcrnnru eBpeeM,.lroropuft Bo BpeMfi uacconoft eepeftcxoft ptaur4, ycrpoeHnoft s Inyxoat
no6t4onocnrrmra 6onrureBrlcrcr{r{Mrr [aprr4aarraMu, emrbcrrb co cBor{Mr4poAlrbrMr{ 6tffian ua
Inyxona s 6numaftruee M;bcre.rHoAnryxon.
B ror MoMeHr, o noropoM uger p6vr nnasan'F rrcbMa, Inyxon u 6rurmaftnree K rreMy
Mtcre.rxo Cepeqraua Byga (enpeff ero HaobrBalor <[ra Boftp),
pacrroJroffierruoey cr. Oaepono, Bansrbr n:blrqalru.
Btrtaemie
r.ra f,ryxona ryAa BepHyrbcff He hroryr, r{ oHrr crpaHcrByror, toHr{xbre ymacoM r,r ropeM.
Bor ato rrr{cbMo.

<,{oporoii 6par III.-[., [oporafl eecrpa P.


. . . Iloc;rt uepe,fir,rrbrxHalrrr [recrr.r gueft Mbr cero4Hfl Blepane paa46nyrcb vt flpoJre]ftaJrr.r
Bcro Hoqb, Ir xorff He crlaJr]r, Ho
npoBeJrr{ropaaAo cuoHofinrbe,urbu npe4ulyutis rrorm, TaK HaK
agtcr yrfie He cJrrrmHocrptnr6n. lI sor renepr, xor[a Ha Ayurt
HeMHorocnonoftn:be,fl xoqy onrrcarb sar{ 6on'be unr,r uen:be noc HaMrraa nocnrbgniegnra.
npo6no Bce rpor4crrreArxee
B upcur,ryro cpe[y, 4-ro1), fl norrreJrHa Bor{BaJr.B Anryxor
npu6nrr arneJroufipacnofBapgeftqeelra r:bx, .rro 66maan lra lryxoBa npr{ nacryuneuira ntuqen. Ftor4a uota4 ocrauoBr{Jrcg,r{g
r) 4-ro anptna cr. cr.
l9*

29t

BarorroB BbrrrrJrr{Bc'L paa6oflrrrr{nr4. Xor:r ra uopa 6uno trprBbrxrryrb K HtrrM,-oHtr{ n;bgr reuepb noBcroAy, fiy4a Hrr troBepHembc_n,
- Bce-Ere npu nngrb rrx y MeHfl eKHyJro cep4rle . . . C orum
notagou npo'Lxal lra Eygrrl) HyBeHflnona. fl crosn c Hr{M r4 paaroBapr{BaJrI ou mHt trepegaJr,uro l;ryxoe yrfie BaHfiT. B aro npeua
H HaM [oAoIIreJI o[rru rr8 paa6ofinunoB c rrbflHbrMrrrra BbIHaTrJragaMr{, noropblx n rrctryTaJrcnpanbrue, .{ibM ror cran paBcrrpamllBarb rrac: Kro Mbr. B ry nalrnyry s rre 6nrr s cocroqsiu ornfrlrrr,
rro KyBeH flxoe 6brJr yrfpeunte
s ce6f - oH, r:bgr, uocur conqro
n ors:[ruJr,
mn nir:bcrnrre. Torga ror cra,rr
Aarcryro Sop*y
roBopr4rb: <<Vro g'Fnarr c BamRM 6paronr?> B l.tyxont
eBpen
6y4ro crptnnnlr B rrr{x }r BT-rAanrrux nfuqalt, r{ Ba aro, MoJr,Mrrorrrx
rra Hrrx paecrp'brarm, -& BrrnoBarhrnc* enpeu . . . Paa6ofiHr4nBorueJrB aganie BoHBaJra,orAaJr naHis-ro paclopfl'r(euin, lr ceftsac-rHe
Haqaracb crprbur6a r{ rraHrrxa. E'bxarr 6ruro uoaguo, r( ToMy }fie
a ne 6rrlr s cocrorrHiu rporryrbcr{ c utcra. Ho Hyaeu flxosa troBeJr
uenr (cuana Boryl) na crauqilo. Ho lr rau 6rrno necuonoftHo;
a Bantrul, sro utHoropbre xpncriane cnpnraJrrlcb n renerpar!nofi nonroprb, x roxe BameJrryga. OArru ua re.nerpa{ncron o6parrrJrcfi no uu'b c BotrpocoM: <<9ero re6t a46cr rra4o?l> Yro nnu.b
6rruo euy orn;frr,rrr? . . . On silua.tr MeHfl, rr rorAa ro.rrbno fl
noqyBcrBoBaJr, qro a - enpeft.
. . . BevepoM paclpocrpanrrJrcfi cJryx, qro na cranqiu 6yger
6ofi,raH KaK raM ocraHoBr{Jrrrcbrprr atuenoHa Aeaeprr{poBc (pponra,
a ua Epnucna upi'baxraror rraprriaanu, vro6br r{afiaaarb AeBeprr{poB. Ognorpenrenuo Mbr ycJrhrruanr{ <<rpiaruyro> sfmr o rom,
uro n Eyg;L yme 6ur uacronqift rorpoM, qro rau raa6unu n orpa6llnn lruorux eBpeeB, Ho Koro * neuanlEcrrro . . .
. . . B sersepr )"rporr ri r{aM upu6tman auaHourrii (xplrcriannn)
tr{ cHaBaJr,sro6br HrrKToHa Bor{BaJrHe xoAr{Jr,TaH RaK TaM cnpaurr4Baror, urbr uu sgtcr, eBpeeB. Mu Bct BaMepJrrr,roJrbno flnoa eqe
xpa6plrrcn. Ho Ecrep (xteaa flnona) craJra HeyBHaBaeMa,rr Mbr orBeJrrree c gfrruu K HpecrE,flr{rruy. 9epea qac HaM coo6qr.rtlr, vro
na cranqilr crprblaror, lr uu pfurrrJrn trpfiTarbcrr. Mu cua,nu y
HpecrbflHr{Ha HBaprrrpy Arfl HoqJrera.
Bevepolr nnbrraftHom, oropogaurr orrrpaBlrJrrrcbHa Haruy KBapr) Burueyno*rfiEyroe utcrevno, Horopoe mbuqn BaHffnE
uocnt ltyxoaa,

292

Trlpy, Ho troKa Mbr rrpr{lrrJrr.r,


TaM y?fie paB4yMaJrr,r
rr He xorlbJrrr Hac
Btrycrr.rrb Ha HorrJler, 6oscl, aa ce6s. Tor4a Mr,r ornpaBrrJrr4cb
rrcxarb Hoqfiera B npyroM nntcr6. Mnr nornnn fipflMo a rr[c, ororuJrrt
u*cxomHo Bepcr or AepeBHr{, rroAoruJrrr H ognoft cropontxt lr
[pocrlJru cTopoE(a BaflTb c Hac cr{oJlbHo xoqeT, Ho lrycTr4Tb Ha
Hoqiler. On orBtrun, qro Hr,r ea HaHis [eHbrII He Blycrr,rr, TaH
HaH K HeMy yffie rprrxogr,rJrrrclpamrrrarr, nrbr-lr4 y Hero eBpeeB. . .
HraHaHis uonr6nr He noMorJrr.r,trr Mbr ornpaBr{Jrrrcr o6paruo n gepeBHro. 3crep, [paBAa, xorfna ocrarbc.ff HoqeBarb r ntcy, Ho oro
ntgr 6uno rarixre ne 6eaonacHo. Tor4a flnon noureJrr{cnarb Apyfyro HBapTrrPy, a Mbr ocTaJrrrcblfiAarb, rrona orr BeprreTcfl. os
cHaBaJrrraM, qro MbrAoJr?nur,r
[epe?r{Aarr,n ntcy, rroxa xoporueubxo
ne creltrter, u rorAa Mr,rorrrpaBlaMcflrra nonrrft HoqJIer. On uans.n
ranlne rpex Hpecrb-EHBa qerbrpecra py6lefi, vrobrr orrr{Hac creperJrrr,
rrona Mrrner 66ga.
Bnr uorxere ce6f [peAcraBr,rr6 Harue Hacrpoeuie !
Hor4a corctlr creuu:b.no, \ibr orlpaBrrJrrrcb Ha HBaprr4py. Ia,
s cosctM aa6brn ynoMfiHyrb, qro KorAa Mbr rrrJrrrr4cxarb HoqJrera,
Ba HaMrr n gepennt 6tnraulr sclb, ot MaJra Ao BeJrrrfia,ynaahrBaJrr{
Ha Hac naJrbl{ailrrrlr cuorptnlr, HaH Ha anApeft. lonopumr: <<}Itlrgrr
npflqyrc.fl)). O, naH ropbno u 6onruo cJrbrrnarb aro ,r Moilqarb.
3a sro?. . .
Ho nor, cJaBa Bory, mr,rHa uoeol:i Hnaprlrpfi. OAna uatesr,ria.E FioMHarria, xorfl Ir qrrcra-fl, Ho xoJrogHa.fl, cosctM 6ea
resrr. Itpyrou rrKoHLr. Mn - ycraJrrfie, paa6nrnre, qtnrrft geur
6ea nuqrr. O6tg goMa ocraJrcfl B rreqr.r,rr Mbr B .reM 6rrnrr 6:brxarr,r,
ocraBrrB liBaprrlpy Ha nporraBon c-vgr,6n. llu nct paacf.nncr n
teunort, Tali Hari 6o-qrucr, Barteqb oronb. [trefi,
noropbrx [prrcfiJlra oqenb ;nro6raJra,
ona aa6pa.lraK cBorrMpo4rrreJrrrM;npflTarbcfl
c Hr.rMr{sMtcrb Bce paBHo 6nrto nenoaMo?r{Ho:4trl,r, r,r K ToMy
lue6aronaunns.
. . . Ho 0To erqe Hr.rsero. Mu upnurnu fi BanJrroqenin, vro ocraBarFrcflnc6u na ognofi nnaprupf neqtuecoo6paauo. Cone.rHa c
I(peiiuoft yrtrJrr{ [ooroMy na KBaprr{py, 146 norirtrqaerca noHropa
fxoea, a MbrocraJrlltcr,sgtcr. Cnnrruno 6uno ronrHo, KaH ro ynuqt
npoxoAr{r [bflrrbre coJrAarbr14roBopflT, vro 6y4yr rpa6rarr w y6n'IaH
Barb, rr, xpout ororo, u4er crpttrba,
urr npocragtJrrr B Mynax
go 5-rn qacoB AH.fl. .flxony nagotno cn4trr, Ha ogrrom ulbcrf r,r

293

oH nomeJr Ea [orrry yagaBarb HoBocrrl. Ilpucnyra sa.Ilbu-ro BaITIJIa


4ouoft r.r B4pyr ycrrbrmaJla cryn B ABepb. Ilog66mau R onny rI
yBrrnfl, vro uog':bxaJrrr BepxoM coJrgarbl, ona npn6rbrfiaJla K Eax
r,r co cJreBaMr{craJra yMoJrflrb, sro6bl urr cHopfe y66ntarur KylaHu6ygr, TaK HaH uac, uaatpuoe, rrpl{mJrrr rrcnarb. Brr uomere
ce6'b upegcraBrrrb, fiaK Mbr ce6a vyrcteoBaJll{ B ry MI{Hyry. Coss
ra }tpefura rolrte 6rulr ror4a c HaMrr. Mrr ymacno pacrepfiJlrrcr
9ro g:brarr? Ityga 6:barau? It rorrry eqe fnoBa ne 6rrno. Ilofirr
rlcnarb ero 6rrao onacHo, TaR HaH Mo?rtHo 6ruo natHnyrbcfi rra
paa6oftnnHor I 66ntarr ectM slvltcrt nrrr rome 6oRnucr, a paatryubrBarb AoJrro HeJrbBs 6rrro. Torga Cous a Hpeftna y66manra s nlbc
B o[Hy cropoHy, a s c Plrsoft r.r 9crep, co6paaurlrcl c nocn:bgnlrur
ctrJraMr{,y66manu B Apyryro cropony ntca.
Tenepr [peAcraBbre ce6'b cnrbgyrorqyn Kaprr{Hy: urr 6trxrau,
a sa HaMu 66rxlrr [prrcJryra rr cJreBHo npoclrr, .rro6br Screp
sa6pana y Heff cBol/tx gtron, Tafi fiaH oHa 6ourcs Aep?fiarb I{x y
ce6R, ua nee o6r{aareJlbuo Aonecyr, qro oHa flpflqer y ce6a enpeficrrax gtrefi, r{ TorAa, noltu.nyft Bor, y6rrcr lr gttefi a BcIo efl ceMbro.
Ho e arn crparuHbr.sMrrHyrbr Screp ne MoFJraI4 He xor:bJla AyMarb
Hafi MornHo c ra]orMr{ 46rruu 6'Fr'*ars, coo6enuo,
o [:brsx, KorAa He Buaerub, xyga 6rbrnraur. Ilpegcranlrnere Jrrr sbr ce6t, qro
Mbr rorga [epe]Hr{BaJm! Ilpucnyra 66mana Ba I{aurr It Bce yMoJrflJIa;
Br.rAfl,qro Ha efl monr6rr ue o6parqaror gHvMauig, oua aaflBr{Jra,
qro Bce paBHo oHa rrx ue 6y4er Aep'fiarb y ce6n a gorurb14BblroHrrr.
Puna rorne craJra npoclrrr (Oc'rep), uro6u oHa BBflJra c co6orc
4;Frefi, Ho ra He xorlbna u ptmrana 66marr oAHa, ocraBraug'brefi
Ha Mr{Jrocrb Bontrrc,
Btxurrvl erpoem, ac:b
I4 uu y6'bxta,nu, KyAa rJraBa rJrfl[flr.
rlyTb
rJrFAfi
yMa
Ha MeprBerrHoc
He
cxo*(y,
a
.fi
EanJraKaHHbre,
6,n*gnoe, xaMyqeHHoennqo Octep. Itax eft 4ormno 6rrtr rsxteno
Ha Horo oHa Irx ocraBfiJla!... InG
6 r b x a r r o r c B o r r xg t t e f t . . .
flHon, Hrrnro He guaer, u Bor Bnaer, qro c HI{M. Bcuouunas, nax
s. ce6s.qyBcrBoBar rorAa, .ff Haquualo 6ostrc.n Ba caMaro ce6s . . .
. . . Asa
Mu o6o BceM Ba6blilrr I{ roJlbno 6txanu, 6tmatn.
qaca 5'brxairtr, vr Bce BpeMtr cJrblrrlHa 6rrna crp:bnr6a. Tax ran
rraM rrpr{ruJrocb r4[rrr no Bo4:b, fi rpoMoqun ce66 norlr. Itorga
Mrr srr6urucb uB eurlr,0crep c Pusoft cr[ru] n gatrJlaftaJrl{, a ff craJl
((MlrHXe),ropbno OlJraKnBag Harlre noJlomenie.
MOTUTbCE

294

Bce eu{e
... Teuepr fi rra BpeMfl trpepBy paBoKaBo ce66
g:brxx.
Ilpr,rcnyra HaIrrJIa ero x
r{ pascxamy o feoa'b ra
B rryrr{
cxaaaJra, qro Mbr y6tmanu, rorga oH rIo[reJI rra ftBaprr,Ipy, u trpuGlryra rprrBeJra eMy gtreft. Bc;b xpectrnHe nJIaKaJI[, uoroMy qro
onu 6rruu yrrbpenn, trro Mr,r aa6nygnuca. Torga oHLr Bcab (fnon
o gtrrura, flprrcJryra r,rKpecrbflHe) uouun s nlbc ucnarb Hac. ,{ttHu
Bcro Aopory rrJrafiaJrr{u fipuqaflfi: <<lg'b narua uaua?> Ogun Eor
MOr ycnbrrrraTb r{x flJraq, I]r on, su[Ho, ycJrbrruaJl. 20 .racoe uatr
Bce apentn oHn KputlaJrlr Ir ncnaJlrr rrac.
rre Br4AaJracBolrx gtreft.
Ho n noucHax Ba HaMr{ oHrr ycraJrrr r{, He HafiAfl Hac, BepuyJlncb
obparno . . .
A Mrr sce rrrJrr{,grrqero ne rbgan; aro 6u.no B rrflTurrlly Berrepou,
nor4a yxre uopa 6n;ro roroBr{rbcfl r cy66orf. Bgpyr un ynuglbnu
gon6r. Mnr o6pa4oBaJrlrcb rr craJrl,r npra6,truntarbcfi, rro, uo4oftAs
cosclblr 6nlrano, yrugrbun uepeg co6oft ptxy, Koropyrc HeJrbBfi
6u.no nepeitrr,r. f 6uro prburur, qro6rr Mbr cHffJrIdo6ym rr trycrlrJurcb B 6pog, uo agtcr Bor yr{aaaJr Ha}I [opory: urr ynugtuu
r$ragxy r'r no neft [eperuJrrr. NIu aaru.lur a 6nrlxafiruifi 4onr. OHaHa [porrrBonorornnnrfi 6eper AnryxoBa . . .
aaJrocb,qro Mbr rrorraJrr4
Hau ygarocb yroBoprrrb xoBfleB (npecrrnu), qro6br oHI4 I{aM paap'burunlr [epeuorreBarb. . . . Mn ocraJrr{cb c AoMoxoB.flIrHoMr{
ero 6parou. Onu fiprrnsJrlr MeHfi oqer{b xoportro, qa.nu c4tnam
(crrrAyru))r'r npeAJioxrrrillr loyxtrrr{arb. Ho s 6ul rrpecblqeH rrepetnr{TbrMr{crpagaHiannu... Sgtcr MhI Torfie ne paagtaaJlr{cb; fi orlflTb
rrpoBeJr deaconnyrc Hoqb r4, yBr{Afl paacett, 6rarogapu.n Bora...
Ha nornyrr4 Hac lraruaJra xpucriancHar gtno.rxa I{ cnaaaJra,
.rto6m lrr,r BepHyJrrrcb,TaH xan paa':bsxtalor coJlAaru ra crp'bnaroc.
To me cnaBaJraHaM rr roAoureAmas 6a6a. fl cupocnu ee, Hafi il{e
oua pacxaxrrBaer raFi cao6ogno r.r ne 6orarca crprbnr6nr; oua orntru.na, qro (ac He rporaror, a r{ulyr roJrbno Baruero 6pata>. Mu
uon.flJrrr,rrro oHa yBHaira B Hao eBpeeB. Mrr nepnyulrcr, o6patllol
Horr,r orftaBbrBaJrl{cbABrrrarbctr, Ho g r}olueJr rr Aa}fie no6:bman.
Tpn gua 6ea cua, 6eB nrrullr, He MbrBIIrIrcs. . . LI MbI clroBa rrpllmJln
HasaA, Ha rperbro HBaprrrpy, rr Hax un:b urr 6ruo rflrr(eJlo, Ho fl
l1 ust craJro oqeHb
AoJr?fieu6rrn coanarbcff, rtro 6orocr urru.
o6ugno: Ba rrro navr raHis uyvenin? Sgtcr lr${Ber MHoro troJrflKoB,
rrorraAarorcfl r{HorAa lr n:buqnr, - Hr{r{oro He rporalor, rr roJrbro
eBpeeB Myqaror ra npec;rtgyror co rc;bx cropon . . ,

296

. . . B aocnpecerrbe rra yJrrrqax lpoxo4r{J]o Mnoro rrbrrur,rx. Mrr


nof cngAm.r AoMa r{, ycufn yffie npr4nbrr(rryrb x nanrefi roprnofi
yqacru, r{eMnoro yctronotrJrrrcb. Mr,r nagfnnrlcb roJrbxo na Bora
u MailrrJrrr,.rro6brcxopfft nprrrrrJrrru. (ntuqr,r), rr rorAa urr, c Bonrreft
noMolrlblo, o?trrrBeM,
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u flpr'rcyrcrsosasmie [pr{ oron rryxrrrnrr fipocJrear{Jrr,rcb.Hor4a
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297

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298

tr{ 4tftcmureJlblro: 6auAa, noryrlrrB ne6otturoe nognplbnnenie,


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299

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IIpu paaopymeuiu Apyfirrrnbr <<O6'eglrueusux>
6nn y6nr gpyrnr{Hrrr{r(,
ros. EBopoBrrq, ntnoropue roBaprrrqfi6rr,nu paneuu.
B ror-me genn 6rrura paBopymenlr Apyfirrrnhr<<Eynga>,
<floa.nefi-I{iou> ra<<Co
rosa eBpeeB-Bor{rroB)>.
Tpy4uo orr{carb crpax u yxrac, o6'geIrrift utcruoe sacenenie
noo6qe r4 eBpeeB B qacrnocrm: ecfi:,lr((Barrlrrrnrrnrr>6ypmyaain
ycrpauenbr,- c 6ypmyaaiefi uoxHo g;bnarr,, qro )ToEHo.
lI cra.ru rpa6urr, 6ypmyaairc.
. . . Dro r rrouqt r(oHr{oB BarrrJrorax AaJrefio,qro Costr
AoJr?fierr6rr.n npraauarr, qro paaopymeuie enpeficnraxApyrnrdn
6nro cnrbgcrnieunpononaqira,rr cuoBa 6rm uagan rpnnao o Boopyxenira nc6x gpyxtr4nrrrrr(oB)).
<d{aie Zait>, }.1! 58, ot 12-ro anprban 1918 r.,
KoppecnouAesqix ua Exareplrnocnasa: (BorbrueBtrcrcxoe BnagllqecrBo u rcrynneuie raftAaManoB
u nrblrleeD.

YI. trepiol nerra,Ea u ntue4cofi orrSnaqir


(uafi - geHa6pr t9t8 r.).

I.
lerruaxcrcie alrrrnzcrpa,Topbr

sa, utcrax.

t.
... <Kor[a flupeHropiaopraurrBoBaJra
Boacrauie
nporunrerMaHa, trr eapeftcxix coqianucrnvecHia naprill, curaraR floJrrrrr4ny
rertraHcfiaro trpaBr4TeJrrcrnarn6e,nrnoft 4ta rrrr4por${x Hapo[Hbrx
Macc, orHecJrr,rcbcoqyBcrBeElro K HoBoMy pecny6nraHaHcnoMyABrrxeniro, ro BoJrbrncnift ry6epncrift crapocra C. B. An4po, upurrracuB n ce6& npeaugiyn eapeficnoft o6nganrr, r nuqlb fI. A. Illnlrnr6epra, H. M. Ssexuuna (ne fiM6srrIux Hr4qeroo6ularo c coqianracurqecfir4r{u naprinura) u f. O. PoaeH6nara rr, rprrHflB rax npafine
rpy6o, BaflBr,rJrr{M B npr,rcvrcrnilr MHorrrx caugr[re.neft: <<B Eepguven'b cBoiroqHafl enpeftcHan MoJroAe?fibpaacrp;Lnranaer o![ur1epoa-go6ponoJrbrleB,6oproquxcr c 6omuresunaun (r. e., oqeBr{Auo,
c soficxaMu flupexropiu).
Ilepegaitre HaceJreHiro,vro s 6onrrue
BToro He norepnJrrc: ea Ma.'rtriuree Oo.urnreBr,rcrcnoe
rr,rcryl.neuie
eBpeeBfl Ba.rrbro}I{nrorrrip enpeiicHofi npoBbro)). (IloHaaania rrJreHa
Tpygonoro L(orrrpecca n. M. fiaenarroncraro, -fl. O. Poaeu6nara

u E. E. 0nrnc6epra,
r. I, .u. 124-128,68-73 n 89-gt).
Vrpoan An4po ulr:bmr cBor4MpeayJrbraroM To, qro He roJrbno
erpeficnan geuoxparin, Ho u eepeftcHan 6yprryaaia, enonot{rrrrecnrr BauHTepecoBaHHafl n roprrecrnt
rerMaHcHaro peErr.rMa,
ulr:bsuas s cocrast rerMascnaro fipaBrrreJrbcrBa cBoero trpencraBr,rreJrfl(urarucrpa roproBJrrr r{ npoMbrrxJreuHocrr{C. M. lyrnraHa),
raaurbnrlna cBoe ornoruenie H npaBr.rreJrbcrByrerMaua lt acrprbrr{Jra aausrie BoficnaMu flupexropilr
]Itrarouipa roqrr4 6uarolfieJrareJrbHo. Eapeficxafl-lfie gelroxparin
ncrptrra;ra so_ftcHa

303

,{upexropiu c qyBcrBoMpa[ocrr,r, a Hor4a n ]Ituromiprb upouaorrrJrr4Boopyfireurrlrfi cro,rrnuoBeHiaruexgy rtuqanan r,r soficftaMu


filrpexropiu, oxaaaJra eft pag ycfiyr, ynpbrBafl coJr4ar apinin
,{uperropiu ra raiino cna6mas rrx, c onacnocrrrc EJr.E}r$rsur{,
rrpoAoBoJrbcrsieM)).
trilaSaxnro.renin
ca;b4crnennoft
rouncciuno g:bay
o rrepBoMrr BropoM rrorpoMax a ?Itarouipt, rl. I,
n apxrnt
pegaxqin (ruarepianu o rrtr{roM.rrorpouax).

2.
(EilucaBerrpagcnia raBerbr ony6nr.ttona,nu cl&gyrculyro reJrerpaMMy fllrulenu.ra, 6rrnruaro ry6epucnlru KoMMnccapouXepcou,
Iqr.rnbr
a reruancHie AHrr:
<<C6opnan.
5 ropogon Xepconcrofi ry6epHin 118-a. IIo cn646genapraMeHra
ninu
BaprbrB cBsBrrc MrrpoMaanfsaerc.fi aruraqix eBpeeB cpeAr{repMaHcnr{x
soficx o6 yxo46 noJrKoB.IIpuuure mtpu x shrscneuiroJrrrq,Korophrfi saMfqarcrcrrB trocro.EHHoMcrpeMJrerilrrpaqarbcfl cpeArrconAar, s npu nanusir AaEHhrx
coo6qlrre o Hrrx ust lr BoeHHoMyxonrangonaniro. fluqenuu.
29-ro Onrs6pa, JS 458>.
I4a <Enp. MuctR>, J\t 8, or 2l-ro r[enpa;ra
1 9 1 9r ,

II.
Asruceusraau o{rpuqiaasnofi npeccrr
(ua cr, raa. aBigpoglr(eHnfl))
o uaqioua;mxLrxMeHbrrulucrnax).
B uepnofi qacru crarbn c;rtgyrorqun o6paaolr xapanreprrayer
eBpeeB: <<0HcnanclrBubre,
rrogBr,rn{rrble,
}fiagubre, c JIrrxopaAoqHbIMI{
pyHaMr{ rr rJrasaMr4>,((HapoA, BcIoAy nrraunaroulift uporun ce6n
HeHaBricrb)),(Ga,fiAoMyBJracrb uMyn{eMy Ba-rJrrr4brBaroqift
e rJraBaD.
Sartu eo aropoft uacrlr cnt4yer:
. . . <<Vxpaur{cxoe rocygapcrBo .flBr{JrocbAJrr{ eBpeeB Heo}KHr{OTopafl OTKyAa-rOBbrrrJrbrJra;eBper{ 0Toro He [peAAAHIIOCTbTO,
nngtnlr, He Balrpas Ha r{x neo6uuaiinyro cnocoOnocrb rrpo-

304

HroxrdBarbBcJrnyrorroBocrb. OnranpunufiJrn ?ftarbcflH cr.rJrbnouy;


vnpalrncnifi-lfie Hapon Hr,rfiorgauM cnJrbrrbrMHe naaaJrcfl: Hapog
6ea Rarrxa, 6ee ny.nrryptr, 6ea Bfiacrrr- rr BApyr oH nolurrMaercfl
Ha BbrcoryrooygapcrBeurrafocyuecrnosauia.
Ecrr veuy yArBJrflrbcrr. Enpeu eqe rre ocno6o4unracr,
or Bcero
EToro, etr{e He yflcnr.rJrrtce6rbcsoeft opienraqiu u He Bbrruini eue
r{B cocrosnir pyccno-[epaasuoit uriepuilr. Onra Begyr amraqiro rrporrrB yHpauncxoft cauocriftnocrrr, rroAqepfir.rBaror
cBoe
snanie pyccnaro flBbrna,mHopupyrcr {aHrur ynpauxcnofi r'ocylapcrBerruocrrr r{ c"aparorcn Bepl{yrb ctaprrft, uplrnr,lvHnft nopffAoK.
B ltienlb eBpell 6uau ueprhrulr B pynoBo4crBf sosc'rauiem
6onrruenraHoBrr B naprr{Barrcnof,irofisrL. floarouy eno6a uporr{Bnoft croponar u obpyunuracb rJraBurru o6paaom Ha r4x roJroBy. HetraBr{ctb n r{trM crparrruo BoBpocJra, ax paocrprbtr.rBaJrrr6eanorrIaAHo; Aatfie couianr,rcrnsecrie aJreMeETbrBapaBrrjrncb ar{Tr{CEMIITIIBMOM.

Tau, rgf crpor{rcn )rr{parrucnafl rocygapcrBeuuoctb, raM


eBpeeB,HaH axTuBr*lx pa6ornuHoa,ulbrl TaM-rfie,rg.b ona paspyruaercfl,- TaM eBper,r.pa6oraror oqeub ycepAuo. tr4u 6rr.rro
neo6xoguuo paapymrlTb caMocrorrre.rbuvro
VnpalrHy, r{rvrHyrfiEa
BemariasPoccis. Onr.rocra.rucr rtpuu ce66 u c;rfgonaau cBoeuy
I4EcruHKry,paapyuafi BJracrbylipar{EcftaroHapoAa. Tarr r,r gonatto 6rrtr, ecJrrrr4cxogrrrbrra enpeftcHofinaqiouanrnoft roqnn
apfuir.
Ho aro He yMaJrfierorpurtrareJrbHaro
Fi nrau orsornenin.
Onr.r4oumnbrcrarr, coBeprneuuoHeilrpanruuuu, ue nu:brur{Barbcfl
e 4:bno alrascrruarliiryripar.rHcriaro
HapoAa;ecJur-ffieour4orfiplmo
Bbrcrytralor rrporrrB, To uolnnyr ro, qro oHI4 uoc:[snu. B
6ops66 [Byx 6omurux reppllropiairbubrx rrapoAoB trpourpaer
uocHotpr,rnrcrBo
rr trporrpaer erpeftcrno. Enpen 6unn na cropont uoJrsxoB, norAa rubr c nocribgnnur,rBoeBaJrrr,a Ba aro
Aoporo rorrJrarr{Jrucb. llcropia Aaer aroMy 6necrxr4ix uJrJrxlcrpaqir. Tenepr, Vnparana Boroerc MocHorqunoit, lt eapeficreo
cnoBa trepemJroB Jrarepb Harur{x Bpa_roB. Banuarar ono t\
3A ATO,

?Iillss rioutranTubrun MaccaMu ua VpauHt, eBpert cBrrBbrBaror


caon cygr6v c rtur, firo Hac npecn'bgyer, -- lr {aHr aror nopoxrllorponu aa VHpaunt 1917-1918.

2t)

305

Aaer ror Hoebrf,r arITItceMI{TilBM, Itoropbli.'i tas


r{ BbrobrBaerux uegoyutxie>.
I{ut'. uo 14s. (Na,io lailri,
1918r.

HpBr.rpyereBpeeB
i\i 1|8,or 1-ro ircsa

III.
Yxpanucrcan

geuonpati,r

n olsoluenie

r. eBposM'

Boasnauie Hardonanruo-{epmannaro (lotoaa <rfi tt'brtertnouv


Hapo[y))
(narreueaie; [epeB. c ;''Hpauxcri.].
. . . <<floufpt toro, xax s6lreqHo-anctpiiicHo-yrtpauucxiq sofiOpAbI, CTaiIa CI{JIrI{OBO3CIta BbIrOXtliILIIIB VrtpauUn DIOCtiOBCKiu
y Ttx, Kro srlltill
HapoAy
It
yfipallscxoMy
pacraTb HeHaBLICTb
opAar\{ paAoBaJlcs, nro HeHaBLIltn tlAen vHpauncxaro rocyAapcTBa, riTo B HeBoJrGyftpalrHcKa,ro HapoAa nttg'b;r cBolo BbrroAY.
BennnopoccLI, eBpeI{ II IroJrbcliafl luilflxra }'SpArII yrpoB}71.rn ce6n B pocr* yxpattucnoii rocl'gapcrBeHHocri;I r't, 6eBclutl'ral"rHbrMlIHTpIlralI.
Hbre Becrrr ornpblryro 6opl5y, ozut npnSfrJMi
3'ro Aouaruuie sparu ynparrucnaro HapoAa. B 6onrureyrrpauncnie BeJII.Iriopoccbrysptrfi
Brrcrclio-MocrioBclioM ira6fr6
rocrloAcTBa fiaA ynparlllcKltsl
Haqioua;rr'Haro
BOSBpaT cBoero
HapoAoM, BoBBpar ri egltuoii Poccilr. rlooToMv Ea;+ieuoutnurlilrBeJrrlropoccu, 6oacr cor\ia.rsnori nporpalllubr 6o;n'ruesunoB, Irpllpyccxaro (uocrornrbrcrnonann soanpaqenie rocuolcrByloqaro
Enpeficniii
Hag
nyJraxa
Vrtpanuoft.
MocnoBcriaro
Ir
,rBbIHa
cxaro)
rlt.rurcou
accltMrrJllrpoBailacb
ynte
lioroparo
Hapon, 5ypxyaailr
rro rBLrHy c pyccn]lrlt, Buglrr e org;bneniu VHpaImrr reppllropia"'rlHoe conpaqeuie cnoeft ToproBo-rpombllxJleHnoii A:bsre;rsocrr'r, a
roapoxgenill vFipaIrHcnaro Kpecrl,r naqiouarruo-r(yJlbryprlou
yl'posy
cBOeMy no;romenirc AaBHtrO TOp,.rHr{HaBrrAnr rlpnMylo
roBaro flocpeglruna. Enpeilcrtift Hapog x(amger egunofi Poccilr r'r
ulJlfixra,
flolrrcnas
cauocriiinocrr'
HeHaBuArrr ynpalrrcltyrc
n;ragtrcqaa orpoMnblMlr noutcriarul Ha VHpauH6, ne4pymeuro6so
ornocrrrcfl ri rocygapcrBeunoMy eoapoxrgexilo yKpaIIHcKaro gapo[a.

306

Tafir,lrt oSpasolt, o6'eplllteltnble l{e}IaBl{crblo }i vtipallgcltogv

H a p o A yB, e ; r l i l ' i o p o c c b re,B p e i l r { r r o J l f f f i nB l r l l f l Tc B o e c i l a c e H i e r o J r b K oB r o M , r r r o 6 6 ry H p a r r H c l c i f ni a p o g t r o c o o p t { r b


c ntnreu,nr.ru. CrarHanH Drouy nogaJrrrnpe[craBr,rretzpyccnoft
u enpeiicltoii 4euonparin, noropne Ha npaBax qrenoB l{eurpanrHoft Pagrr aactgaar,rs Nlarroii Pant u BuocrrJrr{6eanone.rnneaanpocbr. Paagynan rrrrbre Hearraqr,rreJrbnlre
nocryrrxrr utnneqraro
aoficfia Lr ilpr4gaBarrnocrynr(aM BTrrMnepBocreneurroe
rocyAapcrBeflHoe enareuie, ortlr cucreMarurrecxlrr,I coBuareJrbHorrpoBorlnpoBaJrr{ynpar{Hcxo-utmeqHinornoruenin. A rtlr BpeMeHetr{rr pyccxo-eBpeiicHas
6ypxryaair HaqaJraHarrrerrrbrBarb
rrporrrB
.rro
yntpnn
HapoAa,
n'bner{noe
KoMaHgoBaEie, yfipa]r$par{Hcxaro
uncniit sapog ne unrber Bpfiloit r.tureJrJrrrreuqiu,
vro Becb rrapol
cocrorir r{B rrpocrorrapoAbfl,nrrxaro u HefiyJrbrypuaro. Pyccnoeopeftcnas6ypx*yaain, yr{aar,rBar{
Ha cocraB l{enrpantnoft Pa4rr,
yrbpana, rrro Apyrr4x Kyirbrypuhrx ;rro4eit, xpotrb rfx, uro aactgaror a I{eurpaarnoii Pag6, vHpauncniftHapoAcosc;FM
ue uuter.
C 4pyrofi cropoxhr, Beirrrxopoccbr
rr eBpelrHocBeHHo
u rrerrocpegcrBeurro yofpa,iru ynpar,rncnaroHpecrbnur{r{a,qro Idenrpa.nrnar
Paga npogana Vnpanny n'bnaqau,vro n;bmqrr flptrrrrJrlr aa r:bu,
.rrobbr Bepuyrb BeMJrrorrarrau, He [otrycrrrrb Hrrfiafir{x rroJrrrrrrqe(:xnx n coqia.nrnux pe{opM, .1106lrnolla6orurb VHpalruy rrJrr,r
nprr
c;rvqaf BanJrarnrbero Arrr;rirr. Opauqilr rr Poccin>.
lla xn. fl. Xplrcrroxa, <3auirnu i uarepinau
;1o icropii ynp. penoJrroqii19t7-1920u, r. III,
crp. 66-67

I\..
Jlfsan

ytcpaaEc$a,ff xpecc& n norpoubt.


< < Ha A o 0 L j r a H o B r r r b c J r D .

(cr. rao. <6oporl6a>, oprarr yHp. c.-p.).

. . . <ltaxyro erpeitcHylo raaery rerrepb Hrr ornprrrb, paHbrue


ncero 6pocaercfiB rJIaBaror {an'r, uro AHff He [poxoArrr, qro6rr
ue 6u;ro crarbrr o rexyrqeu MoMesrt ua Vxpanu6.
Bo nctx arrrx crarbffx qvBcrBvercs otreHb 6onrmoe 6eauonolterso.
10*

307

floqru sct otr6 roBopfir o anog&anisx' trpo,lcxogsu$lxre[epb


ua Vxpauxrb.
Ha utcrax Ee rlouflJrtrr'r{To oagaqaerrBepAafl BJIacrb'K no.
crpeMr{Tcfl
ropoft trpaBlrreJrbcrBo
M;bcrsoe (claqailbcTB0))[yrlaeT, rrTo aTo oBHaqaer <<6rarsn
pibaatr 6ea paa6oPp>.
11ery rBepAyroBJracrbpaHbmeBceroIIclbIraJII{IIa ce6rbenperlcrds cnunn.
Ha.ranocs To, qTo [a]Ke Bo BpeMeHaHltno,nan cqtrTaJlocbBeiIiI.rafiIllunr [oBopoM.
Bnegeno 6uno ntnecuoe HanaBanie poaraura.
poaHaxaarrsarcr Ire no cyAy, He rlo aar(oxy' a trpocro'''
gam
yga25
raMr{ . . . Tot enpeft <<6onsmesrn> eMy cnrb4yet
poB, a rq _- (fi6il5rneBlrqna>_- eft nago Aarb Meubme, ona a:bgl
EteErrprEa.
crapoe BpeMfi)'
!I naqanocs ro, qro 6rrsano n <<go6poe
<<crbnyrD.. .
Jlossr. . . fiJIaAyr -u
He ggaro, HacKonbHo {anrrr arra gocronfpllbl, HO l{MI{ IIOJIHa
sca erpeficr(aff rlPecca.
lI uey4unilreJlblro, qro taHoft opraH' xan <<NaieZait> saurer rafi
npl{AaJrefio, qro B otstr Ha reppop' w{su\tuft sag eBpesMr'
ueygilrureJlbrlo,
I'I
eBpeeB.
caMlrx
sbrBaerH ragoMy ?fie co cropoubr
qro opraubr rfx eepeitcriltx naprifi i'I Hp]'ToB' noropble Bcerila
mJrr{ c IraMIr pyna o6 pynf, HacIIHanr ofJflAblBarbcr Ha Hac u
ne4onrbpienr.
Tan 4atr,ure I{ATrr He l[otr(er.
rfx cy6'enror, norophre'
HaAo nonoxturb Koneq gtitcrsisu
B,.rlaBafi ce6s aa ynpal{HqeB' arIrMIr grbficrninulr nosoptrr rocyAapcrBo.
Hago paa HaBcerAa IIoJIoIKIIITL'HoHeII AI{HocrI{ r{ rloaopy' 1tlr((caMoAypauu)).
HrdMbrMn npoauuqin utcrnuun
Hemss Aorycrl{rb' 'rto6br nanof,r uli6y4r ufctnnfi (caMoAypD
fleqaTb rloBopa Ha Bce rocyAapcrBo.
HartJraAbrBaJr
Ire orKJraAbIT6, or Horo aro BaBrrcr{T,Aoilx{sbl HeMeAJreHHo,
ua enpeftB
lpoBrruqiu
naa, npiocraHoBl{rb <(oxory))'HaqaB[Iyrccff
cnoe r.aceneuie. Hago ctporo Hanagarb rtx' fiTo, KaK B 6unu-s

308

BpeMelra,xoqer cg*uatr ce6t napbepy na nardosaJlbnhrx trpecr6[onauisx>.


IIrr. no <d{aio Zait>, }& 59, or 13-ro anPtnr
1918r.

\'.
fepuauoroe $ou&EgoBaaieaa Yxpaurl

u eapez'

t.
Sanpoc Musucrpy ryreft coo6n{enis.
Cionucrcxan rfpaHqia Buecrrar anptnt r I{eurpamnylo Pa4y
catgyrcudtr Balrpoc Mtlrlrcrpy uyleft coo6rqenin:
<<t)llarBctuo-Jltr MtrElrcrpy uyteft coo6rqesis, qro Ha BoHaant cr. Itien, y Bxo4a n rau{opuaqiounoe 6rcpo repuaucnaro
xentanogopolnnaro KoMenlaHra,nr,m:butenltpsAoMgra nuntec'rtII
BopOB))
[yrouryrxrrJraHarana uttreqHou garrHf : <<Ocreperaftreob
<OcreperaftrecbeBpeftcfir,Ixufirsm>?
2) Ecmr naBtcruo, ro naxis ufprr npulrnrnr MIrHI{crepcrBoM
frJra$aToB,
EeAo[ycTr{Mr,rx,
AJrgycTparreninnogo6ubrx,coBepurerrHo
IioroptrMlr Jrr{rrrbnoa6ynrgaercn n o6ocrpnerca naqiosanrsas
posrrb, a rax?fie oryJlbuo 6epercn noA troAoBpfuie qtnas EaqioIIAJIbEOCTb ?))

<<Enp.Muclrll, N! 18, or 26'ro auptua l9l8 r.


(aaupocBsecenM. Ipocrrraxorrr).

O 6 ' s s u e u i e n ; b u e q r i o r ,* o * . l o a l { r y p u

n Efnoft Idepxru.

Bekanntmachung.
Der Kommandantur ist gemeldet, daB ein groBer Teil der jiidischen Bevijlkerung, insbesonderedie meisten jiidischen lliindler,
auf dem Markt und bei ihren Reisen auf das Land, gegendie ukrainische Regierung und die deutscheBesatzung schmachvoll agitieren
und dem Landmann einzureden suchen, daB die Deutschen nach

309

der Urnte den lJauern das ganze Getreide ohne Bezahlung rvegnehmen wollen.
Das ist eine ganz infame Liigel Irn Gegonteil! Die
deutscheTruppenmacht bemiiht sich auf das eindringlichste, jedem
Bauern die niitigen Mittel zu belassen,damit er ruhig und in X'rieden
seinem arbeitsreichen Beruf nachgehenkann. Das von ihnen niitig
gebrauchte Getreide wird seitensder deutschenthuppen dern Landrnannpiinktlich mit barem Gelde bezahlt. Die deutscheHeeresverwaltung will Ruhe, Ordnung und insbesondereSicherheit schaffen,
damit jeder ungestdrt durch seineNachbarn und unbehelligt seinen
Boden bebauen und sein Handwerk ausiiben kann.
Die deutsche Komurandantur ist unterrichtet iiber eine ganze
Reihe von solchen jiidischen X'riedensstijrern. Sie wird unnachsichtlich gegen diese gefiihrlichen Individuen vorgehen, und macht
darauf aufmerksam, da8 diese gemeingefiihrlichen Personen durch
ihr Gebahren sich der strengsten Strafe aussetzen,wenn sio durch
ihre Wiihlarbeit das willige Landvolk von ilrer ordnungsm?i,Bigen
Ttitigkeit abbringen wollen.
Die Kreischefs und Gemeindevorsteherrverderreindringlich gebeten, sofort die Namen dieser schiidlichen Elemente hierher rnitzuteilen, damit gegen sie auf das strengste eingeschritten werden
kann.
Wer, u'ie diese jiidischen H[ndler, gegen die ukrainische Regierung und die in der Lrliraine befindliche deutseheTruppenmacht
agitiert, gefiihrdet die Erntihrung und die ordentliche Friedensarboit
des ukrainischen Voikes !
Der deutsclie Bezirkskommandant
Nikisch von Roseneck,
K. St, Qu., den 18.Juli 1918.
Oberst.
{)\1. Ha
(Pyccttiii
rencr
cHlluH:b, ua crp. 311.)

npnJraraeMoMSororpa(puvecr{oM

lla apxirna pegarqilr

310

(orgta goxyueutos).

lfi:* : rr
iiii.iziEii
:,zEi
i :_;zz;.2. iFf ii i ;'_:

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=

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z,r;Z+
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311

3.
Hrbueqxan xoueulagrypa r enpeficxan o6rquua n Btrofi
I{epnru.
<<BErpeiicroe MrrnrrcrepcrBo
Kies.
2t-ro ironn s. cr. L918 r. nfueqrafl HoMeg[aurypa e Btnofi
I{epHwr ony6.nunonanao6'flsneuie r Hacenenilo(na atueqrtou n
pyocHou aa.). O6'snresie ro[rucauo onpy?nEbrMaoMeHAaEroM
(Bacnmxorcfia.ro, Kauencfi,arou'fapaqancnaro ytegor), nonKoBHr{r{oMHranrameu ([ou Poseuox.
B neu roBopnrcfi c;rb4yroqee (rplrno4r,rrcs nornrffi rerdcr BbrmeyroMfiHy'raro Bekanntmachung).
Eqe Eo roro, nan o6'ssilegie aro 6rr.iropacnJreeuo,4erryraqix
r.rsrpegcraBr,rreJreft
EBaoqepnoscfioftropogcnoft yrpaBbr u eapeftexalo o6wlnuaro coslLra o6parrmacr B riomeHAanrypyc [pocb6oit ero ue ony6nurtoBbrBarb
I genyraqieft 6nuo rpr{ aroM rrpr.rBeAeno
Muoro Morr{BoB,o[r{H prB KoroprJx,- qro naqiouavrruaro paagtnenia B AaHrroMcnyvat 6rrtr lle IoJIII{so fi rITo y$aaauie ,nuurr
Ha oAEy qacrb naceneuis-Ha enpefictyro-agtcr
neAofiynei,itesanr (D.rer,aafiBrl.rr,
crr{Mo. flpe4ctanureJrbfioMengaHTypbr,
s 6orr,mou Ho;rnsecrst
vto o6paqeuie aro 6y[er pacnpocrparrerJo
TaK
r{an
eBperr
caMbre
aJroBpeArrhre
alrrTaTopHnpoTrrB
oxBeMtrJrflpoB,
nANuIee.Ou o6parrncfi ft Aenyraqiu c upocr6oft nasarr anaraqiro
cBoenonegenie,
cpeArreBpeeBB crrHarorax,vro6n onu uaMtnr4Jrrr
ilporrre n6uqee.
rrepecraJrrrc[enyJrr{poBarbr'r He arrrrrrl]oBa,rr,r
25-ro irous 6rrno coasanoaac'bganieEfnoqepnoBcnaro s6nprrrsaro coslbra, fioropoe o6cyguno aror Bonpoc. flpnnunrar ao
ruuMauie,qro ranoro poga o6'nnnenix eoanpaqalor erpeftcnoenacenenie H uperrtrrr{u BpeMeHaM,fiorga ono nrr4:b.nanocbB ococneqiansnrrs o6suueuir, co6yro rpyuny rr Ha Hero BoBBoAuJrr{ct
fiocraHoBur prbarto
ntr Et.roqepnoncnoft o6qrann e4rrlrorJracHo
rporecroBarb rrporr,rBsroro o6'ssnenis u nporecr Bror nepecJrarb
B qerrrpaJrbshre
opraubr eepeiicxoftnaqiouanrnofi asrosoD{iu,xoBcecroponnearor AofiyMeur olltuurb rr npnrrsrb
ropbre AoJrrftnbr
nct ryntrrra utpr.r, sro6br o6 atou yBEaJIrfiart BbrcmafiBJracrE,
rax r.r o6qecreeuuoeuutnie Vnpauum rl rpyrrrx crparr)).
(19f7-1918rr.),
Apxzu eBp.Mrrxt{crepcrna
ua
Ef"qoft
ldepnnu.
nouecenie

312

c
git$$f
i
fflifls
F,
si#
ffi
frrEigllfl
maiigl*
;:fi+;lg
:e;liiF[i;;ilt,g

rF
'{4
a1

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r|l

*gliiii
g'Fiig,FF
$Fiiiiii
!irF* s =lgEi

Hilii;
*iiEie
g;Ea;i

s*i;tgl

aiElEs,g*iliii'
eia;+i
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ait;;rz
E*ji
fif,:i;il.
iei+e*
;ci

g
ai*
ii
iffi,i.
ii:*3
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* 'f;Ee ;

313

vt.
Arcrpificrcoe

rcomosAoBaxie ra Yrpaaaf

u eepea.

t.
IlupnynrP

K PaBBnHaM-

u. K. ll. Kav. Brig. Ilmdo.


908/4
Einflu8

der Judenschaft

auf die Mannschaft'

Alexandria.
An den Rabbiner
X'eldpost436, am 25. August 1918.
Im Auftrage des Armeekomroandos gebe ich Ihnen Nachsteirendesbekannt:
Es ist erwiesen, daB einzelne Angehdrige der jiidischen Nation
es versuchen, unsere Soldaten zu Vergehen und Verbrechen in
a) politischer Richtung,
b) wirtschaftlicher Hinsicht zu verleiten (Diebstahl, Raub, verbotener Handel, I{andel mit Waffen usw.).
Es ist bekannt, w-ie solidarisch die gesamte Judenschaft zusammenhiilt und vorgeht' Um eine Abhilfe im Vorgehen meisl
nicht erweisbarer Einzelner zu schaffen, miissen wir die gesamte
Judenschaft zur Verantwortung ziehen- Daher miige die gutgesinnte, anstilndig denkende, nur auf biirgerlichen Gewinn hinarbeitende Judenschaft die schlechten Elemente an ihrem schiidlichen und zersetzendenTreiben hindern. Tut sie das nicht, macht
sie sich mitschuldig und mu8 dann die n'olgen tragen'
Die Folgen sind: I(ontribution auf die Judenschaft, SondermaBnahmen gegen dieselbe. Wenn die guten Elemente in der
Judenschaft fiirchten, daB dies die alte Stimmung der Beviilkerung
gegen sie ausliist, dann ist es umso dringender diesem schiidlichen
Tleiben Einhalt zu tun.
Die Rabbiner, als in jeder Beziehung fiihrende Organeder Juden314

srdraft, lrabelr es iu der Hand, das Anseiren rlnd die liuhe der Judenschaft zu wahren. Mit dem Glauben hat die Saclre niclrts au tul
Ile'rarb: ,,K. u. K. tt,
KavallerieBrigadeliommando".

(IJntcrscbrift):

Ilepeuog Ha pyccxifr trBbIH:


lIuneparopcH.
Homaugonauie
tl.-tt ltanaaepiftlr [topoaeacx.
cxofi 6prragu.
J\! 908/4.
Bniguie eBpeiicnal'oHacreH]rr

Ha cOJIAal'.

Anexcan4pinr).
P a n e u H yr o p o A a . . .
floaenas noqta 436, 25-ro Anrycra 1918 r.
IIo uopyveuiro xonraugosanitrapruiefro6tsennro nau cnt4yxr'
uee:
,I{onaaano,qro egltsltuxble qJIeHbIenpeficnoi.iuaqiu nllralorcfi
cnJrorrrrrbHarunx coJIAar H flpocryllfiaM I{ npecrylteninm r a) nonntuvecftoMnanpanaeniu,
6) xoaaftcrneunou orliomeuin (n BopoBcrBy, rpaSemy, Baupeqennofi roproenB, roprosn'b opyxtienr n up.).
llastcruo, c nanoft conn[apuocrblo Aepfiulrcff Id gtfictnyer
nce erpeficrso. B qtnnx upotrrno4tftcrnix npocryrxaM eAnnnqHbrx Jrtr{q,o6napymrarbltorx 6onrurefi qacrblo fie yAaercn, MbI
rtpuBireqbx orurbtcrseHlrocrrrnce enpeiictro. flycrr-me
AoJrrnubr
o6rr.rxol:i
6narour,rcnsrqasqactr' enpeitcrna, AoBoJIbcrByloularlcn
gtnax),
B Irx
BocflpenflrcrByernypELIMoJIenIe]ITaM
npu6urnrrc (a
gtarenbllocrl{. Ecrur-xe oso aroro rre
rpegnofi rr paaJrararorqeii
cg&naer,To fiBrrrcfiux coyqacrsfiKoMI,I[oJlrrurollecrlt nc6 nocnt4crnis aroro.
Ilocrtgcrnifl arr,rcyrb: xonrplr6yqin ira erpeiicrtoeHaceJleuie,
utpu nporr{Bnero. Ecnu-xe 6raronaurbpenHrre
rrcHJrrosnreJrbrrtrrfl
1) Anericangpia* Xepcouuioii ry6.; cgtcr naxoiiratcs ruta6 atoii Optlraqrt.

3l ir

eBpeiicrBa onacaloTcfl, qTo 3To lfiotneTB0B6yAIITLnporI,IB


BJreMeETbr
rlyBcrBa (ctapyro nparH4y?) nace,neniR, to ouo
Hero rpefifiirl
pturute.nrute
rtlr
[oJI?nHo BoctrpenflrcrBorarb aroft spegnoft
4'baremuoctu.
oprau
otromesiqx
Bo sctx
Pannltn, fian pynosogsqift
qecrb
rl
oxpauflTb
s
coorosnirr
nuomrt
Haceilenifi,
erpeiicnaro
Hl{qero
penlrrieft
oro
C
[:bno
cuOroftcrsie eapeftCrtaro nacetexis.
o6qaro ne uu:bet.

(IIonnucr.)

flesarr.

Apxnn polarqiu

(otnta floryuerron).

2.
IIporecr IIpocltyposcnofi o6rqnnn.
<Con6r Ilpoctyponcrtoit erpeftctoft o6qunbl, BblcJrymaBorqer
npeaugiyna o npe4'RnrenuoM con;bty o6qunrr trpocxypoBcr$IM
rpe6ouauiu, na oouosasifl qlrp]tyJlrpa aBrrJraq-KoMeH[aEToM
rrb aneuenrbrrra cpe[br eBpeeB'
<<err4am
orpificHaro KoMaIrAoBaHia,
(oropbre BeAyr arrrraqirc nporus HbrllibilHflro rrpaBrrreJrbcrBaHa
rpe6oranie, BJIacrb
Vnparnlb>, Ir qro <13c.rlyva;borl{aBa ITSTI6JIHI{Tb
npecryrur{ycuorpr{r B aroM upegnaru6peul{oeyr(pbrBareJrborBo
-' egilHourplr6Y4ilo>
sacefienie
KoB rr r{aJrofiurrua enpeficnoe
[pIIHrJI
1918
r.,
EorJracuo,B nJleuapuoueac64auilr 26-ro aBrycra
cntgyroulylo peaonroqiro,r{oropylo rlocrauoBlrn flperrpoBoAnrbB
ry rducralrqiro, orHy4a Bror llrlprtyJlflp r{cxogur:
<Costr o6qunrr HaxoAlrr,uro no4o6noe,o6paqenrroe$ rIMl,
rpe6onauie sBJltrercff 6o.nsnrun ocnop6neuieMr{ rpoallr orlacHocrbro \lrfr [poc(ypoBcrtaro enpeficnaro uacenenia, r(oropoe
cos;br rpeAcraBJlffer. Costr o6qunrr ycMarprrBaerB oroM rpe6osauiu trotrblrny rrcrroJlbBoBarbcrapbre npiemrr ortnlrBltraro cpeAHesBXOSlfi r:blt, vrg Ea BCe enpefiCnOe naCelenie

'I(SJIaIOTBBBaJIUT6

Jrrrq'Koropbra
Brruy Ba npocrylrnlr orgtnrnux, 6eaorslbrcrBeuHblx
Morlr 6urr y eBpeeB'fiaH Ir y Apyrllx HapoAoB,]r aa fioropbDrBce
rlecrlaHe Molner.
o6qecrso nuxanofi otp:brcrseHFrocrll
gtxrenruocru
uuter snofis;b onpegt'
Costr o6qunu n csoeft
-ou
ua6pan erpeficnuu sacenenieuAJIr yAoBJIe,'renubur
{yunu,in,
316

- AJIfr
TBoperdfi ero Hal{ioEaJlbsbrx uyfitl HO lrrr B KOeITIcfiyrla'b
Bbr[oJrEeHifi trOJrur{eftCnnx {yuHqift, KaK pOBbIcH IIpeCTytrEI'IItoB.
0ro - Ba[atla rocy4apcrBennoft BJracrI{ I'I cyna, rlepeg $oropbluu
eBperr, Kari rpa?fiAaxe Vrtpaung, OTntrCTreHIIbI B rar*Ofi Xre nntpt,
Ba Haxgoe trpecryrrJlelrie onu
fiali r{ rc;b rpamgane soo6qe.
rrecyT uaxaaaHie rre fiafi eBpetr, Ho corJracHo o6qulr BaI(oHaM
rra eBpeeB rr
crparrbr, Horopble ue 4rblat y$pauncrtux rparqan
HeeBpeeB. Orueraq c rnydo'raftureir gocagoft nogo6nnrr rpe6osaHiR, O6parqenuua r{cRJrrolMreJrbHort eepeficxorrry uaceleEito,
cos;br o6rrunu Bblparfiaer HaAe?fiAy, qro ralti-a fi HeMy o6paqenin
co cropoHbl nafioft-6r,r ro EIr 6Hno snaeru ua Vxpallnrb nnpeA'r'
ue 6ygyr nm:brr' lrrbcta>.
Apxnn pegaxqira (orgtn [oxyuenron)' Cn.
raxxe <O{aieZaitr>,i\l164, or 10'ro centa6pa1918r.
11<rEnp.MbtcJtr>, ;\! 41-42, o'r l1-rs onrnbpn
1918r.

3.
< t r I a g r b n a r e J r bc r B o 1 I . r r I 4T o r o x y n t e ? > >
rr ar e p rau o c Jra B. - EnarepuEocJraBcKafl o6rqrana noJIytMJIa
<<E
fioMeHAanra rrpl{cJlarb I( EeMy
uprrrnameuie or aecrpificnaro
o6nlecrneunrrft panalfir, AB&
fsunucr
cBor{x upegcraslrreleii.
o6quunr, r. Haran. ltouenI{
[peAcraBl{reJlb
paBBIIHa
AyxoBnrilx
aamacxrb npn6nuanre;bno
rro
rrM
AaHr cypoBhrM roHOM fipoqefi
cufpyroqee:
I4as:bcrlto,'rro (BceMipnrrfi enpeftcHifi coroa>>,cyrqecrBynldil"{
cBoro opranueaqiro s q1bnflx
y?lie oqeHb AaBrro, rrcrroJrr,BoBbrBaer
eBpel{
ra Opauqilr I eartu,
nruiosama B rIoJIbBy Alrrtiu
vnpalruf.
lra
flBJrflroTcfl BolKar{aMrr apa}fi 1r MOTUeHHUqecTB
flOaromy enpef,icnan o6qraua AoJrrfiHaB3flTb I{a ce6s oosaanHocrb
Br-rAarb BiracrfiM mnioxos rr upecryflHl'rr(oB.
,{a.nfe fioMen[alrr
gar{BtrrJl,qro BJracrtr tlBr:bctgo, tta6 eBpen orgocflTcrr uegpyxreruo6no
n srblrqaM, Ir oH [pelJlaraer o6rqust Bbruecur peaonnqin, uro
ona opienurpyerotr Ha llerrrpaJlbshrfl [ept$aBbl.
Ha aacrbganiu o6quuuux {panqift aror $artr uo4aeprcn o6cymgenirr, u 6rrta flprrrrfiTa peao;noqin o roM, vro o6ugana c

3r7

HerolonaxreM rrpoxoAr.rr MuMo Bc*x arr{x uucranyaqift !r He Haxogrrr rryrRHbIM Bqnrocurb peaoaloqilr o cnoefi opieutaqiu>.
<d{aie Zait>, J{i {6?, or 13-ro ceura6pal9l8 r.,
coo6rq.$oppeor.

uI.
Agraosurtrau

e a[ueqrctx

roaonisx

fia y$pa,]Et,

paunure
<B u$ueqxxx nononinx ycriJrr.{Baercf
arrrr{ceMr{Trrgu.
eBpeeBo6ssHsnlr n cuuuarisx x 6olsureBuBMy,a Terrepb- n
ynpanurlau, rtoropbre rpe6yror ocyu{ecrBJreuisaaxoua o coqia,nuoaqiu BeMJrn. Anrlrcenrurn3MBbrpa?flaercrr
B ToM, qro eBpeeB
BbrceJrsrorue uoutrqerift, peHnnorrpyrcrtrx roBapbr, npogyr(rbr.
tS-ro anptfifi sartouqrlficfi c'lbaA ntueqnux rtoJronrrcroBroxnoff
Poccin, noroprrfi pyroBollrr opranuaaqinulr atuqeB-KoJrourrcroB.
C':bag upuuat ptruenie o6paurrrc.E Bo sc* KonoHirdc npegJroxenieu upefiparr{rb npecntgoaauie espeen,rart Hari aro troBopuo
gnn u:buqeB, Jrr{rrr6rregaBxo r{crrbrraBrurrxna ce6t sc:b yxacn
uloBunrlsua. Bosesauie 6yger paaocJraHono nct mfcrnus Htueqnin raeerffiD.
<d{aieZait>, j\l 62, o'r t?-ro anptrr 1918r.

VIil.
ffarntsie eapeeBrB ApeaerbBpecrl,rE&uE.
floryreuo MsrucrepcrB.
no eBp. gibaam{b-ro
arptrnx1918n., J\l 1232.
(neper.c eBpeficKaro).
<Murlrcrpy uo erpeitcnnu grFuau.
Or enpeer,xurelefr AepeBrrrr
Cnouopouxn,
CrapotxlrnoroBcnofiBoJrocrrr,Tapaqaucxaro
ytaga (Itienutofi ry6.).
Itpectlnqe xarueft AepeBHn sa noc.n:bgueeBpeMfl rra cBo{x
cxoAax BEIEocsrnpuroBoplr o roM, sro6br enpetcnin ceMbs seMeAJreHHo
ocraBtrJrr,r
Aepenrrm. Ta$, s nnnapt oHrr nocranoBtr{rn,
318

trro6br {.5 eepeiicxtrx eenei'tcrs sbrtxann 3a xepeBerleqrn qepr.Y.


oaxapuaro EaBoga; a4uusul4a srux {5 ceMeitcrs 7-cuymarqie
crBoKr
teppuropiro' ocraJlbIIa
nx
nycrlrilB
ctpaqin
aaBoga
Hbnr-}Ke oeMbll AoJITIiH6I6rra[ ocrasnrr Cxouopolllltll ]1 or aloro
23-ro Mapra. 6rur urrseceu rrpsroBoP, cocr{Jrbno rlocrpanalllt.
rJraCEon6rgpOMy 4 ceMei'tcrsa BaBOAClil4xcJIyF(aIqIIx-eBpeeBAoJI?IuIhI
nu'bxarr'. Ha cxogt apecrbffIre roBopII.rIH, qro onu
HeMeAJreHHo
ItOTOprre a4rbCr, 116CS;IIIJII{Cb
IOJIIIuI6I BbICeJIIITb BCtX <OIIHAOB)),
Eepr lt 6onnunn(nnag;bneri r-H fansneprau, Al{pefiTop
eupen). Onu irasuaqlr.rll'I fiparxiii cpon - L-ro
cruo cJry?riaqux
anprbna, ri rioropouy AepeBHIo Aoninnbl ocraBMb eule n:bxoroaxtlrceurlrcftoe rrapbrfi ceMbr.t. V nux eoo6qe rocnolcfByel
BbIceJIMb r'IB
rlocra}IoBITJITI
fioroparo
onr{
crpoenie, ncrtgcrnie
gepeBr{rr ectx enpeen.
B augy I{BJro}fieul{aroupocl'Il\{ eepeiicnaro MI{HrIcrpa npnrrnrb
ncf ru'bprr [JIfl salr$rrhl Haml{x l.IurepecoB: npiouauoBl{lb Blrce.renie, Haarraqesfloe Ha t-ro anptnn, BoABopI{Tb o6paruo ceubll,
BrreeJleunbrrl yffie lrs AepeBHI{ Crtomopournlt, u npelorBparsrb
lanlrr:bfr urin BbIceJreHirI.

f{eneratn: IIIonau Oupuaa, Iocll{ fapBerixiii>.


A p x u n e B p . M E H r l c r e p c r n a ( { 9 1 ?* 1 9 1 8 r ' } '
otgtn o norpouax.

IX.
Iloseren.recxoe 1arc*oaie rtpeotbaa u norpoubr.
(Kiercxaary6.).

t.
Ilorpou

s JIbrcfiHKfl rl onpecrHoerflx.

Iiouu'r'e'r llouoqu
li. JIorcssltrr.
enpean-6tutesqaM

Itiencr.ry6.
Sneruropogra,
5-e A6a, 5678r.

(nepenog
c gp.-etpeiicnaro).

<<Con:bry
eBpeftcKofio6Iqsuu s Itiesf npNrtr u unp!
Hecsacrrn nocn;bgnaro BpeMeHngaror ce6n tryBcrBoBa.TbBo
lIA
Ho oco6ylo NEIIATb OIT}I HAJIOflTNJIII
rr','I;r orpaeJ'rflx;rtlr-aH.Ir,
3L9

eBpeftcftyroyJrrrqy. tr4na ceft paa Ea Ham uapo4 l.rarfirrficr rurbr,


*rqerie r{ HexaBr{crr;co sclbx cropon. B aro*r yffiacuoM [oJroffieuiu naxo4urcfi Harrrytag, Snenmopogcnifi,r reveuie nocntgnrax
nr:bcaqen. Ho necpanueuHoropue yqacrr, iufcreqna JInrcrRHu,
rioropoe Jrelru{rr 25 repcrax or Harueroropoga. Vxe 6otrbegryx
ntcaqen, xax raMor[uee enpeftcxoeHaceJreuiecrpagaer or ropbNrlx ua4trarenrcrn, rpa6exeft1 naclrnif,t rr ar;Bpcra. Cenme
50 .refiosbn HeBnrruoy6uro, npou;6 6olrrruoro qficfia paneubrx,rr
rlx rrMyrqecrnopaarpa6neuo. Bct arn nrecronis anog'brnin npnHecJrrrc co6oft crparuHoeanonoMr4qecnoe
paspymenier fiogaBnerrHocrb [yxa B gry crapyro erpeftcxylo o6qrany, HacqnrbrBapnlyru
5.000 gyru. Ho necuorpfi Ha uepe?nrrrBrey?{racbr,our.{ AepffiaJrlrcb,ocraBancbHa lr:bctax, norca6lrna mat;EftnragBoBMolnnocrb.
IlocnrFguin-are r:o6rrrin, 25-ro Tamyaa, cBonMriryr(acartqlMr{
antpcrranaraneperrrJrr{ncrE rpaunqbr n BacraBnnlreepeiicKoer{aceresie *r-xa 6pocurb ocrarnr4cBoerorrMyrrlecrBa
rr BBrrrbB pynu
crpauurrrecnift uocox. tr{ n oy66ory 26 Tamyaa MLr,ErrlreJrrrSsesuropoAKI{, 6ruur cnrag;breJrflMrr
rpaypnaro lrrecreis AoBeAeHHr'rr
Ao
orsaRuis JlbrcflHcrtrrx
eBpeeB,noropbre npu6rbma.lncroga B cMepreJrbuoMcrpaxt . . . tleros6secxift saurt Ee B cr{Jraxlrao6paanrr
ary troTpffcaroqyloaapruHy, HapruHv HoBaro,coBpeMeHHaro
roJrycnaro cnuranig.
llarnyuennrre, r4crepaaunbre,rourrMbre, ourr
eJreEnrBbrego66mamr croga.
Snerurropo4cria.s
o6qnna, caMarorfie rrcnr,rBuafiqaruy ropeqn.
rr noMorr-r&ETI,IM
Itarrptrila cson cfia6blfi cI,rJrhI
HecqacrnbrM,roJ]oAnrru, 6ocruu rr Earr.rM.Cnepua 3eeuraropogcxano6n$.rnarroJra,raJra,
rrro efl noMorqrr rurbcrt c rroMorqbxl6.nuxailn{nx o6n$n 6y4er
Aocrarormo AJrff y[oBJrernopenia sc:bx uyxtg 6rbffiexIles. Ho
ncropf oua ynug6ra, qro IIJrfl groro Hy?rffia ranlne rroMotrIb
6onfe orAaJreHubrxo6qnn. Eonf e cra centeftcrn Hyrn[axlrcfi r nonsofi ro[neplrtr(6, lr pacxogrr xeo6u.rafiHo
B EJIIIHII.

ltiescHoft o6. . . Mrr o6paqaeucn n BaM, npeAcraBrrreJrrr


rru{Hbr, a {repeB Bac Ko sctM HamuM 6parrau, q.Trenau06rrTlrn:
floporie 6paru, HyrfiAa oqeub BeJrrrna.Curbmurer4rnpr,ImJrlrre
cxopfe noMorqbBarrrI{MHecqacrshrM6parrnu ! I{e repaftre rur
320

Mrrrryrbr. cnacure Haruux 6parren or ropeMbrrrHarononpomafinusecrBa. I4cuotnnre BarrrAoJrrrrepe[ 6parralru-erpexun ! . . .


C ynamenieu ra 6parcrrraunpunlbrou,
Ilpe4ctgarelr * B. 3. Itauuraxoscnifi,).
AAp.l Snenrropgxa, ftiencn.
ry6., Fiolrrarer to oxaaasio
rroMorqrrllorpoMJreHrroMyeBp.
naceneniro M-xa JItrcanxu.
Apxun

[tieBcxofi eap. o6rqruEil (tgtg r.i

2.
JIrrcsnHa.
(nepenogc gp.-enpeftcxaro).
<<Bltounrer

flouoqu

nocrpaAaBrxnM or rrorpoMoB.
Iti es.

... Vme L2 nbr, Hari .rr BaHrrMaronocr paBBrrua s JIbrcsEHt,


Sneur.rropogcxaro y'ba4a, !{iencnof,i .y6. tr4 nor, rpornJrr,rMn6rou
(1918 r.) *rbcrnr,re HpecrbflHe BogcraJrr,rnporr{B rerMa'a rr nrbnrqen
r{ rroBeJrrrc Hrr}rrl oxiecroqeHH_vronoirHv. flonRtuo, .rro 6f4a paapaBr{JracbHaA Halrrr, eBpe.sMr.r,
B repByro roJroBy. M*cruue KpecrbfiHe, 3Ha.EHarrrr,lx rotrTeHHhrxo6rrnarenerl, BarrrJrlrK Hr,rMB HBap_
rr{pbr rr nuptaanu co crparrrHoft rxecroHocrbro r.r MyqrrrerbcrBoM
oKoJro B0 ue;ron6n1). A noc.'irb roro, Hali u.buqur 6rr.nr,ruura r,rarHaHri, oHrr Banepirlr lr:bcre.rHo, He AaBa.Enalt err:bxarr, 6ea paa_
p*ureuin.
I{sorie rroJryqr,uu,iy sr.rx ((nporycn)), Ho fl He xor:bn
ytarHarr lra M6cre.rHa, Tafi 'ta^ Ha uHt ire.Jra o6qaaHuocrs
6a4nrr orbrcHr.Barb B o*pecrHocr'x rpvr'r y6nrrrx enpeen, ga6rr
rlpeAaBarb rax aeun:b. tr{ n, 4a 6yger 6.narociroBireHouua locnoga,
c onacHocrbro AJrrrFrrrBHrrr,rcnoJrgr,rJr
cnoii gonr. Bartbu, norAa nclb
ocraJrr,rcbroJrr,r rr 6octr, q o6paruecn n coctguin eapeftcHia o6_
Irlr'rHbrc [prr3r'rBoM o rroMoxlu r.r noryriur or Hr{x rafiyro o6lrnruyrc
1) 34tcl
Aarra upeyBeJrrrrre'rrafi rlbr$pa y6uurx. l(an uantcruo, B caMof,
.Jll,rcanxt 6rr.no .r'6lrro roJrr,Ho onoro 40 .renoatH; nuoro y6r,rrrrx 6uuo e
oHpeclHocrrrx.
I4, rI.
florpo,lrrr Ha Vxpannt

1,J17-l,gl}.

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311

rroAAepffirty npolyKraMrr, qro rr M1bcflrl Mor coAepffiarb eBpeficKoe


naceJreuie JlrrcsnHlr. fl ne otnaabrBaJrran?ne xpucrianau (xpecrrRnam), o6paulaaurlrMcn Ito nnu:baa rroMotrIblo,rr arI4M fl cJraBritJr
r{Mff Borxre. Taruiu o6paaou, HecMorpa Ha ollacHocrb, ff He
Mor ocraBlrrr lxurenefi Moero Mlbcrerrr{a, r{oropble rrpIrmJII,I ro uu:B
co cJreaaMr4: Ha Horo Bbr rrac ocraBJrflere? ftro o Hac rroaa6orurcg?
Bo rperun ocagbr 6uro y6r,rto llHoro nrc4efi r{ cpeglr HI{x anBoxar Bep SpnlrxMau, Mrrp [paxy ero, Ho MbI He BHaJrr{,r4t ero
l{orrrJla, flofia He [prrrlrJrr4 B rralr ropog uibuqnr, s qtrcr:b
c -ffrrbrcsq .reJrostn. Tor4a HarrrJrrr ero rpy[,
stcxomr${x
ero aap&aaJlrd, BbrKoJroB
EbrMrr npr{3Ha(aMr{ yffiacHr,rx ltyvenifi:
lpeABaprrreJrbHo rJraBa n orptaae yruu. Ero npegarr.r aeuu:F, r,r
Becb ropoA 6r,rn na [oxopoHax. fI upouanec rroMrruaJrbl{oecJIoBo
n qeHrp'b ropoAa, soarrb urbueqrrofi HoMeHAaHTypr'r,lr flprr aroM
nprrcyrcrBosan Hbmerlnifi nonen4anr; nc'b KpyroM rrJraraJrlr, fi
[axe noMeHAaHTnJraKaJIIn craJl y[pe(arb rtpecrbfiH s an:bpcrrt.
3ro, osesuAuo, qpeBBrrqafino oano6uao fipec?bflI{ nporlrB Merrff.
Sartu nturlrr HasHaqr.rrr soenubrft cyg, y6iftq cyAI{JII,r u 40 seHtrurln aacraBraJlrrteBpeeB
ros;bH rprlroBopuilu x paacrp6ny.
Blrcry[r{Tb cnlrgrbrennulr lr raao6rravarr.6augnroB, trr atuu roa6yguru Han'bxraano6y flporrrB eBpeeBroo6ule u B qacrnocrrr [porllB
,fieEbr rroKoftHaro Spnraxuaua Ba ro, qro oHa rIoHaBaJIarrporlrB
auogtee, yBegrurrx efl My?ila IrB goMy.
Cuycrn urbcnolrlrio Anefi, rtorAa 6aHgIaru yBHaJIrr,vro nrbuqrr
or rrac yrrrJrrdr{ ocraBr{JrrrropoA 6ea ncsrtoit soenuoft oxpaur,r,
ourr B rrflTHr4tly BeqepoM BoIrIJrr{ B ropo4 r,r 6eaffiauocrHo craJrl{
Vnounuytatr BAoBa Spnraxuan [otraJlacb
p:baarr n y6uaarr.
r{M Ha rJra3a. Ona y6tmaJra fio Ilrut B [oM r,r crlprlraJracb Ha
uepgaxrb. Torga oHLr [pr4u.sJrrrcb Ba Meufl, roBopn: <<3ro panBr?rH,ganaft trocquraeMc.n c Hr{M)). fl y6;bman, I{ oArIH raa 6asA'rroB fiorrraJrcfi Ba MHoft ra, npo66rnan gn;b yJrr4qBr,He Mor MeHfl
Ho ryr fl yBrrAaJr,qro nrnt He cnacrrrcb or rrero, TaH
uofinarr.
fiar( g 6arvr aarnan B Tynr4n, Torga fl ocraHoBrrJlc.E,rIoAHttJI rJraaa
m ue6y r{ MoJrr{JrcMI{JIocrI4BI{TbcflHaAo uuoft ra Mor{MIr uarrro 4r[rr(aMu, .rro6br our{, ynacrr focuo4r, rre ocraJrr{cb, KaH xopa6nr
6ea pyur. B ery rvrranyryr,rBBepry MeHflrra rJIaBax BbrrarIIrIJI lrrarrlny
rrB Eofireu r{ rpx paaa yAapr4JIMeHfl rorofi uamnoft no ronon:b. f[,

322

rrorrflruo, yraJr Ha utcrt.


Torga 6augurtr y6txa;rz ua ropoga,
qro orrr4(coxpanu locno4r l) y6lrnr enpeftcxaro paetroxBaJr.fi.flcb,
Br4Ha,tr TerrepbI eBpeu cosctM ocTaBJreHbr
Ha rrporrBBoncy4l6nr.
9epea qao Ba uuofi npramJrr{,
nepenecJrrr
MeEJrB AoM,a r cy66ory
yrpoM r ytxan a Snenraropo4ny,a aa nnofi BecbropoA or MaJra
Orryga Merrfl rrpuAo Benr.rna- Myntqr.rHbr,,r(enrrlrrnrrlr gtrz.
BeBJurcroAa B ltien, ra 6,naro4apeHieBcennnrseMy sa ero BeJrrrxyx)
MnJrocrb,qro oH nocJraJrunrb 6aarogtrenR, n nlrqt upotfeecopa
,{rarepraxca,opnrraaropa trpfi yrrr.rBepcurert. Bo nropnlrn on
c4tnar unrb rpeuaxaqirc uepera B [Byx utcrax, rrro rormo orrrrcarro B flpr4JrorfieHrrouMeAr4qrdnc]tou
cnu4trelrcrntb.
[na rwtcrrrla fi rrpoJrelr{aJr6olrnofi B rocrrrrraJrt n eqe Ao rre4aButro
BpeMerruxoAr4Jrry[a Ha flepeBflBr(r4
...
Cnu octarocb ApyroM Barrrr{M,
Mofime Baficepuarir []xoBur.rfi paBBrrHropoAa JlrrcsurtuD.
Apxua ltiescxaro Ilenrp, Kountera noMotrIrr florpoMrerrrbrM, or46a lopogcnoro ftoMnrera (f919 r.); trocryrrniroB noMtr?ern auptnt
l9l9 r.

3.
l t c o 6 n r i s M s } I ( a r r H o s Gu e r o p a t o n t .
(repeBoA
c gp.-enpetcuaro).
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<Conrbryltiescrtoft O6qnuu.
VsatraeM[,reroBapr.rqlr.
Vxre crtopo rpu utcnqa, I{aK narue lrtcreqrto n coctguin Jlncanxa, flerp, Crarlrrqe, Blrnorpag 14gp. npe6unarcr s 6ofismoft onacuocrr.r. lltnsnr, Harrra Br{cur na sorocfi:b. Ograu 4eur
ynraurte Aplroro. Eaugn Boopyxerruux rpa6ureneft ro u gtrro
HarragarorHa rrarueM:bcresxon ua coctgnin, y6unarcr, rpa6ar ra
He rrla[flT 'reroslbqecHraxinuaueft. flosru e]r{egneBr{oo}rr{ BrreBarruo [oflBJrflrorcfl Ea yJrr4rlax, y6ranaror v rag6usarcr sclbx
ncrp;bvnux. V6ificrsa nocl'fgnux gnefi go roro yrfiacnhr, qro
27r

323

paarpoM orxoArrr yrae rra Baluirt nilau.


,{o nac 4orxnr,r 6rmu
goiirlr cJryxrr o rrocntgrurx ylnacHbrx co6urisx n Tapaulancnom
ytagrb, o6 orxpbrrbrx uagtraremcrBax
Han rpyraurr y6uru:r,
nouecrrrcb Bo[Jrr{ tfieHulrru u grbteir. Memgy ttu, uneHn [tiesc(oit
o6qnnr,r crrAflr ce6t, c.norxa pynr4, r4 naJrerl o naJrerl He y[apr{ror.
lpurrr{Ha Haruero uonvauin go HacroflIrlero MoMerITa
Inasuag
r(poercfl B ToM, .rro Mbr AaJreHurr oropBaubr or enpertcxaro ruipa.
ran]fie He suorH:b oupaBAbrBaror cBoero
flo.rra u rererpaif
rererpaifunrx
upoBonaanaveuiR, no uplrvnnrb uonpexqeuia
qro
g;furax
rarufie
rrorouy,
r4M
B
a
He
coBc:bM
MolnHo
arrrx
IoB,
gon'bpnrr . . . ,(oporlr qpeBarbr orracHocrnMr,r,r{ Aa?fie c'ibcrnue
rpo,qyxrbl Aoxo[flr [o Hac c rpy[oM.
fope re,rlrHo. I\frr He ycurbeaeu ilpeAarb norpe6eHin o4llu
Tpyrr, KaH ylfie rrpr{Boaar nropoii u rperif,.r; rraBeprrr uag:bnarorcn
r{aII rpyrraMu, 6pocaror r{x fro Aoporalr c orpydnenHrrMr,r roJroBaMtrr, cJroMaHHbrMr{pyxaMr{, BcrroporbrMrr ?nr4BoraMr{. }ItraaHr,
coBeprxesuo BaMepJra,sfr Hlr r{c}tpbr HaAerfiAhr,Hu ilyqa cslbra.
flo uo.rax.rHe clr{M; 6po4uru,Hafi }firrBhrflrtnu. llpu man:bitureuua*rex:b na rxyu Mr,r 6'bmnn u flpflqeMcfl B c]t.Tragaxlr uorpe6ax.
Hacronqnn lrbr rrepe4aeMBaM uo4po6uocru co6urif,r r.ry6iiicrn,
l.rna:bnurr,rx
nr6cro B rrameM Mfcre.rn6 ri B or{pecrgocrr{.
Bo eropoit geur Tamyea BnepBr,reHaqarucb no ncefi r4x E{ecroriocrrr y6iitcrna eBpeeB B Harueu yta46, oco6enuo B ceJrax, JreH r a u l r r xu o 6 . u i r a o c r ur i H a r \ r . B ; l e p e e u n x T o p u l . r q a , C r p r r x r e n H a
n 4p. 6umr y6nru qt;rus cerrbrr- l,ryxrqrrHbr,lr{eurqrrHr,rr,r 46rlr.
9y4olr cracJrr{cb roJrbKo ycnfnruie 66;+iau ri ocraBrrBrrrieua nponBBoJr cy4r6r'r Bce cBoe r{MyrrlecrBo. Bropoe Hauageui.e 6r,r.no
na }ItaruHon. llo gopor6, E rpex Bepcrax or }ItauropraHr{BoBarro
6rura
Tnxoii, rpa6urerrr y6rr.ur.rEByx eBpeer, Eep4lrcena
Kora,
rreBcKaro n 3lrnr,6epra. Bc.nAgcrnie roro, riro 6r,r.noonacso Bbrtamarr Ba ropoA, HeJrbBfl6rr.ro rrar"rrur{x rpyru,r, r'r nocrf4uie naJrflJrrrcb e re.reHie BocbMr{ 4ueii na non'b. V EepgnveBci{aro ronoea 6rrna orpy6rena, a BToporo rorrru IreJrbafl 6rrro onoauaru.
Ha rrasax y nctx rHrrre.ner?Harrrero urbcrevHa, norpficeurrbrx r{
rrJranaBrrrr.rx,
Srrnrr aa6paur,rABa eBpefi, llo"'rsrtos n !,onronoc, nnrBeAeHbraa Mlbcre.ixo rr y6nrr,r caMbrDI?fiecror(rrM o6paaou. Bo
BpeM.fl Tperb-flro HaJrera, r{orAa paa6orlnlrnlr BopBaJrr{cb r( HaM
B IrOJrAeHb,I,rlt YI{aJrOcby6urr roHolu}' Xar,rU-Iepura Eyprureftna,

324

oxasaBrrraro colporrrBJreHie. IIo goporrb, 6il.ra Crasuul, ncrp:[u_


Hf,rx eBpeeB ydraranlr, aro c4t.ira.nocr o6rrsHbrM, rialRAoAHeBHbrM
nnreHielr. B Cranraulax-E{e Bo BpeMff rpor4BBe4eunaroBoopy,fienrraro naua4enia nour6yrn qerbrpe eBpefl. Brue BnHorpaAa
BaxBarr{Jrrr nflrepbrx npotamrax eBpeeB r rorpe6onanu or r{x
ceuefi Bbrnyna B rec.srb rbrcflq py6neii. flpu arou 6r,rnonocraBJrego
ycronie, sro6rr ,fieubr BaJrofirrrrdxoBcaMr,r [prrBeBJ]rr sry cyuMy.
Korga Ae'r,u4 6rrnn yuraveHbr, 6unn y6urrr 14 BaJrorn'rrnrr, trr r'x
,r(eHbr. B JIosnucnoft rropvmt, HeAaJreHo
or BologapHu,
rpa6lrTeJrrr, Toqrro guxie antpu, pacrepaaJrrr ABaArlarb oAnoro qeroetrqa n o4rrn AeHb. V6iftcrn, coBeprlamqr4xcff e?fieAHeBrrorro
AoporaM, rpyAuo [o4cqr.rrarb. Muoro nrcget y6raro, uuorie vy_
goM crracJrrrcr,or cueprn.
Hficrtonr,Ho gneft rouy naga[, 12-re
aBrycra, BoopyrfieHHrre6augrarnr BorrrJrrrs 6rraaJreffiauleeM. fIerp,
craml rpa6urr u crp6.n.arl r rxlrretefi. B aror AeHb rrM y[aJrocb
rfiE(eJro panr,rrr, rlecrb .reroslb(. Bo npelrn na6nrcgenia ga Mo_
norr6oii 6un n.repa y6lrr y uac nfrriii trIapan.reenv, 66rxeneq raa
Jlugrr, 6tgHnH, ceueftHr,rfi. Cerogna, B MoMeHTcocrauenis oaHaqeuHaro fltrrcbMa, 6ullr yburbr ABa eBpe.E c ynracuoft Erecro_
riocrbro - Ftaras u Bpnucrtil.i. Vmac r,r rope Ao roro BeJrr{r(rr,qro
rroqrrr nce mtcre.rrto o6nunaerc.E cnesaMrr. Itpyrou AyrrrepaB4r{paloqifi rrJraqr{ pugaHie. Hauur crpagania r$n cunlHte, rrro HaM
HeHyAa crracrr.rcb it nrbr Hagerngr,r Ha yryqmenie uonorxenis.
M:bcrnofi BJracru y Hac nrbr suriaxoft. calroo6oponsr nrbr raa-aa
orcyrcrnia opymia, xor.fr rar{oBafi MorJra 6r,r copranusoBarbc.Fr,
HaH y Hac, Tafi n r coc:b4ur,rxMtcre.rnax. H-bnqu, qacro npoxo4flulie uepea narue lrtcreqFio, roJrbrio rioA"rnlBarorMacJro B nox(ap,
oxsarrreuIif,i paliou. Fior4a Mbr rt Er{M o6paqaeucn 3a troMorrrbro,
oHr{ orroBapuBarorc.fl, qro y Hr4x ntr o6 aroM lpr{}iaaauift csrrme.
O:r uueulr crpaAaroqeii nponunqir,r, BBeprHyrofi n norpoltruft
Yxtac' or I4MeHI'ITbICfltI eBpeeB, ?IrrrByrrlr,rx
B cMepreJrr,nofionacnocrl{, M},r o6parqaelrca Fi BaNr, riaH H qJreHaMrleHrpa,'rbnofi enpeiicrrofi obrqlintr Vnpaunbr, c Hacro.srelrnofi npocr6ofi: ona?fir{Te
HaM rroMorql ectMr BoSrroEiHbrMpr
cpeAcrBaMrr. onacnocrl pacrer
rr ur{prdrcfl c HarfiArtM AHerr. Aruoc$epa HpyroM cranoBr,rrc.flBce
6onfe a4ourroii.
Henaeucrb npecrbflrrcnaro HacerreHin pacrer, ra
r,rx orHorleHie H uau sce 6oate r,r 6onte yxyArraercfl. Oslr Br4A.Er,
tITo HpoBb eopeftcnaa Jrbercfl 6eanariaaanHo,
Hafi BoAa, r{ y HIlx

326

paBropaercs ,Ka?fiAa eBpeficnaro rrMylqecrBa I{ Etr{aHI{. He orsocr{recb ao BceMy aroMy Jlerrto. 3ro He rrpocro ua6utbrs (ppaau,
a KpoBbro Ir cJreBaMIrilr{cano. Era uepuan crpaurrqa' cocraBJreuMnr nau
rrafl AJrq Bao, Huqro u cpanueniu c caMbrMrrco6rrrirlru.
g6narr,
rro Mbr rpe6yeu or Bac
rre AaeM ynaaanift, fiaE 6nrm, vro
Bo rrufi eapeficrna ?t eBpeeB: ropoflr{recb r{ crracl{Te. O6parurecr
n rtoMy cn;b4yer - $ ynparlncrtomy rlpaBr.rTeJrbcrBy,B Mr4nrrcrepHe or UMeHI{
(tolrxo
crBa, coo6qure o HaIIreM noloxeniu
raaer4
paar.-enpeficxux
sameft o6qnnu) s MtcrHblx Ap.-eBpeficltl{x
Tax, gaffie B aarpanuvnoft rreqarlr' coetrsaftre coslbqanis o6rrlecrBenrrlrx gtnteneft, [pe[craBrrreneft ectx uaprift, gaftre uau
na[remarqift conrbr u gBnailre, qro roJrbrto Mo]fiere.
He gyuaftte, rrto Bce, o[I4cauuoe HaMr4,clyvafiHnrn nnnenial
n:Br, Tyr grbficrnyer opraur{BoBalruoe paa6oftnr'rvecrno, rr Hac
?r([er erqe enpeftcxaa p:bann, I4 Kro 3naer, r{a( [oJlro raKoe cocrasnie 6y4er rnnyrrcr.
Mu ynrbpeubr, qro Bbr cepbearlo Blrnrtnnre B coleprxarrie raffero rrrlcbMalr cAtraere BceBoBMornrroe
AJIflonaaanig EaM uoMonTt.

C conepurenslrM noqresieM
?Itamnoscnaqo6u{una:
Ilpeaugiyrrl (2 noguracu),
Irlcuo.ns.ltouurer (4 uognucu),
9nenrl Con;bra(7 noguuceft).
Apxun ltiescrofi enp. o6rqrautr(t9t8 r.).

4.
S r t c q e c c us M . B o i l o 4 a P x 6 .
Iloayv.ltieecH.o6quuoft
23-roaBr.l9t8 r., Ni,27.
<<Bltiencnyro EnpeftcHyIoO6quny.
eBp.I{aceJrenisu. BonoOr ynornoruoqeHHaro
Aapnu, CxrlrpcrtaroyrBa4a,F. Itnurmana'
27-ro iro.nn c. r. HerrBB:bcrur'rurJrrrqaMrl6rrno pacrtJreeuoB
o6'snnenie nenas:bcrnofi oprauraaaqiu,
M;bcresxt Bo;rogapnf
326

Jro3yrrloM rtoropoft flBJrfleTc.a: (Bbrrrrarb HabMrIeB,[epe6r.rTb troMrbulnHosr{ eBpeeB)).3-ro aarycra n 6 nepcrax or M:bcre.rnaB pyrr'r
naasanuofi 6an4m lotraJrr4c6 9 upolbarxlrx eBpeeB,rra rrr{x 6 qenos:En 6uno y6lrro Ha utcrb,
ocraJrbubre rpoe, nponennnurie
eqe trpr{Buantrr HrtrraHrr,6r,rnu gocraBJreubr r Bono4apcnyro 6onruur{y. 6-ro anrycra yrpou na nntcresno HaraJro .reronibtt 40 eoopy?fienlrbrx 6auguron n, co6pan eBpeeB, uorpe6ona,rn Hourpra6yqin n 30.000 py6., na Horoprlx roilyrrr{rrrr ryr }He t{.000.
IIoJryqr{B ynaBaHnyro cyMMy, 6auglrrn craJrrr rpa6urr enpeftcHia
fiBaprxpbr, aa6lrpan AeHbrr{ r4 paanbrfl q:bnuocrr.r. V u'bxoropr-r*
nuq 6nrnlr noxrrqeubr rafilne Berrlr{, JroruaAr{. Sartnr uoAorrrJrtr n
aerrcrtoft leve6nlrqrb lr uorpe6orarlr y Bpaqa Bbr4aqr,r6otrnrrx, uego6urrrx r{Mr4 B u:bcy, c qfnrro nonorrqr{Tb c ur4Mr4. C rpygolu
yAaJlocb Irprrnpflrarb secqacrHhtfl ?fieprBbr; [pr4 aroM oAr4H r4B
6o.nrnnrx or nouuenia cnoHqaJrcfi. Vxo4n, 6an4rarrr upurpoBr4Jrrr
pacflpaBurbcfl c eBpeflMrr, ecJrr{ oHr{ norrbrrarorcfi sbrgnarl ulbDrrIeB AJls BatrIrrrbr. B uouenr npe6r,rnanin 6aHguroe s Mtcresxt
uunuqiu He BrrArro 6nno.
Sxcqeccrr co croporrbr utcrnnx
r(pecrbffH, ar,rpamarcrqiecn B ToM, qro 6rror oHHa a enpeficnrlx (Baprr{pax, ran?fie uep:[4nrr, lr enpeiicKoe nacelenie
rrocro.surro npe6usaer n crpaxlb.
B peaynrrart
rnxenofi
arnnoc{epn, n rforopoft uplxolrrrcn
Errrrr eBpeflM, floJroBrrrra
enpeiicrtaro aaceneuis [onrrHyira lrbcreqrio. Ho n nugy ouacHaro coodqenis c 6numafturnlrn ropoAaMu (Cxrupa, EtnaqIlepnonr)
BoBMornnocrb rronrru)nr
]rfcre.rfio
ranrr{e
orraAAET.
B BrrAy rrBJroE{eHHaro,eepeilcHoe uace;reuie u. Bouo4apxu
rpocnr or ltieecxoii enpeitcnoii o6qllnrr co46ftcrnia r gtn:b rtoMarrgr{poBarris s Mtcreqrio Ha4e?$Haroorpfl[a AJrfl Barrlrrrbrrraceaesis utcreqrta or nanagenin r4 reppopa 6augrzron. Bo npeua
Hauafteuia ruafiHu ua illtcresno u:bcrnoe Hpecrb-rrucrtoeHaceJresie ocraBaJrocb coBeprueHr{o 6eayvacruuru R rrporrcxogflrqeMy.
floarouy o6paulaelrcr c upocr6ofi noa4tiicreoBarE, fiaxrrM-rur6y4r
rryreM Ha Hpecrb.rrn Bo"uogapHr{,cpelu Horopbrx, nonaraen, zMtIorc.rl coyqacrnrrKrl gTrrx npecryn.reuiit, vro6rr, u c;ry.rarb BTopuqHaro Ha[aAerriR, HpecrbflHe raFi?fienpr.ruflJuryvacrie n orparxenir,r
HanaAaroqr{x. flpucrrnna Bor4ucnaroorpflIla Ha Kopornoe BpeMrr,
ulrrr nepiognvecxoe upe6r,rnanie ralioBoro e Mtcresrt6 Helr(e-

327

JrareJrbHo'
u6o n nepiogr,rorcyrcrnia oxpaHbreBpeffMrposlrr erqe
6onrmag orraclrocrbor Mecrrr co cropoHbrflpecryrrHr.rxoB.
Bopyx-Illueua Knuruan>.
Apxnr

ltiescHoft

enp. o6ulr.rnbr (igt8 r,).

X.
<,{peao

trJraqa)).

Ile.raraeuuft AoKyMeHr-uagrpo6nrrft (unaq> nag y6ieunr,ruu u


JlrrcsnHrb Bo BpeMfl rrorpoMa nrbrou 1918, cocrasueuubrft u:bcruulr
<moxeroM))r4 r(aHropoM. ABrOp, rxlreoft crug:breffi co6rrrift, ouncaJI r{x n nlrgrb (([ilarra)) uo rr{uy crapr4Hnbrx enpeftcHux <<Kinot>>,
B crr{xax, Ha [p.-eBpeftcr{ou sarrx6. Oulrcanie Bro nurepecuo ne
ToJIbnouo csoefi {oprut, Ho rr rro cogeprrauirc: B HeMAaercn uepeqeHb
r{ $aprrrua npouaofiregrr.rx s JlbrcsuHt y6iftcrn.
Mrr nepegann
upoaofi aror rpyAHo rroAAaroqiiica nepenoAy crr,rJrb((rJraqa)),BBflB
roJrbxo rrb crpo{rr, rgf coo6qarorca tfaxru.recHis AauHbrfl.
. . . <<fl-6rr xor:b,'r, qr:o6rr roJroBa lroq 6r,rna pyqr,eM, rlJraaaI{JrroseMCreB, Aa6brAO HoHrtracsoeii Frr,iaHu,gO uocn:bAHflro BBAoxa
o[Jraxr.rBarb uorlr6rulrx,
116o 4ame cep[ue rra riaMHfl _. rr ro paBcraHer, cJreabrHB rJraB
norefiyr pyrrbeM or npeAHarreprauuori cBbrrrre cyAb6br,_ qro6rr
lroglr uorra6Jrr{or pyriu y6iftq.
B urecroii 4eur uegfnv, 25 Cunauar B noJrgeHb, B roA (KorAa
Jlrrcqsxa pynaMr{ eary6nena>. 6r,r.nropog' ABa?fiIhr paapyilreH rt
paarpab.reH, rr y6liru rprrAuarb 4ea veloe:brra.
Cnpanruaa, rrorpflcaroqafi Kaprr4ua. trlls .rerrr p. Moiirue AuTouoBcnaro u ero n'bpuoii ?fieHbrHn oH BAoBr{oMne ocranci, nr.r
ona n4onoli, - sutcr.b noru6nu onr{ Myqrrrenrnol'i cMeprr,n.
B norpe66 y Hero rrpfiraJrocb rrHoro ceuefi. Tau-nte naxoAlrJrcfl li pe6 Illauafi }touy6eeecnir:i c cetrtefi, llo rraBeprr,rrpaHal a M I d B a o l l B a , r un o r p e 6 - l i I r x I I e c r a J r o .
Hee'bcra, roroBafl ri ntuqy, qr,rc?asAyua, 6rrna rau B uoAnant y6rrra nrr.rtcrf co ceoejt cecrp(,'r,i. Oreq rrx, p. Iexienr, Jlau4a,
ropLno pbrgaJr rraA rrx uornnort - r{aA ux qepnbn{ a6Hqor,r.

328

Erarosecrurrrft p. Mop4xe, cun Arpaaua.


Bennnifi yvexrrfi,
uygpufi lr cnpouuruft.
Vlrcroft nnonnrnoft MoJrrrJrc.Erro HoqaM,
Bo BpeMfl HoqHoro 64tnis. A 6rrn y6ur nocpeAr,ryJrrrqn fi rpr{ AHff
xe cno4o6lrrcs 6sur norpe6enHnrw.
Bor u p. Illtroftrue JreBrrr,- BbrrrreJruenautpeuno, aEreJr cMeprra sefl*n euy ocrarloBr{Tbcrr, oH r:e rrocJryruaJrcrr_ yt ryr-}Ke Ha
nfcr;b 6un y6rar ryirero.
. . .Eqe Muoro, Muoro Apyrr{x norra6uo or pyn r4BBeproB,
co cJroBoM<<gxoq>>
(Bor eguu) Ha ycrax.
Cpe4n Hr.rxp. Mofime,
cr,ru Anpaanaa,p. Apon, crru l{wr-Iaga.
tr{ erqe rprr meprBbr - ne nrbcrnbre JrroArr; xaK cr(or onu 6rr:ru
saptaauu n goporf, orpa6reulr Ao rJra r{ co}nxeuhr, Aa6rr r4x Ee
OIIOBHAJII4.

Crap

u MJraA olJranrrBaJrr{ lneprBbr ftr.rruuuena, cpenr{ Hrrx


flar n Haru <(ruaMec)),
p. IIIMyerb,
y6rarrrft r{aBepraMrrn clluarort, HorAa oH r:brou aarrlrrilIaJr cBr{TnI/t
((IIIAMECA), UABIIIATO HA IIOCTY.

Toprr.
. . . Mnoriq ceMbrr 6rrnlr sbrraqeHbr r{B [oMoB, po4rrreJrrr c
grbrrura, 6parra c cecrpaMr,r, Myx(rlr4Hbr, ffierrrluubr, gtru - lr
sct ouu 6rrru uenuaJrocepgHoy6rrrr,r, rrBypoAoBaubr. Cuepegu u
c3aAu r{crrBaJrrr ux aureJrhl cMeprrr u rra6enn.
. . . Pe6 Eeuiauun IIIa{up 6nn y6ur slr&crt co cBorru e[r{HcrBeHHbrMcbrHoM, eArrHcrBeHHor"r
csoerl paAocrbro n yr;bxoft. A
MaTb ocTaJracb ?nr.rBa,orrJraHrrBaflr,rx o6orax rr MoJr.ffo rperreii
uorult 4,rn ce6a.
O p. Onagrt PonuscxoM r,r ero celrb:b fl xorry or:461urc r4eJrr{rb
cnorc cnop6b, - on 6r,rl rari 6;raroqecrlre rr [paBeAeH. On norn6
a gopor6. Panrure urbu or4art Bory 4yury, oH B crpax.b rroAH.EJr
rJraaa H ue6y r,r rari ropecrHo, B ficHoM co3Hauir.r, Banpr{trafl, rrro
Aa?fie aHreJrrr ua ue66 ropr,no Bapbr4aJrrl: TafioBa Topa, TaHoBo
6naro.recrie - I,r raHoBo soaAa.fluie?
O, Bceeuruniii, cau-rHe rsr n Top'b nonelrbn <(Bo[rln 14ror ?fie
AeHb He Bar(aJrbrBarborqa rr cr,rua>1),- q:bu-xre npoBr{HrrJrr.rcb
pa6r,I TBou, rrro p. Oea4ra r{ cbrrr ero fh,rnxoc o6a Bnfcrb 6u,nu
aaptaannr?
?*tena p. fluuxoca, B cr{op6r,r Ba Aoqb cBoro, Morrr{aa y6iiirl
1) lonopurcn

ptsnu
orrrocr{TeJrr,Ho

cnora.

329

y6r.rrb ee cuaqaila. Marr c uonr6oft rprrnpbrJraAotrb; Hecqacruaff


uorz6na, u Aoqb cuacJracb.
. . .I( gnro u:bcsqnrrx rroMrrnoruo y6ieuurrmnpn6anunr{cbeule
HoBbrfiqerbrpelneprBrr,-r4 ror4a r crpaxt 6;bxrauonce trtcreuno,
oT MaJIa AO BeJrrrfia, rroTfiEyJrrrcb

pflAbr HoBbIx r{SrllaHrrr.rrtoB.

Itro na rroBoar(ax, r{ro nBurnom; r{ro co crrflqrirur{ 4rbrruu


Ha pyxax, rtro Hecff r{croMJreu}rr,rx Atreft Ha utev:b, a rrubre rrecJra
cnom o6ysr ua na.ln;b - BHaMfl r.laruaHuuqecrBa.
tr4 egpyr paaAaJrr{cbcrparuubre BorJrrr. Eoscr npec,irtgonania,
rarr 6pocn.nucb B cropouy. ilo cnopo yaHaJrrr, qro ilpr4qr4narre B
norourb: y o4nofi r4B r4aruarrntul Haqailucb poAbr. . .
Tan npu6nurrd Mbr n Snennropo4ny, rroJruue or.{asHifl, roJrlre,
6ocrre, c paabnrrruu cep4qaMrr. . .

Co cueaaulr ilr,rcaJr- Iocliif Tonuuncnift,


rrroxer r.r r{auTop u. JlrrcsEfiur>."
lla apxuna ltiescxofi enp. o6qnuu

(t9f8 r.).

xr.
lfeuopaxgyu

l0iescftofi o6qaarr.

<Iocnoguny Mlnnacrpy BuyrpeHur,rxg6;r VHpalrncxoft ,{epxanu.


Coetra }tiescHoft erpeftcrtoft o6qann, e
.urn16; en npe4ctgareJrfi- nurfieuep-rexHoJroraH. C. CupxrrHa,roBap. rpe4cfgareJrfl - Hiercxaro fiyrqa X. C. Py6urrruxa
r.rupe4c64arenr o6rqrauuofi
yuparnr - o6qecTBeHHaIO paBBIrHa, rtolrr. rJpI'ICfi?fiI{arOnOst-

perrHaro fl. tr{. A,renrnoBc}raro.


Hier, anrycra 27 gua, t9l8 roga.
,[on,naguas SauucHa.
Eilna ocao6oArlBrrrr{cbor por(oBoro naruecrnir 6onrmennnos,
oBHaMeHOBaBrurrx
cBoft nyrb MaccosbrMlrlre6ienisr.ru u y6iftcreaun
eBpeeB r'r paarpoMrrBrrrrdxr{x rrMyqecrBa, KaH Hanpralrbp: Honropo4-C6repcn (y6uro 88 enpeen, rrrnrerro paHeHo l1), Cepenrrnnafl Eyga (y6uro 25 eepeea) ra gp., r{an HaA enpeftcHnu

330

rraceJregieMpagpaauJracb r{oBafl rpoaa. Paapocraercs fiorpourrafi


arraraqin co croporrbl TeMrrbrxaJreMeHToB.Rpecrraue npr{BbrBanr
n ptauf eBpeeB. Bo unorlrx ropo