Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 36

7

SIP
7.1 SIP
Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)

, : ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
SIP MMUSIC (Multiparty Multime,
dia Session Control) IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force),
RFC 2543
[54]. MMUSIC ,
:
.
,
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
REGISTER ,
.
13. ..

10 - Chap 7.p65

193

26.11.2001, 11:18

194

. , ,
,
. , ,
SIP, .
.
,
.
, SIP
, ,
7 DSS1.
SIP ,
.
ISDN
IP,.
SIP
,
IANA.
, SIP,
, ,
.
SIP
.
, ,
IETF. SIP
, Internet Engineering Task
Force (IETF). ,
(Resource Reservation Protocol RSVP, RFC 2205),
(Real,Time Transport Pro,
tocol RTP, RFC 1889),
(Real,Time Streaming Protocol RTSP, RFC 2326),
(Session Description Protocol
SDP, RFC 2327). SIP ,
.
. ,
SIP .323 (,
5 6). SIP ,
DSS1 7 [6,7].
SIP ,
SIP,,
.164 . ,
SIP, H.323 ISUP/IP,
, ,
(. 8.2); ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

194

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

195

MGCP.
SIP , ,
IP,
[8], , ,
.

7.2 SIP IP


SIP
.
.25, Frame Relay, AAL5/ATM, IPX
. SIP ,
. , , ,
IP UDP. , ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
UDP,
. UDP , TCP, ,
( ,
), ,
,
. ,
, (fire,
wall), . ,
,
, TCP,,

TCP,. 7.1 , ,
SIP TCP/IP.

(SIP)

TCP UDP

IPv4 IPv6

PPP, ATM, Ethernet

UTP5, SDH, DDH, V.34 .

. 7.1 SIP TCP/IP

10 - Chap 7.p65

195

26.11.2001, 11:18

196

IP ,
: ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
(), ,
, .
,
SIP
. ,
SDP (Session Descrip,
tion Protocol).
, SIP ,
SDP.
SDP 8.
IETF ,
RTP, 4 ,
, SIP
.
SIP ,
,
. , SIP
, ,
. ,
SIP ,
IP, ,
.
,
Mbone, ,
,
.
Mbone , ,
,
SIP.
SIP
:
(multicasting), ,
multicast,,
;
(MCU), ,

,, , , (.. ,
) ;

10 - Chap 7.p65

196

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

197

,
,.
SIP ,
, .. ,
.
, SIP c IP,,
, , ,
Network
Address Translator (NAT).

7.3
,
IP, ,
SIP , . ,
,
URL (Universal Resource Locators),
SIP URL.
SIP, :
@;
@;
@IP);
@.
, .
,
. ,
, .
, ,
. IP,
Domain Name Service (DNS).
SIP, IP,, ,
.
SIP, sip:, ,
SIP,, .. (, mailto:).
SIP,:
sip: als@rts.loniis.ru
sip: user1@192.168.100.152
sip: 294,75,47@gateway.ru

10 - Chap 7.p65

197

26.11.2001, 11:18

198

7.4 SIP
SIP ,
(Hypertext Transfer Protocol,
RFC 2068). SIP ,
,, . 7.2.

. 7.2 ","

, , ,
. , ,
, ,
, , ,
.
,
SIP. ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
.
7.4.1
, ,
(..
), , ,
User Agent Client (UAC) ,
User Agent Server (UAS).
, UAS UAC (
) ,
SIP . ,
UAS, UAC,
User Agent (UA), ,
SIP.
,
SIP: , (proxy server)
(redirect server).

10 - Chap 7.p65

198

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

199

7.4.2 
, ( proxy ) ,
. , ,
, , ,
. , ,
, .. , ,
,
, .
, ,
( registrar)
,
LDAP (RFC 1777), rwhois
(RFC 2167) .
, ,
(stateful) (stateless).
,
,
. .
, ..
.
,
, , .
,
, . , ,
, :
;
,
;
.
, , ,
,
.. , ,,
.
,
, . ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
. , ,
,
.
,
. IP, ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

199

26.11.2001, 11:18

200

, . ,
, . ,
,
, ,
, ,
, , .
, ,
, , , ,
,
SIP, ,
.
7.4.3

. ,
,
,
.
,
.
RAS
,. ,
, ,
. .
,
.
,
SIP,. ,
, .
7.4.4
,

. , ,
, , , ,
. ,
, ,
REGISTER. ,
:
, ,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

200

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

201

)
,
. ,
,
.
, (
registrar) ,
,, .
RFC 2543
, ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
. SIP, ,
LDAP (RFC 1777), rwhois (RFC 2167),
.
7.4.5 SIP
, , SIP
: , ,
. . 7.3 ,
SIP.
SIP,
loniis.ru

user1@loniis.ru

user2@loniis.ru

/ISDN

IP

SIP,
other.ru

user3@other.ru

. 7.3 SIP

10 - Chap 7.p65

201

26.11.2001, 11:18

202

, SIP,, ,
. 7.3, ,
.
, , ,
, SIP,. ,
: ,
SIP, (UA)
SIP,, Ethernet
(SIP,, Cisco Systems,
). , ,

SIP,, ,
. ,
:
(, ) ,
, . , ,
,
.
SIP,
7.4.

SIP,

. 7.4 SIP,


. ,
,
.
, ,
.

7.5 SIP
7.5.1
,
, ,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

202

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

203

, , ,
,
, , ,
.
SIP,. ,
, .
SIP ( ),
, ,
RFC 2279. ,
SIP, , ,
. 7.5 ,
SIP.

. 7.5 SIP


SIP,. ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .
, ,
, ., , , ,
.
. (..
),
, .
SIP
. ACK, INVITE OPTIONS ,
, ,
SDP. BYE , ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

203

26.11.2001, 11:18

204

REGISTER .
: ,
.
7.5.2
SIP ( 7.1):
, ;
, ,
( Content);
,
;
,
.
, , ,
, . ,
. ,
, ,
.
.
CallID
, ,
(call reference) DSS,1 [7]. ,
, .
CallID ,
, . ,
@, , 2345call@rts.loniis.ru
: ,
, ,
CallID.
. SIP,
tag ,
(, , ,
) , ,
SIP URL. ,
; , ,
tag. ,
.
, ,
, , .
From ; ,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

204

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

205

7.1 SIP

Call,ID
(
)

Content,Encoding
(
)
Content,Length
(
)

Contact
()

CSeq
Content,Type
() ( )
Date
()
Encryption
()
Expires
(
)
From
( )
Record,Route
( )
Timestamp
( )

()
Via
()

Accept () Allow ()
Accept,Encoding
(
)
Accept,Language
(
)
Authorization
()

Proxy,Authenticate
(
,
)
Retry,After (

)
Server
()
Unsupported
( )

Hide
()

Warning
()

Max,Forwards
(

)
Organization
()
Priority
()
Proxy,Authorization
( ,
)
Proxy,Require
( ,
)
Route
()
Require ()
Response,Key
(
)
Subject
()
User,Agent
( )

WWW,Authenticate
(
WWW,
)

CSeq , ,
.
. :
1 232 . ,
CSeq ,
, CSeq . ,
: CSeq: 2 INVITE.

10 - Chap 7.p65

205

26.11.2001, 11:18

206

Via , , ,
, , ,
,
(, ,
firewall). ,
,, , ,
,,
, . , ,
Via , :
, . ,
(, ) ,
.
, ,
: loniis.ru, sip.telecom.com.
:
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP sip.telecom.com:5060;branch=721e418c4.1
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP loniis.ru:5060,
branch , sip.telecom.com ,
,
, , ,
: 721e418c4.1.
Via ,
, , Via
.
Recordroute , ,
SIP URL, ,
.
ContentType
. , , SDP,
.
Content,Length .
,
SIP,
, ,
( 7.2). M ,
, O
, F ,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

206

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

207

7.2
SIPv2.0

Accept
Accept
Accept,Encoding
Accept,Encoding
Accept,Language
Accept,Language
Allow
Allow
Authorization
Call,ID
Contact
Contact
Contact
Contact
Contact
Content,Encoding
Content,Length
Content,Type
Cseq
Date
Encryption
Expires
From
Hide
Max,Forwards
Organization
Proxy,Authenticate
Proxy,Authorization
Proxy,Require
Priority
Require
Retry,After
Retry,After
Response,Key
Record,Route
Record,Route
Route
Server
Subject
Timestamp
o
Unsupported
User,Agent
Via
Warning
WWW,Authenticate


415

415

415
200
405

, ,


1
2
3
485



, ,




, ,




407





404, 480,
486, 503, 600 603


2




, ,

420

, ,


401

ACK BYE CAN INV OPT REG


F
F
F
F
F
F
F
O
O

F
F
F
F
O
O
F
O
O

F
F
F
F
O
O
F
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
F
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
M
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
F
O
O

O
F
F
F
F
O
O
*

F
F
F
O
O
F
F
F

F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
*

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
*

O
F
O
O
O
O
O
*

O
O
F

O
O
F

O
O
F

O
O
O

O
O
F

O
O
O

O
O
F
O
O
O
F
O
F

O
O
F
O
O
O
F
O
F

O
O
F
O
O
O
F
O
F

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
F

O
O
O
O
O
O
F
O
F

O
O
O
O
O
O
F
O
O

F
O
O
O
O
F
O

O
O
O
O
O
F
O

O
O
O
O
O
F
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
F
O

O
O
O
O
O
F
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

* , ,
, , .. .

10 - Chap 7.p65

207

26.11.2001, 11:18

208

7.5.3
SIP ,
. ,
, SIP,
,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .. ,
, .
RequestURI SIP, , ,
. RequestURI
, , ,
, RequestURI ,
.
INVITE ,
. , ,
( ,
), ,
, , ,
.
INVITE ,
, , ,
, ,
( ).
, ,
, , , ,
SIP,.
INVITE ,
. ,
INVITE.
ACK INVITE. ,
, ,
INVITE, ..
,
INVITE. ACK ,
, ,
.
CANCEL
, CANCEL, CallID, To,
From CSeq, ,
. , CANCEL ,
,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

208

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

209

, , ,
CANCEL.
BYE
. ,
BYE, () ,
200 .
REGISTER
. ,
:
, ,
;
From . ,
, , ,
, ;
Contact ,
INVITE. ,
REGISTER Contact , ,
.
*;
Expires ,
. ,
1 ,
. , ,
REGISTER Expires,
0, Contact.
OPTIONS ,
,
. ,
.
OPTIONS ,

.
.
SIP ,
,
. , ,
. , SIP ,
,
.
INFO.
:
/ISDN/
;

14. ..

10 - Chap 7.p65

209

26.11.2001, 11:18

210

DTMF ;
.
SIP, , ,
, INVITE (. 7.6).
INVITE sip: watson@boston.belltel.com SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.belltel.com
From: A. Bell <sip: a.g.bell@belltel.com>
To: T. Watson <sip: watson@belltel.com>
CallID: 3298420296@kton.belltel.com
Cseq: 1 INVITE
ContentType: application/sdp
ContentLength: ...
v=0
o=bell 53655765 2353687637 IN IP4 128.3.4.5
C=IN IP4 kton.belltel.com
m=audio 3456 RTP/AVP 0 3 4 5

. 7.6 INVITE

Bell (a.g.bell@bell,tel.com)
Watson (watson@bell,tel.com). ,
, (boston.bell,tel.com). From
,
. ,
SDP,
3456 , ,
RTP ,
: 0 PCMU, 3 GSM, 4 G.723 5 DVI4.
SIP, ,
UDP, ,
,
, . ,
, ,
, , SDP. ,
( 7.3).
7.3

c
e
f
i
m
l
s
t
v

10 - Chap 7.p65

210


Content,Type
Content,Encoding
From
Call,ID
Contact ( "moved")
Content,Length
Subject
To
Via

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

211

INVITE,
6, ,
(. 7.7):
INVITE sip: watson@boston.belltel.com SIP/2.0
v: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.belltel.com
f: A. Bell <sip: a.g.bell@belltel.com>
t: T. Watson <sip: watson@belltel.com>
i: 3298420296@kton.belltel.com
Cseq: 1 INVITE
c: application/sdp
l: ...
v=0
o=bell 53655765 2353687637 IN IP4 128.3.4.5
C=IN IP4 kton.belltel.com
m=audio 3456 RTP/AVP 0 3 4 5

. 7.7 INVITE

, ,
, , 7.4.
7.4 SIP

INVITE
ACK
BYE
CANCEL
REGISTER
OPTION


. SDP,

INVITE
.
,
CallID,
To, From CSeq, CANCEL


7.5.4
, (,)
. :
,
, ..
SIP .
, ,
. . ,
, , ,
.
, ,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

211

26.11.2001, 11:18

212

: ,
. ,
. , ,
, 1. , ,
, 100 Trying, ,
, .
, ,
, ( ,
) .
180 Ringing; ,
, ,
.
, ,
2, 3, 4, 5 6.
, , .
.
2 , . ,
2
200 . , :
200 INVITE , ,
; ,
;
200 BYE ,
;
200 CANCEL ,
;
200 REGISTER , ,
;
200 OPTION
, ,
.
3 ,
,
,
:
300 Multiple Choices SIP,,
, , ,
;
301 Moved Permanently , ,
, ,
, Contact;
302 Moved Temporary , ,
( Expires) ,
, Contact.

10 - Chap 7.p65

212

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

213

4 , ,
. ,
:
400 Bad Request , , ,
;
401 Unauthorized , ,
. ,
, ,
;
403 Forbidden , , ,
. .
, ,
..;
485 Ambiguous , ,
;
486 Busy Here , ,

. ,
, , ,
.
5 , ,
, :
500 Server Internal Error ,
, . ,
,
;
501 Not Implemented , ,
, .
, ,
;
502 Bad Gateway , , ,
,, ,
, ;
503 Service Unavailable , ,

.
6xx ,
:
600 Busy Everywhere , ,

. ,
, ;

10 - Chap 7.p65

213

26.11.2001, 11:18

214

603 Decline ,
.
;
604 Does Not Exist Anywhere ,
.
, SIP,.

,
.
, , ,
,.
7.8 INVITE.
SIP/2.0 200 OK
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.belltel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@belltel.com>
To: <sip:watson@belltel.com>;
CallID: 3298420296@kton.belltel.com
Cseq: 1 INVITE
ContentType: application/sdp
ContentLength: ...
v=0
o=watson 4858949 4858949 IN IP4 192.1.2.3
t=3149329600 0
c=IN IP4 boston.belltel.com
m=audio 5004 RTP/AVP 0 3
a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000
a=rtpmap:3 GSM/8000

. 7.8 SIP, 200

Watson ,
,
Bell.
(. 7.7).
, 5004 ,
PCMU,
GSM. From, To, Via, CallID ,
7.7. , INVITE ,
CSeq: 1.
, ,
, SIP ,
. ,
,
. 7.5 ,
, SIP.

10 - Chap 7.p65

214

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

215

7.5 SIP
K

100

Trying

180

Ringing

181

Call Is Being
Forwarded

182

Queued

200

302

K
Multiple
Choices
Moved
Permanently
Moved
Temporarily

305

Use Proxy

380

Alternative
Service

300
301

400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407

408

409
410
411

10 - Chap 7.p65

Bad Request
Unauthorised
Payment
Required

, ,
,

.

,
,
. K
,
K
.

,
Contact
,
Contact

, ,.
,
, Contact.
(UAS)
,
, . ,





,
Not Found
Request,URI
,
Method Not
Request,URI. Allow
Allowed

, ,
Not Acceptable
Proxy
Authentication K ,

Required
, ,
,
Request
, Expires
Timeout
.

REGISTER ,
Conflict
, action
,

Gone
,
Length
Content,Length
Required
Forbidden

215

26.11.2001, 11:18

216

413
414
415

Request Entity
Too Large
Request,URI
Too Large
Unsupported
Media Type

420

Bad Extension

480

Temporarily not
available
Call
Leg/Transaction
Does Not Exist

481

482

483
484
485

486
500
501

502
503

504

505
600

603
604
606

10 - Chap 7.p65


, Request,URI,
,

,
Require

BYE,
, CANCEL,

,
Loop Detected ( Via
)
Via,
Too Many Hops ,,
Max,Forwards
Address
To
Incomplete
Request,URI.
.
Ambiguous
Contact ,


Busy Here
.

Internal Server
Error
,
Not
. ,
Implemented

, ,
Bad Gateway , ,

Service

Unavailable

, ,

Gateway Time, ,
(,
out
),

SIP Version not SIP
supported

Busy
.
Everywhere


Decline
.

Does not exist
anywhere
,
Not Acceptable , ,
SDP, ..

216

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

217

7.6
SIP 3 ,
: ,, ,
. ,
,
,
. ,
,, ,
SIP, .
,
,
.
, , ,
,
.
.
,
,, ,
, ,.
, , ,
.. , ,
, ,
. ;
.
7.6.1

. ,
.
INVITE (1)
5060,
( 7.9). ,
.
,
(2), (3). ,
302 Moved temporarily
(4), ,

,
. ,
302 ACK (5).

10 - Chap 7.p65

217

26.11.2001, 11:18

218

,
,

1. INVITE

2.

3.

4. 302 Moved Temporarily


5. ACK
6. INVITE
7. 100 Trying
8. 180 Ringing
9. 200 OK
10. ACK

11. BYE
12. 200 OK

. 7.9


.
INVITE (6) CallID,
CSeq. INVITE ,
SDP.
INVITE ,
, 100 Trying (7) ,
.

, ,
180 Ringing (8). ,

200 (9), ,
SDP. ,
,
(10).
.

BYE (11), 200 (12).
7.6.2. 

,.

10 - Chap 7.p65

218

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

219

.
INVITE (1) , 5060, ,
( 7.10). ,
. ,

(2), ,
(3). , INVITE ,
(4).
,
Via ,,
, .

, ,
180 Ringing (5), To,
From, CallID, CSeq Via.
200 (6),

SDP. ,
(7). ,
.

BYE (8), 200 (9).
,,
.

,
,

,
1. INVITE

2.

3.

4. INVITE
5. 180 Ringing
5. 180 Ringing
6. 200 OK
6. 200 OK
7. ACK
7. ACK


8. BYE

8. BYE
9. 200 OK

9. 200 OK

. 7.10 ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

219

26.11.2001, 11:18

220

7.7
SIP
,
SIP.
,
.
7.11 .
, , B,
, .
A

INVITE A
200 OK
ACK
BYE (Location: C)
200 OK
INVITE C
200 OK
ACK

. 7.11 " "

,
, , ,
. ,
,
, ;
. , ,
, INVITE B, ,
, , ,
INVITE Also, ,
, .
, INVITE , ,
, Also.
, ,
( 7.12).

, ,
,
( 7.13).

10 - Chap 7.p65

220

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

221

INVITE B
100 Trying

INVITE (Also: C)

B

C

200 OK
BYE
200 OK
INVITE C
200 OK
ACK

. 7.12 " "


A

INVITE (CallDisposition: Queue)


182 Queued

200 OK

ACK

. 7.13 " "

CallDisposition, ,
. ,
INVITE CallDispo
sition: Queue, : ,
, ,
.
182 Queued,
.
,
, ,
200 OK.

10 - Chap 7.p65

221

26.11.2001, 11:18

222

7.8 .323 SIP



SIP .323, , SIP
,
.323. ,
, . ,

IP,
.323 ( ,
), SIP (,
). , ,
.
. ,
ITU,T IETF. ,
, ITU,T ,
, IETF , ,
Internet.
,
.
. , ,
, .
, .323, ,
ITU,T .450.x. SIP
,
,
,,
.
, .
, :
(Call hold);
(Call Transfer);
(Call Forwarding);
(Call Waiting);
.
. ,
SIP : ,
MCU,
.

, .. ,
. ,
.

10 - Chap 7.p65

222

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

223

.323 ,
,
(Multipoint Controller), ,
. ,
, ,, ,
, ,, ,
. ,
,
. , ITU,T H.323
, ,
. ,
H.323 ,
.
SIP IP,,

( Mbone,
). SIP
( H.323),
. , ,
INVITE,

(Call,center)
.
, .323 ,
, ,
.
SIP , ,
, ,
, .
SIP
(third,party call control).
, ,

. H.323,
.
SIP ,
, ,
.
.323 . ,
SIP, ,
.
. SIP ,

, ,
, ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

223

26.11.2001, 11:18

224

( )
.. SIP ,
,
.
.323, . , ,

, , ,
LRQ, ,
.
.


. (extensibility) ,
:
;
;
.
SIP
. , ,
. , ,
.
, Require. ,
, ,
, , ,
, .
, IANA (Internet Assigned
Numbers Authority) .
IANA
. ,
. ,
.
SIP ,
6 ,
. ,
,
,
.
.323
. ,
, ,
.
.323
NonStandardParameter. ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

224

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

225

, , , ,
. ,
, . ,,
,
, ,,
. ,
, ,
.
, ,
, , ,
, . SIP
,
SDP.
, , ,
IANA, ,
.
.323 .

,
.323.
SIP (,
), ,
.
, ,
, ,
(QoS),
, ,
(service discovery) .
.323
. ,
, ,
,
.
(scalability). SIP, ,
,
, .323,
(statefull). , ,
, ,
IP, .
.323,

.

15. ..

10 - Chap 7.p65

225

26.11.2001, 11:18

226

.
, ,
. INVITE SIP ,
,
, .
, SIP ,
, .323 ,
.
SIP
.323. , ,
.245 H.225 ,
Fast Connect
.
, ,
, ,
. .323 ,
H.225 H.245 ,
,
UDP. SIP ,
UDP .
,
RTT (round trip time) SIP
1,5 2,5 RTT, .323 6 7 RTT.
. , , ,
. ,
URL SIP
DNS,
, IP,. ,
Web, ,
. SIP
.
.323 alias,,
. ,
, . ,
alias, ,
.
. .323, ,
SIP. .323 ,
700 . SIP
150 . .323 ,
( 100), ,
SIP. ,
SIP
(INVITE, BYE ACK) (To,
From, CallID, CSeq).

10 - Chap 7.p65

226

26.11.2001, 11:18

SIP

227

SIP ,
.
, ,
, , ,
, ,
. SIP ,
.
.323 ,
ASN.1,
. ,
ASN.1. , , ,
, ,
.

.323 (firewall). , .323
. , ,
.245 RTCP ,
.
. ,
, SIP ,
Internet,,
IP, .
, Internet ,
, ,
.323, ,
H.323, ISDN, ,
IP,.
, ,
,
.323,
.
, , ,
,
. , ,
,
, ,
. ,
.
,
(value added), ,
. , SIP ,
,
, , ,

10 - Chap 7.p65

227

26.11.2001, 11:18

228

SIP .323, ,
, . 7.6 ,
.
7.6
.323/SIP

.323

Setup ( ,
FstStrt)

Call proceeding

INVITE

180 Ringing

4
5

Alerting

200 OK

6
7
8

N
N+1
N+2

SIP

Connect

K


,
SETUP

SDP

,


,

ACK

BYE

Release complete

200 OK

.323 ,
, ,
INVITE SIP, 7.7.
7.7

.323

OpenLogicalChannel

SIP

INVITE

200 OK

,

INVITE ( Cseq ,)

SDP

SDP

OpenLogicalChannelAck

10 - Chap 7.p65

228

26.11.2001, 11:18