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# ..

MAPLE

2008

004.9:51(075.8)
3 973 2 018. 2 73
911
:
- ,

..
, . .
911 Maple : . / . . . :
- , 2008. 32 . : .
.
Maple.
. Maple.
, ,
.

004.9:51(075.8)
3 973 2 018. 2 73

(), 2008
2

Maple.

Maple. , ,
, - .

Maple;
Maple ; .

1. .
.
1. f ( x ) x

f ( x ) = lim

x 0

f ( x + x ) f ( x )
.
x

1 :

1. (u( x ) v( x )) = u ( x ) v( x ) ;

2. ( u( x )) = u ( x ), = const ;

## 3. (u( x ) v( x )) = u ( x )v( x ) + v( x )u( x ) ;

u( x ) u ( x )v( x ) v( x )u( x )
4.
=
, v( x ) 0 ;
2
v
(
x
)
v
(
x
)

5. ( f ( g ( x ))) = f ( g ( x )) g ( x ) ;

6. f

(x) =

1
, f 1( x ) , f ( x ) .
f ( y ) y = f 1 ( x )

1) 6)
:
7. ( c ) = 0 , c = const ;

( ) = x , = const ;

9. (a ) = a ln a a > 0, a 1 ; , (e ) = e
8. x

10. (log a x ) =

1
1
; , (ln x ) = ;
x ln a
x

13. (tg x ) =

1
;
cos 2 x
1

14. (ctg x ) =
;
sin 2 x

1 x
1

## 16. (arctg x ) = (arcctg x ) =

;
2
1+ x

17. (sh x ) = ch x ;

18. (ch x ) = sh x ;

19. (th x ) =

1
;
ch 2 x
1

20. (cth x ) = 2 .
sh x
1.1.

Maple
: , . : , . (, , . .) . .
.
Maple :
1) diff(f,x), f , , , ;
2) Diff(f,x),
, .

f(x) . x

## . simplify, factor expand, ,

.
23

1. y , y = 5
.
:
1.
> restart;
2. y = 5

23

3. simplify
5

>

simplify ( % ) ;

5) 9).
: y = 5

x
23

ln 5 2

3x

ln 2 3 ln 3 = (ln 2 ln 3 ln 5 )5
x

x
23

23 3 x .

2. f ( x ) = sin 3 2 x cos 3 2 x
>

restart :

>

simplify ( % ) ;

:

## f ' ( x ) = 6 sin2 2 x cos 2 x + 6 cos 2 2 x sin 2 x = 6 sin 2 x cos 2 x(sin 2 x + cos 2 x )

1.2.
1. , , , - , , , .

y( x )

(ln y( x )) = y ( x )

y ( x ) = y( x )(ln y( x )) .
1
x2

3. y , y = (ln x )
:

ln y =

1
ln ln x;
2
x

(ln y ) =
y

y
2
1 1 1
1 1

= 3 ln ln x + 2
= 3
2 ln ln x ;
y
x
x ln x x x ln x

y =

(ln x )
x

x2

2 ln ln x .

ln x

Maple:
> restart :

>

(ln x )
y =

x3

x2

2 ln ln x .

ln x

4. y , y =
:

ln y =

(x

1
1 )2 (
3

x + 3 )5 ( x + 2 )7

( x + 1) ( x 2 )

1
2
1
ln( x 1 ) + 5 ln( x + 3 ) + 7 ln( x + 2 ) ln( x + 1 ) ln( x 2 );
2
3
3

(ln y ) =
y

y =

(x

y
1
5
7
2
1
=
+
+

;
y 2( x 1 ) x + 3 x + 2 3( x + 1 ) 3( x 2 )

1
1 )2 (

x + 3 )5 ( x + 2 )7 1
5
7
2
1
+
+

.
3 ( x + 1 )2 ( x 2 )
2
(
x

1
)
x
+
3
x
+
2
3
(
x
+
1
)
3
(
x

2
)

Maple:

: simplify Maple .
:
1
1 )2 (

x + 3 )5 ( x + 2 )7 1
5
7
2
1
y =
+
+

3 ( x + 1 )2 ( x 2 )
2( x 1 ) x + 3 x + 2 3( x + 1 ) 3( x 2 )
2. y( x ) :
x = ( t )
( t )
y ( x ) =
.

( t )
y = ( t )
x = a cos t
5. y (x ),
y = b sin t
( b sin t )
b cos t
b
: y ( x ) =
=
= ctg t . , y ( x )
( a cos t )
a sin t
a
, y( x ) , :
x = a cos t

y
(
x
)
=

ctg t

a
(x

Maple:
> restart :

x = a cos t

:
b

y
(
x
)
=

ctg t

a
3. y ( x ) y( x ) , F ( x , y ) = 0 , ( Fy 0 ),
, y( x ) :
F ( x , y( x )) = 0 x . , y ( x ) .
y ( x ) .
Maple implicitdiff(f,y,x), f ,
y , x
.
:
.
6.

x2 y2
+
= 1. y ( x ) , ,
a2 b2
x , y x ;
b2 x
2 x 2 yy
2y
2x
+ 2 = 0 2 y = 2 y = 2 . ,
a y
a2
b
b
a
y ( x ) x , y . ,
x ( a, a ) 2 b
b
y1 =
a 2 x 2 y2 =
a 2 x 2 . 2-
a
a
y1( x ) y 2 ( x ) x , , .
Maple:

x2 y2
1. 2 + 2 = 1, a
b

, ()

2. Z = 0, ()

b2 x
: y = 2
a y
1.3.
2. n > 1 f ( x )

y ( n ) ( x ) = y ( n1 ) ( x ) .
, n -
( n 1 ) -, ( n 2 ) -, . .
Maple :
diff, , diff(diff(y(x),x),x) y' ' ( x ) ;
\$ diff(y(x),x\$n), n .
, y' ' ( x )
diff(y(x),x\$2).
7. n - y = sin 2 x .
: y = 2 cos 2 x ;
y = 4 sin 2 x ;

y = 8 cos 2 x ;

y ( 4 ) = 16 sin 2 x

y ( n ) = 2 n sin 2 x + n .
2

10

Maple:
> restart :

2.
3.

y = f ( x ):
y = f ( x + x ) f ( x ) , x , y = f ( x + x ) f ( x ) = Ax + ( x ) , A
x , , x , y = f ( x ) x . ( x )

( x )
= 0.
x 0 x
df ( x )
, A =
. , dx
f ( x ) x
, x , . . lim

.
4. Ax = f ( x )x .
df ( x ) x x .
y = x , , dx x ( ).
.
5. n- f ( x ) ( n 2 )
(n1)- .
11

d ( n1 ) f

x ( dx x ), . .

) (

d n f = d d ( n 1 ) f = d f ( n 1 ) ( x )( dx )( n1 ) = f ( n ) ( x )( dx )n .
d ( n1 ) f = f ( n1 ) ( x )( dx )n1 , ,
n 1 = 1. n- n 2 .
Maple
: D(f) D[i](f) , f ,
i , .
8. 1- 2-

y = 1 x 2 arcsin x .

1 x 2 x arcsin x
dx = 1 x arcsin x dx .

: dy = y dx =

1 x2
1 x 2
1 x2

x
arcsin
( dx )2 =
d 2 y = y ( dx )2 = 1
2
1 x

x2
2

+ arcsin x 1 x +
2
1

x
1 x 2 arcsin x

( dx )2 =
2
1 x
2
2
x 1 x + arcsin x( 1 x + x 2 )
x 1 x 2 + arcsin x
2
2
=
(
dx
)
=

(
dx
)
.
3
3
2 2
2 2
1 x
1 x

Maple:
Maple
restart :
1-

2-

12

3.
1. .
3 ( x )
, x ,

y x ,

(1)

, x .
(1)
.

f ( x + x ) f ( x ) + f ( x )x

9. tg 5 .

, y = tg x, xo = 0, x = , y = tg tg 0 = tg
36
36
36
36
1

dy = (tg x) x = 0 x =

=
0,087 . , tg 5 0,087 .
cos 2 x x = 0 36 36

: 5 =

Maple:
1o =
5 =

, 180 o

. x + x = 5o , x = 0 , x =
Maple
36
36

restart :
x = 0

y = tg
>

y := tan (x ) ;
y := tan( x )
13

y = tg

f ( x + x ) f ( x ) + f ( x )x subs ,

, .
evalf .

2. .
y = f ( x ) ( x0 , f ( x0 ))

y = y 0 + f ( x0 )( x x0 ) . f ( x0 ) = , -

x = x0 .
1
y = y0
( x x0 ) . f ( x0 ) = 0 , x = x0 .
f ( x0 )

10.

1 1
,
.
2
2

x 2 + y 2 = 1 M
.

x
1
1
, y ( M ) = 1; y =
x
== 2x
y
2
2
1
1
; y =
+x
= x .
2
2
y ( x ) : 2 x + 2 yy = 0 y =

Maple:
x 2 + y 2 = 1

14

: .
.
4. MAPLE

, , , .
.
, ,
, , , .
4.1.
f(x) [x1,x2]
iscont(f,x=x1..x2). f
, true ();
f ,
false (). ,
x=-infinity..+infinity, f .
, true, , .
. :
1) discont(f,x), f ,
, x .
;
2) singular(f,x), f , x .

, .

15

. set. ,
, set convert
.
11. y =

1
e x+3

> iscont(exp(1/(x+3)),x=-infinity..+infinity);
false
, .
:
> discont(exp(1/(x+3)),x);
{3}
:
x=3.
4.2. .
Maple
extrema(f,{cond},x,s), f , , {cond} ,
, , s , . {}, . set. :
> extrema(arctan(x)-ln(1+x^2)/2,{},x,x0);x0;
1
{ ln( 2)}
4 2

{{x=1}}
,
.
, , , . f(x) x [ x1, x 2] maximize(f,x,x=x1..x2),
f(x) x [ x1, x 2]
minimize(f, x, x=x1..x2). infinity x=-infinity..+infinity, maximize minimize ,
,
16

, . ,
. :
> maximize(exp(-x^2),{x});
1
, , . ,
y = f(x) (max min) (x, y) :
> extrema(f,{},x,s);s;
maximize(f,x); minimize(f,x).

(max min).
maximize minimize , .
extrema ,
.
,
.
f(x) x = x0 ,
: f ( x 0 ) > 0 , x0 min, f ( x 0 ) < 0 max.
Maple 11 maximize minimize . ,

location. () (). :
> minimize(x^4-x^2, x, location);

1
1
1
, { { x =
2 }, ,
4
2
4

1
1

{
x
=
2
},
}

2
4

.
.
12. max min y =

1 2 1
x

( x ) arcsin x +
1 x 2 x 2 .
2
2
4
12

> y:=(x^2-1/2)*arcsin(x)/2+x*sqrt(1-x^2)/4- Pi*x^2/12:
17

> extrema(y,{},x,'s');s;
1
1
+
3}
24
16
1
{{ x = 0},{ x = }}
2

. x-

. , (0,0)
(1/2, /24+ 3 / 16 ). , ,
. maximize minimize.
> ymax:=maximize(y,{x});
{0,

ymax := 0

> ymin:=minimize(y,{x});

ymin :=

1
1
3
+
24
16

:
: max y( x ) = y( 0 ) = 0 , min y( x ) = y( 1 / 2 ) = / 24 + 3 / 16 .

. Maple, Enter.
, 3
sqrt(3).

:
, : miny(x)=y(1/2)= ;

: -Pi/24+sqrt(3)/16
Enter;

.
13.
f ( x ) = x 2 ln x x [ 1,2 ] . :
> f:=x^2*ln(x):
18

> maximize(f,{x},{x=1..2});

4 ln( 2 )
> minimize(f,{x},{x=1..2}):simplify(%);

1
e ( 1 )
2

:
: max f ( x ) = 4 ln 2 ,
min f ( x ) = 1 / 2e .
14. y =

x3
4 x2

. :
> extrema(y,{},x,'s');s;
{ 3 3 ,3 3 }
{{x=0},{ x = 2 3 },{ x = 2 3 }}
. :
> d2:=diff(y,x\$2): x:=0: d2y(x):=d2;
d2y(0):=0
> x:=2*sqrt(3):d2y(x):=d2;

d2y( 2 3 ) :=

3
3
4

> x:=-2*sqrt(3):d2y(x):=d2;

d2y( 2 3 ) :=

3
3
4

y ( 0 ) = 0 , x = 0 ; y ( 2 3 ) < 0 ,
x = 2 3 max; y ( 2 3 ) > 0 , x = 2 3
min. :
( 2 3 , 3 3 / 4 ), ( 2 3 , 3 3 / 4 ).
4.3.
1. f(x)
.
2. f(x) :
> iscont(f, x=-infinity..infinity);
> d1:=discont(f,x);
> d2:=singular(f,x);
19

d1 d2
x- 1 2- ( ).
3. .
f(x). :
> yr:=d2;
f(x)
( ). y = kx + b,
:

f(x)
b = lim ( f ( x ) kx ) .
x +
x +
x
x .
k = lim

:
> k1:=limit(f(x)/x, x=+infinity);
> b1:=limit(f(x)-k1*x, x=+infinity);
> k2:=limit(f(x)/x, x=-infinity);
> b2:=limit(f(x)-k2*x, x=-infinity);
, k1 = k2 b1 = b2,
x + x .
> yn:=k1*x+b1;
4. . f(x) :
> extrema(f(x), {}, x, s);
> s;
> fmax:=maximize(f(x), x);
> fmin:=minimize(f(x), x);
(x, y)
f(x).
4.4.
f(x) . f(x) , max min.
.
plot .
f(x) (
a x b c y d ) plot(f(x), x=a..b, y=c..d, parameters), parameters
. ,
. .
20

plot:
1) title=text, text- (
, );
2) coords=polar ( );
3) axes : axes=NORMAL ; axes=BOXED ; axes=FRAME
; axes=NONE ;
4) scaling : scaling=CONSTRAINED
; scaling=UNCONSTRAINED ;
5) style=LINE(POINT) ( );
6) numpoints=n (
n=49);
7) olor : , , yellow . .;
8) xtickmarks=nx ytickmarks=ny x y,
;
9) thickness=n, n=1,2,3 - ( n=1);
10) linestyle=n : , . . (n=1 , );
11) symbol=s , : BOX, CROSS,
CIRCLE, POINT, DIAMOND;
12) font=[f,style,size] : f : TIMES, COURIER, HELVETICA, SYMBOL; style
: BOLD, ITALIC, UNDERLINE; size
pt;
13) labels=[tx,ty] : tx x ty
y;
14) discont=true .
plot
y=f(x), , ,
y=y(t), x=x(t), plot([y=y(t), x=x(t), t=a..b], parameters).
plots textplot : textplot([xo,yo,text], options), xo, yo
, text.
.

, , , , plot, , textplot. :
> p:=plot(): t:=textplot():
21

.
plots:
> with(plots): display([p,t], options).
15. f ( x ) =

x4
( 1 + x )3

. . :
> f:=x^4/(1+x)^3:
. :
> iscont(f, x=-infinity..infinity);
false
, . . :
> discont(f,x);
{1}
set
convert, , , `+`.
, , .
> xr:=convert(%,`+`);
xr:= 1
: x= 1. : ..
: x= 1 ( ,
). : . :
> k1:=limit(f/x, x=+infinity);
k1 :=1
> b1:=limit(f-k1*x, x=+infinity);
b1 := 3
> k2:=limit(f/x, x=-infinity);
k2 :=1
> b2:=limit(f-k2*x, x=-infinity);
b2 := 3
22

x + x
. :.
:
> y=k1*x+b1;

y= x3

.
:
> extrema(f,{},x,'s');s;
{

256
, 0}
27

{{x= 4},{x=0}}
, , .
> fmax:=maximize(f,{x},{x=-infinity..-2});

fmax :=

256
27

> fmin:=minimize(f,{x},{x=-1/2..infinity});

fmin := 0

:
(4, 256/27); (0, 0).
16. y = arctg( x 2 ) ,
. . .
> restart: y:=arctan(x^2):
> iscont(y, x=-infinity..infinity);
true
> k1:=limit(y/x, x=-infinity);
k1:=0
> k2:=limit(y/x, x=+infinity);
k2:=0
> b1:=limit(y-k1*x, x=-infinity);

b1:=

## > b2:=limit(y-k1*x, x=+infinity);

b 2 :=

2
23

> yh:=b1;

yh :=

> extrema(y,{},x,'s');s;
{0}
{{x=0}}
> ymax:=maximize(y,{x}); ymin:=minimize(y,{x});

ymax :=

ymin := 0
> with(plots): yy:=convert(y,string):
> p1:=plot(y,x=-5..5, linestyle=1, thickness=3,
color=BLACK):
> p2:=plot(yh,x=-5..5, linestyle=1,thickness=1):
> t1:=textplot([0.2,1.7,":"],
font=[TIMES, BOLD, 10], align=RIGHT):
> t2:=textplot([3.1,1.7,"y=Pi/2"],
font=[TIMES, ITALIC, 10], align=RIGHT):
> t3:=textplot([0.1,-0.2,"min:(0,0)"],
align=RIGHT):
> t4:=textplot([2,1,yy], font=[TIMES, ITALIC,
10], align=RIGHT):
> display([p1,p2,t1,t2,t3,t4]);

24

5.
1. .
5
3x 4
4
3. y =
3x 5
3
5. y =
4x 5
3
7. y =
5x 4
5
9. y =
4x 3
11. y = 2 x 3
13. y = 4 3 x
15. y = 3 x 7
17. y = 3 2 x
19. y = 1+ 2 x
1. y =

3
5x + 4
5
4. y =
4x + 3
5
6. y =
3x + 4
4
8. y =
3x + 5
3
10. y =
4x + 5
12. y = 1 2 x
14. y = 3 x + 4
16. y = 2 x + 3
18. y = 2 x 9
20. y = 5 3 x
2. y =

2. ,
.
1. 1) y = 3x 5 sin x
3) y =

ln x
4 3 cos x

2. 1) y = 4 x 4 + e x

2) y = x tgx
x = arcsin 2t
4) y = 1

1 4t 2
2) y = sin x ln x

x
ctgx

x = (1 t 2 )
4)
2
y = cos(t 1)

3. 1) y = 33 x ln x

2) y = e x arcsin x

ctgx
3) y = 4
x

x = (t 1)2
4)
2
y = sin(t 1)

4. 1) y = 5x 2 arcsin x

2) y = 3 x 2 ln x

3) y =

x4
3) y = x
e

x = tg t 2
4)
y = t2 5
25

5. 1) y = 44 x + arctg x
3) y =

tg x
ln x

6. 1) y = 55 x 7arcctg x
3 x5
3) y = x
e
7. 1) y = 10 x 3 + 2 cos x

x = 7 + t2
4)
2
y = ctg 3t
2) y = cos x (3 x 1)
x = ln(1 t 4 )
4)
2
y = arccos t
2) y = sin x 4 x

8. 1) y = 63 x 2 7tg x

x=
4)
1+ t2
y = arctg t
2) y = e x arccos x

ctg x
3) y =
2x 4

x = arctg (1 + t 2 )
4)
2
y = t + 2t + 2

ln x
3) y =
arcsin x

2
+ 3ctg x
x

9. 1) y =

ex
3) y =
arcsin x
10. 1) y = 7 x 6 + 2 arccos x
5 ln x
3) y =
3 x2
11. 1) y =
3) y = e
12. 1)

arctg

x
3

y =e

13. 1) y =

2) y = ln x arctg x
x = sin 2 (1 4t )
4)
2
y = cos (1 4t )
2) y = e x ctg x
4)
2)

57 x 5

4)
arctg

x
3

3) y = cos ln(1 x 2 )
5
65 x 6

3) y = ctg e 7 x

26

2) y = x 5e x

2)
4)
2)
4)

x = 3e t

t 3
y = (2 + e )
x
y = sin 4
4
x = arctg t 2

4
y = ln(1 + t )
2x
y = tg 5
5
x = ar cos t

2 3
y = (1 t )
4x
y = cos3
3
x = ln( 5 2t )

y = arctg (5 2t )

14. 1) y =

3
3

7 x

3) y = arcsin 4 5 x
3

15. 1) y =

3
33 x 4

3) y = earcsin(2 x 4 )
16. 1) y =

5
75 x 7

3) y = ln( x cos 3x )
17. 1) y =

4
54 x 5

3) y = sin ln( x 3 + 1)
18. 1) y =

6
56 x 5

3) y = tg e5 2 x
19. 1) y =

7
67 x 6

3) y = ln(2 cos2 x )
20. 1) y =

5
45 x 4

3) y = ln(3x 2 tg 2 x )

2) y = ctg 4
4)
2)
4)

2)
4)
2)
4)
2)
4)
2)
4)

2)
4)

x
4

x = t e 4 t

2
y = (1 4t )
x
y = ln 5
5
x = ctg (1 2t )

1
y =
2

cos (1 2t )
5x
y = arcsin 4
3
x = sin 3 (t 4)

3
y = cos (t 4 )
5x
y = arccos 4
3
x = t e 5t

2
y = (5t 1)
2x
y = arcctg 5
5
x = cos3 (2t + 6)

3
y = sin (2t + 6)
4x
y = arctg 3
3
1

x = 2

sin (2 t )
y = tg (2 t )
x
4 e
y = sin
4
x = (1 t 2 )3

y = arcsin t

27

3.
Maple
y = f (x ) , x0 .
1. y = 33 x 2 + 2 x + 2

x 0 = 1

2. y = 33 x 2 8 x 1

x0 = 1

3. y = 33 x 2 + 6 x + 3

x 0 = 1

4. y = 33 x 2 2 x 2

x0 = 1

5. y = 33 x 2 + 6 x + 1

x 0 = 1

6. y = 33 x 2 2 x + 2

x0 = 1

7. y = 33 x 2 + 8 x 1

x 0 = 1

8. y = 33 x 2 6 x 3

x0 = 1

9. y = 33 x 2 + 2 x + 2

x 0 = 1

10. y = 33 x 2 6 x 1

x0 = 1

4 x2
11. y =
2

x0 = 2

12. y = 4 2 x 2

x0 = 1

6 x2
13. y =
3

x0 = 3

14. y =

4 x2
2

15. y = 4 2 x 2

x0 = 1

6 x2
16. y =
3

x0 = 3

17. y =

4 x2
2

x0 = 2

18. y = 4 2 x 2

x 0 = 1

6 x2
19. y =
3

x0 = 3

20. y = 4 2 x 2

28

x0 = 2

x 0 = 1

4. .
3

1. lim
x0
3. lim
x0
5. lim
x 0

1 6x 1 + 2 x
;
x2

6 sin 2 x 12 x
;
x3
3tg 2 x 6 x
;
x3

e 5 x 1 + 5 x
7. lim
;
x2
x0
9. lim
x 0

2 sin 3x 6 x
;
x3

x 1
11. lim
;
ln x
x 1
13.

15.

lim
x 2

arctg ( x + 2)
;
( x + 2)

lim 3
x 1

x +1
;
x 7 +2

x sin x
17. lim
;
x tgx
x0
19.

lim
x 1

cos( x / 2)
;
x +1

2. lim
x 0

2e

8. lim
x 0

2 x
;
x2

1 + 4x 1 2x
;
x2

4. lim
x0
6. lim
x 0

ln(1 3 x ) + 3x
;
x2
arcsin 4 x 4 x
;
x3

10. lim
x 0
12. lim
x0

2 ln(1 + 0,5 x ) x
;
x2
4+ x 2
;
x

( x 3) 2
14. lim
;
sin 2 ( x 3)
x 3
4sin x 1
16. lim
;
sin 2 x
x0
ln x
18. lim
;
ln sin x
x0
x2
20. lim
;
5 2x 1
x2

29

5. y = f (x ) ,
.
1. y = x 3 + 6 x 2 + 9 x + 4

2. y = x 3 + 3x 2 9 x + 5

3. y = x 3 + 6 x 2 15x + 8

4. y = x 3 3x 2 24 x 28

5. y = x 3 + 12 x 2 + 45x + 50

6. y = x 3 6 x 2 + 9 x 4

7. y = x 3 3x 2 9 x 5

8. y = x 3 6 x 2 15x 8

9. y = x 3 + 3x 2 24 x + 28

10. y = x 3 12 x 2 + 45x 50

11.
13.
15.
17.
19.

30

2x2 + 4x + 3
y= 2
x + x +1
3x 2 + x + 2
y= 2
x + x +1
x 2 + 5x + 3
y= 2
x + x +1
x 2 + 3x + 2
y= 2
x + x +1
x 2 + 3x + 1
y= 2
x + x +1

12.
14.
16.
18.
20.

x 2 + 5x 6
y= 2
x 3x + 3
2x2 4x + 3
y= 3
x 3x + 3
x2 + 7x + 9
y= 2
x 3x + 3
x2 x + 3
y= 2
x 3x + 3
2 x 2 8x + 9
y= 2
x 3x + 3

1. , . . Mathcad 12, MATLAB 7, Maple 9 / . . , . . .
. : , 2006. 496 .
2. , . . . . 1 /
. . , . . , . . . . : . ., 1999.
3. , . . Maple 10 : . / . . .
: - , 2006. 78 .
4. , . . . Maple :
. / . . , . . . : - ,
2005. 86 .
5. . . Maple 9 , /
. . . . : -, 2004. 688 .

31

...........................................................................................................3
1. . .
...........................................................................4
1.1. Maple..................................5
1.2. ...............................................................6
1.3. ..........................................................10
2. ......................................................................................11
3. ..13
4. MAPLE .......................15
4.1. .........................................15
4.2. . .........16
4.3. ...........................................19
4.4. .............................................................20
5. ..................................................................25
..................................................................32

MAPLE

2008 . . 9.19.
21.01.2008. 03.10.2008.
60841/16. Arial. RISO.
. . . 1,8. . 268. 100 . 23 .

680021, . , . , 47.
32

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